Channel: Ahsan Hanif
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Alberta, Canada, you know Muhammad, wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ultramarine, a MOBA.
So last week, we covered sort of NASA and from Jeremy finish from sort of NASS, so that's one down 130. To go. And this Shall we begin with sort of the
initial part of watching,
bill for me, you should the mafada one you should be sitting either number one you should be
30 feet long cord, one usually has seen either has
lots of Panther that says, say I seek refuge with the Lord of the daybreak against the harm in what has created, and the harm in the night when darkness gathers and the Harmon witches when they blow nuts, and the home in the envier, when he envies so this sort of
is going to be slightly different from the sort of that we covered before sort of to nurse in a sense, that sort of focus really the first sort of as we're going through the Tafseer of the Quran from, you know, in reverse order from the end to the beginning, where we have a number of words in which the opinions amongst the scholars have to seal the classical scholarship to see if we will have various interpretations, various opinions, and various scenes concerning what these words of the surah refer to. And that's very common. So surah, Nas was kind of like the exception in the sense that it was very easy to understand, limit really many words that we found very difficult to,
to go over and so on, but in sort of the follow up, it is somewhat different. So for example, words, like the fact that
these are terms, these are terms which you will find a, an array of opinions and array of different views amongst the qualitative seal, as to what they precisely refer to and what they mean. And because of that being the case, and that is actually something very common in the books of the field. So any of you that have gone back to, for example, even caffeine is the same. For example, even in the English version, the translated version, which is a translation of the original original Hebrew Kafeel, one thing that you'll find is different, you will sometimes when it comes across the verse mentioned to you many, many different opinions, so and so said, and this companion seven, that
companion said, and this fellow said, and that's kind of sad, and sometimes they'll give you 34567 different views concerning a single word of the Quran, or a single verse of the Quran. And when you don't really understand the methodology of this philosophy of sealer, and how the scholars of the fear approach the seal, especially classical scholars of the seal, and the companions in their approach, and the students tab, even the old scholars in their approach to the seal, it can sometimes be very confusing, because the whole idea of the series to watch is to explain the Quran, right, make it easier to understand, bring it closer to us, rather than make it more difficult to
understand and more confusing. But if you don't understand the methodology of the classical scholars of the seal, and the way that they approach the seal, often, you'll find that you'll come away more confused, as opposed to less confused, right. And for that reason, one of the things that we're going to do before we go on to the first verse, similar to Philip, is I want to just take a few minutes to shower and go through some basic will so look to see some basic principles of democracy. And this is a whole science in itself. So like in fifth, fifth, which is like the practical rulings of the Sharia, the do's and the don'ts, you have a super tip, which is the principles of fit. And
those are the principles that govern the science of fit, they tell you how to do your fit, right, they tell you how to reach your conclusion, and reach the rulings of the Sharia. You have the science of Hadith, which is obviously the collections of the scenes and the statements and approvals of the Prophet sallallahu, wasallam and so on. And then you have Mr. Callahan Hadees, the science of Hadith, which tells you how to approach how to how to understand the chain of narration how to understand the body of text, how to understand different narrators, all of those issues are contained within a science, the seal is very much the same. So you have the scientific seal, and the
seal is basically the explanation of the words and the meanings of the Quran. And then you have also look to see which means the principles of the seal, and they basically govern the scientific discovery. They tell you how to understand the field, right? And what the scholars would do in all of these sciences be to silver Be it Mr. Hardy Be it you know
selective seal, scholars wants to see because the seal began from the time the prophet SAW the logo it was seldom, and the time of the companions, whether your love language, and their students, the tourbillion Rahim Allah, the the old generations of Muslims, the first generation of Muslims were engaged in the seal. But then many became difficult for people to understand their approach. Scholars set up another science called also literacy. Just as in the time of the Prophet said that we had fit, right, the professor told us our rulings, he told us how to pray not to pray and how to make good or not to make we'll do all of those issues are mentioned in the Sharia. But then when
people find it difficult, 100 150 200 years later, to understand how those rulings were reached, and how to go about approaching that decision making process of how to derive those rulings from the Sharia, the scholars like a mama chef, and others, they had to come and write down. And if you like, you know, categorize the science, so that it would be easier for people to come afterwards to understand how to make them, right. And likewise, the same little sort of Tafseer. So we're not going to go through the whole sort of scene because, as we said, it's a science in and of itself. But the point that I want to bring to our attention today, and it's something that I want us to
remember as we go forward is how to understand differences of opinion, intimacy, how to understand the different statements of the scholars of democracy.
And the way that we understand that is that the varying opinions of Tafseer fall into two broad categories. Right? And shovel stamp divinity Mia Rahim Allah He has a book on this called the principles of a selective seal, which is translated in the English language. And I know that because I translated it. And it's also with the explanation of Shama Samia Rahim Allah, it's a not an easy text to follow, I would say, but it's like one of the few that we have in English language is called an introduction to the principles of the seal. But you know, to me rahimullah with explanation of chef who say me, Rahim Allah, but that's like the one one book in this in this, in this science, any
member sharply below him a lot, you know more about them off, but there's like a five, six volume Compendium and, and, and, and mocassin, and so on. He also goes through some of these points, and we sort of sit but that's something which isn't, to the best of my knowledge translated into the English language. The point is, that when the scholars speak about this whiteness when you come across a verse and you find people that are best at something, even Mr. Jones said something about what he said something Mujahid said something, Allison said something, suddenly the drama scene system, the photographer said something of all of these names, all of them from the generation of
the companion to their students. And what it seems to be is that each and every single one of them is seeing something completely different. completely different. Every one of them seems to have a different opinion. So me and you, when we come to read the books of Tafseer, how do we understand the difference of opinion? Does it include all of those opinions? Do we have to choose are some stronger, some weaker? How does it work? So even Timmy Rahim Allah Michelle, to the others, they said that they these differences of opinion or these varying opinions, rather, they fall into two broad categories. The first is the difference of contradiction.
