Al Fatihah An In Depth Study Part 23
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
Series: Jamal Zarabozo - Al Fatiha
File Size: 13.85MB
And then have the desire
to stay in the home in the middle. And our audience will say yes, yeah, yeah below for the modern era
we should want them coming in.
Yesterday Hamdulillah, we finished up our discussion in Surat in Medina and Tallinn. So, when you come to this point in the surah, you have described now one group of people, you have described, those people whom Allah subhanho wa Taala has blessed.
And then in the next part of the ayah, you're going to describe to other groups of people.
So in this surah,
and in this jar that Allah subhana wa tada has taught us to see,
as we begin to mention at the ending of the lecture yesterday,
you define the straight path, and you define the categories of people in both a positive and a negative way. You're asking to be like certain people, and you're asking to be not like other people.
instead of just leaving it as the positive statement, as we said yesterday, one of the advantages of both
mentioning the positive aspect of it, these are the people who are spending without a blessing. These are the people on the street that it is important that you recognize
the past the stray from the state.
Because as we said, one of the aspects, one of the importance of that is that then when you are tempted or when you are maybe deceived into following one of those paths, you can recognize it immediately. Instead, wait a minute, this is x and y and z Pathan is not the path of those people whom Allah subhanaw taala has this. And also, as we spoke about earlier in the lecture yesterday, by recognizing all the other paths
to gallium in Bali, recognizing the past also, this develops a greater appreciation on your part of the straight path of the path. And the way of those who Mama's man with Alice.
If you weren't aware of how these people strayed, or what these actions they're doing this led them to get the wrath of Alyssa Hannah without then your appreciation of what the less than $100 given you on the street, that would be less. So it's easier to recognize and it also increases your appreciation of what the straight path is.
At the same time, also,
there is what is known as a turkey, which is going on here, Atari game.
This is like the encouragement to do good things.
And it's some kind of message some kind of words that will encourage you to do good things. While Atari are things of like intimidation, or things of warning, keeping away from doing evil.
So when you read the surah, especially this in part, there is a kind of story with her, he's going on with respect to a Latina, and I'm telling him, obviously you're recognizing that there is a path, which is the kind of path that you would want to be on.
Because you're stating in such a way this is the path of the people now listen, I know God has blessed so just by saying those words in your heart, you already have the strong feeling that this is the path that you want to be on because this is one of those people who will listen to him with data as this but then at the same time.
Also what God has remind you that there are other paths
and so in the same way that you want and hope to be on that path. So when you say Dr. Levine and I'm sorry him you are putting your hope in Allah subhana wa tada and then when you're reminded of him and a Bali
then your heart is filled with fear Allah subhana wa tada that you may stray from the path and end up among those groups. So you have both aspects of the hope in Allah subhanaw taala and the fear of Allah subhana wa tada and these are two of the main components of the
apostles, the man has to have both hope and fear, hope in Allah subhana wa tada and to have a list.
And by the way, but they have to be you can say kind of like in a balance.
Because one of the ways of leaving the straight path actually is when you begin to give either hope, too much stress.
You do actions and you just say a lot less forgiving. So you just think alone.
Or also when you put too much fear of a loss and without a little bit on the balance and then you begin to despair, and think that there's no way that Allison our daddy could ever forgive you and so forth. Both of these are extremes.
That has to be avoided. And as I said, both aspects are developed,
or can be increased by a study of sort of the fact that I'm really realizing what you're saying, recognizing that there's this group of people who want to deal with, and recognizing that there are other paths that you want to avoid.
The first part, going back to the previous version, and say, as Dennis Rodman was talking about, and again, and I'm sorry, there are two qualities that we're describing here. And guess what optimal stopping, we want the listener to guide us and show us the straight path.
And then then secondly, we want to listen to without a professor, so Dr. Levine, and I'm sorry, those are the two characteristics that we've given so far.
And so therefore, the opposite of those two, we want to avoid the opposite of those two.
And the opposite of having the guidance from Allah subhanaw taala. And being shown the guidance
is to be misguided.
Not to know what is the path, and as we're talking about a body, that is our body.
And the opposite of receiving our most blessing is receiving almost wrath.
So in actuality, we are actually asking for something. And then we are like strengthening our job by asking for the opposite not to occur.
So we're asking for one thing. And then at the same time, we asked the opposite, not more to be guided to the straight path, and we don't want to be from the body. And we want to be those people whom Allah subhanho wa Taala is pleased with us. So we don't want to be from an Adobe heading.
Now the person most obvious question that comes up with respect to these two terms and mondovi Allah him and avoiding
the most obvious question that should come up, I would say, just like when you say serrata Levine and I'm sorry, him, you're describing a group of people. And so therefore, it behooves you to wants to know who are those people? Similarly, when you're asked Allah subhana wa tada to keep you away from us, in fact, you also describing to people, you're describing him, and you are describing volume.
So it should encourage your mind to ask the question, well, who exactly are him in Bali?
