Channel: Haitham al-Haddad
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Assalamualaikum and a very warm welcome to the philosophy of fasting Bismillah R Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen All praise is due to Allah, peace and blessings be upon Mohammed, the last prophet and the Messenger of Allah subhanho wa Taala joining us in the studio today we have joining us Dr. Shaikh had them lol dad, Salaam Alaikum Riley from said I want to delay what a cat Mashallah, thanks for joining us in the studio today. Does that come up? And we're so pleased to have you were explaining the benefits and everything regarding the philosophy of fasting. What does the Quran say about fasting? What are the benefits of fasting chicken obviously, you've done
extensive research and this is your your work. So I'd like to take this opportunity to get the viewers benefit from yourself to gain knowledge on the benefits of fasting schicke nice and I did like a lock on it for that exact
So when we're when we're saying the philosophy of fasting, why do we follow that the actual lunar calendar rather than the normal calendar? Some people say we must follow the lunar calendar or the sun the other calendar which is the correct one, okay. Bismillah Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah I guess brother buffet that you are choosing this topic which is related to the moon sighting because we are just starting the month of Ramadan inshallah child tomorrow will be the beginning of the month of Ramadan. So,
because of this, we need to know how we start our fasting and how we end our fasting. And see this is a very important point from an Islamic perspective. Allah Allah Allah wants us to follow certain symptoms that can be understood by the vast majority of people, okay, that's why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in our own Mattoon omiya We are an oma that is illiterate. It doesn't mean that the professor I sent him promote illiteracy, no. He, the prophet SAW I sent him said that the standard of our Ummah can be understood by anyone
with a highly educated or not educated at all, this is one thing. The other thing is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that we are relying on simple phenomena that can be understood by everyone, right? And we don't want to go beyond that.
So this is the the philosophy of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And that's why, from an Islamic perspective, the beginning of each calendar month is based on the moon sighting. Okay, generally speaking, and we all know, Mr. hodda vihara many a hadith and one Hadith that summarizes all of this a hadith when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said so Maduro, he was after all a lot at first when you cited the moon, the new moon and endure fast when you cited the new moon and if it is cloudy, you cannot see it for whatever reason, then complete the count of Sherborne 30 days right. Now, just before getting into this point,
it is true that this is the criteria and it is a matter that all these colors are from all countries throughout our Islamic history accepted this as the criteria for the beginning of the month, right, which is the moon sighting, okay. However, I would like to pinpoint a very important significant point regarding this, which is that this criteria, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam addressed the people of authority to use this criteria. So as the person
salamati SLM told us that there are the people of authority
or the people in charge of the Muslim affairs right?
And the rest of the people. So, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam guide the people of authority the people who can decide when the month starts and when the month ends, okay to follow this criteria to follow this guideline, which is what so mulero at will after rollio at first when you cite the moon and endure fast when you cite the new moon, right. And then the second criteria, if it is cloudy, and you cannot see it, you cannot sign the new moon then complete the count of chabanne 30 days, 30 days. So this criteria is given to the people of authority. Okay, so the people of authority will use this, however, the rest of the people, and this is an important point to be understood by our
viewers. The rest of the people have to follow another criteria that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told us, which is what Hadith Abu hurayrah incinerated me that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, the day of fasting is when you all fast, and the day you break the fast or you ended the fast is the day when you all ended the fast. And so and the day of sacrifice is when you all sacrifice. What does that mean? That ultimately, the one who recorded this hadith one of the greatest scholars, he died in the end of that third century, hedgerow century, he said that this hadith was the criteria that has been used by most of the scholars, that the person will follow the vast majority of Muslims
So, this criteria should be used by laypeople or people who are under the authority of either Muslims, right? What does that mean? It means that we have two criterias the main criteria is citing the moon, but who decides that the moon has been cited?
Who decides is the people have authority? So they have to follow what so mulero at after LuLaRoe at first when you saw the moon and break your fast when you cited the new moon, right, but for the rest of the people, what is the criteria, the criteria is follow the rest of the oma follow the rest of the oma, if the whole oma is united and they follow one opinion, then you have to follow that opinion. Right? If Muslims in your country are united, either under one authority, they have an Amir or a king or a president or whatever, then you need to follow the opinion that has been endorsed by the people in charge. If there is no single authority in charge of the Muslim affairs, then follow a
sumo metal Sumo the fast is when you all fast when most of the Muslims around you fast. So as you can see here, there are two different criteria that do not contradict each other, they work hand in hand, and they complement each other, right, the moon sighting from one side and another criteria for the rest of the people. Okay, now, so panela brother Rafi, if you look at this, you will see that it is something perfect, and this shows not the philosophy of fasting only but the philosophy of Sharia in general, right, from one angle, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, fast when you see the moon. Now this criteria as we said, it is a simple, straightforward criteria that can be
adopted by everyone, and there will be no dispute about it. That's why a man came to the office I said I'm and he said that I have cited the Munoz ulala the prophets I seldom asked him Do you believe in Allah? Do you believe in me? And the man said yes. So the prophet SAW Selim said, Bill, you know the color biller make an announcement that the people must fast tomorrow, right. So very simple, straightforward, no need for complications, no need to differ on it, as it is happening now in the Muslim world. And the Muslim world, as you are aware of, of course, that people go for moon citing other people in the same country, maybe in the same locality. They go for what for
calculation, yes, or observatory. And then the calculation people differ with this calculation.
is the correct one or the other calculation is the correct one and so on so forth. And it is it becomes an issue of disagreement
while as we will see maybe in the near future that one of the main aims of fasting is to United. Okay. But now, this issue of moon sighting became an issue to this united oma Yes, yes, I agree with you there shakey them, one of the things I'd like to ask you regarding this, because coming from the UK, myself, there's two opinions on when to fast we have, shall I call Saudi Arabia? When are they fasting? So if I'm in the UK, let's say right now, when should I fast according to Saudi Arabia time or to the UK time Yeah, this is this is the point that we are talking about it, it creates sort of disagreement between between Muslims, but if we understand what we, if we understood what we have
been talking about the two criterias and we understood that there is consensus between all Muslim scholars on those two criterias right, which is what the people in charge of the Muslim affairs or the Muslims affairs, they should follow the first criteria which is what
site when you are fast when you cite the new moon, of course, stop fasting when you cite the new moon, but on the other hand, the rest of the people should follow those people should follow their decision. And provided that their decision has been accepted by the vast majority of scholars of course, as we said, very simple, straightforward, no need for disagreements and so on. And see, as we said about
fasting based on natural phenomena, you can say
there is another important philosophy out of it, okay? Which is what? That Allah Allah, Allah does not want to disattach us from observing his creation.
And alleged Allah, Allah does not want to that his creation, just follow technology and do what they can come up with. Allah, Allah, Allah wants them to be linked to the whole universe. And that's why, you know, in the Quran, Allah Allah, Allah recommended us and commanded us to what to see you to fill out to to go and ponder Yes, and reflect in a few 100% what you will already have the laughing lady wanna hurry.
LDAP so in the creation of heavens, earth, the alternation of
nights and days what yet yet Signs for those who what? For those who think, of course, as lm Yes, eurofins are the takuna the home luban don't they travel? Of course. Thank you very much for sharing. That's all we have time for right now. We're just going to take a quick break. Stay tuned. We'll be right back after this short break slum lolicon. When
Salam Alaikum. And welcome back to the philosophy of fasting smilla Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen.
All praise is due to Allah and all praise, go to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And May Allah's blessings and p2p upon Mohammed, last prophet, a messenger of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Well, of course we have Dr. Sheikh had them lol dad, join us in the studio, salaam Mali conductor, why they can sit down? Well, thank you so much for joining us in the studio.
We're talking about the philosophy of fasting and we were just talking about the moon sightings. And we were talking previously and the first part of the show regarding the the benefits of being united on when to fast in all the countries. So I just want to pick up on this doctor by set start by saying we want to unite as Muslims. This is our ultimate goal to be ultimate one nation. So how can we be united and the world even in a non Muslim world? How can I act in a non Muslim country? I'm from the UK, obviously. So how can I show people please come to Islam on fasting. How can I say look, there's no difference between Muslims. Okay. Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim o salat wa salam ala
rasulillah. This is a very important
endpoint and this is part of the wisdom behind fasting Yes, of course when we talk about philosophy of fasting or wisdom more or less they are they say it's a loss of your wisdom.
I see we mentioned that the the first criteria that is the criteria that should be followed by the people in charge is what citing the new moon and the other criteria which should be followed by the rest of the people is what is following the rest of the oma or for following the rest of the community around you Okay. Now, this is a direct instruction from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So, we are fasting with the people because this what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said a somwhere to Yamato someone the fast is when you all fast okay. However,
they there is other than the other benefit, which you just pointed out, which I agree with you that
we have to show kind of unity. Yes, in such matters, such matters that are considered to be Islamic symbols related to the the the main symbols of Islam, we have to be united on those symbols, such as the beginning of fasting, the end of fasting, the aid itself? Yes, the head, okay, we have to be united on these things. If we cannot be united as a oma, globally, at least we should be united in our localities or in our countries, for example, Muslims in the UK, or at least in London, or big cities, they should be united on one opinion. Of course not. As we have seen in some years that in one house, some people are fasting, and the other people are not fasting Of course Shekhar I just
must stop you there to just say I you know, want to pick up on that point. This actually happened to myself coming from the UK, the first Ramadan that I had, you know, I was living in the Muslim community how hamdulillah
we were fasting next door. We weren't fasting. We were like, what what's happening? Why are you not fasting? It's not the day. When do you celebrate your eat tomorrow? You you celebrate yours today? What? Why? Why is it so significant? To be united? Why is the point of everyone almost separate? Because these are symbols. And those symbols we have to be united on those symbols can see, from an Islamic perspective, let us be practical Islam allows a room of disagreement between people or allow different versions to be adopted in certain acts right on certain statements or maybe certain activities in general. Sometimes, I pray with my hands raised, you do not raise your hands. Okay,
this is an acceptable variation.
I, we read the karma of salla, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Chateau de la la la Shadowhunter Rasulullah some other people read it, what? Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, a shadow La La, la, la, la, la, la, la, la. So, these variations are all acceptable, right. And such a disagreement or such variations or differences can be seen as healthy disagreement. Of course, I agree. Because it gives a room of, of, of different cultures to adopt different opinions based on different circumstances, provided that those opinions are considered to be genuine Islamic opinions that are rooted in Quran and Sunnah are great.
But there are some differences that cannot be acceptable, okay? And that's why a lot of Nabila Z's in the great scholar and the great halifa of Muslims, he said, I don't prefer red candles or harmonium, the red candles, the valuable candles over the disagreement of the Sahaba. So, he was happy to see that there are many disagreements between the Sahaba on minor issues, but as you rightly say that there are issues that we cannot disagree on, such as what such as the beginning of Ramadan, and the end of and the end of Ramadan, at least in our locality, at least in our country. And this disagreement cannot be resolved, except if we follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wasallam who said fast when you all fast so for example,
You are in the UK, you travel just for example you travel today to from Egypt to the UK. And tomorrow is Ramadan in the UK in Egypt, maybe in the UK it is not. So what are you going to do when you travel to the UK? And they have a different Ramadan? Then you follow the locality there. So at least you are united with the people around you.
Yeah, okay. So then there will be community cohesion. Okay, there. But the the the Omar cohesion has not yet been established because of the political differences between the leaders of the Muslim countries, unfortunately, otherwise, the ideal situation is to have the whole oma united on one day, it is true that there is an opinion that says if the oma is
you is played
globally, and there are parts that cannot be there are removed parts from the map, then this part can follow one opinion. And the other part can follow another opinion, they can fast on this day and the other part come fast on the other day, but not like your case, your neighbor is fasting on the other day. No, this is totally an Islamic, and it sends a wrong message to the outer community. If we are living in a non Muslim country, I definitely understand. We've been pushed for time right now, Doctor, however, I just wanted to pick up how can we unite ourselves with the non Muslims in the UK or any western country? For example, we're in the UK right now. And we want to fast and we
want to show the people please come to Islam, if you want to fast. How can I tell them please do this do this? Well, how can we advise them because I was lost in the UK? I mean, I'm a white British man, who do I go in tune to? Who do we turn to you for this information? This is a very practical question. Yes. We make it simple. And I always make it simple to people in the UK or other places. Yes. Because some people do bring gifts from other countries. So they are confused. Yes, as you say totally. The other day they were drinking from Holland and I think are from another country. And they split Yes. Some people as you said were following Saudi Arabia, and some people were following
other countries. I said to them, follow the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim, the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim, what is it? Look at it, the vast majority around you? What are they following? And follow it? Yes, that's it. So this, you will go with the Sunnah of the Hadith that has been mentioned that we just mentioned, a sound momentous moment, as well as what you will feel the unity with the rest of the Muslims or with the vast majority of Muslims. Of course, there will be some odd people in any community, there will be odd people. We need to work slowly and slowly on these things in order to, you know, remove these differences between among ourselves. Never give up on them
always coming down to them. Yeah, definitely. Definitely, of course. Well, thank you so much for joining us in the studio today. We realize
that this is a very important and informative discussion regarding citing or fast when everyone around you first of course, thank you so much. So viewers at home, I guess we've learned today the philosophy of fasting and the moon sightings. So if you want to actually join us next time, until next time, we'll leave you in safe care of Allah subhanho wa Taala Assalamualaikum welcome.