Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Hajj 38-64 Word Analysis and Tafsir 38-40
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Are we let him initiate long overdue Miss Millay. Rahim.
Lesson number 171. So let's hedge by number 38.
In Allaha, Indeed, Allah Yuda Pharaoh, he defends RNN, levena amanu. Those people who believe in Allah, Indeed Allah. Now you're hibou he does not love Cola, every single Hawaiian, a person who is extremely treacherous and therefore, one who is extremely ungrateful.
In this ayah we learn two things. First of all, that Allah subhanaw taala defends zoo, those people who believe and secondly, that Allah does not like every single person who is treacherous and every single person who is ungrateful,
the first thing that is mentioned in the ayah in the law udev fear you that fear is from the roof is that fair is different. And therefore, is to rebel something it is to push something away,
you that fear is followed by an IT IS to push something away from someone to rebel something away from someone, why would you do that?
Why would you do that in order to save them, and in particular, it is to push something harmful away from them. Something that is harmful, something that is dangerous, it is to remove that repel them away from them. So you their fear, and what does it mean to defend someone? So in the law, you there Pharaoh anila Dena Amano, who does Allah defend those servants who believe in Him? those servants who rely upon him, those servants who obey Him, those are the servants whom Allah soprano data defense. He defends them from what? From who? from their enemy. He defends them from their oppressors. He defends them from the various difficulties that a person could experience in his
life. So what does this ayah show to us, that a person who has a man, a person who believes Allah subhanaw, taala, helps him he supports him.
He is the one who aids him in his daily affairs, as well as in situations where he is facing difficulties. And these difficulties could come from within a person's or knifes and these difficulties could also come from external causes external sources. And remember that this aura is murky. in Makkah, as you know, the believers were facing a lot of persecution from the very beginning. And this persecution they were experiencing, from home from their own family members. So in the midst of all of that, Allah subhanaw taala comforts the believers telling all of them, that I am defending you, I am saving you, I will protect you. And what do you have to do? You have to
believe and you have to show your image you have to prove your email.
Because sometimes what happens when we face difficulties because of our email, we think that we should compromise. We think that we should leave a little bit, we should become a bit more lenient to the point of compromising on the religion. But what do we see that help and victory they come only from Allah subhanaw taala. And a person can only become deserving of it when he proves his email when he holds on to his feet.
And the second thing that is mentioned in this ayah is that in the Lucha lair, you have bucola Hawaiian in cafo Allah does not like every treacherous person and every ungrateful person.
The question is, who is Hawaiian Hawaiian is a person who does a lot of Vienna because this is fat. And for our shows, a lot of action, right excessiveness in committing the action. So in the law law, you have bucola Hawaiian
the remember that piano? The greatness of piano? Yes, it depends on the matter concerning which piano is being done.
Like for example, if a person deposits $1 with someone and he says to them, please keep it I'll come back and take it from you.
And what does this person do? He uses it. This is what piano but it's not really that big of a piano
compared to if a person deposits $1,000 with a person and he uses them
he comes back and he doesn't find his money. So compared to Fianna done with $1 or whereas which one is bigger one with the $1,000 right. So yes Leanna
The greatness of it depends on the metric concerning which Leanna has been done. But remember that piano also becomes greater depending on who the piano is being done with.
Like, for example, if a little child has cheated with, yes, it's a very wrong thing but a little child, what will he understand? Not much, right? However, if someone is treacherous to words, let's say the government or let's say the teacher, or let's say someone who is older than him greater than him, then isn't that a big deal? Definitely. But this Leanna is with who
is with who in the ayah it is with a loss of
therefore the one who does piano with Allah, He is Hawaiian,
the one who does the ANA with Allah Who is he Hawaiian, extremely treacherous. This is why theft is bad, it is evil, even if it is a little bit, but the theft of solar in which a person neglects parts of solar he doesn't perform them properly. That is the worst theft. Why, because it is done against who
it is then concerning the rights of Allah
and kafu is from quran quran is what in gratitude. Now again in gratitude is very bad. Even if it is shown towards one parents is extremely bad. However, in gratitude shown to avoid is worse. Why? Because a law's rank his status is greater than that of anyone else.
