The Book Of Prayer Episode 11
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
Series: Ahsan Hanif - The Book Of Prayer
File Size: 22.40MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
Although de la umina shavon enegy
R Rahman r Rahim.
Amin sallallahu wasallam obatala. He married early he was a woman surah Allah Subhan Allah He wanted to hear us to Nebuchadnezzar. He wanted to be a DNR your meeting was seldom at the Sleeman kathira I'm about to follow Him and we have to do something for Rahim Allahu taala
polyneuropathy Allahu Allah so Nila Hassan Allahu alayhi wa sallam Canada Illa Salatu call. What Jehovah God lady Fatah Samira T will or Kony Milan muslimin Allahumma Antony madico La Ilaha Illa Anton Tara boo Anna Abdo, Isla de raha Muslim. If you require to know in Nevada Kofi salata ln,
on the authority of Vitaly Badiola one, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he would stand for the prayer, he would say, that I have faced towards the one, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, until he would come to the statement from the Muslims, or will law you are the king, there is no god except to you. You are my Lord, and I am your servant until the end of the dura. And this is collected in Muslim and in an aeration he would recite this in the night prayer.
Yesterday, we began with the description of the prayer of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. And we mentioned some of the more basic issues concerning the prayer. And we dealt with generally speaking the ark and the pillars of the prayer. And so what Rahim Allah tala did in the two Hadith that we took yesterday, he basically gave us the framework of the prayer, the general guidelines, the pillars of the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and its most important components. Now, one is going to do in this howdy and the many Hadeeth that will come after this in the in the remainder of this chapter, he will look at the other issues that we also need to know
about the prayer, some of them will be obligatory acts, and some of them will be recommended acts. And so if you remember yesterday, we divided the actions of the prayer into three a pillar, which you must do, you must perform, and you cannot miss for any reason. And there is no explanation for it. Number two, the second category was a larger, an obligatory Act, which you must also perform, and it is not allowed for you to leave it intentionally. But if you forget who you make a mistake with regards to it, you can expiate and the third one is a sinner, or recommended Act, which also you should do because there is the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and there is much
reward in it. But if for a genuine reason you forget or you don't do it, then there is no harm to your prayer doesn't affect your prayer in any adverse way. And there is no explanation. So in this, how do you hide it number 214 rd available poly rhodiola one, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is mentioning what is known as the door or
the opening door of the as reported that the profits on a lower and he will sell them and he would make the tip below to Iran, he would pause for a while meaning there wouldn't be any recitation. And then he would start resets or to Fatiha within the pause at the beginning of the prayer. This is basically what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would recite the opening door of the prayer and in Islam, in the terminology of as to our own stifter, which literally means the opening door. And this is the data that you make at the beginning of the prep. This two hour is only recited once in the prayer and that is at the beginning, now recited every record of every prayer just once at
the very beginning on the first record, and then after that, when you stand up, you just go straight into Surah Fatiha. So, this is the only stuff that there are a number of wordings that have been reported from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam concerning this door,
and all of them are authentically reported. And you can use whichever one of them you want. And normally when you come across an issue like this, where there are a number of wordings reported from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, for all the prophets of Salaam would sometimes do something sometimes he would leave doing that thing, then likewise, it is better for us to use all of those wordings as well. And to follow the example of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in sometimes during the finger and sometimes leaving that thing. And so, okay, if we can only memorize one you just memorize one, but if you can memorize them all
Change and use them all, then that is stronger and more accordance to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And that's why even Mohammed bin Hanbal Rahim Allah tala, he would say that when you come across the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then do it. If only once in your life, do it if it's even only once in your life, for them, Allah will record you from amongst the people that have revived and preserved that sooner. And this is an amazing statement. So when you come across a Hadith, even if you can't keep up every day, it's difficult for you to do something which is difficult stood at once. So at least you will have at least performed once in
your life. And so, like points with these, the drawers of
this, which is mentioned here is actually quite a long drawer. And these drawers of stuff that can be used in any of the prayers can be used, for example, in the obligatory prayers in the Sunnah prayers in the night prayer, all of these doors can be used in any of those prayers. The only exception to this, the dualistic data when it's not used is in the janaza prayer, funeral prayer. According to the stronger of the opinions that in the janaza prayer, there is no opening.
You just go straight into Fatiha every other prayer obligatory recommended whether in congregation or on your own, you recite these, there is an opening on the ground.
