Tafseer As Sa’Di #28 – Surah Ash Shuraa
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
Series: Ahsan Hanif - Tafseer As Sadi
File Size: 150.61MB
Episode Transcript ©
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Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Rahmatullah quinoa or barley mean? I should allow you to Hi Lola Wanda Alicia de cada with a hula woulda no love hearing or should have ended up Vienna Muhammad Abdul Hora sudo Mustafa Al Amin Allahumma Salli wa Sallim wa Barik, ala Abaco or sadaqa Muhammad or other early he was be a drummer in a band.
So today's the 28th day in the reading on the commentary of this portion of the book author cLTC we'll get him on ramen with received economic manaan morphemes Do you notice that the CEO of a Saudi, but the moment that Allah Muhammad Manasa Saudi who died in the year 1376 of the Hijra Mahima hello to Allah Brahma de Lucia. And we are currently on the 25th of June Surah Surah verse number 17.
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Barry, the those who, who do not believe in it, seek to hasten it. Whereas those who believe are apprehensive about it, and know that it is the truth very those who dispute concerning the hour have indeed gone forestry haven't stated that his proof and signs are clear as anyone in whom there is any good responded to them. Allah now mentioned the basis and foundation of the evidence. In fact, all signs that Allah sent to people are based on that foundation is Allah Who sent down the book with the truth and justice. The book is The Great Quran, which was sent down with the truth and which contains truth and certainty. All of it is clear versus and clear proof that speaks that
speaks of all issues of divinity and religious beliefs. So it discusses the best of issues and presents the clearest of proof of the Quran Allah azza wa jal sent down it contains within it the truth, and it contains within justice, all of the Quran, everything within it is true. And what Allah subhanaw taala reveals to us of His message of the stories of the past nations of what's going to happen in the future, what will happen a normal piano, one of that is true, every single word in the book of Allah azza wa jal is true. And as a result of it, it gives justice and balance to everything. So the best way for you to live your life, the best way to for you to find success in
this life in the next life is to follow the teachings of the Quran. Even when those teachings may go against your desires. When we be difficult for you to accept in certain issues, people may struggle with certain rulings because of the weakness of Eman or because they don't have enough knowledge or whatever the reason may be, or shaytaan has overcome us in certain issues. We may find it difficult to accept certain rulings. But the believer then fights and strives against those desires and temptations because they know that what Allah has revealed is given is all good, it's all truth. It's all righteousness, it was all messy and lead formulas subhanaw taala, and guidance. And so
therefore you do it just like when you go to the doctor, and the doctor gives you medication, it's not nice, not pleasant, sometimes it has very bad side effects for your patient, because you know, ultimately, there's good in it. So you're going to bear it, you're going to grin and you're going to just just take it and and just deal with the situation the best that you can, in the hope that Allah azza wa jal gives you a killer and makes you better. And so the believer if he has that type of sight and vision when it comes to these types of issues of health and wealth, and like people who work their career, build up for years and years until they reach a certain height in their
profession, in their business in their career, takes a lot of patience and fortitude. So what about Iman then what about belief in Allah subhanaw taala. So you have to strive and you have to fight and you have to be patient and you have to be steadfast and then when you make a mistake or you trip up or you sin, you turn back to Allah azza wa jal again and you go
and start again. And that is the way that the believer does this so that they can continue to elevate and status and continue to come closer to Allah azza wa jal then Allah subhanaw taala says, in order to alarm those deniers who seek to hasten the onset of the hour, how could you know that our may well be near a hand? That is no one no, no one knows how far off it is or when it will begin. So it may be expected at any time. Those who do not believe in it, seek taste and are stubborn disbelief trying to out with their Lord.
Whereas those who believe or apprehensive about it, that is, they are afraid because of their belief in it, and their knowledge of what it will involve over Cairo for deed. The fear is due to their knowledge of the Lord, for the fear that their deeds will not save them or lead them to a place of happiness. And so Allah says, and they know that it is the truth, concerning which there is no doubt very those who dispute concerning the hour that is after downing it, they disputed with the messengers and their followers demanding proof of it, they have gone forth for a straight and stubbornness, and in arguing in a manner that is not even close to being right and proper, rather,
is far removed from that, who could be further away, who can be further astray than one who disbelieved in the realm, that is real and true sense, namely, the realm that was created to remain and exist forever is the realm of required or in which Allah will make manifest His justice and grace. Indeed, this present realm, in comparison to it is like a writer who rests in the shade of a tree then moves on and leaves it behind, is around to pass through, not a place in which to settle. They believe in this transit realm, because they see it and experience it. And they just believe in the hereafter which is mentioned in all the diviner vote books, and of which to normal messengers
and their followers spoke, who are the most mature of people in thinking, the most well versed in knowledge and the smartest and brightest and that is the attitude of the believer. The mindset of the believer is that they realize that this world is temporary, that you're like a tribal as the prophet allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam confit dunya, Kanika, curry or eyebrow Sabine, be in this world as if you're a stranger, or a passerby, person who travels from one place to another, what do they do, they only take what they need for their travel, and deliver that suitcase. And they take what they need for their journey. And then they benefit from that small amount of resource that they
have the small amount of, of food that they take and provision, and then they continue with their journey. And then as one of the prophets of Allah, where I mean, some of my example, an example of this dunya is like the example of the rider who finds the shade of a tree and he settles there for a short while to rest. And then he continues his journey. That's what the dunya is, you just come to seek shade in the for a short amount of time, whether that be 2020 years, 50 years, 100 years, short amount of time, you spend this dunya like a traveler, and so the mindset of the traveler is different to the one who's resident because when you when you move, somebody's going to stay there
and become resident you have a different mindset. Now you're looking for a house, you're looking for land, you're looking for furniture, you're looking for a car you but when you meet and you go somewhere traveling with it for a week, you don't want to start looking for property, you're not looking to buy cars, you're not looking to find out where to settle and looking for different neighborhoods. You're just you're just there for a few days you do what you need to do and you move on and that is how the believer should be in terms of the dunya
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in nicely but whoever seeks the harvest of the Hereafter, we will increase for him his harvest, and whoever seeks to harvest of this world will give him there was already decree for him, but he will have no share in the hereafter. He'll Allah subhanaw taala tells us of His kindness this leaves so that they may know Him, love Him and seek His kindness and generosity. Another shade of meaning of the word Latif translated here as kind indicates that he knows what is in their hearts and minds,
which leads his slaves, especially the believers, to that which is good for them in a manner that they do not know or anticipate, or memorable. Lara's belief has a number of meanings within it, from those meanings as generosity from those meanings as kindness and from those meanings as mercy and from those meanings is subtleness that Allah has given his leaf, he does things to you in the most subtle of ways. Allah subhanaw taala nudges you in one direction, or stops you from going in a different direction. So many things that go around you that you don't even notice and realize other people what they're doing for you, someone's making dua for you. You don't even know that they made
the art for you. Someone makes the art for you. Somebody isn't good for you. Someone sees
and benefit that you did. And they speak of you in good you don't you're not even aware of what they're doing. And Allah azza wa jal does this in the most subtle of ways or somehow miss coming to you and Allah azza wa jal that day makes you late. That day he just diverts you that they you sleep in that day something happens to you. You have no idea what would have happened a lot. No one knows. Because a particular degree didn't come to pass Allah Israel changed it for you moved away from you as a result of your good deeds or someone's or whatever it may be. And so Allah subhanaw taala is Latif Loki from Gary Bandy, he is someone who is subtle in the way that he did because not