A difference of contradiction, meaning what? Meaning that the opinions of these scholars contradict one another like you have, in fact, right, sometimes, you can combine and reconcile between fifth opinions. And sometimes there's just no hope, right? They're completely, you know, South and North, right east and west, there's no way of bringing them together. Likewise, is the same in Tennessee. Sometimes you have opposing opinions, right? One scholar into one opinion, another scholar into different opinion, and it's two different opinions, and you must choose one over the other. However, this intersil is the minority.
It's the minority.
Unlike, for example, in fact, where it's very common, right, in many, many massages, in fact, the massage or the issues of fit in which the scholars have all agreed unanimously, the scholars of each map are very few, right? They go into a very small book scholars have written on the issues of each map. And it's a very, very small 100 pages, 150 pages all affect only those issues they have agreed upon. And then you have volumes upon volumes upon volumes of issues that the different over differences of opinion, right, whereas interceded is opposite. And perhaps on a larger nose best. Maybe that's from the miracles of the Quran, or from the way that Allah subhanaw taala has preserved
the Quran that the majority of the difference of opinion in Toronto the varying opinions that you read, are not contradiction. They fall in the second category. What is the second patch of leap if the left turn a war, a difference of expression
second category is frankly just a difference of verbalizing their different opinions. They all say the same thing. But they just express them in different ways. They express them in different ways that is the majority in the works. And if you read in the classical like books of the year and and and so on, you'll find that many of the scholars alluded to this is how can Nora Hawaii Rahim Allah was one of the old scholars of Hadith and, and the ceiling. So on, he said that this is very common in the Quran. Very common, that when the companions used to differ in Tafseer, the difference is a difference of expression, not a difference of contradiction, meaning that they're speaking about the
same thing. It's just that they're speaking and expressing themselves in different ways. Right? So for example, if I was to say to you describe this mystery for me, right? Some of us will describe it by its size. Others may be by its location. Others may be by, you know, the deco, others may be by the name, right? We all speak them at the same thing. But all speaking about this mystery. It's just that we've chosen to focus on different things. So we're not contradicting one another. We're just simply expressing our views in different ways. Right? And that is difference between the two.
So for example, in the Marine or Haman was also one of the early scholars of Islam. He gave an example of this right, and this is to show you that even at the beginning of Islam in the early generations, we're talking about the first three generations of Muslims. They understood this concept that when the scholars differ, or the companions different over the Tafseer, there was a difference of expression. So for example, if Marina Rahim Allah Sophia and Marina he said, that when we have the, the the verse that we spoke about last week, when we speak about Michelle was was upon us. And we said that aloneness means what it means to
retreat, right retreat. And then I gave you another example, in the armor, a large soldier uses the same root word of kindness, in sort of weird follow ups immobile, coolness, right? There are marks of openness. And we said that there are two different two different opinions as to what kindness means. Some of the companions, they said, like abdomen Massoud, he said that it refers to animals, wild animals, and others from the companions like your loved one and another set that it refers to the stars, right? Even rain or Hema homeless said that both of them are speaking about the same thing. Even though apparently like, you know, this seemed like Eastern West right when speaking
about animals when speaking about the styles, right ones in the skies, ones on Earth. But actually, in reality, they speak about the same thing. Why because the willfulness means to hide and retreat. So wild animals are some wild animals. When you approach them, they run away and they flee. Or if they hear you a poaching, they flee, or they retreat to their dens and the holes and so on. And likewise, the stars, when daylight comes, it also retreats like darkness retreats, the slash retreat, they're there, they haven't vanished. It's just that they're not visible to our plane heights. And so he said, therefore, both of them are speaking about the same thing. They just
express themselves differently. Right. And that's something which is important to understand in the way that the scholars approach to see him. And that's what is happening. The way Rahim Allah said, and the reason why people think that the differences of opinion amongst the scholars of Tafseer are actual differences of opinion, is because of ignorance of the methodology of disclosure.
It's because they don't know, right? And so we take things at face value. We read, for example, even caffeine, or you know, or any intersil, or Toby Baba, or any of those classical works of the field, where someone's going into detail, and you see all of those different opinions, and we just take them at face value, right? And then we become more confused on the amount of times people have asked me this question, especially because I teach courses and so on. People come and say, you know, I've read that the feel of this verse, but I had six different opinions, which one do I choose? And they fail to realize that all of them are speaking about the same thing. And we'll give some examples of
also from the students of the companions, he said that the reason why people get confused because of this is because of a lack of understanding the Arabic language, right, that's what the President when people came into stammer they didn't know the Arabic language, and they weren't able to understand the methodology of the Arabs and the rate of the Arabs is to express themselves and the way that they would speak. They found it difficult to understand why the companions express themselves in different ways. Right? And remember the companions and each one of them is a scholar in their own right, there are no major figures and so on. It's not necessarily the case, where each
and every single one of them will be wonderful.