So in Nevada law, you have bucola Hawaiian and Carrefour Allah does not like every person who is stretchers, and every person who is ungrateful, meaning Allah does not aid such a person. He does not help such a person. Who does he help those who believe
this is why the one who does piano and the one who is extremely ungrateful. There are problems with his email.
Because he man and piano do not get along with one another. They don't remain in the same person Eman and ingratitude again, they don't remain in the same heart.
If there is more demand, there will be less in gratitude. If there is more in gratitude, there will be less Eman.
Do you understand? Both of them cannot go exist. Both of them cannot thrive in one heart. One will prevail over the other. This is why the one who is stretchers, the one who is ungrateful, Allah does not aid him. rather he aids others against him.
He helps others against him.
Now in the context of Hawaiian Khufu, they refer to the people of Makkah.
What was the treachery that they were doing? What was the ingratitude that they were showing?
The treachery was that they had forgotten why the land that they were living in was so special. What was so special about it? They were very proud about the fact that they were the inhabitants of Makkah. However, they had forgotten the reason as to why that place was chosen. They were very proud to be the caretakers of the Kaaba. But they had forgotten why that building was established. Why that place why that Masjid was established. And instead of worshipping Allah, instead of supporting his Deen, what were they doing? They were worshipping idols, and they were opposing the profit sort of autism.
They were being oppressive towards the Muslims. So this was their treachery, this was their piano. Allah had given them a great responsibility. You inhabit this land, you maintain this place this garba this Masjid, so that people can come and they can worship Allah,
as we learned in the story of Ibrahim or listener, but what can we see that the people of Makkah, instead of cooperating with others, to come and worship Allah over there? What were they doing? They were stopping them. They were, as we learned earlier way us would do not want to be the Navy, as well as well mercy that how long this is what they were doing.
And similarly, instead of believing in the profits, or a lot of sudden they were opposing him, so that was there in gratitude.
This is why Allah was not going to aid them. Who was he going to aid the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the believers.
He was going to support them defend them, and not the machine of Mecca. Because the two were completely different.
Now what does this ayah show to us? What's the lesson in this ayah for us?
What lessons do we learn from this I think about it.
That if we are weak today, if we are helpless today
If we are the subject of other people's oppression and tyranny, then what do we need? the help of a loss of parental data? And how do we become deserving of Allah's help? How? By strengthening our email, by showing our email, by leaving Leanna by leaving in gratitude.
And you see, we need the help of Allah in every little matter, isn't it? So even if you want to cook food, don't really dumb as hell. Because sometimes you do everything the way you're supposed to, you follow the recipe? Exactly. But still what happens? You forget for a minute, you leave the heat too high, and they're the food burns. Or you forget the food in the oven, and they're the food burns, or you forget to put salt one ingredient. So accidents happen like this, isn't it? So? They happen all the time? What does that show to us that we need the help of Allah in every matter of our lives?
Now how do we become deserving of a loss help
by having a man and also by leaving Ghana, and leaving in gratitude,
because many times we're doing something but at the same time, we're cheating other people. We're depriving them of their rights. We're neglecting in our duty to which
we are ungrateful for the many blessings that Allah has given. So obviously our lives will be full of difficulty. Obviously, this is something that is understandable. If we want the help of Allah, if we want to be successful in what we're doing, we must leave Fianna we must leave treachery, we must leave in gratitude.
Because the more ungrateful a person is, the less help of Allah soprano Darla, he deserves.
Odin le levena it has been permitted for those people who, which people yukata Luna, who have been fought yukata Luna for PETA. So those people who have been fought, it has been permitted for them what has been permitted for them PETA, fighting
in order to defend themselves in order to take revenge. Why be unknown removed? Because indeed, they have been wrong. They have been oppressed, they have been treated unjustly. They have been deprived of their rights. What in the law and Indeed Allah Alana threw him over there help he is law Paddy, surely one who is capable one who is competent.
