Tafseer of Surah Al Kahf #01
Channel: Sulaiman Moola
File Size: 27.86MB
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hobby Elmo screen in your vermelha aisle me Bella Maureen in one suite for Super Han Allah He led the heck moto hooba and Eva tune while mu z one near mo who was really tune in a goodly Selenium waka bead wanna shadow Allah ilaha IL Allah who had the luxury color movie in a theory What are they to me? When I shadow NSA Donna Maulana Mohammad Abdu matsudo Aladdin Hi, Donna Becky Tabby Mooney, what the Ayana in Allah he been in very wet Dabashi sallallahu alayhi, wa ala alihi wa sahbihi my domitilla kawaki Buta See, I'm about to do photobiol Allahu terracota Allah fill por el Majidi well for O'Connell Hamid Rosa Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim, Al
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sada Allah who love him with the grace, kindness, boon and mercy of the Almighty, we will be commencing a new series of the seed. And this time I intend embarking on the journey of exploring Surah tolka have for those of us that do not know what the word means, can have means cave, loosely translated as cave. However, the Arabic language is amazing like we always speak about this year, and you continue to unpack and explore the mysteries of this language. Allah rule was Eleazar Anwar sale. If it is a broad cave, it's a wide game. It's a lavish and spacious cave, then you will refer to it as Caf for a lamea con once the iron for Harun, and if it is narrow and limited and restricted
and there isn't so much provision, and it is not so spacious and lavish, then in Arabic You will refer to it as Lord in English, loosely, either R or gohealth will be translated as cave, but that's define the difference between the two. The entire chapter is known as surah Toluca have, that's me to recall a big it's mangers. That's the academic language, where you label the entire chapter, because of a particular narrative or a particular incident in that chapter. By way of example, the second chapter of the Quran Surah Baqarah. batara means cow, the entire chapter that doesn't speak about the cow, but he has a portion of the chapter speaks about the tale of a cow back in Bani
Israel etc. So the entire chapter is known as Surah Surah Baqarah.
It appears in the 15 jewels of the Quran and it is the 18th chapter preceded by surah Benny Israel and followed by Surah Maryam, It comprises of 110 verses It comprises of 110 verses and it is a mucky chapter makinia refers to a chapter that was revealed prior to migration, while madonia refers to a chapter that was revealed post migration.
In dial me generation appears and so be nomadic Ravi Allahu anhu says that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said kneser let su rato McAfee john Latin, Maha Sabha Runa elephant Minelli mela Aika that Surah tulika was revealed at one instance. So certain chapters were revealed gradually, like the general pattern and format of the Quran that it was revealed in a period of 23 years and culminated with the last verse as what double Yeoman total Jeroen, Effie Illallah somatoform cologne avsim gets a better hula, you're gonna move on. That was the last revelation upon the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So some chapters came down gradually and some chapters came down in its
entirety. Surah Al anon was revealed at one instance in its entirety. The narration of de Lemmy on the strength of ns of nomadic Ravi Allah when I know that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Surah touriga huff was also revealed at one instance, escorted by 17,000, Mullah ageia. Regarding the topics that feature in this chapter one is tau heyde, which is the theme of the Quran mono theism the doctrine of one Allah recyle at the Prophet would have the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ma life after death battle survival mode. And it is in this regard that the entire tale and the narrative the riveting story of the people of the cave and the long sleep that Allah
had given them will feature and inshallah we will discuss that. And Allah subhanho wa Taala also speaks about the consequence
And the repugnant nature of pride, arrogance and haughtiness with regards to the merit the virtue and the significance of this chapter, the Hadith appears in Abu Dawood Nawaz bin Salman Rushdie Allahu anhu is the narrator of the Hadith, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam speaking about the supreme fitna and trying and affliction of the jowl said he, Raja NFV kung fu and a Haji Jew. If the Jarl makes his presence on Earth, while I am alive, then I will defend every believer what he Raja less stuffy come from Rohan hiji join FC here and if the job comes after my demise, then each person each believer will have to defend himself while law Holly if it could be a Muslim, and Allah
is my deputy on behalf of every believer, and then the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said from an ad Darko hoomin gum from an ad draka who mean gum familia para la vida de hacer Ratan cafe, that the person who contends with the fitna of that jar and comes face to face with the jar, then he should recite the opening verses of surah total Gov upon that jar for inaho jivaro come in fitternity. This will prove as a type of protection and amnesty against the trial, affliction and fitna of the jar May Allah protect us from that supreme fitna.