100% in their words, and the statements with the next one or even above is able to clone the words of
an animal hora
and other companions. And likewise their students, which I won't say exactly what petard has said and what has been said and all of those others, right so each one of them expresses something in their own way using their own words their own expressions, but in essence they mean they mean the same thing.
So in my Michelle to be able to Tamia Rahim, Allah, others, they gave examples of this right? Even taymiyah Rahim Allah He said that this falls into four categories. The differences that you find in the sponsors of the seal, they are in four categories, right, the difference and we're talking about the second category. So the difference of contradiction, that's a separate thing, right? Sometimes they do differ. And you have to choose one over the other. Right, that's based upon other evidences from the sun from the Koran, wherever you choose one opinion from amongst the opinions of the FSI. We're speaking about the second
category, which is a difference of expression. That category can further be sub categorized into four. Right? And this is what you'll find when you practically read the books of the FCO. They fall under one of these four and even Timmy Ramallah, he mentioned them the first one. The first category is the expression of one and the same idea using different words. So they're referring to the same thing. But they're just using different words expression of one of the same idea using different words for example, but even taymiyah mentioned this shopping and so on. And I'm not just going to keep going on referring to that over and over again.
But the the example that they give for this for example is in Surah Fatiha when Allah Subhana Allah says in a Scirocco Mustafa been guided to the straight path, what is the straight path?
What is the straight path?
Or an that's one opinion versus qualitative? See?
Some follow the profits on a lower insulin. That's another opinion was calling to see if anyone else
Okay, the reason that the prophets, Islam, might that something else some of these positives you said, right. So you have some scholars that are some scholars said the property sell them some scholars say Islam, and even temuera mo says, actually, they're all the same thing, my own thing. So Islam is the command and is one of the prophets on the lower center. And you can follow the Quran except by following the Sunnah, and vice versa, and so on. And all of them are basically the same thing. So when one companion said on one scholar said, is following the sun, one scholar said is Islam, they didn't mean three different things, they meant the same thing. But they just express
themselves in different ways. Right? And that's why it's important when you're reading books of the books of the year, that you have to come and you stop and you think, right, are they actually contradicting one another? Or are they actually speaking about the same thing where and we'll give examples of this and as we go through inshallah, our listeners have to see. And we find these differences of, you know, varying statements amongst the scholars as to what something means. This is something that I want us to think about together, and something that we need to approach as well, right. Another one, for example, is silver in the Quran, by the way, the silver from the blessings
of Allah, so the bounties that Allah gave to the children of Israel, he says that he gave to them elmen was silver, but silver is the type of food, what is it what type of food you'll find various opinions, amongst the scholarships, I've seen, all of them come back to one essence, and that is that it is the meat of a bird. But where they will differ is what bird, this bird that bird will have, I don't even know the species of these birds, especially English, and Arabic. But anyway, so when you come through all of these different birds and the meat of those birds, they're actually referring to one of the same thing. And that is that it's referring to bird, right, it's referring
to a bird as to the specific stay different over this right. So, these are examples of this first sabbatical.
When this is like a lot in the work of the field in the books of difficile, this is something which you will find over and over and over again. And it is something which is very, very common, okay. The second sub category is to give an example of the meaning rather than a solid definition.
So, rather than defining the Tafseer of the word by giving a definition rather than explaining that the pursuit of a word, by giving definition, they will just give you an example. And examples of that you would just simply understand. So for example, the last parameter addresses and sort of takaful in the last verse,
alone, even and in and then on the day.
You will be asked about
The blessing, right a normal piano, you will be questioned by Allah. And you will be asked about the blessings that Allah subhanaw taala gave to you. What does that mean? What are the blessings that Allah is referring to? Some of the scholars said it is security, safety. Other scholars said this could help others follow suit, it is food and drink. Other scholars said it's the fact that the Sharia has been made easy to follow, and to abide by, and so on and so forth. Right. And so all of this is basically referring to the same thing they speaking about the examples of Western Europe defining the word blessing, what are they doing, they're giving us examples of the word like just to
make it easier for us to understand, right? So that's the second subcategory, that the scholars rather than define, they will give you examples. The third one
is that the word itself in the Arabic language doesn't have one meaning has multiple meanings. It is an ambiguous word. And therefore, the scholars interpreted that word, by all of the meanings of that word entails by two meanings, or three meanings of the word carries more than one meaning, right? An example of this is what Allah Subhana Allah says, In surah, verse number 17, will lately either ask us a lot, it's an oath by the night. And then he describes it when it asks, What does as mean, as I scan in both two things in Arabic language, it can mean when the night begins, or when the night ends, when the night begins, or when the night ends. So learnzillion is taking an oath by the night
by either its beginning or by its end. And the Arabic word encompasses both. Again, that's not a contradiction. Because whether it's at the beginning of the night, or the end of the night, the factors that are most apparent that is still taking an oath, by the night, right. And perhaps one of the ways to reconcile with them. One of the ways that the scholars do is that therefore it means the whole right, the entire map, right, the beginning and the end, are the two points, the starting point, the ending point, and therefore a larger region is taking an oath by all of the night from the beginning to its end. Another example of this is in sort of a death field, verse number 51. What
Allah Subhana Allah says, For rut Min posuere, the flee from the predator, as if they are fleeing from the predator. What is the predator? Right? So some scholars said it is a hunter, other scholar said it's a lion, or the scholar said, it's a tiger, or the scholar said, anything that hunts for any type of predator, whether it's like no animal or any type of predator, anything with claws, and fangs. Again, it doesn't, you know, it's not, it's not a contradiction, right? Because the word hunter or predator can refer to more than one right? It can refer to all of them. So again, the Arabic word allows for multiple meanings. And all of those meanings are correct in the context of
the verse and therefore, it is something which the scholars have considered to be a contradiction. And the fourth and final one is that they use similar words, right that actually speaking about the same thing, they actually using
objectives for the same work, right? It's the same word, but they're just using different types of the same word. So for example, in a larger region, surah Kahf, verse number 38, he says, what Mr. Nam will do, that Allah created the heavens and earth and what is between them.
