40 Ahadith of Imam An-Nawawi 02 – Islam, Iman And Ihsan

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Hussain Kamani

Channel: Hussain Kamani

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Topics: Hadith

Episode Notes

Also on the authority of `Umar (ra) who said:
While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet  rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet  and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah  replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger , that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his questioning him  and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Well, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibril. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]

Episode Transcript

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So this is the second ad that we have with Ivana, we're going to LA Hades, Hades, the 40 Hadith collection. The Hadees is narrated by Fabiola Juan, I'll first read through the translation so that we can have an idea of what's going on in the narration, and then we'll go through it piece by piece. He says, while we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes, and with very black hair, no traces of journey were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, while resting his knees against the knees of the prophets of Allah

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while he was sent him and placed his palms over his thighs. He then said, Oh, Mohammed, informed me about Islam. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam replied, Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship, except Allah. And that Muhammad is His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that you should perform your Salah Hey, the Zika fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj to the house.

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If you find a way to it, he said, You have spoken the truth. We were astonished at his questioning him and then telling him that he was right. But he went on to say informed me about a man. He the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam answered it is that you believe in Allah and His angels and his books, and his messengers, and in the last day, and in fate of the both in its good and evil aspects. He said, You have spoken the truth. He then He then said, informed me about the process of allamani who said I answered, it is that you say that you should serve a law as though you could see him. For though you cannot see him. Yet he sees you. He said informed me about the hour. The Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said above that the one question knows no more than than the questioner. So he said, well informed me about it science. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, they are that the slave girl will give birth to her mistress, and that you will find the barefooted ones, the unclothed in the destitute. The herder of sheeps raising lofty buildings, there are a panda there upon the men went off. I waited a while this is referring to Alma making the statement. He says, I waited a while. And then the Prophet said a long while he was sent him said, Oh Lama, do you know who the questioner was? I applied Allah and His Messenger so long while he was still no better.

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He said, that was God, he came to teach you your religion.

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Because of this incident, this hadith is also known as hadith of gibreel or Haji the debris because the questioner came to Viola one, and he came to the companions, he came to the pub sit alone while he was selling, and there's open gathering and the way he questioned the prophets of Allah allottee was sent him

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With such eloquence

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Baba Yaga. Maliki says this particular Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam consists of all the information and all the forms of Eva that that are Vahidi involtini that are external and internal. So it covers the external Eva praying salop for giving God fasting doing Hajj. It also covers the internal Eva believing in Allah subhanho wa Taala, believing and believing in His Messenger, believing in the books believing and believing and believing in so he says it covers the external and it covers the internal. He says it covers the icon, the rulings of the dean, and it also covers the applied the beliefs that relate to the Dean allama fotografo Allahu taala. He says

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that this hadith is so concise, and it's so important that it is only suitable that we call the oma sinner, which means the mother of the sooner the mother of the the tradition of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, just as sort of Fatiha is called Omen Quran because it's so concise that it consists of all the major themes of the Quran. This particular Hadith is called almost sinner, because in a few paragraphs the purpose of a long while he was still in covers such eloquent such eloquently the the major themes of the religion. Some will have the theme regarding this particular hobby, they say that had there not been another Hadith and a collection of the 40 hadith

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of him, notably, except for this one, it would have sufficed

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if it's 40 Hadith collection just collected, this consists of 100 and this was that honey, that was more than enough because there's so much discussion in the so much detail on this heavy. And some, some scholars have had even some commentators have gone as far as saying, had there not been another Hadith in the entire collection of this would have been enough. Who would have found a way to navigate through this headin and learn to this Hadeeth because the foundation of the tradition of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam is here. Now, in this Hadith, viola Juan says he starts off by saying that one day we were with the profits on a long line and he was sending in another

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narration.

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The words are only here found, which means that we were sitting with the profits that alone while he was sitting towards the end of his life. So that puts a timestamp to this particular incident that occurred. Now, before I move forward, I want you to know even though in this

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this version of the narration, the narrator is a thumb. There are many versions of this narration through different chains. And the chains go through different companions, even though nothing says that because there are so many narrators of this Hadeeth he considers it to be mythological. multifaceted means that narration which has so many narrators that it is inconceivable that it was a lie. So for example, if someone walks in and walks in the budget and says outside in the parking lot, there's free ice cream. That's, you know, someone can concede that that's not true, is most likely not ice cream for free outside. Then another person walks in another person walks in 10

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people walk in 30 people walk in and what are all 30 people saying this free ice cream outside. So at this point, it is inconceivable that what they're saying is not true, because there's so many people until flash mobs came around where even the inconceivable inconceivable became conceivable where you have like 50 people, or 7080 people pop up in the middle of nowhere start doing something which doesn't make any sense at all.

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So but even even when Lacan says even though he claims that there are many narrators to this Hadith, he himself says that there are eight narrators. And this brings a discussion of At what point does it become mythological that its fabrication is inconceivable. So some scholars say when a hadith has seven narrators at any one given time, from the moment it was uttered by the prophet along while he was sitting from the moment it was stated about the prophecy of the audience. And until the current date, as long as there were seven narrators at any one given time that narration can be considered with allotted seven or more. Another group of scholars they say no, not 70. They say 40. And then

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another group of scholars that say no, not 40, actually 70. The idea here is that they need to be so many narrators that the possibilities of this narration being alive are inconceivable. So even without Can he who is a commentator of him, No, we don't have to lie. I mean, he considers this a mythological narration, even though the number of narrators are eight.

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No wonder this incident occurred only towards the end of the life of the Prophet sallallahu it was sort of as we learned from another narration.

