Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar
Series: Sajid Ahmed Umar - Seerah S4
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen ob history Manasa Liana sallim ala heitman newbiggin The bnm Hamad ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira elago Medina and my bad rubbish rally sadri westerly emri Hello Dr. melissani Yakubu Kohli. All praise belongs to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we request praises and blessings upon the final messenger Muhammad Ali Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
To my dear brothers and sisters in Islam, I greet you with the greetings of Islam and the greetings of peace. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatu. And I welcome you all to episode number 19 of our folk of sera series, season four of it. Plus from the past Sierra in the 21st century, we have the last three brothers and sisters in Islam, we completed a segment from the segments of the year of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And that was in relation to lessons that we can
take from this era in the 21st century.
From the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, inviting other kings and other leaders to Islam, the strategy change that took place after the expedition of who they be. Today, inshallah, we want to discuss the Battle of favor.
The Battle of haber Subhan Allah, there's much mentioned in relation to it in the books of Sierra. But given that our time Subhanallah is passing us so fast, and already, we are on the 19th day of Ramadan, and there's much to take, before we start, before we reach the end of what we have as our curriculum, that is the passing of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we also have to experience a bit of a strategy change. So I will just mentioned highlights with fewer narratives, and inshallah, as you read through the CEO of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, you can take care of really absorbing the intricate events that we can share a given the scope of our session
together, but those events that do exist in this era of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam no doubt brothers and sisters, and it's now in every event of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam life do we find lessons, lessons that apply to us now? Or lessons that one day will apply to us, okay, so we must read it with with a proactive mind with the intention of transformation, not just for the sake of Okay, you know,
for the sake of information seeking that, okay, this is what happened. Okay, this is nice. Okay, this is interesting. No brothers and sisters in Islam, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam never came to us to be entertainment in our lives. He came to us to transform our life. So it's important that we do read his
Syrah with that intent with the practice of mind and with the sincere intention to transform. Now with regards to the Battle of hiber brothers and sisters in Islam, this battle took place or this expedition, and then the battle took place in the seventh year after hedgerow, as many of the scholars of Sierra the commentators on the Sierra
or pine and share. Some have said like uma Malik and Imam Xu Hari
Rahmatullah remain that it took place during the 60 after hedge, right even those who said it took place during the seventh year they differ in terms of the exact month but generally, the proximity is pretty close. And within the same here, though, Mr. Malik and Imam, so hurry or hammer home, Allah, may Allah have mercy on them both. They will have the opinion that he took place during the sixth year after his era. And there's a plausible explanation for this. And this is that this gap in terms of the difference of opinion between a family Karima Missouri and the others who have said that it was the seventh or not the sixth is due to how they started counting the hegira calendar and
we spoke about this I believe,
I think during season three of blocks from the past indeed during season three of blocks from the past when we spoke about the events associated with the history of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from Mecca to Medina given that the Muslim calendar is based on the hedger now even is happ a famous commentator on the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He
said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came back to Medina from Makkah from this whole event of alhuda, Abia and he stayed a portion of,
of his, he spent the remainder of the hedger in Medina and a portion of Muharram. And then he set off, and even Cathy highlights that he spent about 20 days in Medina, after he returned from Makkah before setting off for Hebron, as we said, a haven and Makkah, were in two opposite directions of Medina. So Medina was, you could say, an eventual pitstop, we always use this term, pitstop. So this is what has been mentioned. And this should show us Pamela, how active the whole life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was, and his mission in terms of not just spreading Islam, but establishing the Muslim country. And we know when he passed away sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and
given that this was the seventh year after his era, that no doubt, time was running down, and there was much to do. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam had much to do to ensure that he not only left a team that was ready to take Islam to the four corners of the globe after him and achieve his vision that was far larger than his own life, but also that he left behind a team with a team ready to succeed, meaning the circumstances around that team were circumstances that would allow the team to prevail and not fail. So However, now in terms of haber haber, as we spoke about, during the discussion of the Confederates expedition of the Confederates and the actions of bonavia.
