Ramadan 2023 Appeal
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
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Episode Transcript ©
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member who wanna sign on associate Oh,
when I will be laughing surely and Christina was saying earlier Marina
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sala de la,
la la la, la, silica Mohammedan as the board
and shall as the brother mentioned, it is our second lecture of our series
and today of course,
our lectures about the,
the format format
inshallah, before I begin, let me just remind you that recovering from anxiety, so, excuse me when I, when I expectedly cough inshallah,
am I right, my voice survived yesterday and hopefully inshallah
survive again today.
Let me begin
by stressing the fact
that these four method
for schools are different.
I'm sure we're probably all familiar with
the Hanafi madhhab.
The medikament hub,
the chef Ayman hub, and the handling of hub
is this for schools.
I'm taking my water with me
trying to torture me, I guess.
I know the curtain was down earlier, I thought they would leave that down for my own protection, effusive lecture. But fortunately,
there are named after
of the great
scholars of Islam.
And they are the points of view of the Henderson nojima.
Every one of them
will then repeat.
Thank you, for anyone in the sight of Allah subhana wa to Allah.
But from what we know,
from our parents knowledge of these four scholars,
all of them
and to follow the truth,
and in fact,
all of them suffered
and face hardship
due to their desire, to follow and to implement, and to teach the truth.
They attempted to find
and to derive the truth from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet.
And we did not know any of them,
intentionally going against what had come to them from Allah or from the former.
this is our obligation as believers.
This is part of our Arpita part of our belief of faith.
That we love these people and we love them for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala and for the efforts and for the sacrifices that they need, for the sake of almost a kind of a bad
at the same time, though,
we must recognize
that they were human beings
and in the same way
with respect to the gun homicides in them,
we do not exaggerate
the poverty data.
As for example the Christians did with the Prophet Jesus, Elisa them, nor do we deliver his data
with respect to demand.
We need to exaggerate the status
by making them out to be perfect
By making this statements and their opinions to take authority over and above the fraud and the sinner promises,
nor do we believe them
by failing to recognize them as dollars,
by failing to try to study what they've said and understand what they have said,
or by ignoring them, or by treating them as if they were just like any other human being lacking knowledge.
So we need to go to either extreme.
But instead we ask Allah subhana wa tada
to reward these bullets for their efforts.
And we asked Allah subhana wa tada to accept the good deeds, and to forgive them for any mistakes, and any shortcomings that they may have submitted.
again, like yesterday, in a one hour time,
It is difficult for me in particular,
and those brothers in Brisbane, who used to live in Boulder very much familiar with
taking a small topic and dragging it over many lectures than I am and taking a large topic and putting it into into one like,
one is difficult
to determine what we would like to say about this for a man, and what we will have to leave and hopefully, maybe some aspects will come up in the question and answer session.
With respect to the history and the development of
any, we will have to ignore some of the developments and get straight to these different events that we want to discuss.
But even before
getting to these different events,
we have to define what is a must have.
And I think it's a law, our understanding
of the matter will highlight some of the aspects and some of the importance of studying these different schools
never have a way for school, or path or methodology.
When we're talking about the method,
we are talking about the methodology, and the way the death color followed in order to come to certain conclusions.
And in particular, when we say that let's have a go until
the middle of in America, Abu hanifa. In particular, we should be talking about assets which are particular to him.
And which distinguishes him from the other scholars and others opinions of us that are particular to him, and which are not held by the other schools.
And we should note
that when we talk about these four schools,
we are talking about
four schools of jurisprudence.
We are talking about four in
in which the essence in respect to these demands the essence of their belief.
Their methodology, when it came to believe for Al Qaeda was essentially the same.
They differed in matters of
But in general, there are a that their beliefs were the same. They're all from what is known as Alison
there are some minor differences in particular between Abu hanifa and the other three, Eman with respect to the definition of Islam and so forth.
Definitions of Eman, faith and so forth but
they are all from the same beliefs. They all have the same beliefs or from the same group known as
Shall I will begin our discussion
with the Hanafi school
who was the first or the earliest of the four and then we're going to discuss
and in reality
in order to discuss the Hanafi school
we really need to discuss what is in essence, the cufon school
the School of copper
I'm sure you're all aware of the fact that it
was became part of the Islamic state sponsored by the Muslims
around the year 15, after the huddle, about five years after the death of the former facility during the time of football.
And there are some characteristics make iraq somewhat different from the Arabian Peninsula
from which those Muslims came. In particular, there was a lot of different philosophical views,
different even kinds of religions that existed in Iraq, that one does not find too much
in the Arabian Peninsula, and their culture was somewhat different.
And separate Oh, Coco, in itself
was a city that was built by the Muslims,
who was built during the time of amo Pathak in the year 17, after the digital.
And it was said that a number of companions, anywhere between 500 to 1500, Sahaba companions to the poets of send them move there or live there at one time or another.
So this is a city which was again, good by the Muslims, for the Muslims to live there, as they were making the Jihad and as they were ruling the land of Iraq
and the coffin school have
its roots are in the companion the former Hamas Arsenal, Abdullah,
have a question or,
was one of the earliest
companions of the Prophet Muhammad.
And he was well known for his knowledge of the facade. And it was a horrible facade who sent him specifically to coca, to this teacher.
And he says he advised the people of Coburg to follow Him
and to follow his teachings.
So I've never been more food when, as the first teacher of Cooper near 17, and he stayed there until
the death of mine enough time.
And of course, he had a large number of students,
and many other Sahaba moved to Cusco.
And in fact, I'll even call up as I'm sure you're all familiar with, and even have even moved his capital to Cooper.
So a number of companions as opposed to cillum lives in Kufa.
And they pass on their knowledge
of the Koran.
