Divinely Sheltered – Reflections on Surat Al-Hujurat 02
Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy
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we begin the name of Allah All Praise and Glory be to Allah and his finest peace and blessings be upon His messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his family and his companions and all those who dread his path. We asked a lot of teachers that which will benefit us and benefit us with that which he teaches us and to increase us in beneficial knowledge Allah whom I mean,
just like a little plate on and my apologies for the interruption last week.
I hated very much to interrupt the momentum as we were beginning a new sewer on a new course. But duty called for me and I had an emergency travel as some of you may have heard. So let's get back to Sudan hoorah. surah Taha gerat
100 means the private chambers, and we will find out why the surah is referred to as that most famously, at least today. But for those who are not with us, we said sorted her gerat was the surah that summarize, essentially, at the onset, I'm sorry, not the onset, at the conclusion of the life of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his message it summarized at who cuts the rules of engagement in the various relationships we have in life, our relationship with Allah subhanho wa taala, our Creator and then our relationship with his creation in the many different forms that takes in our life.
And the surah began with Yeah, you have Latina Amanullah to have a demo Vina de la hora soli, oh, you have believed if you're a believer, these are of the requirements of faith, do not step forward, in front of Allah and His messenger. In other words, a believer knows better than anyone how to respect when he should step up and when he should step back. And we said the Muslim should do this on every front, on every front to not speak out of turn to not decide out of turn, because our dean called us to that, but this is spoke about the most necessary and the most urgent scenario when that applies, and where all the other scenarios get to their validity, get their authority, which is the
authority of Allah azza wa jal, and that's where it all starts, do not step forward, in place of instead of before Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and we said that what this means is that if they have decided on a matter, then that's it, it is concluded it is finalized. Allah azza wa jal knows best, and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam best can face conveys on behalf of his Lord subhanho wa taala. And that's it. And we said to not be invested as a believer in seeking knowledge to think I don't need to check it's obvious what Allah who then would not be in approval of this is of the signs of an unhealthy heart. And that is why
the I ended with WhatsApp Allah and Allah has me on on him and fear Allah, fear Allah from dealing with this matter casually. Certainly Allah is the All Hearing the All Knowing the second verse we covered we only cover those two verses. Yeah, you had Lavina and Manu Oh, you have believed the latter far as water come focus out in a B, Do not raise your voices over the voice of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam while at the jihad Allah who will hold nor speak to him aloud in a loud voice, and talk about Arma, Luke como and Tom Lata Sharon so that your deeds are not forfeited, while you don't realize it. And so even be we're not even talking about stepping forward or
disobeying or ignoring, even being casual with the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam by raising your voice to him, or raising your voice in his presence. The two clauses in that area cover those two scenarios, raising your voice over his in his attendance.
This would be unacceptable, because he represents Allah azza wa jal. He is the definition of what have the success in life that you are required to pursue. And so if you are to treat him casually, you will never be able to succeed in life. He is not like us, Allah He salatu salam, he is certainly a human being in every sense of the word, except that Allah guided him to being the best of the human beings and the not to be compared with anyone else, even superior to all the other prophets. And he received revelation from Allah, detailing to us definitive guidance on everything we need until we meet our Lord subhanho wa taala. It is a grant that matter and that is why this protocol is
to respect him and his words during his life. And after his death. I gave you many stories go back to the tape as they say
of how the early Muslims understood that this applied to him his physical presence during his lifetime, Allah He salatu salam and him speaking and during the speaking of his words by others, meaning when a hadith is being relayed, likewise there has to be that degree of regard and reverence because this is the bedrock upon which our deen is built. The bedrock upon which our deen is built, it all begins there. Otherwise, duck bottle armor LUCAM or your deeds can be forfeited when to bladder Sharon and you don't realize it while you don't realize it. And we said this means due to negligence, not accident. Accidents, we said are not sins Allah forgives us when we are forgetful.
And we are we commit things out of unintentional
misconduct. But when you know but you're underestimating this is when a person can actually fall outside of the faith we said because your deeds are forfeited by what? Only by disbelief. And so this is the gravity of Adam with Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam.
Someone may ask for proof.
