Tafseer Surah Fatiha #03
Channel: Navaid Aziz
File Size: 65.99MB
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in Alhamdulillah Nakamoto who wants to know who want to stop?
When I was with him in srry unforseen a woman sejati Anna Lena mahila hufa mo de la
vida de la, WA shadow La La La La Jolla, Shri kala, or shadow now Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa and he was talking he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira ama God, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
So this is our third halakhah in the Tafseer of circle Fatiha. And last week, we were covering the Bismillah AR the saying of Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim. And there were two points that I want to recover from last week. The first of them is that we mentioned that the scholars gave three reasons why the best Mullah is not a part of Surah tober. And who can remind me what those three reasons were? Why is the bus smell are not a part of Surah tober?
Okay, excellent. I was the third reason Do you remember?
Anyone remember what the third reason was? Was it.
Excellent, exactly. So the three reasons why sort of the Toba does not begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Number one is that the scholars of tafsir said that, in fact, shorter tober is a continuation of sorts. And in fact, the surah, which is before it, the second reason is that there's a direct opposition in terms of the content of the surah and the statement of Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. When you start off with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, you're showing Allah as someone who is compassionate, someone that is merciful. And the very beginning of Salta, Toba is that Allah subhanho wa Taala is free from the disbelievers. So they say you have the Wrath of Allah subhanho wa
Taala and the anger of Allah. So it's not befitting that you begin with the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala in the surah. Number three, they said that if you look at contracts from a historical perspective, that every time the Arabs of the past would break their contracts, they would not begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. And thus it was a continuation of that tradition. And thus Allah subhanho wa Taala did not begin so to tober with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. The second thing I wanted to ask was that when it comes to the bus mela, when it comes to the bus mela, we said that the bus at the beginning of the bus mela indicates something very special, it indicates something
very special. What does the bar indicate? Go ahead.
ascent. So we said that the bar at the beginning of Bismillah is bad and esteana. So that whatever comes after it is what you are seeking help from. So that is why when you say Bismillah Bismillah R Rahman R. Rahim you're beginning seeking help with the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Jade. Now that we've explained that let us continue on with where we left off. Last week we were discussing that the statement of Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in the Quran, the scholars deferred Is it a verse from the Koran, or is it not? And I want to rectify something that I said last week, I only gave you three opinions, because I wasn't sure the fourth opinion. So I want to give you four the fourth
opinion and give it to you properly. So the first opinion we said is that it is a verse of every surah of the Quran, except for Surah Tauba. It is a verse of every student of the Quran, except for surah Toba and this was the opinion of him Imam Shafi Abdullah bin mobarak, Abdullah bin Abbas and other than them, then the second opinion is that it is not a verse from the Quran at all, except for the verses certain numbers. So the beginning of fatty has the beginning of any other surah so a debus Mela is not a part of the Quran at all. And this was the opinion of Imam Malik Rahim Allah. This was the opinion of Imam Malik Rahim Allah, and this becomes very important dimension and this
is what I didn't mention last week. This is very important to mention. Because when we talk about should the best Mullah be said in Salah or not, you'll see that this is why the scholars of Islam actually differed on this issue. Is that the reason why the default should it be said or not is based upon Is it an actual verse of the Quran or not? So in my magic Rahim Allah He was of the opinion that the Bismillah is not a part of the Koran at all, not a part of the surah nor a part of the Koran itself. Then opinion number three, this was that it is a part of Surah Al Fatiha and it is not a part of any other surah in the Quran. It is a part of sootel Fatiha, but not a part of any
other surah in the Quran. And this opinion was attributed to Mammon Shafi Allahu Allah, this opinion was a trick
To Mr. McAfee, or him Allah.
Then the fourth opinion is that the best manner is not a part of the surah but in fact is an individual verse from the Quran itself is that it is not a part of any surah but it is an individual verse of the Quran itself. Now can I get someone to repeat all four opinions to me inshallah, just to make sure everyone's on the same page? What are the four opinions we just mentioned? is the best similar part of the Koran. What are the four opinions we just mentioned? Can you give me one of them? Just one of them.
Okay, so we said that it is a part of the middle of the novel, and it is a part of the beginning of sortal Fatiha. This was the opinion of Imam Shafi. And this is what we will refer to as opinion number three. Now we need opinions one, two and four. Can you give me one of the opinions?
That's exactly what he just mentioned. So I need a second one.
Okay, that's a part of that. So it's a part of the middle of the surah when we're talking about the best smell as a part of the beginning of the surah. So do you remember any of the opinions, particularly the opinion of Imam Malik, could you remember what Mr. Malik just said,
wants to help them when they pop them off?
It's not a part of the core. Yeah, it is not a part of the beginning of any sort of the Quran. So it is in fact, not a verse of the Quran, except for the verse in certain number. This was the opinion of Imam Malik. And this is what we will refer to as opinion number two. Now who can give me opinions number one and four.
Excellent. So it is a verse of every surah in the Quran. It is a verse of every surah in the Quran, except Surah tober. And now we're left with opinion number four. And this is what we're going to call the correct opinion as well. So you need to know opinion number four, if you don't any opinion, learn opinion number four. And it says different volunteer. What was opinion number four? help us out?
Forget No worries, opinion. Number four, Ali help the people that are relying on you.
Opinion number four, what was it?
You're calling a brother for one side? No worries inshallah, go ahead.
accent so we said that the best mela is an independent IR from the Quran. So it is not a part of the surah itself. But rather it is an independent eye of the Quran. So when you're counting the verses of the Quran, verses of the surah the best smell that will not be a part of it, the best mela will not be a part of it. And in fact, this is the opinion of the majority of scholars, and this is what we will call the correct opinion. Now the reason why we're emphasizing this so much is because when we go on to the next topic is that should you recite Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim when you read Quran in Salah it's all contingent upon this issue. It is all contingent upon this issue.