everything that we see from Allah azza wa jal mercy is that open and that significant or visible to us certain things we can see. And we know these are from the Mercy of Allah azza wa jal, Allah gives your child Allah gives you a lot of wealth, that stuff that's visible, that you can see. But how much of what Allah Allah does for me and you, you don't even know, can't even recognize you wouldn't even notice it there. Because Allah azza wa jal is a leaf and that is from the Most Beautiful Names of Allah subhanaw taala. For the believer to know that when Allah azza wa jal prevents you from something or stops you from something that is not fit that you may have wanted that thing, but Allah
took it away from you, because Allah knows that there would be evil things that would come as a result of that. And so Allah subhanaw taala in the most gentle, subtle ways, he takes you away from a path or he puts you on a different path. One aspect aspect of his kindness, his believing slave, is that he guides him to that which is good in ways that never crossed his mind, by means of what he makes available to him of causes that lead him to that, such as creating in him the love of truth and submission to it, and his inspiring his noble Angels to help the believers to be steadfast and urge them to do good, and make sure it's fair seeming in their hearts in order to motivate them to
follow it. Another aspect of his kindness is that he enjoined two believers to do communal acts of worship, which strengthen their resolve and motivate them and lead them to compete in doing good and seeking and to follow one another's one another example. A third aspect of his kindness is that he has made available to his days slave every means that may form a barrier between him and sin. To the extent that if Allah subhanaw taala knows that worldly gain, wealth, leadership and other things for which people can be in this world, could cause his slaves to turn away from obedience to Him, or make him negligent or lead him into sin. He diverted from him and restricts His provision. And so
that's what the believer knows and understands therefore, the no matter what comes or passes from the dunya it's okay so long as they have Iman, so long as Allah azza wa jal has given to Eman and you have believed in Allah subhanaw taala. Even if you have no other blessing in this world, nothing comes your way. Allah azza wa jal is still favored you and honored. And if you don't have Eman, then you can have all the treasures of the dunya but it won't benefit you in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala. And so Allah azza wa jal sometimes takes things away from you, because he knows that as a result of that, you will become negligent. As a result of that you become heedless as a result of
you become arrogant as a result of you become someone who just becomes busy with the dunya. And Allah wants for you a better path. Allah wants for you to do something which is which is great in terms of his worships panel Turner, and he says here, he grants provision to whomever he was, according to what is dictated by his wisdom and sorrow, knowledge, and he is the strong the almighty tomb all power belongs, so no created being has any power or strength except through Him, to whom all things submit. Whoever seeks to harvest of the Hereafter there is its rewards and gains, so he believes in it and tries hard for it, and strive hard for that, we will increase for him his harvest
by greatly multiplying the reward for his deeds, as Allah subhanaw taala says elsewhere,
but wherever 60 Hereafter and strives for it, as it should be striven for, and is a true believer, such are the ones whose effort will be appreciated. Nevertheless, his share of water provision will inevitably contain and whoever seeks to harvest of this world in the sense that this world is his only aim, and he does not give presents to the hereafter, as he has no hope for its reward, and does not fear its punishment will give him there of his share. There's already Dookie for him. But you have no shame thereafter, for he will be deprived of paradise and its delights and he was of hell and displeasing fire and see how most of hunted down here describes both people, the one who seeks
the hereafter and the one who seeks this world, as harvesters. Both of them are plowing the field, both of them are planting seeds. Well, not every person in this world, that's what they're doing. The example of them is like a farmer who plants the seeds. And so every one of us has to put an effort you want to dunya takes effort you want to hear takes effort, like the farmer has to go and plow the field has to put in his seeds as to what his crops has to tend to their field for the whole of that season, until it's ready for harvest and that is Allah azza wa jal gives you the example of the harvest because the harvest isn't that you just come and you take the fruit or the you take the
crops, how much work goes into it before you get to that stage. takes months of work for the farmer every year, year in year out. That's what they do. And likewise for the believer, it takes a lot of effort and work and hard work.
In order for them to be able to have the crop that is ready to harvest, so some people harvest for the dunya and other people's harvest for the akhira. And so ALLAH SubhanA data promises those who do it for the era, that Allah azza wa jal will give to them the best of harvests the harvest that is with Allah subhanaw taala will ever be, will they ever short football will never fall short, will ever be deficiency in it. What the crops ever go go bad? No, Allah, Allah, just harvest is always the best of harvests. But if you do it in the dunya, you have no guarantee. You could spend 5070 years working for this life and you get nothing at the end of it. Like many people toil every day
work, work, work, work, what do they find that the end, don't even own a house sometimes just don't have anything left. And so you don't get that guarantee from the dunya. Some people find it some people don't. But the akhira everyone gets it. If you're sincere and you seek it, and you have Eman and righteous deeds, and you're sincere in your intentions. Allah azza wa jal gives everyone the harvest of Africa with Imana, righteous deeds.
It's like the verse in which Allah subhanaw taala says, Those who seek the life of this world and its splendor, we will repay them in full in his life for their deeds and they will not be given less than they deserve those are the ones for whom there will be nothing in the Hereafter with a fire there are there they're all their efforts will come to nothing. And all they did will be in vain.
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Or do they have partners who have prescribed for them a religion for which Allah has not given any authority? Had it been had it not been for for a prior decree of respite. A decisive judgment would already have been passed between them ready for the wrongdoers, there will be a painful punishment.
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gonna hand or beat him. There are Lika who will fog lol cabbie, you will see the wrongdoers filled with apprehension about what they have earned, but the require thereof will inevitably before them. For those who believe that the righteous these will be in the middle of paradise. They will have all that they wish for were their Lord, that is the Great Bounty.
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That is the bounty of which Allah gives Glad Tidings to slaves who believe and do righteous deeds say no Recompense to our ask of you for his except Except that you should be kind to me for my kinship with you. Whoever does a good deed, we will increase Izmir for him. Verily Allah is not forgiving.
Appreciative, he will last planetary tells us that the polytheist took their partners as allies, and they have something in common with them, namely, disbelief and these based on disbelief. These allies were the devils among humankind, who called others to disbelief they prescribed for them a religion for which Allah has not given any authority, involving polytheism and innovation, for proving that which Allah had permitted permitting that which Allah had forbidden, forbidden and other matters as dictated by the whims and desires here, Allah subhanaw taala says that these people who ascribed part of the large xojo They took from them authority that Allah didn't give to them,
because they would base on the belief of those in those idols and those false gods, they will based upon that religious duties, the bad acts of worship, they will do things and they will ascribe it to those gods. This verse also is used by the scholars of Islam as you can see it because the author says in his in his explanation, it includes polytheism and includes innovation, which is bedarra. The scholars use this verse also as a basis and foundation to show the bidder is something or innovation, something which is rejecting the religion because essence is one of the same. That personnel who worships clubs besides Allah, and then innovates practices of worship and says that
this is the way that you should worship God. They're doing that from a place of knowledge. Seeing that Allah's religion is not complete single Allah azza wa jal legislated something that he didn't legislate. And likewise, the person who innovates in the religion like the Muslim who innovates in Islam, they're doing the same thing. They sink in
essence that Allah's originals are completed. That larger delete city is something that he didn't need to state that we need to do practices that Allah and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't tell us to do. And so the essence is one of the sin. Allah didn't send them authority for this one, Allah didn't send an authority for that one. And this is why the scholars of Islam often use this verse as a basis for refuting all types of innovation as well.
