The Nature Of Fasting #5
Channel: Kamil Ahmad
Series: Kamil Ahmad - The Nature Of Fasting
File Size: 35.14MB
Episode Transcript ©
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala terminal A Camilla Annie Allahu Allah He Ultramarine.
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already not hooked up on what it looked like to already know about Willa belt we learn what to look in HD NAB, which on me Minister maroon and Nicola failure to be owner center, meaning your bill I mean, wa salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.
We continue in our explanation of
the book of Ibn Taymiyyah, the nature of fasting, in which he goes through
the things that break ones fast.
In the last session, we basically stopped at
where the share
where he basically mentioned
after discussing the issue of
vomit, and how it breaks the first if one intentionally does it,
mentioning the Hadith, in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that three things do not break the fast
and one of them was vomit. And so, he mentioned what that means is the one who does not intentionally do that.
after mentioning all of that, the shares he mentioned.
And this is where we start from today, he mentioned that there are those who, you know, put forward a question to the share, that you have mentioned, that the one who intentionally breaks his fast without any excuse.
That doing this is from the major sins.
And the same thing can be said about the one who delays his salah,
his salah, for example, salt of water or salt will also be deleted until the night
and then he prays it at night, intentionally without any excuse.
Then the one who does this, he has done a major sin.
whoever does that, whoever delays us Allah until the time is over intentionally, and there is no time now to pray at
the view of Ibn Taymiyyah regarding this is that such a person
he he cannot make up that Salah.
So to clarify here,
the one who delays his Salah
he deletes for example, a lot of hurt until the night intentionally without any valid excuse without being you know, out of forgetfulness. He forgot
or for whatever, for whatever reason. Rather, he knew that this was the time of Salah and I'm supposed to pray and he deletes it until the time finishes and it's now nighttime.
The view of it being Tamia is that such a person does not have the chance to pray that Salah again. So, an Kovach
we all know that if you miss your Salah,
you pray it if you miss it, you didn't pay it on time you pray it again. Even Tamia is of the view that
This is only for those who miss it for a reason, like for example, they
they forgot to pray that so on.
And so and so they, they missed that Salah with a genuine reason, a genuine excuse. So even Tamia is of the view that's that in this case, you can pre cover
you will pre cover in this case.
But the one who intentionally misses it until the time is over, he has committed a major sin, and there is no a lot for him. There is no chance for a lot for this person.
and then he says, just like drama, just like the drama.
And this is by unanimous agreement that the one who who misses a lot of Joomla he cannot pray a lot of Joomla he doesn't pray a lot of Salah to Joomla, but rather, he prays a lot in its place.
And he says the same thing with regards to
stoning. Ramy windows. during Hajj, when you go for Hajj and you're supposed to stone the pillars. If you do not do it, at the time designated for that,
then that's it, you've missed it. And so he says, you know, and other such a Baghdad that have a specific time for them.
And there is no cover for them. So even Taymiyah he says, this is an objection to me
with regards to what we have spoken about concerning
So what did we mention previously concerning vomiting, that the one who
then there is a Hadith that was mentioned. And that is
that he should make up for that day. He does a lot. He's He's basically he has broken his fast, because he did it intentionally. And now he has to make up. He has to make up that day.
And that hadith is many, many stockcar of Allah He uncovered, the one who
vomits, it's not like vomit overtook him not he intentionally vomits, then he has to do cover.
here, this is the dilemma that, you know, Scheffel Islam, even Taymiyah was confronted with, you're saying that you're not on the one hand, you're saying that, certainly Baghdad, like salah, for example. The one who intentionally misses it, that's it.
There's no chance for Allah but here now with regards to fasting, the one who intentionally vomits, you're saying based on this hadith that he must, he must make up for that day.
So the sheer he answers this objection. And so, what he mentioned is
such a person,
such a person who
such a person who
intentionally intentionally vomits,
he could intentionally vomit
for a legitimate reason.
And so what he's saying is that
just because he intentionally vomited, it does not mean he is sinful, not in every case. And so, there are cases where the one who vomits
he did it
for a valid reason.
Knowing that, you know, this will break my fast if I do it intentionally. For example, He says
someone who they may have eaten something
that was doubtful.
