Abu Bakr as-Sideeq – The Four Caliphs – part 6

Bashar Shala


Channel: Bashar Shala


File Size: 17.26MB

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

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Selam Aleykum la vaca

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smilla rahmanir rahim al

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu salatu wa sallim ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi h nine along I live in LA and found out and finally Marlon Tana Was it nylen contadina hamara honey, ask Allah subhana wa tada to increase our knowledge in Islam and to make us of those who hear the best of what has been taught, and follow the best of it inshallah

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we continue on on our study of the life of the first successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and we will do inshallah, a quick review for the ones that were not there last

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session last Sunday, about some of the events that happen in what we call read that the words of the Rebellion that happened after people rejected Islam for various reasons, and turned back on their heels as a last con cada described before and they rejected the faith that muscle muscle It was a number down and it's also a good review for us that were there to kind of follow on the same track and inshallah we'll try to finish that today. After abubaker became the first successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that was in the 11th year after hereafter the trip from Mecca to Medina that the Prophet sallahu wa sallam did in its 11th year 11 years into the state of Islam.

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Here comes the most

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dangerous threat to the to the state of Islam to the government of Islam after the passing away of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, as most Arabia rebuilt after the death of the Prophet, except very concentrated enclaves in Medina, which was the capital of Islam during the

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that time, and then NACA, and the small city of five. There's also a small enclave in Bahrain, which is Eastern of Saudi Arabia.

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Most of Arabs that time rejected Islam, and then rejected on on mostly two different accounts. Number one, they rejected some of the pillars of Islam, and they would not consider that as part of religion as part of Deen. And the part that they chose to religion, most of them was the campaign and charity, if anything that would touch the wallet, the safe, then that would not go with the love of the earthly life. So they decided to reject this religion altogether. And they considered as we said before, the Zika as a penalty as attacks they used to pay for Mohammed. And after Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam died, then they found that there's no reason to pay this tax. And if not think of

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it as a charity to perfil purify their hearts and purify the money.

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other tribes rebelled against Sala against performing the five daily prayer, some of them negotiated that they will not do the dome prayer and they will not do the Isha prayer will not do that. Also prayer, they wanted to reduce it down from five they want to modify and innovate in the religion. And that is not something that Abu Bakar or the closest Sahaba would would accept. And yet even worse, there has been some false prophets that sprung up in Arabia, some, some people thought will, the best way to get into controlling most of Arabia, while it comes Salah Morocco is to become a prophet. Here's Mohammed in about 23 years, became the absolute ruler of the Arabia of the non Arab

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world at that time. So this seems to be the fastest way to attain power. So we're playing Prophethood and some profit amp and and profit. So if you want some lady profits also started springing up. One of them was settlement, and other one needs to jack this lady's and then there were two main pitfalls profits, one of them called an escort LLC, and Yemen. And Salem, and a place called Le annamma would have been handy for us to live. And that is an AMA nowadays, it's about and this method may not really be very accurate, but it's basically about 100 250 miles southeast of current Riyadh, the capital of Arabia, that's where you remember was, and then there is Elijah, and

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he was also the prophet of acid. So we'll say lemma was the prophet of Benny Hanif and like how is the prophet of acid and we spoke of Taneja how he was defeated by the army of pilot.

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In this critical time I'll be back I made a critical decision to send expeditions

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to affirm the religion of Islam, and

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to make sure that people will stay on the religion of Islam, even if that would, as he said, would cause them to be dragged by the beast and for his body to be dragged by beast in the desert, even if he was going to have to fight this alone, he's going to have to find it, he will not allow innovation, he will not allow the school inside the Muslim online said the Muslim government to happen. And the words of our renda was to correct an internal problem within the Muslim on that that time these were all territories that abided by the law of the Prophet at the time the Prophet died, and then decided to rebel against his successor abubaker.

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The first attack, as we said was from the closest people to Medina were to the tribes of absence of yarn. And there was the Battle of the Casa where Abu Bakar and his army were able to defeat the speed. Then Abu Bakr started sending the armies to discipline and to retaliate against the rebellions. And he ascends 11 armies, as we talked about, we'll just go briefly over that. And then we will discuss in detail the major battle of hanifa and yamamah. This was the expedition of Khalid, which was ordered to go first, to Benny Pyatt, then acid, then theanine and then go down to Benny hanifa. And yet to support harlot in Benny hanifa Abu Bakr sent the army of short appeal. And he

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said, he said also, he said, also the army of air cleaner, son of LBJ, and then then this many other armies, as we spoke about the army of life to the tribe of slain and above the last to Cuba and the north, and finally the Messiah and also to the borders of a sham.

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And Allah will have brought me to and behind and whose mission is to do that and address at mahatama to mohalla. And then he sent to our new CNN, the El mohajir, of Romania and slideable. Laughlin.

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But yet the most important army the mercy, the strongest hole of the rebellion was in Indiana, the army of New Zealand and and the power of selama reached about 100,000 fighters, he was well feared in Arabia. And he, he posed a great danger to the government of Abu Bakr.