No doubt true religion cannot be anything but what Allah subhanaw taala took was prescribed so that people may follow it and draw near to Him thereby. In principle, there should be no one who prescribes anything that was not prescribed by Allah for his messengers on the line itself. So how about these evildoers who have in common with their forefathers, their adherence to disbelief, had it not been for prior to create respite, that is, were not for the appointed term set by Allah and his decree that he would give them respite until that time, he would have passed judgment among them immediately by rewarding those who are in the right and destroying those who are in the wrong
because the justification for their destruction is present. But ahead of them lies the painful punishment in the hereafter for those and for all other wrongdoers. On that day, you will see the wrongdoers that is those who wronged themselves by disbelieving committing sins filled with empty apprehension, that is afraid and filled with dread, about that, about what they are what they have earned, lest they be punished for it. When a person is afraid, that which he
which he fears may or may not happen to him. Therefore, Allah confirms here that there will be inevitably there will inevitably before them the punishment that they fear because they did that, which includes the punishment without anything to offset such as repentance and so on. And they have reached the point that where there is no longer a respite or postponement, but those who believe with all their hearts, in Allah and in his books and his messengers, and what they brought and do righteous deeds, which includes both beliefs and physical actions obligatory and recommended, they will be in the middle of paradise. So do not ask about the beauty of those verdant meadows, and what
they contain a flowing rivers green grass, beautiful views through for cheese, singing birds, melodious voices and meeting loved ones, and enjoying the company to the fullest. They are gardens that will forever increase in beauty and splendor and their will their people will never tire of delighting in their pleasures, they will have all that they wished for days in those gardens, wherever they want, they will get and whatever they ask for, they will receive such as No I've seen, no ear has heard, nor has it crossed the mind of men know from Allah subhanaw taala when he wants to summarize the delights of Jannah the blessings of jhana the rewards are genuine. He just simply says
subhanaw taala who Manisha owner in the robin, they will have everything that their heart's desire in Jana, easier than listing every single thing. Because there's too much to list everything that you could possibly desire. Allah has it and will give it to you in Jannah, like the Hadith of the prophets of Allah where it was said on the final man to leave the fire, the final Muslim to leave the fire and to intergender Allah subhanaw taala will say to him wish, make a wish before you enter to general what is it that you want, so the man will wish for what he wanted. Allah will say to me again, termina make wishing wish for more, and the man will wish and again and again and again and
again until the man will say Oh Allah, there's nothing left for me to wish for everything that I could possibly dream of even the stuff that I didn't really want. I wished for now, everything I've done, Allah Azza will say to him, that you will have all of the dunya and double, it's like, well, these things because he's thinking of the dunya the palaces, he saw the wealthy. So that's what he's thinking of. Allah will say you have all of the dunya and double, it's like the companion said when he had this hadith, but by Allah I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam, and read the same Hadith and say, he will have the dunya and 10 times it's like, and he's the least of the people and
reward in general. He's the last person to enter, as the nice reward engender, what about those above him by a station or two or three or 10 or 100? Or 1000? What about those people that Allah azza wa jal has favored agenda? Now my issue with no personal agenda will feel that they will have been slighted. The hadith says the prophets of salaam said that this person will enter origin as the last one has the least reward he will go in thinking no one's better than me in general. Because even that feeling, I'm engender, this brother has more than me, that person has more than me, that causes animosity, right? Because jealousy causes a problem. So every person is content with leverage
they have, that person will go in genuinely believing No one is better than me agenda. No one has more than I do. Because the larger will make everyone pleased to their heart's design content that which they wish for Allah azza wa jal will give to them minimal surprise Allah going to stop listening and Bantry
that is the Great Bounty. Can there be any bounty greater than attaining the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala and the joy of being close to him in paradise? There is a bounty of which Allah gives Glad Tidings to slaves who believe and do righteous deeds. That is, these are great glad tidings.
is the grace of God, given by the Most Merciful, most gracious at the hands of the best of his creation, to those who believe and do righteous deeds, this the most sublime of goals, and the means that lead to that goal or the best of means, say, no recompense, do I ask you for this, that is for conveying this Quran to you, and calling you to follow his rulings, I do not want to take your wealth, or becoming a leader, or seek any other aims, except that you should be kind to me from my kinship with you. It may be that what is meant is, I'm not asking you for any recompense for this except one thing, which is in your favor, and will benefit you, namely, that you should love me
because of the ties of kinship between us. And this kind of love that is extra to the extra to the love of the Prophet. So I said, as required by faith, loving the messenger SallAllahu sallam, on the basis of faith and giving presidents of love of Him over love of anyone else. After Allah is required of every Muslim, we asked these people for something in addition to their, which was to love him on the basis of kinship, because he began his mission by calling the closest of people to him, to the extent that it was said
that there was no one among the clans of Kurdish that did not have ties of kinship to the Messenger of Allah, Allah lives and crushes all one tribe. As an ambassador of the Allah. One woman said, What is Kurdish Croatia is a tribe. How does the tribe work? All of these people in the tribe, what are these different clans, they go back to the same ancestor. That's how the tribe works. A man came, and he was known as Scottish from him, his descendants and their descendants that they become big tribe. As our tribes work, essentially, they will go back to one person. So here the orange are doing what to the Prophet Salam. This is someone who is a blood relative to them. Some of them are
closer to him. Some of them are further away, but they're all relatives. What are they doing to him? They're fighting him, they're torturing him. They're persecuting him, the harming him, that essentially attempting to kill him. So does Allah azza wa jal say to him, say to these people, I don't want anything from you don't want your wife don't want your money don't want any reward from you. It will my word that effing CORBA. But based on our mutual kinship, our relationship, the blood ties that we have, at the very least respect them, all of them, because we are family to one another. And so the prophets of Allah while he was telling me same to them, that just as me and you
love the Prophet, son, because of our faith, we're not related to the prophets. We don't have any blood ties of kinship with him. But we love Him because of our Eman. Those people should love him because of their kinship at the very least respect Him, LISTEN to Him, honor him, or don't harm him, even if they don't want to follow his religion. And so they refuse to do so. And that shows the enmity that the people have towards the prophets, because as we mentioned before in the story of Ibrahim Ali salaam, his father, through his own son into the fire, shows the enmity that Cofer brings within a person, that they will be odd enemies, not all of them, but sometimes are the
enemies to those people who believe in Allah azza wa jal. This exception indicates that he was not asking them for any recompense at all, except something that would benefit them. So it was not really recompense for him at all. Whether he was rewarding them, whoever it is a good deed such as prayer, fasting hedge or cheating people who kindly we will keep this metaphor that is, Allah will give him a sense of comfort, and make things easy for him. And that good deed will be a cause of doing another good deed. Thus a good deeds of the believer will increase and you will rise in status with Allah and with His creation, and will attain or attain reward in this world and hereafter. Very
Allah is oft forgiving, appreciative, appreciative, He forgives a major sins, no matter how great they are, which which one repent when one repent from them.
And he appreciates a small deed or gives me a great reward for it. By His forgiveness, He forgive sins, and because those faults and by his appreciation, he accepts good deeds and multiplies the reward. The reward really
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or do they say he has fabricated lies against Allah. But if Allah so willed, He could seal up your heart. Allah eliminates falsehood and establishes the Truth by his words, fairly he knows what was in people's hearts, that is do these do those who reject the messenger SallAllahu Sallam say odd, odd, audaciously and mendaciously He has fabricated lies against the law,
making the worst of accurate, accurate accusations against him against you. They accused you of fabricating lies against the law by claiming to be a prophet and by attributing to Allah that was she had nothing to do with when they were well aware of truthfulness and honesty. How can they dare to tell such blatant lies?
In fact, by doing this, they also transgressed against Allah for AIDS and imprison
criticism of him forgiving you for authority and control over this great call, which, according to their claim is the greatest Mischeif on earth, for Allah allowed him to proclaim this call and attribute it to him. Then he supported him with clear miracles, definitive proof, clear victory and dominance of the of those who oppose him. Allah subhanho wa Taala could have put an end to this call from the outset and wiped out by sealing up the heart of the messages that Allah said, so that he would not be able to understand anything and no goodness, would enter his heart. If he had sealed up his heart, the matter would have come to a complete halt. This is definitive, this is definitely
going to be this definitively points to the soundness of the message bought by the messenger SallAllahu sallam, and is the strongest test testimony from Allah, in support of what he said, there can be no testimony greater or stronger than that. Hence, by his wisdom and mercy, and in accordance with the way he always deals with things, a lot of racist falsehood and removes it. Even if he has the upper hand sometimes it will ultimately diminish and establishes the truth wise words. One way that Allah uses to establish and strengthen truth is that he allows for sir to stand up to it. Then when it stands up to the truth, truth a taxi by pretending is proof and evidence. Thus truth will
make manifest His light and guidance because of which falsehood will diminish and be suppressed, and is false. This will become apparent to everyone whilst the truth is manifested, and is made clear for everyone fairly he knows well what is in people's hearts, there is what there is in them of good deeds of good and evil and what they are concealing and not disclosing.
Well, who will let the Corbin do better than anybody he yr for any say, Tyr Allah Mohammed follow is He Who accepts repentance from His slaves and parties about these and he knows all that you do.
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share the he responds to this application of those who believe and do righteous deeds and gives them yet more of out of His Bounty. But as for the disbelievers there is will be a severe punishment. While OBS up along with it is calling anybody in their own thing. I'll be working. While I'm thinking Zillow will call during my show
we'll see if Allah were to grant abundant provision to all his slaves, that would indeed indeed transgress all balance and commit much injustice in the land. But he sends it down and do measure it as he was fairly he is well well aware of his slaves and sees them all. While while lady went to zero Lloyd,
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Raj Mehta. Wahoo. Valley union family is He Who sends down the much needed rain after they have lost all hope, and submits his mercy for and why, and he is the protector worthy of all praise. This highlights the perfect generosity and immense kindness of our last panel Tada as he accepts the repentance of His slaves, when they give up their sins, regret them and resolve not to go back to them.