This is actually a long drought. And what Roger Amala has done has summarized again, and as we mentioned yesterday, that is one of his methodologies, one of the things that he tends to do is he summarizes very long Hadith, and he makes them short number one for ease of reference. Number two for ease of memorization, because he wants you to memorize his Hadith, incidentally, as well not just learn them and read them and number three so that the book won't become too long. And so you know the reference, you can go back to Sahih Muslim and look at the whole draft. What is the whole do I will go through it and I'll translate it as we go along.
That you say you begin to dry and you say we'll just do what God love the photo sumati will auto hanifa muslimah wama and Amina mushrikeen I have faced my faces in the direction meaning you're facing the Qibla in the direction of the one who originated the heavens and the earth. And I am a Hanif meaning that I am upon monotheism upon the religion of Ibrahim alayhis salam and I am a Muslim and I am not from amongst the people of shirt. And then he would say in masala tea one Lu su ke balmaha Rama Murthy de la hora bill al Ameen. lasher luxury Kala Aviva Muto Anna one steamin and these are two verses from the end of sortal. And then indeed my prayer and my sacrifice and my love
and my dying, all of it is for Allah subhanho wa Taala alone without any partner, this is what I have been ordered with, and I am from amongst the first of the Muslims, and then he would continue and he would say until Monday cola ilaha illa and Antara beaver and Abdo, you are the king. There is none worthy of worship except you there is no god besides you, you are my Lord and I am your servant. And then he would say, welcome to Neff seawater have to be them be fulfilled, he is no bgmea no Bella, and I have oppressed myself and I acknowledge my sins, so forgive all of my sins, for indeed no one forgive sins except you. And then he would say in any in any action enough love
1970 he was referring me
for a nice land, Allah guide me to the best of character, no one guides to it except you and keep me away from the evil character for no one can keep me away from it except you. And then he would say the Baker was soggy coalfire lluvia de casa de la or LA here I am I am present, all good comes from you. And evil is not ascribed to you about doctor what are our latest Furukawa to buoy lake and then he would conclude by saying you are blessing over law and exalted and I seek you I seek forgiveness in you and I repent towards you. So you can see that this is actually quite long, but it is a very beautiful analysis, in which the prophets are seldom not only spoke about though he spoke about
sacrificing for the sake of a large soldier, but he also seeks forgiveness for his sins as well as asking a large soldier to guide him to the best of character.
That is one notion of an open bar. The next Heidi will mention another wording of the opening gland and that is Hadith number 251 herbivore errata rhodiola one who can cannot Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam either kabbalists Allah sakata manehattan an opera for sell to hoof upon upon Allahumma barik beanie was
Lina satalia coming back to being a missionary one Muslim, Allahu monokini Minh Katayama Eunuch Kosovo Abu domina Denis Allahumma Sydney Minh satalia Bill Maher, Sergio Bharat Mata punani and authority over Buhari rhodiola. One who said that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would make the beer for the prayer, he would remain silent for a period of time before he began to recite out loud. So I asked him concerning this, and he said that I say, oh alarm make, distanced me from my sins, just as the way that you have distanced the east and the west, our law, purify my sins, just as you purify a dirty piece of cloth from its impurities, a white piece of cloth from its
impurities are washed away my sins with water, and with snow and with sleet. And this is in Bukhari and Muslim. This Have you thought over the long run is mentioned another wording, another door that you can recite at the beginning of the prayer, this Torah is shorter. And some of the scholars said that from all of the doors, all of the wordings of the opening doors, this is the most authentic, this wording here. Why because it's in Al Bukhari and Muslim. And so the previous one wasn't Muslim, it's also authentic. But we know that the most authentic book of Hadith Is Buhari, and then Muslim. And the most authentic hadith from those two books are the ones that are both imams agreed upon. And
that's why it's called Mustafa Kannada agreed upon both body and Muslim, or they came out of metal law, both of them narrated that same narration. And because of both of their very strict and stringent conditions of authenticity, the fact that he passed both of their criteria shows that it is extremely authentic, there's no doubt concerning it. And there are scholars who have dedicated whole books, just to the to the Hadith, that have been agreed upon by these two great teams of Islam and these two great scholars of Hadith. So because this is, in terms of his chain of narration, the most authentic hadith, some scholars said that this is the most authentic to our as well, and one of
the most recommended
abora. The laquan is saying that when the prophet SAW Selim began the prayer, he would remain silent for a period of time, and then he would carry on. And so he asked him concerning the silence. And what this shows is that every single part of the prayer every single thing in the prayer should be done in accordance to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. Even the silences within the prayer, when you take a breath, when you stop, the way that you stop all of this, the way that you stand up from such that the way that you go down, all of this has been narrated, and specified for us. There's no room for your own personal like inventions here, no room for you to
just come up and make it up or just like you know, just go off the cuff as you wish and want to play everything, even to the extent of the silences. And look at the way the companions are the last one home was so eager to learn about this religion, that when the professor Sonam was silent over arrows, they're thinking, why is he silent? There must be a wisdom there's a reason for the silence. Why has he stopped while wisely recycling? And so he goes, and he asks him, and this is how he became one of the most illustrious companions, in terms of narration of Hadith is inquisitiveness, the fact that he wanted to learn his eagerness to seek knowledge. And so he asked about this pause.
