The Prophet’s (PBUH) Advice to Ibn Abbas (RA)
Channel: Ismail Kamdar
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This is an explanation of Hadith 19 of Imam An-Nawawi’s (RA) 40 Hadith.
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
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111 100 Allah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. We begin by praising Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we ask Allah to send his peace and blessings upon the final prophet, Mohammed bin Abdullah of Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and all those who follow his way with righteousness until the end of time.
For today's discussion, I decided to focus on the Hadees, which is
very beloved to see ideas which I have tried to live my life by, and which I try to remind myself of, at every opportunity for very long ideas, generally, you'll find her D'Souza, like one line or two lines, this is about six lines, right? And it's it's packed with so much of advice, that there's always something in that Hadees that you can apply today. No matter what you're going through today. There's something in this ideas that you can apply today. So it's the kind of ideas that you can take it and you can apply it every day of your life. And this idea is packed with so much wisdom his entire books have been written about. This Heidi's is known as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam advice to his cousin Abdullah Ibn Abbas rajala, who is its most authentic narration is found in Amelie, you will find the same narration in 40 Hadees of an hour we as Hadees number 19. So those of you who have memorized the 40 hajis, you will have memorized this, it says well, and what I'm going to do first, I'm going to read the Hadees and translate it and then we're going to go into a bit of a background about the ratio and the lessons from the hotkeys so
the additional rates as follows. And Abdullah bin averse, radi Allahu Allah,
come to hold for Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Yama for color. Allah, Allah Maka kalimat. It was the law.
It was elected who
is a south of us Allah was the first time builder while I'm Anil omata, which Tamar alerion for oka machine lamium for Olga V, chain code kata Bala Hola. inhibition cocobolo block
Allah machine. Let me do Luca inhibition Kolkata bajo la rubia de la Cala
Abdullah even Abbas rhodiola, one who narrates that one day I was sitting behind the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on his camera. And he said, Oh, young man, I am going to teach you some important words.
Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah, and you will find him in front of you. If you ask us only Allah, if you seek help, seek help only from Allah. And know that if the only one which you gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except what Allah has already written for you. And if everyone had to get together to harm you with anything, they cannot harm you, except what Allah has already written against you. The pins have been lifted, and the pages have tried
another version of the Hadees to be mentioned, and this has been a bit weaker. But there's some benefits of this version as well. Be mindful of Allah and you will find him in front of you. Recognize Allah at times of ease, and you will find him there for you at times of difficulty, and know that what has passed you by was never meant for you. And what has happened to you was never meant to pass you by. And know that victory comes with perseverance. And relief comes after affliction. And every hardship comes with these very, very beautiful parties. And really, if you can memorize this, please do so we can't memorize it. At least learn his means because these are words
of advice which you should live by. I want to start by talking about the narrator because it will help us to understand the context of the Hadees Abdullah even Abbas rockmelon Kumar was the cousin of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. But there was a huge age gap between them.
There was like a 50 year age gap between them because I'm not sure if you're aware the prophets of Allah. Uncle Abbas was the same age as he was like one or two years older than the Prophet Claudius, Allah. Right. So he and his uncle, we're around the same age. Do the same with Uncle Hamza. They are the same age as Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Just not uncommon, even in our community, there's many people whose uncle that they age who love MIT
My brother's the same as my children. You know, this is not something that uncommon. So of the law, even above, he was born towards the end of the prophets law sounds like. So the scholars see where this takes place, he has to be between nine to 11 years old, he can't be any older than that. Because when the prophets leuser passed away, he was only 13 years old. So this is the advice that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam is giving to a child.
That's one of the most important lessons of this edition. He's giving this advice to a child. Right, not just any child. But Abdullah Ibn Abbas, Abdullah, even Abbas will go on to grow up to become the leading scholar of the fear amongst the Sahaba. And one of the top four narrators of Hadees. Amongst the Sahaba, he will become the greatest scholar of his generation.
And if you want to know, what's the link between that and this, well, this is where it starts. If you are teaching children, the deen from a young age, then they have a chance of reaching that level. But what happened to many of us, we think, are they too young to know about all this? You know, I'll tell them what the older
are many of us make the mistake that we think our children are too young to learn about it.
