The People of the Cave – A Journey Through Surat Al-Kahf #05

Mohammad Elshinawy

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Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy

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mean

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we begin the name of Allah All Praise and Glory be to Allah and may his finest peace and blessings be upon His messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and his family and his companions and all those who tried his path may Allah azza wa jal make us up for them.

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I ask Allah to make every single one of us and our loved ones from among the people of the Quran, may Allah azza wa jal

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fill our hearts in our lives with the Quran. And I asked him to allow us to reach the month of Ramadan and to reap the fruits of the month of Ramadan and to allow us to be of those who earn in this Ramadan whose forgiveness and His pleasure

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and his privilege to escape the Hellfire Allahumma Amin. So before I begin

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I want to

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revive a sunnah to together in sha Allah azza wa jal that sunnah is to be a little more at least tightly packed

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than we are at the moment

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is like a locator. You know, the prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam. He once saw the Companions when they stopped off on a journey spread out everyone picked the tree basically that Saturday at a tree and so he said madly Araku magazine why is it that I find you so scattered? Well Allah Hema Arata for Roca calm have Illumina Shavon I do not consider this, you know, spread of yours to be from anything but shaytaan.

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In other words, shaitan works in subtle ways that we may not even notice of them as to say that spot is more comfortable, or that spot is more comfortable, I want you all to be comfortable. But also I want you all to bring your bodies together, remember to bring your bodies together because it does have an effect on accidentally leaning on someone and saying sorry, what's your name again, athlete and so on and so forth, the distance of the bodies actually has an effect on the distance of the hearts. And so, let us remember that in sha Allah,

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that we are blessed to be allowed to, to come back closer together, in what is in sha Allah, the post COVID era now

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in sha Allah so let's just make use of that. And remember that sunnah, that's forgotten sunnah together. We are starting tonight in sha Allah backwards sort of caf, we're starting with

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23 If I can get 23 up there, just like a local

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Are we good? Almost wait for it. Bang is like a little later on. So we concluded the story of the Seven Sleepers in the cave, as as they are called in Christian literature.

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The boys are the youth or the young men in the cave, we finished their story and spoke about some some of many lessons in them.

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What we will discuss today is going to be the Midway or the interim between the first story of suitable calf, which is the story of the boys in the calf in the cave. And the second story, which is the the hottie man who was too full of himself, because he owned the two gardens, we're not going to be able to get to that one. Today. I told you that sort of that calf has four major stories. And between them are are certain major lessons and certain major reminders about the nature of life and the nature of the afterlife. Because these four stories are really the trials of life. And so after every story, there's somewhat of a commentary and a highlight of what we should be remembering. And

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let me just say quickly, and that's one of the most unappreciated aspects of the style of storytelling that exists in the Quran. Sometimes people wonder, like, why is the story of easiest examples Musa alayhis salam all over the Quran, like a bit here and a bit there and a bit here and a bit there. Perhaps one of the greatest lessons here is that Allah azza wa jal wants us to be active listeners and Active readers in the story. You know, they call it in movie watching or whatever, like cognitive dissonance when you deliberately just let go, you're not actually evaluating anything, you're not reflecting, you're just so immersed in the movie or in the story, that it's

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just entertainment. That's it, you're just riding whereas the in and out the stop and go have stories in the Quran. Of what it does is make you an inquisitive listener and inquisitive leader reader. So why was only this part of the story mentioned in this surah there's a world of meaning there in sha Allah Tada. So this surah has four different stories and between them are some discussions will try to contextualize them give some

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lessons around them.

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Before we build up to our next story in sha Allah for next Friday is the Rama

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On Bonanza so after that after Ramadan I guess we'll start with story to this idea Allah azza wa jal basically gives us a rule.

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It says, well, that's a culinary che in the Fairyloot, Velyka vada. And don't say about anything I am, for sure definitely going to do X or Y or Z tomorrow, you're not allowed to do that. As Muslims, pretty straightforward. Muslims say Insha Allah, right? You don't just say I'm gonna do this tomorrow. So that's a rule that in Islam, when you talk about your doing of something in the future, you always make it dependent on Allah's permission, because our will sometimes is carried out sometimes it is not, whereas only Allah's Will is always executed subhanho wa Taala His will is truly a free will. Right? We have some limited will. But our plans aren't always materializing. And

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we need to recognize that and be humble about that. And always say, insha Allah about what we're going to do tomorrow, by the way, unless, unless

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you are talking about your intentions. So someone tells you, when are you traveling, you say tomorrow, meaning I plan on traveling tomorrow, you don't have to really say in sha Allah for that one because you're talking about your schedule, right? But when you're talking about when your intention is the action itself, I will meaning I get it done right, then you should definitely be saying in sha Allah. Right? Not I am scheduled or the plan is the schedule is that and it's really about the intention. Otherwise, err on the side of caution. And by the way, only about future this is another point here. You don't some people say like, Are you a believer? What's your name? My name

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is I don't know, Mohammed insha Allah right or something right? Now this is about future events that you are intending you just qualified that I don't know if I'll be able to carry it out. It is so many times so close and so obvious that I can but then it turns out to be so far and not so obvious, after the fact. So Allah azza wa jal says to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam here while at apolar nourish che in the fairing on Velika vada don't say about anything you're just gonna do it. Next idea insha Allah without first adding if Allah so wills if Allah permits insha Allah

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was cool Rebecca Ivana seat and remember your Lord, if you forgot if you forgot to say in sha Allah, what will I say Rob B. D.

