Fiqh of Fasting #1

Hatem al-Haj


Channel: Hatem al-Haj

File Size: 41.96MB

Share Page

Episode Notes

Fiqh of Worship – Book of Fasting


AI: Summary © The importance of trusting rules of Islam and following rules of Islam is emphasized, along with the need for conscious decision making and a balance between the client and spirit. The importance of privacy and primacy in the creation of a culture is emphasized, along with the dual nature of the human experience, including loss of one's soul and the balance between body and spirit. The importance of confidence and perseverance is emphasized, along with the need for proper guidance on how to handle it. The discussion on the topic of global citing and the use of local citing in media is also discussed, along with the importance of clear understanding of the global economy and the potential for global citing to increase the likelihood of mass protests.
Transcript ©
00:00:06--> 00:00:12

So, today we will talk about fasting the ruling who is required with us

00:00:13--> 00:00:24

when does the month start seeing the person alone abusable testimony and confusing cases of confusion. So, the mountain

00:00:25--> 00:00:26

is booked

00:00:28--> 00:00:37

we try to provide some comparative flavor and discussion, but this is primarily

00:00:41--> 00:00:43

provided layer 620

00:00:45--> 00:00:58

this is just in the book for beginners the method which is the text that we are providing shopko in our explanation is kids. This is a book for beginners.

00:01:03--> 00:01:08

He says in the book of fasting and we said before when we

00:01:10--> 00:01:27

were doing fasting because it is timely to do fasting since normalized for weeks, but Lee did not lose account to go back to the calf after we finish we will have to reverse account because after and then we will need to go over

00:01:29--> 00:01:51

two months until the time of harvest and those two months eight weeks eight Saturdays inshallah when the just enough for us to finish the pocket. And then after you come back from how to those of you who are blessed enough to be chosen to go, after you return, we will

00:01:52--> 00:01:54

start the lookup circuit.

00:01:56--> 00:02:02

It means a chapter has a count that they divided them into books and the advisor books into

00:02:03--> 00:02:03


00:02:06--> 00:02:06


00:02:07--> 00:02:09

you know last year it was the

00:02:12--> 00:02:22

target of funding and I was so fascinated I'm alone is mandatory upon every sale about Muslim was capable of fasting. Fasting in Ramadan is mandatory

00:02:25--> 00:02:31

about Muslim who is capable of fasting. First of all the ruling.

00:02:32--> 00:02:37

The ruling of fasting is mandatory. It is one of the five pillars It is wonderful.

00:02:39--> 00:02:42

So, one of the factors of Islam.

00:02:52--> 00:02:55

Casting was one of the five

00:02:57--> 00:03:01

finalists and cars from World War London.

00:03:15--> 00:03:15


00:03:19--> 00:03:20

guidance and criteria

00:03:22--> 00:03:29

to discern for us to point us out for us, you know, wrong from right.

00:03:30--> 00:03:31

from evil,

00:03:32--> 00:03:39

perhaps identical Masada for the song who ever witnessed the month, meaning the crescent, the beginning of the month, which was the

00:03:41--> 00:03:47

new moon of the month or the end of the month, it is on him faster, he must trust

00:03:52--> 00:04:32

them and irrelevant for them. Okay. Before we talk about you must trust the wisdom of fasting, the wisdom of fasting some people you know when he first asked them what fasting it was basically to get to the affluent to experience hunger and thirst so they can sympathize with the poor. That is tremely important. That's one of the reasons we're fasting but it is not the primary wisdom of fasting fasting is training baccala it is training in taqwa or it is training in God. Consciousness being conscious about lack of physicality to see

00:04:35--> 00:04:41

that the whole thing was prescribed for you as opposed to prescribe for people before you that you may have

00:04:43--> 00:04:44

to be conscious of God.

00:04:45--> 00:04:58

Fear could mean this or that. But let's say that means to be conscious, the sensuality, sensuality of the Divine in our universe. This interactivity of the maker of this unit

00:04:59--> 00:04:59


00:05:00--> 00:05:40

The human perspective, not that human, you know, desire, but, you know, the divine, the maker of this universe, that is what has to be a that is what has to be the center of our thought all the time, you know, how our maker weekend via someone brought us here, you know, God to create those environments here deserves to be in the center. And you know, the, the human should always conform to the divine, and that humans will always go back to the divine and your perspective should be removed from the center because

00:05:41--> 00:05:46

your perspective is usually to see your biases and

00:05:47--> 00:06:02

social constructs that were inculcated with you, some of them may be completely wrong. So, listen, travel to privacy, primacy of the place of the Divine in our hearts, that is an exercise

00:06:03--> 00:06:32

to be conscious of God, you ask yourself all the time you're fasting, you know, why am I doing this? Because a lot of us do. So, keep in mind, sometimes this is subconscious. You know, it is but but it is working. You know, it is working every minute of the day. It is teaching you a lesson every minute of the day, that God comes first, you know that God is more important to the pleasure of God comes first.

00:06:33--> 00:06:56

You may not be rationalizing, you may not be saying this to yourself out loud, it may not be even in your conscious mind. But subconsciously is working fasting is working. Because subconsciously every time you say to yourself, I'm hungry, you know, or you look at you know, you go to work and when the people are having coffee and you're a coffee addict, like many people are

00:06:59--> 00:07:01

just smell the hazelnut coffee.

