Channel: Tahir Wyatt
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100 Ilana commando want to stay in or want to stick through. Now that will lead me shortly Of course in our car Marina. We have the live anomaly now on my YouTube Live I had the shadow Allah. Allah wider hula sharika was shadow Anna Mohammed and I'm the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa early he was talking, he was unlimited Stephen can see on the Naomi Dean, and my bed today, inshallah Tada, we're going to begin our study of lackey that was written by Seamus Nam activin Abdel Halim, but I'm gonna sit down to me and talk to him on the lower data. And for those of you who've been here for a while, you may remember that we, we did a semantic explanation of a lackey that was the year back in
January of 2018. And semantic meaning that we didn't go through the book, you know, line by line, we took the themes that shakealert Stan mentioned in a lackey the last year and expounded on those themes.
However, this book is so important
that at this particular stage, you know, with some consultation,
it seems that it's important for us to go through this differently than the way we did it before and slow it down. And so inshallah, what we're going to cover for the next 10 weeks is the first half of lakita l was Sophia, and not the entire book. In fact, it's going to be a little more than half.
And as we get into it today in shallow data, you'll see that lackey that was tear covers a broad
swath of the IP that every Muslim should believe. All right, does not cover everything. But it's also not specific to one thing. So there are books that you'll find books of it that deals specifically with, for example, the worship of Allah subhanaw taala or, or books that deals specifically with the laws names and attributes or books that specifically deal with the hereafter books that specifically deal with the angels, right? This is much metal etica listener will, Jeremiah, so it's a summary of what the Muslim is supposed to believe. Right? But not everything. So this is the book you need to have. And I just want you to go I want before we even get started, I
just want you to look at some things. This is the book you need to have everybody have this. If you don't have it, then you can download the PDF
and PDF you'll see it doesn't work the same way that the book works. Alright, so open a page 37 if you have the book.
Alright, so phase 37. Is is actually where a lackey that was to to begins. Everything else is frontmatter. right with me on this. Okay, from 37 all the way to page 85. Okay, that's dealing with L e man will be
from page 37 to 85. So volume as was
Phase 119 86 to 119 deals with the man and every
other things that he's covering in a book so many pages is that
so as I
said 3986 to 119 is actually 34 pages and you got to count the way not just subtracting. You got to add the one. You got to add that page. So So that's 34 pages. How many pages does he did what he meant Billa
from 37 to a 49. So you can see that the majority of a lackey that was to even Okay, fair enough. There's a lot of footnotes and things like that in the Arabic version is more like 40% of book deals with the man Billa Okay, and then the rest you know, is the other topics that he's covering. So if you wanted to know very quickly, what topics are going to be covered? Where would you look,
Table of Contents let's look at let's go to table contents Bismillah.
as you can see, chapters one, two, and three all deal with belief in
Last pants out of his names in his attributes at chapter four that's where we begin to deal with any man bill
chapter five as you can see deals with an Amen bill cutter. Okay so believe in Allah Subhana Allah is decree and then it says faith
we think that's referring to
No no, not here and it should be its own chapter but they combined it with with the code of faith here is actually dealing with what the scholars have it the call Messiah, you don't email, okay, or a smile? Well, I can. So in other words,
what names are ascribed what titles are ascribed to people who is a movement who is a Muslim who was a Catholic, okay? And the rulings related to that both in the dunya and in the FL Okay, so
that's important to understand that chapter six, it deals with the companions, or the alongside anyone and our stance and our belief as it relates to the companions. Chapter Seven, deals with the
myth as he translates it here the miracles of the Olia Can I met a Olia
and then after that, it deals with the way of either Sunnah and the conduct of either sooner well Gemma
so as you can see there's a lot to cover
and that's why we're breaking it down into two separate semesters terms if you will. So we're going to cover in this term between the lines
everything that relates to an Amen Billa and also the man Billy Amil acid okay the evening Lehi dad All right. So with that being said inshallah true to form I need to
get your juices flowing so shades of time please read the questions exactly lovely. Can you hear me
yeah, he needs he needs my cello. If you have not that fight problem. You can you can use this one and another one can intervene. Listen, Doctor, you told me how to begin things now. I forgot. But that's that's when you start the book and Shall we get there
by the end of tonight's lesson.
By the end of tonight's lesson, you should be able to answer these questions. Why is the study about data important? Why is this book called al Qaeda was Thea when and why did it take me rahimullah right it mentioned three things that makes this book important. What scrutiny has this book of creed undergone the books of similar subject matter have not what are two broad categories of creed books? What seemingly unrelated topic does a new 10 year rahimullah deal with in a while Sophia that most other books have created do not address address what is the significance of that topic?
This is weird.
This is really weird. Let's see if they
can you turn yourself off?
Big Brother stuff. All right. So inshallah tada today, what we're going to cover
along with answer those questions, we're going to cover the following topics in shallow time. shift. Can you look at those Can you read those topics off? tonight's topics, brief bio of hidden Tamia by Milan, the title of this book, date of authorship, the importance of this book, the debate surrounding this work, introductory matters on Al Qaeda types of Akita books
okay. So, everybody needs to have this book I cannot stress enough
how important it is to get out of the edutainment mode and get into learning. Alright, so you need to have this book
alright so for those of you who do not have the PDF of the book you can go to ummm online.org it's right there on the front page yes
yeah yes you can use that so
there are several explanations of allottee that was it in English at the end and shall I'll show you
some of the the covers there is an explanation by Sigmund bears and I am Allah is an explanation by shape hammer subdial Havas Rahim Allah another explanation by shape with me and him Allah and an explanation by Sheikh Salim Hosanna Allah all of those are available in the English language I don't know the quality of the translations of those particular works is the only one that I've actually engaged with is hubris and that one was really difficult to understand the least the way that I remember it and I have some experience with check with me is the translation or check with me it was fairly accurate fairly accurate decent.
So this I have some experience with and have the lab as we go through like we do normally will make you know corrections where corrections need to be made to the translation in shallow Tada. But yeah, you should be able to follow with with another book, except that the front matter is specific to any book that it's frontmatter is specific to that book. So we're not going to get into the text today.
