Ismail Kamdar – Difficult Concepts Related To Tafseer

Ismail Kamdar
AI: Summary © The conversation covers the importance of understanding the Quran and its teachings during the month of busy season. It emphasizes the importance of learning the pages and taking advantage of its teachings, as well as following guidance and the use of "na"] in context. The speakers also discuss the history of the title and its implications for understanding the language, including the ban on visiting graveyards and the introduction of " weight of the law" to explain its meaning. They emphasize the importance of reading and making it a part of one's life, as well as the upcoming week where they will look at the Quran and provide practical tips for doing it.
AI: Transcript ©
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Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu My name is Mai in Canada, and hamdulillah I hope you all have had a wonderful last 10 days of Ramadan and a very beautiful and joyful eat. Before we get into the program, a quick reminder to myself and to each and every one of us that Ramadan is over. But that does not mean that our efforts to please Allah, again, for those of us who have been connecting with the Quran during the month of Ramadan, let's keep this connection steady throughout the year. And one of the ways of doing this Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam has told us that Allah subhanaw taala loves deeds, which are constant, even if they are small. So I would advise each and

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every one of us to

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get some kind of constant good deed going with regard to the Quran, even if it is reciting one page a day, or reciting five pages a day, or reading one page with translation and with upsee reading, whatever it is, make it a constant habit, even if it is small, you will find in the long run, it will be very beneficial for you. So try to make it a habit and inshallah then we'll find that the Quran will not just be something which we recite in the month of Ramadan, but it plays an important role in our lives, right till the end of our lives. What hamdulillah so that is just a quick reminder regarding the month of Ramadan and the Quran. Let's keep going inshallah, the month of

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Ramadan is over the Quran is still with us Alhamdulillah let's continue benefiting from this guidance. Now in the previous weeks we've looked at the Quran from a variety of angles. We look first at the basics of using translations understanding the Quran. We then look at some of the most important sutras which we recite very often and some Tafseer of Surah Fatiha roster recalls. And last week we look at the stories of the court and how the stories of the Quran are written and how to take benefit from them. We spoke mainly about focusing on the lessons that we need to focus on the lessons of the stories and let them have an impact in our lives. Now this week, we're going to

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look at a variety of issues related to the core and being

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at times difficult for the layman to understand what happened to the Quran, to handle 100 read the Quran so beautiful, that the main message of the Quran anybody who reads it or reads a translation of it can get it and most of the verses of the Quran, anybody who needs it can get it. But they definitely are verses and passages in the Quran, which require explanation. Not every verse and passage in the Quran is such that by reading it once by yourself with translation, you are able to get the full meaning of it. So what we're going to look at today as some of the important areas where you need to be aware of how to approach the vs. So that inshallah you can be aware of such

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verses and take it to your local orlimar to explain it for you. Now, the first question that will arise then is why did Allah subhana wa tada lays in the Quran verses which require explanation? Why didn't Allah just make the Quran such that everything is explained in details? And a very beautiful answer to that would be that if the Quran had to explain every single thing in details, how we pray Our solar, how it does occur, everything in details, it will be an encyclopedia. But Allah subhanho wa Taala has read the Quran such that it is concise, it is something you can carry around is something you can memorize. So the Quran has come with the general principles, the details are found

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elsewhere, mainly in the in the words and teachings of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Furthermore, Allah subhanaw taala has told us in the Quran, that he has revealed the Quran such to test the people. The Quran itself is a test to the people, that those people who have a sickness in the hearts and the arrogance of following the desires are some kind of sickness of the heart, they will seek ways to misinterpret the code and to suit their desires. And this is a test for them. And the test for others will they will follow them or look for the correct understanding of the Quran. So this is a test.

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And furthermore, Allah subhana wa Taala has told us that the Quran was revealed for people who think it is revealed for the good for pondering, pondering over its meaning it was revealed for

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the people who possess intelligence. Now if the Quran did not leave room for intelligence, it will not leave room for thinking and studying and research and Tafseer then, you know, it will just be a book of blind following what Allah has said that this book was revealed for those who think and so Allah has made the verses such that the people of intelligence have to approach it and have to explain it to those who do not know what they have studied. We have many areas related to tafsir, which some of us are not aware of, and that's what we're going to look at today. Mainly Today we're going to look at three areas of Tafseer

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which you should have some basic knowledge of what the simple reason that you know the area exists. And you know, when you come across verses related to that area, you need to take it to your local alum to explain it to you. Those three areas are number one, General verses, which do not have details, number two abrogated verses and we'll come to what that means, but later in the program, and finally, verses which have context and reasons for revelation. So those are the three topics we are going to focus on today. So let's get into the first topic, the general verses. Now in Arabic is two different types of general versus I'm not going to go into details of that it gets very

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technical, that's area for the law to study.

