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Imam al-Bukhari Life, Works & Legacy
Channel: Ismail Kamdar
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Episode Transcript ©
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Oh hey, we're gonna cattle
hamdulillahi rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam o Allah Nabil Karim while the Adi he was happy in.
Firstly want to thank each and every one of you for attending today for what will hopefully be the first of many Friday night discussions on a variety of interesting topics. And I wanted to start this year with a discussion on one of my favorite scholars, a, a scholar who I think is greatly misunderstood. Right and that is Imam Al Bukhari Rahim Allah
because Imam Al Bukhari is one of those scholars who
most people don't even know anything about him beyond the fact that he wrote the book sahih al Bukhari, I think, if you have you had if you had to ask the average person, what they know about Imam Al Bukhari, it really just one line he wrote sahih al Bukhari and I think that is a,
that is, you know, it's blocking us from understanding a lot of who he was and what he accomplished by just focusing on one thing only.
So, today, Inshallah, we're going to take a look at who Imam Al Bukhari was the world he was born into the kinds of people he had to deal with.
We will look at his legacy the trials he had to face. And we will also look at the various books that he wrote. Because again, many of us, we think he wrote only one book. In reality, mambo curry wrote many books, at least 10 of them are still around. So we have a lot to look at. And before we begin,
just raise your hands if you ever tried to readings, the Hebrew Hardy a translation of it on your own.
Raise your hands if you understood it.
Right. Okay, good.
So we all on the same page. Right? Because one of the main points I'm going to focus on today is that Sahil Buhari is a very advanced work written by a genius. So when a genius writes, he doesn't write on the average person's level. There's like layers upon layers of deep meaning in Sahih al Bukhari. So, we're going to take a look at the man behind it. Once you understand who Imam Al Bukhari was, when he lived, what was the challenges he was dealing with? Why he wrote his books, why he wrote in the style that he wrote, then the way Buhari is written the way it's organized, the tank kind of Hadith he chose for it, everything makes a lot more sense when you understand his life
story. So to begin, let's take a look at the time in which Imam Al Bukhari lived in Wuhan. He lived in a world completely different from the one we live in.
Who can guess in what era he lived in terms of dynasty?
Which dynasty was ruling the Muslim world at the time of Imam Al Bukhari?
Now the omega is now the Abbasids. Right? So Imam Al Bukhari, he was born during the above acid era. More specifically, he was born during the Islamic Golden Age, the golden age of the above acid caliphate.
To put this into context.
Today, we live in a time where Muslims are humiliated. We live in a time where Muslims are a minority, in in non Muslim lands, and even in the Muslim lands, we are weak politically. There is no Muslim land we look at today and say they're going through a golden age, right?
At the time in which Mr. Al Bukhari was born, Muslims were the dominant civilization on earth. They were the number one superpower on Earth.
Muslims were the richest, the most scientifically advanced and the greatest society in the world at a time. So it's a very different world from the world that we live in. And even the sciences of Islamic studies, they all peaked around this time. So in this era in the Abasi, Golden Era, we get for example,
we have Imam Shafi. He lives during this era, Imam Muhammad ibn humble he lives during this era. So the great imams are fake. They lived during this period, the great Imams of Hadith, they lived during this period, the great Imams of Aqeedah lived during this time. So all of the Islamic sciences that we know today. They were shaped in this period that is the abassi Golden Age and all people. They don't realize that when they think of the abassi golden age, they think of science, they think of algebra, they think of medicine, and you don't realize
He said at the same time when Muslims were world leaders in those those fields, they also reached their peak in terms of scholarship in these fields. So the science of Hadith one of the misconceptions people have is that Imam Bukhari wrote the first book of Hadith. Now you always hear this misconception, there are these pops up 300 years after the prophets time. In reality, hadith is there in every generation, and the writing of Hadees begins in the Omega era, in the year 99, ah, the reign of Omar Ibn Abdul Aziz, where he commissioned a project for Hadees to be recorded into books. This project, it builds up over time. Over the next 200 years, each generation of scholars
are writing books of Hadith that are more advanced and more detailed than the generation before them. And this peaks 200 years later, with Imam Al Bukhari. Seema al Bukhari is not the first author of a book of Hadith. He is the pinnacle of Hadith scholarship building on the backs of many scholars that came before him.
So it's a time when Muslims are a global superpower, they had defeated the Persian Empire completely, they had destroyed a lot of the Roman Empire and taken over many of the lands. And at this point in time, there is a kind of peace between the Romans and the Muslims. Right, uneasy peace on enough.
And there's no civil wars at this time, either. So we know in the first century, there's a lot of civil wars. In the first century, we have the
we have the civil wars between the sahaba. Then we have the Romanians against Abdullah ibn Zubayr. But
after the Abbas it's take over about 50 years, 100 years later, which is the period we're looking at now. This is a time where there's not really any civil wars going on. It's also a time where Muslims are very wealthy. Money is not a problem. Right? Muslims are the wealthiest nation on Earth. Resources, not a problem. You want to study Hadees you have the best Hadith scholars you want to study fake, we have the best Greek scholars, you want to study medicine or algebra Baitul hikma is that you can go and study at at the actual research center set up by the Khalifa himself. So it's a very different world from what we live in. And it's important for us to understand that because Imam
Buhari lived in a different world from us, he wrote for his time to deal with the challenges of his time, which are very different from the challenges of our time. So what were the challenges of the Golden Age? I want you to think about this. If Muslims were wealthy, they were the global superpower. They did not have any enemies, were invading them in a way where they were threatened to lose the Empire.
They had whatever they needed. What do you think was the big problem of that time?
That actually the growth of that time was
this unity, argumentation over secondary and what we would consider trivial issues. People have a lot of time on their hands. So people were arguing, you know, the words that come out of my mouth, are they created or not? Now, these are the kinds of arguments people were having, what is the what is the definition of the idea of destiny? Right, lots of opinions, people fighting each other over that. raising your hands before and after roku. Big issue in that time, as we will see what we do Mr. McCarthy's biography. So Mr. Buhari, he writes his book to respond to all of these issues. And
for for him living in that time. These are the big issues of the time, people are arguing over al Qaeda, people are arguing over fake, they didn't really need to worry too much about outsiders. Didn't have to didn't worry about what non Muslims were saying about Islam. Right? The non Muslims were in a position of humiliation at that time, right? They were scared of the Muslims. They wouldn't dare go and write a book criticizing the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam because the Muslims were the dominant superpower. So it's a very different time with very different challenges and many of the issues that you're going to see that Imam Bukhari brings up and discusses
and considers, like important topics, or things that today are already resolved, we've already learned to accept the differences of opinion. And when we think of him maybe as trivial issues, because in his lifetime, these issues popped up and everybody was heated about it. 1000 years later, we've got bigger problems to deal with. Right? We don't have a lot but we are minorities, we have much deeper and bigger issues to deal with. So Mr. Bahari was born in a time that was perfect for the job that he ended up doing.
The family he was born into. It's also very interesting. Imam Al Bukhari was a fourth generation Muslim. So it was his great grandfather, Mughal era who converted to Islam. Right. Movie era has a son named Ibrahim. We don't know anything about Ibrahim. There's nothing that we can find about him in the history books.
Ibrahim has a son named Ismar eel, who was a merchant, quite a wealthy merchant and who also did do some Hadith he memorized some Hadith he wrote him down, he passed them along. So we begin to see Hadees coming into the family with a smile and he has a son who we know as Imam Al Bukhari.
