Tafsir al-Baqarah #26 – Surrounded by Sin
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
File Size: 38.21MB
Smilla Rahmanir Rahim hamdulillah Robben Island, Sana F long Salah to automatise Lima Hadassah Eugene, our Imam, you know have you been a bit cautious in Mohammed Abdullah? While he was here with Tabea Ian woman tambahan BSN Elomi Deen Subhana Allah Subhanallah and Milena Elana alum Tana And Nicola Intel Alima Hakeem rubbish Ronnie surgery well yes silly Emery. What Hello that Emily Sani fo holy I praise Allah Almighty and I send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his noble family, righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the day of judgment I mean,
glory be to your law knowledge have we accept that what you have taught us Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise My dear brothers and sisters As Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. I hope everybody is doing well in sha Allah. Today, I'm gonna ask you, when sometimes maybe useful to take a look at the translation, maybe on your phones, you don't need books anymore, it's all on the phone.
Look at a quick translation of the idea that we are about to study today.
And that will be interesting, because then how we understand the IR and stuff See, you will see will make a difference in sha Allah.
So, last we left off we were talking about
the saying of the Jews. Indeed, the very bold claim of the Jews, that Allah subhanaw taala is not going to punish them except for a few days. Okay.
And we mentioned
the different narrations, the opinions, and what is meant by this of course, Allah subhanaw taala immediately tells them
have you taken Do you have some kind of an agreement with Allah subhanaw taala that he will only punish you for a few days?
Or is it that you because if you have Allah azza wa jal will definitely fulfill that pledge right or that covenant but it is that you just see things and you fabricate things against Allah subhanaw taala that you have no knowledge of
related to that idea now. And remembering that context will come to the idea of today. So Allah subhanaw taala says that we'll be learning the shape on the regime Smilla Rahmanir Rahim
Bellarmine Kesava say ye
I have got to be hot we had to hold that hula
was hub on the home fee. Holly do own
This is a clear reply to this bold claim by the juice. They're saying the fire will not touch us except for a few days we will only be punished a few days Allah azza wa jal tells them Bella Casa you help me how can someone read the translation if they have it in front of them
people are used to the lecture style not the workshop style.
Yes whether any of you are assistants for that matter
in English translation
the translation anybody
what does it say?
Yeah, sure. Yes, whatever is
seen as the contrast Okay.
Those are the
of the file. Okay. So, it says yes, Bella.
That what it says otherwise? Yes, indeed. Verily, Bella, indeed. Yes, it is usually a reply. When a claim was made that needs to be corrected. It is not as you say Bellarmine Tessa,
so now he's telling them rather whoever earns evil. Whoever does evil.
What a how to be happy to who and he is encompassed by his sin. His sin surrounds
Till those are indeed the companions of the Hellfire. So we can see how it is an immediate reply to the Jews. What are you talking about? You're only going to be punished for a few days indeed whoever commit sin whoever earns evil like they have done and he is surrounded by his sin. They will be the companions of the Hellfire. What does this mean? Surrounded by sin is a very interesting expression Wow, how about to be hopefully a dog
what is meant by this? You may say isn't it immediately obvious? Mung cassava CEO whoever earns evil whoever does a sin and then is surrounded by that sin they will be the companions of Lee Hellfire
Do you see any
possible issue here?
Anybody thought about the idea before coming?
Think about it
any possible issue here?
Or is it just one of the easy ones? I mean, it makes sense. Makes sense?
Okay, so before I get to that
well how to be healthy
enough from fear Holly dune.
Who are the people of the Hellfire?
Who are the companions of the Hellfire?
Okay, it says
even a Muslim sinner
is starting to crystallize now.
How many know or have heard about the issue of the opinion concerning where people who have committed major sins Kabira belong in the afterlife? This is from Artie the point of view, how many know of this issue? Raise your hand?
as you just said, so first you said this believers and then you said sinners based on that many Muslims sin? May Allah forgive us we are sinners.
Does that mean I will be the companion Companion of the Hellfire forever?
So you're starting to see now where's the issue?
was one of the main ideas
that people who have the deviant opinion that whoever commits a major sin and does not repent from it
will be in the Hellfire forever.
commonly known as an opinion of one of the deviant sects in Islamic history, called Al Motta Zilla
and the Hawaii bridge have the same opinion.
The only difference is that Tesla did not call that person that careful. If you commit a major Sydney and you do not repent from it, you're not a cafe but you're not alone in either you're somewhere in the middle.
Okay, Manzella vaynerman 03 As for the Hawaii bridge, they said he is a fifth he is a disbeliever. And both of them agree that on the day of judgment in the afterlife, they will be the dwellers of the Hellfire.
If you commit a major sin and you do not repent from it can be of a major sin. Right? Do you know the difference between the major sins and the minor sins? Okay.
Is this the opinion of the Sunnah? No.
sooner do not say that if you commit a major sin and you do not repent, that you are a Catholic or that you will be in hellfire forever. They say
that yes, you have to repent from a major sin, but it is up to Allah. If Allah
is, he may forgive that person, or he may punish them. But it's not eternal punishment.
This is the opinion of others. So now
now you see how this area may be a piece of evidence for those who say, no, they will be in the Hellfire men cancer passing year, whoever earns either
what or how to be happy or two. And then he is surrounded by his sin, which they interpreted as he didn't repent from it.
From God's humble now, they are the people of the Hellfire than the companions of the Hellfire forever.
This is where the issue is.
And this highlights the importance of understanding the 10 seed from the earliest sources.
Yes, of course, you can ponder and deliberate and
try to make the Tafseer relevant and the Quran relevant to our times and understand it in the context of current times. But
by seeking the guidance of those before us, because they know that emceed they witnessed that have seen they witnessed the revelation coming upon the heart of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
What didn't they say about this? And this is something where that is not really subject to some kind of development. It's clear whatever was the case, then is the case now, right?
So, men cassava, yeah. What did they say?
Most of the amorphous serine of the Sahaba and the tabby or even send men cassava, say, here refers to shell, and cuff.
Shell can come
from even ambass to Abdullah hydrea to Mujahid and Qatada and others, they all said, see here is cover and shift.
And this is why an email of poverty
in a long winded response response to this claim
that this is somehow talking about the major sins, or the ideas of the MATA Zilla and the holodeck who want to claim that this is supports their position. And he said, it is quite clear that here the say here is not something general it is specific, and in this case, it is shift and confirm.
When Kassa You or him, whoever earns evil, it means whoever commits shift, disbelief,
associating partners with Allah subhanaw taala.
And then, what a how not to be he hardly at all. And then is surrounded by that sin of kufr and Schilke. We understand he'll say he has Cooper and shake. So we understand the second part in the same way and then is surrounded by that sin because that is the ultimate sin.
So then you ask, then, what is the defense of the position of the Sunnah
Allah azza wa jal says and the other is and this is very important brothers and sisters, anytime you find the deviant opinion,
many times you will see it is either because they base it on one idea
and did not look at the others and did not try to reconcile a possible difference between the two verses. Or they'll just take something maybe from the Quran and then they'll completely ignore an authentic hadith of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam
so they will fall into these deviant opinions doesn't allow so Jen said
in hola hola Yong field when he should be.
While young, futile mad Munna? Lika de mi Masha.
Allah azza wa jal does not forgive if someone associate partners with him because it's short. Right?
Well, you will not do nearly
We minutia and anything else he can forgive if He wills, even a Kabira.
Even if the person did not repent, it is up to Allah.
But surely, he will not forgive unless the person repents from it. Because that is the ultimate savior. That is the ultimate sin, the ultimate evil.
So, what would they say about that? I am, what would they say about a hadith, this is a big issue. Okay. I'm just trying to summarize it in these few minutes. But this was the position of the MATA Zilla and the heritage, okay, and maybe others today who support that opinion.
And there are some who support that opinion. Okay, today
and make claim that this is shows such as you can see, look at the seal of the Sahaba and the tambourine and look at what he said.
And they may even say, Look at what he said, and then they'll just take part of what he said,
which is some of the opinions.
And then they'll ignore his long winded refutation
of this deviant idea.
Okay, that is against our theta.
some of the opinions, and remember, nobody mentioned them as well.
Some of the opinions do mention
the idea that say NAB Kabira
is reported by Hassan Masuri.
And some understood what a how to be happy to who to me Kabira as well.
If we understand men, cassava to me,
whoever commits Schimke and disbelief as they explained it, then we would understand what I had taught me how to do as well. Well, if you wanted to explain that as Kaviraj there's no issue because the confirm their whole life is Kabbalah. The whole life has major sins, and they are surrounded by their sins, but then the ultimate sin that surrounds them and this is the way we want to understand it is Cooper and shift and this is the thing that keeps looking them in the eye. And this is the thing which if they fix, everything else will start to be fixed as well. Your belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala the number one issue and the greatest sin is this believing in Him not recognizing
him. Okay. So yes, this Kufa should surrounds them. What helped me hopefully
this is why now when you look at that is what we have to do. Because haven't let him fear Hollywood. This idea is remarkably similar in its seed, to the idea of supernatural and
something very similar happened in in the area of surah. Al Anon Allah subhanaw taala says Lavina Ehrman well Amir will be su e mana whom Behold, woulda coulda. Whom will.
Who whom what to do? Those who are believers who believe
when a meal will be su e mana and they do not adulterate or corrupt their belief. When one what is the brother?
What is known?
So the Sahaba were very scared. This is a scary idea.
What do you mean?
Are we supposed to be perfect believers who is a perfect believer?
Well, Emile we saw email whom behold Him, do not somehow corrupt that belief with injustice. So they understood that to mean any kind of weakness of email.
So this was difficult
for them to accept, so they went to the prophets Allah Allah Allah wa sallam. So he said it is not as you think.
He said, it is as the pious slave servant of Allah Allah man said to his son,
what the knock man say to his son in national color Vaughn Munna Javi
is a great one, the great injustice.
So, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, here is doing Tafseer of the higher
the Sahaba themselves were wondering, when a meal we saw a man whom he said, It is not as you think, here Well, Emile, we saw a man who Milan, meaning they do not corrupt their belief when Shem
then they were at ease
that we can deal with. In other words, never ever associate partners with Allah worship Allah alone.
But there also it was first understood possibly as an action as an evil, but the prophets of Allah made clear that actually has to do that either with belief and it is shift. Similarly, here we look at St. Louis, and immediately we think, some kind of a sin A minor or a major sin. In fact, say yeah, and other places in the Quran refers to minor sins.
In that it enables
your honor to
say ye people,
if you avoid the major sins,
then we will expect your CV ad for you will erase them for you. You want your say yet your minor sins.
But here, we need the deceit of the Sahaba and the time era. Just like we need to get rid of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam in
the eye of Surah Al Anon, he didn't say he is Shiva is not what you think. So it's similar in that way, in the Tafseer of Surah Lenahan Furthermore,
so that the nominee, Allah Subhana Allah Allah says in surah to nem
he says men
has energy fella who hired me in her meals as money on my eating Have you known he talks about the heart center? And he says what
that they will be safe from any fear on the Day of Judgment. So this has that is not just a good deed This is Eman when John will Hazara but then he gives you the opposite in the next day a woman the same the same term. So I could bet whoo hoo hoo in
their faces will be thrown into the Hellfire who woman Jeremy Signia
someone who just
did a wrong deed will be thrown into the Hellfire here again we understand so yeah as the ultimate say here coffin and check in the same way as we have in this area men kissing but Bella man because as I said, what half of the country okay.
So it is, but now over there it is quite clear. He brings he talks about a hazard and then he talks about a Sega here also you can get the same meaning because after the hola because hardware nadie houfy her honeymoon the DOS will be the people of the hellfire and they will abide there in forever. He says when Lady the M and we're happy to sign a hat. All you guys have done a deal via Hollywood and those who believe and do righteous good deeds will be the companions of the paradise and they will abide there and forever. Notice here now he mentioned those who believe in do righteous good deeds clearly as the opposite of men Kesava saying Yo how to be hopefully ATO. So clearly here what
what is meant is disbelief. shirk and kufr. Just like the other I mentioned, Latina Hammond what I'm going to say and this is also the opinion of Aurora. As for honey, when you mentioned if it was anything other than confidential, why would then Allah mention and those who believe in the righteous good deeds the opposite the diametrical opposite of what we have in this
Furthermore, an email is very happy says the believer who commits one major sin or many for that matter
cannot be described as what happened to be hardly at all. Surrounded by his sin cannot be described that way.
Even Cadena understands it as the one who comes on the Day of Judgment with, with sins completely with no good deeds whatsoever. And this is only possible for the gaffer or the mushrik.
This is the correct way to understand the area.
Then we might ask, as a final comment,
within Why does he mentioned say?
Why does he mentioned say here?
In surah, Neville, he mentions al Hassan that he mentioned a savior.
But here, he mentioned those who believe and do righteous good deeds in the wind in the first one, he didn't say when Lavina Cafaro.
You said when cassava CEO I have thought we have to you have to? So we might ask ourselves? Why is it described that way here?
The possible reply will love to highlight
is look at the context.
What were the Jews doing?
They were under estimating
They were under estimating the punishment of the Hellfire. They were thinking, Allah is just going to punish us for 40 days, the number of days that we worshipped the calf, that's it.
They're under estimating the punishment. They're under estimating the egregiousness of their cover
so now, this is a time
for showing them how evil what they did was.
So here, you would mention
it even a sin a c, Mon kisser by Selena, what are how to be how to you?
Know, kind of like someone who comes to you? And says to you?
Oh, she I've committed so many sins in my life. But don't worry, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
And you want to say to them, Brother, do you know who you're sinning against? So yes, maybe, maybe they've committed some minor sins, maybe some major sins as well. But now you want them you want to make them realize how bad what they did is? So you're telling them rather one sin against Allah subhanaw taala Do you know what that means? One hour being punished in the hellfire. Do you know what that means? So it's a time where you are showing them how grave and dangerous this is. Even the say.
So here men, Casanova St. Louis, I tell you, what, uh, how about we come to you. That's why you mentioned what a hobbit we have to do. Because Hubbard
maybe Allahu Allah and this is why he mentioned a Surya, even a Sia. It is the opposite of someone who comes to you and says, she, I have committed so many sins in my life. Allah will never forgive me. I'm gonna go to the hellfire. I'm never going to you know, I'm not gonna make it and therefore are never going to pray again. It's useless because I'm doomed.
Are you going to talk the same way to this person? You're going to talk you're going to see the other. You gotta give them the reverse position. Yes, mother. Of course. This is very bad and you've committed sins. However, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Have faith in Allah repent. You will talk differently, right? So here they're they're thinking a few days. What did we do we worship the cat for 40 days. Allah azza wa jal tells them and Casimba year because he called it a CD. But this is the ultimate CD as we saw a long time and
then he says subhanho wa Taala when Levina M and we're having a solid high schooler, because how will gender the opposite and this is the case in many verses in the Quran. So he will talk about one group, then the diametrical opposite group. Of course he mentioned here, Lena and Manu Mohammed a son had an
You find this throughout the Quran, this combination, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, it's not enough to just say I believe
there has to be righteous good deeds, to prove that belief is indeed sincere.
Otherwise, someone who says let in and Allah and you look at their life. There's no Allah in there, there is no not a single action to show that they are somehow indeed a Muslim or a believer. So that's why always you see that combination. Those who believe and do righteous good deeds Lavina Mohammed Salah hat, we maintain a sunnah maintain the position that we just mentioned. Even if a Muslim and a believer commits major sins, this is an issue of our data. This is not an invitation to sin, God forbid.
Allah, the major sins, need repentance. If you want to guarantee Allah's forgiveness, otherwise, he may not forgive you an you may be punished in the hellfire.
But as an issue of al Qaeda, our position is even if a Muslim commits one or many major sins and does not repent from them,
does not repent.
Allah may forgive them if he saw pleases or he may punish them. But they will not dwell in hellfire forever if they say that he that Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah and they mean it. So they're committing those sins because of weakness.
But please notice, brothers and sisters, a very important and critical caveat that many people may not realize that distinguish between not repenting from the Kabira is different than claiming that it is not prohibited or haram.
That is something else that's called a salad.
So if a person tells you, no, alcohol is not haram, who said It is haram? I'm drinking alcohol.
This is not a Kabira only. This is Kufa.
This is awful. This is more dangerous than this person drinking alcohol and saying, I know it's haram Allah has made it haram May Allah forgive me but I'm weak. And I'm trying to act.
And they're not able to. This is still a million times better than the one who says no who said It's haram. This person is completely going against the Quran. This is Khufu, this will not be forgiven. This is the type of person who dwells in hellfire forever will I ever Billa
is it clear? You see the difference? It's quite different. Okay, so someone insisting on that Kabira what we mean by that is not repenting from it. Not to insisting the notes okay, no Ribbit who says reverse Harmon?