haber was a Jewish stronghold. But another when they were banished from Medina, they went and settled in labor. And back then, before the intervention of wiluna, via the use of fiber, they didn't have any
opposition kind of relationship to Islam. And the Muslims, we don't see anywhere in this era, that, you know, they were, they were instigating anything in the region, or they were plotting anything in the region. They were minding their own business, they were keeping to themselves and they had a phenomenal place. haber was, was was economically rich. It was a place in which Mashallah agriculture was, you know, was the rule of the day, they practice agriculture, they were good at it. They they harvest was testimony to how good they were. And,
you know, they, they were there, but we don't find them having this mentioned in the Sierra, because the Sierra is related to the expert, mainly, or to a large extent to the expeditions of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. And, and haber was not on the Muslims radar, because they minded their own business. Anyway. Now, after we went over there, this is where things began to change. And this was the mistake of the leaders of Haifa. Because these leaders ended up giving. They were heavy handed in terms of,
you know, giving the leaders of Baidu NaVi a say, right, in terms of how things will be. Now we already know the character of Bruna there, we know the character of the leaders of the new novel, we know their treacherous behavior, we know what they tried to do in Medina and what they tried to do the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And we know what they did after that going all the way to Mecca and acting as a catalyst and instigating the courage to regroup and then bringing the fun and their allies into it, and then laying siege on Medina, for a long period of time with 10,000 men. So we know who they are. And you can imagine what will happen if they go to bed to whoever, and then
the leaders of favor with you know, what poor oversight, give them too much say in the matters. And as a result, our brothers and sisters in Islam, what happened?
The people of haber were pulled into this problem, that balloon nowhere and the Polish and the Allies had with the Muslims. And they had a role as a result in the expedition of the Confederates or the Battle of the Confederate. So no doubt the Muslims I now was on haber. And it had to be they were in a strategic place. They were a strategic group. And earlier we spoke about how the Quraysh were piling up with the Jews of haber to isolate the Muslims. Right? And let's not forget, after the Battle of the Confederates, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said that things will become proactive now we won't be defending ourselves, we will be taking the justice and mercy of Islam to
people so no doubt haber had to be on the Raider, especially with these alliances that were happening from the north and the south now because the Quraysh were being pally with the people from hydro so in the long run, it was not going to be good for Medina and Islam and the vision of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and the mission of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So accordingly, they set out to haber. Now you must understand brothers and sisters in Islam. haber
They were meaning the people of the region were amazed with haber. Why? They had a lot of weapons number one, okay. Was that the only reason? No. What is the main reason they had these fortresses? haber had these massive, strong, tall fortresses. We invested in the security. And also their men. They had a good army, they had a talented army, they had a large army, and they their army was, was an army that could fight. They were formidable, they were a formidable enemy, if you were to take them on. Alright, so you can imagine when the Arabs of the region here that the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, is heading off to haber, right? People are interested, what's going to happen? Is
this going to be perhaps people were thinking, is this going to be the end of the Muslims? Right? Is this going to be the end? So you can only imagine it's like, in this day and age, you can probably, you know, equated to a massive football match that is taking place, or two of the top performing teams in the world, superpower teams of the world. And they're going to play this match, you can imagine the eyes of the globe is on this match what will happen who will win What will you know? So you can imagine this that the the Arabs were in the region, when they heard that the Muslims are going on to take take haber, you can only imagine the interest that was invested in what was going
This you know earlier we said that hiber now obviously fall into the eye of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it was something that needed to be dealt with.
