Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 21

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. All praise due to Allah and realize Peace and blessings beyond the last messenger of Allah.

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In our previous session, we completed

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the 51st, verse

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after

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verse 50, where we looked at the command, in ancient times to the angels to bow before Adam, North is related to it.

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The relationship between the world of the jinn and humans,

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the world of the angels, and Satan.

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And

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a lot closed off that thought,

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with the fact that though people might,

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in this world depend on that unseen, supernatural world, that world has no power in and of itself.

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Allah uses the example that they didn't witness the creation of the heavens and the earth. So they cannot possibly have control over it. Nor did they witness even the creation of themselves, they are not creators, they may be able to manipulate elements of both this world and the next to dazzle or amaze people from this world.

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However, they are not creators.

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And as such, whoever depends on them, ultimately, will fail. Allah would not rely on them depend on them. He uses that expression, because there are a source of misguidance and not one of guidance. And naturally, if Allah would not choose them, work with them, then

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it is definitely a waste of our own time and energies and purpose to do so.

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Verse 52,

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a lot goes on.

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to shift the scene again,

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from the past, now to the future.

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We spoke about the future prior to the past, the near law shifts now back to the future.

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After talking about the origins of evil, the devil

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and his followers,

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in order for human beings to be aware of their sworn enemies, and to protect themselves, from them.

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Ally ships here now to the future, to remind His creatures

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about the status of those who worship idols who worship other than a law on the Day of Judgment, how they will be rebuked and humiliated.

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So in verse 52, Allah says, We all may have poo Luna do Shoraka en la Vina exam to further our home, follow Mr. g Bula. Home,

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buying a home, because

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one day he will say, call on those whom you claimed were my partners. They will call him them, but they will not respond to them. And I will make a gulf between them.

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So a lot begin saying one day, he will say that there's a law will say that is on the Day of Judgment, call on those whom you claimed were my servants or my partners.

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This command to them to call on the idols which they worshipped in this life, of course, is a means of humiliation.

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They will be told to call on the idols in front of the rest of creation. And of course, when they call on the idols, the idols do not respond to them.

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Instead, the idols will deny their worship and oppose them. As I mentioned in Surah, muddy I'm verses 81 and 82. But Taka lumen dooney la he Allah Leah Kula whom Asan Kela sec for una de vida de him. Where qu noona la

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una una la

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him

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and they have taken God's besides a law, they might give them honor, power and glory.

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But they will deny their worship of them and become opponents to them on the Day of Judgment. Those who have chosen will reject them, whether it is physical idols,

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from the created idols, which they have produced to their own hands, or whether it will be

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Satan himself will becomes an idol he and what he represents

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in Surah lamblia verse 98, a lot there says, In the coma taboo Roman do Neela here, how Sabu jahannam and tomb Lucha rough, why are you doing and today How are you doing? Certainly you and watch you are worshipping besides the law will be fuel for hell, surely you will enter it. So these idols which they have created, will be thrown into hell along with them, it will not be of any source of benefit, it will not be a means to help them in any way.

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And to further express their weakness and their inability to gain any benefit from them. A law says, well, john bainer, whom Moe before and I will make a gulf between them.

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The idolaters will have no way of reaching their false gods for a law will put a gulf of destruction between them.

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As I said, in store units, verse 28,

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Wyoming Ashura home Jamie and Thurman akula levena. Shaku mechanicum and to musharaka

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for sale, by owner home wahala Shoraka home, McIntosh, IANA Boone, on a day when I will gather them all together, then I will say to those who did set partners in worship, in worship with me, stop at your place, you and your partners, then I will separate them and their partners will say it was not us that you use to worship.

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So

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these false gods will be separated from them

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will be put out of their reach.

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And

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they will be this is also this is part of the humiliation that those who worship others besides the law will be faced with and this is a part of the process of resurrection, that prior to the actual judgement. People are resurrected, they stand before a law. The Sun comes close, I'm sure you've heard of various incidents which will take place on their resurrection among them will be those who are worshipping false gods will be called to or instructed to call these false gods to help them now. Right does that means that simulations a standard event among the events of the day of resurrection? Some scholars

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interpreted when the law said I will make a gulf between them. them here is not in reference to the idol worshipers and their idols, but between the believers and the disbelievers because there are also other verses in the Quran. For example, in Sorry, I seen read 59 when Tasha leiomyoma I you Hello Judy moon? Are you criminals get apart this day from the believers.

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So the disbelievers and believers will be separated a big Gulf will come between them. And Allah describes elsewhere about the belief the disbelievers calling on the believers, you know, asking for help asking for water. You know, the believers asking the disbelievers did they find what they want a lot of promise them to be true and so on and so forth.

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So

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Allah has shifted here back to the time of creation,

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to the from the time of creation, to the time of

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resurrection, and he is describing here, the status of those who have disbelieved and chosen others besides the law. This is consistent with

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The deviation, which allows spoke about in verses 51 and 50, you know of those who have worshipped others besides the law, they have rejected a loss command, etc. This goes on to the future to talk about their consequences. As prior to that the law spoke about the parables of the rich and the poor, and the rich denying laws existence. And then a lot talks about the consequences in Paradise, hell, etc. Again, a lot gives another example. And

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he then shifts to the future. Looking again, at the consequence, you will find this constantly, when Allah describes different issues, you will be shifting from the past, to the future, you know what happened in the past. And the purpose of all of this is examples and reminders to us, not merely to understand what will be for those who have rejected, but to look at it relative to ourselves, that whatever we have taken it all as our own idols, whether it's our own desires, as the law says, Have you not seen the one was taken his desires as his Lord, you know, that on those days, we will also be called, that will be our own idol, that we will be called upon to call to for help. Our desires

