Who Must Fast?
Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy
File Size: 6.81MB
Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah moraine. We begin the name of Allah hold praise and glory to Allah and his finest peace and blessings be upon His messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his family and his companions and all those who tried his path. I pray that Allah azza wa jal is helping us and you get up and get energized and and feeling more and more driven for the coming month of Ramadan and allow us to see it and not take anything for granted and prepare of intentions that which will compensate for or outdo our actions in Charlotte this month. I hope you're sitting with your family talking
about scheduling, talking to your children about goals,
being practical and realistic at the same time. And so we're going to continue with the legality of it to make sure we are covering our bases and our fasts are valid and proper and correct inshallah.
So, to begin just with the Baraka of an ayah, as we have customarily done since we began with these recordings, Allah subhanho wa Taala spoke about Ramadan and he said dementia,
dementia he Domingo Musharraf Alia sompo whomever view is present meaning residents not traveling for this month of Ramadan then they should fast it will mean Cana in Cambodia to an hour less effort inside the terminal heart and whomever of you is sick or traveling then a set number of days meaning an equal number of days in their place. We will expound on that and speak about all the other details that came from the Quran from the Sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
So who is obligated to fast and who is exempt from fasting, so those are obligated to fast the month of Ramadan among Muslims is going to be every sane, adult, capable,
resident. Resident is easy. If you're traveling, you're allowed to break your fast and your fast is valid, according to all of the scholars
and they differ on whether it's preferable to break your fast while traveling to take a loss concession because Allah loves that people use his concessions or
is the opposite is it preferable to fast the month of Ramadan, so they only differ on prefer ability, and I'm gonna knock him a whole lot. He has a beautiful statement about this, by the way, when he said have little humor, a subtle humor the best of those two whether I break my fast as a traveler or I don't break my fast as a traveler, meaning just the traveler a traveler that's allowed to shorten his prayers, basically not a traveler who's going through hardship because of his travel. It could be as comfortable as you as you can imagine, as imaginable. But he says the more preferred of them the two choices with the two fast while traveling I'm about to break my fast while traveling
with my mobile phone.
He says a subtle humor is the easier of the two what's easier on you? He said why is it because you know the ayat of the Quran?
Or perhaps his logic was that the ayat of the Quran after they mentioned these exemptions they say you read a lot will be commodious Allah wishes ease for you. That was the whole point of this. And so it's easier for us as the traveler so comfortable to fast on what about the disease about him, Allah will tell you just fast because you might be harder after Ramadan knowing that no one else is fasting or for some other reason. It's just easier to do it then do it even if you're traveling you're allowed to fest according to the vast majority, pretty much the agreement of the scholars
and if you choose to break your fast then that is certainly valid by agreement of every one of the scholars so the residents have to fess though this is all discussion on the traveler allowed to allow to but what is preferable they debate on
and some say circumstantial is not one hard and fast rule. Then we said what capable those who are not capable I'll defer to tomorrow night's discussion in sha Allah to speak about those that are exempted due to inability to fast we'll talk about that tomorrow inshallah we said what?
We said every sane.
Adult, why do we say sane adult those two qualifiers because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to us in the height of it that we thought about the LaWanda was narrated by Ahmed, without column one falletta pen has been lifted from three people or three types of people three categories. He said the sleeping person
until he awakens, or she awakens, because obviously you're asleep. So you're outside of your capacity. So how could you be responsible for something that you really didn't know that you were doing? So if you, you know,
you divorce someone while you're sleeping, but you're actually sleeping, it wouldn't count. If you robbed the bank and came back home after putting the money under the mattress while sleepwalking. It's technically not how, but Allah knows if you were sleeping or not, then you'd still have to return the money.
I'm joking here, not about that part. But really a person who was sleeping is not addressed by the rules of the Shetty as you know,
but the next soon the Hadith or what apply to fasting here, he said sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or slubby you had to tell him and the child until they Yeah, tell him Yeah, tell him basically means they become pubescent. You know, even Exelon the word Ramsey referring to it like what dreams also
in in Arabic. And so basically a person when they become of age,
become an adult, the signs of puberty signs show up on them.
Before that they are not liable for for anything in this area. And the third one, he said, When would you know not
fear? And the insane person, the one who is outside of their mental capacity until they regain their sanity? Because if they don't comprehend that Allah is expecting a certain something of them, then how could they be responsible for meeting that expectation?
But let me at least say one thing before we close about the child.
When when the Hadith says the pen has been lifted, this is the pen of bad deeds, this is the pen of accountability being liable.
Not the pen of deeds. What do I mean? Can it good? Can a child before puberty gain good deeds? Yes, by the karma of Allah he can. And that is why for example, you find Claudia when a woman presented a child to the province all set Lama on the journey and said he had the Hajj, can this one perform hajj, meaning would he get any reward for this? He said, Now I'm more lucky. Yes, and for you as a reward, and with regards to
fasting in particular. And so I have Bacardi also a Ruby, I've been tomorrow with all the lavonne I mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam instructed them to fast, they've Ashura. And they said since that day cannot and assume we would fast one or so women have banana, and we would make our children fast. Of course, you use your judgment, you don't, you know, do it before it's time. But I just want to say you would be very surprised how early a child can find the capacity to this when they're being encouraged, I know, children in kindergarten who volunteer because of the positive reinforcement of their parents and part of the encouragement of their parents,
half of the date, and then by first grade, by the lots of children led by first grade, they fast the entire day until another these days that we're talking about the days was not that it was eight o'clock. Absolutely. And so don't underestimate the potential of your child. In fact, this would be very
merciful of us as parents, to not expect our children to change gears all of a sudden at 13, or at 14 or 15. You know, at that corner, that turn of puberty, to just start fasting, if you if you can do whatever obey the law, and I said the unsalted would do, we would make our children fast, she says, and then if one of them would cry, could not smile a little bit, and then we would give them a toy made out of wool, like a teddy bear, if you will, with probably a more primitive one. She said we would just give them a toy made out of wool, until it was time to break the fast distract them and so encourage them to fast as much as they can.
So it's not an obligation on them, but they would be rewarded. Absolutely. If they know what they're doing. They'll be rewarded and also employ distraction try to help them get past
their frustration with the demands of the fast and use it sparingly and praise and smother with praise and encourage me allows Elijah to build out of our children and yours. devout servants to him that seek by their lives nothing more than they seek His pleasure in seeing his face just like a lot later on tomorrow. We'll talk about some of the exemptions and also make up for them. Those who break their festival, Milan said I want a good October