Now, this the father of Imam Al Bukhari, he passes away at a very young age and Imam Al Bukhari is raised by a single mother. And this whole thing about him having a merchant father and being raised by a single mother all plays a very important role in who he becomes just one interesting factor on on history at this point. imovr Gohan is like the third famous caller in a row with almost the exact same backstory. So Imam Shafi his father dies when he's young. His mother dedicates her life to her son becoming a scholar, and he becomes Yama Shafi. Imam Shafi has a students you know, somebody's been humble. His life story is exactly the same. His father dies when he is young. His mother
dedicates her life to a son becoming a scholar. And he dedicates his life to her as well. Like he only gets married at the age of 14, because he was too busy looking after his mother to actually get married. Right and he becomes a great mama but even humble. And then you have unbelievable humble has a student, Imam Al Bukhari, and he studies the same his father died when his young his mother dedicates her life to raising him to become a scholar, and he becomes Imam Al Bukhari. So three teachers in a row have almost the exact same life story, in the sense that they were raised by single mothers who had one vision for their life, my son must become a scholar. And it is from the
vision of the mothers and and the tarbiyah that the mothers gave them, that they became these great scholars of Islam. So in other words, buhari is someone who was very, very devoted to his mother, right in this book of his they're going to talk about a bit later IW fraud, the first 10 chapters is on the rights of the mother. Let's see the first 10 chapters, just the rights of the mother. You can just see the level of devotion he had to his mother and how important he has this idea of, of the mother status in Islam from the writings of Imam Al Bukhari.
So just very briefly, let's go to his technical aspects. His cornea was Abu Abdullah. His name was Mohammed. Many people think his name is Bukhari. Right? Where does the name Bacardi come from?
Where he lived good, right Bokhara he was born in the city of Bukhara so wherever you went, people will say is that guy from Bukhara? Or in Arabic will say it's Buhari. Right? Because it means the guy from Bukhara so he became known as the guy from Bukhara the Buhari, right? But his name was actually Mohammed. Mohammed even a smile. Right? You said his father's name but he smile. So he's Mohammed even Ismail Ibrahim even al Mahira. Even better these are juvie al Buhari. Now interestingly, his great great grandfather's name is bar, this bar, but this bar was a serratia a Persian Zoroastrian, it is baldy but it this was son Mahira who converted to Islam. So this shows us
that a Imam Al Bukhari is not an Arab. Many people don't know this. Imam Al Bukhari was not an Arab. He was a Persian. Right. His great, great grandfather was a serratia. His great grandfather converted to Islam. So he's a fourth generation, Persian Muslim. Right? Arrow Persia back then was much bigger than what we imagined it. So what is what is today, Uzbekistan, and Iraq and Iran, and all of these lands are one country called Persia, right? So he was born in the city of Bukhara, which in the modern world is in Uzbekistan. And he passed away also in Uzbekistan, but in a small village, outside summer country, so if you go to US Pakistan today, you will find his grave in the
small village. But you'll also find that Bukhara is a famous place because we, it's where he was born. We have very specific details about his birth and yet, right. He was born on Friday the 21st of July 810, C E, corresponding with 13 of Shaohua 194. Ah, very specific. Right. He passed away on the first of September 870, corresponding with the first of shorewall 256 that will make him 60 According to the Gregorian calendar, and 62 According to the Hindu calendar. What's interesting about him passing away at the age of 62.
The prophets of Allah Islam passed away at age of 62. Abu Bakr passed away at the age of 62. Omar Rajala No, some say 61. Some say 62. I shall pass to the age of 62. It's almost as if it's sooner to leave when you're 62 right.
So Imam Al Bukhari being the main person behind the preservation of the Sunnah. He also lives at this age. So remember when you calculate it from Gregorian to EDRI, every 30 years you plus one, right? So if he was 60, according to the Gregorian calendar, he'd be 62 According to the Hindu calendar,
show, he didn't live a very long life. Right? He's not someone like Mr. Malik lived to his 90s. Right? The great Sahabi honestly, but Malik lived till the age of 105.
In one way Buhari passed away at the age of 62.
Most of his accomplishments that we're going to talk about was when he was a teenager or in his early 20s.
So him I was Wuhan. He was a pharmacy, he was a Persian scholar. And he spoke both Farsi and English. I'm not English, Arabic, sorry. He's wouldwould, Farsi and Arabic, Farsi what is home language Persian was his home language. Arabic
became the state language of the Muslim world, the official language of the Muslim world 200 years before this during the reign of Abdul Malik ibn Marwan. So Abdul Malik ibn Marwan, the famous Ahmed scholar, he turned, he basically turned the Muslim world into an empire. We had it on flag, its own currency, its own language, and he made Arabic the official language. So even Muslims who would speak Farsi would have to learn Arabic to go to school or university and to become educated. Right. So Mr. Bahari, even though he came from a Persian family, he had to learn Arabic to get educated. And by the way, in those days, because Muslims were the world's superpower, you'd find that even the
Christians and Jews would learn Arabic so they could go to university and study, because all the best universities in the world were in the Muslim world. So he spoke Arabic and Farsi very fluently. And one can say that Farsi was the home language and Arabic was his second language, right, but it did not in any way impact his writings and studies.
I want to give us a few snapshots of his life because I don't want to focus too much on his
biography, bio biography. There's some stories which are weak, some stories where there's differences of opinion on the authenticity, of stories about his piety, I really want to focus on the facts that help us to understand what he wrote and why he wrote it. Right. That's what I'm focused on. So firstly,
his father passes away when he's very young. He said his father was a merchant. And his father left behind a very large inheritance with just two inheritance, his wife and his son. So both Imam Al Bukhari and his mother inherit a lot of money. And you will see in his life story, money is never a problem. He lived a very simple life. The cost of living back then was very simple, right? There wasn't much that you needed. They had a home, they, he just needed money for the daily expenses, which was like just food and stuff like that. So him and his mother, they never had to worry about money. That's that's never a problem for you. Ah, you know, one of the famous stories about him was
that he was in the he was traveling by ship, and he had a bad with 10,000 gold coins in it. And someone found out about it. So that person tried to trick him into giving him the gold, right. And he was Buhari, worried about his reputation, he literally just chose the bag or into the ocean. If you chose into the ocean, you'd rather lose the goal, then have people slander him, and assume the worst of him. And the fact that he had that much money on him and throwing it away, didn't affect his life in any way shows the kind of wealthy background he came from. So he lived in a time of wealth, a time of peace, a time of,
of great success for the Muslims. And one of the things he did too, he did do some business, he did do some trade to make sure that his money never got finished. So whenever he felt like his wealth was getting a bit lower, you would do a little bit of business, you travel for business, to make sure that his money stayed at the level that he wanted it to. So he was a shrewd businessman, as well as a very honest businessman who was very strong in his finances, making sure that he never fell to a level where you'd have to depend on anyone for money. He was always financially independent. And that played a big role in the kind of scholar Imam Bukhari becomes, because he's
not someone who the government's get forced to make certain opinions. He's not someone who you can fire from the masjid, right. He's not someone who is dependent on his teachings for money. He is a self funded scholar. So he's independent.
Imam Buhari throws himself into studying the signs of Hadees at the age of 11. And immediately, people see him to be a man of great intelligence and memory. Now, again, going back to what the world was like, at that time, many people today don't realize how different Muslim society was at that time.