00:07:08--> 00:07:09

So and then you say

00:07:11--> 00:07:15

I'm alive, and it wouldn't be working.

00:07:16--> 00:07:18

And it is teaching you that you should

00:07:21--> 00:07:36

be observant of his pleasure before yours. Anyway, so this is one thing. The other thing is the balance that this the fasting brings to our lives. Because yes, we are doing nature of also Coronavirus, as in the parameters, Allah says there

00:07:38--> 00:07:39

is a way to

00:07:40--> 00:07:49

recover. And certainly, I would read a mantra that once I have passion, the proportion is dead to him from my soul,

00:07:50--> 00:08:10

that prompt for prosperity for him. So that's the dual nature play in my soul. And the human being the glory of it is that, you know, even though it is not my soul, it's not, you know, the divine soul and you're not part of the Divine, but it is still very interesting the loss in my soul.

00:08:12--> 00:08:22

And it is very interesting that despite the fact that you know, when we look at the dilemma of determinism dilemma free will,

00:08:24--> 00:08:35

determinism, how could we be in control and be liable? The Secret may not be completely new, basically,

00:08:36--> 00:08:51

it will not be alive until the day of judgment. And then we will figure out the secret because how is this related to add breathe into him from my soul? Because if we are completely if we are completely

00:08:54--> 00:08:57

lacking any power of choice

00:08:59--> 00:09:09

because because of because of faith because of others, how can we be liable? You know, it's a different discussion. But that

00:09:10--> 00:09:22

quality of the human nature is extremely interesting. The balance of between the client and the spirit the balance between the substance and the soul in us.

00:09:24--> 00:09:24


00:09:25--> 00:09:29

needs to be basically a resume that

00:09:30--> 00:09:59

you have the two ends of this equation needs to be resumed because most of the year we are serving the substance to claim the law. We are serving the body. Think about that. Honestly, let's think about it. You're working 85 or you're working 40 hours a week so that you could put food on the table, the food on the table. That's and then you eat the food that you eat like breakfast and lunch and dinner and

00:10:00--> 00:10:05

In the middle, and then you can, you know, sip on something between the snacks and

00:10:06--> 00:10:09

you're consumed by your thoughts,

00:10:10--> 00:10:37

you know, gratifying the body and basically fulfilling the needs of the body, the spirit is really underserved. There's anything out there circuit is our spirits individually and collectively, the spirit is really under served with us. In Russia, we just give the spirit and little bit of a chance, you know, to rise

00:10:39--> 00:10:43

to where it belongs, hopefully. But even

00:10:45--> 00:10:48

give it a little chance to correct that equation.

00:10:49--> 00:11:10

Or the balance between the body and the spirit. So, in addition to this from Atlanta is a great exercise of confidence and self restraint and perseverance, right? You know, particularly when you have those long days, 18 hours, and you really get hungry sometimes.

00:11:11--> 00:11:31

And these qualities of confidence, and you know, what is more of confidence and perseverance, self restraint, these are essential qualities for any believer, for any more person, these are some of the essential qualities to be more liberal being, you know,

00:11:32--> 00:11:33


00:11:35--> 00:11:35


00:11:37--> 00:11:55

then certainly we cannot ignore experience in the effluence. And people who are, you know, and this is me, and this is really like an important wisdom, because the affluent community can be detached from the experience of boring, needy people completely detached,

00:11:57--> 00:12:09

that they can cannot really relate to their experience whatsoever. How can you support sympathize with something that he completely unaware of? So are you tracking awareness he grew up in here, and

00:12:14--> 00:12:16

you've never really thought about, you know,

00:12:21--> 00:12:41

most of you did not ever think about shortage of food. You know, your aspirations were completely different theory area software, software, volunteer career, advancement, career and having more, you know, and likely it was never about food, because it was about having like a better car, or better house or

00:12:43--> 00:12:55

bathroom from Yvonne makes us experience the hunger and thirst and the need that those people feel every day of the year, so that we could relate and so that you can sympathize. And finally,

00:12:57--> 00:13:21

for our health is good for our health. And you know, many of the old sales need to be basically First I'll bring you with us, and then the benefits of fasting, the health benefits of fasting, they're doing intermittent fasting nowadays, and so far that it's, it's amazing how similar it is, lot because it's 16 hours of

00:13:22--> 00:13:40

intermittent fasting is actually 16 hours every day. And the funny thing is that most of the authorities advise intermittent fasting two to three days a week, so two days a week, that's Monday and Thursday, three days a week that is a facet of the US the past every other day. So

00:13:41--> 00:13:48

16 hours a day, it can't be any closer to the circuit unless they drink water

00:13:50--> 00:13:51

would work better.

00:13:55--> 00:14:18

So that is, you know, the wisdom of Ramadan. So every Muslim who is capable of fasting is very open to children as well. Yes, and no, it is mandatory upon you, not them they're not like children will never be liable even praying at age seven or 10 they are not liable they will not be held responsible for

00:14:19--> 00:14:30

the liquids in front of us kind of odd, but you are liable in front of a lot of instructors and investing in training early on, so that when the time comes when they reach puberty, you know how

00:14:32--> 00:14:51

Buddha would report to somebody on the other hand when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said broke your arm once and asked, which means three will not be held liable or accountable that has been lifted, lifted, lifted off their scriptures the Fed is not pregnant, even though it is writing good deeds for them but the ban is lifted off of the scriptures of evil

00:15:01--> 00:15:16

accountable, insane losses minor third, we basically recovered from his insanity. And then the other one on the outside and the sleep until they wake up, why does somebody have their

00:15:17--> 00:15:35

child until they reach puberty. So they're kind of not writing anything for them except for the child until they reach puberty, once they become amazing scientists, and they do good deeds, inshallah, that they will come for them, even if they are not discerning certain ViSalus accounts for them

00:15:36--> 00:15:47

according to a stronger position. So, the, the issue here is that they're not liable, you're liable to instruction that you're allowed to train them, it's a matter of training.