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D and Robbie, Leah, Cora Berman has Rashida and say I trust that my Lord will guide me to what is more right than this.

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So if this seems a little bit disjointed, what does this have to do so that if there's some context here, the context is, remember I told you they tried to stump the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And they asked him three questions. What were the three questions?

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What were they?

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Come on, folks?

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What's your name? What's your favorite food? Now? What are the three questions?

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Huh? Tell me about this man who roamed the whole earth east to us. Right, which will be the Incarnation, we'll find out as the coordinate who else

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tell us about the role of the soul and

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the boys in the cave. Or the young men in the cave. They ask these three. So what happened was, is that the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them, I'll tell you about it tomorrow.

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Come back tomorrow and I will tell you about it. And Allah azza wa jal caused the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to forget to say in sha Allah.

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Okay. And, of course, the most religiously committed human being and the model of you know, religious excellence is the prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam. So why didn't he say in sha Allah because he's also a human being? And had he not forgotten?

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How would we know how to react when we forget? This is why for example, Allah azza wa jal at one in one incident, he caused him to forget salAllahu alayhi wasallam how many hours he prayed, where else did we learn how to, you know, fix the forgetfulness in our salah, except that he showed us how through that incident valet Salatu was Salam.

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Had he not gone through that we wouldn't have that context, that story, that framework to deal with forgetfulness, and so Allah azza wa jal caused him to forget this.

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And as a result of that, he did not

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get what he expected. get what he wanted the next day. The story of sorbitol calf are the stories of Soudal calf. The Surah did not come down for one day

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A and then one week, and then two weeks, and then after two weeks or 15 days, then the surah came down. Right.

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And you know, there's currently a hadith in Sahih al Bukhari that Solomon alayhi salam also said, I will have 100 children, all of them are going to be writing as warriors in the path of Allah. And they said to Him, say in sha Allah, and he didn't say in sha Allah and he forgot he got distracted or whatever they didn't say in sha Allah, and nothing was born to him, except one child that was

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that was the form it was just a a corpse that an incomplete child. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said had he said, insha, Allah, they would have been an army by themselves, they would have been 100, warriors deep, just from that one incident.

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And so Allah azza wa jal took this moment to delay the revelation. And this delaying of the revelation had many benefits of them is that these people thought the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was not going to know. Right? He didn't bring it in a day, or to a week, two weeks. And and then in the end, when he finally did bring it, Allah azza wa jal said to him, this is why it was late. This is why I held it back.

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And so number one, it added, it added to the effect of the surah coming down, they didn't expect it at all, they started taunting and saying, See, we knew he would never know only a prophet would know. It's almost like extending the rope for someone to choke themselves with it. So they accelerate in the opposite direction. Because they were not sincerely seeking anyway, they were simply trying to corner him either. He's salatu salam. And so one benefit is teaching us what to do when we forget to say in sha Allah or what could happen you don't say in sha Allah. Another benefit at the exact same time was the fact that it allowed them to assume they were right for a little

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while to laugh for a little while. But the last laugh if you will, was for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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and the believers

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there's and so if you forget St. sha Allah, make sure you know what's cool, Rob Okay then a seat once you remember like the next day settings HR Allah just said, Say Insha Allah, it's what it means. Remember your Lord just say in sha Allah to yourself after the fact. Like

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if you were to text him and say, Okay, I got you I'll be there an hour and you forgot to say in sha Allah just say to yourself in sha Allah or if you want the text additional in sha Allah, they heard it to whatever okay, but the point is it at least at least to be said, as this ayah is calling our attention to some other lessons perhaps that we can, that we can take from this area? I had 24

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Is that anyone is open to correction, right? Like why did the Prophet SAW Selim at times, missed the mark, very few times sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so that Allah azza wa jal would correct him. And if Allah azza wa jal corrects him first of all, then anyone can be corrected, right?

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Anyone?

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Of course, no one's going to correct the Prophet SAW Salem Indian but Allah subhanho wa taala. Right, but just in general, it's it's a training in humility for the OMA from the top down. Right? If he can be corrected, we can all be corrected. There is one lesson. The second lesson is that him being corrected, is of the proofs of his prophethood. Right when he says, I'm going to bring this tomorrow.

