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FOV02 Fiqh of Oaths and Vows – Book of Oaths
Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj – Fiqh of Oaths and Vows
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to suffer here.
But to proceed.
Today inshallah we will try to go over the rest of the books of
a man and
in the book you will find that
the book, the chapter on vows, is under in the table of contents the chapter on vows is under the book of hunting.
particularly the belongs there, but remember padana
put the book or the chapter on vows before the book of oath.
So it is
in the order that the novel Kodama us, made the book of vows, or the chapter of vows commander, the book of hunting, but as I explained to you before,
division into books and chapters, is not the way we we think about it, it's not that every book is comprised of different chapters, and it is not necessarily that every book will be larger in size than the chapters.
So inshallah we'll fix this in the in the next edition in the layout of the next edition, the chapter on vows belongs naturally to the book of oaths, or Kitab, with a man. So we covered the chapter and vows, because that's how they put them, you know, place that before the book of oaths. And then
we covered the chapter on vows, and today inshallah, we will try to finish the rest of these chapters, there will be three chapters that we will attempt to finish today. The first one is called the book of oaths. And this will be a discussion of the definition and the ruling of oaths and things like that. And then Babel German, a man so Kitab, a man the book of holes, and then Babel JAMA, the Imam, the chapter on
JAMA, a man means what, what is Jama? Jama is something that brings a lot of things together, right? Okay. So like a master that Jama is the master that brings a lot of people from far away together. So, baptism and a man it means the basically the chapter on
that campaign compendium of a man or
different different massage or different issues pertaining to a man are all brought together in this chapter, you will find that these issues are almost all about interpretation of a man how to interpret people's mean, and what would be binding after they mean depending on the interpretation of this mean. So that's why I chose the translated as the chapter on interpretation of those
Baptists Florida mean, the chapter on expiation for OAuth
is the last chapter in this
book or in this section, and Sharla if we are able to finish this, next time, we will start to the segment on penalties of generic
penalties. And it will get interesting from here on because it will be about penalties and Jihad and judiciary and things like that.
So the not that it was not interesting in the past let's
get more interesting.
So we'll go over a man now from that effect, which is a Hanbury primer are many well
authored by the magnet perdana, who died in the year 620 after his era
and was one of the greatest somebody authors, if not the greatest, Hanbury, author, author in the Hanbury must have been belongs to the category to the topic, or
the or to the basically the middle layer of the Hanbury method. As we said before, there is not a domain, the earlier layer, supposedly in the middle layer, and in the latter layer of scholars in the mother and pubblicato motorcar
mean with end with Edna Hamad and motorcity we'll start with abriola
and you're able to hear me okay but also to start with
and then matassa Dean was with endo is
Eminem have left that's Muhammad Ali muffler and the motor headin we'll start with head murder we
of course did not end
So get up with a man the book of old woman had a father say and father who LFR movie worked in Colombia for the goofy family he confided to me in school insha Allah matassa and Bimini we have father who mccahon Sian Falak of
Allah He, one who's where's the refrain from something, and then does it that thing, or swears to do something and then doesn't do it is bound to expiate, for that broken oath? expiation is not required, if one says, insha, Allah, Allah willing, connected with the oath without separation? Or if one does it under coercion, or out of forget forgiveness, under coercion or out of forgetfulness. So this this has many, many rulings, and we need to add to them some
various level, do you know the difference between the mean and the North? Because this is important that you figured out the difference between the mean and an answer because they will tell you or you heard in the chapter from NASA or vows,
that if the NASA comes out like a mean, or if the NASA another implies a mean, or is intended to be a mean, then it is not binding, but you will have to expiate for it. So what does that mean? What's the difference between never any amine and when is it that the nazzer comes out like a amine? Well, the definition of an acid is examined macula enough so
he said we're gonna follow calphalon but you know that that's not necessarily important in Southern California,
Shara or examine mocha Latina enough so Imran Minato more which would be more accurate than the first one. So the first definition is when the legally liable person that is, you know, adult and sane person about st Muslim, and particularly in the chapter of
vows, Muslim is not included, it's any legally liable
the sense of adult unsane So, it is when the legally liable person obliges himself to do something or refrain from something that is
that is not binding in the revelation,
but this is this definition we said does not really apply
correctly to the method because in the method, there is this this agreement in terms of this agreement, what if it is binding, and then you vow to do it what if you vow to pray the binding
the majority as we said before will tell you this vow is nonsense, you know this vow is not binding invalid void doesn't make sense, because this is binding to begin with.