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is that which which we followed, instead of following the commandments of a law, we follow the desire so the desire became our God, or as above saw, Selim spoke about people being while claiming to be believers being worshipers of the dead or humming the dinar, you know, that we might say, Well, yes, we're believers, we're Muslims. We're not worshipping other gods besides the law. But when we look at our lives, in practical terms, we are worshipping the deer having the dinar, that is what is most important in our lives. This is what we spend most of our time talking about dreaming about thinking about, you know, this is what is driving us and what determines how we live, whether,

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you know, whether we follow the commands or we don't follow the commands depends on the deer humming, the DNR, you know, and the reality

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the Pacer, you know, this is what is driving us. So this becomes our God, and we and we end up worshiping it. And that's what we'll be called upon to call to on the Day of Judgment, even though we are believers. So don't let us not be deluded into thinking this is only referring to those who are out and out disbelievers who are bowing down before others besides a lot, you know, because we might claim ourselves to be worshipping Allah, but in practical terms was when a lot when the prophet SAW Selim spoke about this the worshipper of the dyrham he didn't mean that a person you know Nanda, dear Harmon was there bowing down before the denim similarly, the press was worshipping

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his himself his desires didn't mean that he made an idol, they call that idol, you know, me and then he worship the idol. No, this is talking about practical terms, that so that ultimately is what determines, you know, whether we are believers or disbelievers in practice, because we can accept culturally, the theory and the teachings, but how we live our lives, how we translate that into a lifestyle. This is what really determines whether we are truly worshipping Allah, or whether we are worshiping his creation.

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So a lot goes on, in verse 53,

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describing the criminals, the disbelievers

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continuing to look at their state in the future. He said, we're almajiri Moon and narrow for London new unknown makuha Well, I'm here to do I'm Hamas refa. And the criminals will see the fire and realize they are have to fall into it. And they will not find any way to avoid it.

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So a lot goes on.

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After talking about those who are told to call on their,

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the gods they worshipped besides a law

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as a means of humiliation,

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to show their helplessness let them feel that sense of helplessness.

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And their account is taken after their account has been taken. And people are now separated into the different groups based on their faith and their deeds.

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Those heading towards paradise those heading towards hell. Those now heading towards hell will see, for the first time, the real horrific consequence of

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their disbelief.

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The consequence of their disobedience, their sins, and a law refers to them as criminals, would you remove them? Right? So he said, What are almajiri Muna Nara and the criminals will see the Hellfire actually the term he uses here for We'll see. Again he uses the past

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rah rah means really, literally it is he saw merits due to the construction to be translated as they saw an image of the moon that is the subject so the criminals saw the fire. Of course, he's talking about the future, something to come. But he's saying they saw the fire. And this is part of the the eloquence of the Arabic that where the future is so absolutely certain. The past is used to express it.

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The past is used here to express what is coming without a doubt, absolutely certain. So Allah says here, the criminals will see the fire. The hell fire, in its full horror will become visible to those who committed the ultimate crime of disbelief. jahannam is a frightful creature created by a law in the beginning of creation, along with paradise. Herrera reported that the last messenger said, when a law created paradise, he said to jabril go and look at it. He went and looked at it then came and said, Oh, my Lord, by your might, no one who hears of it will fail to enter it

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a lot and surrounded it with disagreeable things and said, Go and look at it now. Oh jabril, he went and looked at it. Then came and said, Oh, my Lord, by your might, I'm afraid that no one will enter it.

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Then Allah created hell.

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He said, Oh jabril go and look at it. And he went and looked at it. And then came and said, Oh, my Lord, by your mighty, no one who hears of it will enter it. He then surrounded it with desirable things and said, Oh jabril go and look at it again. He went and looked at it. And then came and said, Oh my Lord by your might, I'm afraid that no one will remain who does not enter it?

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Does the Hellfire is not a symbolic term for God's displeasure, or the absence of his pleasure, as some deviant sects of the past and present have claimed.

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Among the popular modern exponents of this claim, is Harun Yahya,

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the pen name for the modern Turkish cult figure by the name of Adnan oktar.

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Though officially a Sunni Muslim oxtr openly denies the separate existence of Heaven and Hell,

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in a number of his books, among them allies known through reason

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and the truth of the life of this world. The Office stated the following in an appendix entitled, a different approach to matter.

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As said before the question of death, paradise, hell, the hereafter changing dimensions and such questions as where is the law? What was before a law, who created a law? How long will the life in the grave last? Where are Heaven and Hell? And where do Heaven and Hell currently exist are easily answered to be understood? With what kind of order a law created the entire universe out of nothing, so much so, that this secret the question of when and where become meaningless, because there is no time and no space left? When spaces less is grasped, it will be understood that heaven, hell and the earth are actually the same place.

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Okay.

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People have said this type of stuff in the past, you know, turning different elements of the unseen world about which Allah and the prophet SAW Selim have spoken into symbols symbolic terms which have other meanings which they will

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Explain etc such expressions of course are considered unacceptable Islamic Lee actually expressions of

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because Allah here is describing when the individual sees the Hellfire

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is seeing something

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alive lot of describe the creation of the Hellfire and the creation of Paradise separate creations are not the same. So this kind of statement is completely false.

