Usul Al-Fiqh #04

Faaik Gamieldien


Channel: Faaik Gamieldien

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The transcript is a jumbled mix of words and symbols that are not aligned, making it difficult to summarize. The speakers discuss the meaning of Yom and the differences between the words Yom and day, as well as mistakes made by humans and their father and brother. The transcript is difficult to summarize as it appears to be a jumbled mix of random characters and symbols, but the speakers emphasize the importance of avoiding mistakes and being true to what one said. The transcript is also difficult to summarize as it appears to be a disjointed sequence of sentences and symbols.

AI Generated Transcript ©

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From the Rila from the new line after the war and a stain on the Pharaoh who will be on the token valet

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one hour we'll be learning to rule and fusina on sejahtera Marlena yes if you know Fernando de la who will make you do follow her the Ella what a shower La Ilaha illa Allah, the hula Sharika wanna share under Mohammed Abdullah who are a solo solo author of the he was Allahu alayhi wa the early he was heavy, Amanda without what he learned

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Brothers and Sisters in Islam Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah it

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good to see you again. Mashallah. I think maybe some of the advice of last week

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they do some good ASIMO Emily's Yeah, Mashallah.

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All right me

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Alright, so,

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I indicated at the beginning of these classes. So, this will just be an introduction to the topic, and today will be the last class on this particular topic.

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We will also do sudo Hadith, which will also be ready for lectures. So, the Quran as a full lecture is just an introduction so that when you go out into the world, you know what the subject is about what the Quran is about. We have some idea now what it's all about. It's about the study of the fundamentals of law of physics that we know. And we know that fit is, is the house built by by mankind in applying their minds to the sources of law to bring all the answers to questions that we have based on the Quran Hamsun.

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So today I want to look at an important question that's always asked.

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And that is,

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if the Quran is clear, in the Hadith, a hadith is clear of the NABI SallAllahu sallam, why is it that there are so many differences?

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Not amongst us and we're just, you know, we're just children in this field. But between people like Imam Shafi Rambo Hanifa Muhammad in the humble

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in Amharic, sometimes they the whole contract reviews, one says yes, and the other one says no one is touching or going to do. The other words is that a woman does miracle.

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So I can't go into all the differences, but I'm going to give you some idea of why these differences come about. It's very important for you to them, Why are these differences the and what is the basis of the differences?

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The first category of differences comes about because of what is called the homeowner in the language but it's aluminum, over them are words that is spelled the same but have different meanings.

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word spelled the same like for example, big B A.

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Day is taught in English, one refers to obey an animal and the other one is a verb you need to pay to bear the brunt

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of course, is the word gay also has two meanings, one is happy and you know what the other one means, same word same spelling G a word.

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And in Arabic, every language we have, so in Arabic, you also have word spelt

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with the same letters, but meaning different things or the interpretation could be different.

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And this is called in Arabic in the law,

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two loves, where there is a commonality of meaning in the same word we have in the Arabic language as well.

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Take for example, the word that I in, I ain't Iannone anybody know what that means?

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I mean, what is it

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is the idea that you see through that is I am, and this is in the singular line.

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And this word, can have a number of meanings.

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It has, for example, the meaning of the eye. It means also Algeria, a girl with toga line. It also refers to the TRP shape, that which is most chosen amongst many things. Well, it's a base that you choose amongst. And this comes through in the Hadith or the newbie Salah Salem and Marisa salon said, Here, come here, come here.

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Denisa criado come here Coolessay visa salon said the best to you are those who are best to you, women folk.

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And some other Hadith he said, best your wives, but they are encompasses only all women, every single who the best we are though to best to Rob is to to women.

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It also means gold, it can also mean gold, and many other meanings as well. So you can already see in the introduction, that

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there are words that have the same meanings. Sometimes it has one meaning what were two interpretations. But we'll get to the example. I'll give you one example.

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That mean exam examples, but unfortunately, we don't have a couple of years. To go through these examples

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of this look at the first example

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where there is

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the same word with different meanings.

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The first subject matter which I want to refer to estoppel although he relaly a Yama,

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is the position of slaughtering your animal on Friday you do not have during the night

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ease is only allowed during the day or can it be done at night as well?

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The majority of the fuqaha the majority of the jurists

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says that the slaughter of any do not ha should preferably or should take place only during the day.

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Because Allah Allah says leash huduma Interfere along with cool small Llahi fee a yummy mahalo mutt Alana rasa cook Morocco home min behemoth Ilana. Let's look at the verse of the Quran. We just want to hide the 28th Allah Allah says so that they may witness the benefits provided for them and celebrate the name of Allah through the days appointed through the days appointed.

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So yeah, the difference of opinion arises as to what is the word daily mean?

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Does it does day mean from sunrise to sunset?

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Or is day at 24 hour day? Does it include the night or doesn't include the

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city with the differences come from so more of them will for the majority of the jury say that that that was slaughtering for either of HA

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during the night is permissible is Giles nothing wrong with it? Because uniforms.

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camo jacket as nine out just as it is permissible during the day it is miscible during the night, so they interpreted the word Yom or day to mean a period of 24 hours further torture.

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This interpretation

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is accepted by Imam Shafi

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Imam Abu Hanifa and you know Muhammad in Hamburg. So three out of four of the schools of thought say that it is a 24 hour cycle.

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Although Imam Shafi has some reservations about Slaughtery at night, and he's reservations are practical reservations, because understand that that time he was well, solar light switches on really when the light when the when the sun goes down to no lights period. So it was a bit Sharpie said that

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to take caution, because you may cut yourself if it's very dark, you will cut somebody else's sheet because you can't recognize it in the light. So those are the things that the Imam Shafi says why don't you take precaution so Imam Shafi says okay, I allow 24 hours if you can eliminate and eliminate any danger to yourself or slaughtering somebody else's hand.

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Imam Malik Rahim Allah Allah Allah is my money, of course was the Imam was born in Medina and died in Medina. He was a teacher of Imam Shafi rahamallah So he was most of his teacher

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in my molecules, element Africa didn't humble and humble was a student who

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of which boy month was yesterday.

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Which one of the following was he was a student of Imam Shafi in MK in Medina in Egypt to New York traffic

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Egypt He became I'm sure his most loyal student. So you can see the link between the four Imams

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and even the humble was an expert on Hadith expert on honey

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so Mr. Malik says Leia Jews at that party laughing Malik says

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no snorting allowed at night.

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I say one can only slaughter during daylight hours. Now we look at the way do these differences arise from this wasn't just they didn't say this, just because they wanted to say they said it because they they must have proof for what they say

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some of the filler filler

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so the cause of the st laugh and a very important point I think yeah, which I must make is there are two words that we use for differences of opinion. The one is called killer. We know that Keita Muslims know that Allah protect concealer.

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He laughs means to have differences of opinion on having no knowledge of the subject.

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Have you just have an opinion? Killer some say

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you must do it and some say humans don't do it. You ask them why my father did it my mother did it my son did it by this direct so I also do it that is killer. That is the bad if killer that is the killer which is Silla which is corrosive killer if the law is to have an opinion based on daleel based on proof because this deal is based on proof hello so we're going to see are two Purana calm in control. Sadly, if you say that you are speaking the truth when you're proof don't come with your father said and your father and your father this. My brother also says a lot of things he was a man just like me, just like my grandfather was a man like you when they make mistakes. I make mistakes.

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So where do we eliminate mistakes? We go to the source, we go to the GitHub Good, good, awesome.

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So remember, HELOC is just nonsense talk nonsense. Normally,

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I say to you, I read to you to work of Imam Shafi and it says this was a good number Shafi.

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Well, I read obviously first of Quran, say this is what Allah says in the Quran, there's gonna be some sentences in Hadith. So this is the fundamentals of what I'm saying.

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I don't think you're not going to be asked about this and if the amount is gonna ask you your opinion about something fine.

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So what was the basis of your opinion?

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I sent you the Quran and a prophet. So where did you go for your answer from your father, your mother, your brother, your oppa

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none of those are mentioned in the

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last one The law says if you default we might feel

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ill Allah who are soon to Allah subhanaw taala and pursue Mohammed Salah Allahu Allah.

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So, this does this love difference of opinion between Imam Malik and the other three Imams is based on the word Allium and yo are the word Yo yo, what is on yo mean? The day the day and your means the day

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because a yo is called

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a homeowner.

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It is

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consequences consists of two meanings it either mean sunrise to sunset or it can mean sunrise to sunrise 24 hour cycle or 12 hour cycle

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the Quran

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uses the word

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yo in a verse for tomato ofI daddy come salata yam

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in this verse, allows father assists and

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enjoy yourself in your homes. Velocita young three days a year days means a 24 hour cycle

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24 hour cycle. Then Allah subhanaw taala says

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Sahara Allah him Southern Ireland was ammonia to a German consumer Allah's policies. You hear the word Leon Allah Sangha disease so

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about Allah Ya didn't seven nights was a man at a young

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and seven days. So Allah someone distinguishes between uses the same word a yam for a Yama is plural of Yom for day and night. So it can either mean they all can mean Right.

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Right. So what do we have here? Now we have

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a choice to make, is they 24 hours or is day two hours

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All right, any questions on that? So, I'm just giving an introduction.

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As to how interpretations of the same word the first also within different meanings is

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Allah so Allah subhanaw taala talks about

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salah theta Kuru.

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All Matala are two that are Bosna the unfussy in the Lhasa tacos, Allah talks about a woman who's been divorced and the Calacatta that are a boss now, we are interested in

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a woman who is divorced has to wait three Kuru law says before she can remarry. She has to wait. Three Kuru

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alone. Kuru in Arabic has two meanings. Kuru means

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either a menstrual cycle or a clean cycle.

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So the verse can mean that a woman has to wait three menstrual cycles. In other words, her dies only over after she has completed a third bleed.

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Right. So when she takes a bath after the third bleed, she's free.

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Peru can also mean a clean cycle. So three clean cycle, which is clean.

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to bleach is clean to bleach is clean.

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Three clean cycles, you can work around. women, women are not good at working. But I just want to bring it to your attention. So Imam Abu Hanifa says

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that a woman can re marry

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Oh, no shopper says the last bleed. The cycle is only over when she's

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clean from the last lead. Imam Abu Hanifa says the last lead means that she is now free to marry. But she can't do anything with that she's pleading

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the way the marriage can't be consummated in any case. So ultimately, when you look at both, it has the same consequences can only be marriage can only be effective as a regular marriage after the woman has played and she's now

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The second cause for differences of opinion there are many causes

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is a conflict of proof

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conflict of proof, we have two proofs and one conflicts with the other one.

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What do we do?

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Let's look at an example.

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Let's look at the example which that also gives

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an example concerns the dowry that my scavi or the man

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what is the least dowry that can be given to a bride is the question

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because the Sahaba

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prefer that to answer this question, typical people came to ask him what is the people report that obviously you wanted to know what is the what is the least thing or amount that is required by the Sharia for the marriage to be valid? Because a marriage cannot it cannot be direct the party without

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Imam Shafi and dharma cosa Muscovy is I remember in my days first, the first kind dark

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marriages that I officiated at

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five grand was the maximum and it was a lot by brand, the maximum car tax of the five grand that's that was a week salary at the time, week salary

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The week salary in both senses w w EJW and W E AK.

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So it's also a matter of pronunciation and language. Alright, Mama Sharpton says

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no children are handled says not the Allahumma hola hola So doc you're using the icon with hello world this session on the Hakuna feminine puja. Imam Shafi says that

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there is a minimum amount that can be given.

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And also it can be given in kind and not in cash.

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So Sharpie says you can give in kind, maybe a bottle of water which is kind of like give a bottle of water. But that is income in cashes in those days they only had silver coins and gold coins. We'll see how many silver gold gold coins has given me the time identity SallAllahu

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Imam Shafi Ahmed in the humble

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only I'm Sharpie sisters sorry, I'm not even humble yes in both of them, teacher and student.

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They base the opinion or the interpretation on a hadith of the NABI SallAllahu Sallam that you can give

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money and also give in kind

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salud Mississauga and this is a authentic hadith narrated by Imam Buhari.

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So it is a completely authentically listen to this hadith.

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Sadly, son, probably Allah says Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Jah to Imran Khan at jasola Hulan came to the Navi Salah Salem

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no one say to the naughty Salam I don't think this happened today anymore. Maybe some of you I don't know. They were happy happened to me.

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The woman said to me Salaam jasola. In other words to not see like I have come to give myself to you as a gift

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but who has happened to you

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in other words, it's permissible

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for them to give you as a gift

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for comma piano and she stood for a long time waiting for a reply from Lisa Hello sitting this is not a you know in some place in a cow in you know around the corner

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people he's wired for this habit of sitting there this woman came said I want to leave

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so after a long time, pm taweelah camaraderie among stood up one of the Sahaba

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we said yes what Allah

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the water Nia Ilana Kula Kabir Haji. He said

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ladies waiting, if you if you allocate to accept the offer, are you going to accept the offer you're not going to accept? If you're not going to accept the offer?

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I would like to accept

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the karma regarding Furqan.

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Yes, for Karla Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam aligned that Nietzsche said the

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Prophet asked him Do you need anything to give us dowry? To see anything you have to give us

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a call on my end let Zadie hada you said you're so Lola I have nothing except this this cloth that I have wrapped around my body this is what they're called it is

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in this case it was covering the top and the bottom these are normally covered

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these are normally only covered the bottom

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so Louis is in his arm because you cover the bottom but yeah these are completely covering

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the call and maybe you saw Allahu Allah Salam Salam say to him in our theta is

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jealous Tala. Professor or sell

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name should take up your exam and give it

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I mean it's all you have. You can take

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full damage and what was on sale and sitting. Go look for something, see if you can find something.

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See how important married was.

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Right. It is extremely important today to input.

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Well, if you couldn't see people wanted to get married and they didn't have money. Today. Mine is 200

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up if a man say to a woman today I don't even have a * to give you a woman to walk around just walk away now the

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first time as I said poverty to go and see what you can find

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came back he said Marty to shine so I haven't found anything. The poverty team ill Tommy's wall AHA commandment, Hadid compensate, go and find even if it's a ring of

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iron blood with maybe something you know, like, like something like a ring even give them

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12 times for them. Yeah. And you went to look, while he was gone, he came back. Couldn't find.

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So that was the inkind so that episode of The inkind now couldn't go any further. So then the Navi Sasaram, CTV Takala humeri us Allah Allah your solemn

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promise authenticity ever memorized any parts of the Quran

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called na series surah so and so on surah so and so and so and so on sunnah. So also mentioned a few names of a few Surah set yet

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we arrived

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for Colin level and maybe you sallallahu alayhi wa sallam The Prophet said to him at the wash to cover the mama

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I perform this Nikka between the two of you with what he has from the

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So today it is still valid. If you tell me I only have I've memorized the Quran I'll teach you the Quran as a mother.

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But she accepts it.

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Of course, you can always say African say, Okay, that is the

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that is the prompt down.

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But when you have been in one day, this is what it's called, what what printout actually is maybe 10 or 20 Random whatever it may be. So there's a there's a there's a prompt out here and there's a different down

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but look at the beauty of Islam.

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To believe Islam to be wonderfully married should be no nothing standing in between them

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so there's not an imam Shafi says either in cash or in kind

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Obeah Hadith Al

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Imam Shafi Hanuman Muhammad Musa humble us another Hadith also to strengthen their case.

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Amin Arabiya

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narrates a hadith about a lady of the money for Zara doesn't watch Allah Allah and she married a man for a pair of shoes.

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So Carla Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam Are you happy with a pair of shoes and she says

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okay Mitaka flus and then maybe we'll go to India and in the day in the villages maybe you will get

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I'm not saying you don't equipment but we haven't found them yet.

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Look, that was that time obviously, we live in a different time in.

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Abu Hanifa with the view of Imam Shafi and Imam, I haven't given the handle what do they say in cash or in kind, whatever the amount is, whatever it is.

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Imam Abu Hanifa

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says that the least amount of dowry to be paid is 10 Daraa him 10 dyrham 10.

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So they base this on a hadith of the Lebanese or Salam which is Allah Allah is a witch and Mr. Elwell earlier they said in the visa Salam said that no one shall give away a bride except the Father has words without the permission of the Father

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and the second part of the of the hadith is to allow us a witness mean

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and a woman should not marry except with the person which is on her social level.

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She has a very strict on this the shop that I mean 100 with a very strict on, the woman should not marry a man and vice versa except they're on the same social level. Very, very important.

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It's called Cuf know that the router is very much concerned with this.

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Therefore they only marry in in the inter inter family man

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reaches was common in those days because of this

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and then they say Allah Muhammad Asad derive so the 100 we say that there is no man less than 10

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so I began to look up what the value of DRAM was in the time of the NABI Sasaram. And I came to one DRAM was equal to three grams of silver

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so 10 D rams will be equal to

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none No.

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Three D rounds is equal to three grams of silver

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10 grams equal to three grams of silver

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and today the price of silver is

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per gram 12 grand proximately so 36 then

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okay, so Imam Abu Hanifa says, minimum galleries statistics

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remember we talking about 1400 years ago,

00:31:09--> 00:31:23

so don't now come and say, you know, this is the dowry that was the entire within a visa for me to use this tower. Because the sooner to pay the salary that is the sooner this is going to change. Because dowdy as I said, to somebody the other day

00:31:25--> 00:31:29

to a lady in fact, was getting married. I said, dowry is a gift of

00:31:30--> 00:31:36

you to one. So Ana honor to give to honor, it's part of your honor,

00:31:37--> 00:31:45

to ask for a dowry, which, of course, this is your own negotiable, but start at the top I say and then work yourself down.

00:31:47--> 00:31:47

All right.

00:31:51--> 00:31:55

Imam Malik Rahim Allah, what does he say? He says

00:32:02--> 00:32:07

that he makes an analogy between dowry

00:32:10--> 00:32:12

and the nisab, the

00:32:14--> 00:32:17


00:32:18--> 00:32:19

What is nisab

00:32:20--> 00:32:22

the minimum amount

00:32:23--> 00:32:26

if you steal less than that amount your income because

00:32:29--> 00:32:32

if you steal that amount, or more than that amount,

00:32:33--> 00:32:35

you haven't gotten the cut off. So it's very important.

00:32:36--> 00:32:37

This is a very important

00:32:39--> 00:32:39


00:32:41--> 00:32:42


00:32:47--> 00:32:54

Imam Malik says that there is a cutting of somebody saying for theft is

00:32:55--> 00:32:57

a quarter dinar

00:32:59--> 00:33:00

first one was,

00:33:01--> 00:33:02

what is the first money

00:33:04--> 00:33:10

dyrham This is dinar dyrham is the silver coin.

00:33:11--> 00:33:16

And dinar is the gold coin. So Imam Malik says,

00:33:17--> 00:33:19

I base it on that

00:33:20--> 00:33:36

that a woman's murder should be equal to a quarter dinar and what is a quarter dinar 4.25 grams of gold at that time with a processor, which is today equal to 981 Rand 20 lancets.

00:33:39--> 00:34:29

So again, there is difference of opinion, because of the different Hadith of the epistle, Ra salatu salam. And there is no consistency between two Hadith. Those are valid data in no hurry. Prophet said that one time prophets in said this another time. So yeah, they have a choice. You can decide the Allah decided, no, shall we say decided they're going to take that one, any amount. And either in cash or in kind. Abu Hanifa says it must be accurate DRAM approximately 36. And Mr. Malik says should be how much? basing it on the minimum amount for when a person's hand can be chopped up just as a matter of inches.

00:34:34--> 00:34:39

When you do your degree in Islamic law, you do what is called

00:34:40--> 00:34:41

criminal law.

00:34:42--> 00:34:45

And the law the criminal law on

00:34:46--> 00:34:48

50 is very interesting law.

00:34:51--> 00:34:58

First of all, you may think I will take somebody's money or rub him in the street with a gun or whatever that is now.

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

No, that's

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

have to

00:35:01--> 00:35:04

sift in Islam is very clearly defined

00:35:06--> 00:35:13

the report, you're going to say I will chop people's heads off, and my hands off just because it took forever it took three grams of gold

00:35:16--> 00:35:26

the first condition for cutting over man's and is that he should have stolen that money from a place where you keep your money in safety.

00:35:28--> 00:35:30

Now what if you have a safe in your house

00:35:32--> 00:35:37

and it takes the money from your safe that it takes more than a quarter dinarobin is no chocolate.

00:35:39--> 00:35:54

Or you keep it in your wardrobe, if you leave your money on your kitchen table, this example Alama they say if you leave your money on the kitchen table 1000 Rand and somebody comes in by the bank, the tax 1000 runs away. Because okay, because you were negligent.

00:35:56--> 00:36:03

You can cut up some reasons on your negligence. So for example, you leave your new Mercedes Benz standing in the lobby of the team

00:36:05--> 00:36:11

in it, and some guy walks past and he steals the car contract is handled because why uniquely you

00:36:12--> 00:36:23

take legions say so if you leverage his bicycle lag on the lawn outside, in Islamic State, if you take that somebody steals that bicycle, you can never because you are negligent.

00:36:24--> 00:36:26

So cutting off people's edge was a very

00:36:27--> 00:36:40

bad, you know, just cut to people's banks because they jumped over your friends and took your bicycle or whatever it is. Right? So Justin, I just add in a little bit of light on how steep is talking to these

00:36:41--> 00:36:42

people chop people's hands off

00:36:44--> 00:36:44

when they steal.

00:36:47--> 00:36:49

We have a we have a very

00:36:51--> 00:36:59

open direct and very strict system of law, both in taking a man's life and in taking these

00:37:01--> 00:37:06

because we have a law in Islam, which no other law has,

00:37:08--> 00:37:11

of all the democracies in the world, nobody is this law.

00:37:13--> 00:37:16

When it comes to the death penalty, we have the death penalty.

00:37:18--> 00:37:25

Big difference in America you killed somebody and the judge finds you guilty of first degree murder what do they do with you?

00:37:27--> 00:37:27

To shock you?

00:37:30--> 00:37:35

Well they keep you there for 35 years or whatever, then they find out Sorry man, we made a mistake.

00:37:37--> 00:37:39

In Islam, this is how it works. So you kill somebody

00:37:41--> 00:37:42

in somebody's life

00:37:45--> 00:37:52

it goes before the judge, Muslim judge judge finds that you are all the evidence points to the fact that you did commit

00:37:54--> 00:37:54

what happens

00:37:56--> 00:38:02

now, the judge refers that to ease to the family of the murdered men

00:38:05--> 00:38:08

they call the family of the marine and ask them what do you want

00:38:09--> 00:38:13

you want to take his life or you want him to pay you

00:38:15--> 00:38:15

for adultery

00:38:17--> 00:38:19

the judge can give a judgment

00:38:20--> 00:38:26

he must carry out the judgment or who the family after loser knows the judge in the family

00:38:30--> 00:38:35

so in 90% of the cases in the time of Larissa salah

00:38:36--> 00:38:46

the family would say okay pay so much but so much over then the judge will just say well you stopped working now because they will not present in the time of

00:38:48--> 00:38:57

the visa Do you know prisons in Medina There was never a prison in Medina during the time of the whole us our law should not only for prison

00:39:00--> 00:39:01

everything was

00:39:03--> 00:39:14

done with the approval of the person who was harmed the person who was harmed he gives the vertic if the bank was found guilty all right that just you can go read up insha Allah

00:39:16--> 00:39:24

on your beautiful Dean that you have any lawyers here you should do some research on what what Islam says maybe write an article alright

00:39:31--> 00:39:46

okay. The next one also deals with conflicting proofs. This one was conflicting proofs. This one is also about conflicting proofs. This one This one deals with what to do and while it fee but here you

00:39:48--> 00:39:55

can a father take back the gift that he gave to his children to his son

00:39:57--> 00:39:57

or his daughter.

00:39:59--> 00:39:59


00:40:00--> 00:40:14

you'd allow for a father to say I'm sorry, I'm taking this back. I'll give it a ticket back. The child cannot happen. Is that a rule in Islam that law in Islam? The about Johor, the majority of the jurists, when we say majority we say

00:40:16--> 00:40:20

the Maliki's and the sheriff fairies and others

00:40:22--> 00:40:23

say that

00:40:27--> 00:40:31

if a father had given something to his son, son or daughter

00:40:34--> 00:40:39

father in law who will draw fee but he has to total right to take it back

00:40:44--> 00:40:50

total right. Father has got the rights to take back anything from this or take don't back but take anything from him

00:40:54--> 00:40:58

because the rule in Islam is that whatever belongs to your son belongs to you.

00:41:00--> 00:41:06

Is wages in your wages? He's asked Is your house his food is your food, his clothes your clothes?

00:41:10--> 00:41:11


00:41:12--> 00:41:14

are how is this

00:41:19--> 00:41:23

so three of the mothers Imam Ahmed Imam Malik animal Shafi

00:41:24--> 00:41:28

and the Hadith the use of Hadith in the ambassador Teletraan.

00:41:33--> 00:41:40

When visa sallam said it is not permissive, well for a man, when he has given a gift or anything.

00:41:42--> 00:41:46

You cannot take it back except the Father except if he is the father.

00:41:48--> 00:41:55

Only the farmer can take over the House, not the mother, not the brothers, not uncles, only the farmer.

00:41:59--> 00:42:00

And then he saw Selim says,

00:42:01--> 00:42:12

if an ordinary person has given a gift to somebody, and he takes it back as like a dog that eats himself full and then regurgitates the food in his mouth and looks it up again.

00:42:13--> 00:42:19

So it's a terrible thing to do. Terrible thing to say, you're presented. Give it back to me now.

00:42:20--> 00:42:22

I gave you too much give out back.

00:42:26--> 00:42:27

When you give a gift,

00:42:29--> 00:42:31

unless, unless that person gives it back to you,

00:42:32--> 00:42:36

that's also a very bad thing to do. How can you give back a gift to somebody gift? So to do with

00:42:39--> 00:42:48

Mr. Abu Hanifa, so all the former others, Imam Abu Khalifa is the only one who says even a father cannot take it back.

00:42:49--> 00:42:50

And he says,

00:42:51--> 00:42:54

but is a lone voice in the wilderness.

00:42:57--> 00:43:09

And he goes on the generality of a hadith vitae when someone says to one who takes back the one who takes back prophecy is the one who takes back a gift which he has given.

00:43:10--> 00:43:15

If he takes it back. It's like a dog with eaten is full and vomited and it eats up the vomit.

00:43:18--> 00:43:23

So behind me this is this applies generally. But at the Hadith talks about

00:43:25--> 00:43:28

particularly, the rights that upon

00:43:35--> 00:43:49

the majority opinion of Imam Shafi Abu Hanifa builds their opinion on the following incident reported by anomaly Bri Bashir, an Abba who a tabby Rasul Allah Azza wa sallam a call

00:43:52--> 00:43:56

this man says that his father went to the prophets of salaam Elisa Salaam

00:43:59--> 00:43:59

and said

00:44:01--> 00:44:06

in the know how to add a BNI Heather olam uncannily

00:44:08--> 00:44:16

the men went to the prophets of Salaam and said I gave this reverse to my son

00:44:20--> 00:44:29

oh you wanted the blessings of the Navamsa Salah we came into the ER I remember the hadith is it was a was he had many children but he had this particular son so is a favorite

00:44:33--> 00:44:38

This is a terrible indictment against the community, especially when it comes to making a worlds

00:44:40--> 00:44:46

if there's one son in the family, the mother always has this thing about this one son must get the house

00:44:47--> 00:44:48

and you know

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

to keep my temper very much intact complex. When the web system is evil, many make basically nothing basic and this means your McChicken

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

I want to leave this house to you

00:45:05--> 00:45:07

and take you off and out. Explain

00:45:08--> 00:45:09


00:45:10--> 00:45:13

It's haram to do that. Can't do that

00:45:17--> 00:45:23

because it's against the law of our lungs, Hong Kong, and you know how, how, how much sweat it takes him to convince

00:45:26--> 00:45:36

that mother and when she's finished I tried to make her smile but sometimes you know, she just sits there and she says, Okay, well what can I do you know, that kind of attitude?

00:45:37--> 00:45:38


00:45:40--> 00:45:41


00:45:42--> 00:45:45

you can't really say so what do the prophets or some say Professor someone say to him?

00:45:46--> 00:45:49

Did you give all your children the same gift?

00:45:50--> 00:45:54

Did you give all your children's and give you said no.

00:45:55--> 00:46:09

So Professor Sam you will lead you want me to make dua for something wrong that you're doing is wrong. So you only give me one chance you can't do that. Because only given to my son but only given to my daughter sometimes there's one daughter without this

00:46:11--> 00:46:21

mantra Tala mother Arya Easter to play because he totally is civil engineer, by Shell, all these kinds of what do you call it? What's the

00:46:23--> 00:46:24

word for the

00:46:26--> 00:46:27


00:46:28--> 00:46:36

And sort of, and I always say or maybe I should repeat what I always say about inheritance.

00:46:40--> 00:46:43

When you come into this world, you come into the world naked video girl or a boy

00:46:45--> 00:46:47

come to work naked, completely naked.

00:46:49--> 00:46:53

Then when you reach here, everything that you need to find

00:46:54--> 00:46:56

will bring anything with you. The final

00:46:57--> 00:46:58

one your

00:47:00--> 00:47:05

job is food this year budget is here. Wife is here. Everything you find.

00:47:07--> 00:47:13

And while you're alive, if Allah gave you a million Rand you can do whatever you want to do.

00:47:18--> 00:47:22

Give it to your mother, your father, your brother, your neighbor, your friend.

00:47:24--> 00:47:28

Buy a new house you can buy a car who's going to tell you what to do.

00:47:30--> 00:47:32

But the day that you die

00:47:34--> 00:47:38

the owner you your whatever you had in this dunya goes back to the owner

00:47:42--> 00:47:52

who's the owner who gave it to you oh Allah was behind the time. So just as you had complete control over your money and could give it to anybody

00:47:54--> 00:48:06

when you're alive when you did it goes back to the owner and the owner has the right to dish it out as he wants to. So in the owner says I give a double share to the boy you can see but that discrimination

00:48:08--> 00:48:22

I have to like to distribute my estate and my my money when I'm alive the way I want to do it because it belongs to me. So when it is volatile, doesn't all have the right to distributed the way he wants to distribute.

00:48:27--> 00:48:37

And you know, people don't realize it Nafisa sallam said if you have lived a life as a good Muslim make Salah gates that can go in for heights. And you don't drop your word of going to Congress for

00:48:39--> 00:48:42

70 years you have to spin John I spin it

00:48:44--> 00:48:47

because why you have gone against tidy

00:48:48--> 00:49:01

verse number 12 And verse number 13 of the hood spells it out and also it is its fairness system you you distribute while you alive when you leave. I take a bet and I distributed the way out

00:49:03--> 00:49:03

alright, I just want to get

00:49:05--> 00:49:07

cash we still have this machine and my doctor

00:49:08--> 00:49:09


00:49:10--> 00:49:11

Please don't have it.

00:49:13--> 00:49:14

All right. So

00:49:16--> 00:49:21

the property to this man, what if you had given to that one son, take it back?

00:49:22--> 00:49:33

Kansas give it to Kansas. So even if you have the right to distribute whatever you have in your lifetime, you can be unfair when it comes to your children.

00:49:34--> 00:49:36

Because that's not being just

00:49:40--> 00:49:44

robots or sound said the best of what you eat is from what you earn.

00:49:46--> 00:49:57

The best from what you eat is from what you earn. And the money from your children is from what you earn officer someone say the base what you from your hand you earn

00:50:01--> 00:50:03

and everything your children earns

00:50:05--> 00:50:06

belongs to

00:50:09--> 00:50:11

no mistake Well there must tell them

00:50:15--> 00:50:22

nothing to laugh about. We have to tell the children that know it, even if they love

00:50:25--> 00:50:29

this wouldn't be so sad. It's just me

00:50:33--> 00:50:35

All right. Any questions?

00:50:39--> 00:50:39


00:50:40--> 00:50:41

Two questions

00:50:46--> 00:50:49

you're gonna ask a question about the knee of a salon

00:50:52--> 00:50:53

Okay, and the other one is

00:50:58--> 00:51:03

okay, so the first question is about the knee and the second question is about

00:51:04--> 00:51:06

Tasleem before the salah

00:51:08--> 00:51:08


00:51:14--> 00:51:15

before saying Salah

00:51:16--> 00:51:24

Alright, the first question is about Nia right now again there are different

00:51:27--> 00:51:34

get two views on the right there is a stick shuffling view which says that for every Salah you have to say the knee

00:51:36--> 00:51:39

and the shortest near for the Sharpie to say is now going to follow the door.

00:51:41--> 00:51:48

You have to say for to know when to follow to know when to follow the last no different than not knowing to follow the ISI Fajr

00:51:49--> 00:51:54

email Masha Sharpton says that Nia must be saved must be said

00:51:57--> 00:52:04

almost with a beard. So the way to suddenly form such a door, relight Allah Allah

00:52:05--> 00:52:07

without any

00:52:08--> 00:52:10

breathing or pause in between

00:52:12--> 00:52:15

Tarina your services remember correctly

00:52:17--> 00:52:19

and near to the Hakuna Matata

00:52:21--> 00:52:21

with a girl

00:52:23--> 00:52:24

that too much good to hear

00:52:25--> 00:52:27

your comments in a way to suddenly fall to your

00:52:30--> 00:52:31


00:52:32--> 00:52:41

In other words, if you're a strict Shafi you cannot say you're near until the Imam has raised his hand and said Allah

00:52:42--> 00:52:50

because you will say no. If you start before them and say they're going to also live outside your door then you wait for the man to say Allah Allah then you say Allah

00:52:51--> 00:52:51


00:52:52--> 00:53:02

be standing around the Imam has noticed you hear them saying we're into Sunday. Then they stop because they're Allah strictly by Imam Shafi that

00:53:03--> 00:53:10

you must wait till the Imam raises and before you start doing everything you do must be done before the

00:53:13--> 00:53:16

afternoon let's go to the 700

00:53:17--> 00:53:22

So that's very important. You record Rachel aid before the Imam you can make ruku before them

00:53:24--> 00:53:30

but once you base salaam, un you're not linked to the Imam anymore. So now you're on

00:53:32--> 00:53:35

the base of course you said unto Imam is finished with the Africa

00:53:37--> 00:53:39

I think Imams here but Hanifa says

00:53:40--> 00:53:53

when you go to make Salah automatically if right near for that Salah. So you don't have to say anything. You just come to the magic in December and the Imam and when the Imams Allah Allah

00:53:54--> 00:53:59

because you've come to my door you've come to me come to me multi arch.

00:54:01--> 00:54:02

These are the two groups

00:54:06--> 00:54:09

so you have a choice. Both is based on the

00:54:10--> 00:54:11


00:54:12--> 00:54:23

Hadith of the enemies of Allah Allah himself so if you are a new convert for example teach a new convert then tell in I'ma say no way to Salif also to our bracket in standard dad now moment delighted

00:54:25--> 00:54:30

that you still take him six weeks to teach you the teaching that and even live your children

00:54:32--> 00:54:39

you should leave the learning of the near future children to they must stay maturing but only one time was learn the NIA for now you can just say Allah

00:54:41--> 00:54:45

those tiny clingy lasagna now beta Bucha alpha 200 You know

00:54:49--> 00:54:50

so it confuses them.

00:54:52--> 00:54:54

The other question was

00:54:59--> 00:54:59


00:55:00--> 00:55:10

SLE Allah Muhammad Ali Mohammed come also later Allah Ibrahim Ali Ali Ibrahim although the Karla Muhammad wa ala Ali Mohammed comma Baraka Ibrahim, Ibrahim, Phil Allah means

00:55:11--> 00:55:15

that is the essence. And of course, Salam always added to that word.

00:55:17--> 00:55:26

Hello my end I would rica when other denari father Bill covery COVID-19, Maria one mama Buffett nurture mercy Adalja.

00:55:28--> 00:55:30

So that is where the policies on

00:55:32--> 00:55:33


00:55:35--> 00:55:36

the shadow

00:55:37--> 00:55:41

now comes the word the Da Da Vinci

00:55:45--> 00:55:45

which is

00:55:46--> 00:55:48

the audit. There is a Salam

00:55:50--> 00:55:52

tutors that you find in the Quran.

00:55:54--> 00:56:00

banality nuffic Dunya, Hassan Orfila Jackson are up in between them Jana Kamara, LeBron

00:56:02--> 00:56:04

and as I repeat this and I know people

00:56:08--> 00:56:10

people make you laugh.

00:56:11--> 00:56:12

She laugh.

00:56:14--> 00:56:19

There is no single Hadith with an OB so Allah Salam had made Africa

00:56:23--> 00:56:31

the only Imam that has some justification for making the after the Salah, Mr. Musharraf, he says

00:56:33--> 00:56:34

if the Imam

00:56:36--> 00:56:49

wants to teach his congregation How to Make dua, we should make dua after the summer but you can make 300 years of teaching your congregation How to Make dua that's ridiculous.

00:56:50--> 00:56:57

It is a teaching process that must stop at some time and not go back to the Sunnah of Muhammad Sallallahu

00:57:01--> 00:57:02

and in the salaam

00:57:05--> 00:57:06

does it answer your question?

00:57:08--> 00:57:09


00:57:11--> 00:57:11

come back to

00:57:15--> 00:57:15

what is

00:57:18--> 00:57:18


00:57:22--> 00:57:32

the fall of the show did something different the fold of the cash out in which the saying of Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad

00:57:36--> 00:57:38

Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad?

00:57:46--> 00:57:48

No, that comes after.

00:57:51--> 00:57:58

You see the last part of the Tushar who starts with Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad

00:58:00--> 00:58:04

wa ala Halima 100 come off a late Allah Ibrahim

00:58:06--> 00:58:09

right till the end. I've seen it I can't repeat it you should know it.

00:58:10--> 00:58:12

So hold on.

00:58:15--> 00:58:18

So if you ask me what is the essential

00:58:20--> 00:58:30

what is the essential part of it? Then it ends with Allahumma Salli ala they'll come out so late Allah Ibrahim there is a while alibris

00:58:32--> 00:58:37

but it is sunnah marcada when the Prophet never lifted always said

00:58:38--> 00:58:39

but the Kashia would

00:58:40--> 00:58:54

hence with it and these differences of opinion on whether you should wear they enjoy Allah Masha Allah Allah Muhammad wa ala Ali Mohammed or just Allah wa salam ala Muhammad and the majority opinion is insane Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad

00:59:00--> 00:59:02

you say that I don't remember what I said

00:59:06--> 00:59:08

you can expect me to remember

00:59:15--> 00:59:16

last call so

00:59:20--> 00:59:26

you can set it up punishment. That's what she's that you will be punished for it.

00:59:28--> 00:59:29

That enables

00:59:30--> 00:59:32

you to sleep at that moment.

00:59:33--> 00:59:35

Then I never said no, no.

00:59:36--> 00:59:40

No, no, no. Sir last summer like Ibrahimi?

00:59:43--> 00:59:46

No, that is part of nutrition. That's part of it.

00:59:47--> 00:59:50

I've never ever lifted out in isolation. I can't see how

00:59:56--> 00:59:59

the last two weeks Yeah, I will try to get close to you.

01:00:00--> 01:00:00


01:00:05--> 01:00:07

I don't understand but anyway

01:00:16--> 01:00:17


01:00:19--> 01:00:19


01:00:23--> 01:00:24

say that

01:00:26--> 01:00:27

is it not illegal to

01:00:28--> 01:00:28


01:00:36--> 01:00:38

no, I think it just explains

01:00:40--> 01:00:44

the position of the man why is it that is a man

01:00:46--> 01:00:53

maybe that should be the question why is it that is a man why is it that you have to give to the bride what you have

01:00:57--> 01:01:10

so, what you give to a daddy the man itself what do you give to us like a gift of honor to give give it to us even though she asks her to give and and a husband could give them more than what you asked for.

01:01:13--> 01:01:19

So, I say to the lady that come to me, I say you should not be shy to ask

01:01:21--> 01:01:21


01:01:23--> 01:01:27

it's your gift of honor that is given to you by the honest you by giving me what it gave me.

01:01:28--> 01:01:33

So, you should you should actually encourage him to be more most honorable.

01:01:35--> 01:01:40

Of course, you're not going to ask him things that he can't afford, you can ask him for a Maserati for example,

01:01:41--> 01:01:53

you know, so, he may ask you for a house in the future but it will be reasonable about don't cover 25 grand for 100 grand and resulting about now you know, what they agreed upon.

01:01:56--> 01:01:58

The very reason

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for announcing the murder in the masjid is to have so many witnesses who can say it was 510

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Otherwise there are no witnesses to it was not mentioned. So it is a dispute as to how amateur dowdy should be it's between him and her.

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So the equation of a marriage taking place in a Baltic with a group of people is to witness the contract and to witness the amount of doubt which is payable to the wife

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you will be punished.

01:03:02--> 01:03:04

You ever give him another session next

01:03:06--> 01:03:08

question. I think you can ask it next we can show

01:03:09--> 01:03:19

the clinical Lahoma we're having to go Nasha Illa Antonius the physical and so a lot as ina Mohammed and Nadine homie. early Alzheimer's suddenly will be lucky

01:03:24--> 01:03:26

if they are