I mean, you're asking Allah subhanaw taala to avoid their paths, he should at least should at least wonder who is it that I'm asking to avoid?
If nothing else, it will at least give you some sign or hints of whether or not you're following their path.
Right? You guys can listen without us keep you away from a certain path and then you never ask the question. Well, what is that that so how do you know whether or not you're actually on those other paths? and not on the ones that you are? You think that you claim that you're asking Allah subhanaw taala for So, you have to have an idea, you have to have some kind of concept of Who is the man who has the volume
if you know at the very least some kind of general concept, but hopefully inshallah as detailed as you can get it from the Quran from the some of the processes.
And actually, there is a decent process in which the Prophet says to them define who is a noble galleon and who are Bali.
Now we spoke before one of the earlier lectures, actually, when we're discussing Sultan Medina and I'm calling you spoke about the importance of interpreting the Quran and the light of other verses of Quran
and the Quran is the process of deceit actually the Quran and the Sunnah we should say before.
At this time, let me speak a little bit about the role of the sinner
and explaining the Quran relationship between the Sun and
the prophets I send them one of his many rules was to explain the Quran and the meaning of the Quran to the people. We can find evidence for this and many places in the Quran. Allah subhana wa tada says, for example,
mean is gossiping Masuda mean and cushy him yet he is a key him when you are given a woman keekaboo I
mean can Pablo movie
Allah subhana wa tada says Allah has clearly shown grace to the believers by sending to them and messenger of their own who is sites unto them as revelations, and causes them to grow and purify themselves and teaches them the book and the hekla although before that, they were in clear error.
So here are listening to what Giada describes the role of the physician. Yes, Lou Isley. him Is
it is part of the responsibility of the public.
assylum to receive the Quran from the angels of rerelease
and to recite those verses to the people, yes, though it is.
So he has to give the Quran has to tell us what is the Quran, but then all of a sudden what data will use a key him and he also purifies them causes him to grow and perky while you are in the moment.
And he teaches them the book.
So reciting the book to them.
Giving the book to the believers is different from teaching the book. So his responsibility is not just to give us the words of the book as he receives it from danger of givers just to pass it on to us. But actually, his responsibility goes beyond that. Because responsibility also includes teaching us the meaning of the book, teaching us the meaning of the book, in fact, another verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala chose the promises to them when they make it because he could be in any nasty man who's dealing with the homeless.
This is sort of the number was 44
less than or dialysis and we have reviews on few the reminders that you may expound on to all mankind, that which has been revealed for them. So perchance they may ponder.
So here are the promises Selim has
clearly stated about promises to them. The key is to explain, make clear to the people what's his meaning of the book.
Pleased to be an early lesson translating what has been revealed to them it is the responsibility to explain what does it mean what is the meaning of what he has received from Alyssa
and obviously, Allah subhana wa tada will not burden the policy
with such a responsibility, Unless Unless the handler data has given him the knowledge of what the book means. So let's network Allah revealed to the public sector, the book gave him the job of explaining the book, but obviously that explanation is not for himself. Because almost no child also filled the promises to them when he was trying very hard to recite the dangers of
Allah subhana wa tada told them not to move his tongues with angels,
that Allah subhanho wa Taala will reveal and combine the book. And so therefore, when is read to him, because most of them should just follow the reading to my inner Elena, Bayern and then all of a sudden, which it says and then we will explain the book, then we should make the book clear.
So, this is referring to the knowledge given to the power system of how the book is to be understood.
And in fact, we already know we talked about what is a setup and
when we spoke about a certain Muscatine some of the definitions given for it was it physical put on it is them it is the way of the center where the Foreign Service as we spoke about before, that the postal system guides to set up
the proper system guides to path which is straight. So we know that his way of teaching in his way of life is the same way of life which is sort of stuck in there's no contradiction between them. And not only that, tells us to look to the process.
As the example look at Canada country, assuming
you have in the lessons you will love the best or excellent example. So this praise from Allah subhana wa tada of the puzzle system is further evidence that the power system is on the straight path and his way of life is the way to be formed.
And in fact, when we talk about sort of genies out Who are those people whom Allah subhanaw taala blessed obviously the first category there was a profit.
So if we want to understand the Quran properly, we have to turn to the problem assessment
and see his explanation of the Quran.
Now, how did the policy system explain the Quran
if you think about the Quran, and especially with respect to the Sahaba at this time,
in general, there was not much need for a kind of in depth explanation of the Quran from the necessity
for many reasons, number one, obviously much of the Quran is very clear. It's not ambiguous whatsoever. There's no much of a plan does not need really explanation to understand what is the basic meaning,
especially for those people who are skilled in the Arabic language and the more skilled you are in the Arabic language, the clearer the problem becomes
Sahaba more skilled than the Arabic language,
they were living at a time in which the Arabic cannot be created among the people.
