Quran Tafseer al-Baqarah – Throwing His Book Behind Them

Mohammad Qutub

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Not Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Afflalo Salah to work them with the sleeve Allah so you didn't know what Imam you know what have you been a bit of class in Mohammed Abdullah Abdullah

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while he was happy with heavy rain woman Tabea on the sun in LA Mateen Subhana Allah Mallanna in Damaraland tena in Mecca until Hollywood Hakeem from Mishra the surgery was Sidley Emery Rondo Lok determine listen here for more commonly.

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I praise a lot of mighty and I send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his noble family righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the day of judgment. I mean, glory be to you Oh Allah, no knowledge have we accept that which you have taught us Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise My dear brothers and sisters As Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. I hope everybody is doing well. We continue with tafsir Sudha tilaka.

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And we have gotten to the following verses Allah Most High says about the world we live in a shaytani R rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. While

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in the unity you one, four will be her first hone

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in this area was pinata Allah is saying that he has sent down to you to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam

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clear, ay ay,

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ay, ay, I think the unit

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to connect these verses to the verses we talked about last time, there Allah subhanaw taala was telling us about Jibreel alayhi salam, and the enmity of the Jews towards Gibreel. And we mentioned the narrations about that and all of the different details about their animosity towards the chief of the angel's Gibreel Alayhis Salam, and how Allah subhanaw taala afterwards tells them that He is an enemy to the disbelievers who disbelieve in Allah and the angels and the messengers. And then he mentioned Gibreel and Mukul Gabriel and Michael specifically. So

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your enmity towards Jibreel Allah His Salam, who brought the Quran to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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has no bearing

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on what Allah azza wa jal has given to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you decided to make him an enemy and disbelieve through that. That's your prerogative. Allah subhanaw taala will deal with you. It has no bearing everything that Gibreel Ali Salam gave to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam His truth

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is the truth from Allah subhanaw taala and they are nothing but yet in the unit, clear verses. Here he says I yet

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many scholars of Tafseer restrict restricted it to verses the verses of the Quran. I asked him the unit.

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Some may have tried to understand it in a more general sense as well. I asked meaning science of them are the verses of the Quran which are signs and other such signs that they disbelieved in.

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This area also has an authentic reason of Revelation.

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And this is that as if an ibis Radi Allahu anha relates

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even Soria and feel to me or alpha to uni,

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told a Jew told the prophet Sallallahu Sallam

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nothing has come to you, that we know of.

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In other words, the stuff that you are saying that has been given to you, we don't know and Allah has not sent down upon you

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an area

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assigned for which we can follow you.

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So he is rejecting that. He the Prophet SAW Selim came with anything they know of, or that he came with anything like an idea or assign for which they can follow the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So Allah azza wa jal revealed this verse Welaka, and Zelner Laker team bye

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You net indeed We have sent down to you clear versus clear I act let no one like this say oh you didn't get any idea that we can that can be a justification for us following you Allah sent you I attend by you net one is for will be her ill Facetune

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what occurred the Zelda Laker team begin at Alabama October he says

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everything that you are bringing them on Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam in diametrically opposite terms to what even Soria is saying

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everything you brought them is an idea. So a plumber is saying, a timber unit, everything you told them about from the Quran from that which was revealed to you otherwise the prophets I would send them could not tell them about this. Allah, the Prophet was telling you through his knowledge of the Quran, about

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your history,

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your stories, your violations,

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knowledge of which was restricted to your scholars and your rabbis.

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What does it mean Soria saying,

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the Jews were thinking to themselves whereas Muhammad getting all of this, he exposed us He left nothing.

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All of the stories in the Quran, you have to imagine their their situation now, they hid this, they thought, Okay, this is history. Nobody knows about our dark history and the things that we have done. And now it is all coming out one verse after another, and Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is reciting it to them.

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So all of these are I had but you're not things only the rabbis and the scholars know about.

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legislation that is found in the Torah. Quran is just bringing all of this these are Ayat by unit, or they're not.

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That's why when I asked for Rubia, inland fasea, goon

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only the Pharisee Kuhn, those who are disobedient, who have this quality of Fiske, those are the ones who disbelieve in it.