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So Allah mentioned here that the sinners will see the fire where elsewhere in the Quran he also mentioned that the Hellfire will see them and roar

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in Surah Al Furqan verses 11 and 12 Bell camdeboo bizarre

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lemon kasturba bisazza era either at home mechanic buried in for semi Ola ha ha Johan was was a fear or indeed they deny the hour and for those who deny the hour I have prepared a flaming fire when it sees them from a distance they will hear it's raging and it's roaring

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you know like a lion or a tiger or some wild animal when it spots you you know it starts to roar that is the feeling that you would feel when you hear that roar This is what the Lord is speaking about here. And another verses a lot describes Hellas inhaling when the disbelievers fall in it why the old cofee has me Ola Harsha. Were here before and when they're thrown inside they will hear the terrible drawing and have its breakfast at blazes for so it breathes it inhales and exhales and the roars let's say Hellfire is a terrible creature, raging and roaring so wild and furious that Allah has assigned 4,000,900,000 angels to hold its reigns

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4,000,900,000 angels holding the reins to keep it under control.

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This is mentioned in a hadith narrated by the live investor in which he said the Messenger of Allah said hello will be brought on that day having 70,000 reigns with 70,000 angels drawing each rain.

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Hell will be brought on that day. When that individual sees hell hell will be brought forth on a leash

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right? This it will have 70,000 leashes

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right.

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Each leash will be held by 70,000 angels that 70,000 times 70,000 is where we get, as I mentioned 4,000,900,000 angels holding the Hellfire as it's coming forth. So it is a beast. It's a creature. I know normally we just think of it as a pit. You know as you think of Paradise as a garden, and the hell just a pit of fire. But actually when you follow the descriptions in both the Quran and the Sunnah and not the Hellfire is not like paradise, you know paradise. Yes, it's the garden and the things of the garden door. It's a special garden where the the branches will offer the fruit to you and you know all these other kinds of things. But when he describes when we see the descriptions of

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the Hellfire is as a creature, a horrific creature.

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And

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a lot goes on to say

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with regard to the Hellfire

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Yeoman or kulula Johanna Maha Lim talati waterpolo Holman moseyed so the Hellfire will even respond.

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On a day I will ask how the law says Are you full? And it will answer is there any more.

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It is ready to eat up as much as many in the world of devour as many as abroad. And as Sydney Malik reported in the last messenger said, people will be thrown into the fire. And it will continue to say is there any more is there any more until the last steps on it and it will say enough enough

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for them no and the homework Aroha and they realize that they have to fall into it.

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The disbelievers will realize that they cannot escape being thrown into the fire

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and that it will only and that will only intensify their anxiety, anxiety and their distress

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because the anticipation and fear of punishment is itself

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very real punishment, this is something when you read about prisoners on death row for example, in America, where a person may sit on death row for 1015 2030 years, till eventually all of their appeals have been exhausted and whatever and then finally executed there are many of them who will tell the people who are involved in lawyers trying to

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you know review have their case reviewed stop, just let me get this in the diet and get it over with

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you know, they've been there five years, 10 years 15 years, but that thing of not knowing you know, knowing that death is around the corner it's coming when it's gonna come You know, that anticipation of it is itself a torture. You know, so much so as I said that many of them request for their execution just to go ahead and stop all the appeals.

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Well, I'm here to do I'm Hamas Rafa and they will not find any way to avoid it, they will not be able to escape from the fire once they have seen it and it has seen them because they will be without helpers or protectors. And there will not be any emergency exits are places of refuge to resort to the Hellfire will inevitably devour them.

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A lot goes on in verse 54. Shifting again, after talking about the future,

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he now talks about what has transpired in the surah and in general, what

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you can find throughout the Quran welaka de Ruffner fi huddle for annalee Nassim in Cooley method. We're Canon insano actor O'Shea in Jeddah law. Indeed, I have presented for people in this for every kind of parable, but humans like to argue more than anything else.

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So this verse, is a conclusion to the previous verses in which Allah mentioned the different parables of the rich and the poor man, you know, the garden.

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These examples which are found throughout the Quran,

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Allah has used them as a means of explaining what is the correct path to human beings.

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And it is the nature of people that examples help to make concepts clearer.

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You know, we talk about things on a theoretical level. But for most people until you give them practical examples, it's not fully grasped.

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It's theoretical, they will say, Give me an example. Explain to me what you mean in practical terms. So, this is what you find the laws done throughout the clock is given no end of examples, whether it is of the people of the past,

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the lives they lived, how Allah bless them, they turned away from his blessings deviated

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whether it is in this way, or whether it is examples that He has given, which don't necessarily refer to particular individuals, but just examples from nature, you know, how the rain falls, the land is dry, then it becomes

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flush with vegetation, then it dries up and it dies. You know that cycle allow us to the cycle as an example, or no end of other examples that are like gives Qualcomm seraphina fiato Karani Nassim and Colima fan. So this is the style of the Quran, indeed, as presented for people in this crime, every kind of parable, even in the stories that ally uses, which are already found in other scriptures, in the in the Torah, in the Injeel.

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There are many things which are mentioned in both. And this is what has led some of the disbelievers to claim that the crime is just a copy of the Bible and the Torah. But when one looks at the the presentations, one sees really a marked difference. There is a marked difference between how the stories are presented. They're the same stories. Basic Elements are there, but the way in which they're presented are different.

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When you see the story of Moses in the Bible, it's mentioned one time, over, many, many, many verses, great details. Whereas the Quran, you find the story of Moses mentioned from beginning to end. From the first chapter almost to the last chapter. elements of the stories of Moses I mentioned in all of the edges are the sections of the Quran, from beginning to end.

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But, instead of mentioning the whole story with all its details, only portions of the story are mentioned.