so opinion number one, I'll go through all of them opinion number one is that it is a verse of the beginning it is the a verse of every surah the beginning of every surah with the exception of Salta, Toba, that is opinion number one. Opinion number two is that it is not a worthy a verse from the beginning of any suit on the Quran at all. It is not a verse from the beginning of any surah in the Quran at all. Opinion number three is that it is only the beginning of sortal fat had it is the only time it is considered a verse. It is only at the beginning of sorts the fact that it is considered a verse And then number four is that it is not a part of any surah but it is a part of the Quran. So
opinion number to say that is not a poor part of the Quran at all. And opinion number four is saying that it is a part of the Quran, but it's not a part of any surah it's a part of the Quran, but not a part of any surah. So now this leads us to our discussion. Should we be saying Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim when we are in Salah should we be saying Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim when we are in Salah. This brings us to three opinions. This issue has three opinions on it. Opinion number one is that the best Mullah should be resulted recite it out loud in sortal facha is that it should be recited out loud inserted Fatiha. This was the opinion of the magma Shafi Rahim Allah and His proof for this was
that just like we recite all of sortal Fatiha out loud, then we should recite Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim out loud as well because the best Mullah
As a part of the Surah debus Mela is a part of the surah. So now you see how it is directly tied into our previous discussion. So we say that you should recite Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim outloud so when the Imam is really leading Salah he should start off with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen that is the opinion of Mr. McAfee. This is opinion number one. Now his proof from this from the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. His proof for this from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that even Ambassador de Allahumma he narrates that when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to recite, used to recite out loud
With the name of Allah, the All Merciful, the all compassionate. He used to say out loud Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim and this hadith is narrated in the Mr De La of Al Hakim number 750 nematostella Kemal hockin 750 the second proof for this opinion, the second proof of this opinion, is the hadith of undisturbed nomadic narrated in Sahih al Bukhari, the hadith of undisturbed nomadic narrated and sahale Bukhari that he said that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he would recite, he would elongate the Bismillah, he would apply the concept of mud to the Bismillah. So he would say Bismillah Ar Rahman, ar Rafi, you'd along gate the Bismillah. Now, the proof for this is
that in the elongations of the Bismillah, it means that he is applying the rules of Tajweed and the rules of Tajweed are only applied to the Quran. So therefore, he said that he is a part of sootel Fatiha, and thus it should be recited like the rest of SoTL Fatiha as well.
Then the second opinion is that when the Imam is leading Salah, he should not mention the best smella not silently nor loudly. So he shouldn't say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim not silently and not loudly. And this was the opinion of Imam Malik Rahim Allah. This was the opinion of the School of Imam Malik Rahim Allah. And this is based upon the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that we mentioned last week that the term Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim was revealed to the Messenger of Allah to know when the sutras would begin. And when they would end, they would it was revealed so that the Messenger of Allah, person would know when the soldiers would begin and when they would end
and that is why in the School of magic is not a part of the Quran itself. And thus, to recite something in Salah that is not from the Quran is inappropriate, and that is why he said that the best mela should not be said out loud, nor should it be said silently, nor should it be said silently. Then the third opinion is that when you're reciting Salah, the BAS mela should be said silently the third opinion is that the Bismillah should be said silently. This was the opinion of Imam Abu hanifa and the opinion that remember him Allah, the opinion novem of hanifa and the opinion of Imam Ahmed Rahim Allah and they based their proof on this is a one of the strongest proofs that
you'll find and we'll discuss this in quite some detail is that even Abbas rhodiola randomize is reported in Al Bukhari he narrates that I prayed behind abubaker. I prayed behind Omar, I prayed to behind those nine. And I pray to behind the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and none of them recited the busman out loud, none of them recited the bus mela out loud. So now the question arises, how did he reconcile the previous Hadith where the previous had he said that under similar Malik said that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he would recite the bus mela, he would elongate it, he would say our rah rah team. How did he reconcile it with this hadith
soulburner buzzworthy Allahu Allah comment commenting on this, he states that the recitation that we do in Salah, so let's take it one by one, the skeletal fudger. We all know that the two rockers are fragile, they are stated out loud. Then for the her you have for rockers where the mom is completely silent. Same thing for salata, Larsen forearc as the mom is completely silent, then you get to mohareb for the first two rockers the mom who sets out loud and the last rocker, he leads silently that for a shot two rockers the first two are out loud and the last two are silent. Now this recitation that the Imam does out loud or silently Is this something compulsory? Or is this
something that is just recommended to do and it is just so that you guys know is that it is something recommended to do so for example, if one if in one Salah the Imam does not raise his voice in leading salata, mclubbe this he's going in opposition to the Sunnah, but the Salah is still correct. There's no deficiency in the Salah is going opposition to the student. He's not doing what the Messenger of Allah says.
Hola Hanyu Salaam did but the Salah is still correct. Likewise if someone is leaving stellato door and it's a lot of he starts reciting out loud Alhamdulillah Allah Allah Allah may not have mana Rahim over here again he's going in opposition to the sooner but the Salah is still valid the Salah is still valid. Based upon this you will see that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam based upon different circumstances, he would raise his voice and stay silent. So for example, as we know that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was giving Dawa to tribes of people. So I tried would come to the Messenger of Allah and they would say, Jada, so Allah, we want
to accept Islam. So when this would happen, and it's time for slaughter, the Messenger of Allah Sasha wouldn't say, hey, delay your Shahada, till afterthoughts, you guys don't have to pray. That's not what would happen. But rather, he would say, take your Shahada, and come and pray with us. So insalata Lord, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would start to recite out loud, so that the people who newly accepted Islam could repeat after him, and they would know what to say, and they would know what to say. So we learn from this is that the recitation of the man it is something that is recommended, and based upon circumstances, you can change it around based upon
circumstances, you can change it around.
So the third opinion on this issue is that the Imam should recite silently in shoes recite the bus mela silently and every Salah. So he should when he starts to recite out loud, he should only begin with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen he should only begin with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. Now, why we mentioned this to be the stronger opinion is because, as you may have learned, when it comes to Islamic legislation, when it comes to faith, there are four sources of Islamic legislation. There are four sources of Islamic legislation. The first of them is the Koran. This is the first form of Islamic legislation. So anytime we're looking for rules about Islam, the first place you
will look is the Quran. Number two, the second source of Islamic legislation is the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It is the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and these are the statements, the actions and the acceptances of the Messenger of Allah. So when we talk about Sunnah from a legal perspective, the way the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam looked or the way the POS system acted, does not come into our definition of Suna. What comes into our definition of Sona is what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said, what he did, and what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam accepted. This is the legal definition of Suna. The third
source of Islamic legislation is each Ma, or what we will call consensus. And this is what we're going to focus on over here. But we'll get back to it in a second. We'll get back to it in a second. Then the fourth source of Islamic legislation is class. The fourth source of Islamic legislation is class. And I'll give you one example so that you understand what we refer to as creus. Now I want you to imagine this bottle of water right now. It's not water. It's actually a bottle of Budweiser. We're going to call this Budweiser. Okay, so ignore the awkwafina. Now says Budweiser. Something that we know about Budweiser is two things we know two things about Budweiser or about the alcohol
itself. Let's not mention names, will we know two things about the alcohol? Number one is that it is an intoxicant. It is an intoxicant. It is something that takes away your ability to comprehend and to understand and to act rationally and to act rationally. Number two, the second thing we know about alcohol is that alcohol is haram is that alcohol is how long and this is in the Hadith of the person where both of these things are combined, where he said kulu muscadine, hammer wakulla hammer in Haram. He said that every area alcohol is an intoxicant, and every intoxicant is haram. So now how does this play into Korea's now that you know these two things the ruling on it, and why that
ruling took place? You learn something new over here. This over here is a tissue we're going to call it in a special way so that it represents something What does this represent?