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Most scholars they say this incident occurred after the Prophet sallallahu it was sent in return from his farewell Hutch.

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And the farewell has occurred roughly 90 days before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed away. The Heist ended on the 12th of the Niger

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The prophets have a lot of money was sent and passed away on the 12th of February. So the hedger right and then after that, the next month is haram month we're in right now suffer. And

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so roughly 90 days between the the, the hedgetrimmer da, and the passing away of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So somewhere in between this period, there's a little backdrop to this narration that you can learn from another Hadith. And in that ahaadeeth, the companions they say that one day the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came out and he said to the companions, Saloni asked me whatever you want for Hubble, and yes, so they were a little frightened to ask him. And the reason why the companions were frightened to ask him is because at this point, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had shared and then indicated on multiple occasions, that he would be

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leaving the worlds.

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During the hundreds of other he told the companions

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observe me perform the Hajj properly, because it's possible, I won't perform hijab for this day. And not only that, but there were many things that were happening in the companions began to get this idea that the Prophet was going to leave them soon. So they became very sad and very quiet, Madina munawwara overall became very quiet. And there was this, hey, by this Rob, that many of the companions were under, therefore, in the gathering of the purpose of the law, it was set up for many days on end, the Sahaba would sit in front of the Prophet, the Prophet sallallahu, it was set them with sit in that gathering, and not a single person would say something, everyone would just stay

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there quietly. And it's been Malika de la Juan says that one day, we were sitting in the prophets gathering, and everyone was just so quiet and so still, that if a bird came inside of the head of that person that was sitting there, that bird wouldn't move, because that person was so still in so quiet, you know, in their place. So at this point, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came out. And he said to the companion saloon, he asked me your questions. Now, why is he telling them to ask him the questions? Because it's possible the process that allow Alia was set on wants them to squeeze out any inquisitive thoughts they have before he passes away. So he's encouraging them that

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don't stop you've always asked me continue asking. And it's also very possible the prophets have a long line he was set on one of them to ask a good question. He was motivated them to ask a good question. So sometimes, a person who asks a good question, the result of their good question can bring about such a unique answer that it's beneficial not only to the questioner but to many people. That's why in one Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, well,

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is that a good question is half of knowledge. The Quran is full of questioning. So many questions. Over 1200 questions are posed within the Quran itself. So this is the mode of learning through questioning that you ask someone a question, and then they answer back. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them asked me, the companions, they were a little intimidated because of the circumstances of the times. So they remain silent. Now while they were silent, this person walks in.

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Everyone's looking at this person.

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And a little bit of photography, Allah Juan says, is Paula Elena Rajan that a man entered? Now it's interesting. In the Arabic language when we want to say enter, we generally use the verb the hunter, which means to enter someone, okay? That for that and debate that so and so person entered the home, okay. The entrance of a must either entrance of a city is called the mother, the place where people enter from. So here instead of saying is the hola Alena Rajan, what did he say? His father Alena Raja, ology, that a man he, he came upon this, Fatah is not just entering it's to come upon people. So why did he use this language? So the first reason why he used the word fella to come upon,

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instead of Deus Allah, which means to enter, is he was trying to indicate that how this person who came upon us all of a sudden, we weren't expecting him. And all of a sudden, bam, he just popped out and he was standing right there.

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The second possibility is that Dada means to appear fully. So for example, they'll say, I thought I'd better Alena to the moon appeared in front of us and it was full, it was pure, everyone can see it. So when this man entered the mosque, we can all see him. He was very visible. And the third reason that it's possible he used the word tala is because he's leaving a trace behind for the student who's reading it without knowing the end of who this person is. A lot of the a lot one already knows who the person is, when he's sharing the story. Later on when he's sharing the story with the students. He knows who the person is, and the person to him is Julian. And we know Julian

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was the leader of the angels and he is the leader of the angels, and the angels are made of noon.

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When

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you don't

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See?

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That's why, for this, to notice jumps into rural weather, because the sun doesn't necessarily come to us. It's the light. So when you talk about the entering of light, the verb used is Allah. So he's making an indication towards that this is a new This is a light that's entering upon us.

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Now they begin to describe a moment of the law one describes him very vividly. He says, shedinja Thea, his garments were very white.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually told the companions it'll be soo Thea will be up. Yeah, believe that aware of white garments for in auto atiya because it's very pure, and it's a very clean garment to wear. Woke up unifi ham, otaku and also shroud your deceased in white too. And we're also told that when you go for hugs, and we were we donned the garments of a harem, we were white there to the process that a lot of money was spent on generally wore white It was a, it was an external reflection of his internal state of how he was pure and clean inside his garments. And this was also, you know, a sign that how clean the profits of the long audio sentiments. When a person

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wears white, many people don't like wearing white all the time. And the reason is, because if you wear too much white what happens, your sweat stains start showing if there's any food that fell any coffee that's spilled all the stains, they become apparent within one or two days, you have to change you have to change. But imagine the state of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Sahaba, who constantly wore white while they lived in a desert. And then they have the cleaning products that we have available to us, you know, the, those pens they have, or if you have a stain, you just take the pen pull it out. And I've seen people like, as if they're coloring their garments

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every few minutes to pull it up. And they're they're cleaning every few minutes, they pull it out, and they're cleaning the detergent sticks. They didn't have these things. But these people were so clean. You know, in our society, if people were to dare wear a white garment, fully white garment, head to toe to work by three days down the line, I can guarantee it'll have yellow polka dots all over it. Because we don't even know how to really properly we don't know how to even relieve ourselves relieve ourselves properly. And here the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is so particular, we see how clean he was just by his garments. Now this person walks in wearing white

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garments, Chevy lucilla just shot, His hair was very dark. So what do we learn from this, the first thing you learn his hair was very dark. So we learn from this, what we learned from this is that he was young.

