Manāzil al-Sā’irīn #99 – Chapter on Ascertainment
Channel: Hatem al-Haj
File Size: 21.42MB
humanoid awesome, I'm about to proceed. Today inshallah we will have the chapter on ascertainment, ascertainment. And, in fact, we will finish chapter on attractiveness, or the proper treatment of women hemorrhage, honestly, because it talks about proper treatment of men as well.
So we'll talk about the rest of the chapter last time we covered the proper treatment of or cover the rights of the husband. Today, inshallah, we will cover the rights of the wife. And we will try to finish that and finish the chapter on ILA, which is a small chapter 11, which is the oath of abandonment when the husband makes an oath, to abandon his wife, or to not have intimacy with his wife for more than four months.
when we finish that, we will attempt to cover as much as we can, if we can cover the whole chapter that we could be good, shall we borrow some time from the class on the scale, because the class on the scale will not be long today.
So we will try to cover the chapter on Cosmo and choose the division.
That's the division between co wives and then choose which is rebellion.
And that is
actually could be described to be the issues of the man or the woman does the rebellion of the woman most of the time, but it could also mean the rebellion of the man.
Let's start with Webpack and then ordinands at the top to the chapter the station of Oran decayed. And he
means ascertainment, as we said.
So the chef starts as usual denominado Allah who died in the 481, after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam started as usual with verse
where Allah subhanaw taala said
to him, calavera Lex luckily enough, I'll be
Hello Almighty, Sir, have you not believed? He said?
Yes, you think I have believed? But I asked only that my heart may be satisfied I asked only that my heart to be satisfied.
So why did he start with this particular ion? It's obvious, although people disagree over you know, people will use it or the tips here that his lips here that is more subtle by inferences and illusions, they may have a different atmosphere of this than the usual tips here. And usually when you want
to appear in charity, shops, nearby inferences and illusions that are not the primary meanings of the vs is not unacceptable, wholesale, and it is not acceptable wholesale, it has to be, there is a detailed approach to this.
If it is not, if it is in harmony with the primary meanings, not in conflict with any shadow meanings,
of hereby influences if it is in harmony with the primary meaning and not in conflict with sort of the meaning
or meanings, then
that it is acceptable. So
a good book on charity would be Lucy's Romani, for instance.
is a good seer that starts by a tafsir which is the seer by primary leanings. And then mentioned that Pepsi really shouty
inferred subtle meanings that are not obvious. Some of the books of Pepsi air may rely heavily on a subset of the chatty, whereas where you don't see the connection at all. They don't even mention the primary meanings, or the tafsir that
based on the tradition of by the Sahaba. In the early predecessors, orbera you which is the car that is based on the linguistic meanings, they go right
the other types of tips here, and that could sometimes be problematic. But anyway, let's see, it starts by the primary
meanings and then it
goes into subsidiary.
No, unfortunately not it's not. Rocket money has not been translated yet, although it would be a good endeavor to translate it.
So Allah subhanaw taala says here I'm Toleman better, a better luckily of mine, Colby. Have you not believed these ideas but in order for my heart to be satisfied, I want to see how you bring
that to life in order for my heart to be satisfied. What is Pepsi? Here? And some people you know,
because keep in mind that
with calibre, Mr. barrini, Mota, and behold, remember, whenever I am sad, oh my lord. Or Abraham said, oh my lord.
By the way, Abraham is a Quranic recitation. So if someone goes their son Abraham, it is a Quranic recitation, it's it's finals.
So Abraham or Abraham said,
so Allah subhanaw taala Abraham says, Allah subhanaw taala told me how you bring that to life and a lot said, Have you not believed? And he said, icsi I believe,
but in order for my heart to be satisfied, and then a lot of time what? To put a rock bottom and apply it to certain electrical metallic political, Ahmed.
He said, Bring four birds,
to you, Sor Juana la dama en la, bring them to you.
For metadata equilibrium and then put on each mountain.
