Channel: Navaid Aziz
Series: Navaid Aziz - Chapter of Piety
So let's do a quick recap of what we took. Last week, we spoke about the geography of the country, people not. And then we got into the introduction of others.
And we went on to define what these terms mean. And he went on to define what the objectives of this class are in any data. So in terms of defining it, and what, who remembers what the definition was that we need for them? Well, numbers, what the definition was.
Excellent. In terms of defining these terms, we said, What is abandon anything that is harmful towards anything that is harmful to your Acura, give it off? And so what is abandoned anything that is not beneficial to us? And based upon this definition, we said Zuma is of a higher level, and what is it what is a higher level than what because to give up something that is not beneficial, will automatically include something that is wonderful will automatically include something that is on? So we went on to say that this concept of understanding that which is beneficial, and then we're just awkward, your Acura relies upon the simple concept of understanding the five rulings and stuff,
everything that we do will revolve around those five bullets. Either something is art, or logic, or something is a hub, or something is MOBA or something is, or something is our forefathers who said it is something of mandatory, if you do it, you're rewarded. If you abandon it, your simple. One was the hub, we said, this is something that which is recommended, which you're awarded, if you abandon it, you are not sinful. Or MOBA, you said this is neither rewardable. Nor is it punishable.
We said, if you were to do it, you are not sinful. But if you were to leave it intentionally, then you are rewarded. And then the last one which is off, if you were to do it, you are sinful for it, if you essentially refrain from it, then you are rewarded for this, then you are rewarded for this. So this is where we start to understand the decision making process that everything that we look at, we look at its scope of these five rulings, it is something obligatory, something recommended something permissible, suddenly just like or something you permissible, all together. And then the second phase of this is looking at dislike rate, is this something harmful to my accuracy? Is this
something beneficial to my outcome, and you want to strive for as much that is beneficial to you're happier, and abstain from that, or as much as possible from that which is harmful to your alcohol. And then our concluding point in the introduction last week, we said one of the objectives as well, is for the individual to understand the greater of the true benefits. And the greater of the two arms, the greater of the two benefits to pursue that the greater of the two hearts to abstain from the greater of the two hearts to abstain from them. And I'll repeat this last week, in order to truly benefit from this. And I believe that no, all of us are here tonight, because we want to be
from the past, we want to be from the righteous, this is not going to happen just by listening to the aloka. And then going home and going back to our day to day lives. The only way this actually takes place at this halaqa has an impact on you is if you're engaging with the material. It's a three week class altogether. It's all about commitment. There was last week this week, and next week, all together and total time of commitment. You're looking at a maximum of six hours. And that's it, we're being extremely generous, and that you shall have continued your life all together if you learn how to engage with this material. So that means is keeping up with the discussion as
we're having it going home and looking over your notes. And also reading in advance for next week to let you know what is happening in class that you know what we're discussing. And as I mentioned last week, as well we'll be doing this in a traditional manner. We have someone reading the text and then delivery Tada. I will be explaining the job and it will be our leader.
to cut off your arm?
And now most of the material behind everything I heard
lawful and unlawful.
them are dealt with.
Most people have no knowledge about
the religion and economy.
Shepherd, to practice with a private practice of someone else, and at any moment the Bible gets in
So when you're reading a text to a teacher or Porsche, you always begin by saying, thou salatu salam, and also do not or something of that nature, praising Allah subhanaw taala. And sending so much love and message of US of A lot my new setup, the second thing that you do is to make up for the author and everyone in the gathering as well. So you will say something like a human on level one, he was gonna have mercy upon us. And here as well. And then you begin with the recitation of the text. And then you begin with the recitation of the text, you always begin by tracing I was, I know Tada, Cindy salon salon, upon performance, all of it was set up making into output the author
and everyone in the gathering, and then you proceed to read the text, then you proceed, read the text, usually what happens is the reader will read a portion of the text, and the teacher says stop, and then the teacher explains up until that point, but for the sake of brevity, for our class, we will be reading inshallah, through the texts all together, and then I will explain the text all together within the heat, Allah. So this hadith is narrated by a god neither machine nor man, even this year. And no matter what the machine it was a very unique stock in the sense that he was a very young Companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Now, why is this something that is very,
very important, as a general rule, and is a general concept, when you're doing explanation of ID, you want to assume the best of the person that is compiled that heading in this situation is an operative procedure? So what we're looking at is why would that happen in a lot begin with this particular, you're going to choose in any of the IDs that are out there that talked about asceticism and talked about fighting, that is true, he started with this one, for a specific reason. So part of our has gone out of our assuming the best of our, you know, teacher in this situation, and the majority of law is that we assume that he did this for a very noble reason. And that noble reason in
this situation, is that a lot of the hydrological lies imply that this concept of it and he said this is a developing so it happens from a very young age, it is a lifelong process that will take place, and it is not something that happens instantaneously. The clearest example of this is when you look at Scylla, you probably saw a lot in the setup, he's told us to start teaching our kids to pray at the age of seven, and start enforcing it by the age of 10. Why is there this introduction, so that they can get used to it it is something habitual and so why is something that you continue to work on your whole entire life, it is only as you start experiencing Salah as you get older and a
much deeper level that you actually embrace this, I want you to continue to pray. But if you are not given that opportunity, you can not enjoy the spiritual deepness of Salah right away. People are like, Hey, I just started playing Why am I not able to be consistent because you're not supposed to be consistent right away. This is something that will take a long time. You have to spiritually engage and tame your nuts and tender desires and take your soul to want to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. So has the hygenic all those indirectly teaching us that this concept of ascending
In it, it is a lifelong process that begins with a very young age that begins with a very young age. Now this nourishing by a normal Bishop, or they'll walk away, say, I heard it with my own ears, and he points with his own ears. Why is this something that you would do, because as a young companion, there is a mis understanding sometimes, that perhaps the younger companions earn a high beat from older companions. And we'll just narrate the idea was skipping the name of the older companions, because you would think a young child 12 1314 years old, how much we have retained from departments a lot by himself himself. So my normative Bishop, pointing that he heard from his own two years is
saying, I heard directly from the messenger of a lot, so a lot of Article seven. Number three over here, we see these particular and special care that departments have about one new set of shows for young children, particularly those that are talented and gifted. You can imagine there are tons of you notice the hobbies and so on yet in the city of Medina, many of them are young. But there are a few that that you see the focus of a lot of it was set up. He's very, very special attention to then you probably saw last minute so let them ride on his combo with him, and you pay special attention to give them advice. Do you have a normative Bashir, you have a bola with Amara de la toma, live in
our basket and your loved one will map and some of the others that have us all of these young companions, you probably saw love on yourself invested in. And this shows us this concept of investment in your own local youth is so important that there are going to be talented and gifted youth in your community, you have to invest in them from a young age to make sure they are yours to make sure they are the future leaders. And this is what we're seeing from the prophets of Allah is set up in this in this handy dandy promise all of our new setup goes on to say indeed that which is halal is clear. And that which is all is clear. What exactly does this term clear to whom and what
exactly is clear about we as Muslims believe that anything that is beneficial to our accuracy, was messengers of above it was set up has told us about and anything that is harmful and detrimental for Abdullah, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu it was set up as told us about and we see this in various receipts from the US from the companions of the politicians themselves, that there's not a bird that flaps its wings, except that the messenger bot muscle off it was set up give us some knowledge about being a deployment solo it was set up as commented on everything that we that we would need to know. And this is what made the apartment so a lot of fun. He was set up so confident
that towards the end of his life, he gives us this narration that is narrated as soon as the manager when he said for the turn off to Marlon Brando lelo How can I howdy Elias he was in the time that I have left you upon this clear white plate that clearly fate is Islam. It's night is clear from it today, visa is clear from us wrong. There is no like murky water in between that is clear and the alarm is clear.