They pass on their knowledge of the similar the form of sustenance to their students, and to those people that they met and learn from them in the city of Cooper.
And after the death, or after delivering the food left.
And after the death of many of the Sahaba
or the one who was known as the greatest scorer of that area of Cooper
was someone who's named Alcoa even face and nothing
will come as
one said, he said everything that I have learned, or everything that I knew, also, Alcoa has learned.
So I'll cover of course with a number of other scholars at that time, he became, in essence, the head
of the School of COPPA and
he died in the year of 6262, meaning the process of them died in the year 10, after the 150 years after the death.
And after him his major students
was Abraham and I actually the nephew of Alabama.
And it was Abraham who learned to study under a number of the companions the policy
would then begin to be the head of the school
and he's asked his knowledge on
to hammered even to the man.
Hi, my name is Evan Solomon studied with Abraham for 40 years
and after the death of Abraham,
he took over the leadership
of the school.
then we come to
the one who took over the leadership of that school after the death of humanity in the year 120. And that was about hanifa. Now, Mine isn't seven,
was born in the year at
and moved into the year one.
Well, honey control was the son of a silk merchant, your family had Persian background.
And they had his father or his grandfather had embraced Islam.
And originally Abu hanifa studied, we're not in the field.
But originally, he was attracted to philosophy.
However, after some time, he turned his attention to the study of
and he began to study under hammered even at this dilemma and the one that we just mentioned, who was the head of the COVID School at that time.
And Abu hanifa, the reason you're here for 18 years.
And finally, we'll come back around the year 140 100, plus the age of 40, began to be the head or the leader of the cooking school.
During his time, and he due to his
he was asked by the ruler to become a coffee or to become a judge.
And he refused to do so.
And there are a number of explanations why you refuse to do so.
Either out of fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala because the judge the role or the job of a judge
is a difficult one,
maybe out of
some disputes or differences with the made rulers.
However, when he refused the the quality,
the governor Cooper
had him punished
time, every day.
And after 10, after 10 days
of being whipped like this, the judge or the governor saw that he was not about to change his opinions were finding he let them go.
After the fall of domain
came the other set of rules.
And also during this time
during the collapse of Java. So
once again abanico was asked to become to take on an official position in the government and once again he had refused.
Therefore he was put in prison and taken to Baghdad and put into prison in Baghdad. And unfortunately, he died while actually in prison.
It was obviously a man who was known for all the people didn't chain for piety. He was known for his prayers. He was known for his prayers in particular night tahajjud he was known for his
often reading of the Quran.
And the scores have
had a great deal of respect for him.
I've delivered on Mubarak.
That I have never seen anyone in the in the area of suck, who is similar to Abu hanifa
Imam Shafi Sharpie
and remember Sharpie narrated that in America
was one time.
Have you ever seen Abu hanifa?
And he answered Yes.
He said, I thought man if he were to speak to you about the killer
killer holding up the wall. He said, I thought man that if you were to speak to you about this pillar thing that it was made of gold, he will be able to give you some evidence for
that there was a man who was very
deep and thinking very sharp very smart when it came to evidences and the use of evidence.
And in a Mr. McAfee also
said that whoever wants to get deep in the knowledge of depth, that he is dependent upon
Upon a hanifa
and sufian authority authority also said
that Abu hanifa was the most knowledgeable, or just
of the people of his time.
Now, obviously, there's many things that we could discuss about the life of Geneva. What aspect I would like to mention is his approach to teaching.
And how he held his
with respect to teaching in Abu hanifa, was very much different from in America,
in America used to come and he would just
lecture to the people, read to them heavy with them, narrations and so forth. And they would not dare even speak in his presence. And those students who were the students for a long time,
out of all and out of respect to the to him, they would just sit and listen.
And they would be even too shy to speak.
And they'd be very happy when any, any person from outside of Medina would come to the mosque and ask him the medic any questions. So they couldn't listen to some questions. But
over the course of of Hannibal, and his colleagues, and Coco was much different.
They used to present
the topic and issue
and they had maybe up to 4040 of the storage capacity.
And they were just that issue.
And they have the structure issue, maybe sometimes up to three days.
And Abu hanifa, being the head
of that, being the leader of that school, he would allow all of the people to speak. And then at the end, he would come up with his conclusion, he was taking this conclusion after all of the discussion and presentation by all the other scholars present.
And actually, these
these assertions or these conclusions
from Abu hanifa were actually recorded
at that time by one of the students.
But unfortunately, that recording has not passed has not been passed on. And as far as we know, it does not exist today.
He did not say
he did not lay down what are the principles
of or Islamic legal theory.
However, from his statements from his legal conclusions, we can derive many principles and the sources of law for about anything.
For example, we know that
used to take the sources we want to like list the sources of law for the Hanafi school or for bonito. First, of course, we have Ron,
then we have the signal department.
And unfortunately, because I cannot see you, so I don't know how you react to maybe some challenges I'm going to use, someone has to keep things
rolling basic, but with respect to the sinner or the Hadith, and both of them, he was stressed or rely most on both Hadees which were most well known among the scholars and among the people.
And then he was told is not or the consensus of the companions of the policies.
They agreed upon something he would not go against.
And he would also follow the individual opinion of the companions of the former.
And the companions of those people who lived during the time of policy
the time of the revelation of Iran.
They were the people who understood what the Quran was being revealed about.
They were witnessing it in front of their eyes.
They were listening how the polycephalum himself was implementing.
And if they have any doubt, or any question or any misunderstanding,
they could go directly to the problem of the phenom and ask them about any issue.
have. They take into consideration and they respect highly the statements of the companions of the former hospital
Honey, some stuff has been recorded to say
that I take
the book of Allah subhanaw taala.