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So, these are the ayat Makina.

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And of course, part of these clear signs, is the fact that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself is mentioned in their books, and they are supposed to believe in Him. So this is all part of the argument that the prophets are sending them and the Muslims are making towards and shouldn't be directing at the Jews. So that they would believe.

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But then he says when I look for will be her life as a goon.

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So, these are clear versus notice Ayrton Bienert. This is not some kind of

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very esoteric

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information or verses or knowledge that no one can ever ever understand. The likes of which you might find

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things that magicians say things that you that are unintelligible and people cannot understand. I was telling him a year that clear versus such that the only ones who would disbelieve in it are those who are Facetune. And you are of those, that's why you disbelieve in it because you are of the disobedient one. My phobia in

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this area

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is showing you how egregious it is to disbelieve in the Quran. And it's a yet this applies then. And this applies now. When I look for OB Halal Facetune if ever you are put in a situation

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and maybe the shell plan is trying to play around with your head

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with your iman and he's doing what's wasa to you about this idea or that or this understanding or interpretation of this idea or that and the shayateen have the human beings and the jinn are trying to dissuade you and distance you from the words of Allah subhanaw taala remember

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under this warmer yuck phobia, Ill fascicle the verses of the Quran are so clear. And it's miraculousness. And inevitability is

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evident to anyone that has a heart

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or intellect or understanding.

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The only ones who will disbelieve or the fascicle.

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The ones who

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are disobedient, you might say, Well, when I look for Rubia, this is a connection between Cofer and Fisk. Yes. Because if you disbelieve that this is goofer so this is an example of where the Quran is mentioning Fiske but the meaning of it is, Cofer.

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When I look for Obeah, Ill fascicle other times you may mentioned Fisk and only mean by it.

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Fiske meaning disobedience. So a person may be a facet,

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but not a caffeine.

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But if he's a caffeine, then he's

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right.

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So it's more general in that way. Here when I check for Ruby her in that facet phone, so we might say, Okay, if Fiske here is being mentioned as Cofer, then why is it being turned that way? Because Allah subhanaw taala is trying to tell you, they have an issue.

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In other words, don't think, oh, this person is disbelieving in it, but this person is so smart. This person is a genius. This person is recognized by everyone as a huge scholar.

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Maybe there really is something.

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So Law tells you why am I here for Obeah, Bilal fasea Kuhn, if someone this believes in it, then this person has a problem inside. They are a facet.

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They are disobedient to Allah. They are away from the realm of obedience to the divine. They are away from the fitrah otherwise they would believe and this is why you find people accepting Islam in droves. They read a few verses of the Quran and that's it.

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And Allah tells us in the other Aya, that those who know when they hear the verses of Allah subhanaw taala

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the field What are you know, Mina Donna, tears come out of their eyes, because they immediately realize it is the truth.

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And Niger she heard a few verses and he said this is all from the same source. They immediately realize this must be from Allah. If someone says otherwise. It is because they have a problem. They are so goon and thus they disbelief when I fall behind in that facet. Very important if

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it reminds us of the other AI at the end of Surah facilite where Allah subhanaw taala says, or a tomb in Can I mean dilla through maca for to me, so this area

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is trying to show the gravity of disbelieving the Quran the words of Allah subhanaw taala the clear verses so that I as well say all our items say

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what if it was indeed from Allah in Cana me nine dilla Fung Makka Tong B

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then you disbelieved it from Makkah for Tong Bay.

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And he says men have been looming men who officiate out in buried who is more astray than that person.

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So the area is trying to say you need to rethink this. Imagine this is the these are the words of Allah. This is the book of Allah and this person is disbelieving in it. Is there anything worse than that?

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We've gotten used to it.

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We've become numb. There's so much disobedience. There's so much Kufa around us. It's almost like Oh yeah. So the idea is telling him no no, this is very serious.

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And similarly here when I ask for behind left, I suppose in the end of

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Alright facility continues salary him Phil Murphy and foresee him

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Allah subhanaw taala is going to show them

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the signs

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in the horizons and in themselves until it is clear to them that this is the truth.