And no one deviates from the straight white path known as Islam, except that this person is destroyed, except that this person is destroyed, destroyed in one way, spiritually, emotionally, their alpha, all of that will be destroyed. Because it's not the same as the whole system to protect not only the astronaut with the dunya as well. So now when the promise of a lot by himself says that the highlight is clear me everything that is around our spine Watada has made clear to us everything that is on Allah subhanaw taala is made clear to us. Now here is where we establish the fundamental principle. Anything related to the dunya is permissible until proven otherwise, anything related to
the dunya is permissible until proven otherwise. So someone brings you a drink. It says what is the ruling on this drink? The default question you're asking is that this is hold on until proven. So you have to find something in the drink that will make it follow. This applies to food this applies to clothing. This applies to interaction with one another. Where does this not apply? Where does this not apply? In acts of worship and acts of worship. Everything is how long until proven to be harder. You're not allowed to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala in any way that you deserve. It has to be a way that is legislated from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu I never said it has to be a way
that was legislated by Allah subhanho wa Taala it has to be in a fashion that was done according to the companions of the prophets of Allah it was set up if you don't have anything directly from Allah subhana wa Tada, messenger. So a lot more people so that is when the opposite takes place.
So that is what this clarity means that anything that you need to know about your faith will be found in the product will be found in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah. So Allah why because then the Messenger of Allah Allah Almighty was set up was on dimension between these two matters, and on and on, are those matters which are from the what the shadow, which are from the doubtful matters. When something is doubtful what exactly does that mean? When something is don't vote? What exactly does that mean?
When something is doubtful, it means that a person will proceed with caution, a person will proceed with caution. And what happens if you look at the tradition of Islam, when something is debatable, the scholars took one position, either they made the opcode, which means we will stop not give a ruling on this matter up until we find out more, up until we find out more. And that is when we give a ruling on this matter. Or they decided to proceed with caution, because a decision had to be made. And then they would assess their answer or assess their judgment based upon the experience and the outcome that would happen based upon the experience and the outcome that would happen. And both of
these are permissible for the scholar to do both of these are permissible for the scholar to do. But what is his name in Mexico? There's something that is not clear to you, you don't know what you're doing on top, what is the layman meant to do in that situation? What do you guys think?
Stay put, stay away from it until what
tells you something, what if I tell you what to ask them
until you go and ask them and this will listen, I know what the other commands in the person who is equal to that Dynamo that asks the people of knowledge. If you do not know, ask the people of knowledge, if you do not know. So this is a fundamental guideline that we need to establish your face. Your knowledge of Islam is no one else's responsibility other than yours, if you are not to make an effort to study his stuff, and to learn Islam, then at the end of the day, if you end up doing something wrong, there is no one to blame except yourself. Right. And this is why it's not like education needs to be taken so seriously, because this is literally a matter of gender and
gender. It is literally a matter of Paradise or the hellfire. And this is why using COVID that every Muslim takes it seriously. Now what is a brief methodology that you would establish with studying Islam, a lot of this will depend upon what your objectives are, there are those of us that are content with just knowing that which is relevant to us. And that is perfectly fine. Not everyone is required to be a scholar. So what that means is everything you need to know, at your level, you're required to have learned from someone knowledgeable. So the average investor needs to know how to pray, they need to know how to fastener Well done, they need to know how to give, there's a cat.
These are the general rulings of that every Muslim is required. Then there's a second tier, which will become incumbent upon you based upon your profession. So if someone is a doctor, or someone who's an engineer, someone is doing business, then there are components of that business or that profession where you need to seek knowledge about as well. So as a doctor, you know, you need to prescribe a medicine that has alcohol and what is the only one that then these are things that you need to stern? Or perhaps you're a businessman that sells stuff and you want to sell something on installments, are you allowed to do that? So all of these questions you need to have studied in
advance, so that if you were to partake in them or to abstain from that you're doing based on knowledge. The second tier are those that want to become students of knowledge, those that have the ambition to learn more, for those particular people, we suggest that you study a particular method, you choose a particular type of the former diet, the handling of the shopping, whether the morality whether the company went out and you find a primary in introduction to those with diet, and that is what you study. And that is what you study.