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And he doesn't bring it for two weeks, right? No, actually, you're gonna bring it in 15 days, this shows that the Quran is really not from him. Like it's very embarrassing, I promise. And the people are challenging me and all this that. But this proves a better point, not just the honor of the Prophet SAW Salem, but that he is not the author, this has nothing to do with him, then this message is not in his hands. It's really from an external source. It is horrible Allah means to Allah, by the way,

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whether it would have come tomorrow or came next month, it still proved his prophethood because what he said in social care, what he shared with them could not be known.

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Even if you chase down the books of the Christians and Jews for years, and so it didn't hurt that he spent 15 days, you know, bringing this to them. And this is why they were still stumped. Some people can think okay, it's not impressive if the answer wasn't immediate, no, it is actually just as impressive. One in 15 days don't make a difference in this sort of secret knowledge. So correcting him and anyone can be corrected was a lesson. He doesn't bring the Quran himself sal Allahu Allah is that he can't control the timestamp on one Quran comes that's also in his favor. sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Also him being corrected in the Quran, not just humility now proves his prophethood

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you know if the Quran when it says Abba, what our Allah

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He frowned and turned away sallallahu alayhi wa sallam like if I was the author of the Quran would I teach people a verse like this? Go recite in your prayers that I found and turned away when the blind man came to me like the blind man didn't even see it. He's blind or the Allah Allah remember the incident? And so why would I be publicizing this telling people to memorize it telling people this is Quran? You get 10 good deeds for every letter you read of this, it doesn't add up right? This is truly not his not His words and there's so many act like this. When Allah azza wa jal says what to Fifi enough seek am Allah Who movie what action NASA wala Hua Quan Tasha

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you hide within yourself or Muhammad, what Allah insists to make public and you fear the reaction of the people about these if I just revealed and Allah has more of a right that you'll be that he'd be feared. I Aisha Radi Allahu Ana, she used to say about this idea that if the Prophet SAW Salem witch to conceal anything from the Quran, if he had the right to meddle in anything in the Quran, he would have concealed that Allah. Allah is saying and you're hiding things inside that Allah wants people to know.

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Your discomfort Allah azza wa jal publicized it these are the proofs of his prophet or that he is corrected or he is spoken about in this way. Sal, Allahu Allah. He earlier said lemon, there's so many examples of this

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that's all.

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Next, I add 25 Allah azza wa jal says, and you can imagine, like, No, I were at 25. But how shocked they were at 15 days when they were sure he wasn't gonna bring it. And then I told you remember maybe we have to review a little bit I told you they were asking for a factor two or three who are the boys of the cave. And then Allah said in the chat we already covered no knuckles. So Alec, we're gonna tell you we're gonna educate you about them. I'm not just gonna identify them for you and prove them a profit. I'm going to correct your information and and your multiple debates about their numbers and about their years and all that I'm going to do all of that for you. So not just did he

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bring it when they least expected but he brought more of it than they ever knew.

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So the tables were turned through this incident.

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And now I 25 Allah azza wa jal is saying, will it be through FY Caffee him fell out I mean it in Sydney and I was there do this.

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And they remained these boys in the cave as well, commentary on the story now in their cave for 300 years was their due? And on top of that, nine, what does it mean? 300. And on top of that nine, some scholars said Allah azza wa jal is going

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the fullest length of the journey to say I'll even tell you how many days they were in there. So they were there 300 days and nine, I'm sorry, 300 years and nine meaning nine days.

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Some other scholars said

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they were there 300 years, and you in your books counted it as 309. And that is also if that is the meaning it is also very profound, because there would be no way for the Prophet SAW Salem to convert the lunar calendar which is which is the calendar if you will, in the sight of Allah azza wa jal, right, the lunar year, which is 354 days, and the solar year that the Romans and the Christians use, which is the 365 that we're accustomed to, it's dominant nowadays, to convert those would not have been possible for him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that conversion rate turns 300 into 309.

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So as if, according to the second interpretation, they remained the net for 300 Not the nine days 300 And you count it as 309 though that which you count is 309 I'm sorry, as 300 in your book, forgive me, I switched it.

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When in reality, it is 309 meaning in the county that Allah subhanho wa Taala prefer prefers for people to go by.

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You guys get it right. Like there's 11 day difference between the lunar and the solar and so 11 days difference that means every 30 years will be about one year, and so 300 years will be nine to 10 years.

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So that would also be a profound conversion if the intended was years and it's still a profound calculus if the intended was 300 years and nine days.

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Either way, is emphatic. Next I at 26 Allah subhanho wa Taala says,

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Cody Allah who are Alam will be my lobby to say to them, Allah certainly knows best just how long they stayed in their law who valuables somehow it will all with him is the knowledge of everything unknown in the heavens and the earth will soon be he will Esmer how perfect he hears and sees

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Mandela who mean Dooney him

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Usually even what usually Kofi hook me he had, they have no Guardian besides Him. And He shares His command with no one. In other words, what?