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Well my back foot will be a little fussy whom

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who can disbelieve in such manifest verses in a mesmerizing book that combines all kinds of eloquence and miraculousness and a jazz imitability and depth of meaning and guidance. This can only be from Allah subhanaw taala in if someone this believes then they are fanciful.

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So,

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the Jews can say all they want Allah subhanaw taala is telling them what it really is.

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And then he says, Oh Akula ma do I hadn't never that who fairy coming home. One of the reasons a lot of scholars understood here, that what Allah azza wa jal is mentioning the head, the pledge is the pledge with Allah.

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Because of this, because it is coming right after the area talking about their disbelief in the Quran. Allah Quran Allah Ma has done so their pledge with Allah subhanho wa taala, the covenant let me thuc that we have been talking about all this time, and the covenant to follow and believe, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as they promised and as they were supposed to because of what they have in their books.

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Of his description, Allah salatu salam, this is the covenant between them and Allah, our Kula Maha had Whaddon Nevada who fairy coming home every time they make a pledge, isn't it the case

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that every time

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they make a pledge, none other who've heard it one minute, then a group of them will

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throw it away. This is the meaning of Knebworth never who never the who, or who this is the meaning of Nevada, like throwing it away. Of course, when it applies to a pledge or a covenant, the meaning is

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breaking the pledge or the covenant, no matter who they are in Aqaba, who they broke their covenant with Allah subhanho wa taala.

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Our couldn't lemahieu then never that will vary upon minimum.

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It is narrated that this idea as well has a reason of revelation survived Missoula

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and this is that another Jew Malik Ebina safe and some may say a Bife said

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that

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Allah did not take any pledge from us or any covenant.

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And he did not take any covenant or pledge from us regarding Muhammad. So out right, rejecting that Allah subhanaw taala in any way required them to believe and follow Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa Silla, so Allah revealed the ayah our Kula Mara do. Nevertheless, who fairy coming home

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notice no

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fairy phenomenon. The ones who broke the pledge, threw it away, as if it didn't have any meaning. Fairy condominium, a group of them. Allah did not Subhanallah he did not generalize he didn't say all of them.

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Some of them very good minnow, a group of them. Okay, broke their pledge. This is if

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the pledge, as we mentioned, is a pledge between them and Allah subhanho wa taala.

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And some scholars of tafsir understood it as the pledges between them,

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and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And this was the opinion of Africa as one.

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That what is meant by the pledge here are the promises and agreements between them and the Prophet alayhi salatu salam

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When the Prophet SAW Selim came first came to Medina, he immediately drafted the Constitution, right? The law of the land that would stipulate the what kind of relations exists between the different

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religions.

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And people living in Medina at the time. And all of them are the Jews. These are pledges. These are like an agreement or a covenant, it's a constitution.

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And of course, he took the promise of the Jews. And what did they do? They threw it away. It meant nothing to them. They plotted, they plotted and plotted. And every time an enemy

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was about to attack the Muslims, the Jews will, will join forces with them.

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What happened to the pledge? What happened to the agreement? It means nothing. Our

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neighbor who fell a Camino

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Ben Jurij says

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he says that

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they make a pledge today. And they break it tomorrow.

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This is how important those pledges are. Please understand, oh Muslims.

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This is what their pledges mean.

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Our Kula ma then, never though for equal minimum.

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Another possible meaning is that

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a group of them they make the pledge.

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And maybe true to that pledge. But the others give that pledge no importance.

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You see

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it if someone gives a pledge.

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The others should fulfill that pledge as well, even though they might not have been directly involved in giving that pledge that had that agreement.

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This is the way of the Muslims. If one person gave a promise to someone else, it becomes incumbent upon the others to fulfill that promise. Right? We know that one of the positive things the Arabs had

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was the pledge of protection.

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There weren't there were no there was no police at the time.

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Nobody to supposedly keep the peace, right? And protect everyone or protect the rights.

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So if someone now were to give someone a promise of protection, guess what everyone is required to fulfill it.

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It's not just them, giving them the pledge of protection. And that's why what they would do is they would go outside, and they would announce it all people. So I would come out and I would say this person so and so is under my protection.