00:15:49--> 00:15:57

That so invaluable now, sadly away not because somebody did not talk about a child should be ordered too fast when you can tolerate it, when you can tolerate it.

00:16:00--> 00:16:03

But you have to be gentle, and you have to be reasonably hopefully, understanding also

00:16:05--> 00:16:09

reports from obey orders more I was on the line, she said,

00:16:16--> 00:16:16


00:16:18--> 00:16:20

value pattern.

00:16:21--> 00:16:21


00:16:23--> 00:16:25

that we used to pass that afterwards it

00:16:26--> 00:16:43

was mandatory, before Ramadan became mandatory customer service. So we used to faster than from that time onwards, and make our children plastic as well. And make, you know, toys

00:16:44--> 00:16:45

for them

00:16:46--> 00:16:56

to play with. And if they were to cry your hunger to give them those toys, who say entertain them, it is fine for them.

00:16:58--> 00:17:14

So you're also working with them, it is not like you know, it was not like it is only when they can handle that some kids, you know, are more capable than others. It is not merely by age. That is why he said about DACA who when you can tolerate and

00:17:16--> 00:17:24

it's been seven to 10 years is usually when they can tolerate that some kids can pass that six years of age of five years of age. And I know some people pass that before age seven.

00:17:26--> 00:17:36

But usually between seven to 10 years, they may tell you they may be able to tolerate it and then we start and if you the best thing to us maybe next year they can try something

00:17:38--> 00:17:45

because this is not required. But to begin with. So if you started to train them and they just asked for the loan one day.

00:17:47--> 00:18:06

That's right, next day of the year, they'll be able to make it and you know once you encourage them once it's just motivate them and encourage them. You know, encouragement, works wonders surely encouragement, encouragement, encouragement, versus, you know, punishment, encourage them on the offense.

00:18:07--> 00:18:08


00:18:09--> 00:18:14

I said why aren't you gonna be athletes and after the FCM commands are bad, what do we have to

00:18:15--> 00:18:20

do the environment. When we do the honey, I'm Caitlin Laila, senior

00:18:22--> 00:18:33

pastor, it becomes mandatory when one of these three things occurs. The completion of 30 days of Chabad the sighting of the crescent moon aroma or the presence of clouds on the night of the 19th

00:18:34--> 00:18:52

the presence of clouds on the night on the night of the 30th of Chabad that prevents it citing so embedded in the embedding rather, in all of them as I have in all of them as I have the first two will apply one more day. If

00:18:54--> 00:18:56

chaverim in Java,

00:18:57--> 00:19:05

if you complete 30 days of sharp back then we'll have to come in because Java cannot be 31 days from now on can be 31 and even 32 sometimes

00:19:07--> 00:19:08

routing wise not as phenomenal.

00:19:09--> 00:19:20

Faster wise but but but sharp man can only be 30 days. So if you did not see the crescent on the night, night of the 30s the night of the 30s

00:19:21--> 00:19:23

precedes the 30s right or wrong

00:19:27--> 00:19:28

way usually

00:19:29--> 00:19:35

the mind always precedes the night or Friday is Thursday.

00:19:36--> 00:19:37

There is the aftermath.

00:19:41--> 00:19:44

So okay, so on the night,

00:19:45--> 00:19:48

the 30th on the night.

00:19:50--> 00:19:51


00:19:52--> 00:19:55

on the night of the 30th you are looking for the moon

00:19:57--> 00:19:59

you're looking for the 2019

00:20:00--> 00:20:01

Half an hour

00:20:02--> 00:20:29

and 15 minutes from sunset for 15 minutes after sunset. You are trying to save the moon for about 15 to 20 minutes from Sunset on the couch or bed. You're trying to say that you saw me. Okay, good morning, Siobhan was 29 days from Avast The more you did not see it, you will complete your bad. Java has 30 days, and we will fast when

00:20:30--> 00:20:35

after 30 days are over. Regardless whether or not we see the crescent

00:20:37--> 00:20:39

whether or not we see the president of Ramadan.

00:20:41--> 00:20:53

So it's either you see the president of Ramadan, or you complete 30 days of Shabbat. You see the Christian phenomenon or you complete 30 days of Shabbat.

00:20:55--> 00:20:57

What about

00:20:58--> 00:21:35

you know this company position here? He said what would you consider later for stellar CFO to do or the presence of clouds on the night of the 30th of Chabad that prevents it citing? So unclear on the night of the 70s of shabang. There were there were clubs. That was 29th after March 29 of Charmin after you went out the site, the new president of Ramadan, they were clubs that had Benny's alone will tell you faster more. Everybody else will tell you the fact

00:21:37--> 00:21:43

that you've asked more Why is everyone else telling you not to fast tomorrow?