Back then, there was no school and university as we know it, right. Once you hit puberty, you are an adult and you get
married and you'd live your adult life. So Mr. Magoo Hardy, at this age, people that he at the age of 11, would be starting work, they would be starting a business, or they will be going off to study Islam. He doesn't he doesn't need money. So he just dedicated his life to studying Islam. And he's treated the same as any other student, no one's treating him like how we treat 11 year olds, today, I'd be treating him as a student in the classroom, which again, it's a different world from what we know of today. So at the age of 11, he's studying and people immediately noticed that this student is different. He doesn't take down notes, yet, he never makes mistakes. He doesn't take down notes,
but he never makes mistakes. People will test him by looking in their books, and he would correct them through his memory. And he's doing all of this when he's 1112 13 years old. So
this already showing that this is a very gifted person. And again, some nowadays, you get some people who are skeptical about this, they say, how can you have that good memory? How can you be that intelligent? But the reality is, every generation has people who are that intelligent that has that good memory. The problem is nowadays, we don't push them to study Islam. Right? Now these are you know, someone's got that good memory and that good intelligence. None of us see, let's make him a scholar, let's make a scholar. Instead, we want to make sure that they're studying something else. But in those days, people have this level of intelligence which study Islam and that's why they
became the kind of scholars that we don't get today. So Imam Al Buhari was noticed for his intelligence and memory, and very soon by the age of 14, he had memorized 600,000 narrations, 600,000 narrations by the age of 14 or 15. Now again, it's important to note the difference in terminology. Today, when we say Hadees on ERATION, what are we referring to?
We refer to the text, right? Like every action is judged by its intention. In those days, if they said narration, they are talking about the full chain of narrators. So, if Imam Al Bukhari heard the Hadith, that every action is judged by intentions from 20 different people, he would count it as 20 different iterations that each chain is counted as a separate iteration. So 600,000 iterations doesn't mean 600,000 Hadees texts like we know today, nor does it mean, every single one of these Hadith are authentic, rather, the genius Omar Al Bukhari, he can have 600,000 Hadith in his head, and he can shift through them and separate the wheat from the authentic and write his books
And so, the 600,000 This is a number that includes repetitions, it includes V codices. It doesn't it's not referring to
the only the sahih Hadith, right. So he had he memorized the 600,000 narrations, and he begins his project of separating them into authentic, weak fabricated, analyzing the chains. And so very early in his life, around the age of 15, or 16, he writes a book about the biographies of the narrators of Hadith. He writes more for himself. So we can write out this had this narrator is authentic, this narrator is not so he can become familiar with the names and he can separate for himself who are the authentic narrators and who are not. And so you'll find many of the books that Imam Al Bukhari wrote, which were about the biographies of Hadees narrators, at least five books he wrote, we're on
this topic, because this was a very important work for him. It may not be important to us, but for him, for him to get it right for him to make sure that everybody's integrated. So he, then he had to do this work. First, you have to memorize the Hadees. He had to learn the biographies. He had to separate them and figure out who's authentic and who's not. And he had to do all of this research first before he actually writes his book.
So, what was Imam Al Bukhari expert in? Well, obviously, I think we all know he was an expert in Hadith, that doesn't need to be stated, right? He wrote two major books of Hadith, and five major books on the, the rate of Hadith. So at least seven of his books were in this field of Hadith. But Imam Al Bukhari was also a great mooched ahead in the field of feQ, and a Master of the field of Aqeedah. And this is where he gets in trouble with later in his life, right Aqeedah in those days, gets you in a lot of trouble. Because everyone's always debating on these on things that we don't even think about these days.
Now, year there's a lot of backprojection in history.
A lot of people nowadays they argue over was Imam Bukhari a Shafi or humbly I these are arguments you hear a lot nowadays was a sharpie or humbly, which must have Did you follow? And if you actually study the Sahil Buhari, and if you study his, his opinions, you will come to the conclusion
and that he was an independent witch the head. He did not follow any of the known madhhab today for multiple reasons. Number one, the mud hubs back then have not formulated the way they are today. Today when we talk about the humble the mud hub we talking about over 1000 years of scholarship. We're talking about the Hanafi madhhab we talking about the 1000 years of scholarship in the time of Imam Buhari we talking about the humbly mazahub You literally talking about his teacher. He literally give homage even humble is alive at this time, Imam we heard his meeting with him and studying with him. So to him there's not a month hope that's his teacher. Right? It's a one on one
personal relationship. And you will find that he deferred Imam Muhammad ibn humbled on many issues.
Same with the mama sharpy mama Shafi is one generation before him. He, in those days did not thinking of these people as mothers, they think, you know, thinking of them as my teachers or my teachers, teachers, it takes many years before people begin to look at it as a mud hub as a compilation of opinions from a variety of scholars who shared the same methodology. So in our book, it was independent which digest to give you some examples of this.
The four month hubs all say that a woman's not allowed to touch the Quran when she's on her menstrual cycles, right. Imam Buhari was of the opinion that she can
write he is of the opinion that she can. So this clearly shows you not following any of the former jobs he has his own opinions. Right. Likewise, the four month hubs have the view that Amanda aura is from his navel to his knees. They differ over the knee itself in the die itself but generally from the navel to the knees. In ma Buhari his opinion was that a man's aura is just his private parts. That's all. So he has his own opinions in
that they are not found in any of the format apps. So he is an independent scholar on the same level as the scholars. Now what you'll find in later history is that the shaft nice and humble is embrace these books. So the shaft is a claiming is a Sharpie scholar the humble is a claim he's a humble the scholar, and the one must have the took the longest to embrace his books with the Hanafis because we'll see a bit later him about Buhari and the 100, Viola ma were always at each other. Right at that time, they always were refuting each other. So it took the 100 of us many years to accept the many centuries to accept Sahil Buhari has something to follow. And
what you will find in Sahih al Bukhari is that many of the Hadith and opinions presented there are the opposite of what the Hanafi madhhab teach. So the Hanafi is also ended up taking different positions on Imam Al Bukhari. The one that's most common today is that he thought he was a mujtahid. But he wasn't. So don't you don't have to take his opinion seriously. Right? This is a way of dismissing his opinions because rarely, Imam Al Bukhari when you read his commentary inside Buhari, he's just going after the Hanafis like, it's just him versus the Hanafis. Right. So they want to study the book without, you know, taking that part of it seriously. So they ended up saying that
he's not he wasn't really enriched ahead on the same level as the other Imams. But in reality during his lifetime, people treated him as a problem which people would take his opinions very seriously. And he was
considered to be a scholar on a very high level,
we can divide his life into
four stages, right? Stage one, as a teenager and preteen studying Hadith, memorizing Hadees sorting out generators, and formulating his ideas of which are these are most authentic as well as studying fiction Aqeedah. So those were his student days as a teenager.
His 20s and 30 is writing his major books. So it took him over a decade to write sahih al Bukhari.
He said he was not written in one year, it's not an overnight production. It's over a decade of work based on over two decades of research.