As to why accidents cannot be since the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in Allah The jail was only an almighty fool haha when this young man was to carry who Allah Allah has pardoned my ummah, in their mistakes and in their forgetfulness and what they were coerced, forced against their will to do. And he also said sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
were in a Raju. Later Callum BILL KELLY Murthy Minh Zuccotti la de la EULA kala Balan.
Yet we have a nerdy Sabrina Khalifa person may utter a word that is so angering to Allah that he pays no mind to that could cause him to plumb it for 70 years straight into the fire. First thing to say okay, he pays it no mind meaning he didn't realize what he was saying. This isn't so I had Bacardi sitting next to me the the Prophet Allah His Sato center elaborated with some clear wording to remove accidents. He said, lie your wounds and Nahata blew my beloved he did not think it would reach what it reached. He knew it was wrong. He just downplayed how wrong can it actually be? So that is the issue. Negligence with edit in edit with the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam is what this I was referring to. Let's move on to today's if the CHA Allah azza wa jal, the third eye in the surah Allah subhanho wa Taala commends those who lived the positive example who abided by this Adam because I told you this came down at the end of Islam to summarize when people were flocking to Islam in waves and they were not like the earliest most senior Sahaba right? And so Allah then positive really reinforces those who are doing it right for years now. He says Subhana Allah Allah in the Lavina Yahoo Luna or sweater humane dot Rasulillah he hula it Ken Levine, I'm Johanna Allahu Luba homely, taqwa la Houma Farah tune as you don't carry him.
Those who reduce the volume of their voices in the presence of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
These are those whom Allah has examined their hearts for Taqwa. In other words, he tested their hearts for taqwa, through the command to have ended with the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he found taqwa in their hearts. The proof of it was this Adam,
is that clear? Those who lowered their voice with the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they are those whom Allah has examined their hearts for Taqwa meaning and found it.
lehle mellifera to add your own Kareem Aleem for them, for them is a great forgiveness and a great reward.
So a few things here.
You know, in sort of the najem, a very nearby Surah, actually, at least in the chronology of the Quran, though that sort of nature is makin This is late to Medina and Allah Subhana Allah was Allah said to the believers,
fella to Zakho and full circle who Allah movie many taka. Don't praise yourself. Don't vouch for yourself and the purity of your heart. He Allah knows best who has taqwa, right?
And then here, Allah azza wa jal is incentivizing for them, telling them those who have been treating the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah gives them credit. Isn't that beautiful? Like you can never know. Don't ever praise yourself conclusively that you have Taqwa. But here's some good news you who have been doing this Allah
He concurs that you have Taqwa on your heart. Allah tests that you have taqwa in your heart.
And then think about it. He then he says, hola he can Latina those are the ones he didn't say hey, hola hola Xena. These are the ones that have Taco in their heart. Allah says those those for the distance these for the nearby right so their distance where they are the closest people to the message all Salam they are distinct in their rank Allah saying those stars right those you know heroes those winners, he's celebrating them those are the ones that Allah found taqwa in their heart for them is a great forgiveness and a great reward. He said, Wait a minute, hold on. What are we talking about here? Someone who lowered their voice in front of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam
okay, but that's it. Right like they didn't liberate the Kava.
They did well by this at this point they did right.
They did not liberate and Mr. de la casa how's that? That was their enzyme Omar Radi Allahu Anhu. And even if they did, the ayah is saying when they lower their voice, these are the successful people, they get all their sins forgiven and get this massive reward. Why?
Why is that? Because someone who lowers his voice in the presence of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or in the presence of those uttering his blessed statements, Allah is Salatu was Salam. These are people that are his greatest followers, right? Like can you imagine someone respecting his words when they're spoken, and then defying him?
I mean, that that could be imaginable. But with some inconsistency, right like that's like religious schizophrenia. Yes. So you say the Prophet SAW Selim story he begins to cry. And then you know, you say a hadith Hadith, right? But then you violate him, but the normal
the normal expectation is ever that these people are lowering their voice consistently in public and in private truly, because these are the messenger of Allah's words. Then the moment he gestures they act right or wrong.
