Channel: Bilal Philips
When I was a
little fella had Yella was shadow Allah, Allah, Allah Allahu la sharika for shadow Mohammedan Zulu.
Indeed All praise is due to a law and as such we should praise Him, seek His help and seek refuge in Him from the evil which is within ourselves, and the evil which results from our deeds. For whomsoever Allah has guided, none can misguide. And whomsoever Allah has allowed to go astray, none can guide and I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship but Allah, and that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the last messenger of Allah.
The topic, the madhhab of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam
is a topic which addresses
the dilemma faced by many Muslims today, who have come to understand the importance of
learning Islam from the sources from the Quran and the Sunnah.
While at the same time, reconciling that, with the tradition that we have inherited from earlier generations of the various mud hubs, whether it be the Hanafi the Maliki, the Shafi or the humbly
those scholars to whom those schools of law
are attributed as being among the leading scholars of the oma of the past.
So, when one says, I want to follow the Quran and the Sunnah.
And at the same time,
he or she is questioned. Well, what of the work of these great scholars of the past
the scholars to whom these mud hubs are attributed? Do you understand
the Quran and the Sunnah better than they did? Can you understand it better than they did?
And of course, what can we say but no?
So then what happens to following the Quran and
so we are faced with this situation we know we should be following Quran and Sunnah. But at the same time, we understand that those leading scholars of the mud hubs, they were far greater in knowledge than we are. They far understood the Quran and the Sunnah better than we do. So how can we then abandon them and follow the Quran and Sunnah
when they were superior to us in knowledge, how can we
so this is the dilemma that people are commonly faced with?
In my view,
is the mother hub of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
of understanding what was that? madhhab
because we talked about the mud hubs, and when we talk about them, we talk about them relative to the Imams of the past.
And we know that there were other imams
like a lady inside from Egypt, who is mad have nobody knows about anymore. Yet, Imam Shafi said I lay to have a home in Malik
at late Imam lays was a greater jurist than Malik.
Now you and I couldn't say this, okay, because who are we to judge
but Imam Shafi he had the right to say this because he studied under Mr. mallet for 20 years plus, he was his top students and memorize them
and he then studied under the student
Have a mom life because the lady had already died. So he was in a position to weigh the fit of both of these great demands. And he made that conclusion. But today, nobody knows about the mom life.
So this, this is telling us something.
And of course, there are others emammal, outside
We have a number of other imams whose names are lost in history, most people don't know it. Only people who specialize in fitness, all of these are the people who come across these names, know something of the history of these people, etc, etc.
So, the solution
is, in my view, to go back to the madhhab of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Why?
Allah subhanaw taala we all believe that Allah is one.
This is the essence of the teachings of Islam, Allah is one and unique.
And we believe that the human race is in fact, one race.
Though people have called some people in different parts of the world, different races, etc, etc. We know these are false categorizations they really don't exist.
There is only one race, which is the human race,
just one race.
And Allah has left signs amongst us to let us know,
in our times, when this issue of race has, you know, reached its peak, that there is only one race because he left it in our blood.
He left it in our blood, meaning
that if somebody from the Scandinavian countries
who is whiter than white,
blond hair, blue eyes,
needs a blood transfusion.
He is a positive, the rest of his family are a negative or whatever, all
the rest of his family and his close family members, their blood cannot save his life. However, somebody from Africa
who happens to be blacker than black, with black hair and black eyes, he has the same blood type. His blood can save him when the rest can't.
is what a lot left, he left it as a sign to us. Because obviously, generation before when they weren't doing blood transfusions, this had no meaning to them. It has meaning to us. In our times where we were involved in blood transfusion technology has taken us to another level, Allah has left his signs amongst us. And this is the time when people are saying, you know human beings have evolved and all these other kinds of things. But the signs are there, that we are one race, one human race. And this is why we believe as Muslims, that Allah subhanho wa Taala only sent one religion.
He didn't send a bunch of religions for different races because they have different makeups and different backgrounds and they have no he sent one religion, Islam
from the time of Adam, to the time of Muhammad, some of the law and he was sending them all of the prophets Allah masala brought one religion. This is our belief.
The multitude of religions out there are from human creation.
So we stress we call people to one religion, we say one God, one human race only needs one religion, which addresses all of their needs, which don't change from time to time from place to place because they are essentially one on the same. So we don't need a number of different messages. One message suffices.
Now, the question is that one message?
Are there many ways to follow this one message
See, because here we're coming with this tower here, the oneness, right oneness of Allah,
oneness of humankind, oneness of religion.
And then what?
Is there a one way to follow that religion are there many ways.
Now, as we reject
the claim of those who say, as long as you believe in God,
it doesn't matter what religion you follow,
to be most the people who say this, that all of the religions are like spokes on a wheel, no wheel, it has spokes, then it has a hub in the middle. God is the hub, all of the spokes are connected to God as long as you're sincere in your belief.
It doesn't matter which we reject this, we say no, this is not how it is. It is confusion.
Because each of the religions
have principles which contradict the other religions, in their basic beliefs.
