Philosophy of Fasting #08
Channel: Haitham al-Haddad
Series: Haitham al-Haddad - Philosophy of Fasting
File Size: 21.69MB
Episode Transcript ©
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Welcome my dad
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oh one who sleeps. Stand up bendy Claire the 1717
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Assalamualaikum and a very warm welcome to the philosophy of fasting Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Al hamdu lillahi rabbil aalameen All praise is due to Allah, all peace and blessings be upon Muhammad is last Prophet and Messenger. As usual we have Dr. Fatima Al dag joining us in the studio today. Salaam Alaikum. Doc why they consider Mohammed to live on Okay, thank you so much for joining us in the studio. Well, Doctor, we're talking about the philosophy of fasting of course, and today I want to take some time to talk about the definition of fasting who should fast why we why how break the fast how do we do that? This allowed him or him or salat wa salam ala Rasulillah let us take the
definition of fasting and once we understand the definition of fasting we can go further deeper Okay great.
Okay fasting is to abstain from certain acts from certain point of view another point during the month of Ramadan if it is fasting Ramadan, but fasting in general is to abstain from certain activities Okay, in a particular period of time right, this is fasting. So, what are those activities that we abstain from generally speaking, having food having drink and having sexual relationships Okay.
From we said within a certain period of time, what is that certain period of time the beginning of that is such Fudger Yes. And the end of that is Maha
sunset. So, again we can say is to abstain from having food having direct having sexual relationship from 30 down all the way until mockery. Now, you can see here that there are three basic elements of this definition of course, the first one is the abstention to abstain Yes. The second one is the activities that we need to abstain from
and the third one, you can say the timing
Okay, okay. So, the first one is to abstain. The second is the activities that you need to abstain from right and the third one is the timing. Yes. So, these are the three main elements
in the definition, these are the three main components of the definition. Sure, once we understand those three components, we can go deeper as you said, Yes. For example, when we talk about to abstain to abstain, means you intend to withhold you intend to abstain, okay. So, you can say that the main element
of abstention is the intention is itself Yes.
That I intend to abstain from those activities. And here there is a difference for example, between a person who slept from failure until now who, just like this, and the person who did not eat, because he doesn't want to eat or he feels that is better not to eat. I see an interesting point there, sure. But another person who, what, who does not drink and eat because he wanted to make this as an abstention, that is fasting. Okay, for sure. So that abstention is considered to be a bad but just to abstain for nothing is not a bad and that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said there is no fasting for the one who does not establish the intention to fast during the night time
Subhan Allah, so in Ramadan, or the obligatory fasting, the person has to plan to fast tomorrow, the person
then has to have intention that he is fasting tomorrow. Dr. Latham you've you've just brought something to my attention there by listening to your discussion, that if you into if you don't intend to fast and you do fast, however, your intention is not for fasting, can you stop in bed all day? This is not fasting Subhanallah you know, if you're bored at home and you're fasting in Ramadan, you must have the intention. Previously. It's a very interesting point there that is yes is important.
And why? Because it is an act of a bad day. And we have said, as we mentioned it previously, that the prophets Allah, Allah, Allah, Selim says, actions are judged by intention. So if there is no intention, no action, of course, no valid action, okay. So that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam said that there is no fasting for the one who does not establish fasting or the intention of fasting during the nighttime. Now, some scholars said that it is sufficient to have one intention for the whole month
and some other scholars said no, you have to have an intention to fast for every day. Now, just just before I get into this, this discussion, I would like to clarify what does intention mean? The philosophy of intention, because we are talking about philosophy of Sharia philosophy or fasting. Intention is something established in your heart, what your heart wanted to do, definitely what you plan to do, it is not something that you utter by your tongue. And some people mistakenly think that
intention is what you utter by your heart by your tongue. So they say, oh, when whenever they want to pray, I am praying for rock before the Imam harder, etc. Yes, that is not intention. The Prophet salallahu alayhi salam never mentioned the intention by his tongue, except maybe you can say during Hajj time, during Hajj, time or Umrah, the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam is specifies the type of nusach that he was about to do interesting to say that my intention is this. And this is what your tongue uttered. Maybe your tongue will utter something that is not in your heart. Definitely, of course, people may say this, just to show off, I can sit stand in front of an imam say, I pray this,
it's, again, only I was gonna tell it knows what's in here he exactly. So if Allah knows what is in here, then what is the point of talking about? Exactly? I'm all over when you talk about it, you might make mistake by your tongue. Exactly. Doctor, if it is in your intention? Correct. Then what counts is what in your heart? Definitely an intention? Definitely. Dr. Hansen, over the period of time we've been making this program, you know, I've had time to reflect on my own beliefs of Allah. And certainly it's made me empowered more to to learn more Sharia to learn more philosophies of not just fasting, but all of Islam. Yes, it's very, it's very interesting. Yes, it helps a lot to
understand the wisdom and, and it is good not to, and this is what we are having in this program not to has complete dichotomy between the rulings or fake and Sharia, or as some people like to say, between Sharia and Hotez, the or the spiritual part of the actions, and the rulings regarding or related to those actions. Jeff is not too good to have that kind of separation or dichotomy between both. Yes, of course. Dr. Latham it's, you know, it's brilliant that we have this time and chance on hada TV, to bring the Muslim community together. So before you know we carry on, I just want to what message can we give to the viewers to make sure that intention is right. We are saying that the
person has to link his heart with Allah, Allah, Allah all of the time. So it is true that there are some obligations, we don't need to do those obligations just to get rid of them. We don't need to think of those obligations as burden. We need to think of them as blessings from Allah.