00:21:44--> 00:21:47

Because the purpose of Solomon honey can quiet muster from our beloved

00:21:49--> 00:21:50

set it up assume

00:21:52--> 00:21:52


00:21:54--> 00:21:58

you know some reality or whatever reality and some other durations not assume

00:21:59--> 00:22:00

sighted and don't break it

00:22:02--> 00:22:20

because I'm not against it in front of him that report in these orange offer from one of the answers he said no. Let me check caffeine he or you shampoo he doesn't have a Cossack wiper past the day about this obey the father of the colony of the province

00:22:23--> 00:22:26

Okay, so how can you combat is this

00:22:33--> 00:22:34

doesn't miss any of it.

00:22:35--> 00:22:37

But keep in mind that

00:22:38--> 00:22:42

you should not be stranded for answers or for every buffalo

00:22:44--> 00:22:47

you know, the majority the majority

00:22:48--> 00:22:49

had said okay

00:22:50--> 00:23:15

that the profits are very happy that we talked about someone ranting often or is he summarizing often already he says I'm gonna go big or go big or go to me on a comb or obeah on a comb which are all different words to me that if if there is here obstructive your Cycling is obstructed by clouds

00:23:16--> 00:23:20

stop doing what he said some guru that that word

00:23:22--> 00:23:24

creates a lot of controversy

00:23:25--> 00:23:27

because panna

00:23:29--> 00:23:32

cotta can mean Titan

00:23:34--> 00:23:35

in spite and

00:23:41--> 00:23:47

so, he saw that we will not cause hardship plates and things for him cause any form of hardship

00:23:50--> 00:23:53

could also means estimated.

00:23:58--> 00:23:59

mean calculated

00:24:01--> 00:24:03

which can apply calculate.

00:24:04--> 00:24:04


00:24:13--> 00:24:14


00:24:16--> 00:24:18

find in four, four, what

00:24:20--> 00:24:21

type of what type of

00:24:23--> 00:24:28

meaning you know, considers our band to be 29 not 30

00:24:30--> 00:24:39

make sure I bet tighter so that you do not favor shabang over Ramadan so that if you will have to be wrong, it's better

00:24:40--> 00:24:46

to fast. One day of shop and then to not fast one day of Ramadan.

00:24:47--> 00:24:59

That's the basis of Americans are not going to say keep in mind. This honey that you guys are talking about that you are citing year in which is

00:25:00--> 00:25:01

Problem Solving said

00:25:02--> 00:25:35

that the narrative is ready to talk about drama and natural said about the wife Norma used to look for the president on the night of the 30th. And if you did not see it, he would pass. So he said the narrator would would be the best position to know the meaning of what he narrated, you know, of the lab? No, I'm not gonna read it, that's obvious to you for the purpose of our saga. His interpretation, his rendition of this hadith would be most accurate.

00:25:37--> 00:25:38

And then

00:25:40--> 00:25:40


00:25:43--> 00:26:00

said that there are also other Sahaba who sign up or use the fast and it is controversial among the Sahaba the there are some Sahaba we use the best of a route, and there are some Sahaba with the slight pass thing that they have, though it was from the statement came from or not.

00:26:14--> 00:26:16

You want me to keep me busy, sir.

00:26:47--> 00:26:48


00:26:51--> 00:26:55

So how how would how would the majority answer that, you know,

00:26:59--> 00:27:25

sounds pretty reasonable here, just have a user's report bla bla bla bla bla bla bla, most, you know, deserving of the interpretation of this is the narrator, he told you that you should so least tighten it for fighting for it fight and shop and for omega men shop at 29 instead of 30. However, there are some reports of this is

00:27:26--> 00:27:29

where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said from the lower levels that are

00:27:31--> 00:27:33

so estimated to be 30,

00:27:34--> 00:27:36

estimated to be 30

00:27:38--> 00:27:47

feet, meaning estimate job and to be certain, at midnight that I said, I've seen in some other reports, then finish the days of Chabad

00:27:51--> 00:27:53

to complete 30 days.

00:27:54--> 00:28:01

And so the majority seem to be back here, you know, in the discussion having the upper hand

00:28:03--> 00:28:05

to some extent, why did I even

00:28:09--> 00:28:10

Why did I even, you know,

00:28:13--> 00:28:23

make you feel 4.2 the development has the upper hand of this argument, because this is, you know, once it is not certain,

00:28:25--> 00:28:29

don't seek certainty, when certainty is unwarranted.

00:28:31--> 00:28:40

Because a man can come back and say don't even estimate for it to be 30 Pm can find you some interpretation also,

00:28:41--> 00:28:45

to say that the most of the force does not have this addition,

00:28:46--> 00:28:53

seen from the rules that have been most of the reports that have this addition, he can tell you from lower levels that it could be about from Allah.

00:28:56--> 00:29:00

Not Java is some other argument that

00:29:02--> 00:29:10

I've come up with. So the problem is hardware uncertainty is an intellectual disability.

00:29:11--> 00:29:19

Awareness. Uncertainty is an intellectual disability and people who do not, cannot sort out certain definitive from speculative.

00:29:22--> 00:29:33

They are at a great disadvantage. They'll suffer a lot in their lives. they've suffered a lot in their relationships, their suffering, people suffer a lot from their understanding of things.