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Allah is perfect in his hearing and his sight and his knowledge, and he knows the things that no one knows. And there is really no one else no immortal being no other God that can ever say otherwise. Allah didn't hand off anything to anyone. While I usually Kofi hook me I had at the end of the ayah So he has the perfect knowledge of it and he is fully in control of it. Subhan Allah, Allah, and so leave the leave to Allah. This is a fundamental principle in Islam, the unseen the vibe, the metaphysical or the law, the last history or knowledge of the future. This is only for Allah. And no one should be speaking on it based on speculation based on conjecture. Because no one was there, no

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one can control it. This is purely his subhanho wa taala.

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next ayah

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Allah azza wa jal says to the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam what's Luma? Oh here la CheMin Kitab Arabic and recite to them what's been revealed to you from the book of your Lord lamb Oba DINELLI Kenny Marathi, he Wallen, Sajid, Amin Dooney, he Malta hada.

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None can change his words, nor can you find any refuge besides him.

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Why is this here? Right? This

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often repeated message in the Quran, just keep reciting the Quran, just ignore what they say, recite to them what has come down to you from your Lord, or from the book of your Lord subhanho wa taala. Just ignore them and stick to the Quran.

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They said

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number one Quraysh was doing what they were plotting against you. They thought they had you, between a rock and a hard place by asking you all these questions right?

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Here is Allah's book, it's enough for you to stay close to the book and don't turn left and right. If they plot and they scheme, this should never affect your data. This should never affect your stamina, you keep going.

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And lamb Obed deli, lamb Obed dearly kanematsu He none can change his words in any way, even the scheduling of when his words come down. In other words, if

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the Quran is delayed, for example, right, or if the outcomes you wish for in the data are delayed. Both of those are intended here. Because they can match the words of ALLAH could be his words, meaning his decree in the cosmos. And it could also be His revealed words meaning his guidance that he sent for us. Nothing can change that. It's his system, if it slows down. It's for profound wisdoms. You just keep reciting the Quran when we send it. You keep calling to what you have of the message and don't turn left and right, just trust Allah azza wa jal keep going.

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Even the delays have another benefit, which is it can filter those who are worthy of carrying the message. Like it's not just those who are challenging you that were

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taunting you for the delay of the surah. There could be people weak in faith, the delay of the message contest their faith, are you going to turn your back? Are you going to lose faith? Are you going to doubt right? And so lamb Obed Allah is in charge on his clock, as they say on his timing, you just keep reciting the book when we send you some if that's the best timing for it, recite it, and move on.

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This is the first reasoning the scholars gave for why this is here. Another reasoning they gave

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is that this is the lesson Remember, I told you it's commentary now, between the stories? This is the lesson of surgical care if you remember when we began the story of El Cap, I'm sorry, the story of the cave. When we began the story, we said that Allah Baraka was Allah made two descriptions of these people, he said as Hannibal Caffee are rotting. The people of the calf, what's the GEF?

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It's a freebie, the cave. What did we say the Rakeem is?

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Remember, more comb.

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The inscription just like a locket. So the inscription the people of the cave and the inscription. We said one of the reasons historians mentioned why it was called they were called the people have the cave and the inscription because they famously ran to a cave and had a famous inscription an inscribed tablet, which was basically their study guide they had like some is written there from their book, their teachings, their doctrine, their belief, and they would study it with each other in the cave.

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Yes, ma'am.

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So the

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inscription and so, it is as if the reasoning here, Allah azza wa jal is telling the Prophet SAW Salem and the believers with him, do what the boys in the cave did when they were plotted against courageous plotting against you stick to the Quran.

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Don't get distracted, don't be diluted, don't be deceived, don't be manipulated. You know, they call it gaslighting, right, when someone just keeps taunting you until you start doubting your own convictions. He's telling him close your eyes to the gaslighting stick to the book, like the boys in the cave stuck to the book, they had our theme. And that's the idea. If you think you're going to be immune to all of these alien ideologies and all of these values outside in society that are antithetical that are that don't line up to the Islamic worldview. And you don't have your home base. You don't have your fundamental beliefs intact. You're not close enough to the Quranic

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worldview, it will get in so he's telling them if you want to survive their plots, and this is not the last of them, who to do my oh here. Iligan Kitabi robic, you keep reciting the book of your Lord. That is the first ingredient to being steadfast through this trial.

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The first story was the first trial if you remember the first kind of trial trial against beliefs. Remember we said four different kinds of trials this one is that when you are persecuted or you are abused or you are stigmatized for your beliefs, this is remedy number one.

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Remedy number two

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was bad enough second Alladhina the owner of the home will have a dirty will actually you really do now Ledger Wallet are dynamic and home to reduce Xena tell hayati dunya, while two player mana fell now Calva, who run the Kadena whatever ahava who can admiral who Furuta you will probably already reading the English, right? So you have the English, I could just jump into the commentary, and patiently stick with those who call upon their Lord.