Like even if he's not addressing them, they're lowering their voice around him. Ali Salatu was Salam. They are ready to serve. They are you know, standing alert for the prophets Shetty by greater virtue for lowering their voice. They're ready to, they're ready to abide by the Sharia. And so he says for them is a great forgiveness and a great reward. That is the power of glorifying Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. That is the power of Taqwa and reality. You know, like, why would someone
be rewarded for his good deeds or forgiven for his bad deeds? It's actually because of the taqwa behind the good deed, and the taqwa behind the repentance from the bad deed. That's really what it's about. So that is what is being rewarded. Didn't Allah Subhana Allah, Allah say, in NEMA, it's about Allah human animal Delphine, Allah only accepts from the people of Taqwa only from the God conscious.
Obviously, that doesn't mean that only religious people to get their good deeds accepted right? Or else how does a non religious person become religious? How does the non practicing become practicing? How does the non pious become pious? What this means is, they are pious, they are conscious of Allah, they are glorifying of him in that deed, even if that deed is what stopping their heinous crime, right? And so it's the tug of war behind the Toba or the taco behind the thought or the act of obedience, obedience, the act of devotion, that actually gets them the reward. And so the taco that made these people lower their voices around the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam is why the eye ends with Lahoma Pharaoh to Nigerian alim. For them is that forgiveness and a great reward, the fourth ayah. Now,
if I were to segment this surah
into chapters, the first four is our one chapter. Let me so we're going to close out the first chapter in a sense, though, the overarching umbrella theme is relationships.
In the fourth area, Allah Azza Genesis in the Levina Yuna do Naka meanwhile, Ra il jurati at federal Himalaya alone.
Like if you're not gonna raise your voice in front of the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now listen to this idea. Those who call out to you
from behind, how Jura title of the surah from behind from outside of beyond your private quarters. In other words from outside of your house. He's yelling Oh Mohammed
Come out. We're here. Talk to us.
So there's a story behind this the idea those who call out to you from beyond the walls of your, your private chambers, your apartments at federal home late afternoon. Most of them
most of them are not. They do not reason. They're not thinking. They are not thinking. And they're not culture is blind. This was their culture. The story behind this idea is that there was a Bedouin people during the year of delegations when people were coming, sending delegations at a time announcing and pledging their Islam, one Kabila at a time. After the conquest of Mecca, they would come and Benu Tamim or a Bedouin tribe, came calling out to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, while he's in his house, with his family, with his wives, right? Like you don't raise your voice when you're in the room. Imagine when he's in his private, you know, quarters, his private room, at
least a lot was set up in the privacy of his home. Their culture was that it was fine, is what they did, right. They didn't have as much privacy. They didn't have enough etiquette. They didn't have enough, you know, rules of engagement as they're learning here. And so the Quran did not stay silent about this. The Quran came to beautify that culture, and say that this was unacceptable. You know, interestingly, there's actually a hadith and authentic hadith where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was out and about with the people was out and about with the people. And a Bedouin man kept calling out to him. Yeah, Mohammed Yeah, Mohammed top of his lungs, and the Sahaba are all like,
telling him we have oldman soltec Like what is wrong with you lower your voice. I'm talking to Muhammad like this. The Prophet Muhammad Sall Allahu Allah, don't speak like this. And he kept saying Walla Walla, how am I going to lower my voice? Yeah, Mohammed. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he realized this man does not know any better. So the narrator says, and this is just like the splendid luck of our Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam.
Fenn there who be in Minnesota, he the narrator says, So the Prophet SAW Selim responded to him with an equal volume.
And he said to him, ha, oh, I'm like, Oh, my brother, my brother. I'm here. I'm right here. I'm over here come. Why did he do that relates to Auto Salon?
Why did he do it?
To make the man feel a lot
Right, just with the fact that the Prophet SAW Selim forgave him and try to soften the situation, to show those habits fine, and to make the man not to be the center of attention for any longer to try to get him out of the limelight. That didn't mean that this was correct. This was just from his forbearances Haley malaise salatu salam, but Allah azza wa jal put this in the Quran so that we don't accept this as the standard, right? Like the fact that the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam, for example, forgave every person that ever assaulted him, right? Doesn't mean we are fine with the Prophet SAW Salem being assaulted. We don't accept this, right? This is the idea.
And so he would, but the Arab now they're coming flocking in waves to Medina.