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Before we start talking about sailor man who he is, let's just review quickly what pilot did in his expedition. He first went in and fought against the light half after

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having actually a peace treaty was that they broke off the light hand and he defeated the light and polite escape to a sham to Damascus. Later on, fillet how repented came back, and we announced his Islam, and he actually fought in the Wars of Islam, and he was martyred in the Battle of New Holland, in Iran today.

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There was another prophet s or lady Prophet, if you want and her name was to jack. So jack was looking for power. And she had she was from the people of devil it was from Northern Arabian, and they were all in this in this area between Iraq and Jordan today, and they were allies to the Roman Byzantine Empire. And what subject she she claimed that also she's a prophet, and she was looking for power and she decided the first thing to do is to attack Salem. Now, there was really no Alliance there. What they wanted is power. They wanted control over Arabia. So she leads an army towards India, Mama, Salem, decided that he cannot face three Muslim armies coming to them to him,

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plus fighting suggest so he offered to jack a 3d and he had a 3d with her, and she returned with her armies, and he married her, and he gave her part of the spoils of him and he gave her money and let her go back not finding him. So john Harney later on was defeated, and she escaped also and later on she actually repented and claimed and returned to Islam again, she died at the time of Somalia she lived long after the these battles.

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On the way

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to Alia mama Khalid was ordered as we said to attack a sudden in semi

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and then there was a problem there and after the Battle of Leon epipelagic

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escaped. Khalid attacked the people of the mean and he defeated them. And he captured many prisoners from the people of to me. And there was a historic event that happened on the night of that battle. Now, we said that Rebecca

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ordered his army clearly as we narrated and recited and went over the orders of Abu Bakr that that everybody should be given the chance to repent, they should be offered the chance to come back to Islam. And if they don't, and if they decided to fight, then there is no treaty and their prisoners will be killed. Like the same thing they do with the Muslim prisoners that they captured, they would kill the prisoners and highlight that that night.

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He there are two narrations to this story is two

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stories that are reported in the books of history. One of them that Khalid asked his soldiers to reform the prisoners. And he said in Arabic and few asako, while in the dialect of that area, what is narrated that to the verb have, and for us Rocco means to kill them. So some of the soldiers went there. And instead of It was a cold night, instead of light and fire to warm the prisoners, they actually slaughtered the prisoners. And among them was Melaka blue wire up the head of that tribe. And another narration and a lot of that was the true one is how they decided to execute the prisoners that fought against him from the people of demean. And they have rejected his call to

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Allah subhanaw taala. And they fought and rebelled, and he decided to take the orders of Abubakar as he understood it, and just get rid of the prisoners. Well, after Khalid went back to Medina, the news have proceeded him that he actually killed Malik bitten the wire. And some of the rumors were that he killed Malik so he can marry his wife. And he actually did marry Selma mallets life after he was killed. So I'm not gonna hop up, I'm not was very angry with this whole incident. And he was very violent with Khalid upon coming back to Medina. And he wanted Abu Bakar to to punish him. And he wanted him to demote him. And he wanted him to not make him a commander ever again, Rebecca said,

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and this actually contradicts everything that was reported about Holly that he actually did anything against Islam that night, he said he made he had he tried to do the best he can, among the with the orders he had, and he made a mistake. And Rebecca said he, the drunk he did, he had wrong, and I will not put down a sword that Allah subhanaw taala himself took up, that harlot is the sword of Allah subhanaw taala he's the sword of God as he's known, in our best, what Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. So the Prophet said, of a harlot, that he's a sword of Allah. And an Abu Bakr said, I will not demote him, if he's a sword that that was taken by a loss of contact with Allah, I will not put

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it down later on in history, I'm not

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he did not give them enough chance to repent because most according to most accounts, they actually some of them actually, were thinking about attendance and wanted to repent. And most of the people at that time including my warning, I mean, didn't want really, they were not out to kill people, they're out to make sure that this plan stays in a Muslim state. And this one stays in Arabia, and this religion will come to us the same way or su la sala de Sala method, without any new innovation and without any compromise. And

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later on himself, the first thing he did after he became halifa, he became the commander of Chief, if you will, for the Muslim armies. He demoted Khalid immediately after after he was in charge.

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So that was the the initial conflict between them. And we will show that study that later on in the life of a mob that Omar didn't have any grudge against Khalid Ahmed did not have any problems with Khalid personally had problem with the way Khalid was conducting the battles, especially in this time. And later on. He had a problem with people thinking that victory is coming, because Khalid is leading the army, because they're thinking that Hollywood is a great general is a great leader, and that's why we're victorious. And wherever Khalid goes, victory follows. He wanted people to understand victories from our last panel with Allah and Allah to Allison's victory. And it's not one

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general, one leader, one commander that is causing the Muslim to be victorious. And that was what most scholars said, That's why I'm our demoted harlot in the valley.

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So we go back to the story of Mozilla Mozilla was the greatest danger for the

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Muslim and non Muslim at that time he had the largest army and he had the greatest power in Eastern and middle Arabia and he controlled large area a large, large, populous, larger draft population at that time.