Are they claim that they're the only true religion? So how can they then be spokes on the same wheel? No, we reject that. There is only one religion, in Medina in the law, he and Islam. So the law said, that's the only religion with a lot more money, Islamic dienen for
anyone who desires a religion other than Islam as his religion, it will not be accepted by Allah.
the one true religion?
Do we go back now to the spokes on the wheel?
that Islam is like the center, and you have the spokes, many, many different ways to practice Islam. As long as you're sincere in whatever way you follow, you're on the target.
You have this is the question.
Is the question.
Because in a sense, when people say
there are four tabs,
all of them are correct.
You must follow on.
Otherwise, you're in mommy's shade on people say this, right? If you don't follow one of the methods, then you're Mr. Miss shape on.
this is like the spokes on the wheel again, isn't it?
Because they're all correct. Even though one math hub says
if you touch a woman, accidentally, you don't have to do.
And another math hub says if you touch a woman, accidentally, you do have what do
they said they're all right. But how can that be? How can you be in a state of would do and not in a state of would do at the same time
is not possible.
This kind of difference cannot exist. Either you have to do or you don't have to do. You can't say I have to do based on the Hanafi madhhab based on the the Maliki model I don't know does work like this. And you have people actually who I mean I've heard about people from the shofar mountain,
right? Who this is a problem for right because for Chavez you touch a woman accidentally no will do. So what these scholars will tell them in their areas, local scholars today they will tell them okay, you're going for Hajj visit we're going to do go for Hajj all these people are going to be touching people. No we're doing you. It's hard to find a place to make. When you know you're going around the coffee break, what do you have to go out and big problems? So what did they say? They say what you do is
when you make your intention for Hajj, you make the intention to be unhappy.
When you come back from Haji, then you make your intention to come back to Shafi.
It's not a joke, actually, this is actually going on. I've been told this by many people from South India, from Sri Lanka, the areas where their shops raise, you know who are going and this is what they've been told by their local scholars
know is that what Prophet Muhammad wa sallam left behind? Is that the legacy of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Something went wrong somewhere down the line. Right? This is what something went wrong. So we need to go back to see really what did Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam leave behind
And we have a number of studies among them.
The Hadeeth, in which problems are seldom said,
the Jews before you
divided up into 71 different sects.
70 of them were going to help, and one going to paradise.
The Christians were divided up into 72 different sets 71 of them going to hell, and one going to paradise. And you my alma will divide up into 73 different sex 72 of them going to hell, and one going to paradise.
And when he was asked about it, or what is that one, some narrations, he said, I'll jamara the community, the group and other narrations. It's clarified in said, My Anna la Helio was hobby, what I am following today and my companions,
he identified that one group
that is going to paradise. So in that candidates, we can see that whenever the profits came, I let him was salam, whenever they came, and they conveyed a message.
They conveyed it in one way, though the people split up afterwards into different groupings and sex, etc. They conveyed it in one way, and only that one way was acceptable to Allah.
And this relates also back to the statements of the last alum, you know, when he said, my data fee Amina my least I mean, who for who, or whoever brings anything new in this religion of ours, which is not a part of it, it is rejected
by a law
that he left behind one way
and anybody who adds to it
to make out with a multiplicity, this multiplicity will not be accepted by Allah.
the legacy of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
naturally, if you asked one of the Sahaba
any of the Sahaba
What was your mother?
What is this a hobby gonna say? I'm a Maliki
Mr. Malik wasn't born yet.
So it's not possible.
It would say, I follow the math hub of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because what is the madhhab madhhab comes from the Arabic verb, the Hubba.
madhhab is the way of going or the time of going.
And they even use the term madhhab even for madhhab Zin philosophy. You could have mad tabs in a number of different other
groups. Matlab is not limited just to fic though we tend to use the term madhhab Today, only to refer to, but you can have math hubs in in anything. I mean, even in the Sufi, for example system, they use another term they use 30, en todo, plural 30.
Really, there's no difference between 30 a car and madhhab.
And there is another word which carries the same meaning, which we all know. And that's the one that we use all the time. And that is
what's the other word? That means? Way.
another word, which is everybody knows.
This, so Nah.
Come on. So now what is tsunami in solna means path or way of going. This was the way of Rasulullah saw sanlam so rarely. So now madhhab is one of the same.
It's one of the same.
So when we say we follow the Madhava rasulillah salam, we really were saying we're following the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam.
understanding and implementation of that sooner,
from the companions you will find that the companions different.
There are issues on which they different we know the famous example usually given it was all
about the case of Banu paraiba you know where the companions after the Battle of the hand up Battle of the trench, where the brothers lm was told to go and punish the people of the citadel of prey law
of this tribe called corredor clan, called karela.
For their treachery in siding with the pagans were attacked Medina
and he sent an advanced group of his companions ahead
to go and lay siege to the Citadel, or fortress of the Oriental tribe. And he gave them instructions he said,
do not pray, except
at the fortress of battle karela.
So they set out don't pray.
don't pray answer, except at the karela Fortress. So they set out
on their way.
They noticed that the sun was coming close to set.
