Aqeedah Wasitiyyah – 02 Authors Introduction
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
arenado Sullivan Kadeem a mother earth for the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim furbish Rocky's solidity were steadily angry while erupted among lisanna Yakubu Kohli. probenecid. And
so are you ready to begin the book now?
Must Know LRP that was it.
So in our last class, I gave you some reminders
of the students of knowledge meaning anyone who is seeking knowledge, such knowledge that should benefit him, there are some things that he must do. And all those things are
further, so the core of what
of their in that he has gained, and also sadaqa of Mal. Why, to show gratitude, because in is a blessing. And it's not just a blessing, it's a treasure, it is the treasure which has been left by who? The prophets of Allah. So when a person is receiving a share of a treasure, that he should show gratitude to our last panel data, so make sure to give sadaqa so we learned last time from the life of the author, she hula slam, even Tamia Did you give any sadaqa from that wealth of knowledge? Who did you give that silica to?
Okay, your children? What did you tell them?
I tell my son, Oh, you know what we learned today? And I told him about lithiumion. He said, he said mommy I already know. And he put the whole biography. Again. Did you want to watch it again? I said yes, I want to watch it again. I listened to the whole auto biography again, was so beautiful. And I sent it to everybody I could think of very good Mashallah, excellent.
Anybody else we talked about?
A long time, and then we just seriously couldn't believe that how one person can achieve so much in his lifetime. swana light was amazing. It is truly marvelous, that one person and not a very long life, he died in the 60s, how is it that he managed to achieve so much not just knowledge, but even his contributions? This is a source of great motivation for people.
Okay, before we actually begin the book, which inshallah we will begin today, inshallah, just a quick review,
with respect to Akita with respect to the head with respect to our belief in Allah subhanho, wa Taala, our highlight our Malik, because if you look at the book, you may have come across many, many verses, in this book that talk about the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala, for example, his hearing his seeing his coming, so on and so forth. Now, a lot of panel data has created us, for what purpose for the purpose of worshiping Him?
It is as though the purpose of our existence is to worship our Lord, who is our Lord, who is a rub, Allah subhanaw taala? And who is he marbou? being the one who is being worshiped, and who are we? There are bad, the servants the worshipers. So one is He who is being worshipped, and the other is He who is worshiping.
Now the marble, the one who is being worshipped the Lord, does he know that? Does you know the servant? Okay? How? Why? Because he's the one who created. The question is Does he know the marble? Do we as servants, know our master? Should the servant know the master? What do you think, is important to know the one whom we are worshipping day and night whom we are required to love and adore and respect and fear? The one for whose sake we are striving every day? And through our efforts, we strive to attain His pleasure. So is it not necessary to know him?
So if we don't know who he is, then what kind of worship would that be?
it will not be that meaningful, it will not be proper the way it should be.
If you think about it, worship is what part of worship is love.
And when you love someone, what's the first thing that you better know them?
What kind of love is it? If a person doesn't know the beloved, what kind of fear is it? If a person does not know the one whom he fears and this is the reason why our worship last
Love and fear. Our worship lacks consistency.
What is the reason that we lack in our knowledge of Allah soprano data? When we stand in prayer? Why is it that we cannot pay attention?
Why is it that we are constantly distracted? Why is it that our near our intention gets corrupt? Why? Because we don't think about the one who we are standing before. We don't think about his greatness we are in reality unaware of his true position. Because if we knew about his position, if we realized his greatness, then I worry about it would be different. Allah subhanaw taala himself tells us that women are held up to the general insula, Leah Buddha would I have not created the jinn and men except that they should worship me and for this reason, who did Allah subhanaw taala? Send? Who did he send? profits? How many profits just one or two? Many throughout the ages? Well, I will
send them in public and it was stolen in LA new Hey, la anahola ilaha illa Anna fabu in total ambia I have 25 Allah subhanaw taala says and we have not seen before you any messenger except that we reveal to him that there is no data except me. So worship me. Now, unless the penalty Allah has commanded us to worship Him, correct? Okay. So this is why it is necessary for us to understand three matters. First of all, what is worship? What is Riba? Secondly, who is the Mahmoud? Who is it that we are worshiping? And thirdly, who are we as bad as servants? Now, when we know them are the one who is being worshipped?
Naturally, we will also understand our position as servants, right? Because things are known by their opposites. So what we really need to focus on over here is, first of all, Reba, what is Reba, what is worship? I'm asking you, what is worship?
Quickly, I need an answer from you. I need a response from you.
Okay, I'll hold your
humility, submissiveness, Reba, basically has three pillars.
First of all, lie a
lie that will help the maximum extent of love.
I want you to imagine this the maximum extent of love.
Think about it.
Sometimes when you love a particular individual, like for example, a child you feel as though your heart would burst with love.
And you think that no one could love anyone more than you love a particular individual.
But you will always find people who are more loving than you.
So one of the pillars of Riba is the maximum extent of love, guarantee the maximum that you can love someone, the maximum capacity of love that you have within you, that love should be for who Allah azza wa jal.
This is why it is said that everybody is to show extreme humility, but how with immense love, it is to express humility, but with love, with reverence with respect, love is part of everybody without love, everybody is incomplete.
And urban is you know, you show your lesser state, your needy state, with earnestness, you know, seeking a lot of panel data, but how lovingly so for example, when you make the law, this is an act of worship.
But while you are humbling yourself, while you are showing your lesser and weaker state and needy state, this is with love also, likewise when you are prostrating yourself and subdued. This is not just a position in which a person is showing humility. This is also supposed to be with love. So every act of worship is meaningful, it is complete when there is love in it. command will help. What am I looking
for what is command, Completion, perfection, perfection of love, absolute love, and commendable absolute humility. So both of these are necessary. The first pillar is love.