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Los Alamos rebellion is actually goes back to the before the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he had an encounter with the Prophet himself. Remember at after the conquest of Mecca, the delegations would come to me to Mecca to declare Islam and to accept the authority of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Well, masala came with a delegation of hanifa. And

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he faced the Prophet sallallahu wasallam with the claim that if you would give me the succession after youth, I would become the leader after you then our following. That was his offer to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. The Prophet had to stick with in his hand out of June it's called it's an old stuck branch of a tree. He was he had in his hand, and he said, If you asked me this branch, if he asked me this stick, I will not give it to you. It is up to Allah subhanho wa Taala. To decide it's not up to me, a prophet is telling this man, it's not even up to the prophet to decide who follows the prophet in succession and who becomes the leader of the Muslim ummah. It is up to Allah

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subhanho wa Taala. He said in the Lord Belinda, Yuriko, Harmonia sha Allah subhanaw taala will make whoever he pleases the heirs of this earth.

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So Santa Ana goes back to your Nana, and he sends a letter to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And the letters reads musei Lemma rasuluh la, la Mohammad, Passover law from Salem as a prophet of Allah, Muhammad, the prophet of Allah, friendliness fell out of the water cannons for her, I have half of the earth and you have the other half later on the coronation Harmonia de Lune but Christ are unfair people that you are just taken too much that it is it's actually half for me and almost like gave me half and gave you half. But to Mohamed This is transgressing upon my share of this deal. So I said lasallian salam writes him back, a very short, very, very meaningful letter.

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Mohammed Rasulullah, from Mohammed prophet of Allah. Allahu c'est la Metallica's that to Salem mega wire. And that's how his title came from this letter Salem and because that that's how he's known in history of Salem as a liar.

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In a lot of Bonilla, you refer to him and Yeshua, that the earth is to Allah that the earth is for the creator that created this, this is what this is who the earth belongs to. And all of us cannot Allah will give this to whomever he pleases. And that's it. That's the same thing. He told him, that it is not up to me. It's not up to you and you are all three of false prophets. On another narration from the Sahaba of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam looked at him, and he said, I see that you're the man that I was seeing in my dream. And they asked the Prophet What did you see in your dream and he said, I saw that I was in my dream, and I saw two bracelets of gold on my arm on my on my wrist. And

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I I hated that a profit would not wear gold, it did not want to doesn't wear any jewelry period. He said, I was I was destroyed by that. And then I was given inspiration and a dream to blow them off. And I blew him off and they disappeared. And my, my,

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my interpretation of this dream, that these are two false prophets that will come in Arabia, and obviously, obviously, there was more but the two more and most important ones, what is what they don't see, and we'll say them and these two that the prophets, prophets, Allah insolent prophesized, actually the two that came up during his lifetime, and that's why he was only showing these two because these are actually the two that came up when he was alive, the all the other smaller profits came out later on after he died, so also loss of olalia.

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So, masala, his his product, he becomes a major danger, and he gathers a great army and Eliana to fight Islam. While he was sent three armies one was led by Khalid and the other one was led by Shivani Hassan and the third one was led by equina Pippin ob Jen and the three armies just to illustrate how important the danger off of Salem ahwaz as there was 11 armies to entire Arabia and three of them only to fight Salem.

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The number

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For those who are interested in how much how many were in the Muslim army and how many were in the

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army of New Zealand, it's there's a lot of conflicts in the end. And there's some controversy about the exact numbers. But but most scholars agree that they were outnumbered, the Muslims are outnumbered three to one or four to one. So the Muslim army was leased about maybe 20 to 30,000 a month and facing about 100,000 of the army of Salem.

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Pilot on his way to Salem and started, started facing some of the Scouts of the army of Satan and he captured group of them and among them was a man called me jack Murata and this remember that name because Mojo will have this man had wanted to kill as it as a prisoner and the people around him He said if you are going to Benny hanifa Medina is very important in there and he would help you then he would not help you dead but he will help you if he's alive. So keep him alive so he kept him and he put his wife in custody of caring for that prisoner bringing them food and etc and he kept them close to his tent to make sure that this prisoner is under close watch

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masala put his he's not say lemma was not the best fighters are the best generals. But he had his army leadership to a man called and mahakam able to fight and then he sent his vice prophet if you will his was here to with this army and that and that man was the heart of a heart. His name was the heart or a heart

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and then the armies started fighting outside Yeah, man I know Yeah, llama is a is a big area and it's it's reminiscent of high bar for those who studied with us the Sierra, it is multiple fortresses. And then orchards. And the orchards were actually fenced with high and great walls. And that the greatest orchard they have belonged to the sailor himself. And it's called El Hadji. And how do you call an Arabic it's basically a park and it's mostly a fenced Park sets an area, it's an oasis in the middle of the desert that is very green. And and and it will play a major role in this battle. But then fighting initially started outside the park outside this heavier car out and