00:29:34--> 00:29:43

There's life will just be full of suffering. So certainty is when you are starting to realize one of the lies grave wise, the creator, he said,

00:29:46--> 00:29:51

for our for our craft, the brand is infallible, because almost 40 microns Congress

00:29:52--> 00:29:59

you know, fasting is from dawn to sunset has certainty beyond this, you know,

00:30:00--> 00:30:33

Just caliber of convictions in Pakistan and so on. It's all speculative. So anyway, it looks like the majority, the majority may be a little bit stronger. That is why many contemporary companies have actually adopted the position of the majority MP do not faster today about the Rotstein move on the ninth and the 30th. Topshop and they will not faster the next day, they will concede that the number of days of Chabad

00:30:35--> 00:30:37

2:30pm start afterwards.

00:30:38--> 00:30:39


00:30:41--> 00:30:50

Is this clear and sisters via questions about this? So this part is clear. Our company versus the majority, there is a position in the company. And that's the beauty of

00:30:51--> 00:30:53

it, there's always a position

00:30:55--> 00:31:12

somewhere, you know that that is in agreement with the majority were they given to this mother or that not that many mother there is also a position that you do not pass the day. But the authorized view is that you faster. But there is like a weaker view in the movement that you don't trust.

00:31:14--> 00:31:15

Okay, so then

00:31:18--> 00:31:28

we're done with that ruling. It's one of the five letters was required saying Muslims, children should be instructed by their parents.

00:31:31--> 00:32:01

Their parents are reliable if we don't train them, ourselves on our level. And we will start a month when we either side that in my personal belief, my 30th, which was pretty nice after marriage, or complete sight, it is sharp and the next thing you will fast regardless of seeing or not seeing the prison. Have we talked about the controversy over not seeing the Christmas because of

00:32:06--> 00:32:17

the whole song, if one Muslim alone sees the president, he should have meaning here that if he sees it alone, and they don't accept this testimony, because at least he sees the acceptance this morning,

00:32:18--> 00:32:29

he must report to the judge says we will accept your testimony. Ramadan is tomorrow. But everybody will first you know, so there is no discussion here. But he's saying here, but

00:32:31--> 00:32:37

if one was going alone sees the presentation Plus, if I am if I address,

00:32:38--> 00:32:51

but I don't have that good of a record. And I go to the judge, and the judge does not, you know, trust my citing because my record is not that clean.

00:32:52--> 00:32:57

Then the judge judge rejects my citing, but I know that I saw what should I do?

00:33:00--> 00:33:06

Okay, so why don't these nanny keys and having babies

00:33:08--> 00:33:09

so fast.

00:33:13--> 00:33:27

But why did they put the secondaries alone and left to the shelter itself, which I will also say fast. But the Chevrolet's will also come back and say to him at the end of Ramadan, if you see the home breaker first.

00:33:28--> 00:33:37

berries, hobbies and mannequins will not say that. They will say to him if you see you as Christian of Ramadan fast.

00:33:39--> 00:33:44

So everybody is saying you see the cross in the Ramadan fast except whatever.

00:33:46--> 00:34:01

But the shelf lions are also adding to this. If you see the crescent of Shadwell brachioplasty, the hand of his man is adding value is sad that you see the crescent of Shawa do not break your friends.

00:34:02--> 00:34:09

They want it to be you know, cautious, extra cautious, you know, now they don't want to leave you

00:34:10--> 00:34:22

you're gonna break your fast you're gonna be regular on one day and from another class of near Milan. So don't break your fast until it is the testimony of doing it has been you know, accepted. So

00:34:32--> 00:34:59

okay, so let's say we just 29 days ago on the 29th of Ramadan, on the 29th of Ramadan after not, you know at sunset, I go out, I go out and look for the crucifixion. Because at the end of Ramadan, I look for the question for sure what, which is the month of Ramadan. So I go out on the 29th after sunset and I'm looking for the question so that I see it

00:35:01--> 00:35:02

No one else sees it.

00:35:04--> 00:35:48

Given mine, if I see it alone, no one no court would think my testimony my singular testimony here, they will wait for our second person to corroborate my site. Because this the end of Milan, we want to be cautious here instead of Be cautious. So no one will take but what should I do that the body is in a no panic is mannequins sad, going to break your fast, complete 30 days of Ramadan, shut up and he said, if you if you really surfing you saw the presence of the web, you know, when there is a prohibition of fasting delay of weight, then you break your fast, high

00:35:50--> 00:35:58

you're not going to go off and break your fast you know, to avoid harm to yourself for sure. But the

00:35:59--> 00:36:00

best private

00:36:02--> 00:36:18

Okay, the majority service remember that the majority so if you see in the beginning of Ramadan alone fast, if you see alone have the end of Ramadan to not break your fast.

00:36:19--> 00:36:21

That's great. Then

00:36:22--> 00:36:25

someone else will be coming to you. What are you?

00:36:28--> 00:36:29

What are you

00:36:33--> 00:36:36

maybe what I was doing in a pedicab lane what I used to

00:36:39--> 00:37:14

if he is trustworthy, people should fast based on his statement, and they should not break their fast at the end of our ride, unless it is based on the testimony of two trustworthy individuals. He should not read the fast paced on site by himself, which is what he said. Okay, but if he's trustworthy, that everybody should first based on the testimony of one person, yes, according to who, according to them, cranberries, and the chaperones only.

