Fiqh of Worship #5 – Rulings of Water Continued & Doubts
Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj - Fiqh of Worship
File Size: 37.90MB
Episode Transcript ©
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to proceed. For today's class, I'm
divided into four parts. The first is like quick review of what being covered. Second, we'll talk about the water it was mixed with impurities. So if something falls in the water,
you know, orange juice in anything.
And then we'll talk about use of water. And then we'll talk about doubts, doubts regarding the purity of your garment, regarding the purity of the wire, and the issue of downside all capitals because this you have OCD or if you have obsessive compulsive disorder, if you have any obsessions and your prayer, WhatsApp, Whatsapp was ours. In,
in your religious practice, most likely, you will have them here in a purification.
if you pull the people that have similar religious practice, if you pull the Muslims who have OCD, you will find conservative Muslims practicing Muslim OCD, most of them will have their OCD manifest in their worship. And most of them will have their OCD manifest in one of two things. Salah purification and
that is what most
obsessive Muslims obsess. That's what they mostly obsess about the Sahaba, and even the Salah.
And obsessions are bad and evil, to the point where the Prophet dedicated much of his teaching to counters, obsessions, countering ourselves, they can devour your energy and leave you paralyzed. If
If you don't completely give up on your religious commitments, which some people do, unfortunately. So like when we review what we talked about the size of the rulings of water, and the different types of water, and we talk about there's clean water that exists in nature, and then there is used water, there's a lot more
water mixed with purities whether mixed with impurities, can when it comes to the classification of the health of water or the ruling regarding water, we said pure and purified pure but not purified and impure. And we said that this see
division is the division by most of the scholars, there are some scholars who said as long as you're coding into water inside the pure verifying or impure. And we said that this was
and then last time we talked about water mixed with impurities. And we said that most of the scholars differentiated between smallest amount and large amount and smaller amount mixed with impurities, that is if your regardless of that change. So they all agree, any water that will change because of mixing with impurities, water mixed with blood, water mixed with your you know, any water that will change because of the mixing with impurities the qualities of water covered taste, smell, those are the three qualities of water that we talk about when we talk about change, any water that would change because of mixing with impurity is impure large amounts more than enough regardless on
the other side, on the other side,
large and amount that did not change by mixing with impurity. That is pure by agreement. Right. Lars did not say
that by next month impurity that is pure by agreement in the middle a small amount of water in which some impurity drops. What is the ruling peer and we talked about the idea that containers and we said that they differ. Some of the scholars said that this water would be automatically impure just by mixing it with water or not. Any of the qualities change. And this is the majority
of you know the permanent position. When we say
Because I can vary, I have more sort of aware of the sort of intricacies of differences in the method. And then in other words, so when I say coffee, I'm talking about the prominent position in the hierarchy. Well, there could be disagreements within the method. But certainly, in a book of this size and scope, to get into the disagreements of the other mazagon would be beyond the scope of so I usually don't get into the disagreements with them.
So when I say happy, I have used what you're referring to as well, sometimes you find the small age, which is the less popular report,
but usually I would be referring to the prominent position and
so, we said that small amount of water
plus known change plus no change in savings is that all of them would say it is impure, but small plus impurities
impurity plus no change in pure according to capital H, capital S shuffling capital 130. And it is pure word because it did not change according to capital M. Maliki.
And then you can have small sn small a.
And you know, what small n says that less popular report in the south by small a less popular report in the company means that some companies, but this is not the authorized position.
And then z capital Z, I chose capital Z because the overhead is usually like, you know, rely on
So, that's a thought and then small t for everything is choosing and
so, both said it is still pure, because the water will become impure only if it changes. Okay, so that is as far as you will find that the Maliki method is the easiest in this in this chapter, or in this topic of
things. Not always, but mostly,
even when it comes to balance ledger staff, they have, they have very beautiful conceptions that many people may find helpful. Okay, so that's the quick revision. And we're going to get into the discussion of the details for the proofs
from last, but you could go back to
review. Now, the second point is water that was mixed with purities water that was mixed with the discussion in the last session was about water mixed with impurities and small and large. And if you are if you want to be sort of like, you know, the sort of the verify erudite scholar, the deposition of Madonna about the lowing water, that it will not be rendered impure unless it changes, he talks about this, he makes a distinction in the previous talk about MOBOTIX with impurities, it makes the distinction of the flowing water, and
that's not the authorized position in America.
