Gateway to God’s Book #3
Channel: Hamza Yusuf
File Size: 28.24MB
Bismillah R Rahman Rahim wa Salatu was Salam ala Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam Tsushima along the studying of the terracotta atrophy in Woolfolk netopia kasali in Allahu Allah and Lana illuma ellenton in the cantle Alomar, Hakeem Olam alumna Inferno and finally marlington I was in
for a visit near Alma Alhamdulillah
Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Ramadan Mubarak for those of you who might be coming on, for the first time, we're looking at the approach that one of the great scholars of Andrew sia evangelists, Jews, Al kalbi, had towards the Quran, looking at the seven different meanings, and all of these meanings are found in the in the fat they have, which is one of the reasons why the fat is considered
really a microcosm of the entire Koran. It is in fact that a Koran and sub l muthoni. Quran and aldine. So it it's, it contains all of these meanings in them. And so that's where we're going to start today is looking at that mean, the meanings? The first one is that he points out is that in Monrovia,
in Arabic, the Arab is is,
is a word that is is related in the HTML to there's different types of derivations.
There's actually four types of derivations in the Arabic language, but
letters that words that share letters have,
have a shared meaning, even when the letter is not in the same order. So for instance, like you have in Arabic, you have alima. And then you have Angela, and you and then you have lemma. So they all share lamb, meme, and I, and they all have a relationship. So for instance, in an AMA or related, you can't do something without having knowledge of how to do it. If you do, it's, it's insane, like the amount of hours that he said, and then L max. He is like a brilliant scholar, it's somebody who has has a type of
brilliance in his understanding. So there's a relationship. So in Arabic, the word rub, which the root of it is bad, but related to it is raba. Yeah, and this is another type of issue hoc where you have one, the last letter in particular, will give a nuance of the meaning. So one of the meanings of Rob is more or be the one who raises or who,
who nurtures you and cares for you. So it's a really, it's different from Illa. Illa. Has is is is a it's more transcendent. And then rub is more imminent. It's closer, it's more intimate, it's closer to us. So at Monrovia is related to how allow reveals Himself to us through His creation, because we are we are marbled. We're lorded over.
Although in Arabic, you have words like Robin Menzel, or Rob Bethel menza, which is acceptable to say, the Lord of the house. But the the horrible or bad The Lord of the Lords is is the is Allah subhana wa Tada. And so, the Monrovia is his knowledge of
how Allah subhana wa Adana is manifesting himself in creation. Because the word in Arabic for the world, I mean, there, there are a few different words, but the the main word that's used is our lamb
or a bola mean so this is how fast the hub begins al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. So the lamb is, is from Allah, which is to know, and so our lamb is what you know, but if you look in Arabic, Allah is called ismo. Allah, the the pattern
is the pattern of the instrument. So it's the noun of instrument, instrument is what you do something with. And so in the Arabic language, for instance, if you say hard time, hard time is a seal, it's what you seal with. So it's the instrument of sealing so our lamb is the instrument of your knowledge. It's what enables you to know so the world is what enables us to know Allah. Right? Allah is the Arab bola al amin, so he's created all these worlds and and this is how we know him through the world. So this is the moment
rubia This is the fundamental aspect of the Quran. When you go into the Quran, you will see that constantly, Allah is telling us to look at his creation, what EBIT k for who they are when you looked at the camel on how it's created, you know,
zig and center don't adonia be masabi we we ornamented The sky's the heavens declare, declare his glory
there are many verses zero fill out fundamental like traveling the earth and look and go and look at look at the previous civilizations look at what happened to them look at people who went astray and how they brought themselves to destruction Pompei is one of the most amazing places for this for a tea bar. I haven't been there but Pompei was the Las Vegas of ancient Rome, literally. I mean Pompei was where they went to what what what what what happens in Pompei stays in pump a, I mean, it was literally the Las Vegas of the Roman wealthy, so they would go there and they worship the failures. So on all the houses, they had pornographic images, and they they actually have a museum where you
can go see it. I mean, you know, it's it's got all the pornographic images that were were maintained in the house because of in the houses. I mean, it's it's pretty shocking, graphic pornography. So this was Pompei, and yet,
Mount Vesuvius erupts. And it was so fast that people are literally stuck in positions. That's how quick the ash came down, so that we literally have this ancient city that was completely preserved. And that's a sign for a temporary lapse or, you know, reflect deeply Oh, people have have, you know, why Pompei of all cities? You know, because, and that was clearly a punishment, because one of the things when it happens, like, suddenly like that, it's it's clearly something from a loss of animals. And these thing modern people have a really hard time with these ideas for some reason, because they just don't want to take any more responsibility for what happens to them. But we we
have a direct understanding between the physical world and the metaphysical world. So Mr. Ravi is very important. So for instance, you know, Allahu La Ilaha Illa, who hailed a young, this is Mr. rovia. He is the living and the Sustainer that who sin atone when I know he he doesn't not off. So even for one instant, if he turned away from creation, it would disappear. So he doesn't not often he doesn't sleep. So these are all and there are many, many. I mean, the Quran is just filled with the end Monrovia.