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And even though it is repeated, some of the portions may be repeated, you will find that a lot emphasizes the different elements of each portion. So there's a lesson precise lesson which is being given in each and every mention throughout the Quran.

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So though there are similarities, there are also big differences.

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And a lot goes on to say, well cannon in Santa Clara Shea in Jeddah law, but humans like to argue more than anything else.

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However, in spite of all of these examples, which are given

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a lot gives no end of examples to make that way clear as day crystal clear for us. In spite of that, people have arguments.

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The truth is presented to them,

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but you find them making excuses. This is a part of the nature of human beings. This can be seen on one occasion, Ali Vitali.

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He narrated that problems as a lamb came by his house at night, knocked on the door.

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And he answered the door.

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So, the prophet SAW Selim asked him,

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Why aren't you two praying?

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Why aren't you two praying?

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So Allie read along. I know, he replied, saying or messenger of Allah. Our souls are in a lot of hands during sleep. If he wishes to send them back, then he would do so.

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So the prophet SAW Selim turned and left

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and on his way, he slapped his thigh,

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himself on the thigh, and he said, Well, canon, Insomniac, Satoshi in general.

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But humans like to argue more than anything else. Because of course, this is not the farm. He has already said about the farm that anybody who sleeps you know, over sleeps a prayer you pray when you wake up. So the prophet SAW Selim is giving him words of advice. You and Fatima should be up praying. What is Ali's reaction. And in the fourth Calif, his reaction is the natural reaction of human being. He wants to protect, you know, himself and his wife, he was defend their position. So he uses a truth and it's true. The soldier and allows hands when a person goes to sleep, the soldiers are taken from the body. And if he wishes for them to get up, he sends them back.

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So this is true what he said. But, you know, it was just not appropriate. It wasn't appropriate, because he's not telling the province asylum, but he didn't know.

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Right?

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What really was supposed to happen is that he should have been getting up for the 100.

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Right, and this was the advice of the prophet SAW Salem. When this is our nature.

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You know, when to when people oftentimes people will give us good advice. And we instead of listening to that advice and taking it, we want to defend our position. We try to defend our position.

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Now in terms of the Sahaba when it came to matters of faith, the deen the commandments.

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They were not argumentative and as a believer we're not supposed to be argumentative.

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When a law is decided the problem is that Salam has given a ruling we're supposed to accept it submit to it, not argue about it. Why?

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As I said And to Allah has averaged 36 for my Canada movement in willamina de la hora Zulu amre an akuna la mahira mean amre him oma yasi la or Sula for Kabbalah dolla lon by the movie now, it is not befitting for a believer, man or woman and this is significant. So usually allowances not befitting for the bill.

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Reverse and it's understood you use the masculine term believers meaning meaning, and it means both the male and the female. But now he goes he says here, my cannoli movement in well, Amina he specifically mentioned the believing men and believing woman This is like over emphasis understood already just with the believing man but he's brought now and the believing woman, it is not befitting for a believing man or woman. When a line is messenger have decreed a matter that they should have in your opinion in their decision. There's no choice here, there is no choice about this. Matter allies decided you just submit. Also we find in store and the cyber 65. For our big

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lie, Amina had Taiyaki muka FEMA Shabana home, so malatya G, do fi and fusi him ha Raja, Maha Vita, will you send them notice Lima,

00:35:57--> 00:36:13

but no, by your Lord, they have no faith until they make you the judge in all disputes between them without finding in themselves any resistance to your decisions, but accepting them completely.

00:36:14--> 00:36:29

They have no faith. There is no real faith, no true faith until we accept the decision of Allah and His messenger with regards to our affairs.

00:36:31--> 00:36:37

And we accept that decision without any resistance without feeling because you might say Yes, okay.

00:36:39--> 00:37:24

That's what the law said, Yeah, I'm supposed to do it. And you might do it, but you're doing it begrudgingly inside yourself, you really haven't accepted it there is resistance there. Resistance to that command itself. I mean, yes, there is natural resistance that the nafs has the desire has, you know that anything we could that requires effort, you know, we are lazy. we resist it. That is a different kind of resistance. But what we're talking about here is resistance. Meaning within ourselves, we're having doubts about this. We haven't really accepted it wholeheartedly. We're doing it because we're forced to do it.

00:37:25--> 00:37:33

Like your father tells you to do something, you don't agree really, but you're gonna do it because he said to do it, but in your heart, you have not accepted it.

00:37:34--> 00:37:44

So this is not acceptable. This is not befitting of the believing man or woman that they respond to commandments in this way.

00:37:47--> 00:38:06

The way of the companions was when the command came, they accepted it of the live in Missouri that said is well known segments of his mouth Ooh, Tia Coleman, l Jaden Illa de leeuw. Ma, ooh, Tia Coleman and gentle, ella dalu. Every people granted argumentation went astray.

00:38:08--> 00:38:16

Any people who are granted this nature of argumentation that they just like to argue about everything.

00:38:18--> 00:38:19

And the West,

00:38:20--> 00:38:53

though on one hand, this idea of inquiry, you know, don't accept things blindly. You see, this is a basis for learning and progress, where a society which has gone blind, and just accepts everything blindly, you know, become stagnant. And the Muslim world that was the leaders of science and this kind of thing became stagnant. They were overtaken by the West. One of the driving principles in the West was the questioning, questioning of of things, not accepting things blindly.

00:38:54--> 00:39:08

But what happens is that both of these principles have their place. In the West, they've gotten to the point where we question everything, there is nothing sacred, nothing which cannot be questioned, which should not be questioned.