And the new book, well mentioned that it is not authorized.
Because in this book, I left
choices as is in the new book, I will point out in academic choices that we are not the authorized position in the wealth of according to the latter two generations, as defined by certain books of the mother
would travel and adapt now, and the books that people refer to employ the authorized position. Anyway, so in Nebraska, has many river flowing flowing does not matter. The rules that applies small and large, smaller large, if it is small, and flowing. Doesn't matter if it is float. Okay, but so that was our discussion about water mixed with impurities. What about what I would bet snakes with it with purities for sure, all of them would say that my water that was missing
Within purity is the pure right cannot be impure water that was mixed with purity can be impure, how could help continue to cure things
equal one impure product, no. So, water is mixed with orange juice, water was just this mixed with you know,
in the water you can eat yours liquid
or anything that dissolves in the water can have tea, you know, all of these things. So, now,
for sure, keep in mind that all those colors will tell you, if you hold this tea,
if you cannot hold this, if you cannot just say all this water,
then that is not good for purification, if you have to qualify that is not good for purification,
except for the use of Rosewall for things like slight changes, but the majority of the scholars would say, if you cannot call this water, then it is not good for purification. But if you call it water, and then you may explain, you know, someone asks you when I see that it's more terrible things, wouldn't you say like some you know, like a few drops of oranges
often excluded a lot, but you put your code in the cloud or you look at it swag. And then that is when they did that that is where the disagreement comes. So,
when the water mixes with pure pure substances, pure liquids, who would say that this water would continue to be pure
that is vague ah and vague.
And who would say that this water
this water will not be any more good for purification? That is this
capital and calculates us. So one of these are companies said, if the water is mixed, and there is a little bit of a change, not too much change, where you don't call it water anymore, just a little bit of change in the water. How do you say that it's okay, you can still use this for purification. Even if you've cooked it, you put that pure substance with the water if you still
call it water, it is okay for purification. So, any examples that anyone can
sense the word
but at the end of the day are here for this water right?
It makes for sure that the question is the question is so smarter
Who's just carbonated like per year and stuff like that.
But it's carbonated gold, but
yeah, this carbonated saying you are able to call it water. It is water.
Okay. So here's the issue.
If this exists in nature, have it does exist in nature. Whatever exists of nature is for surfing by every event parallel to us, to purify ourselves,
when it is existence in nature is water that's mixed with mud, why would it sneak some algae water this mixed with anything in nature?
That is fine, even if the water tastes or smells different, because of that mixing. Now, if you take to the water from nature, and carbonated
or what have you, these are water from the nature and then bring the algae and put the algae in the water. That is your own doing.
If this water changes, and that changes minor, where you don't need to quantify it when you speak about it and say if there's water mixing without
Just say this water
then according to the season and how bad is this water is thin okay to use, if the change is minor, where people perceive it as water, if the change is major enough, where you need to qualify the name of the water, you need to qualify add something to it, this is this water not water that they will tell you that change is major and this is not water anymore, because tea is what tea is water mixed with tea you know, if you leave even without cooking, if you leave the tea in the water enough you come back later and this looks different, right? If the difference is
uncertain, because these things but there is a degree of subjectivity in your practice of the dean in general, there is a belief subjectivity, you know, should when the women were read, there is a degree of subjectivity and like, you know, it depends on what I read is particularly
attractive in this culture that there is a degree of subjectivity in your practice of the theme. So, it is some person this would be my alerting the other person this is major, but the scars will not be able to give you exact, you know, cut offs, you know, just use exercise the senior
of water that would still be water and purify. So, for those that live in the country, well water is still purified by consensus, because when water is word of existence in nature, any water because existence in nature, that has been removed from nature, even if it becomes different in nature, because of mixing with elements that are expected to be in the water in nature, fish, if you have a pond that has a lot of fish, and the water and Smith's fishy, can you
can you make boo from this water? Yes. Because this is a pond. And there is the
our fish expected to be in the water? How's the mother? Yes, it's fine. So any model, and then if you have carbonated sprays or carbonated wells or carbonated springs water that's carbonated binding naturally. There is. Yeah. So.
