Channel: Ali Albarghouthi
This talk discusses important episodes in the life of the great imam of hadith, al-Bukhari, and what we can learn from him today. The talk also highlights his magnum opus, Sahih al-Bukhari, and the work that went into producing what was destined to become the most important book of hadith to date.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
In Alhamdulillah, heinous Meadow monastery you know when to stop Pharaoh when our Villa Himanshu Rory and fusina our CEO, tr Molina, Maja hinda, who philomel De La Hoya you blame Fela ha de la
la la ilaha illAllah hula hula Sheree Khanna Juana Mohammed Abdullah who was to solo Allahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam
in hiral Howdy.
Howdy howdy Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or shout out
to have a coup d'etat in wakulla. Allah Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah.
All praise belongs to Allah, the Most High, the Most Merciful, we thank him, and we ask for his help and we ask for his forgiveness. And we seek His refuge from the evil of ourselves in the sins that we commit. Indeed, whomsoever Allah guides, no one can lead astray and homestart of Allah leads us astray, no one can guide and I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah alone. And then Mohammed Salah LaValle, he will send them he says slave and messenger. Indeed the best of speech is the book of Allah. And the best of guidance is the kindness of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the worst of religious matters are those that are innovated, and every
religious innovation is a bit on every bidder is misguidance. Every misguidance will be in Hellfire, a bad
one of the
significant figures and stars in our history, in our intellectual
in our religious history is illimitable Howdy, Rahim Allah.
And in today's football, we will try to learn something from the life of this Imam.
And there are many lessons many reasons why we would go through the life of such people.
For one thing, they will undoubtedly inspire us and also teaches humility at the same time.
When you go through the life of such a giant, such an incredible person, like Alabama Buhari, you will not buy the permission and rule of Allah subhana wa Taala failed to be inspired.
You will not fail to see that he can do more that you can try to duplicate some of what they have done, that you can push yourself more and never be satisfied with the limitations around you. So it can push us forward.
It can inspire us at the same time it can humble us because a lot of times because we lack the proper perspective around us. When we do something, we inflate it. We become so proud of it. I have given so much I have done so much. And this is all because we lack a perspective. But when you study the lives of these people and the likes of these people, you will begin to feel that they are giants and we are dwarfs next to them. That
whatever we have done really cannot be compared to what they have done before. And that teaches us inspires us at the same time teaches us not to be proud not to be arrogant about anything that we do. And never be satisfied with it. Because there's always more, especially when we compare what we've done to what they have done. There's also two more benefits to studying such a personality. One of them is to remind ourselves of the importance of the signal of the messengers that allow us to send them and what it took to preserve it, and how central it is for our Islamic understanding and practice. And maybe we'll talk about this later. In short live there is time. And also to add to
that, the importance of the scholars of the older man who preserved the Sunnah who preserve Islam, who teach it to the masses, whether in the past or in today, and the respect and the honor that they deserve from the rest of the Muslims and maybe we'll have time in sha Allah to touch upon that in the hotbar. But let us start with the life of a nominal Bukhari, Rahim Allah, and he was born in the city of Guadalajara, which is a modern day was biggest down.
And that province previously was called the province of hora Santa. So the city of Bukhara was in this province of hora sand, and that belonged previously to the Persian Empire. So that great grandfather of bouhanni was of a Persian origin. And he was a Zoroastrian, and he converted to Islam. So the lineage of all Buhari goes back to that area, and to that religion, so he's not an Arab origins. And the first lesson we take from that is that this religion belongs to Allah subhanho wa Taala, that fertile area of Horus and that is filled with mohabbatein, filled of scholars of Hadith is was not in our area until the Arabs came, and they opened that land and the people there
convert it to Islam, and they themselves became leaders in the Hadith leaders and transmission to Islam. And this teaches us that if you honor Allah subhanho wa Taala, Allah honors you doesn't matter where you come from, doesn't matter what your background is. But if you honor Allah, Allah honors you, if you esteem Allah, Allah lifts you up, and then a few forsake Allah subhana wa tada after that, then you invite humiliation and misery upon yourself. And Islamic history, by the way is full of this, go through and read Islamic history when Muslims were very close to Allah Subhana Allah to Allah, Allah subhana wa Taala honored them. And then you begin to notice when they leave
Islam slowly, little by little, they invite dissension. They invite disagreement, they invite misery into their lands into their lives. So this is the first lesson that we see
the thing at first, and the second thing that we want to focus on is the family of this email.
