Channel: Bashar Shala
Series: Bashar Shala - The Four Caliphs
Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
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The brothers and sisters in Islam we continue on. Today on our study of the life of the first successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Abdullah, who have been known as Abubakar of Soviet may Allah be pleased with him. And we were studying the major contribution of Abu Bakr to our slammed our religion into our Islamic history. And how how much this man supported the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we got into his life after the passing away of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and how much
this particular man may Allah be pleased with him, Abubakar contributed to the stem establishment of this slamming on them to
lay the foundation of strong Islamic Society and Islamic state that lived on for many many centuries. And we ask Allah subhanaw taala to revive this Islamic Ummah again and united the same way aboubaker look just like a locket to revive this Islamic online united the same way it was united before.
Some of the major contributions that we mentioned the Abu Bakr Siddiq were number one uniting the Muslim Ummah, on one Khalifa on one successor. We saw that how after the death of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the Muslim Ummah was about to break down the Assad wanted a Khalifa the Maha jurien wanted halifa and they were wanting to alternate and and and mix and match and etc. and Abu Bakar insisted on your liking that and eventually he became the halifa not liking it, he did not want to be the successor and before his death, as we will see, he would say that the only thing he he regrets was accepting that he left on that particular day, he had no choice. He accepted it to
unite and to settle the problem that was happening on the Sunday film and he said that we went over that Polycom setup in details. The second major contribution is we went over again with the words of avec de the words of their opinion how people turned away from Islam and went astray and how Abu Bakr Siddiq steadfast, and he insisted on following the path of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam as designed and as as painted by Allah subhanho wa Taala not deviating from it and that paid off and that united the Muslim back on the very foundation that Russell masala Holly has laid down for this religion. The third major contribution is what we will show our last study today maybe the third and
the fourth major contribution that Abu Bakr had the third major contribution brothers and sisters is gathering and collecting the Quran into one book as we know it today and we will go over that inshallah. The fourth major contribution is the starting of the Islamic conquest, spreading Islam outside the borders of Arabia, is to go on beyond it and spread the word of God to the world. And we will see how much of America contributed and into all of that.
The collection of the Quran, the story of the Quran that the Sahaba when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would recite the Quran, they were divided either on a bone on on the shoulder bone, they have an animal or on a piece of leather, or on some piece of leafs and other material that they use to write on. And these leaves and small bits here and there were spread among the four howdah and not every Sahabi not every Companion of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was authorized to write it. It was certain Sahaba that were authorized by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa send them the day he knew and he knew personally, who they are and how honest and how reliable they are to carry the
word of Allah subhanho wa Taala the way it is.
And then in the event, of the the words of rebellion
We studied the Battle of admm. And the battle for the Amana Muslims were attacked hard, and they had to defend themselves a newer bout to be defeated, yet the Sahaba held together. And one of the way they held together as a model of the so called upon the core and people, the people of the Quran those are the people that knew the Quran by heart. And among them, many of them gathered and 500 or 4000 and that brigade were killed. Our martyred in the way of our last panel with the Allah all of these people were were
people that move on by heart. In some of his historic books, Islamic history books, you will see that 70 of the authorities of the Quran were killed not only the people that memorize Quran, but 70 Sahabi of the ones that are considered an authority on the Quranic Karim are killed in that singular path and that one battle. And that's when the idea of getting this Koran together, where it can be a reference where it can be in one book that any Muslim can go to knowing that this is the word of Allah at hand and with that unchanged. And this happened when a lot of new hip hop
and as many other Sweden in Islamic history books, many scholars give the credit of collecting the Quran carrying trauma. And this is why because but it happened in the time of aboubaker, and by the decree of Abu Bakar as the holy fellow Islam, and here's how it happened.
That came to Abu Bakr. And he,
he told them, he reads the news of the MMR each of them when they were together and started thinking about the loss of those who are an authority who are considered an authority on Koran. And he looked at Abu Bakr and he said
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Abu Bakr and he said, I see the killing. And I see the death among those who are the Quran memorizers. And we are to see many battles ahead, the struggle hasn't ended as Abu Bakr was getting ready now to send his armies to both Persia and design him. And he knew Omar said these people will go out on jihad, they will go out on the way of Allah subhanaw taala many of them may not come back. And then the word of Allah subhana wa tada may not be gathered the way it should be. And I see that you gather this score and gather the word of Allah subhanaw taala in one book, now this whole idea may seem to us natural, it's taken for granted. Surely you should put it up in one book. Sure, we
should have a Quran that we hope. But that was a novel idea. That is not something that they did before. There is no book in Arabia, there is no something that you can do at that time. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not do that.
And we know that the Sahaba would avoid innovation, like they avoid the plague. They would not want to add or subtract anything from the teaching and the ways of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So the worker turns on so Omar, and he said, This is not something that the Prophet did. If it's not, if this was good, when the Prophet would have done it.
I mean, it's a simple and acceptable argument. But they're not said Mr. insisted on his position. And he said, that this is good. This is something that will will preserve this Koran. This is something that will make this Koran as Allah subhanaw taala promised to preserve it, but this is also something that will keep the score on and keep it safe from those who want to attack it. Those who want to change it, those who wants to, to edit the Quran, if you will.