He spent a lot of time thinking over every single Hadith, making dua of every single Hadith, making, it's the Hara of every single Hadees. consulting his teachers, he will take the book to you it will humble ask him, What do you think of this? Imam will humble will point out mistakes and tell him fix this, fix that? So it's a long process, not just one man who wrote the book and said, Yes, that's the book, right? This is a process taking over a decade, multiple rewrites, editing, taking it to his teachers getting the approval. Eventually, the book attains the status of the most authentic book of Hadith, that this is a man who put together a book where you can trust the Hadith in this
book, because until then, every book of Hadith was a mixture of authentic and weak, right and as the teacher is teaching it there would explain which hadith is attentive and which is weak. So his book becomes very famous. And then that comes the third phase of his life, what we would call today, the celebrity scholar phase, right where Imam Al Bukhari become the most popular imam in the Muslim world. Think moves demand global fame, wherever he goes, 1000s of people are coming for his lectures. Wherever he goes, people want
Meet him talk to him say they studied with him. If he was alive today people will be taking selfies with him. Right? He was like basically the celebrity scholar of the Muslim world for the next 20 years. And he traveled and he teaches Sahil Buhari wherever he goes. That's why there are many, many chains of narrators of sahih al Bukhari because he, Mama Buhari had so many students wherever he went. But then we enter the final phase of his life. Remember, nobody can go through life without being tested. And you all mama Buhari had this, you know, this, a lot of ease in his life, wealth and fame and intelligence and being good at whatever he does. At the end of his life comes one big
trial that really messes up like for him.
And that is the slander. You know, nowadays, whenever a scholar gets too famous, what do people do? They slander him, right? They'll take one sentence he says, I will make a four hour YouTube video about why he is evil deviant based on that one sentence, right? So imagine, in the time of Imam Imam Al Bukhari, there's no YouTube, there's no social media. But somehow people do the exact same thing to him through word of mouth.
They do the exact same thing to him. So he becomes ridiculously famous, so famous that people stopped studying with other scholars and go to study with him.
And because of that, the other scholars now start to get jealous of him. They sitting and teaching and those days what will happen was, you'd walk into a masjid, there'd be like 10 scholars teaching in different corners, and you choose who you want to study with. Right? So you'll see one Imams teaching Hadees one's teaching fake ones teaching Aqeedah and you just sit there and you listen. So Imam Al Bukhari will walk into a masjid, he'll sit down and start teaching, everybody will come by him. As you saw the other scholars, they start to get jealous. They see that their students are dwindling, and everyone's going to Buhari.
So they start sending people to ask him questions, three questions to try and get him in trouble. Again, it seems almost like the modern world, right? Whenever someone's famous, you always get one or two people in the crowd who are just there to ask questions to get the guy in trouble. And people keep doing this you mama Buhari, and he's very careful in how he words his answers, because he doesn't want people to spread any slander about if you want to make sure people are very clear about his beliefs and opinions. Now
there is one issue that was a big issue at that time, right. And that is the issue of the creation of the Quran.
So just the backstory to this about 100 years before the time of Imam Al Bukhari, the mortality light come about, and they say that the Quran is created. And the Abbas's rules they become more Tassie like themselves, and they start to imprison or kill any scholar who doesn't agree with the idea of the Quran being created. So unbelieving, humble, he opposes this and eventually later Abbas it start following him instead. And now it's flipped around. Now everyone is following him on what even humbles Akita which is that the Quran is the word of Allah and anyone who says the Quran is greater than what as the light and the deviant and you mentioned that mustn't study with him, which
is a fair thing to say. someone stands up in email Buhari is Lecture during the q&a segment and asked him is the Quran created?
Anyone well Buhari gives a very nuanced answer. Right and answer on his level, but again, people must hear him must understand him. And he says, the word of Allah is uncreated. But the words that come out of my mouth are created.
So people the others are the Mercy others, and they go to Imam Ultra Halley. He's He's like the main famous Hadith scholar besides Imam Bukhari, the one who's losing his students Imam Al Bukhari, right. And they tell him, we just heard Imam Bukhari say the Quran is created. He said, those words coming out of his mouth are created. Right? So he's saying the Quran is created. Shimamura he says, he says the Quran is created must be a Mattila. And so now the rumors start spreading. Imam Bukhari is the MATA Zilla don't attend these lectures, don't go for his classes during the rate Hadith from him, and it spreads and it spreads to such an extent that Imam Bukhari starts getting boycotted by
the community to such an extent that he reaches a point where he shows up to deliver a lecture and only eight people come for his lecture. This is a man who 1000s of people are coming for his lectures. And now at the end of his life, only eight people are showing up because the slander had done such a powerful job of ruining his reputation.
People believe the slander and they stop attending his lecture they stop inviting him to the to their cities and countries. They stop studying Hadith with him. And this takes a mental toll on Imam Al Bukhari.
If you've never been slandered, it's very difficult to explain the mental toll it takes on you. Anyone who has been in this situation knows that this is one of the most difficult
called trials to deal with where, you know you are innocent. But no matter what you tell people they won't believe you. And that's what the mama Buhari is dealing with. So, in the Sahil Buhari, there is a Hadith where the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam said, None of you should ever wish for that. But if you're in that stage where you want where you feel like you could just die now, you should make this dua. Oh Allah if life is better for me, keep me alive. And if that is better for me take my life.
Seema Buhari being someone who practice every Hadees that he recorded, at this point, who is going through all this anguish and the slander and dealing with with society hating him and believing the lies against him, he makes this dua says Oh Allah, if life is better for me, keep me alive and if that is better for me take my life. And a few days later, he's out with his family passing through on village on horseback. He has an accident and he passes away.
At the age of 60. Imam Al Bukhari never lived to see just how famous his book will become. He never lived to see how accepted his book could become amongst Omar. He passed away at a time where people hated him. He passed away at the time when people were slandering him. When people thought the worst of him eventually after he passes away, the room has died down. People are reading his book again. People realize his genius people realize what they have the hands on, and within a few generations, the rooms are forgotten about and so he'll Buhari is now the gem of the OMA. But this happens decades after he passes away in his life, you never got to see it. And in that is a lesson for us.
You know, sometimes you don't see the fruit of your work in your life. It only comes later. It only comes after you have passed away
so this is the life of Imam Al Bukhari. Let's take a look now at his legacy, his accomplishments. Again, many of us only know him for one book, right? This a he and rightly so this uh, he was his masterpiece was his greatest work, and his most important book, but he's written other important books as well. So his most famous book, which we call Sahil Buhari, he did not call it sahih al Bukhari, he did not name a book after himself. Right. So Imam Al Bukhari did not call the book sahih al Bukhari Bucarest authentic book. That's not what he called his book. He called it al Jami, Asahi al Musnad. The comprehensive authentic book of Hadith with full chain of narrators al Jami, meaning
it covers every possible topic of Islam. That's what Al Jami means. So in Sahil Buhari, you have Aqeedah you have Fick, you have to have seen, you have history. You have added in a clock. You have virtues of the of the sahaba. You have
other things as well, that's not coming to my mind, but it's a comprehensive book covering over 150 different topics. That's why he called the Al Jami, the comprehensive work, Asahi because his goal was to only record Hadees that he believed to be Sahai. So he called the Asahi and almost not a mustard means he's not just mentioning the text is mentioning the full chain of narrators for every Hadees. So when you read this book, you will see that it covers almost every possible topic. It is going to see 99% Sahai, right, and it has full chain of the ages for every Hadees. But this is not the only book that he wrote.
Imam Al Bukhari wrote another masterpiece in Hadees, one that I feel is very underrated. And this is the one I think that should be in every Muslim home.
Because the sahih was written on a very advanced scholarly level written for other scholars.