You study something like early in the month you must have you might study on the solder shopping whether you might study the multivitamin, say and how many whether you study something like whether Kodama, you take that text, you find someone to teach you find someone to teach you. And that will give you a basic guideline in every single chapter of Islam, you will have at least one opinion on what you are allowed to do. And that will be one opinion based upon that matter. And that is what you're allowed to pursue and then you
The search to those that are pursuing the path of scholarship, those that are pursuing the path of scholarship. And they will get involved. And the evidence is for those matters, and the legal reasons for those matters.
And then they will pursue that path even further. Now, what you see is in COVID, in all three of these stages, is someone to help you along the process. For the first phase, which is the layman, they're just required to be able to do, they just need a movie, they don't need a teacher, per se, whereas the second and third years, they will need teachers and mentors to help them along the way. Because the concept was too late and knowledge and you know, a scholar, there's no fine line in between the overlap, because you may be a scholar in certain things. But you're still studying other things in this stuff. And you're constantly going, constantly learning. And that is how you learn
about the law, and how long and you'll learn about those doubtful matters. Now, where will a lot of the depth of matters take place? and fittings, demos, and what are revealed about in the heart of the center? Are things that are wanting to concepts. What do you think about?
Where will the majority of doubtful matters take place in the wazoo, which are modern? The concepts are the things that have already been with
modern day concepts, and that is the reality, the vast majority of duffel matters will be in modern day concepts. Does that mean that with a shot of the head cannot take place in things that have already been revealed? Oh, that's not true. If you look at the issue of should a person go down into such depth on their hands first or their knees first, this is when the helpful matters, that you see that there is no clear cut evidence based answer or this way, you can see that this group of scholars is completely right, that group of scholars is completely wrong, right there is that gray area, and it is all mixed together at that time. So the vast majority of doctoral matters will be in
the wiser important issues, but they can take place in traditional issues that have been discussed as well. So now getting back to the leaving this issue of something doubtful arises, your general methodology is going to be I will not partake in this up until I find out more partake in this often until I get an answer.
Now, let us approach this from a scholarly perspective. Why would something be done? Go to a scholar? Why would something be don't go to a scholar? And we will discuss three main reasons we will discuss three main reasons. Reason number one is that the scholar finds opposing proofs, the scholar finds opposing proofs. So in that situation, he is not sure in terms of what the correct opinion is. And this is something that will become don't vote for him. So this opposition of proofs can be something that is general versus something specific, or it can be something abrogated, and an aggregator or it can even be something linguistic, that this word has so many linguistic meanings
that they are these underscore, she is unable to decipher which linguistic meaning applies or is there a particular scenario that applies? Is there a custom meaning that applies? Or is it just linguistically that applies? These are all reasons why this can be something that they will find contradictory opinions on. Number two, is how the scholars will apply who saw
how the scores will apply.
And you will see that each method has its own principles that it will apply in terms of deriving a ruling. So for example, if you look at the humbling method, and the humbling method, if you're commanded to do something, it means you have to do it right away. And the Shafi method, if you're commanded to do something, it means you have flexibility in doing it up until there's a proof to prove that you have to do it right away, or within a specific period of time. And this is where the famous difference of opinion takes place. When the commandment for it now, are Muslims required to perform it right away as soon as they're physically and financially able to do so? Or is there a
flexibility that when I get older, I can perform hives at that time, even though I already have the means financially and physically to do so. You find that the unbeliever that says no, you have to do it right away based upon the understanding that I'm on a boat that the commandment necessitates that you do it right away was in the shopping lineup, there is that flexibility, because there is no clear timeline and when this has to be done by you are allowed to delay that action, you are allowed to delay that action through the way they apply those rules.
would also make a huge difference in this. A third reason why this may be from multiple doctors for a particular scholar is because back in the day, they didn't have such a, they didn't have huge populations like we have today, they would have to go back to their old manuscripts and their manuscripts of whatever qualities they go up and go through those manuscripts to get a ruling once you get an understanding. And that is why surgical colonies in certain areas of the world had these did not reach, Hades just did not reach those areas. And that is why for certain scholars, it became a gopher matter because they're unable to find anything that will listen, I know what Donna or
especially yourself a lot by yourself, or the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but for
now, this is where the Messenger of Allah sallallahu was set up, he goes on to mention the crux of what we are talking about. And the crux of what we are talking about is when you abstain from those doubtful matters,
release yourself from criticism, or do you free yourself from criticism, you free yourself from criticism. Now, this is where the concept of the safer approach of lies. And this is in all matters, that you want to apply in your life, that this journey told us no to either, you will have almost like a political spectrum, those that will take a very conservative, will cautious approach to their lives, only doing things very, very cautiously. And those that will take a more progressive such liberal approach that hey, you know, who cares about the After Effects is added? Let me just pursue it anyways. And this is where we realize that not everything that is necessarily should be pursued?
Do we understand what that concept means? Not every unit is allowed should automatically be pursued, there should be a reason behind why you're doing that particular activity. So everything that you do to have a reasoning behind everything that you do should have your reasoning behind it. So for example, eating is Hello. But at a certain point, is there a time that you should stop? Yes, same thing with the sleeping, same thing with how much you have to drink in terms of water and other things as well, in terms of, you know, games that you play in terms of physical activity, everything should have its boundary. And you do want to develop that frame of mind that I'm going to do is to a
certain degree, because it is beneficial to my alcohol or to my dounia or to a family member or to someone else. So there has to be some sort of benefit in it, or in abstaining from harm or abstaining from harm. Now, the message of the lesser law, civil law, it was set up informs us over here, if you fall into doubtful matters, then that is your fault. If people criticize you for it. It is not the people's fault to criticize you it is your fault, because you're not to make an effort to abstain from it. And this is someone that continuously falls into those dreadful matters, continuously falls into those doubtful matters. So I'll give me an example. That is very, very real.
This issue of marijuana, you may think that it is clear cut that Muslims know that marijuana is alone. That is not the case at all. There are genuinely Muslims that actually believe marijuana is they genuinely believe that Why? Because it's not explicitly mentioned in the Quran and the Sunnah. And because it's not mentioned, therefore it may be held up. I'll give you a real example from the Islamic school.