The scholars of Islam say that in the prayer there are three pauses, three pauses, meaning three silent times, and this obviously is for a prayer out loud. Like when you pray in congregation and the Imam is reciting our loud version mockery. Berisha Juma these kinds of prayers, then there are three times when the Imam go silent at the big in the PM. So obviously, God is silent, what is reciting? Everyone refers to themselves, but at the beginning when he's standing and his reciting, there are three times when there are silences. Number one is this time, at the beginning of the prayer in the first record, before you begin Surah Fatiha and this is for the opening door
as we're obviously going through now, the second silence and pause is the one after Surah Fatiha. So when you say you're hearing Mazel Tov Brd him what I mean, and everyone says, mean, and then there is a pause. This pause is mentioned in a hadith over which the scholars have different concerning authenticity. Some scholars said, therefore, that you do this, others said that you don't. And this is a pause. Some scholars said that the pause was simply for the prophets of Salaam to take his breath back, because after reciting Surah Fatiha just to get his breath back and then he won't begin to recite the next surah. Others said that he would pause for all
Long time so that the people behind him could recite Surah Fatiha themselves and this is an issue. We'll come on to later the issue of reciting Surah Fatiha in a loud prayer behind the Imam Does everyone have to recite Fatiha will just that you ma'am, and so on and so forth. But they said that this is a time when he would remain silent for this reason. It seems as if this hadith that speaks about this is weak, it was a weak Hadith. So therefore, if the Imam wants to stop just to take his breath back, that's allowed. And if he holds the opinion that he should prolong that, for the sake of other people reciting Fatiha, then we can also do so as well, because there are many scholars who
hold their opinion. But I don't haven't come across on authentic authentic hadith for that establishes that as well. So that is the second pause. The third pause is after the end of the recitation of the next surah. So after the fact, they had the amount of site another Sora. After he finishes that recitation, and before he says, Allahu Akbar and goes into record, there is a small pause, a short pause, and again, the prophet, the scholars say that he would pause at this time, and this is authentically reported that he would pause at this time, they say that he would pause just to get his breath back again. And then to say, Allahu Akbar. And another reason was so that the two
don't become connected. So he doesn't say, for example, in Nevada, meaning Allahu Akbar. So it looks like it's connected to the actual recitation, he would pause so that you know that the recitation has come to an end. And now we're going into record. So it's a very short pause, it's not a pause that lasts for like a minute or 10 2030 seconds, it is a short pause for a few seconds, and then he would go into record. So these are the three poses that are mentioned by the scholars of Islam and as I said, concerning the second one, there is a difference of opinion, whether it should be done in a prolonged way or whether it is just a short pause. And then the rest of the Hadith is self
explanatory it is that it is also recommended that you recite at the beginning of the prayer.