And one thing about his father, his and his father was a person of knowledge himself.
But on his deathbed, he said
in detail Herman Herman was
on his deathbed, he said to the person next to him, he said, I do not know that I own a dental home, don't think of $1 I do not know that I own a home that has come from haram sources, or even doubtful sources. I do not own it.
So the person would listening to that he says holla total saga,
I felt I felt so humbled when I heard that from him, that you're able to say something like that on the deathbed, you're not trying to impress anyone. It's not just a claim or a fabrication. But that when I'm earning, I'm earning Hello only, and we have to understand that this must have had an influence on his son.
Though he said, my, my whole wealth, either had 100% it did not come from Iran that I know or even if it is an ambiguous source, I did not even partake of that I did not take anything from it. So consider that and the blessing of Hillel on your family and on your children.
His father passed away when he was young, and his mother was the one who took care of him and raised him.
And there are two things here that we want to say about his mother.
First of all, that I had he when he was young, he lost his eyesight he couldn't see anymore.
And his mother started supplicating and crying and supplicating and making dua to Allah subhana wa tada and crying until she saw her dream. Prophet Ibrahim Ibrahim ali ali Salam and he told her, Allah subhanho wa Taala is going to restore that eyesight of your son because of your daughter and because of your crying
Allah subhanho wa Taala killed him and restored his sight to him. And there is a lesson in that, that of the parent for their children, not against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, let's do it and fusi kamada and Wiley kumala Allah says, Do not make against your own selves, against your wealth against your children do not do that. Instead, what did she do she made for him. And even if the situation seemed hopeless, she never quit. She never lost hope. So if you have a child, make dua for them, no matter what they are, what they're doing, never lose hope, keep making for them, because Allah subhanho wa Taala accepts you as strong towards your child, Allah will
accept your drought when you make it for your child.
And she raised him alone.
And here is a lesson for single parents. And I know that the situation today is different than the situation and in Islamic country, the beautiful thing, the beautiful thing about an Islamic country is that there is a support structure that there is a system, even if a person loses a parent or maybe even possibly to parents, there is a support around them. The mother would send an Buhari to the qutab Primary School or like have a primary school, and they would educate them, there are people around who can take care of him. So this is the difference between an Islamic environment and a non Islamic environment nevertheless,
nevertheless, she was not the only person who raised a brilliant child on her own, even the mother of a chef, he did something like that, and she gave the product to a chef. So it's even possible by the help of Allah subhanho wa Taala by his aid, by dedicating yourself to the upbringing of your child that even if you are find yourself in that situation as a single parent, that you can do something and something good with your child. So never give up. That is a lesson that we find there never give up.
Now we turn to amendment Buhari himself. And he said, when I was in a qutab, in primary school, I was inspired to start memorizing Hadith on my own. They asked him how old were you at that time, he said 10 or less. And from that time, he started his journey of memorization. On the age of 16, his mother took him on a journey of Hajj, and he stayed behind. And from that time, from the age 16, till more that Delhi passed 60 years of age, he continued to travel in the area. He goes from Mecca, Medina, to Iraq, and the cities of Iraq, then he goes to Syria, then he goes to Egypt. And he continues that circle. And he keeps visiting the cities over and over Learning and Teaching,
Learning and Teaching.
And from his young age in his teens,
his shoe, his teachers noticed that there was something very special about him. In fact, one of his teachers, he said, whenever he comes into my head, I feel very nervous. Because he knows, I know that he can correct me, I know that he can teach. So he said, I feel uncomfortable until he leaves.
Because I know he knows so much when he used to go to listen to the Hadith.
And this is to start to tell us about his ability to memorize his incredible ability to memorize. So he wants goes to the scholars of Hadith and he starts listening from him. And his colleagues who go with him notice that he's not writing anything down.