Not this Monday, the Monday before Dr. Nasir and myself did a presentation at Islamic school for high school students. They share the story and I can share the story. We did a presentation for high school students on marijuana rulings on it, the harm that it has. And at the beginning of our presentation, we said that the reason why we're having this presentation is because on Wednesday, marijuana is becoming legalized, the kids started collecting each year. That was the reality. Now, here's the scary reality. We asked them how many of you know someone that has taken marijuana 95% of the kids raised their hands? That is the reality of the situation. Now is this what the slightest
doubt? No, not at all. This is to point out that there is general unclarity on modern day issues, then because we come to the mercy because otherwise, we assume that everyone is on our level of knowledge. But that is not the case. There are other Muslims that you know the prayer at all You're trying to attend Jamaat from time to time use yet besides you will be prompted to speak their language so they don't benefit to watch and they want to get by
Just with the basis, so we don't get to know these quality issues very, very well, which further trickles down to their children, their children will not know about it as well. So here what ends up happening and as they grow older, and for answers to say they're smoking marijuana, it was something delightful for them, they didn't take the safer approach. And I see what what should have been learning about that matter, finding out about that ruling, and then pursuing an accident based upon that rule. But living this life will be comfortable the way you are And not burning, falling to death for matters. That is where people become criticized for the actions that you do. So now, they
become criticized, that they're accepted, and testimonies are accepted in this lab, or they're not considered trustworthy. In terms of their character, they are known to blame themselves. That is what the promise of a lot of money was. And I'm saying that if you stay away from the decimal matters, you have protected, Your Honor, and you will remain dignified. But if you follow those matters, then this is something that you will and can be criticized for, and the people will not be very worthy for that people will not be worthy for that.
Then the messenger of a loss of a loved one that was set up goes on to say, and whoever falls into the doubtful matters will eventually fall into hot water falls in the Gospel matters will eventually fall into
who can explain this person? What does this mean? that whoever follows it, the gospel matters will eventually fall into power.
What does that mean?
lack of trust, lack of love.
Excellent. So the gradual process that takes place, this is one explanation for it, that you get so comfortable with falling into talcum powders, and more discussion, pointing to things that are approved, when things that we deem there are not how long, right? They're just doubtful matters, or they're great areas, or things that were not simple 4% that a person will continue to follow this trajectory of pace, only doubtful or it's only it's not how long until they become so easygoing, that our natural trajectory is to fall into something how the natural trajectory is to fall into something. Oh, what is another one?
Not worshiping Allah, I appreciate you.
What is another way
to be avoided?
altogether, altogether? Correct. So now how do we understand the reverse that those people that do follow?
Through the doubtful matters? How does that influence? So one way we've learned is that we go from one doubtful matter to somebody that is more doubtful, something that is more than the sum that is eventually that is one way of looking at that there's a gradual trajectory, what is another way of looking at this
excellent that this person is so I guess, apathetic towards this concept of holiday prom, and what and what's the hub that they will fall into our not even realize? Right? Because they've developed this mindset, that, you know, these are just terms that we've learned, and they're not really relevant to our times, and they're not important to us, and this person will fall into on and not even realize. So it's a an attitude of apathy. Whereas the second is an attitude of, hey, it's only my growth is only doubtful. It's not how long so I'm saying, those are the two methods that most people will eventually fall into. So when the prophets of Allah Adios, Adam says, that the doubtful
matters will eventually will lead to Allah, that is how it takes place. That is how it takes place. Then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam goes on to say that every king has a statute, every king has His sanctuary. And the closer that you get to that sanctuary, you will eventually fall into the outer boundary of Israel, you're outside the protection of that sanctuary. The sanctuary of Allah subhana wa tada are his artists mahana II those things that Allah Allah, Allah has made him permissible. Now, how do we understand this concept? I want you to think of a circle. This circle is all of a sudden
All of Islam is within the circle. And you are at its center point, you are at its center for any direction that you are going, the grade of your action is changing, you're going from far too much the hub to bar tomorrow, till you reach that outer line, which is hard to reach that outer line, which is hollow. And that is what the message of a lesson A lot of it was similar to saying that consider yourself the center of attention. And you have this circle around you that if you stay within this circle, you will have the protection of Allah subhanho wa Taala, although will protect you and will look after you and will take care of you. But as soon as you cross this boundary of
harm, then that is when you're outside the sanctuary of others. And without him, you've transgressed against his laws, and therefore you will no longer have the protection of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Just like a king has his territory, as long as you're in that territory, that King will take care of you, his army will take care of you, all of that will take place. When you leave that territory, you're no longer the case protection. And that is what the Messenger of Allah, so a lot of it was said that they see that as long as you stay within the boundaries of how long you're under the protection of us and without, you step out, and therefore you become an enemy in enemy territory,
and can be confused with any can be confused for an enemy. What this is why this is relevant to us is, how close are you want to get to that?
You know, we always think there's a fence there, let us see what's on the other side of the fence. The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence. And we'll take these small baby steps based upon our desire based upon our lack of knowledge till he gets to the fence. And we're like, wow, there's a river there may be when you go to that river and grab some country and come back quickly. No one will notice and I'll be fine. You cross the fence, you try to get into the river, the current is too strong. And you end up drowning that river and going far, far away from and that is the nature of sin. When people think that, hey, we know that when you tell someone to come in,
and they're not going to come and sit up. When you tell someone you don't want. We have to study together. We have to work together. Oh, it's late at night? No, it shouldn't be your fault that we're alone together. Oh, I'm only communicating for work I want to go to school. Let us just text each other. Oh, modern day technology allows us to share emojis instead of using words. Those emojis can easily be misconstrued and misunderstood. And that is how the Trump's are shaped on start. And that is how the desires of the art get riled up. And the Messenger of Allah Almighty Who said I've been saying, before you even get to the fence, be cautious of which direction you're going in,
because of that fence, because once you get to that fence, the current is so strong, that magnetic pole is so strong, you will want to go to the other side. But if you stay far away from that fence, you're within the best protection of Allah subhanho wa Taala where nothing can harm you, nothing can alert you and you will be safe at that time. Then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam goes on to tell us, how does a person develop this? How does he perceive developments, he says, I know he just said that, indeed, in the body is a morsel of flesh. Indeed, in the body is a morsel of flesh. If it becomes rectified, all of your actions will become rectified. And if it is corrupt, all of it
will be corrupt. Indeed, it is the heart.
