Tafsir Series – Surah al-Asr

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Tahir Wyatt

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Smooth,

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walking.

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So Bill slow. By time indeed mankind is in loss except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advise each other to patients and advise each other to patients.

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After at the castle

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at the castle well Allah subhana wa tada talks about those things

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which cause mankind to be diverted from the remembrance of Allah subhana wa tada

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and then leads to a person's destruction and puts him in the category of the losers on yo piano.

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Because anyone who goes to the fire is a loser

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on the Day of Judgment after talking about that, and what leads to one's destruction

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a loss of Hannah who Adana mentioned this sorta sorta to Lhasa

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to give mankind The ingredients for salvation. If one was to ask you, what is the theme? What is the theme of sort of philosophy?

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Then what you should say,

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is the means to salvation. How is one saved? What does one have to do in order to be saved?

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Eliza Jen begins this order by making an oath about time, Alaska.

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And some of the scholars of Tafseer say that the intention behind this particular oath is the time Alaska that is towards the end of the day, because it is a very special time.

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Like Allah Subhana Allah says endocrine haffi Salatu was Salam ala Mustafa

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protect, preserve your saliva.

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And especially the salata, Wooster, that middle Salah, which is salata, Lhasa

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and other scholars of Tafseer say that the intention here is time in general

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is time in general because

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what is going to lead to salvation as we will see

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is performed

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during the person's life and a person's life is his time

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and his time is his capital

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and that is why Allah Subhana Allah says in his Santa Luffy hustle

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that mankind is in a state of loss

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okay is the opposite of a ribbon. And notice here these are the these are like business terms, if you will, but we understand that in this context.

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A person when when they go into business,

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they start out with what they start out with capital

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Okay, so they have some capital and then they invest

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that money that they have that capital into some product or something

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and then at the end, either profit or

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loss.

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Without a doubt, indeed, he is in lost he lost.

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What is what is man's capital?

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What What is your smell, what is your capital? What is what is your money that you start? It is your time?

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It is your time.

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Guess what you have you have some time on your hands.

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So here in this what Allah subhanho wa tada swears by the time that everybody is in a state of loss, your time is your capital

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How do you invest in

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you invest your capital, so that you will not be amongst those who lose

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when they invest and look at look at this issue of time is critical

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in the mentor a young

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son of Adam

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you

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comprise of nothing but days.

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So every time a day goes by, or every day that goes by part of you goes,

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part of you go,

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you lose part of who you are. Every time that a day goes by this issue of time is critical and Islam is critical in Islam, we, we should not have to look outside of the Muslim oma

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to find out the importance of organizing one's time, using one's time wisely dividing one's day up, this is something that we should have, it should be an integral part of the life of every Muslim.

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All of you, all of you are in that state of mind. None of you are profiting

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from your investment of the time.

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Except for those

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those who have

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man has to be based on knowledge, one, can I have faith in anything, and believing anything without having proper knowledge of it?

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I mean, who saw the hat and those who do righteous deeds

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mutually advise one another's with the truth and what is the truth, the truth is that he man, and righteous actions. And so it's not just that you do it, but that you advise others with it as well. And you call them to that belief, that knowledge that you have, and the actions the righteous actions, and that you are patient in that call, because some people may not accept what you're saying. And we're going to deal with that in a bit more detail tomorrow and shallow tada because of the importance of this era, that is sort of philosophy. It is one of the most comprehensive even though it's very it's, it's short, it is one of the most comprehensive sutras in the Quran, and it

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has a significant importance amongst the Muslims, and it is read in Salah all of the time. So inshallah Allah tomorrow we'll pick up to deal with those four things in a bit more detail, not exhaustive, because that's not the intention of these lessons. But to give us some of the meanings of clear meanings of

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sorta tell us in a shallow tada until, until sort of an S Willow, Adam.

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So the question is how long it will take them. But there was a question yesterday that the brother asked, it was not fully answered. And so perhaps it may cause some confusion. The brother yesterday asked, the last question that was asked was about those people who leave off.