00:39:10--> 00:39:21

You know, if you can find an answer for it, you know, then either it's a matter of time before you will find it, or this thing has no answer and it is not appropriate. Drop it, leave it.

00:39:23--> 00:39:47

You can question everything. On the other hand, the other extreme, you don't question anything, of course, that is harmful. This is the tuck lead the blind following cultural Islam. You know, people's traditions where people just do whatever is done because that's what we do our tribe, our family, our nation, our village or whatever, that's how we do it. So call us.

00:39:48--> 00:39:57

Don't question. This misguidance also, leads to to, to shirk,

00:39:58--> 00:40:00

and worship gets in because this is

00:40:00--> 00:40:09

A classical area for Satan to get in just to introduce that idea Shirky idea. And the that cultural,

00:40:11--> 00:40:14

customary approach to Islam

00:40:15--> 00:40:26

accepts that it becomes a part of the costume and the principles and, and you can't take it out again after very, very difficult. So it has its evils. But on the other hand,

00:40:27--> 00:40:41

when it comes to the supernatural world, when it comes to divine commandments, then these must be accepted, submitted to blindly

00:40:42--> 00:41:17

we know it's coming from a law. We know it's coming from the Messenger of Allah and of course salatu salam, if it's coming from him, we confirm it. Because there are weak IDs, there are fabricated IDs. So we need to confirm that this is in fact coming from the Messenger of Allah. But once we have, we have ascertained that we are searching This is an authentic narration from a lot of messengers a lot of a settlement, as the law says in the Quran, my uj Rasool Allah, whoever obeys the messengers obey the law. So this is like obeying the law, then we must submit to it.

00:41:19--> 00:41:31

We submit, whether we understood how, when, where, why and all these different things are not. And sometimes there are explanations along with it. Sometimes they're not. But our criterion.

00:41:32--> 00:41:43

Our principle for determining whether we accept or we don't accept, is, is it coming from Allah and His Messenger, authentic from the messenger? Allah is Allah

00:41:44--> 00:41:48

that is the criterion for acceptance, blind acceptance.

00:41:50--> 00:42:04

On the other hand, anything which is outside of those commands, we should question, this is where the principle of inquiry should be there. Yes, we should challenge and question don't accept things blindly.

00:42:06--> 00:42:20

So, each element, you know, each principle has its place, where one becomes dominant, and there is no room for the other it becomes harmful.

00:42:21--> 00:42:45

So in the West, questioning in science in areas trying to understand nature and the things of nature, etc, has led them to discoveries, etc, discoveries which Allah has granted them, you know, but it has led them to progress in the material technological plane. But in their questioning in the areas of divine commands, it has destroyed their society.

00:42:47--> 00:42:52

secularism is the challenge is the questioning of the Divine.

00:42:54--> 00:43:02

questioning the demand commandments, destroyed the foundation, the moral foundations of Western civilization, have destroyed them.

00:43:04--> 00:43:12

So they have no morality, morality, and moral is whatever we find convenient today.

00:43:13--> 00:43:15

Whatever is beneficial.

00:43:17--> 00:43:42

Everybody agrees upon amongst us, everybody who counts, not really everybody. Because yes, if it was the, the feeling of the masses of people, they would be better guided. But that's not how they function. They function according to everybody who is important. Who rule the countries, they're the ones who make these decisions. And so it becomes harmful. If we look back in the time of the companions,

00:43:44--> 00:43:51

where the brothers, as Alan said, Make will do from camels meat, but don't make it from mutton.

00:43:52--> 00:43:59

Make will do from camels meat, but don't make it from mutton. The Companions didn't ask why.

00:44:01--> 00:44:11

They didn't ask why. They asked instead, can we pray in the pan of the sheep? And he said, Yes. Can we pray in the pan of the camel? He said no. Okay.

00:44:13--> 00:44:23

They got further clarification, but this is just, you know, further information. This is not questioning why, why that should be the case, etc. They submitted to it.

00:44:25--> 00:44:37

And this was their general approach. It's not to say that they did none of them ever asked any question. Not some did ask. For some cases. They did ask. Ayesha was known to do a lot of asking. She's very young.

00:44:38--> 00:44:59

She's very young and she questioned a lot. You know, some issues that everybody else just accepted. They heard them say they didn't ask anything she would ask why. Why is that the case? She was very young. But for the general leadership of this haba, the elders etc. There was no questions Allah gave a command.

00:45:00--> 00:45:10

They accepted those commands as they were given. So, in this verse, we find in it a general encouragement

00:45:11--> 00:45:19

to those who hear or read the verse, to practice whatever they read, or hearing the Quran.

00:45:21--> 00:45:28

reading the Quran is not just for Baraka for the blessings of reading the Quran,

00:45:29--> 00:45:33

but for hearing a lot of commandments.

00:45:34--> 00:45:35

And this

00:45:37--> 00:45:47

is at advice to us, that when we hear those commandments, we need to accept them wholeheartedly. Enter into Islam, completely.

00:45:48--> 00:46:15

talofa Cilmi Kapha that Allah tells us to come into Islam accepted completely. Don't believe in a part of the book and disbelieve in a part, disbelieve in your actions, not necessarily this Believe in your word, you might not say that you say no, I believe in the whole book, but you will only implement the book, what is convenient. Same thing with the commandments of the Prophet, Allah,

00:46:16--> 00:46:30

you know, he has given us a way of life is left behind the clear way of life. But what happens is that we pick and choose what is convenient to ourselves. And in doing so we fall into the same trap,

00:46:31--> 00:46:33

fall into the trap

00:46:34--> 00:46:39

of not accepting the message in its entirety.