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outside this garden, and then also outside the fortresses of Eliana. And the finding was very fierce, and the Muslims, the Sahaba, that were with the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, and very fierce battles, such as better a HUD and her name. They said, this was the fiercest fighting that they have ever witnessed that they've never witnessed any, any harder battle than the Battle of the annamma. And the Muslims Muslim army was broken initially, and the initial battle and the army of New Zealand are reached all the way to the 10th of Khalid, and they went into this leader stent as he was fighting outside. And this man, Zhao was tied to a column close to the 10th. And he was watching

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over and then the people came over to kill Collins's wife. And as they raise the sword to kill her, which I said do not kill her. And they would listen to him cuz he's an honorable man of, of hanifa. And he said, Well, how about to hear the best of ladies she is, he is. He basically knew her generosity. He wanted to reward her for that, and he was protecting her. Before they were able to release him from his chains. The army of Muslims came back and they they retweeted

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Muslims were killed. Many Muslims were killed in this initial attack, and the Muslim army started dispersing and the Muslim army started retreating. And then started some of the Muslim started calling with the name of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam reminding people no this is the one the first major battle after the death of the Prophet and the Prophet was not there. And people started reminding each other with the what with with their battles with the profits a lot to send them with the with the leadership of the Prophet and started calling why Mohammed, Mohammed acts like they're, they're calling upon the prophets a lot is suddenly calling the name of the prophet to remind people

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fight as if the Prophet is still with you. Fight as if the Prophet is still leading you in this battle. And the Muslim army gathered up in

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And they went on another attack against the army of Salem. But they were again outnumbered and and the finding was very, very fierce many Muslims were killed

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and then started also retreating and the army of who say lemma reached again the tent of harlot once again, and then they started calling Yellin on saw yellow on saw the people of Medina started calling each other to hold pi to also get together the same way. They supported the prophets a lot. He was in them.

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I believe now I'm not the known scholar of Islam was in this battle. He was fighting and he said, I've seen wonders, when I heard the cause for a long saw.

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I saw a man with cut hands and cut legs. He was crawling on the on the ground and he was walking and he was trying to get to the battle again. And I Billa asked him, What are you doing? He said they're calling upon me. He said they're not calling upon you. They're calling about the fighting on sod. He said, I am from on farm they calling upon me. And he continued to crawl and try to fight until he was killed. And the Muslim Muslim, especially the onslaught of form the brigade phone, and they kept on fighting, they kept on on on facing the enemy and precedented bravery. But even that was not enough to hold back. The enormous force of the army of alien men and the Muslims were in very dire

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straits. They were really attacked from from every single side and the Muslim army was was about to break again. And they started retreating once more. Khalid was so busy fighting and trying to get his army together. Then I'm out of the asset. Y'all know I'm modeling the asset.

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One is the very early Sahaba and he was one of the recyclers of Quran. He got up on a hill with his ear cut and the blood all over him and he started calling yellow on yellow Quran, those of you memorized for and he said

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unify your core and with the deeds, a few memorize the Quran, you know the Quran, if you are using the Koran, this book of Allah subhanho wa Taala as a constitution for your life as your way of life, then come and prove it. And a lot of the acid was able to gather around 1000 people around him Oh 1000 from that small army to face that no all 1000 of them were memorizers of Quran were people that knew the hold on and we're living by the Quran by heart. And the one that had the banner is a man called Salim Salim was a freed slave of who they are. So he was called Salim Mola. That was his name Sal and the servant of life. He was a free man at that time. And Salim was well known with his

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knowledge of Koran, and he was one of the recitals of Quranic The, the non recital is that as a reference, he's a reference of Quran he's an authority on Koran and the knowledge of Quran. He was known for his righteousness. And he was known for his leadership. When

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after he was stabbed, and he was dying, after he was after his assassination. He was the thought they asked him, What do you want to do with your succession? And he said, I'm gonna give I'm gonna make a council of six people to let them decide which one who they want. But if Salim was alive, I would not do this. This is how important this salad was. That grandma said Salim the freed slave was alive, that he would be a leader. He would be the next Khalifa if it's up to Allah. But then Salim dug himself a hole in the ground, and the Battle of Humana and around him to the memorizes of Quran. He kept fighting in his hole and kept fighting until he was martyred. Out of this 1000 people that

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dug themselves in front of the army of Salem 500 book killed 500 people that memorize the Quran, and they were authority on the Quran were killed. And that later on became one of the reasons why the Koran was gathered and preserved and the authority the living the people that were living authorities still still alive, were gathered to actually confirm and make sure that this book will reach us till today unchanged, and will reach us the way that Allah Subhana Allah, give it to his prophet

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This 1000 hero heroes of Islam stood fast and fought in the way of our last keynote dalla. Khalid had the opportunity to gather his army and they charged against them Salem army and the hack chemical failed was killed the leader, the commander of the mustela army was killed. And then the vice prophet of say lemma, the the successor of Hussein and I was killed, his name was in the hot or hot. After these people were killed in Salem, I looked around and he started retreating, he wanted to gather his army together, and he asked his army to retreat to the garden. He started calling upon the the garden, the garden. Now the garden had high fences, high walls, and it had big gate. And the

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Muslim army was not ready with was catapults, or anything that would they were counting on their horses, and their camels to fight man to man. So he wanted to fence himself behind the walls of the garden. Now this garden was known in history later on as the garden of death.