a cigarette? No man be more creative. It represents marijuana. This is a blunt right here. It is a plain tissue there's nothing inside just that no one gets any shady ideas. But this is a blunt right now. Okay. So now this blunt over here, you know, the scholars come and tell you you know smoking word marijuana is Hello smoking marijuana is haram. But the national question that should come into your mind is why is it haram? You know, if you were to look through all the Quran, not once it is Allah subhanaw taala mentioned that marijuana is haraam. You look through all of this sooner. Nowhere did the Messenger of Allah ever say that marijuana is haram. So where did we come to the
understanding that marijuana is haram in Islam
The way we came to that understanding is through this concept of class to this concept of POS. So if you remember the alcohol, we said we know two things about alcohol. Number one is that it is haram. Number two, that the reason that it is haram is because it intoxicates. So now that we have this new thing called marijuana, we don't know what the ruling on it is. But we know that the characteristic of alcohol is present in this as well. And that is the concept of intoxication. So the scholar said that if that reason is present in that object, whatever it may be, then it will take the exact same ruling as well. So this isn't a form of intoxicant, this is in form of intoxicant. Therefore, they
will both have the same ruling. And this is what is known as chaos. This is known as crius. And this is the fourth source of Islamic legislation. Now getting back to the third source, getting back to the third source. The third source of Islamic legislation is what we call consensus or what we call each map. And this is actually based upon a verse in the Quran, where the where Allah subhanho wa Taala says, And certainly, sir, verse 115, certainly sir, verse 151, Matthew shafiqul Rasul via therby availa. Sabine, meaning no one Li Hema tawanda. Here Allah subhanho wa Taala says that whoever opposes the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and follows away of other than
the believers follows away of other than the believers. So this is where the concept of each map comes on, that the believers have away and the non believers have always whoever follows away other than the believers, we shall leave him to his there, and his final destination shall be the hellfire. So this is where the concept of EMA actually comes from. Now, each map is also of two types. It's MMA is also of two types. But before we get to that, let us define what each MMA actually is. agema is the consensus of all of these scholars at any one given time, on any one particular ruling on any one particular issue. So notice the difference. It is the consensus of all
of these scholars at one given time, on one given issue, with one given ruling with one given ruling. So they agreed upon what the issue was, they agreed upon the ruling, and they all agreed at one given time.
Now each Mark can take place in one of two ways. It can take place in one of two ways. The first way that is marked takes place is that someone come in says all of the scholars of Islam in this era have said such and such. So what is one of the mods that we noticed from the time of the setup, one of the very first age mods that you will notice from the time of the setup is that there can be no sixth for the Salah, one of the very first emails that you will notice is that they came to the consensus that there will be no sixth for Salah. So therefore no one can come in and say hey, today, I feel more righteous. I want to gather all of the people together and we'll establish a Salah
called agile, it was a combination of Isha and fudger whether they pray in the middle, we're going to call it agile, okay, no one can come and do that because this consensus has already taken place has already taken place. Now just a side note on this issue is that h ma is the strongest form of legislation stronger than the Koran and stronger than the sooner the reason why is stronger than the Quran and the Sunnah is because h ma can only be based upon the Quran and the Sunnah. So it is based upon the Quran doesn't mean that you have to have illegal text either from the Quran and the Sunnah. Then you get all of the scholars in agreement and that is when it becomes stronger a stronger
evidence than the Quran and Sunnah itself. So, if anyone ever says you that there is h ma on this issue, and it is authentically reported that there is a schema, then you do not need to ask for a Quranic verse, you do not need to ask for Hadith, because the schema is stronger than those two. The second form of each map. The second form of each map is that when something takes place, and no one opposes it is when something takes place, and no one opposes it. And this is the type of each map that we see in the narration of
an episode The other one the narration of undestroyed your loved one. He says that I played behind the Prophet, I prayed behind Abu Bakar I prayed behind Omar and I prayed behind us man, and all of them began reciting with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen this is what we will call each match to coochie or the silent Iijima meaning that no scholar actually got up and said that Surah Fatiha begins with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen however, from the time of the Prophet till the time of Abu Bakar till the time of
Till the time of us nine, no one opposed this, no one said something contradictory to it. So the scholars would consider this a form of each master kuti, or a form of silent Hmm, or a form of silence. Hmm.
So now, I need a volunteer to explain to me what is MMA is? Who can explain to me what each MMA is, what is the definition? What is the proof? And what are its different types? Go ahead, help start us off.
All those ones? Yep. given time, yep.
One issue on one issue, and they have one ruling on that issue. Excellent. So that is the definition of HMR. Excellent. Now, what is the proof for H ma? What is the proof that h ma is a proof? Go ahead.
Are we talking about or any kind of
any type of HTML?
Right, there is
actually, in fact, related to that very issue is that the message was set in a different Hadith and the authenticity is varied, but my oma will never agree upon misguidance. So this, this actually applies not only to the Sahaba, but this applies to the oma as well. And that's why when you study HMR, you will see that based upon this hadith be considered agema proof that the messenger processing that the oma will never unite upon misguidance. That is not possible that the whole oma unit upon slides. So I'm still looking for a particular verse. What is the verse that I mentioned?
Who's speaking? Who's speaking? Who is speaking?
If you're going to speak have the courage to raise your hand. So if you're right, you get the credit. If you're wrong, you get blasted.
Like who is speaking, Hamza Yella, what is the proof?
Surah Nisa surah number four verse 115 115. And the only point you need to mention from this verse is where you're going to Seville and what meaning that he follows a way of other than the believers. This is where the concept of each map comes from. Then we said that each map is two types that there are two types of each map. What are the two types of each map? The first episode, what are the two types of each map? The second one was the silent, the silence is excellent. No one before from the time of the Prophet till the time was.
The first one is the exact opposite of silent.
No one spoke against it. No, someone spoken, someone spoke and said that we have consensus on this issue. So there is consensus that there is no sixth Salah right. And you mentioned this, you'll find this for many of the books of the self that one of the very first each man that they mentioned is that there is no sixth Salah. So they will see that the scholars have conceded to the fact that there is no sixth Allah. So it is the HMR which comes out loud question or addition? question we'll take at the end, which I really don't remember it and we'll get to it. So that is in terms of sources of legislation that is in terms of sources of legislation. And that is why these we
mentioned that the third opinion is the strongest because it is a form of each match to kuti that the the best mela and the Fatiha it should be recited silently and not recite it out loud and not recite it out loud.