And if I find a willing about any issue and it's been I follow it
otherwise, otherwise, just the Quran is silent about something, then I follow the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah.
If I do not find anything in the book of Allah, or the son of the Messenger of Allah, then I take the statements of his companions.
And I take whichever among them I wish. And I leave whichever among them, I wish. In other words, you will study them, if they divert, you will study them to see which of them
are which of their opinions seem to be closest to the phenomena, and he would follow them and leave the other thing.
And he would not leave their opinions for the opinions of anybody.
However, if you found otherwise, if you did not find anything, I didn't know the payments of the Sahaba. But the matter became a matter of its hand or juristic reasoning of those people among
those people came out to the Sahara. Then he said, I make he had, like those people make, he had other words. And he after the time of the Sahara, there's no special
place for those people necessarily, and he makes he had consumed.
After that, to rely upon paths or analogy. In other words, the stumping wasn't discussed in the Quran or similar directly,
then he would make an analogy, or he would look to see what the Quran says about something similar to it. And he would make the same ruling for the new case, as the as in the case statement in the example.
If you wanted to
take the case, for example, some kind of
I have to be careful in the Hanafi school because I was gonna say in toxicants, that they have a different view that if you want us to take like the case of heroin, and we see what the Quran says about the hammer or alcohol, then since the holy alcohol is prevented, also the ruling concerning heroin would also be forbidden.
He also follows something on less than Why shall if there's any questions about that, I will leave that question. And
some of his main students included about useless
used to study with avani for 14 years until Abu hanifa passed away.
And then we'll use the seventh to Medina to study
and when he traveled to Medina, he studied under in America.
So this is one of the major students of going to Medina to study under Mr. Malik.
And in fact that will use this.
within America and learning, many of the studies that were in Medina, which was the home of the photographer, send them that perhaps the people of Iraq did not know.
He changed his opinions on many issues he changed. Or he went against the opinions of a different teacher on many issues. In many cases, he would say, for example, that's just my teacher,
meaning Abu hanifa is my teacher. You know what I now know, the author would swallow this news and
became a chief or the chief judge. And he was very instrumental in reading the Hanafi madhhab.
Another one of the important students of Abu hanifa is Mohammed Hassan. He then
studied with Abu hanifa for three years until Abu hanifa died.
And then he continued to study with WC.
And he also went to Medina to study with internet.
And in fact,
he learned all in America has a book known as a water. Probably many of you are familiar with a couple of English translations of it.
Hassan Shivani, he learned that book
directly from Informatica himself. And up to this day, one of the most important narrations of that book is from Mohammed, the students.
After he went back to copass, he went back to Baghdad actually, the same Mohammed Hassan Shivani is then later in his life he debate
Did we start with enamel sheffy.
through the steps, many points and many issues.
And if this actually has an issue, Bernie, who has written the most,
and the Hanafi school and was the most, and in most of the writings, most of the opinions of Abu hanifa, we know them through the writings of Mohammed Hassan ship and his team.
And this is the development. This is what later or what became known, of course, during assembly, and even afterwards, this is what became known as the Hanafi school.
At the same time, of course, this school was developing in
another school was developing in the DMZ.
of course, because Medina has some characteristics, the separated from the other
parts of the Muslim world, the fact that the father doesn't live there, the fact that even after the death of Moses and many of his companions continues to live there.
And one very important aspect that we see about Medina that is not true for Eros, and many of the other areas is this Medina was one area,
free of any kind of innovation, any kind of political thinking that they're found in some of the other areas, including Iraq.
So this was developed in Medina,
started basically with Amara.
He was, you could say the founder and the name
among the Sahaba, the main leader of the school. And then there's also the internet. And then the son of Omar, Abdullah and Omar. And then Ayesha, the wife of the prophet SAW Selim, these were the leaders of the school and the founders of the school. In other words, their ideas they were passed on. They were the major people whose ideas were passed on, and whose ideas formed the foundation of this show that was developing the genome.
And after then,
after that generation is among the Sahaba, all the people that I mentioned, we're going to sahaabah. In the next generation known as Sylvain. In the spirit of Medina, there were seven, seven people
who begin to be known worldwide as the seven Tokoha, or the seven jurists and Medina.
And these seven jurors also,
they were well known for being the leaders of at that time, and also their opinions were also recorded and included in service. And some of those books actually exist to this to this day in manuscript form.
The most important one among those seven
of the seven foot out in the DNS was the scholar by the name of side by
side and was very well known for his knowledge of Hades.
And he was in fact someone who used to sacrifice much of his time and effort to learn and forget,
as he himself said,
I would tell him for days and nights at a time and certainly one had you need to get one headed from the floor, you will travel for days and nights. Another narration, he said, I would sell for three nights or three days
in order just to verify one season from him.
And he was nickname
and Jerry are the one who was very bold. He was known as one being very bold and giving and giving rulings, limit rulings or expressing his view on certain issues.
And the reason he was so good,
is not because
he was quick to give his opinion about things. But because he has so much knowledge of the similar the former hamster center and then of the pond, and the strangeness of the Sahaba and the noise of the Sahaba that he had a big sort of speak of big database to work from this he was very quick and very easy to give you the opinions of the early scholars on many different issues.
Then after him some the next generation or the next leaders in the School of Medina, which includes the zaharie and Napa, the free slave of an hour. And these are the people who were the features of in America
and in America was born in the year 95
valif again was born in the year 80. Medic was born in the year 95. He was born in Medina. His grandfather was a companion the Prophet Muhammad SAW Selim. And one thing that distinguishes in America
from most of the other scholars at that time
is this in Amharic did not travel in search of an Easter in search of knowledge to the different locales, as most scholars did at that time, but he remained in Medina and spent almost all of his life in Medina and the only time he left Medina was to go and make hedge.