There's some things that we need to do in the beginning to
you know, to set the stage and show love for our study of this very, very important work. So what I like to do shape Mokhtar Yes, if you could, will follow the
say the order that the translator winning, which is on page 13 he starts off with an introduction that talks about a lackey that was to you before he goes into the bio of schakel the snam even taymiyah himself so we'll start there and then that's fine and then we'll go to the bio [???]less then they start to initiate energy
Translation by our shareholders, shareholders no this is the translation Yes, this is just intimate This is just the translator who's telling you about the lack of diversity so we want to read some things from here about this book and then we're actually going to read some other things I'll tell you about in a minute shall not in the thing me writing the wall wrote a chef a judge from wall street I think it's an was in LA it's actually it's it's it's was it was it is a city or province that's south east of Baghdad and northeast of Kufa so it's kind of in the middle and whilst it comes from the word wassup which means what middle means middle so it this The city was called wassup
because it came in the middle of Baghdad and and Kufa and Iraq, okay.
visited me while on his way to hij his name was ready Eau de EL wire city. Yeah, Robbie, you have a Wii, u d, d, U, a D. l was 49. And he was clearly a righteous and religious man. He complained of the state of people in the lens of Iraq. And we're gonna go back to this later, directly from where this came from, so don't worry about it. And then the top meaning if there are certain things that you don't understand fully, we're going to go back over this and show
their ignorance injustice and the loss of religiosity and knowledge. He asked me to read a tract on prefer him that he and his family may rely on. I excused myself saying that people people had already authored numerous works on the topic, and I advised them to choose some of those written by the names of the sooner he insisted that I write one saying that he would only accept the treaties written by myself. So who are some of the members of the Sunnah that have written work so when I
Well, you say
I've been humbled whether you right
solisten by good, right.
Somebody was about to say something.
Like, this the shake of his name is is referring to people before him. Right? So he died is 728. He wrote this treaties in 698 or thereabout. So yeah.
What did he mathematic right
He didn't write.
He wrote on water. But that's a book of the Sunnah and not a book that is specifically dealing with al Qaeda.
So the early books of it that a lot of them have that title as soon or shorter has soon no sooner sooner like that, or keytab will, amen. Because he man, and the, the way that the seller use that term, amen and their terminology for their books, met one of two things. Either they were dealing with the Messiah in an email, which we talked about a little earlier. So they deal with a man versus Cofer.
He man and Fisk and he who's a facet who's looked at it, who's a movement who's a Muslim who's it right so those are and Buhari in his in his Sahih he has keytab he man, he's dealing with those issues because there was a group known as the motor GM, who did not include actions in the deeds to be a part of L e men. And so he wrote a book he wrote a chapter in his PSA here called keytab men
dealing specifically with them whereas a Muslim, his key tag with a man and his son he had in his book of Hadith deals with the, the tenets of faith. So he may be a member of Mullah iica
and he may have bill kotoba. Remember also a belief in laws in Allah belief in his angels, the books the messengers, the believer in Divine Decree in the last day
now so there were many books shaker Sam is saying so why why do I need the right one for you now So, but the man insisted decel, low highlight hamdulillah he was persistent in it. And so we get this great work not so well sitting after also. I wrote this tract for him and copies up and had been spread throughout Egypt, Iraq, and other places. Now mind you, as you'll see later on down the line in sha Allah,
shapeless Lam wrote this book in its entirety. Between salata, Lassen and Salatin mother
is going to take us 20 weeks to explain. The more amazing part as you'll see when we go along, is the way he strings together the evidence.
So 109 eyes in a row, whoo. But each one of them dealing with its topic, tied to the next one, and then 16 Hadeeth in a row after that, and it's as if he's reading it off the page. So panela but we're getting
this then was the reason why the author pentas created this credo work. Despite it's being written in such a short period of time in one afternoon, and being relatively short in length. The tract is comprehensive, and marked by its terse and precise statements. It's summarized the early words written by the demands of the sooner and presents the creed highlighted there in in a clear and lucid manner. as one would expect, the people said the word draws heavily on the color and an authentic heap at these at the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It begins it commences by listing articles of belief concerning a law, in particular His names and attributes. Why, why do you
think he begins by dealing with an email below belief in Allah and your faith in Allah Subhana Allah and what we're supposed to believe about Allah
is the most important
because it's the cornerstone of belief tell you when the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam was asked about a man by jabril is allowed to us now What did the prophet SAW his own star, he said and took me
to believe in Allah. That's where he started, because the Prophet is allowed to his surname started there. Even Samia begins his tractor, his treaties also with belief in a loss of habitat.
In particular, his names and attributes and the principles which must be applied to understand it then moves on to discuss topics such as the quarter and singing a law, the punishment of the grave, some of the script descriptions of the last day, and the events that will occur there in the Divine Decree faith, the companions and the elderly
of signac absent of the significant note pay attention here of significant note is that the creed closest closes concludes with a discussion about the moral conduct that a Muslim should adhere to Okay. That is significant because most books of art either do not deal at all with the Aflac and the conduct of
the person who's believing whatever came in that book. Right? It just deal with the beliefs itself. Shaken is Sam is saying well at
the very end, he says in this is the conduct and the character and the mannerisms of Allison.
Why is that significant further by this, by this, the author intended to show that Islamic creed is not mere dogma, but it has a practical role translating into ethical conduct conducive to the betterment of the individual and society. And I think that this is one of the things that makes this book so unique and so important. Is that even taught me about him Allah is letting us know this is not just mere dogma is not just something oh, you know, you're just supposed to believe you teach it to little kids repeat after me, this is what you're supposed to believe. And then that doesn't translate into your behavior doesn't translate into your actions, how you carry yourself and how you
interact with other people. Now, the writing of this creed generated a great deal of controversy amongst even taymiyah his contemporaries, and he was accused of anthropomorphism and Da Vinci was anthropomorphism
to like him a lot to his creation Okay, so it's so
more technically it's it's to attribute human characteristics to Allah Alright, so
but this is an accurate here because it says the writing of this creed generated a great deal of controversy that wasn't the writing of this Cree specific
and we'll talk about that in a minute inshallah, but it was just in general who shaped the stand was in the writing of many Creed's
that they had accused him of anthropomorphism or attached be any and that he was a heretic. So in the year, in the year 705 headdresses, so injury so very quickly before we get into details, and we won't be able to deal with the details today, but why do you think that they accused him of attributing human like qualities to Allah? Is because shake of Islam, and as you'll see in this book, he affirms for a law with a law firm for himself.