Now this is where we start to understand the relationship between revelation and the state of the heart. And there's a lot that can be said about this. If you take the ayah in historical Bukhara, we're always kind of without assess what the whole lot You are a lot. That'd be conscious of Allah, Allah to Allah, and Allah will teach you. This is not a lucky few to read and write. This is awesome. I don't want to either purifying your heart to such a degree that it becomes ultra sensitive to the hot altra sensitive to the other, does anyone want to come close to it, it doesn't want to even smell it or see it or touch it or hear about and that is where the mind and the heart
develops the swap over last time. And this is what I was taught that and especially your civil law it was set up are telling us in this study, that if you're able to purify your heart, there will be a natural guidance from Allah subhana wa tada to help you stay away from the hollow. But if you pay no attention to your heart, no matter how much knowledge you attain, it becomes a further against you on the Day of Judgment. It becomes a further proof against you on the day of judgment and this is why
Our religion cannot be separated from spirituality. Our religion is not just an event of fear and fear. Our religion is spirituality. What does spirituality actually mean? spirituality means getting your heart in such a state. Then when you hear a command from the last annual Tada, your desires to do it as quickly as possible, you hear a prohibition from Allah, Allah Allah, you want to stay as far away as possible from what affects the heart. Many, many
what I will share for our discussion today, the greatest key to protecting the state of your art is making what are some of
the greatest key to protecting the sanctity and purity of your art is continuously seeking forgiveness from time to time, asking for forgiveness for the sins that you've committed, knowingly and unknowingly asking forgiveness from us, either from them or that you are
asking forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa Taala, for the
things that you did not do.
And if you can establish this in your day to day life, just making it stick up continuously, for the amount that you fall into love across that you fall into one of us to have that you did not do this will take you a long, long way. And being that sanctuary and a protection of all those times.
The second phase of this is increasing yourself in knowledge, understanding the rulings of everything that you do. And then making sure that you yourself, are staying within the firm. And in the midst of that, do not let yourself even go to number one, that even when you lead, you're doing it as an act of worship, you say this, before you eat, you have the intention that I want to eat to get stronger to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala I sleep into like to gain strength and energy towards it a lot. I'm drinking because it is the rest of my body. And it will give me more energy to worship Allah, I'm interacting with people because I know this is what my mind needs, that I
disconnect a little bit now that engage in more worship with us, as a leader, everything becomes essential. And that can only happen by knowledge. And then the benefit of knowledge is you learn about those deeds and those actions that will bring you closer to us to Allah that the rest of humanity does not know about. When the Messenger of Allah says a lot It was set up teaches us able to step up the door, which is considered the master of all us and seek forgiveness of Allah. Whoever says it during the day dies at night is entered into paradise, where it says it at night and dies during the day is entered into paradise. Most people don't know this. But through your knowledge,
you learn this, you start implementing it and you start getting this reward, you hear about the
audio setup that will rephrase is 10 or 12. Sooner prayers is for Mr. House imperatives, you start increasing in your actions. And therefore, the more you increase in your actions, the more difficult it becomes to make sense within your after consider all the houses that you will have in Paradise, right. So these are the things and the benefits of knowledge. And that is why it is so important that Muslims continue to see that knowledge for the sake of purifying your hearts. And then for the sake of also finding out what is wrong, you stay as far away as possible, as far away as possible.
So that we will move on to the next ad. If there are no questions on it. Sorry, there's one last thing I want to mention. And this concludes by saying will pop up with an array that is agreed upon, this term will pop up when
it refers to that this had it was reported by both Bukhari and Muslim reported by Adi
and have to do to hijacking home law at the beginning of global moron. He goes on to explain what different firms will mean when it says what about when it means reported by Muslim. What is relevant to the believer here is that this is of the highest level of authenticity, meaning there is no doubt about its authenticity that is reported by Adi and Muslim when inhabitant Hatcher says or wha hoo
that the 700 What does that mean? This means body and what's there then I will download an activity on the side and if no matter what is the seventh one?
No sense in traditionally before and after. The study was the water in my mind from Google manof onwards when they said a server is referred to the Muslim
to the west.
not have a man when he says the people are the student, and the first of the four of widowed, and Timothy, I must say, and if you imagine what he says about what
he refers to as how a student with the exception of imagine the exception of even though
these are the terminologies that are happening, I just use this throughout his book, The ice level of authenticity is when it says no one is afforded by Adi and Muslim, there is no dose towards authenticity. And this is one of those. Now we open up the floor for questions on our introduction and on this.
Think universal example can be a gray area of one person one understanding?
Yes, the gray areas. First question is, are gray areas universal? Are these subjective? And the answer to that is purely subjective based upon the person's knowledge, particularly in this day and age, the more knowledge a person has, and the more foresight they have from us, and what the other than the less gray do areas. And the only way that is developed is with knowledge and
staying away as far as possible from the green areas that you can recognize if you fall into the gray area. And all you see is requesting any questions from the sisters? And questions from the sisters? Go ahead, ask
after the brothers
no question, no one wants
let's look at our system.
Why do we need to follow one book.
So that is for the students of knowledge as they want to develop your understanding of Islam, then you have to have any manual apparatus curriculum. And that is what the schools of thought support very curriculum of understanding so many men is not required to follow a mother usual protocol in both these verses to their knowledge, we encourage them to all women up and that is just for the sake of facilitating an opinion on every issue. Does that mean they're blindly bounced to that method, not necessarily, not necessarily, for the sake of actually having a curriculum, they should be following the letter of the curriculum in order to cover every single issue in Islam.
Now getting back to this, and the second idea that will happen
in this chapter is from the Hadith okuhara, or the last one. So he said that the first area was a young companion to the politics of a lot while he was set up. The second narrator is a companion that narrated the most amount of ID from the prophets of Allah while he was set up, even though he was one of the major companions to accept Islam. He accepted Islam in Europe paper, because either the eighth, the seventh or eighth year of the Hadrian. And in those three to four years he was with the Messenger of Allah so a long winding set up, he was able to generate 1000s of ad and he narrative story himself that you can find inside oh boy potty. He says, while the Maha Geodon were
busy with their business and the unsought were busy with their farming. I made it my prerogative to accompany and follow the prophet SAW along on his setup anywhere he would allow them to. Basically he would continue to follow the proper setup up and he would tell the process of the sale of whatever it is that's close enough or less.