You have to understand brothers and sisters in Islam that we can't forget the promise of Allah subhanho wa Taala to the Muslims when they were returning back from alhuda Abia and I shared with you this idea, the idea that Allah revealed in Surah Fatiha Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed when Bhavani McCarthy era to hoonah what kind of love was even hekima Maha Nima Kathy era, one Maharani McCarthy era Yahoo Luna kathira, abundant spoils of war, abundant spoils. Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't just say spoils, he said abundant spoils. And as the scholars of Tafseer say, Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed this verse in relation to labor, that the Muslims will overcome labor. And when
you overcome labor, no doubt they,
the financial standing, the material well being becomes yours. That was the norm of war brothers and sisters in Islam. And that was
that was the the law of the day. So the Muslims had this promise of Allah subhanho wa Taala wisdom, and with this promise, and also not forgetting their role in previous difficulties laid upon the Muslims and Medina, they set out to hiver with full conviction, despite the sentiments of the Arabs, that haber is this impenetrable, this place that cannot be penetrated this place that is difficult, and it's probably a waste of time trying to take these people on. Now, when the Muslims went there, the scholars of Sierra highlight and this is documented
from those who are present, that when they were on their way to haber, they went with the promise of Allah subhanho wa Taala driving them and they went to marching shouting aloud, Allahu Akbar, Allah ilaha illa Allah, Allah is the Greatest or lies greater than everything. La ilaha illa Allah there is no one worthy of worship besides one Allah. Now you can imagine brothers and sisters in Islam, what this does for your morale, because you are going against that you are going up to fight an enemy that is formidable, that people say live in a place that is that cannot be penetrated, a place that is full full of weapons, a place that is full of abundant food. If you lay siege on these
people, they will probably Outlast you, your food will end and they will have enough provisions. So all this is there, but they're heading for thing Allahu Akbar, Allah is greater than hiber. Allah is greater than the people of haber. Allah is greater than the weapons of the people of favor. Allah is greater than the provisions of favor, La ilaha illa Allah there is no one worthy of worship besides one Allah. There is no one worthy of worship besides one Allah, Allah is the King. We are the servants. We are the slaves. We are owned. He is the owner. So you can imagine how therapeutic This is that they're doing this much of difficulty. They're going to this difficult war, but they're
reminding themselves and teaching themselves throughout this reality by announcing Allah subhanho wa Taala his greatness and his reality that is the only one worthy of worship now, this I share this with you because the prophets of Allah Allah you are there's a lesson from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to us, in terms of what he taught them, when he had them, you know exerting themselves allowed like this with this vigor and viola, he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them, take it easy on yourself, take it easy on yourselves, for indeed you are not invoking one who is deaf, meaning Allah, you're not invoking and Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala, who is therefore
absent, rather you are invoking the one meaning Allah who hears and sees
Subhan Allah. Right. So this was the lesson that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam shared with them so that they maintain the
energies during this difficult journey. Now when they reach the south part of haber, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam throughout the Sierra, as we said consistently he takes the means he did. So he sent scouts out, go out and sweep the area and have a look and see Is there any strange movement are people carrying on their lives like normal people anticipating our arrival, go and find out what is happening and gather this intelligence and come back. Now one of the scouts that went was a man by the name of abandonment, Bishop, Ravi Allah. And he came across a spy from the SGR tribe.
But he's a he's a spy, but a spy doesn't act like a spy. So a bad asked him, Who are you? So he says, I know, you know, he says, I'm just a person who is new in this area. And I'm just looking for my last camels. I love some camels, and I'm looking for them.
So I betcha Do you know anything about Tabor? He says, look, as I said, I'm new here. Right? I'm new. But what do you want to know? What do you want to know?
About said, I want to know about the Jews who inhabit haber. So this person, he's new. He's looking for his last camels. But he goes on to say, Oh, you mean the leaders of haber? Yeah, you know what, there's something happening there. The leaders of haber, they went to the hopper van, and they told the how to find we need your help. And we have to we will pay you one year of our harvest. one year's harvest, harvest worth of goods we will give you, right? of merchandise we will give you and the heart of and agree to help them and a lot of fun came. And they came with an army. And they have the and they came with their weapons. And there's 10,000 fighters ready.
