Munir Ahmed – Fiqh us-Seerah #28

Munir Ahmed
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AI: Transcript ©
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Shafi

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he he he

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and he has a fiddle no nobody unless he attina

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mess Oh who the end what is worse yeah well II know what you leave the machine will uh Hello La quwata illa

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Allah tala in the love I'm

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not gonna be here are you?

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With us Lima allama Muhammad Ali Mohammed

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Ibrahim Allah Allah.

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Praise be to Allah we praise Him Lord of the worlds, we send peace and presently final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we ask Allah to give us, forgive us, to guide us, forgive us our sins, and blot out our sins. We ask Allah for useful knowledge and white sustenance. And on him we utterly depend unto him, it's our turn

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to carry on with a suit if you remember before the topics of social interaction that we covered

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between Muslims and non Muslims and Jihad which we covered extensively. We were at the stage of the Hydra where we've covered after Hydra coming over Sula, Medina, we covered a lot, how was the special brotherhood bond that he established a building of the masjid, as harbor sofa

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of people have the bench, but people have the shelter, if you remember that sheltered accommodation

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and the was the car or the stool or the I had, which was the light the treaties or the constitution they call it more later times of Medina, between the people of Medina between the believers and others or citizens and between

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prophesize from the believers and the

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Jewish tribes.

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carrying on coming back to the story, what is happening now, when the prophet SAW some actually and this is very important to understand before we start with the vessel work and also the the, the Surya or the expeditions or

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battalion sent out Yeah, historians sometimes differentiate between a verse verse some set of as well when it's called verse one is when the prophet SAW some came out others and Syria is when others lead the battalion out for whatever purpose there was sent for weather for for fighting over the for reconnaissance, but it's nothing nothing fixed about it. Okay, some liked it like that. But you can't go by that.

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But it's important understand

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from a Cedar Point of View, and it's not always very clear when you study Syrah

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that the warfare is not initiated by the Muslims and the

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many Muslims have this idea and you can sometimes get this idea if you read Syrah without deeper analysis of it, that the prophecy sounds weak in Mecca and yes to grace said hold on, go for a vehicle wacky masala, hold down your hands and establish Salah when Medina announced the state. So now he starts initiating warfare with emotion and the surrounding people. It's not true. And others in fact, became very defensive because the orientalist Of course took this interpretation because it suited them for many centuries that saying, Oh look, sort of Muhammad Hassan arrives

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because they don't say so. I say that. in Medina, he starts now looting and attacking caravans called looting, highway robbery. Now, we'll have a look at the

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punishment for highway robbery in Islam. Lack of the promise of living a completely contradictory life now that we live was never for that. Yeah, it was an example of the Quran. So highway robbery is a kind of punishment for that is actually crucifixion and

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severity of limbs from alternative sides if you look at across a very painful punishment for highway robbery, because not only are you taking loot, but you're threatening the lives of people and involves murder, looting, etc. So why would the prophet SAW so we're doing something like that. So how do we understand

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what's happening? And actually, we find that in authentic reports, here a dig a bit in the Sierra because in Syria, you don't find much. But now how do you find which are authentic? For example?

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How? Firstly, let's begin with how the prophet SAW some leave Mecca.

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What were they trying to do? They're trying to kill him.

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Okay, they were trying to kill him. So they didn't actually just fold their arms when the believers were escaped from Mecca, and how they were persecuting them and those who were leaving, they were actually punishing them and pursued and capturing someone bringing them back and persecuting them, kept them captive. took their wealth off them. Yeah, killed some all that's going on. Okay, so what has already been declared on the believers?

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That's the first part of it. And they didn't finish with it when it's all. Yeah, Mama's gone. Now I say so we can all relax. Now. You think that was the case? Do some fit, does it? They didn't do that in Abyssinia when only a few companies were what did they do? They tried to go and capture and bring them back.

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Now it wasn't like you know a few who've gone through the senior. The leader has gone with them, you know, and majority have gone. Not gonna just rest and say I saw it. We'll just ignore them. That wasn't the case. And they had individuals had pacts and agreements.

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Yeah, with people in Medina as well. Some with the Huth and others with other mushriks in Medina, as we'll see.

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Beyond that, we need to realize this is Qureshi talking about

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Grace has an O and a presence all around the Arabian Peninsula. Yes.

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And all tribes basically looked up to the Quraysh. Whether it was settled around Medina or elsewhere, because they used to come for the harem. Yeah, it's a sanctuary place of worship was the cause because of the Kaaba Quraysh held the position, that position and they had the position then, so now they weren't going to just leave it like that. If Medina has taken them in, it's mentioned in Buhari For example, here the Mojave The sooner the Hydra the Quraysh wrote a letter to the king to be in Medina Forza

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yes, even a saloon

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Abdullah obey

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obey in this saloon, who became known as the leader of the monastics Yeah, this is his background he was about to be crowned king they were saying and sorrow used to say to promise Aslam, you know, give him time jasola he was about to be crowned king before you arrived. He's from cartridge. Yeah. But he didn't involve himself in the Battle of Oz between us and he became he stayed neutral, stay neutral. And therefore he was looked up to in that regard, respect and that was all taken from him. So in a worldly sense that salary so he was looking at Worlds and so he was the one because his leadership he was about to become king. He's not he's not just job de la from the street. He's

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somebody who has great presence in that place for Medina. So the grace right to him as it mentioned in Buhari, you have given shelter to our to our man.

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We tell you, either you kill him,

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or hand him over to us, turn him out of Medina or else we swear by God, we will attack you and destroy you and seize your women and children.

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What's that? declaration of war.

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That's declaration, a declaration of war. It's like he said, He's not just Joe Bloggs. This is a leader who was seen as a leaf of grace, they still see him as leader because they don't want to accept the Bahamas law. So the leader that is rejected him and they, you know, a negative so they're telling him and at this stage in the first couple of years of London where he didn't embrace Islam

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I want to publish something

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To do Davos, a Muslim mentioned and he said, which is also mentioned in Sierra that the prophet SAW some use to come to talk to them. And at one time prophet SAW some came riding a donkey.

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I see the humility of

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riding a donkey and he came to a crowd of anzar. And Abdullah obey was sitting amongst them, and the donkey raised some dust.

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And he was really nasty with his comments doing this, you know, I don't come to us. If you want to know why do you keep coming to us to our annoyance, if we want to learn we'll come to you. So the others who are also from us or some believers, that they were annoyed with what they said, is the jasola ignore him, we asked come to us, come to us. So So this was his attitude, and was many times have continued for years even when he claimed to be a believer, which was after button actually.

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Open enmity, open hatred many times, and it promises from just us to forgive an overlook and forgive and overlook always. Now.

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Also what happened and mentioned by Buhari again in an authentic Evita, sodded Nemo of who was leader of the house, he had a friendship and a pact with omiya.

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Who was briefly

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who was misled

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used to be to Bella Maya, the nasty character one of the nasty leaders

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who may have no health and he was French friends with him after his Russia while he came to visit to do aamra excetera

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and his friendship was with omiya when he was with omiya at the harem, Abuja went by and Abu Jamal realized that he was unsalaried not Ansari and madonie is come from Medina.

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But Abu Jamal also knew that and he used to if you remember when we did Mexican period is respect

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a pact of

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of giving shelter yeah or friendship

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in the most basic times they would respect that even if they had enmity they would leave them alone because of that they would respect the fact of somebody like or maybe they have so I will Jarl said you people are given shelter and he threatened

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them are you given shelter saw bit saw a bit and this is remember crime as you saw between those who have changed their religion so used in a negative sense. Oh, he's changed his religion. He given shelter to him. If it wasn't for Romania, and you're packed with him you'd be dead. I'll kill and kill you. But we're gonna we're gonna stop you on the lines and we're gonna stop you coming here doing home run nevertheless, don't come here doing home run. So Masada and Mr. Nevertheless said to him if you stop us from doing Hajj and Umrah be where your caravans go right under our nose basmati.

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This is leadership again, this is the previous government people

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are being threatened as to what's going to happen and what's coming.

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It is also clear from what the prophet SAW some behavior was that that the threat to his life from the moshtix in Mecca and their allies, whether individuals or tribes around Medina hadn't finished. It is well documented that arrival in Medina prophesized them used to have sleepless nights. And the city mentioned to be authentic and if that was a case in one heavy if you mentioned the officer, sir, you still sleep at night and he called up one saying who is there anybody who will guard me? You know somebody who I can rely on trust on and started maybe walk us one of the early converts from Mecca grace came with full armor on and the professor was pleased he used to stand guard at

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nighttime for the prophesize some den rested. And in other reports in our hockey missions that Sahaba slept other Sahaba slept with the armor on because of this threat from the grace because they knew the war had been declared on them. That's why this was a situation. Yeah, they were in a state of war declared on them declared on them.

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And in one report, then the prophet SAW Some said to Saturday we walk past after some time I went last night I revealed that Allah said we will protect you and probably doesn't need to come and God me at nighttime Allah to protect me now. Anyway.

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Now, so that was a situation. Allah subhanaw taala in that situation of war being declared on Medina then revealed different IR compared to the IR of Khufu ada komaki masala, hold on your hands and establish Salah. So let's monitor the Allah said and this is also from Zahava as well like a bad boss, but the first are yet to be revealed in regards to allowing to fight back for the believers. Was all Xena lil Latina Yo, pata Luna

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be en de julio

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was in a Latina yo pata Luna Bella whom don't remove in the LA ha la nostra he la de This is ayah in Surah number 22 verse number 39. So that number 22 is Surah Hajj surah. Hajj is a mucky surah

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this ayah when I say it's been revealed now, is it a mucky it

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is mud. This is one of those situations when you have a murky area and surah has three or four I'd like this

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a few which have McKee in it which are madonie in a McKee Sora

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there are other examples as well.

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Of that, perhaps 1012 which authenticated only one example of which is the most authentic opinion.

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On the one example of a maddening ayah with

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Madani surah with McKee ayah in it, and that is Surah Al Hadid, from number 57 which is a madonie surah and the ayah, which is McKee in it which means it came comes early in Mecca. Yeah. And then when al Hadi the rest of it is revealed in Medina, the prophet SAW will have told us how about put this ayah in that solar, and that is alum yet Neely Lavina amanu and Tasha palooka whom Lyrica dilemma

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number 13. But anyway, you can check that out just to give you some idea, but you can have that but that's the only case or the other way around. So Allah revealed in Surah hatch

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as I said,

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holding a little Alina yo pata Luna Vietnam Lulu permission has been given.

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For those who have been fought.

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That's telling you who declared war first we is telling you isn't it? It's not saying permission has been given for you to fight in se permission has been given an inherent in the meaning is for you to fight back. alladhina pata Luna is saying in the passive sense those who have been fought now mission has been given to them meaning to fight back the unknown Lulu because they have been oppressed and wronged.

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Wrong has been done to them because they've been fought and war has been declared war in de la la noche de la de very Allah has power to help them and another Ayah which is linked with this is in Surah Baqarah verse 190

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or Allah subhana wa Taala says

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wakatipu feasability la he Latina yo potty Luna boom voila do in the LA holla you have bullmore 30 and fight fight those in the way of a lot those who are fighting you What Does that suggest again? Same as the other one they want they're fighting declared war is to fight back

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though in the way of a lot those who are fighting well ah Tata do nevertheless don't go beyond limits don't transgress Yeah. Surely Allah does not love those who are transgresses to Han Allah even control in that situation as well.

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And the is go on find into how find the love will Rahim. And if they stop fighting a couple of hours later, then surely Allah is off forgiving, Most Merciful. walk off the loom hasta la Hakuna fitna and it carries on with that. Anyway, that's enough for us with these two is to know that the situation in regards to warfare for the believers now

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So how did the prophet SAW some deal with this? And we now in the second year of hater on

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the prophet SAW Salem, you'll find there are mentioned of a deals with it three ways at different stages. One is making treaties, trying to make treaties with tribes around Medina and beyond. For what purpose?

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So there because then what's the

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before? Why is he making treaties because what have I said already about majority of Arabia in regard to the price, they're in their pockets.

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So when you make in treaties as Medina, you have to make a fresh treaty to change that, which is the original status. The original status is everybody's with the Quraysh.

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So if they've doing this to people in Medina, they are also working up other tribes to attack Medina now because they said we will come doesn't mean we will come ourselves will also stir up trouble for you, which is what they were doing already two years, they're already doing it. And the processor knew about it. Right. So part of part of this mission now was data gathering. So therefore, some of the Surya people were sent out fact finding mission scouting mission not to fight

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just to go and find out what's going on what the great shock to and what your tribe is up to. So that the threat is you know about it before I'm not wake up rubbing your eyes that we do nowadays. And we've already been bombed and destroyed. Promises some already in anticipation is doing fact finding. So part of some of these battalions, groups of Sahaba going out is to do a fact finding mission. Second, it is to make treaties with tribes around for example, in a sock mentioned, although these couple of Syria you can sell accessory is like a battalion or a party going out armed

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was adwa. And the other one, don't ashira these were in this early second year. And they made free tea with the likes of Bologna or Adama Avenue model, which they were adjacent tribes 20 odd miles away from the BIA

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because they realized there was some fat from them. So they made a treaty with them and they cooperate in that. So scouting mission making treaties to reduce the threat of Medina and the third was going to be economic sanction.

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Now, that's not looting, economic sanction in warfare. If as the people have declared war on you do it now you've cut off their economy don't you be stupid not to, because it by cutting the economy off, you weaken them, so they'll be less killing. So of course, that's going to be a priority.

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Hence, hence, some of the

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companies was sent out to monitor and see what was going on in regards to trade caravan. And also also, even though majority of time at this stage, there was no actual taking of the possessions of the kurush but there was a observance and a presence with the grace realize we can see horsemen following us observing so it gave them a feeling of threat

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that you're not going unnoticed. You're going right under our noses. But no offensive yet still from the Muslims though offensive. All the wars already been declared on them.

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So this is

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still in the second year.

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what we also have and the safety of the caravans, because the caravan routes for the grace of very famous grand talks about Lila Africa Quraysh in sort of rice. That's what he's talking about. Lila Africa, rice lF is like a tiller is like having

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an agreement or a coalition, the ILA Africa, the coalition's agreement, subsequent grades, which allowed them to have their record at ashita. He was safe, which allowed them to have their commercial journeys in winter.

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They went

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towards us,

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towards Yemen.

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And in the summer they went towards Sham sorcery, which is what the Quran is talking about. So they were a step well established

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commercial journeys. Yeah. And certainly the ones going towards Sham are under threat as a prophet SAW some marinas on the way in.

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in the second year in Roger,

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which is one of the sacred months, a Jheri curl and with the grace and and Allah still accepted it in and called it that the prophet SAW some sense somebody called Abdullah Ibn jash at the head of about a key or how to be one thing to mention here, that all these

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parties which are going out of Medina to do the reconnaissance mission and whether these economic sanctions are making treaties, putting their life under threat, because you're not going to be turned off and the people going to make a treaty with you may fight you and kill you.

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True. They're all going arms for that reason. They're all Mahajan.

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All Mahajan, it's very important to remember including this party sent on the leadership of delight. Even Josh Mahajan, of course, at mile Wylie Omaha.

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Remember the second pledge in Aqaba?

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Which was the pledge of war what would the answer agree

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to the promise awesome is their pledge is being kept as well he's not asking them to go out they never gave any pledge that they were going to go out and do all this. They said we'll protect you like our families and children meaning when Medina is under attack and you're under attack, not if you go out and put your self but the lion's den so they made no such hence you see all this in the second year all these are muhajirs going on probably saw some Sierra mentions but there's nothing clear authentic This mission is authentic about a letter that he gave of dilemma and Josh and told him to open it after two days, which tells him his mission whatever the truth reality is he was told

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to go to nakhla which is south of Mecca so it's a long journey from Medina. It was sent you a sentinel reconnaissance mission to find out what's going on what the critical race planning one

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because the declared war on Medina, that's why you're going out finding out recognizance, see what's going on, see what's going on with the economy in order to have warfare, what do you need any money. So if caravans are going here, and they're also trying to make lots of money to be able to take a strong army out if they're going to attack Medina.

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Very important to remember that. So Glen, and Josh goes there. We don't know the full details. So a lot of we surmise, but the reality is, for some reason, whatever the reasons, and there must have other reasons.

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There was a caravan that was on the outskirts of Mecca of leverage just to consultation with some of the Sahaba who are within muhajirs and instead of just observing, they decided to attack

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there is no detail as to why they attacked. Okay.

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So there must have been some reason but we haven't got the details either in a deep seated anywhere.

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And when they attacked, they killed somebody caught one person, which they call it a hub Ronnie, and they captured two others. They brought them back to Medina, with the booty, what they captured of the goods.

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So when they brought them back to Medina, the prophet SAW Salem was cross is that I told you, I didn't tell you to attack. I'm not going to accept the booty

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what you brought back.

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it was on this occasion

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that Allah subhanaw taala revealed

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in this ayah verse 217.

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And the last one revealed is iron

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yes aluna Anisha will haraam Ditalion fee cool photography Kabir

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was subdued nan sebelah he will cook from B he will muscle her army what a karate le he means to borrow in the law was to borrow money while I

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do come and beanie comb, and it's the Tao or manga 30 min comb and believe it or not,

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like a hobby pot maloom fit dunia will era like us have a nanny home fee her family don't.

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Unless Martha says they asked you about the the harem mums the sacred months. Because what happened when this happened, that the grace made a big noise around all the tribes around as far as they could get, oh, Mohammed has no respect for your tradition. He has no respect even for the sacred months. They attack in it. They take booty they doing killing and taking captures or trying to stir up more not giving the full story of course what they were doing.

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So Allah gives the story. Allah says they asked you about fighting in the holy month in the second month say fighting in it is a big thing. It's a big sin.

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So my father agreed with what they had as a six month of with Roger of under three years. But barring people from the way of Allah disbelieving in him and denying entry into the holy mosque, and expelling its inhabitants.

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From it are more awesome acts in the sight of Allah. And persecution is even more highnesses. cendant killing, killing in warfare. So let's not turn the tables. Now what you've done to them is much worse. And the reality is you've declared war and before you declared war, look at the stuff you've done. Yeah. So they will not see is Allah swatara carries on, and they will not see spiking against you till they turn you from your religion, if they can, who

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the Quran is, in other words, they're gonna carry on with their war against you. I'm not saying it in the Quran, to confirm what I said earlier of the declaration of war, so that whoever amongst you turns away from his religion dies in a state of coffer of disbelief, their work, their works will go to waste in this world and the next they are destined then for the fire, and it is there

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that they will abide. So this is a warning for those don't turn away from once you believe even at the threat of warfare and being killed, etc.

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This is the situation in regards to and this is all a build up to the Battle of Baba. This is the stuff that's taking place,

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hardly being caught. Many Alomar said afterwards and some even Sahaba and Fabien that they're already enraged. They've already declared war rice. Right? They weren't happy about being observed in their caravan. Now, in the sacred month, they get attacked, I want to keep people how can we was from one of the leading tribes is killed. I mean, and the prophet SAW some text to them and asked ransom for them for their freedom as well. So they're totally in rage.

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So some cyber sec, the perp the actual real trigger, despite war being declared by parade the trigger to make it even imminent. Was this feeling of hard for me? Yeah, well, they'd already decided that said they're really gonna go for it. Yeah. Those are opinions. Okay. Well, they were already planning that whether this was a trigger alarm, really, because it could certainly will contribute to it but doesn't mean to say they weren't planning already. Everything indicates that they were already planning actually,

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for this trigger only enrich the more we can say that yes.

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before because what will bother This is

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Roger. And again in Roger. Something takes place

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in the second year in the middle of Russia, but this was around the second of Russia in the middle of the month of Russia. There is the change of the Qibla.

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Jerusalem to go to Cabo for the kotlin Allah subhanho wa Taala

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And this comes in just number two in sort of Baccarat. Last one adalah first reveal our Villa Misha. cordon errata Kaluga was he kept his San

00:35:17 --> 00:35:20

Fernando Valley and nakaka burlap at

00:35:22 --> 00:35:28

the world leverage hacker shop all messy deal haraam hi sumac

00:35:29 --> 00:35:42

well Lou comb Shaco raw well in a Latina O'Toole keytab Allah Allahu Allah Hakuna walk be him. I'm Allahu B Warfield in

00:35:43 --> 00:35:46

mailloux. Allah Saba says,

00:35:51 --> 00:35:55

we have seen you Allah saw the same pattern erotica Luba

00:35:56 --> 00:36:02

Tal, Luba wahaca, we have seen you turn your face, repeatedly towards the sky, meaning the solar

00:36:04 --> 00:36:07

turning to Allah. So Allah knew why he was doing it.

00:36:09 --> 00:36:27

So now we are turning you to the direction that will satisfy you. Okay, blah, blah, blah said the promises that you use to look to Allah because we're missing makhani wanted. That was the wish of the Prophet, messenger of Allah to have the Kaaba as the Qibla.

00:36:28 --> 00:36:38

So Allah was mentioning that use the look of so now we are turning for one leverage hacker fell on the wall again Akaka blah, blah. Now we have turned

00:36:39 --> 00:36:48

you towards a Qibla that is pleasing to you. While he was aka Thomasville Haram, so turn your face towards in the direction of National Forum.

00:36:50 --> 00:36:58

And whenever you are waiting for my quantum for Waterloo chakra, then turn your faces in the Enix direction.

00:36:59 --> 00:37:17

Surely for those who are given the Scripture certainly know that this is a is the right and it is from their Lord. Allah is not heedless of what they do. Yeah. So this was the first part when the Qibla was a turn. And when it was turned.

00:37:22 --> 00:37:29

Our boss says your authentic belief It was 16 months later meaning indrajit this this is 16 months in the second year, middle of

00:37:31 --> 00:37:37

when it was done and it was changed compared to this to the Kaaba, which is authentic from it now burst. But

00:37:40 --> 00:37:41

until done

00:37:42 --> 00:38:27

alkota be the great Maliki scholar. I mentioned him before his muhaddith as well a great Maliki scholar. His opinion was, although Abraham disagrees with him, but his opinion was that it was first Kaaba. When the promises some came to Medina, it became because the Jews were there he's trying to argue it became Michael mcnellis. And then after a couple of years, it went back to the Kaaba. We have no evidence for that which is authentic. The clearest and best evidence is in the Ibis is evidence which is given an authentic statement Hadith, that it was changed from Michael mock this. Yeah, to the Kaaba. But the prophet SAW someone used to pray the Harlem How did you use to pray

00:38:27 --> 00:38:28

Where was the cobbler

00:38:29 --> 00:38:32

when he turned in the direction of bike lock this

00:38:35 --> 00:38:39

behind him, the sight of him in front of him in front

00:38:42 --> 00:38:44

of the carbon front in the direction of

00:38:45 --> 00:38:46

which is interesting.

00:38:50 --> 00:38:51

That's documented.

00:38:54 --> 00:38:57

And now I'm in the habit of disagreeing.

00:38:58 --> 00:38:59

I just came

00:39:00 --> 00:39:28

nearly a couple of 100 years after he said, No, this is not right. This is abrogation twice versus abrogated. No, I have no evidence of scholarly and so the first Salah that was the prophet SAW some prayed. While he wasn't in the Navy. He was amongst the tribe in Medina amongst A Tribe Called been selama. Yeah, he prayed sloppily. Vaughn was the first prayer he prayed when this revelation

00:39:30 --> 00:39:35

when this revelation, and he changed the direction of the Qibla to

00:39:36 --> 00:39:37


00:39:39 --> 00:40:00

the first Salah he prayed in matches the number we were sloppy, with the return by then, in the direction of the Kaaba. The first salad to be prayed in must be a full bar on the outskirts. Yeah, on the outskirts southern outskirts of Medina where the profits are some first around

00:40:00 --> 00:40:02

Remember yeah was with Salah

00:40:04 --> 00:40:06

selaku further the next day

00:40:08 --> 00:40:13

so because they because the news reached the future they did know

00:40:15 --> 00:40:27

somebody has to be sent and said yeah we've got revelation now the right time to reach Baba mcgarrybowen Asia had gone so they were still praying those prayers in the direction of vital knock this

00:40:28 --> 00:40:36

and grand promises and never criticize that oh why did you do that? You only do when you get the information you can't do it before that Canyon

00:40:39 --> 00:40:44

and then of course there was a first the first is made by

00:40:45 --> 00:40:55

the Jews and the one affix the mushriks and the one affix moshtix I'm gonna fix what is all this and of course Jews are angry

00:40:56 --> 00:41:06

because they had some you know respect because he was praying towards by to knock this which they're aware anyway but now he's being changed from there being a little worse all this going on? Yeah.

00:41:07 --> 00:41:09

And this

00:41:13 --> 00:41:28

objecting from the mistakes the Jews etc. Why Allah Allah said now in earlier at the beginning of Jews number to say akula sofa ha Amina nassima, one woman Kamala Kamala, try

00:41:29 --> 00:41:39

the foolish people. Yeah, the fullest people, they're saying, what has made them turn away from the direction they were formerly praying in?

00:41:40 --> 00:42:03

Holy Land? mushrik mashery kuwayama grim yardi manga sha Allah serapion musta came say to Allah belongs Eastern West, he guides whomever He wills to the straight path is from Allah, I'm just making up themselves. That's what the answer came Allah is giving workaholic a job nakoma Tom was satin was utterly Taku show darlin that we are coonara sudo alaikum shahida

00:42:04 --> 00:42:21

and the famous iron dust we have made you a nation of the balanced nation of the middle way so that you can the CO show $1 so you can be witnesses upon humanity, witnesses to the truth on humanity.

00:42:23 --> 00:42:31

And the messenger can be a witness upon you. Well imagine no Qibla Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah. And

00:42:33 --> 00:42:38

Allah ma Mufasa says, and we did not make the change from the Qibla you were on.

00:42:40 --> 00:43:07

Although the Quran was mentioned the word change, but it's implied me, some of us who say that's what it's saying, as some Sahaba said that the Quran Allah saying that we we only made the change of the Qibla that you were on from what you were on to know. Those of those who would follow the messenger. Yeah, separate them from those who would turn away on that. So it was a test.

00:43:08 --> 00:43:24

If you believe that this is a measure of a law, he's getting what he Yeah, and he says, Now we're gonna change the direction was a test to see if you really is the Messenger of Allah, isn't it? As soon as you say, oh, was he up to it means you don't really think he's a messenger of Allah, he's not getting what

00:43:26 --> 00:43:31

you see. So Allah saying that's what you've been tested for, to see if you really believe

00:43:32 --> 00:44:02

it's not the direction that matters. But it's who saying it and he's claiming that Allah told him if you believe is a measure of Allah, you turn straight away, as they did, inside sought to further Kabbalah when the man came calling. The table has been changed during slacko budget they change. Yeah, la semana Ana, we hate them we obey. And this is the amazing thing about the Sahaba compared to previous nations, they were amazing. So Pamela so Pamela

00:44:07 --> 00:44:11

wine can add like a bead on Isla De La Nina has a lot.

00:44:12 --> 00:44:19

It's a big thing. Except for those who are law guys. We're American Allahu udrp manickam

00:44:20 --> 00:44:33

and surely Allah will never put to waste your Eman here Sahaba Mufasa rune said Allah is not talking about a man here the meaning of a man here is your Salah.

00:44:36 --> 00:44:51

If you read the sea This is what you'll find here a man doesn't mean fair here Sahaba I'm a fisherman said because some of the trouble causes from an African Muslim saying what about all your previous bread they've gone to waste and we're praying the wrong direction all this time.

00:44:53 --> 00:44:59

So Allah responded here, saying your prayers previously, Were you following an order from a loving message anyway

00:45:00 --> 00:45:16

So Allah will not put them to waste one Mark can allow julio de Monaco in the lobby natural around for Rahim surely Allah is off forgiving most merciful off Gentle, gentle and merciful with human being

00:45:17 --> 00:45:37

and also it will came similarly in in response to those who are making a big deal about changing direction I will bet instead of Baccarat verse 7177 lays out better and two world would you happen cable mushrik evil Mabry well I am and I'd be liable. You

00:45:38 --> 00:45:41

got time to go through it. It is not righteousness.

00:45:43 --> 00:46:24

Meaning it is not just righteousness. It's not to do with direction. Whether you turn your faces to the east or the west. Yeah, in other words, you're facing east now you're facing west. Don't say that all these people are misguided now and they're bad people. And before they were in the east or vice versa. It's not their direction. But real piety is believing in Allah, isn't it? Because we're believing in Allah believing in the messenger? Well, I cannot believe I'm an amateur I've been lying well, Yeoman earthen one Malaika he will kitabi Yeah, one gene, what are salmela Allah hoopy double corba real piety is actually being convinced with conviction believing in afra in the angels, the

00:46:24 --> 00:46:28

books and the prophets after believing in Allah. Yeah.

00:46:30 --> 00:46:44

And one those who give out a love of a like cetera, et cetera, the ayah goes on mentioning what piety and righteousness really really is about. So don't get hung up on all this order change direction from this way and that way these people have trust their opinion.

00:46:46 --> 00:46:50

Okay, so that's change of Qibla and

00:46:55 --> 00:46:55


00:47:00 --> 00:47:01

we've come back to

00:47:07 --> 00:47:15

haven't got time, much to cover much of it today but we'll have to cover it in the next lesson. I hope to cover all of it in sha Allah.

00:47:22 --> 00:47:23

The prophet SAW Selim

00:47:25 --> 00:47:27

I had heard in Medina

00:47:30 --> 00:47:38

that I also feel was leading a big caravan trade caravan coming from Syria going to back to Makkah

00:47:39 --> 00:47:41

with 30 or 40

00:47:42 --> 00:47:46

protectors for the car so it's a big victory caravan

00:47:47 --> 00:48:11

that when you're doing economic sanctions, you know that's happening going right past you. Then of course, the idea isn't like the orientalist port and some understood that promises are going out looting etc for no reason, you know, innocent Abu sufian going by, yeah, for civilians. And here comes a messenger of Allah looting etc, you know, coming out to loot him? Yeah.

00:48:12 --> 00:48:40

It's an unfair and completely improper picture, isn't it? To give that and so when you understand the content of describe, you can see why the professor would be interested in regards the caravan what to do, because he's got information coming from the scouts, he sent out that this is what's happening, he's going with this caravan, and this economic help is going to strengthen them to come out on against us even stronger, we have to do something about it. Okay.

00:48:42 --> 00:48:48

Now, this is the bank now, here amongst some as to

00:48:49 --> 00:49:01

did the prophet SAW some come out for the caravan only from Medina, and then later ended up facing the Muslim army from Mecca.

00:49:02 --> 00:49:04

Right. So

00:49:05 --> 00:49:09

majority majority give you that view, when you study see them.

00:49:11 --> 00:49:29

Why is there a debate and we'll look at the debate why but I like the analysis done on this in silicon debris by shibley. Not man, the famous Indian scholar and Mahadevan there was a great scholar, and he seems to be is also amazing.

00:49:31 --> 00:49:43

And he tries to put most authentic parts of it together. He's analysis on this, partly his analysis because he also is thwarting the idea of the

00:49:45 --> 00:49:59

the orientalist because he's trying to get away from the idea that it probably says I'm going to plunder a caravan. So in defiance of that, yeah, he argues with lots of evidences which are mentioned some of the from Quran as well.

00:50:00 --> 00:50:20

which indicate that the prophet SAW Salem actually was set out either for the caravan and also was aware that the Quran by then by the time we set up the Kurdish army was also they will have found that with these caravans coming and scalps and what Mohammed Hassan is going to do

00:50:22 --> 00:50:36

so he argues that the Messenger of Allah actually set up from Medina knowing both that there's a possibility they'll catch up when the caravan before there and the meeting the Quraysh army coming to attack them

00:50:37 --> 00:50:51

that that's how he puts and I think that probably the best view, probably the best view but the other view is, which is actually a majority view. If you read majority of sera books now he's coming out for the Abu Sofia's caravan.

00:50:53 --> 00:50:58

And I was found caravan manages to evade him

00:50:59 --> 00:51:17

manage they managed to evade in whichever view you take. Robo soufiane finds out bottom zone and is clever and he changes his route and goes by the coastal route. So it bypasses Marina completely. Yes, we escaped. But by then when the book is on, find out they also know the courage arm is now coming.

00:51:19 --> 00:51:26

Yeah, so those of that you say man he takes consultation about fighting the courage

00:51:29 --> 00:51:49

to be no man. He says no, he does a consultation before it sets off from Medina. I'm inclined to agree with him because notice in all the previous expeditions that I've sent out for the two years, what did I say only Maha jurien came out? Right. But in this case, right from the outset.

00:51:50 --> 00:51:57

Right from the outset, the 100 plus mostly unsolved 100 Mohajer rain come out

00:51:58 --> 00:51:59

the difference?

00:52:00 --> 00:52:20

The difference? Now the answer won't come out because they weren't coming out before and then you do a consultation will you find now it is likely the consultation is done being done in Medina for them to come out in the first place, doesn't it? That fits with logic and also what's happened historically and with the pledge of Aqaba.

00:52:22 --> 00:52:38

So this analysis This is one of the analysis simply normani that the answer never came out on the previous explanation that came out on this one. And the prophet SAW some consultation about fighting the Quran is

00:52:40 --> 00:52:52

therefore when he took consultation will have been in Medina and when he took it although there was a possibility of the caravan that's still there. That's still there because we're all mentioned the possibility of either

00:52:53 --> 00:53:02

and we'll come to the verses next time we haven't got time this time possibility of either so the probably saw some text mushara when he checks Shura

00:53:04 --> 00:53:20

first abubaker stanza This is authentic at least mentioning and stays good supportive things that we really mean in the Quran mentions that there was some were fearful that they're going to be facing the crisis army is facing death

00:53:21 --> 00:53:26

Graham wouldn't mention that if they were just coming up to to get a caramel okay

00:53:28 --> 00:53:52

so Becca says positive and then the prophet SAW some in one report why I said focus on just so expected that anyway, so almost stands up same similar things. Probably someone just takes it because then they're realizing where he's heading. These are all muhajirs anyway, record and then record that stanza metadata muhajir again, yeah, one of the leading and the first the converse, McNab says jarocin love

00:53:55 --> 00:54:21

you know, we believed in you We know you're the Messenger of Allah. We've come to this one as we come to Islam, do as you wish we are with you. Your sola we will not say like the bunnies right you said to Musa alayhis salaam is have Antara buka patola in non hoonah for a dune as the Quran mentions you and your Lord Go on, go ahead and fight yet both of you will just sit here waiting.

00:54:22 --> 00:54:39

McNasty we won't say like the bunnies, but we will say yeah is have Antara boca de la in La comarca portaloo McCarthy loan God you and your Lord and fight surely we will. We will fight with you.

00:54:40 --> 00:54:43

You're so lucky. If you

00:54:44 --> 00:55:00

take us to some far off land or if you ask us to plug ourselves into the sea we'll be ready to do whatever you want us to do. The publicize was this valor and this encouragement promised to us and was pleased with it. Then he's still coming.

00:55:00 --> 00:55:18

I'm saying give me give me a consultation or people so then they realize as our reporting afterwards unserialize he's talking about them that's what he's waiting for. And we know why. Yeah, because they're going out to fight outside Medina.

00:55:19 --> 00:55:23

So now Southern them bovada

00:55:26 --> 00:55:30

I have to stop here because the debate about who actually stands up and speak.

00:55:31 --> 00:55:34

In many of the Sera, books I finally says sad, sad.

00:55:35 --> 00:56:10

Sad. Nima is the leader of the house. Southern Nevada is a leader of Southern Nevada was at battle. Southern Nevada was not better for whatever reason, he didn't make it. But inside Muslim when I looked at her data and checked it as well, even though it's over the syllables are reported. It is saddam Obama who actually speaks not solid. It's a Muslim and the Arabic You can see it there as well. And that's significant. So because if it's sad, that level Berber, he didn't leave Medina

00:56:11 --> 00:56:17

so the consultation must have been in Medina, not later on outside Medina. That's a good evidence

00:56:18 --> 00:56:23

to show that as well. The rest of it inshallah we have to finish that will carry on with

00:56:25 --> 00:56:29

me, to help us guide us And forgive us. We'll do that one on the handling layer below.

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