Channel: Kamal El-Mekki
Series: Kamal El-Mekki - The Fitnah
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
Muslim audio presents
supporting each other we support each other we have 32 groups amongst the believers fall to fighting then make peace between them both. But if one of them outrages against the other, then fight you all against the one that outrageous till it complies with the command of a law. This is an account of the events from the murder of man until Abdullah It was a bear related by Kemal
Santa Monica most reliable cars
in the country law in Canada who want to stay in or who want to stop when I always have been learning Ferrari and fusino
Marina de la fura modera homeodomain Fela hodja Allah, Masha Allah Allah in La la la la sharika Allah, Masha Allah and Mohammed Abdullah solo operators due to a lower praise Him and seek his assistance, we seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and from the evil of our deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides, none can misguide him yet whomsoever He allows to go astray, none can guide him and I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah alone. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.
Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran
has given us a new Roku, Hulu, Amazon home life gentleman in circle Angkor Wat Allah subhanaw taala says, do people think that there will be left alone? Because they say we believe and that they will not be tested on life? ternoon so Allah subhanaw taala in this ayah he rebuked us in the form of a question. So the meaning of the ayah is that Allah will no doubt test his servants according to their level of faith. Just as the prophet SAW Selim said, was him certainly Hadith I should do nasty Bella and ambia to masala Hoon to Madame farofa lambson euteller Raja Allah Hospital in the encounter feed in his saliva z della who filled Bella process Adam said the people most severely
tested are the prophets, then the righteous, then the next best and the next best, a man will be tested in accordance with the degree of his religious commitment. And the stronger his religious commitment, the stronger his test and the word fitna, in the Arabic language, sometimes they use it to safe attend to the hub while further that I assayed or I tested the quality of the silver and the gold meaning I'm melted the metals to separate the bad from the good, because as you know, gold in its original form, it has many impurities and ores in it and when you melt them, you separate them from the gold. So you come out with just the pure gold. And it's in the same way. When there is a
fitna that befalls the oma, Allah Subhana Allah using this fitness separates the true believers, the good believers from those who are not as good. So this is one meaning of the word fitna. And another meaning of the word fitna is the difference of opinion or difference of agreement among people their lack of agreement, as in the i o or last part either says whether Oh, hello, welcome, yo Nakamura, fitna. Allah says and they would have heard about in your midst, spreading corruption and sowing sedition amongst you.
So that means basically what is saying this is that they would have stirred up differences amongst you. So here are differences Allah subhanaw taala called it the fitna as well. And this definition of differences is the one that most accurately describes the events that took place between the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And inshallah, in this series, we're going to discuss the events of the great fitna in detail. And one of the things that deem this task necessary is the fact that few people know the accurate story of what led to the death of Horus Nando de lo han, and the truth behind why this will have went to war against each other. And the reasons for this are that most of the accounts of this part of history were written during the ambassade dynasty, and the passage they had much hatred for the mermaids and therefore they fabricated a lot of stories about them and they distorted this part of history. So this is one of the reasons why most people never get the accurate story. Another reason
is that the historical reports were not collected.
verified with the same rigor as Hadith. So it would be difficult to assume that history book is 100% accurate. authors of history books, sometimes they had different intentions. Some wanted to collect narrations, and they would show the chain of narrations without offering much commentary. So why is that? Because these books were written by scholars for scholars.
So they were not intended for the layperson, the average person, because what they were written for scholars, when a scholar is reading a narration and he sees the chain of narration, he can immediately tell if this is authentic or week without the need of commentary, because it's self evident. But for this reason, when the lay person reads such a book, they take both from the weak narrations and from the authentic and they take from the weak without realizing that these are weak narrations and other authors apply different standards. So some authors for example, they attempt to gather the most accurate reports and this is we have the famous example of the books of Bihar in the
books of Muslim, the author is there a hammer home Allah went out and their task was to collect, or to gather a collection of sound, a Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim.
Beyond these reasons, okay. We also find that much of the writing about this part of Islamic history is sometimes written by non Muslims, and written by sects who have certain vested interests in distorting this part of history. And all these reasons then compelled us to present an accurate account insha Allah, of the events leading up to the murder of Earth mount audio level on who the accusations that were brought against him, and all the disagreements and the battles that ensued as a result. The fact that disagreements arose between the Sahaba it shouldn't lead us to take sides, and to assail some of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Some Muslims very casually
attacked Malia the lohana, even though he was one of the Sahaba and many Hadith are narrated about his virtues. And it's a hit Buhari ignore narrates that during the life of the prophet SAW Selim, we considered a worker as peerless, and then Omar and then Earth man meaning next to him in superiority. This has been Buhari and then he's the companion continued, and then we used to not differentiate between the companions of the prophets. I said, No.
So then how is it that we come to a time when people today attack the third best amount of this woman is mommy alone?
And it's as Mujahid says Rahim Allah, He says that yeah, here the son of Zakaria said to Allah subhanaw taala Oh, Lord, make the people of the earth not mentioned me except with good. So then Allah revealed to him Oh, yeah, I have not decreed that for myself. And you want me to decree it for you?
So even with Allah azza wa jal, some people they go over their limits and their boundaries. So how can we not expect that there will be people
who will attack with marco de la Han, who attack Maria, who will attack Ali, I've never thought about it.
So the position then of the believer should be as what Omar Abdullah Aziz, or the Allahu anhu said about the fitna, when he was asked about it, he said that was blood that Allah prevented from my hands, meaning Allah decreed that I don't take part and that fitna, and shed blood in that fit. So he's saying that was blood that Allah prevented from my hands, so I won't stain my tongue with it. Why should I speak about the Sahaba of the Prophet sallallahu. I have said.
With that, I would like to discuss the methodology of the believers when it comes to the Sahaba. And by the Sahaba. We mean the men and women who accepted Islam during the time of the prophets and allies and then and saw him and died upon Islam. If someone had seen the Prophet Selim and did not become a Muslim until the death of the Prophet Selim, he's not considered from the Sahaba. Those who are Muslims saw the process lm while they were Muslim, and they die, whether we're still Muslim, these are considered to be the Sahaba the Sahaba as a group, they have received the test care the praise, Allah subhanaw taala praise them and he commended them in the Quran. And for that reason,
any discussion of their motives would be incorrect. So once we get into their motives and start accusing them of worldly desires, or wanting to be the rulers or jealousy, then we are denying that has killed Allah, because Allah praise them and he commanded them in the Koran. And if we're accusing them of being people who had worldly desires, that means then we're denying this test of Allah subhanaw taala. And this is not just because the reason we don't look into their motives isn't because we shouldn't judge people's motives, because surely it is only Allah who knows what's in the hearts. But the main reason is that they receive this test here from Allah and it clears them of an
effect. It clears all the hypocrisy and it clears them of wanting worldly desires. So we realize given their taqwa and their knowledge that there is to had is the best
And therefore their collective opinion is binding, the collective opinion of the Sahaba is binding. And when they differ, the truth has to be within their opinions. Meaning we shouldn't look for a truth that's outside of the opinions of the Sahaba. Or that with thinking that we could come up with a better solution that they did. And if a person is not able to reconcile historical events, then he or she should just be satisfied with the certitude that no generation is like the Sahaba, that they're the best generation. And any fault that is attributed to them is like a black speck on a white garment, while the rest of humanity is the opposite. And it is also important to note that not
all of the civil strife caused during this period was caused by the Sahaba Golan themselves. Because by this time, many people from many different regions, and different religions were coming into Islam. And each one of them brought along with them what residue they had of their old ways, and what residue the head of the alien. So the people had changed. And this is an important point, because a man came too early for the Allahu anhu.