And the Jews as for them, they have these these impenetrable fought fortresses, you can't penetrate them, and they have food to last them years in the event of a siege.
this is a lot of information for a guy who is new, right? So a bad raised his whip, and he struck this person. And he says You are a liar. And you're one of the spies and you better speak the truth. Or you see the sword. I will use it next. Now this man was a simple guy. He was just a simple man who was sent by the people of able to be a spy. So he was going he immediately when you threaten him, he broke straight away. And he says no, no, no, I'm just you know, please don't hurt me. The truth of the matter is, they are afraid of you.
They are afraid of you. And what made them afraid is what you did to the, to the Jews that were settled that year three, year three meaning Medina.
And they told me to go and act like as if I'm looking for my animals, these lost animals and to get close to you. So I can assess your strength, and I can take the information back to them.
this is what happened. This is noteworthy in terms of what happened now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded the army to move further in. And based on what this man said, you can understand that this battle is going to be different than the other battles for many reasons from them. Number one, the fortresses. Right? Yes, they were fortresses in Medina. But these fortresses were like no other.
Right. So once they locked themselves in the fortresses you stuck out, and then they have an aerial advantage. Let's not forget about that, because these fortresses are high. Right. And it did happen that as they were trying to open one of the fortresses, a Jewish person through this stone, kind of move down from the top, and it landed on one of the Muslim fighters and killed them. So they had if they if they locked themselves in, it was going to be a siege where you stuck out and they have aerial advantage. So these fortresses number one made this battle more difficult and different to previous battles. And number two, let's not forget what we said. They had the valiant fighters,
right? They had the valiant fighters.
These the army, they were trained, and they were brave. And
this army was the army that was going to meet the Muslims apologies earlier for that I got distracted because there was a disturbance in in clubhouse.
So you, you know I'm just summarizing, as I said, brothers and sisters in Islam, I would like you to definitely go and read the details in the Sierra regarding these fortresses and regarding some of the events of this battle, now upon reaching haber, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Is is reported to have supplicated to Allah subhanho wa Taala impressively and amazingly and we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, always asked from Allah subhanho wa Taala and when the situation was were difficult, then he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would be even more phenomenal in his asking from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
case to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he continues to move the army forward until they reach the high grounds of hyper meaning. When we say the high ground, that means when the people wake up in the morning and they come out, it's the lands that they see surrounding.
And they reach the nightfall and they set up there. Now, the next day when the Jews woke up, and they came out with the buckets and the equipment to do the farming and do what they do best. Immediately, you can't help but take note of this massive heinola army that is settled.
surrounding you, right? Because the on the high grounds you can see them. And that's how it was back in the day. Right? You wake up, you come out, and all of a sudden you see
a moment of intent that there's this army on the other side. And of course, if there's an army, then
it's not like they've come for lunch or for dinner, right?
It's not like this. So immediately, they were shocked. And they ran back in. And they made the announcements and informed everybody in terms of what was happening. And they locked themselves accordingly in this fortresses. Now there were several fortresses, and these fortresses had names. And it took days for the Muslims to unlock these fortresses. Some fortresses took an entire 10 days, brothers and sisters in Islam to open 10 whole days, some of them 14 days, right. And this would make the Muslims exhausted. And slowly but surely, as time went on, the Muslims were losing their energies, they were losing their provisions, things were becoming more difficult. They were sleep
deprived, more and more as the days went on. And they were really reaching the end of the 10 year instead, in terms of the ability to continue, and then the province and then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi. wasallam does something amazing. And he always does something amazing. sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And again, this is testimony to his leadership, what did he do? He instilled amazing hope in the Muslims. How did he do this? Well, he saw the situation. So he got up and he announced to them, he said tomorrow so now you can imagine this, this break, they have settled to rest. And this is nightfall. He announces to them he says, tomorrow I will hand over the banner, to a man who Allah
loves and who the Messenger of Allah loves and he loves Allah and he loves the messenger. And this man, he will go out and he will not return until Allah gives him victory.
Okay, so this is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did now. People have amen brothers and sisters in Islam, who live for Allah, or act for Allah, who live for Allah, who die for Allah. They are motivated by this.