They realize that they would not be able to reach that fortress before the setting of the sun.
So some of the companions said we need to pray Yasser.
Others said, the prophet SAW Selim said, don't pray answer, except at the fortress of Benjamin Pereda
as I said, but what the prophets Allah meant by that instruction was to hurry up and get to the fortress, but Allah is already said, in the salata canon lol mini Nikita makuta. Allah already said that the Salah is for the believers at fixed and set times we know this, you don't pray after after monitoring is not appropriate. So obviously problems our Salah was not telling us to do that. He meant for us to hurry up.
The other companions said, he said, don't pray awesome, except there and that's what we're gonna do.
So they divert
those who said, we're just gonna go with what he said, we're not gonna try to figure out what he meant is what he said. We're not sure what he actually meant. Because maybe you're right, maybe you're not. We're just gonna stick with what he said. So we're going ahead. Yeah, they said, Okay, fine. We're gonna pray. So they prayed. They joined up. The place was sieged promises Salam after the battle. Then the companions came to the process. And I'm talking to him about what happened.
And of course,
he prayed on the way.
Right. So he didn't say anything to either group, saying, this one's right, that one's wrong. Why? Because what he said, Could have been understood in both ways. He accepted the idea of trying to understand the intent and applying the law based on your understanding, as well as those who apply it based on the literal statement. He accepted both. But his own practice,
demonstrated that the intent was what he have preying on the way was really what was his intention.
That was his intention in practice. But not in statement, he didn't say either of you were wrong. So it means then this is showing us this is the time of the Sahaba where they could differ in understanding yet both of them are following the madhhab of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
So when we say as I said, we need to get back to the madhhab of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, it doesn't mean we are going to go back to something where there are no differences.
Meaning we'll find something which everybody is agreed on every single point no.
This is not the nature of how Allah has created us. We have been created with different understandings. And he has left in the Quran and the Sunnah, things which could be interpreted in more than one way and as long as people take a legitimate path in understanding that way, then it is acceptable to Allah subhanaw taala
One who is correct, gets two rewards, and the one who is incorrect gets one. Because they took the correct way
in trying to understand
trying to apply the law to the best of their understanding, then a law rewards them for that effort. Now there's a difference between that kind of difference. And another kind of difference which happened for example,
my boss after the time of Rasulullah, saw Salaam, he's teaching tabulating
the next generation students is teaching them
about hedge, Amara, and so on so and he's teaching them that aamra can be done in the month of Hajj. While he's teaching. One of the tabea in Ottawa,
the son of asthma,
Binta be backer,
sister of Ayesha, he said, How can you be telling people to make Amara in the month of Hajj when abubaker and Omar said you can't?
The live nearby said
go ask your mother.
Go ask your mother, you'll get clarity there.
can you raise a question? I am telling you what Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam said and you are telling me what Omar and Abu Bakr said
he was very upset.
Your destruction is near. Once people reach that state, where they give more precedence to the opinions of other human beings when a clear statement that Rasulullah saw Salaam is brought
that is destruction.
And that's one of the things for example, that all of the Imams were agreed upon, that if
a authentic hadith from a pseudo Salam comes to a person for him to leave that, for the opinion of any of them, they said that this is not permissible that is a path to destruction.
So, from that generation, we can see differences certain types of differences, some differences which had to do with giving precedence of opinions over authentics or not. And differences which arose from different interpretation of authentic Suna one is tolerated is accepted and the other one was rejected.
The other one was rejected.
So, now, if we asked the tabea in
the students of the Sahaba
was your madhhab portada. We asked him for example, what was your
What is he going to say? He said I follow the abassi method, because I used to study under a bus all the time or follow the
LRC method because I used to study under amarinder loss of delight number of non us or I followed the different leading scholars amongst the Sahaba. None of them use these attributions. They didn't do that they would all say we're following the madhhab of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, as it was conveyed to us by the Sahaba
as it was conveyed to us by the Sahaba as it was understood by the Sahaba
not just the conveyance, but also the understanding.
Because we might accept the text as being authentic because it is authentically narrated, but the interpretation and understanding of that text, what does that depend on? It depends on the understanding of the Sahaba.
Their understanding, has to take precedence. For example.
We look around today at the people who say Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is alive in his grave.
And he will say that he's alive. And you can go and pray to Him, call on him. He will answer you answer your prayers, all these different types of things. So we say to them, what is your evidence for this? Well, I said a law said in the Quran, concerning the martyrs that they're not dead. They're alive with a law, which we don't understand it.
You're not aware of it.
Well, I can let the showroom
and surely the profits are greater than the martyrs. Logically, surely the profits are greater than the martyrs. So of the martyrs are alive as the law said surely in the profits must be alive.
Furthermore, they will say,
Prophet Muhammad wa sallam told us that the earth does not eat the bodies of the prophets.
Not only that, but the prophet SAW Selim said, You give some alarms to me, wherever you are on the earth.
those alarms will reach me.
And I will respond.