And they start asking him on the first day, what are you doing? are you wasting your time? Because it is you're supposed to come with your pen and your paper and document everything that you're hearing? What are you doing? So he doesn't reply. And he goes the second time, the third time and everyday they're asking him until we reach the 16th day, and he got tired of their constant pestering about why aren't you writing? Why aren't you writing anything? He said, Get out your papers for me. And they got all the papers and said, How many Hadeeth Did you all right? And they said 16,000.
So I just want you to imagine this. Each day they were writing 1000 Hadith. And we still only we say Hadith we say howdy the saying of the Prophet and the chain that comes with it. So they're saying and the chain. So he said 16,000.
So he said fine, and he started reciting the 16,000 Hadith or parts of it for them. And they were amazed and they started to correct their papers from his memorization. So he said, What do you think I'm calling coming here every day and wasting my time. At another occasion he says I may or hear the Hadeeth in Syria and not need write it down except in Iraq or vice versa. His memory was that good.
Another person asked him and he's in his teens. He said, you're the person who memorizes 70,000 Hadees. He says, And more than that, more than 70,000 Hadith. And whenever we had it that I've memorized, I know when the companion and their followers a tabula in one, each one of them was born, when he passed away, and when he was living where he was living.
I know that. So what this tells us about him, Rahim Allah is that he had incredible memory.
In a famous a very famous incident when they wanted to test him this came later on, they wanted to test him, when he became a great scholar, he came to Baghdad,
and the scholars there decided that we want to test his memory. So what they did is that they took 100 thieves. And they took that saying of the Prophet, and they took the chain that comes with it, and they mix them up. And they divided that Hadith 10 Hadees for each people, so you have 10 people, each one of them has 10 Hadith with them. And they say go and ask him about that Hadith, the chain and the saying combined, but they are mixed up in the wrong order. So when he sat down, the first person came and he said, Shay,
do you know this Hadith, and he recited that how you with the chair with the chain and the saying, they said I don't know it. He said the second one. I don't know the third one, I don't know what until he finished the 10. The second person did the same thing with dead bodies. And the people saying or observing this, he said that people have knowledge or saying to themselves, he got it. He now understands what's going on. But the people will know now that he says this person knows nothing. Because we asked him about all of these things, and he didn't know any of them. So the first person, second person, the fifth person, 10th person until they were done. And to h1, he says
I don't know this hadith.
When they were done, he goes to the first one, he says, Now the first lady that you mentioned is and he narrates it in the wrong order that he gave it to him with the wrong chain and attached to her saying and he says and the right Hadees is and he brings in the right chain with the wrong saying with the right saying and he says to neck and then the next second had the wrong one that you quoted is this, and this is the right thing. And the third thing that he quoted that is wrong is this, and that is the right thing, and so on. And he does that with every single one of them. So the amount of commenting on this incident, they said it's not amazing that he had memorized all of these Hadith
correctly, because he is happy. He knows all of this. But what is amazing is that from the fourth for the first time, for the first time hearing it he memorized all of the Hadith that were incorrectly coded to him and in the right order.
This was him really low on his memorization. And it wasn't just a result of a gift that Allah subhanho wa Taala was given to him. But it also was the result of a fierce dedication in the pursuit of knowledge.
He Rahim Allah said,
I don't just write anything.
I write until I understand that the person who is quoting me whatever he is quoting me, understands what he is narrating. So I don't just write anything like everybody else. So this tells you about that. He scrutinizes what he hears his This doesn't, you know, he's not just doesn't just copy. But he understands what he's hearing.
And he had to struggle. And he had to sacrifice in that pursuit. He said that on one of my journeys, I ran out of money. And I had to eat grass for three days until somebody came and gave me some money. And he said spent from this.
On another occasion, he said I ran out of money. And his colleagues didn't find him coming to the teaching sessions to the halaqa. So they missed him. So they search for him and they found him in his house naked because he sold all of his clothes, and he had nothing on him to leave the house. So they went they collected some money, bought some clothes for him so he can come out and study.
So we have to ask ourselves, pause a little bit and ask ourselves, when we sometimes think that we have given so much and we have done so much have we given so much that we had to eat grass for a couple of days. Grass
are given so much that we have to sell everything that we own for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala This is something that he did. And by the way, he was not a poor man.