And that is how close you will get to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu if you set up your any opportunity you would have you will follow the messenger of Allah so the local army was set up and that is how he was able to get married so much. Know that also beats is that he will have to sacrifice a lot. Because look at how he describes him. I don't have the answer. He's describing Why do you want as busy in business? he's describing the outside being busy.
swarmers and those are pretty much the only two things that you can do in Medina at that time. So what that meant was our whatever the law, he has to sacrifice his profession of doing business or either being a farmer, and was dependent upon whatever you will call a good or a noble cause. And that was for the sake of preserving Islam. And that is why you see that the politics A lot of it was set up for this noble intention, and may not work will you be particular to us,
allows him to retain and protect everything that he learns. And that is how whatever the law, I hope there is so much. It's also befitting that a lot of people a lot chooses this ID promo for whatever, because of whatever the law implemented. This is like, you implemented this in this like, you're gonna get sacrificed all wealth, for the sake of study and learning Islam, he lived a very, very humble life. The story is further exemplified inside of the body, when it talks about how one not one day, but rather regularly, or whatever the law, I'm used to have seizures, and people would think that he was possessed by a gym. So we will be like, let's be the gym out of literally, that's
what used to happen. So they put their foot on him, and people would lightly beat him to read the gym out of him, because they thought that he was having seizures because of possession. Whatever, whatever the law, he says, My only problem was that I was hungry, if someone gave me food, the seizures would have stopped, you look at the way his clothing is described, and it's literally the same clothing that he's wearing all the time, up until it's no longer suitable to be worn. You know, there's so many cuts and tears in it. If you know that he had either talked about before the Civil War, it was set up telling the woman folk to go down into search that quickly and delay delay in
getting up in search stuff. I think was there for particularly for the lecture or whatever I feel like I know for so poor, that their garments do not cover them properly. So they went down with the cassette stuff, you are not fully covered not because they did they chose not to is because they couldn't afford it. So they want to sell a lot of it commanded the womenfolk go down before the men in searched up and get up earlier before that it says that so that they are not exposed, you're not exposed. And that was also with Alexa mobile, whatever your llamando we live such a life. Now this second honey have a solid one what is extremely relevant to our times, because it directly addresses
the disease of materialism directly addresses the disease or materialism. And you notice specifically the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says, the destroyer is the one that worships to be not destroyed is the one that worships the there are and destroyed is the one that worships this luxurious clothing. What is the benefit message or loss of love, I do so that mentioning these three things, and that foreign currency was only a choice, you either had gold or you had silver, and generally from psychological study and understanding. When it comes to financial matters, men will have a natural aptitude and inclination towards financial matters that women will
so interested you have a loss of a loved one, you should include the third category, just say that even the women OIC are not safe from materialism. And that is what he mentioned this cell compartment and is still closing. Now you will notice that I didn't call it wisdom itself is permissible, Adam, silver wisdom itself is permissible having wisdom itself or women and as long as it is permissible. These are all permitted civil matters, the province of Allah argue is set up is talking about those that worship these things. So what exactly does worship? You know, where does that mean that you're performing such stuff? Does that mean they're performing the work? No, that's
not what he's talking about at all. It means that the primary focus or one of the primary focus of their life, because these material matters, and these material gates, so you will want to get as far ahead in life as possible for the sake of accumulating this wealth, for men is accumulating as much gold and silver and money as possible for women in terms of the material objects, whether it is dresses, whether it's garments, or anything of that nature shoes, purses in our day and age. If you look at some of the prices of these things, it's absolutely atrocious. That $500 $1,000 for shoes in a purse is fine buying it as a one update as a special treat for yourself. But it's not about money
as a one off. It's about when you start worshipping it, how you start worship, that you are willing to attain these things, by any means necessary.
So it means protecting the labor, no problem. If it needs to be like their money, no problem, it means by doing other things like going for a lottery, no problem. This is very interesting. You know, the recent monitoring takes
us about $1.6 billion, that's insane. You can become a billionaire overnight. And then you had all of these famous celebrities that were going out and buying these lottery tickets. So then just for the sake of adding the word with what you had, like genuine, for people that literally are living day to day like your hands to vote, that's how they're living.
They're literally wanting to bank on the fact that, you know, let me spend all of my savings on this lottery. Because if I win, that is the jackpot. And this is what I'm referring to, that accumulated wealth by any means necessary. Now, what we need to understand about wealth, is that wealth is a means and a medium, it is not a goal. For the believer, the objective of wealth, is to keep it in their eyes, without reaching the hearts to keep it in the hands without breaching the hearts. And this means you understand how evil it can be if you get attached to it, if you get attached to it. So I've done this exercise before, let's do it again.
Is money a good thing? or a bad thing?
If you believe money is a good thing, raise your hands.
Excellent. If you believe money is a bad thing, raise your hands.
Okay. And then if you believe that there's a third option, raise your hand.
Okay, excellent. That's what you want to get. I've got kids over here. What is the third option? You have your hand up? What is the third option in mind? Yes.