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But generally, what we all need to know is that the verse in the Quran which are general, which don't go into details, and Allah subhanaw taala has told us that he has sent a messenger to explain the Quran. So the details are found in the teaching of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam in the Hadees. So whenever you find a general verse in the Quran, there are four main steps to take to understand it. The first step to understand a verse of the Quran is to look at what does this verse mean, in classical Arabic? Very important, what does it mean in classical Arabic? Why do I say classical Arabic? Because in recent times, we find we find that some people have been translating the Quran

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into modern English, using translations which did not exist at the time of Rasulullah sallallaahu salam, and when they have done so that actually changed the meaning of the verse. So for example, you find what sama is that you bluej, which means by the sky full of stars. Now, some of the modern translations say by the zodiacal signs, it translated as the zodiacal signs, but this is not the translation. This is This means you don't even exist at the time of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. So now, we are opening a door to an entirely new meaning of the Quran, which did not exist at the time of Rasulullah Islam, which has led to misinterpretation of our times. So very important that when we

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are challenged reading the Quran, we look at what did this word mean? At the time of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam so that it is not miss translated. So that's the first step looking at original Arabic. The second step is to see what other verses of the Quran say about the same topic. It is not permissible to take one Hadees or one verse of the Quran and base your entire understanding upon it without looking at the other Hadees and verses related to the topic. So if you find a verse in the Quran on one topic, you need to first see what else does the Quran say about it before coming to your conclusion. And this is where a lot of us make mistakes, that we find the verse in the Quran,

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and we stick to it and we tell everyone I read this in the Quran. And then when you give the brother or sister other verses of the Quran on the same topic, this is no but this person said that you can't just take one verse, you have to take the entire Quran as a whole and look at everything together. And would that you have to look at the hobbies as well. Why do we have to look at the hobbies? Because rasulillah slowly some was said to explain the Quran. This was the reason why Allah subhana wa Taala had sent him a letter that says in the Quran, and Zelda ilica Zico iannelli, nasty magnesita is

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the hero of the end. Verse 44, Allah subhanaw taala tells us we have sent you I have sent you the Quran the message should that you Muhammad Ali Salaam you must explain it to the people you must be either you must explain it to people. So this shows us that the Hadees is an explanation of the Quran. And then Sahaba understood this. This Ahava really did not understand the Quran what do they do? They will not try to understand it themselves. First, they will first go and see what what does Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam say about this course. So we see that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. On one occasion, the verse was revealed to him that we should not oppress ourselves. And

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this is a person who does not oppress themselves who does not sin Rasulullah slowly subsidies verse is not talking about this verse is talking about Sure.

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So, we see that the Sahaba required the explanation of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam to disperse the so now if the Sahaba required explanation of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam to understand the Quran, who are we to see that we understand it better than him? You know. So, it is very, very important for us that we stick to the understanding of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam And would that that we stick to the understanding of the Sahaba because the Sahaba were the people to whom the Quran was revealed through Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam DVD, when he received the message DVD to see the context in which the person will reveal the vhc which verse was revealed first and which was edited

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gated, they were the ones who understood the Quran verse from the oma. And so if our understanding of any verse in the Quran contradicts the understanding of the Sahaba then we need to re evaluate our own understanding. So therefore it is very important for us to go and look at how the sahaabah understand the Quran. So again for crucial and important steps to understanding the Quran, specifically, the general verses in the Quran. Number one, look at it from a point of view of classical Arabic, not modern Arabic. Number two, what are the other verses of the Quran say about this topic? Number three, what is Rasulullah sallallahu? Some say about it. Number four, what is the

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This looking at example, of Rasulullah Islam explaining a verse of the Quran, and that's leaving us with no room to interpret it otherwise, the verse of the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala speaks about the markers. And he says about those who have been martyred, that do not think them to be dead, rather they are alive by the Lord, they are alive.