You can only imagine,
right? They were ready to wake up the next day. And that's what happened. When fudger happened. They came surrounding the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to see who will get the banner Who is the one being described in the statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam they were motivated, they were ready. And they were hoping that it would be them that will be given this banner so that they can be
meaning they can assume this new knowledge, the knowledge that Allah loves them, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam loves them. And no doubt they knew that they love Allah in his resume for if they didn't, they wouldn't be their brothers and sisters in Islam. So what happens?
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam receives the gathering of the Muslims and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam calls for Ali, even Abu Talib Ravi Allah one, this boy who the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam raised in his home, the cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but there was no answer.
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam inquired and the Sahaba said no, he was absent because he had a so I something happened to his eye over the days of this expedition, and he has a so I, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Call him here. So early arrives, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam places his saliva, his blood, saliva in the eye of it, and he makes out to Allah and early is cured. A miracle happens and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gives him this banner. And when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam gives him the banner the Prophet instructs him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as was always the case, and this lesson comes comes up time and time
again. Set up people for success. Don't set them up for failure, set them up for success. Don't set them up for failure. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam instructs early he says listen it here is the banner. You have to do what you know you have to do, but first invite everyone you meet to Islam first.
Invite them to La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasul Allah.
And if Allah guides one man through you to Islam, this will be better than 100 red, red haired camels. Now, the camel that was reddish in color was considered to be the most expensive one.
I mean, today I don't know. What do we say? It's a Lamborghini of our time. Perhaps. Right. Now imagine 100 Lamborghinis.
So you can imagine
And that Allah guiding one person through you quoting a person to Islam is better than the price of 100 Lamborghinis. Obviously it's more than 100 Lamborghinis. But the point is brothers and sisters in Islam, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is highlighting to them that this is better than millions.
So as he knows that first I need to call them to Allah, and he's also sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but if they choose to fight me, then I'm going to then we attack, that's when the attack happens, right? So we invite them to Allah. And if they don't accept, then we fight them until they accept Islam. First forward, brothers and sisters in Islam, Ali, and the Muslims were successful, by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. To the extent brothers and sisters in Islam, that fortresses began to surrender. It wasn't a case that we finished destroying, meaning we
destroying the security of this fortress, and penetrated this fortress, which takes days, and then we managed to secure it. Now we go to the next one, and we start again. And who knows whether it's going to be a week or two weeks or three weeks, what happened? fortresses began to surrender.
Right? You can imagine putting up the white flag. Now this started happening and the Jews of the north and part of Hebrew so you can imagine how big a bear is known as fadak. They saw what's happening. So they drew also gave in and they asked for a truce.
Right? And they said, Look, let's finish this, and we will pay for our safety.
Now, there's a fifth lesson here, because
the previous fortresses were opened by force, or new weapon, as they say, in the Arabic language, any maffucci How on earth and whatever is opened by force, then the laws of Allah apply to how you distribute the spoils of the war. So they get into the fortress, they take the treasures, whatever is considered an asset in this fortress is taken, and it's distributed according to Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed right at the beginning of the 10th Jews or Alamo Anima honeymoon minchie Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed at the beginning of the 10th Jews the laws of how the spoils of war are distributed. But if
a truce happens, meaning now these fortresses and its wealth comes into the hands of the Muslims through and through a surrender, not through a force, then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was free to spend this wealth as he liked.
Okay, so I just want to share with you this highlight from amongst the highlights, there's a pfic, jurisprudence, highlights and highlights and Subhanallah hiber is known for a lot of hip matters, Islamic jurisprudence, rules and laws, inshallah, I will share that, share them with you as we go along, or let me share them with you inshallah, when we get through some of these highlights inshallah. Okay. So this is something that happened, the truth or truth happened, and then this world fell into the hands of Rasulullah, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam. And he could use it as he liked. And this is where we see the whole economic situation of Medina, and the whole financial
status of the Muslim country, the Muslim city, the Muslim state, improving greatly after haber.
And after this happened, an agreement was made, what was the agreement, the agreement was made, that the Jews will be allowed to remain on the land, which now belongs to the Muslims.