00:37:16--> 00:37:20

So one person saw at the beginning of the beginning of Ramadan,

00:37:21--> 00:38:07

and that is why, like, sometimes people get their data when in Saudi Arabia, you know, every time there is they're seeing a fairly hit their home values. And the mess up if someone trustworthy has not been, you know, deemed criminal before been found to be unfit for testimony. Caymans said, I saw, the doctor will say, Well, he saw because I'm very happy my lab site and my person is sufficient for the beginning of Ramadan. The Maliki's said to at least like the rest of the months, you know, we medic yourself to, to the higher fees, said what?

00:38:12--> 00:38:13


00:38:14--> 00:38:54

Yes. What if there are clouds, but many? If there are no Gods meaning work more than three or a number that confers certainty like the lottery, so more than more than zero another way to converse certain certainty if there are no Gods because if someone came and said, I, I cited the question you know, that's what the homies are saying don't give us an assignment. And it is like a like a beautiful day no clouds whatsoever in the sky. Then we will say why were you the only one to cite or to see why did not Did

00:38:55--> 00:38:57

anyone else see

00:39:01--> 00:39:04

argument what is

00:39:06--> 00:39:39

but if it is if it was cloudy, then we may say yes he was able to it was cloudy was difficult beside us one person who's able to say it's a it's a strong grasp on it. What what is that what what what is the proof of that harmonies and the shafa is that one person was only one person will be enough. It is a producer with a normal sight at the morning came in for the purpose of the laws and the practice of certain commands every one to cite there is another report that can be done with it a bit when man that's not

00:39:40--> 00:39:59

normal. But this one is a bit controversial. About about the middle of a man hours report is is a good report their laboratory for one that's a bit controversial is about fiddling man who came and said to the Prophet Solomon said of myself that the moonies the promises of themselves and do you just find there is no God Allah and one of his messenger and he said it

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

Do the Prophet fast when commanded the Sahaba the price.

00:40:04--> 00:40:27

So these are the books of the Hungary's and the shepherds why the Matic is dancing to another one that we have this proof because the Maliki said that there is a report in Saudi the problem someone or something sad and shiny does it down for someone after a shiny that shiny that?

00:40:28--> 00:40:35

Laughter So if two people testified to same thing,

00:40:36--> 00:40:47

if two people testify to that sparked your interest and in directs this report and Masahiro Malik establish that it was stronger than the report.

00:40:48--> 00:40:49

And the reports

00:40:51--> 00:40:54

report is the best one man, what can the managers also say about them?

00:40:56--> 00:41:02

What am I it is a like a, like a particular incident?

00:41:04--> 00:41:10

That is not an instruction from the province or something versus when the Prophet says the inciting

00:41:12--> 00:41:15

incident initiatory instruction are a statement from the Prophet

00:41:16--> 00:41:21

instigate a ruling and China stand up to people

00:41:22--> 00:41:24

of interest for greater fast.

00:41:25--> 00:41:29

You are writing brightly confused, right? That's good.

00:41:35--> 00:41:48

Okay, now, since this is a very class we're passing was upon the testimony of one person at the beginning of Ramadan, we are breaking our trust upon the testimony of two persons again.

00:41:50--> 00:41:52

This is as long as we're

00:42:04--> 00:42:06

No, absolutely not. But if you see

00:42:09--> 00:42:21

the court they're gonna you know, there is some controversy about seeing it the next day and what what see that you see in the morning, for instance, when you wake up and you see this belongs to the next day, not the same day.

00:42:23--> 00:42:30

So you will have to see, just in this short window after some set.

00:42:36--> 00:42:37


00:42:39--> 00:42:43

When he said there is another point to hear that we wanted to say,

00:42:47--> 00:43:10

Simon, this if he's trustworthy equals success. What did he mean by people? What did he mean by you know, that long, you know, debate over? We complicated this debate. Right now we're talking about calculations versus citing and but before calculating CAC calculations, bring them to the debate, we have this basically

00:43:12--> 00:43:13

sort of

00:43:14--> 00:43:27

two pronged debate between supporters, local cycling, and supporters on global Global Cycling. So, the astronomical multiplicity of cycling zones is not the basic

00:43:30--> 00:43:32

right or wrong, the astronomical

00:43:35--> 00:43:45

the multiplicity of cycling zones, it is not a debatable issue. Yes, the moon could be seen a day earlier in Morocco,

00:43:46--> 00:44:02

than Bangladesh, for instance, because Morocco happen to be way west of Bangladesh. And why is it that the West, the more Western you are the more likely to see the moon, because that conjunction

00:44:04--> 00:44:06

which is an electron,

00:44:07--> 00:44:50

this is the sun, this is the earth, this is the moon, when the moon is striking in the middle, you know, when the moon is right in the middle, between the Sun and the Earth, this wind is required between the sun, they're the center of the Sun Center of the Earth, when the moon is writing another layer that says a moon that is being born. Once it moves, it just said that like a fraction of a second that just moves away from them from that straight line. This is called the birth of the moon, the birth of the moon. So this is the point of conjunction and this is the variance of the moon. This is a universal global incident that happens at one point. It happens at one time for all of us

00:44:50--> 00:44:52

rows. Now.

00:44:53--> 00:44:58

You can imagine that if the moon is right in the middle, the rays of the sun here

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

would go by

00:45:01--> 00:45:16

We'll hit the moon and go back, can we see anything of the moon? Nobody can when the moon starts to move away from that line from that line, what did you see? You know most of the rays you will not be able to see

00:45:17--> 00:45:20

the moon is here, that is called what.