Now, the next section that we're going to be covering is when is it legislated to say the Bismillah when is it legislated to say the bus smother? And over here there are two concepts you need to understand. Concept number one is the saying of Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim. And concept number two is the saying of just Bismillah just stopping at Bismillah. And you'll see that both of these statements are legislative at different times. So our first topic of discussion is that when is it legislated to say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim? Okay, our first topic of discussion is when is it legislated to say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim
number one the first time it is legislated to say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is that when you recite the Quran when you recite the Quran, this is the first time it is legislated to say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim as we just took. The second time it is legislated to say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim can ask the brothers just to move forward a little bit just in case no one so no one has to stand in the back and shall just move forward as much as you can inshallah. There's a lot of empty room here. Try to fill it up. Just look at
the second time it is legislated to say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is when you are writing something of importance. The second time it is legislated to say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is when you are writing something of importance, and who can give me the proof for this. We've mentioned it already.
Raise your hand go ahead.
Excellent. So the first rule is from the Quran itself, that when so the man he said wrote
The letter to Shiva is reads out loud in the home install a man we're in the who Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Then indeed this letter is from Sony man, and it begins with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Proof number two is from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that Hadith number seven in Sohail Bukhari Hadith number seven, in Sahih al Bukhari, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to write letters to various emperors used to write letters to various emperors. And no matter who the Emperor was, he will all begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim you will always begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. So if something is important in your
life, it's a document which you are recording. You want to start off with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. This should be for your marriage contracts. It should be for any financial contracts you're doing. If you're you know,
any other form of loans that you may have always begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim as this was the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ano center. These are the only two incidents that I have or instances that I have found that it is legislated to say the whole Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim these are the only two incidents that I found and if you find any more, please do let me know we'll add it to our list inshallah. But these are the only two that I found where one should say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim completely.
The next topic of discussion is that when is it legislated to say Bismillah? When is it legislated to say Bismillah in the first place it is legislated to say Bismillah is at the beginning of Voodoo, it is at the beginning of widow that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam it is attributed to him that he said that there is no Salah for the one who does not make Voodoo and there is no Voodoo for the one who does not say Bismillah there is no Voodoo for the one who does not say Bismillah in terms of the ruling of this, do we have to say Bismillah at the beginning of Voodoo or not? The correct opinion is that you don't have to do it but it is recommended to do so. You don't
have to do it but it is recommended to do so. In terms of details. We'll study that in the fifth class inshallah. The second time it is legislated to say Bismillah is that when you come inside the masjid when you come inside the masjid, so they do are that when you enter the masjid it should start off with Bismillah Alhamdulillah Allah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Hamas definitely Ababa magic. So you start off with saying Bismillah then you send Salaam Salaam upon the Messenger of Allah. And then you say, Oh Allah opened the doors of your mercy to me open the door of your mercy to me. This Hadith has been a hadith which has been problematic. You'll see that the scholars
of Hadith some of them authenticated the saying of Bismillah when entering the masjid, and some of them didn't, some of them didn't, from this current discourse that said that you should say Bismillah and the authenticated this hadith was shaycarl Bani Rahim Allah was Shiva Lavanya Rahim Allah and we're mentioning it for the sake of benefit.
Number three, the third time that you mentioned Bismillah is that when you're getting ready for a journey, and you have boarded your mode of transport, you're getting ready for a journey and you have boarded your mode of transport. So whether it is a ship, whether it is a horse, a camel, whether it is your car, whether it is a bus, whatever it is, Allah subhanho wa Taala he mentioned in the Quran, and that when they boarded their mode of transportation, they said Bismillah Missouri had that With the name of Allah, that it continued. And this is found in Chicago. Do you remember? Which surah is this in Surah Hood? I'll give you a prize if you can tell me the iron number inshallah. No,
it's number 41 iron number 41 sort of a second look and I was very good Mashallah. You know, the fire marshal, Allah has blessed him with a special memory. And this is like, you know, from obviously, you'll see that in every line, every gathering, the Father, the Quran, they'll always stick out from the rest of the students, because Allah Subhana Allah has blessed them with the memory of the Quran. So May Allah subhanaw taala, bless all of us with the memorization of the Quran. I mean, and that's should be one of our goals for Ramadan, for weeks away in coming, is that let's try to memorize as much of the Koran as we can. And you can think about the supine Allah, that
if a man was to live 40 years, let's just say 40 years, and he started memorizing the Quran at the age of 10. If he just did one Joe's, every year, by the time you turn 40, it would be a half of the Koran, just one Jews every year. That's all he'd have to do. If he lived 40 years, from just from the age of 10 alone, and we're not talking to younger than that, he would have finished the Quran by the time he turns 40. So it's that gradual process that if you continue on that within the hits Allah, Allah subhanaw taala will make it easy for you. So the third time is that when you board your mode of transportation, a second proof of this is the hadith of jabber nerijus a Muslim that the
Messenger of Allah says and I'm told him that mount the camel and say Bismillah mount to the camel and say Bismillah This is found in Sahih Muslim.
The fourth time it is legislated to say Bismillah is that when you're sacrificing an animal
When you're sacrificing an animal, and in Islam, we have two types of sacrifice. We have two types of sacrifice, a sacrifice, which is affiliated with a reason. And then sacrifice which is just for the sake of eating sacrifice for the sake of a reason and sacrifice for eating. sacrificed for the sake of a joyous and happy moment is that when the walima happens, the apostle commanded
the companions of management of our lamb wala will be shocked that have a William I have a party with the people, even if it is just by sacrificing one sheep. And likewise, when we have children, the Messenger of Allah says and told us that when there is a boy, you sacrifice two sheep, when it's a girl, you sacrifice one sheep. So these are the happy and joyous moments. And then the second time is that just for regular eating just for regular eating, that when you sacrifice these animals, they need to be sacrificed for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala they need to be sacrificed for the sake of Allah, that sacrificing our religion is an act of a by that is an act of a bother. And this
is like, you know, unfortunately, a reflection of a surah that all of us know but unfortunately don't reflect on too much. That is a little closer, that Allah subhanho wa Taala he says in now playing that kind of coaster for suddenly layer of beaker one half that indeed we are giving to this great abundance, so pray and sacrifice for your Lord mean that the meat that you sacrifice, it is an act of ibadah it is an act that we do to get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala and it is legislated to say the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala just legislated to say the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is found in certain Anam verse 118 certain Anam verse 118.
Number five, number five, when you begin to eat when you begin to eat, and this is narrated by one of the young companions, he says that I was with the Messenger of Allah Salaam in his house, as a young boy, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, Oh, young boy, begin by eating With the name of Allah, eat with your right and eat with that which is close to you. So he gives us three advocates over here when you're eating. Number one is that you begin with the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala, you begin with Bismillah. Number two is that you eat with your right hand you eat with your right hand, and we'll comment on this a little bit in sha Allah. And number three,
you eat with that which is close to you, you eat with that which is close to you. Now these are the three explicit benefits from the Hadith, there is one hidden implicit benefit that we derive from this hadith. What is that? What is the hidden implicit benefit from this hadith. So he says that begin with the name of Allah, eat with your right and eat with that which is close to you.
Now focus on this last point, the last point, it would that which is close to you, what is the fourth and fourth lesson if we want to derive that we can derive from this?
Okay, that's one way of looking at that this one, we're looking at it. But I'm looking at something bigger than that.
Sorry, just one second Go ahead.
accent that is the implicit lesson that we draw from this heavy that from the sooner departure that means that you eat with other people, and that you don't eat by yourself. So this whole concept of having individual plates is a very, you know, I won't say anti Islamic, but at the very least, it wasn't the way of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said is that whenever he would have food, he would invite the people please come and join in and everyone would eat together. So that now when you're in that situation, it's not befitting that you reach over someone else's, you know, side and you start taking their food, but rather you should eat from the side which is close to you. And our
brother may be mentioned in a good point, that this also indicates that, you know, try to suffice yourself with food, that one of the problems that comes to food is that you want to eat as much as you possibly can. But rather try to suffice yourself as much as possible. And Allah will put Baraka in that food for you. And this is why the Messenger of Allah says so then he tells us that food for two is sufficient for three and food for three is sufficient for four, because it's not about the quantity of food that you have. But it's about the amount of Baraka that Allah has placed in that food. It's about the amount of Baraka that Allah has placed in that food. The second point I want to
comment on this hadith is the issue of eating with the right hand, the issue of eating with the right hand. I know that some people feel that Allah subhanaw taala has created them left handed. Allah subhanaw taala has created people left handed and there's no problem in being left handed. But when it comes to particular issues, Islam commands you with something specific. And in those situations, the more you struggle with those things, the more Allah subhanaw taala will reward you. So for example, Islam command says that when we eat, we should eat with our right hands. Islam commands us that when we clean ourselves when we go to the bathroom, that it should be with the left
hand and not with the right hand and not
With the right hand, Islam command says that when you shake hands, you shake hands with the people with the right tank. So in these sort of things, even though you may be left handed, and there's more of a challenge, there's more of a hardship than know that the more of the challenge there is, and more of the hardship there is the more than Allah subhanaw taala will reward you. And this is based upon the Hadith of the Prophet SAW them when he talks about the reciters of the Quran, where he says that the ones who recite Quran with ease, they will have one reward, but the ones who recite Quran with difficulty and they keep trying and striving, then they will have two rewards from Allah
subhanaw taala, one for reciting, and one for struggling. So now similarly, when it comes to food, a lot of the times it's very convenient to eat and drink with the left hand, because you know, your right hand may be dirty, or you may be left handed, or you may have another excuse, but try your best to eat with your right hand and drink with your right hand. And this is from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Now, a lot of the times, you'll see that the following happens, that someone's drinking, and they will take their glass and put it like this, and then they will drink. And they try to compensate this for, you know, drinking or eating with your left hand. But in actuality, would which hand is this person drinking with right now the right hand or the left hand, he's he's drinking with the right light is drinking with the left, the reason we say he's drinking with the left is that if which if you were to take away one of the hands, would the container stay with the container stay. So for example, if you take away the right hand, you can still sort of retain, you know, the the
bottle. But if you were to take away the left hand altogether, that is the base, then this thing completely falls in tumbles over. So no serious situations, hold the glass completely hold the glass completely, so that there is no doubt on the glass completely. Now, a lot of the times when people don't do that is they don't want to get the glasses dirty, what they fail to realize is whether you put your hand on it or not, it still needs to be washed. So it does make a difference. You know, so just get it dirty. And he when he gets washed, it gets washed, it's not that big of a deal. So try your best to stick with your right hand. And the biggest reason of doing this is the Hadeeth of the
processor number he said, Do not eat and drink with your left hand because shaytaan eats and drinks with his left hand. So you're imitating shaytaan in doing that you're imitating shaytaan in doing that, that was number five, directly related to number five is that saying Bismillah. When you enter the house, we're not going to make it a sixth category, we're just going to continue it as number five, because the Hadith comes together, the Hadith comes together. And that is when you enter your house, you should say Bismillah as well. When you enter your house, you should say Bismillah as well. And this is narrated in the hadith of Jabba the Allah one, it is narrated in the hadith of
Jabba the Allah one and so he must
wear the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that whoever says Bismillah when he eats, then shaitaan will have no food to eat that night. And when he says Bismillah before he enters his house, then shaitaan will have no place to sleep that night. And here's a you know a small funny story that some of the historians mentioned on this topic.
This is the Korean of Al Hassan al bacilli, just so you understand this context. Allah subhanho wa Taala he created a companion from the jinn for each and every one of us, each and every one of his creation. He has a companion of from the gym. And the job of this Korean or this companion is to whisper evil things to you is just to get you to do bad deeds. So every time you fight it off, you're getting a good deed from Allah subhanho wa Taala so this is the meeting of two Koreans. One of them is the career of a personal basally and the other Corinne is just like your average Joe Blow Corinne. So, this was mentioned that when these two Koreans they actually met, they had a typical
conversation, you know, they hadn't seen each other in a long time. And they're like, you know, how have you been where you've been for such a long time? I haven't seen you. And you know, one Korean says to the other, you know, you look so good. You know, it looks as if you're keeping well, then this curry in the second column says you will have some adversity. You know, I wish I could say the same about you. You know what has happened to you look so terrible. You're extremely skinny. Your hair is all over the place, and it looks as if you haven't slept properly in months. The curry level hustle and bustle, he says there are hassanal bursary, he has not ceased to say Bismillah for the
past 40 years for the past 40 years. So I've not had any good food to eat, nor have I had a proper place to sleep, nor have I had a proper place to sleep. And this is a story that scholars mentioned. Aloha. I don't know if there's any authenticity to this, but this is something that you mentioned. Now, we move on to number six the sixth time it is legislated to say Bismillah the sixth time it is legislated to say Bismillah and that is when a husband and wife have marital relations. That is when the husband and wife have marital relations. This is reported in Sohail Bukhari from Ibn Abbas is reported to hell Bukhari from having a blast they when they start, they should begin with the name
of Allah subhanho wa Taala. When they when they start they should begin with the name of Allah Subhan
What's the other number seven? Actually, just to comment on that point over there
a lot of the scholars the * they actually had a contention with this hadith they had a contention with this hadith and inshallah some mature audience so I you can appreciate where I'm coming from. The contention they had this hadith is that they said that the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala should not be mentioned, while a person's outer is not covered while the person's aura is not covered, and Imam of Bukhara Rahim Allah specifically mentions this hadith that Vicar of Allah should be made at all sorry Vicar of Allah can be made at all times. This the chapter heading that he gives it. And the reason why he mentioned this is to contend those scholars that said that the
vicar of Allah cannot be made when your outer is uncovered. Now obviously when husband and wife are having merchant relations, their hours will be exposed. And here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is telling them that before they begin, they should say Bismillah semanal Bukhari use this hadith to say that the vicar of Allah of Allah subhanho wa Taala can be made at all times, with the exception of one time, with the exception of one time. And that is when an individual is physically in the act of going to the bathroom. That is when an individual is physically in the act of going to the bathroom. And that is why when you leave the bathroom, you make the Durango frown at
all. I seek your forgiveness. What are you seeking forgiveness for? You're not seeking forgiveness that you had this natural urge that Allah created you with, there's nothing to seek forgiveness for. But the reason why you're seeking forgiveness at that time, is because at the time when you're physically going to the bathroom, you're not allowed to remember Allah subhanho wa Taala, not in your mind, not in your heart, not on your tongue, the remembrance of Allah subhanho wa Taala should not be there. And that is why when you exit the bathroom, you say go for anarchy or be or that go for Allah seek your forgiveness, because I was unable to make vichara for you. At that time, I was
unable to make decoder for you. At that time. The Vicar of Allah can be made at all times, with the exception of when a person is physically going to the bathroom.
Number seven, is that when you exit from your house, when you exit from your house, you leave with your left foot you say Bismillah and you say to what call to Allah, Allah, Allah Hola, quwata illa Billah that you exit with your left foot you say Bismillah and you say to our cultural Allah Hola, hola, Lakota Ella Bella. This is narrated from the hadith of undisturbed nomadic, the hadith of andasibe nomadic and is narrated in a Buddha wrote the hadith of andasibe nomadic and narrated in Abu Dhabi
number eight, the eighth time where it is legislated to say Bismillah is three times in the morning and three times in the evening. You know in Islam that we have a form of Vicar which is known as Cairo, Saba, and as Carlos masa remembrances of the morning and remembrances of the evening. The remembrances of the morning take place after slotzo fudger remembrances of the evening they take just before skeletal mclubbe Some scholars even said after salata, Lhasa, but that is when they take place. So from the forms of remembrances of the morning and remembrances of the evening is the saying of Bismillah three times. So you will say Bismillah he lovey now your dorm room is me shade
on fell out of the winner is Mr. Wahoo was Samuel Annie, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says that whoever says this three times in the morning or three times in the evening, shall not be harmed by any evil throughout the day. He should not be harmed through by any evil throughout the day.
When a person is about to go to sleep, when a person is about to go to sleep, before he goes to sleep, he says Bismillah the and he places his right hand on his cheek and he sleeps on his right side. And he says Oh Allah, I placed my side for you. And this is found in the hadith of herbalists Harlan and Mary rajala. Han. And it is found in Abu Dhabi. It is found in Abu Dhabi. Number 10.
Is that he says Bismillah before going into the bathroom, he says Bismillah before going to the bathroom. So before he says the drama of entering the bathroom, he says Bismillah again the scholars of Hadith, they differed is this hadith is this authentic or not? From the scholars of our time that said it was authentic was defended by near him Allah. But the scholars differ on this hadith. Is it authentic or not?
The 11th time that it is legislated to say Bismillah is that when one is having trouble with their mode of transportation, so in the past, if the horse would not move with a camel would not move, they would hit it and say Bismillah similarly in our times, you know you're driving your car, it's not starting here is a couple of times say Bismillah and see what happens. You never know in sha Allah. And this was legit. This is narrated by Abu Dhabi as well. This is narrated by Abu Dhabi as well. Number 10.
Sorry number 12 is when a person finds pain in any form of his body, he should say Bismillah three times blowed on his hand and put it on that place, he should say Bismillah three times and put it on that place. This is narrated in Sahih Muslim in Sahih Muslim.
Then we move on to number 13. When you place the dead inside of the grave when you place the dead inside of the grave, that is when it is legislated to say Bismillah that is when it is legislated to say Bismillah. This was narrated by Abu Dhabi as well, this carried by Abu Dhabi as well. And the last one that we'll mention is number 14. And this come encompasses several things. When you are locking a door when you are closing the lights. When you are covering your water containers, or when you're covering your food containers. So encompasses four things, the locking and closing of doors, the turning off of the lights, the covering of water containers, and the covering of food
containers. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he taught to Jabara the Allah one, that when you close the lights and you close the doors, and you cover your containers, then do each one of them by saying Bismillah do each one of them by saying Bismillah and this hadith is narrated by both Bukhari and Muslim this hadith is narrated by both Bukhari and Muslim. Now before we open up the floor for questions and answers, and I know quite a few have questions, I just want to conclude with two things. I want to conclude with two things. Number one, what are the benefits that we derive from the best Mullah? What are the benefits that we derive from the best Mullah? And the
second thing we'll conclude with is where we're sort of Fatiha actually revealed where we sort of fatca actually revealed. So let's say 10 points points of benefit from the legislation of the best manner. Number one is that it is an act of the profits, it is an act of the profits. And it is authentic, reported that three profits used to begin with smella three profits used to begin with Bismillah you guys have two of them already. One of them was Suleyman, as we mentioned the versity of salt the number, the second of them was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the third of them who can tell you raise your hand.
Sorry, not know how he said.
The same thing.
Okay, I'm talking about Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Allah tell explicit on what the statement of this level of minor Rahim
No, go ahead.
In the belly of the whale, why in the belly of the whale?
The answer is Yes, that is correct. But that's not the incident. That's not the incident. I'll give you the answer. The famous incident of a life the famous incident of life, when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was expelled from the people of five. He, you know, he left in a state of distress that they had pelted him. He's bleeding. And he met a man that had some grapes with him. He met a man that had some grapes with him. This man offered him some grapes, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he began with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. This becomes an interesting point. He began with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.
And the man says, Where did you learn this statement from? And he says that I am the messenger of Allah, and it was revealed unto me. So the person asks him, where do you know this statement from? He says, indeed, I am from such and such people. And his you know, he mentioned his tribe and that tribe. It takes this lineage back to Eunice Ali Salaam, it takes this lineage back to Yunus and he set up so it shows you how it continued. So you know, Sally salon was also narrated to have said, the best mother, it is also narrated to have said, the best mother. Now this becomes a point of contention over here is because while this hadith is authentic, it clearly shows was that when the
Messenger of Allah says began to eat, he didn't just begin with Bismillah but rather he began with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. And then the scholars different should we say Bismillah or Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. And we'll leave that for another time each time. You want to answer that? No questions just yet. So that is the first benefit is that you're following the acts of the prophets who are the best of creation. Number two, is that this it creates a strong bond with Allah subhana wa Tada. So if you get into the habit of saying Bismillah all the time, it creates a strong bond between you and Allah subhanho wa Taala. Number three, it prevents an individual from committing
sin, it prevents an individual from committing sin. So person gets in the habit of saying Bismillah when he is about to commit a sin, He is not going to say Bismillah and commit that sin, but rather it will serve as a reminder for him it will serve as a reminder for him. Number four, is that it is a reminder that plus murder
See always overcomes his wrath. It is a reminder that Allah's mercy always overcomes his wrath. And this is very important that you understand what the Bismillah actually entails. So he said that the term Allah is loveable, Jelena, and it is derived from Allah, the One that is worshipped. Now the one that is worshipped means it is the one that you are worshipping, the one that you submit to the one that has control over everything in your life. So this is like a form of greatness of Allah. Kind of what's odd. But then you continue on with our rough man. And our Rahim. We mentioned that our minor Rahim that the strongest opinion on this issue is that our man is the one that owns mercy
and possesses mercy. And our Rahim is the one that displays and manifests mercy. So Allah not only does he display and manifest mercy, but all mercy emanates from him alone. So Allah shows you that while he is aligned, everyone submits themselves to Allah. Allah subhanaw taala reminds you that He is merciful, and he is compassionate that Allah's mercy will always overcome his wrath. And that is why Allah is mentioned once. But our man and our Rahim are the concept of mercy is mentioned twice to show you that Mercy is the greatest attribute of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
The last point, the last point that we mentioned, returning to the Bismillah is a reminder for us and how we are constantly in need of help from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Because we mentioned at the bar at the beginning of the best mela is that I begin In the name of Allah seeking His help you begin in name of Allah, I know it's Allah seeking his help. So it is a reminder that everything that you do is a means from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is something so important to understand that, you know, a lot of times people are asking the Why are you doing certain acts? So you're protesting? Why are you protesting or protesting in the name of freedom, or we're writing a letter,
we're writing a letter in the name of our human rights. But at the end of the day, when you begin with Bismillah, you're beginning in the name of Allah, that we're doing this act for the sake of Allah. So no matter what it is that you're doing, it will become an act of worship. And that is why acts such as eating acts such as drinking acts such as marital relationships with your wife, it becomes an act of a bother even though it is something that you need something that you enjoy, it becomes an act of a bother because you're mentioning the name of most of my notes either in it. So you will see that it is encompassing in the sense that it is a reminder of why you are doing things
and it is a reminder of how you're constantly in need of Allah subhanho wa Taala and it is a reminder that any good thing that happens in your life is from Allah subhanho wa Taala the food that you're eating the sleep that you're about to take the drink that you're drinking, anything that you're doing is a blessing from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So those are the benefits. The last thing I want to mention is well with certain fatty how revealed were pseudo fatty how revealed you'll notice that amongst people, there are a lot of opinions. Some scholars will mention that sort of fattier was revealed in Medina, some scholars will mention that sort of fattier was revealed both in Makkah
and in Medina. But all of those opinions, they have no basis whatsoever, and they're not taken into consideration. Why? Because there is h Ma, verbal consensus that Surah Al Fatiha was revealed in Makkah, it was revealed in Makkah. Now let us explain how this each map took place. That is explained how this each map took place. There is a verse in the Quran, this is in SoTL hedger verse 86, verse 87. So number 15, verse 87, Surah 15 verse 87, Allah subhanho wa Taala says in this verse, what about it NACA Saba and mineral muthoni that Allah subhanaw taala says, We have given you the seven oft repeated verses, we have given you the seven oft repeated verses. Now this isn't suitable
hygiene, certain hygiene, which is the number 15 and this is what our by consensus was revealed in Mecca. This is why by consensus was revealed in Makkah, this consensus is mentioned by Eben Althea, the famous scholar of the seer who had a Mahal verges and it is mentioned by emammal core to be who had a geometry canon Koran. So these two scholars even altea and emammal, could be both mentioned consensus that circle Hydra was mentioned was revealed in Makkah. Now this verse that mentions the seven oft repeated verses, why is it referring to shoretel fatsia is referring to certain Fatiha because the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself said that this verse, you're
referring to shortall, fattier. This is based upon the Hadith that is found in Sohail Bukhari. It is the hottest found in Al Bukhari, where
I will say, Raja Allahu anhu was praying. He was praying and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he called
him, but I will say that for three he continued praying and he delayed responding to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So eventually when he goes to the Messenger of Allah, Allah, He says, oh, who said, Did you not hear the statement of Allah subhanho wa Taala where Allah said, it's the G Bula rasulillah, the alchemy mahican that respond in haste to the Messenger of Allah, when they call you to that which brings you life. He says, Yes, I have heard that you are a Sula, but I was praying. So the Messenger of Allah so seldom, at that time he tells, I will say that before you leave, I will teach you the greatest surah in the Quran, I will teach you the greatest
surah in the Quran. And another verse, he says, I will teach you the seven oft repeated verses that Allah is referring to, I will teach you the seven oft repeated verses that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to, and then before he left the masjid,
the Messenger of Allah Salaam taught him certified via messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam taught him SoTL fatsia. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is telling, I would say, the coterie that the seven after period verses in the Quran is circle fattier and seven after period verses is derived from certain hudgell which was revealed in Makkah by consensus. So therefore, circle fatty also had to be revealed in Makkah. Now, this is the textual evidence. Then there is HTML on this as well as mentioned by m&r Thea and emammal core to be as well, as I mentioned, the third thing, which is the logical evidence, the logical evidence is that when was Salah legislated?
Salah was legislated in Makkah. In the Islamic world Mirage in the Islamic mirage. This is when the five daily Salas were legislated. And we know that even prior to Salah being legislated as five the Muslims used to pray twice a day, they used to pray twice a day. So it does not make sense that extra will Mirage took place and Salah becomes legislated yet Allah subhanho wa Taala did not teach them how to pray, and sortal Fatiha, according to the correct opinion is a pillar from the pillars of Salah is a pillar from the pillars of Salah. And this is something that Mr. McCourt to be mentioned, just as a logical proof, he said that there's no evidence whatsoever that alludes to the
fact that the Muslims used to pray without sorbitol facha that even when the Muslims were praying to rock is that there is no evidence that used to pray without sortal Fatiha alone. And he goes on to mention that there's a proof that they are one of the any supporting evidence for this is that the scholars have said that one of the first sutras that was revealed completely was sort of fattier, one of the very first tools that was revealed completely was sort of fattier, and that was so that the Muslims can pray with it. So now we've officially began with our Tafseer of soulful, fatty Alhamdulillah. That is in terms of where sort of Fatiha was revealed. Next week. We'll continue with
the names of sortal Fatiha and we'll go on with Bismillah heeta Allah the virtues of Surah Fatiha and if time permits, get into the very first verse, as well get into the very first verse, as well be in the light and with that we'll open the floor for questions. five questions as usual, inshallah, you will be our first question.
Okay, excellent. So in these sort of situations, I'll give you a general guideline. Every time you're beginning a new surah you should begin with Bismillah because there's no man or him because there is a part of the Koran. So every time you beginning a new surah you begin with Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim, but you don't say it out loud. You don't say it out loud. If you begin from the middle, it is recommended that you just say how to be lacking in the shaytaan ology without mentioning the Bismillah over there without mentioning the batsman over there. Make sense? Excellent. Question number two, go ahead.
Like the last two,
so that you can also
it is permissible to do so. But it is in opposition to the sooner so for example, someone's paying Margaret, the first two rockers is going to read out loud because that's what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us to do. In the third rocker. He also taught us to stay silent. He's also started to stay silent. But if there's a reason not stay silent, so for example, you know, you're praying and it's extremely dark, and you actually lose concentration in your Salah. So in those times, you can say sort of it out loud in in the third rocker
There's no problem with that. And there's no problem in that. So the general case is that you should follow the Sunnah. So follow that. But if you have a reason not to follow it, then it is permissible as well. And also some shoulders that when he used to teach the new converts when used to teach the new converts,
no, you wouldn't get a bad sense, but it's still something you should you should try to avoid. Because following the sun is better because following the sun, that is better. Good question. Number three, go ahead.
You can say there's a recommended time and then there's a permissible time, the recommended time is after fudger. And that, you know, you're staying in the area where you prayed your Salah, and you keep seeing your car till the day time comes. That is the recommended time. The permissible time is that you can say at any time before salata Lhasa anytime before slaughter Lhasa, same thing with the evening. The recommended time is that you say it after slaughter. laaser tell us a lot of Muslim. But the permissible time is that you say it all the way up until a short time you said all the way up until a short time? Allahu taala number four, go ahead.
one of the times.
Okay, so excellent.
Like the when we're talking about
saying Bismillah this is what they will say their record. So this is we're mounting your mode of transportation. So it's not your suffer hasn't begun yet. So when you get into your car, you will say Bismillah that's what it's referring to, before you even begin your travel. So let's say you want to get into your car, you want to make sure you know everything is in your car. As you're getting into your car, you will say Bismillah but once you turn your car on and you actually start moving towards your destination, that is when you will say depending on how long your journey is, if it's a short journey, you just say Subhanallah de satara Lana hijo Makoto mcrainey. We're in
Nairobi. nadelman kalibo. This is the short journeys. This is the part of the dwara coupe. But if it's a long journey, then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us that you should say the following. Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. SubhanAllah the sakura Nana had the one Hakuna omachron were in that era Bina lamancha a boon Allahumma Ines allograft with suffering they had alberola taqwa Amina Amelie Matata, Allah when Allah subhana wa Nevada Allah Allah Sahaba Stephanie will Khalifa to Allah in and now to becoming USA is definitely a Capital One very was Solomon Kala beef in manual. This is why you'll find in additional Muslim, this is the
actual da of suffer. So when a person is making a long journey, for example, you're traveling to Edmonton, you're traveling to Toronto, this is the dwelve suffer that should be said. However, if you're just making short distances that you're going from the masjid to your house. At that time, it is sufficient just to say Subhanallah v Sakura Lana Haida Makoto Makino in Nairobi. nadelman kalibo.
First, I want you to answer that question, how would you get into your car with your left foot first?
Even if you're on the passenger side, how are you going to get in with your right foot then?
in general, I shall go off on her. She says that the prompts are so dumb. Can you fought the law to manaphy Omar equally, that the Messenger of Allah wa sallam used to prefer doing things with his right and all of his affairs. So if one has the ability to do with the right without putting yourself in extra hardship, then he should do so. But in a car, I don't believe you can physically do that without facing the other way. So the car would be the exception. But if you have a horse smashed or lower camera or any other form of writing, you will try to mount it with the right side of it. And
that was Question number four. Correct. The last question within it. Tada. And we'll conclude.
No, you don't have to say any thing. Like you in this situation. It's something which is permissible. So the only time you will correct someone in Salah is in one of two cases. Either they've made a mistake in the recitation, that is when you will correct them by repeating the correct version of the recitation or number two is that their actions have gone against one
of two things, either one of the pillars of Salah. So for example, from standing, he went straight into such the without going into the court. At that time you would say, a Subhan Allah. And if it's a woman, she would clap like this to indicate that the Imam has made a mistake. That is the first time. The second time is that if he forgets one of the obligations of the seller, and obligation of the seller, an example of this is that the shout so for example, in the second Naka, you're meant to say, here to the law, he was allowed to tell you, but there is an obligation of the seller. At that time, if the Imam stands up without sinning for the same thing, you'll see some heinola or the woman
will clap her hand to indicate that he's made a mistake. And no other times should you correct the email no other times should you correct the email.
nets because they don't know. And I mean, the point is to inform the Imam. The sooner we have informed the mom is that messenger Allah says I'm taught us that the man should say the sphere and the woman has a sphere look at the sphere, which is the the hitting of the hand, or what is clapping, the man should say Subhanallah and the woman should hit her hand to indicate the Imam that he's made a mistake. Allahu Allah, Allah will conclude with that with some a lot more cinema article in the Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam Subhana Allah Mohammed shawanda in the head and structure aka watsu like, I'll see you guys next week was to take more time to Allah He will
catch up before we conclude