And we found no logo, we experience no logo, what is the word, some Spanish sadness, fatigue, some speller said it is tightness. Some speller said it's exhaustion, and one of them are objectives for the same thing, right? They're all synonyms, they're all referring to the same thing. And they are just simply
you know, referred and pointing to the one thing, but it is, it is using similar words. So, these four subcategories Are you find in the works of difficile. So, when you come to any book of Tafseer, especially classical words, and you find varying opinions amongst the scholars have seen the majority of them fall into the second category, and that is that the scholars are just simply expressing themselves in different ways, but actually, they are referring to the same meaning. And sometimes Yes, it is a contradiction. Sometimes there is no way to reconcile. And therefore, it is something which the scholars will then themselves say that this meaning is stronger or that meaning
strongly for even 15 years, if you read the poverty theory refer to me, they often cling to these things, right? When there's a difference of opinion, that cannot be reconciled, that is a contradiction. They will say that stronger or that speaker or that seems more apparent, and so on and so forth. So that's just something which I wanted us to bear in mind inshallah, because it's going to come a number of times, especially in sort of developer is going to come You know, throughout the
Silver bronze as we progress inshallah Tada, so sudo to fill up my chapter number 113. This surah as I mean, we're not going to go through the introduction again, because we covered its introduction of the introduction of saltiness, as we said, both of them are considered to be the same. It has a number of names that it's known by Sultan Philip is its most common name, right?
It is also known in some of the books of the Sierra surah. All
right, and this is very common, by the way, in the words of Tafseer. If especially classically before like, you know, behind, like, I mean, we've agreed upon in its second apartment that you'll find an index of the Quran. However, in the in classical times in the olden times, it wasn't necessarily the case that everyone had kind of agreed on a set name for the slots. So something that you'll find very common is that many scholars are Tafseer we just simply call it surah. As I mentioned, the first verse Surah publicada, Abdullah heavy water, right Surah
Surah in the outeniqua Coco, right. And that's how they will just simply refer to it. And it is also known as an Ola. So the two sources we said Falcon NASA known as the bow with a team or the mount with a tan, which means there's two sources that give you refuge and shelter and protection. And this solar by itself is also known as Mr. Winterton una, the first of the two are within the first of the solos, they give you protection.
And this revelation is as we said, in sort of NASA scholars different is it a Mackie sauna or a muddy surah. So like, as we sort of know, some scholars said it is Mackie meaning revealed before the Hydra. And that's the opinion of Al Hassan and Akbar and crema. And it's also reported as being one of the two opinions that are best. And if your loved one also says that it is a muddiness or in the second opinion, and that's also the opinion of Qatada and others as well. And as we said, with the introduction of softness, that seems to be the stronger of the two opinions and a lot of future news best that these two sources and Filipina NASS were revealed in the middle of the period meaning
postage, as we said, magnanimity refers to pre intra and post hatred. And that's, that seems to be more apparent and the stronger of the two opinions and a loss of animals best. And it's also something which the majority of this qualitative seals seem to seem to point towards as well.
So whereas the region begins, as soon as we said the difference,
in exactly the same thing, yes, according to like many of the spells that have seen, both sources are revealed together. Right. And you have certain like, Heidi, that we mentioned, at the beginning was sort of the nest that seemed to allude to this as well either a loss of hamdallah symptom both as a cure, and they kind of were revealed at the same time.
So lots of cancer, as we said, sort of to Nashville's, a solar image of life that we
ordered us and commanded us to seek His refuge and protection and shelter from the hidden dangers, the evils that are hidden, and the dangers that we can't see that aren't apparent. And that primarily refers to the beliefs and shape and the evil of his response, and so on. And so can fill up we have the opposite, and that is Allah subhanaw taala commands us commanders to seek refuge for models are powered from the apparent harm from the apparent evil, and things that we can see, and things that we are able to anticipate and to seek a loss protection from them as well. And as we said before, one of the main differences between the two sort of is an incidental Falak, we seek
refuge in Allah only once, but then we seek refuge in Allah from for things that are lost, pantalla goes into more detail starts off very generic from everything from all the evil that Allah created. And then he gives specific examples. And some of the scholars have said, it's as if it goes up or down in waves, becomes more specific, more specific, meaning more dangerous, more harmful, more problematic as we go along. So lots of
changes in sort of from this from sort of to mass and sort of, you know, as we said, We seek refuge in the last three times, there have been many cleaners in a mass for one evil. And that's because that evil is greater, and it is a more harmful danger. And much of the evil that's been referred to in this sort of its essence goes back to the evil mentioning sort of the mass, and that is evil of shape on and the police. So again, we're not going to repeat things that we've already covered, right? So on rulu Bureau, we did all of that uncertainness. So to save time, we're not going to go over them again. Right. So lots of data begins to sort out by a command again. And as we send a
command, no means emphasis, to give importance to show that it's something that we should be constantly doing, you know, to to bring this to life to personalize the message. All of this is contained in that command.