00:45:21--> 00:45:35

But that is called Full Moon Full Moon, because the rays of the sun are coming here. And all of the rays of the sun from the moon are reflecting back and we are seeing, okay, but if the moon is here

00:45:36--> 00:45:37

to rise,

00:45:39--> 00:45:49

are coming, some of them would reflect off the surface of the moon in the scene here, this this area of the moon, but this area of the moon, they would go back.

00:45:52--> 00:45:53

Okay, so

00:45:56--> 00:46:05

let's say you have in Bangladesh, the moon was already born, when they went out after american medical illness, they went out and they are looking for the moon,

00:46:06--> 00:46:34

the moon, the moon was already born, but there's only one world, they are likely not going to say, you know, the to be at least six or seven hours. You know, some people are more generous, they say eight 910 11 1214. But and you know, if the moon is two hours old, it was more, it's there. But they were not going to be able to see. In Bangladesh, it would be like two hours old. In Saudi Arabia, it will be like four or five hours old.

00:46:36--> 00:46:48

In Morocco, it will be eight or nine hours old. They can see it in Morocco. We certainly can see it in New York, you know, they will definitely see it in California, there is no doubt that it will be seen in Hawaii.

00:46:50--> 00:46:50


00:46:53--> 00:47:06

That's the story. So now, the multiplicity of the sighting zones astronomically is not debatable. The question is, is it legally consequential? Is it legally consequential?

00:47:07--> 00:47:49

prophet saws on some, some of the scholars would say, No, we don't care about look at look at different localities. This app is from the province. And this is genius of them, by the way, because technically speaking in their times, they weren't limited geographically. They were there were no there was no internet, nothing. So it was genius of those scholars, because they were seeing beyond their own limitations. They are saying the testimony of one Muslim is sufficient for all Muslims. Those are scholars who existed during the productive way of life aka when there were Muslims all over the world. You know, and how are they born from China to under Lucien their sensei? That's the

00:47:49--> 00:48:34

only one. So they were now the question for them is is not about you know, logistics and feasibility here. They're saying I haven't had to use the profits of Sumo variety of February it fast when you sign to them break your fast when you cite them. He's talking to whom the Muslim is not talking to a particular particular locality. It's just started to the generality of the Muslims it applies then someone may have said but this is crazy, how could it be because you know, how could they know they said that this applies nowadays it can actually apply nowadays, you know, if it was scientific in Bangladesh, people have bad expansion cyber it was cited their

00:48:36--> 00:48:37


00:48:38--> 00:48:40

because the problematic

00:48:42--> 00:49:31

because keep in mind, you know the position of the global sighting is the hifi alconbury position, you know, I know that many hobbies are they take a lesser position in the north that said that there is no consignment for every place, but this is the the the weaker position in the market. The authorized position in Nevada particularly among the earlier scholars in the manga is local citing citing is sufficient for all people. Once I think in one locality is sufficient for all people in the world. All Muslims are so happy and happy is empathetic and also some advocates and also some Sheffield's, so the majority said global citing global society despite their limitations

00:49:35--> 00:49:41

they did not consider so who said who said otherwise. So there is

00:49:42--> 00:50:00

like a haha report which is a weaker one and a happy one which is omega one and omega and the authorize Jaffray report. The sapphires are the ones who are clear on this issue. It will be the special

00:50:00--> 00:50:31

My consumption shock is sad, global sighting, but the authorize the view in the chapter is local cycling every locality. But every locality throws like a bigger, sort of like a philosophical dilemma. So do you mean the political borders? What would you mean by locality? What is every locality? So Alexandria, Egypt, for, let's say, you know, Egypt is just like, two feet away from Russia and Palestine,

00:50:32--> 00:50:47

was so fast with Cairo, for sure fast with inputs post, of course, is, you know, 40 minutes away from rock to rock, and Tyrell is seven or eight hours away from

00:50:49--> 00:51:26

the Egyptian rubber, where some people would say that hoarders are, you know, some people are sad, or consequential. Every locality has every state, because people live in the same state, they need the past together and bring the house together. There is a point in this, but is it just sprinkles the discussion, it makes it difficult, particularly with local scientists. In the past, in the past, it was easier, because every group to each other, they would sign them up together and then they will go back to the restaurant. And they will tell the people we saw that said

00:51:27--> 00:51:30

as a group of villagers together, there was no there was no

00:51:32--> 00:51:40

prospect or possibility of them hearing the news from Bangladesh. If they were in Morocco, this did happen.

00:51:41--> 00:51:42


00:51:43--> 00:52:03

technological advancement is causing some of these wrinkles. So it is also time said tomorrow, getting a federal DLT faster designed to get your customer excited. But what is it what are the shafa is using because every locality has their own site. And this is a report by Muslim from Craig.

00:52:05--> 00:52:11

He said I went I was doing running some errands or I was doing something for the club.

00:52:12--> 00:52:37

And then I went to Stanford. And I saw the Christian home that night of Friday in a sham and I fasted I didn't come back from Medina, and Tropicana best asked me about the president, he said the receiver side would receive right Friday, but we saw it said on the right of Saturday, so we will continue to fast. And then, you know, we cited site,

00:52:38--> 00:52:48

or web or finished 30 days of Ramadan. So Craig was staying in, isn't that exciting, but Miami is sufficient for you in this case.