And Abu Bakr pondered over that contemplated over that, and when he felt it was the good thing. And he said that Allah subhanaw taala put that in my heart that we should do this. So they thought Who should we give this mission? Who should have the committee on gathering the Quran, who should be the one in charge of this? And many names were around However, one of the authorities of the Quran was still there. One of the people that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself or
And enjoined upon to write the Quran in his own hand and he was an authority on the Quran, every single ayah every single surah every single verse, every single chapter knew where it was what it was for. And that man was Zaid mosaddek. They didn't know that it was called by Omar by Abu Bakar, as the Khalifa as the commander as the the, the the, the, the ruler of the Islamic State, and he said Zaid, I will give you this mission of collecting and gathering the Quran, Corinne in one book.
They hesitated, he said, This is not something that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam has done. This is not something that we are used to do, we should keep this Koran the way it is person to person and mentor to student and and keep it going through the generation. Abu Bakr said, This is what Allah Subhana Allah, Allah open to my heart, and this is what I think is the right thing to do. And here is Omar, and many Sahaba started negotiating and started consulting with each other and every time they think about it, they think that that is the right thing to do. And then zayde finally accepts this mission. And he started getting the Quran and kelleen together.
said why they didn't have it. Why was it St. st was a young man.
And he was a young man and he was with the prophets on the law, he was sending him a lot.
And he young people learn easier than than people that are a little older. So his the knowledge of the Quran was strong, and this was was engraved in his heart engraved in his mind, he knew exactly what the plan was all about. The other thing, Zaid was very well known with his strong mind and he knew he was known for his intelligent intelligence and he was known with his good memory.
The other thing is, he was known as very righteous man. And he was known yet very well with his honesty that he never ever in his life told one lie. So that was a perfect candidate to to keep the Quran and to actually chair that committee on preserving the Quran and carry
that with us many Sahaba but he was basically the one that would go around to every single one cluding Abu Bakar including Omar including all the major Sahaba and the Quran, the ones that are known was there reading the Koran Lok Abdullah Massoud and and others that were known of their knowledge of the Quran and he would consult with them. And here is what what what he did to collect the Quran Karim, this was his way of doing this.
Everybody that that known to have something from the Prophet that he directly got from the Prophet, not from buddy, anybody else like to get something to Zaid,
if one of the Sahaba was to present something design that he wrote, he cannot be writing this as a hearsay as Brother Mohammed told brother Hasson that this is what the prophet said that was not acceptable to cite, it would be that person heard it from the Prophet directly, then he would give it as a as a goal authenticated,
then after he authenticated, he will have to have a different person coming up with the same thing and these two things have to be identical. And these two people cannot be coming with the same and the same incident was the same thing. So they have to have and then every person that he will get the Quran from has to be what is called an Islam admin, or a dude, a man of justice, somebody who is known of being honest, never lied, does not lie and carries everything as honestly as truthfully as possible. So they can say the least was very meticulous. And he was very careful about what to get and how to get it.
would have every person bring to witnesses, that he was there with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he wrote directly from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and then people to witness to his moral character to know that he is actually a person of justice, a person of a dude. And then after he will collect these, he will compare them and make sure they're all identical. They all
one letter per letter, say the same thing. And after he just authenticate all of that, finally, he would put it in the Quran Al Karim. And he presented his work at the end to Abu Bakar.
rollin Yes, he would consult with everyone and just make sure that everyone is saying the same thing about the same as about everything. Now many enemies of Quran or Islam, they would say they're different readings are different ways of reading the Quran, but that and some of these change changes the meaning of the current. But when that happened, this was the written call and that Zaid had and then later on the Koran was taken from that particular one, the writing was not different, the way they read it is exactly the same.
Sometimes the dialects of Arabs are is different. Now, Arabs have accents and dialects even in that time. And the formal Arabic that we know today is the closest of the Christ dialect, that the dialect of Christ, but there are many other dialects out there, and people would read it based on their own dialects, and sometimes it will change the meaning very slightly. And then they would consult and make sure that this is all authentic, and sometimes the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as he would approve the reading in that particular dialect. And that's how we have the different readings of the Quran carry. That's how we have different ways of reading the Quran
carrying most of us read based on Amazon, but it depends really some some habit on
on correctness, etc. So, these are, these these readings are may be a little bit different. But the writing of the Quran and the words word by word has been authenticated, and it's not to change the Day of Judgment, inshallah.
After the Quran was gathered, the major Sahaba has to approve it. Also, all these half of all these people who are memorizers, had to review it, and had to agree with all of it. And it happened unanimously. So all of those that memorize the Quran unanimously agreed that the final work of zayde, as ordered by aboubaker, was the authentic core and as descended from debris to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and as it came out from the mouth of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, so Alhamdulillah and we thank Allah Subhana Allah to Allah and then we pray that Allah Subhana Allah to Allah bless, and, and and increase the degree in paradise of those who work on this, Abu Bakar
Omar and zaidan Sabbath and the rest of the Sahaba that made sure that this Quran comes the way it is today. And this is the pride of every Muslim. The first thing that we we tell people is we have the Orion Kenny, this is the core and this is the word of Allah. This is the true Word of Allah subhanaw taala This is the authentic word of Allah subhanaw taala unchanged from the days of the Prophet, and it happened very fast after the death of the Prophet and this is only one year after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam died. The earliest Bible that we have today is 325 years after the death of Jesus Christ. After that, I should not say the death of Allah forgive me, after
the elevation of Jesus Christ allowed me
to send them to paradise to be with Allah, Allah. So only 350 years 2025 years after Christ were in Islam, this Quran was gathered the year after the Prophet sallallahu wasallam or it started gathering them and it finished the year after but but it's soon after the passing away of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam were the people that heard it from the Prophet were there. And the same people or they are the ones that wrote, wrote the Quran.