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Now what is meant by their life? What is meant by the martyrs being alive? The Sahaba slowly Islam, the Astor Sula, slowly Islam, what is meant by the market being alive and listen to the response of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as found in Sahih al Bukhari. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the souls of the martyrs are inside green birds, which have lamps hanging under the truth of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And they go around in Paradise, wherever they wish. When they return to those lamps, Allah looks at them and says, Do you wish for anything? They say what more could we wish for while you were with you in paradise? So this shows us the what this verse is

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referring to being alive in Paradise, the body of the invoice. Now once we understand what to do, let's look at some explanation. We cannot explain it in any other way. inshallah, I will give another example after the break, but salaamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. During the first portion of this program, we've been looking at General verses in the Quran, and how to get their specific explanations. We said that we need to see how the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his Sahaba understand these verses. And we give the example of the verse that do not think those who have passed away in the part of Allah or been killed in the part of Allah be dead, rather they

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are liked by the Lord. And we give the explanation of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam about them being in the bodies of green birds under the throne of Allah in Paradise, as found in tafsir. In a coffee. We find another example of this from the Sahaba a very famous verse, which has been quoted quite often recently misquote, actually, in some parts of the world, which is the verse Muslim, Yama, Angela, like a human capital, whoever does not rule but what Allah has revealed, the disbelievers. This verse is found through Rama EDA, and some of the extremist movements in the Middle East and in USA and other parts of the world have been using this verse as the foundation for some for

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justifying some of the extremism and the attacks on other Muslims. But that this verse, they say, according to this verse, if somebody is not following the Sharia coffee, right, so that is the explanation they have taken, however, is this how this happened. So we open again for state of Nicosia open to disperse, we find the explanation of Abdullah if the abass where he says that this verse is not referring to confer, which takes you out of the fold of Islam, it is not referring to Cooper which takes you out of the fold of Islam, meaning the understanding that some of these

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you can call them terrorist movements have that this verse justifies their,

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you know, attacking people believing them to be Cooper, this is a wrong understanding of the completely wrong understanding, it is not an understanding of the Sahaba this verse is referring to an act of Cooper, not something which takes a person out of the fold of Islam. So again, we see the importance of following the Quran as understood by Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam and the Sahaba. And really, you know, if you had to follow it, in many of the problems of our time would be solved. So that was the first issue. The first issue being the issue of the Quran having general verses and those verses requiring explanation. And you see this even in issues which are not so major issues,

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which sometimes we might not even realize it for example, the verses of sola, look at the verses of Allah in the Quran, are very general, Allah subhanaw taala established the salah. How do we do so? It's found in the books of holies. So for those individuals who say that we don't have to follow the hobbies, how do they play the solo? There's nothing in the Quran about raising your hands in reciting Surah Fatiha and going into Roku and going to such that all of that entire process we get from the Hadees

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So really the Hadees is crucial to understanding the Quran, they go hand in hand and they go together, they're both the revelation of Allah. That's a very important point, the Quran and Sunnah about the revelation of Allah. So it is very important for us to notice that when we come across verses in the Quran, which are general, the explanation can be found from this harbor and Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, go to a scholar and asked him to explain to us according to our understanding of Islam and the Sahaba. Now, moving on to the second issue,

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the second issue, an area where there's a lot of confusion these days, specifically in the area of abrogation, abrogation known in Arabic as nask. Now, what does what does this word abrogation mean? In the Sharia abrogation means to replace the replacement of an old law with a new law, the replacement of an old law with a new law? Now, the reason there is an objection to this? And this is an objection you find very often from people from other faiths and other religions, when they learned an application in the Quran. Is that did your God change his mind? This is the question to be asked that did your God

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influence others via to Allah? Did he change his mind he revealed one law and later he abrogated it and revealed another law to define the concept of abrogation but difficult to grasp, mainly because the approaching it from the wrong angle.

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The issue of abrogation is not an issue of changing the mind. It is an issue of looking at the context and doing things with wisdom.

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So the first point to note here is the abrogation has been occurring in revelation from the beginning of time. I mean, if there was no abrogation, what was the point of sending the Prophet Jesus after the Prophet Moses, we find that he did abrogate some of the laws that Moses came with. Right? Likewise, the Prophet Muhammad Salah Islam came and abrogated the laws that Jesus came with some of them as well. So abrogation, if you had to open the Bible, it is full of abrogation, just like the Quran, it is not something which is new, without coming across a lot, slowly, some It is something which has always been there in the revelation of God. So it's not something unique to

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the Quran. Now, beyond that, what is abrogation signifies it's not signifying a change in mind. It is signifying the wisdom of Allah in revealing laws gradually, the unless Allah knows that at a certain time, people are not ready for a law. So he gives them a law for the time being, which is more suitable to their circumstances. And then when the circumstance improves, you can reveal the universal law. This was already pre planned beforehand, Allah subhanaw taala already knew beforehand, that the law he's revealing is temporary. And later on, he's going to reveal another law to replace it. So there's no changing of minds taking place here. There's no making mistakes that's

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taking place here. This is pre planned. This is the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we find this throughout the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala does not include wisdom, it's part of his ease upon the Muslim Ummah, it's part of the easiest given to the Muslim Ummah, that he does not put too much on our heads at once. He does not force things upon us at once in a way that is difficult for us to crack. So we see when the Sahaba, red, yellow and blue during the early days in Makkah and Medina Devi accustomed to following the Arab laws. So some of the early laws revealed by Islam were in keeping with Arab laws, and later on, when the people were more ready. For stronger laws, the alert

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revealed laws which were more suitable. Let's look at a couple of examples of this to put in context. The first example abrogation, which I want to look at is the issue of the ADA of a woman whose husband has passed away. Allah Subhana Allah says in Surah Baqarah verse 241, lagina ito akuna min come with Runa as watching us watch him metallic hold that

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for those who have passed away and left wives, then they need to be looked after for a year for a year. So according to this first original ruling Islam was getting into of a widow was one year this was replaced by Allah subhanaw taala A few years later by verse 254, Baccarat thank you to note that the first digit abrogating actually comes early and should have occurred in the verse that that that that was revealed earlier. Okay, that's part of a blood test in the Quran. You know that he's, he's putting industry out of his own wisdom to the verse which was revealed later. She actually found early in this era was 230 courses. That was Xena, Utah, Hakuna minko una huajian either of US Navy

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and kusina heard about the Ashikaga washko that those

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were passed away and left behind whites they really should remain in their homes for four months and candies. So we find your that originally,

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the ADA of a widow was one year and this is integral and you can still find into a Baccarat 240. This was later abrogated by verse 234. The EDA veto is four months in 10 days. Now the reason is the question to ask you is why? Why was the two laws revealed? Why not one law revealed at once we go back to the Arabs, what was the culture and the custom of the Arabs, the Arabs of Makkah, we used to and accustomed to their wives, and their widows remaining in a period of EDA for one year. This was what they were accustomed to. So Allah subhanaw taala. During the early days, as there were so many other changes already taking place in society, he left this as he left this as one year for now,

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until the society were more ready to adopt to the law until the people he modeled on a higher level. And then Allah subhanaw taala revealed the universal law till the end of time, that from now on is formats attendees. So this was pre planned, there's no changing of minds taking place here. It was pre planned, looking at the condition of the Arabs, and leaving the main locked up revealed when they were ready to accept it. We find also with the prohibition of alcohol, that Allah subhanaw taala did not explicitly prohibit alcohol until much later in Islamic history. In the early years of Islamic history, you will find stories of this habit drinking alcohol because it was not explicitly

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prohibited yet what had happened, Allah subhanaw taala had gradually prohibited him, he had first revealed that while there may be some good in alcohol, the harms outweigh the good. So first, he appealed to people's consciousness that the harm is more than the good, so you should stay away from it. Then Allah revealed the law that do not preach to Allah while you are intoxicated. So now they knew that a solid time they cannot be intoxicated. So at least five times a day there is something stopping in completely alcohol. Finally, when the committee's in mind with a higher level of law reveal the law. Let's stay away from it, as it is the trick of the devil to cause problems between

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people. Allah specifically says that the purpose of alcohol and why the devil encouraged amongst people is to cause problems between people, accidents, car accidents, and marriage, breaking up divorces, beatings and abuse, most of them so often you find these things are caused by alcohol abuse. So Allah says to stay away from that it is haram. It is haram and nobody is allowed to drink it anymore. So we see again, the wisdom of law in the gradual prohibition of alcohol. inshallah, we'll look at one more example of abrogation after the break, as salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Before the break, we're discussing the issue of naskh, abrogation in the Quran. And we

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said Allah subhanaw taala has revealed laws in the Quran, which he has later abrogated. The reason for doing this is Allah subhanaw taala. First, he looks at the condition of the people. And first he revealed a law which was more suitable to the people as illegal, and he would replace it with a law, which was more universal when they were ready to accept such a law. And we give the example of the ADA of a widow, that initially in Surah, Baqarah was 240. It was one year later on that was abrogated by Baccarat was 234, which says that the either upper widow is four months and 10 days. Now another very important example of that would be the example of

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inheritance. Now let's look at a bit of history before we go into the history of inheritance. If we look at inheritance,

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in the time of the Arabs, the Arabs were inherited by the children own, and that too normally it was the eldest child would use up all of the wealth

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amongst the atoms, and specifically when the male children, so amongst the Arab community before it's not a woman, you don't get a share of inheritance, parents would not get a share of inheritance, and wives would not get a sharp inheritance. Islam came and changed all of us. All women have set shares of inheritance in Islam, your daughters, your wife, your mother all have a shift in your inheritance, which cannot be changed. Right? So Islam came and it completely changed

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the understanding of inheritance amongst the Arabs, and this was a very major change. So this change does not come at once. Because this is a huge issue to go from a community with only the sons inherited to a community with everybody in the family had a share in the inheritance from the mother to the daughter to the wife. This took time for the people to be ready for this. So we find in the early days, Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed a law in Surah Baqarah

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Allah subhanaw taala said that before you pass away

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You should make a request for your table, you should make a request for your parents. So notice the initial reveal was not that we should your parents have changed inheritance, but it was a request. So this was a bit more easier for the adults to digest at that time that Okay, I'll make a request for my mother and father, but dementia, my heritage is to weaken my sons. But this verse, which is still bonagura, Baccarat is abrogated, it does not apply anymore, this person will be abrogated by the verses in Surah Nisa,

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the eldest, Mandela has given sets it shares of inheritance later on, Allah has said that the mother and father get one sixth of inheritance each and the wife gets one gets a quarter of the inheritance if they do not have children. And she gets one eight of inheritance if you do have children, and so forth, Allah has revealed the laws of inheritance in front itself. When that was revealed, Priscilla said that the request for for inheritance has been aggregated. So it's very important to note that because I have seen recently that some individuals have brought for the purpose of giving a request to your parents, and they're trying to promote it as something that you can still do. But

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rasulillah, some had explicitly stated, that verse has been abrogated by the cost of inheritance.

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So why did this happen? Again, it was to ease the people into the change because this was a huge change. From a community we only son inherited to a community we all committee members had the right and change inheritance, it was a huge change a lot of speeches. And that's we find abrogation taking place here as well. So we can see that whenever the is abrogation, either in the Quran or in the sooner or between the two. It's always part of Allah's mercy, to bring about change slowly. Another example of this condition, not from the Quran,

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is the issue of visiting the graves Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam told us in our Hadees that I used to prohibit you from visiting Greece, but now you may visit them to remember them. So we understand from that Hadees that in the early days of Islam, it was prohibited to visit the graveyard. But Rasulullah Islamism later abrogated, it is now permissible for us to visit graveyards, why to remind us of that? But why was it prohibited initially, out of fear of shift out of fear of the people who are so used to going to the graveyard accommodation, as they are learning about, oh, he's learning what to read, and should they be kept away from the main sources of funding efficient, meaning the

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graveyard. So initially, we were not allowed to go there. Once to he became strong, and people understood that you go to the graveyard, you only do certain things which Allah has legislated for us. And we need to remember that, then that provision was lifted, and now it is permissible for us to go to the caveats, as long as we stick with a solar system has taught us to do so. This is the issue of application. I hope it is clear now inshallah, that the verses of the Quran which were abrogated is part of Allah's divine plan and mercy to us. And it shows an alleged mercy and wisdom to the ummah. It is not something that we should be shy about or something that we

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should try and hide away because we don't know how to explain it. inshallah, I hope that we all are now able to explain this when this issue comes up with others.

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So just be careful when you are reading the Quran translation, that you are aware of those verses which are abrogated, so that you do not come to a misunderstanding. Now we want to discuss one last issue today. And that is the issue of reasons for revelations, or the context of the purpose. The Arabic term for this is as Bob rule, as Bob unresolved, which means reasons for revelation. Now, what this is about,

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I explained a few weeks ago that the Quran was revealed gradually over 23 years, the Quran was revealed at one time. During this 22 years, many verses were revealed on specific occasions.

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If we know what the occasions for the revelation of those verses are, it stops us from us understanding the verse, it stops us from misinterpreting the verse, because now we have a context that this is the verse of the Quran, for this is when it was revealed. And this is why it was revealed. So now we know what the verse is about and we cannot misinterpret it.

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Now, it's very important for us to know that when it comes to the issue of reasons for revelation, we take it from the Sahaba.

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And you take it specifically from this habit. Why? Because it's the hava we're the ones who witnessed this habit with him when occasion happened. And then Rasulullah saw some received a verse based on that occasion. It's the habit remembered it and reread. It was I was there and I saw this happening and this was the first that was revealed. So they are eyewitnesses. They are the eyewitnesses of the reasons for revelation because as soon as a hobby explains that honestly.

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occasion he was there. And he saw something happening. And in a certain verse was revealed, we accepted that that verse was revealed on that occasion. So it's very important for us that we take reasons for revelations directly from the Sahaba. Where do we find it today? In the books of Tafseer, we open the books of Tafseer. You will find in the nation for this habit here, explaining the reasons for revelation of the person.

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Now, why is this an important topic? This week is one example. And we're one of the Tabby own almost misunderstood a verse for the hungry law. He asked us How about for clarification, and they explained to him the context of the verse. The verse we're talking about is the verse in Surah Baqarah Allah says that there is no harm upon you if you walk between Safa and Marwa or there's nothing wrong in walking between Safa and Marwa. So one of the top in the US I shall kill on her because I showed you one of the greatest wahabis Heidi's quality, top speed and pick scholars of all time, she has mastered all three fields. So this hub disturbing asked her that this verse in the

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Quran says there's nothing wrong with walking between Safa and Marwa I understand it to mean that it's not compulsory to work in Sapa model

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I should have told you that you must understanding of course, the verse was revealed in a specific context. And then she explained to him the context that this verse was revealed when the people of Medina were going to Makkah for

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for Amara, and they used to walk between Safa and Marwa when they were not Muslims, and they had an idol on each mountain. So now to do Muslims, they did not want to walk between Safa and Marwa because they felt they were imitating the idol practices.

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They were afraid that we imitating the idol practices. So alert revealed the law the verse in said that there's nothing wrong between walking between Safa and Marwa because you are doing it for the sake of Allah Allah.

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So now, when the context has been explained by Aisha radiallahu anha, we understand what the verse is about. The verse is not saying that walking into South America is not compulsory is compulsory. But it was revealed for those Sahaba

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who felt it might be wrong, because it's something they should do as non Muslim. Allah was revealed the logical language No, is something that you should do. It is something that is part of our DNA. And you don't need to worry about whether you did before Islam or not. So it's very important for us to understand the context and the reasons for the evolution of verses. And inshallah We'll take a short break now. And then I will give another example. Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh hamdulillah. This week, we've been looking at some of the more difficult concepts in the Quran, how to understand them, just a basic introduction to these concepts that inshallah we are able to

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identify such verses in the Quran, and take these verses to the olema. For further explanation. We've looked at three concepts today, we look at verses which are general, and how to get the specific explanation to the understanding of the Sahaba and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. We looked at abrogation, why it exists, that aggregation exists as the wisdom of Allah, He revealed the Lord gradually. So he end up revealing so Alexander revealed one law for specific time, and even the people were ready, he revealed another law, which is more universal, for the end to the end of time. And finally, we look at the issue of reasons for revelations, that many of the verses of the

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Quran have a context. And if you don't know the context, you can misunderstand the verse. So there's a variety of reasons why we should learn the reasons for revelation. One is that we do not misunderstand the verse or take it out of context.

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One is, is sometimes because may seem general but actually referring to somebody specific. Now we understand the reason for revelation and we know who the verse is talking about, because you know, there are many verses in the Quran, praising the Sahaba

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but the Sahaba rajala, whom I never mentioned by name is Al Quran could accept exception of zdP harissa. Zaid is the only companion to the prophecy that Lisa mentioned by name in the Quran. All the others have not mentioned by name.

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Because this album in the verse was revealed, they knew who the verse was being revealed about. And so Dana reads what has been revealed about so we know who the verses are about to the durations of the Saba. So for example, we Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran and shortly

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possesion replaces

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the man who does aka Omar

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Mateen Pooja eloped to Allah, Allah Sophia. The Hellfire will be avoided by the one with the most, the one who gave his wealth for self purification and did not

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Ask anyone for anything in return. It's the only wanted the pleasure of his Lord the most Hi, and soon you'll be pleased. Now this sounds like a very general verse about charity to somebody who gives charity only when sake of Allah will get rewarded

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for this because he's talking about the one with the most eloquent and super into somebody specific. If you go back and look at when this first was revealed, it was revealed about Abubakar rajala. One who, who had who had bought seven slaves of Makkah, who had been tortured, and he said he caught him and set him free. We know the story. We most of us know the story of villas, Raji La Villa Rajan, and who when he was a slave in Makkah, who had converted to Islam, so his master began to torture him until Abu Bakr bought him off and freedom. Right, we know the story of Bill. But amazingly, it wasn't just below Abubakar,

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he cites belagavi, six others who are also slaves, and were also tortured, for becoming Muslims, of Baca. When he Guatemala, he went in bought all seven of these people who have slaves, he bought them from the Titans the monks and set them free. And they became some of the leading Muslims of their time. What Why did they do this, for the for the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala. And so we find Allah praises abubaker in the Quran, and calls him as the one with the most.

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Allah says about him for the superhero, soon he will decrease. So this is a very overt showing the high status of our coworker, gala and who greets the hubby and companions of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. And of course, we can only understand this if you know the context of the outer context of the first industry general. So we understand 100 enough, hopefully we're all understanding for today's program, the importance of knowing which was the aggregated importance of knowing

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how the Quran and the Sunnah and the Sahaba explained certain verses of the Quran, the importance of knowing the context of the verse of the Quran. When was the verse reveal? Why was it reveal? who wasn't revealed about these things you need to know? You need to know which way the Quran is not misinterpreted. And how do we know it? We go to the scholars of Tafseer. We sit reading, we listen to the lectures, we attend the classes, so we can have a stronger understanding of the Quran. Yes, each and every one of us can understand the Quran on the basic level by reading a translation, the Quran, general message of tawheed, the oneness of God, the reality of the prophethood of the Prophet

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Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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the general message of the Quran that there is an afterlife and this world is a test and those who pass the test go to Paradise school to help. This general message of the Quran can be understood by anybody who needs a translation. Likewise, the other general teachings of the Quran, like the teaching, that must be good and we should not fight or spy on people or think of others, or look down at anybody. All of these can be understood by anybody who reads the Quran, but the verses which require explanation of the scholars, and it is up to us to humble ourselves and read the Quran because you're reading the Word of Allah, and we do not want to misunderstand it, and to check the

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Quran and we come to verses which we did not understand completely take it to a scholar and ask him or ask her that this is the verse which I was reading. And I do not understand Can you explain to me what this course is about. Sometimes we might be abrogated. Sometimes you might have a reason for revelation. Sometimes there might be a hadith which explains it, but now that you know the methodology, you know what to do when you come across such verses and this can inshallah only enhance your understanding of the Quran.

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So that

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we have completed today's topic, and I hope it has been of some benefit to you. And inshallah, next week, we are going to be looking at the Quran how to make it a part of our lives after Ramadan. Because 100 of the month of Ramadan is very beautiful in reading the Quran every day, trying to understand if you try to follow it, for after eat, many of us begin to slip away. The Quran goes back on the top shelf, and it means they're collecting dust until Ramadan. We don't want to be like that.

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We don't want to be for those people who are super slow some of the day of judgment in the COVID Takahata karate Matura people have taken the karate as a walker, you know, we want to be protected.

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To ensure next week what we are going to do, we are going to look at the Quran from the perspective of how we can make it a daily part of our lives after Ramadan. And we are going to go into some details some practical tips for doing this. So I hope that you will join me next week for this important topic. Until then,

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until we meet again, aka Juana and 100. You guys

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Robbie datamine was Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

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