And the Quran was revealed in their Arabic language by the way, because you know, languages develop and grow and evolve in different ways. So this Quran came down in their Arabic
And plus they were living at the time, they were witnessing the events that the Quran was relating to. So the Quran was revealed with respect to certain incidents like the Battle of warheads, or some laws that existed that time or some practices of Galia. All those things were well known to the companion so when Allah Subhana, WA tada revealed a verse of that nature, they knew exactly what he was talking about, they did not have to go to the farmhouse and ask them, What is this referring to.
And they also had a firm foundation in the gene, they understood the gene as a whole. And if you understand the deen as a whole, you understand the Quran in the light of the basic principles of the deen.
So in general, there was not much call for the polycephalum to take specific verses.
And to explain those specific verses and say, for example, this word here means this, this is referring to this and so forth. You don't find a lot of examples of that nature.
The most common thing that the Bible says Adam did, was he enacted to hold on, as I said, his wife is to say that his character can put on this his character his behavior was to put on so he enacted the plan and we know how to enact the put on by the example of how to pray for example, but it doesn't explain how to play and detail doesn't show us exactly all the movements what to do in each moment and so forth.
Over and over the Quran commands us to pray
to establish the source and the only way we can know how to fulfill that command from Allah subhana wa tada is by going through the similar process.
So the process of them and that
he showed us how to implement the time detail we could call them and detailed Macklemore or verses of the Quran he showed us sometimes if the wording of the Quran was General sometimes you had a specific meaning or it was unrestricted in the quote by me he would explain all these kind of things, but the most common way by which the policy system explained the Quran was by living the Quran.
So, the similar the policy therefore is as described as a subsidy, it is an essential source of the fear
you cannot do without in fact you cannot understand the Quran without referring to the some of the processes.
We gave just one example we could give many books we give them into other classes, so I don't want to repeat them all for those people who were in the other classes.
So we talked about the Quran and understanding the Quran in the light of other verses in the Quran. And we say that the Quran is a central source of Tafseer. And you cannot understand any verse in the Quran in a way that contradicts other verses of the Quran. Similarly, the sooner the father says animism, the central source of truth here, it was the wrong the truth plain, the Quran, not just to improve it but when needed. If there was a vague word or something to Sahaba misunderstood, he would correct
so the son of the process enemies is central source of the seer.
And you cannot interpret a verse of the Quran since the sun actually is a revelation from Allah subhana wa tada both the sun and the Koran actually have their source with Allah subhanaw taala you cannot interpret any verse in the Quran in a way that contradicts assuming that the system contradicts work deposits so
if you do so, that means your understanding of the Quran is incorrect.
Okay, that was all kind of a footnote there.
But what I wanted to highlight is that this is one of the rare cases not rare, uncommon,
This is one of the uncommon cases where the father says that I'm actually made sure told us what do these words mean?
So once you get an opportunity like that, so the Quran is being revealed to the prophet SAW said him and now you have the province of Silla who has been given this note as well as tada giving us the meaning of the verse.
So if you have an opportunity like that, you should jump on.
You should say this is what the prophet SAW said and said about this was a you know for certain that this is the meaning of the verse.
So in this particular case, there's a hadith recorded and many books. I have already
But I'm sure no one is interested in
it will become a class on Fridays as I go through the
region. But you can find it for example in muslera
and Sinhala, Tourmaline and largemouth Kabir by Ronnie. So haven have been, and of course some of the important books associated with authority and happiness. And we suppose I seldom define these two categories, because as Adam said, are you who do not go on adding on the sort of the law,
the province asylum and other narratives different generations? In one case, he said, how those are the hood and those are the Christians. So the prophet SAW Selim has defined
him, those people who have earned the Wrath of Allah subhana wa Tada. The polycephalum has defined them was told us that those are the Jews.
And appalling those people have strayed from the path
of Brian straight. Those are the Christians. And as I said, this is the statement of the policies that is narrated through many, many different chains.
And we also find, obviously, we find early scholars echoing what the policy has said and said, I mean, even if you go to what the early scholars said, all of them said similar to this Hadith of the Prophet sermon, that, by the way, is not surprising.
So for example, the companion the Prophet says that in our bus,
googling Julio, and abolishing human Masada, as an ambassador for the Jews in Berlin, or Masada even also said the same, is also narrated from Robbie as an innocent
children disclose of deceit and also mugga heads, who was the student of Fibonacci.
And actually, as even though he had some said, and even he had some as someone who's probably not as famous as poverty, but Tim and his father also, he was a score of heavy he died in the year 327. So he was a contemporary of a robbery.
And in had you been particularly has a book called Jehovah tabula, which is a very famous work. But his tafsir The size is not as big as the top of his but his suit is basically to set up a quorum based on Heidi,
you know, he's just presenting the Harry football system when the father says that and said something about it, or statements of the Sahaba today.
So it's a similar to a poverty, but difference between poverty goes into more, besides being such reports, probably also gives you more of his opinion and linguistic issues and so forth. But even though we had him was a scorer to see it, and it was a score of the different reports, coming from various cars. And he said that I know of no differences of opinion among the passerine on this point.