So Allah azza wa jal affirms that he has two hands and the Quran
does he affirmed that those two hands at anything like the hands of any of his creation, no. And right now, so panela,
this clock behind, he doesn't have hands? Is it like these hands? And that's a creation and I'm a creation. So that can have hands and I can have hands and then nothing like each other? Then why can't we affirm for Allah, Allah, will you affirm for himself, that he has two hands, and they're not like the hands of his creation, so that doesn't make anyone anthropomorphic. We're not ascribing human qualities to Allah parents, Allah, we were affirming for Allah with a law firm for himself. Right? But because they was Danny, either either a misunderstanding or an intentional, you know, distortion of shapeless names. True opinion, then he was accused of anthropomorphism not. In the
year 705 hijiri, gatherings were convened, in which the creed was read and discussed at length, and the author entered, interrogated, questioned, even taymiyah himself later wrote down his recollections of that which had occurred in those gatherings. And that's what we're going to cover today being the lead. So that writing down shaker to slam wrote down himself later wrote down his recollections of what had occurred in those gatherings. And for those who want to go back that's in the third volume of much more info tower. And the third vibe of metamorphose out,
he collects that, and it was translated by Dr. Sherman Jackson haffi, the hola who's a Philadelphian native, one of your friends, right? Right now
But yeah, he accepted Islam in 1978, here in Philadelphia, and then went on to get his PhD from University of Pennsylvania and now resides in California. But he translated that that debate, and it's very beneficial to go through some of it before we actually deal with a lackey that was to so that we can understand what's what's the whole, what is this book, and why the scrutiny that it was under through that debate, makes it that much more valuable, because you see how he was able to uphold his arguments against the leading scholars of Damascus, you know, of that time. And the leading scholars of the masters were the leading scholars of the Muslim world at that time, because
many of the scholars had gone from other places, including Iraq to Damascus. Yeah.
in these in these recollections, he writes that when asked about
This creed that he was propagating can be applied creed is not taken from me or from those greater than me. It is taken from Allah, His Messenger I need so that was the land
and the consensus of the seller of this nation, anything in the Quran and the authentic term sooner, such as what is found in such a Bahati and soft the Muslim must be believed, the point being made here was that the source of creed and was revelation not the views and opinions of men as such, whose name at the premise of the tribunal stating that it could only be conducted it based on the three sources he had mentioned and what are those three sources?
energy Mac, the Quran and Sunnah management, anything else the opinions of men philosophies, ideologies and so on so forth. That's far away from the IP the of the Muslim Yeah, other people need that because they don't believe in the crime. They don't have revelation. So they got to figure out some way to believe in Allah. Right? Meaning, not just the fits of the belief in Allah, but they have to figure out some other kind of way to, you know, ratify whatever their beliefs are, and to expound on it, but we have revelation well hamdulillah. So to put revelation to the side, and now adopt certain philosophies makes absolutely no sense for Muslims.
It was in keeping with this, that when one of the attendees try to achieve a compromise by stating that, since it didn't take me with a hanbali everyone should agree that this track was agreed, written in accordance to the way of mmf mid Ratan Mullah, the author responded by saying I have compiled the creed of the self one and all this this book right here the lackey that was to you Yes, email net is not to be particularized with it, for he is merely someone who conveyed the knowledge that was brought by the prophet alayhi salatu was Salam were asked me to concoct something that the messenger did not bring a laser that was left we would not accept it this track composes the creed
of Muhammad solo law and there's a lot of stuff so what the author is and he's very confident in that statement that this this is the RP RP the this is the belief that was taught by Mohammed bin Abdullah some lohani or something is not particular to Akhmad or or or the mathematically maybe Chevy or anybody else. And even though they would like to just say listen,
as you'll see, one at one of them even visited him because the debates that he had around around this book with three different debates and it was taken over three different over a span So between the first and second debate some of the scholars came Tony visited the houses man his tone it down, just say as the humbly Cree right everything we sweep, because it's not gonna be a problem that their issue is you're saying that this is the creed
right? Which means that these are Chevy's, Hana V's and magic keys and so forth you're saying that look all throw all that out the window this the freedom Mohammed bin Abdullah, and they say Wait, that's a mosquito for us? Yes, problem. So if you just say as the creative the main actor, we think we can be good with that, because then we can stay on where we are. And he wasn't he was having none of it. And And that, again, is what makes this very valuable as a as a book. Because not only was he that confident, as you'll see when we go along, he said anybody that disagrees with me you got three years. You got three years to come bring your proof against anything I've said, and nobody came so
sick not. He said this because the assumption implicit in the suggestion was that other exams could well have different but equally but equally valid creeds. Furthermore, in new Tamia wrote that he repeatedly challenged his opponents to bring one word, one word from those who lived in the first three generations that were praised by the prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam, which oppose what he had written, asserting that he would then be tracked his position. He gave him three years to meet his challenge. It was never met. The gatherings concluded with the resolution that the information contained in the treaties was correct, and the tract acceptable. Shortly after, and despite his
being cleared up, the charges leveled against him. He was against them and before committed in Egypt to answer certain theological charges. The judge to preside over this committee was
a well known antagonist in Tamia and for this reason, he didn't attend me and refused to answer any questions posed to him, arguing that it was unfair to have his own judge him. His outbursts infuriated the judge, who said I'm the person when you later he was offered a conditional release, which he declined.
The further six months later, he was released on pardon by the Emir.