He had inheritance in bahara he could have said to himself, my mother, my brother are in Bihar. I can live a comfortable life in bukata and take care of my mother if I just had back
But no, he continued to travel from city to city from a country or a province to another until he collected what he collected. He had more than 1000 Chase. He had learned load from more than 1000 people.
So imagine that dedication. Imagine, you know the love that he had for the symbol of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and for seeking knowledge
of who God had was the little lolly.
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. Hamden, Catherine, Mubarak and Fie also leave on Sunday monada Salim Muhammad, wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam about
Of course, it is not enough to have dedication
or interest in a subject matter, especially when pursuing Islamic understandings you must also couple that and attach to with piety taqwa of Allah subhanho wa Taala. for lots of blessed what you are doing, under your love to bless your teachings.
And he Rahim Allah was a pious person who will take just few examples to illustrate his piety. He said, Man on the Moon, and you
want to add him to a better analogy, but the Hara Malibu, and
it says, I do not know that I'll have back bitten a single person since I came to the knowledge that the bad that backbiting is haram.
So imagine what did he learn about this probably at a very young age as a child, he says from the instance that I knew that this thing was Haram. I never committed something like that. And another thing is saying, I hope from Allah subhana wa Tada, I will come on the day of judgment and no single person will be in my Book of Records, meaning that I have wronged them, that says something bad about them, even when in his studies, when he had to comment on people and you have to to critique whether they are reliable or not, whether they can be trusted or not. Even when he had to critique them, he had the most sort of gentlest of ways to express that critique. He wouldn't necessarily say
this person is a liar. No, he would say there is something wrong with him. So we leave and to choose the gentlest of way to express disagreement or disapproval of a person and this is well known about
something else also that his expresses his piety. One time after they prayed and they were praying outside after after they prayed the obligation. He was praying too soon as to Oracle's and he took his time praying, and when he was done, he asked the person next to me, he said, something is bothering me. On my leg in the back. Can you see what it is? And when they opened it, and covered it, we found that a bee had stung him 17 times.
And they asked him why didn't you stop? He was thinking you or bees were stinging you 17 times Why didn't you stop? He said I was reciting a sutra and he didn't want to stop.
They said that when he used to recite the Quran, he wouldn't think about anything else when the month of Ramadan would come. He says every night, every third night he would finish the Quran.
every third night he would finish the Koran. And in the day he finished the Quran he'll begin in the early day and by photo time it start time when you break your fast he finished the Quran. So he finished the Koran daily he read the entire Quran and in a 24 hour period. How did How was that possible? Allah Subhana Allah blessed is done and blessed his effort, but the report that he used to do that in the entire month of Ramadan.
Another thing he also
says once he was in the masjid,
and somebody dropped some trash in the masjid. And the person observing al Bukhari was saying that he looked at what there was dropped at the trash and looked at the people looked at the trash and looked at the people when he saw that nobody was looking he picked it up and put it in his sleeve. This is what they used to keep things. He put it in his sleeve. And he waited till he exited the masjid and then he threw it away.
Now how many of us do that?
Right? How many even if we are well well respected in the masjid in the community, how many of us will do that? actually watch something, see something that is wrong and fix it ourselves. The service something also that we can learn
I want to move on to briefly speak about his book of Sahih
Bukhari and it is amazing and such an honor to think about it, that a person can produce something like this. after which the scholars would say, the most authentic book after the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala is this book, the most reliable book on this earth? After the Quran? Is this record an honor for a person to have this and we will know or we come to appreciate how this happened when we understand the process. He spent 16 years compiling that book from age 20, to around 22 to age 39. And he says about the process, he says I did not include a single Hadith in it, except that I bathed and prayed to rock as istikhara to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then I included
Now think about this, the Hadith own Buhari without prepetition. There are around 2500 or so with repetition, there are about 7500 or so. So if he prayed to like us, for every Hadees without repetition, we're talking about 5000 broadcasts. If with repetition, we're talking about 15,000 broadcasts, add to that, that the chapter headings also he prayed to record speaker before because when before he added them, so if you add that to it for the entire book, he may have prayed 22,000 records or more.