However, for a percentage of the harvest, and this, in fact, is known as musar part
right to southcott. And the strict benefits from this from this part of the story. So when you when you studying Islam, and you're studying the chapters relating to financial transactions, and you get to this chapter, the evidence is there from the Battle of haber.
Okay, so and Hamdulillah, you've been introduced to it, so later on, when you study it, inshallah you'll be familiar with it. Now, the Muslims went with 1600 men, and two to 300 horsemen, depending on the different narratives. And at the end of this battle, between 50 to 20, were martyred. Right. And in terms of the people of favor, 93 Jewish fighters were killed. And as a result, they will take the those that were left behind, from those who were killed, were taken as slaves, and from them was Sufi been
a wife from the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, his wives, and a mother from the mothers of the believers. All right, so she was
of Jewish origin, and she was taken as a slave and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam freed her and married her. And we spoke about the whole concept of slaves and the region at the time, and how Islam came in the process and encourage the freeing of slaves. In fact, we made it part and parcel of the penalties that a person pays in case they violate some of the laws of Allah subhanho wa Taala that to explain to you
To free a slave inshallah you can revise previous episodes for this discussion. So this is another important aspect from the expedition of haber, our mother Sophia bintray rhodiola. And now also what happened at haber.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was poisoned, and the Muslims that ate with him
How? The Jews they tried to kill him, Abu hurayrah Viola and he reports in a narration that is in Sahih al Bukhari it's a report that is authentic beyond doubt that the Jews have haber, they slaughtered a sheep and they gifted it to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and this sheep was filled with poison. And they found out that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam loved to eat the meat of the shoulder. So they put extra poison where the meat of the shoulder was.
And the meat spoke to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam when he ate it, and this was from the miracles, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam immediately stopped the people from eating it, but other people had eaten it. And as a result,
the Muslims did pass away brothers and sisters in Islam. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam survived. But when we get to the events leading to how he passed away, he tells a shadow Viola and her that he still feels the difficulties that he felt from eating that piece of meat when he was at haber SubhanAllah.
So this is what they did. Now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gathered them. And he said to them, I'm going to ask you some questions and you should be truthful. They said, Okay.
He says, what happens if you like, they said, that, then you will know so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Who is your father? And they lied, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam corrected them. Now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could only correct them if he was taught by Allah subhanho wa Taala. So he said to them again be truthful.
And they said yes, we will be truthful because now we know that if we lie, you will know that we are lying. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked him another question, who will be in the fire? They said, the Jews will be in the fire for a short while, then Allah will replace them with the Muslims.
And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them, that by Allah this will not happen.
And perhaps now you will be truthful when I asked you the third question.
They said okay, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Did you poison the sheep?
And they said, Yes. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Why did you poison the sheep? They said, We did it because if you are a liar, then we will be free from you. The poison will kill you, and we'll be done with you. And if you are the Prophet of Allah, then the poison will not harm you.
Subhana Allah. Now, the books of Sierra report that it was a Jewish female who poisoned that shoulder.
And she informed the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam that she did, and that she poisoned the shoulder of the animal more because she was informed that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam loved it. Now, Rahim Allah He states that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not punish her. But what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did is he practice cupping, which in Arabic is known as hijama. Right, where you extract blood from the body through cupping. So this is what he he did salallahu alayhi wasallam and he asked for the others with him to practice it as well. And some of them as I said, despite this, they passed away from that meal. Now, even though the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wasallam did not pass away. I want to reiterate brothers and sisters in Islam, this meal that he ate, and this poisoning that he experienced, lasted with him. He had ailments after that, until finally Allah subhanho wa Taala decreed that he returned to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now you can imagine how many years this is because
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed away a few years after the expedition of haber, right, which we said it was in the seventh year after Asia.
our time has come to an end but very quickly brothers and sisters in Islam, I promised to share with you some quick lessons, let's go through them quickly. I've shared with you some but there are others this expedition in terms of filk and for those who study Islamic jurisprudence is phenomenal. Why is it phenomenal? As I said because Mashallah Tabata Kala there's so many fake rulings that have as its evidence, something that happened during the Battle of haber or the expedition of haber from them is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam forbidding the meat of domesticated donkeys.