In New Orleans. This the text is important and that offers the reader a deeper insight into the correct creed and enhances one's appreciation of the simplicity of the Islamic creed in its pristine purity away from the soft sophistry, sophistry sophistry of many philosophers, thinkers and academics. This insight and appreciation will buy the permission of the law. preserve the reader from falling into doubts and suspicion, remove any lingering doubts and assist the Muslim in his journey to Allah to this worldly life was really very 17 Sheikh was Simon Samia may Allah have mercy on him he is actually whenever bill Halima Amsterdam and I have the love and Amber the costume even
will say me I'll have Ronnie talk to you Dean Evelyn bursary, she has the
notice here he is a Hawaiian, Hawaiian it says here he was born in Hawaiian and old city within the Arabian Peninsula between Syria and Iraq. Hanawon is actually in Turkey and southern part of Turkey.
And it is important even though we don't this is beyond the scope of of our particular study. But to understand who shaped the same Tamia is you have to understand how to why you have to know what kind of city it was because it wasn't like buck dead and it wasn't like domestic wasn't definitely wasn't like in Medina and mech. Right. And Hawaiian, you know, still had the the remnants of the Christians who had turned into philosophers and wanted to debate and so forth. So even though shapeless Nam left Hawaiian when he was like five or six years old, and he and he went with his family to Damascus,
his family was still horrendous. So it's like, you know, it's like a film, somebody from Philly, moved down to Atlanta, you still from Philly, and you still need your cheese steak, right? And even if you have children that went with you, when you were younger, you're still from Philly. And you still have a certain way that you carry yourself and everybody in Atlanta is going to know you're not from Atlanta. Okay? So the Hawaiian is they were like, in that sense, like Philadelphia, they had really strong personalities, right. And they were ready to debate anybody. And that's kind of how the city was the city was kind of set up that way. the heavenlies basically, at this stage had
three different areas. They had both dat I mean, where hambley scholars were so there was but then there was Damascus. And then there was Himalayan, but the hub Ronnie hen Billy's had their own flavor, all right, and they were very confident. Some people might interpret it as arrogance, but they were very confident. And they did not mind engaging, right? Because they understood the philosophies. I'm not somebody that just engage in Muslims, I'm not gonna engage in non Muslims, because they understood the philosophies of the people who lived around and wasn't superficial.
And so that gave them an edge. So when they move to Damascus, with a handle where the handle is where the minority they had it, they had a group of heavily scholars, for example, one of the most famous hambley scholars for Lan, lan almak, DC, who
an academic admin kadem, one of the greatest hanbali scholars, right, his cousin of the lineal makdessi, right, but if a cadaver was like the, he was the Imam of the madhhab during his time
of the of the handling method. So, if a call damage was the shape of shape, what his name is grandfather, right? So, long story short, their thing was to the hem Billy's and hotline like go our little over the top, you gotta tone it down, right? But that's because they were the minority in Damascus. So you can't just talk any old kind of way when you live in amongst a bunch of Shafi trees and so it is and so forth. You got to really, you know, so so shaker the slam, he got a little bit of that meaning. So he he had a temper,
and he lets me know, like, even in some of his words, like look, I got real angry at the guy and told him A, B, C, and D. So he had his own temper, but he was also he was also very much influenced by his environment, meaning that
the mascus environment and so he did learn to tone it down a lot, even in his language. Hi presented
arguments and, and so forth. And you'll see that throughout, and inshallah we'll cover some of that today. But but these are just some of the things that actually had an effect on the personality of shakoora Sam and none of the scholars of Islam
there's none of them that were angels and none of them that were jinn they will all human beings, they will all have been affected by who their parents were, what environment they lived in with. And that's why it's really important to know that, know who you're taking from, know who you're taking your deen from, because there's certain things that you may want to avoid. And as many other things you want to cling on to because you say wow, because he was from that environment. That's why I say it was Nam Subhana Allah, and he his debate with the philosophers with the Greek logicians, with with the with the Christians, hey, if second to none.
in those areas now.
He came from a family of scholars. I'm sorry.
He was born in Iran, an old city within the Arabian Peninsula between Syria and Iran. On the 10th, or the 12th of the month of rubeola, l one, in the year 661 genies right, so shake was, was born in 661 661. Right? He and his family, he and his family were later forced to flee to Damascus, due to the occupation by the trotters. He came from a family of scholars as a man goes to talk, okay, no, he came from a family of scholars, his father and grandfather were both scholars, as were three of his brothers, Abdul Rauf man, Abdullah, and his half brother, Muhammad, during his early studies of Islam, he never cease to amaze this teachers at the strength of his memory, keen intelligence and
depth of understanding No, notice those three different things. Okay, the strength of his memory. All right. And you'll see even the greatest scholars of Hadith like an mizzi and a dam, and so forth. They say that we're saying, he's never seen anybody like himself. We've never seen anybody like him. And he's never seen anybody like himself.
Man's memory was was was phenomenal. He was intelligent. And he had a depth of understanding, he did not stop and superficial knowledge that was it was not him. His thing, and you'll see this in his debate, he says there is not a bidder on the slide. Except that I know, who started it, where it started, why it started, yeah, what was the what was the cause, and so forth. And he's not praising himself. But he's trying to let those people who are debating him understand, you're not going to win this one.
And this is, I understand this stuff. And he did SubhanAllah. I mean, he really did have a deep understanding. And anybody who goes through his daughter tout. It's a phenomenal work. And he literally breaks down the different statements of his opponents down to the roots.
And if anybody has ever had a debate with somebody who knows this, you you actually know that person's position better than they know it, because maybe they blindfold
you know their position better than they know it, then you understand what shake was saying was coming from
early studies. Yeah, it is said that he was first allowed. It is said that he was first allowed to give legal verdicts at the age of 19. And he began teaching at Donald Holly as so Korea, at the age of 22, some of the
biographies mentioned at the age of 21, and it seems more accurate while he became famous for his knowledge of hobbies. Indeed, he was a hafted Hadeeth master. And for his knowledge of the Quran and its related sciences, He impressed all with his circles, and Tafseer. He also attained expertise in OSU.