And so Allah subhanho wa Taala said, Those who call out to you from beyond, you know, the walls of your home, they are not thinking this makes absolutely no sense.
it could be culture. And it could also be arrogance, right. Some people just think that the world revolves around them. Right? When they have a need, everything has to stop. And they have to be prioritized. This is also possible. You think you're the greatest clan are the greatest individual on the face of the earth? You believe the world revolves around you. And so the deen also came to say no, the world does not revolve around you use your head a little bit. You know,
there are people that have a right to their own time have a right to their own privacy, you know,
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the greatest of them. He, if the world were to revolve around anyone who would have been him on a salatu salam
he is the greatest priority.
like, how can we extend this into our life? We're not going to call out to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
from another room, right? We're not going to do that.
But still, we do something a little bit better when he
What do we do?
Tell me. I only have six minutes left.
Okay, great. So in general when people are in their homes, or people are away from you people have a right to their privacy. You don't have a right to be tended to on your clock, regardless of how convenient that is for them and then o'clock,
Allah subhanho wa Taala says in the Quran and Sunnah the inode, which also spoke about edible estate and the you know, the etiquette of visitation and seeking permission when you enter, were in Clear Lake Como 040, who SK Telecom, when you are told not when you call if you walk to their door, even if you were invited, and then you get to their door, and you knock and you're told Go away, go away.
That's the Quran says go back. You don't know what happened. Maybe he caught diarrhea, right? Maybe he had just had a marital meltdown. Right? Like
something happened? Maybe someone that needs to be rushed to the ER, maybe and maybe and maybe there's so many maybes, right? Allah says, then just go back. You don't have the right to insist to be admitted, even after you came. Right? And then Allah says, who as kala commit is pure for you, pure for you to get rid of that arrogance in your heart that makes you feel like you have to be tended to the moment you arrive. Right? And that is showing up physically. Imagine just fiddling your tongue, thumbs and throwing a text at somebody or calling them you don't have the right. You know, some people say, I know you hit end on the phone call. And
I hit and on the phone call.
I'm so sorry for changing my baby's diaper or like, you know, reading a book or wanting to keep my train of thought while I answer the email or so what.
But regarding calling out to though this is an excellent example. It's like what
would you be allowed in Islam?
Someone already said no, I didn't even say anything.
To call out to your parents come here from another room.
Is that allowed? Again? Our parents might be forgiving and let it happen. Right. But is that allowed in Islam?
Not from outside that from another room? Mama.
Come here quick. Are we allowed to do this? No, you're absolutely not allowed to do this. In fact, in fact, it's the opposite. That if your parents call you listen, and you're in Salah, you're talking to Allah, not talking to fortnight, right? You're talking to Allah azza wa jal. And your parents call you, especially if it's not an obligatory Salah you have to go to them.
You'd have to come to them. Right? So you shouldn't be calling out to your parents from within the same house beyond a wall. And what about the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wa sallam
and then the eye continues to say well Anna himself out who had that Dr. J lay him the kind of higher Allahu wala who awful Rahim. And had they just been patient until you came out to them.
That would have been so much better for them for their virtue for their manners for their Deen because manners our deen as we've been establishing, it would have been so much better for them. And Allah is forgiving merciful. I don't have much time to elaborate on this idea. And it's pretty self explanatory. But I want you to catch something, just one,
I guess a legal injunction here. And if they had just waited until
he sallallahu alayhi, wasallam came out to them. Which means what? Allah qualified it, if he had come out for other than them, then they still don't have a right to interrupt him to intercept him. You know, just because you see someone, right? Of course, the Messenger of Allah Alayhi Salatu Salam is the highest, right? But also when you see someone just because you intercepted them, doesn't mean you have the right to stop them. What if I had exited to go to the bathroom? What am I had exited? So you know, tend to something that was time sensitive, right.
And so these are the ads that were established front and center, about how to deal with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his authoritative space, his glorified rank in Medina, because every form of structure and every system and every authority will emanate from that, you know, obeying our parents obeying our leaders obeying what whoever we need to obey and falling in line. We do that because Allah told us to do it. We're Odle Emory Minko. So if we're not going to begin with due regard, on the infrastructure on the Super Foundation, Allah and His
messenger then it will never extend to benefit us and all these other relationships now we move on to our other relationships in the coming weeks in sha Allah Allah Subhana Allah Muhammad diksha Allah Allah Allah and Mr Furukawa Tulelake just like Aloha