Right, so, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made this meat, obviously Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed to him but it was at this time where the meat of these animals became haram and forbidden.
Also the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam forbade Riba Elphaba Riba Alphaville refers to interest
That happens between two commodities that are the same, whereby one commodity is more integrated than the other during exchange, or more,
basically is based on weight. So for example, you have a two kgs of all dates, and then you give it to someone because you want new dates, and they give you an exchange one kg of new dates. So two kgs of all the dates for one kg of new dates. This is rebel father, this is interesting, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam forbade this, and this word This is not allowed. If it's one kg of all the dates, it has to be for one case you have new dates, it doesn't matter whether it's older or newer. What matters is are the dates, the dates, it has to be the same, the same applies to wheat. The same applies to Bali. The same applies to salt. And the same applies to anything that is similar
to these in terms of staple diets like rice in the in our day and age. Right You cannot give five kgs of rice for four kgs of rice, it has to be five kgs of rice for five kgs of rice. And if you don't want it to be like that, then you need to sell the five kgs of rice that you have and get money, get cash for it and then use the cash to buy the four kgs of rice that's fine. But when you exchange the two the two things that are the same, it has to be in terms of in terms of what is considered to be Riba we wealth, meaning interest based wealth, like I said, dates barley, wheat, salt, money, gold, silver, rice and so on and so forth. The wait has to be the same. So during haber
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam forbade rebel Farber
boosah hodari and Abu huraira, rhodiola and Houma. They say a man employed by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Heber bought for him
dates of a very fine quality.
He brought him over to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him, all the dates of haber this nice like this. So the man replied and said No, they're not all nice. They're not all like this. However, they exchanged a measure of weight of this kind of date meaning of a poor quality of dates for a another measure of weight for the higher quality and this what I meant to cages of poor old dates for one kg of new dates. So, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said do not do so, to not do so.
Right. And he said that this is river and he said that when the exchange happens, they should be equal in weight. All right. Now this is discussed in the books or under financial transactions. So this is another one. So we spoke about dunk the meat of donkeys being made haram during this expedition, also rebel father
was was was forbidden. Then I'll moussaka I spoke to you about Alamosa part, which is a person hiring another person to work on his land, but not for a fixed wage, but rather for a percentage of the crops which grow on the field. This was made permissible
during the expedition of haber. And this is used as precedents for other similar transactions today, and again, is studied in the books of transactions. Because generally when you hire someone, you hire them for a fixed wage, not for crops, which will grow because crops which will grow is something not guaranteed. And if the person works, and the crops don't grow, then this becomes a matter of dispute, because I put in the work and I didn't get any reward for the work that I put in, because the crops didn't grow. So normally, when you hire someone, you hire them for a fixed wage, when you hire them, they know the work they have to do and they know how much they're going to get
in terms of the reward for the effort at the end of the month. But here you can see a different form being permitted by the prophets of Allah, Allah, he was sitting with regards to crops, and this is called a sharecropping or crop sharing, rather sharecropping, right? So
please forgive me if I if I mix it up. It's that time of the day.