Part of them is part of them. What does that mean? There is there is no mention in the idea that he is slaughtering anything. However, the scholar is, all of the scholars that use the this would be the obvious meaning. Because he, then because Allah subhanaw taala is certainly he's asking him to show him resurrection, because the last monitor had he had he not been asking him to show him resurrection,
Allah would have not told them our man have you not believe and then then put them
on each mountain. So Madonna Tina casaya, then call them and then they come walking to you, you will come walk into you or they would come promptly, properly
to you. So, it means that there is like something here that is
that is required by the general contents of the verse, a general context of the verse would not flow properly unless we say bring them slaughter them, cut them up, put
a piece or part of each on the mountaintops and then call them to you. So that they may come.
The air does not explicitly say that but
it would indicate that and that is sort of
be a required implication model. So now that Allah subhanaw taala is asking the brain is asking a lot show him how he brings the life.
What does the Brahim want was Ibrahim in doubt. Certainly not as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Hakuna Shakyamuni Brahim
we are more prone more subject to doubt than Abraham
would not be translated as more deserving because that was not something that he deserved. So that's something that you are prone to or subject to. Not good thing. So not gonna happen the second whenever we are more prone or subject to doubt than Abraham.
So Abraham did not doubt the power of his Lord. But as the scholars said he wanted to move from animal up into infp.
He wanted to move from the certainty of knowledge, to the certainty of eyesight and there is a difference
Laser cover can
read the report is not like eyewitness. It's even called with eyewitness, you know, Eyewitness News.
So laser habitica the report is not like the eyewitness. And that's one of the purposes of them saying.
Certainly, you know, the report is not like the eyewitness. So when you see it, it has a higher level of certainty. And then happily opinion is when you experience it.
So do you know, I don't know if I'm saying that right or not, but there is a fruit called litchis. And I tried it when I went to
it is in Southeast Asia, mainly.
Mauritius? Yeah, it's next to Madagascar. Yeah. Okay. So I went to Mauritius. And I've never tried that fruit, I've never seen it before. So just like
so. So I can sit down here if you have not seen the fruit of the ideal if you have not ever heard of the fruit or seen it. So I ultimately opinion is when I sat down and I tell you that this is the fruit is a little bit larger than a strawberry, the peel outside looks looks like a strawberry, some bumpy peel, like the strawberries, same color, but a little bit yellowish, has a little yellowish tinge. And then underneath this, there is the fleshy part,
which is white, and they somewhere like crossover between strawberry and watermelon, and then inside that there is a seed,
some larger seed, it's a hard seed inside.
you know, it
can feel and there is then there is the stock and there is, you know, at the top.
So I can keep, you may now have a pretty decent idea of the fruit, right?
If I'm good enough, like are descriptive enough
to sort of convey some of the qualities of that fruit. So it may have some of the but is it anything like seeing
and eat when you see it, it is also not like eating it
has to have that experience.
Anyway, so that's the difference with the United teen and I
am very happy is when you're told, you know, we have a good report. And that report is corroborated. Like we said before, either by Americans or parents of people,
then you do believe in it, and it would be ultimately a p&l. Brian wanted talk polyethene I ended up in which is the certainty of eyesight. Now, some of them I say that the Ebrahim wanted to compete in the sense that he would be the one doing it.
So like, that's resurrecting of the dead, it will happen through him. So he would do it. He would be the one doing it by Allahu Allah.
And that is why he mentioned that in the station of Pappy. And now it gets a little bit murky, you know, the, the, the concept gets a little bit murky and
but, but just, you know, accept the the general meaning of this the primary meaning that's the vast, vast majority of Muslim scholars commentators,
that said that this was a request by Ibrahim to be elevated from Nvidia pin to infp certainly acknowledge the certainty of eyesight
is it suitable still the primary meaning for this particular chapter? Yes. Because what is he?
What is he? He says, His Will masco becoming unhappy, some of it, some of it how ascertainment is the distilling of your wants from the real then by the rain, then Hindery?