In America, he was also
beaten and tortured by the ruler of his time.
This was during the time of the
He gave a * boy, he gave a ruling
that someone was coerced, was forced to divorce his wife, then that divorce is not considered a valid divorce.
And because of this ruling, he was severely severely beaten by the rulers of the time.
And the reason
you might be wondering why a ruling like that would need rules to determine not because the ruler had divorced his wife and certain things.
But it was because the rulers at that time, they took a pledge of allegiance from the people.
And they took that pledge of allegiance. The first thing and this is the kind of force the people to abide by the Pledge of Allegiance by when they made the pledge of allegiance, they forced them to say that if I break this pledge of allegiance, then my wife is divorce.
So basically, in my mind,
the search is a word. And he did not stated specifically while talking about the case, but in essence, his ruling was fitted divorce is not a valid divorce.
And so from the government's point of view, this would allow people more freely to break the Pledge of Allegiance. Because of that he was getting severely by the rules.
Now, even medical school obviously was highly praised by the scholars have it's done.
For example, in in America, I mean, mmca
used to say that Malik is the Pro, or the establishment of Allah upon his creation.
In other words, the teachings were such that it proved the correctness of Islam or showed or demonstrated the correctness and brilliance of Islam. And he also said a chef, he also said that, as the stores are, are mentioned, that America is the star or the needy.
And he says that the strongest Buhari, the one who compiled the side Buhari, he said that the strongest is not the best, if not there is, is this net of emetic from the teacher, NASA, from even Alma from the Bahamas.
Now, obviously, again, with respect to him, ematic.
There's many aspects that we get discussed about his life.
And all these, I'm just kind of highlighting one aspect. So
I would like to add as well, especially in America, I would like to emphasize
his attitude towards knowledge.
And the emphasis that he placed on knowledge and sacrificing for the sake of knowledge.
And emphasizing this, because nowadays many times
we kind of want the knowledge to be given to us sort of speak on a silver platter.
And if there's some program that we could get,
we could benefit from that we could get knowledge from,
you know, if it's not at the time that is convenient for us, if it's not in the place that is convenient for us, then we're not going to bother with it, even though we may lose
a great deal of knowledge and not be able to benefit from their knowledge.
So in America is life over and over demonstrated his willingness to sacrifice for the sake of getting nose.
And he's any even said that no one will be able to attain what you want of this knowledge. Until this knowledge, uplift them with poverty.
And he gives a preference over all of his other needs.
In other words, if he really wants this knowledge, he should put it first and foremost, and sacrifice everything else for the sake of this knowledge.
This teacher never used to live on the outskirts of Medina. And Mr. Malik used to go to the outskirts of Medina, and sit in the sun with no shade to protect him and wait for NASA to come out of his house. So he could speak with him and learn from directly from NASA,
even just to the point
that he even saw parts of the width of parts of the ceiling from his house in order to sustain himself in order to continue to attain the knowledge.
Another aspect that we see in ima Malik, which is something directly coming from an armor and the other people in this Deen and chain.
And that is caution when it comes to speaking about the deen of Allah.
That He will not speak unless he has some knowledge of what it is that he wanted to say, or what it is that he really knew about what you think.
Some of his students narrated, for example, that some people came from a journey of six months. Another narration mentioned that they came like from North Africa.
And they came to Mr. Malik to ask some questions.
And in some of those narrations mentioned, like this man came and asked, asked him like 36 questions, or 30 questions, different areas?
And to the vast majority of them to like 30 out of those 36.
In America, good, I don't know.
So the man said, You know, I came all this way.
And sometimes when people call me they can do the same thing. I came up with this way. And the people said, I should ask you and I'm coming. And I'm asking you, and you're saying you don't know anyone like that? What can I say? I don't know.
And you cannot make up something. You have to feel represented with Allah when it comes to this knowledge. And you cannot say something, unless you're firm about what is correct. And that is something that we see in particular, in the beginning school.
We look at news, sources of just again, in American self did not record his own
methodology. He did compile a book, as we know, it's called a mortal still exists today. It's a book mostly of Hadees, and statements of the Sahaba, the companions and the following generation.
But we see that himself, he follows the Quran, of course, he follows a similar format,
before his mouth, the companions and he also followed the asthma and the and the practices of the people of Medina.
Because for him, he considered the practices of the people of Medina, especially those practices that they're all basically agreed upon, is basically arguing and again, you
know, 100 years after polycephalum and some more,
and he basically thinks that these practices come from the time of the problems and they are like the seminar the format.
So he used to consider them an authority and make his conclusions based on those practices of the people in the midst of Medina. And he would also follow the individual opinions of the companions of the Prophet Mohammed Salim.
And he would also make what is known as playoffs or analogy as we described before.
And he had a concept similar to a lesson for the Hanafi stone.
And he would also follow the customs or
if the captain had established something, he would accept that and follow those.
And again, because of time, if there's some specific question about those assets, inshallah we'll discuss it in the question answer session. There's also another point
that we do not have time to discuss in detail right now.
And that is the fact that when referring to these two schools,
many times they are called as the ROI and as
I have arrived,
you which one, one brother is booked on Jeopardy, this is he translated this as the people have had it, and the people have visioning
I don't think this is
the best translation but or you could say those people who are following the editing process Dylan, and Abdullah right, are those people who are resorting to personal opinion.
And as I said, we don't have time to discuss this in detail, that is a sign of an unfair, it is kind of an unfair
way of describing them.
Basically, the people have proposed a school of law the Hanafi school became known as
the people of personal opinion and the Medina school. According to many scholars, although many of the historian even many of the medical scholars, they consider him to be familiarized with any way the Medina school was known as.