But then the embedding methods have the there is this opinion there are two opinions about combining method one consistent with other the majority and the other one is
about would be valid
which means what if you do not pray you will be sinful for not praying which is a huge sin, but in addition to this you will need to wait for the valve
okay. So, this is the valve It is about obliging yourself to do something what is the I mean? The definition of the the amine is Tokido Hawkman be zackary marvelman hydrogen muscles. So it is basically the emphasizing a preposition and assertion
emphasizing the preposition or assertion by
mentioning something exalted glorified
in a specific form in a specific form which is the form of a customer you mean or oath. So,
what is intended here is not obliged yourself. It is to emphasize something.
a preposition Tokido Hochman, particular terminology in muscles is the way it is basically to put emphasis
on a preposition. So
that's a that's the difference between nothing. I mean, the way we say nothing is Nasrallah, yeah, it's I vow, it's about on me, I lay it's upon me, even without saying, or I vow or it's about if you say Allah, Allah upon me to Allah or for Allah to do such and such or to refrain from such and such this format is nazara auria mean nothing, vow yameen would be what Allah He left Atlanta,
By a law I will do such and such by Allah I will do such and such. Is there a difference here? Yes, there is a difference. Yes, there is a difference. And there are many differences between the another any I mean, there are many similarities, that's why they belong to the same category and that's why confira to another product here mean, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, expansion for the NAS is the same as the expansion for me or else. So there are many similarities, but there are significant differences.
To begin with the ruling of another is what according to the confetti method naza is mcru now that is the slight right, according to him, Bette Miliband, remember we said the Hanafi said was the hub and then the Madison chakra is the second was the hub except in such and such.
And you know if it is conditional, or if it is to deter you or to sort of
impose on oneself or deter oneself from something according to the Japanese and if it is conditional according to the Maliki's so now let's let's keep it by I will try as much as I can now to keep it just limited to the Humvee method so that we don't get all over the we don't get confused because we're gonna compare Now does that mean so now that I have is my crew why because the Prophet said another
layer do other so another that does not bring about any good Latin zero the prophets of Salaam said don't make enough it doesn't do good.
So the combat is chose that neither is the buyer by default macro disliked. Now what is the ruling of you mean?
You know, we said the mean is not to obliged yourself to do something, it's to emphasize anything, you know,
just to put emphasis on any preposition on any assertion by the mention of something exalted in a specific for so what is the ruling of you mean?
Not not macro. So when I talk with maheen don't obey every sort of like, the one who takes us frequently the one who makes hot frequently Yes, because if you if you're talking about someone who's making had it frequently, for no good reason, yes, then that is macro. But but the mean could be any one of the five legal values could be whadjuk monster hub, MOBA macro hora, when is the meanwhile,
mean as Wagyu beef, taking the mean will spare someone from harm an innocent person from harm, including yourself, if you're innocent, taking the mean will spare someone from harm, including yourself and then taking the oath would be obligatory. Now. We're talking about treating the harm but you know some of the sahaabah would avoid the mean, even if they would lose money, they would avoid them, they would bear the loss of money and not take an oath in, you know the court just just to avoid taking an oath. But if if there is read harm that will ensue.
Whether it is
harm to yourself or others, then taking the mean in this case would be obligatory. When is taking a Ameen most hub
to comfort someone when they're all model the alarm because with the game to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he said to him, you know I have not prayed as yet
he's a part of loving God and you know the May May Allah destroy the policy as the the captors from pray and honestly I have not heard distracted us from praying honestly I have not paid off via the prophet SAW Selim said to him, when our lack of muscle later by Allah I too did not pray. He is trying to comfort armor.
So you could say that this is this would be belong to the category that was done? Well certainly if the Prophet said that at least it is mobile. But you could say that this would belong to the category of the hobby because he's trying to comfort armor. So good noble cause here or Islamic beta ness the reconcile between people take an oath to reconcile between people. There is a dispute between two people and if you take an oath, you can reconcile between the law he I have not heard him say anything bad about you. So this year mean would be Mr. hub, when would it be MOBA?
If it is about something, like you say, well, law II
I will not do this or I will do that. It is all within the realm of mobile hat when it is macro. When you take an oath to do something that's my crew, or to avoid something that is must have, when it is haraam when you take an oath to do something that is haram or to avoid something that is what what law he I would not pray us.
For instance, in this haram Okay, so that is that ruling of the mean itself taking an oath. Okay, what is the ruling of breaking the oath?
Same thing. So it could be any one of the five legal values? Well, Mr. hub, MOBA, micro adhara.
When is it worth it to break your oath? If you take an oath to not pay us it? is our job to break?
When is it mcru? Where is it?
Mr. hub? To break it out, if you take an oath to avoid something was the hub or to do something? mcru? When is it MOBA? When the oath is about something more back? When is it? Although it is kind of louder, it is inferior because the oath is about something more than it is superior to keep it because Allah said will follow a manickam guard your oath. So don't break your oath. But then when is it mcru? And when is it haram? The opposite. It is makrooh to break the oath, if you take an oath to do something.