And this is where we really need to ask ourselves that when we
Worship Allah subhanaw taala whatever act of worship, it may be, whether it is the recitation of the book of Allah, or it is standing in prayer. Yes, we are doing it with fear we are doing it because we have to do it. But do we also perform these actions? lovingly with love? And is our heart really involved over there? Because there is a difference. We know when a person is doing something with love, and a person is doing something. Without love. Is there a difference?
Have you ever felt it? Hmm? So for example, you're very passionate about a certain food. And whenever you're prepared, you're prepared lovingly, you love your house. And whenever you look after you do so with love, so then what happens to your back? And what happens to your hands? And what happens to your entire body? Does it get tired? But do you mind the pain? Do you mind the costs? Do you mind the time and the effort that has been spent? No. Why? Because it is done with love. And remember that the more love there is in an action, the more beautiful it becomes. And we in this life are fulfilling the purpose of our existence right? By worshipping Allah subhana wa tada we are
performing our most important obligation, we are performing our most important task duty. And remember that however a task is performed, that's exactly how it is paid for. Right? The second pillar of Riba is
fear. But it is such fear that is free from despair.
such fear that is free from despair. Now, what does it mean to fear loss primadonna it means that we should keep away from sins, we should keep away from any matter any action that allows panel data disapproves of. and due to this fear, we do what we have been asked to do. Think about it when you fear someone, what happens to you, you do what you're supposed to do, and you keep away from what you have been forbidden. This is what fear means. Now remember that when it comes to your ibadah is fear necessary? Is it necessary? Yes, love is necessary, but at the same time, fear is also necessary. Why? Because fear helps us perform better. Fear helps us do what we have to correctly and
Now, how does this fear develop?
How does this fear of Allah subhanaw taala develop? with knowledge? Okay, what's the evidence of that?
In your shala ministry, badian Ola, it is the knowledgeable servants of Allah that fear him. So it is true. So now if we have knowledge of our Mr. Booth, if we know the one whom we are worshiping, would we fear him?
If we increase in our knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala, would we increase in our fear of him, then would we increase in our worship? Then would our worship become better?
So again, the key to love is knowledge and the key to fear is also knowledge. So if we want to worship Allah subhanaw taala properly, then what is necessary knowledge? The third pillar of Riba is a Raja, what is Elijah hope,
such hope? That is with Iman, that is McLoone with the Iman. Meaning that his with actions, not that a person is just relying on hope, and he doesn't do anything. No, he's hopeful of Allah's mercy of his help of his approval of his pleasure. And he is striving to attain that pleasure. How, with actions in Soto calfire 110, Allah subhanaw taala says from and Canada, your juluca are a big failure, man, I'm sorry, that whoever from incana yellowwood you, whoever hopes to meet his Lord? And obviously it means a good meeting, a meeting in which he will be happy? So then what should this person do? failure man, I'm sorry, hadn't let him do righteous work. So these are the three bidders
off or bother. Now generally, everybody is defined as there are many definitions of rebirth or some of them. You reminded me I reminded you, you have studied those definitions earlier. Another definition is is Simone German. And this is the definition that was given by Shia for the same even Tamia that it is is Simone Jeremy Aaron Lee Colima, you have bahala who want
me to acquire Li one Amelie at that point. It was by it. It is Usman German. What is it?
A name a noun meaning Riba is a noun. It's a term that is Jameer. What does Jameer mean? comprehensive so it's a comprehensive term
that includes what liquidly for every man your head below where
every deed that Allah loves, and approves off. It is a comprehensive term for every deed that Allah loves. And he approves off mean an upwardly well our man, whether there are words or actions, there are certain words that Allah subhanaw taala loves, can you give me an example? Kelly Martin, so people can listen. The Theatre and Film is so heavy button in our man, they are beloved to the Most Merciful. What are those two words? Subhana Allah He will be handy Subhan Allah Hello. So these are words. Correct? does Allah subhanaw taala love them? Does he? Yes. Does he approve of them? Of course. So saying these words is that an act of worship? How should they be said?
With love with fear and with hope? Okay, mineral aquatic well out man and also actions which actions does Allah subhanaw taala love? Tell me an action about which we learned that Allah loves that action.
Tell me what evidence
in your head with a Webby we have multiple heading. Allah loves those who do Toba who make Toba who will repent and who also keep themselves clean. So the act of Toba feeling, sorry, feeling regret feeling bad on committing a sin, doing is
making up for the harm that was caused this action, this change. This is something that Allah subhanaw taala loves, like wasn't it this country we learned that the servant draws near to Allah subhanaw taala How? By performing those actions, which Allah loves, which are those which he has made obligatory. So for example, the five daily prayers
for example, giving Zakat for example, fasting in the month of Ramadan, these actions have been ordained by Allah.
And Allah loves those actions. Okay, so all of them are what? What are they? a better one more thing about the mill aquatennial Amelie I'll bet when it T Mobile Hera Alba printer and Avaya What does that mean? That which is hidden and Avaya language is apparent. So certain words certain actions, where are they said where are they pronounced? Hidden? Where? In the hearts and certain others are manifest meaning when a person says them when a person does them they are seen? Okay, so give me an example of ballerina
acts of worship which are baffling which are hidden.
Okay, a good intention. All right, what else?
Okay, fasting of slowly, right? fasting is for me. Why? Because only Allah knows whether a person is really fasting or not. A person can pretend before others, but who knows the reality? Allah alone. Okay. So this is an example of but what about the Hera manifest? So for instance, Sana Okay, so it's moon Jeremy Aaron, liquid Lima, you have bajo la jolla, la who acquired What are men, and back when it was over here it
and remember that all of these are to be done with love, fear, as well as hope.
Now, do we experience love with people? Of course. What about fear of people? Yes. What about hope in people? Of course. Now, when we experience you know, love, fear, hope when we interact with people, these feelings, do they impact our relationship with people? Okay. So for example, if there's too much fear, does that affect the relationship? Okay.
If there's too much love, excessive to the point that the other person is feeling suffocated. Okay. So that there's only love and no fear and no respect. Does that impact the relationship?
