Seerah 088 – The constitution of Madinah

Abdul Nasir Jangda

Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda

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Topics: Seerah

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You're listening to Calum Institute's podcast series. See the life of the Prophet by sheer Abdul Nasir zhongda. visit us on the web at Calum Institute dot o RG or find us on [email protected] slash column Institute Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah well Allah Allah he was actually here at marine shala continuing with our series on the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a siracha number we are the prophetic biography.

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In the previous few sessions we've been talking about the profits a lot a sums are arrival within the city of yathrib which was of course now known as Medina to Nabhi or el Medina tuna, but we are the prophetic city or the prophets a lot SLM city, Al Madina, munawwara, the illuminated city of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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And we've talked about over the last couple of sessions we've talked about some of you know, the first in Medina, the prophets, a lot of them arrives, of course, he settles in, he constructs a Masjid, he finally brings in his family and settles his own family. And then we talked about a couple of the first the first,

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you know, birth that occurred in this new, you know, community, Muslim community in Medina and how was a huge, you know, cause and source of celebration within the Muslim community in Medina, this fledgling community, we also talked about the first janazah the first death within that community and how the whole community mourn and grieve together over the loss of their brother.

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And we also talked a little bit about the, the layout of the city of Medina, what we're gonna start talking about in the following weeks, is some of the

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political you know, if you will, strategy, and even some of the military, the beginning of some of the military expeditions that started to occur within the city of Medina as well. We also talked about the establishment of prayer. The other one was, you know, sent by Allah subhanaw taala as a divine form a divine method of inviting people to the prayer. So now this community is settling down. And the prophets, a lot of them did something very strategic that we've already talked about in the past. And that was the prophets a lot. Hmm. formed the bonds of brotherhood between the Mahajan and the unsought. Not only did he settle the pre existing issues that were there amongst the

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unsolved the Arabs of Medina, the Osen, the hazaragi had been fighting for many generations. Not only did he settle those matters and issues between them, but the prophets, a lot of them also established a bonds of brotherhood between well, Haji loon, the people who came from Makkah and the unsought, the people who were residents of Medina. And he joined one in one together as brothers and similarly on the sister side as sisters, to help this become to help it become one integrated community, not to erase the identity of the people but nevertheless for that to be a secondary thing, if anything, but primarily their primary identity to be the fact that they are Muslims. And

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they are all participants, and and members of this community, this unified joined community.

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One of the other interesting things that I talked about previously was at the profits, a lot of them reached out to the non Muslim Arabs of Medina, such as Abdullah bin urban saloon, and some of them will own some of the non Muslims. Similarly, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam reached out to the Jewish tribes that lived in and outside of Medina, and helping to establish good relationships with them. After the prophets, Allah vsam had established all of this, he had settled all of this and he had set down these foundations, the prophets, a lot of them took a major step. And this is a landmark event of the Sierra, where the prophets a lot of them basically drafted a constitution for the city

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of Medina, the prophets, a lot of them basically put down certain guidelines, certain rules, and how this community would operate. And so the prophets allottee some dictated right the narration is mentioned in Urbanus heart and of course, and even a sham also mentions his narration as do other scholars of this era. Like even Kathy Rahim Allahu taala and they say what cutterbar Rasulullah he Salafi cinema Kitab and the prophets a lot of them wrote down a book, which is basically an expression in Arabic saying the prophets Allah decent drafted this contract this constitution does document when it says that of course while literally it seems like the prophets a lot of them wrote

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it, but we know the prophets a lot he said um, Allah says in the Quran, Mamata who to be Amina is a laptop and mobile a loan, that you do not write with your hand, meaning the profits a lot Ethan was only he was unlettered, he did not write. Alright, so when it says that the profits allowed him wrote this down, it means he dictated it. So the profits allowed him sat down with some of them.

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Sahaba radi Allahu Allahu amongst them obviously must have been some of the scribes of divine revelation though people that the prophets allowed us to trust to dictate things to them, and he dictated the following things.

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And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said

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cutterbar Kitab on bml Mahajan avanzar he wrote this down first as a as a constitution between the Mahajan and the Assad. And then what that Ophelia who they were I had a camera whom Allah Dini him, Allah, him and the prophets, a lot of them also

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stipulated certain points in regards to the other faith based community that was present in Medina, which was the Jewish community and the prophets a lot of a sudden, you know, basically went into a pact and a truce. Hahaha, he went into a pact and a truce with them. And the profits a lot of them said that you will get to maintain your religion and your property, if you so choose, meaning we will not usurp your religion from you, we will not force you to abandon your religion, we will not usurp your property from you, but you will maintain your personal property and you will maintain your own personal religion of choice was statale masala whom the prophets a lot of these input

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certain conditions on them, and he also stipulated certain conditions for them. So he said we will behave, conduct ourselves with you in the following manner. And similarly, the prophets a lot of them said that you will be mandated to conduct yourself by the following points and stipulations as well. And the letter goes as follows Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem so I'm basically going to read through this and translate it and analyze any points that require analyzing. It's not too lengthy but it's not very short either. So I'll be asking for your patience, but it will be very fascinating. As you hear each and every single point. The prophets a lot of them says Bismillah R

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Rahman r Rahim.

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Big I began with the name of Allah subhanaw taala who is the abundant the merciful and the constantly merciful, have that kitanomine Mohammed in an abbey that this is a contract This is a constitution from Mohammed who is the Prophet of Allah been meaning our Muslim in from between the believers and the Muslims minko Aishwarya thrip whether they be from Quraysh from Makkah or they be from Medina yathrib woman who home and whoever chooses to follow them for like obey Him or jahad them at home, and that person joins up with them and that person basically fights alongside of them in the home imagine why the two men do Nina's they are one unified people amongst all the other

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people. Alamo hace una Min horatia Allah Reba RT him the prophets a lot he said him said that the Quraysh the Mahajan from the Quran will maintain their own personal property, their own personal relationships. They will maintain whatever they were doing before they came here to Medina. Yet to alpha Luna Bina whom they will settle their debts amongst one another. They will settle their debts amongst one another. Well, whom you have do not Anya, whom bill Murphy will test and they will take care of their debts and their obligations, social or personal obligations in a fair and adjust manner. They will take care of their personal responsibility. This is a very important point,

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because we know that the unsought are called the Ensenada because they had hospitality. They embraced and welcomed the Muslims of Mecca with open arms and open hearts. Having said that the prophets a lot of ECM is also at the same time stipulating the fact that the Mahajan are not here to become a burden upon anyone else. They're not here to become a burden upon anyone else. But they will take care of their own personal responsibilities, the profits allottee some preached personal responsibility. Responsibility is a very important precept of our Deen in our religion.

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We'll buy new alpha Allah to him and the prophets a lot as I mentioned bento because alpha was one of the main families one of the main sub tribes or families within the city of Medina from amongst the unsought and they were also the neighborhood in which the masjid was located. So they were the ones that were at the center of Medina. And they were also on the major ones. He said, so bunu alpha will take care of their own personal responsibilities. Yes, aka Luna optina. Home Lula, they will first and foremost take care of their own personal obligations, debts and responsibilities before anything else. They want to help them hide you know, they're more than welcome to but after they

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take care of themselves, right so the process I'm again here is preaching personal responsibility. You know, this is a very subtle thing. I was talking about this with the students at the seminary. This is a very subtle manner in which the prophets a lot of them would preach. So we know that there is the teaching of ethos. ethos is to give preference to somebody else over

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yourself the Quran says, you know Allah and Fujimoto cannot be him, Hassan that they give preference to others over themselves even though they themselves are in dire and desperate need themselves. So on one side the prophets a lot of them preaches look up for your brother, look out for your brother in sacrifice yourself, if you have to to help out your brother, but on the other hand, how do you prevent somebody not taking advantage of this? Right? Because if the system is preaching ethos, ethos, ethos, ethos, give preference, give preference give preference, to the unsoldered What prevents some outsiders coming in and taking advantage of them?

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Because these people got bleeding hearts.

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When somebody else shows up from outside, they empty their pockets and put it on the table and was Merhaba become

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anti fella. You are my brother for the sake of Allah, Islam.

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And then they how do you how do you prevent them from being taken advantage of this is how the prophets a lot of them will do it. This is wisdom. This is thought to be a word of the prophets, a lot of them on one side tells you on sod help your brother.

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But on the other hand, the prophets a lot of them does what He tells him, oh, Haji don't take responsibility. They have their own responsibilities. You have your own responsibilities. You got to get up in the morning, you got to roll up your sleeves, you got to go out there and you got to work. You take care of yourself, you'd again just sit here and just freeload off of them. So you see the balance that the profits a lot of them creates here. This is this is how to build a community. These are community ethics. And this is how you do the therapy of people. So he says Roku.

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Roku, in fact in depth Dr. Nia Hi, Bill Murphy well, Christina momineen and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said every single group will take care of their own responsibilities with fairness and justice and equality and in a good manner.

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And then the narration says some other curricula but remember Donnellan saw, remember he had mentioned Ben Wolf, said Robin who alpha alpha team, then the prophets a lot isn't mentioned all the different major Condon's the different families of the unsought he mentioned each one by name and luckily down he mentioned every one of the neighborhoods of Medina by name, he said what Banu sorry de la Riva to him Baba new Jew Sham Allah Riba to him wobbu and ajar Allah Riba to him, Robin wahama been out of Allah Riba to him, we're gonna beat him, Allah and Allah until he had mentioned each of the families and the neighborhoods of the unsought that so to make sure everyone understood that

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take responsibility for yourselves. Then the prophets a lot he said, um, after he mentioned everyone, then he said, we're in the mood meaning Elia takuna move from being a home and you're to Bill Murphy feed feeder in Rocklin, that he said, but at the same time, look, he said, Everyone take responsibility for yourselves. But then he says, and most definitely for the believers, this is an obligation, they will not leave any individual mofro han Moo Farah in the Arabic language basically means somebody who is in extreme debt, extreme debt, or somebody who has so many obligations, right? Maybe it's somebody in a very difficult situation, you know, they're married, they got, you know,

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especially back in those days, 567 kids, and then his parents are elderly, and then he's got a disabled sibling that he has to look after. And then he's got a widowed sister that he's looking after. Right, etc, etc. So let's just say somebody in this type of a situation where one person has like 12 dependence. So this is a person that you call mofro. Right. So the prophets a lot of them said the believers will not leave anyone in this type of a dire desperate situation,

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except that they will basically give that person something that helps to alleviate the circumstances and dire ness of the person situation. While I highly for me, non Mowlam, meaning doula who meant the profits a lot he said him said that one person will not go and enter into an agreement with someone who had already had an agreement with somebody else.

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All right, so I have an agreement with brother with brother hotest me and him have an agreement. So then brother beloved comes in and tries to undercut me by going into a better offering a sweeter deal to Brother hottest languages, now you highlife the profits. A lot of Simpson nobody will do this is how is how problems in a community arise. Don't even open this door. It's a slippery slope. We're in the meaning. Tina Alamin bahaman home and the prophets a lot of them said that believers will all protect one another from people who will try to do something wrong or something

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Back to them that somebody from amongst the community who tries to do something evil, the believers will protect one another. Oh Abdullah the sea setter will mean and then the prophets a lot he some similarly said that anybody who tries to

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anyone who tries to basically scam another believer the believers will not support him and the believers will stand up against that person. Oh isn't Oh or do I need or somebody who targets somebody with ill intent or somebody who tries to pin animosity towards someone tries to make an enemy out of someone that the believers will stand against this.

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Oh, facade in vain and meaning or somebody who tries to create chaos and corruption within the community? What in the adea Houma la him Allah He Jamia him What kind of what are the idiom and the prophets a lot he sent us an expression that everybody will lay will basically raise arms against that person, meaning everyone will take action against that person, even if it'd be one of their own sons. That even if one of your own sons is the person who's causing problems in the community, you will join the community and opposing that person and you will not tolerate this type of behavior. Well, I fo minun minun Fie caffeine. While I Yun Saru, caffeine Allah meaning, all right now, the

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next two points, I'm going to translate them but then I'm going to explain them to you, because it requires some explanation, the profits a lot he said him said that a believer will not kill another believer in regards to a disbeliever a believer will not kill another believer because of a disbeliever. And then he says, Well, I use social capital, Allah meaning that a disbeliever will not be helped against a believer. Now, what's he talking about here? Right? Because at the same time, was the Constitution of the prophets a lot essentially eventually updated? What was the major update to the Constitution? The revision to the Constitution of the prophets allowed him Does anyone know

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what it's called?

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What's it called? Anybody?

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Very famous Islamic history.

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No, anybody know,

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without

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the hotbar of hydroton, without the farewell pilgrimage sermon of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, Clint Badu had to deal with that. That was a major update. And in that major update, the Prophet sallahu salaam said what

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the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, that always helped the Muslim

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always help the Muslim, right? Even if it be against a Muslim.

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Right always helped them alone, even if it requires taking action against a Muslim holding a Muslim accountable. So even though this is not contradictory, because I'll explain, but this seems on the surface to somebody with a very rough translation, it could seem a little contradictory, right? And even when you hear that never help a calf it against the Muslim.

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Well, what about if the calf is writing the Muslims wrong? I thought we were supposed to always be on the side of the truth. Well, what does this mean? So this a couple of things. Number one, you have to understand this is why rough translations don't do justice. A lot of times the prophets, a lot of them is saying what I up to Milan, fee Kassadin. A believer will not kill another believer, because of a disbeliever. It's not necessarily saying that due to justice is just saying that you become allies with a disbeliever. And then you end up killing another believer, you turn on your own community, so don't basically become a rebel within the community is what it means. Number one, the

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second thing that prophets a lot he's missing, a believer will not kill another believer. No vigilante justice, the prophets, Allah has him put an end to vigilante justice. Everyone understand vigilante justice, if somebody ends up killing somebody else, what is my responsibility as a citizen? What am I supposed to do?

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If I if I see one person killed murder another person? What am I as a citizen supposed to do?

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No, that's what I'm not supposed to do. Right? what I'm supposed to do is call 911. vigilante justice would be if I went and just killed the other person, right? There's no vigilante justice. I don't pull out my own. This is Texas, right? So I don't pull out my own concealed hand weapon. I don't have one just as an example, right. I don't pull out my own concealed handgun or hand weapon and then attack a person or kill a person luggages around. That's not permissible in some,

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and it's not legal in this country either. And it's not permissible in Islam either. But rather what I'm supposed to do is 911.

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I'm supposed to call the authorities and enforce

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The authorities about what information I have this person was such and such and such. And this person did this and I'm a witness to this fact. That's it. That's my obligation as a citizen. All right. That's what the prophecies are saying that one believer will not kill another believer. Number one, he's putting an end to vigilante justice, because before Islam in tribal law, what was the system the system was vigilantism. Yeah, you just took action. You walk up to somebody, you just killed them. If you had a grievance, you just walked them, somebody killed them. So the process was saying no does harm Jews is not allowed. This is it goes against the Divine Law. No more vigilante

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ism. Number two, the prophets a lot of Islam is not so much talking about supporting good or supporting an oppressor or things like that. The Protestantism is basically saying don't turn on your own community. Secondly, the prophet SAW Selim says that a disbeliever, a captain should not be helped against a believer. See, the language is very specific. The prophets, a lot of them said, Catherine, Allah Muslim, in what I learned is to Allah, the word Allah in the Arabic language means to dominate someone or something. And it's basically used when you are oppressing someone or taking away somebody's rights, when you're doing violent towards someone. So the prophets, Allah is

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basically saying that if a caffeine is doing wrong to a Muslim, then don't help that caffeine. Don't help that disbeliever.

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Secondly, even if we took it at face value, that the prophets of Islam is saying, you know, don't don't don't kill another Muslim, because of a non Muslim, and don't help a non Muslim against a Muslim. At the same time, you have to understand and hygiene without when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, always be on the side of justice, because that was the farewell address of the profits a lot he set up.

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He basically was leaving these as instructions as he was getting ready to leave the world. So he was giving instructions that would be that would be beneficial to the oma after he was gone. The profits, a lot of him was giving these instructions when he arrived in Medina, meaning he's there amongst them. So he's personally taking responsibility, that I will clarify justice and not justice, and I will take care of that issue to begin with.

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After having established justice, if a Muslim is doing wrong, I will already hold them accountable. So now that justice has been established, now here are the ethics because he's still amongst them. All right, like Allah subhanaw taala told the process, oh my god, Allah, will you

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feed him, Allah will not destroy them, Allah will not punish them while you are amongst them. Why? Because what are you doing? You are maintaining justice.

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You are maintaining justice and you are correcting them along the way. So that's the context of this particular instruction. The prophets, a lot of them then goes on to say what are the most likely way that the charge of Allah subhanaw taala is one eugenol Allah him at an at home, that basically all of the people that are lost pentawards Allah is taken care of. They're all one they are all entrusted to the care of a law. Well, Eugene, law him at an at home, the lowest and the most insignificant member of the community. Allah subhanho wa Taala protects that person. Well in the mean about the human body, body bow, then do the Nazi. And he said the believers are supporters of

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one another, aside from other people, were in the human wi Nam in your hood. And then the prophets a lot. He said, Now he's talking here about new people joining the community. He said, If any of these of these, you know, Jewish community members, if they end up accepting Islam and joining the Muslim community, how do we treat them? The prophets a lot he said, I'm saddened is very important to pay attention to because we deal with this dynamic all the time. Right. And he's mentioning specifically to you who did not the Arab, because there's a very profound point here, if one of the Arab of Medina or one of the Arab of the of Makkah, accept Islam than they are, they're already from amongst

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him, right? He's his cousin and his second cousin and his uncle and his nephew, and she's his sister and her aunt and her cousin, etc, etc. Right? So their relationships already there. That's like one of your people just joining you.

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But what about when somebody is from a different ethnicity? a different race, a completely different community. We deal with that a lot. Right? There might be a predominantly, you know, might be one community that is predominantly belonging to one ethnicity, or one race or one culture. And then you have somebody else join that community. How do you treat them the prophets a lot of them said for Allahu Nusra. Well, suave

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and nosara means help. That person is fully deserving of our help and assistance, as you would help your own blood relatives they join the Muslim community. Well, SWAT also means musavat equality.

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person is an equal member of this community. No different than anybody else in this community llevamos domina Allah Madonna's Rena la him and the prophets a lot of them said that person will not be wronged and that person will not be opposed. We're in the cinema Muslim mininova Hadith. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said the safety and the protection of the Muslims is one unified trust la usarla movement on Duna meaningful Italian feasibility law that a Muslim Will not

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you know, basically take sides with anyone else but a Muslim when fighting in the path of Allah subhanaw taala Illa Allah azza wa jal in Baynham, except that they will make sure that there will be justice and fairness and equality between them. What in Nakula Haji Athena has that mana you are people Babu haba done. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that whenever anyone goes out in the path of Allah from amongst us whenever any one of us goes out knows as well in a military expedition or campaign, some of us will look after that person's family home property. In the absence of that person, we will look out for one another, we will have each other's backs. What in the MENA Ub ooba.

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Humala, Bowden, b manella Dima, Humphrey Sabina and the prophets a lot he said them said that in the believers, they will share with one another. What they basically are able to what they are able to gain from their blood in the path of Allah subhanaw taala meaning when they go out there willing to sacrifice their lives, and they bring back the spoils of war. That is something that will be shared with the community. We know the meaning of mattina Allah subhanahu wa kuami and the prophets a lot of them said that the believers they guard and protect one another

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in the best guidance and in the best and most just manner possible way now who like eugenol machinic own Marlin liberation well, Allen, Allen Epson, and the prophets a lot of them said, Because right now, again, let me translate that a believer, a machinic, will not protect any money for another person of Croatia for anyone at all. Well, I who knew do know who Allah meaning and he will never basically help a believer. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is now basically saying that this quality of not being trustworthy and not not not looking after and being trustworthy in regards to other people's property. This is a quality of shift in Jamelia. And we are not going to act this

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way. We're in the humanist movement and catalana and begging for power Don't be Illa in Yoruba legal maptool the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that if anyone ends up killing another person, right, if somebody ends up killing another person, and this is proven on baginda, Tim, this is clearly proven, then that person will be his life will be offered up in retribution, unless the family of the deceased chooses to forgive him.

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Right that if you kill a person, you will die in retribution.

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Unless the family forgives, waiting, meaning Allah He Catherine, and the believers will take care of this issue. The believers the community of the believers will handle this issue. Well, I handled a lotta yamana Lee and the whole community has to stand unified when this type of injustice takes place. We're in the hula hula movement in a car Robbie Murphy has the cipher and it is not permissible for any believer to violate any. It is not permissible for any believer who attests to the truth of this constitution? Well, I'm going to rely heavily on him and a believer who believes in a line the last day the day of judgment, and young Subramanian will argue that if somebody ends

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up committing a crime in our community, that that person will not aid and abet a criminal. Right like we say aiding and abetting a criminal. This is most not innocent is aiding and abetting is aewa you we will we will not ignore you will abet a criminal. We're in the human nesara who our who and if somebody does aid in a better criminal, Phoenix la de la netta lucky we'll heard about who your multi Amati than the curse of a lending anger in the wrath of the law will be upon this person on the Day of Resurrection. When you have women who soften Well, I don't know amounts of bribery or money

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will be accepted from that person. That person cannot bribe their way cannot swindle were their way or deal their way out of this issue. We're in the coma is still left on V MinJae. In for innamorata. Who Allah Allah Azza wa Jalla wa ala Muhammad

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Reading sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then the prophets a lot. He said I'm said, If any one of you ever disagree in any of these following issues, you will take those matters to Allah and to the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam basically the Quran and the Sunnah of the prophets a lot he said them.

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Now he turns his attention to the hood. He says we're inelia houda Yun, Fiona, but another narration and another newsa another new Scott another variation. It basically says yet Duffy Luna, my mommy Nina Madero mojari, Madame ohare been the prophets a lot of them said as long as they are who are willing to stand by the side of the Muslims and fight like defend the safety of the Muslims like the Muslims are willing to defend their safety as long as they are willing to defend the safety of the Muslims. Then they yahood will be with the believers. They will be with the believers the Jewish community will be in the Muslim community when they are who'd been in

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many white neighborhood of any

00:31:02--> 00:31:15

meaning and the Jewish people that live in the area have been wiped out of the neighborhood have been wiped out. They are from the community of the Muslims meaning we will give them the same rights that we afford to a Muslim neighbor. We will treat them fairly.

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Lilia hoody Dino humulene Muslim in Edina. The Jewish people are free to practice their religion and the Muslims are free to practice their religion Manwani him or unfussy him well and not only are they free to practice their religion, but their slaves, their allies, their families, everybody is free to practice their own religion in Lamin valamar was a Thema. Except for anyone who does wrong or commits a crime, that person will be held accountable. Why now hula eautiful, Elana sahoo, Annie Beatty, and then the profits allottee Some said Whoever commits a crime, that person has harmed himself. Like if you know, and you know how parents talk to their children, right? When the child

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does something bad and the parent punishes the child, right? You don't get to play video games, or you're grounded or you don't get to do this, or you don't get to do that, or whatever. And the kid, you know, cries and complains and screams and shouts and all this kind of stuff. And what does a parent say? I didn't do this to you. You did this yourself. Because I told you not to do that. And you still did it. So you did this yourself. Same way the prophets a lot of these images very basic. That'd be a he's saying that look, if you commit a crime, we will hold you accountable. And then if you shout you scream and you cry log Mohamed, Luca Mohammed.

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Mohammed didn't do anything to you. You did this to yourself. You did this yourself.

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Then he says we're in Malaya who the banana jawaban in Hadith we're benissa our manager Shama bellows, Baba, nice Alibaba, Jaffna, Albany shuba, Mr. Mallya, who the bunny house, and he said the same thing to all the Jewish people that might live in all the other neighborhoods of Medina were in abitata, who'd gotten to see him, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that they yahood the leadership of the hood will be from amongst them, the leadership of the Buddha will be from amongst them well in the hood if Rudra minima hadn't been named Mohammed

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and nobody will leave the leadership except they have after they have consulted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So this kind of talks about now, different communities out there should they interact with one another.

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When different communities share a space, a neighborhood, a city, whatever it may be,

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the other communities should be kept up to date, should be abreast should be informed about what is going on in each of the communities like major things that are going on in each community. So if there is a shift of leadership in the Jewish community that needs to be communicated to the profits a lot easier,

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right, because that could end up impacting and affecting the other community as well. And so again, we learned some inter community ethics while I can Hadji Zoo Illa, Wigan, Hodges, de Durham, and the profits, a lot of them similarly says

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that nobody will go and personally seek retribution for wrong that was done to them, not even in the Jewish community. Because we all share one space. We were not going to have vigilantism. Right now everyone's not going to police the streets on their own. We have an authority, a central authority and law enforcement. Same way in the Jewish community. We cannot have vigilantism. Things will go crazy. So we need peace. We need to keep the peace when a woman fatica Fabien FC he fatica Lee Beatty Illa man villain and then the prophets a lot a Selim said that anyone who ends up killing somebody else fob enough see, that person has now exchanged that person's crime with his own life.

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If somebody goes and kills somebody else, they have basically agreed to give up

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Their own life, because now they will be killed in retribution as a punishment. All right, 11 foolin, except for somebody who was done wrong like unless there's some oppression or something bad going on, then we will elaborate we will figure out we will investigate the situation when the law buddy had that. And then he says that Allah subhanaw taala. We are all basically accountable to Allah in regards to this meaning Allah subhanaw taala is watching over us. In regards to disagreement. We're in Algeria hoody Nakata, whom Allah salmon and avocado.

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The Jewish community will take care of their own, you know,

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economics and financial issues, and Muslims will take care of their own economics. Wayne ebina hamanasi, Radha Madhava, Ania this.

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And then the prophets, a lot of them said, however, between them, there's an agreement that they will help one another. If anyone who has agreed to this this constitution. If anyone who has agreed to this constitution is attacked, everybody else will stand up in defense of that person. Well, in the vein of human loose haiwan naseeha and the prophets a lot he seldom says that between them is good advice and counsel to one another. Everybody will look out for the good of one another we will advise one another we will counsel one another will bid radula Lytham, we will always counsel towards good, but we will not counsel each other in doing evil. Meaning I am here to help you. A

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Muslim community is saying to the Jewish community we are here to help you in good things, but not in bad or evil things. We're in the same era only halevi. Nobody should basically do wrong to anyone else that they have an agreement with what in unnecessarily Muslim and we agree to help those who are wrong within the community. See, this is where you see the Muslim. Right You always err on the side of justice. Help the oppressed, help the oppressed. We're in the f3 Baha Rahman jofa Holly earlier the Siva and the city is now sacred for everyone who has agreed to this document and this constitution. What genre can nefs you will treat your neighbor like your own you will treat you will

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value the life and the property of your neighbor like you value your own life and your own property. Later on will Darden will ask him and you will never do wrong to your neighbor. Why now who not to judge Martin ellaby in the area and you will not violate the sanctity of anyone unless and until they give you permission to do so you will respect you respect privacy and property.

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We're in the Houma Bina mark, we're in the who Mark anabaena earlier this Ahava Manhattan Oh St. JOHN when you have a facade Whoo hoo for in America who ilaha illa Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that anyone who has agreed to this particular treaty, this constitution, then if anything comes up, like disagreements or quarrels or grievances, then that will be returned to a line is messengers allottee somewhere in the law mafia decipher what a buddy he and Allah subhanaw taala is more just and more fair than even this constitution and disagreement, meaning Allah subhanaw taala will not do you wrong, what you know, hula to Judo curation, while I'm a NASA. Now,

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this is a part I need to explain, you will not grant protection to the Quraysh nor to the allies of the Pradesh. Why because you have to understand the circumstances. They are currently in an open war with the Polish this this constitution is drafted during times of war. So you will not help the operation or the allies of the operation where anabaena human Nusra element damage trip, but rather anyone who raids the city of Medina yathrib you will stand up against that person. Well, either they're out in a sort of heinous aliona who well persona who but if somebody comes to your trip to Medina, wanting to enter into a pact in an agreement with you, then the people of this constitution

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the people of Medina, will sit down and enter into a peaceful treaty with those people for in the home. You saw the hula hoop. We're in the home Isla de la mythri Danica for inilah who for in the hula hula hula movement Nina lamb and Hara Buffy Deen unless and until somebody of course is trying to attack the religion of Islam. Outside of that, anytime somebody wants to come here and have a treaty, enter into a peaceful agreement we will welcome that. Allah Cooley una xinhai SATA hoomin Gianni bohemian la de la bella when everyone will maintain their personal properties. Everyone will maintain their personal properties Muslims and Jews. Why now hula hula has Al Kitab Duna volume in

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Olathe, Maine, right and nobody this this this agreement and constitution envelops everyone in this community except for somebody who has done wrong

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Or somebody who is violating the rights of another, that person will be held accountable. We know human courage Armenian woman, Father, Armenian bill Medina, and now the process of after using the word yesterday afternoon, now at the end of the Constitution uses the word Medina. He says anyone who leaves Medina leaves peacefully, anyone who wants to stay in Medina stays in Medina peacefully.

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There's no force here. You are free to go, you're free to come, you are free to stay. This is your city. This is your home, in lamb and viola or Thema. And of course, unless somebody does something wrong, then that person we will hold accountable. We're in the lodge out on lemon Barra, what Taka and Allah subhanho wa Taala will grant protection to the person who will conduct themselves by this constitution in disagreement in a fair and adjust in a God conscious God fearing manner. This is basically the narration that has been mentioned within the books of Sierra.

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Some different different bits and pieces of it are from different variations. But this is a general constitution that the prophets a lot some draft drafted when he first came to the city of Medina. And of course, pretty much it speaks for itself. These are the words in the guidance, the hudy of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there's nothing more I could say or I could offer that would be even close to as beneficial as this, but just to facilitate understanding and to kind of summarize for the simple minded like myself, that basically the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, when you read through this, you see a couple of things, a couple of very important observations. Number

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one, the profits a lot decent inputs, fairness, justice, equality before everything else. 11 walima 11 valamar ottima in lamb, Dolma ottima

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right? So he puts fairness, Justice equality before anything else. Number two, what that necessitates is the intolerance, the intolerance for injustice,

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the tolerance for people, but the intolerance for injustice and crimes against other people.

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Because you ruin the safety and the sanctity of a community, just like if there's abuse going on in a home. What does that do to the home that removes the safety, the sanctity of the home?

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Same way in a community that will destroy a community when you tolerate injustice. So the process of cause out injustice.

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And number three, you see that the prophets a lot he said, I'm the type of fair just an equitable relationship that the prophets, a lot of them established with non Muslims who lived within that community.

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And then fourthly, and finally, you see the welcoming and inclusive attitude of the prophets. allottee. So, anyone who joins, everyone is free to go, everyone is free to come, everyone is free to stay. Medina is for everybody. And that's what our scholars used to explain to us. I remember our teachers always explaining this point to us, what we strive to do, in every Masjid, all across the world and every Muslim community, we try to create many mosques in Nepalese.

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Every Muslim community is striving to basically establish a mini Medina, a replica of the city of the prophets a lot.

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And that's the attitude we need to have, like Medina was home to everyone. And it was everyone was welcome.

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And everyone was embraced, and everyone was given their rights and everyone was family.

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That's what we strive to achieve within our communities today as well. May Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything that was said and heard Subhana Allah He will be hungry he so Hannah columbium Nick Masha Allah ilaha illa Anta Masako cavanna tabula