And as a result, you know, when you get older, and you see especially the example in the context of a job, we don't talk to our daughters about the job. We don't talk about why do we make the job what's the benefits of each job, what's the purpose of each job, and then suddenly, when they attained puberty, we start fighting with him about a job.
Well, you wouldn't need to fight with him it from a young age you are discussing with him the benefits, you will discuss with him how he brings you closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. If you discuss with them, the rewards they will get with it. inshallah, when they grow older, they will go into a job on their own because you've taught them
the deal. You've taught them what the gene says about it. Sure, Abdullah, even aback, he was one of the greatest scholars of his generation. And this Hadees takes place long before that long before he becomes a scholar. In fact, he didn't even become a scholar in the lifetime of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam is only 13 years old, when the practice of law is the law, he has not passed away, only 13 years old, what he did after that, he would go to all of the senior Sahaba that he could find, and he would learn how to use and Quran from them. So when those Sahaba passed away, he was now the one person who had combined the knowledge of all those other Sahaba were passed away. That is why many
of these pieces he does not narrate them directly from the prophets laliga salaam, but in the region from another Sahabi, who narrated from the Prophet call your Salah.
But in this Hadees he's narrating directly, because this is a memorable event in his life. That he starts by saying that Abdullah Ibn Abbas says that he was riding with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam on his channel, and the Prophet salallahu alaihe. Salam told him Oh, young boy, I'm going to teach you something.
Here we have our first lesson.
The lesson here is if you want your child to remember something important, then create a memorable event around it. If you have to put this into a modern context, no, these will be riding on the camel together. Take your son for a drive.
while you're driving, tell you sir, I'm going to teach you something, and then tell me what you want to teach him. Then you just you and him alone. That would be the modern way to follow this. Because we don't like cameras. But this is the closest we can get.
So he said, I'm going to teach you something now because he said I'm going to teach you something that also means Abdullah pay more attention. Why? Because now the Prophet is going to teach him something.
So again, the importance of teaching our children the importance of teaching the younger generation do not neglect the Islamic education. This is absolutely fine. to excel in junior education. right but do not neglect Islamic education. find that balance get both know for some reason our communities we have people who think it's only doing education or it's only Dini education. That's not how it was with early Muslims they have both of you can have both as well. So if your child you want them to accelerate, do you have to neglect it? Because the junior is going to help them in this world that gene is going to help them in both worlds. So find that balance, find a way for them to
So now let's go to the advice.
The first advice of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to even Abbas Zilla
It was a very difficult statement to translate into English is no real direct translation you'll find some translation See, remember Allah, some say be mindful of Allah, the most literal translation would be preserved Allah Bergin in English that doesn't really it doesn't really give us much meaning in English, right? So we go instead of looking at the translation, let's look at what the
Call this said This means the scholars said that if pasilla means to preserve the boundaries of Allah, meaning avoid haram and fulfill the obligations that will
avoid haram and fulfill the obligations, preserve the boundaries of Allah. Allah subhanho wa Taala has given us a Sharia. And that Sharia has a love of the moon for Allah, if you look at the Sharia 90% of the things of the dunya Allah, but think of the Sharia as a circle, right and the edges of that circle are the Hara, you don't go beyond that edge. Anything within it is fine. To just avoid those edges then just avoid that.
What will happen if you avoid the heart and what happens if you fulfill your obligations to Allah, your first Allah will protect you. The verb use your
use the same as when we talk about hips. When we talk about hips we think it means memorizing the Quran is actually means protecting the Quran, protecting it from being forgotten, protecting it from being changed, for protecting it from being lost. That's what he means. So your allies thing that he will do is of you he will protect you. And the scholarship is a double meaning as well. Allah will protect your deen and your dunya you will protect your deen and your dunya meaning if you make an effort to avoid walking around and to fulfill your obligations, Allah will help you to preserve your Eman. He will protect you from going astray. He will protect you from losing faith. He will protect
you from doubts about your religion. Allah will protect you from all of that if you obey
the other meaning Allah will protect you from worldly calamities. Allah will protect you from losing everything in this dunya he will take care of you. And these examples given a vote in the Quran, the example of Allah protecting the deen of a person, we look at the story of Yusuf alayhi salam, when he was killed by the woman. And instead he asked Allah to save him. Allah took him, sent him to the prison
where he was protected from them and he man was protected. And that's what the Quran speaks about. How is the man through the prison and how he became, you know, how do you deal with people in the prison, and how he became a source of ibadah for him.