right again, to personalize the message bureau bill fella, I seek refuge under protection and shelter of the lord of alpha. Right, commonly known as translated as.
However, the scholarship of seal had three different opinions as to the meaning of
the first of them is deeply. Right. The first of them is daybreak.
And that's the opinion of jabil or the loved one as Even though behati mentions the gender of the low answer and follow up means deeply, and Falak means daybreak. And there is also the opinion of Abdullah Barnabas, rhodiola, Juan Houma
and the opinion of many of the scholars of the tiberian like Mujahid, and certainly the blue babe, and the hustle and bustle, and cortada and Mohammed blue crab Pahlavi, NZD, blue Islam, and many, many of the scholars have to see how this opinion
and they said that it's similar to other verses in the Quran, which Allah subhanaw taala says, like in SoTL, and 96. Further on display, the one who brings daybreak, Michael is referring to himself as the one who brings deeply Kenny calls himself
and his helper in the same room, as Philip, and likewise, insulated and ambitious number 595. Loss of data satisfied and happy with Noah, the one who brings out the seed, and the fruit stone like the one who brings out the seed or the plant seed from the plant from the seed and from the fruit from its stone.
So this is the first opinion amongst the scholars of the skin, that alfalah refers to Daybreak refers to daybreak. The second opinion amongst the scholars of FCM is that it refers to creation. So you're saying, Europe will follow up, say, say I seek refuge in the lord of creation in the lord of creation. And this is the opinion of abass, rhodiola and Houma. So often you'll find what that is, is more than one opinion, right? Or some of the companions, and some of the sponsors will give you multiple opinions, right? And that's also by the way, another reason why the scholars say that the differences of opinion are differences of variation, not differences of contradiction. Why does he
give multiple Tafseer of the same verse? Why is he giving different statements for the same word or the same verse of the Quran? Why not just repeat the same thing? Why does he say different things? It's because they're referring to the same thing. He just happened to say different things at different times to different people. Right? So you come ask me the question. And you ask me, you know, which musk Are you giving you a lecture? I say, it's Michelle hitmen? Someone asked me the same question. I call it wisdom, right? The Wisdom was whatever is called English wisdom, Islamic Center, whatever that was called, right? And someone else asked me a third person, I say, Oh, it's
the one in neutral by the mosquitoes, assuming there will only be one. There isn't only one, but just we just assume that this one must be mutual. Someone else asked me fourth person I say some asking church for domestic and asking church for each time someone asked me I gave them a different answer by referring to the same thing. So when the scholars see when they went through the statements of
the school and so when they found that this was very common, that these scholars, these amazing companions of Arlen Tafseer, they would give multiple opinions for the same person, the same word, they realize that they're not contradicting themselves. What they're doing is they're giving various variations of the same answer, right, they're explaining themselves in different ways. So the second opinion, as we said, is that refers to creation.
And this was the opinion of Mr. Bass or the Allahumma. And also the opinion of one of the scholars by the name of of the heart. The heart is from the Spanish of the tambourine from the students of the companions and from the lesser generation of determining meaning from the younger generation of the tambourine. And he
said that he that he
heard from some of the panels like ignore bass and ns, nomadic and so on, even though there was a difference of opinion as to whether or not he actually met him. Anyway, he spoke to him he studied from a number of the oh you heard from a number of the companions and in return or in turn, he also studied with a number of the smaller
like, say the boot up,
and a sweat and bowels and so on. And he passed away in the year 102 of the hat, so he's one of the early scholars of Pepsi, so this was also his opinion. And remember show candy Rahim Allah tala. He said that it refers to anything
So the word for the
Arabic language refers to something which comes from something else, something which breaks away from something else. Right? So the day break comes from? mutt, right? And that's what the opinion is.
Remember show counting said that some of the sponsors said that it's anything that refers to being breaking away from something else, right? So from the seed, you have the plant that breaks from the seed, right? Or from a stone, you have a fruit that breaks from the footstone. Or you have for example, the child that comes from the womb by breaks away from the room, anything that comes out from something else, all of them can be contained linguistically in the meaning of alfalah. Right? So this is what we met Michelle Kenny Ramallah said, and he said, and you attribute to this opinion to Allison and Busby, Rahim, mahalo, Tara. That is all busti Rahim Allah tala said. And that's why
the opinion of coalition the second opinion of abass this is what it's referring to. And milanos best is referring to not just the daybreak, or all of the various variations within the equation of a las panatela was something comes from something else when something breaks away from something else. And remember, Rahim Allah is the CEO. He also mentioned this as well. So plants that break away from seeds, animals that come from their parents, children that come from their room, from the rooms, of their mothers, anything that comes from something else, and Miko is there for the night that breaks away from the day or the day that breaks away from the night. All of this he said, is
being referred to in the word of a fact. And it multimedia Rahim Allah Tada. He also supported this initiative of this festival. Tamia also said the same thing and others from amongst as follows.
