Channel: Mufti Menk
Series: Mufti Menk - Ramadan 2014
Day 02 – Getting To Know The Companions Of Muhammad SAW (peace be upon him). Mufti Menk continued discussing Abu Bakr (RA) Part 2 and went on to Umar RA Part 1 Delivered at Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Musjid today – 29 June 2014, 2 Ramadaan 1435.
salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa Sallim wa barik ala
nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa bien. Woman Terbium, BSN in Elijah Medina we're back. My brothers and sisters yesterday we spoke about the best person to tread this earth after the prophets of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the name is Abu Bakar, acidic rhodiola one, we had not completed some of what we intended to make mention of so inshallah we will start this evening by completing that and I think we owe him that him being the best of those who treaded this earth after the prophets of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So as we had made mentioned, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had intended to migrate from Mecca to Medina, his companion was actually abubaker Casa de La Hoya
and his companion was Abu Bakr Siddiq.
And this was something that was chosen by Allah subhanho wa Taala. It was really a gift of Allah subhanho wa Taala for Abu Bakr Casa de la one. Remember we said when he accepted Islam, his net worth was 40,000 silver coins, we need to understand the day he made the migration with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was only worth 5000 silver coins. So from 40,000, silver coins all the way down to 5000 in a short space of time. And one of the main reasons was he spent this money, he spent this money freeing the slaves that were reverted to Islam, or that had converted to Islam, who were being persecuted by the non Muslims, so he would purchase them, and at the same time, he
would then free them. And this is where the bulk of his money went, Now, last peace be upon him. Then we have the same men who became the father in law of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam he became the father in law of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam by the marriage of his daughter in Sharia law, to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam so not only was he the companion, the first to accept the call of Islam from amongst the men, but he was also the father in law of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam even though he was two years younger than Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam there was an incident in the life of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam wherein him and
they were talking in the house in Madina, munawwara and I shall be speaking quite loudly, it seemed like they were quarreling and Abubakar Casa de la who happened to be passing the home. So he enters the house after seeking permission, and he immediately began to admonish his daughter, how dare you speak like this to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, how dare you raise your voice in this quarreling sort of attitude. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came between the two of them, and he defended his wife, and he said, Do not speak to her in this way. And Ababa Casa de Allahu Allah looked at the two of them and went away, obviously, he was asked in a nice way, without
making mention of those words, you know, to leave, basically, he left. And a little while later he passed the house once again, and he heard her laughing in happiness. So he knocked again on the door and he asked for permission to go back in Abu Bakr Casa de la when he was given permission. And he said the famous statement he said, allow me to participate in your joy yes moment, just like I was made to participate in the moment of quarrelling a few moments back. Amazing. And from this, we learned something interesting that the fathers of those who gave their daughters in marriage to others actually trained their own daughters as to how to speak to their own husbands today. The
difficulty is neither does the husband know how to speak to his wife, nor does the wife know how to speak to the husband. And at the same time, if the parents get involved, they do not look at who is right or wrong. They just look at who is related to them. May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us from those who are better than what we actually are.
Then another incident during the life of Abu Bakr Siddiq of the Allahu anhu, which is worth making mention of is the fact that he forgave a lot. He learned to forgive people, and he was instructed by Allah subhanho wa Taala upon the most difficult moment to forgive and embrace. Let's take a look at what happened. It was the incident where his daughter Ayesha mintus
she was accused of being the wife of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam of adultery by the hypocrites of Medina. Now the villa May Allah says God all of us not only from being accused
But even from accusing others, and what happened is Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was quite hurt. But Abu Bakr
was even more hurt because he's his own daughter. And he had given her to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam in marriage, and he knew that she was clean of this particular accusation. But one of his relatives, a poor man, whom he used to spend a lot of money on, happened to spread the tail. He did not invent the tail. All he did was spread the rumor going around telling people did you hear the latest? Did you hear what happened? And he would say the tale, that this is what happened that was so harmful for him, that Allah subhanho wa Taala has made mention of it in the Quran, that those who spread the tail will also receive a portion of the punishment and the Wrath of Allah subhanho wa
Taala. However, Abu Bakr Siddiq of Allah who became so upset that he swore an oath, what was the oath? He said, what law he I will never spend on this relative of mine again, I'm giving him money. I'm looking after him. And on top of that, this is what he gives me in return. So
verses were revealed by Allah subhanho wa Taala. And these verses are revved up to this day in suva. Regarding Abu Bakr Siddiq
and he the oath that he made against Mr. Tata
Versace to Obi Wan Masaki now, God
Allah to him Boo.
Boo Rami. Allah is praising Abubakar Casa de for the Allahu anhu On one hand, by calling him fatherly was Sadie from amongst those who are virtuous and those who have been granted sustenance by Allah. Allah says those who are virtuous from amongst you should not swear an oath not to spend on those who are relatives and those who have made hijra and those who are poor, for indeed they should forgive and embrace for the sake of Allah. Don't you want to be forgiven by Allah? Indeed, Allah is most forgiving, Most Merciful. The lesson we learned from this, Abubakar Ravi Allahu anhu immediately said, I will compensate the old that I made, and I will definitely start spending on
this man again. He did not doubt he did not flinch. He did not blink. Immediately. He said no problem. The man has hurt me. He hurt my family. The man has spread rumor about my family members in the way that it harmed me. But because Allah has instructed me that if I want forgiveness, I must learn to forgive others. I have forgiven him completely, and I will continue to spend on him. This was the men THE BEST OF THOSE WHO treaded this earth after the messengers of Allah subhanho wa Taala Abu Bakr Siddiq of the Ummah, Juan, may we all learn a lesson my brothers and sisters, when we do not forgive those who have wronged us, and really they have wronged us, sometimes we know that they
are the ones who are wrong. Sometimes holding it in us is actually a burden that affects us much more than it affects them sometimes to release it would actually mean Allah would look at us with the eye of mercy and he would forgive us too. So let's learn from Abu Bakr Casa de for the long run. This was something amazing. Another very, very interesting story was that during just prior to the Battle of Kabuki when the Muslim men were gathered, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was collecting wealth in order to prepare the army to go to the book, and the man of near founder of the Allahu anhu had spent the most in this particular battle in terms of quantity. So quantity wise,
nobody could compete with men, even the offender of their loved one. But if you look at percentage wise, Omar
who came in with wealth, and he was so happy that day because there was competition in goodness, you know, Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us that if you want to compete with one another, you compete with one another in doing good deeds, not in materialistic items. So this was to spend in the cause of Allah. Omar Allahu anhu said today I am going to beat abubaker which means I will be spending more than him this day. So when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked Omar Abu Dhabi Allahu anhu, what did you spend? What have you left for your family members? He said, Oh messenger, I have left half of my wealth for them. And he was happy because he made a dua to Allah Allah accepted from
me. And in his heart. He said today I will have spent more than abubaker because I have spent 50% of all my wealth and later comes along above
Baccarat Sadiq Abdullah habaneros Man of the Allah and he comes along and he says, Here is what I have to donate for this particular Battle of messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asks him aboubaker What have you left for your family? And he says, Oh messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
I have left Allah and His Messenger Subhana Allah, which means this is 100% of my wealth. I've put it in front here. 100% what we are going to have for the next meal, Allah will provide no problem. So Pamela, look at the conviction the man had, this was the best of those to tread the earth after the prophets of Allah subhanho wa Taala. One narration says that Abu Bakr Casa de for the Allahu anhu will be the first to enter Jannah from amongst the men of my ummah. May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us entry into gender at least we know he will be the first to enter Paradise from the oma of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, according to a narration reported by Abu Dawood May Allah
subhanho wa Taala really be pleased on all of us.
That is Abu Bakr Siddiq of Allah one. Then when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam fell ill, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. When he fell ill a lady had come to him asking him something. And he asks the woman to come back to him the following year. So she asks him What if I don't find you next year? immediately. He said, If you don't find me, you will come to Abu Bakr, Siddiq, robiola, and this was a very clear cut evidence that he was to be the leader and the halifa he was the first halifa the first successor of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, no debate about it inshallah, we will get to that in a few moments. May Allah subhanahu wa taala grant us goodness,
also when Mohammed salallahu alayhi wa sallam was so ill, that he did not come out for Salah during the end of his life. They came to him they met the companions and they told him or messenger peace be upon him. They said, Are you coming out for Salah? He said, Ask Abu Bakr to lead the congregation. A little while later they came back to look for him or messenger you coming out for Salah. He said ask Abu Bakr to lead the congregation a third time he said ask Abu Bakar to lead the congregation. And that is when this man Ababa Casa de for the Allahu anhu led the congregation. Now you and I know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us that the leader of the
congregation should be the one who has the most knowledge of the Quran, the one who has the greatest of knowledge of the Quran, in terms of its meanings, its translation, as well as its recitation and so on. And here was Abu Bakar Casa de for the Allahu anhu being appointed in the life of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as an Imam, the only man who was appointed in that particular way to lead this forum Salah May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us the ability to understand the rank of Abu Bakr as Siddiq, or as we said, his name is Abdullah Hubner, man.
Then when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had passed away, and he was buried in the house that he had passed away in, and that was the house of the daughter of, or the room of the daughter of Abu Bakr.
Omar Musa, who had passionate love for Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam got up and uttered the famous statement that if anyone says that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam has died, I will execute him. I don't want to hear that word. He hasn't passed away. This was the love that he had for Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the only man who could educate them once again, was Abu Bakr Siddiq or the Allahu Allah calm and Clements What did he say? He rose above and he says a yohannes Oh people let me remind you men can Abu Mohammed and for him no Mohammed and Padma alayhi wa sallam. Whoever was worshipping Mohammed May peace be upon him. He has indeed passed on. And
whoever was worshipping Allah, Allah is Ever living everlasting woman can i a Buddha law for in Allah
and then Ababa Casa de for the Allahu anhu read the verses that were revealed.
1802, mala Bobby come
back at these verses reminding the muslimeen that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is indeed none but a messenger of Allah subhanho wa Taala
the most noble of creation, a messenger of Allah subhanho wa Taala
And the verses continue to say, if he were to pass on or if he were to be killed, then would you turn on your backs, whoever turns on their backs would definitely not harm Allah subhanho wa Taala in any way. And this is when the companions who are all crying at the time, they say that it is as though we heard this verse for the first time, we were so fortunate to be reminded of it by Abu Bakr, Siddiq or their loved one
when it came to the pledging of allegiance at suceava to benissa, which is a place just outside the mosquito number we in Madina munawwara up to this day, it is actually there if you'd like to see it, they would show you where exactly the place was. This is where some of the ansara had gathered in order to appoint a successor to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But what happened is, they were trying to appoint Sadiq murabaha
as their leader.
And we'll arrange for the muslimeen from Croatia Maha Jean had come to hear of this, they made haste to certify to benissa and they began to explain to the unsolved that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has explained to us quite clearly that the philosopher should be within Quraysh that this succession should actually be within Quraysh. And Abu Bakr Siddiq is the one who had the explanation of nodes. And he is the one who convinced them that you know what the succession should actually be amongst the people of Quraysh. Here is Omar, here are the others. Let us appoint one of them. And at that juncture, Omar Abu Dhabi, Allahu anhu, was the man. He was the man who actually said no, it is
Abu Bakar, whom we pledge our allegiance to, is he not the one whom the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had actually put forth in the congregational prayer to be led by him, once the messenger was actually ill? Is he not the one who the messenger had mentioned his virtue and so on, and so much of the virtue was made mention of and this is when the Pledge of Allegiance was for Abu Bakr rasa D Formula One, the first the first of the successes of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, at that time, Ababa Casa de
he was not only a halifa as a successor, but he also used to judge in the disputes of the people, this was the men and he used to seek the help of the Allahu anhu a lot. So he was also known as the judge from amongst the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu. That was Ababa Casa de la one, when it came to his own sickness, Abu Bakr Siddiq. In his life, he has achieved a lot. In fact, the entire Arabian peninsula, more or less the entire Arabian peninsula, fell under his leadership. And under his authority during his life in the two years that he had led. When he fell ill, he called the companions and he started asking them, who do you think should be a successor after me? And they
gave their opinions and then they said, Look, we trust your opinion, you are the one who should decide. And he began asking more questions and so on, until he got hold of me affirmed and told him I want you to write the following down, write down that myself being abubaker Casa de la one, who is the halifa of the Muslim mean, after Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I appoint upon my demise, Omar
as the leader of the Muslims,
and the people should follow oma after I depart. This was an instruction written by men of me affirmed but instructed by Abu Bakr
at the end of his life, and he was ill for a short period of time, and then he passed away. May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless him, he was buried next to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He also died at the age of 63. He was two years younger than Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam passed away at the age of 63. And two years later, Abu Bakr Siddiq Allahu anhu passed away at the age of 63. Let us quickly make mention of his family members. He had six children Ababa Casa de la who from four wives. His first wife was patella, Binti Abdullah Rosa, who bought for him Abdullah Abu Bakr and asthma Binti Abu Bakar Allahumma. Thereafter he married a man
who was the mother of eyeshadow, the Allahu Allah, and Abdul Rahman abacha
and after that a smart Binti remains who bought for him Mohammed Abu Bakar. Imagine he named one of his own children Mohammed and this was known as Mohammed Abu Abu Bakr Siddiq.
And if you look at a smile on your face Oh
Emma, she was such a blessing woman, she was married to Jaffa.
But when he was martyred in the battle, Abu Bakr Siddiq Allahu anhu married her. And after Abu Bakr Siddiq passed away, he
married the same woman, a smart thing to me is a blessing. So happy companion of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then Ababa Casa de Allahu anhu had also married Habiba Binti harijan. Some of them named her Malaika being Tarija. But the most common name is have you ever been to Florida? I'm sorry. Yeah, she was from amongst the people of Madina. munawwara she bought for him muku These were the family members of Ababa Casa de Allahu anhu. So he was the best to tread the earth after the prophets. He was the first to accept Islam from amongst the men. He was the first person to be persecuted after Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam regarding Islam. He was the first person to
stand up in defense of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. He was the first person to invite others to Islam. He was the first person to get up and announce Islam openly. He was the first person who spent his wealth in order to serve Islam by freeing those who are being persecuted. He was also the most he was the most brave from amongst the companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. There is an instance in one one of the battles when Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Sahaba had said who will stand in defense of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and before anyone could actually get there, a boba Casa de la Who was there? And he said, who did come close to Muhammad
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when I am standing here, now Allah subhanho wa Taala Crota some bravery at least, he was the most loved man by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam because
the Allahu anhu once asked Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who is most loved to you from all the people. He said.
That was a woman that was his wife that was the daughter of abubaker. So
he decided to continue with the question. Who next? Who do you love after her? He said, a boo Ha. Her father. That is Abu Bakr Siddiq. That means from amongst the men, the most loved by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was Abdullah he blew his man or Abdullah Abdullah Abu hanifa, also known as Abu Bakr, Siddiq of Allah And may Allah subhanho wa Taala. Grant us His love, and May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us from amongst those who love Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam truly, he was also a person whose conviction was so powerful, the most powerful from amongst the companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Anytime revelation came, he was the first to surrender. He was
the first to surrender to it. And he knew if this is the revelation, there is no speech that I have thereafter. This is what it is. May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us people who can surrender to the truth as well. Then we have a person who was
the first to gather the Koran together, gathering the Quran together means when the Quran was revealed, it was revealed in the hearts the heart of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he recited it to the people and they memorized it. The technology at the time was not little chopsticks that we have today. It was not little CDs and nano sticks that we have today. No, it was not even the computer. The typewriter? No, it was not even books. People were Unlimited, mostly. But it was memory. People would actually memorize absolutely everything and they would know it even more accurately than we would have we written books because in our books, we have mistakes, we have
errors, but with them they knew completely and accurately exactly what was said that was the in thing at the time. So they had memorized it between them and they used to teach each other and they used to sit with each other. But one of the battles that took place all the battles that took place at the time of the beginning of Abu Bakr, Siddiq, viola and his tenure, what we find is some of those who had memorized the Quran were martyred. So Ababa Casa de la who decided to appoint zedi metabotropic Allah and, and told him Jose, I would like you to gather this forearm from the hearts of the people and from the various other parchments and leather skins and wooden pieces and various
other places that they have all put it and we'd like to start gathering it so he was the first to start the gathering of the Quran. May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us from those who can read from the fruits of what these people have done. today. We have it so easily in book form in front of us, but we are still lazy to read it my brothers and sisters.
Let us try and complete the recitation of the Quran in this month of August.
And look into the entire meaning of the Holy Quran during this beautiful month now Allah make it easy for us and May he accept it from us. Then we have Ababa Casa de la.
There was one of the major incidents that for me is one of the most touching moments that I have read regarding Abu Bakr Siddiq, Allah one. It is a narration of Abu hurayrah Allahu anhu, wherein he says once the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was asking some questions, and you know the questions he was asking, related to goodness that was done on that day. So he asked the companions who from amongst you is fasting today, and it was an ordinary day. So from amongst those who answered above across the law and who said I am fasting.
Then he said who from amongst who has assisted in the burial of a Muslim today?
from amongst them, Abubakar Casa de la who said, I did so on messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam same day, who from amongst you has fed a poor person, charitable deep today, Abu Bakr Casa de la who said, I have done who from amongst you has visited a sick person today, Ababa Casa de la who said, I have done Subhana Allah. So he was the only one who had gathered absolutely everything that was asked on that particular day, Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Whosoever has done all of these things today shall enter Paradise. So Panama, what a man and this is why he was known as from amongst the ashar. The ashara means there were 10 people who were told in person you are from
Paradise. So the names inshallah we will go through them over the next few days. But Abu Bakr Siddiq are the one who was always at the top of the list, always go and see the list anywhere you want. The first name is Abu Bakr Siddiq of Allah and he was told on more than one occasion, that for you is paradise that did not make him arrogant, it did not make him a person who just started doing what he wanted. He was still worried and concerned. May Allah subhanahu Allah bless him and bless every single one of us.
Now, we want to start off this evening with the life of the next greatest to take the earth after Abu Bakr Siddiq
and he was none other than Omar.
I want to make mention of a very few points, very few points. inshallah, before we close for today, so that tomorrow, we can look forward to the life of this great warrior. He was a man who has failed, he was 13 years younger than Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Remember this. So when Prophethood was granted to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Omar was only 27 years old, he was young, he was feared, he was known as the ambassador of Quraysh. He was sent to other places to give the message of Quraysh across to other regions and other parts of the peninsula. And whenever there were difficulties and problems and the position of Polish had to be explained. They said to Omar, he
was a strong man powerful, he was well spoken and very, very feared. And he was a as a young man, he had a very, very,
a very, in fact, a life that was full of what I would turn today. The Fast Lane, you know, today if you say someone is on the fast lane, what does that mean? I had to pause for a moment because out of respect of Omar Allahu anhu, we don't want to use low terms, but out of explaining to you that he was involved in a lot of what today's misguided you would actually be involved in, we would not be wrong to say that because he says it himself. He says that he was a womanizer. And he was an alcoholic of note. He used to drink so much. And he used to worship the idols just like everybody else did. So much so that he made his own idols and he worship them. That was the man. But the
reason why I'm making mention of this is to show you and I, my brothers and sisters, that if Allah wills goodness, and if you have goodness in your heart, no matter what you've done in the past, and no matter what Mark you might be in right now, there is always hope for you. This man was further away from the teachings of Islam. Something struck and immediately he turned to Islam. We will come to the exact details of what happened. This man hated Islam and the Muslims. When he heard of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he had so much hatred that everyone who Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke to he would quietly go afterwards and tell them watch out. You better not
listen to this man. You watch out. He had a slave girl whom he used to harm from morning to evening, solely because she accepted the message of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This was the man the womanizer. The one who was an alcoholic, known as
Where did the change come? How did it come? And why did it come in
Allah we will speak about that tomorrow. He's one of our heroes May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us the following of the Allahu anhu in his days of Islam, and May Allah unite us with him and with the others in paradise for sallallahu wasallam Oh Baraka Allah and Amina Mohammed Subhana, Allah Subhana Allah,
Allah, Allah, Allah and the stones