Fiqh of Worship 1
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Series: Yasir Qadhi - Fiqh of Worship
File Size: 28.82MB
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi discusses the different branches of Fiqh in this lecture.
Acts of our religion and the consequent Fiqh can be classified into the following categories:
The Shaykh starts off with the Fiqh of purification or Tahara.
Categories of water:
- Tahoor fluid – natural water – it is pue in itself and can purify other things.
- Taahir fluid – it is pure in itself but does not purify other things.
- Najas fluid – it is impure in itself which implies that it cannot purify anything.
We get a detailed explanation of the three types of water from the Shaykh and deserves a fair listen.
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I'd like to welcome you to this first class of our fifth session on the seventh of June 1999 corresponding to the
22nd of suffer 1420 hit the year and inshallah we were going to be covering the basics are the basics of the more important aspects of worship which in which will include purification, will do sala
zeca and fasting songs. And if we have time perhaps to move on to some of the more aspects of sips. Now, before we jump into the purification, what is what exactly is
well, linguistically safe means to understand, to reason. Okay?
So linguistically fit means to understand something from a from a linguistic from an Arabic perspective. Now obviously from an Islamic perspective for something else. This is a study of the rulings of the
seas, the physical rulings of the shadow area of the Sharia, excuse me, the physical rulings of the Sharia with their detailed evidences this is the definition of the rock machinery economically Yes.
Is that the study of the physical Sharia ruling from a with very detailed evidences, then when we say physical Sharia rulings, what is this differentiated from?
metaphysical no? hypothetical, no. Physical meanings versus spiritual. Okay? So the spiritual ruling our happiness, okay, so in fact, we don't deal with the concept of so he's the concept of metta, aka the concept of you know, that we say the physical rulings meaning what Allah subhanaw taala has laid down in the Quran, the sweetness, okay, with very detailed evidences, so we have to go back to the evidence of the Quran and Sunnah. And say, or see how we get these rulings, how we get these evidence. Okay, so this is what fifth is now Phil covers, basically our daily life, our physical daily life, okay, this is what fifth is meant to summarize. I mean, this is what just that Now,
obviously, there are a number of things they have to know start off, or they have to give a certain
methodology in describing fair coin writing about 50. So what the general trend is, is that you start off with purification and we'll get to that in a while why we start with purification, then you move on to will do and then you move on to fala. And then you talk about some of the different types of salt, I know there are many different types of soda, and then you move on to funeral prayers, strategies and how you wash the body and everything. And then they move on to after Salah you have the car, and then you talk about the obligation of the car, and who you give the car to and how you how you take out the car, and then you move on to fasting. So okay, and then you move on to
hedge. So how you perform the hedge, one is obligatory, what is the procedure price? These are called the a badass for the pure worship aspects these these four pillars. The first pillar is the Shahada. There is no fifth with respect to the Shahada is just a matter of a pizza. Right? So then there are four pillars left, right for Zika cm and
so these four pillars are the first pillars that that everyone talks about in the book so these are what we're going to do we're not going to do hedge because inshallah You know, when you whenever you go go for Hajj there are books out available for that, so we're not going to cover in these classes. Now, after the scholars inquiry, these four things, they then move on to different topics, they discuss jihad, the physical jihad, who do you fight, what do you fight, how do you divided the booty of war, they discuss economic transaction and this is a huge chapter. It deals with you know, common selling and trading what is allowed what is prohibited. How can you buy foods there on the tree?
gifts inheritance, what the finding items on the floor, what do you do with them? The whole chapter economics is a huge chapter of
Okay, everything that has to do with finances is dealt with in that chapter. After that they discuss usually we discuss like marriage. Okay, who can you marry? Who Can you not? My, what is the procedure for marriage? Okay, the etiquettes of marriage, because divorce and the proper procedure for divorce. And then there are other ways in which the marriage contract is broken. And so the point is you realize sip is a huge topic, which covers every single thing of our lives, how we dress, what we eat, how we read another chapter of what we eat. Okay, perhaps we'll have time to cover that perhaps we won't. But the point is, how do you sacrifice an animal? Which animals are
allowed? Which animals are prohibited? Okay, what is the proper way for tanning, all of these types of topics are covered in. So basically, everything that we do in our daily lives from when we wake up to when we go to sleep, they're governed by. Okay, so we see that the default is very, very important. And it's very practical. So hidden, all of this is practical, and it's important, but it's more theoretical, if you'd like, you have to know it, and then you have to implement it. On the other hand, you can it's more like hands on, it's more direct, you put it into effect immediately. Okay? That's not to undermine stuff, a lot of it is obviously the purpose of creation. But if you
like, there's another way to differentiate that you can say,
you can say that, oh, he's an advisor. So he's a worship, right? There is a conceptual side to it, which is what we're gonna do in this book. And then there's a physical side to it, which is what we're gonna do and fill. In other words, how do you worship Allah, you've understood that after you've covered two territories, inshallah you've understood now, the importance of worshiping Allah and the dangers of worshipping other than Allah and what worship entails. Now the question arises, Well, okay, how do I worship Allah? And the primary way is, when you put into action, how do you pray? How do you wish to do? How do you do versus Okay, how do you give you this is the
implementation of the hidden whatever to his
Why do we know? So he says, Hello, here, right? And the difference between yesterday, the guru here is what we put into effect when we study. Okay, now, what are the sources of fear? Now, I understand you're going to have a detailed class on the students or the sciences, just a few weeks, but just so that we understand where we're coming from and the five minutes summary? What are the sources of
the first source, obviously, what is the first source?
The second source, the sooner the third source?
is not what is in your mouth?
no consensus. In other words, when all of the companions or any generation they all unite upon something, well, this is what is this what consensus means? Now consensus means that all of the scholars that happens at that time they have to have the same opinion, you can't have any difference of opinion. And there are a number of things that are based on what is the fourth most important source?
Yes, yes. What is the
analogy, okay. In other words, a certain ruling exists in the Quran and Sunnah. Okay. Now, there is another aspect or another thing, which is very similar to this thing. So we make analogy, we miss the act between this which doesn't exist and this which doesn't exist, you're confusing to give an example. One example, which is the most common example to a class and I shall do you understand what this means. Okay. Marijuana, is there any organic or Heidi's that specifically previous marijuana?
you know, there's nothing that prohibits it. Now, when we look at intoxicants alcoholic drinks, the Koran clearly prohibited and it says the reason it permitted is because you lose your mind. Okay, so then there is one ruling or there's one case or there's one scenario that exists in the whole on incident, ie alcoholic drinks and the prohibition another scenario, marijuana it doesn't exist. So we'll make analogy may be asked between alcoholic drinks and marijuana and we say because alcoholic drink are prohibited and they are prohibited because they you know, cause your mind you do cause you to lose your mind and become you know, without intellectual short period of time. Likewise,
marijuana shares with alcoholic drinks that same reason, so therefore, it must share that same ruling.
You understand where I'm coming from? Is that marijuana and alcoholic drinks, okay? Beer, spirits wine, they share the same thing common in that they make a person loses his mind. Even if it's temporary, they make him lose his mind. They make him do crazy things. It's harmful for the body. So we may see us we may see ads between marijuana and between alcoholic drinks and we say since alcoholic drinks are permitted in the corner, therefore marijuana is also dividend This is called BS. So this is the fourth important source of Islamic law. Now, there are other sources which inshallah you might study. But these are the four main sources this wanted us to know them before,
you know, we started this classes. Now. Also, before we start our classes, you should realize that every single action can be put in one of five categories in Islam.
Every single action can be put in one of five categories and we have to define these five categories because we're going to be using them left and right when we come to okay. So there is nothing
A single thing that you can do,
coming from us, depending what doesn't matter whether it's from Salah or Zakah, or what clothes you wear or walking in the street, whatever you do, every single app can be categorized in one of these five things. The first category is how long okay? The first category is that how long? What is how many? How about means that that act is prohibited from doing that if you do it you are sinful.
So something that is how long is something that you are prohibited from doing and if you do it, you are sinful in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala. I think everyone knows the meaning of how
to second category is that of a crew, okay. My crew means discouraged or disliked this act, something which is more crew is something which you are discouraged from doing. But if you do it, you are not sinful.
If you do a crew act, you are not sinful for doing the task. But you are encouraged to not do it.
Is that clear? So a McGrew act, if you leave a makrooh act, you will be rewarded. But if you do it, you will not be sinful.
I'm going slow here. So listen carefully. If you leave a McGrew as a disliked x, if you leave a mcru X, you will be rewarded. But if you do it, you will not be sinful.
Okay? Is that clear? Whereas a helot act, if you leave it, you're not sinful, necessarily. I mean, are you I'm excuse me, if you leave it, you're not rewarded necessarily. For example, if you don't take interest, or you're going to be rewarded for not taking interest, no, because you're obligated not to take interest, you're obligated to leave for an occasion. So if you leave it, you are not necessarily rewarded. But you will be sinful if you fall into it.
Where the mcru Act, if you leave it consciously, then you will be rewarded for leaving that act. And you will not be sinful if you fall into it. Are you? Are you clear with that or not? You are Don't be embarrassed if someone's not clear on something. Just stop me and you know, we'll go over
with the rest of my policies and teaching policy questions. It's best to be left towards the end of the lecture. But if you don't understand the concept, right then and there, raise your hand and say, Can you repeat it? Okay, so questions, have a, you know, related nature after the end of the class. If you don't understand something, then raise your hand and I'll stop and I'll go over that point. Okay. I don't mind that.
That's the second category mcru, which means that it's discouraged or disliked to do so therefore, if you leave that discouraging, you are rewarded, but if you do it, you are not sinful. The third act, or the third category, excuse me, is that a MOBA MOBA meme de la MOBA. Okay. A MOBA x is one which is neither discouraged or encouraged. So you are neither rewarded or sinful for doing it.
Let me give you an example for that, for example,
when you woke up in the morning, and you put on a blue shirt, okay, did you expect to be rewarded by a lot for putting on a blue shirt instead of a red one?
No. Did you expect to be punished? No. It doesn't matter what you wear, as long as a certain conditions are met. But what you wear, is it blue or red or green, it doesn't matter. So this is more back, it's allowed. And most of our activities at least fall under mobile, eating and drinking, and you know, sleeping and you know, taking a walk in the forest, all these type of things are moved back to allow. In other words, you're not rewarded for doing it, but you're not sinful, and you're not sinful for doing at the same time. Okay, neither reward nor thing. It's just allowed. Okay, the fourth category is with the habit or encouraged. The fourth category is Mr. hub, or encouraged. And
this category basically, is any app that a person who does it will be rewarded. But if he leaves it, he's not going to be sinful.
And he asked that a person if he does it, he's going to get reward from Allah. But if he leaves if he's not going to be sinful, okay, for example, praying the Sunnah prayers like go has to center force and is like that the sun nippers, okay, this is muster. If you pray, it is good for you, you're gonna get reward and you're encouraged to pray it was to have means encouraged is rewarded. Okay? But if you leave that sooner prayer, no one's gonna say that you're you're sinful for leaving the cemetery. Okay, so it's encouraged to do, but if you leave it, it's not as
clear. Okay, the last category obviously, is logically obligatory, which means that you are obligated you are obliged to do that act, it is obligatory upon you, it is mandatory upon you to do that act. And if you do it, you are rewarded. If you leave it, you are sinful. If you do it, you are rewarded, like your five daily prayers. Okay, you have to wake up a budget and pray pressure on time today because if you do it, you're rewarded. If you leave it and you are sinful. This is watching. Okay, so the fifth canal is basically the categorization of all of our assets into one of these five categories. Okay, so we define what is worship, we define what is Mr. hub, we define what is MOBA?
Actually MOBA has everything. Everything is mobile.
we categorize that otherwise. Okay, once we define what is watching, but what is Mr hype? And what is moku? And what is how long everything that is left falls under will die, which means there is no ruling regarding it, you're allowed to do it wearing glasses or contacts. Okay? I mean, you know, going to choosing a job at Dow Chemical or BASF or whatever, doesn't matter, it's mobis. You know, say
MOBA means is allowed, it's allowed? Neither is it encouraged, encouraged or discouraged, okay? It's just, it's, it's allowed, okay, you don't get a reward for doing it. And you don't get a sense for doing it. Where do you want to work? You want to work at Pizza Hut or McDonald's as long as it no pork or bacon of all, but in general, I mean, you know, just what do you want to do for a living, you want to be an engineer, you want to be a doctor, it's mobile, it's up to you. It's mobile. So most of the acts of our daily life, they fall into mobile. Everything that we define as, as heroin and logic and McLuhan, Mr. Hamilton defined it was, if we were to take a full class, this whole
book, for example, we define them. But you know, the point I feel is to categorize all of your acts into one of these five things. Okay, there's another way you can look at.
Now, my methodology in teaching will basically be we're going to teach fifth at a very basic level, the reason being that we have a time factor involved, we only have, you know, maybe 20 lectures or so. Okay. Also, you know, most of us sitting here have not studied before, so we're not qualified to discuss the various different opinions. Well, this Imam said this dish might have said that this, we don't have time for that, you know, we just have to quickly go over to understand what we're doing. Okay. Also, perhaps I'm not, you know, the best person to teach you this type of stuff, you need an advanced scholar to teach you these type of details. But primarily is due to the time factor that we
don't have enough time to cover. So basically, that basically means we have to choose
a certain book or a certain scholar, or certain men have to teach you, okay? And I want you to realize all of you, or most of you know that there are four mentors in existence today, historically, there are four, there have been many more before, right, but there are four primary mentors, okay, now, it's allowed and encouraged to study one of these mentors, at least one of them, okay, but it is not mandatory, to take one that have as your mentor, it is not mandatory that I have to choose one of these four. And for the rest of my life, I have to just blindly follow with this method says, No, it's just a stepping stone in your processes to study is that you choose them? And
have you studied what this method says about you. Because you know that there are various philosophies of various ways of proof, right? And we don't have time to get into the details of that. But inshallah I understand the last week, the the weekend course, and the evening courses will be devoted to the sciences. So then you will understand why these differences exist, why these might have exists, or what are they different? How are they different? How are they different from each other? Right now, we don't have the time to get into this. So inshallah last week, you will be exposed to that type of knowledge. But my point is, I have decided to choose the humbling method, in
particular, to teach you these basic courses. And I'd like to point out over and over again, this is just a stepping stone. It's just a stepping stone doesn't mean that now that I've, you've heard me say this for the rest of your lives, you're going to follow with no. And Shall I encourage you to go and research to go and ask the scholars to read more about the evidences. But just so that we can quickly breeze over some topics quickly understand what fifth is about, many people don't even know, for example, we talked about types of water, which we're gonna talk about today, we need the types of water type h2o. I mean, there's only one is this ionise and beyond as they don't understand where
we're coming from. So at least if they go over one, if you like, must have a one philosophy, at least they know this thing exists, they understand it, now they are better qualified to go and study this more and more detail. Okay, so please understand and, you know, emphasizing over and over again, what I say in this class is not like the final authority, or the final word in the matter. No, we're just quickly, you know, breezing over some aspects that, I want you to understand that this is just a stepping stone. And the reason I chose the humbling method is because I feel more comfortable with it. And also because I have the books
to do that. And also because many of the other messages share conversations with me, they at least advise and they advise the people that when they start studying, they should start with the humbling method because it's the most involved with how the system most directly goes back to this, the Quran isn't, you know, so because of those factors and others will just quickly start off.
We'll start off inshallah with the humbling metalman. We're going to continue with that for the next few four weeks. But again, and again, I don't expect you to take this method, I don't expect you to progressively like follow it blindly. No, it is in fact incorrect to follow a method blindly which inshallah you will be taught in the last week of your classes. With that inshallah, we'll start with two chapter purification. So short chapter will finish in a short while.
Another point, before I started that, I'm going to talk
about stuff in a practical manner, which means I'm going to delete many topics, which are scholars of the past discuss that were relevant to them. For example, the chapter of bajada, we discussed a lot about it is usually discussed about wells and about, you know, ponds and lakes, we don't have to do with that because we get water from the tap, usually, you know, so I'm just going to delete type of topics that were relevant in the past but not that relevant now. I'm just going to delete them or ignore them and move on to self which is more practical.
Someone is used recipe doesn't need that permission from me just go ahead.
We start off with the chapter of purification or the chapter of water. Okay. Now why do we start off with water? why did why Why? Why does the book say start off with a chapter concerning water? The reason is very simple. What is the most important act of worship that a Muslim does in his day? Salah prayer, right? The most important act of worship is prayer. Okay, the How does one enter into a state of prayer and to stated that he's qualified to pray by will do and what it will do based upon what So, you see, when you follow the sequence of events backwards, you realize that the more that when a person for example, wakes up in the morning he has to offer his credit for what is the
first thing he has to do is go and make gold. So obviously, we have to discuss about water what what is going to make Lewis and what water he cannot make water with. Okay, so this is why this book suggests they start off with a chapter of water. Now, know that water and to be more precise, fluids to be precise, fluids are classified into three categories. So simply perspective, three categories, every single fluid, from Diet Coke to Pepsi, from water to every single food you want, you can classify it into one of three categories. Okay, the first category is called for who? Or who? Thought, ha, wow, Ross. perot, who? Okay, this under this comes
natural water. In other words, the only thing that's the whole is natural water. What do you mean by natural water? I mean water there has been unpolluted water that comes down from the sky water that is in the lakes and ponds, water that we open our tasks with this is unpolluted water. Okay. When we turn on the tap, pure water comes out. This is water, h2o. You know, this is unpolluted, you don't have any substances in it that changes it to another subject to another substance. Okay. So for hood water, the definition of a hold water is that type of water that purifies
excuse me, sorry, that type of water that is pure in and of itself and purifies other objects is the definition of the whole, that the whole water is water that is pure in and of itself. And it purifies other objects. So if you were to touch this to hold water, your hands would not become dirty would not become impure. Why because this water is pure in and of itself. Likewise, you can purify yourself with it. So there's two aspects of the whole water. Firstly, it is pure in and of itself. You can drink it, eat it, wash yourself in it, okay. Secondly, it removes impurities from you, it purifies other objects. So in other words, you can perform although you can form a Muslim
with it. So this The second aspect of the whole water, you understand the two aspects firstly is pure in and of itself. Secondly, it purifies other objects. Okay. The proof for this is that a lot of calculators, no foreign ones in them in a semi EMA and PAHO that we have revealed from the skies, pure water for who are water. So obviously, the water that comes out from the skies, every one of you has studied the water cycle. Basically everything from the power to the lakes to the streams, all of it comes from the rain, and then it goes back to the rain. So big cycle. So the fact that a lot of high dimensions, one part of the cycle is being pure automatically implies that this whole
cycle of water, that when water comes down, it's absorbed into the earth. And then rivers and
wells are formed from that water, and then rivers and streams and oceans and lakes. All of this is come forth from the from the rain. All of this shows that the natural water in its natural state is the hose. In other words, it is pure in and of itself, and it can purify other objects. Likewise, the processor said in one ad, that
in the law of hood, that water is the hood, and it never becomes impure. Nothing in purifies water. Now there's water, I'd like to have it it is pure. So you can it is pure in and of itself and it purifies other things. So is that clear. The first category of fluids is pure water. In other words of cold water. The second category of fluids is for him not to hoard before his car, Alice ha and last fall hit a fluid. Now the definition of barrhead fluid is
every fluid that is pure in and of itself, but does not purify other objects. How does it differ from the horse?
What is the horse do?
It purifies other objects. For him it doesn't purify other objects. Okay. So for example, undistorted water for another one, but underwater fluids, for example, are the fluids that we use for eating and drinking? Okay, Pepsi seven up Diet Coke tank, orange juice, Gatorade, whatever you want. These are thoughts. They are pure in and of themselves, but you can't do will do with Gatorade. You can't do with Pepsi. Okay. Why? Because it's fine. We're going to discuss now how do we get from both sides to personalities? First, I just want to explain to you the three categories and then we're going to discuss them in more detail. So Does everyone understand what it is, is that
these are those fluids which are pure in in and of themselves. So you can drink and eat these foods. If you want to. I mean, not every time fluid you want to drink but I'm saying you can drink these fluids you can eat
them, they can fall on your clothes. Okay? They can you can you know,
you can still use something can spill on you or you can still spray. You can still pray excuse me, it's getting late in the day I'm getting
tired. You can still pray with that fluid on your body. So some Pepsi falls on you for example, okay? You don't have to watch that portion.
You don't have to watch that portion. It's totally worth it.
You don't have to watch that portion with a Pepsi falls before you pray because the spa hit. So it doesn't insurify it's not impure, but you can't perform over with FC. Do you see the difference between pothead and the host?
When he wasn't clear now, you know say so before you move on to the third category. The third category of fluids is measures fluids. nudges meaning impure fluids, okay? Now Nergis is that which is impure in and of itself? So obviously, it cannot purify other things. ledges is an object or a fluid which is impure. It could be a fluid, it could be a solid object, which is impure in and of itself. So obviously, if it's impure, how can you purify the thing that is understood when you say impure? So for example, urine, human urine, okay, human feces and stool. Okay, this is magic. So it's something that just with a scene, if something of alleges falls on you, then you have to take
it off before you press. So some urine falls on you. You cannot pray in those clothes where that urine has fallen. Okay, you have to go and wash it. What's the horrify? What are you gonna wash it with?
The who's not bought it? Because profit doesn't purify other things. Remember, the who is the thing that purifies other things? It doesn't purify the thing. Okay. So you understand what the hood is doing? It's our bond, it is on yourself with everything. Everyone's clear with that. Okay, the question arises, how does water come from the hood supplier colleges? What changes water from the Husqvarna niche, we just said natural water is to hold you turn the tap on and it's pure water. It's the hose. Okay. Water that's found in the world. The sound in you know you buy from the shop found in the ocean. All of this is the hook. But obviously, how does it change from two to five? Because
obviously everything is based from water? How does it change them? So who would support him?
The change that occurred or the criteria for this change? is very simple. Suppose you were to add something to hold water. Let me give you a practical example tanks. Okay, you have a bucket, a big bucket of pure water. If you were to add a little spoon or a tablespoon of tangy this whole bucket and mix it in, would you be able to detect any change?
Yes or no?
I would say no. If you have a big bucket, and you added a little tablespoon of tanks, right? I don't think you'd detect any change. And you still call the thing water, right?
I mean, if you add a little bit of tang to it, it's not gonna it's not gonna change anything in the water. But still, you're still gonna call it water. But if you were to continue adding tank to it, eventually that water becomes from fire to the hood. Eventually you stop calling that thing water and you start calling a tank. Okay, now when does this breakpoint come? While there is no precise definition is basically what you would call water and what you would call tanks. There is no precise grade point is that okay? after you add this many milligrams of a certain substance. So how do you change from the hood to pocket is when you would stop calling that object water and you will start
calling it something else. Likewise with Pepsi, okay. Pepsi, for example, Pepsi. For those of you that work in the restaurant industry, you know that it's sold as a very concentrated
sugar or syrup, okay, and they add water to it. Because they add water to it. And then the carbonated that's where you get your fizzy drinks when you go to the restaurant, okay? A little bit of that sugar, a little bit of that syrup. If you were to add it to a large amount of water, it would not change anything and you would still call it water. But eventually as you added more and more syrup to that water, eventually you stop calling in water and you say okay, this is Pepsi or even w etc. But you wouldn't call it water. Okay, when did this exact precise change come? There is no exact precise time point before this. It's water before that. But it basically goes back to your
judgment. Would you call this substance water or not? Likewise, soap, okay, you add a little bit of soap to a lot of water. It might be a little bit of salty, but you still consider that in water. If you add a lot a lot a lot eventual change and become another substance. Okay, so again, there is no fine criteria that you can use. There is no pinpoint place that you can play before this is the horse before after this is fine. It's basically it goes back to your own self. Would you call that object water? Or would you call it something else? Would you call it Pepsi or Tang or Gatorade or whatever you want to call it? Okay, as soon as you think that this object is no no is now no longer
water than you cannot perform we'll do with this one. Okay. So if something small falls into the water, for example, leaves, this doesn't change the water at all. So it's always going to remain
A little bit of sand, it doesn't change the water Are you still gonna call it what you might call a dirty water, but it's still water, muddy water, but it's still water. So you can perform will do with this type of water. Like what sometimes when we turn the tap on, and we find the water is slightly red, because of lead deposits, right? This is the whole water, because if you still call that substance, water, it might be a little bit polluted, it might be changed, it might have changed its color, but you still consider that substance, water. So you can perform will do with that type of water. Likewise, the ocean it has salt in it, but you still considered water, salty water, but
it's water. Okay, so you can perform a loop with that type of substance. So what I'm saying is the criteria between sahul and Farhad, it goes back to basically yourself, okay, it goes back to your intelligence, I mean, would you consider this water or not? If you consider it water, it is,
you know, you you can perform a little with it. If you consider it as something else besides water, then it is pure. It is pure if you've added something to it, but you cannot perform with a widget does that clear so far?
No, we're gonna get to that in a while about fasting and performing a little faster. It doesn't break it. Yeah.
Yeah, okay. The question the question is, I defined the whole as pure water. Now if we add something, it becomes slightly improved. What do I mean by pure I mean not pure from a if you like our says, I mean pure from a from a Sherry essence from the sensor and the religion of Islam. This water is pure metals. If it falls on you, you don't have to wash it to pray. I don't mean pure from a sense of, absolutely. Excuse me, undiluted? A No, no chemicals. Nope, nope. No, I don't mean pure from a chemical perspective, if you like, I mean, pure from an Islamic perspective. Meaning that when I say something is pure, it means that the Sharia or the religion of Allah has classified this
substance as pure, in that if it falls on you, or if, or if you have a little bit of this substance on you, you can still pray and there's no problem with it. Okay? If you have some Pepsi or some fluids or some some type of stuff on you can still pray in those type of clothes. It's not the, you know, versus for example, magic, which we'll get to now, magic is everything that is impure. So for example,
human urine, and human feces and stool, okay, and pigs, and
the urine and feces of those animals that are not eating. Okay, those animals that are not eating such as the dog, such as all carnivores, animals, okay, all of these things are niches. But do you want me to write these type of things? That human feces, humans tool?
On pig everything you would think there's no just everything you would think such as
the saliva of the dog?
Every urine and stool that comes from an animal that you are not allowed to eat? So for example, cow urine is that no, just no cow urine is not images. Okay? sheep, urine, seafood is not images. Okay, pigeon, for example, pigeon droppings are not images. Okay? So if you're praying in a pigeon dropping falls on you, you don't have to pick your brain versus for example, if a human urine suddenly fell on you, you cannot continue praying with a circle close. Okay, do you see the difference? Those type of animals, which are allowed to eat, their urine and stool is pure, whereas those have an animal that you're prohibited from eating their urine and stool is impure? Okay, so
these type of things are all magic, questions of the empiricism? Okay, these type of these type of things, they're all qualified as nudges. Now, how does water change from a hook to nudges? Here, there is a fine point here, there is a pin point that you can see before this is totally for this. Unlike from post replies, when you add you can disallow the definition of or non definition, when you can qualify something or classify something as images when you add to the hood water, or safavid water. When you add a nitrous you've already defined some of the most important jobs right? When you add a natural substance until either its color or its taste or smell changes.
Then that water will be qualified classified as energy and its leaves being water and it becomes natural. So you have for example, a bucket of water. Okay. Now, suppose you're doing some experimental status. How would you do suppose you add a few drops of urine to this big buckets, okay. of human urine.
Neither will the color change, nor the smell change nor the taste change. Okay? So you could still do that without what I'm not advising you to do it right. But I'm saying were you to perform we'll do with that water. You will do the accessible. You understand where I'm coming from. I'm not saying you should do without water. But I think if you were to do so, or were you forced in a situation to do will do with that water then you will
To the acceptable, whereas for example, if you added a whole cup of urine, then the smell would change. And or the the color would change and or the taste will change. If any one of these three changes, or all three things change, then that bucket becomes impure becomes measured. So if you were in the middle of the desert, and you only had this bucket of water with you, you could still not perform without water, and you will have to do them which we're going to get to us in a while. So you understand where I'm coming from, is that there is a clear pinpoint between food and ledges, where there is no clarity within the whole body.
Okay, there's three aspects, any one of these three things that are changed.
This will change the water from the ocean, or just, if there's more than one, all the better. But if any one of these three things is changed, then that water becomes niches when you add a natural substance, we already defined the most important substances and there are more, for example, blood, blood is natural substance, okay? You add blood, or human urine, or human species or stool or anything to a four hole fluid. until either its taste has changed, or its color is changed, or its smell, or any of the three or more than the three doesn't matter appointed, at least one of these three things has to be changed, okay? When you can detect a color change, or a small change or a
taste change, right then and there at that point, that water changes from food to thought,
oh, excuse me, the whole two nudges. Okay, any one of these three things color tastes or smells? Okay.
Now, this is based on the amount of the Muslim scholars, this is what we're saying. The evidence for this is the amount or the unanimous consensus of all the Muslim scholars, they all have the same opinion is that no matter how small the water is, in this cup, or is as big as an ocean, okay, or not an ocean, an ocean can ever become an adjuster, you know, this, you know, no matter what happens, the ocean has so much water, it will clear it away, okay, but suppose it's bigger this room, a container full of water. If you added any legit substance to this cup, or to this container water, the criterion will still be the same. As soon as one of these three things changes either the
taste or the color or the smell. When that changes, then that water becomes measures. Okay, let's clear it up right.
Now obviously, it is discouraged from performing we'll go from a small amount of water in which it has fallen into so for example, you have a bucket of water and you want to do hosel and you know that for example a child came in urinated in that Okay, now it didn't change any of these three things. But obviously discouraged is disliked it's more cruel to do water from that to do will do or hosel from that type of water, you understand this point right. The proof of this is added to the process and reported by wood wood in which he said
when water reaches two coolers, we're going to define coolers in a while when water reaches two coolers, and it can never become ledges so a cooler is a huge amount of water it basically is around 160 something
kilogram there's a huge amount of water huge amounts of weight of water, one could refer to is going to be double that I mean point is is a huge amount of water and the scholars have different about the exact transformation of cola to our modern system. But the point is they all agree it's a huge amounts of water. So the person said one water is more than two colors like a big white lake or a pond or a swimming pool for example. Okay, then it will never become niches. So what does this mean? It means it is less than two colors like a small amount it will become much faster become niches faster. Okay, so if you have a small amount like this cup, or a bucket that if some ledges falls
into it, then it's discouraged to perform will do from these types of waters. But it's not haram it's not prohibited. Why? Because one of these three things has not changed it was one of these three things changes then the water changes from the hose to nudges and it becomes haram to perform will do with this type of water.
Is that clearer? It was losing your eyes is unclear. Okay? Another point is
extremely large bodies of water can never become niches never become niches for example, oceans, large lakes. And this is well known by experience no matter how big an oil spill occurs, for example, it's never going to make the whole water niches This is something one of the miracles of the last paragraph no matter what you do. And many many countries they still just their gutters, they literally just go into the oceans you know so the question arises Can I do water can I do will do from that ocean? The answer is of course, large bodies of water never become niches never become niches okay? Now obviously if you're in one part of that ocean where you can see an adjuster or you
can send obviously the the the outcome of the ruling is different. But I'm talking about if you're on the other side of the ocean or another beach, for example, we have the sewage system
is a being expelled from one beach and you're another beach two miles away. Okay, you can't take our serious Melanie difference. That water is pure for you. You don't have to concern yourself while there's a sewage line.
draining into the ocean. That's why because large bodies of water never become niches. Okay? in its entirety, they never become niches. Another point is flowing or running water also doesn't become niches. Okay? So if you're at a stream and it's running and it's flowing, you don't have to be concerned or someone urinating on top of the stream, or you don't have to think about this, because if it's flowing water, it's never going to become this. Okay, flowing water does not become niches.
Let's see what else is there. Before we finish, we already mentioned that
one of the most we are, we already mentioned some of the more important the data, some of the more important than just objects, but you should realize that certain objects are more nudges than others, okay? amongst them is pigs, pigs art, they are always nudges doesn't matter how much you watch them, they're always going to be noticed, you can put all of the water of all of the oceans on a big, it'll still be okay, doesn't matter, this heat is never just in and of itself. Likewise, dogs, saliva, saliva of the dogs, the processes instead that if a dog licks in one of your vessels or sits in one of your vessels, then throws that water out. And once that water seven times, or
excuse me, once that vessel seven times the first time we sent, okay, so saliva of the dog is a very, is an extremely dirty niches. Okay? This for example, if someone were to urinate in a bowl, you don't have to wash it seven times, you just wash it once clean it purified and it's clean, but dog saliva in particular is more nervous than other aspect or other things too, okay? Likewise, menstrual blood is also a very extreme digestive
process instead of that if a woman sees that menstrual blood on her then she should scrape off when it's dry she to scrape off the blood and wash it with water and then rinse it also with water. So, this is a type of Naja which she cannot print if there is some type of blood on her of that nature.
Likewise, another another aspect, another thing that is impure or that is not just his
seminal fluid of the males and also of the females actually do they both have nonoptimal for three seminal fluid, right? Precisely, we call it an Arabic mezze, this is a fluid that is really released, when a person is in a state of sexual excitement, this type of fluid is released Okay, this is before the actual sort of the male is released that the this type of fluid is called pre seminal fluid. Likewise, women also have this type of fluid is
expelled from this, this type of fluid is nudges. Okay, so if a person now this is very relevant, I'd like to point out before we get here, the British should not be embarrassed not assistance when we discuss these type of things. You guys have to know this stuff. This you know, your lives revolve around this stuff. Okay. So the British should not be embarrassed either should assist is reimbursable when we mentioned the type of things, the process of that he praises the woman that came and asked him about the dream that she had a web trip, and she said, How can a woman have a word dream? throughout the process of review Ayesha? He rebuked Sasha, and he praised that woman for
not having any shyness and asking self esteem. Because the woman and the men they have to know this afternoon, they might feel a bit embarrassing, right? But you should realize this is your religion that Allah has revealed to you, you have to know these types of things, how should we deal with the type situations, so don't feel embarrassed, and above all, be mature and you know, shala all of you are mature, inshallah don't crack jokes or anything, this is not the topic, or the place or the time to do this. Okay.
So pre assemble food we said is pre assembled food is measured. So if a
if a brother, for example, feels that this type of food is exerted is emitted from him, and this type of food is only emitted when a person is in a state of arousal, okay? When, when, when this food is emitted from him, then he must go and wash. If you're, for example, wearing underwear or the sister him, they must go and wash that coat and they cannot bring in that clothes. And that cloth, it exited outside. Okay? Likewise, they have to wash the place that it came out of like the, the private parts, they have to wash it with water, the entire private, for example, wash it with water, because he just came out and is proven in the editing process. And I'm not even gonna be part of the
Africa system. I am a young man, and a lot of money a lot of this type of freezer food is exerted from me. So what should I do? So the processor told him that throw a handful of water on your clothes, in other words, word false, and then wash your private parts entirely, including, for example, the testicles all the way to the top, you have to wash all of it. Okay, likewise for the sisters, they should wash their private parcels, this type of stuff comes up. This is legit. Okay. Now the question arises is the seminal food itself. we all we all had the privilege of fluid it is measured for sure about the sperm itself. How about what is released during the orgasm during the
sperm itself? Is that measured? Now there's a difference of opinion here. But the correct opinion is that that fluid is not measured. That fluid is not measured. Okay? Now this obviously applies only to the men, that fluid is not measured. And the proof for this is the heavy that is on OSI Bukhari, in which the Ayesha said that sometimes I would see the traces of the prophets, you know, the menu, the sperm on his clothes, and he would be going through the messenger
So I would just scratch it out. Okay, I would just scratch it out. So the very fact that she didn't wash it, and the very fact that the process of himself did not wash it shows that it's not.
Okay, so the sperm itself, and like I said, there's no doubt that the correct dependence is that the sperm itself is nothing. But the preassembled food is the pre sample code for the men and the woman it is measured.
Now there is one exception to human urine. And that is the urine oven unweaned male infant, the urine of an unweaned male infant is not magic.
How about unweaned female infants? It is not just okay, what is an unweaned? What is it? What does it mean? unweaned it means that his primary or his main source of food is his mother's milk. Okay, in other words, a year old few months old, okay. And this is proven in howdy to the process of mail boy was brought to him and the boy urinated on the profits closing. So the mother became flustered. And you know, obviously, she was embarrassed, the processor told her to calm down, and he asked for some water to be brought. And he just splash the water on, if he didn't wash it, he just flashed. In other words, you take some water like this, and then you just drop it on like that. Okay, whereas
Had it been legit, and you have to wash it all the way. So the urine of an unweaned male boy, all you have to do is just throw some water on it, that's it, you don't have to wash it and scrub it and scrub it unlike hadn't been real urine, you would have to actually wash the clothes. Okay? However, the urine of a female infant, it isn't. And it's proven inherited across and clearly said that the urine of a male boy, the male unweaned boy, you just you just throw water on it. And the urine of a female girl or a female baby must be washed off it isn't without and other other parts of it. Now, why this is the case? We don't know. We don't ask. Many scholars have given reasons the difference
between the man or the woman. And to be honest, all of these reasons have their flaws. And so we don't ask why we just accepted the process instead, it's a lot that it is good enough for us. You know, so the process of him told us that for the male unweaned male boys, if it's weak, then it becomes contagious. If he's eating food, if he's eating solids, then it becomes just like a just like a full grown man. Okay, but if he's unweaned, if he's younger than you know, he's still feeding on his mother's milk. This at this point in time, his urine, all you have to do is just throw some water on it splashed some water on it. So this is an exception to
human urine. Likewise,
large amounts of blood. This also is considered nudges. However, the scholars have said that a very small amount,
excuse me can be forgiven for a blood, for example, you know, nasal blood when it just comes out. Okay? Likewise, a small amount of pre seminal fluid. Because if something was shiny, you know, very few people can save themselves from just a small amount of free sample. And everyone knows what a small amount it may be like a little bit, you know, but if someone is continually
it exerting a non exerting, emitting, discharging, that's the word I'm looking for discharging preassembled fluids. And this is not a small amount, everyone knows what a small amount is just like you normally would. Okay? So the scholars say this is forgiven, you don't have to worry about it, you know, but a large amount or not, is not necessarily more than a small amount, okay, this is not forgiven. So a small amount of blood, a small amount of personal food is forgiven, but a large amount, it is not forgiven.
I think we've covered basically, the hierarchy and the justice. The reason we're doing this is we want to realize, again, once again, why are we doing this, we want to realize what water we can use to perform will do. And we're going to get to one also in a few chapters or a few lectures. Right now we're just concerned with what waters can we use? What can I do? And also what so we have to realize that that we can only do verbal and also with pure water.
And also if we have a measure substance on it, we can only wash it with water. Likewise, no, we'll obviously what our washing machines, we have water and soap, that's fine, but there is water, that's the point. There is water. Okay, so you have to wash it with water is the point you have to remove that thing. Likewise, it's common sense that if if a physical impurities are for example, human feces, right, obviously, you have to remove that thesis. For example, if it's a child, that it gets to the masjid, right, obviously, you have to remove that actual physical thing from the masjid before you can clean it. It's understood you have to remove it like was on your clothes, if somehow
the blood falls or urine falls, not urine, but like stools and you have to physically remove if it's a solid object. If it's a liquid object like you're in, then all you have to do is pour water on it, throw water on it, okay? Likewise, for example, if a child comes in, urinate in the message, okay, what should you do? Well, if you're in an emergency that is, doesn't have coffee, like it says, obviously, you just,
you know, you can pour water on it or take the sand away or for watering, okay? But if it's a carpeted mustard like this, then you just add enough water until you think that you you've cleaned an adjustment. It's up to you. I mean, it's your your human senses, you know, there's no ratio that you use
To a one to one ratio like that, okay? You just use your common sense until you think that you have cleaned the dinner just away from the masjid. And this is proven by the additive process in which a Bedouin came. And he urinated in the masjid. Now in the bedrooms, they are known for their their crudeness. And they're not very cultured and refined. Okay. So he just came in urine in the masjid. So the people became angry at the Bedouin, the person said, leave him alone, that can be learned. And this shows you the wisdom of the process that a person cannot interrupt his urine, everyone knows this person cannot stop this journey, you know, urinate for 10 seconds and stop for three,
four minutes and unit he cannot do this, okay? Imagine the hardships that would have been caused to this bedroom, the bedroom already started urinating. So what's the point of stopping him now, likewise, had he been told to exit the masjid, that his urine would have continued all the way to the ministry so that majesta would have spread all the way. So this is the wisdom, the process and he told the companion stop, you know, don't, don't, don't, don't force him to stop, let them continue, you can't do anything. And if you're going to try to pump in, you're gonna cause a bigger hospital. So when he finished you're in the process of him called him and said, this is the message
of Allah and the message of Allah are not built for these type of things. Okay, and then he ordered the companions to take a bucket of water and throw it on the urine. So this shows you them that that liquid fluids, all you have to do is wash it away, just throw water and wash it away, like was if you were to fall on your clothes, just wash it with water, that's it. But solids on the other hand, you have to remove the actual physical thing. Okay, if it's dual, or if it's blood menstrual, but like the process and the menstrual, but had he said, scrape it away.
He talked the woman scripted away first, okay, and then wash it and rub it with water, and then throw water on. And then if there's a sign or a redness left after that, he said, You can ignore that, because you've done your job. So even if there's a color left, whatever you do after you do you feel terrified that you can, you know, ignore from that you don't have to worry about it. Okay, my cause when it comes to feces, for example, suppose you You did your best to wipe it away, you washed it, but there was still some colored activity, this is ignored. You can now because you've done your job, you've washed it, you've rubbed it, you've scraped it, you can't do anything more,
you can ignore it, because you've done your job. And this is of the, of the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala that he didn't make it so strict for us, you know, and for example, women's lead, it's very difficult to remove the stain from that, okay, and this is you know, it's very difficult to move the stain. Allah has forgiven this from us that once you've done that, once you've done your job, you've scraped away the jata you've washed it rigorously, you've thrown the water on it, and that's it after that you can leave the rest whatever if there's still some some state or someday you can leave it to Alaska and you are forgiven for that.
Michelle, I think we've covered the more important than just that this wasn't an exhaustive list of others also, but I'm saying the more important ones are these and from tomorrow inshallah we might start about will do or the rest of one of the two inshallah. So particle lahoma, behind extraordinary lambda.
Any questions, the sisters can pass them down there and the brothers
When there are no questions, it seems that the people didn't understand anything because if you understand this when you have questions
my teachers used to say,
if the students don't ask questions, something is wrong. Because only when you really understand what's going on, that's when other questions are gonna arise. Well, how about this? How about that? Okay, so keep that in mind.
No, I didn't mention that the word second thing Allah subhanaw taala mentioned that we have revealed from the skies or we have sent down from the skies to a water. So I'm saying we all know the water cycle, okay. The very fact that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned one section of this cycle as being pure automatically implies the rest of it is also pure. Because we know what it's like of suffering from the rain we get the wells we get the springs we get the waters we get the rivers, we got the stream, we get the oceans lakes. So if I lost my protocols, the water that comes down from the sky is pure. Obviously everything that follows from that will also because that was my point.
The sister they have questions they can put under the thing here.
The brothers asking if there's a
if there's an interest that has fallen on the carpet of dementia, there's something someone urinated after you wash it. Can you pray on it? Yes, of course. After you wash it after you throw the water on it, because the bed when he did this in the profits of the bed when did this in the profit machine despite the fact that companies used to print that place after after the incident was over?
Is it possible to turn ledges back to four holes?
Really, this is a very controversial issue in these days because you have to realize in the old times this type of stuff didn't exist the chemical procedures for changing but I do know that the majority of the scholars of our times they claim that the
The purification process purification process, but the cities they do with the sewer systems and they turned it back to water, they said this is allowed. They said this particularly is allowed. Okay. So, for example, you know, the filtration processes, they go through another chemical process when it basically they reconvert the nudges into PAHO. Okay? I do know that there are times the committee of in Roberts had a holiday summit, which was headed by Chicago, harmala, and others, they allow this type of water and they said it is for who, but in general, in general, most of the scholars in Legends cannot be transferred back to the hall. This is what most of the scholars say,
but that this has to be taken by on a case by case basis. And by the way, the sister that asked the question, the implications for this question are very many amongst them, is, for example, extracting
extracting chemicals for animals, okay, for example, we call the model
enzymes and determine when they take when they take the enzyme, for example, pigs and dogs and other animals and then use them in food. Now, chemically, that substance is transformed 180 degrees, it's totally gone from what it used to be, but it's still based on that and adjusted. So this question is, in fact related to that, and it's called have different about that most of them say no, it doesn't make it harder, even though it was taken even for it has technically been transformed. And some say it is allowed, but I do know that in particular with regards to this process of, of changing sewers, water and the gutter water back to the whole water, I do know the people that are
the majority of them in this time they allow it.
One more question.
Okay, there's a question about urination and that will be discussed in the next lecture. inshallah, there's a question about shrimp that will be discussed. next lecture, inshallah.
No mixing between the two. The last question I will answer that we have to break up is that people say, if one drop of blood falls in menstrual or otherwise, then the whole bucket is legit, but I was still considered water, can I make blue with it?
the opinion of the majority of the scholars, not majority, but many of them always say is that it is.
It is not just okay. But the correct opinion is that it is not natural, it is mcru to make Lulu from that water. So you see, it is not how long that water becomes mcru. Okay, if it's a small amount of water, so if a person is forced to perform a lot with that type of water, or he performs it unknowingly, suppose there's two buckets, okay. And he performs Voodoo from one of the buckets on the right hand side, and then someone comes in, Oh, I know, my, my, my little child urinate in that bucket. Okay, now, he didn't notice any change in the scent, or the color or the taste, okay. So he doesn't have to repeat his will. Okay, he doesn't have to repeat it. So we're saying it is
discouraged from performing will do in this type of work. But it does not become negative, according to the correct opinion of the scholars. This is because the foster said that water is so cold and it doesn't become natural. It doesn't become negative until one of these two things are changing. Okay. So what is the whole idea does not become necessity. And by law, or by consensus of the scholars, we say it doesn't become measured until one of these three things are changed. So to answer the question of the sister,
it is water and you can make a rule from these types of bodies.
If a lady discretes clear discharge, that she needs to change her undergarments, and if she wears panty liners with undergarments, will it suffice to replace it with
with a wash?
Well, why is this to this type this type of fluid. There's a bigger setup over to
this type of clear district, we're not talking about pre seminal fluid, we're not talking about the discharge that is released in a state of excitement. We're not talking about that, that is measured by age not by consensus of the scholars. From what I understand the sisters referring to clear discharges, which is common amongst women and very rare amongst men. This is just clear discharges that occurs.
According to the majority, once again, it would be qualified as nudges according to the majority, so therefore, you will have to at least you don't have to change your undergarments at least you have to wash it with water. You don't have to change it but you have to wash the water. If you have pantyliners then you don't have to eat it doesn't it doesn't go to the undergarment so you don't have to change the undergarments, okay, so it will suffice if you just replace it. Okay. Now I do know of some aroma like check with me he has a
condition. He said if the woman is well known for having a lot of discharge, okay, and that's because the bull*ters will do after 10 minutes is gonna have another discharge another another, another another, and she can't possibly go into although every 510 minutes. In this case. Chieko Damien says that she should work for example, the panty liner or something that's going to protect that discharge from spreading to close. You will do as latest as possible before the solar suppose this a lot starts at one one o'clock. Should you do it like 1250 1235 and then whatever happened after that ignoring Okay, this is what's your
Same he says, The reason being that this type of fluid, since it comes up from the private parts in general, it is not just because of the fact that she's having so much discharge, she has she has controllers. So she takes on the status of the one who continually urinate. Okay, there are some type of people and we seek refuge and we thank you for being safe from this type of disease. The same type people, as you all know, they cannot control their urine. So they have to wear special padded garments to protect themselves, okay, these types of people because they can't control their urine because it is beyond their control. It's a type of necessity that the scholars say okay, they
should wear something type, so that the urine doesn't spread to the masjid. And they should do at the latest time possible, and then come and pray and ignore what happens after that. But obviously, they have to do a new loop every quarter. So even if they didn't break the prayer, they will do but that food was continually coming out as soon as they finished is over. When the time for alpha comes they have to make another little okay because it's continuing like it's coming up. So stick with me says that if you have a lot of discharge, this is difficult. If you have a little bit of discharge is unknown. And he once every few hours and no in this case, you know, it's safer for you to wash
your undergarments and cleanse yourself and then do it again.