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If anyone harms them, they have to answer to me.

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So Muslims would be required to then fulfill that pledge.

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Which is what happened with Omaha. When she came to the province I was selling them.

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And the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa sallam honored her pledge

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even though it was someone who

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ostensibly is an enemy of Allah.

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So the prophets of salaam said, We will protect the one you have protected. Omaha, they

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they would respect the pledge. But here, if someone gives the pledge, someone else breaks it. It has no meaning our coolabah had

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never that will vary from minimum. Is it not that every time someone would give a pledge, someone else would break it or a group of them with break never the whole very minimum.

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Here le magnetometry also tells us and then many other scholars of that see

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followed suit.

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That one of the ways to understand this is the following.

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Our coolabah are very commendable Bell

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Excel whom live with me No.

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Brother, but most of them do not believe.

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So

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Allah subhanaw taala very objectively

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tells us that not all of them would break their pledge,

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but a group of them would.

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So then we might think to ourselves, okay, so most of them would keep the pledge and some of them would not very good Minho. So then he says, Well, accelero Humla your minimum. So this tells you that actually, most of them do not keep the pledge.

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most do not. Some do.

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And even then Subhanallah look at how fair Allah azza wa jal is,

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he mentioned ferric even though most of them for us, you know, we, we reversed it. If one person does something, the whole race, the whole group, the whole organization, the whole country is doomed. If one person doesn't hear.

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Most of them do not keep their pledge. So it might be perfectly fine to say they don't keep their pledge. No, but some of them do. So Allah azza wa jal made the exception

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never the WHO ferry a condominium, a group of them did not. This is the way my brothers and sisters

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when you write

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when you speak,

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be fair, be objective. Right? Don't generalize in that way.

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Some of them did it say some of them. Okay? If you say all of them, or you make it seem like most of them, you know what you've done, you have severely hurt your own argument and your credibility, they will say, look, two of them did it and you said most of them.

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Here then Excel whom Naomi noon most of them do not believe. And yet Allah azza wa jal said, a group of them

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will ringneck will not fulfill the pledge and break it.

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The other way to understand it, our Kula Mara had

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very minimal meal. Is it not the case that whenever they make a covenant or a pledge, then a group of them will throw it away? No.

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Most of them do not believe it's not. In other words, it's not just about breaking the pledge. The bigger problem is they do not believe they are disbelievers.

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So God is believers.

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It's expected that they might

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not keep the pledge, doesn't mean all of them, as he said, not all of them. But if they are disbelievers, they're committing a much worse sin

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than not keeping their pledge. Ben across the room later, you know, most of them do not even believe

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and that in itself is

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a most grave crime and sin. As we saw in the previous as well at federal law, you know.

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The prophets Allah Azza wa sallam tells us

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in a hadith which some scholars, some scholars,

00:29:01--> 00:29:06

graded as Hassan or Saheeh, okay and others considered weak.

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He said, Ali salatu, Salam lair II mana, lemon, lemon Atala.

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Wala De Lima, LA, the LA

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an amazing Hadith

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that highlights the most important link between religiosity,

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Eman, the deen

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and character and luck, especially for those who seem to confuse the issue. And there's a disconnect between the two.

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Notice law ima lemon law amanatullah

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No Amen. There is no iman for the one who doesn't have a mana trust.

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You cannot trust him they're not trustworthy.

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The prophets or sender is denying Iman, from this person. It's very serious.

00:30:22--> 00:30:32

Well, Edina, lemon law, the law, and there is no Dean for the one who doesn't honor their pledge.

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So now Subhanallah we're looking at it the opposite way. In the first one, we're looking at, yes, the fact that they are breaking their pledges, but they are committing a much worse sin. And that is their disbelief. Right. So this is what we might call

00:30:56--> 00:30:56

the

00:30:59--> 00:31:07

focus on the issue of faith and religiosity. Now, let us focus on the issue of character.

00:31:08--> 00:31:18

Because someone might say no and Hamdulillah I have Dean I have Iman. Yes, but you break your pledges. You don't fulfill your promises.

00:31:19--> 00:31:25

You are not trustworthy. What kind of Iman and what kind of Deen Do you have

00:31:27--> 00:31:38

another major problem that we see and I speak a lot more about this issue and the apparent disconnect between Dean and o'clock in

00:31:40--> 00:31:42

a series of lectures which

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I may have mentioned to you or I can send to you in sha Allah.

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So here, this is an example of a koala Mara dua, the NEMA the very minimum. Muslims can also be reminded by this now,

00:32:01--> 00:32:07

Muslims who are not honoring their pledges, not for fulfilling their promises

00:32:09--> 00:32:14

between them and Allah subhanaw taala and between them and other human beings.

00:32:16--> 00:32:20

Ballack Thoreau whom now you may know, most of them do not believe.

00:32:21--> 00:32:31

Then Allah subhanaw taala tells us well, I'm Nigel home rasuluh midnight, dilla Mossad, they can live in

00:32:32--> 00:32:39

Nevada hurry. Notice the focus in these two ideas. It's all about throwing away a net worth.

00:32:41--> 00:32:47

They're just throwing things away. As if it has no value or meaning.

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When and when or whenever. A messenger comes to them. From Allah Amin and dilla he the messenger is not coming to you on his own volition, for his own good or benefit he is being sent to you by Allah subhanaw taala and you recognize that

00:33:10--> 00:33:13

crossbow Lumina and dilla mo son de Colima, now

00:33:14--> 00:33:55

confirming that which is with them, we spoke about this many times before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is confirming that what you have and you recognize it, whether that has to do with the description of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam in your books or whether that also has to do with the fact that you see the commonalities between what you have and what he has brought, he has not brought something completely out of the blue and completely different, more sudden differently morale, when this happens and this messenger comes to you and you recognize what he has brought you

00:33:57--> 00:34:08

know, by that very mean a Latina who Tokita Kitab Allah Who are all who they him or other hoody in Ghana, whom

00:34:11--> 00:34:44

to what did they do when this happened? They threw the book of Allah subhanaw taala behind their backs. So in the first one, they threw away and didn't fulfill their pledges or their covenant with Allah subhanho wa taala. It had no meaning or value. And now the book of Allah itself. Yeah, Allah, the book of Allah itself. Metaphorically, they threw it behind their backs.

00:34:47--> 00:34:48

This is the book of Allah

00:34:51--> 00:34:59

doesn't mean anything. There's no value. This is the book they're claiming. They believed in what

00:35:00--> 00:35:07

other excuses for not believing in Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam in the Quran is we believe in what has been given to us only?

00:35:08--> 00:35:14

Here it is. No, you threw it behind, you know, meaning.

00:35:16--> 00:35:20

You didn't give it the value you were supposed to you supposed to.

00:35:22--> 00:35:27

So this is what they do. Things don't have meaning for them, they just throw it away.

00:35:28--> 00:35:30

Notice Subhanallah

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here.

00:35:34--> 00:35:42

He said, never free. Again, not all of them, some of them. A group of the numbers are fairly

00:35:43--> 00:35:59

meaningless Xena who toolkit up a group of them who has been given the book, we might say, why is it being mentioned here? Those who have been given the book isn't the ayah talking about the Jews anyway.

00:36:00--> 00:36:01

Isn't the idea

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and the context all about the Jews.

00:36:06--> 00:36:10

So why didn't he say no, by the very caminho just like the first one.

00:36:12--> 00:36:12

Right?

00:36:13--> 00:36:19

No, never that very minute Lavina tool kita Baraka La Vega,

00:36:20--> 00:36:22

30, convener Latina, who toolkit hub.

00:36:24--> 00:36:44

One possibility will Allah Allah for re mentioning Alladhina Otto kita those who have been given the book again to highlight how egregious it is, that you are throwing the book of Allah behind your backs.

00:36:46--> 00:36:55

Why, because one of the reasons that you are special is that you have been given the book

00:36:57--> 00:36:59

you are anarchy tab

00:37:01--> 00:37:10

and anarchy tab as you know, have a special status right for Muslims. From a legislative point of view,

00:37:11--> 00:37:26

these are located we consider them closer, because they are located they are the People of the Book, they have been given a bonafide book sent to them by Allah and a messenger.

00:37:28--> 00:37:38

So you are the ones who have been given the book, you are not pagans, you are not worshipping idols, you believe in Allah and the Last Day you're supposed to.

00:37:40--> 00:37:54

And then you just you don't care and you throw the book of Allah behind you. Allahu Akbar, chose how bad it is. Nevertheless, it could mean a Lavina Ooh toolkit Kitab Allah He

00:37:57--> 00:37:58

reminds them

00:38:02--> 00:38:04

another possibility may be

00:38:06--> 00:38:13

based on the opinion of Muhammad Abdul, as mentioned in the Cyril menar,

00:38:14--> 00:38:17

he says, Actually,

00:38:19--> 00:38:20

being told,

00:38:21--> 00:38:28

and given tidings about the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and his description

00:38:30--> 00:38:31

is not only the Jews,

00:38:32--> 00:38:33

the Christians as well.

00:38:35--> 00:38:36

They were also told, told,

00:38:38--> 00:38:54

and they also did not implement, did not follow and did not obey in that respect. And therefore, it's like they threw the book of Allah behind their backs, as if they don't know as well.

00:38:56--> 00:39:00

So he's saying, it applies to the Jews and it applies to the Christians as well.

00:39:02--> 00:39:03

Is that why?

00:39:05--> 00:39:10

He mentioned a Latina who told kita instead of frequent men whom,

00:39:11--> 00:39:12

Allah Allah,

00:39:13--> 00:39:32

never for evil, Mina Lavina O'Toole kita, a group of them again a group of them, not all Jews, and not all Christians, now by their very convenient Latina Otto kita Kitab Allah Who are all the hood in can whom lie

00:39:34--> 00:39:52

can lie, as if they do not know they didn't physically throw the book of Allah behind them, but in the way they dealt with it in the way they disobeyed and rejected

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

and mocked and didn't give value to the color of

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

between them and Allah subhanaw taala it's as if

00:40:03--> 00:40:07

they threw it behind their backs can lay alone as if they don't know.

00:40:09--> 00:40:13

It wasn't even something that was difficult for them

00:40:14--> 00:40:18

can now play along with as if they don't know, as if they've never heard of it.

00:40:19--> 00:40:34

Couldn't concealing the matter of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, corrupting the book of Allah, changing the verses of Allah, ignoring the signs that he sent them

00:40:36--> 00:40:42

that were true, who are avoiding the throat behind their backs, and who lie

00:40:43--> 00:40:46

as if they don't even know or they haven't been told.

00:40:49--> 00:40:50

Brothers and sisters,

00:40:52--> 00:40:59

a lot of these verses that we have been dealing with the revolve around these meanings.

00:41:03--> 00:41:11

And the reason for that, again, is because of how dangerous this disbelief is,

00:41:12--> 00:41:18

and their disobedience is for us. It may seem like

00:41:20--> 00:41:32

because we don't really see it, right? We haven't lived that history. We weren't exposed to it directly as the Prophet alayhi salatu. Salam was right.

00:41:33--> 00:41:37

But if you were then these

00:41:39--> 00:42:02

verses of Allah subhanaw taala, only increase you in Eman and of course it increases, it should increase every Muslim and Iman but what I'm trying to say is that when you're living that and you're experiencing that kind of rejection and mockery and lack of concern,

00:42:04--> 00:42:16

and ultimately, disbelief when you experience it and you see it in front of you, this is when these verses of Allah will will come alive.

00:42:17--> 00:42:19

But you have not seen

00:42:20--> 00:42:30

you don't see the the centuries of deceit and mockery and corruption of the words of Allah subhanaw taala and his teachings.

00:42:33--> 00:42:56

So Allah subhanaw taala exposes them in these ideas, one after another. And sometimes the argument is repeated, because it's a cogent and solid argument that they cannot possibly reject or refute. Well Allah Allah Allah wa sallahu wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad

00:43:17--> 00:43:25

does that Kamala how you run Subhana Allah Morbihan digna shadow Allah in the heartland stuff your aka one or two we like

00:43:26--> 00:43:26

it