His other work was written more for the average Muslim and it's been translated into English of Alfred
otherwise move rod which literally means the other book of answers, because in this a he has kita will adopt the book of manners, but because he wanted people to learn manners, he wrote about mu fraud, which means the other book of manners or another book of manners, right. So otherwise, mu fraud is a book in which Imam Al Bukhari compiles a variety of Hadith and the ratios of the Sahaba on manners and good character. The whole book is just managing good character. And he doesn't use as stringent conditions for this book as he does for the Sahai. So while Sahil Buhari is 99% authentic, other women fraud is like 90% authentic, this little 10% of the Hadees are weak, but it doesn't
really matter because these other rights so for example, in the chapter on the rights of mothers, he may mention 20 Hadith on the rights of mothers, if one of those Hadees is weak, does it in any way affect the rights of others? No, it doesn't. Right, already established through the Quran and Hadees so we just mentioned it as supporting evidence. Right, so I'll add one more flood isn't on the same level of authenticity as Sahil Buhari, what's the apps
to the gym, it's something every Muslim home should have. It's something you should teach your children because he really covered all of the comprehensive character and manners of the Muslim in a single book. Right. So this is really a masterpiece of Imam Al Bukhari.
He also wrote a lot of books on the biographies of the Hadith narrators because this helped him to separate the authentic narrators from the weak. So five books of is known on in this area. And one thing about the mama Buhari, you know, latest scholars they use, like very fascinating names for the books like the shining light or the guiding moon and things like that. If Allah Buhari had very literal names for his books, very literally, like we said, the comprehensive authentic collection of authentic bodies with full chain of narrators, or the other book of manners, it's like very literal. It's the same with these books. The rig Sahil, the small book of history, the Regal OSA, the medium
size book of history. Tariq al Kabir, the big book of history, right Alcona, the books of people's nicknames and a DUA, Sahil, the small book of week narrators. So very literally, like you know, what Imam Abu cardies book is about, it's in the name says literal as it gets.
So these books obviously would not be of interest to us. Maybe for someone who is doing a master's in Hadith or a PhD in IDs, they would want to read these kinds of books. But for the average Muslim is not necessary to read these kinds of books, right? These are very advanced level works. He also wrote one book on Aikido to try and clarify his stance after people started slandering him. Right. So when he said that the Quran is Allah's word, and uncreated, but what's coming out of my mouth I created, people didn't understand what he was saying, and they slandered him. So he wrote a book called hulk of hardcore of Alan Ebert, guide the creation of human actions, where he tried to
explain that human actions are created by Allah. That's what he means when he said, The words coming out of my mouth are created by Allah. He wrote this book of Aqeedah, to clarify his stance on this issue.
And you note, and we know we know of two books of fact that he wrote thanks to our Salafi jihadist brothers, because they translated these two books into English and oldu and distributed it to every one of you they know. And that is the book on roughly again, fistula raising your hands before and after recording Salah and alcohol for Imam reciting Surah partea, behind the Imam. Right. So these books show you a very different side of Mr. Al Bukhari. He's very
critical of the Hanafi zine, these books are very strong language, you can actually feel like a frustration between him and the Hanafis in his area. And of course, more than movements like selfies Allah Hadees they love these books, because it just bashes Hanafis. So I remember when I went to India, for the first time, literally the first book anyone gave me was an old translation of this book, like you must read this book. And then somebody else gave me the English translation as well. Because, you know, for some reason, you know, these are still the big issues amongst the ladies in India that they want to make sure everyone's raising their hands before and after Rocco and reciting
behind the Imam. But these were books he wrote to clarify his opinions are these fake issues. I don't think he meant for them to be used the way they are used today. Nonetheless, these are the books of his that we know of many of his other books we lost over time, most likely in the Mongol invasion when they destroyed all the books in Baghdad. Many of the other books he wrote We lost but these books have reached us. Four of them have been translated into English. The Sahil Buhari, audible Mouffetard, raising your hands before and after
recording Salah and reciting behind the imam
from all of these books, the only one I would actually recommend for people to to actually have in their homes and study is audible OMAFRA.
Sahil Buhari, I would recommend you study that with a scholar. Don't try reading it on your own. So very confusing book to read on your right. But this book, yeah, you can read this book on your own. You can teach it to your family. It's very straightforward, right? That has the chapter on don't lie chapter on don't steal, don't swear don't curse. It's very straightforward stuff. It's not something that's going to require a scholarly explanation. The other two books, I don't feel the necessary for our community. Right.
But you know, if you want to understand his position on those topics, it's worth a read.
So, Imam, Al Guwahati.
He lived in a time where there was a lot of tension between the different muscle groups and groups, the Muslims are still being formulated, and people took their differences very seriously. So when one Imam says you don't raise your hands before and after a coup and analysis you do, they would have back and forth arguments about it for years, and those arguments will get very heated. And that's when you read Imam Bukhari, his book on the topic. It's very heated, right? Because he's living at that time with this is like a hot topic.
But for us today, you know, 1000 years later, we don't consider that bigger.
Do we understand that the front month hubs is different approaches, all of it is acceptable. So, you know, it's not
that big a deal for us want to end off with a discussion on the Saheeh itself, I spent the last 20 minutes just focusing on the Saheeh itself. And its
its legacy and how to approach it and the mistakes people make when it comes to this book. So number one, Sahih al Bukhari is the most authentic book of Hadith any human being has ever written.
Right. Now there is a misconception the misconception here is that everything in Buhari is 100% authentic and if you find that at least in Bacardi you must follow it. i This is the misconception.
This is wrong for so many reasons. Because they are Hadith in Sahih Bukhari the Imam Bukhari himself does not follow like you mentioned a hadith and he mentioned that the Hadith afterward to show that that hadith doesn't apply anymore, right. So they even had he say that he doesn't follow and what you will find is that the natural history, they will approach the hell Buhari as a book of authentic hadith says, but when you actually study fake fake isn't just based on authentic hadith says, I did a lot of other things to consider. What does the Quran say? How did the Sahaba understand this hadith, the Sahaba narrated this hadith they practice it themselves, or the other Hadith that came
later that contradicted or that abrogate it is a lot of layers to consider. You can't just pick up Sahil Bukhari find one Hadith and come up with your own fake opinion based on it. It's a very complex text, right? And even when it comes to authenticity, they are about 20 to 40 Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari where the Allah ma have differences of opinion on whether they are authentic or not. Right, they are about 20 of what the Hadith says, where the Allama have differences of opinion or whether they are authentic or not. Now, to put that in context, there are 7563 Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari so if there are 20, weak Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari, what percentage is that
0.2 That makes it 99.8% authentic.
That's as good as human effort can get. That is as good as a human effort can get. Remember when we said that when we spoke about the Quran last year, we said one of the miracles of the Quran is that it has no mistakes, because it's humanly impossible to write a book no mistakes.
So if we believe it's humanly impossible to write a book with no mistakes, why didn't do we believe that Sahih Bukhari has no mistakes. Rather, you will see Mr. Magoo, ha this book is 99.8% accurate, but it is 0.2% of human error. 0.2% right. Compare that to every other scholar of Hadees. The average book of Hadees has like a 10% or 20% weaker this
while Buhari is like 0.2% and even a 0.2 point 2% doesn't affect our aqidah effect in any way. It's very secondary integrations.
So this book is a Jami it's a comprehensive work, it covers Aqeedah Fick history tafsir. So for example, the history section has been translated is available at the bookstore or the translation was done by Muhammad Asad. So he's he's the translation is called Sahih Bukhari the early years. He translated the biography section about the Prophet sallallahu sallam, right, the Akela section. I'm going to give you some sample of that a bit later. And initially, this book was a humbly and Shafi book. So if you lived about 100 years after the time of the of Imam Al Bukhari, you will find it was Shafi and humbly Allah Ma, who were memorizing this Book and teaching it. The Malik is we're
following the mortar. Right, and the handpiece they had their own works to follow instead, it took the 100 was the longest to get on board with sahih al Bukhari because there was again, as I said, in his lifetime, he and the honeybees had a lot of tension between them. The tension lasted for a few 100 years. They didn't really forget it too much later, really, we can tank Shaohua Nullah definitely for bringing Sahil Buhari into the Indian Hanafy circle and making it normalized to study and to follow or not ready to follow but to study and to respect and give that status to Sahil Buhari in fact, today, almost every chain of the Raiders of Sahil Buhari that we have goes back
through showing you that our data we even those who study in Saudi Arabia, the train of the Raiders to go back to him through the Indianola because he's the one who revived the study of this book.
So sahih al Bukhari is one of the six main books of Hadith from which we derive our Akita. And
another misconception people have is that the hadith is not in Bukhari, it's not authentic. Right this is a misconception. There are many authentic hadith are not in Buhari. You can find him in Sahih Muslim in Abu Dawood in
To me the in the Mustafa Muhammad in them whatever Malik his book he didn't write it to include every single authentic Hadees he just wrote it to include those authentic Hadees that supported his opinions, right or that he felt were most authentic. So there are many authentic hadith that he did not mention his book, because he wrote it with a specific purpose in mind. So this doesn't mean that there are 7500 authentic Hadees in reality, there's more like 20,000 authentic Hadees right there's like 20,000 authentic Hadees 7000 can be found in Sahih al Bukhari or this can be found in Sahih Muslim and all these other books as well.
The six main books of Hadith were written primarily by Imam Al Bukhari and his students. So Imam Muslim was a student, Abu Dawood, what the student did Amelie was a student. So four out of the six books were written by Imam Bukhari and his students, and then the other to listen to a generation later by unnecessary and even Macho.
Now, nowadays, we have this problem that people try to open a translation of Sahil, Bacardi and derive their own fake and Aqeedah from that. And that is an absolute mess when people do that. Why?
Because these individuals do not understand what Bokhara this book is and how it's supposed to be studied. This isn't a book that the layman can open the translation of and and do their own HD heart. This is a very, very advanced work, right. Historically, Buhari was a last year subject like even right to today in the Olympia program. You study you introduced to Sahih Bukhari in your final year. Why don't they do say Buhari in the first year, or in the second year? Because he's an advanced work, you need to learn Arabic, you need to learn FIQ you need to learn the methodology of Hadith analysis, you need to study smaller books of Hadith. And then only can you actually
appreciate Sahil Buhari, but if you just dive into this book first, you're not going to understand it. So right till today, you will find that this is a final year subject you only introduced to it in your final year. And really you only truly understand it many years later. Like it took me 10 years to really begin to understand the the genius behind Mr. Hardy's writings.
So what happened in the modern world is that we have these movements to where people believe you can just follow Quran and Hadith and interpreted as you want. And these are the movements that translated sahih al Bukhari and told people don't just follow the Quran because you don't need to follow anything else. Right? And so people with absolutely no knowledge of Zulu are opening up Buhari and coming up with their own very, very random understandings of Akita and fake from it, because they do not have the background knowledge to interpret this book properly.
This book cannot be understood on its own. Why? Well, number one, the undulations in this book where there is a difference of opinion on whether it's authentic or weak, right, there are at least 20 nations in this book, where people some people say they are weak. Then there are those Hadith that are abrogated. Like I remember once they were I met one of these guys who was reading Bucarest translation to make it on fic. And he started going around telling everybody that hustle on a Friday is logic. If you don't make goosal on a Friday, then you are Joomla is not valid.
And he based this on the sahih Hadith in Bukhari,
because there is a Hadith in Bukhari that states that Joomla is not valid if you do not make Huzzah. But Imam Al Bukhari in his explanation experience that hadith abrogated
their Hadees the Prophet was, he said that early in Medina, right, and once people got used to cleanliness, he abrogated it and he said, that those of you who have Bucha on a Friday, that's good, those are we'll do we'll do it. That's good. So yes, the hadith is there, but it's abrogated. Now if you don't even know what abrogation is. And if you're not a scholar, you're going to see the Hadith and you're going to misinterpret it and come up with wrong FIQ.
Then the Hadith I explained, but other Hadees Imam Buhari may bring a hadith if a Muslim may bring another Hadith that helps you to understand it better. But if you only read in Buhari and not Muslim, you're going to end up misunderstanding the Hadith in Bukhari, right. So,
and then they also had these which are not considered revelation. Right? There are certain Hadith where the prophets lie some is giving his own opinion.
Imam Al Bukhari might have understood it like that the commendation Bacardi might have understood it like that, but the average layman getting it today will think is revelation and feels like you have to follow it. Right? So for example, the Hadith on medicine, a lot of the Hadees on medicine, in Bukhari, were the prophets like I'm talking about the medical knowledge available in Medina at that time.
So when the Prophet sallallahu sallam said that there's no contagion, we know this here, these causes are problems the past three years right? will prophesy.
There's no contagion. So people don't start believing that nothing's contagious. Well, that hadith is not a revelation type of Hadith. It's him talking about the knowledge available in Medina at that time. Right? And there later, hadith is where he changed his view. And when he did say that, you know, he told people not to enter land with the plague show, he did change your opinion on that later. So hadith is on medicine and not necessarily revelation.
Or many people don't know that are the issues as well. So there may be a hadith in Bukhari that says that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam ate locusts? Does that mean to be to follow the Sunnah we all must go and buy some fried locusts. Now that's his personal taste. It's not sunnah you don't have to follow it. Right?
Finally, the biggest mistake people make when reading Buhari is that they think it's only a book of Hadith. And they are completely unaware of the fact that in the chapter headings, he is giving his commentary theory he's giving his opinions, he's quoting Quran, he's quoting the sahaba. And one of the reasons why this happens is this part of sahih al Bukhari has not been translated.
And I want us to take a look at examples to show you just how, how badly we must read the most understandable Hadith, right? Let's look at an example.
So the web the website, shouldna.com, is the best website for translations of the books of Hadith. All the major books of Hadith are translated on this website. Any book of Hadees, you want to access you can get it from sunnah.com. So I opened sunnah.com, which has the best translation of Buhari and then open to chapter two, the book of Akita, the book of Imam.
And right at the bottom, you can see the first Hadith, right? But you all notice what's going on over here.
This whole section, the whole introduction is not translated at all. Not at all. There's no translation of it. And you know, what's going on here in Albuquerque stating his opinions and Aqeedah. He is debating the Hanafis. He is refuting them, he's quoting Quran, he's quoting Sahaba and all of this is missing.
So for the average person lead reading a translation, they will see this chapter heading, they will see this Hadees they might not understand how the Hadees relates to the chapter heading a white marble card is bringing it here, because all of this information is missing.
All this information is missing. It's like literally this is a translation of Buhari, but throughout the translation every time we have Mr. Buhari is explanation. It's not translated.
And that makes it very dangerous for the reader that you're not getting the full context of why he is saying this Hadees and why he's bringing it in this chapter. Like, really this this section here will take two hours to explain.