And he said I put the chapter headings when I was sitting in the roba, between the grave of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his member, this is what I put that headings down. And when he produced this book, he taught it for 20 years after, and he taught it for 90,000 students who had heard it from him. So our our sort of connection to Al Bukhari, our chain to Al Bukhari has the tomato tomahto limit to it. That is, it has reached the level of certainty between us and imagine 90,000 people heard it from it, and then an entire generation from them, and so on, and so on. So our connection to that book is of the highest levels of certainty.
And what we want to say also about that book is that it is not just simply a collection of Hadith. He applied in that book, The strangest criteria for the acceptance of Hadith, he said, I have memorized 600,000 Hadees. And I have selected this book from all of them, that this is the best of the best, the strongest on the strong. That's why all the scholars when they received this book after they scrutinized it, and they investigated it and that Muslim lands were full of scholars of Hadith, then and then afterwards, they all came to the conclusion that this is the strongest Hadith book that it was ever produced, and has ever been produced till today.
It's not simply just a book of Hadith. It's a book of our feed as well. And when you read it, you'll find out that he was for affirming the leader of Islam in it and refuting wrong beliefs about Islam in the chapter headings that is very evident. And also it's a book of prayer. And not only simply just a book of the scholars stay say that what is amazing about that book is the chapter headings, because sometimes you read the chapter heading and there are some headings that follow and for the first encounter, you will say, what is the relationship of this hadith to that chapter heading? Is that a mistake?
But the scholars say no, when you really investigate you understand the brilliance of Bukhari, they say the genius of Buhari are in these chapter headings, because he deliberately included that part of Heidi or this hadith because he wants something out of it. You just have to find it out. That's his brilliance. And this tells us that this Handbook, which we today you can you can go to the bookstore, spend a few dollars and have in front of you saying hello hi. But that is the product of the toil of the struggle of a man who has dedicated his entire life he built on the effort that preceded him, but also he had spent so much of his life this is his life effort that is given to the
Ummah and he has said to the old man test it is it right is it wrong and the old man tested it and almost said, this is the most authentic we agree.
And you will hear from some people now and then
attacks on and Bukhari attacks on the son of the messenger sallallahu alayhi. Wa he was setting them and you'll understand what they're attacking al Bukhari in particular, when you understand that it is in the jewel of the crown, in the books of Hadith in the structure of the sooner the jewel in the crown is silent Bukhari if you can demolish it if you can discredit that you can discredit the rest of the sooner
Mohammed Salah Allah, Allah, you and your son. So it was not done by an amateur who was just dabbling into the sciences it was done by a professional who depended on other professionals. And if you want to critique rise to their level, rise to their level and then start critiquing the critiques that you hear come from amateurs, may Allah guide this and then
and the last thing here that I want to say before we wrap up because it is also beautiful about it because it is important I want to really mention it. He was tested towards the end of his life, even though he wasn't a man well respected. That test of Allah subhana wa Taala if you believe in Allah Subhana Allah that test will come. And someone told me am I gonna go through the details of his test but someone told them Bukhari some people are calling you can
imagine, some people are calling you Catherine.
So even someone like a body cannot escape something like that. And what did he say? And his reply, he just quoted Mohammed Salah lo, I knew it was sentiment, he said, Man, Kalia, he
huduma the one who says to his brother, yeah, Catherine, then one to one, when one of the two will deserve it, that if the other person does not deserve it, it's gonna bite them back on you know, and that is the danger of rushing into tech fear rushing into
declaring people as non Muslims. So even if someone like Al Bukhari is not safe from it, we also are not going to be safe sometimes from similar tests. And they asked him, Why don't you make out against the people who plot against you? He said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said it's very hard to tell Coney Island how he says, Be patient. Until you meet me at the health of the pool of the profits of the law. Do you understand? So be patient? He's they tell him people are plotting against you. People are saying this and better against you. What does he say? He says the indicator shaytani. Canada, the plot of the shape on is ever weak. And he says Well, I hate to see you in the
bad plot only harms the people who advance it. He just quotes what Allah subhanho wa Taala has said in the Quran. And then he says something about himself. He said, in my experience, it has been the case that if anybody was plotting against me, it will fail. And if anybody wants to harm me, I see him afflicted. before that happens. I see him afflicted, and he's not saved from that affliction. And whenever I hear about a plot, when I go to sleep, I see in my dream a lit fire and then it gets extinguished. And I interpret that dream through the eye on that Allah subhana wa tada where he said, Kula mal Kaduna. learned how to be extra holla whenever they Kindle a fire award a lot
extinguishes it. So with reliance on Allah subhana wa dalaman, that I did not have to worry about my enemies or about their plots. Allah subhana wa adanac will take care of that. And this is or we can be like that as well. If we trust Allah subhana wa Taala and so close to him, that protection of Allah subhanho wa Taala will extend to us he used to constantly say to him, Allah, Al tsukumo, love Allah, honey Bella, come, what will come from Anthony De Soto come in body. It says if Allah gives you victory, champions you, then no one can defeat you. But if Allah forsakes you he leaves you what victory Can you gain after Allah subhanho wa Taala.