Well, the smaller that is, the less these are the names of its three levels. So the heat comes comes from a familiar word, hack, right? Choose, the key is finding the truth. The key is a variable noun
following the pattern of the free variable noun clause.
It comes from comes from the truth. So it is finding, seeking the truth, finding the truth,
to be able to discover the truth to find the truth to reach the truth. And
that is why you find like interrogation in
the Arabic speaking world. They call interrogations, tacky, tacky,
that is why be why because you're you want to uncover the truth of what happened.
That is why, you know, they say the Mohawk of the Kitab it is the sometimes they translate this as the editor and sometimes they translated as the verifier. So when someone brings a manuscript and makes it into a book, a printed book, that person is called the Mohawk crap, because he in the process, he must verify the correctness of the transmission from manuscript to a book, and also trace back the some of the reports to the prophet or Sutherland or whoever spoke of them, and things of that nature. So he's a very the verifier or the editor. What his work is,
is basically finding the truth, discovering, finding the unveiling, preaching the truth. So here, the shack says,
pizza Moscow becoming a hackathon, hackathon.
As we said, it's the stealing of your wants from the real done by the real, then the real.
and applying recommended law says in modality staticky
that there is a there is a subtlety here why he used the police versus the police. Because he even Kramer law says comfies is just like the police.
lease is just like the lease, that lease you know comes from where like a familiar word that would be what class a class is what to purify, to purify.
When we say a clause because you're trying to purify our devotion, and remove all the impurities from your devotion to Allah subhanaw taala tried to purify this and improve remove all the impurities, that leads us to purify the honey is to remove all the impurities. In time Rahim Allah says the Halley's is used for mechanical knowledge of that which is extra mentum you know, police is the same thing for that which is mentum as they need the motors in a year. So, that is why you call the abridgment of books selfies summary summarization to lock in said keytab you summarize the book, so that you could get the job the basically the essence of the subject and remove all the additional
sources of information that are not of the essence of the subject, that is why it is not police, it is to purify same thing, but it is a mental job versus the police that is outside of the mind
for the extra mental one, so the key here is suitable for the essay and he was an authority in in language as well. Just to have used the word ease versus toughness, it is not a typo.
So he said the key to Moscow becoming unhappy
is basically the stealing of your wants from the real must who become an unhappy must Helbig must help means it means what
your companion, but your companion in the passive or the active voice. Passive is meant for odor and Smith
the difference between a smartphone a smartphone is what the smartphone is the subject the active agent is metamorpho is the object of the action, the object of the action. So it is in the passive voice. So almost hope is not what accompanies you. Is that which you accompany. So it is that which you accompany on your way to Allah subhanaw taala and most phobic mental health, most phobic mental health
is basically everything that comes to you from the Lord is all the decrees that is all the commands
So you want to make sure that none of what comes to you from your Lord
is going to distract you. And keep in mind why is he mentioning
So for now, but
the point here is that he wants to tell you after year, after year annihilation, you will now substance the viola with Allah for Allah was
there may be some remnants of you are new, you still may be carrying some remnants of you,
taffy is to address those remnants and to the still your era the year will completely from those remnants. That is what it is. So for now, you're gone. But you're subsisting by Allah with a love for Allah tacky, make sure that
there are no remains of view on you
that your finance was complete, complete, radically complete. So that is what that is the reason why he puts them in that order. So that he's most probably cabinet now is the selling gear wants from the real
then by the read, because it is the same thing. It is a suffered illa Billah filler, you traveled to Allah
and then by Allah traveled to Allah, that is you keeping your own volitions in your own wheels, but you're making sure that your will and volition
is consistent with his demands, and you're traveling by your will, to your destination than traveling by Allah, not to Allah, but by Allah is when you're traveling by him not by you.
That is when you completely deny yourself, that is an adventure, that is a knowledge and in your beholding you've denied anything that is attributable to you, and then you walk by him and then
fail. That is after you reach the Divine Presence.