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Morning and Evening seeking His pleasure. And don't let your eyes look beyond them desiring the luxury of this worldly life and do not obey those whose hearts we've made heedless of our remembrance, who follow only their desires and who stayed is in total loss. That's the second remedy. You can have the perfect seed of guidance, the verse before the Quran right planted there. But if you're, I don't want to use the word incubator. But if your environment your atmosphere is not right, that seed will never grow.

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That's why they had an inscription. But they ran to a cave. You see the connection now between these two ayat and between the advice in the commentary of the surah you see the story has all these lessons and more that we spoke about. These are our reflections. But Allah azza wa jal expressly spells out certain lessons at the back end of the story, so you don't miss them. These are the most important ones now catch it. That's the idea of the commentary here. And Allah azza wa jal knows best. So that is that is the second

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and stay close to those who are staying close to Allah. Don't look beyond them.

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What's interesting here is

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when Quraysh could not stop the Prophet SAW Salem, they tried many things, okay. And they all failed many plots, many schemes to try to get in his way to try to get him to abort his call. They try to do what you tell me. What did they try to do?

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What do they first tried to do?

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They shouted him down, then they tried to you know, keep people from hearing him, then they you know, by like character assassination calling him things or otherwise, then the snowball effect is happening. So they went to him and started negotiating. You remember the story Muhammad, if you want, women will divorce our lot wives and you can have them. If you're sick, something's wrong, we'll get you the doctor. Even if we go broke. You want money you want leadership will make you our leader. We've never had one leader. We've never accepted one man as our leader will do it for you just stop. They started negotiating. They began to fold.

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And then when that didn't work, they started saying okay, okay, okay, listen, we're gonna, we're gonna be Muslims or down with this Islam thing. But just stop hanging out with these poor people. Because these poor people, they're just, you know, they're beneath us. Right? And, you know, the very first people to subscribe to the message of all the prophets were the poor and the weak, right? Because our deen is the dean of justice. Our dean is the dean of equality. Our dean is the dean of empowerment.

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And so they said, okay, just stop paying around these lousy peasants. And then call us wolf will maybe we can talk about this this land thing. And so Allah azza wa jal said, Never, don't buy into this. Never give up these people. Right? never deprive these people of your company, never look beyond them and think, oh, maybe the powerful and the rich if they become Muslim everyone else because no, they're becoming Muslim on the condition that you give up your Islam basis.

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Berkeley, right, which is accepting the equality of human beings validating people not accepting money as the ultimate determinant of human value. And so they're not really accepting, don't look beyond them, don't try to convince yourself or justify.

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And, you know, that is the basic message of this area. The second message I want you to think about when you read this area, which we already alluded to, is the importance of environment, always keep people around you that will keep you in check. We gave a whole blog about this a few weeks prior about matura. Seeking consultation is not actually asking someone a question, seeking consultation from people a big part of that sometimes is putting people in close proximity to you. So they can tell you that you don't know what you don't know. And here's actually what you're not noticing, and here are your blind spots and you're changing or you're in need or otherwise. That's a big part of

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it. The Prophet alayhi salatu salam is being told to stay near these people.

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A third lesson here is Allah is telling him and don't go to these people who are drunk with their desires, and they're like, are totally lost. And

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why is he telling the Prophet SAW Salem this, when the Prophet SAW Salem would never do it?

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That's an important lesson on how to understand the Quran in general, the rhetoric of the Quran many times addressing the Prophet SAW Salem, not because he is susceptible or prone to doing these things, but because this is the gentler way to address his audience. So he's speaking to the Prophet and it's although Sudan but he's telling others don't fall into these traps.

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And, you know,

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to do quick reflections, you know, when some of the FCT scholars gave on this area, they said Allah azza wa jal told the prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam don't look beyond them.

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It's as if the Prophet SAW Selim looking at you as a blessing. It fed them, right it fed them and it inspired them and motivated them that they got to see because who is this ayah referring to the people the Prophet SAW, Selim would see, every time he walked out of his house. These were basically I had a sofa, I had a sofa with the people that traveled to Medina, and had nothing because they gave up everything to get to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam and the Muslims, and they basically took residence in the masjid, you know,

00:32:23--> 00:32:50

on the sand on the gravel, you know, eating one day and thanking Allah going hungry the next day and being patient very hard life, just to be close to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam. And so Allah is saying, don't move them away. Don't even like distance them from you. Don't look beyond them. It could mean don't seek beyond them, because that would be a mistake. But also don't deprive them of seeing your eyes sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that was one beautiful, you know, subtlety or an indirect reflection.

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The other one that I personally like was thinking about is that we often say Islam is not about worshipping Allah at night and day in the ritualistic sense, right? Islam is about, you know, ritual ality and service to humanity. At the same time, you also have to be a contributor to the world.