So he was tested towards the end of his life, but this happens to all of us. But he had left us an example, and left us a way to look at the scholars of Islam, and to respect them and to honor them whether they have passed or whether they are living today. And let us just remember that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, he asked me to have a deep Dean, I'm equally Halloween Oh, Lulu, from every generation, it is the pride from that generation who carry this religion. So even from this rather from this generation, that people will buy lots of Hana with Allah raises to speak on behalf of Islam, the scholars, I'm not speaking about myself, but the scholars of Islam who speak on
behalf of Islam and teach the people. These are the upright among the masses of Muslims, and they deserve our respect, and our honor, and our and if they make mistakes, and they can mistake make mistakes because they are humans. We excuse those mistakes in comparison to the greater good that they have done and they are offering to the amount of Islam. This is our attitude. And this is what illimitable hydrilla hemiola can teach us to ask Allah subhanho wa Taala the most merciful to make use of those who seek knowledge for his sake, he Allah make us of those who seek knowledge for your sake. You're law makers of those who teach Islam for your sake. You Allah make us of those who apply
what the what they know, you Allah make us of those who apply the good that they know you Allah make us of those who are
applied the good that they know you Allah we asked you that you grant us patience in this life. Yeah we go we asked you that you grant us protection from every plot. You Allah we ask You that You grant us protection from every plot and every harm you Allah grant us protection from every plot and every harm you Allah make us of those who have sincere and complete debacle on you, your lawmakers of those who have sincere uncomplete tawakkol on you. Your law make us make our hearts very attached to you. Your law we asked you that you love us and that we love you your law we ask that you love us and that we love you your law we ask that you love us and that we love you and that you forgive all
of our sins and the sins of our families and all of the Muslims he Allah preserve our amen and strengthen it in our hearts and in the hearts of our families and all of the Muslims he Allah raise our levels in paradise. He Allah raised our levels on paradise. He Allah raise our levels in Paradise, ie Allah protect us from hellfire. Allah protect us from the disgrace of hellfire. Allah protect us from the punishment of hellfire. Allah we ask you for all the good and we seek refuge Will you seek refuge from all evil? And we asked you for all the good in this life and in the Hereafter and we seek your real protection from all evil in this life and in the Hereafter. They are
law law minister Lucan Haleakala when I became in a shelter equally when I saw local Jenna Toma COVID environment when I was becoming an alien in cold environment. When I saw you coming Haley masala kapruka Mohammedan sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when becoming surely must die like I mean, Mohamed Salah Lavalle he was in a la mulata delena than vanilla for him and in for whatever reason in sha Allah deignan illa
Allah my siblings, Buddha was in our foreign minister who can offer will appear the fifth dounia will allow minister local theatre cydonia will allow minister local theatre Petunia will allow Mr. Alena Are you gonna allow Mr. Alena, are you gonna allow Mr. Alena, are you gonna
tell me alumina
alumina, alumina, Urbino, Urbino? Urbino?
Urbino? Urbino here? Rahim? was looking aloha moto button also ha workfit Lena Lulu banana alumna mean Hello Amanda.
You will be romantic and studied. Also the Helena Shannon Aquila, Latina and fusina