And he said, why is it that during your time, there is much civil strife, and there is much fighting, but this didn't exist at the time of Obama and Obama, so then it will be a lavon, who responds to him saying that a third times, they rule over men like me, and in my times, I rule over men like you.
This is also one of the reasons. So we will be discussing in Charlotte, the events that led to the murder of Earth man, and then the battles between the Sahaba that took place during the Kalahari solid, and then we'll move on to the hell out of Maya in Abu sufian. Then al Hassan Ali, and from there the events that led to us even Malia and pioneers eat and when to insha Allah with Abdullah Abu Zubaydah.
So with that we'll begin with the life of Earth man, if not found on the lavon and we want to get to know earth model your model, and to get to know his personality and his character and see that Hadith that mentioned his excellence. So then later on when we discuss the accusations that were brought against him, so we can see, are these accusations do they hold water? Would they make sense that a man of the greatness of Earth nadodi lohana would have done these things as they accused him of and we'll begin with his name. His name was Earth man. If not fan, Ebony, I will ask him a year if NAB Deschamps if NAB dimana from Quraysh and from the tribe of Benny omega. He was born six years
before the year of the elephant, so that means he was six years younger than the prophets of Allah Himself. And his lineage meets with the province alum at abdomen us because the process items name was Muhammad, Abdullah Abdullah Pauline abney, Hashem eggnog Jimena
and the family of earth model the law handled during the days of free Islamic ignorance ninja Hillier, was considered a highly respectable and very powerful family and his grandfather, who may have knob Deschamps was a very rich man amongst the poorest. And later on the all the whole of Romania adopted this name, as when we say that we made it actually being called after the tribe of Bengal mayor was named after homemade Napoli shrimps
and of his family. His father I found was a wealthy trader, and his father died in jelenia, before the advent of Islam, and his mother was Ottawa been to Christ, Abner Robbie Ivan Habib bnab, Deschamps, abdomen African. So even from his mother's side, he was related to the profits of the lesson. And her mother was known as Hakeem or Alibaba, with Abdulmutallab ignatia. So, his grandmother was the art of the process, and that means that his mother was the cousin of the prophesizing and his mother accepted Islam and gave the baby the pledge the process lm and made the hedgerow to Medina and remained there as a Muslim until she died during the life of her son
automounter. The lohana
looking at his name Still, he had more than one cornea, which is a patronymic. Before Islam, he was known as a bomber. And after Islam, he married raheja, the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and had a son Abdullah. So he became a rabbi.
And he first marriage Rokia, the daughter of the process limb and Margaret with her to ever senior.
And there they had a son, whose name is Abdullah. And some narrations will tell you he died at the age of two others at the age of six years old, when a rooster pecked or gouged out his eye, and his face became infected and swollen and he died.
And as man raffia they returned, when they migrate to have a senior they returned to Mecca. And after Mecca, they migrated again she went with him again to Medina.
So it became of those who made it to hedgers to Abyssinia and to Medina. And around the time of Pharaoh de la Hannah fell ill. For that reason isononyl Golan didn't participate in the Battle of burger because the process hilum told him to look after her, and that you will get the reward of one who participates and the spoils of one who participated. And the pros of them actually, when he comes back, he gives him the spoils of a warrior as if he participated in budget. And as you all know that the Battle of weather was not a battle. At first, it was an attempt to intercept the trade caravan, they were not commanded to come out to the battle, because no one knew is going to be a
battle. So then when the news of the victory of the Muslims at better arrives in Medina, the news arrives, finding them leveling the ground over the grave of Roberto de la. So then on earth man becomes a widower. And at the same time, hafsa will be alone at the daughter of
her husband's when he also dies at butter. So now the daughter of Omar is single. So Omar comes and he asked her if man if he would like to marry his daughter.
So if man tells him that he's not thinking of marriage at the moment, so then armor goes and asks a worker, now worker does not respond to him and becomes angered and he goes to complain to the profit center. The process of them tells him hafsa will marry someone better than Earth man, and earth man will marry someone better than and the reason they had refused is that they knew the process lm had shown interest in Mary the daughter of Mr. odilon. So in the process, Ella Mary's hafsa. And it was not Mary's, the other daughter of the prophet SAW Selim, home consumed, and thereby he was nicknamed the new rain, which is literally translated the bearer of the two lights, because he had married two
of the daughters of the process of selling one after the other. And scholars say that he had the honor of being the only man in the world to marry two daughters of a prophet. scholars say no other man on earth is known to have ever had this honor to marry two daughters of any prophet. And in the ninth year after the hedgerow uncle film with a llama and also dies. So then the PO Salaam says something great, and this is a great testimony to the president and says, If I had a third I would have would hurt Earth man.
And he also says, I have never went to him except with a revelation from Allah. So what other testimony Do you need to show the greatness of Earth not only Obama? I don't know the law who narrates the process, lm said, If I had 40 daughters, I would have wet them to one after the other until none of them are left. So the problem is that I miss telling Earth man if I had 40 daughters, and every time if I weren't one of them to you, and she dies and I will keep giving you another, another one until all of them die. And this is the opposite of what happens now in our society. So on Mary's a daughter of someone she dies, they say he's jinxed. We don't want to give him another
daughter. He's nice. That is not the case for the postal center.
And it's only a year after the hedgerows, Nando de la Martin who marries net ILA winter for office and she used to be a Christian before and she was from the area between a Kufa and a sham. And incidentally, whenever we mentioned a sham is the area of Syria, and then parts of the western parts of what is today Jordan, and Lebanon and Palestine.
So 911 to the for officer, and we'll come across this name again. And she was married to a man around the time when he was martyred. And with moto della Han, who had nine boys and six girls, and all the total of his wives were nine wives. But at the time when he was killed, they were Ramallah. And now Ella, and Omar, Benning, and fighter.
And now we'll move to the appearance of the luevano.
He was neither tall nor short, and he was very handsome. And his color was kind of a wheatish complexion. So he's White is a little bit darker. And the hair of His head was also thick. And it was long and it fell over his ears. And he had a thick, healthy beard, as I described it, and he was big boned. So Carla made a lot of people this imagined to be a very small, thin man, but he was actually big boned. And he had wide shoulders. And he had signs of smallpox on his face, but they say that the signs of smallpox actually made him look more handsome. So it complimented his looks and made him look more handsome. And he had long arms and he had a lot of hair on his arms. And then
later on when he becomes an old man, he would dye his beard yellow.
If you haven't hasn't said I saw it was nine and I have never seen a male nor female better looking than Hey, so this narration says how handsome he was. musataha says a man was the most handsome of people. Look at this nourisher from O'Sullivan is eight
He says the Messenger of Allah, Allah has had them sent me to the homeless man with a plate of meat. So I entered and Roca was sitting. So I would look at the face of little player. And then I would look at the face of Earth not. So when I returned, and of course to explain himself as he was a young boy, obviously. So he would look at a and then he would look at this man, he would look at how both of them were, were attractive or good looking people. So when I returned the Messenger of Allah, Allah, I said and asked me, did you enter upon them? And I said, Yes. Then he says, Have you ever seen a couple more beautiful than them? And I said, No, oh prophet of Allah. And of course at
that time, or someone was young was a young man and poses, lm himself was saying, Have you ever seen a more beautiful looking couple? And when the person said I want him to unconsumed he told her, your husband resembles your ancestor Ibrahim, and your father Mohammed more than anyone else.
And another Hadith from Salaam says we like in meaning we like it in appearance with man to our forefather Abraham.
So that was the appearance of earth model doula one. As for his position with Quraysh, even before Islam, he was a well known and respected member of the community. And that was mainly because of his very good manners. And he was very honest and well spoken, and he was a handsome and a wealthier man. And it said that he was the most beloved of people to koresh. They say that if a mother wanted to make the offer her son, she would say, may you get the love of a man which is Allah, may you get the love of our man as much as Quraysh loves Earth man. This tells you how much people encourage us to love mathematically alone.
And he was also of the earliest of Muslims and from those who made the two hedgers and face the two cableless. He was a friend of Obama and the Providence lm even before Islam, and he had never drunk alcohol, nor prosperity to any idols. And that's why when he heard of Islam from a book he accepted so quickly, and Islam, it appealed to him naturally because his good nature and how he disliked things that decreased valor. He used to say about himself, I have not committed Zina, nor stolen injure Haley and RNs law. So even if it's dated, Jerry never stole and never committed sin. And when the person who sent them was sent as a messenger, to mankind, or to humanity,
or someone with the low man who with 34 years old, and it has said that he's one of the eight or other narrations, the fourth man to accept Islam. And it said that in one of the visions, he of course, was a merchant. So he's to travel a lot in trade, and so on.
And on one of these trips, he has a vision as he's sleeping,
that someone says that Mohammed has come out in Mecca. Hole vision is someone saying this, Mohammed has come out in Mecca. So when he heard this, he went to an aunt of his in Mecca when he returned, and he asked her and his aunt who was Muslim in secret, she was Muslim, but she was hiding it from everyone. And she tells him about the Prophet Mohammed says, Hello. So then he goes to a worker, his friend for the lavonne. And a worker tells him what to Earth man will lie he or a man that is firm, and the truth from falsehood is very clear to you, these idols that your people are worshipping, aren't they stones that are mute and deaf, and don't see nor harm nor benefit with man says Yes,
we'll let him that's how they are. So then he tells him, here's Mohammed, the son of Abdullah, Allah has sent him with his message to all of his creation. So would you go to him and listen to him? man says yes. And at that moment, the process Helen, King, no look at it then goes to him, he speaks to him. And in the process, Selim came to earth man and said, Oh, man, respond to Allah is called to his paradise, for I am the messenger of Allah to you and to all of his creation. And look how the Islam doesn't on the Messenger of Allah to you, that makes him more special and to all of his creation, and then it was none there is about the same, but Allah The minute I heard what he said, I
became Muslim. And I bore witness that there is that it I have a lot that Mohammed is also Allah. And then he narrated saying then soon I married Roca. So it is said that he is the fourth to accept Islam from the men, after I will burger and the early and late even Heidecker and the fourth, which is not enough, and
now when he converts to Islam, his uncle and hukam, even above us, Maya said, you abandon the religion of your father's for the religion of Mohammed, well, I will never leave you until you leave it in, I am going to punish you and torture you until you leave this religion. So then a man with a lohana who tells him will lie I will never leave it and never part with it. So then when he can, so his great resolve to remain a Muslim, he left him alone. And if we contemplate on this choose that when a Muslim is firm upon his
Say the kuffaar Leave him alone.
And because he is not alone and showed the great resolve to remain a Muslim, his uncle felt it's worthless to keep punishing him. So he left him alone. And there are many addicts show the excellence of both natadola Han and Apollo, we find people, despite the many Hadees showing what the virtues of birth management and how, what a great companion he was, we find people so anxious to attack him. And sometimes they're so anxious and they attack him. And they don't realize that by attacking them that they're actually attacking Islam. And we know that he's one of the four right the guy that and yet some accused him that he gave us the money of the Muslim Treasury to his
relatives, and that accused him of treachery, and altering the Koran it gives him an ultimatum. They're not just attacking Earth man or saying that he's dishonest. Rather, they're attacking the authenticity of the Quran. And not only that, if you say he gave money from the Muslim Treasury, to his relatives, and that he, he was treacherous to people, then is this described as a rightly guided.
So he is one of the four right and God is qualified. And it sort of Allah says, Allah, His Messenger of Allah, I said them and a worker and the Roma and the rest man ascended the mountain, and then the mount quivered, it shook. And the province of Salem said, we still have heard from Selim says to the mountain, Be still further is on you a prophet, and it's a deal, a truthful One, and two martyrs.
So they were these four people on the on the Mount rozerem, there's a prophet, and we know who that is. And I said this and that's obaku lohani, and two martyrs. So Omar, an earth man, so the Prophet cillum, then bears witness testifies it with nine will be killed as a martyr.
On the Hadith
that mentions the 10, who are given bad tidings of Paradise say the Museo de la Han, who says, the project Selim said that a worker will be in Paradise, and Omar will be in Paradise and earth nine will be in paradise. And here he continues listing all the other 10. So he was one of the 10 giving glad tidings paradise. And he was also one of the scribes of the revelation of the law. And he says, I have seen Allah as messenger reclining against earthman while I was drying this sweat from his forehead as a revelation was descending upon him, and as will be descending revealed to the Prophet settler, he would be sweating and he'd be overtaken by this. So I she's describing that she saw this
happening, and the Brazilian was reclining against Earth man. And then he said to us, man, Earth man write it down. And then ISIS system herself by Allah, this servant has such a status with the Prophet of Allah and Allah will to dignify him. So she sees that when she sees you as man in this position, the prophet of Allah is there, and the revelation is coming upon him and he's reclining against the earth man. She sees that only a person that allow wants to dignify will be placed in this kind of position.
And the problem is that I'm also said of all my companions, with men resembles me the most in mannerisms, and how could someone resemble the process of them in mannerisms, and be accused of treachery
is Nando De La Hoya and who also had the good fortune of equipping the army of tabuk? No one has expedition of distress or ultra because of how Allah Subhana Allah described it in the Quran, Allah Subhana Allah says,
Allah who I interview and Mahajan will answer, well, the Xena turbo hoovy, Sasha Lucia. So Alicia here, which is the distress or the difficult time. And what matters is Allah has forgiven the prophets that allows the Maha giran and the answer who followed him in the time of distress, this I was revealed concerning the army of the book. And when the army was about to head out the process of selling taller people,
and he urged them to fight, and he asked him to pay in charity and to donate for the sake of Allah to equip the army. So then Allah narrates, he says that this came at a time when we had just received an amount of wealth. And he thought to himself, so Amara just received some money now. And he thinks to himself, this will be my chance, since this is at the time when I have all this wealth, that I can outdo a worker, I can give more than a worker can. And you know that Sahaba used to compete to do good deeds. So Omar comes and he brings half of his wealth, can you imagine giving half of everything that you own for the sake of Allah? So I'm gonna bring half of his wealth. And
the process I'm asked him, have you left anything for your family, and almost is half. And then a worker came with 4000 dirhams?
And the professor asked him, What have you left for your family? And he says, I have less than a lot in his messenger. And then our systems of buy allow will never compete with Obamacare again. There's no competition. And then after 100 No, brings 200 ounces of gold and silver. And then awesome. an ID for the law. Who brings 70 What's up? What's up
isn't like a huge amount of data one was up and feeder, a very large amount of people also have no idea of the law has been 70 of this amount of dates. And then none of the lavonne comes. And he equips the army with 950 camels and 50 horses, and he brings 1000 dinars in his garment and he puts it in the lap of the profits of the laws and the processes and then his handling the money is turning through it with his hands. And he says, nothing
is man does after today will harm him. And this Hadid is in the book of attorney. Then there is the other incident of the world of Roma
hygiene, when they came to Medina, they did not have enough water.
And there was a man from Bernie has a photo and he had a wealth. And this world was called Roman sometimes he finally called a Roman. And he used to sell one water skin for one mud, which is like two handfuls of any products it could be.
So the people complained to the problem and sell them. So it's not a lot and who goes and ask him he asked the man to sell it. And it was owned by a Jewish man as well. He asked him to sell it to him. So the Jewish man tells him also to 450 1000 dirhams. So whenever someone tells me, I'll buy half of it, and how do you buy half a well, which means I'll give you an amount of money and you use it on one day or use it the next day. So this man tells him I'll buy half of it for 12,000 the man wants 50,000 as much as or buy half of 12,000. So if man buys it for 12,000 and the Muslim start to use it on the day, but that's not for free.
So now, the man has no business now because everyone is going to use the well on the device not and not have to pay anything so why would anyone come and buy from him. So thank you for this man to sell this man the other half an hour by the other half for 8000 grams. This is from his intelligence or the aleron so he buys the entire world for 20,000. Durham's even though it's the beginning, the man wanted 50,000 for it, and what I wrote the law and who said that man, but paradise twice on the day of Roma when he bought the world and on the day of distress. So this is a companion saying that with mine, but paradise twice, because when mama de Lohan who bought the wealth, promises and and
told him that you will have a spring in Paradise, and in order to get a spring in Paradise, you yourself have to be in paradise. So in essence that's glad tidings for us not only alone. So up to now we've mentioned up to four separate times when the process alum told him that he's going to be in progress. And of the great things that he did also, when it was time to expand the message of the prophet SAW Selim This is during the life of the process. The the person who invited the people to share in and the purchase of land adjacent to the masjid, and Qatada narrates saying the process, Adam said, who will buy it and have the light of it in paradise Nando de la Han, who bought all of
it for 25,000. And then he had that added to the mystery. This is another time he's given where things have passed. And during the three to four day via, and this event is important, because there'll be people later on who will attack us nine saying he didn't take part in the pledge which took part during the treat of who they be. And the story goes that the Prophet said them made many efforts to try to show the forage that they came with peaceful intention, and that they only came for Oman. And he saw that they were stubborn. And they insisted on not believing him and wanting to fight. So he's thought to send someone to Oh Sofia, who is the sole leader of Mecca deadtime. So he
calls on one of the lohana, which tells him to go to Mecca and talk to Sophia. And almost as a prophet of Allah, you know that there is no one amongst your companions, who was harder against the flourish than I am. But I have no family, no one else left in Mecca to defend me. So send someone with a position in Mecca, the President is home, and he says, Man, he's from Benny omiya, and also pianos from Betty omega. So the process of him was convinced and he sends it with man.
When it's not alone, one arrives in Mecca, was a piano was very nice to him to treat him very nice. And they invite him to tell him makes tawaf if you want, because all the Sahaba they came, they want to make Umbra. So they offer with man they talk makes tawaf if you would like,
and this man says, will lie, I will not make so often where the profits are low. I have said, not haram for him, he couldn't have done it. He could have made the off days as well, but I won't do it before the problem is hidden. Meanwhile, at the camp, the companions were saying unfortunately, with nine days, he's probably just making clothes off right now around the Kaaba. And from 7009. If you were there for a year, he would not make it off before I make the law. And then later on as Monique Lohan returns
and they asked him Did you make for us and he says, Well, let me if I would have stayed there for a year I would not have met off before the profits on
The story of Philadelphia is that as much starts to negotiate with Ellucian. And then whenever he says that they told him, stay with us until we'll make a decision about what you have said. And the other is that this man started to approach those who were secretly Muslim in Medina, and give them the good news of a new victory that a victory is near. So then when the race heard of this man's going around and saying this, they felt that he overstepped his limits, and they didn't allow him to leave. But the news, which is the prophet SAW Selim, that this man had been killed, and amongst the Arabs, it was a very serious thing to kill the messenger. Man was sent as a messenger. So then, the
progress Selim saw that his messenger was killed, and that this was now time for battle. So he takes the beta, the pledge, from the companions, that they would not run away when the fighting starts that they are pledge until death. And he was sitting under the tree and they would come to him one by one, there were 1400. So haba. And the first was Abu sunan. And it was D, as it's narrated, and Heidi, and all 1400 gave the bail. And then when everyone was done, pledging to the process, and then he sallallahu wasallam, put his left hand in his right hand, and said, This is my hand on behalf of Horace Mann. So this means he actually pledged for this man
and the Sahaba, who were there said by Allah, the left hand of the prophets of Allah who is a limp is better than our right hand.
This is a strong defense for the low on the promises and pledges for him on behalf of him. And the whole pledge of one was because of him, the whole thing took place, because of us not alone in the room that he was killed. And for that reason, because the President also pledged to him, he was included.
In the idea that was revealed concerning the pledge, were a loss of power to alysus la De La Hoya, meaning is you by your own access to shahdara. Allah Subhana. Allah says, Indeed, Allah was pleased with the believers, when they gave his head they are the pledge to you under the tree. And as we said, it's not available on who didn't give the pledge on his behalf. And he was also included in this verse. And the whole incident took place because it was part of the law.
This man was also described as a man who had intense Chinese very modest man, and very bashful and is really alone and there is the President silom said, the most kind of my nation has ever been through. And the most stern regarding the religion of Allah is Omar, and the most truthful in Chinese is Earth man.
And he was not just shy of people, but he was shy of a lot and of His angels, the hustler of the lavon, who narrates saying about a man that he might be in the house with the door closed, and he might not take off his garment to pour water over his body. shyness prevented him from holding his back upright. What kind of a person in his own home is shy of allowing them to move their own clothes. Very few people have this much consciousness and took away that they remember Allah Subhana Allah, and how can it be someone who is ashamed of Allah in something as normal as bathing, and yet he doesn't have a problem with transgressing the limits when it comes to the greatest responsibility
of ruling an entire nation doesn't make any sense.
And he was a shy person, as we said, of modest tongue very sociable, and he's to choose his words carefully, so as not to offend. And this in itself, it brings about respect and reverence from people. It should be aloha narrates the prophet in Salem was reclining in his house and his legs and part of his thigh was uncovered. And then we'll book it and Omar asked to enter and when they did the process and remained in that position,
and then they spoke with each other, and then it was not asked for permission to enter. And immediately the process had him set up right and he covered himself better. And then they sat and they conversed. And when they went out, I asked Oh, messenger of Allah. Oh, Booker and Omar entered, and he did not sit upright for them. But when this man entered, you sat upright and you covered yourself and the profits are lower insulin tells her Should I not be shy in front of a man, the angels feel shy of. So even the angels of Allah are shy in front of us modeling alone. And another time the process hilum says, angels show modesty to Earth man, as he shows it to Allah and His
messenger. And in another narration, the problem says, Oh Allah, I am pleased with Earth man and I asked you to be satisfied with him as well. And this is in the book of Muslim
and the process Selim also says, May Allah forgive you or if not, what you have done, what you will do, what you have conceived, what you have revealed and what will be until the day of judgment. What greater draw Do you need after this?
And besides that, it was a very generous man. And if his generosity during the reign of o book review, lo han who people were sticking with some hunger there was not enough food in Medina. And at that time, a caravan of earth model the low Juan Gino destroyed caravans. It's
a while until your merchandise or your products come back. So at that time a caravan of Earth man with 1000 camels, and it was carrying food and grains. cane arrived at the time when people are hungry in Medina. So the merchants of Medina came and they knocked on the door of Earth man. So he opened, ask them what they wanted. And they said, We heard that you have a caravan of 1000 camels, and it has food in it. So we want you to sell the food to us. So we give to the poor of Medina. So it tells him enter. So they enter, and they start to negotiate how much you're going to pay him for his goods. So they said, we'll give you 12 for 10. They're offering him anything that it costs you
10 to purchase, we're going to give you 12 for it. So that will be the profit of two. So then I tell them I have found a better deal. So then they tell him we'll give you 14 for 10 and make a profit of 14 for what you bought for 10. And he tells him I found a better deal. They said we'll give you 15 for 10. And he says I have a better deal. They said we're all the merchants of Medina who could have given you a better deal. And then he says, I have found the deal. 2410
and he says I make you as my witnesses that I give it off in charity for the poor of Medina and whatnot. Aloha who was referring to is that how Allah subhanaw taala says el Hashanah, they actually understand that the Hashanah gets 10 times the reward. And he wanted this upon law. This is this is the thinking of a man, a righteous and knowledgeable man, that 15 for 10. This is a much better reward without law. And even beyond that Allah subhanaw taala multiplies as he pleases, and to show his beloved, his asceticism, how he left the worldly life. He led a simple life and he would eat simple food even though look, we said he was one of the richest of the merchants of Qureshi. He was
a very wealthy man even till the time of his tail off he is wealthy, but yet he would eat over simple food, and he did not waste his wealth on extravagant clothing. Abdul Malik avintia dad says I saw a nun one Friday on the pulpit, wearing a cloth equaling no more than four or five grams, or even a Dina dinner has 12 Durham's in it. So he says he saw him wearing this cloth. It didn't even equal more than four or five drums and a dyed headdress. And he's just slip on the pebbles in the mystery which slip right on the pebbles and they would leave a mark at hazard or the law and it says I saw earthman Hassan taking his midday nap at the mosque. And he was the Muslim halifa at the time.
And when he arose from his nap, he had marks on his skin where the pebbles had pressed him. This is actually testimony that he was upon the same men hedge methodology as that of a worker in Oman. He did not start to build palaces and live in luxury. And he would also be seen riding his mule was not in his servant riding behind him. No fancy chariots, or fancier carriage. There are many studies showing that he knew of his martyrdom prompted him says this man passed by me. Well one of the angels was with me. So the angel said a martyr killed by his people. We are shy of speaking about what's not. And I will moosari there is Hadith in which he says I made will do in my house, and then
went out saying today I will stick to Allah messenger and stay with him all of this day of mine. In his service. He wants to accompany the province lm for the whole day. He says I went to the masjid and asked about Islam and he told me he went in that direction. So he goes and he finds a province lm in a place called race. He says I sat at the gate, and lots of problems when I'm finished answering the call of nature and then he made will do and then I went to him to see him. And he was sitting at the will of Aris, at the middle of its edge with his legs uncovered and hanging in the world to the prostate and was sitting in a dang good as they say, his legs into the world. He says I
greeted him. And then I went back. Look his first his intention was to stay with the problem the whole day. So that we found the person I'm sitting like this and his legs in the well. He's enjoying himself. He made a different intention. Now, he said today I will be the gatekeeper of the profits of the lives and meaning no one's going to enter and disturb him unless he seeks permission and I allow them and so then Walker came and pushed the gate and I asked Who is it? And he said, Oh Booker, and I told him to wait. And then he goes and he seeks permission from the province of Alberta settler and the prospect of themselves admit him and give him the glad tidings that he will
be in paradise. So it says I went out and I said to oboe come in and allows messenger gives you the glad tidings that you will be in paradise. And then Booker enters and he sits on the right side of the pond to the center. And then he says I returned to the gate. He didn't sit with them. He goes back to the gate.
Because he made the intention now he's going to be the gatekeeper. He says I had lost my brother performing will do and he wanted to follow me. So I said to myself, if Allah wants good for my brother, he will bring him here. So he's hoping his brother was behind him. I hope he comes. Because now the problem is getting people glad tidings as they enter, I hope my brother comes. So then, and then pushes the door. He says, Who is it, and he said, it's honorable papa. So I asked him to wait. And he goes, and he seeks permission, Brazilian tells him admit him, and give him the glad tidings that he will be in paradise. And then he went to Omar, he said, Come in, and Allah's Messenger gives
you the glad tidings that you will be in paradise. So he enters, and he sits, besides, the profits have lost a limb on his left side. And he also sent like a positive note all of them, they hung their legs in the world. So like, they're sitting at the edge of the wall, and they're dangling like their legs inside. He says, I returned and sat at the gate and said to myself, if a loved one's good for my brother, he will come, he would bring him here. And then someone moves the door, and I asked, Who is it and he replied, though it's not it's not fun. And it asked him to wait, I went to the process to learn to ask permission. And when I asked him, he said, admit him, and give him the glad
tidings of entering paradise after a calamity that will be falling.
So I went to him and said, Come in, I was missing you gives you the glad tidings of entering paradise after a calamity that will befall you. And then Earth man says, I will be patient in sha Allah. And then he came in, and he found that the edge of the world was occupied. So he sat on the opposite side on the other side. And here's a receiver of the line with the companions comments saying that they will be buried like this, that I interpret this in terms of the grapes that the processor lamb, and Oklahoma, will be next to each other like that. And if mine is going to be like a distance away from them, this is how sailormoon was able to be low on when he saw them sitting
like that, or heard of this description. He thought, well, this is probably how they're going to be buried as well. And the progress of them will tell him, oh, it's none, you will be tried after me, you will be tested. So don't fight meaning don't fight back. And Ayesha, in the Book of Abraham, Allah says, that a man entered upon the Prophet of Allah Himself. And the President tells him to come close, and he comes close, doesn't come close. He comes closer. And he whispers in his ear for a long time. And then the president lifts his head, and says to him, Do you understand what I said to you? And if man says, Yes, and it doesn't come close, and he whispers to him again. And then he
lifts his head to process element, he says, Have you understood? Do you understand as much as Yes, and again the process and whispers something into his ear? And he describes another level another man's color changes. And then the program tells him Did you understand what I told you, and earth man chose him? Yes, or messenger of Allah, my ears have heard and my heart has acknowledged, and the person and tells him You may leave. And for that reason, later on, when they come to kill him for the loved one, he not only doesn't fight back, he also insists and prevents the people from protecting him and defending because, you know, the President gave him the details of how he'll be
killed and who will kill him and when and why and everything. And I'm loving the woman says, The Messenger of Allah. So La Jolla center mentioned the fitna, it's going to happen, and a man passed by. So he said, a lot of them said, This man will be killed unjustly in the fitness. So I looked at blood nurses I looked and it was like, man, so the person is saying he's going to be killed unjustly. You find now people saying yes with mana GLONASS. He did some wrong things. No, I'm saying he was killed unjustly and utterly narrates from a murder of no cab for the law. And he says, I heard the mission you have a lot of a lot of artists and and mentioning the fitna, then a man who
had his face covered, walked by. So the process would set him said he on that day will be upon guidance be upon the truth. So I went to him and found him to be with him. No, I found so I turned my face. He's making sure now to the process of setting him and said to the Brazil of him pointing to f9 and the process of them said yes.
And also attack me and attack him. Narrator Ayesha narrates the process, lm said earthman perhaps a low will close you with a garment. What does that mean clothing with a garment, meaning the selasa give you make you the halifa. So if the hypocrites want you to remove it, do not remove it until you meet me. What does this mean? The process of them is calling them hypocrites. And he's telling him not to remove it meaning you're upon the truth. And that you don't have to remove the Salafi don't resign. So then anyone who says that this man should have resigned is mistaken because Adam is telling him that those who call them to resign from the Salah that they're hypocrites and that he
should not remove it. And the promises said him himself, put him in charge of Medina when he went out to LA and when also when he went out to a lot of fun, he puts in
With narrow the long line in charge of Medina, which shows that the prophets are seldom accepted him in leadership positions.
And just to understand more of what what type of person is not a villain who was we'll look at some of his sayings in his talk club. Honey is freed slave is Mola which is a freed slave would say that whenever a man stood at a grave he wept until his beard became wet. used to tell him you Don't weep when he was talking about heaven and the Hellfire you Don't weep like this. But how is it that you start weeping at the sight of a grave? Man used to reply, I have heard from the prophets of the love on him sending them the first obstacle of the last day meaning the first station on the Day of Judgment is the grave. If this step is easily overtaken, every other step will be easier. And if one
found any difficulty at this stage, every other stage will be difficult. This is a man of your mouth.
And he says, If I were between he says about himself, if our between paradise and Hellfire, not knowing to which one I would be commanded, I would choose to be made into ash before coming to know which of them would be ordered.
It shows his one time he had pinched, the earlobe of one of his slaves just pinched him on his ear a little bit. He didn't like that the fact that he did that was unjust of him. So he tells him pinch me back. So the servant refused, isn't want to pinch the halifa back. So that was mine insists tells him to pinch me back. And then the serving size depends him lightly in his ear and earth man tells him pinch me more painfully, for retaliation in this world is bearable, while I have no endurance for punishment on a day of resurrection. This shows what type of person he was and type of person who did not accept for himself to be unjust or to do injustice to other people.
I'm gonna miss out and heavy will cause hurt Earth man saying what prevents me from narrating that howdy is my fear that I may not be the most hateful. I have heard the problems that I'm saying whoever fabricates any speech and attributes it to me, let him have his seat in the help find a way to sit and have fun. And for this reason he is to not narrate many Howdy. But in total, he did narrate 146 sad about the prophets of Allah Himself. And this is of course, if you compare it to other narratives of Hadith, it's a small number and of his wisdoms, he is to say that there are eight people who will be surprised at I am surprised at a person who knows the world to be
transient, temporary, get loves it, the person who knows death to be certain, and yet he doesn't take it seriously. And a person who believes in the Hellfire and yet he commits sin, and a person who believes in the existence of Allah, and yet he seeks assistance from others besides Allah, and a person who is aware of Paradise, and yet he is engaged in the worldly pleasures, and a person who knows that shavon is his enemy, and yet he obeys what he dictates. And a person who believes in predestination and the Divine Decree of Allah yet feels aggrieved when something happens that and he used to say that he is also surprised at a person who knows that the account will be rendered on the
Day of Resurrection. And yet he hordes Well,
the companions of the Prophet Islam also used to say about him and he probably allow us to say about him, among other things, used to describe with men as the most fearful of a lot. And I would love to honor the law and when I used to say during the lifetime of the prophets of Allah is hidden, we should let the people choose between a worker cammarano it's not really the companions now, and the people will choose a worker Omar and then Earth man. This was the order of excellence that the companions considered a worker and the owner and the north node. And when he was elected, halifa Massoud of London was always said, we have elected the best of those who are still alive and we did
And I've loved Norma said three men of courage are the most handsome and the noblest of character and the shyest if they tell you anything, they will tell you only the truth and if you speak to them, they will not lie to you. Those are abubaker with my son and above Aveda in general.
And Abdul Rahman used to say, I have not seen amongst the companions of the Prophet send them more complete or better and speech than Earth man, except that he was a man who feared to relate Howdy, and we explained why he used to relate to Howdy. And Mohammed bin Salman used to say he was the most knowledgeable of the rituals of Hajj followed by of nama. He was one of the most knowledgeable of the people. We move now to the election of us not only Allahu anhu after Amara, the second Khalifa was stabbed. The beer was given to him three days after the death of Romero de la Juana, no matter when he was stabbed, he chose the six men and there came to be known as the six men of Shura Holly
She'd be chosen amongst the six men. And he includes to them his son of the love. No, I'm not. But he stipulates that he can't become the holly. And these six men were romantic, no. And so they've never will pass until hadn't obeyed the law. But somehow at this point was away, he was traveling, he was not there, and only with olive and with man ignatian. And as a version of our notice that these six, all of them are from the 10 given gatherings of paradise. And they are also of the people that the brothers Adam was pleased with in his farewell hookah, and this was 14 or 15 years ago, and the lawn still remembers, these are the people that I mentioned that he was pleased with us very
well. So, during the three days that they're deciding on who is the next Khalifa. They have to appoint someone, of course, to leave the Salah. And who there's armor of Allah Han who choose, he chooses suhaib, a Rumi so ever Rumi Rumi, of course, means European, not necessarily just Roman. So he chooses a European men to lead the Salah. Why is that? What's the wisdom behind that for this man to lead this off for three days? It was a non Arab, this is the wisdom that he will not cause any kind of strife. Or people say, Why did he choose him? And so he chose a man who was European. So then observe, I have no volunteers to withdraw. I don't want to laugh. I'm going to withdraw. Then
he looks at sad, even everyone else who is his cousin. And he asked him, would you like to withdraw? And since I says, yes. And then of course, our Beloved Muhammad himself wasn't allowed. He was he said, he can't they can't choose him as the Khalifa. So then the ones left worse man and Ali and Isabel.
So then I'm not chosen, would you be satisfied if I choose for you? And they said, Yes. So then I've got a man in the house. Go start with man in private, just the two of them. And he says, he asked him if I don't pledge to you, meaning if we were not to choose you, who would you suggest? And then Earth man says,
then he goes to LA, and doesn't if we don't pledge to you, who would you suggest? And then Elise says, Man, this is against those people who say, that I really wanted to sell off and he was upset, and so on. And so how above the problem is that I did not fight over worldly in wanting to be the enemy, and so on.
So then he goes to a burglar alarm. And he tells him, we don't pledge to fool would you pledge that he says it? Or if not, he said one of those two, or perhaps you mentioned both of them as well. And then he goes to Saudi when everyone costs. And he says, as you and I are not interested in it, who would you pledge to? And so it says, Oh, man. And then so now most of people want with Nando de la Han of the six assura. They want Iceman. And then he asked, so this is one with man, but he asked the rest of Medina, he used to go to people, knock on people's doors and ask everyone if they're generally pleased with not being the halifa.
And everyone was pleased with man being the heart of Dr. Now says, For these three days, this has been a lie I have not slept is just going around. He's doing his job to the best of his ability. didn't sleep for three days asking people knocking on people's doors, making sure they're okay with this holiday. Then the people pledged. So if none of you know anyone at the masjid and so there's Ali and everyone else, and it was out of the mercy of Allah Subhana Allah upon his own mind that after the difficulty of losing the messengers of Allah, Allah, that Allah chose for them and lenient in a gentle Khalifa as a worker of the lohana. And after the death of okra, a stern and strict
Khalifa comes. And after the death of that strict califa, Allah decrees that another halifa, who is gentle with the Muslims will be put in charge. And this good treatment of this gentle hollyford moto de la Han, is what gave the opportunity for the fitna to spread.
Now let's look at some of the achievements of Earth none of the above line.
Oh, look at the Allahu anhu ruled for two years. And Omar for the llama and who ruled for 10 years. And the length of the life of Earth man was equal to both of that of our worker and Omar put together none of the line who is the halifa for 12 years. And it's really unfair to not mention the first 10 years because the problems only occurred in the last two years of his life. And most books only focus on these two years. And it's not fair to not mention all of the good that happened in these 10 years and only focus on the two years of fitness.
And as we said he's part of the writing the guys who play Laffer and if you're not a good ruler, he would not be part of the rightly guided alpha
of the territories that were added to Islamic lands. conquest continued during the time with Mattila Han, and the Muslim man is extended from Tripoli, which is Libya, to Algeria, as far west as Algeria and the Muslim entered
the lands of Cyprus, and they went into eastern Turkey and went to Armenia, north of Boston or in English called Dagestan, which is a region of Southeast Russia, bordering on the Caspian Sea. And they also entered the area of a sin, which is a region of Southern Pakistan along the lower Indus River. And then they also conquered Ray, when we're here, right? This is actually what is Tehran right now, the Iran in Iran, which used to be under Persian territory. And
another important thing that happened during his reign is that there was no such thing as the Persian Empire anymore, took care of the Persian Empire destroyed it. And there were two superpowers that in the world at the time, and before the Muslims, there was Persia, and there was, there were the Romans. And during the reign of Earth, not only lolani, there was no such thing as Persian anymore, destroyed the Persian Empire. And they sent the Romans out of Egypt and they sent him out of Palestine.
And there was much abundance of good during his time. Mohammed pisidian says, wealth increase during the rule of man, a slave growth to be sold for her weight in money, and a horse for 100,000 dirhams. And upon three for 1000.
And it has an idea of the law and it says the provisions were abundant during the philosophy of asthma. And as the the halifa used to lead the believers in hedge 10 years in a row, he said he was a highly preferred for 12 years, one year was known as us, which is people were sticking with nosebleeds and with maravilla also had this bleeding from the nose. So he couldn't go to Hajj that year. And the other year that he didn't go is when he was besieged in the same year that he was killed. He was the seeds in his home and he couldn't go out.
And one of the other things that he did during his reign is he also expanded the The question is the profit center. This is the second expansion. And he built it with stones this time. And he put stone pillars in it and he made the firm roof, not just branches and date palms and so on. And he made its length 160 yards, and it's worth 150 yards.
And the conquest that took part during his his reign, war fought on land and on the sea, just for the first time that the Muslims go into battle using ships and go into the battle on sea. And you had continued for the 10 years of his 12 year reign. Because of course, last few years he had halted because of the fitness. Contemplate you see how the fitting slow everything down and they take away the good from the omen. And we'd like to look at just quickly some events that took place during his reign. In the year 2016, after the history expanded and misuse of heroin in Mexico. And in the year 27, after the hedgerow Molly out of the alumni who conquered Cyprus, and with him was better than
summit and the wife of urban summit, who was known as hot on Vince McMahon from the unsolved. She had fallen off her riding animal and she was buried there, just as the profit center had made for her Brazil and mentioned this army entering this area of Cyprus and she asked the president to make the offer her that she's amongst them. And he made the offer and she went there and she died and she was buried in Cyprus. And in the 28th or 29th year, he expanded the masjid in Medina and he built it as we said, with with stone this time. And in the 30th year after the hijra, the processor limb used to have a ring with which he would seal the letters and the orders and process them when he died, he
gave it to Russia for the amount of money. And then when the no halifa is chosen, or because she gives it to him, and when he seals all his letters and things with it. And when he does, Omar uses it takes it over. And then when he does, he gives it to hafsa to hold on to it until a new hanifa is chosen. So then it's given to us nine and then in that same year, it fell into a world the world escoba. And it's not alone could not find it. And it saddened him very much to lose the ring or the processor. And he eventually had one that was similar to it me.
And then the 34th year after the Hydra, we see the death of Sophia,
who used to be one of the main enemies of Islam, he becomes a Muslim. And he dies in the 31st year after the hidden and we also see the death of ad hoc. I've never asked if you remember him the uncle of a man who used to torture him. He becomes a Muslim and he passes away now. So what's happening now now this hardware they're starting to die off becoming more and more like precious gems. Because at this time now you understand many reverts many convert many different people from all different lands of the Muslims. And then many of the Arabs becoming Muslim who never met the progress of them so they're not Sahaba another Sahaba. As time passes, the further we move from the date of the
hedgerow, so how about our passing away and it becoming more and more precious to have as a hobby amongst you, so they become like gems. These are the people who saw the process in them and defended him and learn from him. So
were precious and they were respected by everyone. And just Incidentally, it's gonna say that they're about 120,000 so hot. But nonetheless, some of them had certain merits like being on the people of better and people who join in all the battles and being the early Muslim. And these people were extremely valuable. And in the 32nd, year after the hijra, we see the passing away of our best, if not, the uncle the profit or loss, and I'm definitely have no front of the 10 given glad tidings of paradise. And then I'm the London Masood and ocean of knowledge is scholar amongst the companions and one of the earliest of Muslims of the world and much older Hello passes away. And then I would
also say, the pious and the wise man, and he was a judge of Damascus, er of the mesh for the longest time under Mao. And we see the passing away of RI, and zaidan. Abdullah had and sorry, Satan, Abdullah, what would make us know who is a few people remember this name. He is the man who saw the event in the vision. Remember the story of the event when Omar came to mention it, a man had already seen it in a vision. Zaid ibn Abdullah of the lohana, who was the man who saw the man and his vision of the lawn. So now there's a hardware becoming rare and they're becoming by the day, something that's more and more rare. And the 33rd year after the hedgerow, we see an awful lot of sweat,
passing away. And in 34th year after the hegira fitna begins, and it ends in the 35th year after the hedgerow with the murder of Earth mount with your level. So we see that during his time, there were many great battles and they conquered a lot of lands. And all the details of these battles are available the details of the first battle Muslims ever had on the sea with their ships, they were victorious, even though it was the first battle that were victorious. All these details are, are there and we see the heroics of the Muslims at these times.
But will suffice with just mentioning the gist of what happened during his colorful your loved one, and of his other virtues are that he was the first to migrate in the way of Allah. When he migrated to Abba Sydney with his daughter of the process, lemon rupiah, the process, Selim said that Earth nine is the first to migrate in the way of Allah after the Prophet Lu. And he was the first to provide meals for all of those who fasted during Ramadan. And this is something we still do in the massage. We provide meals for people who fast is not of the law, and was the first one to start this. And he was the first one to issue a salary for the more advanced people will make the event he
issued them a salary. And he was the first one to establish a police force. And he was the first person to gather a people upon 100 414. And this is a forum we have today, an opening on a certain page, they're all on the same ayah or the same surah This is the heart of moto de la Juan. He made copies and distributed this to the major cities in the Muslim Empire. And he was the first one to ban the flying of pigeons for wagers people would bet against each other. And then they would fly and race their pigeons. And he banned that fishery. And he was the first one who is rain, there was construction of naval fleets and there was naval warfare during his reign. He also ruled longest of
all the four regular guy that qualify. And he was also the richest amongst them. And he was the one who compiled for and this was a description of the Allahu anhu and his life and his achievements. And we wanted to get to know his character and his personality, so that when we discuss the fitna and the accusations leveled against him, we can make a judgment of whether or not they were befitting or even possible. So now we'll move on to the beginning of the fitna and the murder of a man
the fitna or the dissension and all the problems that started that led to the death of us model de la Han, was started by a man by the name of Abdullah bin Salman. And he's also known as Ignis soda because his mother was black. So they called him the soda and I'm loving to set it up with a Jew from some in Yemen. And he pretended that he was a Muslim. So he's a hypocrite coming into Islam because Islam had become powerful at this point. And he felt that the only way to defeat Islam was from a fitna from the inside. So he's trying to defeat Islam from the inside. By creating these fitta and creating these problems.
He starts to spread freedom. he first started in Medina. He comes to Medina and his tries to put to heart and bring this vague and strange questions in Medina. But of course, all the scholars the majority of scholars were in Medina and the companions of the SLM are in Medina. So he wasn't able to do anything. There was not a single person who followed him. So the scholar stopped him and not a single person followed him and this shows the importance of knowledge and scholars how they protect people from going astray. So then he throws a sham he goes to a sham and in a sham Arriaga lon, who is the governor there
for 20 years,
and there was not a single fitna that arose in a sham. And later on when he becomes a Hollywood for 20 years, there is never a single fitna. 40 years from now the other one is a man who knows how to control fate and how to control people and the problems they may cause. So then it was so that I'm loving the service was also unsuccessful there and he heads to a Kufa and he goes to an Kufa and he finds it to be rife with fit, lots of problems going on. And that's why I'm not on the alojado because of the nature of the people of Vancouver. I'm not alone we had put on Molina and the Sherpa is the governor there, and moleben to shut about it alone. And he was one of the companions, he was
tough, and he used to be the personal bodyguard of the profit center.
So in the days of Romana, there were no freedom in Kufa because Maria Sharapova was the government in charge there. So then when it's not the law and who came, he became the halifa. He removed emigrate of nashoba and puts us in his place, and for that reason, was susceptible to being a good place to start a fitness.
I'm loving this about tries to join forces with a lot of people and if we look at the people of fitna, we'll find that a lot of them were thieves and highway robbers, and people who are punished because they had transgress the limits of Allah subhanaw taala. We found out the Lord and they said that he goes to a man by the name of Hakeem Nigella and Hakeem jablow is a man from Basra and he was a highway robber. And he had like a band of criminals. And people knew that he was a higher rubber, but they couldn't prove anything against them. And that's why he kept on robbing. And when his activities kind of went out of proportion, the matter was reported to the halifa. And with man,
right, so the governor of Basra to put hacking with ninja Bella in detention, and they implemented this order. So they went I'm loving this habit hears of him. He goes out. He reaches Basra. And he stays with Hakeem Javelin and he starts to create doubts in the in his mind and in the minds of other Muslims there. First, he presented himself as a well wisher for the Muslims and one who loved the family of the Prophet sighs Helen. And after he sort of gained the trust of the Muslims, he began to, to ask and raise other questions. He first raised the question he said that if a site is set up, is going to come back to this world, why not Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, Amazon said it is
better than aisyah. So he then starts to use this ayah to support his argument. He says a lot is going on in the lady followed by illegal for an Narada Illa not Allah subhanaw taala says, verily He who has given you the Quran, will surely bring you back to a place of return. So he's saying that in this ayah Allah Subhana, Allah is promising that the process lm is going to return. But of course, this ayah was revealed in Mecca. And when the prophecy was being sent out of Mecca, and lo revealed this is promising, we promised him that he's going to come back the place of return. The man out here is speaking about Mecca. But he's using this idea now, to show that the process lm is returning
back to Earth. These same questions were asked before by a man and his name was a loose idea. He should ask these exact same questions during the reign of Ramadan, your loved one. And when that happened to Amato had him sent to Medina and he whipped him three times with him the first time until his flesh showed in his back and then he would take him to be healed. And then three times he did this time, then in the end, he asked him, will you ever ask these questions again, the man says never asked his questions again. It tells him go to a goof. He says my family's in Egypt. He says go to a Kufa because there's a governor there. Where there is not a fitna that raises its head except
some heads are cut off. And this was a shrub. So and we'll say bill goes and he lives in an Kufa and Omar sends a letter with him, saying I have sent you a loose idea if anyone sits with him with him.
No one can even sit with him. Subhan Allah look then did Omar Abdullah who saved this man are not from the fitna. When the people of fitna came out and they start asking the same questions that he was asking years ago, people came to him and he told no sabeel there's some people now they have strength and numbers and they're asking the same questions that you were asking years ago. So why don't you join them? So he scratched his back. And he said, I eliminate Roger, that a righteous man has taught me and taught him this lesson. So I'm going to allow him to save this man from being a part of the fitness
so let's say that started with the same line of questioning and same questions that people could not respond to.
We see here that oh my god lol I was very harsh when it comes to fitness. very stern very strict. When a fitna shows up, and Arthur narrow, the Lohan, who was very easygoing was easygoing and this way it allowed the people to fit in to increase and to come out to get some following
So we're looking at the situation in Kufa, in Kufa, Abdullah Misawa. He finds a section that's already working against the governor and the halifa. So, he finds it to be a very fertile land and the atmosphere is just excellent for encouraging his plans.
So, a group of people that these people have fit now we should refer to them as the people who fit in. These are the people who cause this general atmosphere of displeasure against technology. alojado. They hurled accusations at him, some of them unfounded, but in the end, they're the ones who caused his death. And some of them were the ones who killed him. So we'll refer to them as the people of fitna and at one point they had gathered and they went to the masjid and they were going to cause problems and the governor there was saving the loss. And he had in charge of the army there. Al Kaka Kaka was one of the most fierce warriors of Islam, Amara Dylon, who used to consider
him to equal 1000 warriors. So Elsa carwin, goes out to them with his army. So when they see that the issue has their fair now has armies and killing. So they become scared. And they say, well, we only want to complain about the governor. And this during the time of birth, not everyone had the right to complain of his government. So he tells them if you want to complain from the governor, you go to a salon and you complain. So they went to this man and then he told them to go to a shampoo settle in a shampoo strip. He knows they're troublemakers. And he wants to just fix the situation, be gentle with them and try to solve it through gentle treatment. So he tells him to go to a sham
where Amalia for the low on who is the governor, they arrived to my area these people have fitna they come to him and one of them got up. So ask them what is it with them? What is their their situation? One of them got up and he spoke and he spoke incoherently. And so. So Malia came down hard on them. He spoke to them harsh and stilted them. And he tells them that if I see two of you together, you're in trouble. I don't want any problems here.
So then they complain again, to mathematical Ilana, and he allowed them to go to another place. I want to look at Egypt now.
In Egypt of Lebanon, Syria. Also, you found that some of the people there already had some complaints against our beloved Assad, who was the governor of Earth month in Egypt. And he was very occupied with the like the battle is on the borders there with the African Berbers and the Caesar of Constantinople. So he didn't have enough time to focus on the internal problems and the complaints of the people. So then he started a letter writing campaign as we would say, Now, I blood the server and these other people in Basra in Kufa, they started to send letters to Medina and letters from one city to the next complaining of the terrible situations, complaining of the governor's complaining
of the halifa
and charging them with atrocities and malpractice and like injustice against them. So with all these letters being circulated, then the general atmosphere that was created was that people are not happy with a smile, and it was not a good laugh. And we sent it the first 10 years of the falafel were excellent. And these problems only surfaced in the last two years. So had he not been an excellent leader in the first 10 years, complaints would have surfaced long before the last two years. So this is the general atmosphere that they managed to create. Of course, some of these complaints reach man and he was always trying to deal with him in the nicest of ways of the people of fitna. There is a
man whose name is extraordinary. And we're going to hear this name many times later on. And this man tells him, what is it that you want? And they said, We don't want to aid in the loss as the governor. So he says, Okay, I have deposed him, I removed him, Who do you want in his place? They said, We want a woman Salazar. And he agreed and he put him in charge. So it's my thought that if he pleases them, that he will put them under control. And he tells them some nice things. He tells him very few curse me I'll be patient. And if you ask anything of me, that's not how I you will get it so that you have no complaint against me. But unfortunately, this gives them more power and more
freedom to create problems. And this is how some people are you treat them harshly and they obey you and they're obedient, but when you're gentle, they think that they can take advantage of you