What prompted the revelation of this amazing chapter of the Quran, it appears in all the books of Tafseer that the mushrikeen the polytheist came to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Malmo, shakiness, Alou and Nabi sallallahu, Alayhi, wa sallam, and falada. They pose three questions to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they said, if you can answer three questions, then we will be convinced on the veracity and the truthful nature of your Prophethood. The first question they pose to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was pertaining to the soul, tell us the reality and the essence about the soul? The answer to this was given in the previous chapter surah
Bani Israel in verse 85. And Allah gave a very brief and a very comprehensive answer. What Yes, Luna Garnier ro and they asked you Oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam regarding the reality and the essence of the soul. Polly rowhome in Emory Robbie, say unto them, that the soul is something that comes into existence by the world, the order and the decree of the Almighty. wama od domina luring me in kalila. And you have very little knowledge. That's a chapter close, very brief, concise, and comprehensive answer. Medical Science has evolved, scientists have made breakthrough and there's been so much discovery, but little or nothing has been discovered or explored in terms of a soul
simply because this is in the exclusive knowledge of Allah. You never heard that they can inject life into someone or that there is a laboratory in which a soul can be created a soul can be created. Is it not the challenge of the Quran? In the 17 Jews in Surah ambia in Aladdin at their own I mean, Daniela Lamia, hello ko Baba, Allah we determine rula those whom you supplicate and worship besides Allah cannot create a single fly. They cannot give it life when a windy Tama ruler, even if they were to pool their resources while he has global warming.
And if perchance, the fly was to snatch something, lie or stand to him in his 10 cars is 1010 cars, they are unable to retrieve it. Bonhoeffer Balibo well mutlu the seeker is feeble, and so is the diety war but Thoreau say apne morada manga de hare whoa but Thoreau say apne Mora de manga de hair is Kabbalah on gay Amati hair jinko de carpet therby kalama Berta hair, I just had a flesh on a particular boom of Allah Akbar Rahim Allah when he said that they present their needs to stone to lifeless objects to inanimate objects. And then he said, We are the followers of that Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whose profit word was accepted by humans, the jinn GYN and likewise by
lifeless inanimate objects. Was it not only your party brother your loved one who said
in a physical combat with his opponent who was armor of being would harbor that
Hi Dr. Ottoman sofa had one right but Torah by Mohammed him before Wahby that he worship stone while I worship the Lord of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the first question is pertaining to the soul. And this is only in the knowledge of Allah men does not have the ability to infuse a soul into a fetus, nor can men hold a departing soul. Both of these areas Allah subhanaw taala speaks about in the Quran with regards to the development of the fetus and the embryo. Allah makes mention about this in the 18th Jews amongst other places in chapter 23. So Rama me known for masala nada Allah, then we created the semen into congealed blood for Salah panna cotta. madhva. And then we
created the congealed blood into chewable flesh for kalapana Obama, and then we made the chewable flesh into bones, focus on Obama. And then we cleared that bones with flesh, so mantia and now
and then we gave it a new form and shape meaning we then placed a soul into this fetus further barakallahu axonal Holly teen Glory be to Allah, the Most High and exalted the best of designers undoubtedly is the Almighty, and in the 27 shows in Surah talwandi Allah subhanho wa Taala says falola either Bella little poem, one domain or even turn Voronoi why not when the soul is departing, and it comes to the collarbone well, and don't haina even done the road and you are present at that time as family members as doctors, as caregivers as well wishes.