And he obviously both both of these groups is taller than the Cooper and Cooper in Medina,
Milan and both of them follow the Harris the promises.
None of them ever knowingly willingly went against the headache with promises.
those people who are known as an addict,
they empathize the studying of Harry's and searching and seeking more heady and seeking more narrations from the Sahaba the companions In other words, and that was the concentration in this study.
But the other people were known as Allah Hi, they also concentrated on they do not concentrate necessarily, I'm learning more and continuing to add to the database of Hadith, but they concentrated on studying the Sharia and studying the
the legal causes in the *tier for example, the wire something haram wire something Hello. And based on that study to make some conclusions for new cases.
And they also had a tendency to study or to discuss cases that did not yet exist hypothetical cases, to the point they even became known as the whatever. What if this would have that would have this.
And that's basically the difference between
when we're talking about the Hanafi school, cooking school and the medieval school or medical school,
of course, and the next door is a man, a chef, a
chef, he was born in the year of 150 to 150.
He was born in Palestine, to Qureshi family family from the operation Mecca. And when he was young, he moved to LA
and he grew up
his early years in Mecca, he spent some time with a veteran.
He became proficient or became an expert in the Arabic language. He also learned the principles of the theater according to the Mexican School, which was virtually the School of an abacus and
after some time, he he left Mecca and he went to Medina.
And in Medina, he studied with him.
And he learned also more directly from him.
And he stayed with him and Malik until in America passed away.
After my medic died, Lima Shafi moved to Yemen.
And while he was in Yemen,
while he was in Yemen, some rumors began to be spread that he was supporting some of the descendants of Allie who were
in opposition to the rulers at that time.
So he was taken in chains from Yemen to Baghdad, during the time have ownership
over after some interrogation, and some
certification was found that he was free of the charges. And he was allowed to do
so he remained in Baghdad, and he met with Mohammed has been issued by
Hamilton has been has been shipped Brian is the same one we mentioned earlier, who was one of the leading students of Abu hanifa.
So at that time, he came
in essence representing the mannequin or the beginning school.
And he used to meet and debate
with Mohammed, Hassan Shivani.
And, of course, he was able to
In essence, developers thought even further, you went back to the lectern and he came back to Baghdad.
And when he came back for the second time, he began to be known
as the store as the leader of his own.
And he began to write some principles of the principles of duck while in the in the garden Iraq, and then he moved to Egypt.
He moved to Egypt, basically with the purpose of meeting with a nice admin staff who was the leading scholar of Egypt at the time and effect the chef he himself said about the leaf and inside that he was the greatest rather than Mr. Malik, but the students failed in propagating the teachings very well.
So, he arrived in Egypt after
after late died.
And in Egypt, he again he still further developed and matured in his thought, and began to develop what is known as his and he, when he was in Iraq, the teachings his teachings in Iraq became known as
his own school.
And as he developed further,
when he was in Egypt, he began what is known as his new school.
And it was in Egypt.
During this time, that he developed much of his or so much of his
legal theories that we will discuss in just a moment.
Now obviously also in a Chevy was greatly respected and really paid by the school is
the son of
I'm glad to hear that you have this construction because by now, the roof would have fallen probably in many parts of the United States
mathematic stepless father
said what kind of man was in a Chevy for what do you make brah I hear you playing a lot for him.
And I've met him and Hamza said that mmm Chevy Chevy was like the sun for the earth. And like how prevent time
is that think about it is there anything other than these two that the people can get by without any stuff for this to use like the sun for the earth and help women in fact,
he also said that I don't know of anyone who has been very famous for Islam during the time of a shabby represent himself. And I in my grave, I made
me and my friends and forgive Mohammed Idris as
well. And it was the first person who really sat down and to write the theory of of food or Islamic legal theory and how they should be managed and handled. It was in
the book called average Salah.
And this book also is available in English.
I believe this called a reseller or something, I believe, he looked at me in English.
Basically, what he found was that he was very much familiar with what had developed in Medina and what had developed in Cuba.
And he found that there was some
in some ways people were not applying the principles correctly and each thing somehow in some aspects.
So therefore, he tried his best to emphasize the grip aspect of both groups.
And he tries to correct some of the aspects
of the schools that were not exactly correct. So for example, in Astana out
these presses what is the correct way to understand before on based on the principles of Arabic language and based on what they've been passed on from
The time of the problem I was listening. And I was trying to also emphasize the importance of following the Hadith of the sin of the promises. And he emphasized the fact that there has been a sinner, no one has the right to say anything or to go any other opinion, that at least is authentic.
It's known as the heaviest is considered authentic by the slowest and no one has any right to state any opinion that goes against what is stated in that article.
says there was to try to take the people
during his time to try to take them back to the way of thinking or the way of legal theory that we find based on the Quran and based on the scene of the formal system. So obviously, his sources and we'll talk about nowadays, for most of you who studied Islamic liberal theory, a basic introduction to slam it number theory, most of you realize that that you are basically
the essence of it, you are actually studying that which was laid down by a mama chef. When we say that the sources of the city are four, we say the Quran and the Sunnah consensus as
We're actually following what has been laid down by Mr. machete,
and in his writing of a Salah. Basically, why it has come to that point is because he was able to convince most of the people and many of the people who came up to him that this is the correct approach. And these are the four basic sources of the Sharia.
And the next, and the last of the four was
the last to the point man was added in handle
was one of the year when 64.
Early in his life in allotments planted
However, because we used to concentrated on sip, and
sort of say his first level, what he was most devoted to was added, he turned his attention to Hadith. And it became perhaps the Global Forum, at least during his time, the greatest goal of any travel worldwide to learn
all the main centers of Islamic learning to gather together the heaviest improvisation.