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And he asked his army to go in and close the gates.

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And that's what they did. They retreated, some of them escaped, some of them flee to the desert, some of them flee to the fortresses of the anala. But most of the army went inside this garden, and they closed the gates. And they started getting themselves together for to stay there behind the walls of the garden until either the Muslim army retreats or be ready for another battle.

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And Muslims started gathering around the walls, the walls are high, didn't know what to do.

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And there is a man then they came up a man Sahabi from from the Muslims. Companion of the prophet SAW a lot he was in the Sahabi there was a hadith that was called for him on his account. But Soma salatu salam said about this man. Bashar

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Bashar Al abbar la hora de la bella Mustafa, when like really looking for looking man that's how is described by the prophet he's

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an unassuming guy, somebody who's very normal looking and his clothes are little bit not not up to the to the society standards. He said he's just look like a poor man. No Oksana Allahu Allah, Allah. This man calls upon Allah Subhana Allah to Allah that Allah subhanaw taala would respond to him because of his piety because of his strong faith. And then this hadith was an example for people to not judge each other by the way they look or the way they there's there's their social status is, but this heaviness was also said about this particular man, and this man's name was in para Eben Malik. Now, Malik came to harlot and he said, I have an idea. Khalid said, What is your idea? He

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said, You put me on a shield. You get the shield upon the spears, and throw me in there.

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hava started looking at them, said Bara Have you lost your mind? I mean, there are 1000s upon 1000s of them in there. And there's that big gate and you said to throw your room there are lots of kind of Allah said in his Quran? Well, a big Camila temuka do not throw yourself into a certain certain demise. Don't let yourself perish. He said no, no, I was with the Prophet when this ayah was revealed. This is not about this. This is about not to throw yourself into sins. That is real demise. This is not about this. This is about fighting in the way of Allah the worst that can happen to me is to be killed.

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And that that is in the way of Allah subhanaw taala. Just let me be there. Just give me a chance to open these gates for you.

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So upon his insisting position on his

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so strongly asking for this, they obeyed Him and they put them on the shield. And then they put them on the spears and then they threw him over the fence right into this garden. And he fell over the army of musei Lemma. What happened was nothing short by a miracle from Allah subhanho wa Taala. They were stunned. They were surprised by him. They could not expect somebody falling upon them. I mean, they're not really ready for paratroopers at that time, but they just see this guy falling down. And he started just sorting every one of them.

00:35:00--> 00:35:42

them just stabbing them and cutting the necks and he was heading towards the gate and just scrolling through the gate and and and they're they're trying to stop him and he was fighting so fiercely until he actually reached the gate with so many wounds in his body and he opened that gate and the army of the Muslim just rushed in through these gates and the the the Battle of the Hagia, or the Battle of the garden started, and the fierce fighting inside the head to call was unbelievable. It was one of the greatest battles of Islam, the heroism that was shown inside this headier and the finding also of the people from the sailor Noah's very fierce, they are now surrounded within their

00:35:42--> 00:36:04

own fences, and they had no way out 21,000 killed 21,000 fighters from the army of Satan that killed within the headgear, and it was dubbed had you note the garden of death after that 1200 Muslim perished. 1200 Muslims were martyred in the way of our last panel with Allah in this garden.

00:36:05--> 00:36:13

And after that, the army of Satan started surrendering started dispersing to people rush to sale and I himself.

00:36:15--> 00:37:03

One of them was a slave fleet slave, a black man called watashi. Wa she wouldn't have is well known to us in the Battle of her heart. But she was very good fire. He was known as a spear thrower. He has spirit he throws that spear, he would not miss. But the only problem in the Battle of the heart he was on the wrong side. He was with the pagans. He was fighting for his own freedom. And Hill told him if he would kill Hamza, the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the one that killed her father, then then she would give him his freedom. She would buy him instead of free. So he looked for Hamza, and he found Hamza in the barrel of forehead, and he threw his spear and he killed him.

00:37:05--> 00:37:12

And that was his only Casualty. But he was very great Casualty. And it was very hard on the heart of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

00:37:13--> 00:37:25

That when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was weeping over Hamza, then the hearts of the companions were broken, with how sad he was, how much he was affected by the death, of hunting.

00:37:26--> 00:37:37

And on the day of the conquest of Mecca, she came to the prophet to declare Islam and asked the prophet to accept them. And the Prophet said, I would accept you as a Muslim. But don't show me your face again.

00:37:38--> 00:38:22

Do not I cannot he was so hurt. He said, You're safe. You're a Muslim brother now like us, but I cannot see you because it reminds me of my great loss of my my uncle Hamza. And Hamza was not only the uncle of the Prophet, he was also his brother in the nursery. He was so close to the Prophet, they were about the same age. They were so close together. And he was so supported by hanza, that the loss of Hamza was a great, great heartbreak to the Prophet Somalis. And this man was she narrates the story himself. He said, My heart was heavy. From the day I declared Islam, with the death of Hamza, he could not forgive himself, how he killed such a hero of Islam, how he killed such

00:38:22--> 00:38:27

a man that is so close to the Prophet is so loved by the prophet sallallahu wasallam.