00:52:49--> 00:52:50

And he was

00:52:51--> 00:52:57

my best bet to him. No, thus commanded us, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu

00:52:58--> 00:53:11

wasallam. So the scholars understood from this that you know, every locality, they have their own citing, and they are not responsible for what other people in other localities see on that night.

00:53:16--> 00:53:55

No, another person must be related from the Prophet. He said akadama knows what a lot less demanding customers deserve. Allah commanded us what everybody has for themselves. That is what he meant, because he was saying no, we will not pass them with a chef, whether it was Syria for Greek or Syria, the bond, we will not fast with them, we will cross the equator in Medina, we will consider our own sighting here. And we will continue our fast you faster than earlier. We don't care. But our best his statement could be understood also within the context of the global scientific argument that

00:53:56--> 00:53:58

when you don't hear

00:54:00--> 00:54:11

within a reasonable time, like I could say that we could do in this case, some batching or mixing the opinions of this case. And we say that if we do not hear within an hour, because that's

00:54:13--> 00:54:21

when the Muslims will go home and everybody will either make a determination to pass the moral or not trust mark that we don't hear about that anyone

00:54:22--> 00:54:24

solving them.

00:54:25--> 00:54:25

For us.

00:54:28--> 00:54:31

So for us in New York, we don't need to wait for Hawaii.

00:54:32--> 00:54:39

Because if we if we wait for Hawaii every time, you know how difficult that is, how can we inform the people because

00:54:41--> 00:54:42

they will have not seen it.

00:54:43--> 00:54:51

And then we will have to wake people up at two o'clock in the morning and tell them or three o'clock in the morning and tell them you know, guess what? They saved the money.

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

So if by time with aggravation, that is where have you thought about our best and help us we do the dispatch word

00:55:01--> 00:55:26

We know that we say it is global. It is global, but global as far as everything is the view. So if you hear that they cite that before you go out to cite them. That's it. That's enough for you. The here is the view is the view this the solid Egypt, in Libya, you don't need to be, you know, have you guys are familiar with geography.

00:55:27--> 00:55:29

So that you saw this island, Egypt,

00:55:31--> 00:55:52

Libya, Morocco, since everybody knows Morocco is all the way out west. In Morocco, you don't need to be looking forward. It was seen that's in the southern Morocco. In New York, you don't need to be looking for the advance even Morocco in New York, you go out and look for. And then you wait until every every scene in

00:55:53--> 00:55:58

every scene in Philadelphia, since Jafar is here,

00:56:00--> 00:56:09

this evening from alfia. In that way, we're going to stem you know, fast, as they see in where else

00:56:12--> 00:56:12

are you waiting to say?

00:56:17--> 00:56:18

By the time

00:56:19--> 00:56:21

if they have not seen it? That's it, we're done.

00:56:23--> 00:56:24

All of this is one.

00:56:26--> 00:56:27

Oh, this is my opinion on.

00:56:29--> 00:57:01

It is, it is a discussion it is. But don't go out and say that this is the right thing that we will do. Because these issues are not determined by single individuals, these issues require electricity, half the community needs to agree, we should all talk to each other and have like a nice discussion over a cup of tea. But no one is going to impose their individual position on the community, these issues require connectedness to have Likewise, the issue of calculations

00:57:03--> 00:57:03


00:57:06--> 00:57:24

erupted recently. And whether calculations are to be considered for the convenience of it. And for certainly this can be an uncertainty, there are many benefits. The problem is calculations would not be consistent with any one of the form of that. And that

00:57:26--> 00:57:52

I would say and I said this before that many times that many of us are shy and many of them champion isn't that I respect them immensely. And I respect others to have the immensity and I respect everybody's job. And I see the benefits in in, in calculations or in going by calculations. But I'm afraid that it may not unify the Muslims, because you will find those people who will still be resistant to

00:57:53--> 00:58:03

evidence. And I did say this several times if if then I will. Absolutely given. You know. So once that argument

00:58:04--> 00:58:17

basically wins over the majority of Muslims, you know, in the United States, I will not be an obstacle to that unity for being, you know, being

00:58:18--> 00:58:25

before the charity. So and that is that you that we shut up. I don't believe that this delusion is a strong position. And many of them

00:58:27--> 00:58:43

who uphold this position, they believe technically it is not a strong position, they do believe, but they are taken as a weaker position, which is valid sometimes to do because of this logistical convenience. And because of the many benefits it may bring about for the community.

00:58:44--> 00:59:35

This is an absolutely acceptable approach, depending on how we think about positioners and these are all based disagreements, there is room here for this agreement is an executable is to have despite the fact that I believe it is a weak position. And I discounted for the agreement of the format that I went to still have to say, I will concede to it, because it is to some extent inexcusable, is there the position of authority about the law and flavor Some people say a driver does not have anything to do with this business. What was it that used to be a judge, you know, in the search in during the family law 100 of the time for playback do more than, you know, like 200 scholars of our

00:59:35--> 00:59:58

times, the person that people are saying the news, none of us have defenders who use this. So he was a great figure. And it was right one of the greatest properties of the chapter is also supportive opposition and some others. So it is an excusable. It's the app, it has a weak opinion inexcusable, which they have, I would wait until it basically takes over

01:00:00--> 01:00:06

Chi will not be an obstacle to the unity of the Muslims if that position eventually took over

01:00:09--> 01:00:10

this next time