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on the search of Mr. de la one that he would say, Glory be to You, Oh ALLAH and all praises to you. May your name be blessed, and may you Your Majesty be exalted, there is no god except you. And this is collected by Mr. Muslim with a broken chain of narration and a member of botany and it is the statement of Rama. And there is also reported from our study the huddling, which is collected by the five that he would say after the technium I seek refuge in a lot of the old hearing and the old knowing from shape on the occasion, from his whispering his spittle, and his puffing or blowing. This Hadith is a third wording for the opening of the prayer, the dragon the stiff death and the
opening door. And this
hadith is only authentic back to our model the other one, so it is authentic in its chain and relation back to our model the law one model authentically reported by chain of narration back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And so it is known in the terminology of the scholars of Hadith as most of my oath means literally to stop, stop, where does it stop stops at the level of the companions, you can authentically take it back in a generation to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. However, a hadith which is most of which stops at the level of the companions, if it is about an aspect of the religion, in which the companion will not give his own opinion, he wouldn't
just invent something. But it is something which you would only do based upon knowledge from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then even though the Hadith is more or it only goes to the level of the companion, it has felt more rough. It has the ruling of being a Hadith of the prophets of Salaam. Why? Because the companions didn't worship Allah, they didn't pray, they didn't recite, in the prayer and so on, just based on their own whims and desires. They learned this from the prophets on a lover and he will send them and so when you have a companion, especially someone like Rama rhodiola, one, or the other companions would say he had nine tenths of knowledge, nine tenths
of knowledge, and one possessed, extremely knowledgeable, one of the most knowledgeable companions and the greatest companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he wouldn't just do something like this, if it hadn't come from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. So even though in chain of narration, the only
authentically goes back to Mr. Amato the long run wouldn't have just made up this two hour unless he ever come from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Also another issue concerning this is that Roman will be a loved one would be scientists throughout opening and he would recite out loud to teach other people as well. And during the time of Ahmad, the vast majority of companions will still living in Medina, they will still living in Medina, the majority of the major companions, the most knowledgeable companions was still living in Medina. And so the fact that they heard this to him reciting this to her, and they didn't reject it, they didn't rebuke him. They didn't say you're mistaken. You're wrong. You know, this isn't from the Sunnah we never heard this, the fact that they never said any of this also confirms that it is an authentic
Torah reported from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And so this, according to some of the spoilers is the best direct result from all of the hours of the opening the house, even though it is not the most authentic in terms of his chain of narration. They say that it is the best because of the long run would recite it, and it's also reported that Abubakar would recite it, and I'm done live in Massoud, rhodiola and Munch marine he would also recite it as well. And the companions would hear more reciting it out loud, and they would accept its recitation meaning that it was something known and familiar to them think which a lot of the a lot one himself would love to recite. And so
scholars like shepell Islam, Tamia, Rahim, Allah and others said that it is from all of the demands of all of the open doors, it is the best one to recite. The second narration that is mentioned here is concerning the tar wolf that before you recite the Quran, you seek refuge in Allah to seek refuge in Allah, it before reciting the Quran is an obligation because Allah azza wa jal says in the Quran itself, either producten or Anna festetics Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. When you're reciting the Quran are about to recite the Quran, then seek refuge in Allah from shape on the cusp. And so before you recite, you must say our will to be learning the shape on the regime. As for the
Bismillah say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, then that you must only do at the beginning of the surah. If it's there at the beginning of the Sona then you say it. If not, if you're not reciting from the beginning of the surah, then you don't have to recite it. So you can just say, the relationship on the regime, and then recite from the middle of the soldier or from whichever passage of the surah that you're reciting from, but the tower was must be made, the seeking refuge and the law must be made because of the Express commandment that we find in the Quran concerning this, this terror was seeking refuge in Allah is narrated in three ways, rated in three different wordings. Number one,
the most common one that we all know and the one that is mentioned in the Quran itself, is to say are all the Billahi min ash shaytaan a virgin I seek refuge in Allah from shavonda first, and this is what Allah explicitly says in the Quran. And that's why some scholars say that it is the best of these three wordings because that is the one that our Lord chose in the Quran. The second wording is that you say Allah Billa has some meaning IE me misshapen or I seek refuge in Allah, the old hearing the unknowing, from shavonda cursed and so you add these two attributes of Allah, these two names of Allah semir the old hearing, Allah or the law knowing the third wording and that's the wording that
we find here in this hadith is our auto biller his semi regularly misshapen regime means he whenever he whenever I seek refuge in Allah, lol hearing the unknown from shape on the acculist from his whispering so we know that shippon when it comes to people he whispers from his spittle, and that is when you blow lightly and you spittle. So normally like when you do rocky or something, will you recite over something or even when you make drown yourself and you wish to blow over yourself or even in the play of shape on comes to you The sooner is that you look at your left and you blow lightly. This is known as Nef. And this means that it has a very, very trace amount of spectrum it's
very, very selective. It'll spit like literally spit, but it is blowing with a very small amount of spittle. And the third one is nothing, which is to blow and to puff. So these are the three things that shell upon does. And these are the ways that for example, magicians will come and when they do the nuts and the sorcery they also use these means are whispering and blowing in knots and so on to enact the magic. And so you seek refuge in a lot of fun. These three means that shape on users. So these are the three ways that the r1 has been reported and is mentioned in the sooner that x hobbiest 217 were not issued or the loved one happened.
cannot assume Allahu Allahu alayhi wa sallam and stiff to Allah to be to be him. When a turban hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Khanna era Kerala musasa hula Musa with hula convenor LA, boca de Rafa. Amina rocor Isla Mr. stoia Paulina, without of the home minister God Allah Mr. stoia jalisa putana yaku Fukuoka Tina McCann official Angela who use our young Cebu la vaca Yun Han ropa de shavon, William Hanif, Trisha Raja, Raja server mcconathy masala, Tabitha slim, of Raja houmous, demon Walla, Walla, and authority very shallow, who said that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray, he would begin with the tequila. And his recitation would begin with Al hamdu, lillahi
Rabbil aalameen. And when he would go into recall, then he would not make his head lower than his higher than his back, but in between the two, and when he would stand from the record, and then he will not go into frustration, until he stood properly. And when he came up from the frustration from surgery, he will not go back into the second surgery until he sat properly. And after every tour occurs, he would make a tour here or at the shampoo, and he would sit upon his left foot and raise up his right foot, and he would prevent people from sitting like the devil set, and that they should place the arms down the way that a predator predatory animal does. And he would finish the prayer
with the slim. And this is collected inside Islam.
This Hadith is basically covering, generally speaking, the issues that we discussed just today, in the two a hadith that we had a boy and a roommate or the Allahumma. But there are some extra issues of benefit as well. The first issue in this hadith is that the prayer begins with to build to build up to the ground, which we mentioned yesterday. And so we discussed that yesterday. The second issue, and this is going to come in in more detail in other integrations after this is that the recitation in the prayer begins with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. And so the amendment here we cites in the prayer
is done silently, even by the man even in allowed prayer. So that is done silently. Everyone does it to themselves. And then the Imam we cite all the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim silently to himself. What does he recite out loud to the people? Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. That is the first thing that you hear from the Imam. There is a difference of opinion over this some scholars say us recite out the best manner Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Allah and we'll come on to other Hadith that deal with this issue as one I will speak about in a bit more depth than but generally speaking, the the stronger opinion is, and the opinion of the majority of scholars is that
you begin with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. When you go into the Quran yesterday, we had a demonstration of the record, this hadith is only increasing one aspect, one detail, and that is that the hedge be leveled with the back. So when you go into the core, your head shouldn't be lowered to the extent that it's bent down, nor should it be higher than you looking up. But rather it should be level. And this is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would do.
And then when he stands up from the record, he wouldn't go down into surgery until he stood up properly. And so yesterday, we spoke about one of the pillars of the prayer being the ultimate nun, that in every position of the prayer, your body, you must be relaxed at ease all of its limbs must go back to its correct place. And you shouldn't go into the next act opposition of the prayer until everything is tranquil. And to do so means that you're not reaching the state of Medina or tranquility in the prayer, which is a pillar on which humans do. And that's why the hadith of Abu huraira Viola one, that we spoke about the Hadith of the man who prayed improperly, his main
problem, or his main issue, or his main mistake, was that he wasn't reaching tranquility in these positions. And often you see this even today that people prey and they literally up and down cycle race, they're going from one position to the other so fast, that it's not possible for them to reach them at Nina, not possible for them to reach the element of repose, of tranquility of being at ease because of the speed that they're pregnant. And that actually invalidates the prayer. Likewise from such that when you sit in between the two such does, that is also a city in which you must sit properly before then you go back down. And yesterday we spoke about the definition of Toma, Nina and
how you judge that. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after every tour occurs, he would make a tie, meaning that he would sit for the Shahada. And so if it's more than two records in a prayer generally speaking, like the whole like answer like Muslim