And it is haram
to break an oath, if you take an oath to do something.
are you will notice a difference here also, we're not seeing a difference in the ruling of Yemen between Yemen and because Yemen could be any of the five legal values and others macro, are you noticing a difference and hence, which is breaking the oath versus breaking the vow
breaking the vow
different from breaking the oath. If you remember when we talked about the different types of vows
and we said that in Han, which is impossible will be void
to begin with,
and whether or not to vow to do something that is binding by the Shara will be void or not this agreement and the majority said void and one report and the 100 emails have or one position in the embedding method says void because it's already binding
and the fact that it is binding is not because it is valid because it is binding originally by the shore. But then all the other
valid vows were what valid according to the Hanbury method, even that which you beyond the capacity even know that in masa
are all valid in the sense of what?
That they are monarchic that expiation will be demanded of you, but
are they binding?
No period or no but or no except, except, except if he a vow to do something
that does get you know the vow to do something obligatory or to avoid something Haram. It is binding by the Shara. But is there anything binding by the vow that is not binding by the Shara that the vow would make binding that is not binding by the Shara?
Yes, if you vow to do a corba was something was to happen, whether it be binding galala he aleja had to baited hotdoodle baited haram and I had
our asuma and explain what Hermes or an asuma Dara we even said according to the bodies. So, if you make a vow to do something was to have but will it be binding? Yes, it will be binding,
it will be binding and that's a matter of agreement.
Now, what about what about
the oath? Will it make anything binding? No,
it will not.
We just said the ruling of Henson in oath is what it is where
it is it is only haram to make Henson oath. If the matter you took an oath about or us war on if that matter is binding by the Shara. So if you take an oath to play us,
you must play us.
But you took an oath to fast Monday and Thursday. Binding No.
Must have Yes.
And expiation isn't required if you violate it. Yes. So what is the difference with the vow in the valid binding? You must do it you're sinful if you don't.
And then expiation is still binding,
but you are sinful.
And that is why the prophecies are mourning this from making vows because you will put yourself in hardship like you avow too fast
or too fast every other day. And then if every time you violate your your vow, there is
there is expiation for invalidating the bad one time but for for breaking the fast as we said in the Hanbury Madhavi you will experience for breaking the fast every time. So, anyway,
they can host fast every Thursday and Monday.
If you take the oath,
then it is recommended for you to keep it
this liked for you to break it, but if you break it, you will have to
know this one's one expiation, one expiation
and now we will come to talk about different things related to earlier mean and
concerns we mentioned
and mohalla here, which is the impossible then we said if you take a vow on something that is impossible, if you take a vow on something that is impossible, is it void? Yes.
What if you take an oath on something that is impossible? take an oath on something that is impossible. Is it void? No. That's another difference between the vow and the oath. You take an oath on something that is impossible, then we will, you know, and we will limit it to somebody here so that we don't get ourselves confused. You take an oath. There are two different types of impossibility right.
There is Alamosa Hale alack Lee
It is also called the lizard. Almost a lizard.
And when there is a Mr Hale, Elia D.
that is Mr. Hale leg IRA
musthave impossible actually means meant
that he inherently by itself for itself, it is inherently impossible. most hated it, it means what customarily impossible customarily ligori for something else, extraneous to it, it's not inherently impossible. It's not inherently impossible. How do you use it? How do would you translate this into English?
In English, they talk about logical impossibility and physical impossibility. Logical impossibility would be Mr. Hayden Arkley is called logical impossibility, logical impossibility is self contradictory. So it is false by necessity, necessary necessarily false because it's self contradictory, I will fast yesterday, you know,
the sort of
bringing the two contradictions together,
you know, the law of non contradiction and excluded excluded metal and so on, and so forth. So these are logical impossibilities, and then you have a Mr. Hate Li D, which is physical impossibility. I will go to the moon and come back before look. Or I will go to the moon and come back before you guys leave this room.
Is it logically impossible? No matassa war? Of course. Yeah. Well, the profits are sort of one two for extra, you know, is not to the moon.
The moon is nothing compared. But so logically what is our conceivable, conceivable, but impossible, Heidi physical impossibility physically impossible. It is not self contradictory.
It's not self contradictory, but it is contrary to facts.
Therefore, it is can contingently false not necessarily False contingently False okay.
Certainly all this unless there is a miracle, then there's the difference, but if I tell you that I will go to the moon and come back.
If I take an oath to go to the moon and come back,
before you guys leave,
the ham bellies will say valid
Of course, we said those are not binding unlike vows valid and you must explain right now, because there is no possibility that you will go to the moon, it is not that you expect when you break your oath. It is impossible to honor your oath experience right now expiation is binding great now, okay. What if I say
I will fast yesterday what law he I would fast yesterday
that Okay, there is a disagreement between Apple up top and
Apple yada here.
So, the disagreement between them is whether this is valid or not.
But in the men's hub, you know, according to the majority of but it's a heated debate within the method yet, consider it valid, valid,
they will say that this is like this,
that this is like the physical impossibility that logical impossibilities like a physical impossibility, they will tell you experience right now, because it is impossible to fascias through the experience right now.
But they will take you to task for it. Why? Because they they are saying that, like even if you should not be saying this or this is nonsense, you should not be giving a lost power to that
into your nonsense. You should not be using the name of a lie interior nonsense. You may they mean, you you took an oath the past yesterday, we'll go ahead and explain it because you can fast yesterday. But we will not get you off the hook because it is impossible. But this is a matter of the you know, it's controversial. It's a matter of this agreement. But I just wanted to tell you that there are some significant differences here between vows and oaths. The ruling of vows is different from the ruling of votes. The Binding ness is different between vowels and O's.
when you vow to do something that is more,
it is void.
When you take an oath to do something that is more hard or impossible, whether it is logically impossible or physically impossible, it is valid. But you have to explain it right now because it's impossible that you will honor your oath.
Contrary Lee, if you vow today to do something needs to happen. It becomes a binding and it becomes a word by the vow.
But if you take an oath to do something was to have it does not become binding. You are recommended to do it. You must accept it if you don't, but if you're not sinful if you don't like the well
is it okay so far? Okay.
So the secret, Allah said,
One who swears to refrain from something and then does it
or swears to do something and then doesn't do it
is bound to expiate for that broken oath. expiation is not required, if one says insha Allah, because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said man holla foul I mean, some makalah insha Allah, aka the Cessna or feather hence Allah He or Farah Agnes. So, whoever takes an oath, then says insha Allah, then there will be no hence no breaching of the oath on him, because he is he made an exception, he said, if Allah wills, so, if he doesn't do it, Allah did not wait
for him to do it. So, then you know it, if you take an oath, just try to say inshallah, now, it has to be immediately after those any separation that is not for like coughing or sneezing or whatever like something that you know, shocked you and you look away for a second and then set the inshaAllah any separation will make this invalid, this is the snap this exception invalid, the oath will be binding and you must exhibit so in sha Allah can be said before or after the oath. But if it is said, after the oath, it has to be connected to those.
So I will do this in sha Allah, I will do this
in sha Allah, that still connected,
but I will do this, and then you know, you think about not gonna hold? Oh, inshallah. No, that doesn't work. It's invalid. That exception is invalid, because everyone will then say, you know, in child law after a couple of days when he figures it's really hard.
So it connected with the oath without separation or if one does it under coercion or out of forgetfulness under coercion or out of forgetfulness. He said, what law he, I will not walk into your house. They carried him into his house.
expiation is buying them know
what even if he said not walk in I will not enter. They carried him into the house binding no mokara and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said what? In a lot of jozani automatic kata on CNN was the Corolla or raffia Amata Kaka
la myeloma has been exempted from what they do out of hair, forgetfulness or under coercion. So we have been forgiven. We
No, these things were overlooked for us things that we do out of error,
forgetfulness, or under coercion. So, if you take an oath, and then
do it absent mindedly or under coercion, there is no that is not breaching the oath, there is no explanation. Okay? What if this oath is an emancipation oath, or a divorce or
divorce or emancipation
and the then then, like, divorce emancipation, if you were carried into their house, you're, you're okay now breaching, no, nothing, nothing. It's inconsequential. But what if you forget and walk into their house, after you have taken an oath and as we will come to say,
taken an oath by anything other than a law and his names and attributes.
When he said when he talked about this here,
oh, no, he will.
But anyway, so it is makrooh to make it to take an oath with the law or eta hero, it is my crew to take, take an oath of emancipation or divorce, my crew
you make an oath or take an oath only by Allah subhanaw taala and his hands taken oath by somebody else, you know.
But there are a you know, and we'll come to it, we'll talk about it. But But anyway, you took an oath that there is, you know,
like any masturbation or divorces, they said what they said if you are if you walk into their house, absent mindedly binding the oath is binding. Why? So why are we making a difference here? Because our lobby hakkoda right? Because they're, you know, this is not between you and a lonely, somebody else's involved. And if your wife heard that, you took the oath and then you say, I walked in absent mindedly Well, that is her right to be divorced, and they say or the this is a big discussion, you know. So, anyway,
some of the contemporary scholars will notice the separate between calacatta you know, separate between emancipation and divorce, and say that when it comes to divorce,
and you walk in, absentmindedly, it will not be binding, divorce will not be binding emancipation will be bind according to the latter ones, but what if it is divorce, I will honestly say that it would be binding like the earlier scholars, divorce would be buying the gun less
and less this, you know, in the this year mean, in the first place was not either not intended that you will divorce your wife, but you just wanted to deter yourself. So, it came out as a amine, then all you need is expiation.
So, the lock itself is not binding in this case, but an expiation will be binding.
If we say that it is binding when you are when you do with absent mindedly, but in the case of disputation disputation, if your wife demands that this divorce becomes officiated, validated, that no one can stop her from getting it. But if the wife believes you, that you actually walked in absent mindedly, then I think that we should we should let this go, you know, today in meaning leave it between you and and a lost pinata, because the other party that is involved that has a right or a stake in this
believes you, you know, she doesn't want to basically pursue it, pursue the divorce, so we should let it go. Anyway.
No, there will not be expansion because expansion would be
He, you know, expansion is for Allah subhanaw taala. And we said that it is, we said that there is we said that if you do with absent mindedly between you and Allah, there is nothing, it's inconsequential. You're walking into the house absent mindedly is completely inconsequential between you and Allah, we said that emancipation and divorce are different that are locked or because there is another party involved. So there will not be a divorce and there will not be a need for explanation if you don't have some mind unless the wife
wants to pursue the divorce and she says Well, I don't believe that he was that he forgot.
Well, if it No it is not the level for a man but you know level of a man as we would come to it is covered Roger de la Beatty allow a lie, but I will lie he
is you know,
when people just say without confirmation conformation without
contracting the amine our customer a man So, but if he does it willfully and it means that then it does not level flame
So in halophila policy and Fatah omachron mianus. So, if someone takes an oath to not do something, but then does it under compulsion or absent mindedly, he or she has not breached the oath and we talked about this in detail. We talked about the exception, when I can fall out of Halifax, Martin, so on
the back of one who can
there is no explanation for oath concerning the past, whether one intended to lie or thought he or she was telling the truth, but it turned out not to be so, not to be so. So you made an oath about something in the past. So the oath that that that requires expiation is only about the future. Something in the future.
Not in the past, something in the future, not in the past. The oath about things in the past does not require an explanation. It's called the dip in goals, if you are a liar, so if you say, well, llahi this happened will lie this did not happen. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said
ishaku Bella, you are Cuckoo. Cuckoo. nazioni Amina Ramos, the bravest of the grave sins
are you know it shocked Bella Coco today? I guess I don't need to translate that. Caitlyn laughs That's murder hand. Howdy me medium of a moose the dipping goes dipping goes they asked him what is the dip in goals. So I do mean
to be a member in Muslim men who have he has he said the oath by which you take you know wrongfully take the money of a Muslim and that is
that is to do what
that is to make it more impulsive but if you take the money of another Muslim wrongfully is you're still a crime.
But to make it even worse, or to make it sound doors, he said madama in Muslim
so the clutter we have a Muslim mafia gathered while he is a liar. That's the dipping goes up the Lebanon Massoud said quoting them the levy laka Fira de la jolla Amina Ramos, we use the consider the the sin that has no expiation
to be what the dipping goes. So the fact that there is no expiation is not a there is no expiation, actually, there is no exclusion because it is too grave to be expiated for and this dunya you pay there in the hereafter for this. There is no expiation here in this dunya so it is not like you know,
it's not because it's lighter or anything. It's actually much much worse. Therefore, there is no explanation. And this though, do you you know, pay for this later.
So that's the meaning of the most however the shaft is, even though it is really it is much worse than it is you pay for it and thereafter as well but you experience is what
you experience as well in the journey. That rest of them have is medicals and Hanbury said no explanation in the Dornier expansion in the donia is about
an oath on a future thing not a past thing.
Anything is worrying about anything in the past. If you're a liar, then it is sinful. If you do it in court to take something that is not yours then it's the dipping goes if you have absorbed or you know that it is the dipping goes basically to cause harm to people or injustice, if he if it is a you know, but if you say what law he This is Mohammed
what light is Mohammed thinking that it is Mohammed and then when he comes closer, he turns out to not be Mohammed What is this?
This is nothing, this is nothing, no expansion, no sin.
You want to try to sort of cut down on highlife.
But, but there is no expansion or cylinders.
And then the sheikh said
one after the other is an even higher cost than la Hakka Cali fear or the hitc de la la bella La,
la, la, la VA medical. These are slips of the tongue. There is also no explanation for the oath that one utters inadvertently such as saying in the middle of speaking no by Allah or yes by Allah. This is because of the saying of a law Most High.
A law does not impose blame upon you for what is unintentional unintentional in your oath.
This comes into the front
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Okay, so a lot does not put blame on you. They are physical Allah does not put blame or we will not take you to that.
could not hold you accountable
the levy by meaningless for meaningless unintentional meaningless
oath. That is, as I said, Buhari report from Ayesha Rajan, now Allah Allah, Allah as well, unintentionally is just like in the middle of their speech fear or the hevc theodicy
how do you see in the middle of his speech?
So, it will be like this or not all
what if it is armed?
What's the difference between our heart
and the heart
Okay, so, so, out of the is in the middle,
middle, but if he saved me in or out of the NASS meaning from the lay or the public or the masses, but for odd when when the MSA if my statement is different from the statement of the province or southern for the day will be cowardly
or hard not
for the rebel because
then take my statement and throw it against the middle of the wall or the high
hand would be what the width
so, are the is the width versus two which is the length?
Are the would be also what is the singular form of auto that pajara merchandise.
The What do you say? Or oh that adjara there is a car binding on auto that adjara merchandise anything that can be a sale item other than gold and silver is called the old adage are commodities.
That is the plural is overruled. The singular is hard.
And the elders honor
marriage and our satellite.
What about if you make this on the sukoon here make it fat haha
that is odd adonia that's mahtab dunya these are basically the enjoyments of life or you know things that we enjoy in life
dunia so things that you come across in life, things that you enjoy in life, anyway. But
so it comes in the middle of your talk or the honeystick then the middle of your talk.
It is love
the love of America meaning this lauhala Ebola line
in your oath while
he takes you the task holds you accountable, put some blame on you got to meet a man for the oath that you confirmed or contracted or took intentionally asserted etc FACA Farah Who then is expiation at our maturity Misaki in feeding
10 people or 10 Misaki houseparty Misaki man also the marathon legal from the average food that with which you feed your family, from the average food with which you feed your family,
how to home or closing them
how to hurry or the emancipation of a slave.
And as we said before,
this is actually this is the preferred and this is the original the default because you promised Allah broke your promise or use the name of Allah and breached your oath. So you have to emancipate yourself from the Hellfire by emancipating one of your brothers from the bondage of slavery.
But since now people can do this, then they weren't given. They were given some options.
He had still these are Options,
Options. If you don't find any of this, from lm he added for cr musella 30 a year, then he who does not find any of the above, then binding on him is fasting
for three days
put here mutata
this is sort of explanatory recitation of of the universal explanatory recitation. And we will come to talk about the routing of this. This is the expiation for your oath when you take them what falou a monochrome guard, your oath, guard your oath means means what? Don't do it frequently. When you do with honor it, don't breach it. So don't do it frequently, frequently, but if you do, don't breach it.
Okay, so what after the military Allah is an even higher cost than la dee, da dee da La da, da da, da da
da da da, da, da amenia Bella.
I guess we will break this chapter into our continue for 20 more minutes,
or break, continue.
Alright, let's finish the chapter.
It's a very dense chapter. One attachable cafaro, a lovely amenable light it always has made he also put him in support he that he can help me You can I mean, he was at
end of another delivery also the media mean for him like a ferrata who can follow to me. So an expiation is only binding in the case of breaching and holes Made In the Name of Allah, the Most High, or one of his names or one of the attributes of his that
divine essence, such as his knowledge might power, greatness, covenant, or trust, by a law stressed by laws, competent by laws greatest by Laws of Power, by laws, my laws, knowledge. The exception to this is a vow with which an oath is intended. The expiation for it is like that, for our breached oath.
Basically, when we said that you took a vow but you intended an oath, you did not mention a lot to begin with. He's just another not a natural, not a, he did not mention a law. But an oath is an explanation for an hosts here is binding, even though you did not mention Allah. But if you took an oath, the oath that you need to expiate for is which oath, the valid one, which one is valid By Allah, for his names and attributes by Allah or his names and attributes?
So, what if you say by an
Quranic Khurana is one of the attributes of Allah kalama lies the speech of Allah, even if you say by swatara Moran by surah, Baqarah by surah. That is also fine. Whenever you say the most
they say it's also fine, because at most half when people swear by the most half, they do not intend to swear by the papers they intend to swear by the speech of Allah contained in the book.
So, that is also fine for most half, because these are the attributes of Allah.
Whatever you say by the prophet sallallahu Sallam
Okay, the majority said, haram and that's the position that I believe in because the prophets of Sodom, even though he's the greatest of our last creations, he is still one of the oldest creations not Allah, not his names, not his attributes, and the Prophet sallallahu sallam. When he heard the armor make an oath by his father, he said in Allah hi unhackme antartic by Coleman Kalahari fan for the holiday Villa de leus. Allah prohibits you from making taken an oath by your parents, whoever
takes an oath, let him take an oath by law or stay silent. He said.
He said Whoever takes an oath, but other than a law he had committed cough or share. Now, why is it that we have a disagreement with in the Hanbury madhhab about this, and there is a valid disagreement within the Hanbury mouth. And you could say, you could say that according to many embellies, the authorized position is that you can take an oath by the prophets of Assam, because it is reported from Emma med that taken an oath by the prophets alongside him because he is one of the two
pillars of the Shahada, his Thorazine allows because of his basically honoring the Shahada, by what she had become a believer. So it entails glorification of Allah or exaltation of Allah, the other position in the method and then an explanation will be warranted if you take an oath by the prophets Allah seven,
the other position and then there is, it is possible that they are not saying it is halab
it is possible according to the Fisher Hamilton era, that what he mentioned there, unlike medallion, in salt, water booty mentioned some trackman data that could mean that taken an oath by the prophet sallallahu Sallam is also forbidden, but it is
valid in the sense of an explanation would be required, because you violated an oath by
by someone who a lot.
exalted and Allah subhanaw taala you know, put him next to him in the Shahada. So
so that's the disagreement within the,
the stronger position, which is the position of the majority is that all the messengers and the prophets, including our Prophet, are still of the creations you take an oath by Allah, his names or attributes only. And because because of what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, and I think that this is honoring the legacy of the prophet SAW Salah more, because he told us whoever wants to take an oath, let him say, take an oath by Allah or stay silent. Now, when people say would not be
give me this will never give me this. That's not an oath. That is not a big deal. And we should not make it a big deal. will not be this will not be that. That is not a big deal.
He is laughing with gyptians
it's not my nose, if you intend by the nose and it's a different thing.
But if you say like yeah, for the sake of the Prophet biani the mean does so anyway.
I'll be happy army
and things of that nature. They're not intended to be an oath. So they're fine. But when you take an oath, cut to what a man
is or the
surgery with assertively intentionally advertently then you take an oath by Allah subhanaw taala only someone said the ham bellies, say it is okay to take an oath by the prophet SAW them Don't tell them your lie. The embarrassed did many hamburgers then how many hamburgers considered the authorize the view, tell them gently. I do
believe in the position of the majority which is another report in the Hanbury meth hub. It makes it is stronger to me, because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Whoever makes an oath or takes a nose, let him take an oath by Allah. The Prophet said Whoever takes an oath rather than Allah have committed go for shirk. The exception did not come from the Prophet. So I would just take what appears to have come from the Prophet, the apparent the obvious, of just go buy this and that is that makes me but don't get into a fight about it. There is no reason to go into a fight about
can and like I said would not be that that comes out of people's mouths all the time to ask people buy in for the sake of an abbey that is not an oath
to begin with. So
Don't get frustrated by this.
And don't frustrate people by.
So then the CXO
level Yemeni bit later I was mentioned as many of them as hottie that we finished the part
from the Confederate Confederacy, I mean, comparatively, I mean, is it also binding elsewhere? You know, he said when the vow intended, but if the vow is not that you do not intend
you do not intend an oath by the vow are used them
going to explain to me, yes, any vow that you breach the conference confronted me right.
what else what else there will be an authority mean for
to hareem there will be conformity I mean
welcome to a medical what is a tablet a medical? What did the prophet SAW seven do? He said, I will not eat honey.
He did not take an oath. He said I will not eat honey. So, he made honey haram for himself.
Right? That is the dream. Therefore, anyone who makes the dream of anything other than the wife
according to the wife, because the ham bodies will tell you to hire him as the savages they are the honeyberries will say that the default for Zelda is the heart but, but in you know, honestly speaking the shaft a position here makes great sense, which is that we have to go back to his intention that he intended talak vr or atari and if he intended to hurt him, then the exhibition is cathartic to me. Just like the cream of honey, confided to me that dream of anything making anything that is not harder to expiate for this cathartic me, okay. What if someone said hire talaq face such and such
you know, Philip is buying the economy if such and such, wherever you do such and such such and such happens
if I do this or if you don't do that or things of that nature. If he intended to lock then it is Allah if he intended emphasis oath to emphasize a preposition and assertion, then it is a I mean, and Becca fara here will be confided here mean can we will come to prefer to me maybe not today.
Last thing that he said here, whatever we have accordingly he will karate Dimitri honey sir, are currently Amina halacha in Kabbalah taxi Holla Holla be Amina, meanwhile, Haider Lemmy, who acts through Minka fara, in hell of a man and a Shia, finally, liquidly meaning cafaro if one swears by all this, you know Allah in his mind and his knowledge, and the entire plan, then breaches this oath or repeats an oath on something before expecting for it. Or if one makes one oath with multiple resolutions, only one single expiation will be binding on him or her. If he made multiple goals concerning more than one resolution, then he is bound to expiate for every both separately, okay.
someone said, By Allah, I will not eat, drink or
my ally will not eat, drink or wear coat, and then he breached one of them.
All have been breached, one expiation is binding, one expiation is bind,
one wire one if one said,
What if one said, while lie I will not come into your house
while lying I will not enter your house. And then next day he said, What lie I will not enter your house.
And then he said what lie I will not enter your house
and then he entered his house how many six patients
we said if you know we saw before we talked about it the last time What if he said what if he said this is me now
what law he I will not enter your house I will not eat this I will not wear that no no no, well I will not eat this
while law he I will not wear that
while law he I will not enter your house Okay. Now,
what if he violated all of them before he acts EPA
how many expropriations are binding
there is this is not one lie here the keep in mind you know the first one will lie I will not eat this one lie I would not wear that know what lie I will not eat this or wear that or
enter your house or and I won't eat this or you know so, one one law he one year mean different things.
The other the other one is one thing different means will lie I will not enter your house will lie I would not enter your house while I would not enter your house. Both of them both scenarios. One expiation okay all right. What if it is different owes on different things will lie he I will not eat this will lie I will not wear that will lie he I will not enter your house.
One, you said three. He said one. Okay, what's the right?
Three according to the majority and one position and not very many have one according to the authorized position in the company. Most of you have become very somebody's
attending for years. So you've got to be humble enough.
So, yeah, it seems that he's not going by the authorized view in the madhhab. In which as we said before, but something that developed after him, if you tell him that booty says this and that,
you know, came a couple of 100 years before booty, so he will tell you we're actually serious, what
400 years for a booty. So he will tell you who's at boot. So, if you turn on the booty does not say that this is the authorized the view is you know, who are you.
But anyway, so the authorized view in the man's have is that while I will need not eat this will lie I will not wear that will lie I will not enter your house and he did not accept it until he breached all of them one kuffaar that is not the majority. The other mazahub Budi would say three or four hours and another strong position within the Hanbury method. Also, which seems what they've been Kodama goes by here is that three are binding. Okay?
Well into our efia meaning if we do ilani akuna, volumen, salah and Pharaoh who will who
relies a lot on 70 amino carta names of duplicate between Sahaba one who equivocates in his oath by intending something other than the obvious implication of his statement is judged according to his intention, except for the wrongdoer whose equivocation will not benefit him. This is because the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said, your oath is about the matter that your companion believes that to be about.
Okay, so equivocation here, like you say, while he shows my brother
in fairing to the audience that he is your biological brother and meaning in your heart that he's your brother in Islam.
the extra plus,
or the apparent meaning was not intended by you. Does that benefit you when you're taken house? Yes, except in one case, in court, in court, or
if it is a matter of disputation, disputation, and you take an oath
to cause harm to someone or take somebody, that then certainly that oath will not benefit you.
Because in this case, the immediate elements of the book could be his or her book,
as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, or as the Prophet savety, meanwhile, any yet added must live
so that the yameen will be in accordance with the intent, or the demand of the one who requests it, not the one who says it, or the one who gives it. So if you stand in court, and they tell you, is this your brother, you can play games, they're asking you whether it is is your biological brother. So you say yes or no based on that.
in general, Yes, it will. What you intended when when basically, in between you and Allah, whether intended is what counts and amerada Husain has been reported from the province of Southern but the traceable report is not
authentic to the Prophet salla center but film amaratunga sign in Mahara lemon do Hatton and cousin married which means what equivocation spares you from life? equivocation spares you from lying. You know, when the prophet SAW Saddam was asked, this was reported that he was asked Where are you from? And he said, I am from water. This way, you know of course, if you are at a time of war and people are asking you worry from the you know, it is permitted to lie in this case, to avoid harm to yourself and to the rest of your army. It is permitted to lie, but people who hold themselves to higher standards when it is permitted to lie, the steady use equivocation so that they would not be
caught lying, or they would not have lied ever. So when Ibrahim alayhis salam said about Sarah that she was his sister was that equivocation? Yes. Is that acceptable? honorable dignified? Absolutely. That's fine.
Because it was intended basically to spare her from harm and spare himself and his honor from
This would bring us to the end of this, I'm sorry, it just it was just a dense chapter.
So, we will take like five to seven minutes or he mentioned jokes jokes,
it is in the book it is not part of a map and Kodama talked about here, but just sentences in the book.
So, so jokes the Can you make a joke lying
It seems that the ham bellies are opposed to this
you know, there is a disagreement whether you know, what is lying is like if it is clear that you are lying to your audience clear that you are lying to your audience or making up a story to you know, to make them laugh, clear that you are lying. This story does not hurt people or a group of people or any people any individuals is is is not toxic, no mockery nothing. It's just but but mine is involved. You made like a story someone went
sharpened. He said this and he said and then people explode in laughter when when no one went to the shop No, you know you're making up a story. He didn't hurt anyone's feelings. There is no mockery There is nothing here is this highlight or not? That's what the point of contention here. How many's know
many others said you know like is a creative Ansari is one of them.
Mr. Latina, the these that's not lying, because it's obvious. You know, lying would include this deception, deceiving the audience here not deceiving that the older audience know that you're not saying the truth. Well, certainly
For people who hold themselves to a higher standard as the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they said to him, you know, in the khatrimaza, Hana pilot, any law could happen. They said to the Prophet you, you joke with us. And he said, I never say anything but the truth. So certainly for the profit all sudden, any, just, that's a different story. But even for people who have like,
sort of greater
caliber, their character, integrity, etc,
with demand of them to not lie, even in just even while joking,
then they should probably go by the hamburger position and just avoid lying altogether. Yet, when people tell jokes, you don't have to particularly condemn them or reprimand them or rebuke them, because many scholars said that this would not be counted as lying. Since your audience know that this is not the truth.
Right, five minutes, seven minutes and we'll come back at 130 1030