That oj Runa ha ha ha halt that soul return that soul, put it on hold and pause in kuntum Saudi teen if you claim that you have control and mind and there's no retribution and consequences, but you have no muscle no cloud. So that was the first question. The second question they had asked the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was pertaining the youth in the bygone years who had taken shelter in a cave and have slept for centuries. The details the backdrop the context, the narrative, the reality pertaining to these people, and it was in response to that question that Sora Tonka house was revealed in which of course the detail answer has been provided and gradually inshallah we
will explore and hence I urge you my brother and my sister, my listener, my viewer that sees this opportunity and follow through the series. This is but another opportunity to create that rapport and connection with the Quran for a netezza boon. Allah says, Where are you going? Qatada asked the question expounding on this idea, meaning abandoned in the Quran way will you go, come back to the Quran and in that is the salvation. Two things have paralyzed this oma number one the disunity amongst us. And number two, we have forsaken the book of the Almighty. wirkkala rasuna rabina. Tomita has an image or a verse of 19th, Jos surah Furqan, in which Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks
about the complain of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, in which he will say on the day of the Yama that verily my nation in Wakanda Rasulullah Robbie in a Tomita, who has an AMA ju RA, they have abandoned the Quran. My brother the Quran is not meant for your shelf. It is meant for yourself. The Quran is not for your shelf, it is for yourself, open the Quran reflect over the Quran. So that was the second question that they had asked the messenger salallahu alayhi wasallam. And the third question was regarding the man who traveled the east and the west little Karnail, and he was victorious and he conquered the lands where he traveled. And towards the latter part of this
very same chapter, a detailed response is given pertaining to the details and the mystery of the incarnation. So that's just a quick overview, a quick overview regarding the merit of this chapter, the virtue of this chapter, and what prompted the revelation of this chapter. That being said, let's commence with the first verse of the Quran and translated and then expound on the commentary provided by the experts in this regard. So Allah subhanahu wa taala very eloquently opens up this chapter comprising of 110 verses by saying Alhamdulillah Allah the zela Allah RBD Nikita Bella Mia Allah
a loose translation Alhamdulillah
All praise belongs to Allah. Allah levy who ends Allah revealed Allah upon Abdi he served in Al Kitab the book, while amea I love my job, and he did not place any crookedness in this book. There is no deficiency in this book. There is no blemish in this book. There is no inconsistency in this book. So let's now dissect the verse so that we can appreciate the depth that has been,
you know, conveyed in the Quran. In another verse of the Quran, Allah says, fee ha go to a bone kayama that the Quran the Quran is a book, but in this book, there are many books. So every chapter is a book on its own. It is voluminous by itself. So al hamdu Alhamdulillah. We all know and we understand the translation of that means All praise belongs to Allah. Hum, that means praise and the translation of all comes from oil, and those that are familiar with grammar will appreciate. There are two types of any flam we will speak about in this regard. Here. We refer to his car and his state rock. So it's the thought means deserving. Allah is the only bein who's deserving of praise.
It is the right of Allah that we praise Him. Of course, we praise humans from time to time. In fact, today, it's more flattery than praise in the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said amongst the signs of the Yama we're all karema Raja Maha Fatah Sherry, that often a person will be revered, respected, saluted, not because he is entitled to that respect, but rather to cover yourself against his evil to shield yourself against his nasty habits or advancements or any type of evil, you know, coming from his angle, you praise him just to cover yourself like that. 30 min noba Hill Cal ellerbeck is 30 hoods into a la it's an Arabic proverb, sometimes the only way to appease a barking
dog is by throwing a piece of bread. So some people you need to load them, you need to extol their praises, you need to pamper them, you need to pat them on their shoulder, you know what, and just inflate their ego and make them feel conceited. And that's the only way you can secure yourself. And of course, there are times where humans are merited. And we need to acknowledge and compliment and, you know, pay tribute and homage that's a separate thing. However, Allah subhanho wa Taala deserves every type of praise, be it verbal, be it by your body gesture, be by your expression, be it in a monetary form, every type of praise belongs to the Almighty. Alhamdulillah. So that is the talk. And
