Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Ahzab 53-58 Tafsir 53
So, if you think about it, if this command of segregation of hijab is being given to them, then what about those who are lesser than them? What about those who are lesser than them in rank in piety in taqwa
there are many people who say that this haircut was exclusively for the wives of the Prophet sallallahu
meaning the observation of hijab, the importance of segregation was only for them. Why? Why was it only for them? Was there a problem? Was it expected that they would do something wrong?
It wasn't expected. Now, think about valid alcoholic Rubicam makuu behen. People who say that this command was exclusively for them, this statement is false. Why?
Because they were the most righteous of people. They were the most chaste of people. They will not entertain evil thoughts like we do, they will not see wrong things like we do. Unfortunately, they would not communicate with one another in the way that we do. flirtatiously. But still, they're being told their legal authority, Rubicon wakulla opinion, this is pure This is much better. So this refutes the statement of all those who say that the obligation of hijab the obligation of segregation was exclusively for the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and not other women. Know, if it was mandatory for them to keep their hearts clean? Is it not mandatory for other women?
Is it not? Of course it is. Is it not necessary for other men? Of course it is. And think about the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam no one was allowed to marry them anyway, after the death of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they're considered as the mohalla met those who are forbidden for marriage. But still, we see they were told to observe hijab, they were told to observe segregation. Does the same command not apply to us? Of course it does.
Now this statement, then come out Haruna, Kuru become vocal Lubin. This shows us the wisdom behind her job and segregation. And what does that wisdom to keep the heart clean? To keep the heart pure? Pure, from what clean? from what? From evil thoughts? From all those things that could stay in the heart of a person?
If you think about it, evil was unexpected from them from the noble companions from the Sahara. But shaitan is our enemy, isn't it? He's our enemy. And shaitan is always there. Even after the most righteous of people.
We say that the Sahaba were the most righteous of the people of this oma. But if they were told to observe segregation, then what about us?
If the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam were told to observe hijab, and what about us, the same goes for us. This is the wisdom to keep the heart clean.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, beware, in the body, there is a flesh, if it is sound, the whole body is sound. And if it is corrupt, the whole body is corrupt and behold, what is it? It is the heart? So it's extremely necessary that we try to keep our heart clean, clean from what? evil thoughts, evil ideas? And how will you do that? By not looking at other people, we learned insert a new level of detail about the command of lowering the gaze, right? And over here, what do we learn about the importance of segregation? Now many, many times at weddings, at parties, events, what happens? Men and women are mingling with one another. And what do people say? Oh, he's like my
brother? Or he's like my sister. Oh, no, no, no, no, the job is of the heart. We're supposed to be very clean on the inside. That's exactly what am I saying? If you want to be clean on the inside, then you have to have this veil, you have to have this partition. Otherwise, it will be very, very difficult. How is it possible that a man goes to a wedding he sees 50 women who are decked up, and he doesn't get anything? So many times people go to weddings? And what do they see? You know, women who are young and dressed up and they asked her sisters, do you know her? You know who she is? What about her? For me for my marriage for my wedding? And what are they going for? Just a looks? Isn't
it? So? So how can you say that if you see people of the opposite gender all the time, if you engage with them speaking to them, eye to eye, you're not going to get tempted. Of course, you're going to be tempted. Be fair with yourself, be honest. So then you come out to Heroku become what could you be him?
And so they learn who he said that when he went into the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that those three men had left
Then when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came back, and he was standing with one foot over the threshold and the other foot outside when he was still in the doorway of that house, he placed the curtain between me and him meaning he plays he drew the curtain because these is were revealed. These if had been revealed, so he drew the curtain immediately. So that Anasazi learn who he would not be able to see inside, he would not be able to see Zaina building over
and after this point on what happened, a curtain would be put at the door of the houses. And if anyone had a question to ask, how would they ask from behind the curtain, so that you can automatically become buckelew behind
American telecom and it is not permissible for you, it is not allowable for you
and to rasulillah that you heard the Messenger of Allah
wa Americana Look, what does it mean by this? You do not have any right to do this, you're not allowed. This does not suit you believers, it is not permissible for you that you heard the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in any way whatsoever. How could a person hurt the Prophet,
through words, through actions through behavior, and all of them is what is mentioned over here, that when people linger on wasting their time, talking endlessly, talking about useless things, not going, carrying on with their work, disrupting the activities of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So this hurts the Prophet Womack, Canada come unto rasulillah, it is not allowable for you that you hurt the Prophet, you're not allowed to do this.
So refrain from every such behavior that could possibly hurt you.
When a and nor is it permissible, and thank you who as to who that you marry his wives mimbar D after him.
Nor is it permissible for you to marry his wives, after him.
Now what does it mean by this, marry his wives after him.
Meaning after his death, you're not allowed to marry his wives, after he has passed away? Why
were the prophets Allah son was forbidden to marry any other women, after these women. Similarly, these wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam were also forbidden to remarry. Why? Because they were supposed to be his wives in this dunya and also in the hereafter.
And remember that the man that the woman is married to
demand that a woman is married to at the time when she dies, she will be with him in the hereafter.
You understand meaning the last man that she married, the last man that she made, will be her husband in the hereafter.
So the last men, that the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam married was Hamlet sallallahu sallam, so they will be his wives were in the hereafter.
So it is not permissible for you to marry his wives after.
Now, I mentioned to you earlier that there were a total of 12 women with whom the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had Nika, and he also consummated the marriage.
Remember, 12 women, nine of them lived on after he passed away, but three of them died during his lifetime. Right.
But there were some other women as well that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did get married to but he never consummated the marriage with them. And example I mentioned to you yesterday.
Now what about those women with whom he never consummated the marriage? They were divorced.
Now, in that case, were they allowed to remain? Yes, they were. Why?
Because they never consummated the marriage with the profits of the lone dissenter.
And the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam with whom he did consummate the marriage. They fall in the category of mohalla met women who are more having met women, women that you're not allowed to marry.
And after mahalo met women are who those women who are related to a man by nessa by blood, like for example, his own mother, his own sister, so on and so forth. Secondly, through adara like the the woman who nursed him Thirdly, through slavery through marriage, like for example, mother in law, or for instance daughter in law.
Similarly after Mahatma met women are those women whom a person has done they're on to what is there on we learned about in sort of the nude right? That after they are on the men woman who have been separated, they can never ever get back together. Never there's no possibility whatsoever. Another category of Mohammed women is epsilon marcelin at women meaning women who are already married, getting married at the same time. No can they have two husbands at a time? They can
And another category of Mohamed women is as well.
So while and Tonka who as well to whom embody Avada in Metallica indeed that or you are what marrying his wives after him, Connor in the La Jolla Lima. This isn't the site of a lot very great. Meaning This is a huge sin near Allah, if you marry his wives after he is passed away, this is a big deal.
Okay, we'll listen to the recitation of desire. And then I'll tell you about the lessons that we learned from it.
First of all, we learned from this ayah that the Quran instructs us with regards to everything,
from marriage, to divorce, to social gatherings, to etiquettes of eating, entertaining guests, being guests, so on and so forth. That the guidance that Allah subhanaw taala has sent is complete because this ayah What does it teach us? The etiquette of going to other people's houses, how should we go, when we should go? How should we behave ourselves when should we leave? So this shows that the guidance that Allah subhanaw taala has sent to us has given to us it is complete. And this is why the scholars of the past they would say that if you wish to gain knowledge, then what should you study? Study the Quran.
Study the Quran. Because in the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala has put every beneficial knowledge anything that is beneficial for you it is in the Quran. It's amazing how if you reflect on the Quran if you study the Quran, if you go into the depths of the Quran, you can learn so much so much there's no end to it. What did we learn insulated calf and toilet Look man, that if the seas were used as ink, and the trees were pen, and you were to write the column out of a lot would the climate of Allah be exhausted? Never ever and part of the Kadima of Allah is also his canal, meaning the Quran.
So the Quran, it's understanding could be Unlimited, the lessons that you can extract from it are unlimited. The benefit that you can gain from it is unlimited. You have to struggle you have to put in the effort, reflect, study, research, use your mind consultants on and as a result gain a lot of knowledge. So if you want to learn what should you learn the Quran
and unfortunately people they leave the Quran and the try many many things go here go there. Yes, they do enhance your understanding. However, the source of knowledge is what it is the Quran because the Quran guides us in every respect,
from sociology, to psychology, to business to everything.
Secondly, we learned from the CIA about the obligation of observing the proper etiquette when going to someone's house. I'm not going to go into the details of what those etiquettes are because we have discussed them already. But we learned that it is an obligation on the believers that they must observe them. It's a part of Eman just as you have to praise Allah. Similarly, you also have to observe this etiquette when you go to somebody else's house.
Thirdly, we learn from this I bought the obligation of responding to the invitation of someone. Where do we learn that from
the obligation of responding to other people's invitation
To further Hulu, when you are called, then enter. So what does it mean? That if someone invites you go, first of all, don't be an uninvited guest. But if they invite you then go. And if you're unable to go for some genuine reason, then what can you do? excuse yourself, when
two hours later,
two hours after you were invited, is that the time to excuse yourself? No, it should be in advance, it should be before so that the hosts we know whatever they have to do, they can do.
And one more thing, just one more point that I would like to clarify that just because it's an obligation to respond to other people's invitations does not mean that you keep inviting people all the time, that you have an event for this purpose, and for that purpose, and an event for no purpose and event for just dressing up. No, this is not the way of someone who has a purpose in their lives, we see that in this is what has been specified in our forum. And typically when is food served at a special occasion, but we serve food at every other occasion, even if there's no occasion we make an occasion out of it. So where it is mandatory, for the person who has been invited to respond, it is
also necessary for the person who's inviting to invite for some genuine reason at a reasonable time for a purposeful event. Right? Then we also learn from this idea that after one has fulfilled the purpose for which he visited someone, the purpose has been fulfilled, then what should he do, he should be concerned about leaving.
This is a general rule that we learned, this applies to when a person goes to someone's house for dinner. This applies to when a person goes to school for a class, that once the school timings are over, you have been told three o'clock is home time, then you should not linger on until six o'clock for no reason. You should not linger around until seven o'clock for no reason. There's a reason your cars are coming, something happened. Understandable. But without a purpose. Is it appropriate to stay behind? Is it
tell me is it appropriate? It's not Why? Because when you're here, other people are also here, isn't it? They cannot leave you.
They are responsible for making sure that you're saying that you're okay. And many times what happens after your work is over. Other people have to come and start their work. Like for example, in this building, once we leave the teeners have to come, isn't it. And if we stay behind, keep walking here to there, and the teenagers are trying to mop the floor sweep the floor and we keep walking over the clean floor, making it dirty again and again. Aren't they going to get annoyed? Of course they will. They will get annoyed we're disrupting their work.
Similarly, this also applies when a person goes to Masjid fourth, are we going further we pray and leave as soon as it is over. Because if you stay behind, there are other people who have to stay back and lock up already, it's so late. And if you're not going home, and you're staying behind talking, talking talking, then you're going to cause inconvenience to other people. Similarly replies to when you go for a lecture to a particular Hall. When you go for a wedding to a particular Hall, once the purpose has been fulfilled, then be concerned about leaving. Because the management is going to be worried they're still at work until you leave.
And if a person is just loitering around wasting his time, this is a sign of being an English person.
Ultimate learn from desire that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam like other people would also feel hurt in the valley, can you then be
like other people you would also feel hurt, then he he was also a human being. This is why he would get annoyed. This is why he would get hurt. However, his sub his patience was much more than that of other people. This is why when he was annoyed when he was hurt, would he say anything harsh? No. What do you tell people to the No. Would he react negatively? No. Would he react angrily? No. This was not his behavior. He was patient.
Also, we learned from the cya about the perfection of the character. And the higher the shyness of the profits of the line is
that how happy he was how shy how bashful he was, and also what a good character he possessed. That even if he was getting hurt and annoyed he didn't say anything to the people who were sitting there, isn't it?
And in this is a great lesson for us. It's quite possible that you have invited people they're not leaving.
You are supposed to be volunteering at a place you're supposed to lock up and people are not leaving
Part of it is what? barsha good characters What? That you don't tell people to leave? You can ask them? Do you have a right? You can ask them Do you need to make a phone call, but don't say Please go. Because if you start yelling at people, this is what? rudeness? This goes against good character.
The prophets are a lot of them out of his good character. He didn't tell the people leave. No, he never said that to them. So and this is great guidance for us that if we are in a similar situation, we should not be telling people go go go. Because if you tell people go, they might think of never coming again, isn't at all. So we have to be very, very careful.
And you can hinge to people you can indicate to the people. But if they don't get it, then don't be rude and offensive. Just be patient and expect for reward from Allah soprano died and when they have left, don't go on complaining to the whole world. Because if you go complain to everybody, then what are you doing?
What are you doing, you're wasting your reward. You're wasting it. Because sometimes what happens, we call people over for dinner, we prepare all that food, we put in all that effort, we entertain them, something does not go as we want to once they have left when I go find a needle,
you shouldn't have invited them in the first place. If it was such an inconvenience for you, you shouldn't have invited them. What's the point of going through so much effort and wasting it by complaining don't complain.
Also, we learned from this I about the obligation of segregation. So at parties, at weddings, at all certifications, if there are men and women who are unrelated, then there should be segregation. Also, we learned about the obligation of hijab, for who, for women, because this is something that keeps her hearts clean, and it helps men keep their hearts clean as well.
Remember that when it comes to hijab, this is not something that women have a choice about. You understand.
This is not something about which women have choice, this is an obligation, which means that if a woman observes hijab and what is she getting reward, and if she does not observe proper hijab, and what is she getting? Same. Remember that. So this ayah tells us about the obligation of hijab. Also, we learned from this ayah about the importance of observing all those things that are a means of keeping the heart clean,
that a person should observe all those things that help him keep his are clean, and pure, preventing the heart from getting stain off, that is lowering the gaze off that is wearing the hijab off that is segregation. off that is avoiding unnecessary mingling with the people of the opposite sex.
Also, we learned from this ayah about the prohibition of hurting the profits that
were from mechanical man.
Because it contradicts email, and hurting the profits on a lot of setup could be in various ways in his life, and also after he has passed away.
hurting him would be in his life. Like for example, saying something to him doing something that would annoy him after his life saying something against his son, ridiculing his son, mocking his son, making fun of this era of his wife of his marriage is objecting. All of this is what hurting the profits on the long side. And this contradicts Eamon Remember, a person who has a man in his heart he will not not hurt the profits out of autism in any way whatsoever. He will not say anything disrespectful, and he will not object either. He will never make fun of this. Never. This contradicts email.
Let's listen to the recitation.