Remember that this sorta, as I mentioned to you earlier, that it's a very unique sort of the Quran.
Why? Because some parts of it are murky, and other parts of it are maddening.
Now, this I in particular is
why it is in this ayah permission to fight is being given to the believers. And we know that that permission was not given in luck.
Because there were some Sahaba who came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam asking him to be allowed to take revenge from those people who were oppressing them. But were they allowed? No. Why? Because the Muslims at that time were weak and they were also very few in number.
And if permission was given to them at that time, what would happen? They would suffer more harm, they would suffer more damage. So they were not allowed to fight in market later on in Medina when they increased in their numbers they also strengthened This is when they were given the permission. So all Dinelli Latina, you are the Luna. Why have they been given permission? Because you are the Luna they have been fought with. War has been waged against them.
And we know that in Makkah, the Muslims were oppressed terribly. But even when they migrated from Mecca to Medina, what happened? Did the machine leave them? Did this bear them? No. So they have been allowed. Why? Because the unknown Zulu they have been tyrannized they have been oppressed crimes have been committed against them. This is why they have been allowed. What in the Lucha Alana slim naka de and Indeed Allah is fully capable of granting them victory.
Why is this mentioned over here? Because even when the Muslims had migrated from Mecca to Medina, la was not going to aid them who was going to aid the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the believers. And generally it's not understandable that a group of 300 people would overpower who a group of 1000 it's unimaginable. And the Muslims that were still a minority, even in Medina, many people were still mistake many people were still of the look at that. Many people were not Muslim. And the Muslims were mainly concentrated. Were in Medina.
All over Arabia, who were the people they were mostly keen. So it was very strange that how can these people still defend themselves? So few, so weak? How can they defend themselves? So Allah, Allah says over here that Allah is fully capable, to help them to grant them victory. What this does is show to us that although we have to do something in order to defend ourselves, in order to take revenge, we should remember that victory can only be gained How? By the help of Allah, that can only be gained by the help of Allah. Therefore a believer Yes, he tries his best to do whatever he has to do. However, he does not rely upon himself who does he rely upon? Allah subhanho
wa Taala our learners through him, luckily,
who are these people? Who Allah subhanaw taala will aid whom he will support their alladhina Lederman deity him there are those people who were driven out of their homes.
Oh, what did you mean the adding him and the ad is a plural of the they have been driven out of their homes behind you happen without any right.
Generally, people are evicted from their homes, they are expelled, they're exiled from a country from a land when they have committed a major crime, isn't it so like, for example, if a man has been very abusive towards his wife, then what happens? The law comes in the middle. And the wife is to have the house and the husband is not allowed to come anywhere close to the house, let's say five kilometers depending on the crime that he's done, he should not be seen in that area. So he has been expelled from that area. Why? Because of a crime that he has committed.
Similarly, a person is expelled from a country because of a crime that he has been committed. Right. But when the believers were expelled from Makkah, what crime had been committed, nothing, rather crimes had been committed against them.
They were being terrorized. They were being deprived of their freedom.
They were being they were being the targets of abuse. So before it happened, they were driven out of their homes without any rate. Illa except the only reason why they were expelled was an akula Buddha law, because they said that our Lord is who Allah says.
This is the only reason why they were expelled from their homes because they said, Our Lord is Allah.
Now, is this really a crime to say such a statement? Think about it. Is it a crime to say such a statement?
We talked so much about freedom of speech, don't we? So if a person should have freedom of speech, he should be allowed to professor's faith. And if he is professing his faith based on that he should not be expelled out of his house. He should not be oppressed so much that he is forced to leave his house.
But we see that this was a state of affairs in Makkah, that the only reason behind the oppression of Muslims was that they said Our Lord is only Allah, we will only worship Him we will not worship anyone else. And this is something that the Muslims of Mecca did not only experience, but the believers of all time. All times they have experienced this. That just because they say that Allah is our Lord. This is why they face a lot of persecution.
We also learn instead of the Buddha, which is number eight, women are comin home Illa and YOLO Illa and umino Bella hin, Aziz and Hamid and they resented them not except because they believed in Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Praiseworthy,
that in sort of brooch We also learned that the Muslims they were oppressed. Why? Simply because they said, allies Our Lord, we only worship Him.
Similarly, insalata Medina is number one, we learn what are the Kapha Ruby major, a communal healthy johari Juniper Sula was a year ago and took me to Villa he
that they have disbelieved in what came to you of the truth, having driven out the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and you only because you believe in Allah.
Only because why you believe in Allah, this is why they have expelled you from your homes.
Allah subhanaw taala says well, Ola, and if not, definitely Allah He the repelling by Allah subhanaw taala
who anessa the people borrow the home some of them be burdened with others.
That again, is from the roof mattress that fell right
Therefore as you know as to repel something to push something away, and therefore Allah when Allah pushes someone away when a lot repels them, so had it not been for the moving away for the repelling of a NASA, the people by who by Allah soprano tada bada boom some of the people be Berlin at the hands of others. So had Allah not rebelled some people at the hands of others, you understand? Had Allah not defeated some people at the hands of others? Had he not punished them at the hands of others, then what would happen LaHood demon, surely it would be demolished the hood the material veterans had me
and had them is to pull something now to demolish a building to demolish a structure. So, who demands it would have been demolished? It would have been pulled down what would have been pulled down somewhere near the monasteries. So why there is a plural of sole mirror it is a plural of so mia suad well meme I am Tama Buta Samir, and Sameera is used for a monastry, in which a monk lives who is a monk who is a hermit.
A person who has isolated himself from the rest of the people. He does not live amongst people, he lives by himself in an isolated face, and what does he do all day long.
He just worships.
And this is something that is very common in which religion,
Christianity, now also in Buddhism, however, amongst Christians, this was something that was very common.
Because remember that Maria Maria de Sena, and what had she done, she had isolated herself from the people. So in that area, it was permissible to a certain extent, however, the people they exceeded in that, which is why the people completely isolated themselves, they would go to absolutely isolated places, like for example, in mountains, in forests, and they would live only there. But we see that money and where was she? She wasn't the anchor, right. However, she had taken a hijab between herself and the rest of the people so that she could concentrate on the rebellion.
So the ceramics which are built only for the worship of Allah where monks and hermits live, in order to worship Allah, such places would have been
demolished. And not just a salami, but what else would be on an altar churches? There is a plural of beer.
It is a plural of beer.
And beer is used for a church
of worship lives.
So the churches even they would have been demolished. What else was Sala were to and also synagogues. So the wax is a plural of sauna and what does Allah literally mean?
What does it mean prayer, right? But solo ad is used for the Jewish place of worship, where the Jews worship, Allah soprano.
So even the silhouette they would have been demolished. What else would have been demolished?
One massage you do and the mosques as well. Massage is the plural of Masjid and what is the masjid? It is a place where the Muslims worship Allah sprinter.
And remember that massage at the outset refers to the specific places that have been constructed for the worship of a lot. However remember that the entire world the entire Earth is what it is a Masjid for the soma.
So massage Ito youth guru in which it is mentioned fee her in it is Mullah he the name of Allah Cathedral and much so all of these buildings this aware mere the beer the sort of wet the massage it all of them the name of Allah subhanaw taala is mentioned a lot in these buildings.
And if Allah allowed people to thrive, if Allah did not rebelled some at the hands of others what would happen? There would be corruption everywhere to the extent that even the worship leaders would have been demolished.
This is how great facade would be
well a unseren Allahu and surely Allah will definitely help me answer who the one who helps him in the Lucha Naka William Aziz Indeed Allah surely mighty. He is powerful.
He's also strong.
What do we see in this ayah?
That in the dunya, Allah subhanaw taala allows people to have authority.
He allows people to have leadership, and sometimes it is for a very long time. Like, for example, we see that the Egyptians, their civilization was for so long, one Pharaoh after the other several dynasties of Pharaohs. What does that show to us?
That they had victory, they had leadership, they had authority for a very long period of time.
Similarly, the people of Makkah, even they had authority over the Muslims for a very long period of time. Right. So nations they have been given authority over others.
However, this authority, this leadership, this success is not eternal. What happens after sometime, that typically, people begin to be very arrogant, and they become rebellious. Instead of worshipping Allah, they turn to the worship of other than Allah, they lose their faith,
they become oppressive, they deprive people of their rights. And as a result of that, what happens? A loss of power data takes away what he has given to them.
Like, for example, we see that the people of her own the people of her own long time ago at the time of use of insulin, who are the believers, many people amongst them, they were believers, even if the entire population was not many people were believers. But when fit our own became oppressive towards the bunny is why he was allowed to thrive.
Was he allowed to continue? No, Allah subhanaw taala took away everything from him.
Similarly, the people of Mecca, yes, they had authority for a very long time. However, that authority was taken away from them, a las panatela granted victory to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam over the people of Makkah, he became the victor of Makkah.
So we see that in order to maintain a balance in this dunya, Allah subhanaw taala has a certain law.
And what is that law, that Allah does not allow a nation to progress after a certain limit?
He does not allow them to progress after a certain limit. And what is that limit? That when they become oppressive,
when they take the rights of other people away, then what happens? Allah takes authority away from them.
He takes authority away from them. And this is what is mentioned over here will no ladder for law him NASA barraba, whom be
evil is not allowed to thrive continuously. Eventually, it is eradicated.
And we see this throughout history, that so many people so many nations, so many individuals, they had so much power, but eventually what happened, that power was taken away.
Willow ladder for law in NASA, biodome v Berlin.
And if such was not the case, if Allah did not take the power of the rebellious people away from them, then what would the consequences be? That the places that are built for the worship of Allah, even they will be demolished?
If you think about it, compared to all other buildings and structures, the places of worship, they remain standing for a very long time,
isn't it? So sometimes you come across a church that is 1000 years old, 500 years old, 200 years old.
Whereas you will hardly ever find houses or other buildings that are as old. Right? But churches and synagogues worship places, they remain for a longer period of time. And also think about it whenever there is a calamity. For example, a nation is at war. Where will the people take refuge in? Generally it is worship places, isn't it? And not just war, but even at the times of natural disasters? People will take refuge in churches, right in mosques in schools. So we see that these places are of immense importance. And if these places are ruined, if they are demolished, what does it show?
The great extent of facade, the great extent of corruption, the great extent of injustice and tyranny,
that if Allah would let the people thrive, despite their wrongdoing, then what would happen?
Even these places would be demolished. There will be absolutely no piece left on this dunya
This is why Allah does not let people thrive when they begin to do injustice. And we see that the scholars of the past they have said that Allah would allow a nation to thrive with COVID. But he would not allow a nation to thrive with zone with injustice.
When people disbelieve in Allah, they're allowed to live, but when people become oppressive towards others, then what they have is taken away from them.
So there is a reason behind why nations rise and fall.
And what is that reason that when they become oppressive, Allah takes that freedom away from them.
And then Allah subhanaw taala says, that, who does he help? Well, I answered en Allahu Allah,
that Allah will definitely aid Who? The one who helps him. Now does Allah need our help? Does it need our assistance? No way, not at all. So what does that mean by helping Allah? It means helping his religion.
serving his religion, serving the deen of Allah.
So when a person helps the deen of Allah, then what will happen? Allah will also help him.
Now how can a person help the deen of Allah? How can he aid the deen of Allah.
It can be in various ways, like for example, a person can use as well. To serve the need, a person can use his talents, whatever ability he has been given, he should use that to serve the team. Similarly, a person has been given various abilities, various skills, right? So when a person uses whatever he has been given to help the dean, what do we learn that Allah will definitely help him as well. Allah will definitely aid him as well. And remember that each person's help or assistance for the deen will vary from the other person. Why? Because each person is in a different state of affairs compared to others. Each person has been given different abilities, different strength. So
we should not always be comparing ourselves with others that Oh, look, she's doing so much, you know, I should be doing as much. Like, for example, a woman, she has five children to look after. And she's comparing herself with a young girl who's not even married. And she says, Oh, my God, look at her and she does everything so perfectly, and I'm still struggling. No, remember that your work, your efforts will be different compared to the other person. You have to do what is within your ability? Whatever Allah has given you, whatever means you have, and you know best, what are you capable of doing? What is within your ability?
So whatever Allah has given you, you should use that to serve his team.
And we see that at the time of the Prophet sort of all the sudden, what would the men do when they would go to battle they would participate actively in the battle. But the women, what would they do? Would they just think that, you know, we're women, what can we do? For us, no opportunities for us? No, even they would go along. And they would help the wounded and the injured. And when there was time, they would even raise the weapons, like omala. Right. So whenever there was the opportunity, they would avail that.
Similarly, we see that there were some companions who were very good at war, like for example, Khalid Ibn will lead. And there were other companions, like even most of the live in our bass, who were better when it came to him when it came to the study of the Quran, and the Sunnah.
So each person is different. Each person has different talents, different skills.
Check yourself, what are you good at? What's the gift that Allah has given you? And think about how you can use that to certainty? Because the promise of Allah here is that when I answer anila, who may and sort of
that Allah will definitely help the one who helps him, the one who helps his cause.
Now, what's the connection of this part of the ayah with the previous part of the ayah?
That those people who helped the novela those people who serve the need, who are those people alladhina amanu. What did we learn earlier that in the law, you dare Pharaoh, I need livina
Allah defense those people who believe
so those people who believe who are serving the deen, Allah will defend them. Allah will help them when a young Soren Allah Who, who may and
We'll help them against their enemies. Allah will help them against the difficulties that they face against the challenges that they face in their lives. And when a person leaves the deen of Allah, when a person abandons the deen of Allah, when a person loses his faith, then what happens? Allah will take away from him whatever he has been given, as we learned were loaded for law he NASA burden him about
when people become oppressive, when they leave their religion when they leave the worship of Allah, then what happens? A lot of rebels them at the hands of others, he defeats them at the hands of others, he causes a loss at the hands of others.
So in this ayah, again, we are taught as to how we can become deserving of the help of Allah. And how is that possible? When we help the deen of Allah
when we prove our EMA when we don't just say that we're Muslim, but we prove it.
We don't just say that we're believers, but we prove it and how can a person prove his EMA
by serving the DEA by helping the DEA?
Well, I am sold on the law who my young soldier who and at the end of the ayah Allah subhanaw taala says that in Nevada Korean Aziz Indeed, Allah is surely strong, and he's also mighty. That again, the believers may seem to be very weak, that for example, the person is struggling to serve the thing. But he considers himself to be very weak. He says, I'm only one person, what can I do?
I'm only one person, I have limited abilities, what can I do? But the fact is that if you go forward, then Allah will assist you.
Although you are weak, although you are one person.
Although you are a woman, you are weak. But again, you're not relying on yourself or you're relying upon unless
you're going forward in the way of Allah and Allah will give you his help.
We don't instruct Mohammed is number seven, that Yeah, you had Latina amanu in tancet Allaha, young sopko where you submit academical, that all you have believed, if you support Allah, if you help the universe, Allah then what will happen. He will also support you and He will plan firmly your feet, he will make you stable. He will give you firmness. He will give you perseverance, seminary into the majority law number 21. We learned that Khattab Allahu La Banda Anna what was truly that Allah has written, that I will surely overcome I and my messengers, that he will definitely grant victory to who? To his messengers because his messengers are who those who are helping the deen of Allah. And
if anyone follows in the footsteps of the messengers, then the same promises also for him in the Lucha Libre University's