that's what a believer is and we need to encourage our children. The messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the campaign when he took a handful of sand and he heard it towards his enemy, and that paralyze then it created paralysis, and then the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left and he continued on his journey. And Allah subhanho wa Taala reference this falam taka tolomeo Allah Qin Allah tala whom Rama Rama into Eva ramita Wella Qin Allah Rama, though it was the hand of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and it was his action. But Allah subhanho wa Taala said that that action was supported by the strength that Allah had given you. So whatever we achieve my
brother, whatever feat we accomplish, whatever milestones we have, whatever feather is on your cap, whatever eco aids you have, whatever testimonies you have, it is all through the grace of the Almighty a believer from the time he rises, rises in the morning, till he retires to bed, at every turn of life, it is to praise Allah Alhamdulillah Hilary Da Da Da Da Li e Northshore Alhamdulillah Illa de moda who Allah collation in Kadir, when you when you exit the loo in the washroom Alhamdulillah Hilary as the harbor I kneel after eating, we probably no wonder Alhamdulillah Hilah the other ama was gonna watch our island muslimeen which is great, but there are many other dramas
Alhamdulillah Isla de who ashburner arowana Rama Elena Alhamdulillah Hilah de otra Imani
Rosa attorney Alhamdulillah. So there are so many hours, in essence constantly to praise Allah subhanho wa Taala al hamdu. Then the next portion of the ayah Allah says Alhamdulillah Hilary and zela Allah rabida Hill Kitab All praise belongs to Allah who revealed the Book who revealed the Book so before we go on to expounding on the aspect of the book
Let's focus on the word Enzo revelation, one of the greatest favours of Allah upon mankind is revelation. Sometimes my brother, my sister, you observe a prominent individual, a high flyer and intellectual person and academic minded, a wise person, yet you would find him doing things which you would frown and scowl upon. And you would find to be unacceptable and uncouth. And you would not tolerate that type of behavior from a child leave alone an adult, probably you will find him standing and urinating, or you'll find a man. You know what, eating with his left hand or standing and eating or when sneezing not covering his face, or doing something that is so uncultured, so
uncultured, and the truth be told, if we were to exclude revelation from the equation than you and I would be no different. It is Quran it is why, and it is the rich teachings of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that taught us how to eat the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam seen the young boy, his hand was rotating in the plate cabinet he had to who to issue
so he sallallahu wasallam taught him the etiquettes of eating semilla take the name of Allah cobia meaning eat with your right hand, call me my colleague eat that which is in front of you. When you relieve yourself, go in isolation set and relieve yourself when you sneeze cover yourself Allahu Akbar. In fact, I was reading in one tafsir where Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks about the bounties of Jannah and in that Allah subhanho wa Taala says that in general they will be springs and they will be rivers and they will be sweet water and they will be the spring of tasneem and sell Seville etc etc. One is I do mean this name is Robin Robin
that this is a spring from which the mocha Rabu those who enjoy the closeness and the proximity to ally in terms of rank and status and piety and nobility and May Allah make us from amongst them. So Allah says what are guar boom mo Dora acquired is the plural of the word coupe which means a glass or a goblet or a utensil, modu is for all what bar to be placed. So they will be the dreams and then adjacent to it. Besides it will be this beautiful you know what exclusive, expensive, elegant type of of utensils and goblets. And under this I in Maryville, Quran, Mufti Shafi Rahim Allah writes, that we learn an etiquette that if you make a drink available to people, someone is coming home or
you're offering a drink, then what the drink make a utensil available as well. There is a water station or there are some drinks that are available, then some glasses and some goblets need to be placed by it as well. Subhana Allah, from the most simple of the things to the most detail of explanation, our Deen taught us etiquettes and where did these etiquettes come from my brother through revelation while I will not gonna lie Allah camara moto lead taberner Tomas shavon. And if it was not for the grace of Allah and His mercy, learn it, Roberto let Tomas shavon. Then the bulk of you the majority of you would have just taken to the, you know, following the devil, whatever the
devil says and as the devil provokes and insights and indoctrinates in La kalila, with the exception of very, very few people. Hassan opennotes Tabitha de la Miranda, who when he was you know what, crying over the tragic demise of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He said, Well, I lied. I lied to young woman Razia to her leakin Rosie at a young man Tuffy mohammadu Takata Rafi Jimin Zilla, Laffy waka de ganar the no know renea