00:46:41--> 00:46:44

And that is, of course, very, very dangerous.

00:46:45--> 00:46:48

that these are among the signs of hypocrisy

00:46:49--> 00:46:51

that we have to be aware of

00:46:52--> 00:46:57

when the person is supposed to be a Muslim. But whenever it gets into an argument,

00:46:58--> 00:47:15

it will become offensive. If he's given a trust, he breaks it. You know, these are characteristics of the sermon describing, you know, these all these negative characteristics mean these are implementing the teachings. If one believes in a law.

00:47:17--> 00:47:29

If one believes in Allah Subhana Allah and His commands, then we're going to implement these teachings, we're not going to find difficulty in doing what we have been commanded to do.

00:47:31--> 00:47:57

But where we haven't accepted it wholeheartedly, then of course, every stretch of the way we will find difficulty, every command every instruction, we will not find any sweetness, any peace, in the religion, it will just be a burden. Everything that we do will be just one burden after another burden, fasting,

00:47:58--> 00:48:05

zeca, Hajj ever, everything is just burdens, we want to get off our shoulders.

00:48:07--> 00:48:09

So there's, there's no pleasure in the religion,

00:48:10--> 00:48:24

if we if really, if we look at our practice, and we see that that's how we feel. And these are the signs, we don't have to wait for some chef to come and, you know, look in our eyes and say, you're human and shaky, you know?

00:48:26--> 00:48:56

A lot of people do you know, you feel you have to go to some, you know, person of certain spiritual whatever to tell you, you know, measure your demand for you. What level is your man? What is the weight of your faith? No, these are the signs the law is left the science for us, in the teachings of Islam itself, that each and every one of us is capable of taking ourselves to account judging, where is our status? What is our position with regards to Islam?

00:48:58--> 00:49:01

And the consequence

00:49:02--> 00:49:07

of not accepting Islam wholeheartedly is what we're living today.

00:49:09--> 00:49:16

And we look at the problems of the Muslim world and the trials and the tribulations everything. In the end, it comes back down to the same thing.

00:49:18--> 00:49:22

When people ask us, can you give us an example of a Muslim state?

00:49:23--> 00:49:36

You know, where Islam Sharia is practiced? Your hemming and hawing, you know, well, you know, to some degree, you know, this is the science. This is telling us, this is our state.

00:49:37--> 00:49:53

This is the state that's the state of the oma on the macro level. And on the micro level, we come down to ourself the same thing. You know, we look so miserable, why aren't you Muslims now and she's not supposed to Oh, well, you know, it's a

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

we have excuses. You are giving excuses why we are not people.

00:50:00--> 00:50:37

catch us out why we're not doing what we're supposed to be doing here is the same thing. oxido Shea in Jeddah, LA, and we will try to argue our way out, try to give an explanation for it, instead of saying yes, I'm at fault. Really, thank you for reminding me. Let me try to get my act together. You know. So this is what the verse calls us to ask Allah to help us to realize this advice, and to implement Islam within our lives, as it should be implemented. I will stop here inshallah for questions, have any questions what we have covered so far?

00:50:53--> 00:50:56

Okay, brothers, question whether

00:50:58--> 00:51:10

we can use verse 51, as a response to those who claim to know how the universe was created? Yes.

00:51:11--> 00:51:18

Yes. I mean, what they are saying whatever they say, is all guesswork.

00:51:20--> 00:51:25

They can only guess they see

00:51:26--> 00:51:27

the

00:51:29--> 00:51:48

various elements of our solar system of our galaxy, of the galaxies in motion, moving outwards expanding. So they extrapolate backwards and say, you know, you go back in time, it must be going to a smaller point to eventually you're going to come to this one point.

00:51:51--> 00:52:25

And they calculate the rate at which it's expanding. And from that rate, they make calculations backwards, you know, if that rate was a constant rate, you know, then it would have taken so much time to get back to that point. So they can tell us well, that the explosion of that initial point in space in matter, you know, that point of matter, that compressed matter that exploded, that produced space and time and everything, you know, it took place so many, you know, billions of years ago.

00:52:26--> 00:52:49

This is guesswork. This is pure guesswork, pure guesswork, because even to assume that the expansion is a constant rate. That's a big assumption. The fact that, you know, you see it expanding now at a particular rate, that doesn't mean that a billion years ago, it was expanding at the same rate.

00:52:51--> 00:52:58

Or you make certain calculation, you're saying, okay, there's a slowing down process, we can see, you know, that

00:52:59--> 00:53:27

we make some calculations on a gross level, you know, you, you swing a ball on a on a, you know, something, you see it after time, it does start to slow down, okay, so we can make some calculations and things do slow down. So we apply those general calculations on a ball on a string, and we're gonna apply it to the whole universe, you know, and say, Well, yeah, it's slowing down probably at a similar rate. Now, this is probably a constant, please. It's all it's just guesswork on top of guesswork. And

00:53:29--> 00:53:32

that's reality. They didn't witness it.

00:53:33--> 00:53:34

They will never witness it.

00:53:35--> 00:53:52

It will remain an unknown, but it's just the arrogance. You know, this is the arrogance of the human being, that he wants to be able to know everything. He wants to have an answer for everything. He can question everything.

00:53:54--> 00:54:03

Science is the answer. Science will give us the answers for everything. It's falsehood. It's just another religion.

00:54:05--> 00:54:06

It's just another religion.

00:54:14--> 00:54:23

Well, we don't brothers question about elaborating on making Voodoo from camels meat No, we don't make Voodoo from camels mate. Meaning if you eat camels meat,

00:54:24--> 00:54:27

right, then you should make will do.

00:54:30--> 00:54:31

Whereas if you eat mutton

00:54:32--> 00:54:39

you may make will do if you wish not but it's not a requirement. Some other narrations from SA Sam said if you wish to do so it's not

00:54:40--> 00:54:48

but it is a requirement for camels meat. Now some people are obsessed with this idea that there's got to be a reason

00:54:50--> 00:54:52

ended up making up a story

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

which has now ended up in books you can read some fifth books you will open up and you will find this explanation in there.

00:55:01--> 00:55:07

That actually, when the prophet SAW Selim said, Make Voodoo from camels meat,

00:55:09--> 00:55:14

what had happened is that he was sitting with a group of his companions, and one of them had passed wind.

00:55:16--> 00:55:18

He didn't want to embarrass the individual.

00:55:19--> 00:55:26

But the individual just finished eating some camels meat. So he said, Make whoo from camels, meat.

00:55:30--> 00:55:31

Sounds nice.

00:55:33--> 00:55:36

But it's just the story, fabricated

00:55:37--> 00:55:47

and tracked, actually attributed back to Los Alamos is very serious promise, I seldom said, Whoever tells a lie in my name will find the seat in the hellfire. Very, very serious.

00:55:48--> 00:56:27

But in the desire to find an explanation, somebody might have said, probably, maybe there was somebody sitting with the Prophet, you know, and maybe he passed when, and after that maybe is the next time the story was told. It says it's probably the case that, you know, and probably the case became, when the Prophet was sitting with his companions, this happened, and so and so and so, you know, that's what happens with stories. as they go along. They get elaborated on and what was told in the probable context became a fact later on.

00:56:29--> 00:56:41

There are some narrations, when the prophet SAW Selim didn't imply or did indicate that the jinn amongst the animals, the camel,

00:56:43--> 00:56:50

the camel has with it, the jinn or some forces from the Djinn, you know, on a

00:56:51--> 00:57:03

constant basis. So the camel is different from the other animals that we eat. Normally, we eat herbivores. We don't eat carnivores, and

00:57:04--> 00:57:05

the camel

00:57:08--> 00:57:11

As I was saying, you know, concerning the camel,

00:57:12--> 00:57:13

we do know that

00:57:14--> 00:57:20

the prophet SAW Selim did make some references with regards to the jinn related to the camel.

00:57:23--> 00:57:27

If we look at the other animals, the cow, the sheep, the goat,

00:57:28--> 00:57:33

these animals, as herbivores tend to have a calm nature.

00:57:36--> 00:57:42

Whereas those people who handle camels will tell you beware of the camel.

00:57:44--> 00:57:45

Beware of the gavel

00:57:47--> 00:58:32

that it is not a calm natured animal, though it is a herbivore. It's not the Cottonwood, carnivore, it's very vicious, can be very vicious. But it doesn't seem to look like much. It's got this goofy look on his face. But, you know, if he gets riled up, something catches him, we will take your head off, you know. So those people deal with cameras will tell you so there is a difference. So there is some qualitative difference between the camera and then the animals, and Allah knows best, what is all behind it? And because related to that, somehow, someway, Professor Salam has told us that we don't we make wudu from eating camels meat.

00:58:44--> 00:58:50

By this question, can we believe in the existence of extraterrestrial life?

00:58:53--> 00:58:59

Well, to argue that it exists outside of the world of the jinn.

00:59:00--> 00:59:21

So if we say the world of the jinn, and of course, yes, no problem, extraterrestrial, you know, that the jinn can leave the earth can go to the moon, Mars, whatever. You don't have a problem with that. If they can go up and listen in on the angels and come back down and they can move around the universe. So extraterrestrial life in that sense, yes.

00:59:23--> 00:59:24

In terms of

00:59:27--> 00:59:33

bacterial, you know, vegetative, vegetable level, vegetative level,

00:59:34--> 00:59:59

it's quite possible that maybe they will find something on Mars or some other planet that you know, some bacteria or whatever, is there possible to believe in it? Meaning, I believe there it is there. I mean, of course, this is fanatical. I mean, that is for them. They have to they have that kind of fanaticism because they believe that our existence here was an accident. So if it happened here, it should have happened somewhere else, too.

01:00:00--> 01:00:20

It's got to be there. Yes, I believe it has to be there, this is there, it's just a matter of time before we find it. That's their fanaticism, because of their disbelief in creation, that there was a God who created this world for us. Could be, could not be, you know, because Allah says that he's created what we know. And what we don't know,

01:00:22--> 01:00:29

is created what we know, creatures and what we don't know, the time when that revelation came, there are worlds

01:00:30--> 01:00:33

right, which are unknown to the people of that time.

01:00:34--> 01:01:00

You know, which biology etc, you know, I've discovered worlds of creatures and levels that you know, couldn't imagine before. And it's quite possible that we might find in space, etc, other living organisms, but now, when we're talking about other beings, that have a freewill.

01:01:02--> 01:01:03

Like ourselves,

01:01:06--> 01:01:08

living somewhere else, not the jinn.

01:01:12--> 01:01:13

From my understanding,

01:01:14--> 01:01:28

there is no basis for it. My understanding based on the fact that Prophet Muhammad wa sallam has given us the details about the future. He told us what's happening, what's coming in the future.

01:01:32--> 01:01:39

He has told us about everybody who's coming. And unless you can say the goggan the Magog. Yeah, Julian mark, Judge, okay, this is them.