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For those who for those who leave off for a period of time?

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Do they have to make up those supply? They have to make up the supply. And then he gave the example of someone for example, who when they accepted Islam, they didn't pray five times a day. That was the example. And the answer to that question be the light

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is that

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for those people who have

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left off salaat, with a valid excuse islamically, there's a legislative excuse for them.

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Like a woman who leaves our salon for a Nexus or a person who leaves off salon during a long period of when they're in a coma for a long period of time, and they don't pray.

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And also, a person who accepts Islam, and is not aware that it is obligatory to pray five times a day. And that's conceivable. That is that happens. There's some people that when they accept Islam, they know that Muslims pray, but they don't know the importance of prayer, they may not understand the concept of it being obligatory, or that's just something good to do. And this is, unfortunately, some people accept Islam and because of their distance from any Muslim community, this is the concept that they have.

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For those people, once they find out, that's a lie. Five times a day is obligatory, then they have to pray five times a day, they don't have to make up. They don't have to make up the salad that they missed for the previous three months, six months or however long it took them to become aware of the fact that Salah is obligatory upon them. As for what happens

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with some of the Muslim youth who at the age of

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17 or 18, they leave the house of their parent when they're with their parents. They pray,

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at least sometimes.

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And then they go

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astray when

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we ask Allah Subhana Allah to protect us and our children from this.

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They go out and perhaps even go to a different country for studying or whatever like that, and they leave off the salon in totality. But person goes through a period where they don't pray at all for a year for two years for three years and many of you may have heard some of the examples of people sending up questions about that.

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If a person leaves on Salah in totality, they cease to be a Muslim. The prophets have

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been allegedly what being a shift key will cover.

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A person who leaves off Salah has entered into the realm of disbelief it should have

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been an Albanian masala, Salam and teleca Africa.

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The covenant that is between us and them as the salon. So whoever leaves it off, then he has this belief.

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And the companions of the messengers of the law it was Selim didn't see any didn't see leaving off or abandoning any action to be confirmed, except for Salah. ie those who left the Salah were deemed to be disbelievers. And this is the correct opinion and the opinion of most the majority of the saliva of this own oma Is that the one who leaves off Salah in totality, then he ceases to be a Muslim.

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So if Eliza Joe blesses that person with his diet, and blesses them to come back to the deen, and they begin to pray, again, they don't make up those a lot that they missed, because the time that they were missing the slot at that particular time when they had left slot in totality, they were not Muslim, at that particular time. And then Allah bless them to come back to the D so they don't make up those slot as for a person, for example, who

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last week, they left off some solid for some reason 234 whatever they have to they must make up those solid that is a duty that they owe to Allah subhanahu wa Tada. Now

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is it permissible to wear clothing with pictures on them?

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It depends on the type of pictures if there are pictures that are of trees or something that does not have a soul, then it is permissible to wear clothes with those type of pictures. However, the pictures that have clothes, that the clothes that have pictures of animals or human beings that have a soul in them that it is not permissible to wear and it's even worse to come to the masjid is even worse to come to the masjid with those type of clothing. So it is not permissible to wear those type of clothes because the prophets of the law it was seldom mentioned in many authentic hadith the prohibition of making pictures and therefore wearing them is also prohibited now

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is it obligatory on every Muslim to call the non Muslims to Islam.

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For them for the Muslims who are living amongst the non Muslims, for the Muslims who are living amongst the non Muslims, then they have a duty to call the non Muslim to Islam if they have the knowledge to do so. If they have the ability to do so. And that is the purpose of the law it was sent him when he said why they've been given by the Allahu anhu to a Yemen. He sent him in he told him in the contatti Coleman.

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He told him you're going to have people from the People of the Book.

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So he is telling him listen, these are not people who are ignorant. There are people who have scripture. They were given a previous scripture, they have some knowledge. They have some knowledge about

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AI in general. They have some knowledge about

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their knowledge is corrupt, or it has been their books have been corrupted, but they still have some knowledge

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immunohistochemical

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all or set

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up let me

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tell you why.

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We're going to learn

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today, Thursday, the 25th

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to the 31st of October 2013.

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Essential lessons learned every once

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in a while.

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One I saw

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was

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the last lesson we began talking about.

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Again, we are discussing the first lesson and the important lessons.

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In that first lesson is that every Muslim should learn

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how to recite it, memorize it, and some of the meanings as well as the smallest

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until

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the last chapter or the last one.

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So we are dealing with swords Lhasa we mentioned yesterday, the general theme

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is that it contains the means of salvation.

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And loss

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by saying,

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and, as all of you know, so lots of awesome, it's great, it's the last prayer of the day. And in the daytime, it's the last prayer of the day. So some of the scholars

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have said that the intent here is that a large hotel is swearing by that specific time, that is the time of an awesome, which is towards the end of the day.

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And others say that no, what is intended is time altogether, because also also refers to time as a whole, but those who say that it refers to that is the specific time of the day, they say that it is an indication that time is running out. So unless your data is swearing by,

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to remind mankind that they only have a little time left, because that also means what

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after

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that is going to be sunset.

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Time is running out. So it is in this sense to give mankind the feeling that the time is

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that it refers to time

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as a whole. Because whatever person does with his time, how he uses his time will be the determining factor in his salvation. Does he use his time to do the four things that God is going to mention in the last guy?

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Or does he use his time in another fashion and another way,

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swears by

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and then he says that

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mankind is a loss.

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These are terms that are even used until today, with businesses and these types of things. So a person has capital, he invested in something and he's either hobby, or it's costly. That means he has profited something and if he is costly, that means the opposite that he's lost. He's lost something.

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So lost. Data says that all of mankind, he said each and every individual, each and every insect, each and every individual is at a loss. Except for those who

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combine four qualities that is they occupy their time and this life.

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With the following four qualities are these qualities are beneficial to both the individual and to society as a whole.

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The First Amendment

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says except those who are those who are excluded from

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Be at loss, they are those who have he man that quality of he man. And he man is generally translated as

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the most

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that the foundation of the man is from the heart,

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that the muscle man is from the heart, but it also includes, it also includes the statements and actions he manages.

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And it is built upon knowledge, one cannot have proper even if proper,

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except that they have knowledge of that thing. So, the first thing that a lot of your data

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is excluded from those are lost the first quality is that they have event and that event is a branch of knowledge. So, this is this is an encouragement, to seek knowledge, it is an encouragement to seek knowledge

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and do righteous deeds. So, it is not enough that one claim taffy, but they also have to follow that up with righteous deeds and righteous deeds are those deeds which combine two qualities The first of them is sincerity for a lot.

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And the second is that it is done according to

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according to the Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam Other than that, it is not considered to be a righteous deeds, a righteous deed.

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The third thing and then likewise righteous action

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is not restricted to the rights of Allah Peridot is not restricted to disallow

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rather, it is inclusive also of those these that one does the filling the rights of the creation of a loss of Paradise, these also come under the category of

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righteous deeds.

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happening, what's the last

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time these first two qualities that is the man and righteous actions,

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by way of them individual becomes upright, and it is this slide, or a correction of the individual consult

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by the latter two qualities that allow us to dive dimensions here, which is mutually advising one another with the truth, and be patient in doing so. Then we have the

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whole society of like, these are qualities that relate to the society as a whole. So if someone if someone, for example, sees someone who is doing something incorrectly, then he approaches him and someone is doing something.

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And he lets him know that he should not be doing that thing in America that is likely that that person will accept.

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If you see someone for example, this is a minor

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infraction if you look at it compared to some other things, but if you see someone for example, a child maybe he's 10 years old, and he is eating with his left hand

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if you begin to scream at him, huh? What's your right? Is this likely that he is going to be respectful of you or the even the teachings of the [???]tier perhaps they will get a negative feeling of the city as a whole because they don't even understand the problem. Maybe he tells you what

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and so it's easy for him that's that's what he's used to. So if you just tell him that the

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profit

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eat with our right is a five piece with this. Let's

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try and get yourself used to eating with your right here, because this is fun. But this is this is utility advising on another one the two commands for bidding the evil.

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So this is part of this is a very intricate part of the religion as well not just something that we should throw to the side.

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The first nations that has been brought forth from a guy you command with the good

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Muslims is that the things that we learn

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from Japan, and then implement them from our actions is that we call others to we want them also to share in that before going those things that are pleasing to us for that and this is how society

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Because

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a lot of people like the top down strategy.

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A lot of people like to talk about the government's and the kings and everybody everything that other people are doing wrong and not starting their own home.

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You cannot change

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that as needed. But it came down to what the entire government does or what the nation you don't live there whatsoever as far away as you can play.

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It is not going to change anything.

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If you start the bottom down, start with your family. Try to work on those charges start start with yourself.

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And then those who are close to you, and then your neighbors, when your neighbors change their family change the community changes, it creates a new generation, a new generation that will be amongst those who are worshippers true worshipers, devout servants of Allah, which

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also we need to know

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that this idea or this concept of giving down imagine the bidding the evil according to one's ability, according to what

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nobody told you that it was going to be that the past is, you know, paved with roses, that is going to be easy.

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There are people who are not going to hear what you have to say.

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As we know it that famous story of the promise of the law, it

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is

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the promise of law

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reveals

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all your close

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family or your kinship to Islam.

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For those who are close to you,

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the prophet SAW the law it was

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a little party he went on top of.

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And he began to call the people to gather them up. So they all gathered around.

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And the promise of it was upsetting to them. If I was to tell you

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that there was an army coming from the other side of this mountain,

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would you believe me?

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And they said,

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We don't know you to be alive.

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Even before he was told to be trustworthy, he was taught to be truthful, they didn't know him to me a liar, which is why they left their possessions with him. So

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he was like the treasurer of the bank for valuables that they had

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to

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oversee them. So here

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warning you about the torment of a tremendous day.

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It's awful.

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Didn't want to hear that.

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He says,

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For this reason, you

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tell us about some day some punishment.

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Parents

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use almost like saying something very negative.

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We will talk about that

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in the near future. But the point is that here, the prophet SAW a lot he was someone who was coming with revelation god, he's not going to make a mistake. When it comes to many of us, we call people what we believe we commanding the ball, or we submit that for doing something that's actually fine.

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And then we expect them to

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advise us.

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And you tell everybody, don't talk to him because he's, he doesn't accept advice. You may even be you may not even be saying something that is correct.

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That's not the case.

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He did not make a mistake, the entire consensus of

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the process does not make mistakes when it comes to the conveying of the revelation

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is people

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want to hear this is why

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Brian and you see that Look, man, when he was giving advice to his son.

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When he gave when he was giving advice to his son, he says well thank you so much.

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Every

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time he tells his son to do what established

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a command, he will notice that notice that he tells his son to do what first.

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You have to be upright yourself, you establish the soccers,

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you become close to a loss paradigm, you develop a relationship with a lust without a direct connection.

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And then commanded good empathy. And then what did he say immediately after that was

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and be patient with the harm that comes to you, because it's an indicator that whoever caused a loss of habitat and commands with the good and evil, he's going to face some difficulty is going to face of hardship, not everybody is going to want to hear maybe some people may get physically

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rejected message physically,

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people may sit at you people may do anything.

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So for those of you who have been involved in any type of dour, and, you know, the reality of giving now is not a fad that is faced with roses. And that is just easy to do.

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So a person has to recognize this person has to recognize that until I see

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it that we mutually advise one another with the truth and call each other to the truth. It is

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not just that you have

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to

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know why

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people make mistakes, we have shortcomings, and it's more, it is actually better for you that is a gift from a person to you. And they advice especially if they do it in a way that is unacceptable.

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But at the same time, we have to remind one another to be patient with the harm that comes when giving that call to alarm.

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So we see

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that you're the one who has these qualities of a man and righteous actions, that this means he likes him to be upright.

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And then the other two qualities that are lost.

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With that is calling others to the truth. And there's always mutual advising going on and reminding one another to be patient. That's the way of the believer anyway. It's the way of the believer,

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process of life services. Amazing is the affair of

00:37:55--> 00:37:56

no one except for

00:38:01--> 00:38:02

shakeela

00:38:08--> 00:38:08

promises

00:38:10--> 00:38:10

in

00:38:15--> 00:38:16

the law,

00:38:21--> 00:38:27

guiding him he is afflicted with some type of calamity that he is patient that he is patient with.

00:38:30--> 00:38:54

And that he is afflicted, if something good happens to him that he is thankful he shows his right into it. So this is good. But this is for only this is only for the belief. No one else has this quality of being patient and forbearance at times of calamity, and making the loss of Paradise at times of prosperity.

00:38:55--> 00:39:10

So here we see that these qualities are what will cause the individual and society as a whole to be upright. And a person is sovereign that he has the sun as the skies mentioned, and three different things.

00:39:11--> 00:39:22

He is patient when it comes to the obedience of the last panel, because it requires summer, it requires forbearance for a person to wake up every single day.

00:39:27--> 00:39:30

He has to make a boo boo when it's cold, he walks to the nest

00:39:32--> 00:39:33

every single day.

00:39:35--> 00:39:37

Not missing a beat this requires some

00:39:38--> 00:39:39

capacity

00:39:40--> 00:39:47

is not in itself as some a soul is known as some in and of itself. It requires forbearance.

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These are just the things that I was

00:39:51--> 00:39:54

obligated Not to mention those increasing there was

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

a degree of some forbearance. That was

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

Likewise, they say a summer

00:40:05--> 00:40:11

that a person restrains himself because that's actually the word stopping it or restraining yourself,

00:40:12--> 00:40:17

restrain himself from disobedience to raise from all types of sin.

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And this likewise requires some requires one to have some patience and forbearance to restrain himself. Because the knifes of an individual may cause that which is, which is whispers.

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And so it takes a struggle. Likewise, one is patient with the calamities or the difficulties and the hardships of life that may befall this, therefore,

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is a use of a comprehensive sorter that is inclusive of all. And that is why he

00:40:59--> 00:40:59

could

00:41:04--> 00:41:08

not sit down and prove to his creation other than this,

00:41:09--> 00:41:24

it would have been sufficient for them. A person must act according to the person who just wants to listen to a party or he wants to recite the bra what he wants to act according to the bride. This disorder is

00:41:26--> 00:41:38

on all aspects of all aspects of your life either. All aspects of your breathing, your fundamental beliefs, everything that relates to seeking knowledge all comes under that concept of

00:41:39--> 00:41:41

every righteous action that is mentioned.

00:41:43--> 00:41:45

Everything that deals with the command

00:41:48--> 00:41:49

of the messages comes and

00:41:54--> 00:41:55

all of it comes under them.

00:41:57--> 00:42:04

What's the last of the summer deals with all of the things that we talked about in terms of obedience to God and refraining from his disobedience

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and the belief that I lost him without his degree and be patient with them. And for this reason, especially than the Muslims have seen that the companions when they would meet one another that they would not part so one of them read to the other sort of philosophy and then they would use it and

00:42:24--> 00:42:26

then they would use today. What

00:42:28--> 00:42:32

to remind to remind one another that time is running out when

00:42:33--> 00:42:35

the knife is very loose.

00:42:36--> 00:42:49

It's about the day is about to be over time is running out. so busy yourself. Use your time which is your capital. It is your watch, smell it is your capital, use your time in these four minutes.