He knows of no difference of opinion of democracy, and I'm disappointed in Moldova and refers to the Jews and that Berlin refers to the Christians.
And in fact, if you go to authorities work, which as I said, is bigger than urban Abby happens to work, and includes more reports from different people, you will not find any reports in the property. I mean, basically, all the reports that you'll find in a property like those are referred to actually earlier all them say the same thing that the legal guardian, or the Jews in the Berlin are the Christians.
And so therefore, many of them are fostering say that there is an edge.
There is a consensus on this point.
There is a consensus that the moldoveanu him is a reference
to the Jews and abroad in
his reference to the Christmas.
And this is Matt was pointed out by a loved one.
And it's the fear of summer candy show Kenny,
and as you can his student, civic.
All of them, they say that there's his mom's points. And it seems pretty clear actually, that this is from the time with early scholars, this is Matt on this point that that this is a reference to the Jews and to the Christians. Now we'll talk shortly about whether or not that means just the Jews and the Christians or not, we'll get to that point.
Ross, this is metal was established.
You could say after this was very clear, and there's a hadith about it. Later, some people came up with some other opinions.
Because we have the promises of them saying something and you have the Sahaba own agreements and all of the early Mufasa are in an agreement about in some of the scholars associate, clearly saying that there's a minor
but that did not seek later scholars from coming up with
Other views, but obviously the statements from the latest scores, if they contradict what proposal system said, if they contradict this as Matt, then really there's no no weight to them.
A centimeter. Astronomy actually is a well known Sufi author, he wrote the book called upon to succeed.
He said, this movie models, people who fail to recite the sword on the prayer, and aborning are those who lose the Baraka of the surah.
Obviously, there's no relationship between words, he said, and how the public system defined these words,
not to speak about the fact that there's no evidence for what he said, I don't know, you know, what he could have possibly based it on.
But this is something that you have to be aware of, and to see if you have something from the, from the center from the from the process,
and something agreed upon by the Sahaba, you have to stick to, but you have to realize that that doesn't mean that you're going to necessarily not run into other opinions. So for example, for Toby, he quoted this opinion from a salami, and not what he quoted a majority saying there's nothing to this opinion whatsoever. In fact, it is to be rejected, because it is going against the reports and what has been established in the headings and so forth.
Now, one of the reasons why I brought this up and when to that, in some detail,
is because I thought it was interesting to look in the English literature, the commentaries on the Quran that we have available in the English literature, and see how do they deal with this verse. Because as I said, this is a situation where we actually have the words of the process of
the fun this verse of the plant was. So as I said, this is not something that happens all the time. And when we get this opportunity to get the explanation of the put on from the one who knows the Quran the best, you would think that everyone would, number one be satisfied with it, obviously, and everyone would jump to use this knowledge and use this information from the policies.
So we have a number of books in English, which are, you know, classes or plasma classes.
Some people are quite technical and the definition of what a cutscene is, so that's why I have to see it later.
And I was quite surprised when I went through them, to see how many so we have the prophets words on who these are. And that obviously implies the concept the meaning of the Muslim. So if you go, for example, to delay use of Ali, Abdullah Yusuf Ali does not mention this hadith at all.
But that is not surprising, because it's very rare for abilities of me to quote it To be frank. He unfortunately does not rely upon this extremely important source of protein.
Mohammed acid also is another work in English, which again, he does not refer to this hadith and does not give this meaning for him or body.
To my surprise, majority also does not mention this hadith or give the slightest hint that this is the possible meaning of it. This is somewhat surprising, because now you've had it quite a bit derryberry also the same thing. Shapiro's money also the same thing. No, had it no reference to this being the mean.
There's two words in English that describe saying that by the Jews in Berlin, or the Christians, the smoky Mohammed, Sophie and lambda commits are different.
But at the same time, they say that this refers to the use and this refers to the Christians but they don't have evil processes.
Which again, also in Mufti Mohammed Sophie's cases is a little bit surprising. So they say this refers to the Jews, and this refers to the Christians but they don't give you the source from the Prophet system.
And that makes a difference. Because
especially I mean, if we're dealing with we have to be kind of Frank here, when we're dealing with, let's say, new Muslims, or Muslims from this environment, or English speaking Muslims.
They may look at this and just say, Oh, this is this person's opinion. He's probably anti Jew, anti christian, anti Western, whatever. So therefore, he says he's abusing Christians. So they leave the door open for someone to reject that interpretation, even though it comes from the public.
There's a couple that actually you mentioned that had been one way or another one of them upgrades
is working for us.
And also another work by said and what are
the probably the worst of all that I've read
this verse, the worst of all that I remember now we want to save the English literature, like see something in Arabic
And this comes from
and I'm going to do
guessing you'll learn a little bit at night, just to give us just to highlight some of the principles of Sassoon, and how we have to be careful when dealing with the Quran. And how we let our mind go on something, it doesn't necessarily lead us to may look very logical and very convincing to you, but actually it may not be so.
So Raji, first of all Raji does not even quote this Harry's processor. And we're discussing, which is in itself, something very strange. And this goes back also to work. All of these words in English that are referred to, and as I said, for some of them is very surprising to me, for example, my duty and so forth. Because you look at any classic work associate,
and the Arabic language and all of these scholars, all of these people writing in English, they all refer to these earlier words. So I know that they're familiar with those words, if you look at all the classic wasn't just here, you cannot miss this headache.
And you cannot miss this conclusion that this is what is referred to whether it's from the hygienist or whether it is from the statement of the Sahaba terrain or whether it is from the statement of the university, the tears in his mouth this point, you can't miss.
So Raj begins his discussion by saying that the mature the famous opinion is that the logo name are the Jews and then he says a Berlin or the
lapel has died.
And then he says, What is the said that that is a weak opinion, that is a weak?
Because now he gives the logic. Why is that weak that this is the juice and this is a Christian, because those people who reject the Creator, and the polytheist have a much worse religion have a worse religion than the Jews and the Christians? So therefore, to protect yourself from them would take precedence?
Nice logic, like, why would this refer to the Jews and Christians when the politician atheists are much worse. So we should be asking a lot to protect us from those people who almost.
And he said even better than that, is that you say that to him, or anyone who makes a mistake into outward acts, which are holding us up and it was evildoers. And the balloon are those people who make mistakes with respect to their beliefs.
And he says to understand in any other way would go against because this is he's saying these are unrestricted to understand in any other way would be a violation of the basic principles.
And then he says, oh, and it's also possible that the moldoveanu him are the disbelievers and the balloon are the hypocrites.
Because Allah subhanho wa Taala, if you look at the sort of the Baccarat to study the first sets of verses and sort of our data first discusses the believers, and then he discusses the disbelievers, and then he discusses the hypocrites. So what he's saying here is just like this verse is referring to the believers, this must be the display, and this must be the hypocrites.
So very nice logic learns to be present. And this shows you that if you don't go to the sin of the Prophet session,
and you don't try to restrict your understanding of the Quran, first to what the Bible says, Adam said, you can stray very far from what's the meaning of the verses. And he said something to that effect. He said, you will come across the people who are you, based on the ambiguous verses of the Quran democracy, it has to be discussed one thing before.
And he said you should confine them by the singer for the people of the sooner the most knowledgeable of the book of Allah.
And in fact, one, I don't remember who was involved, but someone was narrating the policies
of the terrain, if I remember correctly,
and someone came to him and said, what you're saying in the head he contradicts what Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran,
I think we say to him do that. And he told the person that's the one I'm pointing from knows the plan much better than you know.
So and in your simple mind, you think, Oh, this is how do you suggest for autism? If the head is authentic, obviously, the Quran I mean, the prophets I sent him is the one who had to explain the Quran.
Now, as I said, even his logical arguments, you know, when you first look at him, I say, well, that's a good logical argument and be convinced by it, but we know that it's wrong because it goes against what the Father says.
That's one of the problems with logical arguments is that if you think long and hard enough, you can come up with another logical argument to counter the one.
So there's another book in English written by someone I'm not really familiar with him. He wrote while explaining the same verse, he did not refer to logic but while explaining the same verse, He
gave a very clear answer to what
he said, Here, the misguidance, or the string of the Jews and Christians is hinted at,
for these are the living examples of finding and then losing the straight path.
And the purpose of this is to make the Muslim oma realize that they should not adopt the similar attitude. That is the attitude of communities. And then he says, As for the policy is the non believers and atheists, they are misguided people have the highest degree in their misguidance needs no comments.
What was he saying is that the case of the Jews and Christians and more relevance, has no meaning. And so that's why let's head on without admission. And so he has completely and as I said, he tries to refer to Russia but he is completely not young roses, rational
analysts, he also was another scorer who responded to a rally. Lucy has a reference book.
And he said that anyone who rejects the meaning of work Apollo seven said about a verse has definitely and obviously straight from the correct way.
Anyone who rejects the meaning of what proposals that have been said about a versus definitely obviously strayed from the curriculum. And then he makes an important point. He said, this is if you are unaware of what the Bible says in terms
of his V, if you understand the verse of the Quran, and it goes against what the public has said and said, but you are not aware of that fact. You know, you're wrong in your understanding, but inshallah you're not. This by itself is Allah does not make you off of the character.
But the next point he makes also is very important that if he wasn't aware of the Hadees, and he is interpreted is attempted to interpret the Quran, while being ignorant of the Hadees and process it and then he's committed a grave error.
And this is true, there's no question about that, because this is a main source of stress here.
And if you're going to try to understand the Quran without referring to the similar bus system, and without trying to be do some research into the process and have made any statement related to this Hetty delivers plenty of books available that can help you then you are making a grave error.
And making a grave error. Obviously, an enterpreneur is not a minor thing. And especially if you're someone who is following
if you have flowers, like if you give a quick run, people are going to listen to what you're saying. And this is a serious thing if you are not being extremely careful in dealing with the words of Allah subhana wa Tada.
So the poet says Adam, in some provinces cinemas told us that the modal realism refers to the Jews. And appalling refers to the Christians. And this is something that maka serene in general, you can say have agreed upon. And anyone who comes up later with any other kind of interpretation is obviously incorrect, because it's going against what the Bible says to them said, and anyone who interprets, without knowing this heading, going back to this idea, to me is very strange, because you cannot miss it.
Go back to any of the basic textbook proceeded, available in the Arabic language, it is impossible to listen to this heading.
Now at the same time, there is nothing in the way that the polycephalum said these words.
That necessarily implies that it just refers to the Jews and the Christians.
So in other words, the politician
when he said that these are the Jews, and these are Christians, he did not say them in an exclusive fashion. In Arabic, there's many ways that you could say that this is about them. Or you could say in the home or your hold or something like that they are just the juice, or you would call something, there's many ways that you could refer to it that would make it clear that it's just the Jews and just the Christians.
So when the father says Adam, express these words,
he did not say them in such a way that it means it's only the Jews and only the Christians. But what he did say and what he did tell us without any question is that it is a reference to the Jews. In other words, the Jews are definitely in this category. And the bulleen are definitely in this category.
And if you want to have an understanding of who you are, and Mogale him a prime example of who they are, then he goes and focuses on him. And he tells you that the prime example of him are the Jews, and the prime example of Berlin or the Christians.
And so the problem, as I said, has given us two primary examples. That has to be part of our understanding of who is the most libertarian and who are abiding. However, in the Quran shows
One of the ways by which we can understand that this is not restricted just to the Jews and the Christians is that we see in the Quran other examples in which it doesn't matter which Allah has described people having the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala upon them or people having strayed from the street.
So for example,
almost kind of data says in the sort of can you service 93
Allah subhana wa tada says above the one who intentionally murders another believer, Allah subhana wa tada says, Well, no, you mean look, I'm eatin for dessert.
Only then Viva La Viva la Vida, he will learn who you are, or who other than Allah. Allah subhana wa tada says that for the one who kills another believer in Kismet intentional murder, then his reward will be the Hellfire to abide there in and the anger will listen hundreds out upon him, and he should be cursed and prepared for him will be a great, great punishment. So this person who kills another believer intentionally, he's not from necessarily from the hood, but also what the Allah describes him as having the punishments of Allah subhanho wa Taala upon another verse when Allah subhanaw taala is talking about the mission of Qi, Allah subhanho wa Taala has made it clear that
the machines that they are from among the body they are straight, but they are not again the prime example and how we suppose the main way that we are supposed to understand this version sort of perfect for the listener with Darla again in sort of the establishment 16 in the La Liga zero you should be doing it directly magnesia woman you should it be like a parabola bowler and by Allah subhanaw taala says that he does not forgive that any partner should be associated with him. And he forgives whatever is less natural. Moreover, he was and whoever associates a partner with Allah subhana wa Tada. So for Bella vida, he has gone forestry. And he's always leave from Bali. Those are
just a couple of examples from the Quran, that shows us that when we say in lungo Valley, refers to the Jews and when we say that the bollin refers to the Christians, and from the way that the Bible says Adam said it does not mean that it's just restricted to them.
But they are the prime examples. And they are the prime meaning of what Allah subhanaw taala means in this verse. And again, the reason that they are the prime meaning is because for the oma and all the believers, they are the example that is most relevant and most pertinent to us.
If you look in the Quran, if you look into the stories of the earlier prophets, you'll find lots of space devoted lot of the verses devoted to bunnies lion and to Amazon.
Because they are the prime examples that we have to learn from,
as the author wrote that they are people who had the truth.
They were given the truth by Allah subhanho wa Taala. And they have strayed.
So therefore we have to learn as much as we can from their example.
And this fact, also, because some people then might as well as the policies of them said that this is referring to the Jews and the suffering to the Christians. Why didn't Sanatana just say, guide us to the path of those whom you're blessed, and do not guide us to the path of the Jews and the Christians?
Right, we could have been taught to make this go on this way. But obviously, this has much more meaning in the way this posture.
And there's lots of benefits. And the way that is been put here. The first benefit is the point that we just been made. It's not exclusively for them alone.
Yes, they are the prime examples, but it does not just refer to the Jews. And aborting does not just refer to the Christians.
And in fact, maybe a Muslim could fall into those categories. So number one, is not just exclusive to them. Number two is the principle that is most important.
It is the principles that is more important than all of us and without actually naming them. So the principle of earning the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala What does that mean?
When is almost done without anger to someone? How can we avoid it? This is the point that we're trying to get. And this is a path that we're trying to avoid.
The same thing with straying going away from the straight step.
This is the point that we're trying to keep in mind here and the path that we are trying to avoid.
And the last point was actually I didn't need to but I kind of alluded to it earlier, is that if Allah subhanho wa Taala
had mentioned the Jews and Christians explicitly. Now this is kind of my own opinions have taken as much weight as he wants to give. But from my experience, if Allah subhanho wa Taala would have mentioned the Jews and the Christians explicitly here, then the Muslims would have felt that they are safe from falling into those ways.
The debt is the way of the Jews and the Christians. I'm not a Jew in a Christian, so therefore, I don't have to worry about that.
As I said before, the lessons that we get in the Quran from Benny's royal
from the time of isolation, I won't even go there. These are not just historical facts, Allah subhanaw taala is not trying to give us a book about history.
But tell us about what God is giving us very important lessons.
I could be in the sort of producer, he says that there are lessons in this for those people of understanding.
So their actions and what they have done,
we are supposed to benefit from understanding them, because they did something wrong. We should see what led them to do that thing wrong. What was the result of that wrong thing and therefore try to avoid? They did something right and pleasing to Allah subhanho wa Taala, we tried to understand how was it pleasing to Allah subhana wa Tada. And therefore, how can we emulate it in our lives.
And, unfortunately, many Muslims, if you take a verse of the Quran, in which you're listening to what God is talking about benissa, for example,
and you apply it,
not directly, but implicitly, you try to get a lesson from it with respect to the Muslims
have come across many situations where Muslims will get upset.
And say this is not because of what time I wrote something.
It was sent to Some reviewers and editors and so forth. And one of the reviewers, he met me, and he was very upset with me.
We'd like to go over his comments on the book. And the thing that she was most upset
with me concerning what I had written, I was writing about how proposed and understand the plan.
That's what I was writing about. So in that book, I quoted a verse from certain human which Allah subhanho wa Taala says, not to do Levine of Milosevic to malaria, committed the hammer.
which Allah subhanaw taala is talking about those people who had the Torah but they don't, they don't fulfill it, they don't supply. So let's handle with Allah is referring to them and saying that they are like donkeys who are chasing books.
What benefits is the donkeys get from the books.
Similarly, what benefits you get from having the Torah but you don't, even if you read it, you don't apply? What benefit you're going to get from it.
So I said this, we Muslims have to be aware of this example. And we have to be careful that we are not following that same example with respect to the phone.
If we just had the Quran in our homes, that would put us in a nice place, but we never go to read it. We never go to understand it, we never get it, try to understand it in depth. And we don't even bother to apply it obviously the last born asset, then what benefit are we getting from it?
And I think I still think that this verse is a warning for us and a reminder for us not to be like those, those us. So as I said, because this was taught specifically about the Torah, and I'm referring specifically to the Jews, the fact that I use it in reference to Muslims who said that, you know, Muslims are going to behave towards the Quran in this way, then the same principle is going to apply to them and what benefit are they getting there now like donkeys carrying books, not getting anywhere. And as I said, because this is a verse talking about the Jews, the editor was very upset that I had the audacity, the audacity to actually take a verse about the Jews in the Quran and
apply it to Muslims.
And this is not the first time after what was another occasion, I get the same kind of response. Like those are the Jews and the Christians is not possible that we would fall into that trap, even though the father system told us in the form of footsteps, but anyway, so I can assure you, Allah subhana wa tada taught us to say, guide us to the fact that those of you blessed, not the past of the Jews and the Christians. Instead of saying to dissuade, it will not have the same effects.
Because the Muslims will not fear about following that. Those are the tests. But when you say a Mongolian Berlin at least, especially for those Muslims who never bothered to learn that is referring to the Jews and Christians.
At least so take it in as general warning and inshallah they were that's kind of setting up for him. Being afraid of going away from that optimistic inshallah was going to be there.
Now we mentioned earlier that we also should take note of the ways that Allah subhana wa tada is describing these three different groups, and how from a grammatical point of view, the way or the wording is completely different. Here you have, as we said, Here, you have a verb, and I'm sorry. And so you're talking directly to a lot, those people whom You have blessed.
And then over here, you have the passive participle.
Those people who have anger upon them who have wrapped up on the face is better than anger, those people have wrath upon them. And then here you have the act of forcible bombing.
Those people have gone astray. So verb talking directly to a listener without a passive participle in active parts. So you're not saying for example, in this surah, you're not saying for Allah subhanho, wa Taala, guide me to the path of those whom you are blessed, and not to the path of those whom you are anchored with, or to the path of those whom you have sent the straight.
You're not saying that?
And obviously, there must be some reasons for why again, and it is not by accident or causes. The cylinder is strikingly different. I mean, when you read in an Arabic
degree with a strikingly different,
you would expect maybe something else more like what you call consistency, but to make them so different, highlights them and makes the person think about why is it that this is different.
When you say a movie it when use the past participle, it is kind of in what you could call an impersonal sense.
You're combining two things here. You're combining the fact that
there are mobiola him as a result of their own actions as a result of their own actions, and not that Allah subhanho wa Taala made them have
to do some harm to them without them deserving.
So in this verse is very clear that when we talk about Allah bounty to someone, we speaking about it in a different way than those people who have wrapped in shares.
Because when someone has been granted this NEMA, this blessing will listen to what God has in mind and being guided to the straight path, then he is receiving a blessing, which is even much more than what he deserves from his own acts. He cannot move through his own action See, this great path and this agenda, this is what I deserve. Because of these accidents
are exact compared to what all this handle without has done for me. They don't compare.
So in this case, you're actually not even when you say serrata Levine and I'm sorry, him you're not even attributing
the fact that they're on the safe path and that they've been blessed by Allah subhanaw taala, you're not attributing it to their actions, but you are attributing it to almost 100 with God, because you know, it is through Allah subhanho wa Taala His mercy
that they have been given such a great blessing. And if it was just a matter of their deeds alone and their own actions, they would not be deserving of that great person, such as him on the other hand,
you don't say to all those people who you are angered with,
because they have earned the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala by their deeds.
You don't actually attribute the anger to Allah subhana wa tada because it was not from his mercy or from his will or so forth.
Unless he left the door open for them, to do actions give them a will to do actions and when they chose their way, they chose a way that is displeasing to Allah. But it was by their choice. And Allison I know without it did not and now let's handle with Allah does not make them go that way just to punish them but Allah subhanaw taala allowed them to go their way because of their, it was their choice. So, that anger from Allah subhanho wa Taala they brought it upon themselves. Basically this way you can see they brought the anger of Allah subhanaw taala upon themselves.
And suddenly no bullying
or bullying if you use the passive here, or if you say full of sound without and the verb like those of you whom you have sent the straight. Also you will miss the point of them. This is act inflexible. Once again, the door has been left open for them. And they have preferred tasks which have gone away from the street that
if you use the passive unit, those who were sent the screen or something
if you use the passive in their case as opposed to a mobile
rally, as you said, I mean here, you could imply that they should be excused for their misguides.
No Allah subhanaw taala, saying they are the ones that go on the street.
Not that they are being led astray, so they have chosen it and they have earned it for themselves.
Also with respect to Allah subhanaw taala. It is proper etiquette and it is also a fact as we see in the Heidi's proposals isn't that evil is not to be attributed to
the prophet SAW Selim has said in a job as recorded by a Muslim in his garage or listening to a Tata, he said to Allah, of Heroku, via de Machado links a lake with all the goods is in the hands of Alyssa with Dara, and he was love to be attributed to him.
So when we speak about the listen hammer to Adam, because there is no as soon as evil and actions that always kind of without have done, it may look evil to certain people, you know, like if you punish someone in prison, the whole society might be happy to represent as a prison. But if you ask that person who thinks this is evil,
visit any prison, I can tell you, it's all of them would be saying that.
So there's no absolute evil with respect to all this, none of that. And when we speak about the lesson, I don't have a god. We don't attribute actions like this will listen without it. Because first of all, as we said, there are by their own choice, to not the proper etiquette to Allah subhanaw taala because it might imply, you know, someone might understand it, that
was the one who brought about that he will have his own accord or if there's some kind of pure evil. You see, for example,
in the Quran, we see Ibrahim Ali ceram, when he speaks about Allah subhanaw taala. First, he says that almost kind of a dial is the one who feeds me, and gives me to drink. So he's attributing that to Allah subhanaw taala. Allah subhana wa Taala is the one who feeds me and gives me to drink. And then he says, Why the murderer for who is paying for his feed. So of course, he says, a large The one who gives me food and drink. And then when I become sick, he's the one who chooses. He didn't say and then when he makes me sick, then he couldn't. But he said that when I become sick, he's the one who cares. Even with respect to the Sharia, you can notice the difference between the passes
when Allah subhanaw taala speaks to us.
When permitting things Allah subhanho wa Taala says, For example, I have permitted for you and the active voice. While in prohibiting things on the side without Allah say holding him identical, for example, it has been forbidden for you in the passive voice. So all of this kind of relationship to Allah subhanho wa Taala can be seen throughout the Quran.
For them also, when you do not explicitly mentioned something with some people, for example,
this is a very common practice in the Arabic language part of the Arabic style. This is a way of kind of bringing display. So showing, you're just like for that thing.
So for example, here by not mentioning these people directly, by referring to them in the way that has been referred to them, you kind of especially in the case of a modal veiling, we're using the past, you are showing the discourse, you are showing your dislike for what they have done.
And the last
point that I will mention here, and then we'll start from this point next time, because time is a little bit late.
And we'll go back, we'll start talking about the Moto ble. So the last point about why it is or what we can get from this expression, Maclaurin
saying to him is that,
as we said, we can translate that as maybe those whose portion is rap or those who have wrath upon them, for whose wrath is
whose wrath is upon these people.
And then to really understand that it doesn't say, who's doing that?
Who's angry with these people?
Is it the Wrath of Allah?
Is it just the Wrath of Allah?
Or is this something more general even going on here? And so next time we'll start, what is the implication of that? Who is it who is angry with these people? We'll start with that next time. And what is the implications of that? And what are some of the deeper meanings I guess we can see from venturella. But right now, time is up. So we'll end there. shala