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But that doesn't mean everybody. There are some people that their life dynamic allows them to be this actually, their their skill set doesn't allow them to be anything else. Like there's some people that if they give that hour,

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it would be a really big problem. They're just like, rough around the edges and not knowledgeable enough and all that stuff, it would actually bring more harm than good. There are some people that are not good at teamwork, also, like talking about like service, they're just not good at it. Right? And so there is a like, this is not the ideal, the ideal is to be the total package of your Prophet alayhi salatu salam, but there will always be people who for them, this is their ceiling. And it's a beautiful ceiling. Right? If that's all Allah created you with the capacity to do, and he gave your life dynamics like the financial stability to, to read 10 years of Quran a day or right and pray 100

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Rock as at night and fast, that's fine. Allah causing some people to have that niche

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is something we actually benefit from. I'm not promoting this for people that can do otherwise, right? Because the Prophet alayhi salatu salam is the ideal, but these people that could be seen as excessive in their isolationism or excessive in their ritual ality or otherwise, there is a benefit in them existing. What is the benefit?

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Tell me the benefit in them existing.

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Come on, think with me.

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People that are a little bit I don't want to use the word one sided but

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they are very strong and assertive.

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Respect and below average in other respects, Dini respects what could be the benefit of that imbalance.

00:35:09--> 00:35:10

Yes, Yusuf.

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Yeah, it's like a balancing mechanism like an organic balancing mechanism. Aren't there people on the other extreme? Who are hell bent on, you know, making the next dollar, seeking the life of this world, right? Allah saying and don't, don't underestimate don't look beyond those who seek the face of their Lord by night and day, right? And don't let your eyes desire the luxuries of this world and obey those whose hearts are heedless. That's the idea. The other extreme is complete heedlessness and so it's almost like Allah causes to exist some people who serve as a balancing act for everyone else. And you know what's also amazing is that these people many times could be the perfect medicine

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for the other extreme like the other extreme

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may not see the difference between them and the the well rounded believer they may not notice it like the one who you know makes decent amount of money and you know, praise the average amount or a little bit more but when someone is on the complete opposite extreme say wow man, this is very different than how I live this is and they they can be brought back to the middle by these people.

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And he looks happier than me right? And and he also gets his share of this world look how much respect he has and like you know this right when they go to that guy that very simple man, that it's just Allah Allah azza wa jal as they say an Egyptian right I love Allah he's just at God's door all day the people that have this world they often find themselves just like drawn to them it's just like she I can you make dua for me? The Who told you I was a chef like I was just you know, like a beard and a turban and what is it right? So it is a balancing act. And and and when when you notice the respect sometimes these people get and say, oh man Subhanallah this is like in living color with

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the Prophet said that if I make the effort on my concern, the dunya will come to me anyway, look at the respect he gets. Look at the gifts he gets, right don't buy many gifts, guys, I'm not that guy. I just I'm a lousy, shallow, bare minimum. You know, man when it comes to ritual devotion, may Allah rectify all our affairs, but that is the idea right? The people of Deen that are extra visible in I don't want to say stereotypical but you know just that little bit of you know, off to the right. Sometimes are the only medicine for the people off to the left. For this is all of the lessons you think about in this area.

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And then the next day at 29 We're about done it's been a half hour over a half hour now.

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Well couldn't have come here Rebecca them and say to them, oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is the truth from your Lord. We'll leave it like that for now as the translation for men chef, aluminium and chef for the UK for whoever wants let them believe in whoever doesn't want let them disbelieve in Medina Livadi me in an hour on how to be him. Surah devkota We've prepared for the wrongdoers of Fire whose walls will completely surround them with either Allah may Allah protect us

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we're in yesterday through UVA through Bhima in Kalamoon yes we will do and when they scream out for help, they will be helped with and this is not help with water like molten metal the liquid they'll actually molten metal metal so hot that it melted into liquid. Which will yesh will would you which will roast their faces. Like before you drink it it rose to your face or you haven't Billa Allah protect us. MIT says Shara What a horrible drink was at North Africa and what a terrible place of rest or place to rest.

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And so this ayah means say to them, oh Mohamed story's over, commentary is over as well. Now, here's a message you carry to them say to them, oh, Mohammed, this is the truth from your Lord.

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This ayah can also mean it's also interpreted this phrase is also interpreted as say to them, oh Muhammad, the truth is from your Lord meaning more general or it comes from Allah. It's true. Now that you know it's from Allah, you know, I'm a prophet, I passed the test. Now believe everything else. The truth is what comes from Allah.

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And

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whoever wants to believe can believe in whoever doesn't want to believe doesn't have to believe meaning it's your business. It doesn't mean it's permissible to disbelieve, it means go ahead and clean your room if you don't if you want. You don't have to clean your room if you don't want, right, just face the consequences. Be ready. I gave you agency I gave you a will do what you want.

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And this is like that.

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very assertive language. And we always as Muslims have to be ready to be polite, respectful, and all that, but use assertive language. And, you know, we were talking about some, you know, liberal values that don't align and some liberal values do, but liberal values that don't align with our Islam with, you know, in the young dad's halacha a week or two ago. And we said we can clarify until and disclaim and try to rationalize and all that. But there has to come a point sometimes where you say, I don't expect you to agree with me. When we have a different reference point, my reference point is God knows best. God tells the truth. You want it? You want it? You don't you don't. But God

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said, so I'm really sorry. I can't move from here. Right. So you should not expect people with, for example, a secular reference point, a worldly reference point to agree you shouldn't expect it to begin with someone that believes that truth comes from God.

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Two completely different, you know, man centered anthropocentric and God centered. It's going to be a different measuring stick, we have to be ready to say that.

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And

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the connection between this and the context I gave you already is obvious. You want to negotiate? You want to say, Okay, I'll accept on our terms say no, no, no, that my whole project is about God's terms. The project is submitting to God's terms. So if you submit to the terms you want, and reject the terms you don't, then those are your terms, not gods, right, being selective and submission is not submission. Islamically speaking, and we just have to say that,

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as Muslims, you know, the Muslim who says, drinking alcohol is fine, and doesn't drink a drop of alcohol is in far greater danger than the Muslim who drinks alcohol and says alcohol is not fine.

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You understand that?

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Because the person who doesn't drink alcohol, but overrides God's rules, that's rebellion. That's rejection. Right? Whereas someone who drinks alcohol but accepts God's rule in principle, and this is called weakness, not rejection, not rebellion. And so that is the idea. The truth is from God, the bare minimum is that you accept it. And then we're all going to help each other live up to it. That's a different story. But we have to be ready to set that red line sometimes and be assertive. That's that's very important.

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Whoever wants wants, whoever doesn't doesn't your gain your loss. We have prepared for the volley mean, the volley mean are the oppressors. And of course, oppression has many types. Here, it means the greatest form of oppression which is what

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which is what what's the greatest form of injustice,

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to infringe on God's rights * to associate partners with God, to set yourself on equal standing with God where you can negotiate, right? That is the greatest form of volume. So the volume here means cuff, we have prepared for the volume, the kaffir this punishment, the punishment is a fire and that its walls fully surround them. You know, this means this means that you will not even find relief in the fire. In terms of getting to see what exists outside the fire. Your eyes won't even be relieved by looking at another location. May Allah azza wa jal protect us and you?

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Yes, we will do roasting the faces I spoke of.

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And what a horrible resting place you know, there's something here about horrible resting place is the final resting place. No, this is almost like

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giving their taunting back to them.

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The word motif of QA I told you before a metaphor called the boys in the cave use the term like this. By the way, it comes from middle soccer, which means elbow, the more tougher is the cushion, you put your elbow on when you're feeling extra comfortable, right? And so Allah azza wa jal is saying

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you will have this punishment because you rejected the religion.

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And this punishment has no regard for the elites and the VIPs that

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sit there in their clubs because in the college had an Eddie flourish had like an elite gathering where the poor people don't come and that's why the verses before they were saying, you know, we're not going to ruin this the setting here right, the VIP club, so they would sit there basically on their cushions, right? So Allah azza wa jal is saying you check out the cushions in the hellfire. There is a connection here that is

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that is perhaps intended from that angle. And as for those next idea, I'll be done in five minutes to give you a full 15 or 20 Before I share for your tea Inshallah, as for those who believe and do good, we certainly will never allow to go to waste the reward of those who are excellent in their deeds. In Alladhina, Amanu Amira Saudi had in learn

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

They'll do a gentleman asked anomala

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This is the opposite side the counterpart of the discussion on the fire Allah saying and nothing will be wandered every deed even the ones you forgot the smile you brought to someone's face the charity the half a day to donate it as the Hadith says right? What were the things you you forgive people you just let it go brushed it off you overlooked I will remind you about all this nothing is gonna go to waste.

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Even your intentions that didn't materialize the tree you planted that never grew. Right? Doesn't the Hadith mention that just planted even if it's not going to grow the trees that we planted?

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Or the donation that you accidentally sent to someone who wasn't deserving? Right? All of that it will show up. And Allah this is this theme in the Quran is a very essential, you know, indication and proof that Allah wishes well for us subhanho wa Taala you see, nothing will ruin our deeds, but one sin which is sheer, right? That's the only thing that will consume your good deeds so disbelieve in Allah azza wa jal, right, whereas your bad deeds, tons of things will assault to them who will crumble them will do away with them and counteract them.