You had nassetta Cora bukom in the zeltser at the Satish on Aleem Yama turon. Turtle, this this has proved to be it but it also has my ad it has other things in it when when kulu model they attend
to Tata aku that Mohammed and Pamela will Tara NASA Sukarno Mohan v. socata, what I can add Abdullah he should eat. So it's telling you that you know, Allah, will he does all of these things, and his punishment is immense, right. And then there's people who are women and nazeem and you dad that will feel that he'd be a lady in men, we are typically Chapin and married. So there's people that argue about God without any knowledge and they follow the shell theme. So allies throughout the Quran teaching us these things about divinity. So if you look at affirms the existence of the maker Abadi because Allah is that hartlebury and mouseover. So the the Harlock brings existence out of non
existence, and then the baddie is the one who, from this world that he's created the cosmos. So, whatever the Big Bang was, suddenly you have all this material to work with. And and so, a lot creates that material and then he works with it, he makes planets and solar systems and then and then you so little, and then he fashions from that all these things within creation. So these are the stages of creation are in that and then he explains that that creation indicates a creator has it's called the Martin lasagna, you know, we'll do the hula hoop deli wrote his his his existence has an apathetic, apathetic proof. It has an absolute proof about Han for his existence, and that is
that everything that is created needs a creator. You can't have something
and this is why, again, the there's people that have tried to refute this, but this is the fundamental
fitrah of people, that it is impossible for people to believe that things just come out of nothing. And and and we now know through our material science is the dominant opinion. I mean, it could change but the dominant opinion of cosmologists, which is the study of the cosmology is the study of where this all came from. The dominant opinion is that it had a beginning, right, there was this
energy that exploded. And then suddenly, we have this universe that's expanding, which is what Allah subhana wa tada says, When alomost your own, we are expanding it right. And then in the end, they call it the Big Crunch. And a lot of calls it in the Quran, the pious sigil, like, he rolls it up, like he rolls up a scroll. So we have the Big Bang, and then the Big Crunch, and the Quran indicates both of those. And then also it affirms the unicity of God, which is the act of being one allies simple. in theology use that term simple, which simply means that our lives not compound, you know, there's no parts. So God doesn't have any parts. He's not.
And that's what you know, he's, he's got a who Allahu Ahad, he is absolutely unique. And one, in his acts, attributes, in his essence, his attributes and his acts, he's one in all three, right? And, and
so he's not three and one. He's one with those three dimensions. And this is why Trinity is, you know, it's a really interesting thing in in the world. That's why trigonometry is such a fascinating study, because it's hard to get out of triads. They're everywhere and that and so you can see how Christian theologians fell into that mistake, which is what Allah warns them against in the Quran. Let's accord with ratha into who you know, don't just don't say that. But we acknowledge this aspect of looking at God and seeing the three aspects that he expresses his oneness in, which is, he's one in his essence, but then he has attributes. And then he has his acts and then the acts are divided
into created uncreated. I mean, these are theology, you get into these things, and then refutes those who associate powers with a law. So one of the things about a polytheist is the problem with it with translating machete Kuhn, as part of a theist, is that
the materialist today is, is a mushrik. Anybody that gives
power or attributes of God that are Gods alone to other than God, so if you if you if you're, if you're a Darwinian
evolutionary biologist, and you think that somehow nature has a mechanism that it can do these things, and you don't acknowledge that that comes from God, that should work, because you're giving nature an attribute, in fact, nature is a modern day word for God. But when you whenever you hear people say, well, nature, you know, Mother Nature doesn't like, you know, promiscuity, right? Because that's what you get diseases and things like that. No, God doesn't like and that's, you know, the way he's set his creation. So, and then finally, it provides the attributes of Allah. So throughout the Quran, you have all of these amazing attributes of Allah. Now when we get into
prophecy, so the, it confirms the prophethood, of the of the prophets in general. Now, the Quran clearly states that every peoples have had prophets. And, and, and so