that's all fine. Yeah, it's all fine as long as its existence in nature. So now if it is not in nature, and something drops in the water, that causes minor change, major change in STEM quality water, that kind of values would say use it for purification, chromatic ism chakra is going to use it for purification because it
is change. It's just not water that you can use for purification. But keep in mind, if it is the only thing that you have, they'll tell you to use it.
And then some of them will tell you make them come after you use it, because they would recognize that there is a disagreement here.
But, but here, so,
I am in I have a tendency to support a very physician because I happen to be a homebody. So that is natural. So if I support you with a family physician do not necessarily think that the other position does not have enough support. It just it's just not my natural bias. I continue to be a vise person when everybody should be comfortable with their own biases. So
but as long as you don't show contempt for the other viewpoint, so why is why did the company say that? It is okay. Because the companies that you have here report to the Muslim woman and
she said that the profits are
the profits are made with ritual bath human maimunah both from one container that have a trace of do a trace of the container with make the water the
Target not clear.
The Prophet did not mind using it for us. Therefore, that is the greatest support for the habit. From any position here, the little bit of change by substance that is pure, even if it is by nature, you know, though the
vessel that they had at home
would still be okay.
So I'm comfortable with that position.
the washing of
the daughter of the prophet SAW,
as reported by the seven, including
Muslim so it's agreed upon where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to them and said Nana said I said, I'll come Sun comes in
form of food was heard three or five times or more if you deem it necessary, or if you deem it appropriate, Washington with water and said simple is the crushed leaves of the Lord tree. And the us senate as a form of soap.
For cleaning, can make a good counselor in the last in the last wash, put camford camphor for the gunsmith. And so
that is water that is mixed with purities sin and camphor. And it was still fine.
How about like the water salt?
It would come under the same with instead of minor change and
chlorinated water in swimming pools and things of that nature still under it is a minor change. When you when you get into the swimming pool, you feel like you're swimming in the water. You feel like this is water?
Yeah, let's keep the
unless I said something that's ambiguous. And you want a clarification for the ambiguity, you.
Okay, the next point is used water. The next point is use water and use water. And I'm not going to get into like a big discussion here. Because at the end of the day, we're learning this, for our practice, in some of these issues may sound a little bit more tactical and practical or a little bit more academic than practical, but, you know, we're just trying to cover the bulk of it.
So, but use the water that
we send if you if you
have scoop out of the water you and someone else that is fine, but the chances that
there are some details here as well.
But the chances that you will reconnect the water after you made will do for us keep in mind that that is the window that removes the impurities. Now, we will do so if you brand new euro will do the water which you will use to renew your will do can be used can be used, because that is not how we'll do that free move the hardest or the ritual impurity that is just like a renewal photo. That doesn't count. So you can recollect the water and we use it no problem here. But if you're making will do to remove a ritual impurity can for a person to remove a ritual impurity. Can you recollect the water and use it.
Know that idea of use water here is a different discussion that they have. Have.
They will tell you that this water you know the correct position.
In the mess up is that this water cannot be used after you recollect it, you cannot use it.
They went as far in a variant position
in a very position in the Hanbury method and behind a female they went as far as saying that this water is impure
because it removes that impurity, this pretty forgiveness position, because this is not the the authorized position in in any of us
but, the majority would say that this water is pure
not purifying, because it was used one time to purify, like the concept is the water can be used one time to purify.
But if you already knew and you it did not purify you, because there was no impurity
but it would be used one time to purify and that's it that's the majority decision and that is the handling position. You guys are not going to need to
because not only that
we're too lazy to do that
even if you need to
know the last issue here is the issue of doubts.