When other very important accomplishment of Abu bakkar was after he established Islam back in Arabia, for the after the words of our rector of the rebellion, After establishing this lamb on one government, after putting the smallest half the score and together, he wanted to make sure that he continue on with the message of the profits a lot. He listened. I was hurt Allah said
His Prophet nama Salah Khurana 10 Leilani. We send you as a mercy to mankind, Allah subhanaw taala we didn't send you as a mercy to Quraysh we didn't send you as mercy for the Arabs, we send you as a mercy to mankind, and mankind was under tyranny.
When Muslims wanted to spread the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala and Persia
kisara, the king of Persia, tore apart the book of the prophet sallallahu wasallam and put it under his feet. And he wanted to bring the Prophet sallallahu wasallam as a prisoner to be punished
in Persia, how we there's not calling kisara God, and he's bringing another god other than kisara
How would you not worship the fire that the Persians used to worship?
And Caesar was wanting to accept Islam, however, we know how he hesitated, and then he deviated and then he went back and went along, was was his monks and priests wanted him to do and to to held on to Christianity. But that was not the problem. The problem was, as we sow and the word of the book, when anybody wants to accept Islam, and revert Islam back from Christianity, like the governor of tonight's agenda, or the governor of the of the town that's close to the book, I said, we'll bring him and they will kill him, will kill that person that wanted to follow the words of our last panel with that. So yes, there is no compulsion in religion as far as Muslims are concerned. But if
compulsion is practiced by the tyrants, against Muslims against those who wants to live their own free will want to accept Islam, that it is the duty of Muslims, to make sure that that injustice and that transgression against those people shall be lifted, even if it takes force to lift that, even if it takes Muslim to fight the tyrants and to find stare, to fight the aggressors, to free the people to believe what they want to believe, and to make sure that the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala, would reach everybody. There isn't a compulsion in Islam. Islam was not spread by the sword.
But the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala was learned by the search to reach people. And it was up to every single every person to accept it or not accepted.
Muslims conquered the world known world at that time. Yet till today, there are so many Christians, so many Jews and the territories that Muslim conquered, they were not compulsory to follow slap.
You have the largest Muslim country in the world, Indonesia, that had a boast about 280 million Muslims today. There was no war, there was no sword going into that country. It was conquered by the word of Allah subhana wa Tada. And people of that largest Miss as a testimony from Allah subhanho wa Taala, that the word of Islam does not need you don't put faith in anybody's heart by compulsion. You don't force anybody to believe. But to make sure that people have the freedom to to embrace the face that they want to believe in, then sometimes the sword has to be used, and force has to be applied to fight the tyrants. And that's what Abu Bakr did. And that paved the way for the Islamic
conquest. And the fight against Persia and Byzantine, the largest two empires and the super powers of the world at that time. And this all started by Abu Bakar. Abu Bakr opened initially to funds.
I mean, now here you imagine this small new government state that is barely established that just one year ago, we're battling a civil war, if you will, between those who are rebellion against the government of Abu Bakar, the government of Islam and the Muslim government. And then the next year, our backer announces that he's fighting the two known superpowers and that world. This is beyond. beyond reasonable. It says beyond logic. This is what Muslims dedicated for their life for is to spread the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And to continue struggling, striving the way of Allah to Allah until everybody in the world gets the word. Everybody gets the message. As Russell was allowed
to sell on board the message gave the the trust to these people, these people felt the obligation
They have to carry this to everybody else. And this obligation falls upon us to carry the word of our last panel of God
as we live in any society, peacefully and legally, as long as we aren't oppressed, and we are not under tyranny, to bring the word of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to his servants, to his slaves, it is a trust. Islam is is is a trust. It's a covenant between a Muslim and the last panel with that, that we shall believe, and should we shall obey, and we shall take the message. And yet Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam gave us this recommendation and told us this Hadith, ballyhoo Annie wallow I, that you have to give, to have to give the message even if you give one.
But every Muslim should carry the message of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and delivered to the world.
The first army that Abu Bakar got together was the army of the Major General Islam, the genius of the of war, highly dependent elite. And he sent Harley, the New Orleans East. He sent them to Porsche. After immediately after he got back from Atlanta, said Harley don't trust Harley Get ready. Your next mission is to carry the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala and find the tyrants of Persia and lift the oppression of the people of Persia
and call it took his army and headed where Kuwait is today.
And the first battle between Muslims and Persians happened at that time. And that area was called Kalima at that time, and there was the Battle of kovner at that time, and the Muslims were victorious. And then one victory after the other before kisara knew it, that most of South West Iraq, what is today known as Iraq, most of that area of the Persian Empire, after the Euphrates River river was all under the government under the rule of the Muslims. And most of the tribes that were mostly Arab tribes at that time, were also joining Islam very fast.