sharecropping inshallah, it's called sharecropping. Crop sharing is different, because crop sharing could entail the sharing happening after the harvest. But sharecropping is an agreement that happens whereby you have to work on the land, and you get a percentage of whatever grows and this this incentivizes the farmer to work well because he wants a lot to grow because the more that grows, he gets a bigger amount because he's getting a percentage at the end of the day, right and a percentage could represent a lot and it could represent little depending on how much effort I put in. So l moussaka, this was also a method that was legislated during the expedition of because of the
expedition of labor also motor motor became forbidden motor became forbidden and not is whereby you marry someone with an expiry
stamp expiry timestamp on that marriage, that you marry someone for the sake of two
days or five days or a month or two months, this was forbidden. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam forbade it and the hadith of it, or Allah Horan is very clear. And this is a matter that will be to the day of gamma. It was forbidden until the day of gamma. And it was not abrogate abrogated, right? Unfortunately today, some people say they come and try and justify it through bringing bringing discussions, week discussions, right at the end of the day. This was the final ruling of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And there's no evidence that it was lifted. So if you marry someone, you have to marry them, a proper marriage, not a temporary marriage, temporary marriages
are forbidden in Islam. And this happened again as part of the expedition or because of the expedition of inhaber. Also brothers and sisters in Islam, the permissibility of eating horsemeat, for in the hadith of jabber, Ravi Allah and he says that on Hebrew the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam forbade donkey meat, but he made permissible eating horsemeat. Now this could be because the wealth of the Muslims increased at that time, and, you know, sacrificing the horses to eat wouldn't create a problem because remember, horses were important part of life in the region, they were a means of transport, they were the most effective during warfare. Right? So you didn't want to
have a case whereby the horses are being eaten and then you have nothing for transport and for other matters pertaining to war and so on and so forth. So, later on the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, as we seen, the hadith of jabber, he made permissible the eating of horsemeat. Now this is the view of the majority of the scholars, a minority of scholars said that it's too disliked why, because if you do so, then this will affect transport. Because horses are used for transport it will affect
the strength of the army because horses are used in battles as well. So they said, once it's permissible is disliked, you should prefer to eat other meat as opposed to horse meat and Allah knows best. Alright brothers and sisters in Islam, we don't have time to go into our pitstop, our famous pitstop lessons, but I will share one, three final points, three final points. And then tomorrow inshallah we'll kick off with our lessons from the expedition of hybrid, and then move on in the later very quickly brothers and sisters in Islam. In this battle, as we discussed, even during art and other expeditions, women did participate. In fact, they were proactive, they came to
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And they said, Oh messenger of Allah take us with you so we can act as nurses to the injured, right, and also prepare the meals and being the service of the soldiers. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took them and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also gifted them from the spoils of war. In fact, he gave one of them a necklace, rhodiola and her and she kept it until she passed away, and she requested to be buried with it. Such was her memory of her time with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam because of that necklace that was part and parcel of the spoils, after the after hybrid was opened. Also.
What must be said is when Hebrew was opened, the Quraysh became isolated. Why? Because they were cozying up with Joseph haber.
And that was finished now, number one, number two, because like I said earlier, many of the tribes had their eye on Hey, but what's going to happen to the Muslims, this looks like a battle that they're not going to win. It looks like they've bitten off more than they can chew. But Subhan Allah, the Muslims, they have control of haber. So those Arabs now
they were more than comfortable entering into treaties with the Muslims, irrespective of the views of the koresh. And this slowly but surely over time, isolated the Quraysh further and further and further and you will see this when the opening of Makkah happened. You know, Abu sufian had no choices, his choices were very limited.
Even in terms of support that he could reach out to because people had entered into treaties with the Muslims. They recognize the Muslims as a force in the religion in the region, and really and then holding a religion that should be respected.
So these are the final points that I leave you from today's episode brothers and sisters in Islam, as I said tomorrow inshallah, when we return, we will kick off with the pitstop lessons, lessons that we can take from the expedition of a hybrid and then we move on inshallah softly into the next segment of the zero of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Honestly, I really appreciate you all staying tuned with me over the 19 days of Ramadan that have passed thus far. And I pray that Allah subhanho wa Taala preserves us in his obedience so that we can continue to benefit each other. Moving on insha Allah. May Allah Subhana Allah forgive, I was our past inspire our futures except
what has passed from our month and inspire us to be even more amazing with the last 10 of Ramadan that is about to enter upon us. And we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make our ending to Ramadan far stronger than our
Beginning I mean you're a brand I mean, I love you all for the sake of Allah and until tomorrow insha Allah Salam O Allah alikum warahmatu who are Bearcat?