00:38:28--> 00:39:14

And he said, that this fear would not be purified, until it gets worse than kills an enemy of Islam, as much as dangerous to Islam. As much as Hamza was supportive to Islam. He wants to make it up to Allah Subhana with Allah and way, by fighting in the way of Allah and killing an enemy of Islam, that is so dangerous against Islam. And that that tends to him came in the Battle of Humana. He saw him Salem, and he had his spear with him, and he just charged towards Salem. Another person looked at New Salem and saw him at the same time Solomon was trying to run away, these two people saw him while she was one of them. The other one was a man called samokov mahadasha semacam mahadasha is

00:39:14--> 00:39:34

known otherwise as Abu Jan. And Ubuntu Jana used to have a band, band band that would he would tie upon his head and it was read. And when he does that, that means he is ready to fight until death. And he was favored by the prophet sallallahu wasallam over the rest of the of the Sahaba on the day of

00:39:36--> 00:39:44

the Prophet on the day of took his sword out, the prophet SAW and then he said, who would take my sword when it's due, right?

00:39:45--> 00:40:00

And every Sahabi would just say, give it to me, Prophet of Allah. I will take this sword, he would not give it to anybody. He didn't give it to me. He didn't give it to anybody. It did not give it to even at that day, and then this man comes out of religion.

00:40:01--> 00:40:43

He said, What's its do? Right? He asked that question. And the Prophet said it's derived to keep fighting with it until it either breaks or a large part of dynamics are victorious. And then some Matt said, I'll take it, and the Prophet gave it to him. And at that day, he just walked boasting in front of the Sahaba. With the sword of the Prophet, he had the sword of weapons of the Prophet, and Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam smile, and he said, this type of walk this arrogance, Allah Spano Tata hates, except in this particular position, that was okay. That was fun. And that was the lack of mahadasha. That was a boo Jana. So they're both charged against this man, this false prophet, this

00:40:43--> 00:40:45

lawyer who say them as a liar.

00:40:46--> 00:41:27

And handwash, he took his spear and he threw it at him, and it just penetrated Salem. And at the same time, I will do Jana killed masala with his sword. And a woman called upon the the rest of the army, she said about will say lemma, or prophet or leader that he was killed by the black slave. And that was a call for the rest of the army. And the battle is over. And it was also a thing from history to actually let us know that the one that killed them for sure was washing was this man that killed Hamza may Allah be pleased with both of them

00:41:30--> 00:41:31

and say lemon was killed.

00:41:34--> 00:41:39

Now, after the garden battle, after the Battle of the Hagia Khalid was looking around,

00:41:41--> 00:41:55

and he gathered the the prisoners of Daniel hanifa. And he started putting the army together because the battle to him was not over. The fortress of alienation is still there.

00:41:56--> 00:41:58

And then he started

00:41:59--> 00:42:27

calling upon the army to get ready for the fortress battle. Now he had the prisoner who was from the noble people of hanifa. This guy in the job that we were talking about, and he has come in comes his role in this battle, the important for not only he prevented the wife of pilots being killed, but the important role was here. He said to pilot pilot do not continue the fighting. Let me negotiate with my people. Let me talk him into surrendering. What do you want

00:42:29--> 00:43:10

to call it said, I want him to surrender, surrender unconditionally. See, I said, they will not do that. Let me tell you something hard, that the ones that you just fought with all this battle on are only the people that hurt the fighting. But most of the armies of hanifa is still behind these high walls still within the fortresses. So do not drag us into a battle that will finish most of us. This is only the beginning. What you have seen so far is only the beginning. But most of the army of hanifa. I still inside. Pilot said, What do you suggest? He said, then oh hanifa would want you to feed their prisoners. And they will give you everything else.

00:43:11--> 00:43:55

Khalid said go and negotiate with them on our behalf. Now this man was lying. He was lying to protect his feet. He was like there was no army inside the fortresses. They're only the women inside the army, but he had to defend his people. So he goes into the fortress, and he sees the women and the guards. And he sells them where the shields, put the mask on, and get on the rolls and let them see as many of you as possible. And I'll go out and negotiate with Khalid. So he goes out of the fortress and the Muslim army from afar sees these thin mini mini soldiers with with the shining armor on top of the fortress. And they believe the story that this there is actually another army

00:43:56--> 00:44:21

inside the fortress. So he comes out and he said Khalid, no, no, they will not give you that. They will give you that what is your next offer? Khalid said Well, I will take half, I will take half the property of Allah, and I will free their prisoners just said I'll go negotiate again. I mean, they may accept. So he goes in, and he comes out. And then he said they would not accept Khalid they want to fight.

00:44:23--> 00:44:47

Khalid said what do you suggest he said, they will give you a quarter, they will give you 25% of your mama. And they will go into back into Islam and they will accept the authority of Abu Bakar. Now this man became a believer he really does not know Salem is dead. And he wants to preserve as much dignity and as much property of his people as possible.