We see also in Soraka, we see the story of the young orphans whose wild they had a treasure that belonged to them, they were hidden behind the wall and Allah protected that wall from breaking so that people don't steal the treasure. Allah says why in the Quran, why did they What did the walnut break because their father was a righteous man.
Imagine that the father's righteousness needs to the children's Do not be protected.
Not just your dunya your children as well. So
be mindful of Allah and you Allah will take care of you, Allah will protect you.
And you know nowadays a lot of young Muslims, they come to us with doubts about their religion.
And very often the doubts they have about their religion are not really intellectual doubts, they are spiritual doubts.
It's a matter of not being close to Allah subhanho wa Taala because when you are close to Allah subhana wa Taala I spoke about this in the previous Juma
Masjid. If you are close to Allah subhanaw taala you will not get those kinds of doubts about the religion Why? Because you will experience a large help, you will experience you are being answered, you will experience miracles in your life. You will taste the sweetness of Eman you will enjoy the body and anyone who has experienced any of that cannot have doubts about this time.
So very often has to do with our closest to Allah Subhana without very often we are not preserving the boundaries of Allah so Allah is not preserving our email. If we want our email to be preserved in such as preserving the boundaries of Allah subhanho wa Taala
then Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned a second benefit of preserving the boundaries of law. It was the law that you'd have to job or in another narration to do to
preserve the boundaries of Allah and you will find him in front of you. Meaning you will find a law on your side
you will find a law guiding you you will find a large assistance when you need it. And this is explained in even more details. In the next in the other version of the Aggies, which is the Arab in Olaf era Hall. Your legal copy should
recognize a lot during times of ease and he will remember you during times of difficulty now to take a while to explain this part of the Hadees because this is
Something a lot of us may not be aware of the bigger tests in this world
is not difficulty. It's easy.
Why? Because in times of ease, many of us forget Allah.
In times of ease, many of us stopped playing or praying for lack of budget. In times of fees, many of us stopped going to the mosque. In times of peace, some of us become arrogant, some of us begin to think I am successful is there a lot of success. In times of ease, we begin to take, you know that I'm somebody special. And we forget about Allah, we stopped putting tawakkol in Allah, you know, we stopped believing that our risk is from Allah. And if that's the direction we headed in, then that is is not good for us.
The tips of ease, is to still remember Allah and to still worship Allah, no matter how easy life gets for you in dystonia.
And that's one of the meanings of former AI the word struggle, we know it can mean patience, we also need to persevere. And the scholars say, it means to persevere in good deeds, during times of ease. That's one of the many meanings of patience, to persevere in good deeds during times of peace. Why? Because in your life is easy. It's very easy to miss.
But when life is difficult,
you see where life is difficult, even the atheist becomes available.
When life is difficult, everybody turns back to Allah. Everybody needs to everyone's waking up with a hybrid. So the difficulty becomes Good for you.
So how do you get a lot out during difficulty you do the hardest. You worship Allah during times of peace. If you worship Allah during times of ease, even difficulty of licks, you need one of the cubicle, this is Lumia and dunia is a test. And we're going to be testing with code will be tested with angle ease, and we're going to be testing with time the difficulty, but when the difficulty comes, you will experience verticals, you will experience you know, strong amount of strong connection with Allah subhana wa Taala, you will experience with you as being answered. And all of that is good for you.
Then Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave Abdullah some very important advice.
And again, his advice to all of us need to listen to is the ultra fast alila. If you ask anyone ask Allah. What is this?
And if you seek help from anyone seek help from Allah. This is basically explaining to him the most important verse of the Quran, where we say
that you alone Allah, do we worship in you alone? Allah, do we seek help? So what does it mean? To ask only Allah or to seek help only from Allah? Well, there's different levels here. The minimum level is that you do not need to add to anyone besides Allah. By that's the minimum level to make to add to someone besides a lot of *. Right? It is polytheism. It is an act of disbelief. That's the minimum level, but there's higher levels in this, some of the Sahaba they reach these higher levels. So when the Sahaba has reached such a high level, I'm not asking anyone for anything, that if they were in writing on the camel, and this stick fell down, they would get up, and they will get off the
camel go down and pick up the stick instead of asking anyone. Why? Because they believe they should only offer. Now we're not saying everybody has to do that we see that the higher levels of
the harbor reached. So what this is teaching us here
is that as believers
in every part of our lives, our first step, for any goal for any difficulty for anything, our first step should be.
Again, many of us need to offer the last step right. We asked our friends for help. We asked the bank for help, we asked everybody else for help. And the last step we might do, they may do a one night, that's not the Islamic way the first step should be to the first step should be Do you have a problem or you have a goal you add the cost to do ask Allah for assistance, then you take your worldly steps to accomplish that goal, which could include asking other people for things that's permissible to ask, what is it permissible to ask people for is permissible to ask people for things that it is humanly possible to do? So for example, if your car is not working, and you ask somebody
to fix it, nothing wrong with that, right? So this is what you can ask people for what you're not allowed to ask people for a things only a lot. Right? So ask someone to help you in a spiritual way. That's something which only Allah can do. By
To ask someone to, you know, provide for you risk. Only unlucky, you can ask someone for a loan, you can ask someone for money for energy or risk it only from Allah, and Rasulullah. And he goes into the second half of his ideas into detail, to help us understand this concept of this concept of destiny.
So remember the sisters,
that if you truly want a lot of assistance in our life, asking Allah should be step number one.
Now, the next part of the advice is very interesting. And
any good or bad is ever happened to you in your entire life. I want you to think of all of it in the context of this madness. The front was so lovely Muslim said no, he said no, that this oma, if they have to try and benefit you with anything, there will only be able to benefit you with that which Allah has written for you. And if they have to try and harm you with anything, they will only be able to harm you with that which Allah has written for you. The pens have been lifted and the patrons have tried.
What does this mean? This means that Allah is the one in control of our destiny.
I'm going to start with the back of their heads and then go forward, because some of you may be thinking, what do they mean by the pins have been lifted, and the pages have been tried?
Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam has informed us that before Allah created this universe, he created
a scripture, right, as he created a pair. And he wrote in the book, everything that will happen until the end of time, this is called the local mkuze. This is called the, this is the preserved object of this finish, everything is going to happen until the end of time, Allah already knows it. Now, I know this is a difficult concept for people to grasp.
And I know a lot of people find it very hard to wrap their heads around the idea that everything is going to happen alone, and he knows it, including who's going to hybridize and who's
and so on, to make one statement to help you understand this better, or other actions, not only to help you understand this better, but to ease your heart about it.
whenever it comes to this description of Allah subhanho wa Taala his knowledge is His mercy, His justice, his infinite attributes, I want you to remember that we are limited in our understanding of this world. And we don't understand everything about this world. So what about our understanding of God? Think about it like this, when a child, when a child wants to do something, and the parents have a lot to do it. Very often their child does not understand why the parent is telling him not, because that parent has more knowledge than the child. Right? So if a parent has more knowledge in the child, and because of that, the
and because of that the child trust appearance, we should have the same approach to Allah subhanho wa Taala, that Allah has more knowledge than us, Allah has more wisdom than us. Allah knows things that we don't know.
And so when we are discussing Allah subhanho, wa Taala, they are going to be things that are beyond human understanding, by going to the aspects of Allah subhanho wa Taala, that is beyond human understanding, like what existed before this universe, we don't go into that that's beyond human understanding. why the Buddha already knows who's going to paradise and help the explanations given but the shortest explanation is, that's beyond human understanding. The entire concept of God is the finite trying to understand the infinite. It's a human trying to understand a lot perfect knowledge is not going to happen. So when it comes to these things, we believe in Allah what Allah has
revealed, and we don't Delve too deep into, and this is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he told us the harbor, not to ask too many questions about causal, right, because it's a concept that is beyond human understanding.
So the aspect of quarter mentioned in this idea is that in your life, any benefit or harm that comes to you can only come from Allah,
Allah and Rasulullah sallallahu. So I'm putting the context of the entire world trying to help if the entire world wants to help you. But Allah does not want it to happen. The world can help. And if the entire world wants to have a lot protecting you, they will never be able to harm you. So what this disease does, it makes us fear Allah and not fear his creation. It makes us remember, and know that in our lives, nothing happens except with a levels and every good and bad thing that happens to what we must understand in this context. For many of us were bad things. We put in
In this context, right, something bad happens, you know, like you say Cordova is our destiny, and we are patient, Allah rewards us for that. But even when the good thing happens, even when the good thing happens, don't say I'm successful. Don't say I did it, you know, say Alhamdulillah Allah azza wa jal holographic meet this law Open this door, Allah made this possible, attribute every good thing in your life to Allah.
