Fiqh of Janaza – Session 4 – the Janaza Prayer
Channel: Wasim Kempson
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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala
now we're going to talk about the Janaza prayer inshallah the the prayer itself.
Salah to Janessa is
unknown, the ruling of it is affordable via Mises collective duty is a collective responsibility. That means that a portion of the Muslim community has to uphold this.
Otherwise, if nobody does it, we're all sinful.
Okay, that's what phunki Fire means. It's a communal or collective duty responsibility that some of us have to uphold them. If we don't, none of us do it, then we will all be sinful.
The Janaza prayer must be performed for every deceased Muslim
even if they were involved in some sin,
so, all Muslims need to be or have the janazah there are some exceptions.
It is not an obligatory it is not obligatory an obligation to pray Janessa over children who did not reach the age of puberty, it is not an obligation.
If they do reach the age of adulthood, it is not an obligation to pray the Janaza prayer over them. It is allowed.
The son of the Prophet sallallahu esen. Ibrahim was buried and he Sallallahu anisum did not make a janazah. For him. He was about 18 months old.
miscarriages, I mean it's the same ruling they haven't reached of age. But where is the permissibility where it's allowed for you to stop praying and as of a miscarriage, if it is after four months. Once the rule once the soul has been blown into that fetus, it is now considered a life.
So the Janaza prayer can be prayed.
If it is before that, that there is no Janessa F before the soul is breathed into the body into the fetus that there is no Janessa
likewise, the shahada
the martyrs are not prayed over.
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did pray over some of the shahada have heard from them Hamza Radi Allahu Anhu. So it shows the permissibility if one wanted to however, the origin is that you don't.
Now, as for
the sinful or the openly sinful Muslims, then they have the hug, or they have the right of the janazah the funeral prayer to be prayed over them.
However, it is not recommended,
is disliked, for people of standing within the community
who have high position within the community to lead or participate in the janazah over those open sinners.
So, a person who for example,
was involved in an open sin whatever it may be, Hamid or even the person committed suicide dilemma they say that, based upon that were mentioned the Hadith as well, that people of standing within the community should not pray over them, others should.
one of the companions, who took something from the booty, the spoils of war of the
one of the battles that the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam became aware of this and did not pray over him but told the other companions to pray over him. He still has the right to be prayed over. But the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam did not pray over him.
So because of this, many of the aroma that they say
people have standing within the community is a well known understanding in the Sharia, that a person is standing on him who does not pray over
As for non Muslims, they are to be varied
They have to be buried. That is their heart that is their right to be buried. If they're living in the lands of Muslims, that is they have to be buried. But Muslims do not establish a funeral prayer over them. They're not to be prayed over
Abu Talib who was the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who died as a mashallah who died as a disbeliever wasn't prayed over the Prophet sallallahu ala Salim told
the son of Abu Talib was Ali, Ali Al Radi Allahu Anhu to arrange the funeral
for his father or the uncle of the Prophet alayhi salam, and to show that he was he was buried
so this is the ruling of
janazah the funeral prayer. Where do we pray it? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, most of the time would pray outside the masjid and a masala prayer area. This is where the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam would pray the Janaza prayer
it is no doubt permissible it is allowed to pray the janazah inside the Masjid.
and to sort of do to prove that it is allowed to pray in the masjid the Janaza prayer, the funeral prayer inside the Masjid. It should only allow honey reported that when side will not be raucous Radi Allahu Anhu when he passed away, the wives of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam requested that the janazah be brought inside the masjid so that they would pray, but the Janessa oven, so he was bought to there inside the masjid and they prayed.
When some people heard of this, they criticize this, making some statements. This is a bitter listen to loud. We never heard of funerals being brought into the masjid at Chateau de Allah and upon hearing this said How fast do people speak about things? When they have no knowledge of of it? They objected to bringing a janazah in the masjid by Allah she swore by Allah, that Allah his Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not pray over so he didn't obey that and his brother except that it was inside the Masjid.
This is a narration found in Sahih Muslim. So it is allowed to pray inside the masjid. And in our days, that's pretty much where it will happen. Because we don't have a prayer masala area outside. So more often than not it happens inside, inside domestic.
Now when you're going to pray the Janaza prayer, it is a requirement for you to be in the state of law according to no more correct opinion. You have to be in a state of although even though the Janaza prayer does not contain record is no bowing there's no sujood it is considered a Salah it is considered a prayer and therefore
you should be in a state of limbo. If you don't have although then, according to the more correct opinion one item wouldn't be accepted from you. So you need to be in a state of law.
It is also recommended it should be prayed in the Jamar that the Janaza prayer is prayed in a congregational prayer.
More often than not you find that the Prophet alayhi salam would pray with the Sahaba in the Jumeirah in a congregation praying over over the deceased.
if a person wants to pray on their own, it is accepted from them. If they were to pray individually, it is accepted. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he passed away. Does anybody know who led the prayer? The Janaza prayer over the Prophet Aries?
No one did, they prayed individually.
There was no one person who pray who led the Janaza prayer over the Prophet sallallahu and they prayed individually. They came in at different times and they prayed the Janessa pray over the Prophet sallallahu only when he said I'm so sure is the permissibility of praying Janessa
as an individual, you're on your own.
Who has most right to leave the Janaza prayer.
Actually the one who has most right to lead the prayer is for example, the leader of the Muslim community. They have How could they have most right to lead the Janaza prayer
or if after this the person who has in his will he wants to designate he will say I would like so and so to lead my janazah that can take precedence within their will they say I would like so and so to lead my janazah
that also has wait.
If there is no one amongst themselves, there has been there is no leader if you like no one has been designated, then we go back to the general principle, he often will call Accra home vikita villa that the one who has most knowledge of the Quran should lead the Salah, and this is a Hadith found in Sahih Muslim
Narrated by Abu Masada and sorry, the Prophet sallallahu sallam said that people should lead
should be led by the one who has best or the most knowledge about the book of Eliza. When did
you begin the salah itself.
With arranging rose,
the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam would arrange rows in two or three rows.
This is best as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam said in a hadith of Malik IGNOU Fabiola. Whenever Muslim dies and three lines of Muslims pray Janessa for him, he is granted forgiveness. This is Hadith found in Solon Abu Dhabi.
So you have an Amen, he leads and then you have behind behind him.
Or groups or lines of three, if you can make the lines of in two or three, then this is preferable if you have the masjid here and you can't just because of how it's
maybe quite restricted, and you know the shape of domestic and you have more lines than that, then that's of course, okay. No problem.
But for example, if you were just two of you, how would you do it? Those are two of you, and you'll do pray together? Do you pray together like standing in the gym, or if you're paying, no you don't. A man would pray in in front, or having the deceased in front of them and then the other person will pray behind them.
They wouldn't pray together. But the person who followed there's the two of you he would stand behind.
was the practice when the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam prayed over Ebola or the alarm
so the position of the Imam is that he will of course because he's leading masala
will stand like this surface a little bit blurry. But the Imam has two different positions concerning the deceased if it's male or female.
If it is a male, then he the man will stand by the head of the deceased.
Does that deceased have to have the head on the right or the left? There is no text to say that the deceased's head has to be on the right and the feet on the left. There's no text for that.
But normally, people just do it anyway.
Okay, people just happen to put it that way. If you happen to, for example, that the head happened to be on the left and a man stone the student head and then after the solid is the head was on the left, we have to do the journal journals. Again, no, you don't.
more than often I will put the the head of the deceased on the right of the man and he will stand at the head of the male and then the female in their mid drift.
The middle part of the decision if it's a female the man will stand it and then they will file rules behind him.
If you have multiple
bodies to pray over and it is permissible to pray over the system, all in one go you can have all the deceased if you've been to MK or Medina, then you may have you may have a number of dead people do you pray Jeunesse over all of them in one go. If you have, you know men, women and children there how will you situate them is like this, the man will be at the front and then the boy and the girl and then the young ones that is and then the woman ensuring that it is there placed correctly with the man if you imagine a line that is in line with that male head
and in the mid drift of a female
it is also permissible to pray individual Janessa for each deceased of the of the dead that's also permitted. If you had a number of deceased there and you want to
to do one for each of them, that is also permissible.
as you're about to pray the janazah, inform the people whom that they are going to pray with a male or a female, because when they're making dua, they want to ensure that the DUA is is for male or female.
And you can mention their name and that's, that's fine, that's permissible as well. could mention the Prophet sallallahu ala send them as in the case of a ninja she informed them that when they are going to pray, the engineers of
Nigeria should embrace this lamb lived in Habersham. And the funeral prayer hadn't been prayed over him. So the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam performed the Janaza prayer in the absence of the deceased, but he mentioned his name. So it shows the permissibility of mentioning the the name
so the general Hadith which is an animal hearty, the hadith of Malik Ibn Al Hadith are on the line
who accepted Islam very late accepted Islam maybe the year 10 of the hedgerow Malik Muhammad is the very famous Hadith pray as you have seen me praying.
Likewise, Jenna is at the funeral prayer is no different. Now, the funeral prayer does not contain any bowing nor does it contain any sujood bearing in mind,
that when you pray, Allah azza wa jal wants to protect us from any inclination or Inkling towards a person committing shirk.
So, if you find that there was an extremely righteous person, and they may be righteous within their own right, however, the Muslim would never be permitted to prostrate in front of that person. Even though that your Salah is for Allah Giovanna to remove any potential deviance we do not perform bowing we do not perform Rocco or sujood in front of the deceased. So therefore, we just remain standing throughout the duration of it.
How many typically a lot
or how many times you say Allahu Akbar during the janazah.
The most common practice with the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam is that there are four typically a lot to four times. However, there are generations that he prayed up to making eight and nine Technorati eight or nine and explain how that works.
Now the performing of the Janaza prayer has essentially two ways if you like, what I will explain is how the mother hip of Imam Shafi Imam Malik Rahim Allah Imam Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah Ali. And the multiple remember Hadith has a different way of what is to be said, if you like, in the way that you're going to perform the Janaza prayer or the there's not a must for you to recite al Fatiha where the
other three mother had that they say do you have to recite al Fatiha I'll explain it in this way.
If a person prays it this way,
it is fine. The person prays and that when it hits to the midheaven it is fine for them as well. It is not fast to say this monkey is wrong that they have the delay they have the proofs and this is acceptable of course,
but due to time constraints I will explain as to how Imam Muhammad an imam Shafi and Imam Malik Rahmatullah lane. How they say that you perform the Janaza prayer so you begin and they all agree with that you begin with taking purity Haram as you begin your normal Salla Allahu Akbar
Allah honey for him tonight also, states the same as what you begin to solve with tech ability, how long standing you begin to solve standing.
Now after you recite or after you said Allahu Akbar, you then recite al Fatiha, Saleh al Fatiha, there is no dua before the recitation of Al Fatiha.
You know when you go into your normal Salah What do you know you don't make a dua before
you make dua, don't you? There's no dua before the recitation of Al Fatiha and Janaza prayer. You just say I will initiate and reduce number of man or woman you started Fatiha.
So after the first tech era you recited Fatiha
then the Imam will say Allahu Akbar for the second time.
Here you then after the second time
you say Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad that what you would say normally when you're in you're sitting under to shackled position in your solar alarm Salia Allah Muhammad Ali early Muhammad came so later I think Roy mine early but I mean it can be done
With and Allahumma barik ala Muhammad you say this after the second took me wrong.
After the third to clear is when you make
a dua for the deceased, you make dua for the deceased. And there are many different supplications you can make for the deceased if you go to person and Muslim, there's two or three that I mentioned there, try to memorize them.
And that is what you say.
While you are after the FinTech,
then after that there's a force to build. After that, you can continue making dua as well. Sometimes you might find that mmm after the fourth one,
almost immediately then says the teslim. But whatever gap is left, that you can make general dua.
This is when there were four tend to be a lot, if there are more than that. And as I mentioned that there are certain durations, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said up to eight take the rod up to nine after each tequila that you can make dua as simple as that. Okay, that you make dua for the deceased and genuinely for the Muslims generally,
for the deceased specifically, and then generally for the Muslims after each step to be.
They should make dua
the Imam should bear in mind that most people, most people, if they understand or have some knowledge of what the Janaza prayer is about, that they will they think, okay, we're going to make a photocopy a lot.
Even though it's permissible for you to you know, say eight or nine times a few starts eight or nine times and people don't know what you're going to cause big confusion big fitna that we're going to what you pray what's going on here I've never prayed Janessa with 789 This is like eat
you cause big fitna so before
before and it is because we don't pray often. Maybe in certain areas you never prayed. Very rarely not here. mantra for example is very rarely present as a very rarely
is good to inform the people to remind them this is how you prefer you how you perform the Janaza prayer. We're going to make for tech the art after the first one you recite al Fatiha after the second one you say Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad as a third one you make a DUA and of the fourth when you've made general DUA and then we will make a scene if you're gonna make more than informed people so you don't cause fitna you don't confuse people.
how you complete the prayer, normal you say a Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah and in fact, when you when you finish your complete your soul, as is known in the hadith of Ali Raja Lionel, prayer is begun or begins with a tech beard and ends with a taslim.
Same with Janaza it begins with Allahu Akbar and ends with a Salam Alikum now three ways of saying, you can say a Salam aleikum, and that's enough. Or you can say a Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah or you can say a Salam aleikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh.
All of them are considered Tasneem
the exits you from the salah.
Now, there's a couple of issues here. Now the first one is that
when you begin the Salah, you raise your hands, do you raise your hands for the other tech bureaux or not? Here, there's a legitimate difference of opinion. Some say you only raise your hands at the beginning of the Salah, and that's it. And every time you say Allahu Akbar, you just say and you don't move your hands.
Others take a general position that Abdullah had, when are the Allahumma he used to raise his hands
and Janessa therefore they say he wouldn't make it they wouldn't do it on his own. So if you take that opinion, following up the label ominous understanding, then you raise your hands on each of the tech reroute. Otherwise you just do it once.
That's the first issue, the placement of the hands, which is you know, more of a solid issue anyway. But wherever you place your hands in normal follows the same that you're going to place your hands in Janaza prayer, there's no difference. Whether you place your hands, whether it's just below or just above the navel, bellybutton or slightly up on your chest, wherever you happen to place your chest, your hands. It will be the same for the janazah
so the placement of hands we spoke about whether you're going to raise your hands we spoken about to end the prayer.
Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah for example, you complete the Janaza prayer with with only one taslim so if you've ever been to Mecca, Medina and you pray Janessa you will find that they say As salam aleikum wa rahmatullah that's it one.
Whereas the meth lab of Imam Abu Hanifa, Ramallah to Allah will say both will say to
may happen to, if you don't one or the other, it's fine. They're both valid opinions. If you are in a community where they would usually make two test limbs, but you however may follow a different opinion, what would you do here?
You would make two to slim so as not to cause fitna.
So you might be humbly however the community's Hanafi and you happen to be leading the Janaza prayer you should make too, so as not to cause if it's not amongst the people.
Also another issue and that is that when you make the taslim to finish the prayer that it shouldn't be said loudly
upon completion of the taslim and Janaza prayer as
found in Hadith of Ibn Abbas Rhodiola one used to make also a silent one to Sleeman Janaza prayer
is the sets of course so the people here
so that people know when the Salah is over, but it has to be set quieter than usual
Okay, when you come late for Salah and you've missed one and move Miss to rocker
when a man finishes you know you get up and you pray to Morocco and you complete with Imam you complete by yourself, you know you're aware of that. Okay, let's say for example, you you join the janazah prayer and you've missed a portion of the tech can be a lot and we can assume that there is these going to do for you arrive at the salah Janaza prayer and then you say Allahu Akbar that's your tech theoretically haram.
And then the Imam then says As Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah
they will finished. What do you do now? You know that there are three remaining tech the rot
your three remaining tech the rot so in the first one you would have begun Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen
Rahman Al Rahim, Al Fatiha
Imam next to Salim so then you say Allahu Akbar, and they say along Sonia limit and they say Allah if you're gonna raise your hand I'm doing hands but you have to raise your hands
and then you complete the Salah by yourself. Okay, that's how you make up if you come late to the Janaza prayer