Becker, Russia, then you sit down after two and you make the shadow. And then you stand up. There are exceptions to this, for example, the width of prayer, you can play all three together, as you often sometimes do. And you see as well, that is an exception to the rule. But generally speaking, after every tour occurs in a prayer, you sit down, and you make a dish. And then the way of doing the Shabbat and the sister demonstrate yesterday with the help of one of the brothers, and we went through the different types of settings. In the prayer, this hadith is basically saying that the prophets of Salaam would sit if Tirosh, right the first setting that we did, where you sit on your
left foot, and your right foot is upright. And based on this hadith is highly the very show some of the scholars said that this is the setting that you do all the time, irrespective of the type of sitting, whether it's between the two, such as the first shot with the last shot, because this is what this hadith refers to. And it doesn't mention any other. But what all of these ahaadeeth when you bring them together and you combine them show, as we mentioned yesterday that there are three sittings that you can do that are inshallah authentically reported from the prophets of Salaam, four different positions of the prayer, he would, he would forbid on a lower Olive will sell them sitting
like the devil sets. And this was one of the settings that we also demonstrated yesterday known as a bar. And a car is basically when you're in surgery, and your feet, both of them are upright and you're facing the Qibla. Then you sit up again, you keep your feet in that position. We said that type of era is authentically reported from Abdullah Abbas Taliban armor and others that they saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam doing it. What the prophets of Salaam is forbidding here is the second type of attire. And that is, as the brother demonstrate yesterday where you split up your two feet, and you sit in between them. And so your feet are at your side, and you sit in between them
with your buttocks on the ground. Or another way of doing this is where you sit on your buttocks and you draw up your legs in front of you,
your thighs and your knees in front of you. And you sit like this in the prayer. Like for example a dog sits when a dog poses and it sits with its front legs outstretched and his hind legs behind it. That type of setting. It is not allowed in the prayer. So that is the type of setting that is forbidden in the prayer. And so we mentioned this yesterday that some of the scholars said that the hadith of Ibn Ambassador the Allah one whom I when he would do a car was referring to the first type of car that we spoke about that type of setting where you sit with both feet upright, both feet upright, as you go into that where your feet are you leave them in that position and that is only
allowed in the sitting between the two semesters. The sitting between the two such that other scholars said that that's not allowed at any point, not allowed any point on the hadith of Ibn Abbas is abrogated or is not to be used or is better not to use it and so on. Another thing which the prophets on lower aluminium would forbid from this Hadeeth bearish over the long run here is
the line down of an animal like for example a cat or a lion or a tiger or some type of predatory animal where for example, in sujood you place your elbows on the ground. So placing your elbows on the ground whilst making sure Jude is not allowed. Your elbows must be off the ground and if your elbows on the ground this is a common mistake that some people make if it is on the ground, and that is forbidden, because that is the way the predatory animal lies down when it's getting ready to strike. So he puts its front legs down and they are touching the ground that is not allowed. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would complete the prayer with to scream. So the end of
the prayers by saying salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah let's have you 218 one even in Roman are the Allahumma and then the BS en Allahu Allah. He will sell Americana your feria de Roman Cabeza de la sala with a kabara the record
record Natasha canali. If you have a tip for me during the abida with your feria de facto you had a big moment Kibaki sama, you kept your money when a Muslim American for the Allahu anhu Omar Lacan Kala Hata you have he became a full name on the authority of Abdullah bin Amato, the laquan Houma but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he would raise his hands at the beginning of the prayer, he would place them towards his shoulder. And he would also do this when he was going into record and when he would come out of report and this is in our Buhari and Muslim, and in the Hadith ever before made, reported by Abu Dawood, he would raise his hands until they were towards his
shoulders, and then he would make the appeal. And how do you tell your man Muslim on the authority of medical providers about the long run, you have the wording of the Hadith, but with the exception that would raise his hands towards his ear lobes or the bottoms
of his ears.