My soul will be brought back. Actually, this kind of indicates some weakness in their argument, because it says it sould be brought back because it means the soul wasn't there. So it means he actually was dead and he was brought, you see, so there's a weakness, but they slipped over that. And
not only that, but because of the fact that people are giving solutions to problems or sell them everywhere on the earth today. Every second, there's somebody every millisecond somebody thinks. So La La, la wasallam, Nebraska, Selim Solis coming back, and it must be there all the time.
So what is our response to that? We say, Well, okay, it's interesting.
It's an interesting line of arguments you have here, but
did the companions of the Prophet mama Salam understand that? This is the first question? Did they understand it the way you understand?
because surely, if they believe that problems are seldom did not die,
they would not have buried him.
Right, they would not have buried him because surely they thought he was alive to go and bury him alive for a long, evil.
So you're saying basically, the companions made this major mistake, they went and buried the profits as alimony is still alive, and they made thoughtful janaza form, which is the law for the dead.
The contradictions here, and we go back to understanding of the Sahaba.
it contradicts all that you say.
The status of the martyrs is unique. They are killed in the way of Allah, Allah who first for those who are killed in his way. It is everybody who dies on his bed, because they're righteous. So they are living also knowing sometimes about those who were killed in Allah's way who died in a lawsuit, they're killed, and that is a special situation, and their life is not.
We are not aware of it, we're not able to be aware of it. It is a life which is known only to Allah.
Meaning that relative to us, they are dead, because we also bury them. Again, if the martyrs are alive or not dead, then why are we burying them? We should just keep them keep the bodies out.
But we are instructed to bury them, we can make Sonata janazah for them.
contradiction, we look back at the companions
or the law who and whom and how they understood these verses. These are these it is not in the way that you have understood it.
That's why we need to go back to the way the understanding of the companions of the Prophet masala and the lamb as we said before when he said about the way the one way that she's going to paradise, he said mine Allah He was happy
that which I am on and my companions so he added the companions as being a part of that way. And he also said the Hydra Nazi caught me. The best of people are my generation.
So he's stressed This is the importance of the companions. Furthermore, last minute dial in the pie and said, well mighty Shaka Zulu mimbar de matar by Allah houda we are Tiberius abelian momineen Noah Li moto Allah, honestly jahannam Assad masirah and whoever contradicts and opposes the messenger after guidance has been made clear to him.
And he takes a path other than that of the believers.
We will leave him to himself and put him in hell. A terrible end. Now it was sufficient for Allah subhanaw taala to say, whoever contradicts the messenger.
We will leave him and put him in hell, that's enough. But he added
And took a path other than the way of the believers. And all of the scholars of tafsir classical scholars are unanimous that when that verse was revealed, the believers referred to the Sahaba.
Those who take a path other than the path of the Sahaba
they will be left to themselves
and put in hell, they'll go astray.
the Madhava rasulillah salam was conveyed by the Sahaba to the Tabby
some scholars consider Abu hanifa to be from among them
that he didn't actually narrate from any of this haba but that he did see
the difference of opinion relative to whether he was or he wasn't. Anyway, we have been Abu hanifa
leading scholar from the generation after
Wally among the tabea tabin.
We asked him Yeah, about hanifa
Oh, Abu hanifa What is your madhhab?
What is he gonna say? The Hanafi madhhab?
No, here's the TELUS companions his students don't write down what I tell you of my opinions. They said Why not? Because today, I may hold an opinion tomorrow hold another opinion. And the day after one another opinion of the after that they have another opinion. So don't write them down.
Just take from where I took it.
Take it from where I took it was headed for homotopy and if you find the Hadith, which is authentic, then that is really my mother.
So what is Abu hanifa saying here? He's saying his mother hub is the mud hub of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam.
The main hub of the Sahih Hadith Sahih Hadith is what conveys to us the Sunnah of Rasulullah wasallam.
So, this is what he would have said. Similarly,
anybody asking him, he is not going to say I follow the Maliki madhhab he had no intention of making a madhhab
he just taught what the Sunnah,
he taught the sadhana.
Now, if we look at the Imam Shafi
Imam Shafi is a classical example of the way of the companions the tablet Integra tabin, in that the companions were on different grades. Some of them were with the province, lots of them from the early days. Some of them accepted Islam just prior to the conquest of Mecca. Some of them after the conquest of Mecca, they came into Islam at different stages, some had more knowledge of the deen than others.
So those who had less knowledge they would study under those who had more. Those who are younger study under those who are older.
Sometimes the younger ones had more and people were older studied under them.
So they studied and were free to study under whoever was available.
They would never say I am only gonna study under Abdullah bin Omar for example, Tabby and same thing.
They would not stick to one companion and only study under him. No, they studied under him. And they would go and study under other companions of the problems as Allah. freely. Nobody had a problem. nobody complained. Nobody raised any issues, you know that you're fat to our shopping. Now this is a common point that comes up later on right in our times, you know this fact to our shopping right? We go to this tab you go here you go there you ask this one you asked that one and
so the companions of the Prophet SAW Selim they went they asked, they asked his companion, they asked that one they asked the other one, the Tabby and they did the same thing that they tap into the same thing. And then Imam Shafi
student of Imam Malik for 20 years we mentioned
didn't begin teaching until after Mr. Malik died.
Teaching in Yemen. He is accused of Shiite leanings, taken as a prisoner, that he has to defend his position. He argued he was not leaning toward Shia Islam at all. He's released there in Baghdad he studied under
the Mohammed is a burning student of Abu hanifa. Abu hanifa was already dead. So he studied under his students to gain knowledge
There. Now when he was in Yemen teaching, he was teaching based on the knowledge he had accumulated from Mr. Malik. After studying under the students of Abu hanifa, he changed a number of his opinions. And he wrote a book called alhaja
book called alpha j.
And there he outlined his positions, his new positions where he changed from positions of Mr. Malik, etc. Then he went to Egypt.
In order to study under him, I'm late, but I remember later died already. So it started on my mom, late students.
After studying under a marmalade students, he changed a bunch of his opinions. Again, he wrote a new book called home. This was the classic. And
in which he changed those opinions. He stayed in Egypt, and he became the amount of that area.
he changed his opinion, he changed his position.
Because some people have a problem, you know, they said, Okay, I hear this, for example, in debate where I am, people come and say, Okay, we're studying here in debate, we're listening under the scholars here in debate, and they tell us one thing, when we go back to India, the scholars, they tell us something else.
And then when we come back again, those other scholars tell us something else.
You know, isn't it better just to take one and just say, That's it? I'm just gonna hang on to that one, just so I'm not going here back and forth in here and there?
Isn't it better?
This is the argument. It sounds logical, you know, so you have some stability in your opinions, and you know, how you can function.
But the reality is, did mama Shafi have just one opinion, and stick with that one opinion? No.
And isn't he better than we are? Wasn't he more knowledgeable? Right? Because the idea most people have is a scholar, he has his opinion, he never changed his opinion, people might change your opinion, but not the scholar. Is it common? The idea that a scholar says one opinion, then somebody happens to bring some argument to them, you have to change the law. Man, this is not the real scholar here. He changed his opinion.
You know, but it's well known in my Malik, for example, used to teach that when you make would do washing your feet, you don't stick your fingers between your toes.
He was teaching that one class, one of his students said,
I heard a narration from silvassa salaam, through the chain mentioned the whole chain, of course, that the brands are selling me used to put his fingers between his toes when he was washing his feet.
Mr. Malik, next class, corrected himself and taught it. No problem.
No problem. Nobody said Oh, my Malik, oh, changes opinion doesn't really know everything. Now, you know, this is
the accepted that. And if we can accept the mom sharply changing this.
This is real scholarship.
That nobody knows everything.
You know, as when Mr. Malik was asked,
If we follow a person who follows this a hobby in everything that he does, will he be on the correct path?
And remember, there's a hadith that people commonly quote, as hobby can resume,
by companions are like stars, big enough today to day, if any one of them you follow, you'll be rightly guided. So commonly quoted,
Heidi's in support of sticking to one person, one group one month or whatever, and just.
However, it turns out, it's fabricated. And Mr. Malik says, to the man who asked him that, no,
you will not be on the right path unless that's a hobby was on the right path.
Because the only one who is free from error is the one in that grave. He pointed to the grave of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam.
That is the reality. So everyone is capable of error.
And the defining
principle is the mud hub of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Abu hanifa would have said I'm following the motherboard.
So edema Malik's already mama Shafi, so in his student, a mom admin,
and so on generations following them, the early generations who studied under the great demands, etc. They studied out of this one on the one on the other. Mohammed che Barney is one of the narrator's although he is one of the leading
Students of Abu hanifa. He is one of the narrators of el mapa. He memorized the whole motto of Mr. Malik, and is one of the classical narrators of it.
That's how they were.
And that is the legacy of the madhhab of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. So the great team moms, all of them were following that one man hub.
There are different understandings led them to conclusions, which differed as the Sahaba different before, as well as differences of information, accessibility of information, because all of the gathering of the sudden that didn't take place in their time, it took place after the time. Imam Bukhari Muslim and the others came after the time of the great imams of the various schools of Islamic law.
So it's not surprising. A number of them would say mama Shafi would say, for example, that there is none of us, of us leading scholars who are teaching who has not forgotten and evidence, or had one slip by him.
All of us will forget some things that have come to us, or it didn't get to us. Or maybe it comes in a path which is weak.
So we consider that to be a weak opinion, but there are actually authentic narrations of that same text or whatever.
So this is the reality of where those differences came from. And the correct approach is to take the knowledge from wherever it is available.
So a person can follow the Quran and Sunnah.
Right, which is, what problems are seldom left behind as his madhhab when he said taarak to fee comm ambrane in Temasek to be Hema lento de la vida Kitab, a law student a tea I've left behind me two things, I've left two things for you. If you hold on firmly to them, you'll never go astray the book of a law firm, and my sooner.
So this is the way that he left.
Following that way, the companions best understood that way and conveyed it. Those who came after them
also understood that way according to their understanding, and they passed it on. And so it has been from generation after generation. And it really wasn't until the ambassade era when rigidity set in, where people now started to get locked into these different schools especially after the sacking of Baghdad. This is when it really became strong. When they closed the door to HD had said nobody can make HD hire anymore. All of the scholars have already made all HD ad we need we just need to follow the books
where they made rulings that a sharpie or hanafy cannot marry a sharpie
that hanafy cannot pray behind the Sharpie. So they have in the masjid, you know, you can find still in the market of Damascus to Mecca, Rob's one of these one Rajavi is from that period. And there were four salons going on around the Kaaba.
For each prayer that would happen. There would be a prayer for the 100 feasts prayer for the Chavez prayer for the molecules and prayers for the humbleness
with any mom for each group that was there, around the Kaaba. And that continued right up until 1925.
From the 14th century, all the way up until 1925.
When our family
took over, and demolished all those structures around the Kaaba and said whiny mom, everybody prays behind him, doesn't matter what he is, he's humbling Shafi, whatever everybody has to pray behind, why a bomb
that ended it, but it continued all the way up until that time. And that state
that state of ignorance, where Muslims fell into this rigid factionalism, you know, fanatical
clinging on to the schools. That was a period of, of ignorance, it was a period of degeneration.
But it doesn't mean that every scholar also that period was degenerate. No, there were a number of scholars who oppose that, who spoke out against it. So they are called to the mandibles to Lhasa Salaam it continued it did not die has been revived in the 20th century. hamdulillah Muslims are much more
tolerant today, you know, willing to pray behind each other, etc. Though you do have people reviving this idea again,
you do have people who promoted. There's some groups, some individuals who still try to keep this thing of the month Herbalife. But the bottom line,
as I said, is that our salvation lies. Our unity can only be based on the man hub of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
We take our knowledge from those who came before, it is true, not no one among us, not even the most knowledgeable, the greatest of our scholars of our time, can say that they can independently go to the Quran and Sunnah and extract all the laws they need know, they must depend on the scholars who came before them, and those who came before them all the way back up to the Saba.
That is the reality. And we have to depend on those scholars amongst us.
And if we depend on them, we get our rulings from them, with them explaining to us the basis for those rulings to the degree we're able to understand it.
And when another scholar comes along, we find that other scholar who's teaching something, and he clarifies a point makes it clear to us that this, in fact is more correct. And it gives us some kind of evidence. And we switch to that, that we're following the madhhab of Rasulullah Salah when we hold on to the one who taught us in the first place, and we say no, I don't want to hear anybody else. I don't care, you know, this man is a great scholar and you know,
then we have broken away from the way over to la sala because what we have done is we have attacked our Shahada
because when we say I showed you and the Mohammed and rasulillah of course the shadow Laila, hola we all agree on. But I said to Anna, Mohammed rasulillah. What does that mean? Is it just lip service that we give, we say we follow, we accept Mohammed Salah was a messenger of Allah,
meaning what? Meaning that we follow whatever he has instructed us, we believe in whatever he has informed us.
That's what it means. So now, if he has instructed us something,
and we say, No, I'm going to follow the opinion of such and such a scholar, then we have attacked the root of our declaration of faith, inadvertently, I'm not saying that makes me makes the person that is believer. Right. So you're gonna, you know, some people might take this Oh, their conference? No, I didn't say that. I didn't say that. Right? I'm saying that, inadvertently, this is what they're doing, they are attacking, they are damaging their dis routing, they are breaking a part of their Shahada. This may not be their intention, but this is what they're ending up. That's practically what is happening to them. So as a believer, we are required to take the knowledge
wherever it is available.
Now, photoshopping rarely is not permissible. But what is factual shopping? photoshopping is not going to one scholar and getting an understanding going to another scholar getting an understanding going through a third scholar again, and the one which seems to be the most accurate. That's one You follow? No, that is the way of the Sahaba. That's what they did. And the tabea, integrity tambien etc. That is not photoshopping. photoshopping is when you want to do something.
And you go and you ask one scholar, he says no.
He says, No, no, no, no, you keep asking. Until finally find someone who says, Yeah, you might, you could do that. Oh, hamdulillah. You know, that's it.
Because you are not seeking the truth. You are seeking somebody telling you it's okay. What you want it to do. That is the photoshopping that's it. There's a difference. And this is not that was not the way of those companions, nor those who came after they're illegitimate. That wasn't their way they sought the truth.
And if seeking the truth means you may have to change your opinion, once, twice, three times, whatever, then so be it.
So be it.
And we don't feel any shame. Don't feel you know, any kind of instability. No. We just know we are on a path. That path may require us to go search further. Dig deeper, whatever
until we find it and we know that this is a blessed path, because we are seeking the truth. We're seeking the knowledge the way of Rasulullah saw salam, as he said, Man, Salah Kataria con, el tema Sufi, elmen sallallahu, ala, Jana, whoever takes a path in which you seeking knowledge, a law makes the path to paradise easy for him. So we're on the right path. When we go down that path, we're seeking knowledge from here from there trying to get the best understanding we can.
So that, basically, is what I wanted to share with you this evening, which I call the mud hub of Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam. None other than the Sunnah.
And the understanding of the Quran and Sunnah, which the Sahaba had for the long run home, and those who came after them, continued to operate on the basis of that understanding and convey it. And the term which is used for that understanding,
a term which perhaps has been a bit distorted in our times, due to
roughness or ignorance of some of the people who carry this manner.
the way of the seller,
the seller fee waiver,
is in fact, the man's hub of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam.
that everybody who says selfie, I'm a selfie, this is the way of the seller, that necessarily he is a selfie. That is the way of the seller, not necessarily. We have to weigh him according to the Quran and Sunnah. And the understanding of the Sahaba, etc. And that early generation, if what he says coincides, then we can say, yes, yes, he is, in fact, Salafi, meaning he follows that way of that early generation.
And Salafi is not the organization because again, somebody was there was another matter, here comes another bathtub, in the cellar, we might have no Santa Monica, it is just that understanding.
It is the way of the companions of the Prophet Moses, Allah and those who came after him. Though it may sound like a new term amongst us, as I said, and though some of those people who attribute themselves to this term may be very brash, you know, they're young, and they just got a little bit of knowledge and they're beating everybody to definitely this knowledge, you know, and there is
assume I don't judge what the term selfie means, by their behavior and their way. They're human beings. They may have the best of intentions, but with limited knowledge, not understanding the way of Rasulullah saw salam, about whom Allah said La Quinta fonden valido Colville Unforgiven Holic if you were harsh and hard hearted in dealing with the people, they would have fled from all around you.
And that was the way of Rasulullah saw salah and that is the way in which that message has to be conveyed.
So, I hope inshallah,
the point has been made clear, what is the main hub of rasulillah salam that it was the main hub of the Sahaba it was the main hub of the tablet in the tabular, tabular in the great demand and all those who continue to that tradition till our times and that is the one man hub, which has for us salvation, on which we can base real unity and reunite the oma.
It will be the main hub of MIT. It will be the main hub of a syedna Maryam when he returns. It is the one way which was to last us alum left behind away which was shared by all of the other prophets all the way back to Adam alayhis salaam. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
We have time for a question answer session now.
Before we begin the session, there are a few points I would like all of you to note, please see to it that the questions posed are on the topic. Specifically on the topic, we will not entertain questions beyond the topic.
Please ask one question at a time and keep your question to a question. Not a
discourse on the subject.
If anyone has a question, he may raise his hands and the mic.
The attendance of volunteers will bring the mic to you. We will have two questions from the auditorium over here. And one question from the sister side. May we have the first question from the auditorium? Yes.
My question is that when they therefore must have
okay brothers question,
why are the HANA fees the majority?
This is mainly because of the Ottoman Empire,
the Ottoman Empire, which adopted the Hanafi madhhab as the official state muda, which ruled much of the Muslim world in the latter centuries, this led to the spread of the Hanafi madhhab over most of the oma No, and when we go back and we look at other schools of thought you can you can find them dying out for similar reasons, because administration's adopted a particular model, for example, the outside mahtab, which was the common madhhab, of Lebanon of Syria, of Palestine of Jordan. But when a shafr a judge was appointed as the chief judge of that region, and he offered a reward, certain prize for any student who memorize matassa ramezani, which was a concise presentation of the Shafi
madhhab they were given this price. So you found many of the students in the different schools etc, they tried to memorize it. And of course, once they memorized it, then they became shell Fraser because it was their that's what they would rely on what this was with Colin. So, within you know, a period of about 50 years, after this appointment of this particular judge, then the Shafi mother have just basically took over that area, I was I must have just basically disappeared, remained only in the books of ship etc.
Rather than one thing I would like to notice this that wherever you find authentic Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad because we as right now we are following for months, so exactly From where did they get this real sources so that we can follow from the prophet of whom we can follow the Sunnah of Prophet.
Prophet Sunnah. Yeah.
Okay, just as a point of etiquette
islamically speaking in the asking of questions, you don't need to say Salaam Alaikum.
If you look at any of the Heidi's or the companions with the browser salom none of them said Salaam Alaikum. Before they asked him questions, this is not from the Sunnah. It is not necessary. We gave salaam aleikum to the audience in the very beginning everybody said they come Salaam when there was introduced that's enough. So we don't have to keep saying so Dominic, though. processor did say you know spread this alarms amongst you. Right? But we do it. You know when you meet a person when you've left him and so on. So, but not when you're in a gathering. You're already here. So Rob's already been given you here now each person gets a combination.
Okay, this is just a point of etiquette, just informing about that. Okay. Anyway, back to your question. The authentic Hadees
can be found in Bukhari and Muslim. So hey, bucarest, a Muslim, as well as in the Sudan, and other compilations of Hadith after the time of the great Imams, scholars gathered all of the various Hadees categorize them, etc. Even in the time of the bat mom, some of that was going on a monument for example, as one of the largest compilations on 40,000 IDs, you know, Muslim men, but the authentication and specify, you know, specialising in only authentic IDs that came after them, like Imam Bukhari, for example, was a student of Imam Ahmed.
But now we recognize that the most authentic book of Hadith In fact, the most authentic book in Islam, after the Quran is Satya Bahati.
Right, why not Mr. docman.
Muhammad was his teacher, and he had gotten a larger compilation, but he gathered whatever was available, he did not go through and thoroughly identify only the authentic whereas the Mambo heart that was his path about he took. So the point is that the holidays are available. There are books and
works which focus and on these IDs, which are the authentic IDs. So, in the course of study, of course, you are not called upon to go to Sai Bukhari and say, Okay, I'm going to go and get the, the authentic sadhana from here by myself. No, you need a scholar to help you. Why? Because
people mistakenly think that they are restricted to Bukhari and Muslim.
And they don't read this one and the other books. So you may conclude from that, that something is so not when in fact, it's not. It was abrogated. Or we may conclude from it that something is not sooner when in fact it is. In fact, this happened to me it was one of my students, when I was teaching high school in Riyadh,
that I taught the students about Hadees and authentication of Hadith and so and so on, and I told him the most, most reliable books are in Muslim. The other books contain her This is also the most reliable Bukhari and Muslim. So one of my students studying reading about wood, we went and did some reading about Voodoo himself. And he couldn't find in Bukhari or Muslim, any mention of wiping the ears. So he stopped.
So the other students who were with him, notice he stopped wiping the ears. So why why, you know, in fact, he said, No, it's not from this one now.
We don't think so. Let's take it back to you know, our teacher, Dr. Glauser. So they brought him back, they came and they brought the issue to me and and I had to explain to him that no, because you don't find a hadith in Bukhari and Muslim doesn't mean
you know, there's no support for this practice, when authentic hadith, because the authentic hadith can be found in other books too. So that kind of knowledge, comprehensive knowledge, where a person may now be able to make rulings on an issue, whether it is in fact authentic, without authentic, the average person, we can't do this.
We can't do it, we have to rely on those who are not most knowledgeable amongst us who have researched further, they have more access to the books, etc. We take it from them. We can do readings in Boca, we can do readings, most of us they don't read, we can read from and so on. So and this will expand our knowledge. But if you come across anything, which is clearly against what you know, I mean, what you know what you've learned so far, don't act on it until you check with a scholar.
Now, it may be that what you were doing was, in fact wrong. Because for example, you know, you may be for example, wiping the back of your neck after making what do you make with the wrap your head around your neck? Now, when you go through the books, maybe you went and looked into all of this, and you can't find it anywhere? So here question mark, is it from Sundar or not? Now,
as it turns out, it isn't.
It isn't to wipe your neck in making window. This is not authentic. To do so, I mean, when you go into Hanafi madhhab, and they have some kind of logic about you know, when you wipe your head, you use this, and it's the water on the back end to use everything. You know, there's a logic behind it, but it's not enough.
Or, for example, you're a Shafi you know, and for shafted when you're doing massage, commonly, they'll just move the head back a little bit in the tub, some water here, and that's the farther head
this is commonly among many
common Sharpies doing this. So now you go back and you look into the books that had this, you don't find this described this way at all everywhere. It's described as white the whole of his head, nobody patting the front of his head. So you see. So again, you might say this goes against everything I know so far, check with a scholar as it turns out, in fact, it is not from the sun at all. It was a product of scholars debating as to what constitutes matter.
An academic issue, scholars trying to determine what is the minimum that a person may do to fulfill the requirements of massage. Now they said well massage is done on the shot.
Here is shot, one here is shot.
Two here is his shot.
Three years is shot, three and up is called shot. So they said the minimum that a person
to achieve fulfill the requirements for massage is too wide three years. This is academic.
This is not good enough. This is an academic discussion. So unfortunately that ended up in the books and handed down to people's figure now all you have to do is wait three years in front of your head. Now you've done your massage, it's done. But of course this is not at all
So, my advisor said,
although I've given you two examples, where in fact these are not from the center, there may be other examples of things, which are in fact from the center, and you need to check with a scholar to confirm, is it so or not, you know, before acting on it.
Next question from the lady side.
The statement that some people make,
that the Imam Muslim was a Shafi.
This is the claim of the Shah phase,
or 100 FPS who don't want to accept positions that he held, that he brought in terms of Hadith to justify their sticking to the Hanafi position.
But, Mr. Muslim, though he studied under students of Imam Shafi he studied as Imam Bukhari studied under a mom admittedly humble and nobody calls him a humble he, you know, Mr. Muslim, in the same way was not restricted by any of the mothers just like a Buddha would. Or an aside the leading scholars of Hadith they were just called Adnan Hadees. The people of Hadith scholars of Hadith Sunday studied under the scholars that were available in their areas they studied, they studied language, Arabic language, grammar, etc. And, you know, people who focus on these particular areas, you know, they will try to attribute to them, that particular area that they are that they favor,
but in fact, those scholars were just as we said, and in Hades, they made their rulings on the basis of the authentic hadith, following the methodology of the Sahaba the time and and those who came after them.