And felt knowledge of the differences of opinions present amongst the scholars writing, mathematics, history, astronomy, and medicine. Many of the scholars of this time testified that he had had attained the rank of much to him and there is no doubt about that. He always showed a great concern for the fears and welfare of the Muslims. And this manifested itself greatly in its efforts during the jihad, against the pronouncing again, they say Tartars to tar. The thought in English is but they use both. So the Russian say, Tartars and that's where you get there from and seems like the rest of the world saints ATAR Christians and RWA. theodon were in his displays of bravery, courage,
and inspiring talks were one of the most important factors in the Muslims victory against their enemies. These efforts won the praise and admiration of many scholars, and indeed, the ensuing generations of Muslims to this very day. Aside from the physical jihad in Bhutan,
We launch an intellectual struggle against the various deviant sex and heretical ideas of this day. He refuted the Shia, the people theological rhetoric.
Such as the just mean, the more he says he that, and many of them are shy. They're shy or a shadow. Yeah, yeah, the Chinese, who are not all of the same ilk. There's, there's different shades of of it in terms of its method. But again, that's beyond the scope of what we want to study. And that's what actually is one of the beautiful things about lakita diversity is that in general, it is a book to establish it there. And it's not a book that is attempting to refute other people's opinions,
which is another level of of the study of art either. So there's two broad categories of IP the books, one is what is the books of career layer two current or establishing aqidah so this is what you're supposed to believe. There's another level and again, each each one of these categories has subcategories, but then there's what kutub Alright, so these are refutations of false beliefs. And both sets of books are important. However, for beginning students of knowledge, it's important to establish the correct it that before getting into refuting, you know falsities
the philosopher's who promoted the School of the early Greeks, philosopher, the majority of the Sufi set and paths and adherents of adherents of other religions and shakers stand by him Allah, it does seem from his biography that he studied to solve You know, when he was when he was younger, that's why we've talked about many occasions shake was Stan I himolla was not like
totally against the concept of have to solve especially especially the self of the self, which was more equivalent with what we would call teskey right. So that purification of the soul, but later on when to solve took on total, right, which now what do they call those?
I forget what they translate that as but a total of Sofia. So, so you get the various, you know,
a T journey.
And you know, like, for example, without going into too many examples, because we have, we have some in this city and in our own city, every fire here and so forth. But these are these are Sufi pants that have a master that master almost becomes like a prophet, you know, to to their followers. And this is what Chiklis them. Muhammad Allah was was refuting not the concept of a test skier. Okay, or not the science of a test kit in itself.
And again, that's that's a very important part
of understanding a slam is not to just take terms and run with them.
Understand what those terms mean, right? Who are the Jamia? Because some people may use Jeremy for anybody that negates any of the seafront that will last.
Their ruling is different from the Jamia who actually follow jam the bus of one, right? That somebody may call themselves Sufi, they don't follow a tariqa by him. So the terminology, we may not find it acceptable, so we can talk about it. But what's the actual What are they talking about?
his criticism, his criticisms were not based on a lack of understanding. rather he first gained an in depth knowledge of each of these schools. And as such, his critique of them was systematic, acute and valid. For example, it is said that his reputation, reputation refuge refutation of Greek philosophy was one of the most devastating attacks ever leveled against them. His reputation of Christianity was outstanding, and his rebuke rebuttal of the Shia completely demolish their beliefs and innovations from root to branch and his Bookman head as soon
as nothing like it that's been written to dismantle and deconstruct the arguments of
Nothing like Madison 10 volumes totally obliterates
that, you know, I don't know what you want to call it. madhhab.
Needless to say, That's not a madhhab solo hides its own approach to Islam. Needless to say, these reputations and his very direct method
We've reviewed in Maine him many enemies and as a result his life was full of trials and persecution he had no interest he had no interest and friends and I don't mean it like he didn't have any friends his interest was in upholding a crime soon
and practicing Islam that was his interest like like it don't like it don't like it and he kept it moving so because of that he had a lot of enemies right his enemies were careful to look for anything by which they could attacking me with that and they eventually found what they were looking for in his works of belief. Intel Akita was it was a year and a half now we an even more so likely to turn Maria
so we're gonna leave that there.
I want you to go on to
his death and then we'll we'll pick up some things in the middle inshallah.
So go to page 3332. Is that his death? If no tenya died while in prison on the 20th of june
of the year 720 tgd. When was he born?
661. Okay, and he died at 720. Right. After ultimately being banned from reading or writing. He fell sick for the few days preceding his death. His funeral was attended by a huge congregation, despite the many lies and slander being spread about him. But there's certain innovators of this time. Yeah. Bizarre says once the people had heard of his death, not a single person in Damascus, who was able to attend the prayer and wanted to remain wanted to remain, except that he appeared and was present for it. As a result, the markets of Damascus were closed, and all transactions of livelihood were stopped. governors, heads, scholars, jurists all came out. They say that none of the majority of the
people felt the turnout x according to my knowledge, except three individuals and they were well known for their inventory for it towards in new Tamia and thus hid away from the people out of fear for their lives. didn't look at the right model I'll stop there and say hello so we're just going to read what he met with me or him Hello Hello data set in his praise for shake with Sam and samina that'd be was one of his students.
We're going to read this is in the book, page 23.
Again, the frontmatter is something you can basically go through by yourself one of the things is important for us to realize when we study any book is that it's not the job of the teacher to simply bring you my Lumet, you can get information from me you open up the book you can get information, the important part of studying with the teachers analyzing the texts, actually really breaking it down what does this mean tying different concepts together, things that may appear to be contradictory, how do we understand them right? So these are the things that we want to do and not just simply go through
information that you can read on your own However, this
you know, statement from remember that I mean, it was very important for us to understand who shaker the same Tamia was, and why we value you know, his works from
page 23. The diet
okay. The heavy rahimullah said, It was amazing when he mentioned an issue over which there was a difference of opinion. And when he gave evidence, and decided the strongest opinion, he could perform each to head due to his fulfilling its conditions. I have not seen one who was quicker than he epi calling a Bruce which pertained to the issue that he derived from it, nor a man who is stronger recalling texts and referring them to their resort to their sources. The sooner was in front of his eyes and upon the tip of his tongue with eloquent phrases and an open which which is which is quite amazing.