If they seek thereby the pleasure of their Lord, Allah is accepting their repentance after their doom had become due as a result of their comic sin. And after punishments in this world were carried out as prescribed, as prescribed in Sharia, and pardons bad deeds. He erases them and races, what they leave of shame and what they incur of punishment, the one who repent is restored to honor before him as as if he never did those bad deeds and he loves him and enables him to do that, which brings him closer close to him, but Allah subhanaw taala forgives and he shows mercy, and he accepts repentance and He pardons and Allah subhanaw taala. When He pardons, you wipes away the sin. In
fact, not only does he wipe away the sin, those sins are changed into good deeds. All of that is from the Mercy of Allah subhanaw taala. And so the act of Toba is one of the greatest and most powerful acts of worship that you can perform. And unfortunately, it's also one of the most neglected that people don't often tend to Allah azza wa jal in acts of Tobin making Toba but if you look, throughout the book of Allah azza wa jal and the Stories of the Prophets you will see how much they tend to Allah azza wa jal, the next October, constantly turning to Allah subhanaw taala seeking forgiveness, and that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that I seek the forgiveness of
Allah simply times a day, or 100 times a day in some regions 7200 times a day he's saying stuff that Allah or international even among Allama friendly with everybody in the content the web writing we can do to Allah Allah forgive me have mercy upon me except my repentance. And Allah has already forgiven all of his sins, some of the values in the show
As to the importance of Tober so the believer is someone who's constantly turning back to Allah azza wa jal. Why? Because the Prophet told us and Allah What are you saying that every time you sin in your heart as a black dot that is placed there and then you sin again or another one and the third one and the fifth one until he says that Allahu Allah will send them there are only two types of hearts. If you repent, it is raised, those dots are erased. Your hearts become pure. Two there are only two hearts left one that is corrupt, even darkened and other one is light. It is no it is right from Allah subhanaw taala full of Eman. How do you do that? And make it over to Allah Zildjian all
of us are sinful. But the best of those who sin are those who repent, they tend to Allah azza wa jal constantly, and they seek his forgiveness. Because Because repentance is one of the great deeds that may be perfected because of complete sincere sincerity and resolve.
Or may be imperfect, if sincerity is lacking. Or it may be embedded if the aim is to attain some worldly goal. And because the place of repentance is the heart, which no one knows except ALLAH, he includes his he concludes this verse with the words and he knows all that you do. Allah calls all his slaves to turn to Him and repent from their shortcomings and, and according to their response that people are divided into two care categories. The first category is those who respond whom he described in the following verse, He responses supplication with those who believe and do righteous deeds, that is, they respond to their they respond to their Lord and do what they do what he called
them to do. A submit to Him and answer his call, because what they have a faith and righteous deed and what motivates them to do that, once they respond to him, I'll respond to them and show their appreciation to them. For he is the author forgiving, appreciative by His grace He gives them more by helping them and giving them energy to do righteous deeds, and he gives them a multiple reward far greater than what they deserve for the good deeds, granting them reward and the great triumph.
As for those who do not respond to Allah, namely those who stubbornly disbelieve in him, and in His messengers, there will be a severe punishment in this world and the Hereafter, then Allah tells that tells that by kindness to slaves, he does not bestow on them a great deal of worldly provision that would be detrimental to their religious commitment. If Allah were to grant abundant provision to all his slaves, they will indeed transgress all bounds and commit much injustice in in the land. That is, they will neglect their duties towards Allah and will focus on indulging in worldly pleasures, and abundant wealth would make them concentrate on their desires, even if that involves sin and
wrongdoing. But he sends it down and do measure as he was, according to or is dictated by his knowledge and wisdom. Rarely, he is well aware of his slaves, and he sees them. He sees them all, as he says, in some reports that Allah subhanaw taala says, among my slaves are those whose faith cannot be sound, except through wealth. And if I were to make them poor, that faith would be corrupted. And among my slaves, are those whose faith cannot be found, except through poverty. And if I were to make them rich, the faith would be corrupted. And among Muslims are those who, whose faith cannot be sound accepted through good health. And if I were to make them ill, it would crop
their faith. And I'm almost slaves are those who, whose faith cannot be sown except through sickness. And if I were to give them good health, their faith would be corrupted. I control the affairs of my slaves, according to my knowledge of what is in their hearts, for verily I am all aware, are seeing and that is the nature of people. Different people need different paths in order to retain Allah subhanaw taala. Some people if you were to give them wealth, you would corrupt them and they will never come to Allah azza wa jal for the people for them wealth is the path to Allah subhanaw taala because in their heart, they have generosity and kindness. And so they will use that
wealth in a lot of good. Other people. They only find Allah through sickness, how many people they go through a near fatal accident or they go through a life ending disease or illness. And then they realize that they need to do something with their life and they tend to Allah azza wa jal, you will hear that for many people, they have a moment in their life, that is pivotal that changes their whole outlook. That's what allows you to do some people is to do with their wealth some people do with their family, some people do with their health, everyone has their personal Allah subhanaw taala. And different people will come to Allah azza wa jal in different ways. And that's why we say
Allah azza wa jal to the believers is Latif, he used to do subhanaw taala that which will help the most in attaining the pleasure of Allah subhana wa Tada and Allah azza wa jal does that in a way for them. That is good. That doesn't mean it's good for everyone, the prophet or you but as we said, 18 years of illness, that doesn't mean illness is something to be coveted, that we should want it because he meant he was patient for 18 years, me and you may not be patient, we may not last even for a month, Elijah was to try us with that. So everyone is given that test and so you are pleased with that which Allah has decreed for you and your patient upon the trials that he sent your way
is you sends down the much needed rain that is when it rains that is much needed by the land and the people. After they have lost all hope, and rain had ceased.
A while. So they thought that the rain would not come. And they despaired and did things to try bring it to try to bring it. So Allah says down the much needed rain and thereby spreads his mercy far and wide, but bringing forth vision for humans and animals, so they appreciate it so that they appreciate it greatly. And they rejoice in it, and feel happy. And he's the protector who protects and takes care of his slaves, and always looking after their interests will spiritual and worldly, Worthy of all praise for his protection and control worthy worthy of all praise for his perfect attributes and for what He bestows on his creation of all kinds of fevers.
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or who are generating.
Cody, among His Signs is a creation of the heavens and the earth, and what He has scattered throughout them of all kinds of creatures, and he has the power to gather them together whenever you will, that is among the signs of his great mind, and that he will bring the dead back to life is a creation of the heavens and the earth, despite their greatness and vastness is indicative of his might invest power was seen in both of them of precision and perfection is indicative of his wisdom. And what they contain of benefits that serve people's interests is indicative of His mercy, which demonstrates that he alone is deserving of all kinds of worship, and that the so called divinity of
others is false. And what He has scattered throughout them is what he has distributed throughout the heavens and the earth, of all kinds of creatures, which Allah has made to be of service and benefit is Steve's.
And he has the power to gather them together, that is to bring all creatures back together after their death, for the standing on the Day of Resurrection, wherever he was, this power and war are fit for that purpose. But to believe that this will happen is subject to whether there is a truth for divine text to this effect is known that the reports from the messages and texts of the Divine books that were revealed to them all point to the fact that this will happen.
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Honestly, you can never escape Allah's punishment on Earth. And besides a lot you have no you have either. You have neither a protector nor helper. Here Allah subhanaw taala tells us that No calamity befalls people affecting their health, property, children, and what they love and is dear to them. But it is because of what their own hands have have sent forth of evil deeds. But what Allah pardons is much more than that. Allah does not brown people rather they run themselves every single committee that befalls a person and hardship. This as a result of our own evil deeds, the sins that we perform the sins that we commit. And therefore the sins that we commit only Allah azza wa jal
knows the true measure and the true harm. And so sometimes the person commits a sin and you may think that it's a small sin, it's a minus and but in the sight of Allah azza wa jal, he may be something major, because of its effects and because of its harms and things so Allah azza wa jal then provides you with a calamity as a result of that calamity for you, if you're patient through it is a means of expiation. That's how Allah azza wa jal is exploiting your sins for you. And Allah azza wa jal is purifying the evil that you've done. Allah has done is purifying you from the evil that you've done. And that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the for the believer,
every single calamity and hardship and pain that they feel it is expiation, even to the extent of the phone that pricks you, that small little prick of the phone that causes you that moment of pain, that is expansion for the believer, the patient upon that, and then under Allah azza wa jal has decreed it for them. And so the patient upon the trust of Allah azza wa jal sends them that way. So yes, everything that you do all the companies that before you, it is as a result of the evil that you've done, but at the same time for the believer was expansion as well. And so that's why the believer their mindset is different to the other person who may not necessarily think that way they
may see a calamity and they may think that it is all evil, not for the believer there is good in it. If Allah were to take humankind to task for what they have earned, he would not leave on the face of the earth a single living creature, the delay in the punishment is not due to neglect or incapability on his part, you can never escape Allah's punishment on Earth. That is you cannot escape the power that Allah has has over you. Rather you are helpless on earth, for you cannot resist what Allah wills concern you. And besides Allah you have neither protector to protect you and bring you benefit from
will help to ward off harm from me.
