Buloogh al-Maram – The Book of Zakah #18 – Hadeeth 520

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Tim Humble

Channel: Tim Humble

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I only see one

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new mesh Caller Tune in Heidi Salwa.

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Dini and Natalie mama Kanna, Fie

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hamdulillah Alhamdulillah hornbill. alameen wa Salatu was salam, ala Abdullah he was holy Nabina Muhammad. While early he was happy edgeline

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Welcome to another class from Louisville, Milan keytab zeca. We're actually approaching the end of keytab

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by the grace of Allah azza wa jal, we are almost there a few classes away, but we are approaching keytab A cn, the book of fasting shall alter Allah. Before that, though, we have another map and this part is very, very important this chapter is a very, very important chapter. And that is Babel, cos Miss sada caught

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the chapter of the distribution of sadaqa, the chapter of the distribution of South Africa, meaning the distribution of, of Zika.

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Our first Hadeeth that we have, we will come to in a moment, but before we do that, as we usually do when it comes to the new chapters, we should have a brief discussion about what this chapter means. We should also mention that this class is another class without any public attendance because of the rules and the regulations around the UK lockdown at the moment. And the reason I mentioned that is just so that everybody knows that they won't be able to come and attend next week or the week after, until the restrictions are lifted. So this is just a class that's taken place in the masjid

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pretty much with only me, will lahoma Stan

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Babel Cosmos sada pot

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Babel Cosmos sada caught some of the scholars of filk they call this chapter Babel sada part or they call it Babel, they call it

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sorry Babel Elisa get

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the chapter of who is deserving of the

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who is it that is deserving of Zika I'm just gonna adjust because I'm gonna make a noise

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the chapter of the distribution of Zika, meaning who is deserving of Zika.

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So, the cost here is the, how it is distributed and divided up and given out.

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And a solder clot here we've mentioned many times in Bulova muram, many many times in Bulu harmala, that the word sadhaka is used for zecca. The word sadhaka is used for

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Zakah.

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And Allah azza wa jal specifically instructed us who the car is to be given to.

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And this is really important. Because where we've seen we've tried to highlight mistakes people make in giving out the car, we've tried to highlight mistakes people make when it comes to choosing how they spend their sada

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but we see one of the one of the real confusion or areas of confusion that exists within Zika is about how the cash should be distributed. Now in the past, if it were the case that the government were distributing xikar themselves, this would be a mess Allah that concerned the well you will amor, the Muslim ruler, and those who have been appointed by the Muslim ruler to distribute as a cat. However, in this day and age where many of us are forced to distribute our car by ourselves, and there are many more SSH hydrea there are many charitable organizations that distribute as a car.

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For other people, with little or no regulation in many situations. Some countries have some regulation, but there is certainly no regulation in terms of Islamic compliance. There might be regulation to make

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sure that the owner of the charity doesn't run away with the money, but there isn't really regulation to make sure that it's islamically compliant.

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In this day and age, many of us are giving out our own zecca. Many of us are passing that Zakah on to charities who themselves are unregulated, from an Islamic perspective. And so it's very important that we understand how Zakah is to be distributed. And the first thing that I want I would like everybody to understand in this class, I would like everybody to understand that the division of Zakah is something which is heavily regulated in Islam. Unlike sadhaka tanto, were voluntary sada voluntary sadaqa has very little in the way of regulation very little in the way of regulation in terms of voluntary sadhaka very little. However,

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when it comes to zakka there is a considerable amount of regulation when it comes to the distribution of the Zika so our main evidence in distributing the Zika is the statement of Allah as origin just before we do that is everything

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okay, just maybe can fix the sound for me.

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Yeah, I moved my phone. I moved the microphone so I probably will. Okay, no problem. So the statement of Eliza gel in the Masada call to live for Karla he will Mr. Keeney will Amina la her Wilmore aliphatic. Hulu home while filming affiliate kabhi well hardy mean our fee savvy Lila who happens to be variable tamina la la la la la mon hacking Sora to tober I am number 60.

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This ayah

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Surah to Toba

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i n number 60 is our basic and most fundamental evidence about how the car should be given up.

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And this is the statement of Eliza gel enamel solder caught the word solder Katia means zakka means Zika or Zika, what the

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plural of Zika

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and in NEMA. Here is a word which restricts

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Kelly Mattoon to feed

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and hassle.

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It's a word which gives us or tells us that this is restricted. It's not allowed for anyone except those that are mentioned in the ayah in NEMA

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is only for them.

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And it's not for anyone else. It's a word that excludes all of the things that are outside and the limits and restricts the Zakah to the people who are mentioned

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in the Masada car to live fukumura the first group are the fukada and the fukuhara are the pleural fluid for Cora is the plural of faqeer.

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This second is

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LMS keen and this is the plural of mysskin. Under scholars deferred about the difference between the two, but broadly speaking, we can say that there are

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two or three situations of poverty because both faqeer and miskeen mean poor, right?

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Both the faqeer

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and the miskeen they both mean poor. So there are two or three different types of poverty.

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The first type of poverty is the person who has nothing. Where did we mention this in the Tafseer class? We mentioned this in the Tafseer class. Do we have people on YouTube today? Okay, we give them 10 seconds it takes for the video to reach them.

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Does anyone here remember anyone here?

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Camera man cameraman

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wearing the Tafseer

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class did we mentioned

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the person has nothing

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What sort of did we just finish sort of two ballot Okay.

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Now oxy Moby hurdle ballot will enter hidden behind the ballot while he didn't wanna wallet at harlequinade insanity Cabot

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out

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okay, fella kata hammer acaba, Mama de la cama la Cava, Sakura acaba, our Armand filming the merkabah your team and Zenn, la Colaba, oh miskeen, and their metal raba.

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Army skin and

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their metal robber

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or a miskeen person

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who is the metal robber,

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as if they have nothing except to rob.

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As if the only thing they possess in their hands is

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to drop,

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just dust.

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So there is somebody who has nothing

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who has nothing at all.

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Men, Lady douchey,

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they don't have anything to eat, they don't have the basic things that are the raw for a person to live.

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The basic hijack of a person the basic needs, or essentials of a person to live like food,

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like clothing to protect them from the cold.

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They don't have the most basic things, they don't have anything at all.

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Better than them, is the one who still doesn't have anything.

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But has any we don't say they have nothing. We don't say that they have nothing. But they have so little that it's as if they have nothing. These two we can lump them together in one category.

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We can call them the destitute or the extremely poor.

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And no doubt these people are included within the zakka. We now sell by the text of the IRA they included within the people as their car is to be distributed towards.

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But what about the people who lie between there and between being wealthy? Because don't we always talk about how

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welfare payments and social support often have a problem? There are people who fall through the gaps, right. And we've been seeing this in the UK recently about the welfare support during COVID. And things like that. There are people who fall through the gaps. There are people who for whatever reason, are not eligible or don't manage to get it or can't prove it or whatever. How does that differ from that. So there is a second group of people that are within the people who are deserving of the zecca. And that is the person

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who

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finds some of what they need, but doesn't find all of what they need. In a basic sense. Now we're not talking about luxuries. person says I, you know, I can't afford my mobile phone bill. That's not really an essential, generally speaking.

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But we look at the essentials, the essential things. And there's a lot of Massara in this, like, for example is education and essential. That's a really interesting is education considered to be

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an essential that if a person doesn't find enough money to get in, for example, in a country where they have to pay for the education, they don't find enough money to educate their children to a basic level? Are they eligible for the zecca? This all depends on whether we consider education to be among the

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essential

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things that a person cannot survive without or cannot manage, without. And of course, we're not talking about university education or whatever, but we're talking about a basic level of education. Let's say you know what we would call high school or you know, around that, you know, sort of age a basic education, if this is paid for, and there is no option to have it for free. And the person cannot afford to give their children a basic education Is this considered from the necessities of life, the essentials of life, which means that we can

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See this person falls into the category of the one who has some of what they need. But they don't have all of what they need. Let's leave that issue for a moment. But let's just understand what we're saying about some of the scholars, they call it, the person has misfold keyfile, they have half of what they need, or they have a little bit more than half of what they need.

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So a person comes in, they say, Look, I'm not saying I have nothing, I have enough for my rent. But I don't have enough for my basic bill. We're not talking about excessive here, I don't have enough to, for my gas bill, or my electricity bill, or I don't have enough for my basic essentials, I have enough money for rent, but I don't have enough money for food, or I have enough money for food. But if I buy the food that me and my family need, then we don't have enough money to pay the rent. This is the one the second category that we are talking about or the third category, whichever way you want to see it, we usually put the first two together. So we say the one who has nothing and the one

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who has nearly nothing.

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So less than half, you know a person who is this the I don't have enough money for rent, I don't have enough money for food, I don't have enough money for bills, or the person who has nothing at all. These go in one category. But the second category is interesting, because this person is poor in one way, but not poor in another. For example, they may say we have food which we need,

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we find that we are struggling to pay our basic essential needs. We're behind on the rent, we're not able to pay, for example, there might be a council or monster polity tax, that is a requirement of everyone that lives has, you know, has a home and they can't afford to pay. Of course, we're going to make sure the person is genuine, we're going to make sure it's not that the person is spending all their money on, you know, luxuries, and then mismanaging their money, because some people are like that, right? The problem is not they don't have money, but they mismanaged their money. So that, you know they have enough money. So we say, Okay, let's you know your income, you know, but

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you have people as well, I have a family of you know, three, four people. And I earn

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3000 dirhams a month, 4000 dirhams a month. In other words, 500 pounds, 600 pounds a month, the person has a family.

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It's very difficult to make ends meet at that sort of amount of money with that kind of obligation. Yeah, maybe some people do it. But it's not easy. So when you see that a person is at the stage where they are not below half, they're not desperately poor. But they are genuinely struggling to make ends meet, they're struggling to pay their essential. And I want to emphasize again, this is essential

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needs. It's not like I'm struggling to pay for my TV subscription or I'm struggling to pay for, you know, these extra things. But the essential needs that a person is they can't manage without them.

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Then this person also falls under either the faqeer for the muskie and the scholars different about which one is which here, Sheriff Roseanne have is allowed to either he takes the preference or he chooses the opinion that the faqeer is the one who has nothing. And the miskeen is the one who has something, but not quite enough or not enough, around half or a little bit more than half, maybe 60 70% of what they need. But they don't really have enough to be able to manage and they struggle to make ends meet when it comes to the bare essentials the basic necessities that a person needs to survive

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these two other faqeer and the miskeen. And they are mentioned in the ayah in the Masada cartulary fukada he will my second and then mentioned first of all in the ayah because generally speaking the majority of zecca and the majority of cases of zecca are towards these two groups of people.

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Most of ours the car ends up with these two groups of people, the extremely poor, and the people who are struggling to get by with their basic needs. That is majority of the car and in the most important of the categories.

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The third category will millena la

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Not those people who work in the collection of the zeca

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Amina.

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These

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are the people who work in the collection of the Zika.

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The reason they are given the money is not because they are poor,

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but it is given to them in return for the work that they do.

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And this is a principle a very nice principle because if it's true for the car, it's also true for sadaqa and that is the permissibility of

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someone working in Zakah or in a charitable endeavor and receiving financial compensation from the donations that are given.

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And that is clearly mentioned within the IRA. Well, I am Elina Isley.

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So these people are given what they are given

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in return for their work.

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But where we have a concern these days, is not that people receive compensation for the work that they do. But that what we see is

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the money is not

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I mean, it's crazy the amount of money people earn on some charities, many charities, sadly, are like a business for the people who work in them. They pay huge salaries, they spend huge amounts of people's donations. They really, you know, they really waste a lot of people's money in reality, and that's not the the Marxist behind it. That's not why Allah azzawajal permitted, but Allah azza wa jal permitted a reasonable compensation

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for the people who work in the sector. And the people who work

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in the sector

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are of different types. There are those people who collect the Zika there are those people who got the Zika for example, they work as I mean, back in the day, this guy used to be

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put into

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a place like a treasury and it had a security guard, the security guard would be paid from the zakkai that was collected, there's a car collector would be paid from the card was collected.

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And likewise, those who have to sort out the car and organize it way up, okay, what is this? What is this? How can we divide this and so on. Those are the people who also are paid from the Zika.

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The fourth category that I mentioned I in the Masada kotwali fukada Wilma second, while I'm in LA, well, more aliphatic Kuru boom.

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They are those people

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whose hearts are inclined,

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or whose hearts are who you seek to incline their heart. That's what the word means.

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And more elevated kulu boom. Are those people who you seek to

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incline their heart you seek to make their heart move towards Islam

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share solid frozen habitable altrider he mentioned three groups

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of people within this

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and no doubt dismissed Li the Maasai related in this army silo he left here there are differences of opinion. But let's just take what the chef said to start with. He said the first is a believer who is weak in Emad. So he is given in order that his Eman becomes stronger and he becomes you know, you

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you incline him towards Islam.

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As the prophets Eliza Lam gave to some of the people yomo her name

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those people who had just become Muslim so the Prophet sighs them gave them from the cicada just become Muslim, in order to make their hearts stronger, and to incline them more towards Islam. These are people who have just become Muslim, their you know the situation what had happened for America the conquest of Makkah

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Many, many people realize that we need to, you know, we need to jump on this bandwagon, we need to become Muslim. Now, there is no other option for us. But it was very new to them. Everyone, it was a very sudden change, you know, the Muslims now had virtually complete control over the area of hijas. And what was then known as the Arabian Peninsula, they, it was a huge, huge change for people. So people were very lost and confused, just become Muslim. And there was an opportunity for the prophets, I send them to make them really love Islam from the beginning. So the prophets I send them gave them from the second.

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The second category

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are those people.

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Or those people who you hope they will become Muslim, if they are given from the second

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the people that you hope will become Muslim,

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if they are given from the second.

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And so the person is given this money in order to incline their heart and bring their heart towards Islam. And that isn't I don't want you to think this is paying people to become Muslim. It's not paying people to become Muslim. That's not the concept here. The concept is you see somebody who's a non Muslim, they're a poor person they need. And you

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you know, you can see what that if you were to give them from this money, their heart would inclined towards Islam, they would start to see the beauty of Islam, then this is these are the model fit.

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However, I do believe that this is a category that requires a lot of research and detailing this time. In the past, there's a car, the distribution of the cows responsibility of the William Mo.

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And the William armour was able to make that decision about who is whose heart is going to incline. And what like the moment and allies are generals best, I feel that this isn't some a decision that should be made by regular Muslims, in most cases, that it shouldn't be the case that on a regular people giving up their soccer, or giving it to people because they think this person might become Muslim or they because to be honest with you, it requires understanding requires it required there are issues to research within it, there are Messiah elmia, there are people who is justified for and people it's not justified for so I would generally advise people to avoid this category. Except if

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they believe there's an overwhelming reason in which case they should ask. The people have knowledge about it before they embark on giving out there's a car like that, because it is there are too many pitfalls in it. And too many mistakes can be made.

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In it when individuals are, you know, looking at people are just deciding this person is from the people whose heart will incline and this person might whose heart might incline.

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The third category that the chef mentions

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are those people

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who is evil among the non Muslims.

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Those people who you

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believe that they're evil will cease if they are given from the second

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eye These are people who are harming the Muslims. But if they are given from the zecca, you hope that there this situation will end and they they will suffice themselves with that.

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And again, this is a very difficult situation to for a person to have an understanding of for a person, especially when we talk about individuals. And this is more something that concerns concerns that we will not have the Muslims, the governor of the Muslims of that particular city or that particular region or the governor of the Muslims as a whole is more of their concern. When it comes to the people's hearts would be inclined. And perhaps later on we can bring some research together on this topic about when the situation might be one where we could advise people on this particular issue of the people whose hearts are inclined towards Islam. The fifth category are warfare real cop

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and that is freeing the slaves

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that is freeing the slaves and this comes down to

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Something which is called mocha.

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And

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mocha, is something whereby the slave

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requests from their owner

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that they be allowed to work for their freedom.

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The slave requests from their owner

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that they be allowed to

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work or to pay for their freedom.

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It's called macatawa. So there'll be a certain amount that is set.

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So the slave here purchases themself.

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They put, they say to the owner, I want to be free.

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And they agree and amount for their freedom. Now the slave has to work and try and gather together that amount, they can be given from the car, in order to help them with that amount to purchase their freedom.

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Likewise,

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the slave can be purchased directly from the car and freed.

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Likewise, the slave can be purchased directly from the car and fried. So this is the case of the Mr.

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or the person with a car, they purchased that sleeve and they free that sleeve, or the sleeve has started to purchase themselves through macatawa, which they is a principal in Islam, that the slave says to the owner, I wish to purchase my freedom. And the owner says your amount is this.

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And they work and strive and they struggle to get it. They can be helped with that. Likewise, they can outright be purchased and freed. And that shows you that

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slavery

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as it relates to Islam is something which is very misunderstood.

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First of all, it doesn't have any relation to kidnapping people into slavery, which is what happened, particularly as we see slavery in, in modern times, slavery in the recent past slavery of people who are kidnapped from Africa and brought to, for example, America and Britain, other places, and enslaved. This has nothing to do with Islam and Islam has never been anything to do with Islam.

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Rather, slavery in Islam was a regulated system.

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It is something which allies or gel legislated that prisoners of war in slaved and so on.

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According to the choice of the military commander, the military commander has the option to free them to enslave them to run some of them. But it's an option for the prisoners of war.

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And Islam set a system for dealing with slavery. And so potlights such a good system, that look at the statement of Abu hurayrah

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rather lower and that he said low level jihad.

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What bill Rumi, he said if it wasn't for Jihad and being good to my mother, I would have wished to have died as a slave, like as a slave of someone.

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And likewise, we see that the slave had to be clothed with what the owner clothed themselves with and fed from what the owner fed themselves with, and looked after and not burdened with more than they could bear and that they were an Amana responsibility in the sight of Allah. Contrast this with the way slaves have been tricked have been

00:34:16--> 00:34:40

tret in the more in the recent past. And you can see the complete difference between Islam and between other forms of any or between what we see from these forms of slavery that existed. Then add to that, that Islam encouraged the freeing of slaves at every opportunity.

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Islam encouraged the freeing of slaves at every opportunity, and one of them is for the sake of the zecca

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for the sake of the zakka or using the zecca to free the slave

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The sixth category allegory mean

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avare mean,

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I know what it mean, are those people who are in debt.

00:35:23--> 00:35:42

And again, this is one where there is some fear there on the side we have to talk about, we don't want to just jump into it. This is just an overview. But first of all, the first one is the one who is poor and has debt and is not able to pay back that debt.

00:35:44--> 00:35:45

This person

00:35:46--> 00:36:01

is given from the zeca. And they are considered to be hard he wouldn't be NFC he or Hardiman. This person is in debt, and they have themselves they're in a state of

00:36:03--> 00:36:11

the state of poverty, and they have debt. So they are given in order to be able to pay their debt.

00:36:13--> 00:36:15

The share also

00:36:17--> 00:36:19

any debt, the debt is a personal debt here.

00:36:20--> 00:36:22

He also mentioned the one who is imprisoned

00:36:23--> 00:36:25

and is ransomed.

00:36:26--> 00:36:35

And the person has to pay the ransom. They also in the same situation, they're in debt, which is a personal debt, it's their own debt.

00:36:37--> 00:36:59

This person is also considered to be acquired in one lien FC he, because the debt that they have is in order to free themselves from imprisonment, there is a ransom placed upon them. So they're told you can be freed if you pay a ransom. This is also from the from the people who are deserving of the Zika.

00:37:03--> 00:37:12

The second category are what we call elevada malerei. Re, the one who has the burden of someone else's debt,

00:37:18--> 00:37:20

the one who has taken on,

00:37:22--> 00:37:26

it's not their debt they have taken on someone else's debt.

00:37:37--> 00:37:38

So for example,

00:37:40--> 00:37:54

to share he gave an example here, he gave the example of the person who makes peace between two tribes that are fighting one another.

00:37:56--> 00:38:12

And there is been some fighting between them and some, you know, maybe even there has been to the point of people have died. And there are demands for money and so on. And while this person is making peace between them, he agrees to give an amount of money

00:38:14--> 00:38:30

in order to settle the matter. He agrees to give an amount of money in order to settle this matter and make peace between these two groups of people. So he's taken on a debt, but he's taken on that debt not for himself. He's taken on that debt for the sake of others.

00:38:31--> 00:38:37

He this person is not left to pay it from his own wealth Rather, he has been given from the soccer

00:38:52--> 00:38:55

share he said that this person is given even if they are wealthy.

00:38:57--> 00:39:06

As for the one who is Alvaro Moline FC he, he has to be fucking, he has to be poor. And he has a debt that he can't pay back.

00:39:07--> 00:39:09

And that's the difference between the two.

00:39:10--> 00:39:39

Alhaji Malia ie the one who has taken on a debt for the sake of Allah, for others, is given from the Zakah even if they are wealthy, but the one who has taken on a debt for themselves are only given from this account if they are not able to pay that debt back. It's also again, we're going to talk about debt in more detail in Sharla. Next time, we have to talk about halaal debt haraam debt, what about haraam debt the person made Toba from

00:39:40--> 00:39:52

what about you know all different sorts of things like that? So again, this is just an overview to start with any shot alota Allah we're going to talk about it in some more detail as we get on to each particular category.

00:39:54--> 00:39:57

The seventh category, were FISA vilella

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

and these are

00:40:00--> 00:40:10

Those people who are the who are, what's the word conscripted, perhaps that's the right word

00:40:11--> 00:40:20

or they into the army, they are given positions in the army of the country. And they are given salaries from

00:40:23--> 00:40:24

they are given

00:40:29--> 00:40:32

any they are given payments from the Muslim Treasury.

00:40:39--> 00:40:54

Sorry, no, that's so that's what that's what I'm thinking I'm getting the wrong word. So, these are the people. There are two types of people who are there are those people who are conscripted in the army, who are Givens who receive a salary, who receive a salary.

00:40:56--> 00:41:00

And there are those people who do not receive a salary.

00:41:02--> 00:41:09

As for those who receive a salary, there's a fair salary is that is sufficient for them, they don't they do not receive from the zecca they receive from the Betamax.

00:41:10--> 00:41:37

But there are those people who do not receive a salary. They are volunteers, or they are non conscripted non commissioned or something like that, I don't know what the word is for it, but they are in the army and they do not receive any financial recompense, they are given from this account, what they need to be able to fight and what they need to be able to participate in that particular

00:41:39--> 00:41:39

battle,

00:41:40--> 00:41:45

whether it is weaponry, or whether it is transport,

00:41:46--> 00:42:20

or you know, whatever it might be, they are given the right kind of equipment, and the right kind of transport to be able to go and to be able to fight within that particular army, as well those who receive a salary, then it is the beta males responsibility, it's the government's responsibility and the Treasury's responsibility to pay their salary and to pay their it needs for their equipment and so on. But for when that is not sufficient, and there are extra people, and so on, then this is where it's come from.

00:42:21--> 00:42:22

visicalc

00:42:26--> 00:42:40

here again, there is a very, very important masala to talk about. We haven't spoken about it, is the word fee sebelah? Or does the word fee sebelah expand to more than just

00:42:41--> 00:42:56

fighting for the sake of Allah and preparing the army? Or does it expand to other things that are feasibility law, like tolerably seeking knowledge, or like,

00:42:57--> 00:43:09

for example, a dour Illallah Tao Tao centers, our organizations, there are opinions vary, they are poles apart in this

00:43:10--> 00:43:34

pulls apart, you see one group of people sapan Allah, they allow everything feasibility, la palabra, take this aka zakka data, our data center, take this machine library take the Zika they allow this car for anything in that under the topic feasibility law.

00:43:36--> 00:43:39

In reality, we have to be careful because the reality of it is that

00:43:42--> 00:43:52

everything in Islam is done for the sake of Allah. But not everything comes under the category feasibility law, as it is used as a scholar has a terminology within the Quran.

00:43:55--> 00:44:05

And on the other side, you have here, Chef Jose has a lot of talent, his explanation, he kept it very limited, very, very limited.

00:44:06--> 00:44:18

The person who is fighting is is assigned or is requested or participates in a legitimate battle

00:44:19--> 00:44:25

a legitimate army and they do not receive a government salary for doing so.

00:44:28--> 00:44:40

They are given what they need to be able to participate in the battle. Not give an extra what he needs time they need to participate in the battle. They need to honor they need transport they need whatever it is

00:44:41--> 00:44:54

very limited. So where do we how do we see some what's the evidence for each side this also we have to talk about because it's a very important issue. Since we see a lot of people in this day and age.

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

They take this one or feasibility law and they actually

00:45:00--> 00:45:18

expanded very, very wide. So we need to look at the evidences for that. And we need to see, where do we think because obviously, it isn't really the case in our time, we're not going to say it will never happen. But it's you can't currently imagine a situation where there are people,

00:45:20--> 00:45:25

least to the best of my knowledge, who are fighting a legitimate battle, but they don't have,

00:45:27--> 00:45:39

you know, funding, they don't have sort of, they're not like a member of the army that receives a salary might be I'm not sure how much that happens. Perhaps we don't say it's nowhere in the world. But

00:45:40--> 00:45:48

this issue of whether it can be expanded to two lovely people seeking knowledge, whether it can be expanded to,

00:45:49--> 00:45:59

to people who are giving Gower or dour organizations, this is a very, very important issue. Very important.

00:46:01--> 00:46:12

And it's also important to note that we're not talking about the pilot brought in who is faqeer. See, we have a project for the humble Foundation, which we've started recently

00:46:13--> 00:46:37

Alhamdulillah. And this project is to give the car because we receive 100 loaves receive a reasonable amount of the Calvary led humped. And we decided that because we are charity that's primarily designed our education and educational projects, there's a car instead of giving it to other charities to give out, we should give it to, to Level A.

00:46:39--> 00:47:26

But even in this we are not giving it to talabat in because they are too lovely. We're giving it to seekers of knowledge who are faqeer, who are Pokhara, who am I second. So we have handler, like we're in the process of, of awarding grants to poor students of knowledge around the world and do art around the world, who are actively giving doubt studying hard, doing very, very well in their studies working very hard, given a lot of dour trying to change their communities. They have references they and so on. But they often they are really struggling to pay their basic needs. Some of them have almost nothing very poor. And so we're not giving them the car because they are to love

00:47:26--> 00:47:27

with him.

00:47:28--> 00:47:50

Who would me love to get out of the villa between the dilemma and instead because they are fuko because they are Misaki. So this is an interesting issue that we have to talk about the last one that we're going to talk about Sharlto Allah, sinful famine, the eight categories of Seville and that is the person who is traveling and cut off from their wealth.

00:47:54--> 00:48:12

So the person is traveling and cut off from their wealth. What do we mean by that? Well, first of all, they are traveling, their wealth might have run out, they are traveling, and they can't access their wealth, their card could have been blocked, they

00:48:13--> 00:48:15

could have had their money stolen,

00:48:16--> 00:49:04

and so on. This person may be a rich person in of themselves, they might be rich in of themselves, but they don't have access to that wealth at this time. Maybe whatever wealth they took with them for the journey was stolen, or they lost it or their card is blocked, or they live very far away and they did not take anything by which they can get that money from home. So, they are cut off from their wealth and this person may be a rich person in of themselves, but they are a poor person at that particular situation. So they are rich, maybe in of themselves. They may be rich or poor, but they may be rich in of themselves in their own country. But where they are at that moment they are

00:49:05--> 00:49:32

they are poor. So these are the eight categories of people who are deserving of zeca. And note there are some very important categories missing from these eight, which you cannot give succor to including including in that are included in that is building massage, it is not eligible for soccer. And the maintenance of the massage it is not a is not

00:49:34--> 00:49:39

eligible for Zika hospitals are not eligible for

00:49:40--> 00:49:41

Zika.

00:49:42--> 00:49:59

These are given from sadhak orphans are not eligible for Zika unless they are faqeer or miskeen. Unless they are poor. But the fact that they are orphans doesn't mean they're poor. I mean, what makes it that often has to be poor, an orphan right?

00:50:00--> 00:50:17

Be a multimillionaire they might have their father might have left them millions of pounds, but they are an orphan. So when we say orphan, being an orphan doesn't make them eligible for soccer, being faqeer or miskeen makes them eligible for for the second

00:50:20--> 00:51:04

we read our first Hadees but we're not going to actually go too much into it inshallah, because we already kind of used up the time for the class today. But what we'll do is we'll just read it so that we have something to think about for next time inshallah. And we also have to go into some of these Messiah as we go, when we talk about what kind of debt what does it really mean feasibility law, and so on. So the our Heidi's that we have our first Heidi Swan, eviscerating Audrey rhodiola and who I know Call, call Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Lata Hello Salatu levani illa de Hamza, the Armenian Ali ha module in our module in ishta habima ohare mean algaas in FY sebelah, our

00:51:04--> 00:51:17

miskeen to su de la HeMan her for ad min Holly avani. Rock metal I would I would want to measure was Harold Harkin. Well, 11 aerosol

00:51:18--> 00:51:27

is highly highly upside Audrey's height is so high. It says here are 11 aerosol that it was criticized that it has

00:51:29--> 00:51:30

a break.

00:51:34--> 00:51:50

Or it is a Heidi switch the tear berry raised to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Without the person in the middle without the who should be the Sahabi the companion missing from the chain.

00:51:51--> 00:52:00

However, it seems to me that this Hadeeth is so high. That was what a hacking said and likewise and having a hedgehog

00:52:02--> 00:52:04

in a tail. He's also

00:52:06--> 00:52:33

he said that a group of people declared it to be so high. And this is what it seems to be that there are other chains of narration which are more suited, which are connected chains of narration. sadaqa is not permissible for a rich person except for five. So here we're talking about Zika is not permissible for a rich person except for five. For the one who works

00:52:35--> 00:52:42

in the Zika works for the sake of visicalc. For example, collecting it, distributing it, guarding it.

00:52:44--> 00:52:48

Though a man who purchases it with his own wealth,

00:52:49--> 00:53:01

a man who purchase it with his own wealth, ie someone who there is let's say there was wealth given in Zakat, let's say there was a sheep, for example, given in zeca. And the sheep is is

00:53:02--> 00:53:17

given to the poor person, and he purchases it from them. So the poor person is allowed to sell that ship the poor person is given is given it for example, he's allowed to sell it. So he sells it so the person buys it, the rich person buys it with his own wealth.

00:53:18--> 00:53:27

It's not the case that the fact that she was given in South Africa means that it can never ever be go back to a rich person, but he has to purchase it with his own wealth.

00:53:28--> 00:53:34

Or someone in debt here we said which kind of person in debt did we say? The one who's in debt because of

00:53:35--> 00:53:42

others, not the one who's in debt themselves because if they are rich and in debt themselves, then their own wealth is used to pay their debt, not the Zakah

00:53:43--> 00:53:54

and the third one, sorry, the fourth one I was in Pisa vilella someone who fights for the sake of Allah. I we said they don't have

00:53:55--> 00:54:08

they don't receive a salary for it. But they are fighting a battle for the sake of Allah azza wa jal, and they have they are given enough from the soccer to be able to cover their weaponry and their needs for the battle.

00:54:09--> 00:54:10

Or

00:54:11--> 00:54:29

our miskeen to sweet decarli him in her for Adam in Halle, Ronnie or a poor person who is given the car from given charity from the car, then he gives it as a gift to a rich person.

00:54:31--> 00:54:55

So there were five mentioned in the Hadith. Number one, the one who works in collecting, distributing safeguarding the Zika. Number two, the one who purchases something from the Zakah with his own wealth, I he's not given as a cat. But for example, it's given to a poor person. And then this person buys it with his own wealth, for example,

00:54:56--> 00:54:58

or someone in debt because of others.

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

Someone who is

00:55:03--> 00:55:14

going out for a military expedition, a battle for the sake of Allah, or a poor person is given from the sucker and then they give it as a gift to a rich person.

00:55:15--> 00:55:20

inshallah, Tada. We're going to cover some points on this

00:55:21--> 00:55:36

evening later either, we're going to cover some points on this next time, but I just thought we would read out the Hadeeth just to get us thinking about it. And next time, perhaps we can do this Hadeeth. And perhaps we'll also have a look where we managed to do that, Heidi's after as well.

00:55:38--> 00:55:42

I think we can probably do this Hadeeth. And we can possibly do also the Hadeeth

00:55:43--> 00:55:51

which is after that nilay Tada. That's what Allah made easy for me to mention in this class. Do we have any questions?

00:55:55--> 00:56:17

You know, when it's these lockdown classes, and there's nobody here, it would really help if the students who are watching on YouTube would participate. That's why we have live classes. That's why we don't record them and then upload them later. So that we can have participation from the students and people answering questions and so on. It's very difficult to give a cluster an MTU.

00:56:31--> 00:56:38

Maybe people are waiting also for the more detailed explanation because there's a lot of things about the debt, what kind of debt

00:56:47--> 00:56:54

and what kind of debt is it? What kind of what does it mean FISA vilella is all things that we have to cover and shall

00:57:04--> 00:57:24

give them another 10 seconds to see if anyone's had a change of heart and you know, had anything they wanted to ask. I know it takes a while for the delay. So when I asked the answer doesn't come straight away. There's about 10 seconds delay. By the time I asked the question for the people watching live to actually get it and then for them to actually think about it and type it you got to give him 10 or 20 seconds to do that.

00:57:28--> 00:57:31

I would ask if there's any questions from the people in the class but

00:57:32--> 00:57:35

there aren't any people in the class because I've locked down in the UK so

00:57:36--> 00:57:52

that's what allow me it easy for me to mention and allies or generals best wa Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi here edge brain. Just come along later on for watching. Please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com