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

And he told Khalid that just let if you would accept 25% you would accept one quarter of a man and then they will agree. And harlot said yes then it's a deal.

00:45:00--> 00:45:15

So they open the gates and Muslim army walks in and there is nothing but women and few guards and children. So he looked at Pooja and he said, Captain, you lie to me. And I said, they are my people. And I had no option but to protect him.

00:45:17--> 00:45:48

He said, Hold me while I'm stopping in lemma Sana, later on, as they were trying to divide the spores and take that one quarter of the spores and get ready a book, a letter from Abu Bakr came to highlight that, who you capture of the people of hanifa kill, because they fought and they fought against us, and they caused all this havoc in the army. And Pilate said to himself, I will not do that, although it's a direct order from the successor of the Prophet that he himself Abu Bakr said, Do not betray

00:45:51--> 00:46:16

me, do not break your promise promises and do not betray yourself. So he said, I will take that as my guidance, and I will not obey aboubaker. And later on when Abu Bakr heard what he said, he said, You did right. If you gave them a promise, then you keep your promise, no matter what the circumstances of that promise was, even it was taken by deception. But you actually have to keep your promises to these people.

00:46:17--> 00:46:35

And then highly gathered people from hanifa a delegation, and he left people in hanifa in a yamamah to guide people back to the way of a loss of Hannah with that, and to teach him the religion of Islam. And he took a people to meet Abu Bakr.

00:46:36--> 00:47:27

So abubaker receives the delegation of Allium Allah, and they were repenting to him and he's, they sat with them, and they declared La ilaha illAllah. Muhammad Rasul Allah, going back to abiding by the five pillars, including zecca, including Salah, and including everything that Allah subhanho wa Taala, has ordained and decreed upon this woman. Another worker said, Can you tell me now Salem Allah and only claimed Prophethood, he had the audacity to claim a false Koran. He had verses of his own Koran that he made up. So Becker asked the people, he said, Can you tell me some of his horror? And I know what how we got your minds and hearts to fight with them, and be with them? And they

00:47:27--> 00:48:13

said, well, please, we apologize to you, would you please just not let us tell you what he was saying? And he said, No, you have to tell me what he was telling you. I need to know what this fit now with this, this these things that he was taking your minds and hearts with? I mean, the Quran is very obviously a book of Allah and the word of Allah. And Rebecca wanted to know how come this hundreds of 1000s of people follow this man? And they said, Okay, we'll give you a few verses. So they started. The first verse says, y'all move down the container clean. Let's shadow that and nine. Well, Allah took a very, very silly, very silly words. It's about a frog, that is making noise in

00:48:13--> 00:48:44

the water, not drinking and not spoiling the water. That was the verse. The other verse was mimicking in our clinic and co star for Sunday, rob the Kevin Hart, he said in my neck and Jawahar facility, Rob dica, hedger in Nevada, Colorado, just take a few words at the core Island, and change him that will give you jewelry instead of the calcite the river of paradise. So pray and immigrate in the way of a law and those who fight you are unbelievers, I mean, that kind of caught and he had

00:48:45--> 00:48:50

looked at them, and he said, Why hakko? What happened to your brains? In

00:48:52--> 00:49:16

England whenever this is nonsense, that's not even words of a man that that can be believed as a deception is cannot be snapped. This is just total nonsense. And they said, well, we're following our tribal, our tribal loyalty, we knew he was a liar. But we thought to ourselves, that kids dad would idea

00:49:18--> 00:49:38

that the liar of Rebecca is better than the truthful of mobile, the thrive abroad kurush. So they were just basically following the tribal society, they will farming tribal loyalty against the faith that they knew that that was the right thing, and the right thing from a loss upon that.

00:49:41--> 00:49:51

That was the major battle of the hummingbird. And with this, we conclude the wars, the major wars that happened during the life of Abu Bakar. Now, Abu Bakar

00:49:53--> 00:50:00

had stood very firmly and as we said, three times after the prophets death, the first

00:50:00--> 00:50:29

Place He stood firmly in was when the Prophet died and people were confused about the prophets death. Some of them they serve, he's not died, he went to be with this god, he's some, they started to try to make him a superhuman, try to make him something above human beings that will just die. And Abu Bakr said, those who worship Mohammed, Mohammed died, but those who worship God, then God indeed is alive and he should not die.

00:50:31--> 00:51:20

The second position on on the day, the same day, when people were about to be broken apart into followers of the unsought and followers of the Menagerie. And they were about to be two rulers of the Muslim owner to the leaders at the same time. And Abu Bakr said now, and the articles of law and aboubaker kept this Omar together. Now the third important position is even when the stronger Sahaba the stronger companions were weakened by this rebellion, and they wanted to negotiate and they wanted to compromise, and they wanted to negotiate in this religion and maybe we'll lift them not pays a cat, maybe we'll let them not pray everything, after all, they still Muslims. And abubaker

00:51:20--> 00:51:56

said, No, this religion has been perfected, and this religion will not go astray when I am alive. This religion was perfected by God by a lot himself. And this religion was delivered to mankind Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam Mohammed is the last prophet he was the seal of the prophets. And this religion of God, Islam has been perfected since the days of Adam, and one prophet after the other carrying the message of a law until the last prophet Mohammed when this religion came to its final, perfect shape.