And that doing those intentions will What are doing those actions will raise our status of course, in the sight of Allah de la vida inshallah an interesting point there, Doctor. However, what
to f you know the Muslims say okay I'm praying to Allah my intention is for Allah why is he not giving me the the car that I want the house that I want Why am I being oppressed by the oppressors and such countries this is this is this is a good point inshallah one and one point we need to discuss and address it and in details throughout the discussion related to the philosophy of fasting let us go back to the definition okay we said that the first element of that definition is what is the intention to abstain out of intention and we said that some scholars said you can have one intention for the whole month and you can and some other scholars said that you have to have one
intention for every day. Now, what is the consequence? What is the difference? There are those who scholars who said that it is enough to have one intention for the whole month means what means, okay, I am a Muslim and obviously, I'm going too fast the whole month of Ramadan, this is a valid intention This is sufficient
okay, this is sufficient, okay. But the other is kind of said, you have to have this in mind for every day. Of course, what is the difference? The difference of both can be clarified in this scenario.
Take this scenario where a person lost conscious before failure.
Because he had an accident he had a car accident, let's say a person had a car accident or whatever accident before Maghrib shortly before the maverick Tada. Okay.
And then he continued
like this without conscious until what until five years. So he spent the whole night not awake, right. So this person, it did not establish the intention to fast the next day during the nighttime. I see interesting point Nash quick break though there to apologize to cut you off there. Well, thanks for watching. Stay tuned, we'll just take a quick break. Salam Alaikum welcome
And if everyone welcome back to the philosophy of fasting, doctor before the break, we were discussing, you know, everything about the fasting. And you mentioned the point where if your intention is not correct, and we were at a point where you mentioned if a person was sick from Maghrib until the budget and as the tension was not for fasting, so carry on Doctor Yeah, Mr Lau salatu salam ala Rasulillah This is an example where the difference between those two scholars who said that one intention will be sufficient for the whole month and the other group of scholars who say that you have to have a separate intention for every day okay.
This example clarifies that difference. So, if a person lost conscious before Maori and he woke up after failure, which means that he did not fulfill the criteria mentioned in Hadith Hafsa the Hadith that we just mentioned that there is no fast for the one who does not establish the intention to foster during the night I say, so, this person during the whole night he was he last conscious without conscious. So it means that he cannot plan to fast tomorrow, I understand he cannot have intention to foster model. So will if he woke up after failure and he said What time is it now or let me just continue Yes, fasting, okay.
He said no, no, I am fine, I am obliged to fast. So, let me continue with that today be acceptable as a valid fast for him or because he did not have the right intention before Fajr. Fasting is not valid for him. Those scholars who said one intention is sufficient for the whole month. They said that that fast is a valid fast for him. Those scholars who said no you have to have a separate intention every day.
They said that
you have to make up this day. This day is not
are valid fast. Okay. Can you see the difference? A huge difference there? I hope that our brothers and sisters watching this programs put Jani attention to this difference. Definitely I want to pick up on that point there, Dr. Hudson because, okay, it's a very crucial point, the difference between if your intention is for the month or every day. So for example, if my intention is every day, and I don't get up for 5g, but I intend to fast, I don't break my fast or anything like that. I just don't get up for 5g as my fast still valid, this is different from the case that we mentioned. Right? We mentioned the the case that the person lost conscious before Maghrib. Right. All the way until
failure, right? This is different from a person who walks up for failure only, but he was aware. Okay, he did not lose conscious after Maria. So he prayed.
He prayed to Asia, he prayed taraweeh okay. And he had his conscious, right. So this person, if he's a Muslim, of course, he's planning to fast tomorrow. That is a valid intention. Even if that person missed up Folgers time, right? That is not a problem for the validity of fasting. Fast, is it still valid for him? Okay. Okay. So that I hope that cleared the point. And that clarifies the difference between those two scholars who said no, you have to have a separate intention every day, and those who said one intention will be sufficient for the whole month. I see. So this is the matter of intention.
That the the second important element of the definition is the abstention or the the activities that we must abstain from, right. Yes, definitely. Okay, because we tend to abstain from federal, until Maghrib. From certain activities from being involved in certain activities, work outdoors, having food, having drink and having sexual relationship.
Now, the question that is related to philosophy here is why are those why why do we need to abstain from those activities? Definitely. I totally agree with you doctor had them. Because in Christianity before I reverted to Islam, we never fasted. However, when you come to the east, they do fast. The questions do fast. It's not like they're the fast thing that the Muslims observe. But it's, you know, it's an interesting point, to understand that the East and the east, for example, cops in Egypt, and some orthodox in I think Greece, they fasted from certain certain types of food. Yes, that's correct. Yes. I remember I had a colleague, who was cops from Egypt, Egyptian cops, and
certain times he would not eat non vegetarian food. That's it? Yes. And I asked him, I don't know whether that is absolutely true or not, he said that this is like fasting, yes, but from for Muslims, and what Allah legislates is to fast completely from having food, drink and sexual relationship, these are the three main activities that a person has to abstain from Sure. Now, when we discuss now, when we say why, of course, those are the main desires, every single person has definitely have include having doing having sexual relationship, these are the main desires, every single human being has is common. Yes, between all human beings. Of course, we some other human
beings have some other desires. For example, having fun, yes. But surely I did not say that you have to fast from fun, of course, not to be involved in font or not to laugh.
For example, yeah. Or maybe not to speak as previous nations. Yes. You know, when when Medea
gave birth to isa Alayhis Salam, and she brought him by, she brought him to help people. She said that
in order to live man is
Tolman Phelan Kelley, Melia INSIA, she said that he had neither an auth upon myself too fast. So, during that time fasting was a little bit different from our fasting or totally different from our fasting. They used to abstain from certain other activities, but for Muslims, we must first abstain from those activities that Allah and Allah indicated to us. Of course, it is not fair to say, Dr. Hadden, when you're fasting, you should refrain from say said activities are three activities we've just mentioned. However, is it possible that we can have fun? For example, we can laugh and joke is it not better to spend your time maybe reciting the Quran does that
Jazak Allah Hey, this is a very important point. Now once we talk about the philosophy of fasting, and we said that Allah, Allah, Allah prohibited us from those activities that are related to our desires, does it mean that Allah, Allah, Allah wants us to control our desires and to be devoted more for a bad? Yes. And maybe to minimize the time we need to spend in having fun in having other activities that are not related to a bad yeah, directly. This is absolutely right. This is absolutely rice. That's why in the other Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, The one who does not abstain from shahada, it is your false false testimony. And flowery speech, okay?
Hola. Hola. Hola. Hola is in no need for him to leave his food and drink. So here the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, if you are leaving, this is the meaning if you are leaving food and drink, then obviously you should believe haram activities such as foul language,
such as body language, such as false testimonies, and so on. backbiting, backbiting, and all of these things, and there is a one interesting Hadith about backbiting. Maybe we do not have time to, to speak about that hadith. But you are right, that these are the three main activities that we need to abstain from technical perspective, but there is a philosophy behind it, which is what to devote yourself more in a bad and to leave anything that is considered to be bad in general. Of course. Thank you so much for that, doctor. I really appreciate your support on the philosophy of fasting until next time.
Well, I guess viewers we've learned today, the philosophy of fasting, please brothers and sisters. Stay tuned and keep watching for philosophy of fasting. Until next time Assalamu alaikum welcome