Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Mumtahinah 1-13 Tafsir 7-13
was a bit lame in
Lesson number 284 sort of tahina, animal seven to 13
are some Lahu ada anabaena como bien alladhina data main home mower that and perhaps Allah will put between you and those to whom you have been enemies among them affection. Notice over here earlier less I do not offer any affection to them. And here Allah says perhaps Allah will place affection how that they will become believers. Because remember the status of Ibrahim or the center, that over there been an hour Vina kimono, Adela to Alibaba, whoever then had too many will be there.
So Allah is saying over here, it's quite possible. It may be that Allah will place between you and between those whom you have held enmity from them from who, from your enemy. Allah will place between the two of you with the love, how, by guiding them to faith, so that when they become believers, they will become your friends. They will be affection, after animosity, unity after this unity, people coming together after they were split apart, broken away, a lot can change things will Lahu coded and Allah is all able. It's not difficult for him at all, a lot over food over him and always Forgiving and Merciful. Look at these attributes of a lot that I mentioned over here so
That it's not difficult for a lot to change the heart of a person. It's not difficult for Allah to change the situation that you are in. And at the same time, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful, will love a fool over him. Why is this mentioned?
Because Allah can forgive a person and guide him.
We don't forgive people. This is why we don't want any good for them. But Ally's forgiving which is why he guides someone even if he has waged war against the messenger of them. Isn't that amazing? That if you look at so many companions, such as Sophia and Lena Horne, who, that how he waged war against the Prophet sallallahu Sallam against the Muslims for so long. But eventually he accepted Islam. Hinzman eartha robley, Allahu Allah, she incited so many men against the Prophet sallallahu sallam. But how she even became Muslim at the conquest of Makkah, isn't it a claim Ivan abijah, the son of Abu Jamal, imagine how much animosity he would have for the profits out of Addis Ababa. But
at the conquest of Makkah, what happened? Even he became Muslim. So the same people whom you had hatred for before, Allah can change the situation completely, so that you love them again, always have a photo of him.
So we see that love and enmity. There's such emotions that are not permanent. They can always change. Love can always change into enmity. enmity can always change into love. It's possible you love someone today and you hate them tomorrow. It's possible you hate someone today and you love them tomorrow.
This is why whoever you love, love moderately and whoever you hate, hate moderately as well. Remember that saying? Habiba hold them accountable.
Yo Mama, wherever the Basilica hona Massa and akuna Habiba, Yo Mama,
love your beloved, moderately, because one day he might become your enemy, and hate your hated one modernity because one day he might become your beloved.
So today, these people are your enemies, but tomorrow, Allah could guide them to Islam. And when he guides them to Islam, they will become your friends. Therefore, be hopeful. Do not despair, wish well for them? What is this show to us? That Bara declaration of this association does not mean that you hate the person in the sense that you don't want any good for them. You don't want any hate for them? No. It means that you keep enmity with them.
Which is that when they fight with you, you fight them. When they fight you, you defend yourself and you don't share your secrets with them. However, it does not mean that you don't wish for guidance for them.
We see that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
What did he want for people guidance, which is why we see that he made the out to a lot that Islam should be assisted by one of the two are most and imagine both of them are most of that time. How are they
Great enemies, great enemies, imagine one of them was coming with sword in order to kill the profits on a lot of them. Just imagine the kind of enmity they had, but still the profits or the loss and unwanted guidance for them.
So this shows us a very, very important lesson, that where you have to hate someone for the sake of Allah, it doesn't mean you don't desire guidance for them. You still want guidance for them.
You hate them in a way that you don't agree with them. You hate them in a way that you will not cooperate with them in wrong things, that you will not obey them. You are different in your lifestyle, in your worship, in your thinking in your focus in your goal. However, you still want good for them.
So be hopeful wish well for them.
This is why Allah says lay and how common law where I need levena lamb you call to.
Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion. Lay and how come Allah does not forbid you. Meaning he does not forbid you to be good towards towards alladhina Lemieux partido confident towards those people who have not fought you because of religion.
So in other words, if there is a non Muslim, and he does not have any enmity against you, in the sense that he doesn't speak out against you, he lets you be he lets you live, you both are living peacefully, then it doesn't mean that you can't be good to him. You should be good to him. Because les unhackable law who aren't in Medina Lemieux called to do confetti
while I'm you free to come in dare come and they have not expelled you from your houses either.