We spoke about this issue yesterday, which was basically the way of raising the hands in the prayer. And this had it also gives us an added benefit, and that is the positions in the prayer in which you raise your hands. In terms of raising the hands. We said yesterday as well and what is shown in these two Hadith, the hadith of Ibn Omar, and then the hadith of Malik Coronavirus, both of which are authentic, that there are two ways of raising the hands. Number one is that you raise the hands and the tops or the tips of your fingers come to your shoulders, right there or your shoulders. Or the second way is that the types of your fingers come towards your ear lobes. These are the two ways
that are authentically reported from the process of cinnamon. We said yesterday that some scholars said that you combine between the two by going halfway between them either way that is basically the way that you raise your hands and we said yesterday as well, that a common mistake is that people don't raise their hands fully. They do kind of a half raise, and then they put the hands down the hands must be raised completely. So that is the first issue from this hadith. The second issue is when you raise the hands, there is four places that is authentically reported from the Prophet solemn that he would raise his hands he would raise his hands in the prayer three are mentioned in
this hadith. And there is a fourth which is not mentioned by Abraham Rahim Allah tala, but it is found in the Sunnah. Number one is at the beginning of the prayer when you make Buro to the home. And the reason why even 100 Hakim Allah mentions two generations basically that are more or less identical, the duration of Buddhahood is he shows you how to raise the hands at the beginning of the first beer. And that is that you raise your hands and then you say Allahu Akbar. So you don't say Allahu Akbar, and then you raise your hands. That is basically the meaning of the heartbeat, when do you remember is the raising of the hand start, it starts either at the same time, I say Allahu
Akbar, or slightly before, so you raise your hands and say, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, and you raise them at the same time, what you don't do is you set a low bar, and then you raise them. So that is the benefit of the hadith of Abrahamic. So that's the first time at the beginning of the prayer that belonged to the farm. And that is by consensus of the scholars, all of the scholars have agreed, there is no difference of opinion amongst any method, that at the beginning of the prayer, that you raise your hands. The second place is when you go into record. So you say Allahu Akbar, you raise your hands, and then you go into record, and this is authentically reported here, as well as
in other ahaadeeth as well. The third position is when you come out of record, and you say seminar, la Honeyman hammy that you raise your hands, these are the three positions that are mentioned here, in this Hadith, there is a fourth position that is also authentically reported from the prophets of Salaam. And that is that when he would stand after the first Shabbat, so after the end of the first Shabbat, so like for example, in Dora samagra, Russia, where you have more than one shot after the first shot, you have to stand up, then he would stand up and then he would raise his hands, and he would make the view like that. And so that is basically another added place that's not mentioned by
law in his book. The first one, as I said, for the tech below to the forum is by consensus ish many of the scholars, the other three are an issue of slight difference of opinion, the majority of scholars say that you do it, and the Hanafi scholars say that you don't. The Hanafi scholars Rahim Allah they base their opinion on the Hadith found in a Buddha award, in which was reported that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would make the will raise his hands at the beginning of the first bill. And then he wouldn't do it after that, only in the first bill. However, this hadith is weak. It is a weak Hadith as has been mentioned by Imam Shafi and many of the scholars of Hadith.
And so the opinion of the majority of the scholars as well as what is known from the companions, and many of the scholars of Islam, is that they hold that you raise your hand in all of these four positions and a lot of surgeon knows best. The next hottest 119 were Anwar in the Allahu anhu call, solid Magna Vu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for the
fame. And the fortune 100 of the Allahu anhu said that I prayed with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he placed his right hand upon his left hand upon his chest, and this is collected by him.
inshallah, we'll conclude with this hadith. This Hadith speaks about another element of the prayer. By the way, again, even the last issue, the issue of raising the hands other than in the build up to the hump, where there's differences of opinion, those actions on a Sunday of the prayer, but a person should do it, and it is better to do it and there is reward in doing so. However, if someone doesn't follow
their opinion and they don't do it. It doesn't invalidate the prayer doesn't invalidate the prayer prayers to correct. This Hadith speaks about another element of the hands. And that is basically where you place your hands in the prayer. So when you stand, are we talking about the first and not many come up after record, but the first standing. So when you say Allahu Akbar, where do you place your hands? How do you hold your hands? And where are they placed on your body? You place your right upon the left, and this is by each of the scholars, the scholars have agreed that the right goes above the left, the left does not go above the right, there's no difference of opinion overlap. The
second issue is exactly where do the hands go. There are three authentically reported ways of holding and grasping the hands. Number one, as is mentioned, in this, opening some narrations that the hand, one hand goes above the other hand, so one hand goes above the other hand, that is, number one. Number two is that the hand goes above the back the back part of the hand, as well as the wrist and a part of the forum like this. So you have the back of this, basically, your palm goes towards the back of this palm, and you're touching your wrist and the beginning part of your forearm. And in this way, there are two ways that you can do this, either you can do it like this, or you can grasp
like this. And that is also authentically report it and this in the Arabic language is known as core is known as quote your wrist, which reported the processor sometimes would grasp his wrist like this. And you often see this that you can grasp. So this is allowed, this is allowed, or you grasp that. So that's the second one. And the third one is that he would place it on his forearm. So his hand all of it would be on his form, not on his wrist, not on the back of his hand. But on his forearm. These are the three authentic ways of holding your or grasping your arms, it is not allowed for a person to grasp their
elbow, that is inauthentic. And so you see sometimes people doing this that is basically what is mentioned. And so the people have misunderstood that they actually grasp this. That is incorrect. And I remember like shampoos and about half of the whole lot. When he was teaching us in the University of Medina, he was asked this question as well to demonstrate it. And these are the three positions that he mentioned as well. And so there is no Hadith that speaks about this. Why is that a confusion about grasping the elbow, because in the Arabic language, the core, which I said means the rest. That is basically what it means in the Arabic language. However, in modern day terminology,
amongst many Arab countries, court refers to this in modern day terminology. And so they get mixed up. Right, so they use the modern day terminology, instead of the classical Arabic language. So these are basically the three places that you can hold your hands. The second issue mentioned is have you ever been Jose man, by the way this hadith is authentic, is where the hand is placed. And it says explicitly in this Hadith, that it is placed on the chest, it is placed on the chest,
there is a difference of opinion over this issue. Some of the scholars said that you place it below your navel, other set above the navel, navel and other set, it is on the chest. However, there is no authentic hadith about those positions, except for the chest, the chest is the only position where it is authentically reported from the process that he would place his hands there. And so the chest is basically from the bottom of your neck, all the way down to just the top of your belly, that area here is your chest. And so anywhere where it is allowed for you to place it on, and the best position is to place it towards the bottom of that just test not to place the tie up. But to place
the bottom as is a natural position. So normally when you bring your arms together so that there are more more natural angle, that is basically where you place your arms and that is a stronger opinion. The other there are narrations that speak about placing it below the navel and someone else has reported even from some companions such as I'm delivering this or that or the loved one. Either those relations are weak or even if they're authentic, from the companions of some of the companions did this. They seem to go against what is authentically established from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And so it is better and it is more authentic to place your hands on your chest. But
again, this is an issue which if someone doesn't, then it doesn't invalidate the prayer. But to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is better, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Sunday tomorrow at moonee Valley pray as you have seen me praying. So that's the first type of standing. The second type of standing where you need to put your hand somewhere is when you come out of record. When you say samyama
Hanuman hamidah Where do you place your hands, there is a hadith in which the prophets of Salaam, it is said about him that when he would come out of record, he would stand as he would normally stand, he would stand as he would normally stand. This howdy Ethan has two interpretations amongst the scholars. And both of them have many scholars behind them. And both of them, you know, they have the interpretation, which is understandable. And so whichever one a person does, it is allowed. The first interpretation is that this hadith refers to normal standing. So you place your hands by your side, because that's the way a person will normally stand. When I say to you stand, everyone stands
with their hands by their side. The second interpretation is that when the narrator is saying that he would stand as he normally stands, he doesn't mean normally as in generally everyday life, but he means the way that he would normally stand in the prayer. And the way that you normally stand in the prayer is by having your hands on your chest. And so therefore, those scholars have interpreted and understood the Hadith in that way. And so you can see how that wording can be understood in both ways. And both of them are legitimate, like there is, you know, there's this you can understand why it can be interpreted in both ways, then again, this isn't something which is major, whichever of
those two opinions you follow in Sharla. Both of them have the opinion and their understanding and their proofs from the sun and their understanding. So inshallah It is something which isn't such a big issue. So inshallah we'll conclude with that a bit later on. And next Wednesday, inshallah, we'll go on to the issue of the recitation of Surah Fatiha. Does any questions Shall we can take them
to the three sorry,
for three poses, the three poses. The first one, as we said, is only at the beginning of the prayer. The first pause when you do when you stand up, set a lower bar, that is a pause for the rest of the open while the other two pauses are for every record.
Some of the scholars said and this seems to be a safer opinion, and a better opinion is that you recite every record.
And the reason why they say this is that once you go into record, the recitation has finished, spin disconnected now. So you're going to record and come up, you're going to salute. So now when you stand up again, it's like you're beginning a new recitation. And so you say out
again, other scholars said no, it's like same part of the same prep. I think it's just to be on the safer side. It's better to say