Not as amazing as you expect that from a scholar when it when it comes to the Quran. right because the Quran
is contained. It's not like the Sunnah, which, you know, you have to go through different books, the Koran is a book and it's read very frequently over and over again, the ability to
extract text from the Quran that proves your point is another level that's beyond just having memorized the Quran without a doubt, but that's not that surprising that a scholar would be able to do that. But the fact that there is a scholar or scholars who can do that same act with the Sunnah of the prophet alayhi salatu was set up as if it's right in front of them.
is really amazing it really is amazing doctor to help if we knew a little bit more about how high it was because of that he was
you if you want to say something about that we go ahead I know you've researched
continue to add there was a major scholar this lamp so I mean him speaking about shaking the same this way is is phenomenal yeah he was aside from the fact that just to let you know that half of them in hedging Have you heard of him
he was yes Alaskan any he was called half in half It was not his name
not the cause because he was a half of Islam like he memorized so many different things right and he's
he is the go to when it comes to the explanation of saya hardy right for Tilbury might have been head have been hedger.
He said that he used to when he would go to Mecca he used to drink Zamzam
to have the health of remember that
he would drink Sam Sam with the intention of prophesied some says EMS MD measurably better and exams than was for what you drink it for. He used to drink Zamzam water with the intention that Allah will give him the hint of remember them by him Allah. No. He was assigned from the signs of the law in tents here and expounding upon it with regards to the foundation of the huge engine now you understand I mean he was assignment I had to lead and he's saying like this man himself when it comes to tafsir Orion he was from the act of Allah
now with regards the foundation of the religion and knowledge and that he was not a heavily By the way, it's not like it was some partisan, you know, some partisan love there because oh, well, you know, the masking you know, Hambling slap.
With regard to the foundation of the religion and knowledge of differing opinions on an issue he was unequaled. This alongside his generosity, courage, and lack of attention to the joys of the soul.
Quite possibly, his legal rulings in the various sciences reached 300 volumes, indeed, more, and he was always saying the truth, the word she left for the sake of a law,
not caring for the blame that came to him. What whosoever associates with him, and knows him well, knows him well, accuses me of falling short with regards to him, meaning that what I'm saying right now, even though it's the highest praise that I can possibly articulate. Those who know him know that my pen is falling short.
Whosoever opposes him and differs with him, accuses me of exaggeration, and I have been wronged by both parties, his companions and his opponents. He was white skinned with black hair and a black beard, with a few gray hairs. His hair bleached his ear loops in his eyes were eloquent tongues. He had broad shoulders and a loud, clear voice with a fast presentation. He was quick to anger, but overcame it with patience and forbearance. That's not far fetched by everybody who mentioned Schaefer was saying he talked about his temporary edit he had a temper.
But like he said, he would overcome that with suck. So so some people naturally had that they are hot blooded, as they say, I have not seen his life for supplications to a law is seeking so cool with him and his help with him, and his abundant concern for others. However, I do not believe him to be infallible. Rather, I differ with him on both fundamental and subsidiary matters, for he despite his best learning,
despite for he, despite his vast learning was of extreme courage, fluid mind, despite his vast learning, extreme courage, fluid mind and regard for the sanctity of religion. He was amazing man from amongst men from amongst men. He could be overcome with sharpness and anger and discussion and attack his opponents verbally, hence planting enmity in their souls towards him. If only he would gentle to his opponents, then there would have been a word of agreement over here. For indeed there are great scholars bowed to his learning, acknowledged his ability, lack of mistakes, and conceded that he was an ocean having no limits and a treasure having no equivalent this is these are his
enemies, is the man is a Bahama sahelian He's the ocean with no there is no shore.
He can just keep going and going. Right so panela and that's how vast his knowledge was.
But because he was so sharp and you know, in the way he dealt with people it turned people off now he used to pursue it but why and why is this important for us to understand it's important because until now there are people who have this thing the stigma we shake are the same then there's a lot of people just they love me shake was saying but but there's people who have the stigma, but But what is it about Really? Is it really about his knowledge? Or is it because the you know,
they are people who he made enemies with you know, he they became his enemy because he didn't really care about how you spoke to people in that in that regard. It's not necessarily you know, again, so panela his affairs with a loss pants out but the good that he has done is is is clearly evident. And for anybody who and I'm not just talking about the good and is academically, any demand Subhana Allah when it was time to defend the deen of Allah, with his hands with the sword, that's what he did.
So it's not like any was not a coward in any, you know, by any stretch of the imagination. He used to preserve the prayers and fast glorifying the laws outwardly and inwardly. He did not give legal rulings at a poor understanding for he was extremely intelligent, nor out of lack of knowledge, or he was an overflowing ocean. Neither did he play with the religion, but derived evidence from the Quran and Sunnah and the yas analogy. He proved the status and argued following the footsteps of the man who preceded him. So he was so he has a reward to the earth and to reward if he was correct, because the prophet and so I had to sit down talk about the much Ted and Hackett I mean, if he had
stayed and he gets it right, then he gets to rewards and if he's wrong, he still gets a reward. He fell ill in the castle wherein he was in prison with a serious disease until he died on the night of Monday. 20th.
And they prayed over him in the masjid of Damascus. Afterwards, many talks about the number that attended his funeral prayer. And the least number given was 50,000 50,000. Last fantana Have mercy on shaker 70 meal I have a lot of time.
What time slides
Alright, Alright, we got 15 minutes. Great. All right, hamdulillah and my bad. So what we'd like to do right now shala is actually go into some of the translation of Well now that atone for lakita was three, which is the which was translated as even taymiyah on trial in Damascus. And we're going to cover this to the best of our ability in the time that we have remaining but we're not going to cover everything we're not gonna be able to cover everything that we intended to cover tonight. But let's get through some of this in shallow time so Photoshop try mask is trial. So first thing here we have a we have a question. Our What's our question? I will go ahead.