They may have eaten something that was doubtful concerning whether it's halal or not. And it appears to them that you know what, lead when they find out that this was haram what they ate
he cites for this Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Han, who once
he had he had eaten from
from from the food that was presented to him
by a soothsayer,
a fortune teller.
And so, he went and he,
he threw, he threw up that that food intentionally he let it out, he vomited it out.
And he says, Even Taymiyah says, likewise, anyone who you know,
they need to vomit. And so, they do it intentionally,
then for such people, they, they, they did that for a legitimate genuine reason. Therefore, the these people are not sinful. And for them, they can now do kava, they can make up for that day. So, that is a difference between
doing it intentionally,
without any reason, and this being regarded as being sinful,
and doing it intentionally, but with a legitimate reason for a legitimate reason.
And then, he mentioned,
he mentions actually, that someone who vomits in this case is no different than the sick person,
the sick person who he will not fast because he was sick, and he will make up two days later on in after Ramadan. Likewise, this individual, he is no different than a sick person. And so, someone who is not feeling well, and you know,
their stomach is giving them problems during the daytime in Ramadan, and they have to throw up in the vomit.
They are no different than a sick person, they are classified, they are classified as being
ill and sick. And Allah subhanho wa Taala has given that concession for the sick people that they don't have to fast, and they have to make up the days that they missed.
And such people are not considered
sinful for doing that.
And then after that, after this, the chef mentioned, how about
the one who intentionally?
Or how about the one who
has sexual relations when fasting?
Because we know that this breaks one's fast.
And there's a hadith in that regard.
Basically, and then, he came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And he said, You know, I am ruined. So the Prophet also asked him why. He said, I had sexual intercourse with my wife while I was fasting.
And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
told him what to do, he had to pay a penalty for that a Farah.
And basically, the chef says, There is a narration that mentions of this hadith that mentioned in addition to that cow Farah, he ordered him to make up for that day to do cover to make up for that day. So now the shareholder address this, because
this is related to our discussion, concerning cobalt. And so he says, this additional narration is actually Vive, it's actually not authentic. So that edition, where the Prophet SAW Salem, it is said that he ordered him to, you know, make up for that date that he missed. He says that this is not authentic. Rather, he only ordered him to pay Cafaro to do the penalty. And we'll talk about what the penalty for that means.
So this year, he mentioned this gets into discussion about, you know, this hadith, and it's an addition to it.
Then after that, he mentioned
he, you know, had relations with his wife, intention, and it was not something that happened.
unintentionally or out of forgetfulness, or being ignorant of the ruling.
Rather, he knew what he was doing
And that's why that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
to go for the kuffar the penalty, because and the *hole measures, Allah subhanho wa Taala does not
penalize us for something that we did.
That we did out of forgetfulness, or being ignorant of the ruling,
or not being
or being forced to do it, for example, but rather,
we are only penalized when we do something knowingly, intentionally,
without being forced.
And so the sheriff says, As for somebody who does that forgetfulness, someone who has sexual relations,
during the month of Ramadan, in the daytime when fasting,
he does not forget fully, then he says
that the scholar is different.
And so we have three different we have three different opinions of the scholars
concerning that, he says the first view is that such a person,
there is no cobalt for him, he doesn't have to make up that day, nor is there any fodder for him, nor is there any penalty for him. And he says this is the view of
Imam Shafi and Imam, Abu Hanifa. And the majority, the majority of the scholars, the second view is that
he has to make up for that day Alcala without any kuffaar Without any penalty. And this, he says is the view of Imam Malik, this is the view of Imam Malik. The third view
that he has to do both, he has to make up for that date cover and in addition to that, he has to pay the penalty, the Cafaro and he says that this is the more widely well known view.
This is the more widely well known view,
in the med hub of in the med hub of Imam F met in the med hub of Imam
And then he says, After mentioning these three opinions, these three views he mentioned that the first view the first opinion, he says this is the more correct
view. This is the more corrective which view was that the view that
such a person the one who has sexual relations when fasting in the month of Ramadan, forgetfulness, not intentionally,
but rather he forgot, he forgot he was fasting for example.
He says the correct view is that such a person there is no Kaaba upon him. He doesn't have to make up for that date. Nor is there any penalty for him nor is there any fodder for why the shake now will explain his reasoning for his reasoning for why this is the more correct view.