And about one that you do good to them. This is the subject of what Lyon hurco so Allah does not forbid you from what antiva room that you'll be good to them. What deposito la him and that you be just with them? You should do good to them. You should be just with them. Why? Because in the law, your heaven oxyclean Indeed, Allah loves those people who are just
so what do we see over here?
That the main thing, the actual point is what
enmity against the deen.
It's not about a person, being a Muslim or a non Muslim, the main thing is what enmity against it. If somebody is an enemy to the religion of Allah, then you will also be an enemy to him.
But if a person is not an enemy to the religion of Allah, he doesn't show any hatred. He doesn't oppose you. He doesn't harm you. He doesn't speak out against you. But he is a non Muslim, simply because he was born as a non Muslim, and he's living peacefully in the same society with you, then there is no need to be an enemy to him.
Because we misunderstand these I think in any non Muslim, nope, you can't have any good feelings for them. You can't show affection to them, you can't be nice to them. You can't be good to them. No, this is not what the meaning is.
And it is at its own place. When somebody is an enemy to you, then you should enrich them. And when someone does not show it to you, then you are fine with them. Like we see that in Makkah. And even in Medina, there were people who were non Muslim. But do we see the Prophet sallallahu? wasallam, discriminating against them? No, we don't see that. Why? Because only those who showed enmity were shown.
And if someone behind the veil of being a Muslim shows enmity to you, then are you supposed to listen to that person? No. So the main thing is what enmity against the religion of Allah, whoever is an enemy, you are an enemy.
And whoever is not, you can live peacefully with them. They don't expel you, they don't harm you, then be righteous with them. Be gentle with them, be good with them.
And this is the balance that Allah subhanaw taala teaches us.
This is the justice that Allah teaches us.
We learned that a smart been a biblical dinner on her. She said that my mother who was a Muslim at the time,
came to me during the Treaty of peace meaning when the treaty for Libya was made then she came from Mecca to Medina to visit me. But she was a missionary at that time.
And I came to the Prophet sallallaahu settlement said all as messenger my mother came visiting, desiring something for me. Should I treat her with good relations, meaning should I be good with her?
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, learn slowly.
Yes, be good to mother. Keep good relations with your mother. Why?
Because she's not showing any enmity.
she has come all the way to meet you. So you meet her, you welcome her in your house. However, if she speaks out against your religion, then don't agree with her, stop her.
Similarly, we see that I will Sophia on the other hand, he came to Medina, when the Treaty of her day was violated by the Michigan of Makkah, he came to Medina so that the treaty could be renewed. And he went to the house of his daughter on Habiba Leno and her Who was she, the wife of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. But when he went there, and he was about to sit on the carpet of the profits on the salon, she quickly folded it up, meaning she did not let him sit there. And he said, My daughter, I hardly knew if you think the carpet is too good for me, or that I am too good for the carpet. She replied, It is the messenger of a loss carpet, and you are apologist.
So he was an enemy to Islam. But he came from Mecca to Medina, he's visiting his daughter's house, she let him come. However, she showed that cold behavior to him. Why? Why? Because he was an enemy. He was an open enemy.
On the other hand, the mother of a smarter determined she was not an open enemy. I mean, she was a disbeliever, she was a polytheist. But she wasn't waging war against the Muslims or anything like that. So when she came, Prophet advised her daughter to be good to her.
So when you come across people who are non Muslim, but who are okay with you being Muslim, that it doesn't mean that you become defensive with them, and you become rude with them, or you become harsh with them, you become tough with them? No. You deal with them in a good way. Do words are mentioned over here? And who and what looks to
be good with them, and be just with them, both things are necessary.
Because remember that enmity is at its own place, and being good is at its own place. And we see that even when it comes to the enemies, if they are in your control, if they're under you, how are you to treat them
with kindness, that with regards to the prisoners of war, what was the instruction for Mr. manleigh? members? Oh, either. Either you show a favor to them, or you take ransom. And we learned about so many people who came as prisoners of war as captives in Medina. But how were they treated?
They were offered bread to eat and the Muslims themselves what would they eat this water data that's what they would survive on.
bread that was important was offered to, to the captives.
So my my goal was that he was also brought in as a captive in Medina. He was in the masjid, tied to the pillar of the masjid. But he was treated well, which is why, when he embraced Islam, what did he say? That there was no person more hated than you in my heart, then who then the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but now you're the most beloved one, to me. They're the most hated religion was the religion of Islam, but now it is the most beloved to me.
So his heart changed completely. Why? Because of the bid that was shown to them.
And remember, that Dawa is done in this way, that when you show kindness to people, when you are good to people, unfortunately, we think non Muslim, show a cold shoulder, you know, be rough with them. Look at how they treat us, you also treat them badly. No, that's not the way that's not the way Islam spreads.
The way to treat people is that those who show enmity, usually enmity to them, and those who don't show enmity, there's no need to be rough with them. Rather be good with them.
And we learn in sort of insane eight way user immunity. And I have been miskeen and we're a team and we're a car
that they give food in spite of love for it or because of love for Allah due to the needy, the orphan and the captive, who is the captive, a seed, a seed as well from the enemies. So the enemy is a captive is a prisoner with you, but what does Allah say when
they give them food? Meaning they show kindness to them
in the Mayan helcom Allahu Allah only forbids you from who are any ladina kata Lu confecting those people who fight you because of religion. Allah only forbids you from showing bear from being good. Offering affection. Extending friendship to who those people who fight you because of religion. So those who come fighting against you, you're not going to offer any friendship to them.
We're afraid you come in dare come and they have expelled
from your home so those people who have expelled you from your homes, you're not going to show any affection to them you're not going to come to good terms with them in the sense that you communicate the news of the Muslims with them. Well, how do i that is logical and they also aided Zahara they aided one another they helped one another this is from the root letters law
the aided one another they supported one another on your expulsion meaning they supported one another cooperated with one another in order to expel you expel you from where? from Makkah from your homes.
So Allah forbids you and our low home that you make allies of them that were low over here this is not turning to them but rather making friends with them from wilayah. Well, mania tovala home and whoever befriends them una eccomas lolly more than those people are unjust. Because what is
what's the definition of when to put something where it does not belong?
So, you are putting this friendship where it does not belong for like and move on and on. And when you befriend them, you will end up making many mistakes you will end up doing many wrong things.
Oh, you will have believed
one believing women come to you as well who had a lot as immigrants from where? From Mecca to Medina.
Then when they come from the halo one, then you must test them, you must examine them, you must put them to a test.
I mentioned to you earlier that in the surah is also mentioned the test that the Muslim women have to take especially when they will do hedra from Mecca to Medina.
Remember that the Treaty of her davia What did it say? One of the clauses of the treaty was what? That if any person comes from Mecca to Medina, he has to be returned he has to be sent back. Now with regards to the men, this is what happened that if any person would come he would be returned.
And with regards to women, this was something serious. Because if a Muslim woman comes to Muslims, and they don't protect her, and they give her back to the machine, what's going to happen to her?
Just imagine a man Okay, you can be tortured. Alright, but a woman, her respect her chastity, all of that becomes vulnerable.
So it is the obligation of the Muslims to protect such Muslim women such Muslim converts. Now we learned that some Muslim women, they also migrated from Mecca to Medina, after the Treaty of Arabia, such as the daughter of Aqua even at my uncle's home. And there were some other women as well severe oma or some other women who had migrated from Mecca to Medina.
So when they migrated their relatives from akima for them, that the treaty says you return the people to return these women to us.
And imagine if they're returned, or they're going to go back to their husbands. And when a person becomes a Muslim, then their nikka is terminated. So imagine a woman who has become a Muslim, but she's forced to live with a polytheist husband. Just imagine her state that first of all, she doesn't have the freedom for her religion and secondly, she's living a life of Xena
Imagine this was something very serious. So when their relatives came from Mecca to Medina demanding these women to be returned the Prophet sallallaahu, Selim did not return them. Why? Because the clauses of the treaty use the word or do
that, if any logical, meaning any man comes from Mecca to Medina, he will be returned. But who are these people? They were really sad. They were women.
And the treaty who accepted the words, it wasn't restricting themselves.
So this was something that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam took advantage of. And as a result, the Muslim women were not returned, do the wish to kill rather the Muslims protected them.
So Allah subhanaw taala says over here that when these women come to you as immigrants than from Turkey, no one Why? Because imagine somebody coming from Mecca to Medina, how do you know? They're coming with a good intention? What if they're spies?
Because now somebody could come from Mecca to Medina, even if it was a woman, but what if they wish to gain send someone to harm them Muslims, or to find out about their news and let them wish if you know,
somebody is coming from outside, inside here, men could not come only women are coming. Because a person might say why test women? Why not test men? Because the men could not come anyway. Only women could come.
So to make sure that we're true, sincere believers. This is why Alyssa
desta examine them, meaning test them, are they really believers or not. Now obviously, you cannot cut open the heart of someone and see what's in the inside.
So this test is only a parent, and how is that done? by their shadow by their open declaration of faith.
And also by the women, these Muslim women who would migrate by them swearing then from Sierra we learned that when they would come they remain to swear that Villa he Maharaj to invoke discharge in her biLlahi Maharaj to lock button and Illa up Obi lahemaa hostage to LTE Macedonia Billahi min ash to Illa hope Bonilla he also de
thereby Allah, I did not come out of Makkah out of hatred for my disbelieving husband. But I hate my husband, I don't want to live with him. So I thought okay, might as well move to Medina know that by Allah I did not come out because I wanted to go to a different land. I was born in Morocco, I wanted to see what's out there. So I thought let me come to Medina know, by Allah I did not come seeking the benefits of this world, that perhaps I will be richer over there. By Allah I did not come out except out of love for Allah and His Messenger so long as Allah.
So when a woman would say this, then she would be accepted into a new home, this was a test, then she would be accepted as a believing woman as a Muhammad Allah. So Allah says Elijah, a common woman who had European family from the Hanuman
Allahu Allah will be Imani. Allah knows very well about their Eman. It's not that Allah does not know he knows very well. But still the test is necessary to ensure that they are sincere believers,
for inner him to whom nominated. Then when you know them as believing women, dealing when you know that there are believing women. They have said the Shahada, they have said these words even then filetto G ruhuna iraq of them do not return them to the disbelievers. Meaning don't send them back to Makkah feroza florala Cafe, why should you not send them back to Makkah to the Kufa
because lair hoonah henlow la home, these women are not permissible for them. hoonah female feminine, these believing women are not permissible or not lawful law home to them. Who does them refer to their disbelieving husbands?
While our home and nor are they the lunella hoon, nor are they permissible for them. Meaning once these women have become believers, then their nigga with their previous husbands has been terminated.
Because one is a believer, and the other is a disbeliever. This is also a huge test. Because what have we been learning in the previous is that when a person is not a Muslim, then you cannot have a very strong bond with them. And not the strongest bonds that exists between people is what through marriage of the husband and wife.
So when a woman becomes a Muslim, then she is not permissible for that husband anymore.
When their religion is different, they're not married anymore than the guy is terminated. liahona handle level one or homea Hey lunella
on what to whom, and you give them give
them this is masculine, who does it refer to? The disbelieving husbands? Where are they? in Makkah, give them meaning return to them Ma and Falco what they spent what they spent on who are their wives, meaning the mother that they had given to their wives who have now become Muslim returned that to them.
So for example, a woman was given a lot of gold by her husband when she got married to him. Now she becomes a Muslim she leaves maka comes to Medina she brings all that gold with her. Allah says no return to that man. Why? Because in the car has been terminated.
To whom and Saku Valentina her alaikum and there is no blame upon you, meaning upon you Muslims, and then Kahuna that you marry them who these women who have become Muslim, either, say to mohana
when you have given them their budget, meaning their money
in other words, now they are free to marry. These women are free to marry, even though they're desperate, even husbands did not technically give divorce to them.
However, by their conversion by their becoming Muslim, their nikka has been terminated. It has been nullified. Because a believing woman and a disbelieving man they cannot be married. Remember that? Even if a nigga takes place that nica does not carry any meaning.
It's not valid, it's not recognized. So a believing woman and a disbelieving man they can never be married. This is why Allah says well Arjuna halochem and donkey one. Now these women are free to marry. So if this woman who has migrated from Mecca to Medina, she is proposed by Muslim and Medina. He can marry her they can get married, but what's the condition? The mode has to be given to her.
Well atoms equal and do not keep do not retain. Do not hold. Don't psycho from the root letters means the M sec. Do not keep there is Samuel colorfit do not keep marriage bonds with who disbelieving women.
Harrison This is the plural of the word Esma. And Islam is used for protection, chastity or purity. It's also used for rope and over here it gives a meaning of
the marriage bond. What does it mean? Marriage bond over here Why? Because that is a means of chastity protection for who for the woman as well as the men.
So Allah says to the Muslim men that do not keep marriage bonds with who Alcoa fish, unbelieving women, this believing women.
Meaning the same applies to the Muslim men as well. That if they were married to a woman, they became Muslim, but their mushnik wife did not become Muslim. Is their marriage valid?
Is it? No. So a Muslim man can also not be married to a Muslim woman. I look at that blue that's different but this is talking about who mushnik women.
So do not keep marriage ties with who I'll go after meaning this believing women meaning mistake women.
So where a Muslim woman does not stay with a Muslim husband, a Muslim man does not stay with him. wishek wife either.
A Muslim man does not stay with a mystic wife either. So do not keep them
rather divorced them let them go. Unless they become Muslim. If they become Muslim, keep them if they don't become Muslim, then unica is not valid anymore. And if these women wish to go to Makkah, let them go. And we see that, for example, the mother of the Libyan aroma.
She was a disbeliever she went back to Makkah, so let them see Kobe or someone COVID let them go.
Similarly, third, heaven Obaidullah divorces disbelieving wife and send her back because she wasn't becoming a Muslim. So she went back to Makkah.
So the same rule applies to both Muslim men and Muslim women
was aluma and fuckathon. And ask for what you spent as cool meaning demand from the people of Makkah. What you spent on who? On your disbelieving wives meaning the mother that you gave her, you can demand it back? Well, yes or no and they should ask they should demand who the machine of maca they should demand my answer what they spent. In other words, when such an acre has been terminated, then the MMA has to be returned.
You understand? The matter has to be returned.
The money that was given to the now Muslim woman will be returned.
into her disbelieving ex husband.
Similarly, the mother that was given at the time of marriage to the disbelieving woman will be returned to who are Muslim ex husband. So well yes aluma and then he can hookman law that is the home of Allah that is a judgment of Allah jacobina come here it is between you, Allah who are leemon Hakeem and Allah is Knowing and he is wise.
This is the routing that Allah gives you. And this is something that you have to follow. Allah is Knowing he knows what's best for you. And he is Hakeem, he is most wise about the commands that he gives you.
Now, we're in fact a comb shaped woman as radical nL kafele. And if you have lost any of your wives to the disbelievers will, in fact, become fatter from their newsletters, farewell, the further your food to escape when something slips out of your hands in such a way that you cannot retrieve it. You cannot get it back. It's impossible, or it's extremely difficult. So it's out of your hands, you've lost it. So if you lose SHINee on anything mean as well as you can from your wives elanco fall to the disbelievers. Meaning if your disbelieving wife goes to Makkah, okay, she goes to Makkah, technically, what's the rule that the Maha you had given her should be returned to you? But can you
impose a laws law on the wish Tiki
you can ask them to return them? But if they don't give it to you, what can you do? You understand?
You ask them for it. But if they don't give it to you, what can you do? The solution in Las panatela gives over here for cotton. Then you retaliated aka bottom, then you took revenge. You retaliated from who from the machine how that let's say you embarked upon a raid or you get a hold of some spoiled or you get some money, you know from them. So let's say there was a battle between the Muslims and we're seeking later on, then you get some money from the machine, you get something from them, then the booty that you obtain whatever you gain from the machine, either through battle or through any other means. Then whatever money has been gained from that money what's going to happen
for us to Ludhiana then give to those men who the habit as well to whom whose wives went mithila and furcal equivalent to what they had spent.
In other words, now the government will get involved
in the sense that now the government will take care of the laws that this Muslim man has suffered, which is that if the Muslims get hold of anything from that particular enemy, then from that money, this Muslim man will be given a share. And that share will be equivalent to what the Maha that he had spent on that woman.
So let's say she went with a particular amount of gold she never returned it and the Muslims get some wealth. Now from that wealth, first of all, who is going to be given a share that Muslim men
so for atom Latina, they have it as where do you home myth llama and felco equivalent to what they have spent? What the COLA and fear Allah and Lady anthem vehement mean on the one in whom you believe
so basically, from the spoils of war that you will acquire from the disbelievers give to those who lost their wives, the disbelievers the equivalent of what they have spent on them. So in other words, this was the man who will get for example, his share of the spoils, and he will also get the money that he had spent.
So the Muslim government will compensate for him.
Then our last panel data says, Yeah, you have to be you. All Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
either jackal movement as to when the believing women come to you,
when the believing women come to you, as
as immigrants, they become believers, and this was after the Treaty of her Libya. And this is also general that when a woman comes and she accepts Islam, she becomes a believer. Then what will happen you by year uneca, pledging allegiance to you meaning they should pledge allegiance to you.
Remember that at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, when a person would become Muslim, then they will do bear with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam remember the bear of Aqaba. The people of Medina they had come and they pledged allegiance to the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So similarly, the women also were required to pledge it
legions to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So when they would become Muslim, they would go to him, and they would do the bear. By the way, what is a bear?
What is this pledge of allegiance,
that one person accepts the leadership of the other, he accepts the leadership of the other so that people would accept the leadership of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
And the person would agree to do certain things and agree to not do certain things.
Certain command certain rules were imposed on him.
And over here, what are the rules that were imposed on the women, Allah upon Allah usually cannot be learned
that they will not associate with Allah, anything. So when the women come, they want to accept Islam. They say the Shahada make sure that they understand these things, they agree to do these things. What that first of all, they will not do shake with Allah, anything at all. Secondly, will is will and they will not steal yesterday carnosine rock off, they will not steal.
When I read this, I was shocked. How can the second thing is they will not steal? After ship comes no stealing? Why do you think so?
Many times it happens that women have no means to earn money themselves, when they don't have the means to earn money themselves. And what do they do?
They end up committing theft. Perhaps it was very common amongst the women of that time. You remember that incident where a woman from a very noble family Her name was Fatima she committed theft.
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said at that time that even if my daughter had committed theft, I would have cut her hand. So imagine a noble woman from a respectable family is committing theft. What does it show that perhaps this was common amongst people.
And we see that unfortunately, something that is found common amongst women otherwise as well, that they like the pain of the other person, they like the soap of the other person, they will just pick one up. People do that. Sometimes they like the small soap bottle, so they will just take it. Men don't care about these things. They're more concerned about their other big things. But women, they get attracted to these little little things. Just pick it up, who cares? Who's gonna find out? And also women, they go into the houses of one another. They see things which men don't generally see when men, they sit together where do they sit in the living room, they go outside, but women go into
the rooms of each other kitchen cabinets, washrooms. So the little things of other people they come into view and when they see them if they're attracted to them, and if they don't have a less fear, what will they do? They get up what's the big deal.
So imagine the second condition is what law is required. They will not steal their makeup promise you will not steal well as Nina and nor will they commit Zina.
When you become a Muslim, you will not commit Zina. Well, a katana, Allah de Haan, and they will not kill their children. They will not kill their children. And this implies that they will not kill the children after they're born.
And we see that sometimes just recently, I'm sure you heard in the news that a woman through her three year old out the window to kill the child.
Sometimes out of frustration, sometimes out of anger, sometimes wanting to be free women do this. They get sick and tired of their children and they literally end up killing them.
So while I yocto Nola the home, they will not kill their children either.
You know, many times these cases of SIDS, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, that where there's no apparent cause of why the child died, you know, many times the parents are interrogated that perhaps they did something deliberately and at the end, they pretending it was SIDS, that they put the blanket on the child on the face themselves. They didn't feed the child himself. Sometimes people do that. And who is the child with most of the time the mother? So the mother is told, well, a tuna Ola don't you're not going to kill your children.
Then, well, Dina Bhutan and ef terina. Who bainer ad hint will have Julian
and they will not bring about than a slander that they have fabricated between their hands and their feet.
What is Bhutan? Bhutan, is slander. accuse someone of something that they have not done.
When I should have learned her at the incident of if she was accused, what did you say how that was done? I believe this is a clear both that.
So Bhutan is what to accuse someone of something that they have not done. It's from their habitat Buddha which is to be shocked to be astonished because a person who has been accused
Now over here law says they will not come with a vote on meaning they will not bring about than that yesterday. No they have fabricated themselves beignet, the hinge, well, Julian, between their hands and their feet.
This has been understood in a number of ways. First of all, some have said that it refers to making up scandals, gossiping, spreading rumors,
because many times women, they come up with such stories, rumors, and what do they do? They keep it to themselves. No, they walk with them, they go from one person to the other, and they spread them.
They sit with one person talk about another, they sit with the other, talk about another. So the women will not do that. Well I Tina, we will then Nef de novo banner ad hinwil of Julian, they will not make up scandals and they will not spread rumors either.
Some have said that it refers to committing Zina
having a child out of Xena and saying that that child is the husbands whereas in fact, the child is somebody else's.
And the child is described as Bhutan, why? Because he has been accused. He has been associated with the Father, whereas he is not actually that father's child and is described as banner ad hinwil, odd him because when a child is born, he falls between the hands and the feet of the woman. So when I do Bhutan and ef turina, who banner ad hinwil, Julian some of you even said that this refers to magic. This refers to
because it's all made up fabricated, and it's false.
When arcnet FEMA rules and that they will not disobey you in maruf, meaning anything good that you tell them the prophets are allowed to sell them, they will not disobey. Obviously, following the Quran is necessary. But if the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gives the women and instruction tells him to do something, they will not disobey Him but rather they will obey.
So for example, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam forbade women from committing from doing what wailing that when a person dies, they should not wait. They should not rip apart their clothes, they should not pull out their hair. So whether you're a senior female or when you tell them to do something, they will obey you.
For a year when they agree to do all of this, then accept their pledge. You understand that you're gonna accept their pledge when they agree to these conditions, then do bear with them? Was the Fiddler Hoon Allah and seek forgiveness for them from Allah in the law of photo Rahim Indeed Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
Now typically a bear takes place How? By joining the hands. However, remember that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would take the barrel from the women, he would not touch their hands. I should have learned has said when any believing woman agreed to these conditions, Allah's Messenger would say to her, or the barrier to key
when any woman would agree to these conditions, what would he say? Goodbye or Toki, meaning I have accepted your pledge. But by Allah He would never touch the hand of any woman at all while taking the pledge from them.
He never touched the hand of any woman at all while taking the pledge from them. If the Prophet did not touch the hand of any woman, even at the time of taking by IRA, do you think it would be permissible for any other Muslim man? No. Because some say that it's okay. It's not okay. The Prophet sallallahu wasallam himself did not touch the hand of any woman when taking by our from her taking by IRA is what this is something official.
It's something official, but he would not touch their hand. And if anyone would be forgiven, it would be him. If you think about it, he would not touch their hands, but rather how would he do it? through words he would say autobiography. I have accepted your pledge. And this is reported in Buhari
Yeah, you had Latina amanu or you will have believed? Let at our local woman do not make allies other people. There are lots of panels Allah advises all believers that do not make allies of a people which people hopefully below her or lay him whom Allah has become angry with.
People who are allies angry with people who are Mahboob, don't make friends with them.
Why? Because or the year assuming they have despaired of the hereafter.
They don't hope for any reward in the hereafter yet you see from the root letters. Here Hamza seen come yet he says
Pharaoh made us harbor kubu like the disbelievers have despaired of the inhabitants of the graves.
The people who are in the graves who were buried do the disbelievers ever hoped to meet them, do they? They don't. Those who don't believe in the era, they don't believe in resurrection. So the people of the graves of disbelievers have completely despaired of ever meeting them again. Which is why when somebody dies, they are extremely sad, they cannot get over it. Because for them, that person has been finished.
So Allah says that those people who Ally's angry with don't make friends with them. Why? Because they don't hope for the
Khadija assuming they have completely disappeared from the ACA, just as a disbeliever despairs of ever meeting someone who has passed away. Why is this reason given over here that they have despaired of the ACA, this is why I don't make friends with them.
Because when a person does not believe in the ACA, then his goal in life is different. His objective is different. His mentality is different. His efforts are different, his priorities are different. Your main goal is what as a believer that you're preparing for the ACA, and someone who does not believe in the ACA, His goal is what dunia so if you make friends with him, don't you think he's going to affect you? Don't you think he's going to make wrong choices? Of course. So when his goal is different, his priority is different. His thinking is different mentality is different than how can you be best friends with him. You cannot be
this person His goal is dunya Your goal is
so don't turn to such people.
Ah boo boo boo.
With regards to number 12
the Pledge of Allegiance that the believing women would take with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when they would become Muslim. Remember that this was after the solidaria, meaning if any woman would come to Medina, she would have to take this prayer. But otherwise as well, if any woman would become a Muslim, she would have to take this prayer, which is why we see that even at the conquest of Makkah, at the conquest of Makkah, we learned that a group of women came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to take the pledge. Why? Because they had become Muslim, they had accepted Islam, and they came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to take the pledge. And hynd the wife of Abu sufian was the
first to speak and she came with her face covered, so that she was not recognized. Why do you think so?
Because she had the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam killed, and she had incited many people against the Prophet sallallahu Sallam many men.
So she came with her face covered so that she was not recognized. The Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said to the women, it was a collective by all of the women were taking a bear together. He said to them, You shall have not been one god meaning you should only worship Allah that's the first condition over here as we see, Allah you stickler with Lucha.
So hint, she spoke up. She said, we grant you that meaning Yes, we'll do that we want to check with Allah.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, You shall not steal? Well, as
she said, I only stole provisions from Abu sufian who is too stingy to give me enough.
Meaning he didn't use to give me enough so I used to take from his money whenever I needed it. And her husband interrupted granting all his worldly possessions to her for the profits on a lot of sudden he laughed and he recognized the woman. He laughed and he recognized immediately who that woman was meaning she was in and she implored him to extend his pardon to her. And if it's all her previous sense meaning when he recognized who she was, she asked him for forgiveness. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam then said You shall not commit adultery. Pain replied, does a free woman commit adultery? he understand that a free woman would not commit adultery who would generally
a slave woman, I mean free woman is very noble. And a normal woman from a respectable family. It would not be ever expected of her that she would commit Zina. So she said that there's a free woman commit adultery meaning of course, this is understood we won't commit adultery, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said You shall not kill your children. So hints that we brought up our young children, but you killed them full grown at birth.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said You shall not slander and hints that slander is indeed abominable and exceeds all bounds meaning it's something that's very wrong, yes, we will not do it. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said do not disobey me in anything that is right. And hint said had we intended to disobey you we would not be here now. Meeting of course we are going to obey you. This is why we have come to take the pledge.
And remember that who had was
was the fiancee daughter, whom Habiba was the wife of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So she was in a way related to him and she was, you know, like the mother in law. So obviously, you know, she showed that even when she became Muslim, and it shows how bold she was, and how straightforward she was, that every time the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said something, she said, of course, I mean, obviously you will do this.
Some people say that because the bar was taken at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, this is why it should be taken now as well. However, remember that the prophets are a lot of Him Who was he? He was a leader of the Muslims, undisputed meaning everybody accepted him as the leader. Today you give bearer to one person, the other person will call you to himself. There is no one leader amongst the Muslims. You understand? in the Hereafter, even when the Islamic elephant was there, the Muslims would go and pledge your allegiance to the halifa correct. However, that halifa was also undisputed, meaning everybody agreed to have him as a halifa. However, today, you can't just go to any person
and say that oh, we give by Archie No, this is not the case. And remember that he was a spiritual leader as well as the political leader he was a leader of the believers in every respect. And this is why people would give by our to him. And today, there is no person who is like that, who could take the responsibility of guiding you spiritually because every person is prone to making mistakes. No matter how knowledgeable a person may be. After all, he's a human being he could make mistakes, he could commit some major errors. Therefore, these days management
others disagree. They say that no, you don't have to convert to be able to do. You see, when a person becomes a Muslim, they should know what is required of them.
And if you think about this, where the points that are mentioned in it, they're very basic, very important for a person's email, like, for example, a person should be very clear notion, a person should be very clear, no theft, no Xena. You know, when a person becomes a Muslim, he has a lot to learn, but he has to begin with something. So these are the first teachings that a person should be taught when he or she becomes a Muslim.
Earlier in the surah, we learned that to Silvana in a humble mode, that you secretly inform them of the news of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam out of affection for them. So how is this applicable to us today? Remember that any gathering? What is it? It's an Amana? So for example, a person is working in an institute, a person is working in a Masjid a person is working in an organization, whatever that goes inside, whatever that is informed to you. What is it, it's an Amana on you. Some matters, they're open to the public, other matters, they are kept within certain individuals, why it's not necessary for everybody to come to know of it. So when there's any information that is to be kept
private and confidential, then you must keep it as private and confidential and not give out the news just to make money just to become famous, or just to take revenge with someone, because unfortunately, this happens these days. This happens within families, this happens within organizations.
And remember that some information which is open to the public, like for example, when it comes to a nonprofit, everything, even the audit is actually available online. Do you know that anybody can go and check from there? Anybody? Even you can. It's not like a top secret thing. So some things are known to the public. It's okay. But other matters, they are kept confidential. And if you have been given that information you have been trusted, then you must respect that trust. So this is something that we could relate with ourselves.
Okay, let's listen to recitation again.
broker on a Sunday morning