And it gives you a glimpse into the actual Aqeedah of Imam Al Bukhari. So for example, it says here that Imam who are called will fail Eman is your speech and your actions. Your is refuting the idea that Imam is only speech right? So at that time, there was this idea that if you see Allah Allah, Allah, Allah, you are Muslim doesn't matter what you do. Anyone will hardly say no speech and actions. You have to believe and you have to do good deeds. Right? Then he says, Well, you need to again because it increases and decreases. So Imam Abu Hanifa was of the opinion that demand does not increase in decrease. It's your piety that increases and decreases. And how do you say no, Imani
itself increases and decreases. So there's a theological debate going on between Mr. Abu Hanifa Mr. Buhari in the first five words over here, and this entire thing is completely missed out from someone reading a translation, because none of this has been translated. And I think even if it was translated, you wouldn't understand what he's talking about, without context of who is talking about and what were the debates going on during his lifetime. And then he brings all of these words these are all verses of the Quran or Quranic verses that he brings to explain his his opinion. Then he brings up another opinion of his in Akita while hobo Villa will go to Filomena Eman loving for Allah
and hating from Allah is part of Imam. Right so he's he's teaching us his Aqeedah. He's teaching us his opinions on his issues of Aqeedah that people were arguing over. And then he called Omar bin Abdulaziz as evidence he quotes from rt bingeable, Abdullah ibn was owed, all of this is missing in the translation.
Another example, any chapter you open up Sahih Bukhari or for translation. All of this is missing. So here's another example.
Right in chapter 10,
well, nothing's translated, right, because there's chapter 10 Heading, then there's all this Arabic, and then there's the chapter 11 heading.
So the entire section here is not translated. And what is going on in the section, he quotes Quran, right, a lot of Quran. All of this is Quran. Danny quotes the Hadith without mentioning the chain of the raters. Now when Imam Ali doesn't mention the chain of the raters, then
there's three possibilities. A he thinks the Hadees is weak. Be he's just using it as secondary evidence, or see he already mentioned the chain on the data somewhere else in the book. She doesn't feel the need to bring it again. But there's literally a hadith over here. May you read labi hydro new *y houfy deen and this hadith is, is not translated. Whoever Allah intends good for he gives him the correct understanding of the religion. Because hadith is not translated, it's right here, but he's not translated. They need a quotation from Abu Dhabi, also not translated a quotation or Abdullah ibn Abbas also not translated. So what happens now for someone who just picks up a
translation and trying to understand you can make up your own interpretation of what's going to happen? entire chapters, you're not going to know what's going on. Right? Because all of this is missing.
And ultimately, even if you translate this is not it's not going to be understood by the average person, because this is very advanced level discussions going on here. Right? This is Imam Al Bukhari, debating Imam Abu Hanifa. Most of us are not on the level of Imam Abu Hanifa Imam, Abu Hanifa. We all know the context of that time and why these were issues that were important to them. And why wasn't Imam Abu Hanifa evidence what are the mambo Hadees evidence why are they discussing this issue this issue, right or even what the opinions are, so this whole section would even be missing. Even if it was translated people wouldn't understand it, or why Mr. Burkhardt is bringing
it here. So a large segment of the book, his opinions, his commentary, quotations from the Sahaba verses of the Quran, and even some of the Hadees are not translated, because they all in the chapter headings. And that makes it very dangerous for someone to just pick up a translation and try and interpret it on their own.
So today we find two major fitness coming from people who are trying to read the Hebrew cardio. Fitness a they become extremists, right? Almost everybody I know who became a ISIS type of person. They read the translation of the Hebrew hottie and the red deer that the prophets lawyers have said you must kill all the kofod or you must fight the disbelievers so they believe and they went off and joined ISIS, right? Just taking her thesis out of context, or the opposite fit now they become Hadith rejecters or they end up doubting Islam itself. So often when someone has doubts about Islam, what did they come to me and say this hadith in Bukhari doesn't make any sense. Islam can be true.
Hold on one Hadith doesn't make sense to you. So you say Islam can be true. First, relax, calm down, read the commentary. See what the scholars have to say, check in with authentic or not, don't reject the whole of Islam because you read one Hadith and you didn't understand it. But this is happening a lot with our youth, a lot of our youth, they will open Sahih Bukhari they'll find a single Hadith that they don't understand. And they want to doubt all of Islam based on that Hadees right.
So we can conclude by saying, Imam Al Bukhari was the greatest Hadith scholar of his generation and perhaps of all time, an absolute legend, a genius and intelligent individual would, super sharp memory was very meticulous in his methodology of research and writing. His magnum opus Ajam Musa, he is the peak of the scholarship. Right? Humans cannot reach 100% Perfection. So here Buhari is 99.8% Perfection, the best the human can produce.
But even a scholar of his caliber, will face trials in life. And he had to deal with the trial of the great slander. So why should any of us think that we'll go through life without being tested.
And it's important for us to understand that the sir he was meant to be for the hola Ma. He was meant to be a scholarly work study at a high level. It's not meant to be a regular book that you just read. And you try to interpret as you wish. Doing so can lead people to even doubting Islam and Hadith as we are seeing happening in our times. So I want to end by saying the average Muslim should take one of three positions towards the heel Buhari position A, you accept that it's an advanced scholarly work, and you leave it for the Obama. Right? You don't get involved with it. Position be if you really want to understand it, go and study and become a scholar. And then study say you
Buhari, right? Like if you really, really want to dive deep into this book, become a scholar. And position number three, if you want the basic understanding of the book, don't read it on your own. Study it with Obama, find a teacher who understands the book was study the book who understands the methodology of Muhammad Buhari, and sit with a teacher and study with a teacher don't try and study it on your own. It's not a book that's meant to be read on ones. All right. So these are the three positions that I would recommend towards this specific book. And I'm delighted that we come to the end of today's presentation and we'll open the floor to q&a.
So that anyone have any questions related to Imam Al Bukhari, his books, the Sahara itself any Hadees that are found in it, or anything of that nature, you can ask now.
Short preamble that you mentioned that will not translate
Is it by
the same party?
Is there someone who is intending to do that? Give more clarity as to what discussions were carried on before the next hubby's coded
in English, there is a project ongoing at the moment to translate and explain all of this. Well, that's going to take a few years, right? That is being done. In Arabic, many, many books were written, like, even 100 Ascalon, his masterpiece of virtual body, which I have here, it's like, it's the size. Right? It's explanation of all that.
So he basically spent his whole life just explaining sahih al Bukhari
because it's a very complex.
It the hadith is a complex hadith is very difficult to understand, or sometimes difficult understand why Mr. Buhari is putting this hadith in this section, like the chapter head, it will be something and the Hadith will be something completely different. So Imam, so even 100 explains all of it. And for me, whenever I'm confused in the Hadith in Sahih Bukhari I just open even Hodgins book. And I think he's explanation and 90% of the time it solves it. Right? Because he was actually very critical in his methodology that he would sometimes say this hadith makes no sense. Right? He would say that, that this hadith makes no sense. And I and I'm not sure why Marblehead you put it in this
chapter. So he'd be very honest, in his book. So in Arabic, you have that in English, it's not available yet, because bukata itself just translated in the past two decades, right. And now we're realizing that's not enough. So now people are working on the projects of translating all of this and writing commentaries, and that's going to take maybe a few decades to get
saved to translate. So it's a good question, is it safe to translate
it I'm of the opinion that most books of Hadith and tafsir should never be translated into any language. Because you need to understand Arabic to understand it. Right? A lot of these things, they just wouldn't make sense in English.
Like one word in Arabic would require two lines of explanation in English, and then to some of its last. So I believe a lot of these things shouldn't be translated. Rather, if people want to study them. They should build themselves up to the level of scholarship where they can read Arabic, because these books are not necessarily for practicing Islam. To be a Muslim, to pray five times a day to follow the five pillars to just be a good Muslim. You don't need to memorize a hell Buhari. You don't need to read Pepsi or Coke to be you don't need to read of Sita Tabori, you don't these are advanced works for understanding Islam deeper. You just need to know your basic fic and Aqeedah
learn some Hadith bananas and good character learn to purify your soul. That's it. Islam is simple. Right? These works were written for scholars, they lived on a scholarly level. So I personally don't like the idea of translating it. You see, one of the one of the other problems I didn't mention is because Buhari was translated to English, we now have all these websites but Islamophobes pointing out 1000 things wrong with Buhari and from the India view 1000 things wrong with Islam. Right. People weren't doing that in Mambo Hadees time or afterwards because the books were only available to Obama right now is not to see that they are right in saying what they're saying. But for the
average Muslim who doesn't understand Buhari, they come across these Islamophobic websites and he shakes the Imam right when they find hadith is there which to them don't make sense or poorly translated or taken out of context. It literally shakes the amount of the average Muslim. So translation is a very tricky thing. Should we translate? Should we leave it in Arabic? Lots of differences of opinion on that. I personally think that having these books only in Arabic is a safe way of making sure only someone who is specialized is actually going to read it rather than somebody reading something about the level
like to the average was going which is a good
excellent question. Right. So remember, in every science you have beginner books, intermediate books and advanced books had this is the same so we put a Buhari, advanced level right? Beginner books a book that every Muslim should study and most every Muslim should have copies of our name for. Number one to 40 Hadith of Mr. Davi right, the 40 Hadith which actually 42 Hadees of Imam on our way.
That's a book every Muslim should have every family should study you should teach it to your children, Imam and now we chose 42 Hadith says that he feels summarized the religion. And if you learn those 42 Hadith says, you essentially know Islam. So that should be number one, the 40 Hadith of Imam and our way, number two, I would say a Shemitah in music, right, the book of Mr. Martin Mizzi, describing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Again that doesn't go into Fick and Aqeedah. It describes how the Prophet sallallahu Sallam looked
It describes his acts of worship but it describes his character and personality. Reading the translation of that book makes you fall in love with the prophets of Allah Allah with somebody increases your email. So very beautiful book that every Muslim home should have and should study. Number three will be again Imam nawawi. His other major work Riyadh to Saudi him. Again, the other Salin doesn't go into the advanced fake and Aqeedah it focuses on manners, character purification of the soul, daily ethics, you can read it, you can understand it. And number four, since you all love the mambo hottie and you want one of his books on our shelves, this is a good book that every Muslim
home should have right, otherwise move forward. But Mr. Bahari, I truly believe this is a book that we should have, we should teach our children because this is a comprehensive work on all the manners and characters of a good Muslim. And he takes you on a journey of character, like the first 10 chapters is On Being good to your mother, the next 10 chapters on being good to your father, the next 10 chapters, you're maintaining family ties, right? It takes you on a journey of priority of what's the most important levels of character. So teaching this book to our families is very important. So if we want to study Buhari in our homes by ourselves, don't study decide that you
should study with teachers, but study other bottom of fraud instead, I just see the end this book has been translated into English commentary and it has also been translated into English.
So it's very accessible. So those are the four books I would recommend to start right now always 40 Hadees otherwise more fraud. Riyadh, the Saudi here, and Shamaya tiramisu. Those four books every Muslim home should have a translation of it, read it, get your kids to read it study as a family that will help you to learn the domain Hadees that you need to be a good Muslim I just like the most important how do you find it in those four books?
Any other questions
is not for the average Muslim. But in the past in other people speaking Muslim now. It was a practice of
recitals of so he was semester he will Hardy and this the average person used to attend this and so they were all very aware of the headaches will sit for them please and Mr. Exciting for like credit to be connected with this now I'd love to hide in the office woken up late. So we did the standard. So yeah, so two points, the number one, those people who were reciting Bokhara you're talking about the practice of reciting Bacardi for Baraka together chain of narrators going back to the Prophet sallallaahu Salam, number one they reciting it with a teacher. Right? They have a teacher and with most of the time the teacher would be the local expert on forgotten most of the time, right?
Sometimes you're learning from someone else who just memorized it right? Number two, these, the people you're talking about when people who follow them must have very staunchly even in deriving their own Fick and Aqeedah. From Buhari they, they they understood that as lay man, we're not going to try and make our own each Jihad based on these pieces. So if someone's reading boccardi In that way, that's what I studied with a teacher. That's fine. But what we having today is you have a guy who's like 16 years old, with no training in Islam opening Bacardi and deriving his own fatwas on Buhari that's that's the dangerous part. When you don't know the limits, your limits set I don't
know pseudo fake. I don't know Arabic. I don't know how to interpret Hadith. So what I don't have any business trying to derive from this, right. So if someone is firm in following the mud hub or the teachers and
they have a deciding Bacardi because they want the train of the Raiders or because they want to study the section specifically on on o'clock and adapt and purification of the soul or history or to have seen all of that's fine. My main point is don't try to interpret the book yourself. That's my point.
At that's fine. deciding if Abraca I know if you're trying to trick me to say it's a bit or not, but it's fine. It's fine.
There's always someone in the audience who asked the trick questions.
Practices just like this is a practice like it's a practice right till today. Like I mean, what's the main reason Hanafy study boccardi, they don't follow it. It's for baraka and to get that chain on the retest. That's why we studied it to Florida and to get the chain of the latest that we have chain of the raters going back to the profit slice. I'm sorry, Mama Buhari. But really other fees don't follow most of the frickin Buhari. They don't even though they study the book. So it really studied more for Baraka than for anything else.
What was the important question? Yeah.
However, your story, probably probably at the right time.
you cheating? I think there was something just because of that.
I don't know. I don't know if it's authentic or not. There are many, many stories like that about Mr. Bahari, and most of them, most of them are authentic, but I don't know specifically what that specific one. But he was very strict that if he found his teachers doing anything, that would ruin their reputation. He wouldn't want to include that person in his book, right? Because he wanted to make sure that the chin and the raters had like the best of the best of each generation only. So like we read the hadith of Buhari and you read the chain of scholars, like every scholar that he quotes is like, the best scholars of that generation people who had the best reputations. So he was
very strict about if somebody had a bad reputation for anything, he wouldn't want to include them in the book. That much is true by nobody's specific story.
Any other questions?
Insha Allah so I'm very beneficial discussion and hope that you all was able to get a glimpse into the genius of Imam Al Bukhari.
Located to shake them up for
a good position on the Hadith at Mumbai Just some background we we have been disarmed form has been having these on Friday evenings for many years, for this year with the first session for this year, and we plan to have every Friday evening, at the moment it will be quarter to eight but we'll adjust the time
as the scenery changes
up the show and showing it earlier. But it's gonna be every alternate week. And one session will be done by check number we also have checked a shirt NASA who will be doing Quran Quran yoga on the alternative. So that would be once a month, check combined and once a month shot
you invited you to join with your families. But also in between for the other Fridays we plan to have a youth club where it's focused on on teenagers and we will circulate details about that and you know, those are specifically for TV.
Show will be performed in a few minutes I'll say on the balcony and attendance
on that one