01:01:41--> 01:01:48

Right? Otherwise, he's given us all the details. If there were some

01:01:49--> 01:02:00

creatures with freewill coming, surely would have told us about it, he's told about the journal has told us about, you know, so many details all the way up until the final day,

01:02:02--> 01:02:10

he's gonna leave that out, that's gonna be something very, very significant. That would have major impact on this world.

01:02:11--> 01:02:17

beings from another planet coming here. And that major impact? He's not going to tell us about?

01:02:18--> 01:02:32

Of course. So based on that, you know, it is by default, any rather than knowledge of is the same. The absence of knowledge, right? is knowledge. Right? The lack of knowledge is knowledge.

01:02:34--> 01:02:57

But we're saying here by default, the fact that the prophet SAW Selim didn't tell us about and that was his responsibility to give us information that will carry us till the last day, the last messenger nor the messenger coming after him, in terms of what is to come, he gave us all the details. For that to have been left out. We say that really that is to indicate it's not happening.

01:02:59--> 01:03:02

So it is deduction by default here.

01:03:13--> 01:03:27

For the non believers believes in things like gravity, space, magnetism, these are things which are demonstrated demonstratable you know, you can demonstrate magnetism, its operation.

01:03:29--> 01:03:34

What they have discovered, fact wise of what it is we can accept.

01:03:35--> 01:03:41

There's elements of it that they don't know, that they're guessing about we say, okay, they're guessing about this.

01:03:44--> 01:03:53

Okay, from the woman's side, we have three questions. First one from about heroine, yahia he has other books do we have to watch out for in his other books? Yes.

01:03:55--> 01:04:36

Watch out in his other books. If he's speaking about arguments concerning evolution, etc, then, you know, he's brought some useful information, we take the benefit from it, but you have to keep your eyes open is an individual whose ideas are very confused, you know, and he has some very odd Islamic ideas, concepts concerning arcada, which he mixes in at different points in his writings. And actually, reality is most of the writings are not his. He has a team of people around him who are preparing materials and just sticking his name on it, you know, and

01:04:37--> 01:04:40

it's a machinery is become sort of like a cult figure.

01:04:42--> 01:04:48

I mean, he puts his ideas here and there but it's a lot of cut and paste from a lot of other people's works and things like this reading.

01:04:50--> 01:04:59

So you can take from it what is useful stuff has been gathered his website, etc. And we were in using it. Second question he dropped

01:05:00--> 01:05:18

Not being practical. People may make this expressed this job is not practical. My job this type of work I'm doing, I'm a hostess on the airlines, whatever, you know, his job is not practical. I'm not committing Shere Khan, you know, that's what's most important.

01:05:20--> 01:05:31

Well, how do we respond to somebody saying this? Well, if you're saying that the job is not practical, what in fact you're saying is that Islam is not practical.

01:05:33--> 01:05:38

Because as a woman, for that woman whose job is Islam,

01:05:39--> 01:05:49

so when you're not wearing your hijab, you're actually casting off a big chunk of Islam as being impractical.

01:05:50--> 01:05:53

So, if that is impractical,

01:05:54--> 01:05:56

and what you're wearing is what is practical,

01:05:57--> 01:05:58

then what is that saying?

01:06:01--> 01:06:08

worshipper of the Durham and the dinar that's what we have here. And the issue of shirk can be found

01:06:10--> 01:06:30

you know, there is an element of sharecare Yes, it may not be the open shift gear volume down, but you are, you are worshiping your desires, your desire is saying this is not practical and this is practical this your desire determining this and why is it determining it because of the Durham and the dinar. So, who says there is no shirt involved here?

01:06:32--> 01:06:35

The third question concerning

01:06:36--> 01:06:45

the issue of the nature of animals is this why we don't eat tigers, lions, carnivores etc, because of the nature. Some scholars have have,

01:06:47--> 01:07:24

you know, presented this as a possible explanation. You know, based on the well known health principle you are what you eat, right? That the nature is of the animals could have some impact on our own nature. But Allah knows best there is an exception to the carnivores Of course, kind of words of the sea. Of course fishing everybody's everything, there's kind of words anyway, most of them. So, it's obviously the sea is excluded. But among the land animals, the hyena, which is itself a carnivore is permissible to eat.

01:07:26--> 01:07:29

Profit mom's SLM specifically made it permissible.

01:07:31--> 01:07:36

So though we might say yes, it doesn't have some implications in this way we can say across the board.

01:07:38--> 01:07:40

Okay, inshallah we'll break

01:07:43--> 01:07:44

it down JOB,

01:07:45--> 01:07:46

JOB for women.

01:07:50--> 01:07:57

description of the job of women, everything except for face and hands, in a loose garment.

01:07:58--> 01:08:00

Not see through

01:08:01--> 01:08:02

not

01:08:03--> 01:08:09

an object of attraction in and of itself, meaning it's very colorful, beautiful, you know, sequins,

01:08:12--> 01:08:15

rhinestones, all kinds of stuff on it, you know, people turn them into dresses and this

01:08:17--> 01:08:22

that is the basic requirement Sharla

01:08:23--> 01:08:32

last question for women side, would listening to music be worshiping one's desires? Well, if the music is haram

01:08:33--> 01:08:54

and we've always pointed out, you know that there are elements of music, which are halaal. But if the music that you're listening to is haram, and you know, it's Haram, and you still listen to it, then you have to ask yourself, why are you listening to it? Who are you following? What are you following? Yes, this is a form of worshiping one's desires

01:08:55--> 01:08:59

suparna panicle over hamburger and shadow land and start Furukawa today.