Okay, so there is this debate? Are we understanding what this what we mean when we say the bait? So basically what happens is this book lackey that was to have been written prior,
and be written in 698, or possibly 692. We'll talk about why there's a discrepancy there when we get there and Sharla. And the point was, it was written in 690, something the age
of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam.
And after that, in the year, 705, schakel, this lamb was brought to trial.
At this time, he was living in Damascus, and the seat of the caliphate, if you will, was in Egypt, okay, because Damascus was under the role of the mem. Luke's alright. And so, the Khalifa sent word to the Emir of Damascus, to bring even taymiyah and get all of the fuqaha and the scholars of our teeth and bring them all in the same place and question him, you know, interrogate even taymiyah. And so that that's what happened. So when they weren't interrogating him about his act, either. He said, Look, if I sit up here, and I understand what's going on, this is what he's saying. If I just sit up here to tell you, I believe this and I believe this and I believe that there may be some of
these people gonna say he's hiding something. He's trying to wiggle his way out of the situation. So instead of that,
send somebody to my house and go get a lackey the last year
and then somebody else can read it. So that is
I'm not accused of you know covering anything up let somebody else read it the worst to you to everybody here because that's my cadence
so what he did did he stand on as his base was a lackey the last year so that was what was that was what was being debated even though that wasn't the debate itself wasn't about allottee that was the debate was about his arcada but he said instead of me just sitting here saying this is what my athlete is then let's actually do it with something I've already written in it has you know, spread around in Iraq and Egypt and so forth. So this here says I'm just gonna run through this quickly This is the Damascus trials took place over a period of plat proximately one month and then included three separate sittings. Okay, they started on the eighth of rajib
in 705, which corresponds to the 26th of January 1306.
Okay, so we're looking at 715 years ago, right from a from a Gregorian perspective.
Though they ended in a vindication of even taymiyah they were immediately followed by summons from the High Court in Cairo where he was made to appear the following month on the 23rd of Ramadan. This time it was accused of anthropomorphism was that again
assigning human qualities to Allah
so he was accused of that sentenced to prison in the Cairo Citadel and This marked the beginning of a seven year sojourn in Egypt Okay, so the theological debate
what was the main subject of this debate even though a turn to a lackey that was to you why why this whole debate anyway What's going on? So reports implicating Shia Sophie's and others notwithstanding even take me as account reveals that Damascus trials involve no more than a confrontation between traditionalism and as hard as Okay, which some may call rationalism. The main objective was of his adversaries was to establish the legitimacy of a tete Li and allegorical interpretation. So what does that mean?
To explain? Yeah, well, okay, linguistically, yes. But let's go back for example, to the example that we mentioned earlier that Eliza gel says in the Quran to a police man, man, I can test you they're the man Glad to be here. What is it that prevents you from make prostrating to what I've created with my two hands? Right. So sacred this lamb? His position is in a position of many of the, you know, scholars of the past is that we affirm that for la Santa Ana law says he has to answer say yes to and how are those things we don't know how to answer. We don't know how law is. And so therefore, we don't know how his two hands are, but we affirm them for loss pans out.
So that we will be to say, hand means NEMA. I mean it means blessing. Right? Because yet in the Arabic language can mean that my soul here for loss of autonomy is nearby and so on and so forth. That's that will that's to take it from its apparent meaning that has been established and to assign a different meaning to it. Even taymiyah does not talk about Tet, we'll in a worst tear he talks about tired efe which will, you know, we'll deal with when we get there, which is to alter so it's an alteration of the meaning and not a valid interpretation. Ultimately, this is what the whole thing was about. They wanted to they wanted to be legitimate, that they do tech we have shapeless
lamb was not for that. So To this end, they argued that some of the pious ancestors Yanni that is the self like for example, the member Shafi mu j had actually practiced that we have and so on and so forth. We don't need to get too far into that right now.
All right. So let's read shake with snaps account we're gonna get through as much of this as we can. A lot of us rely on photo shoots.
This is the actual shakiness names. This is the translation of the third volume of much more of a tower where he mentions this debate not to receive receive. I have been asked for more than one occasion to write down whatever I recall of what transpired at three hearings held to discuss my theological beliefs in compliance with the royal decree from the software of Egypt, to his viceroy in Damascus is viceroy that's the Emir. Right? So you have this whole time and then he has Amir's and there
brain regions, following the complaints of a group of Johnny Jett nights,
it had the pantheist She is off the door, and others who have harbored ill will. The viceroy duly summoned the former Chief Justice of the four schools of law. So others in in Damascus, you had the head of the head, Abdullah, the head of the Chevy, the head of the mighty key, the head of the INF, and he brought all of them together,
including the ladders deputies to move the chef's and others who were revered and whose opinions were deemed worthy of consideration. These people all the while unaware of the reason for which they were being summoned. This occurred on Monday, the eighth of Roger 705, equal to 1306. Three, the viceroy said to me, this assembly has been convened for you, we have received the royal decree from the Sultan in Cairo, ordering that I asked you about your creed, and about the book she wrote to the people of Egypt, invited them inviting them to your theological doctrine. And I think so part of this, by the way was because shape of Islam was having so much influence, that they were scared that
he really wanted to take over politically, not just that he had, you know,
aspirations as a scholar, but that he actually wanted to be the political leader. And so they were really worried and concerned about that. Right. And I think he said, No, yeah, okay. And I think he said, and I think he said, and that I summon the judges and juries, consults, and that you debate these matters in my presence. And so so they bring not just the head of the four schools, but the call these and the fuqaha, and so forth. So I said, As for the test of faith, it the odd, they received the neither from me, nor from any other scholar greater than me rather, they're received from a law, His Messenger and the consensus of the ancestors of the community and he's using here
and selezione ancestors is is how he's translating Sunnah, whatever appears in the Quran, and must be believed and even as those had these said, and confirmed as sound, such as those embodied in the song as collections of alcohol, he or he Mullah and Muslim rahimullah. As for the books you mentioned, I have not on my own accord written anything to anyone inviting him to any creed. I simply wrote responses to whomever among the people of Egypt or elsewhere, asked me about such things. So in other words, Shaykh was saying was saying that the source of it then, is the Quran as soon as you have the setup, and he's saying, look, I didn't write anything to anybody trying to
convince them to follow me or anything like that. I was just responding when people ask me questions, then I respond to those requests, but it's not like I'm sitting up here trying to write something and get them to follow me.