So what did they do good or bad?
you didn't get the detailed answer, right. But the primary answer is correct. It is both. And the other is the answer to Well, that is the answer to what was your
it depends on how you use the plan. And that's what we're looking for. That wealth is all about the state of your heart. And what you want to view about wealth as is a magnifying glass, that if your heart is pure wealth will magnify the purity of your spending of your causes you're earning from pure beats. If your heart is corrupt, you will spend in corrupted beats, and you will earn from corrupt beats that magnifies the corruption if the hardest corrupt. And that is why this simplistic approach to wealth than Hey, all money is good and all money is bad. It's not the feeling of believer like that. All of it will always come down to the state of your heart. If your heart is
pure, you offer a lot of respect. If your heart is corrupt, you learn from how long you spend it alone. That is what it comes down to. And we see this understanding well the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the famous studied the foodie window Jor el messenger of Allah rich companions amongst us I run away with all of the reward the prey just like we've made the fastest because the here in Silicon that cannot give he just something if we were to do it, we will be at par with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu send them their version of wisdom teaches them to say some kind of law 33 times and how do they not 33 times and a lot of luck about 33 times. So time
goes by the come competed again. Message of a lot, these rich companions have caught up with us, we've learned our secret teacher something more, you focus on a lot of ideas to them says daddy got a lot to teach him in your shop. That is the fever of a loss and what tada he gives to movie with me that if you are a pious and righteous believer that stands in the way of almost kind of a data. That is the best case scenario. That is the best case scenario. Now this is where we establish the fundamental rule of Islamic economics and Islamic finance. Your email always has to be greater than your finances. Your email always has to be greater for your finances, meaning that you're not
willing to compromise on where you earn your money from and you're not willing to compromise What do you spend your money on? There are certain ways that it was simple not to earn money from so if it means working for a bank, they will not do it. If it means working for an insurance company, they will not do it. If it means working for a large company, they will not do it. If it means working on alcohol, coffee, they will not do it. And likewise when it comes to spending money, when it comes to any of those things that are impermissible, dealing with interest, and purchasing alcohol, purchasing drugs, marijuana or any of those things, the believer will not spend their money on those
Because they believe that to be equal, and every evil will affect the heart, every evil will affect the heart. This is what the message of a loss of Alomar in your setup is addressing in this, this is not about physically falling down and making such that and what it's about your ethics and your values. And the messenger muscle, a lot of syrup says that whoever compromises their ethics and their values, to accumulate wealth, by any means necessary will be destroyed, will be destroyed. And then you mentioned you have a muscle up, it was set up, he goes on to give these people characteristic. These people, if you give them they are happy. But if you withhold from them, then
they become upset and sad. No part of that is human nature. All of that is human nature, you're giving something you won't be happy, you're held back from something you will be upset. But this is to the degree where they become discontent with the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And they say why did so and so get such and such but I did not get such and such. So they become pleased with the color of Allah. And he criticized the wisdom of Allah subhana wa Tada, either in their emotions or their words. And this was the message also about our user is referring to
who remembers the statement and we now have a whole lot last week, where he was talking about an individual that had the million dollars, and that's our transmission. What do you do not not let's see what the person has a million dollars. Can it be exotic or not? What what conditions for numbers?
Excellent. And that is what he was referring to, in direct relationship to this idea that if he's increasing his wealth, he doesn't become happier. It is decreasing as well. He doesn't become sad. Now the point is, how do we reach that level? And what does that level actually look like? That level of means that you're not attached to what is being given or taken away, you're attached to the one that is giving it or holding it back. That is what this looks like. You care more about Allah subhana wa Tada, then whatever Allah subhana wa tada is giving or taking away from you, you have such a high level of reliance upon Allah subhanho wa Taala, that you understand that having more
does not necessarily mean benefits. And having less does not necessarily mean suffering. And the clearest example of this, I believe I mentioned this the football for three weeks ago, isn't the story of Musa peninsula. Every time you sit down, he said, I've got more, he was tested more. He was tested by his brothers. Why? Because his father loved him more, that extra load from his father causally caused him to be tested by his brothers, he has older, handsome looking guy, that becomes a test prep because he's more often than the other way around him. And therefore he is seduced, and is attended to be seduced. And therefore when he refuses, he's thrown into jail, those extra wood
blocks brought him into problems. And this is the perception you need to come with and understand that having more is not necessarily better. And having less is not necessarily worse. There is a spiritual forsake that is required. And that spiritual foresight is in understanding that tests can come in good in the beginning. And tests can also be come in for proofreading. Most of us will do a great job in reframing. So someone passes away someone dies, we're patient, we're easygoing. We don't you know, lose control of our of our state. But when we have so much, and we're living very glitzy, this lives, what happens to us then we forget about almost
we don't pay those extra sooner prayers. Now. What is that the baseline that we're trying to compare to? When things are difficult, you're going through a divorce, you lose your job exam, something catastrophic is happening in your life. Look at the state of your app, look at the state of your saw, look at how drastically increases. That is the baseline established, then when you are in a state of luxury in the state of prosperity. How do you reach that level of desperation, that level of emotion in your salon in your blog, and your recitation of the Koran, in times of adversity is through patients in terms of prosperity, it is through gratitude, recognizing what was going on.
And this is what the founders of my new setup is reminding us over here. Do not get attached to the gift, get attached to the giver. Because what a gift comes with both is irrelevant. Allah subhanho wa Taala will always be there to take care of you and always remember this one
escaping the right teacher, where he's talking about the animal kingdom,
that before human interference? Did you ever hear of an animal dying of hunger? They think about this question before you went interference? Did you ever hear of an animal dying of hunger? You did it. Allah Subhana. Allah created enough for his, for every single animal. There are enough words on this earth for every single word, there are enough fish on this earth. For every single animal that needs fish or perish, let's just say, right, there is enough of everything for everyone. Allah has decreed and written that sustance. And it is only human greed that destroys these natural ecosystems. So that is what you have to understand that Allah will provide for you. Just like he
provides the word that leaves its nest early in the morning with his stomach empty, and comes back at night with his stomach full. Let's do this due diligence by going out and looking for worms. But it also knows that Allah has created enough worms, that even if all of the birds had been worms, you're still a word left for me, and for my family to share. And that is enough to survive. And that is the essence of the second part of this.
We'll start the third shell. And then we'll continue that.
And we'll take questions on the second time after the
Evening good Grogan.
alive, not expected to live
So this idea is very, very popular with Mr. Robot, the son of OpenTable.
