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Seerah – 30 The Beginning of The Madani Era

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi


Episode Notes

This lecture by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi sheds light on the aspect of immigration to Madina and the technicalities of immigration. Was it an optional or a compulsory act?

The story of a sahabi who converted after the Prophet ﷺ migrated to Madinah is that of Jundah ibn Dhamura. This story makes for an interesting listen because of the sheer sincerity in following the rules of the Hijrah as was suggested at the time in spite of being challenged strength wise and much more.

When did the Prophet ﷺ migrate to Madinah? The opinion that is clearly agreed upon was that it happened in the month of Rabi Ul Awwal. It was the first Islamic year and the month of the Hijrah was the first month that corresponded to September 622 CE.

The Prophet ﷺ arrived in Kuba and waited for Ali ibn Abi Talib, Aisha RA and Asma RA and when they arrived he entered Madinah with them on a Friday. The Ansar took the Prophet ﷺ into Madinah and every sahaba wanted him to live with them. It was then decided to let the Prophet ﷺ camel walk freely and the Prophet ﷺ would reside wherever the camel chose to sit.the camel chose to sit near the house of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari who was from the tribe of Banu Najar. The Prophet ﷺ lived at the house of Abu Ayyub al Ansari for 6 months until his own house and Masjid was built.

The Masjid that was built had three main doors –  Bab Rahmah (Door of Mercy), Bab Jibril (Door of Gabriel), Bab al-Nisa’ (Door of the Women).


Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.

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alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi verrine A Marburg

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in the last lecture that we had about the Syrah, we had discussed the demographics of Medina and we had just started talking about roughly the population of each of these demographics. Remember, we said that there's three main groups of Medina. Number one is the Ansari, number two are them well, hygiene and number three are the hood. These are the three main groups in Medina, we talked about where the food came from the theories about where the food came from, roughly how many people are we talking about here? We know that

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each of the three yahoodi tribes had around 700 men. Each of the three tribes have been no no, these are by no bueno cart. And the bundle karela had around 700 men roughly. So this means that roughly the three Jewish tribes had 2000 men, and on average, on average, that's how demographics works at the time. They have a figure of for one man, there's three women and children. So you multiply that by three. So you get around 6000 yahood, over there. 6000 over the hood. We also know that the conquest of Makkah, in the conquest of Mecca, there were around 4000, of the unsought participating in the conquest of Mecca 4000 men, so four times again, roughly three, you get 12,000 on SAR. So,

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roughly for every one Jew, there were two Arabs in Medina, right roughly at the time, for every one year, there was two Arabs. Now the Mahajan were the smallest of the lot. And we know for a fact that in the Battle of butter, pretty much all of the Mahajan participated except for us, man and a few handful, right? The Battle of button. Every one of them had you know went out and they were exactly 82 in number. Okay. So apart from one or two who weren't able to go so roughly then they were around three to 400 Mahajan, women and children and men right. So look at the statistics the the Mahajan are clearly the small quantity. The bulk of the Muslims are the unsought, the bulk of the Muslims

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are the on sod. And of course, in our religion, we firmly believe that the Mahajan occupy a higher level than the unsought and whenever Allah mentions the two of them the Quran, Allah always prefers them will heighten over the unsought, right, minimal hygena one on site Allah says in the Quran, always he mentions more hygiene and then he mentions the onslaught. So clearly even though the Mahajan were less than quantity, the quality is higher in the eyes of Allah subhana wa Tada. Now, and by the way, that's why, of course, the whole issue came with a process and it passed away. One group of the unsoldered felt It's natural for them to take over. Right, because they felt that we

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are the majority and you know, we have been supporting, and this is what's even nobody will be allowed to remember the bonus of FIFA. We'll get to that many months later. And shallow data maybe even a year or two later, maybe even three years depending on how much time we spend. But we'll get there eventually insha Allah, that, sadly, bit Avada he felt a lot logistically, it makes sense for us to be in charge because we have the most quantity. And that was the tension, a little bit of tension arose between them, Oh, hi, Judith, returnable, Baka, and Omar and the other unsought because they're outnumbered like literally by a factor of one to four By that time, right. And yet,

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Abu Bakar no more with their eloquence, a lush have had time to open the truth at their tongues. And so eventually the leadership was given over to the minority, despite the fact that they were the minority. Now, at this stage hige law was obligatory on every individual Muslim down to women and children. It was father dying on every single Muslim to emigrate from Makkah and come to Medina. And the Prophet says that it was considered to be the last of the Muslims to emigrate. Other than that, we thought it because he had left early in Makkah to return the amounts and the items that had been given entrusted to the Profit System, the amount not right. I had already explained before many

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weeks ago, that there is no bank account, there is no security deposit, there is no safety box, what are you going to do when you have an a precious item you're traveling, or even if you don't want to keep it in your house for personal reasons, you give it to a trustworthy person, and so Subhanallah despite their animosity to the process of them, despite their hatred of him and his message, still, when it came to interesting what they needed to entrust his house was the safety deposit. His house was where a lot of these magnets were kept. And so the profitsystem had to leave somebody to return these amanat and that was it near the bottom. Otherwise, he was basically the last one to emigrate

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to Medina.

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Now Allah subhanho wa Taala then revealed the commandment stricter and stricter. There are many verses, we don't have time for every one of them. We can say around eight or nine verses in different suitors. Every one of them is getting more and more stricter about, you have to emigrate. If you don't emigrate, you're going to be over the people who are avoidable or sinful. And Allah subhanho wa Taala encourage them and he threatened them both. He encouraged them to emigrate, and he threatened them against emigration, meaning if they don't emigrate, they will face punishment. So for example, in certain hedge, and certain hedge was a suit that was revealed, some say even during

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the Hydra, some say even during the Hydra, but it was one of the middle suta Some say some verses in Mecca others and Medina Some say during the Hydra, instrumental Hajj, Allah says well Edina hydro feasability la Makoto Omar, two layers open the hula hula is Cunha center in the LA who highroad was in LA you the Highlander who mukalla your Bona when de la de moon, Hakeem, whoever emigrates for the sake of Allah, and then they are killed or they will die, Allah subhana wa tada will give them the best of all rewards. And indeed, Allah is the one who gives the best rewards, Allah will cause them to enter into the best of all places, and they will be pleased with this and a lot is it when I

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came, this is encouragement, there's no threat here. This is one of the first verses of Asia, right? Fast forward like a year or two, sort of the Nyssa. So that the nissa came down, we can say any some of it pre ordered some of it post offered. So that's two, three years down the line, right, so that the nissa, one of the strictest verses, that if you don't emigrate, you're in serious trouble. And this is the son of a law that laws don't come down and smack you have to do it. It's always gradual. The first one is encouraging, enticing, and then there's many more, we don't have time to get into every one of them. And then one of the last ones that basically says if you do not emigrate, you are

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a major sinner, you have committed a major Luton, and it is possible Allah will punish you if you don't emigrate now, and this is the sort of thing Anissa Allah says that in the Latina tower, formula, magnetico volume and forcing him to FEMA kuntum corluka mustafina fill out palu lm taken out of the law, he was certain federal hydrophila Allah says, Those people from the angels take their souls while they are committing sins against themselves. The angels will say, Why were you in this state?

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And the reference here is why were you in Makkah, they will say, we were persecuted in this land could not muster darphin. And the angels will not accept this excuse. And the angels will say, wasn't the land of a law a vast place that you could have emigrated somewhere else? Did you have to remain in Mecca? Couldn't you have gone somewhere else? And even abus makes it out of all of this. Even our boss says that a group of Muslims had converted, but they kept their conversion secret. Now, there's two groups of people here. The first group are those who are Muslims when the process of them emigrated. We don't have any particular names of these people. The Sahaba did not record

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them as we don't know who is being referenced here. But there were some people who were Muslims, but they didn't emigrate when the process of emigrated. Then there's the second batch and we have some of their names and they are those who convert in Makkah, while the Prophet system is Medina, right? Remember, the Tao of Islam will continue. Still, people will convert in Macau in Macau, even though the process of Islam is in Medina, even though they have been with him for 13 years. But eventually the light bulb goes off in their heads. Eventually they say okay, Islam is the truth, right. And we have some references to these people as well, that they converted in Makkah, after the Hydra, and

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Hydra was made obligatory on them. So even our boss says that a group of Muslims remained in Makkah, both of these categories, right. And in the Battle of budder, they didn't tell their Islam to the people, ie they were scared of telling the Islam so they kept their Islam hidden. They were closet Muslims, for lack of a better term, right? They're not coming out of the closet. They're scared of announcing their Islam. Why? Because they're scared of persecution. So in the Battle of budder, they were forced to participate on which side the wrong side, right, but they didn't actually fight. They kinda sorta, you know, they kept in the back where they did whatever they did. And some of them were

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killed by the Muslims because of arrows because of things because they're on the wrong side. They're on the wrong side. And so Allah revealed,

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the sooner the nice adverse for this group of people that you were killed on the wrong side and the angels will ask you, what were you doing? How could you be fighting against the Muslims? And they will say we were weak, we were forced to fight. Right. And so the angels will say you weren't forced to remain in Makkah. You could have left and you could have gone to Medina. You could have gone

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to another place. So they were told if an Ibis is speaking of an Ibis is that they were told by Allah, they have no excuse to emigrate. And this verse of Sunita, Nisa was sent to them. Now this shows us a little bit of a glimpse we get here, that there's a secret correspondence going on between the Muslims of Makkah. Now obviously the process of those who are the Muslims because they have informed him, right. So there's some messages being sent by the prophet system to these Muslims in Makkah. So even Abbas says, they were sent this verse that you have no excuse you need to come to Medina and some of them try to emigrate even our boss is telling us but the pagans prevented them.

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They put some pressure on the words used is fatter and fatter. No, who means Yeah, and he they could have heard them they could have persecuted details are not given. And so they stayed put again, they didn't immigrate. And so Allah subhana wa tada revealed suta Lanka boot, which is even stricter now. Right? As soon as that anchor boot says that,

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that they are those who say they are woman and nasty man Yoku, Amanda Bella, they are those who say we are believers. We believe in Allah for either Ooh, the filler. This is verse 910 11. So Anka would fade out Uzziah filler when they are now the word Uzziah is beautiful, it means irritated. And it could mean persecuted, but that means the slightest irritation. So Allah azza wa jal is saying that they could have just been verbally rebuked, we don't know it's a broad term for either udia Villa he gyla fitness and nastika Villa, when he's irritated or hurt by the people. He considers the fitness of the people to be as bad as the punishment of Allah, ie he has no priority, a little bit

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of a pressure and he collapses. That's what I was saying. Right? Little bit of a pressure and he cannot take it. And Allah subhanho wa Taala then says that, but when the help of Allah comes any victory for the Muslims comes, they say, oh, in America, we're actually believers. In other words, they want to have their cake and eat it too. Right? They want to be in Makkah, because why would they want to be in Makkah, remember, this is a world where your property your wealth around you, they cannot take this property and wealth to Medina, okay, if they were going to leave, they can only take what their Campbell is going to carry the bulk of their possessions the bulk of their they

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will not be able to take it. And so emigration automatically means poverty. This is the point for them. Right? So a lot of that is describing this is a small group. We don't have any numbers but probably five or 10 people is a small group here but Allah is being very strict with them, that they are preferring living in Mecca. For their for the sake of their their wealth over emigrating to Medina. So Allah says, When any blessing comes from Allah Hello in akuna, Morocco. Oh, we weren't believers, we should share in this blessing. And Allah says that Elisa love will be Lubin meaning that Verily Allah Subhana Allah knows what is in the hearts of the believers. Allah subhanho wa

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Taala knows who is the true believer and who is not the true believer. And we have the story of one of these Sahaba who converted after the process of emigrated right. He converted after the process of emigrated emigrated. His name is June dat avian bombora junda imbabura. Even advanced tells us that when Sunita Nisa was sent.

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So this also shows us by the way that anytime a Quran was revealed they would get it. There was as we said this, the secret emissary or this message is being transferred. Anytime Koran came down the Muslims of Mecca would be sent it that's what they've been about said that the verse was sent to them. And this shows us many things of them is the importance of the Quran of them is that the Muslims need to study the Quran. And so even the Muslims and makup are hearing every new revelation. So when the verse of Nyssa was sent, and the verse of Nyssa, what is it say? Those whom the angels come to? And they are wronging themselves, the angels will ask them what were you doing and they

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will say, we were weak in the land, we were persecuted in the land.

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And Allah will not accept this excuse unless Allah goes on and says in lol mustafina, except for the really weak and we're going to get to this point. It was because of this Sahabi gender avian Bumble gender, even though Mora was so elderly and so weak, he was in fact blind, and he could not walk. He could not even walk. But when this verse came down, he said, I am not of those who have an excuse. I can emigrate to Medina how he's blind and he can't even walk. But he goes, I don't have an excuse. I will not spend another night in the city. But I must spend the night in Mecca. And so

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He commanded His servants to lift him up on his chair or on his bed. Said eat is like a couch if you like you could not walk and to walk with him outside the city, that pill find some way to get to Medina. That's basically he cannot stand another night in Mecca. And it is interesting what would have happened there and he was blind he cannot even walk. But Allah subhana wa tada was merciful to him. And he died right then and there at 10am, which is outside of Makkah. Right. He met his death right outside of Mecca. And it is said that while he was dying in the pangs of death are coming. So literally, that was his last day on earth. When they first came down. He said, I have no excuse. And

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he went outside, telling his servants just to take him and leave him there. He'll figure his way out. When he was on his deathbed. He put his right hand in his left hand. And he said, Oh Allah, this is my baby, I took the pseudo loss of the Senate, meaning I couldn't do it in person. I couldn't do it in person. This is my day I this is my oath of allegiance that I'm giving to the Messenger of Allah upon what he wanted me to do. In other words, I don't have the opportunity to do it in person, whatever I can do a lot except for me. And he died right then and there intended aim, which is what we call mustard. And now that place outside of Makkah, he died over there, and he was

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buried over there. And when the news of his death came, the Sahaba said, basically How unlucky he almost made it. Right. So they were so strict with him. They weren't even willing to give him like he didn't make it to Medina. And at this, Allah revealed the next verse of sort of the Nyssa, for us is the next verse. Remember, verses came down, sometimes one and then the next came down a few weeks later, we put it together. The next verse was sort of the Nisa is in mustafina mineralogy when they say we will Danny ly associate Runa Hadith and what I did on the sebelah for una casa la one year 100. Home, what kind of law for one or four, except for those who are genuinely weak, of the men,

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women and children,

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but they cannot find a way out, nor can they find the passage to get to Medina, for these people. Finally, even then Allah says, perhaps Sasa. Now, by the way, whenever Allah says Asa, it'd be an outburst says, every asset for Allah sake is certainty. This has been a busted statement, Asa for Allah sake, he will do it. But still, it was given like a bit of a grudgingly, a bit of a reluctance that they're not an open blanket, but still, they will be forgiven. Right? to show what the severity now they are forgiven. That's what I'm about to say, but to show the severity of those who don't have a genuine excuse for remaining in Makkah, right. So this is one of those Sahaba, that Eliza,

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which basically said he's forgiven them, because he even tried to get out of Makkah. And he wasn't able to do so. But Eliza, which is basically took his soul at that point in time. Now, by the way, just as a point of benefit, remember, the purpose of our sera classes over and over is to derive practical benefit. That's what we want to do. It's not just stories of old, it's stories of living Islam and modernity, and the whole issue of digital and living in digital goofer, and data, Islam. And all of these is, of course, a very, very relevant topic for us here in North America. And it is worthy of a long film a discussion. I don't think it's appropriate to go into that long fealty

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discussion, but I will summarize one or two points, and that is that

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the ruling of

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the ruling of hedger from Mecca to Medina, it was for the iron for the Muslims of that time. Now, after the Battle of azab, after the Battle of Azov in the fifth year of the hedger, when it became clear that the Muslims are the more powerful laxus he began, that the ruling began to be a little bit more lacs. And then after the conquest of Makkah, this ruling was abrogated.

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And so the Profit System said had it is a sigh Bahar de la Hirata back then,

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there is no hegira after the conquest of Makkah, this is a famous mutawatir well known Hadith, la Hirata by del Fatih. There is no hegira after the conquest of Makkah, meaning what is this mean? There is no hidden nobody can do his draft or the conquest of Makkah know, the hegira with a capital H in English, right? The hegira from Mecca to Medina has now been nullified.

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And if anybody emigrates now that's their personal business. They're not going to get the rewards of the hijra. Right now that mcca is also in digital Islam. Well, then if somebody wants to live in Medina, they're not going to get the rewards that Allah promised in the Koran for that emigration. Also law 100 divided fetta means the commandment to emigrate to Medina is now abrogated. You don't have to emigrate to Medina. You may live anywhere you want mucca Medina or anywhere else. Now. This

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Then led to a controversy and later

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amongst the format has about is it permissible for Muslims to voluntarily and willingly live in a land that is not a land of Islam. And just to point out in medieval Islam when there was a doubt Islam when there was a real Islamic land,

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there were two opinions on this issue, maybe even one can say three opinions, the first opinion, which is the majority of the Hanafi, and the humble opinion, and also the standard Shafi opinion, is that it is permissible for a Muslim to live in lands that are not doubted Islam, with some basic conditions and of these conditions is that the Muslim is secure in his religion, he's not being tortured, he's not being forced to do harm, and he can live an Islamic life. That's basically the general conditions. And they base this on an authentic hadith which is as explicit as possible. So this is also my position as well. It is a Hadith of the Sahaba known as foodtech. We don't have his

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full name for dache is all that we know. And

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towards the end of the process of his life after the conquest of Makkah, for they came to Medina and he was not from moko, Medina he was from Central Arabia, he came to Medina, and he said, Yasuda, Allah, the people are saying that whoever does not do hegira will be destroyed.

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Whoever does not do hegira will not be destroyed. And in one version, he said, My people are upon schilke. My tribe has not yet all accepted Islam, but I'm a Muslim. And so I have been told that I have to make digital.

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So this is basically as explicit as you can get. His land is not the land of Islam, ie his tribe, his village, whatever you want to call it, it's not a land of Islam. So people are telling me that I have to emigrate. So the Prophet has sort of said, Yeah, fake optimists Allah overtake established the salah, and avoid the sins, avoid, basically, for watching evil deeds, and live with your people wherever you like.

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This Hadith is reported in hedbanz. So hey, now, this hadith is as explicit as you can get, because fidex people were mushriks. He accepted Islam. He comes to the Prophet system to ask the question, because people are telling him his Islam is not valid, because he's living with people that are committing shift. And the process of them says, Yeah, for as long as you are praying, and living a good life, then live with your people wherever you want. You don't have to live there. You kind of want to live here. But if you want to live there, you may live with your people as well. The Maliki school was the strictest school in this regard. And generally speaking, they considered it to be

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impermissible for a Muslim to willingly and voluntarily give up living in Donald Islam, and go and live in Donald Glover. And the reason that they were the strictest in this regard, is because of what happened to the Maliki school and the Maliki scholars and the Muslims of the Maliki regions in the famous land of

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Andalus. Right. And the lucea really changed their perspective about Muslims living in battle, Cofer, because andalusi was Maliki Spain was Maliki. And of course, the greatest Maliki scholars. Yeah, and even brushed and all that they're all medic. So when Spain was reconquered, and the conquest began, and the Muslims began being persecuted, tortured more and more rulings, they were forced to stop saying Arabic and public stop wearing Islamic dress, the woman was forced to take off the hijab, bit by bit. And if you study, especially post Inquisition, post Inquisition, what happened with the Muslims of Spain is very, very sad. And it's something we hardly ever hear about.

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But it is very sad. They were forced to eat pork, they were decided that so many things one after the other, and it wasn't immediate, it took like 100 years, right? Because Initially, I mean, I'm going into a whole different tangent to this nazira related initially, when the Ferdinand and Isabella conquered the very last Kingdom of Granada, they initially promised freedom for the Muslims.

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And they said, we'll only deal with the EU who don't worry about you guys, you're the majority. After all, they're the majority, right? So Ferdinand and Isabella promised freedom. But within 100 years, basically, there were no public Muslims anymore. in Andalusia, they had to hide their Islam, or they had to emigrate, or they were forced to convert the inquisitions, but then began torturing them. First, it was only the hood and then the Protestants. Then they began torturing the Muslims as well. And they began sending secret police to spy on you check if you actually have a mishap in your house. It was a very sad time. So the under Lucien scholars basically said, This is what happens to

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those who remain in Donald Cofer, basically, right. And so they became

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Very strict on this issue, and in their method, predominantly, the Federal is that it is not allowed to live in Donald Cooper. Now, the fact of the matter, though, is that we also have to think about how realistic is it for us to import these fatawa from 500 years ago, 1000 years ago, when there was a doubt of Islam and there was a fella, and there was all of this, whereas now there is none of this, right. And this is one of those areas where we do need to exercise independent he had, and go back to the books again and see how realistic even if those who followed the Maliki position, and of course, the majority, for the osland, they didn't believe that it is Why'd you have to emigrate?

00:25:42--> 00:26:01

There are still people who say to this day, there's still a small minority who say, Muslims should not be living in any non Muslim land. But some had a lot. I mean, this is such a theoretical, factual, let's get realistic here. In India alone, India is majority Hindu. In India alone. There are how many 100 and 20 million

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200 million every day, there are a few millions increase, you know, 200 million Muslims, right? Where do you expect these 200 million Muslims? They are minority? They are a minority, obviously, right? 25% or something like this? 20 25%? Right. Any one out of four or less? Where do you expect them to go in China? How many 10s of millions but they are also minority, right? If you just do the math, you will get literally over half a billion Muslims. That's basically half of the oma living in minority lens where whoever says that it is Why'd you have to emigrate only with all respect to the scholars, they're not really being realistic. Okay. In Western lands alone, there are 40 million

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Muslims in western lands alone. If you include America, Canada, Australia, France, all of these lands, in your European lands, you have over 40 45 million Muslims, this is in western lands. Yeah. And he was going to accept these. So the point being, most of us living here have moved beyond this theoretical fatwa. The reality is, we are now here to stay. So we have to basically have, you know, some basic understanding of our religion and faith and whatnot. The point being, and the reason I go back to this issue here, even at the time of the Prophet system, hedgerow was wajib because of the circumstances of Mecca and Medina, therefore, I have to say this, if any land becomes difficult to

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live in and practice Islam in like it muck of that period, then yes, we will bring forth these rulings. And we will say, you don't have to live in that particular land, go find somewhere else.

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And every Muslim lander every sorry, every land will be the responsibility of its scholars to judge when the situation gets difficult, and when it is doable. This is for the local scholars of that land to judge right? What is it that difficult one, is it not that difficult, this is something they have to judge clear, the unhemmed and other there should be no two opinions that in America we have every freedom we need to practice Islam in our daily and personal life, there really can be no scholarly debate about the issue of living in America, and practicing your religion and hamdulillah it's very clear that we are not persecuted to that level. And it's not an issue for us to worry

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about. Nonetheless, the hadith of food ache is an important one and memorize this one. But the process of them said to him, yeah, food ache overtake as long as you're praying, and you're avoiding the sins, are you living a good Muslim life, right? And you're establishing Islam, you may live wherever you want. And I say this many times that those people who are the most worried about the hedgehog, should they emigrate, should or should they not emigrate, they're the ones that need to remain, because they're the most religious, and those who are the least concerned about Asia and where to live, because they're totally involved in sins, they're really the ones they shouldn't be

00:28:56--> 00:29:33

living in environments where they pollute their emotion, right? It's actually the opposite way around. Those who are the most worried should actually remain because they're the best ambassadors of the religion, and those who are involved in every major sin and they couldn't care less, they need a pure environment, they should be thinking about a pure environment for themselves and their children. In any case, getting back to the the the the CLR here, and this and the issue of the digital we already mentioned that the Prophet system arrived in Medina now we don't have an exact date, the date of the 12th of the year and Oh and by the way, do understand as an academic I have to

00:29:33--> 00:29:59

point out everybody loves to quote 12 or below for everything for the birthday of the Prophet system. For the first time the Quran came down or the why which cannot be true because the Quran came down in Ramadan anyway, right but there are still some opinions they said 12 year old is one o'clock came down, which is absolutely cannot be true because it came down in the month of Ramadan, right? Shahada Ramadan, and it was in a field called on the 12th of yellowwood is when the process of entered Medina

00:30:00--> 00:30:41

This is a little bit of a superstition. We don't know the exact date because nobody was was recording calendars. Remember, there was not even an Islamic calendar when all of this is happening. Remember what Bob instituted a calendar, you know, probably 10 years after the history more than 10 years, sorry 1415 years after the hinge of the process and them. So this is now being backtracked. We are reading in the dates in terms of years, the years are not there. The months by the way, are there remember, how did they monitor time by the famous incident in that year? The year of the elephant, let's say right, the year of the drought the year of this, that's how they remembered

00:30:41--> 00:31:13

years every year would have a particular title to it. So the year of the hedgehog became first digital basically, right, the year of the hedgehog became our first year, the month of the hegira Yes, it is our most likely the first week of October and over most likely the month of July is over and this corresponds to September of the year 620. To see so 622 is one one hedgehog begins.

00:31:15--> 00:32:01

And already we already went over the story of the process of entering Medina, he entered Medina Medina at that time was composed of like most villages in places the world today, there is not one center of gathering. There are small pockets of people separated by small distances right. And the whole conglomeration is basically called Medina. Medina is not like a major metropolitan city. Medina is not continuously populated. Of course, now it is. Back then, Medina had small pockets and every tribe it was in its own small area. And some of these distances were five minutes walks others were like an hour walk for example. So the very first settlement of these small settlements of the

00:32:01--> 00:32:19

entire city was that of Oba. This was the furthermost settlement, outside of what we now call central Medina. And in our days, the city of Medina is so big that it goes even beyond hoba.

00:32:20--> 00:32:46

In our days, the city of Medina has become so large that from the central Medina you work your way keep on going. Of course, in the time of the process, as we said, there were small settlements and these were separated by either desert, or by large date plantations, right triplet trees of dates are new, hundreds and 1000s of dates. So the prophecies and when he arrived, we know he arrived in Cobra. And he waited there for it

00:32:47--> 00:33:32

to come. And he waited probably around a week. Again, we don't have exact dates, probably around a week. And they also waited for Arusha and asthma, the daughters of a worker and a worker had arranged for them to come via another guide. And so the two of them also came. And so Ali and Ayesha Asma when they came that was when the Prophet system entered the city of Medina. And it is said that he entered the city of Medina on a Friday and the unsoldered heard that he was entering Medina. And so the unsought, all gathered together as a delegation, they dressed up in their armor, and in those days, you would dress up in the armor, just like the military parades when you want to basically

00:33:32--> 00:34:00

honor somebody, then you dress up in your armors you put on your your fighting scores and everything. So they dressed up and over 500 of them. They went as a delegation to hoba and they accompanied the Prophet system back into Medina. By the way here is where again, as you know me, I'm an academic, I don't give you just the fairy tales. I have to give you the bad news as well. Sometimes the academic stuff is not as romanticized if you like, you know the famous story that we were all told that the little girls were singing

00:34:03--> 00:34:18

in right, this story, for sure it did not happen at the hedgerow. This is impossible, right? for many reasons. The most important is that funny yachts It has nothing to do with the road to Makkah.

00:34:19--> 00:34:32

sunyata Wada is the road that is the exact opposite side of Medina. And if this incident occurred, there's a little bit of a doubt about his authenticity, but even if it occurred, it occurred at the Battle of

00:34:34--> 00:34:48

good occurred at the Battle of two book, right, because many reasons but the most important one there are internal evidences but the most important one send em to wahdat right but right i mean Sandy

00:34:49--> 00:34:59

lumada Where is the near to a de Fernando de is the exact opposite side of where Koba is, and it is the northern side and Cobra is the southern side because Medina

00:35:00--> 00:35:41

Is do North America. So when you're walking up south of Medina, you will be Koba. Right saniya through that is literally on the opposite side the process of them never softened yet without when he's walking into Medina from right, so, as I said, I have to be a little bit more academic here. If that story is true, then took place at the Battle of two books so it didn't take place over here, what we do know what took place over here, the the Sahaba, the unsought accompany the Prophet system in into Medina. And here is also the famous story which is which is in shallow tada and authentic one that every one of the Sahaba avanzar was trying to ask the Prophet system to stay with them. And

00:35:41--> 00:36:32

the Prophet says Adam said, Let the camel be because Allah has taken charge of it. Let the camel go where it is going because Allah subhanho wa Taala has taken charge of it. And the camel sat down at a particular place. And the Prophet system understood this was the place that Allah had decided will be his message, right? Where the camels sat down. It was a small plane, not a plane is not a writer, it was small plantation, if you like, that was used by the people to dry their dates. It wasn't a full date plantation. It wasn't densely populated by dates. There were a few trees, but it was an open ground, by and large, that was used by the local villagers to dry their dates. So they would

00:36:32--> 00:36:59

lay the dates on the floor, and they would write the dates in this area. And when the camel sat down, the prophet system said, whose house of our family members is the closest to us from here. Now Subhanallah What does this mean? Remember the profitsystem had distant cousins in Medina, correct? Right? His great grandmother, his mother niece, right? His great grandmother is from which tribe who can remember

00:37:01--> 00:37:22

Mashallah, the banana jar son was renamed. The tribe was the banana job. And so when he's saying who amongst us from the Bernina jar basically is the closest to this camel. Here is where Khalid bin Zayed also known as Abu Ansari. He said Yasuda LA, Luna jar, he's from the balloon a jar. How do

00:37:23--> 00:38:00

you balance it is from the balloon ajar. And he's basically I look this up to try to find an exact number I couldn't figure out exactly, but roughly he's like a sixth cousin to the process, right? So like six generations up, basically, their lineage meets. Now, remember, the Arabs memorize their little lineages and genealogy like we memorize all of our cell phones and house phones and all of these numbers together. If you put all these numbers you get like 30 numbers, Mashallah we know them? The answer the all of the Arabs, they know, their ancestry, like, we know our phone numbers and house addresses, right. So you've said zero sutala is the closest in lineage to you, basically,

00:38:00--> 00:38:31

from your Campbell, my house is the closest to this area. And so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam decided because of this ancestry, basically, because of this local genealogy. And this shows us again, the rights of relatives, that he felt the most comfortable with his closest relative, whoever that might have been. And it was like a sixth cousin. But that's what he felt the most comfortable with. Right? That who amongst our family members is the closest tear. So that was a huge uncertainty. Now,

00:38:33--> 00:38:36

I will even say that we only have a few narrations about him in his house.

00:38:38--> 00:39:17

The profitsystem lived there, according to him inside for half a year. He lived there for half a year. And he did this because he didn't have a house to live in, obviously. And he's waiting for the masjid and the house to be built. And of what you bought on Saturday, of course, yeah. And everything is planned by a law of what you was a relatively upper middle class man, he had a house that was of two stories, which was not common, it wasn't uncommon, but it wasn't common either. Right. And so Allah is the widget had basically willed it that way US House also had two stories in it, which would make it possible for the Prophet system, and Abu Bakar in some of the Sahaba to live

00:39:17--> 00:39:59

with a U. And so when his wife moved upstairs, and the prophecies of Albuquerque, were living downstairs, had been his Sham mentions in his Sham mentions a story that occurred one night, that in the middle of the night of what you turned over in his sleep, and he knocked over the water bottle, and those days, they had jars of water, right, he knocked over the water bottle, and he became worried that the water would seep from the second floor, basically and drip onto the Profit System as he was sleeping. And so he woke his wife up and the two of them they spent the entire

00:40:00--> 00:40:26

Light soaking their own blanket with the water, making sure any dreading basically that maybe one drop of water would possibly irritate the Prophet system. They spent the whole night awake using their bled their beds and their blanket to basically soak up the entire water. It is also narrated and had Ethan muster, remember that one day of what you was with his wife upstairs. And then fantasma.

00:40:27--> 00:40:33

He realized, basically, fantasma, he realized, and he said to his wife,

00:40:34--> 00:40:39

we are walking above the head of the prophecy center.

00:40:41--> 00:41:17

Right, he just realized that his feet are above the head for the profit center. And so and he realized this in the evening. And so him and his wife spent the night cramped next to the sides now somehow, like a few weeks go by, and then they realize that our feet are above the head of the process of them. So they sit with their feet withdrawn in for the entire night, because they just realized that they're doing something that isn't appropriate, right for, for respect. And the next morning, they go back down to the profitsystem. And they say out of school of law, you have to move up.

00:41:18--> 00:41:41

The person who said, the bottom floor is easier for me, meaning you have more privacy. I have guests coming in here. I mean, I don't have to climb the stairs. Obviously, the bottom floor is easier for me. Right? You understand that? When the process of is having guests or anything's happening, you know, you are separate, it's easier for us there's one entrance to the house, let us be clear of what you've said, Now we'll Lucha rasulillah We can never ever

00:41:42--> 00:42:14

be on top of you on a roof that your head is over. We cannot be on top of you on the roof that your head is over. And they refuse to obey what the system is begging them to do. They said we cannot do this. So they amazingly disobeyed him out of respect if that's possible, right? So they insisted that he go to the roof. And so the Prophet says our worker then for the bulk of their time actually moved upstairs. Right. So only for a few weeks, they were downstairs and then they moved upstairs. It is also narrated that one time

00:42:15--> 00:42:45

he would always cook the food him and his wife and they would send it up to the processor, then he would eat the leftovers like he would send them the full dish. It's not as if he took some form, he would send them everything he has, and it's obviously too much for them. So the processing would not eat much anyway as you know. So he would then send whatever's remaining Down, up where you would ask Where did the processing eat from which place of the plate and wherever he ate from he would eat from that particular portion he would eat from it. One day the food came down, untouched.

00:42:47--> 00:43:02

And what you panicked, what have I done? And he rushed upstairs and he said Yasuda law. What have I done? What is wrong? Is there anything that you know the food was not suiting you What happened? The process them said no. But it has garlic in it.

00:43:03--> 00:43:13

You've said is garlic Haram, haram and Hua. And the prophets has sort of said no, but I speak to those who don't speak to

00:43:16--> 00:43:56

I speak to those who don't speak to which means the angels now a lot of people have misunderstandings here. As they say people are gonna be in big trouble if we make garlic mcru. Right. And we cannot cook food without garlic. So look, this is uncooked garlic. Okay, calm down, breathe with relief hamdulillah hamdulillah your banana my banana is still hella Don't worry, this is uncooked garlic. If you put it in the food, then it will have a very bad after smell. Okay, if you cook the garlic and you grind it and whatnot as we do, then that removes the odor anyway. So this is not even if you ate raw garlic it is halon as the process that I'm said, right, unless

00:43:56--> 00:44:31

somebody thinks he's speaking to angels, in which case you have another bigger problem than garlic. But even if you eat raw garlic, this is halal. Not a problem. But the process of said Whoever eats garlic should not come to the masjid because the messenger is the place of angels, right? So if your breath is smelling really bad with garlic, then in this case, you wait until the breath goes, the bad smell goes away. But the point being here, garlic is no problem. If you cook it, I don't know of any culture in our times that eats raw garlic. So we don't have to worry about this. In any case now. So this is all that we have reported, by the way from a boy and his wife, just two or three

00:44:31--> 00:44:59

incidents in the six months. All of the rest of the details we don't know about getting back to the story of the question itself. As we said the Campbells sat down in a small area of land that was not used for date palms, it was used for drying the dates. So it was only a few trees were there. The Prophet system said Who does this land belong to? They said that it belongs to so and so and so and so they are orphans their father owned the land. Now they have inherited this land.

00:45:00--> 00:45:37

Because they're orphans, they hadn't done anything. That's probably why it was still relatively empty. That's probably why the local neighbors were using it to dry the dates, right? They're still young kids. So they haven't been able to plant dates themselves yet. So it's just a little bit of empty land. So the prophets have said call them here. We're going to build a Masjid here. So we need this land. So when the orphans came, according to one, one narration, their names were sad. And so hey, when the orphans came, and they figured out what the process was doing, they were already Muslims. They said Yasuda law. This is a gift to Allah from us. This is a gift to Allah from us. The

00:45:37--> 00:45:44

profit center said law in Nabi Semenya, no, I will only take it with his due price.

00:45:45--> 00:46:26

We don't operate the Profit System do not operate like this with charity, we will only take it with this do price, and he negotiated a price with them and he paid them the money to purchase the land from them. And he ordered that the few date palms that were there there were probably less than a dozen we don't know exact number, but it wasn't cultivated as a point he ordered that they all be cut down. And there were one or two graves from very old, still over there. of the pagans. 50 100 years old, he ordered that those corpses be buried outside. And this shows us that it is permitted permitted in Islam to dig up graves and move the bodies if there is a legitimate reason to do so.

00:46:26--> 00:47:07

Right. This also shows us a fifth point that one may cut down the trees of the Houghton for legitimate needs if you have to build a building for the Hajaj or something. Generally speaking, Mecca and Medina are harems. And we already mentioned this before, you're not allowed to hunt, you're not allowed to destroy cultivation. You're not allowed to pluck a leaf or a flower from Makkah and Medina, if you pass by you see, trees, you see leaves, you're not allowed to take a grass and pluck it out. That's how sacred that is, right? There's a number of exceptions. One of them is this one, that if you're a construction worker, if you're a builder, what are you gonna do if you

00:47:07--> 00:47:41

have to build property, right, so in this case, the process of them cut the trees down. And he used those very trees to form the walls of the messenger talk about being green and conservation, the very trees that were cut down, he used them to make the walls of the messenger. And the front and the back walls were made with those trees and the side walls were made with the clay bricks that they had in Medina at the time. So two of the sides of the masjid were built with date palm trunks, and two of the sides were built with

00:47:42--> 00:48:25

bricks that the Sahaba constructed themselves. And the Prophet says and participated along with them in the construction of the masjid, he physically there was a whole line going the cedar book, say, from the quarry to the masjid. And the Prophet says, and became a part of that line. And when one of the Sahaba tried to make him sit down and work and do the work, the prophet system refused to basically sit down on the side and cooperated with them. And it is said that the Prophet system began saying lines of poetry at the time, along with the unsought and then we'll how June and those lines of poetry are recorded so I Bahati as they're building the masjid a lahoma in the hula Hira in

00:48:25--> 00:48:57

the hierarchy era for Hemel Ensenada well Mohajer. Now these are you know, when you're doing manual labor, and you're all of the men are doing working together is good to just just like when soldiers hum along or drum along and where other people do manual labor, they have this rhythm. So they're all saying this together just to get the time go by and they're passing the bricks to one another. So this is what they're saying. Allahumma Enola Hira in Lafayette after a while there is no good other than the good of the Acura for Hammond on sada well, Mahavira. So have mercy on the unsolved and the Mahavira

00:48:58--> 00:49:41

Mahajan, and it is narrated in alibi health is data that it took almost two weeks to build the masjid almost two weeks to build the masjid. And for its time it was extremely large. To this day if you go to Medina, you when you go to the actual we call the robot, the the the the blessitt sanctuary, you get an idea, it's a pretty large place, even for our times it's pretty large. It's at least you know, two three times larger than this Masjid. And that shows us that for that time, it was a pretty large place, and Allahu Allah, but some modern estimates have said around 100 by 130 feet. This is one opinion that I've tried to look up what were some of the scholars understanding

00:49:41--> 00:49:59

how large this is 100 feet by 130 feet, a large Masjid so it's more of a square that a rectangle it's not as much of a rectangle as the modern Masjid is. Also we learned that there were at least three main doors, at least three main doors, one on the south side, that

00:50:00--> 00:50:34

Babel rahima. One on the west side, that's called Babel God and one on the east side, and that is called Babel Nyssa. And the reason why it's called Babel Nyssa, is that a few years later, or whatever kebab suggested that men and women should not enter with the same door. And so the Prophet system said, okay, that East door is the door for women. So it was called Babu Nyssa. And to this day, if you go to the harem and muck in Medina, you look at the pillars you'll see. In one pillar, it says Baba Nyssa. And that's where it used to be. Another pillar says Baba jabril. That's where the babajide used to be. These were the three main entrances of the masjid. In addition to these

00:50:34--> 00:51:18

three main entrances, there were also a number of small entrances that were private entrances. These were the three public ones, there were at least half a dozen private. What are private entrances realized in those days, the walls were such a luxury item that people would use the same wall for both sides, right? So if you build a wall here, the other side would automatically be taken by a house. And so whoever is living on the other side of the wall, would have direct access to the masjid. Right. And so there were at least half a dozen we know of maybe even up to a dozen who had entrances directly from their house, they would take a step out and they're in the masjid. Right. So

00:51:18--> 00:51:57

that door imagine this door. Imagine this door. Imagine these are private entrances for whoever managed to build the house. Right at that time. Of course, as the population increases, how large those those those choice real estate properties are taken, right? So we know for a fact that Abu Bakar was one of those whose house was attached to the masjid. Right? How do we know this? Because on his deathbed, the prophets of cinema said, every single door of these private doors shall be locked and sealed From now on, except the door of Abu Bakar. Why did you do this, to emphasize that this person will be the next belief after me right? There shall be no door into the home other than

00:51:57--> 00:52:38

Abu Bakar. Abu Bakar will be the leader. That's a indirect analogy that no one has the prerogative other than aboubaker. So this, this clearly shows that there were a number of doors that the Sahaba would use for their private houses that would come into the masjid. And of course, the main one that we know for sure is the Prophet system now Isha, right, his house was literally attached to the masjid such that the only thing separating it was a curtain. It was actually a curtain, not even a physical door, that it was just a curtain. And this was a private entrance, the house had a public entrance on the other side, right, the process of themselves had a public entrance. On the other

00:52:38--> 00:52:59

side. We also know from one narration from SNL bacilli, that the roof of the MSG was actually very low that if he put his hand up, he could feel the roof of the machine. So this shows us therefore that the machine was not a massive leap tall structure, the roof was very low. And we also we also know that

00:53:00--> 00:53:46

initially, the Prophet says, and I've only covered one area of the masjid with a roof, only one area of the masjid. And this was the southern portion of the masjid, which at the time was the one facing the Qibla. Sorry, the northern side, which at the time was the one facing the covenant? Right? And that's towards Jerusalem. So at one time, the front portion of the masjid was covered by thatched palm leaves. Okay. When the Qibla direction changed, exact opposite, right, so that portion remained sheltered. And that was called, what was it called? 100. So far,

00:53:48--> 00:54:29

right? Because anybody who wanted to spend the day there would obviously have to spend it under the shelter, right? Otherwise, this gets too hot. So for the first few years, there was no roof in the master to the Profit System, towards the middle of the Medina period. We don't know exactly when the Prophet system ordered that a roof be built over the whole Masjid not just the Bible sofa, or the sofa. We'll talk about our next one's day, stories about a sofa and the concept of the sofa we'll talk about next Wednesday. And so the profitsystem eventually built a roof. But it was the roof that was only to protect them from the sun, not from the cold and not from the rain. It wasn't even

00:54:29--> 00:54:59

waterproof. It wasn't air proof. And we know this for sure because it's a high Bahati. It is narrated that on the 22nd of Ramadan, probably in the eighth year of the hegira it rained and the entire mustard was flooded. And the flood of course made it muddy because it's not carpeted. It's all mud. And so basically they're wondering what are we going to do now and essentially, how are we going to do essentially on this mud and nsmt Malik said, formula II II saw the Profit System prostrate in

00:55:00--> 00:55:38

To the mud, and he came up and there was the mud on his forehead and his nose. Meaning that when you're doing says that to Allah, there is nothing to be embarrassed about however it is, you will do such that because that is your true worship and servitude of Allah subhanho wa Taala that you lower your face, which is your most noble portion of the body, you lowered in front of a low regardless of what is there as long as it's not nudges and sand is not nudges. And so the profits is lowered. And he's saying, Well, like I saw the asset, clean the traces of mud on the profits of cielos, forehead and nose when he put it into the sand. And this shows us that the roof was leaking. It's not a solid

00:55:38--> 00:56:25

roof. And by the way, just FYI, abubaker did not change the message at all. aroma. rhodiola one was the first one to solidify it a little bit, put pillars of wood and a real rain protected roof, right, a waterproof rain, or whatever the hot tub was the one who did it and he expanded it by 1015 rows, not that much. And then by the time of Earth man, he really had to expand it. And so he made it maybe or by around 50% he expanded it so it's man did a major expansion. When with man's distant cousin, the next mayor halifa a few generations down a little worried nabbed on Medicaid and more one on one, he didn't have the medic, the Omega califa in around 9697 Digital if I'm not mistaken,

00:56:25--> 00:57:14

in 97. And when he didn't have the medic was the one who destroyed the entire Old mosque. And he built what we would call a proper structure, which was very decorated and very, like fully expensive structure for the time. And he was the one by the way, who incorporated the grave of the profitsystem in the house of Artesia into the masjid. Right, because the house of Arusha was outside the masjid. This is a common misconception or myth. The Prophet system was not buried in the masjid. He was buried in his house, and his house was outside the masjid. It was connected to it, but it was outside it. And for almost 100 years, that was the way things were, it was only in the time of need

00:57:14--> 00:57:59

of NAB the medic, that he literally more than double the space of the masjid in all four directions. And he is the only person in in our entire history to do so. No one before or after him did this and the expansion that we have currently in the direction of the table. And in the direction of the grave of the process of them. That expansion is the expansion of Captain medic. Because all of you who have been to Medina know, where does the Imam stand? Not where the process used to stand, like 15 rows ahead, right? Where does the man stand, he gets done, the whole table is given exactly where the process used to give it. So the Imam when he gives the whole job, he actually has to walk the

00:57:59--> 00:58:30

distance of this message. Literally, he gives the whole bar there. And then he walks through the crowd to lead the seller, right? Because they didn't want to move the member that's a blessing him but a place. But I worry. for reasons that are beyond the scope of this class, he decided to expand in all four directions. So he expanded in the direction of the Qibla. He added basically 10 to 15 rows, he also expanded in the direction of the houses of the Prophet system. And so he incorporated all of the houses. And sadly he demolished

00:58:31--> 00:59:09

all of the houses of the Sahaba and even the process of them other than the house of Arusha. Right, because that's where he's buried. And it did cause a little bit of a controversy at the time. A number of there were no Sahaba alive when this happened all the Sahaba are gone right? A number of tab your own objected some of them because of them beside him in the debate. he objected because he said you are including the grave inside the masjid and grave should not be inside messages. The society when Juba is speaking, one of the great This calls for survivors seven scholars of the Tabby rune say they've enjoyed his number one of them and he objected because islamically speaking graves

00:59:09--> 00:59:52

and messages should be two separate things as we know, right? And he felt very uncomfortable about doing this. And usually politics goes when wins over a religious clergy. So, this is what happened and others objected as well because they said you are destroying the heritage of the Prophet system. And the the the wives of the believer, the wife, the mothers of the believers, excuse me, let these buildings remain, so that people see how simply the Prophet sister lived. Now some parallel even within a century, luxury began even with a century of the clothes and the money and the buildings and the structure. We know this by numerous narrations, even the later Sahaba their lifestyle was 10

00:59:52--> 01:00:00

times better than the earlier so how do we know this by numerous narrations right it is this is amongst the Sahaba How about in the Omega time so the group of the

01:00:00--> 01:00:41

scholars said you should leave those buildings so that the Muslims see how simply the prophecies and lived but unwilling to have the medic had his reasons and so all of the other houses were destroyed other than the house of Arusha and it was included inside the masjid. And of course the blessings of the masjid are well known. We don't need to get into this. It is one of the three sacred mysteries in Islam, Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. These are the only three sacred lands in our religion By the way, there is no other land that is considered holy in and of itself, other than Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem there is no other land that is considered holy and sacred that one should travel to other

01:00:41--> 01:01:22

than these three lands. We all know as well that a prayer in masjidul and nabawi is equal to 1000 prayers anywhere else. We also know that the prophets of Salaam said what is between my house and my mimbar. Notice he said house a lot of people say between my grave and my member, this head it doesn't make any sense when the process of speaking he doesn't have a grave there. Right? This is not a proper proper Hadith is what is between my house and my member, not my grave and my member. This is how the masses said that's not the Hadith Hadith says Medina Beatty one member or older to marry other gender. What is between my house and my member is B two is one of the Roboto that means

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the lush garden. But ultimately, although gender scholars have different What does this mean? One interpretation is that that very land will be transferred to gender. And that's not something that is impossible for Allah to do. more common interpretation is worshiping a law on that land will get you to gender. Right? So once you enter agenda, they're basically if you are worshipping Allah azza wa jal, they're properly and you pray Allah to Allah azza wa jal there, then you have a good better chance of getting to gender. However, please note that the blessings of the 1000 prayers is to the entire Masjid and not just the robot. This is a common misconception as well. The robot is blessed

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for other reasons, do Vicar, but the 1000 prayers the process of didn't say that older, he said the masjid and so whatever constitutes the messages of the prophets are some that will be

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the place where the 1000 prayers will be, will be blessing. One final point about the masjid is that we know that in the beginning, in the early portion of the Medina and period, one of the stumps of the tree the Prophet system, used it for his member, and it was rather large.

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And he would sometimes in one Hadith in Bukhari, it is said, he even prayed his Salah on the stump,

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to show the unsolved how to pray.

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So, he prayed basically, you know, few feet above them, until he had to do such that then he cannot do such that. So then he stepped down, he did such that and then he went back up onto the stump, right. So for a few years, he would give the hauteville on this stump, remember, the trees were cut down one of those trees was used as his member. Then in Sahih, Muslim we learned that

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one time the Prophet system

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told one of the unsavoury ladies there

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who had a slave who was a carpenter. So she had this lady that was a carpenter, the Prophet says, and I said to her, that tell your Carpenter to make for me a member.

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Tell your Carpenter to make me a proper member, a proper pedestal. And so the carpenter made a member of three steps, made a member of three steps. And this hadith isn't a Muslim and Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim both say this narration the frog the Prophet system, the first hooked by he gave on those three steps basically, the three steps were placed away from the trunk, basically so the trunk obviously is there. The three steps are over here, that during the first hood, but on those three steps, the Sahaba said, we began to hear a wailing, a crying like that of a baby camel.

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And we found that the source of this noise was the tree. This stump and the profits isn't interrupted his whole tuba and came down and hugged the trees panela he hugged the tree, and it sniffled and stopped crying, basically Allah subhana wa tada allowed us or the Sahaba to hear the emotions of the tree. This is what the miracle is right? And the NSM pneumatic reports that

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the Prophet system said, If I didn't hug it, if I didn't if I hadn't hugged it, it would have cried until the day of judgment.

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And he ordered that the tree that then then be uplifted and uprooted and then dug underneath his actual member, so that it's still over there. Obviously the tree is jealous that the processing has left him for

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for another, another, another member, right. And it's jealous that the knowledge that it used to have the blessings I have now it has gone away. So the process of them gave the tree its wish by putting it under the member. And at this and hassanal basally said, after narrowing this hadith he said, all believers, look, this was a tree that was crying, because it wished to be with the Prophet salallahu it he was seldom is it not more befitting that those of us who are men should cry even more to be with him. This is what it has in the past that he said that here is a tree that is crying because it missed the prophets I send them where are our hearts and why cannot we cry to be with the

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Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam In any case, inshallah Tada. We will have to stop over here and we will resume inshallah next week, still talking about the masjid and the concept of the masjid. And the important point that deserves a whole talk is the concept of the sofa and the sofa in the masjid. And what else occurred in these first few weeks of the Prophet so so moving. And

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somehow the The beautiful thing here, which again, will emphasize next week again, the prophet system did not even build his own house until the house of Allah was built. This is just mind boggling will like to think about, he did not even build his own house. And because of this, he did not live with his family. He's living with Abu Bakar because he wants to first build the house of Allah. And then after the house of Allah is built, then attention is turned to his own house. And we'll elaborate a shallow tie that next week about the building of his own house and what happened in those first few weeks. We have a few minutes for question answering that we have a special guest

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who will address us and then we'll break for so long.

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I want to get into this controversy next week. It's a controversy. Allah says no Quran

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limus Judo was suicide attack woman. Oh, well, Yeoman Haku. And taco Murphy. This is similar to tober. And is this mustard, mustard Cobra, or is this mustard mustard? rasulillah. Salam, it's a controversy. So we don't have time. That's why I intentionally left it till next week. Yes.

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That did not make the yes we have a few references to them. Yes. Stay and survive.

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Did any stay in survive till the conquest of Mecca there is only one person that we know of who did this. And that is the uncle of the Prophet. So send them an Ibis, right. And the theory goes that the Prophet says Adam had told his uncle to remain in Makkah, to give him the news of the people of Makkah. This is a modern day theory. It's not the classical opinion, the classical opinion is that he converted late. But we know that he gave the process of information, whether he was a secret Muslim, or whether he was not yet a convert. His heart was with Islam. Right. So from this, a modern theory is that our boss is actually intentionally left behind in Mecca because he's one of the

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seniors and the elders. He's not like some lowly finger here, right? He is of the upper echelons, he's over the elite, you know, of the kurush. So you need somebody like him to inform you. He's the one telling them that, for example, right? He's the one who tells them other things. So Allah who are them, but this is a modern day theory that an Ibis remained by the command of the prophets. I said them right. And the question from the sisters,

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brothers anything this

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over the eight month period over the history that was the only one or

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01:09:27--> 01:09:29

it was an uncooked at some point.

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So this is not traditionally the Arab.

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Arab cuisine has of course evolved in the last 14 centuries as has their customs and manners and language I mean, that

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this also represents everything else that smells because

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this is so modern day pay us would say that a smoker with bad breath

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First you should give us smoking for his own sake but if he is smoking, he should not smoke before he comes to the masjid any

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after Ramadan meals is also problematic, but if we were to prevent people from coming here then then he will be empty. So that's another problem that we have to deal with. Just Just add extra boyhood and Ramadan, you know, we should we should add some system within the ventilation system to take care of it inshallah. Yes.

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01:10:37--> 01:10:48

Really, this is a very controversial issue. What is the reason of why, and what do you think Nagaland medic would incorporate? The

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the houses of the Prophet sallallahu idea he was sending them? And one, one reason is that he just did so ignorantly because of what he did not the medic is not in Medina. And what do you do? The medic is in Damascus, right?

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in Medina, it's Ramadan Abdelaziz at the time, who is the governor at the time it's or whatever it is, right? So one interpretation is that he's just acting like a typical politician who has no clue about what to do. And he wants to build a legacy. Look, all politicians want to leave legacies. And they leave legacies that the people like and in our days, and Muslim lands is always building messengers are printing must haves for this, this is what politicians do. So this is one thing. But there is a another interpretation, which actually makes a lot of sense. And

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it requires a little bit of detail. I don't know if I have time to get into it. Let me just say it was basically to oust out the opposition from the debate. Because the biggest threat was from the LL bait. The Protoss Shia, not the Shia, are these people this pro Toshi are the original Shia, which we have said the original, she has a Ll bait, we're not theologically different from us. They were politically different. We said this before, right? They were theologically the same. And the descendants of the Prophet system genuinely viewed themselves as being more rightly entitled to the philosopher. And this is a legitimate opinion. I mean, it's not going to make anybody deviant or

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incorrect. This is a position. And they didn't consider us either and others to be valid. So

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he wanted to basically expel them from they used to still live in the houses of the Prophet system. Right? Where are they going to live, they've inherited the houses down. So they used to still live next to the masjid. And they used to still have access to the grave of the process of them. One theory basically has it that by doing this, he forced them to go far outside the city. And he basically forced them to not have the the weight of the of the grave of the Profit System in the background, basically, right, which is a very interesting theory and actually makes a lot of sense, actually makes a lot of sense. And a lot of Xhosa knows best. The final thing that we have a guest

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to this. Now the

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01:13:08--> 01:13:10

was it built like that before was

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the grave of the Prophet system is well documented.

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Nobody has been inside the actual chambers of Asia for at least at least 11 centuries.

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And nobody should go inside. There are still keys to get you to some inner chambers, but not the innermost chamber. The actual house of the Prophet system was not bigger than, you know, 10 feet by 10 feet, let's say a very small room. This was not a large mansion. And yet the modern day grave is at least what 60 feet or so in order something is massive, right, if not more than 60 feet actually right. It's a massive place. What happened was over the centuries, people continue to build walls and barriers between the original House of Arusha and the external grave or the external people Excuse me. One of the medic already developed the medic built the extension,

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just the Tabby rune who are alive did not want the grave to be in the direction of Dr. Bella.

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Because then you'd be facing the grave when you prostrate. So they built three walls around it. And then facing the table. They built two walls IE a Pentagon, a pentagon totally. And the two walls were not in the middle mixing they went to a little bit a straight so that anybody facing it was facing a slanted wall basically. So psychologically, they're not facing the grave. This was built in the time of Mr. Abdelaziz, right. And this was the time as well that when they were building the wall

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One of the walls of our issues house collapsed, which shows you of course, it's a human structure, it's not going to last forever, right? And they saw two exposed feet.

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And everybody panicked.

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They were completely under decomposed, completely fresh. Everybody panic, because they felt this might be the feet of the prophet SAW Salem. And they call the elders of the community and they figure it out. No, this is not him. This has been a hot top. So the wall that was Omar side fell down, right, so they covered that up with sand. And then they built, as I said, the pentagonal structure. This isn't what he did back, then over the course of the next centuries, that pentagonal structure was then another large room, and then another room, and then an octagonal structure roughly in this fifth century. And then the Ottomans built a grill, a large grill, a massive grill,

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and then the Saudis came and they put a curtain, and then they built another grill around the curtain. And therefore, if you actually look in, you will firstly not see anything other than what your imagination tells you. You're seeing, right. But secondly, if you could actually flash and I have lived there for 10 years, so I know this, I have been there plenty of times and I have seen, if you actually could see inside, all you would see is a green covering a cloth that is covering another grill. There are in fact, two grills, both built up by the Ottomans. Basically

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one of them is an intern, older Ottomans and others an ottoman and the Saudis have basically led that stand. And the green dome on top was built by a panel of the name is in the tip of my tongue.

01:16:46--> 01:17:11

By the wound by the woman, who was the Mum, Luke, soupon of Egypt in 672 or so, Angela, right. Around 672 or so. NASA had been Palawan. He was the one who built the green dome. Ironically, the dome was not too green when it was built. The dome has gone through at least half a dozen colors.

01:17:12--> 01:17:46

from white to yellow to black to green was actually pretty recent in the grand scheme of things, I think only 200 years or so ago. Right. And so the dome was not green. Originally it was white. But the dome was added on pretty recently in the grand scheme of things iE 600 years ago, not 1000 years ago. So the point being that in our times, there is even in our books of history, it says that one of the one of the swans and that is noted in his engi moodiness, engi, he actually built a moat of Iran

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around a lead sorry, led around the grave by a distance, because then again, these are stories and he alohar them, because it is said that to people, non Muslims tried to steal the body of the process of by digging a grave there. So he built this moat around it. And he then fortified it again. So noodle Dean was one of those who built it another fortified wall. So in our times, one of my teachers tells me that he has been inside, not the grave, but there is still a number of structures, you can go inside, you can go inside two or three structures, basically. And then they go back maybe 600 years, right? So he has been inside and he tells me that, in fact, you have to go

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down at least 20 feet, which actually makes complete sense. For those who know geography and geology, right? lands go up and down. And so the actual house or the process of them is probably not even in the level that we think it is. It's actually down right? And throughout all of the centuries we've just built on top on top on top and lower them and this is what he told me that he had to go down staircases and and go into

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and then they stop at a certain point they stopped and they're not allowed to go beyond this point. Well, why do we have to conclude here?