So the first opinion is what that it was
Daybreak and the second opinion is
that it's creation. The third opinion is that it refers to gender,
not a third opinion because that opinion as you said comes into creation. Right. So cooperation, whether you say creation, or whether you give different examples of that creation, right. So like animals or birds or fruit or whatever, is still referring to creation. The third opinion is that it refers to Jana hellfire. Right? And exactly what and how did they even those scholars amongst themselves, they different. So carbon about he said that it refers to a house that Allah has prepared and how far you seek refuge in a lot the Lord of the alpha.
Alpha, he said, that refers specifically to a house in general Abdullah, Omar, Omar, it's reported that he said that it refers to a tree in the alpha schelotto
right, and others form amongst them said that refers to a value in the fire of
a valley in the fire of hell. And other said there refers to a vessel or a pot in the fire of how that is covered, whether it is open the fire comes out of the pot, and it is extremely hot air is extremely hot. And this is the opinion of the city right there is some kind of a pot with some kind of rally in the fire of of jahannam. And this was the opinion of any members should be anyone should be is also from the tiberian from the students of
of some of the companions like Edison American others and he was born in the 49 hingedly. And he passed away in the 127 he right so so the heart attack that these are names that we should be familiar with. So this is the third opinion right there refers to something within the fire of help. And they use as proof of this. By the way, a weak Hadith is a hadith that is rejected. But in the Hadith, it said that the prophet SAW Selim said that will follow up is a a pit in the fire of how it is a pit in the fire of humper. As we said that this is a hadith that is weak and it is not accepted.
And some of the other scholars said that it's from the names of gender. All of them said that it's the name of gender, it's a pit in the fire. It's a tree in the fire, it's a house in the fire. All of that kind of comes back to the same thing that it's referring to Johanna or the fire of how
I mentioned all of these opinions, he said and the strongest of them. The strongest of these opinions is the first opinion and that is that it is referring to daybreak, Philip refers to a search for the daybreak. Now this was also seconded by Luca Thea Rahim Allah remember Buhari and he mentioned this as well. Remember Buhari
Adding members shall canny
they will mention this right, they will say that the strongest opinion from these three is that refers to the point.
And this is like, this is what you'll find the vast majority of the scholars are referring to, if you look at it, though more carefully and you analyze this, based upon what we said in the introduction, right. So, when you have these differences of opinion, so we probably mentioned 12 different opinions, right? Like, you know, in terms of like the nuances and the finer details went through maybe 10, or 12, different statements from amongst the scholars. And then we kind of like categorize them under three, Daybreak creation, and how fun, but when you analyze this further, you find also is that actually, two opinions are very close and very similar. And one is contradictory,
might switch to a very close, Krishna and daybreak. Right? Both of them are very close to that. So even team era, others, they said that refers to not just a break, the break is too specific. They said it is anything in the equation of a law that refers to this right. And then of one layer of Shambhala, Nina Shapiro, Kamala was also one of the contemporary scholars of Tafseer. He says, in order for the student to finish that book, he says that this seems to be the strongest view, the creation and Daybreak are very similar to each other. And they refer to, you know, they can be like kind of categories into one, both of them kind of complement one another. As for the third opinion,
which is that it is genuine, you can't really reconcile, or you can't read or reconcile between them. They said, that seems to be a further opinion, like a far off opinion. And that seems to be the correct you know, the correct
position on this first Falak in refers to collision or daybreak, and it doesn't refer to gender. It doesn't refer to gender.
In this verse, verse number one, commands us to seek refuge in Him as the Lord of all creation.
Because what are we going to do? We're going to seek a last refuge and protection as the Lord of creation, from what?
From the evil of all of his creation.
So we asked a lot, and we beseech Allah, and we asked a lot to give us protection and his divine care and protection and shelter and refuge, all of that from the evil of his creation, because He is the Lord of creation. There is no master no Lord, no one who has full power and authority over everything in the universe, except Allah subhana wa Tada. And the word fun up in the Arabic language, as we said, it's something which is therefore clear.
Something which breaks away so the, you know, the difference in Philip and Daybreak is clear, when they comes in Michaels is very clear the break between the two, you're not confused as to whether it's day or night, it is very clear, right? When a plant comes from a seed, it's very clear. When a child comes from the womb of its mother. It's very clear, right? And that's when Arabic language the word Falak refers to something which is given clarity, something which is very clear. And that's when the head is in ceremony, when I showed you
described, the way that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to receive revelation. So he would receive revelation in different ways, right. And one of those ways, for example, was dreams when he would see a dream. And that dream would be a form of Revelation. She describes the dream and she said,
He will not see a dream, except that it would be like further pursue
further pursuit, like the breaking of day, a deeply. But why might they break? What does she mean by that he wouldn't see a dream, except that it wouldn't be like daybreak, meaning that it would be clear, and that it would be something which he understood. And it's something which would come true, right? Something which is very, very clear, no confusion. And like most of us want to see a dream you wake up. You don't remember the dream. But if you remember it, you remember certain aspects, you don't remember the aspects or it's confusing, like the whole message of the dream is very confusing, right. And that's why we know that rooms are of different types. We have dreams that come from
shavon, which are nightmares. And then you have dreams, which are from Heidi from neffs, which is like your, you know, you're so busy and preoccupied in your mind that when you go to sleep, that stuff carries over in your dreams. So maybe you're stressed at work, and then you have a dream about being stressed at work, right? you're stressed about marriage, and you dream about being stressed in marriage, right? you're stressed about money, you get a dream of it. So it's kind of like carrying on it's called Heidi from naps. Right? Your soul just carries on into overdrive after you go to sleep. And then you have dreams that are good news right dreams come from Allah subhana wa Tada. And
from the signs of Yama, as the Prophet told us on the Lower Peninsula is that the believers will see a dream and those dreams will come true.