And in fact, 100 teachers later in his life would be another champion. So any amount of Sharpie
now about Bella
authentic In your opinion,
or it was a headache, which is authentic In your opinion, then teach it to me. So I'm a phone.
And it was a man shall be talking to his students in my magnet would become a greatest scholar in the field of Adelaide than in Sheffield.
Which you know, which is authentic. They teach it to me so that I'm a follower. And of course, in my maximum self was probably the best or probably best known for his collection of hiding, which is not as much not accurate, which contains over 30,000 IDs
with respect to compile any collection or worse on Fifth and in fact he just lived
his life like for anyone to record his opinion.
However, due to the need of knowing that knowledge some of the students later did record this discipline in the form of questions that they put to him and they recorded in response and in fact one of those students
who has a collection or both knowledge and styling questions
is probably most known for you for his collection of highly known assuming you don't have a gold was a student of a magnet of the party was the students of the magnet and Muslim to compile so he was assistant of
Unfortunately, with respect to Pip, it became kind of known
that asthma actually was not the profession was not a jurist, he was just the school of
Property when he compiled the word for both the difference of opinion among the major Football Hall, excluded in my method, even consider him.
it kind of stuck with him. And many of the
labor works after Cobra, which also discuss the difference of opinion among the jurist, they also did not include in the method, but it seems pretty clear that and it was the case that Emma had was, in fact,
again, Mr. Michel Shafi, who just finished talking about, you said about the students in my magnet,
a leader in authority in eight different categories, with Xenon, and heavy his environment
is the environment language, language in the
in the color coding,
or living a
simple life renouncing the small, or,
or fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And in the center of the problem of socialism, so if I'm the chef himself, who was one of the greatest, of course, was the Fifth Third in an athlete was a scholar.
And, in fact, what, what some of the non students read about them is that, in fact, in the study, as we mentioned, that he was
a member of the jury.
But he wasn't interested in passing on those opinions of the jurors, because he knew the opinions or he knew, he proposed. And you know, the statements and opinions of the companions. So therefore, whenever he was asked the question, you would give either a hadith or one of the statements of the companions with the format, instead of giving some of the opinions of the native Jews
all of the disclosures that mentioned, all those disclosures, was also heavily persecuted.
During the trials concerning the creation of
the government, under the influence,
under under the influence of a heretical group,
they try to force people to say that the Quran was created.
In our last interview,
he was he was beaten, and he was put in jail for two years.
Many times the FOS, and they and they accepted, and they said what the government forced them to see. And they considered that
situation of duress and force, and there was used for that. But he, himself refused to do that. And he refused even the idea of doing that.
And in fact, Afterwards, he stopped accepting it from those who bowed down to the pressure of the government, and wanting to say what the government was forcing him to say
he was after two years, but then again, later, during the time of one of the other,
the same kind of imposition, and the same kind of trial started again. So Mmm, that was forced to go into hiding for five years, until the police finally came and put an end to those clouds and establish the belief of that lesson about the creation of fraud. And so therefore, I was able to turn to public life and continue teaching until his death in 241.
And remember, he said about
that I have left Iraq, and I have not
left any person.
virtuous or more knowledgeable, more pious, or more God fearing, not less any person in Iraq, which was more knowledgeable and more pious than admin can handle
and of course, on the surface of his of his work with the Quran, of course the similar format. There is now the companions the individual opinions of companions of the Prophet Muhammad Sicilian
Also analogy or
any would refer refer to player
only in the case of necessity and that was what is featured on the shelf he had talked.
Now, if we look at this for
one thing that we see very clearly is the close relationship that actually they had among one another, for example, in a manner
who would take in that knowledge the team from the sounds of politics or send them through
the telephone Omar, Abdullah bin Omar and so forth to their students and killer finally rich in America.
In America, as we saw, he was a teacher of a Chevy.
He was also a teacher of Mohammed Hassan Shivani. He was also a teacher bubble uses the two main students of an EVA, the two main students who along with 74 really make up the Hanafi. School.
And we see also that Mr. Michel, he studied under in a manner. And he went to Iraq. And he met with and debated and I mean, when I say debate, it was friendly debate or discourse, discussion with Mohammed, it has an issue of Bernie the main students.
And we see that again, also
studied under Obama, we use this domain students have abanico. And then later in his life, he studied under him.
So there was a very close relationship of love and respect. If you look at the statements that they made with one another, there was a great deal of love and respect among these four ways in them.
They respected each other because of the willingness to learn the sacrifices for learning, and the teaching the truth or teaching for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we find no kind of hatred, no kind of empathy, no kind of envy whatsoever existing among these four great leaders that existed in our history. And,
unfortunately, due to the time
limitations, actually, that is the time that I have
left for the lecture. There's obviously many, many other aspects that we should discuss the chip, or I'm sure that you think we should. It's just all the aspects that you want to discuss. In addition to this, like any further issue or any other aspects related to the mme. inshallah, we'll put it in your questions, and we'll try to do our best to handle them at this point,
because our time is up.
This must be the only one as far as I know,
don't sell I will stop at this point, then we'll handle the question then inshallah.
Hello, we'll start with one of the questions from from residents.
And I guess the Buddhism, wisdom did not
even I know, I know, the brothers in prison. The ones most of them are in
I guess begin talking about knowledge and saying that, you know, you have to sacrifice for coming to lectures and you should not
be sitting at home in Brisbane and listening to this over the phone. You should come out to Melbourne, or Sydney, whichever the case might be both brothers on talking to they know.
The question here from businesses.
There were more than one heads in history, why only four survive?
So obviously, we just discussed the four
major schools, but there are many other schools. And Nathan inside, for example, had the school in Egypt.