And that is called super grateful to Allah and the benefit of that Allah subhanho wa Taala promises us in the Quran, Allah insha Allah as he does, that, if you are grateful, Allah will give you more. So whatever good you have in your life, be grateful to Allah for knowing that nothing, nothing in this world could benefit you except for Allah has.
Coming to the end of the Hadees.
And this is in the other version of the Hadees. It is mentioned that under Rama Saba know that victory only comes after Sabah and suburbia again, every book has different translations, I would say the translation that puts most year is perseverance. Me, meaning Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he's teaching Abdulla rajala, his Hadees, that if you want to accomplish anything with it to do with Dino dunya, you have to have some, you have to work hard and persevere. There is not a single thing in this world that you are going to accomplish without hard work. There's nothing you're going to accomplish from day one. Everything takes time. Everything takes time, whether it's
down, whether it's building a business, whether it's raising a family, everything takes time. So know that your victory and your success will only come after,
after you persevere. Meaning as Muslims, we should not give up.
If you have a noble goal, if you have a noble objective, pursue it and keep pursuing it no matter what difficulties get in your way, because it's only after all of that trouble that you will get victory.
And the Halley's ends with a statement that after an affliction, days relief, and after and would a difficulty daisies and very beautiful, you know just has a double meaning again, it means that whatever afflictions you face in life, and again, how are they going to think about this throughout your life? Whatever afflictions you have faced throughout your life, it ended, right, it ended nothing's going to last forever. You went through a hard time that was followed by a good time, you went through a difficulty that was followed by ease, right? You went through sickness that was followed by good health, you went to a business that wasn't doing well inshallah, you will not be
followed by that as well. Meaning nothing in this world is going to last forever.
After your difficulty there is going to be is and the other meaning of the scholar says Mousa would the difficulties, meaning while you are facing the difficulty, Allah will grant you easily
how, let's say you are sick, allow me seeing someone to help you. Right, or somebody to pay your medical bills, or allow me make your workload this week so that you know you're able to recover from your sickness, Allah will bring a different type of ease to go with your difficulty. So it's not too much for you to handle.
So with every difficulty, you face a lot of these ease with it.
So with that we come to the end of this ad is, and I want to conclude with a summary of the message of the Saudis. The first message of this ad is the first lesson we learned from this idea is that we must educate the younger generation about Islam. Don't think that they are too young to learn about Allah subhanho wa Taala in this edition Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is speaking to a boy who is 910 or 11 years old. And he's teaching you about the workbook. And he's teaching him about the law. And he's teaching you about maintaining the boundaries of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he's teaching him what he's teaching him that in life is going to face difficulty.
Again, some of us shelter our children from this teaching. We don't want our children to know they're gonna face that because you know, you want to you want to make life easy for them. For suitable laughs the lawyers have taught the children of his generation, that you will face difficulty in life. But you must face the difficulty with the worker must face the difficulty with fervor. That difficulty is a means of you going closer to Allah subhana wa that it's part of doing your part of life, you are going to be tested. And so Rasulullah saw so he taught this to a nine or 10 year old boy. So we shouldn't try to shout out children from the idea that life has difficulties.
Don't know some things go as far as they don't have children, you will know that people died.
How are you going to shelter from that? So you need to
Your children need to know that life is not always going to be easy. And Allah is going to test them as they grow older and from a young age give them the principles to deal with that test. So when they reach that age with a test start happening, they already know the principles from a much younger age and the principles we mentioned, if asila preserve the boundaries of Allah, Allah will take care of you Allah will be there for you. Make you are only to Allah whenever you have anything in life, ask of Allah have struggled and Allah will grant you victory. And we learned that Father is already written, whatever good comes to you can't avoid because would not have happened except by
the word of Allah. Whatever bad comes into your life have struggled with it. It's a means of your sins being forgiven. It's a means of raising your Eman raising your seed to Allah subhanho wa Taala so have summer and it will pass as well. You ask Allah to help us to practice and to live by example of Aidan Walker 100 lobiondo Minnesota