And Muslims conquered the city of Alhambra at that time. And I will go over these events very fast because in sha Allah, during the time we study the life of Roma, we will study these conquests, shoreline more detail, and we will know why and how important these movements of the armies were. But then Khalid put and here are the city in South southwest aircraft today as a capital, as is as headquarters for the Muslim army there. And he was immediately after he did that abubaker sends him a message to head on to Syria, to head on to a sham to help the army and a sham. Well, what happened in a sham? I Rebecca sent four armies over there. I'm gonna last to Philistine to Palestine. May
Allah liberate them from the tyranny of those who are oppressing our brothers over there, and then the other army was by the leadership of De Luca Hasina. Now, you hear the same names that Abu Bakr used in his war against the red that against the rebellion is using these armies. Immediately, they come back from one mission, they get the other continuous struggle to go on to an origin to the people to the area of Jordan, and the Third Army by yazeed, Abby, Sophia and to L Bell cots and area area between Syria and Jordan today. And then the fourth army by Admiral Vader, honorable Gerard to him, hence was a very important area for the Byzantine Roman and it's right in the center of today
for armies over there, but these armies get into trouble they get they get try to get gathered together and, and hirako prepare a huge army, US Army to to basically repair this this danger of Muslims now invading his own territory mean, he tried many times heraclius to invade Arabia, and yet the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself led one army, then the second army was loved by as a diviner haritha the one that Abu Bakr sent and now four armies are coming. They started feeling the danger they started feeling the pressure of these Muslims coming into this this territory that they consider this
and I'm a gathered his place his his army and
In a place called edge Nadine, actually ideen is an area that is between Palestine sin and sin Jordan at this point
and sends a letter to Abu Bakar. He said there are so many of them there are so few of us, help us send us something. So Abu Bakr send them help. And the help was highly. He asked Harley to move from the east front where he was leading one victory after the other to where Muslims were threatened. Khalid asked how long is gonna take me to get there to help my brothers. And they told him it's gonna take you about a month
to because the known way the known route, where there is water on the way where you can actually get there safely and lead your army safely to get there. It's going to take you about a month to get there. He said I don't have a month, the dangerous eminence and the Roman the Byzantine Roman armies right there. And the battle should start within less than a week.
And they said there is a way there is a way in the desert but there is no water there. And the RV a man or two can go over there and carry enough equipment and enough water enough supplies with them. But you cannot lead an army there Khalid you cannot lead lead an army to cross the desert between what is today's iraq into What is today's
Palestine in in less than then than a week. It's impossible. But the genius of Khalid came up.
He said Bring me the camels bringing me the twice the camel number that the army would need. Why do you need twice the number of the camel. He said just bring him to me and just make him very, very thirsty. And then let these candles drink as much water as possible. Now camels have special reservoirs. And they're in their body where they can spill water and they can store it for a long period of time.
And then he said we will take this army with these so many camels. And then in the middle of the slaughter half of the camels. We will use the water inside the camels to drink and let the other the other camels drink from that water. We will eat these camels on the way so we will not have to carry many things with us. We'd have have to carry food. We will just eat these camels on the way. And then we will get there and in time, and we will sacrifice half of the camels on the way and it worked. And the Muslim army was surprised with this help from Harley Davidson. Waleed bring in his his own army to join the Muslims and engineer Dean and the first major battle between the Romans,
the Byzantine Roman, and the Muslim army happened at that time in engineering. And it was on the 13th year after the Hydra, and abubaker was still alive. And the Romans were defeated badly in that in that very important battle.
South of Damascus was the second battle in the life of Abu Bakar. And it was called the merger suffer. It's an area close to Damascus today. And and it is
it is where the Romans were trying to defend Damascus from this invading army coming up north invading army of the Muslims. And another battle happened. And Khalid again led the army led the coalition of the the foreign Muslim armies and his own soldiers. And he defeated the Romans again and read right after that. The news came that Abu Bakar
was sick and he was gravely ill and that's when people stopped waiting to see what happened. But the whole idea that we will take from this is who started this who started these armies going out there. It was Abu Bakar Abu Bakr takes the credit for these four important things, uniting Muslims together on one Khalifa. He takes credit for, for not compromising. When it comes to the religion when it comes to the word of Allah subhana wa tada carried from one Muslim to the other. They said what why don't you just leave them as a car? Just let's compromise with them. Let them not turn away from the slam just for money. abubaker said no. Allah subhanaw taala perfected this religion and gave it to
his prophet, this religion will not be compromised, that will not be twisted when I'm alive, even if I have to find them alone. The third major accomplishment was the Quran was gathering Korean Korean in one book and the fourth was tried starting
armies out to spread the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala which today spreads in every in every country and I'm not gonna say in almost every country in the world, because there you cannot go out and find any place on earth today that does not have Muslims Alhamdulillah
we finish the life our study of the life of this great man Abu Bakar by saying some of his attributes just to get to know him to know who he was, and then we will talk about the period of his illness and his death his death may Allah be pleased with him.
I was kind of a to Allah honored Abu Bakar in the Quran Corinne by mentioning him. Allah Subhana Allah Allah said, in Lacan, Saru pocket nosara hula is Roger hula Deena cafaro 10. Yes nine is hula
hula Lisa a de la in Nova Nana. Lhasa contra Allah mentions Abu Bakar was the Prophet sallallahu wasallam in the cave, in cave of silver, when they hid from the eyes of the persecution of the of the those the patients that are after them, and he cave and Allah subhanaw taala said to about the profit is via code only saw heavy the profit is talking to his companion well, who's his companion? It was none but Abubakar a Sunday, May Allah be pleased with him. Like I said, Do not be sad and do not be sorrow is Allah is with us. So Allah honored aboubaker Bye, bye bye telling everybody so the day of judgment that always with him, along with the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and how can
somebody who's a law is with can go wrong or go astray.
And then when the pagans said about aboubaker, freeing the land, they said the land had favor with aboubaker and aboubaker freedom because of that favor. And that was how they send the rumor out. And Allah subhanaw taala said, while earlier had been in Dahomey near and met the introducer in lefty, LA, our Chair of the hill Allah, Allah soulfire. Ba Moscato said these verses were revealed about Abu Bakar that it's not because of a favor, that he is wanted that he wanted to spend the money in the way of Allah, Allah, He only spent his money to please Allah Subhana with Allah, and he, that servant whoever he was, or whoever he is, the day of judgment that will spend the money in the way
of our last panel with the Allah, Allah will please that person, Allah will please that servant
in both Muslim and Al Bukhari, this hadith and Subhan Allah you hear this hadith and you just wish that you just know Abu Bakar so we may be close to him in the way in the Day of Judgment, but some Nelson allottee or some of them said, and this is knighted in Bukhari, and Muslim in athlet, in eternity and in SI so it's very authenticated, very well narrated Hadees that person has a lot to sell and segment and stuff. So Jane, if he said, Eli, you know the mean of why Bill jannetty Abdullah he has
that whoever stands in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala then he would be called from Paradise to come in
and then continues and then Cana min and his Salafi de unindicted Sala, those who would do Salah Tolkien lane perfective Sala, diligently then the door of Salah the gate of Salah will call upon them, woman cannon and in Jihad during an unbearable Jihad and those who strive in the way of Allah subhanaw taala there will be called from the gate of jihad to enter Paradise. Well, I'm Can I mean at least I am doing an invaluable again, that who will who was who fast and in righteousness to worship Allah there is a door special door code or a yen. Now these people were thirsty for the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala during the CM Abra Yan is the thirst that's been quenched. That's what it
means in Arabic. And they would be called from that gate to come and quench their thirst from the rivers of paradise. Now lawmakers have them. woman can I mean and he saw the cop do a mean dead for the car. And those who given charity gives their money then the door the gate of charity was beholding upon them. And other backers said you're assuming on law, how you die I had one meeting
with somebody walk in and all these gates would be calling upon him. Can somebody be from the people of Salah from the people of Sudan from the people of South Africa from the people of jihad, all these gates want them to come to paradise. And the Prophet said now we're out of Jew and takuna mean home
Yes, there will be people that will be called from all these gates and I asked along when there are so lasallian send them says so then this is actually effect and I see that you are from them that you would be from these people.
This is the the the rank of Abu Bakar among Muslims
and I met and why did he get there is explained in this next Hadith that is mentioned inside Muslim This is all authenticated Hadees inshallah, and it is America on the authority of Abu hurayrah May Allah be pleased with him. One day Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was among his companion and he said, then as the humming Komiyama foreigner who is fasting among you, and Abu Bakr said, Allah, I am fasting. He was the one he was nothing he was not on the bone. There was so much rice and wants to entice him to do good wants to teach them well what good is and and here is Abu Bakr is an example. And then he said fell into the alma janessa looking for somebody else to learn something
else who followed the funeral today. And Abu Bakr said, Anna, I follow the funeral today. And so no Somali was Salam Lucan again from an adenine cuyama mareeba who visited a sick man today. And Abu Bakr says Anna, it's the same person aboubaker again, for Karla Suba ma, ma, ma Holly usnm match the Nana femur in lead halogen, these three happening in one day would not be in one person unless that person is destined for paradise, inshallah.
Omar used to say and this is a famous word from him Massa back to the Quran, Allah hiren, Elizabeth and Eli, I was never in a race with Abu Bakar to anything good unless he would be the one to get there. And we remember this story when Omar was so enthusiastic about supporting Islam and he brought half of his money, sort of so lost a lot he was sending them to support Jason Ursula, the army of hardship that we studied and was with the book, and he brought half of his belonging to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the 50% and then Abu Bakr brings 100% brings everything and Omar looks at him and he says we're lying outside your cupboard and yummy EPA will lie I will not compete with
you after 30 days. He just got desperate from from competing with this man that always always in the front when it comes to good deed. I mean, when I used to call him a setback, the one who was in the forefront, the bad one who who's always in the race and he's always in the front is always whenever you see good deed abubaker would be first. Whenever you see Jihad Abubakar is first you never you see charity Abu Bakr is first and every time Abubakar would be in the forefront of doing anything. One time Mr. finds a woman lives outside Medina and she's a blind elderly woman living in a tent and Mr. walks by his tent and the tent is clean and there is food for her. And it's obvious that she
doesn't do it herself. So Omar said, Let me find who's doing this for this woman. He said why why don't I just come and serve her so I can get the reward from Allah subhanaw taala and as he was getting to this standard, he sees some other man doing this clewd things, preparing the food and doing the milk milking the goats for the woman and he gets closer and he sees the governor. He sees the ruler. He sees Abubakar doing this. And then he says Rahim Allah, that crane cut at the other man, Ababa. May Allah have mercy and Abubakar He will make tired those who will succeed after him and will who can fill his position and Allah. Allah pleases me that Mr. himself will have to be the
successor of Abu Bakar. May Allah be pleased with all of them sha Allah
again narrated on the authority of in Muslim Hari and Ahmed and a tirmidhi. On the authority of Abu Zeid, who could read that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke of Abu Bakar spoke of Abu Bakar and he said in limine, and then the NASA la se la se so Betty he was
one of the people that have most favored upon me, and the prophets speaking in their companionship and in their money is Abubakar
what our continued taxes and hollyland are of the left.
If I have to find a family and there is no word in Arabic to be translated as Helene Helene is not a friend is not a companion. It's almost like a
So an eighth of the soul it's somebody that you cherish and and and and respect and this is what Russell Messiah Sallam said that this rank in my heart, the one the only one that can fill this in my heart is our last panel with Allah is my adore my dog worship is only to Allah. And if I have to have any other person that would fill my heart, there would have been Abubakar
but it is only Allah what I can offer to you who work in Islam you Ahmad better it's only the brethren of Islam that gets us together. There. Yep, this is this is what Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said right before his death, when he got up on the number and he was sick and he was telling everybody almost his final farewell. And he said lay a pie in nothingness God Babylon says
that you should close every gate. And
kid has to be defined by walls and certain gates of the masjid. But leave one leave one door there. And that is the door of Abu Bakr in honor of Abu Bakr
and in another narration on the authority of Abu hurayrah bassoon wa salatu wa sallam said man assignee man and man, the founding editor of the Bible, Bakker that there has not been an any amount of money that is more beneficial to me than the money of Abu Bakar. Now, here's how generous he was. That I should say is that the money of Abu Bakar was almost like the money or was it was the money across a lot I would take would have a free hand and taking in the money of Abu Bakar and only Abu Bakar. Now Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam would would he would take any money and it would not take anything, except he would feel free that to ask a backer to give in charity, because he knew how
generous abubaker is and how dissociated he is from this earth. How dissociated he is from this money. This money meant nothing to Abubakar and this is what Russell lasallian seldom said nothing was more beneficial. That was more good to me than the money of Abu Bakar. And then I started crying and he said when no one merely luck and me and my money is for you. Not so much What is this? What is this that you're talking about? You're talking that you have my money was good to you? I myself my soul, I am to you what I saw a lot he said it three times. And then he looked at Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam and said woman afonya law in Lubbock that, that I you saying that? You are
benefiting from my money alive benefited me with you with your message. I was in Germany I was an idol worshiper. And here a lot honestly, by knowing you would assume a lot by you being with you by being your companion. And our abubaker was so humbled by by the compliment of their former former Mohali, who will send them
and finally to know how close he was to Russell glossolalia or send them on a shahana tirmidhi again, that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam was asked Yara Suma law at University of blue lake, who is the most beloved person to you? He said,
I says the most beloved person to the heart of the Prophet. He said no, we mean the men we mean of the men, he said a boo her her father, her father abubaker, Sunday is the most beloved man to the heart of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
life of Abu Bakar
was to come to an end.
And this major compliment accomplishment in Islam. This major contribution in Islam,
taken place in the time of Abu bakkar has to stop in the month of July the last hoorah on the 13th year after the emigration of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And welcome, started getting sick on the seventh of June Madden Acura on 13 years after Hendra and there are many different stories about how he got sick one of them that he took a cold shower and got out and had some type of an infection or some kind of pneumonia and there are other stories there. But what is known as he was having fever for 15 days in a row. So while I learned what it was maybe some type of an infection
in one narration was that he was that he had tuberculosis.
But although Allah Allah Allah knows best, who knows that however, he had an illness, and that month of geometric occur on the 13th year of Hydra, and he was having fever for 15 days and he could not go out for Salah. So reminiscent of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam illness in the final days of the prophets live, and he appointed Mr. Bob, to lead people in the prayer to become a man for the prayer. And then I will work towards getting sicker and sicker and things were not getting better and he started thinking about what happened. Now, when the Prophet died, things were about to explode and about to erupt. And there was about to have a tribulation that would divide the Muslim
on that, between Arsalan Mahajan, Ian and Abu Bakar was so concerned that this can happen again. So I started thinking about what to do, about how to resolve this issue of the succession. Who's gonna follow him. He started feeling that he's not going to make that this was his final illness. These are his final days. And then he started gathering the Sahaba and the people and he said
it no cogniser Lavina taraba alaikum Salaam wa avani illa Ethan Lena de that I feel like I'm about to die. I feel like I am in my final illness. One o'clock Allahu Amen. I couldn't do it. This pledge that you have given me is now back to you. I'm not your police anymore. But you take it back, take the pledge, it actually gave me back. Well, how Lancome, Becky, the covenants between you and me is broken. Now. I'm not healthy to become to stay as your leader.
Or Dalai Lama calm your leadership is back to you, your your your your your government is back to you for a new era command. It's not to be anarchy. No, you have to choose a leader. So go ahead and choose a leader among you. He wanted to see what they're going to do.
time they come in emergency hierarchy and he can tell you full body because if you choose now before I die, you will not have a conflict after I I die, that when I'm alive. If you choose a successor for me, then it will be the way it is. So they consulted and discussed and nothing happened. It could not gather their word on one person. So they came back to him. And they said I know you're Rasulullah hanifa rasulillah. Yeah, tell us what you think, tell us we couldn't get we couldn't reach a person we couldn't reach a man that we would make the successor. So he said, um, he Looney had that on hora de la he when he when he retired, then give me some time. So I was thinking about
what would be good in front of Allah and his religion and Muslims are in the Muslim. Then he called a close companion that is close to him. His name was
very non companion, one of the 10 that are given the black dining of paradise. And he said what do you think of him?
he said, That is me and I'm reading. The Alamo became in need for call Allahu sakala
ally of Burma, Kofi. Annan said, you know, Mr. Why are you asking me about him? He said, just indulge me. Tell me. What do you think of Omar? He said, Whatever you think of Omar Omar is better than what you think. As good as you think that Omar is, number is even better. Then he called us man, this man had the same answer. And a friend said that, that what Mr. Hyde is even better than what he announces that Omar is such a good man and such a good Muslim. And
there is none. Nobody among us, just like I am I am not so good. That is nobody just as good as him.
When he called the consign Macedo, another one of the 10 then He called on the close to heaven, he would ask every one of them What do they think of Omar What do they think of Omar and everybody's recommending come up to the to the
max. So as the word got out, and Rebecca is calling about everybody and asking about Mr. Van aboubaker is thinking about Tamar. Well, some of the people did not like this why they think Omar is so harsh. I'm so strict. So they came to Abu Bakr and they said, Man, the car is on the road Arabic. Allah canister classica Omar and Elena
can love What do you tell a lot if he asked you why they What do you mean? I'm a funny fan, you know that he's harsh. And you know that he's so strict. And if he becomes the ruler, if he becomes the elite, I will become even harsher and stricter. He will he will torture us he will then do this and that this don't give me the authority
And then Abu Bakr said he was laying in his bed and he said sit me up. He didn't have the strength to set up to reply to them and they sent him up and he said, Abdullah he to help you fooled me. Are you threatening me or making you think I'm not afraid of Allah? And I'm up I'm about to meet on law. You are threatening me with a loss of Hannah what Allah
And then he said how sementes over them in America.
The one who would be afraid is the one who is transgressing who was doing something wrong. But I'm not doing anything wrong. Our home Then he turned down to a lot he said Allah home in the left to Allah Holika hieratic Allahumma I have given this over your slaves the best of your slaves, Mr.
McCauley, coil and turn to those who are in front of them. Go and tell people what I said or just said that he is the best of you. Then he called a finance man and a man was one of the people that would write and he called to call the policeman and he said write Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim horas ma da ve Abu Bakr Abu Dhabi. Hahaha This is what Abu Bakar cleans the son of Abu hanifa the Arcadia he did dunya hydrogen minha and his last days on earth leaving this life was a one the evil karate the hill and fee her and the first days on here after going to the here after high mineral Kassar when the unbeliever believes that when people face death so he's saying this is the time to really
be honest and be be truthful. So Allah subhanho wa Taala while you can badger and the faith goes into the heart of pagans while you swipe the card and the wire will say the truth when facing death people become more honest in Mr Calif to Allah income Daddy, that I give the succession and the government over you after me and he passed out. He could not finish the sentence.
Earth man shakes him and he does not respond. And Earth man gets afraid that this is going to be a fitness there's going to be a tribulation. So a man finishes the letter himself and he writes down a stick left to IRA combat the honorable cop and he writes a matter of no hapa but then Allah Subhana Allah pleases that Abubakar wakes up and he wants to finish his letter. He wants to finish this, this will and then he says a Corolla yamaka 3d reads me remind me what I said. And he reads and then the man said araca tantas have nfcc Russia T
is Nan said I wrote the name of Omar and this will. And then abubaker said, may Allah reward you. I know you were afraid that people will have a conflict. If I die in this coma, and this episode of coma that I had, may Allah reward you. Then he said, finished this book, finished this letter. That's now after you then obey Him.
Obey, hear Him and OBEY Him. While in Neelam l en la hora Sula, who were Dina when it seems
that my intention with Allah, His Prophet, his religion, and his and myself and you only the good thing only the right thing, but this is my intention is the righteous thing for all of us, say Nadella if he was just Omar if it was just for gallica one movie while we see this is what I hope this is what I know about him why in bed then but if this power of being the ruler being the successor changed him as we know power changes people so that in benteler the fee change fell equilibria and know that every person is reliable and every person is accountable in front of Allah Subhana Allah well how you act and I only wanted the good while Allah movie and I don't know the
unknown the wave the future I don't know it so um, he's just given people what he was thinking and the time of his death upon Allah see how how honest he is. And then he said was Hey, I
am Colombian callable, that if he changed, he recited this air, that Allah then Allah said, Those who transgress then they will know when the face Allah subhanho wa Taala was there my punishment will be is giving this message to Omar Do not let this change you. Do not lose power change it because you are to confront to front Allah Subhana Allah and you will be accountable for you
deeds with Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And that was the final will that he had for people.
So Iceman got out of people with this seal book sales letter, and he said, as a valuable element he has keytab do give you give me a place to whomever name is in this world. And most people said yes. And then in another narration abubaker looked at a small window of his house and he said, I hadn't so in need,
are people I have a rule, I have a covenant. I will not tell the name would you accept? And people said yes, we will accept whoever you would recommend, or successor of Allah subhana wa Taala. Except one man said, No. And my man was
said I would not accept unless it is Omar.
And Omar is the only one that I would accept.
And it was Omar, and everybody pledge allegiance to that person whose name in that book, and it was a matter of mocha pop.
And that's what and then Abu Bakar revealed the name of pharma, or man revealed the name of Mr. Depending on the narration. And then he prayed to Allah subhanho wa Taala and he said Allahumma Lem Delica in Fowler home to Allah, He will fitna, Oh Allah, I only wanted the righteous thing. I only wanted the best for the Muslim ummah. And I was afraid of the tribulation family to see him and to Allah movie. And then I did what I did. That's why I gave the succession in the world. Watch the head to the home era, he and I did the best with my opinion. For later I lay him for a home, Aqua whom I lay, for whom I know no shadow. And I have gave their their succession I gave their
governments to that who has the best of them and the strongest among them and the one that is diligently working on the best for them.