Nine, then I said to the viceroy, and those in attendance, I know that some groups have recently invented lies against me as they have spread lies about me before a more than one occasion. And where I to go on dictating my creed from memory, they're likely to say is concealing parts of it, or he's trying to weasel his way or he's circumventing issues so let me bring forth a written credo compiled some seven years before the mangoes came to see him seven years ago
some seven years ago used to some seven years before
there's a difference and I'll tell you why. Alright, and this is the issue as you can see it's it's also highlighted in Arabic So the question here is one was a lackey velocity written so shake the same goes on this is also by always not, there's quite a bit that has been left out. But shaker slam began to say, Okay, look, it doesn't come from me or from anybody else, or any from any other just regular person. It comes from a lot comes to the messenger and from the, from the agent of the seller, and here's what the law says, and here's what the message is. And so he mentioned something, he said, Whoa, hold on, let me stop here. He said, Because and this is when he said, Look, if I just
keep going on like this, then everybody here my opponents are gonna say he's trying to wiggle his way out. Right? So why don't you send we'll send
something that I've written already written creed compiled, he says, Minnawi Saberi seen in cobbler my G atop Illa Shen.
Alright, so does that mean seven years before the Mongols invaded Syria? Or does it mean seven years ago before the Mongols invaded
yet, so seven years before today, so when is this debate taking place and 705 so that means that he would have written was likely the last year and 698 when he was 37 years old. If it means
Seven years before the Mongols invaded Syria will date the Mongols invaded Syria and 699. So that means that he would have written it in 692.
The scholars have understood both
they've understood both and more likely it's it's as has been translated here, which is compiled some seven years ago and he before the Mongols came to Syria,
if that makes more sense because the Mongols came to year after. So if he wrote it in 698, he's saying look, I wrote this in 698, Yanni before the mangoes even came in, which makes sense because of the proximity between the time he wrote it in the time that the Mongols invaded Syria. Now. Here's the question though.
What? When did the Mongols invade Syria? It sets out when did they answer Shan 699
this debate is happening in 705 but the Mamelukes is still in control.
And that's because after the the TED Talk, entered Sham and then they made it their way down to Damascus. Eventually there's reinforcements were sent from Luke and he they pushed the tents out back.
Now so they were back in controlling I need to move so back in control of Damascus at this particular time now.
Probably 13. Then I sent someone to my home to get a copy of the bits and creed, along with some notebooks that had been written in my own hand. I'd love for you to wasa Thea was thus brought forth. I said to them, the reason this work was written was that one of the Audi's from a district in Walsall, a man named when the Dean
was at as a chef, he came to us on his way to the pilgrimage, he being a man of righteousness and religion. And he complained about the preponderance of ignorance and injustice among his people, and the face of religion and knowledge from their land. And those areas now under the Mongols, the taking away of religion and knowledge from their land, right and those areas now under the mountain, right, so when the top and into Baghdad, in that area of Iraq, on the eastern side, so on also was
What is he saying was the result
because the Tod, were not Muslims at this point. Now, once they started moving further west, than many of them did, except this land, they entered into Islam, in fact, I mean, it was Muslims, right? Muslims, when the ones that came into Damascus, were under my husband, and he was a Muslim, he accepted Islam. So that was just Muslims fighting Muslims, but at this point, they weren't Muslim, the ones that entered into later on, okay, so, so he's saying, Look, they came in, and now these areas that are under the Mongols, we lose an ID,
we lose a knowledge. So he asked me to write, not a book on Salah in Zakat and height.
He said, write a book on IP, that can serve as a pillar for him and his family.
Notice what the emphasis is on.
Notice that emphasis on creed.
And the importance of apqp that in the life of a Muslim,
and Subhanallah I think that if there's any group of Muslims whose, you know, situation is similar, in a way, obviously, I mean, we haven't been invaded in this man, but we live in this land.
And everything else around us is covered.
Where does that focus need to be? What is it because he's saying, Look,
he wants to get his people back on track.
How do they get back on track, they get back on track with sound belief. We have to stop.
This part is where we pick up and shell on to add a next week, being the day it's added. And then we get into the book, but we'll deal with the importance of this study. Why is it so important for us to study it? Because you have people out there saying you guys are talking about laws got a hand and a law has got to face this, that by the law, his name, Bissonnette. We need hospitals and people are killing each other people doing this, y'all sort of they're worried about some theological debates.
And while there is merit
to the fact that sometimes
there is too much attention given to my new [???] and not enough attention given to real issues.
We face. This is a a false argument is a straw man argument that's being made here because the reality is that there is nothing absolutely nothing more important in this theme than the study of it. than the study of what we are supposed to believe about a loss of habitat. He revealed to us not just to pray, not just to give the care but he revealed to us who he is subhana wa tada and he wants us to know that
he created the heavens in the earth and set down the command.
Your Xs l m will be no home.
Yet Xs l. m, Rubino nanny, Tal, Mo, and Allah Krishna, so that you will know that Allah is Able to do all things, but we'll talk about that inshallah. Next week, be in the lab at the very beginning, because it is that important that we realize that we have full certainty
that the study of acne that there is nothing else period, no other knowledge dunya we, or Dini, that is more important than the study of our pain than establishing that framework for our belief, the guidelines, you know, for for our system of belief, so that what we do in the light is pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala because what we believe is pleasing to Allah and our actions are predicated on our belief pipe. So we'll cover that next week and shall all data and we'll also answer any questions that remain from this week subhanak along we'll be handing a shadow Allah. Stop