Okay, what about if it's only hope, in the sense that a person is always open, no matter what I do, this person is not going to mind. No matter what I do. My husband is never going to be upset with me. So I can spend how much ever I want. I can call whoever I want. I
I can go out as much as I want, is that going to affect the relationship? Yes. So, while these three are pillars of matter, what does it mean? That all three must be there, all three must be there. And if all three are there, then of course, there will be a natural, beautiful, balance.
Love, what does it produce?
Love makes you
do something correct. It produces in clinician law. So when the servant loves Allah subhanaw taala that will incline him more towards Allah soprano. And that will increase him in his servitude to Allah.
All right, on the other hand, with love is fear. Right? How with respect, respect and reverence and this fear, it prevents a person from committing wrong right. So love motivates us to obey more fear holds us back from committing sin.
And in the center of this is hope that a person has personal London of Allah subhanaw taala he thinks positively about Allah subhanaw taala and with great hope he performs good deeds.
So this is what we have been created to do worship Allah love Allah fear Allah have hope in Him and also trust upon him and all of this is worship. All of this is a bother
now, Reba is for who only marbled only Allah soprano Tada. So this means the way we love Allah. We do not love anyone else the way we fear Allah we do not fear anyone else the way we have hope in Allah we don't have hope in anyone else. So this is where we come to the subject of the hate. The hate the hate is what what had to make one to unite to make one so he this to basically make your love exclusively for Allah soprano. Need the love for him is unlike any other love. The fear of him is unlike any other fear and the trust on him is unlike any other trust and the hope in Him is unlike any other hope.
Though hate. Is it important.
If you were asked what is the difference between Islam and other religions? What is that one factor, though hate? Right? Because many people they believe in the concept of God, they love God they fear God, right. They believe in an afterlife. They even believe in prophets. But what is the problem in their belief still, though hate right meaning is in there as part of their faith. And in our religion, there is no room for ship.
Now when it comes to the hate, again, a quick review would be good just because these references are going to be made a lot as we are going to study the book. There he has three categories. When we believe in Allah subhanaw taala as one What does it mean that we believe in the heads of rubia though hate Ahluwalia, and they'll hate a smart watch.
What does it mean by that? First of all, though, hate a rubia we believe that two bs from Rob, so He alone is Rob. He alone has the right of lordship absolute sovereignty. No one shares that with him. He alone is Rob and no one is Rob. with him. He is Rob and everyone else is Mahboob, meaning those who have a lord who is Rob
Harlock Malik, who is Holic
So what does that mean? That he is the one who has brought everything into existence, they did not exist who created her? Who? Allah soprano, including what
the sun and the stars and the earth and all the people and all the ants and all the fish and the mountains and the snowflakes, and the clouds and the wind and the angels and the jinn, the creation that we see in the creation that we don't see the creation that we know of the creation that we do not know of the creation that existed and has perished today that exists today or that will exist tomorrow on the creation.
Who is the Halak? Allah the head of there will be a meeting He alone is the creator. Secondly, we believe that He is also the man
Meaning the hidden Buddha means that he alone is the Holic secondly alone is the Malik who is Malik owner. So He alone is the owner, the real owner, the Absolute Owner of what
do we own something many things, but our ownership is not absolute.
It is temporary and it is also deficient. We own your things but you don't control them.
And then he is also the with a Bish. So we believe that He alone is the mother, who is with a bit the one who plans so his planning is perfect with regards to his creation, meaning he has planned everything with respect to every creature, perfect planning, complete planning, and that planning also comes into effect. So that means that he is the controller of every affair of his creation,
from their life and death to their provision and their loss and their benefit and everything else. So this is the head of rubia The second category of the hidden hidden Hulu here Hulu he is from Ella and Ella meaning God, the one who is worshipped. Rob is Lord master creator.
Now when it comes to believing in Allah subhana wa tada as Rob
do Muslims believe in? Of course.
Do other people believe in that also? Yes, there are many people in fact majority of the people who believe in a concept of a Creator God
who is behind all of this universe meaning he's the one who is running the affairs of the entire universe so they do believe in or up the mystic enough Makkah believe in Rob, of course. When it comes to the hit Alou here What does it mean? We believe that he alone deserves worship without any partner. No gin deserves worship no human being deserves worship, no mountain no animal no creature No mother, no father, no angel no shares notice that nobody but Allah. So all acts of worship are devoted to him alone. Whether it is sweater, or it is a cow or it is fasting or anything in it, you will know Suki or my hair or my man at the layer behind me.
Now, though, he will hear sometimes it is also called obaldia. Are you familiar with the term Rudy? Rudy Ashram.
Okay, so when we're talking about this aspect of the hate with respect to the servant with respect to ourselves, then what do we call it? Or Buddha? Because Buddha is servitude. Okay, but when we're talking about this aspect of the heat with respect to Allah subhanaw taala that we call it Oulu here because gouvia means to be Illa. The one who is worshipped, right? So we do or Buddha, and he has Ulu here.
The third aspect of the haters, the hate a smile was the fact
what does a slap mean? names and what does that mean? attributes. Give me an example of one of the names of Allah soprano Dada.
Okay, a smear of a man. Okay. So these are names. What are the facts, attributes, qualities?
So give me an example of one of the last two facts from these names of Sameer and averment. He has the cipher the attribute of summer which means that he hears then he has Rama, he shows mercy he's affectionate, he's kind.
Soto hate a smell was that what does it mean that we believe that the names and attributes of Allah though he said he alone,
possesses them, no one shares those names and attributes with him, which means that those names and attributes are unique to him. And this is where we believe that there is none like him, there is none similar to him. Now when it comes to the heat a smart was developed with respect to this aspect of the heat. There has been a lot of if the laugh a lot of difference and division, in fact, amongst the Qibla meaning the people off the Qibla be the people who face the same condemning the people of this oma.
There are many people who believe in Allah as creator. There are many people who believe that Allah alone should be worshipped. But when
When it comes to his attributes,
remember that there are many people who are either in doubt, okay, that it's not possible How can I not have a hand? For example, there are people who think such things, even if they don't say them, or the concept they hold as part of their belief is not correct. So, for example, they will say that, you know, some people will go to the extent of saying that Allah, okay, he has a hand and that hand is like this, and like that, they will begin to describe that hand, who has seen it, that they can describe it. So, remember that, when it comes to this aspect of the heat, there has been a lot of misunderstanding. Many people have misunderstood this noble science. And as a result, there has
been a lot of division throughout history.
And scheffel, Islam, even taymiyah. When he wrote this book, he dedicated a major part of his book on clarifying this aspect of the heat, clarifying our belief concerning the names and attributes of Allah subhana wa, which names and attributes does Allah possess? Which names and attributes do we affirm for Allah? And what is it that we do not say, about Allah that He has such attribute or he does not have such and such attribute? You may wonder that, is it really all that important? We need? If a person says I believe in Allah, and I worship Him alone? And I think that's sufficient, I don't need to know what qualities Allah subhanaw taala has, or what descriptions cannot be given to
him? Does that really matter?
Does it matter?
So for example, if a person says, You know what, I just want to marry this particular individual, I don't care what their name is, I don't care what their education is, I don't care what family they're from.
You know, what? Anybody? Really? What would you say to such a person? Not gonna work? You better find out?
Why? Because you have to live with this person, you have to spend some time with this person. When it comes to any human being?
Do we find it necessary to know their name and their qualities?
What if we don't care to find out? Is it going to affect the relationship?
How's it going to affect?
Can we benefit from them properly? Can we benefit them properly? Okay, let me give you an example. If someone says to you, let's say your husband or your father says to you that we have guests coming tonight, make sure that you know you have some food prepared. You say okay, and you're like, you know what, I'm too tired. I'm just going to order some pizza.
And you order some pizza?
Okay, what happens when the guests show up and you open the door? You find out it's the Imam of the Kaaba.
What would you think at that time?
Would you be angry with your husband?
That why did you not tell me?
Or would you be like, oh, doesn't matter? It's food pizza.
Anybody can eat it? So what you should be grateful? Yeah.
Would you wish at that time that you knew who the guests was? Why? So that you could prepare that which they deserve?
When we don't know the qualities, the names, the attributes of a human being? Then can we give them their homework? No, we cannot? Can we deal with them properly? Can we respect them? Can we love them? Can we fear them? Can we have the right kind of open them? No. Then what about the creator? What about the one who we should love the most? Should we not know him? Should we not be clear about his names and attributes? Should we not have some knowledge of his names and attributes? When Allah has himself told us about some of his names and attributes, then should we not pay attention to that matter? We need to so the matter of the heat a smartwatch defect is a very serious matter because if
it's not understood correctly, then it Riba cannot be performed correctly.
Because if we don't know the one whom we are worshiping, if we do not recognize him, then how can we give a la soprano Darla? His help?
We cannot give him his house.
Think about it.
When we want to find out about someone, what's the first thing that we need to know
their name after their name? What do we ask
So for example, if a person is being interviewed, all right, for a particular job, then what's the first thing that they're asked about? Their name? Yes.
Then the resume is examined, okay, what have they studied? What have they done, where have they worked, how much experience do they have, and all of this knowledge, okay, it helps you better understand the individual. And that will help you, you know, make the decision of either accepting them or not accepting them and which role to give them.
So, knowing the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala is
complete the sentence.
Very important, just very important, essential,
essential without an herbarium cannot be complete. So the first thing that we must know is the name and the second thing that we must know is the sofa. So, for example, if you're sitting somewhere and there's a person sitting next to you, and you just don't even give them much importance and later on, you find out you know, there are a particular scholar or they are the author of such and such book, then would you have spoken to them differently? Yes, so after the name the Sleaford also, they help us better know better understand and better deal with others.
Remember that though heat last night was a fad means that his names and attributes with it only him? Right? So if we don't know, what are the unique names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala, then it's quite possible out of ignorance and making this mistake, we give that name and that attribute to someone else and that would be committing a serious sin, okay. Now, remember that knowing the names is necessary and knowing the sifat the attributes is also necessary, and it is important to know Allah subhanaw taala as he should be known,
how should he be known? What is it that we should know about him? What he has told us about himself?
And think about it someone's name, can that be detached from them? Can that be separated from them?
Can it be no.
For example, if a particular object is just referred to as a thing, thing, thing, you know, sometimes people they refer to everything as thing the name is not being used, then how do you know what is being spoken off?
So the name is the part of the individual it cannot be detached from them, the name means a lot.
The name is meaningful. So the names of Allah subhanaw taala, they are not just abstract names or names that are meaningless. No, they tell us about our Lord.
They help us know our Creator.
Now, many people, what they did was that they completely ignored the names and attributes that our last panel data has informed us off in the Quran and Sunnah. And they try to understand Allah, through their, through their intellect, okay? Meaning on the basis of logic on the basis of intellect. That's what they tried to do. But then what happened? This is from where deviations began. So this is why it is necessary that we gain knowledge of this noble science because otherwise we would be speaking without knowledge.
And speaking without knowledge about Allah subhanaw taala is that a serious matter?
It's a very serious matter. We cannot go on describing a last panel data with any description unless we are certain that this is a description that Allah has because he has informed us about it in the Quran, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave this description.
Otherwise, if we say something, based on our own reasoning, then we could be making a serious mistake and this is something that is forbidden in the Quran. Surah Allah Ayah 33 Allah subhanaw taala says, In the Mahabharata Bellflower heisha, Mahara minha wa Bhutan while Esma walburga deleted help or undershoot equal Billahi min immunity so foreigner were under kulu Allah Allah He meant
that my lord has forbidden certain things, what are they? First of all for lakish for his indecent actions, whether they are apparent or they are hidden. Sin isn't then albery Rebellion, belated help and then 123 kubelet email Amina zbs upon committing schicke associating partners with Allah and finally in this ayah what is mentioned, that you say about Allah what you do not know. This is something that we are not allowed
To do, talking about Allah without knowledge, describing him with certain attributes or descriptions that he has not informed us, or rejecting some of the attributes of Allah, because we don't know that Allah has mentioned that Allah has described himself with those attributes.
So any of this when this is done in ignorance, is it okay?
It's still not okay.
It's still not okay. Because what's the solution to ignorance, knowledge.
So when Allah subhanaw taala has given this knowledge, then it is our duty to find out.
It is our duty to find out. And if we don't find out if we don't learn and as a result, we make mistakes and those mistakes are very serious, then who is at fault?
We are at fault.
So while this knowledge helps us better worship Allah subhanaw taala. Remember that this knowledge also helps us keep away from making serious mistakes.
are both of these goals clear? Why we are going to study the subject. Why? First of all, worship a lot better. And secondly, avoid mistakes, serious mistakes. In total Islam is number 36. Allah says, Well a duck formerly Salah Kabir in do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. In the seminar will Buswell for other kulula if you cannot go masuleh the hearing the site, the heart, everything is going to be asked, everything is going to be questioned. So when you don't know, don't speak, and when you are in a position where you have to say something about Allah subhanaw taala then you better find out the children not ask us questions about the loss upon upon innocent
questions. There's a lot of panel data laugh, does he smile? Does he get happy? Does he get upset? These are questions and they are important questions to children. And if we say Don't think too much about Allah, no, no, no, this is not the answer. They want to know about their Lord and we better know the answer. Does he smile? Yes, he does. So don't be hesitancy. Some of you are confused here some of you are confident. So this is where we need to solidify this knowledge and understanding. So that when we think about Allah, anything, we are confident about it. When we say something about a las panatela again, we are concerned about that. Especially someone who is learning the Quran is
teaching the Quran is involved, you know, with the knowledge of the Quran in any capacity, then they must be very clear about the science about this knowledge. Why? Because anything you say, will be taken as an argument by people as a proof by people. So it is necessary that we are clear in our understanding with respect to the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. And remember that on studying the Quran, the Hadith, there are definitely many names, many attributes of Allah that you learn about. And many of you over here have studied the Quran of you have also studied it, before it or other books of Hadees you have had exposure to this knowledge and unhampered a lot through this
knowledge you develop a certain level of maarif of Allah soprano data, but still,
certain mistakes are made.
Certain mistakes are made and they may happen. So it is necessary that just as we study as a subject,
grammar as a subject, we also study our data as a subject in particular, with regards directly to the knowledge of the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala, so that we can know Him correctly, we can worship him better and we can also fulfill the purpose of our existence. Now one thing before we begin, is that a towhead a smartwatch.
This is part of Amen, right. And this is part of a mannville hype. It's a man in the unseen
and remember that when it comes to a lab, it cannot be learned
through reason, meaning the unseen cannot be discovered. Okay, when it comes to certain, you know, scientists for example, certain aspects of biology, can they be discovered? Yes, why? Because you study them, you examine them and you test them and you test them in the lab and you do one research after the other. So, what happens? Something is discovered.
But when it comes to vibe, knowledge of the unseen Can that be discovered? Can we ever get there through our own reason and intellect? No
Because which human being has seen the last panel? No one who is capable of going up above the seven heavens and seeing a loss of panel data so that he can come and describe Allah. No one can do that. No one can do that. We can barely go to the moon.
We can barely go to Mars, how is it that we can go above and beyond seven heavens? It's beyond our capability. Right? And no matter how much we expend our mental effort in trying to learn about Allah subhanaw taala we cannot learn about Allah subhanaw taala except through the knowledge which he has given us, and what is that knowledge? Why.
And that is known as a new source, the texts which texts of the Quran and the Sunnah.
Think about a gender,
gender, what are the last panel data said about gender? That from Hades, what do we know that Allah subhanaw taala says that I have created that which no AI has ever seen? So can any human being paint a picture of gender?
If he makes lots of rivers and lots of huge gardens? And he says this is gender? Would you call that gender? No way. And if a picture is made, and the word Gemini is put on it, would that make you think that yes, that is gender? No way? Is that justice to gender? No way. Why? Because no human I have seen gender.
So when it cannot be said about the creation,
when you haven't seen it, don't go on describing it. Then what about the creator? How can we go on and describe the creator without even seeing him? When we haven't seen him? Then how do we come to know of him? By using the texts that He has given to us the revelation that He has given to us so this is why we are not going to use any such means in order to Nautilus panel data. What reason, aka logic, what is our point of reference? The Quran and Sunnah which method should be employed the Quran and the Sunnah, that we will try our best to understand them, and we will certainly believe in them and affirm them, even if we do not fully understand intellectually. So it is said that there
are clearly Latina tatau mother Angela carlu.
That when it is said to the people who fear Allah, what is it that your Lord has revealed? What do they say? haila it's all good.
Even if I don't fully comprehend it, because my intellect is so limited, it's still good. So the names and attributes of Allah we're going to try our best to understand them through the Quran and Sunnah. But if we don't understand something, still we will believe in it and affirm it.
a little overview of the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala this the fact of Allah remember that there are two kinds of three facets of our Allah soprano.
Firstly, that he Yeah.
And the reason why I'm telling you about this is because as soon as we begin the book, you'll notice that even from the second page Okay, the attributes of Allah will we can say it would be good if you understood this.
So, first of all, that those attributes of Allah which are part of his that
what is that
being self existence, okay?
Now, these attributes are further divided into two categories.
First of all, Marni, Leah, and secondly herbaria, Martin away, what does MANOVA mean?
Meaning, basically, it's used in contrast to that which is tangible, that which is physical, okay. So for example,
you as a human being, have certain qualities, which are physical, certain traits, which are physical and other traits, which are not physical. So for example, a person is very forgiving. Now, is that seen somewhere?
is a teen somewhere? No. Likewise, a person is very loving.
how their big hearts on their body? No, it's minor. It's not physical. It's not tangible. Okay. I'm just explaining to you the concept of MonaVie. So some of a loss of panel data that are part of his being is that they are Martin away. So for example, and higher
capability, his honor and hikma wisdom, Allah Allah,
what is Allah grant your greatness.
Then the second is herbaria herbaria is from Cabo, meaning that
which Allah subhanaw taala has informed us about those attributes which he has informed us about and that are part of him. So for example, Allah, Allah subhanaw taala has hence is that someone from the Quran and Sunnah
Can you give me an evidence
bayada who? Metal suit button? Okay, both his hands are mobile suit button they're open outstretched meaning is constantly given.
Likewise, eyes I name was Mary Lou, Fukuoka B are you Nina
likewise wedge face.
Colucci in halleck illa wotja. So, these were those attributes which are with respect to the that of Allah subhanaw taala secondly, attributes that are fairly Yeah, fairly meaning his actions
his actions like for example, a new zoo
in a summer afternoon so for example from hobbies we learned that every night in the last third what happens the last panel garland descends now descending is an action likewise on the Day of Judgment we learned that a lot of penalty will come with a lot Booker, while Monaco sufferance offer one more thing, okay, is still you know, St. whap, meaning he did his dwell on his ups. This is also an action which we'll learn about.
I remember that sounds like that are sutiya and others are men failure, what does so booty I mean, it is from to affirm, okay, it means to affirm, meaning some attributes of a loss of Panasonic are such that fellow's that he has certain qualities, he has certain traits, certain attributes which are befitting to him.
So, for example, Arlene, what does that tell us that he has in
Albacete, that he has muscle, right, a semir that he has a semer other attributes are men fear, men fear meaning,
negate to negate meaning, they're such attributes that tell us that Allah does not possess those qualities, such qualities are negated from him. So for example, Miss yen, what does this even mean to forget? In the Quran we learn women can have a Booker nesea he doesn't forget at all.
Likewise, laughter who zenaton Well, I know sleep and drowsiness negated from Allah right. Likewise, any equivalent. Hell Darla moolah who semiya wollombi aku Coppola. So for example, all who Allahu Ahad ahead. He is one which kind of attribute is this mafia or the booty? booty? Allahu Samad? sibility Lem Yellin while I'm you lead manvi. Good. So you've understood and handed in.
So now inshallah we will study the book. But before we begin, I would like you to ask one another. So for example, two people that are sitting together, okay, ask one another three questions.
First of all, what are the categories of the head? ask each other, make sure that your partner has understood and if you haven't understood, then inshallah your partner can clarify that for you. Because before we move on, everyone must be clear on these matters.
So three questions, what are the categories of the hate? Secondly, why is it necessary to know a smell mostly fat? And thirdly, what are the kinds of Sleaford of Allah subhanaw taala? So answer these questions quickly, I'll give you five minutes and everybody should be involved in this.
Alright, is there any question that you have at this point? So the two kinds of suffer that the year end fairly, that the year further divided into two, which one's mine? Are we in poverty? Are they fairly are there also explanations of that? So inshallah when we study them, we'll inshallah explain them to you. So butea, one fear, they're basically a different kind of categorization. It's just a way, an important point to understand. When we're studying the attributes of Allah that certain attributes that tell us about who Allah is meaning what qualities he has, and other attributes that tell us about what he is not. La Ilaha Illa LA, this is what
La Ilaha is, negation and Illallah is affirmation. So both are necessary to know.
Any other question any other clarification that is needed? Okay. Alhamdulillah. Let's begin the book. Does everybody have the book? So if you look at the cover page of the book,
Metal LRP that was we looked at this earlier but the mean stacks than our theta or theta. And why is it Why is it called Westphalia because it was written on the request of a judge from worship that leaf What does that leave mean? written by authored by chef and Sam even Tamia Rahim Allah, the Bleep the believers from Bab. What does that mean? Like, for example, in Bukhari by a chapter. So basically the text of Akita Was it a year, it has been put into chapters by who a share, sorry, when I'm the law, alpha exam. So for example, if you google the text of a pizza recipe, you won't find all of these chapter headings. Okay? Or in some other publications, you might find that the chapter
headings are different. Why? Because each color based on their understanding, they made it easy for their students. How? By dividing up the text into sections and subsections okay, because it's just a long text. So when it was divided up into sections and subsections, it was easier for the students to understand. So let's begin
Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim In the Name of Allah, the infinitely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
mocha Dima tomo, Alif mocha Dima, the preface of who left the author, meaning this is the introduction that is written by the author, which author even Tamia and how does it begin? It begins with Bismillah R Rahman R, Rahim.
The book begins with the bus Mala. Okay. And you see, that this is the habit of all noble authors that when they begin something, especially a book, then they begin it with what With the name of Allah subhanaw taala. Why because this is how the book of Allah begins. This malaria, Batman over him and $100 Bill alameen This is how the book of Allah begins. And this was also the way of the prophets are an English Allah said a man and he sent him when he wrote a letter. What did he do in the humans today, man, we're in the hood. Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he sent letters, what was written at the top, the name of Allah Bismillah R Rahman r
Rahim. Why? Because everything important must be begun by mentioning the name of Allah. Why mentioned Allah's Name? Why?
Because the name of Allah is very blessed. It's a source of blessing. It's a source of goodness and it is also a source of protection. The about orcas are big. The Name of your Lord is the bollock it is full of Baraka. It is a source of blessing.
How much blessing how much goodness How important is it that when an animal is being slaughtered, and Allah's name is mentioned, then the meat of that animal will be halon. And if the name of Allah is not mentioned, imagine that meat is not allowed for us to eat, we cannot eat it. Look at the difference, the difference that happens with mentioning the name of Allah.
Likewise, when the name of Allah has mentioned when entering the home, can come in know, when the name of Allah is mentioned when eating, can chatline have a share in that food Not at all. So where it is a source of blessing, it is also a source of protection. So as we begin the study of this text, we also begin with the name of Allah by mentioning Allah exalted name, why? To see his blessings. So that this study this endeavor is a source of goodness for us. And as we strive to understand this text, we also ask Allah for his protection, that we are protected from the evil of shavon shavon has no share, and not even a little in this effort of ours. And we also say Bismillah,
so that we can increase in our guidance through this effort,
because he is who Bismillah Who is he a man over him. He is the one who is a rock man who is a rock man, the possessor of infinite mercy, man, this is
right, abundant mercy, the one who is the possessor of vast, abundant mercy. And he's also a Rahim of Rahim chose action that he affects with his mercy whom He wills so our man chose us to suffer the attribute that is
possessor of abundant mercy, and Raheem tell us about the action, that he also shows that mercy to whomsoever He wishes. And our man also shows that his mercy is general it is for who? The entire creation those who believe and also those who disbelieve, those are Sentinel to those who will be our him. What does it mean that his mercy is hos that on the day of judgment in the Hereafter, everyone will not have a share.
In the mercy of Allah everyone will not be affected by unless mercy how that for example, in Hellfire people will say our banner or our Lord of region Amina for in erdenet for inner Gallimore. They will say, Oh our Lord, they will beg Allah they're showing humility, isn't that? Rebeca? asking Allah isn't it rather? Rather? What does that bring to the servant? Unless mercy? But in that Hellfire will they get mercy? No part of Sophie what I don't even speak to me, they will not get Rama what will they get? either.
So, Allah is where right now in this dunya those who benefit from that mercy in the true sense how that they benefit from all the blessings that Allah has given including guidance, then they will receive his special mercy in the hereafter also, may Allah Subhana Allah make us amongst those. So it is necessary that we understand a loss of fat so that we can benefit from them.
Before I continue, just a small reminder that you see that in this text, there are many words that have the key meaning the Fatah cassava is there, but it's not an every single letter.
So for many people, those harakat they are understood. But if there's any word way you feel that I need to know this. When I'm reading the text, do listen attentively, and mark the attacker saw them. Okay.
And hamdulillah he led he also lost Sula, who been houda woodiness de Lille Hera who Ana de nikoli worker fabula he shahida wash hadoo La Ilaha Illa la who was the hula shriek Allah if Crombie Watteau Hayden, what a shadow under Mohammed Abdullah who are of Sulu sallallahu alayhi, wa ala alihi, wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman mezzi de
All praise belongs to Allah who sent His messenger with guidance and their religion of truth, that it may reign supreme over all religions and sufficient is Allah as a witness, I testify that there is none worthy of worship, but Allah alone with no partner, fully acknowledging this and affirming this as the head, I testify that Mohammed is His Servant and Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam may ever increasing peace and blessings be upon him and on his family. Now inshallah I will tell you the word to word. Before I do that, how much of the steps did you understand?
Almost everything which word was new, or which expression was new? It caught on be here with Oh, hater. Okay, and what about the end the slimmer Mazda? But otherwise, how was it
easy to understand? Okay.
Alhamdulillah all praise for Allah. All praise belongs to Allah. Allah is deserving of all praise. Why? Because he is the Holic Malik with a bit why else
because he created everything. When is it that you praise someone?
When do you praise them?
When they do something for you, okay, when they show a favor to you,
when they are praise worthy, they're deserving of it what makes them deserving?
Okay, you love them
because of who they are, because of the qualities they possess because of the actions that they do. So for example, a student gets 100 100 when he gets some words of praise from the parents and the teachers. Why?
Because he accomplished something great.
So why Alhamdulillah why all praise to Allah Li and who can middle Sleaford min Kali YG because he is perfect in his attributes in everywhere, he is perfect in everywhere. All his attributes are perfect.
All his qualities
Perfect, his knowledge is perfect. His mercy is perfect. His justice is perfect. In every way, he is perfect. He is only perfect. So we praise him because of his command because of His perfection. And also because of his, in
his generosity, his showing his giving blessings to us. In arm, what does it mean? To give nirma? To show favor? Now, it's possible that someone is very good, very perfect, they're very highly qualified, they are very knowledgeable. Okay, so what? When is it that their knowledge and their high qualification and the fact that they have a big firm matters to you? When does it matter to you, when they have shown some favor to you?
Otherwise the richest person in the world who doesn't matter to you? We don't even need to know their name. Right? Someone who has five PhD degrees so what?
But if they become your friend, and they show favorite to you, then what you praise them? Of course, Allah subhanaw taala he is not just perfect in his attributes. He's not just perfect in every way, but rather he is also the most generous to every single creature. What is his favorite to us? How much is his favorite to us? Allah subhanaw taala says women become miniere mutton. I mean Allah will become men, their mutton, family, Allah, whatever you have of any blessing, it is from Allah.
Whether it is the blessing of your eyelashes, or the blessing of your eyesight, or the blessing of your sense of touch, or the blessing of the food, you eat, the air you breathe, the family you love, the friends whose company you enjoy, the knowledge you get warmer, become the normative criminal law. So Alhamdulillah all praise for Allah, because of his command and his interim. And Levy, the one who our Salah, he sent, the one who sent Rasulullah who is messenger, Allah, the One who sent His messenger with what? Bill Huda with guidance.
He sent His messenger with guidance as well as what he needed help and been which is unhealthy religion, which is ad hoc, which is true, that is free of any doubt. It is true, there are many blessings, his favorites are many on us. But which one is mentioned over here? The favor the blessing of guidance,
for which purpose Allah subhanaw taala sent to his messengers. The messengers were sent for what purpose for the purpose of guidance, and then the opposite of Sula, who will who the wording of
which messenger is this, Muhammad Sallallahu. And before Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, were there any messengers that were sent, of course, well he could live Coleman had, and for every nation was a guide. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said Hadith in Bukhari number 3534. My example in comparison with the other prophets is that of a man who has built a house completely and excellently except for a place of one brick.
When the people enter the house, they admire its beauty. And they say, but for the place of this brick, meaning, if only this brick was not missing, if only this gap was not there, this house would be perfect. So what happened? Allah subhanaw taala sent the final messenger Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam therefore perfecting that beautiful structure. And he sent him with Huda with guidance and Dean and how, where is this Buddha and Dean and where do we find it from? Where is it contained in where is it preserved in the Quran? And the Sunnah? Why did he send the messenger? Lele Hera who so that he would make it prevail? Lele Hera, who use his is to make someone prevail. make someone
Who lil Hera who, the demeanor of who this is referring to either the dean or the messenger, that Allah sent the messenger with the truth and he's going to make his messenger or he's going to make this religion prevail over what Allah over a Deen their religion could lead all of it meaning
Allah de Cali over all religions, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the religion of Islam, Allah will cause it to prevail, when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was sent, that Allah subhanaw taala make His Messenger prevail. Yes, this did happen. The profits or losses in prevailed over the machine, and the Sahaba they prevailed over the enemies of Islam, whether it was in the form of false prophets or other existing religions of the time, they were given victory, how, how is this done this victory? How through
knowledge through proves that this religion has been equipped with such proofs with such evidences with such facts, that no one can refute it, this religion cannot be refuted.
Why because everything is backed up with evidences. Allah subhanaw taala told us what we must believe in and what we must do, but at the same time, he also equipped us with reasons,
the reasons the evidences that are solid and firm. So that the religion of Allah cannot be proven as false, it cannot be proven as harmful. Secondly, he makes the religion prevail How? In the Emily's sense meaning even in the practical sense, practically, Allah has granted dominance this religion over others, yes, this victory was given to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and afterwards also it was given to many. And of course, this is Allah promised that he will make this religion prevail, if not in both ways, at least in one way
whatsoever. And he is sufficient, who is sufficient biller?
Be over here gives the meaning of definitely Allah He is sufficient shahida as a witness, meaning Allah is sufficient as a witness over this fact over what fact?
Go back to the beginning, that the messenger he brought the Buddha he brought Dino help he conveyed it. And that he made the deen of Allah with proofs and also in the practical sense. The machine they said about the Prophet sallallahu Sallam way akula Dena cafaro less than one Salah even today, there are those who say, oh Mohamed Salah Salim you are not a messenger, instead of the Radha 43. We learn about this. Paul kafa biLlahi Shahid and benei ouabain acoem woman are in the hurin will keytab says sufficient is Allah as witness between me and you and the witness of whoever has knowledge of the Scripture? Meaning, even though there are people who may say today, there was no messenger, he was
not a messenger. People may say that no, this religion does not contain guidance. It's not the religion of truth. Does that matter?
They're saying their rejection, does that carry any weight? No. Because what if I believe shahida? If Allah is a witness to the prophethood of Muhammad, Allah is Allah. If Allah is a witness to the truth of this Deen, then whose rejection matters? It doesn't matter what a fabulous shader and also the fact that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam conveyed and this Deen he made it legit, meaning he made it prevail, how? That he gave the proofs and evidence so that no one could refute him in any way. And he conveyed it fully. Remember that at hydrated Wada? Did he not ask Allah Allah?
They have I conveyed and what did this harbor say? That Yes, you have. What are the prophets Allah sent him say Allah. O Allah. bear witness waka favela shahida. Allah is sufficient as a witness, well as to Allah, Allah in the law, and I bear witness, Allah's witnesses sufficient, but I also bear witness that La ilaha illa Allah there is no god worthy of worship, but Allah was the who was the who, what does this mean? Him alone. There is no deity no being that deserves worship except Allah alone. laughs not shreeka any partner level he has, he has no partner, meaning no one deserves any share of worship with Allah soprano. All worship is exclusively for who Allah alone and he says
it could be whatever he does. I bear witness to this how it Crombie if Krakow is to acknowledge meaning I testify while fully acknowledging this meeting. I have no doubt I said
with full confidence, full confidence without any doubt
do you say this with full confidence? It Crombie Do you acknowledge this yourself? Or is it just words that we hear and then we pass on?
What Oh Haider, the head, meaning
as one making one, meaning that I affirm the oneness of Allah La ilaha illallah wa who lashley can I say this while fully acknowledging, and though Haider, meaning affirming this as the head, what I shadow under Mohammed in Abu rasuluh I shadow I testify under Mohammed and that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is Abdul is servant What are Zulu and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa was blessings be on him while early and on his followers, his family will be and his companions was sent lemma, the slim Mazda selama
May Allah Salaam Peace be on who? On the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the Sleeman such thusly meaning such salam, such peace that is moseyed ever increasing meaning more and more Salah more and more Salam on him by for example, it may happen with you that you make the offer somebody may Allah subhanaw taala give you a lot of edge. And then you say and more and more. It's like as if your heart is not satisfied No matter how much do I you made for them, you feel like they deserve more. So no matter how much that happens, and I was sent on the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the slim of mazinga he deserves even more inshallah and explain the meaning of the last part of this opening of
the hopper in our next class which will be tomorrow because the time is up, but I would like you to quickly read this text yourself right now everybody together.
Your homework is that you have to read this text again, page number three in your book, right read this practice it if there's any word that that the scale is not proper, make sure you fix it. And another homework that I would like you to do is share with at least one person the importance of knowing the names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala alright inshallah. And tomorrow when I will give you a group activity, one activity will also be related to finding the meaning of one of the words in the dictionary. So those of you who would like to get more please bring the dictionary tomorrow because everyone who looks into the book from your classmates, whoever looks into it
understands inshallah, you will also be rewarded for that. Okay.
Arabic to English or Arabic to do whichever one you prefer. Okay? So panic a lot more be Hamlet Misha La Ilaha Illa. anta, the Sofitel Kona to remake a cinema Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh