Navaid Aziz – Early Years Of The Prophet’S Life Seerah Halaqa Part 3

Navaid Aziz
AI: Summary © The Childhood of the Prophet sallavi alayhi wa sallam is a culture where children are raised outside of the city and given everything they want. The success of the man named Muhammad sallali Alayhi wa sallam and the importance of women being motivated by their father are highlighted. The Hanibou, the concept of the death of a person after their body is fixed, is also discussed, along with the lifecycle of people who died due to diseases and past experiences.
AI: Transcript ©
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim and then hamdulillah number one is there no one iStockphoto when are other bIllahi min surely on fusina Woman CR Dr. Molina man yeah the level for them will be Lella Who am I will delete who for the Hadith Allah or shadow Allah ilaha illallah Hua hola Shika was shadow no Mohammed Abdullah Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa the early he was so happy he was sitting them at the Sleeman Kathira and my dad Allahumma Allah al Medina, Ilana Lampton Alpha nem nama Yun, Fatima, no one flattener be lumped in. I was in there in Maya Kareem, my dear brothers and sisters as Salaam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

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Welcome to Session number three, where we will be talking about the Early Childhood of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam till just before revelation. So in the previous session, we spoke about what the Arabian Peninsula was, was like, before the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and before his birth, and all the events that happened that actually needed to come together in order for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to be born. So now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is born, He is an orphan his father has passed away. And this is where we are picking up from. So it was tradition at that time, that if you had a child born in the city, you

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would leave your children with a nomadic tribe to be raised outside of the city. Now, what I want you to think about is, imagine you live in the city, and you're raising your child in the countryside, what are things and skill sets that they would pick up living in the countryside. So, as a city citizen, you go to the grocery store, and everything is there, right, you want milk, you can get your military, you want juice, you can get your juice, you want fruits, vegetables, meat, everything is available there. But the outside of the city lifestyle is very different. You want water, you have to go to a well defined it, you want to milk, you have to go and find a camel to get

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it you want to meet, you have to go hunt, or purchase an animal to slaughter. So it's a very different lifestyle. Number two, the luxuries of the city are taken away. In the sense that over here, you're you're you're accustomed to like a building, you're accustomed to heat you're accustomed to, to shade. Living in the desert, you have the tent, but even with the tent, the heats gonna permeate, it's going to get through. So you're living a very uncomfortable lifestyle. Number three, what is education and entertainment going to look like? Now imagine entertainment back then didn't exist at all right? So you want to be entertained, you go play with your friends with some

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pebbles, and some rocks. Like literally, that's what entertainment is. But in the desert, it's different, right? You can go walk around, look at the different animals of the desert, see what's growing, you know, go on a journey to go pick up some water, and so on and so forth. So there's a very different skill set, along with the luxuries being taken away, which teaches the child resilience and teaches the child strength. So this is what the city dwellers used to do with their children that used to send them to live with the nomadic tribes in the desert, to teach them skills and to teach them this resilience. And a couple of nice quotes that I want to share with you that

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what can be learned from the nomadic lifestyle from nomads forever on the move, finer tune in spaces allied to a sense of freedom, blended here, again, with the experience of fleetingness vulnerability and humility, such as the experience of the believers life, which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was later to describe to a young Abdullah bin Omar, in terms of reminiscent of this dimension, be in this world as if you're a stranger or a wayfare. And this is a very important point, like the nomadic tribes, they didn't settle in any one place for a long period of time. They're always moving around. So what do we learn from that? Is that take from this dunya as much as

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you need to survive, because anything more than that is going to be burdensome, anything more than that is going to be burdensome. And this was another point that was, you know, taught to the children that you only take from the life of this world, what you need from it. And then another point that I forgot to mention, is the fact that you get to be with nature, right in the city, you're not going to be connected to nature. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was eventually raised in the house of Halima. Now, let's talk about how this actually happened. Right? Because we were talking about how everything keeps falling in place for the Prophet sallallahu

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alayhi wa sallam, so Halima, she actually went into the city, looking for a child to take back to the desert. So they would come to an arrangement with the family that pay us for the child's food, and the education and the upbringing. And that is how the nomadic tribes got the resources that they need. Sometimes it was in money, sometimes it was in resources. So what happened over here is Halima, she went

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into the city. But she didn't find any child that she could give she could get so that she will get these resources and get this money. At the same time, Amina. She is now widowed. She doesn't have much money at all. She cannot afford to pay anyone to take care of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so they naturally become a good pair together. Halima, she takes Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, on the condition that whatever I mean, they can afford at some point in the future, she'll be willing to pay and be willing to provide. But what we ended up seeing is that Halima, she ends up saying that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he came with his own risk, that as soon as

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she started taking care of him, it was as if all of her needs were taken care of all of her needs, were taken care of. Now,

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there is an early incident that happens in the youth of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, which is a precursor to prophethood and SubhanAllah. This is a very fascinating incident that I want to explore with all of you. And we're going to discuss this in three points. Number one, Allah subhanho wa taala, foretells signs of greatness. When people are created to do something great, there are early signs that you are able to see that something great is going to happen. So if you look at the story of Musa alayhis salam, you find that all of the boys are killed during his time, except for Musa Ali salaam, and Musa alayhis salam, he ends up being raised in a house of your own

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himself. And it is for our his wife, that loves him dearly and says, let us take care of him as if he is one of our own. So you see this miraculous event taking place that when all the other boys are killed, Musa Ali Salaam is raised in the house of fear around, you look at the example of use of it, he set up that use of it, he said, he's thrown in to this well, and Allah subhanaw taala inspires him as a young child, in that very well, that a day will come where you will inform your brothers about this day, about what they did to you and how they were treacherous to you. He was inspired with this inspiration, that don't worry, this day is going to come where you're going to inform them

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about what happened. So there's always a foretelling of greatness. Now, where did the foretelling of greatness of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam start from? We see that it started prior to his birth with all of the events happening that led up to it. But even now, when the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam is born, and he's in the care of Halima, or the Allahu anha, we see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or just described that two men in white clothes came to me, with a golden basin full of snow. They took me and they split open my chest, then they took my heart and split it open, and took out from it a blood clot, which they flung away, then they

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washed my heart and my body with that snow until they made it pure. So obviously, these two men in white clothing are none other than angels. And can you imagine where snow coming from in the desert? Without electricity, there's no freezers, where's the snow coming from, is going to be a miraculous event. Now there are other narrations that mentioned that the water was actually water from zamzam that there was used to clean the heart of the process. But this version mentions snow and they take the heart out of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, clean it from this black dot. And this was meant to be considered any evil that might have existed, any malice that might have existed, his

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heart was purified from that. And then it was placed back in his chest, and the promises seldom experienced this. The other kids saw this. And Halima, she saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, after this incident had taken place. Some of the nourishes actually mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was seemed to have a mark on his chest, where you know, the incision and the scoring was remnant from this incident, it happened again, before the SLR, well, Mirage, and others mentioned a third time, which I don't mention, remember right now, as well, but at least two, possibly three times. This happened to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So

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this was the first major event that we could foretell that something great was going to happen to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, another incident that comes up that's mentioned in the books of Sierra, but it doesn't stand up to the scrutiny of Hadith. And I've mentioned this in the in the first halacha that it's not fair to apply Hadith standards to the Sierra. But it's still important to know when certain things don't live up to the standard of Hadith criticism. And this is when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling as a young child, and there was a boy a monk by the name of the hero. He was a resident of the town, and he saw that there was a cloud

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coming over the Caravan.

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So he followed this caravan, and eventually he sees that even the trees are giving shade to the caravan. So he recognizes that these are signs of prophethood. These are signs of prophethood. And he goes looking for who this man could be. So he goes through the caravan and sees that none of these men have the sign of honesty and virtue on their face that a prophet has mentioned to have. So he asked them, Is anyone missing? And he say, Yes, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is not with us right now. But he will be back shortly. So Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam comes back. And but Hera sees that the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam has that face of virtue, that face of honesty, and

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he says that watch out for this man, for surely he will be a great man in the future, take care of him and protect him. So this incident as well is narrated, but it doesn't stand up to the scrutiny of Hadith. So now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is grazed in the desert, in the desert, he learns archery and he becomes very proficient at it, as well. So he stays with Halima till about the age of four, till he's returned to his mother Amina. And you can imagine Pinilla a child at the age of four. how proficient could you become at archery at that age, but what's very important to understand is that our understanding of life and age and maturity is very different to life, age and

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maturity, during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. It's not at the, you know, the class curriculum to discuss the age of Aisha Radi Allahu taala, to the Prophet sallallahu. It was and must be beyond the scope of our class. But what's really important to understand about that marriage, is that without a shadow of a doubt, you we have authentic sources that clearly explain how she was, yes, you have secondary sources that may talk about she was 25 or 28 years old. But in Sahih al Bukhari itself, you'll find that she was six when she got married to the pastor of Salem and nine when the marriage was consummated. Now, from our angle, it's very hard to understand how

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could that be? But let's bring further context to this because it's not an isolated event, right? Remember, class number one, we're talking about criticism against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. None of the coloration none of the antagonist and protagonist against the prophesy Salem mentioned his marriage to Aisha Radi Allahu taala. Anna, had it been a problem, it would have been mentioned rather than them making lice. But getting back to my point, you have the likes of Abdullah ibn Muhammad Abdullah last married at the age of 12. Grandfather by the age of 23. That Can you imagine someone in our day and age that comes to you at the age of 23? And says he I'm a

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grandfather? You're like that would make no sense. Like, how is that possible? You have people that are dying of old age in their 40s. Like the maximum amount of life that people expect to live at that time, is, you know, between 40 to 60 years old, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam says the average age between my own Ma is between 60 to 70 years old, you bring that to our day and age, the average age is much, much higher. In fact, I was just reading something today, the number of people that are 100 years old, like how many country has has how many. And in a country like Canada, we have over 12,000 people that are over the age of 100 years old, like can you fathom that

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Subhanallah living that long, would have been a miraculous event at that time, right? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he clearly mentioned that anyone that is alive now will not be alive 100 years from now, that's from one of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So understand this concept of maturity and age, and so on and so forth. Like you're taught life skills from a very early age, you're taught how to hunt, you're taught how to clean, you're taught how to take care of yourself, you're taught to, you know, memorize the Quran, when the time of the Sahaba, or the Allahu unknown comes all from a very, very young age. So the fact that Muhammad sallallahu

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alayhi wa sallam is becoming proficient at archery at the age of four. To us, it's surprising, but back then it's something very normal back then. It's something normal. So now he's with his mother, Amina. And at the age of six, they decided to take a trip to yesterday. So who can remind me of a significant event that took place where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his family and yesterday? Why is your Philip significant?

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You have to go back to the last halacha Yes.

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His mother, but he's with his mother right now. We're just talking about that. So it's something before that what happened in yesterday to the family of the processor.

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Now move forward. So went into the future. Then he went to the past. Come back again.

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I love it. The father of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the father of the process, Selim, he passed away in yesterday. Right? So now

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correct that was just outside of yesterday. So now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is with his mother Amina, and they're on their way to Yathrib and they're visiting her distant relatives or distant relatives from the coverage tribe from the coverage tribe. And it was during that trip, that Amina, she gets sick, and she two passes away. So at the age of six, now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has lost both his mother and his father. Now, I want to stop here for a moment, because we were talking about Allah subhanaw taala, preparing people for greatness. So the first thing we spoke about is signs. And the second thing we'll speak about is hardship and calamity. When

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Allah subhanaw taala prepares people for greatness, they will go through extensive and immense hardship and calamity. So if you look at the story of Musa alayhis salam again, being raised without his extended family, seeing his people in persecution, you know, him always being an outsider, even though he's in a house of royalty, till eventually he ends up killing someone accidentally, and ends up fleeing his own land, a land that he knows nothing about. He is extremely hungry, extremely thirsty, extremely isolated, and he thinks he's going to die at that time. Subhanallah, right. You look at use of it salaam, thrown into the well, completely betrayed, he is bought. And eventually

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he's falsely accused, thrown into prison, gets forgotten about in prison has a prolonged sentence. And this hardship continues for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. It was loss after loss after loss in his life, loses his father, as soon as he's born, loses his mother at six. We're going to come to see that he loses his grandfather, who is his next caretaker at nine eventually gets married to kinesiology Allahu anha. She two passes away. He ends up having six children with her, all of them pass away with the exception of Fatima Rhodiola. Who Anka right it's loss after loss after loss. Now, who can tell me one of the greatest lessons in lost that the Prophet salallahu

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Alaihe Salam learned

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when you keep losing? What was one of the greatest lessons that the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam kept learning in Las Go ahead, to not get attached to anybody on earth. And it's

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Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Right, these are the exact words of Allah subhanaw taala. When he says, what are what can I learn higher level

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that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he learns dependency and trust, upon the only constant in life, which is ALLAH SubhanA, WA Tada, your parents can pass away, your relatives can pass away, your children can pass away, your friends and companions can pass away, everyone can pass away. So put your alliance and your trust in Allah subhanaw taala alone, the Ever Living that does not die. And this is such a valuable lessons panela that we need to you know, take away from this class. Life is filled with hardship, life is filled with grief, life is filled with loss, right life is filled with pain. But at the end of the day, we all have a constant in our lives. That is Allah subhanho wa

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taala. And that is we need to keep turning to Now sometimes we will naturally turn to Allah. And that is what a righteous slave does. But at other times, and this applies more to us than it does to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Things need to be taken away from us so that we depend more upon Allah subhanaw taala. Right. So when something gets taken away, it's okay to feel pain. And you cannot control that pain. But what you can control is your response to it. And that response is meant to be your further reliance upon Allah subhanaw taala your further reliance upon Allah subhanaw taala bringing us back to the story of Musa alayhis salam. So Musa alayhis salam he is now

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under this tree, basically, on the verge of anticipating death at any moment. And he makes you know, one final attempt at making dua to Allah subhanaw taala and he says, Rob be in Neelima and Zelda La I mean, Hierin fulfill that, Oh, my Lord, of any good that you send to me. I am desperately in need. I'm desperately in need. And that is the mentality and attitude we want to have in our relationship with Allah subhanho wa taala. So his mother passes away. And now he's stuck in the etheric. And he has eventually his extended relatives. They bring him back to Morocco. They bring him back to Morocco. Now, no

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mother, no father, you have to understand the tribal system. Whereas if you have no family, you have no support that you need someone to vouch for you at all times. So when the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam is brought back to Makkah, Abdul Muttalib, is reminded of how Hashem eventually was brought back as well through his extended relatives. And this reminds him that the relationship and how history is repeating itself, and that how Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam now two needs to be taken care of, as Hashem became the next leader of the Quraysh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is being foretold that this man will be great, and will eventually become a leader of the Quran as

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well. And he lives with Abdul Muttalib for another two and a half years or so, and Abdulmutallab passes away. Now, what is the benefit of living with a grandfather or a grandmother? Right? Living with a grandparent is very different than living with your parents, right? Your parents are going to be strict with you, your parents are going to want to instill, you know, education in you. But grandparents mainly, it's all about that unconditional love. This, you know, love that he just wants to shower in you at all times. So you can see the value of him losing both of his parents, and then going straight into the household of his grandfather that wants to show him this love and wants to

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show him this affection. Because he's lost Abdullah his son, right. Abdullah has passed away. And this is the only thing remaining from the lineage of Abdullah. So this is going to be something very, you know, cherishable for Abdul Muttalib. Now the motto that he ends up passing away. And now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is left in the house of Abu Talib is left in the house of abou father, his uncle, the brother of his father, the brother of his father, and it's one thing I forgot and actually wanted to mention this at the beginning of the Halacha.

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Last halacha in the q&a section, I was asked a question that was a bit of an odd one. Was he the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who was from the

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basically brothers of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And I misspoke I said, Yes, that Zubair that has mentioned the son of Abdullah Matata, is aware of not one, but that is incorrect. It's a bit of no one was the cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and was not the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So I just wanted to make that correction, for the record. So now he's living in the house of Abu Talib, and Abu Dhabi lives house is going to get very, very crowded, right? He's going to have a lot of cousins there. And what ends up happening is that Abu Talib is not as rich as his other siblings. So you look at Abu Lahab. Abu Lahab is

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described as someone that has so much money that he just you know, counts his wealth all the time. What is he doing this free time, he's just counting his gold coins. That's how he's spending his free time. So Abu Talib actually had to send Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam out to get a job. What was his job?

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He was a shepherd. Exactly. He learns to be a shepherd, and Subhanallah This is another sign how all the prophets became shepherds, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam now becomes a shepherd as well. And it's not to say that every shepherd is destined for greatness, right in your own lives. You know, how many people can you think of that were shepherds. But this is to say that reoccurring theme of you know, prophethood is being foretold and it's being lived out. So he ends up becoming a shepherd and he learns very valuable lessons when you become a shepherd.

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Man, I wish I had the projector screen or whatever showed it to you. But sheep are very fascinating creatures. And for your own entertainment, you can do this on your own time. It's literally like 42 seconds. There's this video of a sheep, I want to say it's either in Europe or in Australia. It's trapped, like in the middle of a road or like a ditch. It's trapped in the middle of a ditch, someone needs to come and take it out of the ditch. And it gets out and no joke. 10 seconds later, it runs away, falls into the ditch again, and it needs to be saved. And you look at us, you know, a sheep like that. And you learn such a valuable lesson that you're dealing with this creation of

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Allah subhanaw taala literally is not very intelligent, like sheep are not very intelligent from that fact that they know how to save themselves. And that is why they need shepherds. They don't know how to lead themselves. And that's why they need to be led. Right? So there is a great, you know, metaphor and prophets being shepherds, that you're going to deal with people that don't necessarily know how to obey orders. They're not going to be always on the more intelligent side of things. They're going to need to be protected from the wolves because they don't know how to protect themselves.

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And this is why prophets and becoming shepherds is such a valuable thing. So Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he now becomes a shepherd. And he starts going to the outskirts, taking care of the animals taking care of the sheep. And there's another young boy with him. And this is perhaps another insolent as to how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was saved. Some of the books of Sierra mentioned that this young boy that was working with the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam in his teens, he had gone and he had spent the night in Makkah during a big celebration. So it could have been a massive wedding. It could have been a big event. And he tells Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa

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sallam about the amazing time that he has, he says about all the alcohol that was there and all the food that they had and all the women that were there, and he tells them about this great time, and he tells them Muhammad, you should go as well. So Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he goes back into the city of the muck of maca. He arrives at Astor time, waiting for the nighttime to begin to attend this party and the celebration. But he falls asleep in the shade of the Kaaba, and he doesn't wake up till the next morning, he comes back to his herd. And the young boy asks him, How was your night? What did you tell, tell me about, you know, all the things you did. And Muhammad Sallallahu

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sallam, you know, basically says, I'm sorry to disappoint you, but I fell asleep and nothing happened. So he tells him go back. And you know, again, like there's a third night that's happening, you should go and try to experience this. So Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam goes back. And history repeats itself, falls asleep in the shade of the Kaaba, Nothing ends up happening, he comes back. And then the young boy Subhanallah, he tells them, you know, perhaps you weren't created to do these things. Perhaps you weren't created to do these things. Some of the books of sera mentioned that story. So now Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam becomes a shepherd, and he continues to be a

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shepherd. For most of his teen years. For most of his teen years, he continues, practicing his archery, and he excels at it. This book specifically mentions that this was a trait of his great grandfather is smile. And he Salam, like a tradition that he continued. From there on. Now, a couple of incidents happened during the tea, late teens, early 20s, of the Prophet salallahu, alayhi wasallam. So the first event that happens is how, who and how wh er, is basically inter tribal war. And this is something very important to understand that there is no law at this time, right? Someone steal something from you, there is no police that you can go and report it to. You basically have to

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get your clan members and go find that person that robbed you, and then robbed them back. Right, the law of retribution. That's literally what they have. There's no judge, there's no authority, none of that happens. So as this is happening, now, you kill someone, someone's gonna come and kill you with their tribe. That's the land of the law, that is the custom of of where they live. So someone does something wrong, they're gonna come and seek the revenge. And it's the law of retribution that is taking place. But as you can imagine, things like that are very easy to abuse. It's very easy to fabricate a lie, that such and such person stole my wealth. You and your client go and steal their

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wealth now as an act of retribution, even though they didn't steal anything from you. Such and such person killed someone from our tribe. You go and kill that person. And there's no one to hold you accountable. There's no one to verify information. There's no concept of due process, right? So this is happening in Arabia and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is witnessing this. And you can imagine that as a man of ethics and morality, this doesn't sit well with him as to how things are unethical. So this is one of the early signs where you see that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is not comfortable with what is happening in his area in his times. Now, the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not partake in any of these tribal wars that are taking place. The most that is mentioned is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sourced arrows, but he didn't go beyond that he didn't go beyond that. Another point that's highlighted in the, in the English books of Sierra is the loss of chivalry, which is these wars that are taking place in the law of retribution. It's showing you that the Bedouin Arabs that were known for their good o'clock and we're known for the good character, are slowly losing that overtime or slowly losing that overtime. And if there's no source of morality, no source of encouragement and motivation, eventually all

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chivalry will be lost, all chivalry will be lost. We have another incident

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where a Yemeni merchant did some trading with a currency and the currency basically took advantage, you know, purchase something didn't give the product to the individual and took their

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money. So this Yemeni man comes complaining. And the Quraysh are basically divided. One group of them are apathetic, they're not doing anything at all. Another group have said, You know what, enough is enough, and we need to make a change. And this was the onset of healthful food. All right, the Pact of of righteousness and of good character, and they basically came up a pact of conduct that people are going to live by, and you probably saw Allahu alayhi wa sallam commented on this, after prophethood. He said that if I was invited to partake in healthful food all again, I would have partaken in it, I would have partaken in it, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:30:40 --> 00:31:12

believed in this concept of fairness, and treating people righteously, even if there is no oversight of law, even if there is no oversight of law. And now, we move into the early 20s of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So now, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he's grown into his 20s. He's learned how to do business, basically. And he leaves his role as a shepherd, and starts doing trade and span Allah.

00:31:13 --> 00:31:57

What's important about trade is it's very different from being a shepherd. Like when you're doing trade with people, they want to lie. There's deception. They're trying to maximize their profits, minimize their losses, and they basically want the best deal possible. So you're learning the worst side of human characteristics basically, right? And that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam much later on, went on to say that the most beloved of places to Allah or the masjid, and the most hated and detestable places to Allah, are the marketplaces, right? Allah is not remembered, and a lot of cheating, deception, lying, you know, all that stuff takes place. So now the Prophet

00:31:57 --> 00:32:36

salallahu alayhi wa sallam, he ends up becoming a merchant, he ends up becoming financially independent. And what's ended up happening now is the Prophet salallahu Alaihe. Salam is not running his own business, where he has like his own store of things that he is selling, right. But basically, other people are trusting him saying that we will send you on our behalf, go to Yemen, and go to Syria, make these trades and we'll give you a cut of the profit will give you a cut of the profit. Now, what's really fascinating is, there's very there's something that's very simplistic about this concept, but no one has picked this up yet, which is

00:32:38 --> 00:33:17

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is now taking stuff from Africa and selling it in Syria and in Yemen. And that is how the trade would go and he would bring money back, till eventually the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam comes up with this idea, why am I bringing money back? Why don't I get the money that I've earned, and buy the local items from Yemen and the local items from Syria, and come back and sell them in Makkah, and no one was doing that. The people that were coming to sell from Morocco were the Yemenis and the Syrians. So the Prophet salallahu Alaihe. Salam is basically now doubling his profit. So he showed his intelligence and he showed in his

00:33:17 --> 00:33:56

trustworthiness, that he is always delivering the money that the business owners are entrusting him with the merchandise. So intelligence and trustworthiness, very important characteristics. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is displaying, eventually word gets around about this man, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that is this intelligent and trustworthy businessman to kinesiology, Allahu Allah. She is actually one of the business owners. She runs her own supplies. She has her own merchandise that she's selling. And she approaches Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and basically asks him to work for her. And Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam continues

00:33:56 --> 00:34:39

to do this for a number of years. And this is where Khadija or the Allahu anha she has this direct interaction with the Prophet salallahu, alayhi wasallam, seeing his character, seeing his trustworthiness, seeing his loyalty, seeing his due diligence, and all these things that he's doing so well. Right. Basically, what we see is that the characteristics of a good businessman, also make the characteristics of a good husband. And these are the Allahu Taala Anna, And subhanAllah this is like, you know, I want you to understand the context of this time. This is not like 3040 years ago, this is not even 70 years ago, where like women just started voting Subhanallah This is literally

00:34:39 --> 00:34:59

like 1400 years ago, worker, these are the Allahu anha owns her own business. And then number two, what we're coming to is that she eventually proposes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, right like even now in our day and age for a woman to approach to propose to a man. There's a stigma around it like Sister Have some shame. How dare you propose to him?

00:35:00 --> 00:35:36

and right, like this this shame that we have around, you know, a woman having her place in society Subhanallah because these are the Allahu Taala Anna, even before Islam, she shows us how to do it properly. Right? She didn't propose to the Prophet Muhammad or sell them directly, even though they're interacting for business, because that's not the correct way to do it. She says no Faiza to go to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and say, Look, Khadija is interested in marrying you. Would you consider this proposal? Would you consider this proposal and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he eventually considers it. And obviously it's something great for him. Right? She's a

00:35:36 --> 00:36:14

woman of refuge. She's a woman that has shown her righteousness. She knows how to do things the proper way. And eventually we see this comforting, loving side of Khadija Rhodiola Juana that is exposed to us. Obviously, the process Selim saw that earlier on, but it's exposed to us that she consoles the prophets. I saw them when he is most disturbed and distressed when revelation comes down. She's the one that comforts him, right? So he had been exposed to all these characteristics. Now. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam accepting the proposal through interfacer did not finalize the deal. By the way. We don't often study what happens next. But the Prophet sallallahu

00:36:14 --> 00:36:51

alayhi wa sallam with Hamza Radi Allahu Anhu goes to the House of hoilett, the father of Khadija and officially proposes ask for her hand in marriage. And he did things the right way. Right. We often stop showing her Khadija proposed they got married and that was the end of the story. No, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was still a man of integrity and still a man of tradition and custom and shows the value of following the customs of your people and the culture of your people. And the process of them did that by going to propose to Khadija Radi Allahu taala. An interesting point of tidbit. How old was Khadija Radi Allahu anha when she married the Prophet salallahu alayhi

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wa sallam, go ahead? I don't really know.

00:36:55 --> 00:37:14

I know that she was older than 20 by 20 years. I love that I love the fact that you start with I don't know, but that was great. Exactly. Okay. How old was Khadija? Rhodiola? 140. Excellent. Do we have any other answers? Sorry. 40. Any other answers? Go ahead.

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45 100%. There's a dispute about it. And there's two sides to this dispute.

00:37:26 --> 00:38:08

Side number one is the actual math, the actual math of this, where if you look at the number of children that Khadija Radi Allahu anha had with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Even if you leave the absolute minimal amount of time that a woman needs to get pregnant together and to deliver again, you would say that the last child is born around the age of 48 years old. Whereas if you look at the life cycle, a person who's 48 At that time is like a person that's like 80 or 80 years old in our times, right. So it makes it very, very improbable. From that perspective, not to say that it doesn't happen, it could happen. But if it did happen, it would have been mentioned as a miraculous

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event or something abnormal that a woman at 48 is delivering her sixth child, and that abnormality is not recorded, and then shifts the field of man, the author of erotica macdon, one of the other sources or also the author of when the moon split one of the other sources that I recommended for the class, he actually argues from a hadith text perspective, all of the Hadith that mentioned that she's 40 seem to be on the weaker end. And the Hadith had mentioned that she was 28 seem to be stronger, seem to be stronger. So I'm more inclined towards that. But her age is almost irrelevant, or age is almost irrelevant. This is just an interesting tidbit. But this brings us to something

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still fascinating, regardless of sorry,

00:38:54 --> 00:39:32

age, not her exact age. Now keep in mind, like last class, we spoke about how they kept track of time, we don't even know what year the person was born in. Other than it was admin field, right was the incident of the camera. So people didn't keep track of their ages. Right. So keeping track of yours keeping track of Ages was not something common. But what seems more probable is people using their own methods of calculation to decipher how old people were. But the point that I wanted to get as regardless of if she's 40 years old, or regardless if she's 28. We know for a fact that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is roughly around 25, which shows us that the Prophet sallallahu

00:39:32 --> 00:39:59

alayhi wa sallam is marrying an older woman that has been married before, and there was no shame and there was nothing bad about it. And it was something perfectly fine. A lot of lessons that are coming out of this relationship with Khadija Rhodiola hooter and Anna and the way we perceive marriage and gender interaction in our day and age. So now, Khadija Radi Allahu Allah and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam get married.

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And there's another interesting relationship that we need to speak about, which is when Abdullah the father of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed away. He left behind a slave girl named Baraka, who was like a caretaker of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got married, he freed Baraka, he freed baraka and same thing with Khadija Radi Allahu taala. And her when she married the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, she gave a gift of a male servant to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what was the name of that male servant? Who remembers

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is a very famous person.

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I'll give you a second hint.

00:40:46 --> 00:40:54

Close your very close that had been in Medina, it would have been *. But he was considered the adopted son of the Prophet sallallahu.

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is they don't know how to Thursday them no Haritha?

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No, so he was gifted from Khadija Radi Allahu Allah to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he starts living with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he becomes a part of His family. So much so that we have narrations that mentioned that the process is an opening proclaiming that Zaid is from my from my family, I am his like father and he is like my son. Till eventually, Allah subhanaw taala reveals and sorta Allah has a job that you cannot claim him to be your son when he is not from your lineage. Interesting tidbit Zalem to how data is the only companion mentioned by name in the Quran.

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After the class that the class finish, then you can share your comment or your question after after the class. Okay, he's the only one that's mentioned by name in the Quran, the only one that's mentioned by name in the Quran. Now why is this relevant? And why is this relationship important? Because eventually, they they have no hada is going to end up marrying Baraka. He's going to end up marrying Baraka in Medina, but you see the onset of this happening from this place. So now, they don't know how they thought. He eventually is able to send a letter to his family. He was originally from the Iraq area. So you know, Hamdulillah, you know, I'm living in Makkah, I'm being treated

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really, really well. And everything is going well for me. And you can imagine that a young child that 1516 years old, is taken into captivity, and your son goes missing, like you don't assume that he's dead. And then four or five years later, you receive this letter, saying not only is reliable hamdulillah he's well and he's thriving, you're going to jump for joy. And as soon as they don't have that as father got this letter, he went from Iraq to Makkah to go and see Zaid and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at that time, freed Zaid, he said, You are free. You're no longer a servant. And he gave Xavier the choice. Go back with your father. Our you can stay here with me. Now

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you can imagine Subhanallah, a young boy that's been separated from his family, from his father from everything that he knows, is into the obvious answer. I'm going to go back to Iraq, I'm going to go back to my family, I'm going to go back to my tribe. Of course, without a shadow of a doubt. You had Xavier hada. He sees something in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he tells his father, basically, as much as I love you, and as dear as you are to me, and as close as we are in relationship. You are my father, and I am your son. There's something special about this man, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the way he takes care of me and his character, and I want

00:43:37 --> 00:44:12

to stay with him, and I want to stay with him. Now you would think that the father of zeta Nahata, he would fight this and he will be so upset that How dare my son, not come back with me. But he saw the gracious nature of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he saw that his son was in good hands, and was getting good to be in a good upbringing. And he thinks to himself, what more could I want for my son? Right? This is the success that every son should have the opportunity to receive. So his father leaves and he's happy with the fact that he stays with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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so now we get to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in his 30s and his 30s Here's some more trivia. How many children did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam have altogether? I told you how many he had with Khadija Allah the Allahu anha. But how many did he have altogether?

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Seven. Okay, let's go through their names. You want to start us off? Come on, man. You can start off you know, at least one you know at least one daughter Right? Exactly. So we know for tomorrow, the Allahu Allah. So that's one out of seven. Well who are the rest?

00:44:51 --> 00:44:52

Zainab on consume

00:44:54 --> 00:44:55


00:44:57 --> 00:44:58

Ibrahim Yes.

00:45:01 --> 00:45:02


00:45:04 --> 00:45:13

You're missing two. Sorry. No, not at the real close. It's all something. I look at them. That's number six, and a daughter

00:45:14 --> 00:45:40

Raka. Yeah, those are the seven children of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So six from Khadija, the Allahu anha, and one from Maria. All of them. All of the boys passed away at a very, very young age. And we'll speak about that, in a little bit of the women, they died much later, with exception of Fatima. She died after the death of the Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam. And I'm going to actually let's speak about all that right now.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam not having any male children survive. Now, that's a very interesting concept, right? Obviously, this happens by the decree of Allah subhanaw taala. But can you imagine what would have happened if they had stayed a life? Right? And we get a glimpse of it through his grandchildren, right? So we see that father model doula on how she gets married to ideology, Allahu Anhu. And they have these two beautiful young boys and has an analogy for saying, I want you to imagine that one of these young men, they get onto the mumbere. And they give a quote by what their brother, I can't remember which one it was, which I want to say it was Al Hussein, about

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Al Hasan, but it could be the other way around. They gave a quote of about their brother, saying all women of Medina, stop marrying my brother, stop marrying my brother, because everyone wanted to get married to the brother for the sake of continuing the lineage of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, right, that's what was happening. And it was mentioned either of the twin again, I'm pretty confident it was a lesson, but it could be also seen, but he got married and divorced over 70 times, over 70 times, because of just constant, you know, wanting to continue the lineage of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So now if any of his own men or boys had stayed alive, you can imagine

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the greater fitna that would have erupted. Number two is that Hamdulillah, there's a separation of a degree of a generation. And even with that, we see the level of veneration that certain groups have for Hassanal, per se, and the family of the process of them, like attributing your divinity to them almost right, like divinity attributing divine attributes to them. Can you imagine what would have happened if it was the direct sons of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So yes, it is unfortunate that the process of them didn't have any male children continue his legacy, but there's also divine wisdom behind it. And we can sort of see how it would have played out if they had stayed

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alive. Now with all the daughters, you know, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam always had a soft spot for daughters. Right, one of the main things that he came with, is establishing the quality of those daughters, that just like you do not kill your sons when they are born, because they come with the risk. Your daughters come with the risk as well. And one of his mandates was to abolish, you know, charge the killing of these young daughters. And then he tells us that if you raise three, you know, girls righteously, you will be promised paradise, even if there are only two, right? So this encouragement of taking care of your daughters. Now, what does that actually look

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like? Right? We see that particularly with Fatah model, the Allahu Allah will go to the extreme then we'll come back. The extreme being, that we see this beautiful incident with the Isola the Allahu taala, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is sitting with Fatima and Aisha Radi Allahu anha. She can only hear the emotional reaction. She hears laughing and she hears crying, but she can't hear the conversation. So after that gathering was over, she asked what what what happened? What made you laugh? What made you cry, and she didn't tell her. But after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passes away, five tomato the Allahu anha tells her that when I started to cry, the

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Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, my father, he told me that he was going to be passing away soon. And I would be the and that's what made me cry.

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And then he told me something which made me laugh, which was I would be the first of his family members to join him in the Hereafter. And that made me laugh and jump for joy. Now I want you to think about that. Subhanallah if someone told you,

00:49:37 --> 00:49:38

your death is imminent,

00:49:39 --> 00:49:41

that within the coming year you're going to die.

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Is there anyone in your life that if they told you this information, because of your love for them, and being with them and Jana, you will jump for joy?

00:49:54 --> 00:50:00

I want you to think about that. Seriously is Pamela. Think about that. Seriously. Is there anyone in your life your parent

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is your best friend, your closest sibling? Anyone? Is there anyone that could tell you that Inshallah, in the coming year you are going to pass away, and we're both going to be in Jannah together, where you will jump for joy

00:50:14 --> 00:50:52

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Right. And this teaches us a very valuable lesson, right number one of being motivated by gender and longing for gender. And number two, how beautiful that relationship must have been. With the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Fatah, Mara the Allahu anha, that she literally jumped for joy, when she heard that she's going to get a chance to be with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam in the hereafter. So that was the extreme end of it. Now let's go back to their actual interactions. Where whenever Fatima or the Allahu anha would walk into the room, he would stand up for her and offer her her place. And she would sit on her father's lap, and he would

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regularly kiss her on the forehead. Right? All of these things that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to do, and showing love and care towards children. Right, like, again, we may think this is normal. But we have an explicit narration from Alok revenue habits. Or the Allahu Anhu that he sees the process of kissing al Hassan Al Hussein, he says, Yeah, rasool Allah, what are you doing? Like why are you kissing children? Men don't do that. This is not from our culture. It's not from our customer, right? And then you probably sell Allah who it was selling basically tells them that whoever doesn't show mercy will not be showing mercy. Right? That the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa

00:51:29 --> 00:51:35

sallam again, he came to make all of these positive changes in society that we consider normal.

00:51:36 --> 00:51:38

But we take for granted at

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the same time. So with Khadija Radi Allahu anha, in the period of the 30s, that's when all of his six children are born. That's when all of his six children are born. Now.

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One point that I forgot to mention is we've spoken about we've spoken about servants, and we spoke spoken about slaves. Now, what does that actually mean? Because I know in our DNA, it has a very negative context. So I'll give a short answer. No long answer.

00:52:12 --> 00:52:52

In a short answer, there's a great book by Jonathan brown and a good paper by Dr. Hunter Milhouse on slavery in Islam, and this is something that's always brought up that's mentioned in the Quran, as mentioned in Hadith, you know, how do we respond to it? When it was something clearly allowed in Islam, but in our day and age is considered, you know, an immoral act. And something that's immoral now could never be moral before. Right? Which is interesting, because certain things that were immoral before have now become mortal. Right? How does that work? But digressing? That's the short answer, go look at those two resources, Jonathan Brown, and Herman harsh. And

00:52:54 --> 00:53:35

I'm sorry, that's the long answer. If you want a detailed answer, a shorter answer is the fact that the way we understood slavery now, as a result of the way our African brothers and sisters were treated, in particular, is not what servanthood meant, at that time, right? If you look at the Hadith that talks about servitude and slavery, feed them from what you eat, clothed them from what you clothe yourself, provide them to drink from what you drink, provide them for shelter, the same way you have shelter, right, do not overwork them, do not overburden them, explicit a Hadith from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So it's very important to make that distinction. And then

00:53:35 --> 00:53:45

there's actually something I want to read. For you. It's just a short paragraph. It says, as the prophet should Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam have done more to abolish slavery.

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The critics may say that, in view of his political power, towards the end of his life, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could have done more to alleviate the lot of the slaves. Such a criticism rests on a false appreciation of the situation in which he found himself. There are many things which are urgently required to be set, right. But this was not one of them. On the whole, the slaves were not too badly treated. The chief disability in being a slave was that one could not of one's own will leave the group to which one was attached. So that's the major downfall of being a slave. In the Arabia of the early seventh century, however, this was much less of a disadvantage

00:54:28 --> 00:55:00

than it would be in a more individualistic society. Though the connection of Islam with the rise of individualism has been emphasized throughout the study of the life of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it should also be realized that individualism was only at its beginnings. So lots to unpack in this paragraph. But let's break that done. So because you were taken captive and into slavery at that point, you have to disconnect it from Modern Times or the way we understand it in our times. So what does it mean in that

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At nighttime, you're provided for with food, clothing, and shelter, you're provided safety, that if anyone tries to attack you, the tribe will protect you. And you're basically given every right with the exception of leaving the tribe with the exception of leaving the tribe, which a free person would have been allowed it. And understanding that people lived as a collective back then, you will not appreciate that in an individualistic society, where we no longer live as tribes, we no longer affiliated with tribes, every individual lives, their own family life by them selves, and there's no collective living together anymore. So now this answer that question, should the Prophet sallallahu

00:55:42 --> 00:56:27

alayhi wasallam have done more? And could he have done more? And the answer over here is that it didn't, it wasn't a priority at that time, because that system was not being abused, per se. In fact, it gave people an opportunity to survive and to thrive, as opposed to being killed and being abused further, if you're not a part of a larger tribe. And then number two, we also see in the Medina and phase acts as CO Farah, that a person would need to do, and one of them is freeing a slave. So for example, and in a married couple, their intimate during the daytime of Ramadan, the first thing that is a part of their Expedition is to free a slave. If they're not able to, then

00:56:27 --> 00:56:55

it's, you know, fasting for 60 days straight. And then we see all the virtues that the prophets Allah mentions of freeing slaves. So yes, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam did not abolish slavery. But we understand in contextual in context, why that was the case. Well, we should also appreciate the steps that he took to make that to the case where it's a part of your Kasara and also the many virtues that are mentioned. But for more detailed answer, please refer to

00:56:56 --> 00:57:45

the book by Jonathan brown and the article by Dr. Hatem al Hush. So now, let's speak about the children of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam very briefly. So for all of his sons, we mentioned that he passed away at a very early age and the two sons that he had from Khadija work awesome, and Abdullah and then for the daughters, we see that the first three Zainab rokeya and unconfirmed Zainab she ends up getting married to the nephew of Khadija Radi Allahu Allah, the for the nephew of Khadija Radi Allahu Allah. And he doesn't end up accepting Islam. I will ask him in orbia. He doesn't end up accepting Islam till after the Battle of butter. But he always kept good

00:57:45 --> 00:58:23

ties with the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam like even though the coalition were attacking the palace of Salem, he would never participate in those attacks, wouldn't partake in the boycott, wouldn't do in any of that. And after the Battle of Buddha, you know, that was the final straw. He had enough and he ended up accepting Islam. And we spoke about another individual Hakeem Hassan but in the 40 Hadith on wealth, he was also one of the relatives of Khadija Radi Allahu Allah. And he too, even though he didn't accept Islam till later on, he was loyal to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and treated him well and treated him well. Then we have Roca Yeah, and Uncle Thorne. They

00:58:23 --> 00:59:01

ended up getting engaged and married to the sons of a Buddha to the sons of a Buddha hub. And their names were earthbag, and Otaiba ortho and Otaiba, and Abu Lahab. He strategically did this, because he knew that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was eventually going to become the leader of the college. But that's how he perceived it, he couldn't imagine that this man is going to become a prophet, right? He saw the eloquence the good character, the wealth of the Prophet, sallAllahu, alayhi, wasallam. And all that was going to happen, and that is why he strategically proposed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:59:02 --> 00:59:52

Now, we move on to the last component for our discussion today, which is the final years in the 30s. Moving into 40, moving into 40, where there is one final incident that happens in the end of his 30s where the Quraysh are agreeing that you know what we need to rebuild the cabin, the foundation and the structure of the Kaaba, it's falling apart, we need to rebuild it. And now they've deconstructed the Kaaba, and they built it again, and they need to replace the black stone. And the Blackstone, you have to understand is a an act of privilege, right that whoever gets to place the black stone is going to be privileged in putting it back in. So they're arguing amongst themselves, and they come

00:59:52 --> 01:00:00

to a discussion in agreement that the next person to walk in will be our arbitrator. And Allah subhanaw taala chose that the next person

01:00:00 --> 01:00:38

To walk into the sanctuary of the Haram, as we know it now was none other than the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They choose him as an arbitrator, and they celebrate the fact that he is Amin, the trustworthy one. And this point is so important, because as we come to next week's class, the first group of people that promises and gives dower to his own family and his own tribe. And literally just a few years ago, they're referring to him not even years months ago, they're referring to him as a mean, the trustworthy one. And now the promises are seldom is coming them to the message. And all of a sudden, he's called a traitor and committing acts of treason, and acts of

01:00:38 --> 01:01:22

disloyalty. And all these accusations, how did that change all of a sudden, right? So that was a very important incident that happened in his 30s. And we move to 40, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you know, has now started performing the 100th. And the 100th is this act of seclusion. He is going to the cave of Hera, contemplating life wanting to separate and distinct himself distanced himself from the acts of the people of Makkah, the killing the injustice is, you know, the looting of people killing your female daughters, you know, the Zina that's taking place, all of that, right? He can't process this, like, how is this going to be changed? How is this going

01:01:22 --> 01:02:02

to be solved? So he starts performing this the 100th of isolating himself in the cave takes, you know, water with him and some oats, like a soup type thing. And he just consumes that. And he just meditates and contemplates, meditates and contemplates. What's really fascinating is remember, we were talking about signs, some of the books of Syrah, they mentioned that on some of the trips back and forth, so he'd stay for 10 He would go for 10 days and then come back for sure. Well, go for 10 days and come back for a while. That as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would be climbing the mountain, he would hear from somewhere, peace be upon you or messenger of God salam alayka yaa

01:02:02 --> 01:02:29

Rasul Allah, and the Prophet of Islam would just think it was a voice so that he heard something, till we find out next week, that this was a foretelling of the coming of Jabril and he will speak about the first revelation, but isn't Allah He? Tada Allahu taala. Adam, was Salallahu Salam wa barik ala Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Jemaine, we open up the floor for questions, comments, concerns, Bismillah. Okay, so.

01:02:33 --> 01:02:37

But like, so are you taught me to kill my mom? Which

01:02:43 --> 01:02:49

slave was saying that? Correct. So,

01:02:50 --> 01:02:57

and you end before that he was he was with his family. He was with everybody, right?

01:02:58 --> 01:03:10

So he didn't have a family, remember? So remember, his grandfather passed away, his uncle passed away. And now he's living by himself. So as he became a merchant, he's removed himself from living in the household by them. So he's actually just living by himself.

01:03:13 --> 01:03:14

Yeah, that's one. Oh.

01:03:19 --> 01:03:25

Because his I know, his family. They wanted to get back home with them and stuff. Correct.

01:03:28 --> 01:03:32

Right, to try and get him back. Correct. So how did

01:03:37 --> 01:03:38

how did he

01:03:39 --> 01:04:14

get to the lot in the beginning? Excellent. So how did he get to the house of Khadija? That's what you're asking. Right? So Zaida Muhaddith, he was on the outskirts of Iraq, and he was taking capital. And this is like, what ends up happening that as a young person, if you're on the outskirts, and you get kidnapped, if your tribe doesn't come and protect you and save you, there is no law enforcement, you can call 911. Hey, my child got kidnapped, go get them. Right. You're on your own at that point. Right. And especially if you don't know where he went and who kidnapped him and who took him, you know, what are you going to do at that point? Right. So that is how they don't

01:04:14 --> 01:04:17

know how to sell was sold into slavery, he was sold into slavery.

01:04:19 --> 01:04:20


01:04:21 --> 01:04:21


01:04:24 --> 01:04:25

You said that

01:04:26 --> 01:04:42

considered him as his son. But in the Quran, you mentioned in verse saying that he cannot be your son. Correct. So what is this, this ruling have to do with adoptive parents and sons? And what does Islam say about that? Since this is a case of

01:04:43 --> 01:04:59

nice, exactly. And that's exactly what it was that no matter how close you are, and no matter how much you claim, you love them. And no matter even if you claim that they are your son, they will never be your son because their lineage is different. So Allah subhanaw taala tells us that your lineage is only through your father's in the fact

01:05:00 --> 01:05:35

Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is not the father of any of your men, right? Especially with Eliza. So the that's an important thing with adoption in Islam, that even if your adopted child, you have to keep their lineage and you can't change their last name to your last name, right. And then number two, the aspect of Macedonia, which again is beyond the scope of our discussion, but they're not your Muslim, right? So if you have young daughters, you have to keep that separation there. The only exception to this is if the child is under two years old, and they're they're fed breast milk by consensus, some of the scholars said even older, but I'm not going to get into that issue right

01:05:35 --> 01:05:42

now. But yeah, that's why these verses were revealed for sure. Another question? Yeah. In the beginning of the lecture, you also mentioned about the meaning of his heart of

01:05:45 --> 01:06:23

two angels bind the vessel with snow in it. Yeah, I'm wondering how the poem was close and I knew that was no since he was in Arabia I know I don't think there is no one area where this really fascinating because we actually find the mentioning of ice right in the idea of the province all along I said I'm works only with LG when you are bothered, that Oh Allah, you know, cleanse me of my sins, just like you would cleanse a white garment from from specks of dust, Cleanse my heart filled with, you know, water, snow and ice. So where does that exposure come from? Allahu Allah. I'm sure at some point, the pastor Salem was exposed to it and you see it somewhere.

01:06:26 --> 01:06:46

Snore isolates. I've never I've never seen that. But again, what I'm trying to see is that if you go to like, parts of Syria or parts of Yemen, I'm assuming somewhere along the way, in the wintertime, you may be exposed on the mountaintop somewhere. To the icecaps, right? Allahu taala. Go ahead.

01:06:49 --> 01:06:56

Somebody who said that when he grew up in the desert, and he lost his, he lost his grandfather that his mom and dad

01:07:00 --> 01:07:06

how was he raised like one of his uncle's was back in the courts. So

01:07:07 --> 01:07:10

under understand that, that age, so young,

01:07:11 --> 01:07:13

so was he.

01:07:15 --> 01:07:51

So again, like one of the things we want to get across, and the upbringing of the pastor Salem and the understanding of upbringing of children, like the the proverb, it takes a village to raise a child. It comes from that sort of society, where there's no one person that's responsible for raising a child, but it's the whole community that's responsible for raising children. So the Bedouin nomadic tribes, they used to take the children from the city, and all the children would live together and play together and eat together and drink together. And you're raised together by the nomadic tribe. And that's what happened with the process dilemma till the age of four. Then at

01:07:51 --> 01:08:11

the age of four, he goes back to live with his mother stays, he was with his mother for two years, then goes to his grandfather than stayed with his grandfather for two years. And then he goes to Avatar lives, and that's where he stays from nine till about, I would say, like 17 years old or so. Right? And then he lives by himself after that.

01:08:12 --> 01:08:24

Right? So there's no one individual, but you would say that, I will tell them and Abdulmutallab, those were the two positive male role models. If you had to pinpoint anyone in his life.

01:08:26 --> 01:08:36

I would not have done even though he was an uncle of the processor them. He had very little role in the upbringing of the processor, right? It's Abu Talib and Abdulmutallab. Right? Yeah.

01:08:37 --> 01:08:37

Go ahead

01:08:44 --> 01:08:44


01:08:53 --> 01:09:00

As far as I'm aware, yes. As far as I'm aware, they're the only ones that survived. Yeah. Well, the whole time. Yeah.

01:09:01 --> 01:09:03

It's more of a comment and just want to say thank you

01:09:07 --> 01:09:17

I'm new to Islam. I've only been Muslim for I've learned about Islam for seven years, but I just became wasn't last year.

01:09:18 --> 01:09:24

But it's, it's great. So thank you so much. Just like a locker thank you so much. May Allah keep your steadfast and make things easy for you?

01:09:25 --> 01:09:30

Go ahead. Do you know that there is wisdom as to why he was granted? Sort of

01:09:31 --> 01:09:32

all taken away?

01:09:33 --> 01:09:34

I mean, you could

01:09:36 --> 01:09:56

you, you could look at that from a variety of aspects, right like coming into civilization that disregarded daughters, Allah subhanaw taala is basically saying, you know, forget what your customers are. Forget what nutrition say. The only people that are going to survive are the daughters, right? So that's there's that angle as well as to why Allah subhanaw taala

01:09:57 --> 01:09:59

decreed that the three sons would pass away

01:10:01 --> 01:10:34

Number four, you could imagine the level of burden that will be put on them directly, right? Again, go back to the way it has an unforeseen are treated, you know, how do you live up to being the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Can you imagine that? Well, it's like you just bring it to our times, like if you're the son and daughter of the mom, the amount of pressure that's on the child, like you're the son of the greatest man to ever walk the Earth, man, Allahu Akbar, that pressure would would, would be really hard to deal with. But that's a great thinking exercise, man. Like, take it away. Think about it for yourself, do some research and and let me know what you find

01:10:34 --> 01:10:46

Inshallah, as opposed to just Oh, as in the number you're looking at? Okay. I didn't think about the numbers. I'm just saying about the the male children in general, right. But think about it. Let me know what you find in Sharma. Go ahead. Yeah.

01:10:49 --> 01:10:51

I think you said that one of the daughters of

01:10:55 --> 01:10:58

the beginning. They were they're all non Muslim, right?

01:11:05 --> 01:11:12

That is a great question. And I think you know the answer to this. So has the prophet sent and received revelation yet.

01:11:13 --> 01:11:27

He hasn't received revelation. And even if he had received revelation, the laws of marriage and divorce, they're not coming till in Medina time. Right. So you still have another 13 years? till we get to that. But good question. Go ahead.

01:11:34 --> 01:11:34


01:11:36 --> 01:11:38

So I would I have

01:11:42 --> 01:11:43

not blocked not

01:11:45 --> 01:11:47

asking for additional

01:11:48 --> 01:11:49

help with indicators,

01:11:51 --> 01:11:53

an approval child. But

01:11:55 --> 01:11:56

could you clarify that?

01:11:59 --> 01:12:00

It's from what I understand that it has

01:12:02 --> 01:12:07

that removal was removing chiffons worthless from the positive side.

01:12:09 --> 01:12:11

But then we find that later

01:12:14 --> 01:12:21

he was drawn to something of the dunya. And I'm curious, because it would have been valid

01:12:22 --> 01:12:22


01:12:25 --> 01:12:25


01:12:28 --> 01:12:29


01:12:31 --> 01:13:09

Excellent, so keep in mind that at that time, they would not be aware of what an actual like blood clot would be, right? So someone describes as a black.or, a blood clot, they could be the exact same thing. And that's where I think the difference of opinion would come from. So we shouldn't read into it as the black dot being from the other Hadith where the black dot talks about the sins that are on the heart, and, you know, repentance, removing it, so I wouldn't read into it as that. But at the end of the day, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was still a human being with desire. But Allah subhanaw taala protected him from haram. Right? So the fact that the person just wanted to see

01:13:09 --> 01:13:29

what they were doing, and not necessarily partake in it, that's the way I understood that incident. Right? As a young boy, you want to see what the celebration and the commotion is about, right? Your friend has just told you about it. But I wouldn't take away from that incident that the person wanted to partake in it and be a part of it and commit those things. Right. That his morals and ethics were above that, right.

01:13:32 --> 01:13:32


01:13:37 --> 01:13:38


01:13:39 --> 01:13:42

Any of these evils and we know that we live in a society?

01:13:45 --> 01:13:46


01:13:49 --> 01:14:17

You know, there's a on the topic of Westeros actually find the process of them. He tells us about how every individual has a Korean that inspires them with evil, right? Except for the process. I'm studying who accepted Islam. Right. So shows that once I was exposed to it, but the Quran of the Muslim accepted Islam, right, Allah Jota. Allah will take last two questions. Actually, last three questions. Go ahead. Yeah. So it was kind of a far away question, but smaller.

01:14:20 --> 01:14:35

So a bit some I know what you can lock. And some of them say that it hasn't died before those who die and sometimes say after, and I'm now confused. So I

01:14:36 --> 01:14:58

know, historically, it is consensus that hasn't seen live too much later on. Right. Obviously, we know that I've seen Dido kobada And we know that and hasn't he ended up becoming a philosopher. Right. And that happened after his father ideology Allahu Tadano in the year of unification, so they clearly both lived after the Prophet sallallahu annual center.

01:14:59 --> 01:14:59


01:15:00 --> 01:15:00


01:15:01 --> 01:15:03

when when you said he like

01:15:05 --> 01:15:12

Prophet peace people said that he slept by the cabin. That Do you think like, that's also

01:15:14 --> 01:15:27

can refer to this day and age because like you said like we do lead towards temptations, even if we don't partake in them. But it's kind of like I saw it when you were saying that, but it was more of like,

01:15:28 --> 01:15:29


01:15:30 --> 01:15:46

it was almost like a test from Allah. That like and shake line in the sense to was like she was trying to buy a Lowe's and trying to protect them. But I guess what I'm trying to ask is like, Do you think that's like refers to a lot of what we see today?

01:15:49 --> 01:16:07

I think there's things that you can take away from that, the the lesson that you will take away is that if Allah wants to protect you from something, no one can get you to do that think. And if Allah is not going to protect you from that thing, there's no one that can save you. Right? So you know,

01:16:08 --> 01:16:32

there's multiple examples of this in people's lives, where they've intended to do something evil, but then all of a sudden, their car breaks down, right? And then do you take that as a sign? Maybe I shouldn't be doing this thing wrong? Or do you jump into an over and go try to do it, right. Like, that's what it comes down to is that if something bad is happening while you're trying to do something bad, you want to take that as a sign that I shouldn't be doing?

01:16:34 --> 01:16:41

No, notice? It's a great question. It's a great question. Right? Yeah, noise, the smell our last question for the evening. Bismillah.

01:16:43 --> 01:16:46

What are the evidence tells you

01:16:49 --> 01:16:59

products time is stronger than now. Because what I know is, the more we get closer to the end of life, that's when the light

01:17:02 --> 01:17:03

is getting shorter.

01:17:04 --> 01:17:08

I just needed to know what the what where, David, when he told us that

01:17:09 --> 01:17:11

the time of the time, rather than

01:17:12 --> 01:17:14

the age of 40. Bear.

01:17:16 --> 01:17:17


01:17:19 --> 01:17:22

you live, what bout a year?

01:17:23 --> 01:17:25

And then it comes with it. People were the

01:17:27 --> 01:17:28

one that

01:17:29 --> 01:17:39

they were strong in and they were like, you know, a very, they have a very big? Yeah. What? What makes you say that at the time?

01:17:43 --> 01:17:47

Excellent. And your second question. And the second one is? You mentioned that

01:17:49 --> 01:17:59

he saw the cloud following the carnival. Was it the carnival, but it was the whole Carnival was the cloud was following or was just

01:18:01 --> 01:18:01


01:18:04 --> 01:18:06

is there anybody missing? Yeah.

01:18:08 --> 01:18:12

It's not that he wasn't there. But he had gone somewhere. And he was coming back. Yeah.

01:18:13 --> 01:18:21

It doesn't come over because it was overcrowded. So that means he was not there when he

01:18:23 --> 01:18:24

was not there yet. Right.

01:18:27 --> 01:18:27


01:18:30 --> 01:18:44

Excellent, good questions. So let's start with question number one. So now we have the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that I and the day of judgment are coming like this, right? And it's very important to understand what this hadith actually means. Because if you look at,

01:18:46 --> 01:19:24

you know, a Muslim timeline versus a Christian timeline, they're very, very different. So Christian timeline says that human beings have only been on the planet for 5000 years, 6000 years, right. But a Muslim timeline is not defined by that. In fact, there's nothing wrong with saying that, you know, the story, Ibrahima that he said, was roughly around 5000 years ago, whereas the story of Adam and his salaam was 1000s of years before that, right. So now, what that means is that from the time that, you know, life began on Earth, and creation began, till the time that is left between the process Salam and the Day of Judgment. That's how much time is left, as if you're comparing a

01:19:24 --> 01:20:00

fraction. So now, when we talk about new Haile Salam living, you know, 1000 years, and the lifespan of the problem is something the average lifespan of my OMA will be 60 to 70 years. This is a prediction from the process. Right? It hasn't happened yet. He's saying my OMA will live between these two ranges. Now, how do we know that the vast majority of people died much younger than that? Historically, just look at the way the daughters of the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam died, they died of disease, they died of plague. They died while giving childbirth. All of these things were happening, right. So

01:20:00 --> 01:20:21

So it was not possible for human beings to live that age. So yes, there was a period of time where the word they were living longer. But as time went on, the lifespans got shorter and shorter. Till now it gets to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he's basically making a prediction that a time will come where the majority of my ummah will live between 60 to 70 years, right?

01:20:23 --> 01:20:52

No, that's no, that's from now till the end of time. Now from now till the end of time that the average lifespan will be 60 to 70 years. Whereas prior to that, Leo living up to 240 was a miraculous thing. Right? It was something that what not everyone got to experience, right? Because a lot of people died of disease and plague and you know, thievery and robbery and unjust killing much earlier than that. Now, with regards to your second question, you know,

01:20:54 --> 01:21:31

growing up as a kid, I had a Nintendo, and I used to play Super Mario Brothers, the first one. And there was this cloud that used to throw the Cooper troopers or whatever. And that's what I was thinking of. So I mean, like, how big was this cloud that was following them? I don't know. And but the thing that I wanted to disclaim what I mentioned when he mentioned the story of Hydra, that it doesn't live up to Hadith criticism. So there's a lot of room for it's factually possibly not true. If it is true, there's so much room for interpretation. But even in this case, that if it is true, like clouds aren't small, they're actually pretty big. Like there's not one cloud that is just

01:21:31 --> 01:21:35

following the process LM around, right like like it is in Mario Super Mario Brothers.

01:21:37 --> 01:22:12

It was a big cloud that in a desert where you normally don't see clouds, and they're very scarce and going come very soon. But this one seems to be following a caravan wherever it goes. And then the second part is that as it stopped even the trees are gathering to give it shade. The Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam had stepped away. Now it doesn't mention any reasoning, but you can imagine that back then you want to go to the bathroom. You go 2030 meters away, but no one can see you. You go to the bathroom when you come back. That's possibly what had happened. When Mahela came the whole system is not there. It's possible that he went to relieve himself and was coming back. Well lawanna

01:22:13 --> 01:22:41

Yeah. So folks, we will conclude today's class with that in sha Allah next week, keep track of the Salah times because this week Salah was at 615 It might change again next week, it might go to six o'clock. So just keep that but regardless of whatever the Select time is, class will begin at 630. So please try to be here at 625 inshallah. Desikan lokalen Subhanallah when we have Nika shadowline Allah anti austerity will go to booty Lake, and I'll see you all next week inshallah. So now money come

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