we don't know the Native American peoples here. At some point they had prophets, there's no people that didn't have Providence. This is one of the beauties of Islam because it doesn't limit prophecy to the Semitic peoples. in, in, in, in the Christian understanding, they tend to see that it's limited to the Jewish peoples and then culminates in the coming of Christ. But but for Muslims, we see prophecy was everywhere. And that's why there's echoes of prophecy, in all traditions like you will see this even in the ancient Celtic traditions. If you read the, like the book of Cormac, you know, you can see prophetic trues in that. If you read the analytics of Confucius, I mean, we don't
even know it was Confucius a prophet or I don't know. I mean, he's before Islam but when you read the analytics
like reading Heidi, it sounds like if it's not if he wasn't a prophet, it's from the Nebraska and Nebraska, it's from that lamp of prophecy. And and the same is true in the Vedic scriptures and Hinduism. In and certainly in Buddhism, there's, you see these prophetic truths and that's why we acknowledge, we can't say for certain about things that the Quran hasn't mentioned. But it's a high probability, which is why I mean, even I wrote a book called Buddha in the, not a book, but a, an essay in a book called Buddha in the Quran. And I wrote that because I, when I was reading, as for IE, he has a section on Buddhism. And when he finishes it, he says, if the accounts of the Buddhists
are true about Buddha, then he's probably a header. And I thought that was so interesting that he would say that and so then I
started just I did a whole study on Hitler. And there were so many parallels, there's traditions in our tradition, that he was a prince who gave up His kingdom and, and so it was very interesting, but whether he was a prophet or not, they come a good in Arabic, you know, whether he was a prophet, I don't know. But he was certainly an enlightened being. And and that Edmund adunni is what Hitler was described as having that it wasn't prophecy, it was an enlightenment directly from God. So Alo Adam, there we, we have to say that and then confirms the prophecy of the Prophet Mohammed in particular. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
he was mentioned. I mean, why were the Jews in Medina? Why were the Jews there in Medina? I mean, why would you go to Arabia? You know, when you've got Palestine, it's the land of milk and honey, and yet they were in this really difficult place to live. Because they were expecting a profit. And and Sandman and fantasy Why what? Why was he searching and you find this throughout the ancient world, people knew that these people come into the world, and they have very similar stories. I mean, if you read the story of, if you read in Harada tells the story of, of purush. Cyrus Santa is in the Persian purush I mean, Cyrus, to me, that story is a prophetic, so I don't think he was a
prophet. But that story, the story of his life is clearly the divine providence in his life is so manifest is beyond belief. And I think I personally think he's, he's, he's nine, I don't think it's Alexander the Great I think kuroshio is a much better candidate for the main although Adam and other I mean, there are more of us around that have said that, and that was the opinion of the great Indian scholar Abul Kalam Azad aranmula a great man. So
So there are many confirmations the you know, he certainly said him says, you know, that he's member sharon bureaux, sudenga team member IDs, mo akhmat. There's very issues. He said, like, why did he say, Why do you say Mohammed salesa? What is the name? Ahmed? Where's that name? Well, when is the Prophet Muhammad?
Yeah, but when is he Ahmed? On the day of judgment? That's his name on yomo. piano. What is his role on the omokri ama? He's the parakeet. Because percolators in Arabic, in in Greek means the intercessor the advocate. So he used the name of the advocate. He's the advocate on the Day of Judgment. And that's why we believe that he's mentioned in john,
in the Gospel of john as the percolators. You know, the Christians see that as the Holy Spirit. But we see that as a clear reference to the Prophet sighs and and then also you find references in Isaiah, and even in the book of Solomon, in the Song of Songs, he's mentioned with with his actual name, Mohammed. And so
this is our belief and
the prophesize m certainly has all of the characteristics or qualities of an Old Testament prophet and more. I think the Christians are veiled because of the
how they perceive prophecy through Jesus, because it's so different from whereas Moses, you know, in the, in the old time It says, We will raise a prophet like unto thee at the end of time and, and they say, That's Christ, but Christ wasn't like Moses, the Prophet Muhammad so lesson was like Moses, Christ is not a lawgiver. He doesn't bring a law prophesized and brought a law. He doesn't lead his people on an exit as you know, I mean, many examples
have, you know from the Pharaoh of this own mother prophet called, you know, Abu jihad,
the Pharaoh, you know, so it's like the parish were like a Pharaonic entity. And then that confirms the existence of angels was very important. Here the angels that are everywhere. I mean, we're just in the the angels are doing all kinds of work. And I mean, the angel is the one that, you know, calls your attention I was when I was 17, I was driving, I was really late at night. And I was driving, I fell asleep at the wheel.
And right, I was just about to crash into a telephone pole. And I got yanked, like literally just yanked out of and I just missed the pole. But it's like, if the angel if it wasn't your, if it was your time, the angel just, I can't do it. But if it's not your time, wake up dummy, you know, it's not your time. Right? So the angels are doing all that. So and and I, you know, when I when I did statistics,
you know, what I, what I realized about statistics is a purely descriptive science.
And, and I actually believe that if the world was somehow there should be far more accidents than there actually are in the world. Like when you look at people on the road, you know, and everybody's like, somnambulant, you know, they're just not there. Or you think of a child like, how does a three or four year old get through a day without killing himself? It has to be the angels, right? I mean, it's just amazing. So and then resurrection Alma ad, which is really important, and just about the
Yeah, so on the angels. If you look at sort of an arm on the message, I want to just have in 683, it's chapter six, verses 83 through 86. It's called tipco. Jonah.
There's 18 of the prophets that are mentioned in that
in that verse, and then the other there's seven more that are mentioned
throughout the Quran, and so these are all the prophets so Allah subhana wa Tana Tina tipco Jetta now this is our proof that we gave to Ibrahim and upon me he not have our data Chatham Anisha we elevate in ranks whom we please in Naropa hakimullah Eileen, he has Hickman in what will have nella who is harkaway opponent we gave him his half and Jacob So Isaac and Jacob come from Ibrahim Addison I'm heading in a new one new Han keulen Medina will new Han hi Dana in Cabo and before that we we gave new guidance
woman the reality he doubt was still a man with you but will use of moves on her own Okay, that is in my opinion. So these are all the prophets before that are mentioned in the Quran was the Kriya Yoga is what ilias ilias is Elijah in the Old Testament?
Cool luminosity here we just met yet. Oh, well. Yes, sir. Aliyah says Alicia is called Alicia in the Old Testament. And and then Eunice is Jonah. And Lou talisa them is lat lootah colon for the National anime. So these are the ones that were privileged so that's in sort of an am and then you add to that fee ticket herget una min home for manaea tumon badie
ashlan was about a turn when I was about 20. So there's after that there's there's seven parts of Actonel homo
Idris who who don't show slyly who
will do what Kevin will carefully will add the mo will brahmachari hottie mo so these are the seven after that are mentioned.
The Idris and houde ensure Eva's Jethro, in the in the Old Testament, and then saw the hood and salejaw Arabian prophets and then read carefully is sometimes called his key in the commentaries, his key in his zekiel in in the Bible, there's a book the book of Ezekiel, so he's very important prophet in the Jewish tradition. So these are all of the prophets there's 25 mentioned in the Quran. Now there's a laugh about certain there's a hadith about Maryam because the Annunciation which is in the Quran.
The Annunciation which the Christians also believe in when she's told by the angel that she will have Jesus. That's seems like direct revelation from a. And that was the position of genre and some of the other great scholars. But generally, the vast majority of scholars said that she was a Siddiqa that she's not an NBA, that she's the highest before the profits. And that one of the
the prerequisites for a profit is that they're male.
But there are some serious scholars that thought that there were female profits but not crucial so that women that had direct revelation from God but did not but they're they don't have they don't bring messages
to them. So that
and then so we then we get into the so the Mad is the the confirmation of the resurrection.
And then provides devise decisive arguments for the resurrection refutes those who reject the resurrection, and describes what will be experienced in the afterlife. There's so many verses in there about the Mad in the Quran. There's not one chapter in the Quran that doesn't have countless. I mean, you could count them but I'm hyperbole that doesn't have many, many references to the afterlife. So that's a very important point. So the next section is going to be cam. So that's a whole other
Bab so we'll leave that to the next class. So do we have some questions?
Okay, Bismillah bonica Luffy come?
First question we'll take says that many of our esteemed scholars went to prison for the belief in the Koran being uncreated. Can the share kindly elaborate on the importance of this belief in our creed in the implications of believing the Quran was slash is created? Yeah. So this mess Allah you know, this issues. It's from decay called Kalam, it's from the more very subtle aspects of theology. It's not something I think really people should get involved in.
in Hamburg, was the famous for standing up against the martyrs he died, the martyr Israelite argued that the Quran was my death that that it was it was created. The
sun is arrived at there's two different opinions. One is the Yeti opinion, which is a bit humble, where you don't go into details you just say Quran kurama la Pharaoh, mahalo. You know, it's, it's kind of a lot and it's uncreated. The other one is the the more subtle, which is the shadow in the metodi position, which is that the, the, the uncreative Quran is mad Lula love the immediate Atilla. It's it's what the indications of but the most have itself and then the ultimate say you can always say this in a teaching you just out of add them to the Quran. We don't say it, but the most have itself is came into the world, the paper, the ink, the right, and then the letters and when we say
if I say Bismillah R Rahman Rahim, Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen a right manner, Rahim that those are sounds, and we know that you know, they have vibrations. And so that aspect of the Quran. And this is the distinction they say is is all of those elements are created, like in Elijah to the agenda. You know,
in the mocha demo demo
demo on Roku, Nova, Donna kulu.
Konya and Mia and Emma Tessa. So he's saying that everything, you know, the kadem of allies, Kadeem, there's Matthew heater here and what a tuck Diem there is no first and that it's not linear in that way. So this is really about the logos, you know, and this is and this issue came up because the Christians asked this you know, they said the Kelly ma that Isa is the kalama of Alanna Kadima as per diem and and this and that so
we just we say a Quran kurama lavere mahalo. I mean, that's our position. And
it's definitely doesn't mean though, the most have that you have in your house. Because that would then I mean, some of the Christians argue that well, the Quran is individually Asian like we believe in incarnation of the logos that Muslims believe in.
In the creation of the logos, you know that that God became book. And so we don't we don't we wouldn't see that as valid a valid view of it. So
Next question is, I heard she comes to translating the Quranic word taqwa to God consciousness. Some mam's in Italy still prefer the meaning of quote unquote fear, or being afraid or frightened. I would like to know the basis of this choice. Why in hell? Thank you. Well, yeah, first of all, all when we do these, there aren't really translations, their interpretations. And that's why Aj arbury despite the fact that he was a Christian, as far as I know, he may have, he may have
been a crypto Muslim. Hello, Adam. I mean, he seems to indicate that in his introduction, but AJ Arbor I think was one of the few quote unquote translators of Quran that was that really got it right, because he said, an interpretation of the Quran because you cannot translate the Quran there's far too many nuanced meanings in Arabic. And then there The thing about Arabic, in some ways, it's the most precise of languages in the other in other ways, it's a very ambiguous because it It allows for multiple interpretations, like many things, I mean, language is like that language is very hard to pin down. And this is, I mean, Derrida created a whole philosophy out of the
impossibility of pinning down words, because words are self referential, you know, you look up a word, like if you look up a,
a word in the dictionary, you know, like, pool, as you look that up, we'll say a
basin of water, you know, and then you look up basin, this is something that holds water.
Yeah, so, and this actually, when you study material logic, you'll really understand why there he does completely wrong because concept precedes words. And so the concept is grasped the word is just a way to, to articulate the concept that precedes the word and this is why thought precedes language. It is hard for people to grasp that but thought actually precedes language. So, language is a vehicle. So I you know, I would
What do you think?
Yeah, so, so what did he want to know
about taqwa be trained so so I would say taqwa is one of those words, that is a comprehensive word in the Quran, probably the closest word is pa TAs, that the Latin word which is used for which we use in English piety, and piety is dutiful obedience, you know, it's kind of so in that way, you're God conscious, you're aware of your duties. So you're fulfilling your duties. You're conscientious you're and so that, that that's how, you know, a God conscious person is going to fulfill because they're aware of God. I mean, the prophet SAW I sent him said that his son was untapped with the luck and the Katara torture, because if you see him, and if you don't see him, you know, that he
sees you. That's a God consciousness that is going to, I mean, I'll give you a really good example. Okay. Most of us, not all of us, but most of us speed on the highway, right?
Like, I don't,
but most of us do. But if we see a policeman
suddenly, we like going the speed limit, you always see the red lights go on, right? Everybody's like cruising down the highway. And suddenly, all these red lights go on, and then oh, you see the black and white. That's because he has police consciousness. So suddenly, he's obeying that he's, he becomes consciously aware of the police, and then he becomes dutiful. He fulfills his duty to drive at the speed limit. Well, that in essence is what God consciousness is that you're always aware of God. And so you're always going to follow the rules which is what taqwa is because householder, taqwa, even as it says, has to do with topo, HTML and Wim teeth and feva here and about an NB that
to NAD like it is an awareness of God, that that that you fulfill your obligations and you avoid the prohibitions, because you're consciously aware so that that's how that's why I like that term.
But it's it's certainly the it's, there are other terms that can be used for it. I mean, the root word is to prevent a ward off harm. And so in that way, there's kind of a fearful awareness, you know of harm, the possibility of harm. So they're all they're all interpretations.
Thank you for that. There are lots of questions about memorization. Let me try to take this one here.
In terms of daily recitation, of course on outside of Ramadan, should priority be given to reciting recommended service like yacine, wackier MOOC such and so forth? or completing a daily Jews?
That's a really good question.
If you are somebody who is doing devotional practice, and you have like, you know, then I would say, it's really good to do those Yes, seen in the morning. And then we're up here after mother's milk.
And searched is also encouraged after before you sleep. And then on Friday, calf is is a is a is a practice of the Prophet and hewed both calf and hood. So those are pretty long chapters. So those are really good to do.
But it's very good to do a juice every day, if you could do both, that's kind of ideal.
If you had to choose one or the other, it depends I think, on what
you should still be reading the Quran, if you don't do it every month, you should still be trying to read it a few times a year all the way through. So I would do something on top of those practices. If you know even if it's like, you know, Jake, work out how much it would be like a film menorah.
arroba or, or norrisville his or something to where you're, you're going to do the Quran at least twice a year, I would I wouldn't neglect the Quran like that. And for those who don't know, Arabic, it's good to read translations, but just recognize the limitations of translation. And then also you have to go to the book of along we're gonna get into this, when we get into the section on the knowledge is that you have to know in order to interpret the Quran, you have to know a lot of knowledge is I mean, just a hurdle of Quran are very difficult. I mean, it's it takes quite a look at like, like a, you know, like a letter like L L. Elif, while it has all these possibilities in the
Quran. You know, it's up generally how far out it's a conjunction, but sometimes it means check means down. Sometimes it means talking year, it's like a choice. Sometimes it means if it's leaving something ambiguous, sometimes it means Rob, like it's sometimes it means tough seal. And sometimes it just means Wow. It literally is has the same meaning as well as a conjunction. So that's just one letter in the Quran.
So you have a lot of that and, you know, one of the things about ai ai can't deal with prepositions. It's, it's, it's the big bugbear in AI, because prepositions are so complicated in all languages, because they have multiple possibilities. And, you know, we tend to forget these things. Like if you just take a word like look in the Bantam dictionary, under the word follow, just look under, like bantams dictionary, follow and look at all of the nuanced meanings of follow. Like I need to follow up on that, you know, I'd follow him anywhere. You know, he followed him
in the directorship, you know, I mean, it just has all these meanings and we learn them just through
education. We don't think about these things because language acquisition is such a mystery. So you have to be very humble, going to the Quran,
lama fildena or omnova. No longer learner Seaton, an advocate entercom athlete and an FC Allahumma salli ala Sayyidina Muhammad kuruvilla. Do I have any wish if I
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Khurana la de Moura be aku Vina wa momina with the help of omo Mina, Aloma Jana Haddad. keytab Jerry and Anna alsina Tina
more than few are Cantina. yamahai me
Hola inshallah. Hello Kitty Medina, a shadow
shadow Mohammed and Rasulullah sallallahu. Anyway, he said I'm with LCM and I'm a pm Anna toxin in Morocco Minami nica Karim f1 aloha inika fu Kareem on to eyeball alpha one Superman or have the courage
to say no sir