After you reach the Divine Presence, you're traveling in a law
What does that mean? We will have to have a Sunni interpretation of this and we will come to that inshallah. And we did talk about it before but we will come to it as well. So you you,
you distill your wants from the real than by the real by denying your own volition and well then in the real
that is when you discover that he did not want anything of him, except him. You did not want anything of him except Him.
And these are the names of its elevens and
small we cannot have any mocha Elmo as for the first degree it is distilling good ones from the real and that is when your knowledge does not contend with his your knowledge does not contend with is you attribute all knowledge to Allah subhanaw taala as the messengers will do on the Day of Judgment, last one analysis and sort of made your measurement louder, Sophia
died Madonna in a cantar lambu. When a lot Renata would gather the messengers and ask them what response Have you received?
And then they would say to him one corridor item another we have no knowledge in the cantarella model you did not even say like the angels like Madonna LMR lantana there is no knowledge except the knowledge that you have taught us. They just said linemen you don't know
level you are the owner
of the unseen the new so how could they say like Madonna we have no knowledge they wanted so he can have different interpretations here in Medina could mean we only know the exterior. We you are you're the only one who knows how we actually are
Tao was received. internally. We all know that some people responded to us by their exterior. You know, they they followed us, the company does. They believe this, that's what they told us, but we don't know whether they did or not, because you're the only one who knows.
So that's an interpretation. The other interpretation is that the seven out of humbleness, but there has to be some truth to it as well, because humbleness will not make you like lie unless there is some truth to it, there is some some sort of meaningful interpretation here. And the obvious one here would be what
compared to his knowledge, our knowledge vanishes, because it is temporal, it is superficial, it is limited.
And it is his in the first phase because he's the one who taught us he's the one who gave us the tools and he's the one who taught us that knowledge. So compared to his knowledge, divide anything by infinity, zero. So compared to his knowledge, our knowledge vanishes. So that is when your knowledge it does not contend with his
journey of Allah even as Yahoo do cashew, the who asked for the second degree it is when you're beholden to does not contend with his
and that is,
you know, pretty similar to the previous one. But this is about the half an hour, it's not about the knowledge, it's about your shoes, it's about you're beholden and you're beholden to now will not be yours, because you will not you will deny yourself and you will deny anything that is of you or by you are actually attributable to you, including your show we should all be holding of him amadora to 30 ser la Nancy Marasco casaco Patapsco to us polka dot what up
sort of the third degree it is when your temporal form does not masking his antecedents, then the testimonies fade away the expressions expire and the gestures vanish and the gestures of manners that are the third is that it is when your temporal form does not masking his antecedents temporal form, it does not mask his antecedents or does not compete with his antecedents or your nasem could also mean does not mix with his antecedents. So it could mean that he is trying to say keep in mind that you are not mixing.
So it is not the Union and the ontological form.
Or it could mean that it does not approach you and ask him It could mean that it does not approach. So you it is when your soul travels back in time to the time when none of these creations existed and allow only existed. And you just capture that moment and you hold on to it. you capture that moment. And you hold on to it. Because anything that came after that moment is what disposable, worthless, meaningless, almost, you know, allows existence does have reality it is part.
It's real. But it almost because of its contingency.
And because of its disposability, it's almost as if it's meaningless advantages. So when you reach that point, you go back your soul travels back in time captures that moment and brings it keeps it holds it. Then the testimonies fade away.
The signposts are not needed because you reach their destination, the expressions expire. Because none of the experiences at that stage
is of this world. Therefore the language
is worthless, because it's an experience that is out of this world. And the language is meant to describe experiences of this world.
And then the gesture is vanished without halachah not even the hrr gestures
would be able to
denote such experience.
That's it and we've covered many of these meetings before. So that's why I wanted to be brief this time.
We wanted also to borrow some time for the class on because we have a lot to finish today. Cody has suffered by the electronic medical
and we will come back in 10 minutes 42 842