He says he's justification for this. He says that if we were to analyze
the Quran and the Sunnah, we find that whoever we find in the Quran and the Sunnah, that whoever does something wrong by mistake
or forgetful Lee,
he is not held accountable for doing that.
He this person, he is not held accountable for that, not in this dunya nor in the next.
somebody who does something by mistake, unintentionally, there is nothing he is not held accountable. And, you know, he mentioned Allah subhanahu antalet says or obenour lead to freedom in nesina.
Robbing Allah to actually deny in the Siena Earth
Our Lord, Georgia Bacara, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, and this is the dua we make that Oh Allah, our OB, do not hold us accountable for that which we forgot. And for that, which we did by mistake.
And so he says, Even Taymiyah says, As such, the person who does this,
he has not,
he doesn't get sinned for what he did.
And as such, it's as if he never did
it as if he never did, because a person who does something that is wrong,
and he doesn't get the sin for that.
He doesn't get the same for that recorded for him.
Then on the Day of Judgment, it won't be brought forward. So it's as if you never did it. It says, If you never did it, why because every single thing that we do in this dunya, good or bad, it's recorded for us. And we will find it in our record of deeds, good or bad.
But when we do something,
when we do something that is wrong, but we did it
out of forgetfulness, we did it unintentionally, we did it,
perhaps we were forced to do it, then it does not get written as a sin. It does not get written as soon as such, it's as if the person did not do it.
And then he mentions,
that here we have
an objection. And that is how about the hedge,
and so on, it's not really an objection, but rather the shareholders using this as evidence. And so
in the hedge,
there are certain things that we are not supposed to do while in the State of Iran.
And these are known as marble rot are from the things that nullify the State of Iran.
They don't nullify the State of Iran, but these are things that we get penalized for, if we do them while in the State of Iraq.
sexual intercourse is one of those things, also cutting our hair, cutting our nails, and so on and so forth.
The shape says, if a person does these things, while in the State of Iran, he has to there is a penalty for that there is a failure that he has to pay for that. But this does not nullify his hunch.
Does that nullifies hudgell, his 100. Still, okay, his hydro still valid,
his hydro still valid. So he says, the shirt uses this as evidence that there are certain things that we may do
are wrong, and we get penalized for that. But our act of a data is still remains, it still remains valid.
And so how do you explain that penalty, that failure that the person has to pay? He says that this is no different to a child,
a child or an A person who is insane.
Who is liable for what he damages of property, for example, so a child or someone who is insane. He goes and smashes a window of a car.
The child and the insane person are not held accountable.
Right. They're not held accountable in the sight of Allah subhanahu wa Tada. So whatever wrong they do, they're not held accountable.
That's fine. They will not get the sin for that. But now
who's going to pay
the damage that they have done? They are liable for the damage that they do. So if they do damage to something
to property or to an individual.
They are they are liable for that. And so, you know, whoever is their guardian, he has to now pay for that damage. So the sheriff is saying the penalty the fifth year the FARA
that we have in hedge or in fasting for example.
That is no different to this. That is no different to this
So he's mentioning all of this, the chef mentions all of this word reason, and that is because he mentioned the scenario where a person
has sexual relations in Ramadan,
when fasting, out of forgetfulness, out of forgetfulness, so, what does he have to do?
The chef says that such a person, he does not pay any, anything, no Cafaro nor any, nor any, nor does he have to make up for that day, but the one who intentionally does it,
the one who intentionally does it, then for him, there is the Kafala for him there is the kuffaar
And basically, the cafardo
the penalty is either he has to feed 60 people,
or he has to fast
for 60 consecutive days, for 60 consecutive days.
And then after that the show he goes into he kind of
goes on a tangent,
the speaking about matters related to hedge and
what breaks that or what
the things that we're not supposed to do in a firearm in the State of Iran, that if a person does there's a penalty, he goes into talking about a side
hunting, and he goes on that tangent and then later on he'll come back to
the issue of fasting. And this is where we'll stop for today in sha Allah to Hydra.
This is where we will stop for today in sha Allah Who data and we will continue from here in the next session but even later, we ask Allah subhanahu to Allah.
To grant us all beneficial knowledge we ask Allah subhanahu wa taala to accept from us our good deeds, our fasting or PM, our recitation of the Quran, our sada caught, and all of our good deeds during this blessed month of Ramadan.
Also Allahu wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad Ali, he wants to be a Marine, was Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
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