jado and can any tragedy or affliction equate the gravity of the catastrophe of the demise of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam never has the world in its entirety seen a day of greatest sadness and Samba then the demise of NaVi la Salatu was Salam Takata ifI. Jimin, zillo lofi revelation was paused, not momentarily, but permanently. What are the current norin Yahuwah you were you Jeju and revelation brought that brightness and that brilliance to the entire world.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala says in the first verse out of the 110 verses of Surah tolka have Alhamdulillah
Isla De Anza Allah, Allah RBD Hill Kitab and in each episode, I generally like to remind my listener my viewer to a message. Our first words I spoke about in the translation of this I learn to praise Allah, credit everything to Allah. Grace belongs to Allah. Don't Don't take Allah speaks about Sulayman Allah, his Solomon qarun qarun had an empire, but that was coupled with arrogance. So a man Alain salatu salam had an empire, but that was humility. So when the throne of blts, who was the queen of Saba, we geographically appears, appears in in Yemen, when that
throne was brought before so a man at his Salatu was Salam. And he observed the authority that Allah gave him. What did he say? Ha, min fatherly rugby, ha da Min fogli rugby, this is the grace of Allah. This is the boon of Allah. Anyway, and what did qarun say, in nama ot to him?
That I have this power and this knowledge and this skill on the grounds of my intellect and my wisdom, and shortly thereafter, the earth split, and Allah subhanho wa Taala calls the earth to swallow him with his entourage and his cavalcade. So Alhamdulillah Isla De Anza Allah, Allah RB D Hill Kitab. Now we focus on the word ABD, Allah referred to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Here is our brother, my brother, my sister, the greatest thing you can achieve is become a better servant. Yes. The more your servitude to Allah, the greater your ranking, the greater your marks, the greater your accomplishment. It is, it is an honor to bow before Allah. It is a privilege to prostrate
before Allah. I will not forget this brother. I had spent three rubber bands in his house in California back in the years, and he needed to go for a particular surgery. But post surgery, there was fear that he will not be able to prostrate, and he said until the doctors cannot guarantee me was a very dear friend of mines because I spent three rubber bands in in San Francisco at his place. He said until the doctors cannot guarantee that I will enjoy and continue and join the privilege of prostration I am not ready to go into theater and undergo the surgery. So it's an honor to bow before Allah and the greater a servant you become the greater your ranking is in the eyes of the
Almighty. Allah i'm doing i'm doing we're in tharaka a servant remains a servant even if you ascend and your client in namaka malaba de la Lucia bihu maka Manuel Are you Danny Hey, whenever you know sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for Allah Marathi behave. This is mentioned in the Tafseer that the station and position and rank of servitude is the highest rank a servant can attain. My brother I often say that How strange as humans we are so dependent creatures, yet we arrogant. Imagine if Allah created us independent I cannot imagine what our arrogance would be. I am so dependent on others, yet I'm so arrogant and so arrogant. Right? Sometimes how we eat, how we talk, how we walk,
how we interact, the messenger sallallahu wasallam and Allah kulambu tacky and I don't recline and eat, I eat with humility, and agilely sukma yejide so labdoo I said like how a servant sets on the conquest of Makkah, when the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam entered Makka Moo Carla, and then a man came to him and he was overwhelmed by the personality of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he sallallahu wasallam comforted him and he said how when alake Calm down, oh my brother, how when it gets to be melikyan I'm not again in nama and Abu in writing in orange, the akula caddied, I am but the son of a woman from Quraysh who loved eating dry meat Subhanallah look
at the humanity of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Allah subhanho wa Taala refers to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam Yes, as in fact in the previous chapter, in Surah, Bani Israel, where Allah speaks of the journey of Mirage Subhana Allah de asabi agua de la isla, All praise belongs to Allah who took his servant to the heavens and beyond, and the journey of mirage. Even in this verse, Allah references the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a servant. So we conclude this episode on that note, we ask Allah to grant us humility and humbleness, and may He make us his true servants. mean Yara Bella alameen wa sallahu wa salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa
sahbihi adjumani hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen