Channel: Bilal Philips
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Now, we began our series
which have to do with Islamic concepts.
After that, we then looked at the basic
sources of Islam.
And in looking at the basic source of Islam, we identified them as for therefore basic sources. Now, we said they were
explained soon enough to find a job.
We looked at
what separates it from other statements
statements, actions and approvals of the profit
that is my was the things with chopping the time with the process, problems arose.
And there were no solutions or clear solutions. In the
prophets companions would gather together and come to some kind of consensus of opinion on a particular issue, how they would handle it. And even this consensus would be based in one way or another
concept which already existed.
And the last category we said was, that
was the production of new laws by analogy,
which we would use day to day problems arise today, for example,
right, we have our salon set according to certain types of data
sets based on
what if a person is an astronaut
circling the earth,
or if you live in the North Pole, where there's six months, day and six months of nights? What does he do? This is now where we use the app to determine maze, because obviously, in terms of
the area where the wind was revealed, in Arabia, the same area, and the problems that we're solving that time were the problems that are common in this area, there are certain principles given which could be applied in legend time. But basically, the problems that you saw were relative to the problem area.
And so we would then have to look into some of the requirements or into the statements
to see if there's a principle which could be applied,
and applied to this particular problem. Of course, there is a you know, another time.
what I wanted to go into today is the sudden that we looked at the farm.
And we looked at
some of the basic principles here, looking at how the farm is collected, and
how it was revealed and the Mexican story saurez and the
significance of them, we'll look at those. And now actually, there's more things to be taken also there. But so as not to make the process one sided we spend, you know, like maybe two months, only on
the ship shifted out and
then they go on to something different.
They will come back again.
So we do section.
what we'll look at today is the
first thing to understand, no concern.
We said that the tsunami was saying, actions and approvals. The profits,
which were collected by his companions, observes as companions collected and handed down and recorded, they're now in bodies in books, where we can find
what it calls hobbies. Now, when we say sayings and actions, when you look at the different hobbies,
you will see like most of the headings we see now in English you will see
you know this companion. The name of one of the Prophet companions mentioned the name for
or whatever. These are some of the names of some of the complaints. They would say, Prophet Muhammad, or something.
Right, he said something, for example, they've got one idea
where were given Omar, in other words, the comparison Prophet said that said, in the NIAC deeds are judged by their intentions.
Right? Okay. Now that is an example of a saying
that the same actions than other hobbies, you may find, for example,
another companion, saying
He said, I prayed behind Prophet Muhammad.
I never heard him recite this
it's an action.
Because this companion, I was describing an action.
Before, although we all know when we're learning a lot, we're learning there is
a business with our friend or him, he didn't allow.
So this is this, how do we know that this is from a statement made by the compiler describing an action of
like an action, an example of an approval, for example.
one occasion, even
before I did that, he had gone with the proper chromosomes on level two with over to one of his wives. And they were serving some lizards
in a desert visionnaire called
And they in this region, so as you might have seen
people with a
sort of spider,
five body, isn't it? What is the lizard form of lizard, got a long tail, and
it was eaten in certain parts of Arabia. So they will go to the service department.
And one of his wives knew that he might not like it. So she asked, Why did you come in?
So they informed him. When they informed him he was just about to eat, someone informed me.
So I passed that with him. He said,
I just in my area.
So it's not bad.
So the fact that he is in front of the prophets
right handed in front of the Prophets, and the founders did not forbid him from doing
this indicates that eating
things similar to that are out
So we have three basic categories in which the sun occurs, things was apologized and said, don't do this or do this. Or this is so that is so things that he did, where it's comprising, describing, he did this or he did that.
And there are some things which were done in his presence, which he allows to be done anything which was done in his presence, which he didn't speak about. That thing is automatically considered allowable.
it was his duty. It was his duty that if anything was done in his presence,
anything was done in his presence.
If he saw it, he had to point out that it was right.
It was required.
For from that it's understood from in Islam, that anything was done in his presence, and he didn't say anything about it. That's
those are the three basic categories. Now. What is the significance really Episode
One, we looked at this to some degree when you're looking at the behind.
The sooner he
details of the crime which you may not get
submerges explanation. It becomes the practical explanation and application of the
right the client tells us to do with it to pray.
Many people have it, right.
But you cannot find anywhere in the pond where it tells us how to frame.
Right? And this is why, in Islam, we don't, you know, it's not acceptable for somebody to say, Okay, I'm following fly. That's it.
Because if you want to say followed by the many things concerning Islam and understanding principles of
the Prophet Muhammad, he put that into practice.
He showed how he set
forth, but he said, some do come out, I
pray, as you saw me pray.
So he would demonstrate, on one occasion when he was in the masjid, he would make he made praying in front of the companions, he would fly, right upon the member, the other sort of arrays, platform as used to
a talk on arrays that about Everybody sit on the broad spectrum.
And then there would be like a race platform, say, you know, a little higher than this, to just get them above the people's heads,
three stair steps.
What he did was, he started to pray on top of it,
when the time came to make some juice, or if he did is he back down the stairs, to do it at the bottom, then he went back up there.
And then at the end of it, he said, I only did this, so that you may learn the method of like prayer,
So we see from his sadhana, from this practice, statements he makes about what he did. This shows us how great the thing is, when you go around different parts of the Muslim world, we've come in contact with Muslims from various parts of the world, you may find them praying in different ways. I mean, the basic prayer will be the same. They tried to have,
you know, a lot more fun to begin before going to
the basic format.
there may be things in between whether a person when it before going into the court, he raises his hand, for going to court when it comes down to report. Some people.
Some people when they go into rapport, you know, they just stayed out for a second and they straight up, or when they come up, for example, when they come up from before, you know, if they're coming from report, they come up, and they point out
some people when they come out of before is that
this many different things. These are just some examples I'm giving you or when they're sitting, they may sit with one foot one ways, they may sit to the feet another way number of different things, but it is a variation. Okay, now,
some of these variations are acceptable. And some of them are not.
We can't just look at it and say, Oh, sorry.
We can't see that's Christianity, Christianity, you can do anything you want. As long as you say, you believe that, you know, Jesus died for our sins, etc. Right? God died on the cross for our sins. No matter how you do, how you pray, all these other things, you can do anything you want to do. Right? So you find new sex coming up. Every year you have some new person comes up. He's got his own way. In Islam.
It is not for everybody to just do what they want.
Free, as you saw, what does that mean? Did we see it?
Did anyone see?
No, we didn't see it. But how can we see him by going back?
When we go to the editor, this family or this companion, I saw him do this. I saw him do that. He said this is that very detail. You go into any of the books of Hadith Bukhari Muslim, every one of you who is able to buy a copy of Bukhari tortured reality, nine volumes, Muslim over 100 routes for violence. Those are two basic books of Hadith. They're the most offensive books in Islam.
The most authentic books in Islam are
every one of you was able to buy.
They're available in town in our main bookstore, also in the College Center, international bookstore, they have stairs
In the second floor there, you have many many different books they have a
new profit coming with copies printed in Lebanon, anyway the point is, so, for us to obey that comrade, so, Luca Mirage from the presence of the press, then we have to look to see what
these will tell us. Have you ever been to say we saw him do this, do that.
So, then we look now we look at what people are doing, are they doing this doing that?
This thing, okay, so he
can do that thing, no mention of him doing that.
Islam is what Prophet Muhammad SAW.
It's not what our grandfathers did, I want the people in Iraq or the people in
India or anything like this, Islam,
that Islam is what the prophet Muhammad SAW.
This is the basic principle.
So, from the sun, now, we said
important of the Sunnah is that it clarifies the meanings of the products.
principle of the Sunnah is that it may give laws, which are not going to fire the thought.
There are some laws which come from the sun, which are not found in the private part, the many other things for example, we have general commands.
general statements of the Prime Minister clarifies the statement explains how to do it, explain certain details of it that are not mentioned.
But there are some cases where there are laws, which the Prophet Muhammad gave, which are not found in the farm at all.
when they got up on the member
in the masjid Medina, and he held up some silver
and he said, these two are forbidden to the male's of my oma
but allowed the women
you going to find anywhere? Can you find any mention of gold and silver I believe in the reservoir from beginning to end.
I mean, beyond talking about the
rich people, how they gathered wealth and so on,
but there's no mention specifically of gold and silver.
So, this is a law which
has no nothing
that means that a Muslim man is not allowed to wear
gold rings, gold necklaces, bracelets
and silk mean real silk silk
shirts. So it's definitely not
those two things
which is very natural.
So as Sundar also brought certain laws
which are not found in the mind,
We also have in the suddenness.
You could say like an example, from a human point of view.
Because if the Bible had been brought,
I mean it was the book, everything was in the book.
All the details in the book, and
everything that we need to know about in
the book could have been revealed.
But if it were revealed in that fashion,
it would be easy for somebody to say too much
human beings get
beyond the ability of
So, the prophet putting the book into practice is also to provide us with confidence that it is possible
within the realm of the ability of humans to do
is an example
And one fact that we can also understand
the fact that a lot put up, put everything in
and made the problem.
It also shows us that for us to
properly, we have to go to profit.
teaching us the proper way to approach practice.
Not that we pray to Him, you're asking us to do things we're talking about application.
And for example,
one statement reported by
I didn't leave anything, which would bring you closer to a law, except that I told you
something which brings us to the last alarming something which is religion, a religious act, because the purpose of a religious act is to bring one closer to Allah is
a religious act, you're seeking to please God, please, God means you are to get closer to God, and God has deals with you and how you will be closer to God. So he left explicitly said I didn't, there was nothing which would bring you closer to God except I taught.
And he goes on to say, Oh, my God,
you by to call me now. We have
in our head, Superman, and I didn't leave anything to take you away from a wall
and take you closer to the Hellfire, except that I want you awake.
So in terms of religion,
because there are religious things, the things that have to do with religion bring you closer to a law
and protect you from things take you away from
terms of religion, there is nothing with the Prophet Muhammad, Allah
means that nobody can come along today
bring something new in the religious symbolism.
We need extra
people today are getting farther away from the law and material world is
working on them too hard for five salons in the data provided.
A lot of knows the condition of man parents, how men can this will change.
If in the future, it was going to be necessary to have
prayer compulsory in the day, he would have thought
that when the time comes.
So we know. We don't
know. What do we want to look at a statement of the profit.
I just wanted to give you an example here of what I had been.
Some of you are familiar.
Okay, there's like one of these here.
You know, this is how it
looks in the books of hobbies. In Arabic, in English, what you're going to see is
we just see the name of
it. But what happened is that
when the problem comes up and diet problems arose,
some solution had to be made for it or somebody wanted to know what to do. New people came into Islam, they wanted to know what to do with it would go to the companions of the Prophet and they would ask what do we do here? How do we make some humans they would say,
I saw Prophet Mohammed
do so and so. Or I heard about Mohammed sauce I love say sources they
Also some of the companions of the Prophet who came into Islam in the latter years.
In the, after the Indra or you know, close to the last years of the Prophet life, they miss things escaped earlier. They were very just from practice, but some of them also will concern to know whether the profit or loss on the sale. So they may learn and sit and study under some of the older companions who had been with the profit on the earlier. So when they were teaching somebody who came into Islam after the death of the Prophet, they wouldn't say, I heard from
one of the older companions, who said that he saw the Prophet Muhammad SAW Salah, do so.
Okay, so now, when the generation of the companions died,
and those people who studied under them, they're called in Arabic, they refer to them as tab, the tab the URL means the follower.
Now that was their duty, because they're guiding Islam further, it is their duty to teach the new people came into Islam,
or other people from from their generation, who didn't get a chance to sit and study with one of the companions. So now when they were asked the question, you know, how did the Prophet do so until
they would say,
they would say,
I heard from the companion
that he saw the father of Mohammed, do so until all he said that the Prophet Muhammad said,
or they could have related this in this way they could have said example, because they heard from younger companions, who heard from older companions, they would say, I heard from even Omar was the youngest,
who said that he heard from
us was that he saw the Prophet Muhammad SAW some love, do
this, how they would always do tell them something, if they were teaching the people, they would just say
if they say, I heard from because they were trying to give them the authority, what is the basis under which they're saying that this property
in the generation of the companions, after the death of the Prophet and even during his lifetime, some of the companions wrote down some of the things that they saw
the students who studied out to the companions, more of them wrote down what they saw
under the generation which came after them,
many people began to write down
now, what do you see I had these
like we have one of these here
in which it goes
vanilla is hot, even Ibrahim even Okay, this is the personnel who put this book together he said
it's hard even ebrahimian to talk from sunup
In other words,
have definitely put a lot of inside info on the stats the favor inside
Allah has done enough Hello, even
if he heard from
even Felicia, even
an Allah even will say you
heard from an ohana
and we'll see you I believe from his father.
I heard from his father.
who heard from both sides and he was a compiler
who said Allah follow through the morning so I
said, well let enough DVD
by the one whose hand my soul in other words, swearing by God of God's
soul of everyone.
That sounds good. A full Lupo. All of you will definitely enter Paradise in lemon
except he who refuses
Unless he or she
runs away from Allah, the way that a camel was doing. Follow companions.
Yeah, so the last messenger of Allah, one yet back, who would refuse
says manuka honey,
whoever obeys me into Fridays or malfatti
whoever disobeys me
So, before the statement of the problem,
we also said
this sex section overhead isn't all that these companies are looking at
this is how they bring
this what we call chain of the Raiders, then at the end of it, the statement of profit
or they describe it.
find out we can say that a hobby is divided into two parts,
we have what is called the game of
narrative This is called the Senate
and the other part of the
which is known as the
the narrator's we have in the gym, we have individuals who heard from the prophet
or from another individual words from another individual version of the prophet SAW the Prophet.
in looking at heavies,
what happened is that
after the time of the Prophet
after the time of the companions,
remember, in the last session, we talked about
certain groups that broke away from
Pilates, we talked about the she
broke away the main body
to support their practices.
Some of them made up
tried to support what they were doing.
in that generation,
one of the callous
message generation a couple of generations after
his name was Omar,
he told the scholars in the various regions have
told them to collect the ball that
collect them all up by writing them down
and analyzing them.
So that those people who are making up statements would be known.
Those who falsified statements of course, there had these would not be considered their statements statements
would not be considered to be authentic.
And as I said, what happened was that those people collected up the heartbeat at this time what they did was they collected along with certain statements about everybody
to make certain biographical statements, so on so
He studied with so and so and
all the information about the people were narrating This was being recorded. So, what happens is that you also develop this time that is driving down the road to develop the body of biographical material, which describes all the people
whether they were people who are false in everything oil there or not.
Iran, what happens, you know, in a generation after that you have certain because the Muslim Ummah
started to split up
the leadership, the cabinet was
doing practices and things that are not really Islamic. So a lot of the scholars of that time, they didn't want to be around. So they went to areas far away from the sensors. And what happens is that when problems arose in their area, they would give certain
judgments as to how to solve these problems.
And they would do it based on the narrations of hobbies that they heard,
or that were available in the area that they were. So you follow scholars in various parts of the Western world, you know, making certain decisions. Among these scholars, some of them were, you know, obviously, very, very good. their reasoning powers are very intense, such as such as, but others were.
So the ones who were very good you find found a lot of students who wanted to study by the time they would gather around these.
And what started to develop what they call
schools of legal. So what they call the narrative they call them.
these are schools of thought was developed.
Now, what happened is that in this time, when the schools of thought were developing,
the scholars in the various areas, they didn't know all
they only knew
that they had gathered and what was available in their area. So because of that, you would find that some scholars in one area may make one decision, which was different from that which was made in another area.
The attitude of the scholars at that time was that if somebody came from the other area where he had, there was a narration, narration
which proved a particular point. And he told it to the scholar of the other area who had made a ruling, but did not have an original. He just made it on reasoning, because that was always available. If he was told that there is a variation, that shows that the ruling should really be this he was held.
in later times, the students, the
scholars may amongst themselves be very open with the information I work on.
But there's a tendency amongst students, that they tend to want to elevate their features.
And boasts about making it feel very strongly about Mike.
So you have this feeling starting to develop in later generations. But those people who studied under students who studied under a particular teacher, they wanted to kind of hold on to whatever rulings were made, and they didn't care, whatever the understand.
So you started to get people becoming richer in one way, or another way, but they were not looking anymore to see what did the Prophet say. And this kind of feeling was also
fostered or developed by the characters about that period, what they used to do
is they would have debates.
But I said this is between Christians, what they did was they would bring what they would have in their court, a Muslim scholars with a scholar from one school,
they bring a scholar from another school.
And they would make a problem
out of itself.
And the one who gave the best solution, he would win a prize.
So what is this now is that of course, if two scholars in many generations now after the founding, if two scholars are not competing like this, they don't want to give ground, they don't want to move because they want to win that prize. They're not now, they're not now debating to try and find what is the truth.
They're trying to debate to win the prize. So, this is ways to develop in the person was, you know, that he does no matter how long he is, he will still hang on and are you trying to just be
this is this attitude. So So this, this again, made people even more rigid, about
understand that this was handed down to generations, but what happened is that after the degeneration of the early scholars who started the schools of thought, a generation after them,
you had some
people, students who are mostly concerned with connecting narrations. So they went across the Muslim world, from one end to the other, collecting everything.
And what they did was they looked in these biographies, biographies, about different
When people tried to jump to stop only the accurate information,
some of them were concerned with gathering everything. Some of them were concerned and gathering only the accurate ones. And then I'll put together books with all of the statements they were not concerned with, who was my teacher, and who's not even care about, and they just wanted to get it together.
Ever had no books or had these, which developed all that.
So now, when we look today,
right, of course, depending on where you come in to see some of you may accept Islam here in
the school of thought.
Some of you may go from Philippines,
to study in different parts of Egypt. And in Egypt, you may study under the cafe's.
Or if you go to study in Pakistan, you will study under the canopy. And some of you went to the Sudan study under the Maliki. So now when you all go back to the Philippines,
and a problem comes up,
and what, what is this?
Some people say, Well,
you know, once
we have to now go back to see what
if you have any differences amongst yourself,
take it back to a lot. Go back to the client.
There's no harm in studying from a different school, but we should study with an open mind.
And we should understand that ultimately,
it is what the
what the mind says, What's
this? This is what determines what is Islam?
when we look at the scholars, Rabu said they gathered all the heavy stuff
into the different books, and they gathered up the biographies is science of analyzing
how to critically analyze,
how do we determine which had been authentic, which had been
the authentic IDC called silence.
And we had these calls.
we'll hear the stickiness factor to go No, this is a diet idea.
How do they determine what?
for the most part,
it's going to be concerning senate Senate is what is going to be sermon what is
for the most part
of the scholars area?
Or it has to be considered.
It has to fulfill three basic conditions.
No, of course, I mean, as we're looking at you, some of you are studying University. And this you will end up studying directly with
some of your studying universe.
this may not have major significance. That's why we're going to touch it in a general to just give you a general idea to understand what noise drama in the knowledge of Islam in practice, the haphazard thing you know, anybody can say what he wants to say and anybody because what he wants to know, is very technical. There's a whole system behind.
The reason why we say this is this is this is not social. It has scientific knowledge behind it scientifically.
concerns the people in the chain
the people in the chain
met each other.
They have to have all met each other. So we've got an English continuity
file follow one follow.
Okay in Arabic, which is right.
What it means is that when we look at the biographies of the people
we think we see somebody say, David Mohamed Mohamed says,
He says, I heard from his top of that. So when we look at this list of marriage, biographies, we see that Muhammad, he was born in
The first thing is the guy and he was born. In a country
where we shouldn't really use a DFA
we use a car ACR.
Ad actually comes from Latin and abdominal, which means the year of our Lord
doesn't mean at the end of the year of our Lord, Lord, they're referring to Jesus, we don't consider Jesus our Lord. It's not acceptable to use that as a CEO after Christ.
he was born and
died in 798.
If he said he heard from his talk, and he was born up and it's oxidized, could he possibly have heard from me?
But we don't have
once we see that mistake.
Okay, that's one way. Another way. For example, He lives with another man, his name is
He lives in Iraq.
And when we read his biography, we see that he never traveled outside of Europe to be studied.
And he says, I heard from college
And he never traveled to Europe.
How could I bukas ever hear from college when I work with them in MLS, you know, recommend leaving iraq going over to Egypt, and no record of living in different worlds? How could he possibly,
again, we don't have this condition.
We don't have a continuous additive.
Okay. These are the some of the conditions I mean, there are a number of others relate back to the second one. second principle is
what we call an Arabic we call it
literally means justice, right, but what they're referring to here, referring to the fact
that the people
who are narrating all known to be practicing,
when you look into biographies, again, we might find somebody that man his name is
he lives in Iraq,
in the same time period, As
matter of fact, he even attended some of the same study circles as mentioned in there because what used to happen is that those people were married and they were saying, I have heard from so and so and so and so and so and so and so used to attend two circles along
with the whole body of information with identify the people and where they studied and
so, now this male thing
I heard from
but now we have reports of the people
saying that we thought
once their lead information
in the obesity reports are considered
In the web, it doesn't matter, you know, what your personal life is about, you know, they when they are going to judge whether information is acceptable or not, they don't look into the President's Personal life. Right? You know, like, for example,
he may you may look into people like Freud,
coming to a certain degree, but I'm saying in terms of passing on information, if we look at Freud, right now is the father of psychology
and hold science.
Now, when you look into Floyd's personal life, he
was a terrible individual, his personal life with
his children committed suicide.
What he has taught, become the basis of this whole area.
But they don't look into people
don't judge information based on
whether or not
principle law says there's
somebody comes to you with information. But he is a facet. That means, you know, he doesn't pray regularly, you know, he may drink alcohol and doing something outside of his mouth.
So, if we find somebody of that
a known liar, for example, they know
because he a liar.
He always just in cell phones.
You know, you see people when you watch programs without the guidance, of course, given evidence
back and this and I try to keep track of all this diversity, diversity.
Right? Because the liar because he's not telling the truth, telling the truth, no matter how many different ways in which you ask this question, I'm going to give you the same answer, because it's the truth. But now if you're a liar, if you made up a story,
you know, you can ask different angles, or the lawyers train themselves. They ask different angles that you'd say designed to give you makes your confidence just irrationally really pleasant is it isn't.
Did you realize it will come out?
they wouldn't know anything I heard from toto heard and saw the word that
he tells us to one another person comes in and he tells him I heard
and it changes somewhat, because he can't remember exactly, you know, there's some variation. So now as these scholars well they're gathering the narration for this guy and they find all sorts of
photos that were not without
obviously, especially if, for example, other people who are in the same circles as him said something different altogether, but that definitely is alive okay with
the third condition
is known as the
means like accuracy
comes down to form the number they call doctor saw the doctor
accuracy, in the sense of memorization, or accuracy in the sense of having.
So, they look at the narration.
If this narrator was a person who used to write notes, he attended the circles and
so, the first one I read was narrated from that which was written
certainty that the estimation
If the price of for example, has a good memory,
it will show in a delicious
dinner each time the merits to be the same.
And that's how they just looked at what they generated.
If they already did this awesome, slight variation, that meant his memory was not great, but they saw major,
major differences. This is my memories with
some people, for example, when they were young, they used to narrate various accurate, but when they got old, you know, to get
this thing get mixed up.
This guy's a liar, no different from the other one. Not a liar.
But it's got things mixed up, you might
narrate the correct chain of narration, but the statement that he put to the end really belongs to another generation.
So they will say, Okay,
this man is, if he narrates, in the early part of his life, we have suffered
those which he narrates, in the latter part of his life we consider
So, these are the basic conditions. Of course, these conditions exist
if the conditions don't exist in
those are the main two categories. For example, you'll find For example, one hobbies, which is narrated by are attributed to ollie, he will not be bothered.
marriages that she said
that the place for cooking was
in salon is right over there.
We have another idea.
Was it by
when the Prophet describing the Prophet when the Prophet he prayed with his right hand,
on his chest?
Now, we have to determine are these two statements because we have these two tables, okay. We also have, say, for example, in city, we have one companion reported that he saw the profit
with his feet
together, and it's behind on the bottoms of the heels. I mean,
sitting on the yield, bottom
there's another generation where they say that left foot, then the yield and the bottom of the strike.
And there's another variation
on that side,
and left under chin.
We have all these variations.
We go and we look to see know, what is acceptable? and what is not. What is accurate.
When we look for ideas concerning praying with a hand, we find that of course I don't even have a solid, he is automatically
you don't have any doubts about his notes? Or what we have to look now it is because he is
those who came out. Were they all making each other? There were they're all known honestly as accurate. When we look at that chain, we find that there were certain individuals in the chain who are known liar.
when we look into the other chain concerning
find the chain, people are met each other
activities there we find.
Now when we look in terms of judging,
you know the level of what
we have only one choice because the only one which is authentic is the personal Basil's this other one is
not you cannot build a long Islam from that
only correct submission
whether it is here, or no, where are the challenges that he faces.
So once Jeff mouthparts where we know where the restaurants are anywhere from here on up,
That is the correct.
When we look into the heads concerning the city,
we find that all of them have continued to change all of them, all of them.
So what do we have?
We have three practices.
In other words, sometimes he sat.
Sometimes he sat the other way, and sometimes he sat.
So it means we have an option here now, if you want if it's easier for you to sit like that.
So, it is the heavy
accuracy and the witness of IDs, which tell us which things that is our options. Options means you can do this or do that.
I wish things are there's only one way
this is what this is how we determine now what is this
by going back.
I said all of you should buy it.
Because most I will say is all of the accurate but probably about 75% of the accurate.
Whatever you find is that you can work
very, very accurately. When you go back to your communities, whatever you should call people to the same point
of let's go according to what
things you have thought about the word came from his opinion
Okay, I'll stop here.
open up for questions based on what we've covered first. And then general questions. general questions stuff you've read during the week or things earlier things some things you read some books are clear to you, whatever no you can no
no, I didn't
know I said that
contains about 75% of the accurate
and most of them are 100% accurate
there are other folks who have
done an activity to cinnamon decide no no is lifted out of it even though we're looking no is gonna say that this came from okay.
So these are the main ones like this is a haven Hosanna
even though he is one of the collectors, we have a number of books. But in the other books you have some ideas which are weak
or authentic in the case of Ohio
but I'm saying for in terms of looking for the basic practices and principles of Islam.
About 75% of them can be found and you know when they're found there that they're correct.
So, it means is a very reliable to say way inshallah every day.
You should open up some of the
well, when we go and look into it.
We'll find that
there are some IDs describing
But these are these according to scholars.
Whereas the sermon in the hands first, you have hobbies
whenever any of you may
not do it, the way that the candles with your hands
saliva broke tamaya broken by ear, while yada yada he uploaded.
Of course, people have done some philosophical arguments about how Campbell's meals, whether his really needs come before.
But the point is a second part of that. He said, Why did he adopt? Yeah, David he uploaded.
So this is the more accurate
it is the more accurate
if you go into all the different people as that you may find the different arguments based on the different schools or sources. But if you just come back to the hobbies and analyzing
one book, you can see, for example, the Book of Mormon collected by one of the big
He is the one who does the most famous commentary of
his commentary, like 89 books,
He brings these two hobbies and points out that one going down in his first week was the one coming
even though in his school is what he learned, according to Sonic law school, they prefer to put their needs before they have but he went against
because he was not concerned with what he said.
So that's the more accurate
because it is actually becomes unstable.
These are described in quiet Listen, they don't mention
it because what happens is the companion when he's explaining
he made a tragic play something about raising the hand. So naturally, he's talking about raising their hands to talk about where the knees and which one is. So those are these two founders, they're describing certain aspects. They didn't describe every single they want to place in the hands on the chest. This also is not invited.
This one is translated into English. The only other one besides
imagine those are the most famous ones they make up.
But there are others
come to know
when it's done,
I begin praising
and all those who tried to continue to follow
until the day of judgment.
last session, we dealt with
looked at different aspects of these
representatives to sayings actions and approvals of the profits
which were passed on by companions
to the general
from them to those academic books,
books. And after that went and looked at, we looked at the reasons why.
And then we looked at
these slides to have an understanding
And we said, No, it's broken into two parts. And one part.
The other part
the other way, I couldn't remember at the time, another way, they use also what's called method
methods, the most common one,
divided into two basic parts,
the chain of narrators, and then the muscles are the muscles of the hand which is being transmitted by the narrator. And we said that the headings divided into two basic groups, those
and those that reside, meaning authentic. And by use meaning.
There is a secondary category is also called happens. And this is sort of a finer distinction, but it's also included in this general category.
And when we say that what this means when you have authentic
is that Islamic law because we said that the second when we looked at the four basic
foundations for Islamic law, we said they were they were required.
We said that
was conveyed by heavy.
Right? When we talk about the sudden that being a source of Islamic law, what are we in effect talking about our heavy, because the sooner was conveyed, the sooner is what has been encompassed in that these
contain more than just a sudden a problem.
Because these may also refer to incidents, which happened in this time, but we're not necessarily involving himself.
Right. So the idea, actually, the term hobbies is wider than the term sun, but the sun that is contained in Hades. Now, when we talk about building Islamic law, or establishing a point that will say, well, we should do this, or we should not do that, or this is a way that we should go about doing this thing, the basis under which we determine that after the plan will be descended from the practice.
Now that practice, we have to be sure that the practice,
we have to be sure that that practice was authentic.
Because a valid point of Islamic law can only be based on an authentic
I weak IDs cannot be used with stablish any points of
weak meaning. And
this is the division that we have, when we add no because may have some practices developed in different places, which are based on weak or authentic hobbies.
And these types of these, obviously, we're going to create some confusion amongst the oma because of a person who hangs on to a practice with an offensive, more than likely it will contradict something which is not offensive. So you may have people wanting to do contradicting things.
And the only way that we can resolve it as the law says
there's a lot of sending the file that you know, if you had
if you had any dispute amongst yourself, what do you do who
you should take it back?
You should take it back to Allah and His apostle What does that mean? Right taking it means we take it back to the flies, we have a dispute amongst ourselves a difference of opinion. We take it back to the fire meeting, we go to look in the pharmacy Is there a solution for this problem here
are we take it back to the profits which is taking it back to
the only way that the student can now become a decisive
principle to end arguments and establish the correct way if we agree that we depend on the authentic soul
which is based on obviously,
then we looked at the conditions the basic conditions which determine or make it authentic. And obviously the lack of these conditions would be that which makes
an authentic person establish continuity of the chain of marriages.
The second one we looked at was
honesty, trustworthiness of the people involved. And the third was accuracy. And the doctor came with two forms of
memorizing, that the person was very good at memorizing,
or the person used to write down whatever.
That's the basic. This just a quick summary of what we said before we did that and no one
Before we can use that as a point of law, there's another thing.
The past that
was both a man,
a human being,
in the time
of the 17th century,
as well as being
there may be attended, we find some writings and some
community cultures to elevate the profit
to a point of
is considered God.
And the other communities around us
around Muslims or wherever Islam was, we find other individuals will be elevated to the point where there are either gods or demigods.
So Muslim, some Muslims in ignorance,
to make the Prophet Mohammed
to regard them, these other cultures,
to a point
There's a book of various
It's called the shadow myth,
by the fact that
I brought it for reference.
When I'm writing what I'm trying to clarify this point is a variable
called the shadow lead.
In this book, this was the whole book
explaining how the Prophet had no shadow.
He then elevated himself to the point was no longer human walking on the earth. We all when we walk in the sun is there we have a shadow, we're not here, when someone walked, he had no shadow.
When he looked in the mirror, there was no reflection.
Even spiritual beings,
I'll know that people thought it was a physical being, according to this author, he was a spiritual being.
And he goes on in the book to talk about how to know how, you know, the proper
principle is called and know.
If you've heard about the Mohammedan light,
you may hear about it, you may have come across this amazing
concept because it
talks about that
your attitude, amount of elevation. And before the amount to be elevated to the point where according to the Shiites, the amount of know the future, they know when they're going to die, and all this kind of knowledge that the atoms of the universe have submitted to them in this type of attitude of the ship. Obviously, they feel that way about the amount when you go to look at the way they feel, but the problem has to be that way.
Right, because the amount of the profit.
So they believe, you know, as this man also put in the book, the man who wrote the book,
this idea is common.
That, you know,
a piece of a law of light,
which was their eternal
this piece of a law of life.
When he created Adam, it was with Adam.
And it was handed down generation and generation and generation and it has manifested itself
is what they call
this light nose device. Because it's a piece of a lot like a lot of devices. Right? When they're projecting this and projecting that Mohammed la Salaam was in essence, a divine eternal being.
This totally against
A lot is the only title.
this attributes can in no way
this attributes can in no way be given to profit for homicide to do so, it shifts
to do so, shift, cancel, cancel the basis
back to our concepts, we set
up divided based on the fact that
both events the process can be divided into two basic categories
The other category is called
What do you mean by that
when we look in our body of happiness, we're looking at the sun that because that was the the thing actually,
when we look at this tournament, we gather
we see somebody of the Hadees involves certain actions of the Prophet Muhammad,
which were obviously not intent are not intended to be guidance for the oma to yamo Pm
there were some actions which were his own personal actions, which had nothing to do with Islam or
to say that the products are selling did something which was not
you know, required
to say the items, this is like, some people have a book which is
which is written by one of the evenings.
He compiled all of the various practices and descriptions of the things that have to do with his habits.
Remember, to get a picture
of what he described how long His hair was no beard, what type of clothes used to wear, how used to walk to wear different things that was like his habit? What were all his personal habits called Shama.
Now, this book has been translated in English
and have a copy of it at home
activity was originally translated
into English without the person was translated from Arabic.
He had this idea that whatever the process
divinely inspired and guidance and benefits everybody.
So, each and every little action,
he tried to you know, give some kind of explanation as to how this is beneficial.
This gives a very distorted
in spite of the fact that to some degree it might sound theoretical
and Islamic. When we look
into the Sunnah, we will have to come to this conclusion, because from the Prophet Muhammad,
he explained to his companions, that there were two aspects to
the very famous hubbies
in which the Prophet homosassa loved when he came to Medina.
He found these authentic
found the companions they're
They used to artificially politics Now, when we look at the principles of
life in general and human habits, we see that Islam dislikes artificial.
There's a general dislike for things to artificial
destroying or the changing of the natural processes.
There's even one dress where last talks she thought it
He will command you
he will call you and command you to change
the normal process
command to encourage you to change
we know for example,
the needle, puncture your skin and put color into them to form from how to design a very popular especially tailored
and we know that he forbade a woman plucking your eyebrows
No, they've dropped the eyeballs maybe because they have kind of wishes that my brother pluck it all off and they just take a line and draw like
or they have false eyelashes 12
a lot of curse, the one who wears the wig and the one who puts on
me not only cursing the one who wears it, but the one who puts it on to
the case was actually
it was a case where a woman
older woman or a daughter had gotten some sickness and her hair fell out.
And she wanted her daughter to get married. So she wanted him and asked him if he could make a kind of a hairpiece for him because who's gonna marry her for a year ago I found out
that a lot of curses, the ones were the weaker than the ones that put it because deception
gives a false impression.
Sam was like that
Okay, so we started selling we told him that because this was told to him by law.
this is a bit of a general
because at the same time
the demo the problem
said that we should clip our fingernails and I pulled out
the air from one of our artists from around our private parks.
And that should be done. You know you should not let the deal go any longer than 40 days
at the maximum
try to do regularly but there
should be yourself.
Here now Islamic later principles which is going against the natural way.
When you analyze any doctor
when they're preparing a woman to give birth, what do they do? Well here on the front
because these areas because these are here are permitted to shave pieces of hair out of your head.
They're not to shave it all off when you make
Or if you decide, you know, you just want to get your hair off. You can shave it all off. But it doesn't allow you to shave pieces. You know like some people are critical and so he can hear from here down the middle to shave off everything inside of our Indian
group of Indians called the Mohicans.
Missa tee right he's got a visit for visit his lab