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So the scholars they derived from this, that when you go to seek knowledge, try to seek it when you're younger. And the reason is because it becomes easier for you to retain. You know, they say that when someone is young, and they try to memorize or put on or learn knowledge. for them. To retain knowledge is like a person who tries to engrave something on wet cement, cement sweat, all they have to do is just engrave and it starts engraving right away, the imprints will be left behind in comparison to another person who is now older and when they want to go and gain knowledge. They say the example for that person is like a person who wants to engrave something on dried cement.

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Now, it's just not a matter of taking your finger and running it through the cement or taking a branch and running it through there. It's not going to work. At this point, you're going to have to break and break and hit and brake, it's going to be a full demolition project here just to get that little effect inside inside of cement. So when you're young, but that by the way, this doesn't mean that when you're older, you can't memorize the foot on or you can't study the dean. There are many examples of scholars who memorize the put on and dedicated the last part of their life to studying the hobby to the purpose of the law audience and many examples. There was one person in our

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community.

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He went he was a physician. And he had many kids. He came to one of us. It wasn't from my community. I was traveling and I met him in Indiana. So I met him there and he told me a story. He said, Can I tell you an incident? I said, Of course Can Can I share something with you? I said Go ahead. So he said to me a few years back, I went to my son, and I said to him, my dear son, I would love for you to become half of the Koran.

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So he said Dad, you know I don't mind doing it. But I have one condition. That condition is that I'm willing to give up my school and go memorize the Quran. As long as you give up your practice and come memorize with me.

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Put them on the spot.

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Now most fathers what would they do?

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separate Jamaat Give me one slap on the head near the shot guys getting extra smart with me. He's telling me that I have to go memorize the Quran in order for you to memorize it. So what his father did was he was Syrian. His father said that I said to my son

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deal's off,

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and he took two years off of his practice. And for someone who is a practitioner, you can ask them that's not easy. He left for two years with his son and both father and son become happy together.

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And I was amazed to see the two of them standing side by side because someone who wants to gain knowledge once you have a hidest once you have a desire, you can always gain

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There's never put an age that after this I can't gain knowledge anymore.

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The other thing we learned is that when you go to seek knowledge come prepared come clean. Don't come in your gym clothes don't disrespect and don't come to seek knowledge while you haven't brushed your your hair properly or brush your teeth and haven't applied deodorant haven't washed your body or your clothes are stained because you're disrespecting the knowledge itself. When you come to knowledge come prepared come dressed properly. It is no one regarding even Malika hood Elia Lee, that when he would teach how to eat, he would wear such an expensive garment. And people would ask him, what are you doing? And he would say, I wear nice garments for other people. Why not wear them

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for my messenger sort of lohani was one of my teachers one time he came to teach us how he

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we studied an essay by him. And when he came to teach us Howdy, he was wearing a nice sherwani. sherwanis like a nice elegant garment. They were the subcontinent. So I said to him shift. Are you coming from a party? Or are you going to a party?

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So he said to me, why do you ask that I look at your garments. They're very nice, Mashallah. He said, I'm not coming from one, neither am I going to one, I'm in one.

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And he said, this is the gathering of the youth. And this is the honor we give to the Hadith of the Prophet of audio. So these are people who understood what they were doing. And look how much Buttercup loss that I gave him. Someone can say, what's the big deal about the garment that you wear? Well, the garbage just shows your seriousness. It just shows how much you care when a person's just going out. Maybe they might or might not get dressed up but when you're going to work you care, your image matters. Allah subhana wa Tada. What with regards to the Muslim actually tells us this Allah says no, hold on. You have any add them Hello, Xena. komenda Colima. Oh send an O Children of

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Adam Oh, son of Adam. When you come to the place of prostration beautify yourself. You spend so much time beautifying yourself for other people. What are you going to beautify yourself for a line that will suit them? There's one idea that let's see in which Allah subhana wa tada says, You have an Adam, oh, son of Adam

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cantatas agenda in us. Look how much time Look how much effort you put into beautifying yourself other people for health as a young family. Have you ever beautified yourself for me though. And this is something you know, for us to reflect over this part of the Hadeeth. Now this man walks in and out of your loved one says Lady for woman I had I had no person knew who this guy was. Now there's an objection here. How can I know the loved ones speak on behalf of everyone? Because he's not saying I didn't know him? What did he say? No one knew him. Now I'm only allowed one didn't get up and say hey, quick survey. Does anyone know this guy? He didn't do that. So how is he making a

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judgment call on the half everyone? So there are two answers. First thing, it's possible that I'm one of your loved ones saw in the faces of the people around him that they viewed him to be a very, someone didn't know what he means a stranger. Or it's also possible that in the Arabs, they had a strong tribal system. And because they had a tribal system, everyone knew everyone. You always knew the other tribes, you know, the people from those tribes. And if you don't understand how this works, go to a village in India, Pakistan or some African country. And they'll tell you, everybody knows everyone. When you come from outside to see a photo and say, This person has come from another

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country, they know right away. You don't have to even say anything to them. It's because they have a travel system. Everyone knows from years behind you from years in advance that one so and so person who turns 21 years old is going to be so and so girlfriend so and so family was going to be 19 years old, and they're going to be a good match. Right? So

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everyone knows. So under the law, one knew what was going on. And he had a very good idea. And he said it when I looked at that guy, I knew nobody knew him.