I will read I will read whatever you
feel these two points water will mix with purity and the water that has been used. And then I will read with you what he said about that. He said Fatima moolah by email as
well Cavalli combat totally forgot about us.
If something that is pure, but not purifying, was cooked in the water, probably half the map or mixed with the water. And it changed its name
not about us It means change this name means change its characteristics enough to change
policy, if it did not change the characteristics enough to change the name, then according to the company's policies, it's okay. But if it changed the name
then it will not be a purifier the this water that you know the current its characteristic changed enough to change the name of the purifier you also says how is strong enough yeah for several more years or it was used in removing original impurity then it would be stripped of its attribute of being a purifier. So, these are the two issues that we discussed. You know
one of those next was purities and molecule has been used for purification not then he says wait a second for a while he says he better
if you have doubts regarding the purity of the water or something else for its impurity, you should base your actions on certainty what is certainty if you are certain
so like you think we have any measure for instance, have there is a small amount of water and a few drops of urine fell into this water and you saw the
hands then you add more water He added that water he has more wire for the so called taxied to you know what says succeed
from Casio which is plenty so like
you guys get a
lot of water.
So if confirmed, if you're in doubt, diluted enough to be pure, then it is impure. Because last time you were certain of anything this was a pure because you it's small amount of water as a family. It's a small amount of water and some impurities
dropped in, if you're around Maliki, and if you if you're not taking his choice,
and you're taking the authorized position, and
this is a pure two, and now two over well met with a larger amounts of water, and you're still unsure whether you put enough water to dilute it enough where it is not consequential. And then the last time you were surfing with anything, it was pure. And if you have a bucket of water, he lifted and you're not certain whether
it was water, you thought about the way you left the bucket, and you came back and you are not certain if some NASA dropped into the water,
then what do you what is it pure and pure, pure, the last time you were surfing or anything, the water was pure. So, it is about the last time you have certainty because any doubt that comes after any certainty is inconsequential, trivial, cast doubt away, because the pressure was on the second
legal Maxim said, No, no sorry.
The second half of the Prophet said this is deduced from the Prophet he did not say
this is the second legal Maxim
certainly some of the legal Maxim's are taken right out the prophets statements in the app, but
these are taken out of the Prophet, very exact statement.
The SEC is the juice from the teachings of the Prophet and it's not a teachings in general, which is happiness certainty.
And shakin, stout
and Lanzhou allow does not
have his own means what
it means go away, that is disappear.
So, certainty is not removed by now. certainty is not erased by the Dow has no ability to erase certainty and should be added in 100%. The same qualification will not only help us
straighten out our religious practice, but our integrates our minds, is keep in mind that much of the useful is also dependent on month, logic and month it is good
for the mind is like math, it straightens out your mind so that you're not inconsistent, and you're not contradictory. The scholars who spoke who attacked,
they attacked the monster that is counter to Islam that is used to basically counter
is that which will not be that consistent, correct? month that makes sense to all people that will need the twisted form
or logic monitor that is filtered is something that we all need to learn.
Otherwise, you become inconsistent and contradictory. And let's say one thing here and the opposite of their blame one person for good for one thing and praise the other for the same thing, because you have no logic.
Anyway, so that sort of stuff is dependent on logic I really expand and also that was freaking out you're thinking your process, mental process, and the appeal as infosec is comprehensive, ubiquitous, universal
base of understanding for us Muslims, you will apply across the board in all areas of life.
And that is why he said that you base your actions on certainty because the doubt that came after the certainty should be
inconsequential, it should be erased. Now he said, second one second paragraph, we're in
the elevator it was up at Columbia,
So if the filthy spot on your garment or otherwise was obscured, you should wash a part of your garden or whatever else that would be sufficient to make you certain that you
have washed off the impurity. So you fit
in here. And you're not quite sure about this area in. So maybe you just squash all of this honey, let me
can you put in the washer with the rest of the clothes? Or if you have a cycle for it first, if you believe that this small amount of water, which is the majority, what gives them purity by mixing with a purity,
then you should have a wash cycle for this first, hello cannot reverse.
But if you believe, and the Maliki position was even small on water will not become a fewer changes and Washington will not change
for you consider the water to be flowing anybody that the position that flowing flowing waters is fine, I will not be clarified, then you can watch the rest of this. Yes.
You know, first of all, it is a small amount of water, it's not for the time for sure, not 190 liters.
if you consider this to be flowing water, then still even in the authorized position of flowing water is just like a stagnant water, there is no difference.
What if it's like urine
and you don't remember where it was that you should wash it off the garment enough to be certain that you wash to the impurity. If you were surfing at one point during failure, like you're surfing, the urine fell on the right side of the garden it
sounds impractical because you guys would watch the whole thing, but that they have scarcity of resources, he has scarcity of water they needed to be fifth he was the water. So your infill here, you as far as I remember it. So on the right side, not the left side. But I don't remember where exactly fill that I did I wash on the right side of the Garmin
because this way I would be surfing the hi wash that impurity that I was surfing upon on my Garmin and copy that here, but this is a car that also the car disappear. This is what should they overlap sometimes.
if you use it after that, which we mentioned before the appeal as we'll be shocked the legal Maxim
if you use it
subsequently to make out to them then it is acting in a way like a guide also be a foundation and maximum was sort of a foundation of maximum appeal as you'll be shocked sometimes we use it because of our certainty in the sky that we use it sometimes like a tie and also the So, we extrapolate more rulings from this side of Korea, which is a legal Maxim like a pattern.
But this one this particular issue here is not I think it will leave the whole world
what is what obligatory
otherwise it is obligatory
man lie a table that I have to move
into means is not fulfilled whatever is required for the fulfillment of the mandatory for that which is obligatory is obligatory in in itself. So that without which the latter will not the mandatory will not be fulfilled is mandatory itself
what the means device which is mandatory to means that which is mandatory is mandatory
by definition, because in order for you to do whether that is mandatory, you need to do that so that becomes mandatory itself because of the other companies
So, this was regarding washing enough to be surfing that he watched the purity and then he said
let me tell you a few things these are like a few concessions that are important particularly to men
in this regard
means also that if you have made will do you think that some drops of urine came out of you that you don't need to worry about you should not worry about them
you should not investigate them and you should just move on out to Lucknow are used to wet his underwear so that he does not obsess about urine coming out from him after he used the laboratory, and then maybe we'll do so use the bathroom, you may go to disregard any thoughts afterwards. Unless you're that certain that like somebody who has incontinence like this all the time, or someone who just like saw the wetness, not check for it, you do not check for it, checking for it for the field sessions. Even if you feel that something give out the view, unless you become certain you see something then to check for
the hustle and bustle he was asked about this very exact thing and he said oil one, ignore it. Get yourself distracted.
from a medical perspective, that's a lot of men. And from you know, and the fact that they just don't talk about because they feel too shy to talk about it but that is a lot of men medically speaking, because the sphincter is not that really that efficient to prevent any drop of water from coming out.
So just ignore it. Right?
unless you become completely certain we cannot say to someone who's seeing the witness on him ignore it because it's
you either do like with underwear and the other thing is whatever stains you see on your underwear
is that is you know the
the people who express this the most and the most the clearest thirds are the Americans because
nobody says that this would have been expected the Sahaba lived in hot areas and we weren't allowed to make this the demand which is to wipe yourself only with rocks. And after you make this the depart if there is any swelling you will have to face like some stain on your underwear
and they were not
demanded to basically clean so stay small light stains on the underwear also ignore them even if you see them because you'll see the state will just ignore them.
And that may fall under a different category of principles which is
which is trivial things are trivial things are in
fact in the 100 females have whole data set that are small in amounts
are to be ignored.
They reported that he was asked about this or or I'm sorry I'm I was asked about this and he said if it is
smaller than my name can ignore it.
The neighbor's dog comes down when Is that considered trivial? Where it's like you know,
the dog do comes up to start sniffing you and you don't know what that's called. Are you not really sure what's with the dog? I guess they kind of do things that you don't realize. I don't I don't know. I mean,
based on circumstance, certain that the doc link to you, then you need to watch when he
Do you need to watch it seven times? That's a disagreement. But it certainly, certainly if he liked your pen or a dish or utensils, you need to watch them seven times, according to the majority for over 100 apiece, but even the hobby say something is recommended. So seven, just remember seven. That's utensils do you need to do the same thing for clothing? As a disagreement? the mannequin position is that it goes because the Prophet never talked about clothing. He only talks about utensils. And the Maliki's argue that the Piazza analogy here is inconsistent because there is a difference between utensils and closing.
Then he said why there's
demand is one of the edge of the veil
is pure water was indistinguishable. From impure water you can serve no two buckets, you're sure that some urine dropped in one of them. Here I don't remember. Now we can force her to mouth what do you do two buckets one pure one and pure you don't you can figure them out. Once you do, you will make them home and you will not use either but in
is it possible for the Maliki's interview with a man that this scenario would happen
water is water Mrs changes and if it does not if you're confused then it did not change. But when can it be perceived like conceivable for Nevada
if you are missing one of your senses
then it is possible that the water teams but you just you're not seeing it you're not smelling it
but it is possible. Anyway the next is so in this case, if you take the position of the majority
the majority had a few sapphires 100 bodies and some and you're not sure if this father is pure you're one of them if you're one of them is empty or you're not sure which ones one then you just have weighed them
avoid and make booboo.
Make although because it's possible that the last one that he used was the lightest one. And then if you need to do with
it and you haven't adjusted your body and you can pray.
Okay, so the next point is when
is purifying water is confused with pure water that's not purified.
Then usually we'll do out of each one of them. So how could purifying water be mixed with water that is like water that was previously used. For instance, it would look the same like plain water and you don't know which one you make money out of each one. Because one will do will not count even if you use pure bottom purified water. Even if you don't have one of your senses.
There is a liquid here and there is a liquid here. One of them is water one of them is tea and you can't really see what is water what is the what do you do if equal to one from this from both? Because if you made a good look from the water, and then made another one who was the proud because you don't have a purity speak, you already have you go.
And this would be also conceivable for like someone like intermedia if you don't have some of your senses is water is water unless it changes.
And then he says what you still have to see about target urbinati sub sub equals open sabato yohana Dignitas was at the salon. If there are both clean and unclean garments, then you should pray a certain number of times that number being equal to the number of right wing governments plus one you should make each prayer in a different garden. So you have you have
And you're sure that some nose acid fell on one of them, and you don't remember which one. Now you have three go
You're sure one of them is impure.
He is telling you
how many impure garments are there. One out of three, okay?
in two garments. a priority to Darden, you will be sure that you pray once in a pure or
impure garments were to, to them praise three.
If you have 16 garments and
pure, however, the 16 you will pray eight times every time you pray in a different garment, because
one has to be
prayed in a pure Guardian, because the impure garbage
the majority of scholars, and that is the less the less popular position in the mouth, except
trying to sort it out, doing the best and sorting it out and pray and the one that you believe to be pure, and you don't need to, to do the praise.
So try your best to sort out which one was unclean, remove it to the side, and then use
use the other ones.
Actually, surprisingly, the military
was pretty good, how now we are on like a, like usual for questions. But if there is any, like clarification or any ambiguity in that, yes.
So you're using
respective cleansing ritual impurity, right.
There was a difference of opinion as far as
and use that same water.
As long as
enforcement serves government, as long as it has not separated from the Oregon it is not considered us. It is only used in
in facade, if it got separated from the Oregon.
And we'll take another question. And then we have about three to five minutes for people to leave. Yes.
Yes, all of this is removing impurities. Next time we will discuss removing impurities and we will discuss removing all kinds of impurities, including toddlers and infants.
I mentioned the underwear stuff because it's doubts. It's in the area of downside it is in the area of the trivial things that are
okay, let's take three to five minutes for people to leave on the air for people who want to stay on and ask questions.