They had a school, a number of different schools. But
why the other schools did not survive basically as a matter of historical circumstances or strength of the school or strength of the teacher.
During the school, or strength of the students of the school, like the membership, they said about the students of late.
He said that a late was a greater pay, or juris than in America, but the students failed in any they failed in, in passing on, what, what he taught and so forth. So
it is true that there are a number of different tools, and even even there's more actually than four that have kind of existed until today. But
the four became the major one. And the case was the head of human health, for example, became the pretty much the main hub of the state, and the use of was the chief body and he used to point on the heritage actually, amico was his mother.
And that was one of the main reasons. One of the things that helped the Hanafi school survive.
The medical school had very strong in America and very strong students in particular who should not have to North Africa and Spain. And that's where his school survival is done. And of course, in IVF, is the same and actually in
school almost died out.
One of the couple of the scholars of the heavily scholars writing in, in Syria a few centuries after Mr. Muhammad, he said the school was practically practically dead. And he said the reason the school is dead.
Like what he wrote, he said, that when you when you study the handless, for
the other schools, you become a judge, you become Father, you become a teacher. In other words, you become the position of money and so forth. And you become when you study, the Hezbollah's fully said, you become the hero, you become someone who, who gives up the assets of this world. So that everybody except for the other three schools, and he just needs to handle the school behind. But it did survive, and it has survived the course
and he did a lot of a
lot of wishes about what if there's a difference of opinion among the scholars?
Should you have to follow you must have, what should you follow? And actually, I'm
I'm disappointed as a number of different opinion among the scholars about what a person should do.
However, what is clear from the Quran, and what is clear from the scene of the problem?
That we are obliged in the Quran and in the sin dilemmas Allah Subhana Allah as mentioned many times in a theologian assume that the absolute obedience
or unconditional obedience is to Allah and His messenger. Like the lesson handler Dallas's Yeah, you know, if you allow
and he all you believe, obey Allah and obey the messenger and those in authority among them, and the word to obey or the commensal date has been stated before a lot, and it's been stated before the messengers name or before the mention of the messenger, and it was not stated in front of those people in authority monger and some of the terrain, they point out that the reason that is the case is because absolute and unconditional obedience goes to Allah and His messenger and it does not go to those in authority among we only obey those and authority among you, when what they have to do is not go against the Quran or the sin, the format
and the verse continuous maintenance, the same sort of
if you differ in any matter, then you should take the matter back to Allah and the messenger. If you
in Allah and and the last day, when we have a difference of opinion, our first obligation is to obey Allah and to obey the messenger. So what this means is, if there is a case
where you are following a specific opinion,
and you are convinced,
you're convinced that that opinion is not correct.
You're convinced that their opinion goes against the Quran or goes against the Sunnah of the former person.
For example, you're following it.
opinion and then some floaters whom you trust, you have no reason to doubt they show you the opinion that you follow us based on certain such reasoning, but their reasoning is wrong and this is the correct opinion. And so, you are convinced that the opinion that you are following is wrong and you are convinced that the other opinion is the thing that is correct,
then it becomes obligatory upon you to follow
the thing that you believe is correct going
to the listener
did our first obligation, our first obligation is to be online and messenger, we have no obligation as such, to obey or to or to follow behind a protocol of medical proposal Shall
we must call Allah subhanaw taala and the messenger. So anytime we are convinced that some opinion that we're following is goes against the Quran or the signal that we must leave that opinion and follow the opinion that is correct.
The question is, is it too difficult? Don't be surprised in my voice ever, by coincidence.
And we have to stop the question as
it is question. Not sure. What is the point that is getting to the anyway, the question is, Can you can you please explain how the current Philippines
differ in their practice, then
then a Muslim who follows one particular model?
Basically, I think there's some
I think there's some points that we need to
clarify. And one of these points
is with respect to following a specific method
and whether or not it is obligatory to follow a specific model and what is the issue really, of following the method and so forth?
And under points, I just want to
just highlight some issues, because in fact, that is you could you could you know, say that that is a different nature in itself.
Discuss the question of Is it a biggest toy?
Is it mandatory upon a Muslim to follow one of these four different models? One of these four different models
as I just alluded to, there is no evidence whatsoever that the Muslim has to follow one of these four different
and in fact, what let us get to the same question, is it permissible, permissible to follow one of these four different
and even on that question, some are not some you could say on one extreme, even under question some states is not allowed to follow one of these four.
But, most, the majority of the solid state is allowed to follow one of these four different if someone chooses to follow one of these four different moves I have no one can really see that is wrong
with the condition
with the conditions that he does not put his nuts
over and above the Quran and the Sunnah of the promises.
And in fact, if you are really going to follow this
basically we have statements from the founders of all of these mazahub that is very authentic ad or any one of the things that goes against the Quran and Sunnah, then you must give up this statement, you must not tell what the stated but instead must follow the Quran and the authentic hadith and
so on. In fact, if you are going to follow these modalities,
and truly follow them, and follow them
to the nth degree is
that means that if there is an authentic adage that goes against what he said, then you must ignore what he said, and follow that up. And
when a game is of that nature or when those words make statements of that nature,
you're talking about a particular or
a particular group of people. And this is the point that many people don't seem to, to understand
when the when these scholars are making these kinds of statements,
they are really talking to those people who can, or have, or have the basic knowledge, those people who you consider knowledge or students of animal, whatever, however you'd want to describe.
That was those people who can have the knowledge and the ability to distinguish between a strong opinion and a weak opinion, will have the ability to, to distinguish between what seems to be correct.
And what does not seem to be correct.
When people are blind,
and they are caused by those demands that they cannot call them in, and then anything that they find goes against the promises.