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Among His Signs are the ships sailing on the sea like mountains in Yasha, you skinny really have a
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in equal slope bearing Shaku, if he saw what he could steal the wind so that they would remain motionless on its surface, surely in their in that there are signs for every steadfastly patient and deeply thankful person, will you be a co host, Nabi Makka, Cebu, for one Kathy did, or you could cause them to sink on account of their passengers, passengers, on the account of their passengers is misdeeds by overlooks much
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he is then those who argue against our signs or know what they have, we know that they have no escape, that is among the size of his mercy and care for his slaves, or the ships sailing on the sea. This includes all kinds of ships driven by engines or under sail, that are so big, that they are like mountains.
Allah has made deep sea to be of service to the ships, and he protects them from tossing from the tossing of the waves, he causes the ships to carry you and your many belongings to distant lands and remote regions. And he has made a an A and he has and he has made available for the ships all that means that help them to be of service to then the highlight these means further, if you saw world, you could still the wind that Allah has made the means of moving the ships, so that they namely the ships will remain motionless on the surface of the sea. Now moving forward or backwards. This also applies to ships are driven by engines because they are also affected by the wind. If Allah so word,
he could cause the shift to sink because of the deeds of their passengers, he could jam them in the sea and destroy them. And he is forbearing and overlooks much the loss of Pandora tells us that He has given to us many blessings. And here he gives the example of the ships and had Allah azza wa jal wilt, or if you will, subhanaw taala he can just as easily remove those blessings from you. Use your blessings can easily take them away from you gives you the ships but if there was no wind, or the sea wasn't wasn't, wasn't stable, in the sense that the ships aren't like right upon it because of the storms and so on, then those blessings are taken away from you. And that's something that we all
of us can bear witness to very recently, that pandemic that we had COVID Everything stopped the whole world, everything that we knew, and were accustomed to everything stopped and changed. You couldn't even go out and meet your family. You couldn't go out to the shops you couldn't. Everything that you were accustomed, couldn't come to the masjid to pray. Everything that we took for granted was changed. All of these vessels that Allah gave to us, Allah azza wa jal can take them away easily. And we in our time thought that that wouldn't happen to us. In the past, people had these issues, strips and animals and crops and that's their problem. They said We live in a different
time. And Allah Allah shoulders, his power subhanaw taala, not just in one place, or one city, one region or one country, the whole world came to a stop, everything was empty. Everything was empty. And so Allah subhanaw taala does as he pleases gelateria to show his power over his creation. And so Allah gives you blessings but just as easily, he can remove them from you as well. Clearly in that there are signs for every steadfastly patient and deeply thankful person, that for the one who has great patience in putting up with what you find burdensome or difficult, so he forces himself to bear it with patients, whether it is hardship, in doing acts of obedience or enriching himself from
sin, or restraining himself from becoming discontent in the face of calamities, and he is thankful at times of ease, and when blessings come, acknowledging the blessings of his Lord, humbling himself before him, traveling to please Him, such as the one who benefits from the signs of Allah. As for the one who does not have patience and is not grateful for the blessings of Allah. This is the one who is negligent or heedless, and he does not benefit from the sound of Allah. Then Allah subhanaw taala says, Then those who will argue against our signs are and try to invalidate them by their falsehood will know that they have no escape. There's no save them from the from what will befall
them or punishment.
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When whatever you have, you have been given is what the enjoyment of the life of this world but that which is with Allah is better and more lasting for those who believe and put their trust in the Lord. Well, Lady Nigel attorney boo
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and who avoid major sins and shameful deeds, and when angered, are willing to forgive, while levena storagevault be him call most
room shoe, bang, you know whom I mean? Rosanna whom your vehicle and you respond to the Lord and establish prayer and conduct their affairs by mutual consultation and spend out of what We have provided for them while living in
Florida homeowners about whom you talk to and when they around, stand up for themselves and respond in kind.
This is aimed at making people lose interest in this world and have a greater interest in the hereafter by mentioning deeds that may help one to attain that, whatever you have been given a power of leadership, wealth, sons good health and physical well being is what their enjoyment of the life of this world and it's imperfect and transient pleasures, but that which is with a law of greed award and eternal bliss is better than the pleasures of this world and there is no comparison between them and more lasting because it is bliss that is not imperfect or tainted with distress and it will never depart.
Then Allah tells us for whom this award is is for those who believe and put their trust in the Lord. That is the combined sound faith which which is based on righteousness, both outward and inward with trust in Allah, which is the means of achieving all good, all good deeds. Any deed that is not accompanied by trust in Allah is imperfect. This trust means relying with all one's heart on Allah to bring what one loves and ward off one dislikes whilst having confidence in Him and who avoid major sins and shameful deeds. The difference between major sins and shameful deeds, although both are major sins, is that shameful deeds are major sins to which there's a natural inclination, such
as fornication and the like. Whereas medicines are not like that. This implies when they are mentioned together, when either of them is mentioned on its own, and the other is included with it. Like we said before certain terms when they mentioned together, then the meanings are separated. But when either one of them is mentioned by itself, then the meanings are combined, like we said before, Islam and Eman. Each one of them if it's mentioned by itself, income comprises the other. But if they mentioned together then Islam is physical acts of worship, and the man is acts of worship from the heart. This is the same here. And if the middle for lash, both are sin, both are major sin. But
the difference is that for what ash wood has mentioned in this context alongside other types of sin, then feroce deals with the sins of desires like Xena, fornication, adultery, those is referring to that type of sin. Because Allah Azza Jinnah, when he's mentioning different types of sin together, if the flesh belly all of these are different types of seeing each one of them must speak about a different aspects or just repetition and all of them besides the verses and saying that if we sin and sin and sin, speaking about different elements of sins, because for some people, those sins of desires are the hardest for them. Other people, it's about wealth. That's something which they can't
avoid. Other people it's about attacking honor the people what they speak the words, mining, cheating, everyone has the challenges. So therefore Allah azza wa jal groups them together in this way at times, like he does in this verse, And when angered, are willing to forgive that they have attained such good manners and attitudes, and attitudes that forbearance has become second nature to them, to the extent that if someone angered them with his words or deeds, they suppress their anger and did not act on it. Rather, they forgive him and do not respond to bad treatment except with kindness, forgiveness and tolerance. Does forgiveness and tolerance leads to beneficial consequences
and worse off many bad things regarding themselves and others. Just like the first thing which Allah subhanaw taala says, Good deeds and evil deeds are not equal, Repel evil with that which is good thereupon. Thereupon he between whom, and you there was ill feeling or become like a close friend, but none can attain that except to those who are patient, and none can attain it except those except one who is blessed with a great shear share of good and righteousness and in a number of places in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal praises the people who can contain the anger suppress the anger, they can control themselves at times of anger, and then act in a way of forgiveness and kindness. Because
most people when they become extremely angry, they act in a way which isn't good and they will say things which aren't good and they will do things which aren't good that they themselves will let one regret. Once they calm down. Allah Allah says, but the point here is that at the time of anger, that's what you need to do no point regretting it afterwards.
Someone becomes extremely angry, they divorce the wife three times. Now they come and say, as a problem afterwards, it's difficult. At that time you need to train yourself by what they should be assessing are the blemishes on the regime making or do moving, changing position? That's what the Sharia tells you to do. So that you will have, you will have a level of patience. And so Allah azza wa jal praises those people who are able to suppress the anger at the time when they become adults, or the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to the Companions, who would you consider to be strong amongst you? is still a messenger of Allah and the one that can wrestled someone else. The
one can hold another man to the ground, that's the one that's strong. He said, No, he said, The one who has true strength is the one who can suppress his anger at the time of anger. That's true strength, the strength of the inner one because if you have the inner strength, then you have outer strength as well. But the person who has that physical strength and everyone they come across, they just oppress the harm that that person is not a strong person, someone who will go up to a woman and it'll be turned go to childbirth, doesn't care who's in front of them. That's not a sign of strength, somebody to be praised, not something to be honored. And so Allah subhanaw taala, and the
prophets of Allah, Allah will send them tell us how to understand these concepts of what is strength and courage and bravery.