00:51:57--> 00:52:21

And the final message of God was delivered. And our Brubaker said this will not be distorted when I am alive. And for Rebecca, and his position, we have slammed the way we have it today, we have slam uncompromised, unchanged, and the form that Allah subhana wa Taala wanted every human being to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:52:22--> 00:53:10

And that was the legacy of Abu Bakar when you speak of Abu Bakar when we continue Sharla next session, I would like to take time to talk about Abu Bakar, the, the human being Abu Bakr, the believer, the personality of Abu Bakar, let's get to know him even better, know his day to day activity, know how he dealt with people know how much faith he had, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, if the faith of Abu Bakar was to weigh against the rest of this nation on one scale, then the faith of Abu Bakar would weigh them out. And then he said about Abu Bakar that no man walked the earth after the Prophet that is better than Abu Bakar. So let's get to know him better.

00:53:10--> 00:53:32

And let's inshallah next time tried to study different aspects of his life other than this tribe, tribulation, and the events the major event that happened in his life. Now I would like to conclude and give some time for questions, and then inshallah we will have an important announcement and an event shot. So I'll open the the question Yes.

00:53:50--> 00:54:44

That the Arabs The question is, how would the Arabs that time especially in the days of ignorance before Islam, would accept a woman leader now the status of woman before Islamic Arabia was miserable? The it was, women were a property to man and Islam came to dignify women. How would the people of Arabia except a prophet, a woman prophet at that time, how would that be be close to their minds? They actually had monks and had server servants of of idols that were women at that time. And many women were saucer were witches and salsa and you would deal with sorcery. So it was accepted to them that that the religion can be with it with what they call a Cantina. Now, remember, if we go

00:54:44--> 00:55:00

back to the very, very first sessions of Sierra, when I had the loophole, it was to ask an opinion they would travel to the, to the witch of the people of genocide or the religious person which was a woman of the people of

00:55:00--> 00:55:19

When he said so they, they would accept that they would accept that aspect that the eyeballs would connect with women. And to them to have that religion connected with the woman was not it was not a no, it was not an overall idea. It was something that they're used. So they would accept that, but they would not still give women their due rights.

00:55:23--> 00:55:46

Some influential women that is very true and they would have some honorable, noble women that would would have their status on it like brother said Khadija, the prophets wife, herself was a noble woman was an honorable woman of kurush had been touched that the wife of philosophy and was was an honorable, obeyed woman, and kurush. So there were some noble women that they would actually listen to and obey.

00:55:48--> 00:55:49

Yes, was

00:55:51--> 00:55:56

100 of the 1000 that he gathered, they were killed 500 of them?

00:55:57--> 00:55:58


00:56:04--> 00:56:45

Yeah, the another narration says 70 of the authority the most I mean, the people that would actually teach called on and and have 70 of them were killed, and there are a few left. And that's when Abu Bakar gave his orders to start getting put into Zaid bin Zayed was given this mission. And he said about his mission. I wish Abu Bakar gave me a mission to move that mountain would have been an easier mission for me than to because they would have on every single word in the Quran. They would bring to people at least from the people that they're called, or do that they will never, ever, ever in their life light ever. And all knowing about them is absolute truthfulness. And they will be

00:56:45--> 00:57:03

Muslims that never returned away from Islam. And they have to make very, very hard out that that's what they're saying. And then he would compare what this person said and they make sure that what he puts in that must have is absolutely authentic. And it's all agreed upon. And that's how we got it.

00:57:08--> 00:57:09

The entire plan.

00:57:17--> 00:57:17

That's correct.

00:57:32--> 00:57:33

Any more question? Yes.

00:57:39--> 00:57:40

It happened.

00:57:42--> 00:58:27

It was 40 days after the profit profits there. When the expedition was finished. The question is Sam his battle with the Byzantine. Now remember the expedition of Osama is the last banner that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam has put for Jihad and he sent him to the Byzantine. And Abubakar was fought hard to not send this expedition while Medina itself is in danger. And but he did. And the whole expedition lasted about 40 days. Now the only thing that he missed was the Battle of the Casa. But after the return of salmons army than these 11 armies were sent. So the fighters that will send with Osama were the same ones that will send everywhere.

00:58:31--> 00:58:33

Simon bin Zayed the son of zaytoven had

00:58:34--> 00:58:37

his father's aid him how it was

00:58:38--> 00:58:48

serving in the house of the Prophet and then he was freed and he became the adopted son of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam then this adoption was cancelled. And the Prophet sallallahu wasallam

00:58:50--> 00:59:04

called them back zaytoven Hadith he used to be called as a diviner Mohammed, and he was known as the beloved man to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. His son is the beloved son of the Beloved of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. They're very close to the heart of the Prophet salado.

00:59:07--> 00:59:15

He was he was 19 years old and in some notion 17 years old. 17 years old when he led that that expedition