Will never question is What about those people who don't have that testimony?
if someone doesn't have that kind of knowledge,
it is what they call a common urgency.
One of the alarm?
Let's put the issue, frankly, now, who is this person actually following?
The one who actually not a solo is not actually studying the text and studying the book. In reality, he is following his teacher or is giving his following the one who is getting in touch with
you cannot actually say that he's following the hand of the mother with a shopping mother because in reality, he doesn't even have the knowledge to recognize what is other people have an issue of
he's actually just following the the mother of all the teachings that he is getting from his teacher who interests or the first word mostly that is going and asking questions. That is actually his,
because he doesn't have the knowledge. So he has to go and ask someone, and when that person gives him an answer, he has to follow and apply the answer.
So he, in reality, does not have a blood hub. He is not an actual, an actual the following the Hanafi madhhab, or the chef, even though he will play or see for himself that he kind of does nothing
with without having knowledge of what is the Hanafi, and so forth,
and so forth. And then, in fact, you cannot really be claimed to follow one of those four schools. And even with respect to the mega hub.
And this is why, I mean, it doesn't make much than the kind of division, the kind of hatred between seen among the Muslim Omar in the past century, with respect to the different to them
to the point that even in the harem, even in left with yourself, different places for a man from each one of them that I have to leave
and the different schools
and schools will not play behind the other.
One, they had a big time game, they will say the halaby will play from that position and then the Sharpies will play nicely.
And then it even came to the point that a song was asked if it is permissible for a healthy man to marry a Chevy woman.
And this was debated.
And one of the stores was able to answer that question because he said Welcome to this is allowed to marry the woman from Nikita would not be allowed to marry 70 woman.
course if you take his logic a little bit further then it's not allowed for a healthy woman to marry a healthy man because it's not allowed for a woman or from a Muslim woman to me. And then
when you think about really what is the what is the muda what what even is the Hanafi
And he's just kind of division, it doesn't make any sense whatsoever.
And we have classes on, Jeff have been doing it for years different classes. And supposedly we have brother, like goes to Sydney and Brisbane right now who like from the Maliki background, and then we have brothers from allathee background. And then we have, you know, all the different mazahub represented. And usually when I asked them if I, when I, when I present an issue, and I say what do you think is correct on this issue, most the time, they'll give an answer to the group again, did not have the same
effect even begin and this is true for every mother.
This is true for every mother, every month has changed a lot since the time of the founding.
And if it had been one of the leading Hanafi scholars of the last century,
writing in the in the introduction to houses in Aberdeen,
Standard Book of zip among the heritage now,
he said this, and you cannot even very difficult to identify what is the Hanafi minimum. And you cannot rely, you cannot rely on God later.
And he gave one example.
You said a poor opinion of Anita
that is not about to take wages, to get
money for that it is not allowed to be paid to teach.
And if you're going to be taught if you mean to be in a position where you're teaching the Quran, you should not accept wages for them.
or some of the later dollar generals, remember now executive
director, but in our time, if we do not allow these people to pay particular Pilates, teaching Islamic sciences, then nobody is going to be able to do
so as a case of necessity, or justify a need. They say this is permissible for someone to get paid to teach the Koran.
He studied the development of this idea.
And Jenny said sometime later, a Hanafi scholar
made the mistake
of placing just opinion
there is no place to get wages for teaching upon due to the necessity.
He came to the conclusion that therefore it's also permissible to take wages for just reselling for
as they have in certain parts of the world, for example, if someone dies or bring someone to recycle put on as the kind of Baraka for the person to get a job, and then pay the person
the Hanafi scholar and those who
asked him, they said it is allowed according to us therapies to be paid to read the Koran, just to expect to put on
and this was a misunderstanding. And a misapplication of what earlier had to be said with respect to being part of being paid for teaching.
There was a necessity of being paid for teaching abroad but there's no necessity for anyone to be paid this will be sent in.
So we're gonna begin with how this has become now the Hanafi
originary Abu hanifa said you didn't get paid for teaching the Quran and then some of the students because of necessity, you said you made the case for teaching abroad and then it became in the lane of books that you may be paid this
and this kind of thing happens in every every month.
You can find the pinions every month and every one of the later books that goes completely against what the founder was
talking about the issue of
blindly or or you know, attaching ourselves to a mud hub and saying we're going to flow this never happens this is my must have.
You have to realize that even just identifying what is the memory of itself is not even an easy issue
and identifying what
is the correct opinion among the within the Muslim itself?
Remember, now we have the book and once you decide all the differences of opinion among the Shelby's themselves and inside them, and it is the strongest opinion among the toughest according to the principles of the membership.
Well, in reality, it's almost impossible to determine even what is the Hanafi live, what is the chef, especially on issues nowadays that never occurred during the time of a minute.
So there's much better to take the approach
that we have the intention to follow the Quran and Sunnah.
And we benefit from these people. And we take their teachings and we learn from them.
And we do our best to follow the phone signal by turning to those clothes whom we just
who act by the four hour cinema and accepting
their conclusions, especially when they give us convincing arguments for their
and I have no idea what the question was, does that mean?
That means you're
the one, this is related to the next question. But there's one aspect
of these different mazhab, which is very important.
And which, and in reality, probably will never be able to do away with.
And that is the most important contribution of these different modalities. And this
is not the conclusion that they made.
What is the reasoning or the methodology that they use?
what is known as
the methodology that they use?
And they differ in their methodology.
know some people you read, sometimes, there's one book in particular about the history of the difference in English. And in the last chapter, the authors kind of getting the idea of you know, we should put aside these differences.
And we should come up with one unified method.
And to be frank, and this is really an oversimplification of what the different modalities are all about.
And this is virtually something impossible, impossible to do.
Because you will not be able to convince everybody to follow the same principle