And he respond to their Lord that is, they submit and obey Him and answer his call, it becomes their aim to please Him and attain nearness to him. Part of responding to a lot is establishing prayer and giving the care therefore, they are mentioned after that, by way of following the mention of something in general terms with something specific, which is indicative of its importance and virtue has Allah says, an established prayer that has both outwardly and inwardly both arbitrary and voluntary prayers, and spend out of what We have provided for them of obligatory spending, such as spending on Reddit relatives and the like, encourage kinds of spending such as charity to people in
general conduct their affairs, both rich and worldly, by mutual consent consultation, as normal forces his own view with regard to any matter of their current affairs. This can only be a sign of the unity harmony, mutual love and perfect mature thinking, because if they want to do something that requires discussion, and exchange of views, they get together and discuss and examine the issue, then once it becomes clear to them that once it comes clear to them, what is the best option that will serve the interests of the community, they hastened to take a decision concerning that option.
This has to do with matters such as decisions concerning war and jihad, and appointing people to positions as governance judges and so on, on discussing some religious issues in general, as because such issues are of common concern, and discussing them and exchanging views in order to reach the correct conclusion is something that is loved by Allah, and is included in this first book. This is from the attributes of the believers when I'm wrong, I'm sure Robbie now that they have mutual consultation, on the affairs that affect all of them. And that differs from person to person in the situation, that can be applied in a small situation like in the family, the husband consults his
wife seeks or advice about that which has to do with their household and their family. So even though Allah azza wa jal has given to the husband, the position of authority, that doesn't mean it becomes a dictator in the house, not someone who just like comes in the house and becomes a dictator and the king wants to be served, this is my command, you will do it no. One other he consults in the face with the people of his household and so on as for their opinion, sees what their suggestions are. The Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam used to do that you did it with the Hadith I did it with Aisha did it with cinema, but the Allahu Anhu did it with many of his wives. In the Treaty of the
BIA. When the Prophet SAW Selim was returning, call me Comrade this year, the prophet Sam said to the Companions, we're not making camera, you need to come out of the seat of haram, shave your heads, slaughter, your sacrifices come out of Iran, the process of mounting to his tent came out after a short while no one's done anything. They're all still there exactly the same. The problem goes back in to the tent on Southern model. The Allahu Anhu is there. He's upset. She says a messenger of Allah was wrong. He says, I gave a command to the Companions, I came up, no one's done a single thing. She said O Messenger of Allah in their hearts, they still have hope that maybe they
will go and make aamra But if you go out shave your head first slaughter your animal first, you will see the all of them will do the same. So the Prophet Salman did that. And all of them followed. So he sought advice, seek consultation. On a number of occasions, you will come to Abubakar and Amara man and the media companions, gather them together and see and the companions did the same. And what are the Allah one who needs to say, they will affairs that if they came upon you, you will meet those issues, those decisions individually, but in the time of Armani will go to the companions of brother in order to consult them on those issues. So we today are hasty sometimes the decisions that
we make whether it's on a larger scale for the community, on a smaller scale individually, but to seek consultation to seek advice, even if you don't accept it, you don't you disagree. At the very least you get different points of view. You get to understand people's perspectives. You get to see what they think what they don't think maybe they give you an idea of something that you haven't come across before, haven't thought of like the Battle of the Trench. The prophets themselves these people are coming to attack us now. The whole of
Arabia more or less major tribes, what do we do? So manifest susceptible your loved one in my land. When that happens, we dig a trench. And obviously never heard of a trench. Didn't know didn't have this concept of warfare that you dig trenches. But here's the problem took that position from him in the Battle of butter the processor and comes in, he stops at a place. He says this is where we're going to camp. One of the components is a messenger of Allah. Is that revelation from Allah, or just your decision, just your opinion. He said, That's just my opinion. He said, I think we should go and camp by the watering holes. That way we get the water. When the courage comes about no water, no
access to anything. The Prophet said that's, that makes sense. Let's go and come down instead. So the Companions used to give consultation to the officer and the officer needs to seek consultation. And so if the prophet of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is not above seeking consultation, seeking advice to more about me and you in the fears that concern us, and the fears or concerns our community, and when they are wronged, that is by their enemies, stand up for themselves and respond in kindness, and respond in kind because of their strength and pride. They do not react like people who have no pride and are hopeless. Here a lot describes them as having faith putting their trust in
him. Only major sins and shame for these, by means of which minor sins are absorbed spinning perfectly to him. responding to the call of the Lord establishing prayer spending on on charitable causes, consulting one another regarding their affairs ascending up to their enemies. These are all attributes of perfection, and the fact that they have acquired them all means that they will do other goodies of lesser importance, and will refrain from the opposite.
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harm or offense may be required by the lack thereof. But whoever forgives and reconciles his Lord is with Allah rarely does not love the wrongdoers. While Emanuel TAZARA adelboden me felt hula can Ma Li
savvy, or whoever said settles the score after having been wronged. There is no reason to report to them. In MSAP Lila leadin, I have new moon and NASA viable and I feel I'll be avoiding help or
Cara Hamada and the but there is reason to reproach and punish those who wronged people and spread Mischeif throughout the land, without justification for such there will be a painful punishment. What am I saw about our for our in, like in Lika Minaj. I mean,
whoever shows patients and forgives, that is indeed something that is recommended by Allah, who Allah mentioned the various levels of setting scores of which there are three justice, charitable, charitable forgiveness and just an injustice. Justice means requiring an offense with similar action no more and no less. So is so is a life or a life and any injury may be required with similar injury and damage to property is to be compensated by replacing it with something similar. Charitable Forgiveness means pardoning and reconciling with the person who did wrong hands. Allah says that whoever forgives and reconciles his reward is with Allah, Allah will reward him greatly and
abundantly. But if the offender does not deserve to be forgiven, and there is a shorter interest to be served by punishing him, then in that case, he is not enjoined to forgive him, saying that the reward of the one who forgives is with Allah motivates him to forgive and to treat others, as he wants a lot to see Him just as He wants Allah to forgive him, let him forgive others. And just as he wants a lot to pardon him. The importance of this for the title matches the deed. As for injustice is mentioned in the words fairly isn't all of the wrongdoers we initiate offense against others, or retaliate with a great offense. Additional element is wrongdoing or injustice. When someone does
something wrong to the jury ourselves, there are three levels of retribution. The worst of them are those who are unjust. They take more than what they write is do. Someone harms them, they harm them even more. someone does something wrong to them, they do double the wrong in return. That is something which the Sharia doesn't allow, because that person then becomes the oppressor as opposed to being the oppressed. The second level, is that which is your right to take justice. Someone harms you to take justice for that wrong. That's the right that Allah azza wa jal has given to you. You don't go overboard exceed the limit that Allah is gonna set. You just want your rights to demand
those rights is the Sharia right that you have in the region of Islam, so you can demand that right. And the best of those are those people who forgiven pardon for the sake of Allah azza wa jal, hoping for Allah's reward, hoping that Allah will forgive them in return. So they don't want anything. They don't want an
They are willing to forgive for the sake of Allah Subhan. Those are the best of the three. However, the author says what Hamlet, tada, the level that is the highest is conditional upon one thing, so long as that person who does harm, won't see that as a check to do more harm, doesn't see that as permission to go and harm others. So someone comes and they're known for harming people. And that person for you isn't that person, for example, actually, it's better not to forgive them better, because this person hasn't learned his lesson. The person who does want and you forgive them, and they're remorseful and they realize that could have gone very bad for me, but this person original
sins forgiven me. So they make amends, they seek, they apologize, and they they tried to do better, that person you forgive, but the person who was wrong, wrong wrong, and you forgive them, they currently won't know that person isn't forgiven initially. And that's why they said that even if that person is forgiven by the person who's oppressed, the ruler has the right to still punish him, because his harm now is greater than just that one individual. And so it looks at you look at the position, you look at the situation, certain people, they deserve to be punished because of the harm which is greater. They will learn the lesson and they keep thinking that they can get away with