What God had on him in America marhaba and then you see what is happening to me his final hour listening see him for inaho maybe one hour see him via duck then
then make me then make the succession for me and the good that means let the good that comes out of this like give me somebody words in it was the home and your home and rectify for them. They are governor Rama, the making of those who are good, what jolly woman who left in Karachi Dean and make him have those right to a successor of the Prophet yesterday. Oh, who Donna de la sala Hina bada was the hora Yatta and make him have the right to his successors, and let them follow the path of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and make the people under him righteous and good believers and good Muslims.
And then on the final day was Monday. And that was with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in his final hour, was with her father,
Abubakar and she said he looked at me and he said, au Yeoman, Heather, which day is this? And they said it's Monday. And Rebecca said thank you so much. They Russell was allowed to sell them died. They said it was a Monday as well. And they said he said for any of you may have a new or a new line that I wish that I died on the same day that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam died. And then he asked for Thema, phentermine. nebby, he asked his daughter who's the wife of the profit, she knows the details of the profits variable. He said, What did you wrap? What kind of shrouds Did you have the profits in? And she said, three y shrouds from Yemen.
And then he said, looked at his bed and he saw two sheets on the bed. And he said, Take these two sheets are not dead. And if I die, then wash them and wrap me in these sheets and the shrouds and I just said yeah, but they're called the Rasul Allah.
Allah Subhana. Allah gave us good sustenance and good breath.
Look affino caffeine Shahid. We will learn a new clean cloth and a new shroud why these two old cheats, and Abu Bakr have said in higher wages in a jedidiah tsunami, he left the home in LA yet in CO studied, that the live the living is more in need of the new clothes than the dead people. Just put me in these sheets that I sleep on these old crowds and put me in that
And then while he was dying, she said she was facing in a poem. She said, Now I'm looking at you when he saw when he said that. He's a hotshot young woman. robocopy has subtle, she was saying a poem in Arabic. What would the money do? What would the wealth of life do to someone when he is about to breathe his last breath and meet a loss of Hannah who with Ireland, and Rebecca said, say no poetry, do not say the poem but say,
water at Saqqara to note even help, that he can contaminate the heat. It is a sight to diverse from sort of cough, that the last breath of dying of death came and, and the truth from the last panel with Allah, and that's what people avoid all their life. And he puts on her head, her head, his head on her, and he died in her hands like the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the same hand.
And his succession after the Prophet lasted exactly two years, three months, and 10 days. And that's two years, three months and 10 days, is what changed the history of Islam forever.
He died, he was 63 years old, just like the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And he was buried in the same place beside his beloved prophet.
His head was at the level of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam shoulders, next to the grave of the prophet in the same room that the prophets a lot he will send them was burned at and it is the room of Arusha. May Allah be pleased on all of them. And with this, we conclude our study of the life of this first successor, and the first Muslim among men, and the closest companion to the prophets on the lohani usnm. We ask Allah subhana wa ala as we did not get the chance to meet with the Prophet with the companions, Abu Bakar, Amato, and Allie in this life and the rest of the Sahaba may Allah be pleased with them, to gather us with them in general and sha Allah and to make our
deeds righteous to follow their own and to follow their role model so we can be worthy of accompanying them and meeting them and here after insha Allah, wa salam ala Sayyidina, Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Ah, we may have time for a question or two, and we will have to make time for them. inshallah.
The, what burner is alluding to is actually mentioned by the scholars that we know in the last Ramadan of the life of the Prophet sallallahu sentiments every year jabril comes and he reviews the rehearsed of the Quran with the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
And the Prophet would recite the Quran with jabril gibreel presence to review this whole Quran And then last year of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. It was reviewed twice, and in one of them's eight of the fabric was present. And that is yes, that is narrated by many scholars. And it's referenced in many books. And there is a website that goes over
just that it's a full book that goes over the end for those people who who are interested in reviewing this and inshallah, we'll provide that after the prayer I'm I don't have the site.
But I can email it to those who are interested, just email me at be shala yahoo.com. And I emailed you back to the site, it's a whole book about how this happened. And it was well reference how they didn't have it was in the second review, and he was present as the Prophet was reciting the Quran as it should be to gibreel. And that's why one of the reasons there's about 10 reasons why zayde was chosen and this is one one of them. Because,
the question is, what is this, the closer hydrolat Abu Bakr, Omar Osman, Iceman and Annie, there was no role of government in particular that was assigned to either one of them, but they were consultants at large and we see that when the Abu Bakr wants to consult with the Sahaba he would call Ali, he would call Abdullah
he would call a smile. I'm not a fan and this man was almost like, like it was enough for him. He would call him for for a lot of things. But the only person that got an official government position was Mr. And his official government position was judge was chief justice.
Clap. And he was appointed as a judge. And that was the first actually appointment in Islam. And as a judge, and for two years he sat without any cases presented to him. So he resigned.
tabaka and he said, You gave me this post, and I have no work. There is no conflict. No people there are no fighting among people. So he resigned and he accepted his resignation. And that was narrated in the books of history.
abubaker Abubakar only in the last 15 days where Mr. kebab was the man as in the most Islamic especially in the righteous Holly family ferocity, the man is the leader, the enam is is who leads is the government and the religious and the military. It's all in one person and that was the way of the government at that time. Yes, like last question.
It was throughout from a bond with law alum and and I will look into that a little bit more to see if there any
a wall alum, I don't know the exact how to. But that was one of the narration that they didn't have. It was present in the final recitation of the Quran of the Prophet. Did you bring it in the final announcement? So he was a witness to that?
I don't know. I don't want to tell you anything. I don't know. I don't I can't reference.
There's a common law. Hey, I'm Sharla and then, a Shan Shan love