The processor limb said, and the ones who are most likely to have dreams that come true are the ones from amongst them who are most truthful in speech.
The ones who are most truthful in speech are the ones most likely to see dreams that will come true. Right? And as we know that the prophets of Allah used to see receive dreams, right as part of the way and part of the revelation so Ibrahim Ali Salam in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal mentioned, when is commanded to slaughter his sons married, where does the commandment come from?
The dream you have in the film man, enemy belcanto mother, Tara, oh, my son, I see in my dream, that I should swear to you. So what do you think?
He said, Oh, my father, do as you have been commanded. Because that dream is a revelation from Allah subhanaw taala. As opposed to us, me and you. When we receive a dream, even if it comes true, it's not revelation. Money, you can't base you know, based upon your dreams. It's not a it's not a revelation from Allah Subhana Dada, it's not for you to make something halal or haram. For the for the prophets of Allah. It is different for him. Another example of this is in the story of do safaris center, right right at the very beginning, what does he say? In the era? I had Ashoka mission seven Palmyra, he told me sir God, he says to his father, jacobellis and Otto my father, I
saw 11 stars, the sun and the moon, all of them prostrating before me balaia bonia?
Oh, my son don't mention the stream to anyone. But later on, he would come true right at the end of the surah. He says how that will Yeah.
This is the interpretation of my dream that are not close to be true. When yaku and his wife and his brothers all of them come. Can they prostrate before us Valley salatu salam. So I shall do. LaWanda is describing the prophets of Salaam, his dreams and His revelation. And she calls it Fela for so
many of the scholars of the majority of the sponsor tafsir. When they specify it to me in daybreak, they have all of these different, you know, supporting evidences that they use to show that it means deeper, right. But as we said if we went for the more generic meaning of the meaning creation, and that's something which inshallah is also something which the Sunnah and the Quran generally supports and it is the opinion as we said, of many of the scholars of the field, including shuffle Islam, multimedia, Rahim. Mahalo. Tada. Okay, I think we'll stop there for today, Mashallah. The next week, we'll go on to verse number two.
Wait, before you start, you have a question. Let me do this, because I forget.
in witnesses to do this, in two weeks time on December 7, tonight, we have a another motive force coming. Can you see this? Right. So this time, protect this house question of ERISA Matala. He's coming to Charlotte to Birmingham, the weekend of seventh to ninth and it's being held at the University of Birmingham. So for those of you, I think most of you know, Shadow barista is for those of you don't know, when we started up, he came for the first session, he helped me to do the introduction and to kick start this program. And he's coming back as I think he has it is he's not
for this, okay, so he did this post, like six years ago, but I'm sure it's six years is increased in wisdom and knowledge and, and many other things. So shall I is going to be delivering this course again. From what I've read, it's an amazing course. Like I haven't attended this course. But from what I've heard from everyone that I've spoken to, that's been it is an amazing course what is on it's about everything to do with family relationships, right? parents, children, in laws, teenagers, the whole life dynamics of a family. And honestly, it is one of the most important and one of the most stressful topics that you everyone really needs to read the amount of people that come up to me
and have problems you know, in law problems, spousal problems, children problems, you know, like your children are young, and they're going to teenagers and all sorts of dramas that go on in terms of just that family unit, and how to deal with it not just based upon knowledge from the Quran and Sunnah. But real life experience the Sharia gives to us and tells us to live it in a practical way that is realistic based upon the statements of the scholars and all of that stuff that we have within our Sharia. I think that it's something which is amazing. And it's something which I would highly recommend. So this course I think, is also going to London. And it's already sold out what
the sword like they were in a foreign group of people and soda, right, God was telling me all this stuff, and, and it's coming to Birmingham the weekend after, right, so in two weeks time, and you know, shala I'm sure that it's going to be like a soda
as well. So I would highly recommend if you go to whether they need to comment for this, speak to you. q falls.org qfw.org. inshallah for more details. And if you want to just a taster like there's a free Friday night on the seventh, so you can just turn up, don't have to pay anything, sit there for two, three hours, and then pay afterwards. So inshallah that's that's something which I would highly recommend. And I think you have a breakout room or
mother toddler room. So for sisters as well, it all familiar. Stick everyone, take the kids, take everyone make a weekend back inshallah. And that would be good. Okay.