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Now how does he come to the conclusion, nobody knew him. How he comes to that conclusion is because he says, Now you're on a server. There was no sign of traveling upon him. So if he was a traveler, his clothes should have been dirty, and he should have been covered in sand. And if he wasn't a traveler, I mean, he was a local. And if he was a local, we would have known him. So this person really confused the heck out of us. He looked very sharp. He was very young. In his youth. Nobody knew him. And at the same time, he wasn't a traveler. Now, according to the narration of a venomous rule of the law, one, he said a set of mollycoddle pseudo law said I'm not a messenger of Allah, and

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him, why they could sit down, sit down with you. He then said Yasuda law I do. A messenger of a lot Can I come close to you? And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said he didn't come close to fathanah and he came very close to the Prophet said a lot of it was him. He said he came and sat so close to the prophets of Allah wa name instead of

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that I'm gonna be alone. Juan says first another Rockabye de la Rocha de la cafe today. He said so close. So the question is, why did he sit close to the Prophet said a lot more

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So why not stand where he came, ask us questions and leave. The reason why he came close to scholars say this is from the etiquettes, of seeking knowledge that you sit as close as you can to the teacher, because this shows to the teacher that I am desperate for your knowledge, you're expressing you're desperate. And at the same time, it's possible that the reason why jabril Ali Salaam came to the front was to show the Prophet that I've come from very come from very far to seek knowledge. And now I'm not going to settle by sitting at the back, I'm going to finish off my journey and come right to you. I'm going to finish off the journey of seeking knowledge, not by just sitting at the

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back, I'm going to come right to the front. And then after that, another reason why the scholars they see, it's possible the reason why Jebel Ali Salam came and sat so close to the Prophet is because he didn't want anyone staring at him, and recognizing who he was. So in order to hide himself, he sat very close to the puffs that allowed him

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because if they realize he was jabril, then they wouldn't give the same attention that he wanted them to give. So he sat very close to the Prophet until the point we're only him and the Prophet could see each other face to face. Now

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for us in America, but a lot of it he sat so close, and he took his knees and made contact with the knees. The purpose of the law is that there was not a single person between him in the office that allowed as well a law cafe he allowed it, and then took his hands and placed them on his thoughts. Now there's a question there's a discussion amongst the scholars of Hadith.

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The words used here aren't he placed his hands on his thighs? Now we know His hands are referring to jabril his hands. But the question is, who is his thighs? Did he place it on his own thighs? Or did he place them on the thighs of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So these are two different positions. One group of scholars, they say that Javad Ali Salaam respectfully put his hands on his own sites, just as a person would sit in the shadow salon. And then another group of scholars allama TV, and others, they say, members of the alhama TV, smile at me They say that here, he didn't put DVDs in and put his hands on his own thighs. He put his hands on the thighs of the profits that

00:27:13--> 00:27:18

alone while he was sitting. Now why would he put his hands on the sides of the profit? Doesn't that seem a little weird?

00:27:19--> 00:27:56

Maybe he's intruding on the profits that allow on a private space by reaching into that guy and putting your hands on what's possible because he wanted to show his desperately a messenger of Allah, I really need this. You know, when you go to someone, you put your hand on their shoulder and you say, brother, I really need this. Listen to what I'm saying. you express you're desperate. So he puts both of his both of his hands on the thighs of the promise that allamani was sent him. And then he begins to question now what I thought he was a famous commentator. He says that he didn't really put his hands on his thighs. What this actually means is that this is my Jasmine This is actually a

00:27:56--> 00:28:05

metaphor, which means he was very close to the Prophet. He didn't actually touching this is just language use to show his closest to the purpose of the long line and he will send him

00:28:06--> 00:28:07

now he begins to question

00:28:09--> 00:28:16

when he questions the Prophet, the method he uses for uses for questioning is very interesting. He says yeah, Mohammed.

00:28:19--> 00:28:21

Now the issue with him saying yeah Muhammad

00:28:22--> 00:28:36

is that Allah subhana wa tada prohibits in the on to call the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam by his name. The companions were not allowed to call him by his name. Allah revealed in the Quran. That

00:28:37--> 00:29:11

Rasulullah Bey bainer comm about the Kumbaya, the don't call the messenger like he would call your own buddies or your own friends. When you speak to the messenger, be respectful. And the scholars they say this ruling of using beautiful attributes when when calling the prophets of the long line he was sent him instead of calling him Yeah, Mohammed they would call him Yasuda law. Yeah. nebia law. Yeah, Muslim male Yama doctor, or the veteran called him you have enough attain, oh, the son of the two people who are almost slaughtered. It's my knowledge phenomenas father Abdullah, they both just about got away, right. So they use these beautiful attributes to call the prophets of Allah

00:29:11--> 00:29:49

audio system. So the scholars they say that this ruling is extended not only to the Prophet of Allah, but to also his rightful inheritors. If you ever meet someone in your life, who is a scholar, someone who studied the deen or has is a serious laudable aim, rather than calling them by their name, learn from the etiquette and call them by their attributes, you know, even if it means using the name or attribute that you would use for a respectful person in the community. And I find this very interesting. The reason is because people in the community find it very easy to respect people in authority, but they don't want to give any respect to their moms possibly because they don't view

00:29:49--> 00:29:59

them as authority. We don't like viewing anyone as a religious authority above us. I know many youth who simply refuse to submit to the position of a senior scholar because they feel like if I accept that position,

00:30:00--> 00:30:09

Remember hanifa or Allah Magna Tamia or any Imam that came before me, that means that he has authority over me and nobody has authority over me. If you claim you have authority over me, I will call nine one on you.