those things. Sometimes they get away with it because those people are weak, that they're humble, they don't know. But sometimes they go to someone who has the strength to now deal with them. That person should deal with them in the way that Allah azza wa jal has legislated, meaning that they seek justice for the wrongs that they did, or whoever settles a score after having been wronged. That is he settles the score with the one who wronged him after he was wrong, there is no reason to report to them, there's there's no blame on them for that, that was and when the wrong and when they wronged the around, stand up for themselves and respond in kind. And but whoever, whoever settles
the score after having been wrong, indicate that is devil who that one will be faced with aggression and mistreatment. As for the one who wants to wrong others and mistreat them, without having without having been subjected to any offense or defense by them. Such a person
should not be required. Only with the punishment that is commensurate with his offense. Rather, he should be disciplined with the punishment that will deter him from aggressive words or deeds. And this requires knowledge and wisdom. You don't deal with everyone the same clothes. Same way. You have an older, someone who's very elderly age, they come and they do something wrong. And they did something wrong, that you have a right to speak to them about maybe for that person you want him to speak to them. Just ignore them old in age has his ways and so on, where you're going to say Leave, leave him and then continue. But someone else comes and does the same thing. Now maybe that person
will pull up and you'll stop and you'll speak to them. And you'll say to them, Look what you did was wrong. You need to learn you need to do better. And someone else as we said, Maybe you will do more you will take them to the authorities because the evil is greater than just the harm that they're doing to one individual. This one of this requires a level of knowledge and wisdom. But there is reason to reproach and punish. That is their justification for carrying out Islamically prescribed punishment in the case of those who wronged people and spread mischief throughout the land without justification. This includes wrongdoing and transgression against people with regard to their blood
worth and honor for such that there will be a painful punishment that is one that will cause both psychological and physical pain commensurate with the wrongdoing and aggression. But whoever shows patients in varying what he is faced with of offense, and forgive the offenders by pardoning them for what they have done. That is indeed something that is recommended by law. That is, is one of the things that a lot encourages and emphasizes and states that no one will be able to do except those who are patient and are blessed with a great deal, a great share of good. And righteousness is one of the things that no one is hoping to do except people with strong resolve, and motivation. And
people have mature thinking and deep insight. And those were the three are recommends strong family ties, encourages strong family ties. So one of the reasons for that is because the family then is responsible for that person in the family that goes around those and does something silly, the family is responsible. And that's what the scholars say that if someone commits murder, the blood money is not upon the murderer. So upon the family, his closest relatives, they're the ones who have to give the money, because they should have been there to stop this young man or that person from doing the wrong that they did, they should have had enough strength amongst them to see that this
person is going to do something silly, and then to deal with that person in an appropriate way. So the Sharia says no up the blood money, you're responsible for it. And that's what we when you have that strong connection with family, in the family, relatives and so on, that they can stop the people that are doing doing things that are not befitting of a Muslim, I call it this craziness that we hear in Ramadan that going on around us on the streets and so on their parents, their uncles, whoever they aren't, they should be putting those young people up. And they should be teaching them a lesson in their own way, telling them this isn't the way that the Muslims should be behaving.
That's how it is in the Sharia. Because otherwise each person is responsible for themselves. Everyone goes and does their own thing. We don't have that type of individual liberty in Islam. You're told in Islam, no, you're responsible to your parents to the people around you to your elders, respect them, honor them. And those people in return are responsible for making sure that they don't do that which is wrong. And so that should be our counters that we need to have that type of of
community spirit were you able to go and tell people and and correct them for the mistakes that they're making on the wrong that they're doing? Not settling the score or standing up for oneself in word or deed is something very difficult and bearing offense with patients. pardoning and forgiving it and responding to it with kindness or acts that are even more difficult, but that is easy for one for those who for whom Allah makes it easy, and we strive to attain such characteristics, seeking the help of ALLAH to achieve that. Then after that, if a person taste the sweetness thereof as he's as positive consequences, then he will do he will do it willingly feel comfortable with it and like
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one minute Lily level from Allah Who mean Sebby they will have no protectors to save them from Allah's punishment for those whom Allah has caused to go astray, there is no way there is no way to guidance and salvation. He Allah tells us that he alone guides people or causes them to go astray and with Allah cause it to go astray because of his wrongdoing. He will have no protected thereafter to take care of his affairs and guide him. And you will see the wrongdoers when they behold the punishment, it will say they will see something very terrifying, difficult and
horrific, and they will express great sorrow. They will express a great regret and sorrow for the previous deeds, saying is there any way to go back and make amends? That is is there any way we can go back to the previous world and do something other than what we did before. This is a request for something impossible that can never happen.
You will see them but before the fire in a state of abject humiliation, that as you will see, you see reflected in their physical posture was in their hearts ceiling, furtive glances at it. That is, they will look a stealth stealthily at the fire. Because of its first appearance. You'll see there's a normal Yama the disbelievers when they are made to stand in that point of humiliation chained and having those colors of iron around their necks on the on the handle and so on. Allah's rule says that they will be an abject humiliation, not only an abject humiliation, but they won't even look at the fire, but they will still glances at it because they will know that that is the rowboat. But
because of our fear submarines, they will be able to stare directly at it. But they will look towards it. Look, take glances at it quick glances because they know that that's where they're going. And it will fill them with the terror and fear that will be that will consume them and their hearts. Those who believed will say when the fate of people is decided and the sincere and faithful people become distinct from others. And be the real losers are those who lose their soul their own souls and the families on Day of Resurrection when they caused themselves to miss out on the reward and incur a painful punishment and they are separated from their families and are not reunited with
them. That is the true loss. The loss of the day of judgment that a person is separated from Allah's Mercy is separated from the believers separated from even his own family members that may have been believers, and they are pleased in the fight for all of eternity. No Way Out no escape, no death, no and that is the worst of all losses. And that is why the video is always told that that is the one thing that you need to avoid. That's the major loss that you need to be worried about everything else is something which you can be patient with and deal with in one way or another. And even if it is difficult, it was only difficult for a period of time and then Allah azza wa jal will give you
relief. But that type of punishment which is the eternal punishment of the fire, there is no relief from and so the believers will say on that day, this is
The true loss, not what people thought was lost in the dunya. While for health or other things, that's not real loss. The real loss is this one here. Those people that will go into the fire forever, barely they won't lose who run themselves by disbelieving and committing sins will suffer everlasting punishment, that is there will be immersed in the myth of it, and will never emerge from it. It will never be alleviated and they will lose all hope. They will have no protector to save them from Allah's punishment, as they used to hope for themselves on that day of on the Day of Resurrection, it will become clear to them and others that the connections of which they pinned
their soul their hopes will be severed
head when the punishment of Allah comes to them, it will not be warded off for those whom Allah has caused the call history, there is no way to there's no way to guidance and salvation, who went astray when they claim that their so called partners could bring them benefits or ward off harm. Then it became clear to them that they were history
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to say boom say to be man, god dammit ad him in Seneca for but if they turn away, we have not sent you to be their keeper. Your duty is only to convey the message. If we bestow upon a man mercy, prosperity he rejoices but when misfortune befalls them, because of these which their own hands have wrought, then very man becomes ungrateful. Here Allah subhanaw taala instructs his slaves to respond to him by complying with his commands and heating his prohibitions. And by hastening to do so, and not procrastinating before the Day of Resurrection comes which, when it comes, cannot be put back and will not be possible to make up for what was missed on that day. On that day, on that day, the
individual will have no refuge to turn to, and no way to escape or flee from his Lord. Rather, the angels will surround all creature from the rear, and we'll call out Origen and humans. If you are able to pass beyond the confines of the heavens and the earth, then do so. But you cannot pass me on them unless you have power.
On that day, no one will be able to deny why he committed of sins. In fact, even if he did, if he does deny his own physical faculties will testify against him. In this and similar verses, there is condemnation of those who hope to live, who have to live long and command to make the most of any opportunity that comes along to do a good deed.