As we mentioned, he was one of the younger companions, as well. So here you see the obvious Obama incentives, again, emphasizing this idea of a young man to draw attention, right? He grabs him by the shoulder, grabs him by the shoulder, and he tells this young man be in this world, as if you're a stranger on the way here. I want you to think of what impact is has in a young man's life, that someone like you probably saw along while he was set up, grabs this young child and give him this piece of advice. Be a stranger on the way here. What exactly do these terms mean? What exactly what these terms mean? The stranger is the individual that takes basically what he needs, wrong, the
place that he is going to nothing more and nothing less. And this person will feel a sense of estrangement, they will feel a sense of estrangement in their surroundings. Because they are not familiar with that when it comes to the matters of the dounia. They don't know anything about it. Why? Because they're created primarily for the Acura and they understand that is your primary destination. That is their primary destination. So we live amongst the people, not with the people amongst the people means that the people are all around us when they're not like that. Their primary focus is the accuracy of the focus of the people is in the dunya. The other Sabine is the wayfarer,
then he actually goes into the town, and he stays amongst the people. And he takes from that town, just what he needs to survive. So the only thing we didn't take anything is there amongst them, but he's not taking anything. Whereas
you will get a simple bag, a simple couch, a simple house is the simplest of everything. So the focus alone might be like the first or be like the ladder. The first thing that keeps knocking is content just moving along and understanding that the ACA will be yes. Whereas the second person, they will get a little bit of the junior but at its simplest low, just enough to find some comfort and then move on to the greater destination and then move on to the greater distance. And this is where it is so important to understand the beauty and simplicity. One of the biggest mistakes that we make
parenting is giving our children
that is one of the biggest mistakes in parenting. We want to make sure that our children feel comfortable sleeping on the floor, we want to make sure that our children feel comfortable just having a simple, you know sheet on the ground of a pillow be comfortable with that, as you get older, introduce them to put a luxury as a young child, give them basic food that is healthy, nutritious, but you don't have to give them seven different types of ice cream, or different types of chocolates and x, y and Zed give them with simple foods. Why is it so important at a young age, if you spoil them at a young age, they get accustomed to luxury, and detaching from the dunya
becomes so much more difficult. Whereas if you are raised in a household that is detached from the dunya, giving up the dunya does not become difficult as you grow older. And as you grow older and experience luxury, because you come from a simple upbringing, even though you may have money, you actually become appreciative for what you have. Nowadays, you see ungrateful little brats, you know, it using that term, but it's a reality. That is for the kids so much, that you're not grateful for anything, right? You give them a Nintendo Switch, they're like, I want an Xbox One, you give them you know, a pad of paper and like, I want a cell phone, maybe they're not happy with simple basic
things anymore, because we've ruined to them. And this, I think, is an indication of how young people should be brought up. And this is why the messenger bot must have a long winded setup is instilling in this person. Now this is an attitude that needs to be developed, then we don't need to have the best of everything. We don't need to have the latest version of everything. We do not need to compete with other people. Our only competition is getting to be our only competition is getting to the ACA,
then available on hold up. As he narrows this ad. He gives His own explanation. Here's his own explanation. And that is what we will comment on next week,
as what we will comment on next week.
So let me share a fortunate and unfortunate, really unfortunate news is our pretty good taste in the class. But it is not a paste that is quick enough to finish the test. So what we can do is, we can try to cut down the explanation and finish all of the ID. Or we can take it as detailed as we're taking it when we want to finish off all 11 of them, and leave the decision up to you guys. So by show of hands, how many of you would like to continue at the pace that we're going, it's a detailed explanation, we will not cover all of your ID? Or how many of you prefer the discrete speed of the face go through it more quickly than we can complete all 11.
So how many of you want way number one, a more detailed explanation?
Okay, and how many of you watch way number two, quick enough to finish this all the way number one
is the majority. And as we will be joining Isola, you will continue with our case, try to take as much benefit from it as we can. Also we're trying to do as many of you have eaten and perhaps we will find another opportunity outside of the fight and help us to finish this inshallah we don't intervene with the next few months ago. There are a lot of times I'll leave the most of the questions and the rest of the time to make answer questions or if you have to make a loop. So
the question for the brothers and sisters are welcome right now.
Yes. And those of you that are not as asking questions, is really quite
Sisters, our sisters in the back, a brother is asking a question which I will repeat when we do request that our brothers and sisters please respect to the question.
So our brothers question goes back to number one. And the concept of protected your public image. To what degree is the person required to protect their public image from the actions of the Office of a law it was set up, we see that people want the civil law it was in them was proactive in protecting his image. And we see this in the idea of his wife's idea when one day he is walking outside late at night and two of his companions saw him with a woman perhaps whom they did not recognize you fought the Civil War fight your setup was out of his way to explain
This is my wife, Sophia, and they didn't want anything to fall into your art, they think that I was doing anything wrong. And they said, I say out of luck that almost your lover would never think that way oh, this means he probably saw a lot, my new setup went out of his way to clarify his name. So my example, that means that any precautionary measures that you can take to protect your honor, and to protect your reputation you should be taken. If at that point, people still find reason to say something about you, that is their problem. But if you are not taking precautionary measures to protect your reputation, and your honor and dignity, that this is something that needs to be
assessed. Why is this the case? Right, one of the objectives of the Sharia of Islamic law is helpful is the protection of reputation and honor. So all of the actions that Islam comes with history are protected. So this is something that has to be taken very, very seriously.
Excellent. Brothers question is a follow up question. What do you do in a situation where a person is being slandered and lies against that they've taken precautionary measures, they feel that they've done it as much as they can. But this person continues this manner. Our standing tradition teaches us that anytime This is truly happened, where the person has taken all the proportionate measures, and you're still being slandered, almost I know without experiments, we see this in the story of yourself. You see this in the story of Ayesha, you see this a story of race. All three of them were falsely accused, and all three of them were exonerated. While I was trying to add money on
what I mentioned William as well. All four of them were slandered and all four of them were exonerated. So people that are tested in such a manner they should keep their faith. Keep asking because I know without if we're helping for ease, and eventually there will be
a long time. Any questions from the sisters?
going twice I'll take one last question.
You're rich you want more and if you're poor, everything you need is wasting.
We'll conclude with that
next week's class again, we want to get seven o'clock inshallah. For those of you that want to benefit from the text review, revise your notes of this week that you understand what's going on. It is a cumulative class, what you learned last week and this week is built upon extra
credit for attention.