The other question?
the question is that we can do revolution, but we can get in half, you have loosely translated as inspiration. Right? And yes, that's true, you can get your hand. So as mentioned, like, you know, we know from the center of your loved one was Mohammed, he was someone who's inspired, you will often have not necessarily from dreams by the inspiration, not necessarily from dreams, from just the source of your heart, you have that strong conviction. And so that's something which is very possible, right to have in hand. And it's something which was mentioned in the Quran, you know, the mother of Missouri, was inspired to place him in the river, one of those things that our inspiration
is not revelation. The difference is revelation comes from a las panatela via angels, some kind of direct form, inspiration isn't something that you can claim to be from Allah. But it's a feeling that you have that it's the right thing to do. And that's why the processing recommended that we pre selected is different, we want to make a decision, you ask a lot to guide you in what is right in that decision. And then the feeling that you have in your heart, you want to go one way or another, there is no type of inspiration that Allah subhanaw taala gives right? It is something which you have a feeling that you feel that this this option, or that option is better for you in that regard,
and one soldier knows best.
I'm doing that.
So the question is, regarding last week, we spoke about the headings in which the processor them told us the shape and when we go to sleep pays three knots upon us. The first month is entitled, when you wake up. And you mentioned Remember last name, and second Mikado, the third woman precision. So let's use the head, it seems to be very specific to the Federal Trade, right, and the federal, the the whole process of waiting for federal, and principal and federal. So on the head, it says that if you do that, you wake up and you're energetic, otherwise, you oversleep, and you wake up, lazy. So the point is that once you've missed federal shavon, has achieved his goal. Right? So
if you miss Virgil, so to do it later, for example, you know, you have a simple function, and then you wake up in the morning, or, for example, you remember during the day, some time, that shape and having achieved his objectives, the Hadeeth and allows us to be very specific, right. But other than that, you have the general health card of the morning, and so on. That's obviously something which is more open that you can read later on as well. But this specific had, it seems to be about this, you know, like, particular issue of
making the vicar when you wake up in the morning before fudger is part of the process of getting ready for Fortune.
So I'm gonna tell you
some landscape mentioned
his position that it refers to anything.
Anything that breaks away from something else? Yeah. If you didn't, I think you mentioned his name again, at the end. For those who support position one.
Dude, he has two positions. No, so his his he mentioned that position. So the position of it being anything that breaks into the house, that's something we should remember. So Fannie mentioned in his seal, by himself, he chose the first opinion, he said, and that seems to be the stronger opinion of the ship. But as we said, both of them are, you know, on post analysis, both of them seem to be very similar anyway, they seem to complement one another. So I don't necessarily think that that's like, you know, like a contradiction in terms. It's just that one group of scholars have specified it more. And they have their reasons because, as we mentioned, that Hadith, the Hadith, in the Sunnah,
and some of the verses in the Quran seem to make it very specific, and other scholars wanted to make it more generic and wanted to keep it more generic and Allah soldier knows best.
So the, from the Sooners or the proper centimeter, he wouldn't
We'd sort of a class for a nice after every congregation of after every obligatory prayer. Right? So federal return I
don't remember the specific Hadith. Now, if it mentions like they a virtue for that. But generally like those are three sources in the similar journey to a world of evil. That's what they're generally mentioned for
So it's mentioned for more than one place. So for example, Chef Nimbus Rahim, Allah tala used to say that you need these sources, after every obligatory prayer, and after Virgil and Margaret, three times. Right, and that's part of your morning and evening as well. So to read them three times for journaling. And then before you go to sleep reporting, the sooner that before you go to sleep, that you read this, this mission on multiple occasions.
So it's the timing of the morning and evening as car, morning as car after,
anytime after surgery.
It was recommended that after surgery, so when the sooner the sooner you will pray fudger and sit in his masala all the way till the sunlights. Right, that's something which the processor would regularly do and he would make his car right. So that's one time to do it. But if you can't do it, then even in the morning driving to work, you know, around during the school run whatever it is that you do, making those accounts into which to recommend and likewise the evening, the evening before miserable after moderate. So as the evening setting in for the evening in Islam is just by Muslim, even though it's relatively early now are like four o'clock in the evening already. But before my
trip or after much from your evening, as
Yes. So if I mean if there are if you go to an authentic book of the arsenal, so as you find the shadow will be authentic. So the one that I would recommend is going to be the fortress of the Muslim, which is widely available, easily downloadable, you know, like they have, I don't know how many versions and how many pocket sized versions and so on, it's very easy to get, in fact and get on your phone. So you can actually get an app to this stuff now. So but it's something which I would recommend like seriously like to not only to read poetry to the children as well are loud, get them in the habit of making it they will memorize it and follow you and so on. But after a while, it just
becomes very easy, unless something which just becomes part of your daily routine when you wake up in the evening 6510 minutes to do, but it's something which is which is very powerful.
Okay, so how do you do Rokia with a margarita teen actually, we're going to mention this in one of the less to coming lessons one of the verses and sort of speak about this in more detail. Whether you do it once a three times, like once is the minimum two to three times is better. And then the last one was to blow in his hands how he would blow
that's like it says he just used to blow in his hands and then he would wipe over his body right? But we'll speak what's really come to the rescue Michelle in the fact that if a robot how to blow and so on and what the scholars said concerning the differences between especially in the verse and between doing appropriate that is completely acceptable.
Okay, so the question was last week we mentioned that sometimes a loss