Because prosper, because of procrastinating leads to a great deal of trouble. But if they turn away from what you have brought to them, after you have conveyed the message clearly, we have not sent you to be their keeper, recording their deeds and finding out about them. Your duty is only to convey the message and if you have done what is required for you, then your reward is due from Allah, whether they respond or turn away, and their reckoning will be with Allah, who is recording all these great and small, visible and invisible. Then Allah subhanaw taala mentioned the conditions, the condition of men, stating that if Allah gives him a taste of mercy, such as good
physical health, abundant provision, high status, and the like he rejoices in it, that is, His joy is based solely on there, and he does not look beyond it, which implies that he is quite content with with it, whilst turning away from the restore of those blessings. But when misfortune such as a sickness, poverty and the like befalls them because of the disease with their own hands have wrought, then very men become ungrateful, that is, by nature, he is ungrateful for previous blessings and discontent with Whatever befalls him of misfortune.
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to, to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. He creates wherever he goes, He bestows female offspring upon whomever he wills and restores male offspring upon whomever he wills will use a widow whom the Quran and one
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He or He bestows both males and females, he leaves barren whomever he was fairly He is all knowing omnipotent. This verse tells us of the vastness of Allah's dominion, which is complete for he controls his creation, however he was his control over all things is comprehensive, comprehensive, think that that includes the outcomes of all measures that people take. Marriage is one of the means of having children, but he's Allah Spano Tata, who bestows whatever he was of offspring. There are some people to whom he gives a female offspring, some to whom He gives males. And sometimes he gives both males and females and some of them he makes parents so that they have no offspring offspring
now, that is from the sons of Allah Subhana Allah, that Allah azza wa jal gives to him so he pleases whatever soldier whatever he pleases subhanaw taala you can't determine the gender of your child. Some people have no children. Some people have only males, some only female to some having both males and females as Allah will subhanaw taala in a moment battle Rahim Allah nestrasil He said that even the prophets of Allah like this, there were prophets only had daughters, like luda, Ali Sena, and prophets only had sons like Ibrahim Ali Sinha and prophets who had both sons and daughters like our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had sons had daughters, and they were prophets who had no
children, or ISA. Yeah, here are the other prophets had no children. And so Allah azza wa jal tests people with children, children or fitness Allah says your children can be a fitna for you, and having no children can be a fitna for you. And so Allah subhanaw taala tests each and every single person as he pleases. But look at how in this verse Allah azza wa jal also mentions the different types of offspring and he begins with female offspring before male offspring. And before mentioning both a man watada said and that is because the Arabs as we know, they used to consider the female offspring to be lowly, used to consider that to be a means of shame. And so they want to they used
to covet their sons, but didn't really want daughters. So Allah azza wa jal begins with notice here to show that it's not your choice for longest your daughters that doesn't mean it's a good sign or a bad sign or, and that's why some of the scholars Akima Muhammad Rahim Allah Tala used to say that the majority of profits, they had daughters, like from the children, the majority of their children were daughters, not sons, even our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had more daughters than he had sons. And he only survived he was only survived by his daughters of Allah Wehrlein seven sons all of them died in infancy here is his daughters that reached adulthood. And today the line of the
prophets of Allah while he was sitting there still survives till today is only through the line of his daughter through the lens of his sons. And so it's through Fatima and her children, that the line of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam continues, barely his own knowing and knows all things omnipotent. That is He has the power to do all things. And he controls all things on the basis of his knowledge and precision and creation and vise power over his creation.
Well, America and only by sharing you can email hula hooping y en el Amin, what or your hijab in El Usila Rasulullah Oh, you Lucilla Rasulullah Are you here with Nima Yasha.
In Abu Ali Yun hacky it's not fitting for any man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration from behind a veil or from behind the veil or from behind a veil or by sending a messenger to reveal by Allah's Leave, whatever Allah was very he is most high and most wise.
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study. Likewise, we have reverted to your Mohamed Salah Salem life giving message by Our command, you knew nothing of the scripture or matters of faith, but we have made it the Quran alight whereby we guide whomever we will have our slaves very you are indeed calling people to a straight path.
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law he tells you to the path of Allah to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens. And all that is on earth, very first of all, ultimately come back to Allah for judgment. When those who rejected the messengers of Allah and disbelieved in him said in their arrogance, if only Allah would speak to us or some sign would come to us. Allah responded to them with this first stating that his speaking is only for the early of His creation, namely the prophets and messengers, and the chosen ones of humankind, and that it can only occur in one of the following ways. Either Allah subhanaw taala speaks through inspiration which is sent directly to the heart of the messenger without an angel and
without speaking directly to him.
or he speaks directly, but it is from behind the veil, as happened to Musa even Imran Kadima Rama, the one whom the Most Gracious spoke directly. For Allah speaks through an own Lahore Allah speaks through an an angelic messenger by sending a messenger such as Gibreel, or another angel to reveal by Allah's Leave, that is by the permission of his Lord, not on the basis of mere whims and desires. These are the three ways that Allah azza wa jal gives revelation to his prophets and messengers, number one is directly without any intermediary. Some of the scholars said like the dreams that Allah has reduced to the prophets that his revelation was sometimes Allah subhanaw taala pieces that
revelation directly into their hearts. That's the first way. The second way is that Allah speaks to them directly, but from behind the veil, like he did with Mousavi salatu salam, unlike when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went on the night journey on Islam. Or the third way, which is the most common is through the angel Jubilee. Early slammer, another angel comes and they give the commands of Allah subhanaw taala to the prophets and messengers, barely his most wise sublime in his essence, sublime and greater views, whereas he rarely is most high, sublime in his essence.
Sublime and great in his attributes, sublime in his actions, he has subjugated all things and all creatures have submitted to him, most wise for he does everything that is appropriate and is wise in all in all that he creates and prescribes, likewise, just as we reveal to the messengers who came before you, we ever revealed to you or Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam a life giving messenger by our life giving message by Our command, namely this noble Quran, which he calls life giving. The Quran gives life to hearts and souls through which both worldly and spiritual interests are revived, because of what it contains of much good and abundant knowledge is a pure blessing from Allah, His
Messenger SallAllahu Sallam is believing saves without any effort on their part. Hence, he says, You knew nothing before it came to you of the scripture of matters of faith. That is, you had no knowledge of the text of the previous scriptures or a faith and you had no experience in implementing divine instructions. Rather you were unlettered, unable to read or write, then this book came to you which we have made a light
there whereby we get we guide whomever we will have our slaves, by means of which they find illumination in the darkness of disbelief, innovation and whims and desires that lead to do by means of a they come to know reality and are guided by it to the straight path. And so it was from the greatest specimens of Allah subhanaw taala that Allah gave to us the Quran and Islam. We didn't know what it was before Allah azza wa jal gave it to us Had Allah wanted he could have made us like many of the people that don't have a clue what the Quran is, don't understand what Iman is don't see how precious it is. Don't know what Islam is. Many people across the world today are negligent of these
things. But Allah has been favored you by giving you the Quran and by giving to his stamp and by showing to Eman and so the very least that you can do is appreciate those blessings that Allah subhanaw taala and use them in ways that are pleasing to Him subhanaw taala and ask for steadfastness upon them. Allah azza wa jal says that the people are genuine, they will integrate agenda they will praise Allah they will say Alhamdulillah Allah the Madonna the Hatha will praises to Allah who guided us to this, we will not for the kindness of Allah we will never have been guided. We will never have known what Eman was what the prophets Allah was who he was what he did,
what do you look for us? So Allah azza wa jal says here toward the prophets of Salaam, even you didn't know what this was even you didn't know what Eman was with the Quran was ALLAH fie with you, and Allah blessed you. And therefore those people who by extension received the Quran Eman Islam, the guidance, Allah Israel is free with him with the greatest of his blessing subhanaw taala barely you are indeed calling people to a straight path. That is you're showing it to them and explaining it, encouraging them to follow it forbidding them to do the opposite, and warning against that. Then Allah describes the straight path, the path of Allah, To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and
all that is on earth. That is the path which leads which are which Allah has prescribed for his slaves, and has told them that it leads to him and his paradise fairly the affairs of all will ultimately come back to Allah for judgment, that is our affairs, good and bad, we'll return to Him and will and He will requite everyone according to his deeds, they are good, then the outcome will be good and if they are evil, then the outcome will be bad is to enter this end of the country of Seoul to Shura Shura, Shura, Shura operates and thanks for Allah and May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, his family and his companions abundantly until
the day of judgment. We welcome to the 43rd Surah of the Quran which is Surah to Zofran Surah Zakharov is a murky Surah that consists of 89 verses Bismillah.
In the Name of Allah, the Most gracious the most merciful. Hi
Jaime, while kita moving by the Clear Book