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But the good deeds so long as your Alladhina amanu I'm gonna solid heart you're a believer. Everything will be there for you so long as you remain within that baseline of being a movement being a believer being someone that lives and dies on that ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasulullah

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next and last idea, Allah says, and I would hate to rush this idea, but we have no choice. Hola eCola home Jana to add an integer the mean dirty Hello, man daddy himolla And how are you? Hello Anna fie her mean, sir. We are I mean there have been well but soon at the lab and hold the ramen soon to seem quite stable. Rockin Muteki in a fear Allara icky. Near I'm a fella boo hustle winner tomorrow tough. Ah, these are the people these believers that works righteousness. They'll have Jannetty Adnan eternal gardens with rivers flowing under their feet. So let me just break it down quickly instead of reading the whole translation. First of all, Jana is Jana, every Muslim knows

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what Jana is. But why is Jen Nicole Jen?

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So like Jana means garden, even a worldly garden would be called agenda, okay.

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But the garden of the Hereafter, or the paradise of the Hereafter is called the Garden.

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Yes, because it is lush and it is green and it has flowery and it has fruits and they're delicious and all of that it's a garden. Right?

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And, and that is something we all desire, right? We all you know, like gardens and like water, and no matter what century you live in, you still want your mansion with your estate and your Jacuzzi. Like it's all the same, right? It's all the same, and the in ground pool. It's amazing. It's like a human need to want the green and want water. It's truly amazing. This is not like some desert incentive incentive for people that live in the deserts at some Orientalist strike to claim, you know,

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but it's also called Jana, because Jenna means to hide.

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That's why the gin are called gin because they're hidden from our vantage point. Okay, Jana means, you know, a shield is called a junuh. Because it you hide behind your shield, right. And so

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Jana is you know, hidden from outsiders until you get in you have no idea what's inside. That's a part of it. It is, doesn't the Hadith say I have prepared for my righteous servants, no ear what no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard, and never dawned upon the heart of any man.

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It's just it's fenced beyond human imagination. Because you know, like, what you see what you hear what you imagine? The things we see are less than the things we hear about, right? You went to three places and heard about 12. Right? And the things you hear about are less than the things you imagine. Not everything you imagine is exist in the real world in this world, right. And so what is in Jannah is actually fenced outside of this even it is even beyond all of that.

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And so that is one of the reasons why it's called the Jana. And so whatever we describe the rest of the is some descriptions on Jana, these are just terms to help us conceptualize in a way that motivates us, whereas the realities are very different. But that's the nature of language, like the nature of language that you have already have a concept in your mind. And then there's a word for it right. But since we're not familiar with Jana, and our minds, our creativity our imagination cannot conceptualize it. Then it makes perfect sense that Allah gives us a term that we can conceptualize.

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LIKE it if I tell you in Jannah there is there is FinFisher as one scholar made up a word this can be shot can be shot has no meaning in any language. It's a made up word. Okay? It's a random letters bundled together. Will that encourage any

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One, it will not.

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So it's pointless. So of the wisdom of Allah azza wa jal that he mentioned to you things through parallels that exist, though the realities are different.

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And then it says underneath which rivers flow

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there's two types of assets in the Quran about this description. Some of them say the rivers flow under Jana, on the Jana underneath which rivers flow, the other is have a slightly different wording. They say the rivers flow beneath them beneath the people in Jana. What's the difference?

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is actually pretty funny.

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I have a few think of like, why this would be useful and wise to tell some people because people that are farmers, they often cut off the water from each other. So there's underground water, but I'm not letting it come to your property. Right. So its agenda underneath which rivers flow is actually happening. There was a dispute inside of the province LM about this, but all farming people rural people know this stuff. When they don't like their neighbor, they obstruct the water supply. And so Allah saying there's water supply on the agenda, and everyone gets right and there's no bad neighbors agenda.

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And then another nuance the scholars point out about this I in particular, I wish I could highlight on the ayat but I can't. Allah says they are adorned with bracelets, right with bracelets, they are adorned right with great bracelets. And then later on it says, And they were green garments, they said there's a difference here. They are adorned meaning someone else puts bracelets on them.

00:51:47--> 00:51:52

Right. Whereas the clothing the green garments, they put it on.

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So what is more essential, your clothing or your jewelry, the shirt or the watch?

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The clothing so your essential reward you will take based on your deeds you enter Jannah by Your mercy and based on your deeds, you get this these assets and you put them on right. But then there are non essentials you don't deserve them. They're bonuses they're not calculated based on your deeds bonuses from Allah that get put on you. bonuses on top of they say

00:52:28--> 00:52:31

this is purely from the bounty of Allah

00:52:32--> 00:52:37

namah Philip or has Sunette motif Ah, what a marvelous reward

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and what a fabulous place to rest.

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May Allah azza wa jal gather us and you and our loved ones and our parents and our children in Jannah love Mermin

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Subhanak long Hamlet Chateau La Ilaha land and a stockbroker to Willick any questions? Yes, sir.