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Like that's the way we think unfortunately we don't like we don't like authority. That's a this is a very big problem. You know, we love clashing against authority and fighting against it. Now, I'm not saying your scholars are authority over you. But giving someone a rank that they deserve is only a respectable thing to do. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, and in zielona seminars at home drop people put people on their position that they should be at the rink that they deserve, give them that rank.

00:30:40--> 00:30:49

Then another group of people, they say I don't want to call the Imam Imam because if I call him a man, it's gonna be stroking his ego. And I don't want to stroke his ego.

00:30:51--> 00:30:54

I usually tell people Wow, you have a huge ego yourself.

00:30:55--> 00:31:31

I mean, look at your ego right now look in the mirror for a second. You don't want to lower yourself to elevate someone else. Can you imagine how huge your ego is right now. And you're not even noticing how huge your ego is. The arrogance you're trying to avoid, you are breeding within yourself. Anyway, here gvwr lolly salon, when he referred to the Prophet, he called him Yep. And you know, this generation of people who have a tough time referring to their elders with respect, I'm just waiting for the day where they stop calling their father and mother, me and Abba mom and dad, and me and me, and they start calling them by their names. And if you have a tough time believing

00:31:31--> 00:31:52

that this Wait, you know, other than respect is something that should never leave our families. I always tell parents, they come to me and they say, give us advice on how we should do the upbringing of our children, that'd be of our children. And the one thing I always tell them, if you don't give your children good, they'll figure it out one day, but unless you teach them otherwise, they'll never figure it out.

00:31:53--> 00:32:26

Unless the parent doesn't teach their child other simple things. The other day, my son, my father was visiting. And when he came, my dad asked for water, my son, Mohammed, he went to go get water for my dad. And when he presented water to my father, I said to Mohammed, this is against the other of the method of holding a cup. You never hold a cup, while your fingers are so high on the glass, that their mouth will make contact with a place where your finger is pressing against, you always hold the glass from a lower place. So they don't feel uncomfortable when drinking from that cup, because they don't know where your hand was, you should learn to hold it properly. And when you

00:32:26--> 00:32:57

present water to someone, you should present it with your right hand because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam always gave things at the right hand. And he took things at the right hand. And as a child, since you're young, because you might drop the glass, you should hold it with your right hand while placing your left hand underneath the cup and respectfully presenting the water and you stand there until the person that's finished drinking the water. And then you ask them, would you like more? And if they say no, you then take the cup from their hand and put it back. That's the other way of delivering water. You know, everything has an other. There's no need to run away from

00:32:57--> 00:33:06

it or to be shy from an ardene is all about other. And it's a it's something that we should take pride in that our Deen and our Prophet taught us is beautiful.

00:33:07--> 00:33:10

Why did you believe Ali Salam say yeah, Muhammad.

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So there are two answers.

00:33:14--> 00:33:18

The first is actually will give three answers to this. The first is that

00:33:19--> 00:33:28

the reason why he said Muhammad is because he wasn't using the word Muhammad as a name. He was using the meaning of Muhammad, which means Oh, praised one.

00:33:29--> 00:33:36

So he wasn't calling the Prophet Muhammad because his name was Muhammad. He was taking the wasp, the characteristic of Muhammad, which means Oh, praise one.

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Another thing another reason why the scholars say he called him Mohammed was to catch the attention of the people around to cast their attention. So that they would say, Hey, what's going on? Why did he do that he was he was read on Islam was constantly throwing them off, that when he came dressed in the way he sat down the way he sent us salaam aleikum, the way he's asking questions, and you're gonna see this, he's gonna continue throwing off the companions by saying stuff like sebata. And everyone's gonna get shocked again, what is this guy doing? He's catching their attention because he really wants them to focus. Another group of scholars, they say the reason why he said Muhammad, is

00:34:12--> 00:34:42

because the command that came to prohibit the companions from calling them Mohammed was a command that was directed at human beings in jabril wasn't a human being. He was an angel. Therefore, that command didn't extend to him. Should I give you guys one more answer? We'll give you guys one more to the reason why he said yeah, Mohammed, is because gibreel Ali Salam was the only one from all of the creation excluded from this command, because gibreel was the teacher of the Prophet civilizer.

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And no matter how advanced you get in your life, when you come to your teachers, what do they call you?

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They call you by your name, because to them, it's kind of like your parents and you go home, your mom will tell you, you can be a doctor for everyone else in the world, but to me, you're always going to be above the law. That's

00:35:00--> 00:35:19

You're nothing more than that. To me, I don't care if you're a big shareholder, or a big lover or a big mafia for me, you're always going to be just noodle or you're just going to be Esma. That's all you're going to be. Because that's the relationship the mother has with her children. So here you meet Ali Salaam as a teacher to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, therefore he says, Yeah, Muhammad.

00:35:21--> 00:35:59

Now he begins to ask the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam some questions. Let's go through the questions that he asked. The first question he asked the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam he said, to me, and in Islam, tell me what Islam is. In another narration, actually, okay, let's finish off all of them. Tell me what Islam is number one. Number two, what is a man? number three? What is it, Sam? Number four, when is the day of judgment? Number five, tell me the signs of the Day of Judgment. So when total how many questions that he asked the process that allowed him, he asked five questions.

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The order is exactly the same and all of the narrations minus the first two.

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In this narration, he asked the Prophet of Allah what is Islam? And then another narration he asked what is then secondly, he asked, What's the man in the narration of Bahati? it was the other way around. In the narration of ohada. He first asked, What is he man? And then secondly, he asked, What is Islam? Now he asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what is Islam? That's the first question here.

00:36:32--> 00:36:36

Islam means submission. Literally, it means submission.

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Technically, the word Islam means submitting yourself to the commands of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and everything that the prophets of Allah while he was in a bathrooms, everything that the Prophet said along it was something bought that he brought with him to submit yourself to that is what we call Islam.

00:37:04--> 00:37:45

And Islam, if you're looking for a definition for it, what better definition can we find a technical definition for Islam than the one the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself used in this hobby? And what did he tell him? He said, Islam is that you testify in the oneness of Allah? And that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam is your messenger, you have to start there, your email needs to be right. Your faith needs to be right. in mind is the internal growth of faith in Islam is the external manifestation of that. Okay, there's this big discussion among scholars that is there a difference between these two words Islam and Eman? Like when you say I'm a Muslim? Or I'm a woman?

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Does that mean something different? Or is it the same thing? Like, can I say, I am a Muslim?

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And then can I say I'm a Muslim?

00:37:54--> 00:38:07

Well, yes, I can. The scholars they say that this is one of those things that when they are both used together in the same context, the sorry, when they're both used separately, they come in the same meaning. But when they're used together, they come in separate meanings.

00:38:09--> 00:38:41

You guys understand that? know, when Islam is using a sentence independently, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was asked about what is Islam and Iman is not in that sentence, or in that paragraph. in that circumstance, Islamic demand mean the exact same thing, which means belief in the law, that's it. Or if the Prophet companion was asked Muslim companion asked the Messenger of Allah, what is a man, what's the best man? and Islam is in that paragraph? It's not in that question. That means EMA and Islam are coming in the same meaning. But when they're brought together in the same paragraph, that means there's a nuance that's a different that differentiates the two.

00:38:42--> 00:38:51

And in this case, when they're brought together eemaan refers to the internal affairs of the believer, and Islam refers to the external affairs of the believer. I'll give you an example of that.

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It's just like miskeen. And

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if I say to you, so and so person is miskeen. What does that mean?

00:39:00--> 00:39:05

They're poor. Or if I said to you, so and so person is feeling, what does that mean?

00:39:06--> 00:39:47

They're poor. However, they both mean this poor if they're used independently, but when you bring them together in one sentence, now there's a nuance between the two this difference in numbers so the author info Cora, when Misaki Allah brings them both side by side when talking about the people who are deserving of zakat. Now, when they're brought side by side, one of them comes in the meaning of someone who has a little money. And another one comes in the meaning of someone who actually has no money. Zero. You guys see that? So when they're when they come independently, they have the same boat when they're bought together, they have independent meanings. For that anatomy we see either

00:39:47--> 00:39:53

stemma if FERPA is a federal law, ma ma, ma, okay, that's the principle behind that.

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

Sha Haleakala Maha did the hell we run with Allahu Allah said something very beautiful.

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He said, the journey of Islam and Iman is exactly the same.

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The Beginning

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and the End. Okay, let me say that again. The journey the distance EMA and Islam have to cover are exactly the same. They both have a beginning point, they both have the endpoint, the distance between the beginning and endpoint are exactly the same. So for example, from point A to point B, the distance is 100 miles. He says for islamically. Man, the distance is exactly the same. The only difference is, Islam starts from here. And it goes here. And he Eman starts from here and it goes here. You're probably wondering, what is this guy saying? Let me explain to you guys shot. What do you love does that a little bit, he shares something that sounds a little tricky, but if you pay

00:40:47--> 00:40:53

attention to what he's saying, it just blows your mind away. He does that a lot. So what he's saying is,

00:40:55--> 00:41:03

emotions starts from the heart. And then it travels to the point where it externally manifests itself in actions.

00:41:04--> 00:41:27

So the journey is from inside to outside. Well, Islam starts with your external actions and then makes its way to the heart that this the journey for both is exactly the same. But where does one start? Mine starts in the heart and works outwards while Islam starts outwards and it works to the heart a very beautiful explanation.

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Now, he asked what is Islam to the other prophets of Allah when it was said um, he answered, as we will read in a hadith coming forward, the same answer which we also know it as in under the Hadeeth bruneian Islam Allah humps that Islam is established on five pillars. In this hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam listed out all five pillars, he said, Shahada justification, and Allah and His Messenger, Salah, zakaat, some Hajj, okay. And then after How did the prophets that allamani was saddam said hide is only mandatory upon the one who can make his way to, to the house, meaning towards the Kaaba, that's when it becomes mandatory. And we'll discuss this more in the hobbies that

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are upcoming, because there are highly dedicated just to this. So we'll go more into each of these five and go into some detail there. Now after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave the answer, this anonymous person who's sitting so close to the Prophet, he then says, Sadat, you're right. So the companion says, Egypt, Allah, Who Yes, Allah, Who will you suddenly a coup? We were so confused. He comes as a person who doesn't know anything. He looks so desperate, he's sitting so close, putting his hands on the Prophet and the rest of it. But when the Prophet gives them an answer, what is he saying? You're right. And you only say right if you

00:42:48--> 00:43:00

if you know the answer, otherwise, you don't say you're right. You say you only say you're right, if you know the answer. Another thing. Another thing that scholars they say, is that even if you know the answer to say you're right is disrespectful.

00:43:01--> 00:43:17

You guys understand that? Let's say for example, you go to a teacher, a big chef, and you ask him, Chef, what is your opinion on so and so narrator? Is he an authentic narrator? Or is he a weak narrator? And the chef says, from the studies of the scholars of the past, it seems that this person is a weak Narrator And you're like, yeah, you're right.

00:43:18--> 00:43:24

So even if you knew it, when you ask when you when you tell someone Yeah, you're right. That's considered to be disrespectful.

00:43:25--> 00:43:28

This could be considered as, as an OTA

00:43:31--> 00:44:06

there's a hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, No huddle suit Allah, he said, Allahu alayhi wa sallam an overly thought that the purpose of the law while he was sitting prohibited from Oulu top top are questions that are asked to humiliate someone or to point out that to make some humiliate someone, you understand to catch them in front of the public. It's like there's an Imam who comes to a community. And everyone knows that he does massage on cotton socks. And the congregants of the community may or may not do masan cotton socks. And this man just gave a amazing lecture about gender and gender and melted everyone's hearts. And there's a guy in the gathering who

00:44:06--> 00:44:15

feels a little salty, that this guy came who didn't follow our methodology and gave such an awesome lecture. It's time to shame him share, what are your thoughts about doing myself over cotton socks?

00:44:16--> 00:44:20

And the shift in shares his opinion, and everyone else is like, Oh, he's one of those guys.

00:44:21--> 00:44:28

That's an eleuthero. Right there. Our classical example of involuted a share is like a person says to you, do you believe in fun? I don't

00:44:31--> 00:44:59

know if you say I do. What does that sound like? I believe in what are you saying? Are you crazy? And if you say I don't believe in frown, but the Quran says the film did existed. So it's one of those moments that you catch someone off guard. Now, here, it may seem like the Dalai Lama was testing the Prophet. Why did he say so? Doctor? Isn't that disrespectful? of the scholars they say? The reason why he was allowed to say sebata is because he was a teacher of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:45:00--> 00:45:08

As a teacher, he had permission. You can tell your student Yes, you're right. Or you can tell them, No, you're wrong or a little correction here partially right partially wrong.

00:45:15--> 00:45:23

Okay, then after that he asked the second question, I submitted the item. Tell me about a man, a man, what does a man mean?

00:45:25--> 00:45:40

to believe? Now what is a man? Here we're going to read about what a man is. It consists of six pillars. The scholars, when they define a man, they say that there are three things that are very important for any mind to be complete. What are the three things

00:45:42--> 00:45:49

first of all the six things that we're going to talk about right now and more other things as well. You have to affirm them with your heart.

00:45:50--> 00:46:24

The second thing is if they're audible Listen, you need to verbally say it to every person believes with their heart, but isn't verbally say it. Then the rulings of Islam and the safety that should be given to every Muslim under a halifa if there was a philosopher, they won't be given to that person until they verbally say, which means the rulings that apply to a Muslim in the world won't be given to that person. So for example, if the if there was a Muslim halifa and he had an agreement with the non Muslims living in the lab, that you will have x y and z tax to give.

00:46:25--> 00:46:47

Now, even though this person might have belief in his heart until he doesn't verbally say la ilaha illAllah, Muhammad Rasul Allah, He will be obliged to get that tax. But the moment the person says Latina him, Allah, Muhammad Rasul Allah, in the world, this person will be treated as a Muslim, whether you like it or not. Now in that person's heart, whether he believes in Allah or not, that you have to leave alone the Day of Judgment. So think of it like this.

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affirming with your heart is to secure yourself in the hereafter. And testifying with your tongue is to gain the rights of a Muslim in this world.

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And then the third thing that scholars they say are mal bilgewater

00:47:05--> 00:47:27

which means to use your limbs and do good deeds. All three of these things are very important. Okay. There's a lot of technical discussion about this because there's a heavy debate between the multizilla however, is an Allison, maybe another time we'll discuss that if they're if the opportunity presents itself right now we won't. The scholars they say there are five types of Eman.

00:47:29--> 00:47:47

The first is what we call a man multiple bore the call a man multiple which means natural Eman. This is the man the angels have because they've never known anything else they've never known before. Their email was a natural their submission is unnatural.

00:47:48--> 00:48:14

The second type of email is what we call a man mousumi this is not naturally man this is preserved or protected. eemaan This is the man of the prophets. They are protected by Allah subhanho wa Taala they've been exposed to COVID and shidduch maybe in their own family members in their community, but Allah has preserved them the prophets of Allah by consensus before Prophethood or after Prophethood never established partners that

00:48:15--> 00:48:18

they never met go for the Goblin number one.

00:48:19--> 00:48:26

They're always predicted Bella from that. Number three a man boon which means accepted a man. This is the man

00:48:27--> 00:48:32

of the average believer. When you're sincere in your email Allah subhanahu wa tada will accept it.

00:48:34--> 00:49:14

Number three, he man malkuth. Eman malkuth is the faith of people who have innovations in their faith. In the faith system itself. They have innovations. If they correct their eemaan before they die, then they come to the higher gather. Category malkuth means suspended. But if they don't correct their demand and the fault of the lower category, and the fifth category is a man model dude, which means rejected faith. And this is for the hypocrites. Even though with their tongue they say la ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasulullah their faith will not be accepted because in their heart they don't believe it. And Allah subhanho wa Taala states in the Quran, La Jolla shadow in al menos

00:49:14--> 00:49:54

que tiene la casa de buen Allah subhanaw taala testifies that the hypocrites are liars. Now when he was asked regarding Eman the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam responded with six tenants of faith, the first of them and me and I believe that you believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala What does it mean to believe in Allah subhana wa Tada. You believe that Allah subhanho wa Taala is one. Allah subhanho wa Taala is the first and the last. Allah subhanho wa Taala has no partner, Allah subhanaw taala has no family no one gave birth to him and neither did anyone take birth from him. And there is nothing that can ever be like Allah subhanho wa Taala the simplest way to summarize your Iman is

00:49:54--> 00:49:56

sort of us go to who Allahu

00:49:58--> 00:49:59

Allah summit.

00:50:00--> 00:50:09

Added while I'm Ulan while I'm ecola, who Khufu one that's what the scholars have said that sort of class is one third of the Quran.

00:50:10--> 00:50:46

Why do they say that because one third of the message of the Quran is having proper faith. Proper Eman. And pseudo class teaches you that one faith in life, if you mess up, if you end up doing things in life that you shouldn't do, you end up hanging out with the wrong crew or end up doing things that you're not sure if you should be doing at that point in your life. That will happen up and down in your actions, you'll go through waves, but you have to always tell yourself that I will never fluctuate in my faith in Allah subhanho wa Taala. My eemaan will always be there. Never let shavon come to you and put whispers in your heart about your Iman, your Iman is beyond shavon. No

00:50:46--> 00:51:21

matter how many arguments shaitaan puts in your heart against him on your simple response should be I believe in Allah and no questions at all. This doesn't mean that your religion doesn't have an intellectual response to doubts that are made against Islam. That's not what this means. But our personal policy should be that I believe in Allah without any doubt at all. And if you have to get them answered, or if someone does have doubts, come to your imams come to your scholars and let them answer the questions that you have. But in your heart, always keep your mind intact. Everything else in life is up for grabs. But your mind is not up for grabs. That's something that's off limits. I

00:51:21--> 00:51:39

believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala and that's the end of it. You know, I there was one person that came to me and he said to me, I don't believe God exists, I don't believe exist. So I said to him, okay, let's run this scenario real quick. You believe Allah doesn't exist? You die in that state? What happens to you?

00:51:40--> 00:51:41

He says nothing.

00:51:42--> 00:52:13

I said, Okay. You believe a lot exist. You believe a lot doesn't exist. But you still say a lie exists in your heart. Do you think there's no such thing as God, but you know, you just tell yourself, I'm going to stick to my emaan and I'm going to work it out. I'm just gonna say I'm a believer. If Allah really doesn't exist, when you die, what happens? Nothing. If Allah really doesn't exist, whether you believe in him or not, doesn't make a difference. When you die, you're gonna go to the grave anyway. But if a lot does exist, which is a second scenario, and you believe in Allah, your hamdulillah and if you don't believe in Allah, your stuff in Allah, you're in a lot

00:52:13--> 00:52:42

of trouble. So if you were to make a chart right now, the only viable option is to believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala. If there is a hereafter we're just running the scenario. If there is there isn't hereafter, and we know as a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us that there is a hereafter. You know the Buddha the poet says, Jesse Kearney, Wesley, Burnie now monitor crocodoc what you'll do, what you do is what you'll get. If you don't believe it, do it, give it a try. What you do what goes around, comes around,

00:52:43--> 00:53:26

come out to Dino to them. And then he says Jessie Kearney, yc Bernina moniteau cargotec Jana to be here. Joseph behen Amanita Markovic that there is paradise there is the fire of Allah prophecy if you don't believe it dives give it a try. We'll find out but unfortunately be too late for you to come back. Always keep your mind intact regarding Allah. I'm feeling a bit love warm Allah Paquette II believe in angels. Monica comes from the word Malika tune which comes from Luca tune which means a messenger and angels are messengers Allah subhana wa tada created so many angels, so many angels for different purposes. What are our beliefs regarding angels? Number one, we believe they exist. We

00:53:26--> 00:53:28

don't deny their existence. Number two.

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We believe that they do not have the ability to sin or make mistakes. They are Suna la Hama,

00:53:37--> 00:53:48

WiFi, Luna Maru. Some people they say this they say that revelation was actually supposed to go to Allah de la one but jabril accidentally went to the Prophet that a lot of money was

00:53:49--> 00:54:04

sacked my mother. She always gets lost rahima Holloman she's to drive she was supposed to go one place you end up somewhere else. So Lisa has a faulty navigation system or something whereas Google Maps is off connection. Come on, like this is blasphemous.

00:54:06--> 00:54:08

Angels are guided about law if

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they don't commit sins and they do what they're told. Okay?

00:54:13--> 00:54:29

Um, Allah subhanahu wa tada created different angels for different purposes. So there are some angels who are commanded to write our deeds good or bad. There are some angels who are by our side and inspire our heart with good thoughts. There are angels that will question that's when we go to the grave. There are some angels

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there are some angels who

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every Angel has their own purpose every Angel has their own goal and Allah subhana wa tada has created them for Metallica T, and then after this Welcome to be Allah subhanho wa Taala he created books he said books, books were sent to communicate with mankind. While humans are here, Allah subhanho wa Taala created the Day of Judgment. Welcome to the city. He will show the human alive

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Allah subhanaw taala created fake good or bad both from Allah subhanho wa Taala and resurrection Africa. So these are the tenants of faith. You can notice I just rushed through them at the end because there's 10 minutes left for Salah, and I don't want to engage in a discussion that will that will that will that we won't be able to complete properly. So we'll stop here inshallah. And in our next class, we'll start from the top of man, what is a man and from there, we'll go down again, I'll go through each of these with a little bit more detail because there are some points of discussion that I don't wish to rush through unnecessary prayer that Allah subhana wa tada accepts Subhan Allah

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Subhana Allah,

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Allah, Allah, Allah and the stuff we're going to do today, after the honor

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ceremony.