Key Reflections from Surah Al-Muzammil
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
File Size: 20.78MB
Certain wisdom well, as we're all aware, is one of the earliest revelations actually, some people think that is the second revelation, but it is actually not the second revelation. The second revelation is with death. Certain wisdom will comes after that maybe even by a few weeks or months, so it's not immediate after the incident of odd Hara on the process, and it comes back a short while after that, maybe even a few days after that sort of death becomes somewhat death. It is what tells him to be a prophet on for ended. So this was sort of more death. Perhaps a few weeks, a few months later, we're not sure exactly when then Surah Muzammil is revealed, and serotonin was Zinman. It
comes with a number of key commands and key concepts. The first and the most important Yeah, Johan Muzammil, or you who is wrapped up in your blanket. So it seems to indicate the Profit System was wrapped asleep or resting. So yeah, you have Muslim men, you are comfortable you are in a good position you're sleeping now. But that's not what I need from you. I need from you. Yeah, are you one was a middle homie Leila in Calida. You need to stand up and pray to her God at night, except for a small amount. It is as if Allah is saying the default Yeah, Rasulullah for you, you should not be sleeping, you should be in tahajjud Himalayan stand the entire night that comes as the default
then Allah says Illa kalila. Except for a little bit of it, you can keep for yourself NIS for who half the night stand in Salah nilsa, who Oh, and Koosman who kalila or you can less than half Oh, is it i They are more than a half, make it around a half, or a little bit less, or a little bit more meaning from 1/3 to 2/3. So from 1/3, less than half up to 2/3 maximum. Now, if you do the math on Allah half the night, that's like, you know, eight, nine hours is the night, half the night four hours of 204 and a half hours of tahajjud. And this is something that is almost inconceivable for us to imagine or think about. But biologically, we know that you can train your body actually to be
healthy. And I'm not advising anybody to this. I'm saying there are people that I know people like this, I'm not one of them. Not saying that I know people like this, there's not me, there's other people, they have trained themselves to sleep to three hours. And they for they do it for productivity, they don't need to do it primarily for Dean, they do it for productivity, they want to spend most of their time awake for the dunya, whatever. So they've trained their body. So it is something that is well known documented that if you're able to train a smaller amount of time to maximize, it's actually not impossible to understand this at all. Plus for our profit system, these
rules don't even apply. Allah blesses them with the different, you know, blessing that we can only imagine. As for the rest of us, even a third with or less than a third of its two and a half hours, which is actually not unreasonable. It's something that we can conceptually do. And many times we spend more than this, doing things we should not do watching movies, whatever it might be binge watching, whatever it might be, if you think about it, two thirds of the night is around five, six hours, and you can have a healthy lifestyle, sleeping five hours and praying to three hours. So yes, what Allah is saying sounds very difficult to do. But when you actually do the math, it is
physically possible. And on the lower scale. It's actually imaginable for us 1/3 of the night right Holman Leila Illa kalila noosphere, who I went postman who Khalida owes it i they have is what your aim should be, or go a little bit less or go a little bit more. Our scholars say this depends on the time of the year, the longer nights you can pray longer. And it also depends on your energy. Sometimes you have more energy or not. Also, one point I always am perplexed about myself Subhanallah they operated in a system without any alarm clocks, right. I don't know how I would wake up without a Fudger alarm clock, they would wake up for 200 without an alarm clock, they would have
the capacity. Now, again, lots of medical surveys have been done. You can train yourself to wake up at a certain time again, this is well documented. I don't have that training. So one of you does good for you. I need my iPhone next to me it has to go off exactly at the time, then I will wake up but what Allah is telling you pray tahajjud at that timeframe, the people will put it in their minds. I'm going to wake up at 3am 4am I'm gonna pray tahajud and they will wake up and pray tahajud without any alarm without any mechanism. So I was at the water table for Anatel Tila pray half tonight, less than half a little bit more than the half and make sure you recite the Quran with good
tilava whare Tyrion Khurana Tada tila. Now this is a general commandment, but especially in tahajjud especially at night. But anytime the verse still applies when we recite the
Quran we are supposed to do our best to recite it in a way that gives it's right and it's do Alladhina RT now whom will Kitab yet Luna who has come to our TV, those who have given the book they recite the book The Way It deserves to be recited, and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, ze you know Al Quran or Bill Swati can beautify the Quran with your voices as much as you can. So we are expected to do tilava Somebody says, but I'm not calling Abdul Basit. I cannot imitate my showy. I cannot, you know, do shelter D and whatnot. We say Allah is not asking you to be you know, machinery, Russia FRC, Allah saying in your own life, you give your effort, you make your own
effort. And that's all that is required. And by the way, anybody who tries you will be able to at least master the rules of Tajweed everybody can perfect the rules of Jesuit and it is the easiest Islamic science. So if you haven't learned to read really the Quran is telling you learn that that you eat and at least recite the Quran in a manner that is that is useful. And that is what I tell Khurana to theta. recite the Quran with 13. What is 1313 is to give every single word every single letter, its proper enunciation, and to beautify to the best of your capability. As for pronunciation, everybody can do ask for beautification. You do as much as you can. What until
Khurana Tara Tila now, this also shows us that when we are reciting alone, it is sunnah to recite the Quran in a semi audible voice semi audible. You don't recite loudly, but you recite in a way that at least you can hear and your Tilawat in the tahajjud should also be with a proper tilava a proper enunciation. It is sunnah if you don't do this nothing wrong with this you can recite it a whisper and whatnot. Nothing wrong with this but it is the Sunnah is you recite in a semi audible voice What's the pinata in Sanofi? I take a colon tequila, why am I telling you to do these salsola You're getting a heavy message. The message will be very heavy. You need to be prepared. There's
going to be a lot of trials, there's going to be a lot of issues in your life. So what I'm telling you to do spiritual training, to prepare yourself for the message and for the repercussions of that message. In salutely. I think a colon Satilla we're going to send down a heavy responsibility. This is not just a reference to the Quran. This is a reference to the sila itself. We're going to empower you. We're going to give you the burden of being on a stool, that burden is heavy. How are you going to manage it? You better pray half the night. This shows us praying tahajud is actually a fortification for our routine. It is something that will help us overcome the stress the trials the
anxiety of this dunya in Sunil can unfold on Takeda in sheer utter Laylee he assured the water and will occur wham o kala international utterly Nazjatar lane to wake up after having slept in Nanashi utter Lail so tahajjud can be prayed anytime after Isha. A lot of people don't know this. If you pray tahajjud before you go to sleep, it will still count as 200 but it is the least rewarding but it is still rewarding. tahajjud has scales and the least rewarding and it is still greatly rewarding and it is infinitely better than no tahajjud is you pray to her Jude right before you go to sleep. Abu Huraira the Allahu and that was his sunnah he would not wake up at late at night. He would pray
to her Jude before going to sleep hadith is in Makati. And he goes the Prophet system commanded me or advise me Oh Sonica add the process and commanded me or advise me three things. One of them that I pray my tahajjud before I go to Abu Huraira he was a deep sleeper he couldn't wake up you know, they didn't have alarm clocks, they couldn't wake up so he would delay his sleep as much as he could. And then he would pray to hydrate and then go to sleep. And this is John is an it is good. And you will get a lot of reward. And it is also a halaal trick for me and you who cannot wake up at 3am Okay, we pray to her at 10 3011 Before we go to sleep, we're very tahajjud that is John is but
our profit system. He doesn't need just minimum he needs the highest of the high what is the highest of the high in Shiota lane to wake up after you have been asleep? That's Nasha to lay right. And this is the best type of tahajjud and Allah azza wa jal praises the people in the Quran to Jaffa Judo boom I didn't mobile Jerry you had the ruler of boho fun well toma that they are having to battle you know in their beds to wake up they have that sleep they have to get
out of bed that battling is the highest level one of the highest levels of jihad to wake up in the middle of the night the comfort and wisdom mill you're in your bed your whatnot and to go and make will do in the cold water and then to pray tahajjud in Nana she utter Elaine praying tahajjud after you wake up in the middle of the night right here a shed the water and wha como que la that will be the ultimate fortification a shed do what and that's going to fortify you that's going to make your heart strong. That's what's going to give you courage strength a shot do what on the strongest strength is going to come from that tahajjud wa como que la it's also going to be the best for your
speech now what does it mean up one more paid up? Some have said to understand the Quran at the middle of the night will be best that is valid. Others have said it will give you the courage to speak the truth during the day and this is also valid all of these are valid interpretations right when you pray to HUD you that night it's gonna make you stronger to speak the truth will acquire more Karina your speech is going to be absolutely correct meaning you will have the responsibility of a prophet fulfilled better and you're going to be able to express yourself and you're going to have the courage and even the eloquence if you pray to her God. All of this indicates that Allah
azza wa jal is telling him this action of worship to prepare him for his responsibility in the nationality Lady He assured the watchman who are como Kala in the lack of in a hurry subhanho wa taala. During the day, you're going to be occupied going here and there Subhan here means walking back and forth. So so Allah azza wa jal says in the Quran, that Kulu fella can yes by own the planets are yes by own yes bone here means they're going here and there. So Subhan here in the lack of in the house during the day, you're going to be busy, you can't worship the way you cannot white at night. So in the day, you're going to be busy, we are all busy in the day we're going to work
we're driving, we're busy in the dunya we have to take care of our chores go shopping, when will we have time so make sure at night when everybody's asleep, give time to Allah subhanho wa Taala then during the day when you are busy that night routine will help you in the lack of in a hurry Saba and taweelah was good is smarter, bigger, whatever tell elated theta but even during the day, don't forget to mention the name of your Lord and don't forget to dedicate time to him as well. Every few hours we pause everything drop what we're doing Facebook tibula and pray five times a day even during the day, no matter how busy we are with Cody Smarak bigger constantly do dhikr of Allah
subhanho wa Taala and dedicate time whatever to delay he Tebah Tila in the lack of in a hurry subhanho wa ala where the code is verbeke automatically Tabitha or bull mushiya Kolmogorov Illa Illa COVID Wo Akela. I'm going to skip over the middle section, the middle section, ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada is telling our promises and very briefly that ignore what they are saying. Don't bother what they are saying with and leave it to Allah subhanho wa taala wa God whom Hydra and Jamila, don't respond with their filth in their type of similar manner. Turn away from them. Be patient with Allah, Allah is threatening to punish them like seven verses about punishments and you can go over them that
Allah azza wa jal finishes with the last verse that ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada says that in the Hadith Cara Furman SHA da da da da, Vida in Rob Baca Yeah, and Mo uneca como una manera de les now this is, it obviously came down after a period of time from the beginning of the surah. There is a disconnect in timeframe. The Quran, as you know, the sutras very rarely were revealed in their entirety, no large Surah came down completely at once, rather, verses came down. And then later on other verses, then layered on other verses, and our Prophet system would tell the Sahaba put this verse here, put that verse here. So our Prophet system explicitly instructed where to put each verse, and here we
can clearly see the last verse is talking about a habit that has already been established. And the first verses is telling the process of to start to habit, the two verses are not the same timeframe, the last verse, Allah knows in the Rebecca Yharnam, that you are praying so much of tahajjud you and the people with you in the Rebecca Yeah.
I didn't mean to say Layli. When is for who ortho? Allah knows you're praying a little bit less than two thirds of the night, and sometimes half and sometimes 1/3. So Allah is saying, I see you doing this, whereas the first verse you must do, it means there is a timeframe. When Allah told him to do it, he did it. Then Allah azza wa jal revealed the last verse of the sudo. And the process I'm told the Sahaba to edit here in this last verse, What is Allah saying, Allah is praising the prophets of Salaam and then Allah is saying, well, if a terminal Medina ma
And a group that is with you, meaning, this is a very interesting point. If you wish to be in the elite company of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam you should pray tahajjud Allah describes the people of tahajjud as being with the Prophet sallallahu either he was seldom right. So if you want to get to that level, then this is your number one mechanism to get there. Well thought if I terminar Lavina mark, these are the people that are with you, your rasool Allah, the highest of the high they are doing what you are doing, well Allah he will put the relator when the heart Allah is in control of the times of the night and date that it will learn to sue Fatah but either you come
here this is according to the majority of interpreters. This idea came to abrogate the command to pray tahajjud
Allah azza wa jal initially made tahajjud obligatory for a period of time, then Allah azza wa jal said it's not obligatory. This is the mainstream interpretation. And there are other interpretation, we don't I don't have time for the others. But there's nothing wrong with this interpretation and it seems to match up. Allah says, I know you will never be able to do justice. So I have forgiven you forgiven you from what tab is a coma, let it go, what the obligation to pray that you call me later is a command you must pray tahajjud and I shall have the Allahu Ana said in the beginning to hurt Jude was made obligatory.
And by the way, five prayers were not obligatory. So in those early stages of Islam, the five daily Salawat were not yet routine that came at Islamic Raj that came towards the end of the makan era. In the beginning, you had to pray generically and tahajjud. Then Allah azza wa jal says, I know you will never be able to do justice. So I have let it go for taba Alikum you don't have to pray if you do. It's good, but it's not obligatory. But for Cara Omata Yes, sir Amina Quran even if you don't pray to her God, make sure you read the Quran as much as you can * her Omata yes Sarah male Quran then Allah says I know some amongst you are going to be sick you cannot pray to HUD you I know
others are going to be traveling for business traveling to get this dunya you cannot pray to HUD you I know others are going to be fighting in the way of Allah you cannot pray tahajjud so don't worry, it's not obligatory, but still * Roma to Yes sir. I mean, who make sure you read the Quran as much as you can. So this is therefore a command to all of us who are not praying tahajjud that if you're not able to pray to HUD, you would make it up by reading the Quran as much as you can. And if you do so, you might get some of the rewards that are given to those who are praying tahajjud *a Oh Mateus Sarah comes twice in this last ayah twice Allah is saying I know you cannot do it if you
cannot do it. Read the Quran. I know some will be sick. I know some will be traveling. I know some will be doing jihad still read as much as you can have the Quran for chlamydia, Solomon, and even if you do pray 200 Oh don't pray tahajjud do every other good deed for chroma Testerman welcome mo salata. Make sure you pray the other prayers were our Tuesday. carta give your Zakah well, I'll put it Allah Cadogan has Santa give sadaqa as much as you can, and Allah will pay it back to you. Corbyn has no means alone, that is guaranteed to be given swiftly and with more than what you have given. Imagine. Somebody said, Can you lend me $1,000 And you know, this person has a habit the next day
he'll pay it back and I'll give you a halal gift. You know, it's halal to give a gift on the loan. You cannot make a condition but if he gives it this is Coghlan, Hassan, Allah is saying you give me sadaqa for the sake of the Quran, I will give it back to you immediately in more than what you have given me. So Allah is saying whatever good you do
for the Hazara one to hide and whatever good you do, whether it is sada whether it is Quran, whether it is Salah, whether it is cm, that you do who are in the law, you're going to find it with ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada who are hired on what are ajira what you will get back from Allah is more than what you would have given was still federal law and throughout all of your good deeds, continue to ask Allah's forgiveness. Don't let your rituals cause your ego to be inflated that I've reached a high level know, even as you do your rituals, recognize your sins, ask Allah's forgiveness. And from this if I had been above others, they said, after every act of worship, you should do a stop for Allah.
Because Allah is saying, whatever good you do, you will find it with Allah then and ask Allah's forgiveness. And it is the Sunnah of the Prophet system even after Salah what would he say? Soon as he will say that this theme what would you say? Stop for Allah stop for Allah stuff for Allah after doing a ritual. Why do we say a stop for Allah Ibaka em says one of the reasons to
cleanse our own ego that we feel we've done something good remind ourselves of our sins. Another reason to ask Allah's forgiveness for a shortcoming within the deed, we do Hajj we do.
We do CRM, we do Salah What if we don't do it properly? What if there's a mistake staford Allah for those mistakes, so what's still fear Allah? Then Allah azza wa jal says in the law of four Rahim Allah is indeed forgiving and merciful. This is a short summary of some of the key themes of Surah Al Muzammil May Allah azza wa jal make it easy for us to be of those who prayed tahajjud if not regularly, at least semi regularly as I keep on reminding myself and all of you. If you cannot pray 200 Every night, pray it as much as you can. May Allah azza wa jal calls the Quran to be a baraka for us a source of reason for us, may Allah cleanse our hearts of any evil allow the Quran to be our
light and our Lord may Allah cause the Quran to be our chef here and Chef chef on the Day of Judgment will throwdown hamdulillah herbal Alameen wa salam solve the law who was selling them about a part of the Mohamed Anwar, he was a major marine
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