Who said Riba is haram Did you read the Quran
or anything else that is clear by Lumina Dini, the Baroque era is something that is known in the religion by necessity.
If they claim that this is copper,
as opposed to falling into that sin, and not being able to come out of it, that's a different story.
So well, Edina, Amman Wilhemina saw the heart with us how will Jana those who want paradise who want the amazing things that Allah subhanho wa Taala has prepared for the believers in paradise things that no eye has seen and no ear has heard. And no one can even imagine. The way to that Jana is an email Well, I'm an asylum,
belief correctly and good deeds, good deeds again, correctly, according to the guidance and Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is the way to gender and the way to dwelling in Jannah forever May Allah subhanaw taala make us of those.
I was planning to begin the next idea but I don't think
I'm going to finish it how much time has elapsed
Should we stop here? Or shall we start the idea? And then we finish it next time
we'll start it next time mashallah
Thank you some people can smell the food
last pinata I'll accept from me a new May Allah azza wa jal forgive us a Lost Planet Allah purify us cleanse our hearts, give us knowledge of the Quran, give us a knowledge that will purify us and that will get us in sha Allah to paradise and protect us from hellfire barnacle of Ico was on alarm Santa Monica Nabina Muhammad
incident this is why the confusion is about this word is solid insistent. What do you mean by insisting if you mean by insisting this person keeps falling into the sin over and over and over and that they repent and then they fall again and maybe it is a major sin and they do not repent from it.
This is what is usually meant by the word Astrov.
We are not talking about is to land is to Chanel is the other
scenario that I gave you, which is who said Reba is haram or Zina is haram or drinking alcohol is haram or anything like that this is his land. This is different. And we may say someone may say, Oh, if you insist on that position, then you are a Catholic. That's the idea. So if someone dies, God forbid,
insisting on the position that Riba is not haram and Allah did not forbid riba This is preferable either Billa Yes, that's the difference. But insisting meaning continually committing those sins and not repenting from them. No, the position of Allah sunnah is even if it's a major sin, they will not dwell in the Hellfire forever. They may be punished in the Hellfire if Allah wills, but they will not dwell in the Hellfire forever if they are believers.
Then we also refer to the night before the
night before about Yes, yeah. So what was going on college when they Okay.
It's pretty much similar. So what did you say it the main one, which is ammunition.
So unlike if he was saying it was not for him to make her seem that you are diminishing, what is love for somebody, basically.
Is is forgiveness. And the same thing to what you're saying? They were saying he created, He created. But the notice whether the Jews are doing the opposite, the Jews are taking the position which is similar to the position of the mortgagee actually, so the opposite of the coverage or the merger, the Hawala rich are saying
if you sin, then there is no use in your email. Essentially, obviously, they mean major sin.
The Manjeera are saying the opposite, which is as long as you are moving, don't worry, do what you want, essentially.
And this is the position of a lot of people today, isn't it?
Partly Muslims, a lot of Muslims who may say something like that, the Christians as long as you believe that's it, you know, you just have to believe and then everything and that's it, He died for your sins and don't worry about anything else. Right. So this is very close to the position of the merger here the Doozer saying yes, oh, we committed a sin but it's 40 days punishment, they'll fire and that's it. So actually, their position in that is similar to the merger, where they are belittling
this sin that they have committed, of course and the Sunnah are right in the middle, right? And we base it on the verses of the Quran and the Hadith of the Prophet of Salah. It is not for us to say we know Allah is Forgiving and Merciful, but to what extent he tells us through the Quran and the Sunnah we cannot necessarily say So when Allah sunnah take this position is not based on whim. It's based on what we read in the Quran and through the
authentic hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and that's why I mentioned to you some of the major reasons for deviance is explaining one idea and overlooking the others, right? And understanding it possibly not according to the understanding of the Sahaba the Tabori or ignoring that hadith, because this is what the the mortality land however he did in this as well which is ignore some of the some of the Hadith that show that as long as a person says Lila Han Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah, they are sincere. They will not dwell in hellfire forever even if they committed major sins and did not repent from it. Yeah
does that Hello hearin Subhanak Allah, masha Allah in the stock field according to who they