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Sciences Of Hadith 02 – Historical Development of Hadith – The First Two Stages
Channel: Abdul Wahab Saleem
Series: Abdul Wahab Saleem - Sciences Of Hadith
File Size: 11.40MB
In this video Sheikh Abdul Wahab Saleem discusses the first two stages of hadith compilation which includes development during the Prophets time and at the time of the Caliph Umar ibn Abdul Aziz.
Episode Transcript ©
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iida, ala Sayyidina, Muhammad in
the Marine, long aluminum and Pharaoh
by the grace of Allah as the origin, we come together yet again to speak of this topic, and the topic being
hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu.
And what we'll be discussing, particularly today is the historical aspect of how the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was written down, how it was prepared in terms of how it was put together. Today, we have
at our disposal disposal very easily.
So hello, Holly. So he's Muslim subida, with all the other student books of Hadith, that are innumerable, very many.
But for the amount to get to that stage, and for the oma large to get to that stage, where they have these books, very nicely printed papers, very nicely cut and very precisely written, there was a number of stages that the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had been through. The first of those stages, of course, was the stage in the time of the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam, himself, the time of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam himself. And this was
kind of difficult at the time of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
came in a time, we are things to write on. We're very seldomly found.
And people that would write, were very seldomly found as well. But we understand from the center of our dear prophet alayhi salatu salam and the teachings of the Quran itself, that the whole concept of reading and writing was being aided, almost being aided by Allah azza wa jal, so that people can get away from illiteracy.
And they can get to a level of literacy.
And that's why you see, the first verse realized the origin, you know, revealed to mankind for the rest of time, until the day of judgment was what?
Read this mirror of the Kennedy era, in the name of your Lord that had created you a few verses later and lots of panel data says, What is he saying? He says, a lady I lemma will, the one that had taught through the
through the pen. Why? Because Allah subhanho data is trying to show you that through worried that reading and writing is very crucial, and that is what is going to slowly develop the nation to come. And similarly, last prophet salatu salam, when it came time for the people that were captured in bedroom, what did he do?
A lot of the people that were captured the prophet Isaiah slot was sent me the ransom that they come. And if they were able to read and write, that they come in, they teach 10 from amongst the children's of the children of the believers, how to read and how to write, and through that they were able to free themselves from the capture at better, even
so, undoubtedly, the prophet alayhi salatu salam, the Sunnah of his, his teachings,
Allah azza wa jal himself, were eating the concept of writing. So there started you know, the writing of Howdy.
There started the writing of Hadeeth. The idea was written during the lifetime of the prophet SAW said, not all of the edits, because the prophet SAW Selim was a walking talking example everything he did was exemplary. Everything he did, should have been recorded. So not everything during the lifetime of the prophet SAW send them we were able to have in written recording, however, there was a large portion of the Sunnah that was recorded. Now some people will come and they'll see that, do you not see the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, he said,
clearly, in the hadith of Abu Salah, he said clearly, and
Muslim, he said clearly not to one knee shaken later on. Do not write anything that I say except the
woman gets a bit uneasy and alpha and whoever wrote anything that I said besides the Quran
They left him with it away. erase it.
So some people will say, Oh, the prophet arias Salatu. Salam was saying such.
So what are we supposed to do? You're telling me that the student now was written during the time of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, but the Prophet it in salatu salam in the clear hadith of Abu sorry, coding, which was found in muslimeen, saying they do not write anything except for an Well, if we look at the rest of the concern. If we look at the rest of the Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu, salam, we'll find that there were incidents where the Prophet is allowed to do that, and also gave permission to people to write.
So if you look, for example, at the Hadith, of Abdullah ibn and also the log data, where he said,
to Abdullah, he said, basically, what happened was that last used to write a lot of headaches, a lot of headaches, I used to write it down, I used to memorize, whereas the letter M allows us to write so
people looked at it, they said, that you're writing down everything, that the prophets Allah is telling you.
You're writing everything down.
And the prophet SAW send them as human. Sometimes he might get angry, and say something that is not to be considered a legislation in the Dean of Allied soldiers.
He might say something that's not to be considered a legislation in the Dean of law, sorry.
he said, What am I supposed to do? He went to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam himself. And he said to the Prophet, Alayhi, salatu salam, that
Oh, Prophet of Allah, I came across such a situation, you know, you are reading everything you're saying. I'm reading everything you're saying. However, what's happening is people are telling me that sometimes you might be angry, and such and such might occur. What am I supposed to do? So the prophet SAW said, looked at Abdullah, he said, Look to the one lady enough cvad crewmen Femi Ilaha, that right, For verily, by the one, as it relies on you, by the one, in whose hands is my soul, nothing comes out of this mouth except the truth.
So based on this, you know, until I'm gonna ask, you realize that I can write and I can continue to write.
And you have the example, in unhedged in itself where the prophet SAW Selim was in Mecca. And what happened was that
they killed the man from burning Lake
cruzada killed the man from Bullitt, because of a person that Bernoulli had killed from amongst bizarre, so they were taking revenge.
So then, the prophets, I send them, he stood up and he gave some of the rulings President took a sauce.
And when he said that, a man stood up, and he said, Look to Li, command, man by the name of Boucher, Shah, he got up and he said to me, write it down for me. So the prophets are sending them He replied, and he said, to buli, Alicia, write it down for Abuja. So there was incidents in the life of the prophet SAW Selim, we commanded people to write things down from amongst the Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu, Salam himself. Now, when we ask that in one Hadith, we're hearing this and another Hadith, we're hitting something else. So what are we supposed to do?
What are we supposed to do? Or what are we supposed to make of this? Well, the reality is that the prophets send them in earlier times. He'd forbid people from writing down the Hadith. That is correct. In earlier days, and later on, this concept of not writing down was abrogated,
was abrogated. It was finished, it came to an end. And then the prophet SAW Selim commanded people to write, but
you know, under certain guidelines,
the Quran was still given precedence in terms of writing.
But the prophet SAW Selim generally it wasn't a problem if people wrote and how do we know this?
We know this from the actions of the Sahaba. I gave you one example of Abuja.
Another example of Abdullah house,
several examples of this habit like the example of so he put it, he had a sorry, he had also where there was a Heidi as well of Rasulullah Lysander
Sahaba of Abdullah
Abdullah, seem self had a Sahiba, a man a scroll in which he had written a number of the headings in which he'd written a number of the Hadith enabled. He says talking about a third of the labor lost what she called a sidecar. The the truthful scroll
everywhere it says that it had almost 1000 Hadeeth. So a very large number of Hadees, written by a doula, lost in the lifetime of the Prophet alayhi salam.
And similarly, other Sahaba that had also written down different Hadith of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, such as Java, Abraham dilla, here also written down a scroll, full of hadith of Rasulullah, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam. All of this, alluding to the fact that or establishing the fact that that the student had been written down even during the Prophet time itself, and it hadn't been lost. However,
the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had yet to be compiled,
almost an official level,
the compilation of Hadith,
in one single scroll, or one single text,
or a very large number of Hadith compiled together, in one text, this had yet to occur. Some people had a couple of Hadith written down here, and other people had a couple of Hadith written down over here, and so on and so forth. This occurred after the life of the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam, the first thought that came to anyone's mind
was the room of Abraham.
He thought about this,
he thought, and he thought, and he thought it he made it harder for an entire month, thinking to himself that I should maybe collect all the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and put them together in one scroll in one manuscript in one text, in one compilation so that people don't lose the Sunnah of Rasulullah you had this habit traveling to different countries.
You had people that had less religiosity and integrity, accepting Islam, you add the tambourine also being spread in different places, Medina, which was at one point, the center of knowledge where all of this harbor remained, we're slowly also dispersing around the world.
So the Hadith was slowly becoming more and more difficult to get your hands on.
So this put and also people are dying.
People were dying, wars were happening.
The Battle of qadisiya,
your move, that battles were occurring, even during the lifetime of himself, so he's thinking to himself, we have the Quran memorized, and people are listening to it, people are hearing it. What are we supposed to do?
So what he did
is, he thought about the issue for one entire month. And he made it harder to Allah azza wa jal over and over for one entire month. And then he came up with one conclusion, where he said in equal to our, he said I had wished an activist sooner i'd wished to write down the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu.
That's what I'd wished.
And then I remembered a people.
So many that come to Coleman, I remember the people
they used to be before you people.
And they did the same thing get a Boo.
They wrote down different books. And then they begin to get caught up with these books from the book of Allah xojo. We're in Nila albizu, Kitab ally Vichy and I will never I will never mix the book of Allah as the origin with anything
because as the vehicle Sahaba were still around, though they were dispersing, though some were dying. But in general, anything that was required was still there. The need was there, but it wasn't as great as it became later on.
It wasn't as great as it became
Later on, so formidable katavi looked at the people like look at the Jews and Christians, what happened to them.
They wrote books
that were not the true Bible is not the true Gospels. And then they started to get caught up with.
Matthew, Mark, Luke, john, all of these were written by people that didn't really know, profit recycling, a lot of
people that were all on a doctrine that was away from the monotheistic doctrine that even recently sought to surround themselves. So came to fulfill, they were all based on a Pauline doctrine, a doctrine that was invented pretty much by a person by the name of Paul, probably to destroy Christianity, while it is in its early, you know, early stages.
So I'm seeing here, I saw that people of other nations, when they had written down other books, they got caught up with these books.
main book that they were given was lost.
So I'm not going to do that for you. But slowly, but surely, the need became more and more and more, it became more and more and more. So then came
another man, after moving on, from his own progeny, Omar Abdulaziz.
And disease, basically took the thought of his grandfather and he began to apply it.
First of all, he sent a letter
the one who used to work for him,
as in the minister that he had set for Medina, Manuel,
I will go and he wrote to him, and he told him that look and search whatever hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam you can find, then right that eddystone.
And he particularly told him to go look for two different narrators and take their Hadees because they used to be very rigorous in the narration. So he told them that look for Amarok bent at the moment, I'm sorry, you
go look for a woman by the name of Nora, Amara bent a man and I'm sorry. And this shows you that
being a scholar of the oma telling a man to go to a woman and look for daddy.
So it's not impossible that even a woman can reach a certain level of, you know, dignity, dignity.
Respect, Fatherland, virtue. In fact, for example, the book Roman Hadith, which all of the elements of Hadith have to go back to
it's one of the greatest texts of Hadith. And when we talk about the text of Hadith, I'll tell you as well, it's one of the greatest texts of having ever written by Mr. Fuller. Until recently, we didn't have a person that had taken out this book for manuscripts properly, except a woman by the name of Ben Shapiro,
who was Alabama she passed away she was from Egypt. She was one of the bigger dilemma of Hades in our time,
by the name of winter shot. And similarly during the lifetime of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam was no different after the lifetime of the Prophet it thought was that I was only for Asia. And over here you have Amma winter, sorry. So he told her to go to camera.
And he told her that he told him then to also go to a cos if Mohammed Aviva
and collect all the Hadith from these people. However, this command that he sent for the people of Medina wasn't just for the people of Medina. It was also for the people at large, as
he mentioned the entirety of Swanee says Omar Abdulaziz,
he wrote to the people of every direction,
Guru Isla de rasulillah look for the Hadith of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, the Messenger of Allah as the origin, look for that Hadith and put it all together.
Put it all together. So during the time of amadablam disease came this concept of compiling the Hadith at a governmental level.
Just as the Quran had written earlier,
during the forecast,
where it was a command from the halifa himself to come together and bring the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam into a written compilation.
But even then
we didn't have any one of these people that were commanded, put together, almost in entirety, the idea of philosophizing.
Except one individual,
except one individual, that
was commanded by a little bit of disease, or encouraged by a little bit of disease, as he was greater in honor in the people site during that time.
So he didn't command me encouraged him.
And if he commanded me command,
and that was a zody. Mmm.
Mohammed, even Muslim, even she had a zuri. And he used to be the most knowledgeable of people during that time with this universal masasa.
And that's why Mr. Muslim mentioned, there's 90 a hadith that were narrated. And if it wasn't for him, I was already single handedly doing this, then those Hadith would have been lost.
So there was a number of forgot that this man had email, or a lot of himself used to tell people to go to the mechanistic Obama zoning. So in Missouri, what did he do? He,
he took the Heidi.
And he took the first hour. And he took the photo of the different tattooing, he took the art out of this habit. And he started putting them together,
at which one is which one is wife, which one is not
without looking at, is this really a decent Rasulullah? Or is it a authoritarian? So you put us out of the tambourine, he will take us out of the Sahaba, you take the first hour, the jurisdiction, the rulings that were given
the jurisprudence, rulings that were given by this habit, you take them as well, that you're in as well. And he would put them all together in one compilation, one work. Why?
Because during that time, anyone and everyone that would have been reading this already knew
what it was like the chains were very short. That's one thing. Secondly, almost anyone that was reading was an island.
And their element, and it was so widespread, that even if you come across this book is very simple for you to figure out which idea to play, and which had his life as Ireland because most of the people there were seeking knowledge at that time. Most of the people that would have been, you know, looking at this work would have been around.
So it wasn't necessarily written, particularly for the sector of society.
every sector of society, it was written for one sector of society and there were an AMA, that could easily figure out which had which had he filled life, and so on and so forth.
And then the need came for
the need came to now find a book, a compilation that is accessible to every audience,
then it's easy for you and I lay people to read as well
and inshallah to Allah, about the speed we'll discuss in the next class also, Allahu Allah.
Allah Allah. He was